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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 27, 1889, Image 4

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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : SATURDAY APRIL 27. 18S9.
THE DAILY BEE.
I'UULilSillCO KVKUY MOKNING.
TKHM3 OP BUIISCmPTlON.
DMlr ( Morning Kdltlon ) Including SUNDAY
IlKF.Ono Yenr . .110 00
For Pis Month * . . . & 00
For Three Months . Z BO
Tun OMAHA StmnAr HRF mailed to nny
iwlilrfss , Ono Vcar . . . 200
WF KIY IIKH , Ono Year . . . 200
On AH A Orrics , Nos.M and MB KAUN A I BTIIBKT.
CuicAno omcr. , ws : UOOKRHT HUH.DINO.
NKW yoiiKOmcB. noouill AHII ISTijinujrn
lioiLumn. WARIUKOTOK Orwoe , No. 613
FociiTSKNTit BTHKKT.
COHUKSI'ONDBNCR. . ,
„
All communications relating to news and cdl-
torlnl matter thoulcl be addressed to the KDIXOH
.
should ba
All bnslnoss letters and remittances
addressed to'riiK HUB PUIIURHINM COMPANY ,
OMAHA. Jlrntts. checks and postolHc * orders to
bo made payable to the order of tlio company.
'AcBcePQlilisliJngCipany , ProDrietors ,
E. UOS13WATER. Editor.
Notice to Annuls niul
In order to successfully rectify any fault In
the delivery of papers. It Is absolutely neces
sary that wo know the date on which papers
worn Into or missing. If late , give the time and
train on which TUB HUB should have reached
your town. Also stnta from what direction , so
that wo can locato.the trouble nnd npply the
proper remedy. I'upcrs arn frequently carried
by u town through the carelessness of the route
agents , ana when this occurs , we can , w Ith full
Information , place the blame whcro it belongs.
Wo will consider It a favor If agents and MID-
ecrlbors will notify us at once when Til u llui'
falls to reach them promptly. _
Sworn Statement < > 1 * Circulation.
Btnto of Nebraska , 1 . „
" *
County ot Douglas , (
doornail. Tzsrhuck , secretary of the Ilee Pub
lishing comnany , does solemnly swear that the
nctimi circulation ot TUB DAILY linn for the
v eck ending April 30. 18SU. was as follows :
Humliiv. April 14 1 ,800
Monday. April ir 1H.7UJ
Ttiosdar. April in. .
Wednesday. April 17 . l't.016
Thursday. AprlllS . .S.ffB
Frldnv. April in . 18.011
Baturilay , Aprils ) . IS.OM
Average . 18.718
GKOHOK n. TZSCHUCK.
Sworn to before mo anilaubacrlbed tolniny
rresencu tills ath ) day of April. A. I ) . J8S9.
Seal. N. 1' . tfBIlj. Notary Public.
Statoot Nebraska , I
County of Douglas. (
'Oeorgo II. Tzschnclr. being duly sworn , deposes -
poses and says ttittt ho Is secretary of the Ileo
1'iihllslilng company , that the actual average
dally circulation or THE DAir.v IIKK for the
month of April. IBM , 18,711 copies ; for May. 1WI3.
3K.18 ; ) copies ; for Juno , 1K H , luV ! ! ! copies : for
July. 188.H , ltiiajceplo ? ; for August , IHhS. 18.1K1
copies ; for September , IKSti , in , 15 1 copies ; for
October. 1H88. l&.lBt copies ; for Noveiubor , 18f > f ,
IP.fltn copies ; for December. 1K8H. liV-ill coplos ;
for January , 18SD , 18fi7 < cdple.-K for February ,
1H . 18,11m copies ; for March. 18b9. 1M.S5 * copies.
UKOKI1I2 II. TXSUIUKilC.
Sworn to before me and subscribed In ray
picsuuco this 10th day of April , A. 1) . , 1883.
N. V. I'Kl I. . Notary Public.
THOUGH- often crushed to earth , the
union depot project rises
Tun heart of the Black Ililla boats
warm in welcoming the visiting mom-
bo rs of the Omiiha board of trade.
vile epithets at each other
will in no way aid the county commis
sioners to patch up the bad work at the
county hospital.
JAY GOULD is taking upon his shoul
ders the arduous duties of president of
the Texas & Pacillo without salary.
Whether his services are rendered
without pay is another thing.
