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THE OMAHA JAlLtV ) BEE ; SUNDAY. .SEPTEMBER . 25 1887-TWELVE PAGES. IAMPTON CLUB FOX CHASE , low the Lovely May Brady Came "in at the Death , " MRS. JAMES BROWN POTTER. the Great Vncht Uncos Mrs. try'B Failure ProfesNlottnl Menu- tics A Pretty Ilootblnuk Mrs. Ijcnlln's Hctiirn. .MEW YOHK , Sept. 22. [ Corrospoiid- Bnco'of the BEE. ] Miss May Brndy Is the proudest belle just now In "society. " She is n distinguished figure in the Van- dcrbllt-Astor set , anyhow , for she is young , pretty , talented and up to nil the newest fads. But her winning of the brush at n real fox hunt wns n fresh and lustrous glory for the famous daughter of n supreme court judge. The Hampton club of real swells gave the chase over in the Shinnccock hills of Long Island , and when the very exclusive invited partici pants gathered they found that n thou sand countrymen were Already there to see the sight. And it was ft line ono , so far as the horses , riders and hounds were concerned , but after these had chased one poor little fox ten miles to death the scene became pitiful. Miss Brndy beat everybody on horseback , nnd so the tall of the victim was cut off and given to her for a trophy. It Is being silver mounted for hanging in her boudoir. The grc'at yacht races coming at this ecason are a relief to the fashionable young ladies whoso papas liavo brought them early back to town. It is now just the hour twix twilight and morn , twi light meaning the dearth of interesting events in n city in the summer , and morning meaning the beginning of social activity for the winter. Those who nro In town now , therefore , find the yacht races an important : diversion. All the many yachts , steam and sail , that accom pany the racers to n greater or less extent over the course , have no dllliculty in getting nmplo consignments of living freights neatly done up in petticoats nnd skirts. And oven the .popular excursion Etcnmers have their reserved nnd haughty quota ol girls from the immediate neigh borhood of Alurrny hill. And a still more pleasant and thronged place of obscrva- 'tiou is the Noversink Highlands , a few miles from Sandy Hook. There , under the shadow of the lighthouse towers , hundreds of wealthy people go on race days , driving up in line style with their livened .coachmen , and coming from towns and villas miles nway. They sit down on the grass nnd watch the yachts through telescopes and fluid glasses until the middle of the.day. Then ELABORATE LUNCHES nro produced from the carriages , and the government grounds are transformed into n picnic resort. The girls are very fond of the sport from a distance , They like it better if the ocean is half a milo or so away and not rolling their respon sive craft over the waves with sickening pitches. It is immense fun for them to sit down on the grass , tuck their skirts nbout their toes , nnd lean back ngainst the lighthouse. They can chatter to their heart's content , watch the yacht over the entire course without a qualm , and inci dentally furnisti entertainment to the other spectators should the wind die down and the race refuse to proceed. At least two attempts to race out of > > every three fail in September on account of the fickleness of the wind. That wag the case when I joined the spectators the other day at the Highlands. The atmos. phcro was delightfully clear nnd the expanse of sea view unexcelled iu this part of the country. But the yachts lying motionless live miles out became uninteresting after an hour or two , and attention had to be directed elsowhero. All kinds of people under the influence of the open air incline to gel rcekless. So it happened that now and then n nice girl forgot to keep her eye on her skirts to see that no vision of a toe exposed itself beyond their limits. And that explained presumably why so ninny young men quietly trained their glasses on groups of girls nnd then Inugiied ns if dreadfully tickled. Four bad men at the top of n tower amused themselves in this way during all the afternoon , and none of the girls realized what 'was up until Into. Then three girls who had boon . ItOMl'INO ABOUT BELOW the lighthouse climbed the stcop hillock to rejoin their friends. A score of glasses were nt once trained upon them and n subdued chorus of "Ahs" came from the bad young men whoso eyes were glued to the smaller ends of the telescopes. Ono of the girls she was dressed in bright' red and were n jaunty red hat screamed a hasty , stilled scream , and ran as fast ns she could to the lighthouse , where she stood stock still ngainst the wall , punting nnd looking frightened. She could not be persuaded to sit down. There were anxious inquiries , of course , as to her trouble. All she could say at first was that It was dreadful. Finally eho confessed in an agitated whisper that she had had to dross In such n hurry that morning , and the confusion of living iu a seashore cottage was so great anyway , and ono gets into such careless ways at the seashore , you know , that she had done what she never did before , nnd cer tainly never would do again , oven if she missed the last train by it. Well , what ? She had boon unable to find hose in pairs , und in her desperate hurry she had pulled on ono black stocking nnd ono striped red ono , for nil the world like n harlequin , you know. Yes , but ? Butt Was it not enough to mortify ono half to dcnth to think of those horrid young men with tiold glasses and telescopes watching her ns she climbed the bank ? She should think so , indeed 1 She wished the ground would open nnd swallow her up that very minuto. indeed she did ! But the ground did not come to her aid , and the girl in rod stilt lives. Talk in Fifth avenue is again turned to JlltS. JAMES BKOWN 1'OTTEII , nnd valuably so ns nn