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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 22, 1889, Image 1

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Excltomont and Oonfuolon Marklho
Day Before the Bush.
fflio Strictest Scercsy Preserved In
KcRnrd to the , ArrunKomontB For
the lliinnlnK oi'Trnlna Into
the Territory.
Con cress m im BprlnRor'n Vlows.
SrnisopinM ) , 111. , April 21. William M.
Springer , chairman of the commlttco on ter
ritories of the nntlonnl house of representa
tives , and author of the original Oklahoma
bill , has returned to his home , In this city ,
much elated at the success of the party of
rvhlch ho was a leader , in succeeding , after
10 many years , in having the Oklahoma
lands opened up to the Bottler. Mr. Springer
Is gratified , rather than embarrassed , nt the
txccss of Immigration Into the Oklahoma
country , nntt does not share the apprchen-
ilonc so generally Indulged In regarding the
probable lawlessness and bloodshed over tlio
disputed lands.
dnVhnt effect will this movement , In your
opinion , liavo on the southwest In general 1"
was asked.
"I have always contended , " replied Mr.
Springer , "that , tlio Buttlemoiit of Oklahoma
would bo a matter of great public Interest ,
and that a great population would sot In
Eoon after lawful entry could bo mudc , and
from what I see In the newspapers my most
nangulno expectations nro more than realized.
Thcro are twice'as many parsons going m nt ,
the beginning us 1 had anticipated , and the
Interest manifested Is moro universal than
1 had ever supposed It would be. The
opening of Oklahoma Is to-day the most
absorbing topic before the American people ,
and it has become a great national ovcnt.
Its Importance is now scarcely realized. It
is the bediming of n movement of the popu
lation of the southwest , which will continue
for Vcars to como. It is of much moro im
portance than was the discovery of gold in
California , ana will have much greater and
moro far-reaching consequences. It makes
no difference to the country at largo
whether John Dee or Ulchard Iloo may
occupy a particular quarter section. The
successful applicant hns only to wait n short
time , possibly only n fowwcoks , when ether
portions of the territory will bo open to set
tlement. If the commission appointed by the
president meets with the anticipated success ,
the Cherokee outlet , containing over 0,000,000
norcs of land , will , n a few weeks or months ,
aml-u ttiout additional legislation , bo opened
up to settlement under the same terms as the
land now bo occupied. This strip of land is
nearly two hundred miles long and sixty-four
miles wide , or three times larger
than Oklahoma proper. Part of
the Seminole and Creole purchase west
of the P8lh degree of longitude and north
of the Canadian river , containing about two
million acres , will also bo opened up at an
early day. These lands have been'purchased '
mid paid for b.v the United States , with the
privilege of opouinu them to settlement
under the homestead laws , and all that is
required now to accomplish this Is an order
of the secretary of the Interior removing the
Arrapahoes and Choyennes north of the
Canadian river to the south side of the river ,
the larger portion of tlto reservation being
on the south side of the river. "
The Transportation Arrangements.
ARKANSAS CITY ; Ki-.n. , April 31. | Special
Telegram to THE HER. 1 Correspondents hero
nro to have n special car on the first train ,
nnd will bo brought back by n special train
to various places , where they can send off
their special dispatches. There Is such a
crowd here , and there will bo such a scram
ble to get aboard the first train to start , that
Superintendent Turner , of the Santa Fo ,
has arranged to have several trains ready on
the main and slue tracks , with steam up and
everything In condition to start at the given
signal ; but none will know until Just at the
moment of starting which train will bo the
first to pull out. Two minutes Doforo start-
ingetlmu the engineer of the train to start
flrst will get his orders to go , and fifteen
minutes later another engineer will receive
his orders , nnd so on until nil of the boomers
nro "lauded iu Oklahoma. In the meantime
none of the employes or any ono else will
Imvo the remotest idea as to which will bo
the first train to start.
Ono of the factions of prospective settlers
of Guthrie , Oklahoma , hold a meeting in
* front of the opera house , this afternoon , to
regulate tho'sizo of town lots In Guthrio. A
committee appointed for that purpose uo-
cidod that lots should bo ! ! 0 by 140 feet , and
that no one should take up more land at
Guthrie than that amount. This action la
general disapproved by the bettor class of
iiettleru , who denounce it as a laud-grabbing
Bchumo. The feeling among the various
factions desiring to control the town
site organization nt Guthrie Is becoming
very bitter , nnd the rivalry for control ol
affairs there may result seriously.
Great cxcltoi"cnt prevails hero to-nlghl
nnd everybody seems Impatient for the bout
for starting to Oklahoma. Great crowds
block the sidewalks and hotel rotundas. All
\vant to get on the first train to start Into the
* lands opened to-morrow , and nothing but tlu
* most judicious management can proven I
trouble when the first train starts. Sovura
thousand persons have already purchase !
tickets for Guthrie arid will try to forci
themselves Into the first train thai leaves.
The iuiut > for Homo * .
AIIKANSAS CITV , ICan. , April 31. [ Spocln
Telegram to THE UEI : . ] All of the boomen
nro rushing to the Oklahoma linn , to-day
nnd every train is crowded with passengers
The division superintendent of the Kauta Ft
railroad has removed his ofllce to this pluci
during the great null , anil occupies ncaboosi
on a smo track. People uro puoUlnif up , preparing
paring to move Into the now territory , am
Arkansas City will resemble a deserted vil
Ititto to-morrow. About two thoas
nnd people went tow.ird Oklaho
ma tO'tiay. Every train is runuiui
eight or ten extra coaches and two or Hire
extra baggage cars to accommodate the pub
llo. Extra forces have been put Into tlu
freight , passenger and baggage olUecn of thi
ralltoauft , and the telegraph coiiipany ha
put In additional wires and extra operators
Chief Clerk Ilorton , of the supcrlntniident'
ofllco at Omaha , has been sent hero to taki
chnrgoof telegraph matter during the rush
* t Tie | postoAlco here hns not been nblo t
distribute the paper mall for nearly a wt-oli
all the time of the clerks being taken U ]
v/ith the lotturs that have been constant ! :
accumulating , The hotels are literal ! ,
packed with now arrivals and the dlnln
room doorn have to bo closed to keep on
the crowds. Everybody scorns , t
think his fortune is made a
teen as ho gets to Oklahoma , and neve
seems to consider the possibility of dlsui
Kxoitcd crowds are congregated In th
hotel corridors , on the Street corners , an
the depot , all talking about the promise
land. Committees for the protection of It
forests p.ro being formed , and thecxcltcmen
Increases as tha time for entering Okluhom
draws nearer. The fact that it Is Eastc
Bunday seems to bo forfottou , and the wor
of paolilng up and buying provisions an
lilnnknts still goes on. Many of the boomer
are provided with rifles , shot gun * or plstoli
and all worn well suppllnd with urlland di
ionnliinikm to stand by their rights un
hold their claims.