MK. GEOKCJK PUMPMAN has had his
exclusive rights to the vestibule patents
confirmed by the courts. The great
sleeping car magnate should' now bctako
himself to Italy'for another high sound
ing title from King Humbert.
AT the farewell banquet givan to
Minister to Franco Hold , by a college
society , Calvin S. Brice , the rainbow
chaser , was one of the most conspicuous
guests. The rough edges of the late
campaign seem to bo rubbed down
pretty smooth.
THK people of Minneapolis can not
raise fifteen hundred dollars with which
to celebrate the Washington contcn-
ninl. Since the passage of the law ex
cluding dressed beef , it is all they can
do to scrape up enough to pay their
butchers' bills.
itu is n brilliant future awaiting
that young boomer at Guthrie who
quietly laid claim to the lot on which
the posloflleo was pitched , and ousted
the authorities. In their haste to begin
business the postofllco officials neglected
to pre-empt their entry , and so bccamo
trespassers when the formal entry was
made.
GOVEKNOH FUAXCIS , of Missouri ,
advanced seven thousand dollars of his
own money to pay the sending of Mis
souri's militia to the Now York cele
bration on the 30th. The governor ex
pects to bo reimbursed by the legisla
ture , but that is somewhat dubious.
There is probably moro glory than cash
in Governor Francis' investment.
A DlsAbuKKAiiLK moss is likoty to
" bo turned up in the investigation of Ir
regularities in the Oklahoma land of
fice , Both civil and military ollicialsof
" the United States are said to have con-
' nlved in securing for themsolveu and
their allies the choicest claims in Okla
homa. Tliis is a scandalous proceeding
nnd deserves a thorough probing. The
men who , in good faith , staked their
all in their quest for homes , should ho
protected from the fuutiulont practices
of land-grabbing olllclala. But , after
all , nothing better was to bo expected
from .lake Robberta.
Tun time is ripe for the conbtruotton
of the Omaha and Yankton railroad.
Other towns with less moans but more
energy are cutting into Omaha terri
tory , and in a few years will divide the
trade of North Nebraska. There is a
deep significance in the determination
of the Manitoba system to outer the
state from the north. It shows that St.
Paul and Minneapolis rofili/.o the bone-
llfcj to accrue from such u line , and back
their faith with their monoy. The Pa-
clllo short line will penetrate one of the
richest sections of the stnto and divert
lr.\dc to Sioux City anil Chicago. Omaha
capitalists must bestir thomsolvcs.
Tulle will accomplish nothing. They
must demonstrate their faith in a north
and south line by putting up the cash
und iiroconding with the work. Out
siders can not bo expected to invest in
the enterprise it homo capital refuse to
touch it. TOXYIIB and counties along the
line have heretofore indicated thoh-
readiness to substantially aid the com
pany , bnd If Onrnlm'n millionaires take
hold with the right spirit the road can
bo built nnd put in operation for n com
paratively umull sum.
FOltEST DESTRUCTION.
A commlUoo of the American For
estry congress , of which Governor
Beaver , of .Pennsylvania , is the chair
man , presented to President Harrison
n few days ago , an address regarding
the condition of the public timber or
forest lands , nnd the pressing need that
exists for n radical change in their man
agement. The congress , at Its last ses
sion , expressed Us disapproval of the
present method of disposing of the
public lands , and especially the timber
lands , The address presents the rea
sons for this disapproval. It recites
that hitherto thcso lands huvo boon
disposed of on the same terms as ether
lands not mineral , no account being
taken of the value of the timber , and
thus the government has ported with
millions of acres at n price , in many in
stances , insufllciont for their survey.
The purchasers of such lands have en
riched themselves by converting the
trees , the growth of centuries , .into
lumber , nnd after gathering the rich
harvest , have abandoned the land as
comparatively worthless. Largo areas
of public timber lands have also boon
denuded by individuals and' cor
porations without the preliminary pay
ment of oven the small pittance re
quired by the government to secure the
fee simple of the land.