advertisement of her forthcoming ucbut on the stngo hero. The gentlemen immediately concerned in her business management are good enough , no doubt ; nevertheless , ouo is the manager of tvwF of our variety theatres , another was mixed up with a divorce scandal recently , and a third has for years boon a town rounder of not the highest degree. Those facts make them hopelessly unfashionable , of course , though they may not bo otherwise detri mental ; and a row has led to the dis closure of letters showing that Mrs. Potter is on dining and calling terms with them. Now , the Potters are among our swcllest people , and they have earnestly protested against the stngo ex ploit. Now comes the news that she will call herself Cora Potter on the bills , because her husband threatened to begin u suit however hopeless to restrain her from emblazoning his own name in the form of "Mrs. James Brown Potter. " That other famous transfer from so ciety to the footlights , Mrs. Langtry , has just liad a fail nro in a now play , and , 'as you are not likely to ever sco it , I will tell you that she smoked real tobacco cigarettes and drank actunl champagne , as incidents in the mimic deviltry of the heroine. These exploits were gracefully done , but they shocked the feminine ad mirers of the Lily greatly , and it is con ceded that she made a serious mistake in publicly contaminating her pretty lips With nicotine and alcohol. Well , there nro dill'ereut ideas of polite- less , in a ferry boat a fellow sat and against the wall as though firing rt coo jui-o at a mark. A cabin full of Indies were disgusted. Then an officer cnmo in nnd asked him what ho meant by such conduct. "Can't you sec the notice ! " the oflicer exclaimed. A framed Injunction rend ns follows : "Out of respect for the ladies , gentlemen will not suit on the lloor. " "And that's why I'm spitting on the wall Instead of the lloor , " snld the pns- aonger. In nbout the roughest nnd crudest melodrama imaginable , but which is presented in our fashionable ACADEMY OK MUSIC , the heroine falls Into a river of real , wet , splashing water or n slim boy docs it as a proxy and that scone saves the worth less play from failure. An actress of another character in the same drama , seeming to realize that she must do some thing striking to make herself felt , elab orates her dying scene by rubbing white powder on her face , ns she lies on the lloor in the first ngonies of poison , und then tottering to Her feet in sudden and awful ghastlincss before the final fall. Speaking of professional beauties , n pretty girl set up a boot blacking chair i'Wnll street. She was nn alert creature f sixteen or so , dressed In jaunty neat- less , and altogether an object to make : ho brokers turn around for u second look. But her enterprise failed. No man had the moral courage to mount th'at chair and submit his boots to the brushes of a girl , and so she got no cus- 'omers. The return of Mrs. Frank Leslie to .own , with all she has to tell of her nd- renturcs witli her marquis and her prince , nwnken's it great denl of life in the set in which she moves. For she is lunong her own admirers n very queen , nnd they see nothing remarkable nboul 'icr having titled dandies in her train , .hough they nro no less anxious to hear nil nhout them. For my purl , us a hum ble outsider and "looker-on at Venus , " o paraphrase nn old quotation , I sin cerely hope that her Prince EnstofT is more nccording to our barbarous New World notions of what a rer.l , suro- enough mnn ough't to bo than the Mar quis dc Leuvillo wns. My snkcsl what a funny creature ho was , with his pinched try-our-dollnr-corsets-wnist and his little legs nnd tiaring coat-tails and ridiculous suggestion of n bustle. I don't wonder she wouldn't have him. I would not , either , for even if l sent him to a tax- dermist to bo stull'ed and mounted , I should not know what to do with him. But Mrs. Frank Leslie deserves well of her countrywomen and of her sex nil over the world , if it is only for showing how false the theory is thnl women are not fitted for business. Instead ot that being so , there is not one mnn in ten thousand who could do what she has .lone , nnd I'm not belittling the lords and masters ono bit , for I confess I don't think the feminine woods are very full of Mrs. Leslie.- * . She had been nn editress when shu becnmo the wife of the pub lisher , nnd she know no moro of trade thnn n kitten , Her husband discouraged her over learning , but ho petted her , nnd when she insisted that she ould do bettor nt buying the pnpor stock used in the concern than ho was doing , ho lot her tnko that in charge and she saved him n great deal of money. In time came his illness und death , and the bankruptcy of the concern. Hero a very queer thing happened. She hud to liavo f 100,000. and she had not the faintest notion how or where to get it. I don't know whether she prayed for it or not , but what if she did ? JAY GOULO PKAYEU at least once , as ho said in court , nnd George Washington nlso prn3'od on some tremendous occasion which I Imyo now forgotten. My impression is. though , that Mrs. Leslie simply "willed" Iho hun dred thousand. You know the old say ing , "When she wills , she will , " und so she did in this case , and next day down came n stranger , a lady , and said : "Mrs. Leslie , I think you need $100,000. Please accept that sum of me. " If nny man says that isn't business , I can only reply with a woman's answer don't the business men wish they could do it , though ? That hundred thousand was not n llca-bito to what she needed , but it cnrried her over the rapids , nnd now her business is in better shape than it over was while her husband lived , and she is the absolute , Hat-footed mistress of it. She is in her prime , n less than middle-aged