Itonmcrs to hct Dlnnrmfld.
KANSAS Cirr , April 31. An Arkansas CIt
special say * ; It Is reported that Genen .
Merrill hus Issued ordartt to the troops t
tuko possession of all guns und pistols cu
rlca by the boomers. They nro not to t
confiscated , but the Id up 1 * to hold tr.cm unt
the excitement Is over , as a p.-ocau'.IoDur
mraluit blAU/abiul.
Chlcago'n Uoara of Trade Docs Not
Own the Earth.
Following Is n letter which the Omaha
packers have addressed to the trafllo man
ngcrs of the defendant roads In the suit of
the Chicago board of trade :
SOUTH OMAHA , Nub. , April 0 , 18S9. To
the Sovnral Traffic Managers of the De
fendant Heads Dear Sirs : In view of the
action of the Chicago board of trade In filing
n petition with the Intcr-stato commerce com
mission alleging discrimination on the part
oi your road nnd others against the Chicago
packing Interests In charging higher rotes
for the transportation of llvo animals than
for packing house products from Ouinha and
other Missouri rlvor pointstho association of
Omaha packers beg to represent to you that
the existing classification Is , la their opinion ,
fair , Just and reasonable , and that any chaniro
of the relative rates on llvo animals and the
packed product would work great Injury to ,
If not stop the development of Omaha packIng -
Ing Interests.
It Is charged by the Chicago board of
trade , that the value of the packed product
of hogs is $3 per hundred moro than the live
weight per hundred and therefore , on the
principle that the moro valuable commodity
should bear the greater charge , they claim
that the relative rates should bo so changed
that the live animal should bear only 72 per
cent of the rate on the dressed product. In
ether words , you uro asked to rcclasslfy two
comma ditics , entirely foreign to each other ,
wh oily dissimilar In bulk. In weight per car.
and risk of carriage , on the solo ground of
rclatlvo value ; whllo the practical conditions
governing all rnto classification viz : equal
weight , like form or bulk , and similar risk ,
are Ignored.
Subject to these last named conditions pub
lic policy may require that the moro valuable
of two commodities bear the greater charge ;
as for instance that patent medicines In bottles
tles packed In cases , being moro valuable ,
should bear u higher rate than beer slmllaily
packed ; but in the Instances of live stock
and the packed product these conditions not
only do not occur , but the two classes of
freight are most dissimilar.
Assuming that the cost of hauling the
loaded car In cither case is the sumo to your
road , you reallzo n revenue on but 15,000 to
10,000 pounds of stock carried , while on the
packed product you realize on from 25,000 to
40.000 pound * .
The transportation of live stock involves
maximum care and risk. In case of wrecker
or unusual delay you suitor certain loss In
killed or crippled animals , which is almost
total , whllo the loss you sustain on packed
product , if any , is minimum. You nro re
quired to haul stock trains at u'higher rate
of speed , and to glvo them preference and
right of way over trains carrying ether
freight , and you , must also furnish trans
portation both ways for a special attendant
for every two or three cars. In the matter
of loading and unloading stock cars you bear
the expense , whllo the packing house
products are loaded and unloaded without
charge to you ; so that , In making Its demand
for change of existing rates , the Chicago
board of trade not only seeks to have the
defendant roads violate the fundamental
rule ? of classification , but to do so at a
greatly increased risk and cost to them
Again , it Is alleged by the Chicago board
of trade that In turning the llvo hog into the
packed product , there is a loss of 28 per cent
weight , nnd that , therefore , when the hog is
killed and dressed at Missouri river points ,
your road carries and receives a revenue
only on 72 per cent of the cntlro hog , or that
you lose the transportation of twenty-eight
cars out of every 100. Actual estimates ,
however , show that the net weight realized
per 100 pounds of live hogs is
74 per cent ; to this must be
added the offal , consisting of casings ,
hair , blood , fertilizer , etc. , amounting to 0
per cent. To this again must bo added salt-
ago , brlno or pickle , and packages , amountIng -
Ing In all to not less than 20 nor cent addi
tional limiting a total of 100 Ibs in n safe
and compact form for transportation , against
100 Ibs of live hog.
And hero allow us to cull your attention to
the Important fact that th building equip
ment and running of our plants , as well as
the processes of packing and curing of meats ,
has required , and will require , hundreds of
thousands of tons of supplies. Building ma
terial , machinery , engines , boilers , hard
ware , coal , salt , are among the Items. These
wo do not find ul our own doors , but In the
east , and consequently your road has the
benefit of the haul , whllo the Chicago pack
ers who receive their supplies from points
further cast or at homu and do not employ
the western roads at all in ob ainiiig them ,
demand through the board of trade that you
arrange an exceptional , violent , and wholly
radical change of classification for their
special and selfish advantage.