The address quotes from the records
of the land ofllco for seven years , which
show that in that time the value of the
timber reported stolen was over thirty-
six million dollars , of which amount
less than half n million was recovered ,
a sum about equal to the appropriation
for protective services. The great loss
thus sustained by the government , and
it is believed many timber thefts are
not reported , is certainly a very serious
matter , to say nothing of the injurious
consequences upon climate , rainfall ,
and in ether ways of the reckless de
struction of the forests , and demands
stringent remedial legislation. This
was suggested in n bill formulated by
by the forestry congress and presented
to both houses of congress a year ago ,
the most important provision of which
was for the withdrawal of all public
timber lands from sale or disposal , with
a view to their examination and classifi
cation. It was proposed in this measure
that classified lands , chiefly valuable
for agricultural purposes , though wholly
or partially timbered , were to bo
open to entry under the homestead or
other laws , nn appraised sum being
paid for the timber , while timbered
lands on the headwaters of streams and
other such lands , unfit for agriculture ,
were not to bo sold , but the , timber on
them to bo disposed of from time to
time , under the direction of officers of.
the government , in such manner as to
retain the forests as such in perpetuity.
The zeal of the forestry congress in
this matter is certainly to be com
mended and encouraged , for unless
some such legislation as it proposes for
the preservation of the public timber
lands is secured , in another generation
there will bo no forests to protect. It is
estimated that last year thirty billion
feet of lumber of all kinds were taken
from our forests , and it is believed that
the annual consumption equals twice
the amount of materials supplied by the
annual growth of the forests. It is
therefore not difficult to understand
what must be the result allowing the
present condition of affairs to continue.
European governments carefully pro
tect their forests , and the wisdom they
have acquired in this respect wo can
not judiciously ignore.
PUri'lNQUP 'HIE J1AHS.
. The Canadian house of commons has
passed the extradition bill which pro
vides for the surrender of embezzlers ,
defaulters , forgers and ether criminals
who may horejifter seek refuge in the
Dominion , and as it is a government
measure no doubt is entertained of its
passing the upper house. The author
of the bill desired to make it retro
active , so that Canada might lie rid of
the colony of American scamps now
harbored there ; but , strange as it may
appear , the boodlers had the sympathy
of a very largo portion of the house. It
was contended that they had gone to
Canada In good faith , believing they
had the protection of the British flag ,
that many of them hid bocoin c re
spected members of society and most
desirable citizens , and that it would bo
a great hardship to such as thcso to
make the law retroactive. This argu
ment was successful , nnd the embez
zlers and defaulters sojourning in the
Dominion may remain there in safety ,
with the assurance that the door of
Canadian society is open to them.
But notice is served that no
now accessories are wanted , and'
those who nro contemplating
a cluingo of allegiance must make haste
or the way will be closed to them.
Tills action is commendable , whether
the motive bo that of friendliness to
this country or a desire on the part of
the Canadian government to relieve
itself of the stigma of offo ring n snfo
refuge to criminals nnd to contribute to
the cause of justice. The fact that
Canada has been an "opoii door" for
American boodlors , who have gene
there with their hands full of plunder ,
must have been a great humiliation to
those of her pcoplo who have regard
for justice and the Interests of morality ,
nnd the adoption of a policy In accord
with the Bontlmonts of this class is
reached none too soon. It is I in possible
to say what may bo the moral effect of
this action , but It can not fall to have
some , and it should Induce our govern
ment to adopt eomu legislation that will
allow Canada extradition rights as liberal -
oral as tiioso she gives to us and to
ether countries. In doing this there
will bo a slop taken in the establish
ment of a bettor understanding between
ourselves and our northern neighbors ,
which is the desire of all good citizens
of both oountricE.
\TA'fFM\VOnKS \ QUESTION.
TUB Bus prints tha following paragraphr
The wUcucro of the Ucmhl still Insists
Unit wo can Ignore tho-vcstod rights of lha
waterworks company acquired by franchise ,
and overrule tUo pliln provisions of the
charter wliloh restrict our muulcijul in.
dobtodnoss Jo ton per c ntof tlio city's as-
seased valuation. Wltli thu sumo propriety
wo could override all charter limitations unit
pllo unn mountain of debt nt our pleasure.
Hut who would buy our bonus ) '
'J hero is n cluuso in the franchise of the
waterworks which provides tUat the city may
ixl any time purchase the workn nt their ap
praised valuation. Bo much for "tho first
objection.
Secondly , a bond Issued on the waterworks
plant would not be , strictly speaking , n city
bond , mid would be readily negotiable because -
cause of the collateral.
Charter limitations us to the amount of
debt Incurred bolnfj limited to ton per cent
of the assessed valuation would have noth
ing to do with a water bond any more than
It would with n district pavlfiR bond.