woman , plump , pure brunette - notto , with grent eyes of the kind that pools cnll "soulful , " n frumo of ringlets around a striking , finely fcntured fncc , nnd a form that her friends envy. A delightful thing nbout her is that she docs not think , ad so many of our sex do , that because she is as smart as a man she must make u guy of herself and dress like n bluestocking , ns Susan B. docs , or put on trousers as Kosn Bonhonr does , or bo a Mary Walker or n Mrs. Tom-ri-jon. On the contrary , she dresses like any other lady , with great expense and exquisite - quisito taste. She is dotingly fond of silk , and wears thorn even nt her desk in her dainty little down-town ollice. There mo people who would criticise this but what won't they criticise ? I have oven heard her taken to task for wearing the largest'diamonds in town. Mrs. Leslie holds salons. She Is ono of the few in town who do. There is Court- land Palmer and Miss Gilder , and I don't know whether Mrs. Bunco is continuing here , and that is about nil. I hear , though , that pretty MKS. ELLA. WHEELER WILCOX" will establish herself ns a social and lit erary queen , with a throne of her own , in her now home up by the park this winter. I cannot tiud myself hoping that she will , however , for as a rule these American salons nre ns tedious as Quaker meetings. I don't know whether wo can't get up big enough lions , or whether it is that wo don't go in for that sort of thing , but really , some of the salons I liavo attended have loft upon my mind nothing but a confused recollection of twaddle nnd wholesale complexion , by which latter phrase I mean full dross decolletto gowns , ns you very well know. Mr. So-aiid-so sings a sonic with more airs than melody ; Mist Such-and-such declaims with her hands in front of her like a child in a Sunday school show ; Mr. Blank goes nbout pawing the hands of the prettiest ladies and pretending to know palmistry , and Mrs. What's-her- name scrapes a violin till it shrieks with pain. And who are they all and what do they amount to ? Pshaw ! I suspect snlons need the Paris atmosphere , llioy wilt when you transplant them. But 1 have strayed away from Mrs. Leslie. Her salons are tedious , but they are better thnn the others. Of course they nre mutual admiration concerns , but they are not confined to ono cast-iron sot. She invites notables from nil parts of the world , nnd gives them n very rich setting in her gorgeous suite of rooms in n swell Broadway hotel. CLAIIA BELLE. UNIKOHM RANK No. 4 , Knights of Pythias , of this city , says the News of Hastings , which is ono of tbo finest and bf-st drilled orders in the state , tins deci ded to enter for the state prize at the coming encampment in Omaha , if proper arrangements can bo made. In order to go ns they wish , nnd take n band with them , the boys will necessarily bo at nn expense of between f400 nnd f500. A subscription pnpor is now being circulated ted to assist in raising this sum. The ap pearance of the boys in Omaha will bo u "big card for Hastings , and it is hoped that the business men and capitalists of the city will contribute liberally in order that llioy may make ns creditable a show ing ns possible. Mr. Edward N. Thnok- er is captain of the rank. J. A. Kraft , lieutenant ; and D. A. Guli(1n , herald. * IKA G. Hoirr , supreme ropresentntivo American Legion of Honor nnd state superintendent of public instruction , of Sun Francisco , Cut. , passed through this city Wednesday ou his way homo. ECHOES FROM THE ANTE ROOM Items of Interest to the Members of the Various Secret Orders. THE ORDER 'OF ODD FELLOWS. * The Good Work of the n. of I < . K. Uphiffs orthe K. of H.-Tho I'jfli- lan ' First llcRlrncntnl Drill The Orders In Ihb State. The BEE Is desirous of making this column onu of interest to the members of the secret orders of this state. To this end it Is urged upon the ollicors nnd members of the different orgatilzatons to send in , each week , items which may bo pertinent nnd of interest to their rcspcc- tivo orders. The Older of Odii Follows. One of the moat dillicutt things to dcttl with is the origin and ancient history of n secret organization. Among the list of these societies ttiero is none but for which there is claimed an origin so an- cicut that the memory of man runneth not to the contrary. It is conceded in all quarters that the organization known ns Odd Fellows is one of the two parents of he secret societies of the world. The ssemblngo of thousands of members of his order in Denver during the past week , in attendance upon the sovereign grand lodge , will cause brief review of ho history of the organization to bo in- cresting. The uutlipntic history of this society goes bank but a few years , but in its pint it is as old as the emblems of 'rtendshlp , Ixive and Truth. While its listory as an organization covers loss han one hundred of the past years , its jtublemsnnd instructions linkthe charm- ng tale ot the friendship of DAVID AND JONATHAN with its record , and makes the pure traditions of the benevolent lives of ancient patriarchs a complement of its present creed. From the time that men began to heed lie injunction to do good to one another hey hsivo naturally bound themselves oirether in societies to accomplish he greater results. David voiced .the common feelings of good men , and in ilfuct described the benevolent orders of lis own civilized times when -ho said : "Behold how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity. " Plutarch tells us that thcro ex isted iii the lloman army , the societies of Lusitnna and of the solduri. And later , 'n the days of Titus Cesar : , A. D. 7 ! ) , thcro existed in Homo the society of "Fellow Citi/.ens , " to which the emperor gave a dispensation engraved on a golden plate. Some liavo traced Odd