As plainly indicated by thn inter-state com
merce commission , In their report of last December -
comber , the maintenance of just and reasona
ble rates In a given section Is very largely in
your hands. They say : "Every railroad
servos a certain territory , and every part of
the countr.v has , to some extent. Interests to
bo served which are special and peculiar to
it , * * * and , as many ether circum-
stnncs besides cost of transportation and
valno must always be taken Into account ,
such as bulk Or weight of articles , convon-
I cnco of handling , special liability to injury.
and necessity for speedy delivery * *
it is always possible for the railroad mana
ger , lu maicing rates , to yield something to
the special interests of his section , nnd Btlll
keep In view the general principles upon L
which ho will professedly pot.1'
As before stated , wo believe the existing
rate a. on the two classes of freight In ques
tion to bo fair , Just and reasonable , and that
you aru bound to protect , not only ynur own
mti'ivsts , but the special Interests of your
own section , as against the discriminating
ilciuunda of any special , local , outsldo In
f While wo hao taken advantage of a natu
rally fuvnrablu position in the midst of stock
raising ncctlons , wo nro at a disadvantage In
the matter of all materials und supplies , as
compared with the Chicago puckar * , to the
amount , of tin : additional freight we must
pay from Chicago and other points furthet
cast.For Instanc'o , cool costs us ! iO per cent
moro ; cooperage aud boxes Jroui 12 > f to If
per cent moro ; salt , SO per
cent more ; lumber , 20 per cent more :
labor , ( by ronsou of less skill nnd lilghoi
wacea for legs difficult v/arlr. ) 10 per cuul
moro. Kor offal , wo rca'llzo 15 per cent JOSH
than the Chicago packers. This difference
of freight not only on the Items enumerated
b-t on all other material nnd supplies ( toe
numerous to mention ) , amounting In the aggregate
grogato to m-iny hundred thousands of dotters
tors annually , goes , in part , to lui'iv.iso tin
revenue of your ioaU ,
Wo therefore rely on you nnd your nssoci
nto managers to do * something moro that
make a general dofuusn to" tha auit of tlu
Chicago board of trade. If you full to do RO
and the relative rates are disturbed , thi
change will bo fatal to tlio packing Interest !
of the west , aud the rapid and gratifying de
vulopment of suiToundlnf localities now fol
lowing In the train of these Interests an
otlmr Important and independent source o
revenue to you- will bo stopped. "
Wo" feel that wo huvo i ; right to cxpec
that you will foster , and not discourage
that you will defend and not defeat the bes
mtorcsta of the sections upon which yoi
most depend for your rovcnucii by an in
different or careless attitude In the mattci
of the petition of the Chicago boitrdof traao
Most respectfully yours ,
Per W , M. Kucneu , Sect'y.
Thr ci Mnn BtifTountcd.
DETUOIT , April 21. In a small nro wlilcl
occurred lu a cheap lodging house this nftoi
noon three men named E. J. Gibson , a 'ja
tender ; William Whlttalccr , n sailor ; am
I7 ! . T. fJorlow were suffocated from th
iy dense smobo which tilled thu building. Ma
akl Powell , the porter , was badly burned
but will probably recover ,
rDO I'minuefotfl Arrl o ut Now York.
til DO NEW YOIIK , JAprll 21. Sir Julian Puunr *
ry fete , the nuwly appointed Brltlbh militate
to Wathlnuton , anlvcU tc-Uay. .
- X X -
Another Effort to Arouse Public In
terest in the Matter.
What n Few Individuals Are Doing
Toward Supplying the Missing
liluksYlilto Cnjis nt
.lustlco Per the Settlors. .
DKS MOINCS , In. , April 21. FSpoclal to
Tnn Bui : . ] The promptness of the present
administration tn taking steps to sco that
Justice Is done the DCS Motnos rlvor land
settlers Is in striking- contrast to the con
duct that marked the lost administration.
The Iowa authorities have always bcon will
ing to do what they could to help relieve
the situation , but , unfortunately , their
efforts didn't count for much when blocKcd
by the federal government. Now that the
secretary of the Interior has requested
Attorney-General Miller to oxamlno the
cases and sco what can bo done for the sot-
tiers , the Iowa authorities uro ready to co-
opcrato In any way they can. Attorney-
General Stone started for Washington yes
terday to confer with Attornoy-Gouoral
Miller and Secretary Noble , and bo ready to
render any assistance In his power In
straightening out the trouble. Ho hopes
to have with them In Washington ox-Con
gressman Holmes , of Boone , whoso district
includes the river lands that , are In contro
versy. Mr. Holmes was very active in the
last two sessions of congress In pushing
through the hills for the relief of the settlers
that Mr. Cleveland Vetoed. Ho Is personally
familiar with the situation , and can glvo
much valuable Information about the rights
and relations of the Bottlers. Attorney-
General Stone said Just before starting that ,
ho had no special policy or place to advocate.
But ho would represent the interests which
tlio state of Iowa feels In this controversy ,
and would have papers to present in the case
that will show the claims which the settlers
have for their lands.
The State's Knrly History.
DBS MOINES , In. , April 31. [ Special to
THE BEE. ] Anowoffortis being mudo to
arouse public interest in Iowa history and
the memories of the stato. There is but 111-
tlo 4n the way of historical data at the state
library or anywhere clso accessible to tbo
public. Wisconsin has a great deal moro of
what may bo called "tho material for his
tory , " pertaining to Iowa than Iowa itself
has. There are in the state library of Wis
consin , county histories of seventy Iowa
counties. But In the state library of Iowa ,
there are but forty counties represented. A
man who wanted to write n history ot Iowa ,
would have to go to Wisconsin to collect the
necessary material. This neglect to secure
the historical data , such as manuscript let
ters , records , papers , portraits , etc. , pertain
ing to the pioneers of Iowa , has been duo to
public indifference and public Ignorance of
the Importance of doing something. Hon.
Charles Aldrlch , of Webster City , hns helped
in ono direction by his autograph
collections , in the state library.
That contains manuscript letters
and portraits of the leading Iowa soldiers ,
nnd prominent Iowa men who distinguished
themselves * in different pursuits. State
Treasurer Twombloy is mailing an effort to
secure portraits of all his predecessors , for
the state houso. The different state officers
are doing the same , and the capltol will , in
due time , have quito a gallery of portraits of
early state oQlcers. Pictures of all of the
governors of the state , including the terri
torial governors , down to the present , adorn
the executive chambers at the capitol. Gov
ernor Larrabeo is making an effort , now , to
secure portraits , paintings if possible , of the
moro prominent of Iowa soldiers in the late
war. But what is most needed In a histor
ical society that will gather up all the mem
orials of early li\va , and secure as much as
possible of early history from men and
women stil living , who were pioneers in the
territory. There Is an alleged historical so
ciety , but it does nothing , and its members
are simply figureheads. A good movement
Is being started to have the next legislature
appropriate a fund for the nurposo of keep
ing up an historical collection at the capitol ,
which will grow in interest and value every
The Soldicru' Monument.