This much is true that the city would need
a legislative act to empower it to issue such
bonds , but that can bo had. The only ques
tion Is as to the wisdom and economy ot
such n measure. The Ucmhl confesses to
much surprise that THE BKG bus assumed
the role of obstructionist without discussion
of the subject on Its merits , Hcmhl.
It is an easy thing to make assertions
but another thing to provo them truo.
Thu franchise of the city water works
company is embodied in ordinance No.
124 , approved Juno 11,1880. The clause
referring to the right of the city to acquire -
quire the works roads as follows :
' Tha city of Omiiha slmll have the right nt
nny time nftortho expiration of twenty years
to purchase the said water works at nn ap
praised valuation , which shall bo ascertained
by the estimates of thrco engineers , one to
bo selected by the city council ; ono by the
waterworks company , and these two to
select the third ; provided , that nothing shall
bo paid for the uncxplred franchise of said
company. "
The unoxplrcd franchise refers to the
clause in the contract with the water
works company by which the city obli
gates itself to pay hydrant rental for
fire protection for the term of twenty-
five years from the time of completion
oL said works. The contract required
the works to bo completed within ono
year and four months from the 20th of
July , 1880. This gives the city the
right to purchase the works on or after
November 1,1901.
There is only ono way in which
the city could acquire the works
before that time by paying
their appraised value , and" that is by
forfeiture proceedings , in case it can
establish the fact that the company Ifas
failed to comply with its contract obli
gations.
Wo cannot comprehend by what pro
cess of reasoning city bonds issued for
the purchase of waterworks would not
bo city bonds just as much as any ether
bond issued by the city. The district
paving bonds are simply mortgages
against the private property abutting
the pavement , and payable , principal
and interest , by the owners of such
property.
The waterworks bonds would bo a
debt incurred by the city for the bene
fit of the whole city , payable out of
taxes levied against the whole city. .
No legislation can vitiate vested
rights and annul acontract between the
two corporations the city of Omaha
and the City Waterworks company. If
this plain statement of the existing rela
tions between the city and waterworks
company places TIIK BKK in the role of
an obstructionist , wo are willing to
have it appear in that rolo.
The JJcralil may bo "surprised that
THE BKE will not discuss this water
works question on its merits. " Wo con
fess that wo are not in the least sur
prised nt the utter inability' of the
Jferuhl to sustain itself in this discus
sion. The Herald scarcely ever does
know what it is talking about.
THK president of the Michigan Salt
association has sailed for Europe , it is
understood , on an errand the results of
which will bo felt from ono end of the
United States to the other. Report has ,
it that ho goes to secure ten million
dollars with which to enable the pool
already formed in this country to con-
t.oltho entire salt product of the
United States. There appears to belittle
little reason to doubt that English capi
talists who have operated u salt trust in
Great Britain are prepared to combine
with a syndicate in this country in
creating a gigantic salt monopoly , and
it is believed the details huvo nil boon
arranged. The assumption is that it is
not the purpose of the projected combi
nation to put up the price of salt , but to
inaugurate a system which will ma
terially reduce the cost ol production ,
realizing its profits in this way. The
familiarity of the public , however' ; with
the operations of this form of monopoly
will not permit it to believe that a salt
trust is likely to bo any more consid
erate than are the sugar and ether
trusts. The creation of this now monopoly
ely will mean dearer salt , whether the
cost of production is reduced or not ,
and it is absurd to suppose that it has
no such purpose.
AT a mooting of the trunk line ex
ecutive committee , at Now York , it was
resolved that in the future no mora
private live stock cars are to bo
allowed on the trunk linos. Complaint
has boon mndo by both railroads and
shippers , that discrimination was en
couraged by the use of these private
cars. For that reason it seems their
use was ordered to bo discontinued.
THK admirers of the Into Henry G.
Pearson , postmaster of Now York , pro
pose to erect a monument in his mem
ory to commemorate his unflinching
fight for civil service reform. With
the Grant monument fund still tons of
thousands of dollars short , It is mouk-
ory to talk of a memorial to anybody In
Now York City to bo raised by popular
subscription.
OTIIKlt LANDS TirAN OURS.