Fellowship back to those societies and especially to the latter whoso ! name sug- esti at least a resemblance in principle , § omo writers claim that Odd Fellowship existed among the Goths nnd Huns and other northern nations in the fourth cen tury , that it was established in Spain in the fifth century , in Portugal in the sixth , in France in the twelfth and in England at about the same time. However this may bo , it is true that thn proper history of the organization begins with the latter part of TUB KIOIITKF.NTH CENTUHY. i During that period there were or gtuiized in London , clubs com Dosed of mechanics nnd laborers calling themselves "Ancient and Honor able Odd Fellows. " The meetings of these clubs worn for convivial purposes , and commonly held in taverns. It be came the custom foe the members' to make weekly contributions of ix penny each to create a fund for the relief of the poor , to defray funeral expenses , nnd to provide for widows and orphans. Shortly the order extended to Liverpool , nnd the clubs or lodges then united under the name of the Union Order of Odd Fel lows , with London as the seat of govern ment. In a few years lodges were estab lished in every part of England. In 1809 reformers sought to abolish the con vivial feature of the meetings , which at tempt was opposed by the orthodox members. The ref9rmers , however , grew stronger , and in 1813 held a con- vqntion at Manchester , upon which occasion several lodges seceded from the main order and organized the Independ ent Order of Odd Fellows. In 183."i , a committee was cstab- ishod " at Manchester to govern the order in the interim between the sessions of the grand lodge. This led to dissen sions and to secessions , .but did not break up the organization , which took the name of Manchester Unity , and re mains to this day the main body of the English Odd 1-ellows. * The , aggregate- ! membership of all the lodge's is over half n million. Thus it appears , that , strictly speaking , the history of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows begins witli 1813. . The origin of "INDEPENDENT" - xiin woitu was the secession of the lodges controlled by the reformers from the main order. The seceding jodgos continued their or ganizations without authority from the old body , and were , therefore , properly termed "independent. " The lirst lodge of the order instituted in the United States was at Baltimore , on April 20,1819. This was the result of some very earnest work en the part of two Englishmen , Thomas Wildoy nnd John Welch. Wildov had been ini tiated into n lodge of" Odd Fellows in London in 1804 , which was subordinate to a body then known ns the Grand Lodge of England , imt which had little authority outside of London. Ho emi grated to this country in 1817 , before the Manchester Unity had established its su premacy , so that he had received no in- btructions in the work of the Independent order. Ho had passed through nil the otlices of the ledge and had been noble grand three times. Welch had also been a member of a London lodgo. These two men in a strnugo land seriously felt the deprivation of the social pleasures of the lodge , and naturally became auxins to introduce the order into this country. But there were only two of them nnd live were required for the establishment of a lodge. After vainly hunting for three or moro Odd Fellows for sonio time , they 'finally advertised in the Baltimore American , in its issue of February 13 , 1810. This brought to light two moro , John Duncan and John ( Jhcatham. They still lacked one , and finally they advertised again , March 27. This brought the fifth man. Richard Ilushworth. On Monday , April 20 , they met at the "Sign ot the Seven Stars , " a public house , nnd with duo forms and ceremonies instituted and opened a ledge which they named "WASHINGTON LODGE of Odd Follows. Thomas Wildoy was made noble grand and John Welch vice grand. Within two or three weeks the now ledge had increased its membership to fifteen. About this time Henry Jackson nr vcd in Baltimore from Liverpool with copies of "tho charges then recently revised by the. still incipient Manchester Unity , " and with the lectures issued by the same authority. Jackson came with the hope of Doing the pioneer of Odd-Fellowship in America , but to his disappointment found n lodge already in existence , but operated on the old plnn. flu introduced the changes and reforms into the now lodge , and in- ctructcd the other members in "thojnodo of work practiced by the Independent Order of Odd Follows of tbo Manches ter Unity. " Time was the order as it now exists established in this country. Within live months the membership had increased tojatuptcen. la the latter part of the year 1810 at NEW YORK & OMAHA CLOTHING CO SUITS. We have this season the largest as sortment of suits in all grades ever put on sdle > We quote a few prices : A first class serviceable suit f4.SO $5 and $ U. A Up-top worsted suit , $7. A fine worsted suit , flO to fZO. Otr Hue of nobby cheviot suits can't be beat , th style and price , ranging from $ O to $16.00. 