DBS MOINES , la. , April 31. [ Spscial to
THE BEE.J The late meeting of the soldiers'
monument commission In this city lias called
out a good deal of interest In the proposed
memorial to the valor of union soldiers. It
is expected that the next legislature will ap
propriate 100,000 or as much moro or loss
as may bo needed to put up some appropriate
and worthy memorial to the soldiers. Thu
original Idea was to have n monument or im
posing statue , or something of that sort..But
many of the old soldiers arc In favor of some
kind of a memorial hall , aud nro agitating
that plan. They think that a handsome
building could be erected that In Its exterior
would bo ornamental and monumental in
character , and that within should contain a
museum of war relics and the battle flags of
Iowa , nnd afford n hull for regimental reunions -
unions and gatherings of the old soldiers.
The dldlculty of finding a suitable place near
the capitol for a building of that size Is ono
of the practical objections to the place. It is
moro probable that the commissioners will
finally decide upon some form of monument ,
cither a plain shaft or ah equestrian , and
have It placed upon the capltol grounds.
Grant'H Birthday.
DES MoiNEd , la. , April 31. [ Special to
Tun BEE. ) rho approaching anniversary of
General Grant's birthday , April 37 , will bo
appropriately observed by the Grant llopub-
Hcan club of this city. Tlio oxerclscs will
bo In the form of a banquet at the Sarcoy
house , witn two distinguished guests of the
evening. Tha first will bo General Hussoll
A. Alpur , of Michigan , who will respond to
the toast , ' 'Grant as a Soldier. " The second
will bo J. M. Thurston , of Omaha , who will
respond to the toast , "Tho National League
of Republican Clubs. " Major Conger , con
gressman from this district , will respond to
the toast , "Grant's Boys. " General Alpet
has never bcon In Iowa , and , In view of Tils
prominence- a presidential candidate last
spring , and the possibilities of the future ,
there will bo great interest in seeing and
hearing him. The Grant club is the oldest
and the largest republican club in Iowa , and
keeps up the organization and keeps o'pon
rooms for the public all the year round.
Don Itlolnes Will Celebrate.
DES MOIXES , la. , April 31. [ Special to
THE HEE. ] Though a little late In starting ,
the people of Dos Maine's propose to have nr
appropriate celebration of Centennial day ,
April SO. The Commercial exchange has
taken hold of the matter , and will push It tea
a successful Issue , There will bo a military
und civic parade , followed by public exer
cises lit ono of the onora houses. In tin
evening there will bo fireworks and genera
jollification. Special trains will bo run , anc
thnro will bo reduced rates on all the roads
The mayor will request all places of busincs :
to close , during the afternoon , at least , anc
the citizens will go Into the matter enthus-
lastlcally for a kind of an old-fushionet
Fourth of July celebration. ,
White CnptJ In Grimily County.
WATEIILOO , la. , .April 31. [ Special Tele
gram to THE ! ! EK. ] A citizen of Conrad
Grundy county , has lu some way arousei
the Ire of the White Cups. Ho received i
notice to leave town , but failed to go. An
other notice was given him and then severa
buslucss men received notices ( Un } it th <
party warned did not leave town within a
week , the torch would bo applied. Several"
other citizens received letters containing n
plcco of paper on which a number was writ
ten. The letters requested them to paste
the number In n certain plnta in case they
desired to Join a secret organization. No
statement of the objects of the organization
were given , but It is supposed thai they are
the White Caps.
Tlio Financial Transactions of the
Ptist Woolc.
BOSTON , Mass , , Anril 21. [ Special Tele
gram to Tun BnB.j The following table ,
compiled from dispatches to the Post from
the managers of the loading clearing-houses
of the United States , shows the gross ex
changes for the week ended April 20 , 18S9 ,
with rates per cent of Increase or dccrcaso
as compared with the amounts for the cor
responding weak In 18S3 :
Ho Doesn't Bcllovo 111 Turning the
" Other Clio ok in Politics.
TOPEKA , Kan. , April SI. [ Special Tele
gram .to THE BEE. ] Senator Ingalls has
been spending a week in tliis state on pri
vate business. Ho has been severely criti
cized by several Kansas , newspapers for
voting against the confirmation of Halstead ,
and ether journals hava indorsed his action.
Discussing the Halstead matter to-day the
senator said : "Tho claim that Halstcad's
rejection was a blow at the liberty of the
prpss appears to mo very conclusively re
futed by the comments that have been made
in the nowspap'ors'on the action of the senate.
Equally untenable is thol'assertlon that these
who opposed Mr. Halstead were governed
by personal resentment or an instinct of re
venge. Halstead for "the- past quarter of a
century has been distinguished for his de
nunciations of the republican leaders when
ever ho differed with them in their opinions
of measures or of men. His denunciations
of Grant , Lincoln , Logan and others who
have been illustrious lu arms nnd in states
manship are historical. Ho in effect conn-
cllcd the assassination of Lincoln. His mo
tives may have been good , but his judgment
certainly has not bcon approved by the ver
dict of mankind. In the Pay no case in 18SG
the auestion was not whether the election
was pure or corrupt. It was ono of law and
of precedent only. Mr. Halstead immediately
characterized the action of these republicans
who voted to sustain the report as corrupt.
Ho declared in effect , if not in direct terms ,
that they were bribed. Ho characterized
Mr. Evarts as an attorney of the Standard
Oil company and said that his last previous
fee in the senate was when ho defended
Andrew Johnson. Had Halstead made these
charges in the public highway , it would have
stamped its author as a degraded nnd con
scienceless rufllan , and would have exiled
him from the society of gentlemen. To sup
pose that under the circumstances Mr.
livarts would have voted for the confirma
tion of Mr. Halstead is to suppose that the
attributes of human nature have been aban
doned and forgotten. It was not spite. It
was not revenge. It was not a blow at the
liberty of the press. It was the inevitable
result of causes which every man of honor
must Instinctively recognize. The scriptural
Injunction to turn ono cheek when the ether
Is smitten , and when the coat Is taken to
surrender the cloak also , may bo evangelical ,
but it does not apply to politics. "
The Passengers and Crow of the Dun-
uinrlc Ijandcd at tlio Azores.