Recent addresses of Lord Salisbury at
Drlstol and London demonstrated that the
opinions of the tory leader regarding the
Irish question havu undergone no clmiigo or
modification , but are as uncompromising and
hostile as they have over been. Ho ridi
culed thu agitation in favor of homo rule In
Ireland , declaring that the nationality argu
ment was Insincere , and that It was nioro
fruitful of sophistry and clap-trap , and mora
barren of solid sense , than anything that
was over before the country. U would aao-
rillco , ho said , the first interests of Industry
nnd commerce to a more empty sentiment.
It can not bo edifying to those not torlos , but
who have supported thu government In ita
Irish iwllcy , to hear talk of thU kind from
their loader , which simply fiouti tha Intelli
gent opinion of the world opppsed to gov
ernmental oppression. That causa Is surely
losing ground which must huvo recourse to
ridicule , mid Lard Salisbury confesses the
weakness of his position when ho has noth
ing bolter to offer la support of it than was
presented id his Bristol uddrc . From thia
sort of argument the friends Irish of homo
rule caa turu with reassuring effect to the
declarations oTMr. Gladstone regarding the
change that liftstukon place In English senti
ment on the Irish question , and the expres
sion of his "belief that It that sentiment
could have volte In n general election it
would declare ta favor of Ireland's demand.
The tory gra p'bf ' power Is menaced , nnd no
ono knows better than Lord Salisbury how
imperatively necessary it Is that the people
shall not bo given an opportunity to pass
judgment on tlio tory policy.
* * * *
General Boutnngor in London will bo nt
much greater illsadvantage than in Brussels.
There Is continuous telephonic communica
tion between tiio latter nnd Pans ; there Is
none bclwooif'tho ' French capital and Lon
don , and tciocrnphlo dispatches from Gen
eral Uoulungcr to his friends In Paris would
bo subject to the danger ot being officially
Intercepted before arriving at their ultlmato
destination , His lines of communication
will bo greatly Interfered with by his change
of base ; his friends will bo fewer In cold
London than In warm Brussels , nnd thora
will not ba BO many of his followers to cross
the choppy chnnnol to see him as there were
to take the snug railway Journey to the cap
ital of Uolglum , All the advantages were
with him in the latter place ; nil the disad
vantages will bo his In London. It would
not bo nt nil surprising , therefore , if Gen
eral Houlangcr nliould presently cease to bean
an object of absorbing Intel-cat in French
politics tn ease ho continues absent from
Franco. Parliamentary government , which
ho would destroy , assures to him there , nnd
every political refugee , absolute liberty nnd
protection , but neither It uor British uocloty
is likely to offer htm anything else of the
least value whatever.
>
The first of the memorable days of 1739
selected by the French government for cen
tennial celebration , is the 5th of May , when
the states-general opened its sessions nt
Versailles. It Is announced that the French
diplomatic representatives in foreign coun
tries are also instructed to hold meetings of
French residents to observe the day. Cer
tainly , the bcgiunlng of this constituent as
sembly or constitutional convention was
fruitful enough to deserve the honors pro
posed for It. It was this body that , as the
nntlonnl assembly , abolished feudal priv
ileges , the titles of nobility , and the orders
Of chivalry ; issued paper currency based on
confiscated ecclesiastical property ; created n
constitution for Franco , which the king1 was
compelled to accept ; established freedom of
religion ami of the press , jand made n declar
ation of the rights of man. Its sessions , con
tinuing until the end of Scntomber , 1791 , laid
the foundation of popular government in
France. It was in this body that thu third
cstnto first successfully stood up for its
rights against the nobles und the clergy , nnd
successfully summoned thcso two privileged
orders to Join it In legislation. . . Its bold re
fusal to disperse nnd meet in tha way and
under the rules which King LouU XVI de
sired , practically marked the beginning of
the revolution. Very fittingly , therefore ,
does the Fronto republic honor the hun
dredth anniversary of the meeting of this
assembly. .
* ? *
? r\ \
Reports nrc current thnt the emperor of
Russia has of latrt become extremely nerv
ous through conatant fear of assassination
n fear that ig Jjaid to have been ono of the
chief reasons for the abdication of King
Milan , of SCrvfa , nnd which might well
make a cowarJ of nny man whoso nerves
were not of iron. But it is not likely that
the emperor will follow the example of Milan
and shirk the work which ho conceives tb
have been laid upon him when his father was
murdered. Ho1is of stuff very different from
that which enters' ' into the composition , of
Milan , and thus far ho has shown himself to
bo a very good emperor , as emperors go ,
but it is not being u good man that will save
him from assassination nt the hands of the
nihilists , who have taken up the business
which used to be carried on as in the case
of the Emperor Paul 1. by members of the
imperial household when the czar stood in
the way of the personal ambition of his sons.