1308 FARNAM STREET the suggestion of P. G. Crowdor , n prom inent Oud Fellow of England , who visi ted Baltimore on a tour of this coun try , "an application was prepared in suitable form to bo presented to any corn- potent authority of the Independent Order in England for a dispensation nd- milting ttio lodge into the regular fellowship of the order. " Mr. Crowder , on his return to England shortly afterwards , presented ho application ot the Duke of York .odgo , at Preston. The request was granted nnd a charter issued to the now ledge February 1. ,1820. The charter contained , besides the ordinary provis- "ons , the following. "That the said lodge , being the. first established in the United States , hnth the power to grant n warrant or dispensation to n number of brothers of the Independent Order of Odd Fellowship in any state of the union , for the encouragement nnd sup port of brothers of the said order , when on travel or otherwise. " Mr. Ridgely , in his admirable history of Odd Fellowship , says : "This largo provision , in which lay the germ of the American system , was so little considered at the time ns to provoke neither comment nor debate , nnd oven the name of the mover is un known. So little cognizant arc wo of the planting of tlioso potent seeds that liavo gron-n to giaiit' oaks and waving forests. " On the twenty-second of February , i821tho past grands of Washington lodco were organized into n grand lodge , un der the title of "Grand Ledge of Mary land and of the United States. " The mem bers of this grand' lodge of America were Thomas Wildoy , grand master ; John P. Entwislc , grnhd deputy master ; VVilliam S. Couth ; .grand . warden ; John Welch , grand secretary ; John Hoyd , grand guardian ; WillAun Larkani , grand conductor ; A charter was Issued by the grand ledge on the filth'of September , 1821 to Franklin ledge , of Baltimore. At its Novonibor , session in 1824 the grand lodge o"f Maryland nnd of the United States dividtd itself into two bodies. Ono became the supreme auth ority of the order through the several grand lodges and the other subsided into simply the stnto grand ledge of Maryland. The former took the name of GllAND LODGE OF THE UNITED STATES and has since exercised the jurisdiction that naturally nnd properly belongs lo such a body. Several attempts had been made to es tablish Odd Fellow lodges in this country before the organization of Washington ledge at Baltimore. A lodge was organ ized in Now York December 23. 1800 , called the Shakspenro ledge of Odd Fellows , of which Soloman Chambers was noble grand. This ledge nourished until 1813 , when it was broken up by the war with Great Britain. A largo ma jority of thn members were aliens , and were forced by that event to leave their homes. It was revived December 23 , 1818 , and early in 1810 George P. Morris , the celebrated poet , became a member. Through his influence Franklin lodge No. 2 was organized January 27 , 1821. and in November of the same year Washington lodge No. 5 was instituted. When the grand ledge of the United States was organized in 1825 , ns before described , there were only four grand lodges subordinate to it , those of Mary land , Massachusetts , Pennsylvania nnd Now York. By that net of organization , however , thn order of Odd Fellows took a clearly defined organic form ns n nn- tionnl institution nnd nominally took pos session of the whole country. In Febru ary , 1825 , when the supreme body hold its lirst mooting there were nine subordi nate lodges. The next year there wore twclvo and in 1827 fourteen. Hut since then the growth of the order has been rapid. There is n grand ledge in every state of the union. In 1878 there wore in the United States 0,731 subordinnto lodges , nnd 1,818 subordinate encamp ments. THE VATIEIAIICHAL IHlANril of the Odd Fellowship was founded Juno 4,1837 , by authority of the grand ledge of Maryland , by the institution of Jeru salem Encampment No. 1 in Baltimore. September 5 , 1831 , a charter wns granted to James L. Kidgoly nnd others to organ ize the grand encampment of Maryland. The grand ledge of the United Stntes in 1840 granted representation from grand encampments. The grand lodge of the United States maintained its name , exorcising jurisdic tion over the entire union until 1880. Its headquarters wns nt Bnltimorc , but its meetings were frequently held in other cities. In 1880 , nt a.mecting nt Toronto. Canadaon account of the enlargement of its jurisdiction , its name wns changed to that of I "SOVEItEIGMOIJAND LODOE of the Independent. Order of Odd Fel lows'und Its jurisdiction was made co extensive with the countries over which Odd Fellowship extends. It , in short , became nnd remains the supreme authority of the grr t ordor. This ledge is made UD of , delegates from the grand lodges of the 'states. ' All past grand masters and past grand patri archs arn eligible to election ns delegate to the sovereign .grand lodge. I'lie headquarters remained at Balti more , though its nnntml sessions were often hold in other cities until 1880 , when it was changed by n vote to Columbus , O. The actual removnl took place in July of this year. The sovereign grand ledge is the body that met in Den ver last week. The custom of holding sessions in different cities was adopted to allow the members of this supreme body of the order an opportunity to be come acquainted with the whole country and learn the needsof , the different sec tions. At the close of the year 1885 the number of lodges in America nnd Switzerlnnd under the jurisdiction of the sovereign grand ledge was 7,901. with n total membership of 517,810. These lodges reported receipts for the year in the aggregate of $4.700,111.90 , aggregate expenditures for relief | 1,9CO,417,117.93. These , figures give gomo hint 'of how HATS , Our line of hats is five times as large as ltn > as last season , and we show over JHIOtllffcrent styles of hats TlicKnox Itlock , Yottman's Miller and Dnnlap at the following prices : Hoys'JIats,92.XOto if 1.50. Crushes from fiOc to $2. > 0. Fine Soft Hats , 7i c to $5. Fine Stiff Hats , fl.23 to $4. And we guarantee that our prices and goods go ahead of anything In the market. great a power for good , Odd Fellowship mis become. Odd Fellowship wns instituted in Mas sachusetts , March 20 , 1820 , by the organ ization of the Massachusetts lodge in lies ton. It worked for n time under the authority of the old union order of England , but in 182 ; ; it accepted n char ter from the grand lodge of