COPENHAGEN , April 21. A telegram from
Lisbon to the United Steamship company
announces the safety ot the crow and pass
engers ot the steamer Danmark. The gooo
tidings reached Lisbon from the Azores. II
stated that every ono who was on the Dan-
mark Is safe and only ono engineer was In
Jurcd. Some of. the passengers arrived ai
Lisbon to-day. A number are on their wu.i
to Now Yorlc , and the remainder are still ot
the Azores.
LISIION , April 31. Forty-two of the crow
of the Danmark arrlyed hero. Haben , the IIrs
olllcer , who is among them , reports that ot
April 4 , the Daninarh's shaft was broken
On the next day the disabled steamer mo
the steamship Missouri , from London
March 28 , lor Philadelphia. The Missour
towed the Danmark until the Oth , when tin
latter seemed about fo sink. At first the
Missouri was only ublo to take uboan
twcnty of the Damnark'fl passengersbut afte
having jettisoned a portion of her cargo , slit
found accommodations for all the crew am
passengers of tbo Danmark. Tbo Mlsi-our
then proceeded to tuo.v Azores and loft than
the first und second officers nnd0 ) passcn
gers. She then continued her journey t <
Philadelphia with 85U passengers and tin
remainder ot the craw. The captain am
three engineers of the Danmark loft tin
Azores on the 14th for/London. /
The Danmark was jabout eight hundrci
miles from Newfoundland when the accl
dent happened. Some say that the engine :
broke down. Engineer Kaas was found dcai
in the engine room after the accident. Forty
two sailors und all of iho passengers loft a
the Azores by tha Missouri came to Lisboi
on the stcamshit ) Acer.
A Pmnl Hailroiid Wreck.
BERWICK , 111. , lAprll 21. Two men wen
killed and three injured In the wreck of i
mixed train on the Central Iowa rallroa
last night near hero. The wreck was cause
by the breaking of a wheel as the train wa
going over a brlik'O nt Cedar creek
TWO cars wor * burled into the creel
tfu took lire , bnrilnR the bridge. Conduc
tor Colvm v Instantly killed by the full
and the son of Section Foreman Savage , th
only passoncrer , wan drowned. Kxprea
Agent Uogem , Uralceman Uecd and the ma
clerk were badly mangled , probably fatullj
Panama Cnnal Affilrw.
PAIIIS , April 31 , Tbo liquidation of th
Panama Canal company has made unsuccesa
f ul the attempt to borrow $3,000,000 In Lor
don for the expenses of o survey and th
maintenance- the canal works. This full
uro implies that within a .few weeks the mi
chinery alone the canal will bo abandoned t
rust and r.uln ,
Advantages Which Would Result
From Building a Road. .
It Would Uc a lloon to Northwestern
rscbnislcn , ft "nyhiR Investment
niul Orcntly ilotp the
Oinnhn Trade.
" \Vnnt tlic Onp Covered.
Several days ago TUB OKI : sent requests
to n number of prominent business men of
Hnrtlngton for their vlows as to the advan
tages which would result from the building
of the gap In the OimUm-YiuilUou line be
tween Hartlngton nnd Yankton. A number
of replies have been received , among tficm
the following !
HAIITIXOTON , Nob. . April 20. To the Editor -
itor of Tiu:13 ED. : The general opinion in
this vicinity Is that an extension of the rail
road at this point'to cover the gap of twenty-
two miles between Hartlngton and Yankton
would bo moro to the advantage of northeast
Nebraska and a better investment for rail
road capital than any of tlib schemes at pres
ent talked of. The territory Is fortllo nnd
needs this advantage to dovclopo horjro-
Bourcos. Direct .communication between
Omaha and Yunkton would then bo secured
with tha least expense. The whole of north
east Nebraska would undoubtedly bo n
profitable tributary territory to any line of
road giving them direct communication with
Omaha. Cedar county Is rapidly developing ,
her rich and fertile lands nro oaqurly sought
for by actual settlers and her mineral depos
its In the north part of the county , along tlio
Missouri river , are attracting no little atten
tion and quite an amount of capital has al
ready been Invested. A largo cement mill
is an assured fact nt St. Helena. The carry-
Ing.trado of Cedar county will bo second tone
no county In the eastern part of Nebraska
and the road that secures her trade will bo
the winner. Z. O.
HASTINGS , Neb , , April 18. To the Editor
of Tim Hnn : The distance from Hartinc-
ton to Alton on the Missouri river is about
twenty-one miles , nnd the territory is well
settled the greater part of the distance. The
line Is one easily built for n greater part of
the way. Alton" is two nnd a half miles
above Yankton , nt the head of the big
slough , nnd is also the terminus of the Nor
folk & Yankton , which will bo built with
out doubt this season. There Is n largo sec
tion of country In northwestern Cedar and
eastern Knox counties which would find u
market via the Hartiugton extension to
Omaha. I think there are moro cattle
owned and shipped from the territory named
than from any portion of northcastcaii Ne
braska of the same area. By reference to
the map you will see that if this gap is filled
up and a short , line of nine miles built from
Wakoficld down the valley of the Logan to
Ponder , that It will make nearly a straight
line from Omaha to Yunktou. This line
will bo of great value to Omaha , and should
bo encouraged by the press nnd business
men of your city. The people of this county
would prefer to BCD an independent line
built through tnis territory and I am sure
that the local trafllc alone would pay on such
a lino. But if wo cannot got that , wo want
by all moans to have the Chicago , St. Paul ,
Minneapolis & Omaha to complete their sys
tem. I understand that the company has
Cnglneorsaiaw.kioUlng aver the lino.
Yours truly , W. H. STCPHENSON.
Another prominent business man of Hart
lngton writes : "In my opinion the building
of the road would greatly benefit the county
in general , and bo the means of controlling
the trade of this section In favor of Omaha.
The northern part of Cedar county is , by far ,
the most thickly settled and wealthiest portion
tion of the county , and at present it is not
traveled by any road. Of course , n part of
the trade passes over the road now , but a
largo portion of it goes across the river to
Dakota , thence cast via the Chicago , Mil
waukee , St. Paul & Northwestern. At pres
ent , I can safely say , the greater portion of
our stock , grain and produce is taken to Vcr-
million and Yankton , and it ssems to mo
that the extension of this branch would cer
tainly bo the means of .bringing nearly all
-this trade south , as well as the trade of
southern Dakota. "
South Dnkotii.
HUIION , April 21. [ Special to Tun
BEE. ] That which most pleases us this
week is the heavy rain-fall of Wednesday
and Thursday. This , with the copious storms
of last week , satisfies every farmer in the
east part of the state. Wheat and grass are
coming on finely trees and flower bushes are
budding , and the streams and cisterns are full.
The nuportionment of the state into deloj
gate districts , made by the governor , secre
tary and chief Justice , receives almost unani
mous commendation , It is a little remark
able that it could bo so well done. Of the
forty-nino counties it became necessary to
divide only six so as to glvo tlio correct
apportionment of voters , which la 2fcOO , to
each district. Asldo from the inevitable
pouting of the voters in these six counties ,
no ono is finding any fault.
Governor Mollotte'B ofllclal proclamation
announcing the foregoing apportionment , and
calling the election to choosu delegates on
May 14 , was Issued last Monday. Tlio cur
rent issue of the weekly papers contain re
publican convention rails to nominate three
delegates from each of the twenty-districts.
While no voter can vote for moro than two
delegates at the polls , yet there arc several
districts where the republican majority Is so
largo that they can bafcly divide these dis
tricts , having those republicans living in ono
part of it district vote for two candidates ,
and those In the remaining portion of the
districts vote for ono of these two and
also for a third , thus completely killing
Bill Springer's achcmo for the democrats
to capture one-third of the delegates via
minority representation , the democratic
decoy duck In n republican stato. But this
revelation should not Jeter any republican i
from being at the primaries and at the polls.
The democrats uro discretely on a still hunt
in this campaign , but they are hunting all
the sumo , If they gain no points m tlio con
stitutional convention they uro downed for n
quarter of u century In this stato.
A number of editors have got out of the
souj ) and Into the sugar this week , notably :
Bcsancon , of the Hurrold star ; Bowman , ol
the Bowdla Advocate , and Parsons , of the
Kstolllno Bell. . Each postofllco Is wortt
about S'JOO ' a year. Still there's moro to fol
Delegate Matthews has not returned froir
Washington. Ho started homo on the I'M
and got as far as Chicago , where ho hat
to atop on account of his wifa'i
dangerous ami probably fatal Illness , Shi
has bcon afflicted with consumption for i
it year , and Is so near life's end that nho jnaj
n j not see her homo in Brooklngs again ,
Mr. F , and W. H. Greeley. of Deuo
county , are making moro money tn the sheoj
business than any other firm in the state
They have 3,000 head and their loss in tin
last eighteen months has been only 1 PCI
cent. This is a wonderful statement
a deal belter than that of thi
"Q11 r the Milwaukee. but the ;
are very favorably situated in nevcral liirgi
gulches with their ucrus. They give thi
business their personal attention , havi
plenty of feed and Hprini ; weather , and Inn
all their hay put up for f > 0 cents a ton.
Governor llcllelto has appointed thcsi
trustees for the Sioux Fulls penitentiary
Hey Williams , of Sioux l-'ulls ; O , S. 1'nndqr
of Salem ; A. Ullno , of Dell liaplds ; ( Iran
Furgcson , of Lennox : O , H. Williams , o
Yunkton. They will con Him Govcnio
10 Melinite's selection of T. D. Kunouso fo
warden , and Captain Jnffcrs , of Sioux Falls
is to bo deputy warden. , '
Steamship Arrlvnl * .
At Now York The Ktrunu , from Livei
pee ) ; the New Yorii r.nd UN Kuruwsii
from Glasgow.
A Fcrtllo Soil.
Nob. , April 20. f Correspond
ence of THE Hr.n. ] ThU town mid surround
ing country Is nt present comparatively un
known , but In tno near future will bo heard
of as being ono of the finest bodies of land
from the Missouri rlvor to the b.\so of the
"Uoeklcs. " Millions of acres all around us
of level , fertile land , with a soil from fifteen
inches to thrco feel deep. From the French
man river , In Chase county , north , through
Perkins county , to the Platte river ; on the
Union Pnclllo railroad , In Colorado , westward -
ward to Holyokc , many mlles , the land Is
about the same.
Hero Is u country equal to the counties of
York , Clay , Adams. Fillmore , Hamilton nnd
Polk , now looking ilko that did about fourteen -
teen .years ngo , bo tar as general nppeurnnco
Is concerned , but with n vast umount of rain
during the cropping seasons. Lust
year there was a good crop hero , uhoro
Is promise of n bettor ono this year.
Now Is the time for Investors to como to this
country. Ulch rewards nro In store for
these who do not delay. These who are
seeking good homes , whether It be. as farm
ers or business men , need not bo disap
pointed If they como here. These who nro
contemplating going to Oklahoma had better
forego that trip , and M.IVO time nnd money
by taking a look over the broad acres hero.
The few months to como will convince
them , If they cheese to Invest , here , that they
have done wisely. The late rains extended
to the mountains , and the soil Is wet jlown
deep. Wheat Is looking line , nnd the
pralrlos are green , and all indications are
that bountiful crops will reward the Indus
trious husbandman , and the cofTors of the
business man will fill to overilowlnij. A
healthy , invigorating climate , an energetic
class of people , good facilities for transporta
tion. will soon bring out the latent powers
hidden In the soil , and In a few yours many
will wonder nt the beauties of this once
great "American Desert. "
Detectives nt Nebraska , City.
NKHIUSKA CITV , Nob. , April .M.--Spcclnl |
to Tun Bii : : . | This city Is again bothered by
n gang of self-styled detectives , who nro
demonstrating themselves a nuisance , and
preparing themselves a lot of trouble.