Maryland and of the United States. The first Pennsylvania lodge , which took the name of the state , wfs : organized in Phildclphia , December 20 , 1821. Two years later it came under the jurisdiction of the grand ledge of Maryland and of the United Stntes. On the fourth of June , 1823 , the grand ledge of Maryland nnd of the United States issued a charter to the GKAND LODOE OF NEW YORK , to which in time the Half-instituted lodges of that state became subordinate. The grand ledge of Pennsylvania was chartered by the grand ledge of Mary- and nnd the United States on the 15th of June , 1823 , and was opened Juno 27. In 1829 thcro wore ten subordinate lodges in Pennsylvania , with a total membership of 1,009. November 12 , 1827 , the first ledge of O.dd follows in the District of Columbia was chartered under the name of Central ledge No. 1. About a year later George town lodge No. 2 was organized in Lieorgetpwn. September 28.1828a char ter wns issued to n grand lodge to meet in Washington nnd exorcise authority of the District of Columbia. Dr. Shafl'ncr , in his work upon Odd Fellowship , speaking of the order as originally established in England , says : "It was the practice then to have the MEETINGS IN TATEIINS , nnd the proprietor becnmo the host and furnished the beer nnd tobacco , " 'which were freely used. There wns n presiding ollicor with gavel in hand. Ho kept order , but nil present were at liberty to engage in conversation nntif the gavel called' for 'silence , that they raight-henr gomo remarks from n JtfW1.0r.Qfnn0.ltOKcJub ) , who chanced to be present. ' Thcy'us'unlly took n collec tion for nny brother on n tramp. This custom originated with clubs organ ized in the interest of trades. On the contincntany artisan wns compelled to work ns an apprentice for n term of seven yenrs , nnd ho wns not permitted to work in ono plnco more thnn two years. At certain times ho started on his tramp from ono village to another. He seldom had moro money than enough to pay his expenses. Brothers thus travelling from place to place in England frequently re ceived temporary assistance from the lodges while under the working head of "proposition's of harmony , " which meant a state of recess for the use of the mug and the long pipo. The earlier lodges in this country practiced the same style of conducting their proceedings nnd when the question wns asked of the host by the uoblp grand , "Is thcro any tramp in waiting1' if answered in the allirmutivo , the warden quickly made his rounds wjth his broad axe for receiving the con tributions. The English people as they cnmo to this'country naturally brought their hab its with them , nnd among the strongest nnd most venerated of those habits was thn drinking of nlo nnd beer. The originnl Odd Fello'ws' lodgn in lialtimorii wns organized by Englishmen. The membership of the other lodges or ganized soon afterwards were naturally mostly English. Hence TIID CONVIVIAL FEATIiliE of early Odd Fellowship in Eng land necessarily appeared in those early lodges. Hcer drinking became a not unimportant part of their proceedings. And it is snld that ns the association bo- caimf Americanized the change wns from beer , not to wntor , but to those stronger liquors that liavo over constituted the national beverages. The inebriating products of corn nnd rye began to suc ceed the enlivening mnlt beverages. And as Mr. Ridgley puts it"What wns beioro compnriitivcly nn innocent indulgence became n serious nnd growing evil. " Hut in time the proportion of native born members became so great that they began - gan to seek to impress upon the order the moral habits of their country and lo cality. Hut the old custom wns not eas ily abolished. The first direct vigorous attack upon it wns by n young man named Augustus Mathiot , in 1823 or 1824. Ho had been rejected on application for membership in another society , "on the solo ground that ho was n member of that Hncchnnalianclub of Odd Fellows. " While his indignation was by tills aroused against the other order , his at tention was the moro seriously directed to the faults of his own favorite associa tion. Ho soon introduced into his lodge , the original Washington ledge of lialti- . more , a resolution "that this ledge will hereafter abolish the use of liquor of nny kind in the ledge room. " It wns adopted promptly and unani mously. Hut of course it wns not immediately enforced. It was. however - over , n beginning , nnd in nil genuine re forms the beginning is everything. Mr. Mathiot's crusade wns called the "Mary land reform , " and is regarded ns the beginning - ginning of ft great moral change in the order. It encountered much opposition from "tho host , " the keeper of the house nt which the ledge meetings were held. That individual regarded the selling of beer and other drinks as ouo of his vested privileges , and ills claim had , up to that time , been sacredly respected by the order. In the first dnys the place of meet ing could not be moved to the injury of the host. The original charter from the Duke of York ledge to Washington lodge contained the provision . "thnt thn said ledge be not removed from the house of Hrothor Thomas Woodward so long as live brothers nro agreeable to hold the same. " This , however , was changed so that when upon reorganization the dispensation was grunted by the grand ledge of Marylan.il to Washington ledge it wns made to read."To establish n lodgd in any con- venlent place , to bo hailed by the ittlo of tne .Washington lodge , No. 1. " Through OVERCOATS FALL. * H MM M MHM -1 full line of light weight over coats , ( n new nobby designs , light , tncdlum nnd dark color * , A good worstol coat for $ ( i.50. Afine. castltnerc coat from fStoflff , An extra fine coat from flu to $ U3 , We can trull/ fay our line of over coat * was never surpassed , and that our , prices arc away below other house , needs only an Inspection of our goods to prove Ills so. this action it became the easier to enforc the Mathlot resolution. THE PIIESKNT CONDITION of the order is as follows : Incrctw. ftr.iml lodges . 54 . Subordinate loilpcs. . 8.108 163 Crnnd encampments 44 . Subordinate encaino- inents . 1,5100 4 Lodge Initiations. ' . . 44,900 8,500 Lodge : members. . . . 530,800 12,1)93 ) Kncniiipiiicnt Initia tions . 0,030 2,473 Encampment mem bers . 07,773 .1,807 Total relief . 52.227.TO4 50 S 40,42'J 57 Total revenue . S.O.VJ.TTii ! 57 50OS3 00 Memltcn. llttttf. Soverclcn Grand lodge. . 6 : ,300 2,311,03 : ) 09 Australasia . 1M70 G8.4M 00 Crrmany . 1KM 2,839 05 llebekah ( sisters ) . 33,958 10,290 BO Totals . 581,201 82.2b3.590 45 The available assets of the Sovereign grand ledge are as follows : August 20 , 18S7. Ilnlixnre In treasury . 525,819 00 United States 4tf per cent regis tered Donds. par . 13,30000 United States 4X per cunt coupon bond1' , par . 40,000 00 United Stales 4 per cunt coupon bonds , par . 2,500 00 - Total assets available . 581,019 00 The grand ledge secretary's report presents the details from which' the sum mary of the preceding reports are made up. It also snows the totals of the opera tion ol the Odd Fellows' Bcncficin ! asso ciation , it lias aid or life insurance so cieties as follows : For the year 1880 , receipts $1,713,741.80 ; paid families of deceased members , $1,427,780.58 ; paid expenses , $103,221.90 ; members received , 13,589 ; membership terminated except by death , 0,118 ; deaths , 1,172 ; members in good standing , 80,331 ; money invested oren on deposit Juno 30 , 1887 , $058,014.31. The totals from organization were : Receipts , $11,280,454.70 ; paid families of deceased members , $9,533,079.55 ; paid for ox- * pcnsus , $1,154,388.80 ; members received , 77,030 ; membership terminated oxcoptby death. 25,508 , ; deaths , 0,098 ; members in good standing , 80,394. The statistics of the order from 1830 tote to December 81 , 1880 , show the number of families relieved , 1,205,208 ; widowed families relieved , 103,573 ; members de ceased , 121,000 , the total relief has been , $ -13,589,001.87 ; and the total receipts have been $115,014,145.25. In Nebraska this' order has an interest ing history , the details of which will appear hereafter. The H. ofU K. A union raeotincr of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers was held it Boston last week for the purpose of expounding the principles of the older and inducing those outside of it to join. A mooting was held in the morning open to engineers only , but in the afternoon the public was admitted. The brotherhood was well represented , members coming from all parts of Now Enghflid. William Mead , of Salem , presided , and after brielly re citing the objects of the gathering , in troduced Lioutonnnt-Govcrnor Brnckctt , who spoke of the good the organ i/.ation seemed to bo doing , and expressed his sympathy with it. Ho was followed by N.H. Tnylor , Mnyor O'Hrien's private secretary , who represented the city of Boston. Grand Chief Engineer P. M. Arthur , of the brotherhood , was then introduced. and spoke of the beneficial features ot the order and how it aimed to organize the men for mutual protection , nnd to obtain for the roads better men and a higher standard of work. It aimed , ho said , to secure sobriety umong its members nbovo all things , nnd , although it did not claim lo be , was about as good a temperance society as thcro was in existence. Many a man had boon stopped in his downward career by its influences , kept in his posi- tiun and made n sober man. In regard to its insurance department , ho urged every brother to avail himself of its op portunities. The brotherhood had al ready paid out $2,159,000 to willows nnd orphans. In regard to the business fea ture of the order , ho would say that al though at lirst regarded with distrust by railway managers it wns now approved by them , and lie hud not mot ouo in ton years who seriously opposed it. On every road where the brotherhood was organized there was what was known as a "Grievance Committee , " to which all the grievances of the men were made known. It ought to bo composed of cool-headed men and those longest in the service of the road nnd known to the olllcials. Ho was sorry to say it was not always so made out. It was the duty of this committee to lay a grievance , if it wnsconsidcreda just one , before the otiicials of the road , starting with the lowest and taking it in turn. If not redressed , from one to the next high est. until the general manager was reached. If ho failed to settle the dilli- culty the grand chief engineer was sent for , and ho seldom failed to bring about an amicable adjustment. Strikes were discouraged , for there were no cases when the parties could bo brought together that a settlement could not be agreed upon. Inclosing ho urged the brothers to bo honest , bo just , anil bo true to their employers and they would not fail to secure suitable recognition. < > ! ' Honor. THE Ki'ruEMi : LODGE of the Knights and Ladies of Honor , which hold their biennial session In Philadelphia last week , elected the following ollieors for the en suing term : Supromn protector , John T. Miltmrn , of Kentucky ; supreme vice pro tector , L. H. Lockard. of Pennsylvania ; supreme secretary , F. Wright , of Mis souri : supreme treasurer , E. J. McHrido , of Indiana- , supreme chaplain , Sister M. K. Hannn , of Illinois ; supreme guldo , J. A. Sawyer , of Ohio ; supreme guardian , T. J. Wood , of Mississippi ; supreme sentinel - tinol , S. H. Hreed , of Massachusetts ; supreme premo medical examiner , Dr. L 1) . With- ( roll , of New York ; supreme trustees J. F. Irish of Illinois. O. W. Harvey