Hardly a day passes but what a now member
of the gang breaks out to do some "special"
work , which usually ends In a broken head
for the "detective. " Ll'iuor dealers are especially -
pocially hounded nnd pestered by them , nnd
their work falls but very little short of
attempted blackmail. Their mode of opera
tion usually consists In suspecting the sa
loonkeepers of some violation of the Slo-
cuuib law , and then , managing to lot the
dealer learu that the gang is "onto
him" and ready to file information ,
against him. The "detective" baa been
bought off in one or two instances with a dollar
lar or n drink of whisky , but moro fre
quently has been kicked out of his victim's
place of business. The latest victim of this
outfit Is Lorenz Schmidt , n wiuo-gnrdcii
keeper in Grcggsport , against whom four
different informations were filed by three of
the toughest individuals the city could pro
duce , Ono of thorn acknowledged that the
work was done for what money they could
get out of it. TliM police have long been try-
Ins to get these bogus detectives .in a trap ,
but have so far bcon unsuccessful.
These detectives are created by payment
of a dollar to a Chicago outfitting house for a
tin badge and certificate. In the same way
the "Nebraska City Dotcctlvo Bureau" was
brought Into existence. This outfit is carry
ing on some of its bogus business outside the
city , Judging from the amount of mail matter
it is receiving. It is composed almost en
tirely of boys from about sixteen years of ago
up , and one or two men who arivo express
wagons between times. There appears to bo
no law that can roach these cases as' they
are allowed to continue In their nefarious
Items From TnImiRC.
TAMIAOC , Nob. , April 20. [ Correspond
ence of the BKE.J The initial number of the
Talmago Champion waa issued yesterday.
Li. P. Boyd is the publisher , and the paper is
devoted to the Interests of the license party
of the town. The plant was moved from Au
burn to this placo.
The brick work is finished on G. P. Dow-
ell's now hotel building. Several now busi
ness houses will bo erected bore this spring.
The town is enjoying a substantial growth.
The acreage of corn planted this spring in
this part of Otoo county and in the adjacent
parts of Johnson and Ncmalm counties will
bo very largo. Many farmers are cniircly
discarding the old way of planting corn , and
the lister will bo quito'generally used this
year. The advocates of the lister claim it
gives better results with less labor.
The usual Good Friday services were hold
yesterday at the German Evangelical Luth
eran church north of town , nnd a number of
young people were confirmed. This church
has a largo membership , llov. Douerschner
is the pastor.
Nebraska City's Y. M. C. A.
CITV , Nob. , April 21.--Special [
to Tun Bir..J : The Young Men's Christian
Association in this city is enjoying a season
of Increased usefulness. The now rooms
have been handsomely furnished by the
Ladlos' auxiliary , and the gymnasium , read
ing room , entertainments and meetings are
largely patronucd by the young men > of the
city. The first of a series of trades re
ceptions will bo inaugurated at the rooms
next Thursday evening , April -5 , on which
occasion courtesies will bo extended to nil
in the city who are engaged m selling any
thing of a wearing upparol nnturo. The
association is supporting its first general
secretary in the person of Mr. W. T. Per
kins , who has held the position since January
1. The outlook for the , association is de
cidedly encouraging.
Holt Comity's Advantages.
PIKEXIX , Holt county. Nob. , April 20.
Correspondence of Tin : KIH : : This part of
the county 1ms u very productive soil partly
clay and partly sand. Most of it Is fiat , level
hind and as It ncars tlio creeks it becomes
rolling and terminates In gulches full of line
timber for wood , and wild fruit tuicli as
plums , cherries , raspberries , strawberries ,
gooseberries , currants , buffalo berries and
June berriCH In abundance. As there Is nuro
to bo a railroad , and probably two , through
hero , and also a county division , wo expect n
boom hern noon and those wishing to pur-
ohabO land hero should dn so now. Land In
cheap at present but will double in prloo ia a
uhort time. _
Jin so Hull at Ci-jind Island.
GIUNU IBMKD , Nob. , April 21.- ( Special
Telegram tn the HKI : . ] The asuociatlor
grounds were opened hero to-day with a game
between the Grand Island club and a picked
nine. About or.o thousand people witnessed
the gatno.
Grand Island..0 4 If
Picked Nino..0 1-- . '
HattiTirs Hughes and Snyder , Uourkt
and Heady.
Struck out By Hughes 0 , by Kourxo 0.
Errors Grand Island 4 , plotted nlno 8 ,
Base hits Knyder , Hays , Herekcn
bcrger 2.
Knight. Templarslaiiitotod. .
GiuKii JBI.IND , Neb , , April St. [ Sjiecla
Telegram to THE BIB. : ] Easter services
were appropriately recognized by the Knlgh' '
Templars , of Mount Lebanon uoinmundery
0 No. 0. forty-six knight ? from Hastings anc
twenty from St. Paul , participated In th <
oxcrciscH. A banquet was given the vislton
at the P + .lmar house , ticrvk-cs were held li
the opera house , Hev. Charles .
delivering the normou.
SUAKIU , April 31. A fori'o af Soudnncsi
to-day attacked and defeated a party o >
Egyptians from Suaklm. who were bulldini
a fort at Port Halalb. The Ktryptluim Ion (
r' I ten , killed and wounded , They wtiro foron
ai I to take refuge on the stcaicir .Ac 'nl , um
tiavo returned toSuaklra.
Sountor Quay Furloua nt John
The Ohio Mnu Aoouqod of IV.ul Fnltti- <
Scot ! Kontu KtiiMloycH HohiK 'Ms *
charged The Chinese Minis-
tcr'H Fnrcxvoll Hull.
WASUINOTON , D. C. , April 33.
Senator Quay has declared war to the
knlfo upon Senator John Sherman , In speak
ing of his foollni ? tow.ird the Ohio senator
Mr. Quay said to your correspondent to
night : " 1 consider Senator Sherman's ' no
tion us very discreditable and dishonorable ,
and whenever I aui found doing anything
again for Mr. Sherman the people of this
country will know it. " The trouble between
Senators Quay and Sherman grew out of the
appointment of the deputy commissioner of
internal revenue. Senator Quay was pushIng -
Ing Judge Frank Gllklnion , of Mercer
county , PH. , for the position , whllo Senator
Sherman and other Ohio republicans were
urging Wilson'who has boon appointed.
Whllo the contest was going on between
the two factions. Senator Sherman , It Is rep
resented , sent word to Senator Quay that If
Judge GllUlnsnn was withdrawn and the ap
pointment of Wilson was permitted to pro
ceed , the Ohloans would support GHlunsou
for thu solicltorshlp of lutoriml revenue.
Senator Quay consented and returned to his
homo at Beaver to take a thrco weeks' rest ,
believing that his man would bo appointed.
Two or thrco days ago ho received a tele
gram to como here , and when ho arrived ho
learned that the Olnoans were pushing AI-
phonso Hurt , n well known Buckeye re
publican , for the sollcttorslnp of Internal
revenue. The Pennsylvania senator was
greatly surprised , and demanded an explana
tion from Attorney-General Miller , who said H
that ho know nothing whatever about the
arrangement. Thu Pennsylvania senator
went to the Ohio senator and demanded that
thu name of Hart be withdrawn. This Sen
ator Sherman refused fo do. Senator Quay
said , to-night , that Alphonso Hart would bo
appointed solicitor of internal roveuuo , to
morrow , or Tuesday.
Secretary Husk has announced that h
will not appoint any more women to position
in the seed room of the agricultural depart
ment for some time to come. Instead of ap
pointments there will bu numerous dis
charges until the force , usually very large ,
is practically wiped out. This is made nec
essary by the fact that there Is no money to
pay out for this purpose. The decision is a
suvcro blow to n great many people , espe
cially to residents of the states of Maryland
and Virginia , who have usually found em
ployment In the bureau In largo number ! ) .
Members of the house and senate have al
ways considered that they could find
small places lor need } ' women iu
the agricultural department for brief
periods , at least , and ill the
past , iho commissioner has been overrun
with applications for the places nt his din-
posal. The pressure was so gi cat that it bo-
camn necessary to devote moro of the money
for the packing than for the seeds them
selves. TMs Is the reason why there have
been more turnlu seeds sent out than all
other varieties put together. In fact , for the
past year ou two , the agricultural depart
ment has been nn im'menso bureau for send
ing out the seed of this useful , but not very
rare vegetable. Secretary IJusk Is deter
mined that there shall bo no deficiency iu his
department if he can help it , and for this
reason the force in the seed room , for the re
mainder of the fiscal year , will bo reduced to
thu minimum , and congressmen will have to
go elsewhere for places.
Immediately after the Centennial Inaugu
ration ceremonies in Now York city the
Chinese minister will visit the metropolis
for a sojourn of several weeks. When ho
returns to Washington ho will give n fare-
wcll ball which will surpass In niagnillcenco
anything over attempted in Washington.
The present minister has made u place for
himself iu society at the capitol , and his en
tertainments have always been attractive to
Washington's "four hundred. " Some years
ago a ball given at the legation , which is m
the mansion built by Senator Stewart , of
Nevada , attracted a crowd of several hun
dred persona who had not been Invited.
Those scenes of porkishncss were scandalous ,
and Washington was roundly abused in con
sequence. It is understood that the Celestial
ambassadors have learned something slnco
that time uud this year great precaution will
DO taken to keep out all persons who have
no credentials. The house will accommodate
about six hundred guest. ,
The republican members of thu Missouri
delegation iu congress are in a painful di
lemma us tn what they can or will do for
Chauncey I. F-illoy. of St. Louis. Some
tlmu ago Mr. Fillcy indicated to his republi
can friends that ho would like to tuko a
mission abroad , and active steps wora
taken In his boliulf. Hu wanted to go to
London as consul general , and falling In that ,
expressed a willingness , it is stated , to re
ceive thu Liverpool consulate. This It in
understood , is to be given to Mr. Blalno'sold
private soercta-y. Then Mr. Fllley
wu3 mentioned for the Manchester
councilship. That position could not
bo given to the distinguished Missouri
leader , nnd a consultation was hold tha
other day , when it w.ts ucuidod that the con
sulship at Hong Kong , China , might bo se
cured for Mr. Fil ley. It was agreed by the
republican congressman from thu state that
this place should bo asked for , and they went
in a body to Mr. lilalno. The Hong Kong
consulate is a desirable one. and It was
was firmly bolluvcd that It would please Mr.
Filley to have it. After thu case was pro-
bcntcil to thu secretary of mate , the latter
quietly pulled cult of hlH ponlutt n toli'grat.i
from Mr. Filluy , In which ho stated that ho
would ut'cepl no r.osllion abroad. Whether
Mr. Filloy blames Mr. Blalnu or the Missouri
delegation IK not known , but sure it Is that
he la u good hh ; load upon thu hands of his
friends. Fllley wants to bu postmaster of
Ht. Louis
The local papers of Washington which pay
attention to matters concernUK' ! thu military
Rorviru have lately been discussing the ques
tion whether or not graduates of the military
ucudumy aru In the minority among thu line
1 officers now In the armv. A writer In ono of
papers says , to-day : "In the line of tha
army I find that of lOcolonols of cavalry but
t hroe are praauatvs of Went Point. All llvo
of thu colonels of artillery hull from thn
academy , but of thu 35 colonel * of Infantry
only 10 nro gradnut'js. Finally of 170 ofllcora
of cavalry ubo\e Urn grade of lieu
tenant ft ) uru giaduatc , of b5 ofllcura
of attillory above the rani ; of lieutenant
Ul , ira graduates , and ofVS \ > ofllccrs of In
fantry above the rank of lieutenant but
about 10 per cent are graduates. Amen the
subalterns , the proportion is , of cyjurao , very
much larger. In some of the regiments of
infantry there are no graduates of the mili
tary academy above the junior grades , with
the exception of the corps of engineers , / nd
in the ordnance department a similar dispar
ity in numbers ox his In favor of the non >
graduates of the military nca'lamy.H. .
H. HiiATU ,
llonorliic thn TravuliiiK Moil ,
o , Nob. , April 21. [ .Special Tola-
* gram to THE BBK. ] At a meeting of the
biiBincsa men of Hastings It ban been de
cided to vrlvo a graud ball and Nnqtiet for
the traveling'iiiiti of tbo 6tnto ut the Hotel
Hosiwirk , in this city , on May 'j. The
movement IH In good hands to make the oo-
ef caslon one of gre.it phtasurn to thn traveling
eg men and an honor to Hustings ,
, liondoiidcrry'H I'rohnhlo
d LOKI > OK , April 31 , U l6.Ur.tPrt Hint Lcrd
d llrownlow will succeed L.or > i Londonderry
BI viceroy of Irolimd ,

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