of Indiana , J. A. Pain of Pennsylvania. The supreme protector appointed-tile follow UNDERWEAR , Tills heading includes every gradt of Underwear for 9 J.00 per suit. . $ l,2fi per suit. $1. fiO per unit. $1.73 per suit. $ ' 1.00 per suit. $ X.iO per suit. , $ ; iOO per suit. $ ! i. < iO per suit. And up to the very best of imported goods that ean be purchased. ng special committees : On contested claims , Brothers Crowe , Hughes and lool/.lo. On inoiirnnco. Hrothors E. Ncumer , J. T. Funk nnd C. F. Dudley. TlIK SECOND HEHIMENT KlligllU Ot ' .vthl'is battalion drill nt the base ball > ark last Tuesday afternoon was n mic- ; css , nm < n slight intimation ot what may > o expected in October , at the grand edge session in this city. On the nrrivnl of Colonel Thomas Burrill the several livinions were formed in lino. These voro Myrtle , No. S ; Douglas , No. 5 ; Lily , > Jo. 8 ; Omaha , No. 12 ; Launculot , No. 14 ; 'alcou , No. 15 ; Ml. Shasta , No. 10 ; Black Englo , No. 17 ; Trojnn , No. 18 , in the HK- jrognto about two hundred nnd twonty- ive sir knights in fatigue uniform , lllack ingle division , however , was obliged to appear in helmets on account of the non- arrival of its fatigue caps. After the instruction to the various commanders , he regiment was put through a number of evolutions , nil the divisions doing na liceiy ns could bo expected for the first .line the regiment has attempted n drill. The officers nnd men appeared to excellent advantage , but it be- loovcs all who intend appearing in the October display to bq on hand nt every/ / Irill both of division and regiment. I'hero will bo dress parade and ) mttalion drill at the base ball park -Tuesday afternoon next nt 5 o'clock sharp and if the en tire membership of the regiment appears there will bo nt lenst 100 men in line , nnd it is hoped that nil will be on hand. At this , the first drill , thcro were n largo number of spectators iresent , and the number of ladles pros- mt was particularly noticeable. The cordial invitation ot the regiment is ox- : ended to nil , and to the ladies especially , .0 bo present at the next drill. Nothing educes n better display on the part of the soldier than the presence nnd applause- of the fnir sox. * * A PLEASANT SOCIAL nnd literary onter- : ninment was given Wednesday night by Lho Ladles' Hnrmonv assembly. 937U , Knights of Labor , in the G. A. R. hall. The occasion wns the fall and win tor opening of a series of parties and enter tainments which are to bo given monthly by the society. Miss Nellie Wood , daughter of Captain Wood , und Mrs. C. 11. Fitch , were on the literary programme , attd read some very good selections. The instrumental nndl vocal music was rendered by Mrs. Wil liam Golden nnd Miss Wood. After the- musical programme refreshments were served in the hall.nnd the party dispersed at 3 o'clock. if ON WEDNESDAY night Occidental ledge No. 21 , K. of P. ut ColuniDus , wns resus- citntcd , with n membership of forty-four. I'ho following were the ollicers installed : Hnrry Hagnt/ . C. . Carl Kramer , C. C. ; Charles Horjngor , V. C. ; W. A. McAl lister , prelate ; G. G. Ucchor , M. of E. , B Fuller , M. of F. ; L. A. Clark , K. of K.anU S. ; W. N. Ilcnsly. M. at A. ; D. Dowty , I. G. ; John Elliott. O. G. The session lasted through the night till 5. m. * . * * Tim Antlers' ledge Knights of Pythias liad a grand ball atElkhorn Friday night Some fifty members of the order of this city were present. This is n now ledge nnd is numbered ? - ' , The master of cer emonies was C.V. . Haldwin ; the reception - tion committee , Dr. Cyrus Kaldwin , August Hierbaeh and II. A. Nolton. The committee on invitations consisted of nil members of the lodgo. The Umahans returning yesterday morning report that they had received the most pleasant to- eeption over known in their experience individually or collectively. * # COL. JOHN J. M ON ELI. left Thursday for Detroit , accompanied by his mother , Mrs. Lueinda Monoll , Mrs. Monell will visit friends in Detroit for some timo. Colonel Monoll will return to Omaha to attend the session of the Grand Ledge K. of P. hero , after Which ho will return to Detroit nnd with his mother will visit the various cities of the cast. * i.oixn : No. 87 was insti tuted nt Spriuglield , Sarpy county , on Sept. 15 , by John Q. ( Joss , witn twenty charter members. The ollicers installed are as follows : Win. Frank , P. C. ; Samuel Start/.or , C. C. ; Win. ISusch , V. C. ; Goo. A. llurr , P. ; H. O. Bancroft , M. K. , C. K. Spearman , K. H. S. ; John F. Hoover , 1. G. ; Frank Comto. O. G. * % Dot'pi.AS DIVISION Knights of Pythias met Friday night In their quarters on Fourteenth nml DoJgo streets for iho purpose of electing ollicer.s. Eight Sir Knights were recoi\ed during the meet ing. Captain Henry Anderson was elected captain , John Mumm lirst lieuten ant , Charles Hulwig herald. A NEW ledge of Knights of Pythias will bo installed nt Nonpariol , liox liutto county this week with n charter membership of about forty. District Deputy Charles W. Allen of Chatlron will lie present and will bo assisted by members of Sheridan ledge No. 0-1 , of Uushvillo. E. E. FKENIMI. G * . k. of 11. nnd S. of the Knights of Pythias , lias received a letter from Grand Chancellor M. Hilbert of Iowa in which Mr. Hilbert says that ho will be present nt the grand ledge nnd that Iowa Pythmns will bo fairly repre sented upon this occasion. * GUAND MAsrEit S. E WILKINSON of the 1) . of'K. 1) ) . , wns in Omaha Fridny. Mr. Wilkinson reports the order In n thriving condition. SucrESS LOIXIE No. 135 , li. of H. I ) . , will be represented nt the grand lodge ut JHnghampton , N. Y. . by Mr. Harry Hopkins , of tins city. FOUKST LODOE No. 81 K. of P. will give a grand ball ut their new ledge room , Sixth und Picrco sUuots , October 0.