It was thu grand dukes that sot the example
of "tempering tyranny with assassination , "
and the malcontents among the pcoplo have
not been slow to learn the lesson.
.
* *
No country in Europe , to-day , bolter illus
trates the folly of n policy of militarism and
war expenditure than does Italy. The ambi
tion of her rulers led to costly schemes of
colonization and armament ; and an increase
In the tax burdens of the people followed.
Then , in order to secure to the country that
political recognltioa which it once enjoyed ,
an alliance waa entered into with Germany
and Austria , and the result of this has been
thnt the French have given up a great part
of their trade with Italy , while their now
allies have not compensated for the loss by
the expected purchase of Italian fruits and
wines. A stagnation In those important in
dustries has brought about failures , nnd
caused n greatly restricted market for labor.
Italy can not recede from her foreign policy ;
the newly-created urmy und navy must bo
supported ; furtlfcr taxation is impossible ,
nnd tbo miserable peasants are quitting the
country. Political folly has rarely gene
further than this.
* *
The very limited degree of confederation
which the five little republics Guatemala ,
Nicaragua , Salvador , Costa Uica and Hon
duras have agreed upon In no respect whatever
looks toward'a consolidated
ever govern-
niont , but It Is n wise nnd conservative approach
preach toward what may one day become a
truu federal union. Stop by step thosa live
republics will probably bo drawn together
toward a basis for the re-establishment of
the old Central American 'union. Even If
the federal government is never made as
powerful as la otbcr republics , it will yet so-
euro n certain degree of harmony In laws and
political rights , The prospective opening of
an Iiiter-ocoanlc waterway increases the im
portance of political and commercial unity or
co-operation between tno states.
*
* *
Tlio trip which Empuror William proposes
to make to the Nortl ) Capo , provides occupa
tion for him during the coming autumn ,
whllo the Journey to England will 1111 u part
of the intervening period. With tlioau plans
in store , It looks very much as it tha coming
year was cxpectod < by him to ba ono of peace.
The czar , also , is said tu contemplate a visit
to the Paris exhibition , thereby setting a
good example to tnose of his fallow-poten
tates who , no matter how much they might
like to sou the show , fear that it would not
do to countenance a'glonlleatlon of a revolu
tion of 100 years nxo. The shah of Persia
will soon bo on his travels , BO that a busy
season is at hand tor the chronicler * of the
movements of emperors ,
* > , i
mi
The reported dementia ot the Empress
Elizabeth , of Austria" , Is denied , The daugh
ter of the Archduke Maximilian , of Bavaria ,
the omnross , was trained , In her youth.'ro-
busily and is famous throughout Europe as
a horsewoman. Her feats In the saddle are
renowned wherever the hounds can run , nnd
In her favorite hunting places , -in Ireland ,
she has been looked tjpon as the last woman
on a throne to ba nffJCtoJ by sentiment , not
even excepting Queen Victoria. Emprais
Elizabeth is fifty-two yoara old. She has
boon on the tbronu thirty-live years. Hu-
dolph was her only son , The eldest daughter
is the wife of a Bavarian prir.cc. The young ,
est daughter is only twenty-one.
Mexico Is making steady progress in rail-
roud building , a number of Hues being In
course of construction. Now that the oppo
sition of the native rnco to the railway has
boon largely overcome , by practical realiza
tion of the benefits accruing from attoh im
provements , the work of development has
gene on steadily nnd uninterruptedly. Pri
vate , as well as corporate capital , has become
largely Interested In new schemes for trans-
portatlon. The government has continued
Its policy of financial or ether ntd to all pro-
Jccts ot this nature , nnd both Mexico nnd
Central America nro being slowly embraced
in a aeries ot lines which promise , within the
next ton years , to fully open up the country
to the outside world. The total iniloago of
railroads In Mexico is estimated In President
Diaz's tnossago at nearly flvn thousand miles ,
In the matter ot telegraph construction , the
showing Is still nioro favorable. The state
construction of now lines for the last half
year baa amounted to an addition of about
nine hundred miles , making the total length
of the federal system on April 1 , over thlr-
teen thousand miles , exclusive of double nnd
and triple wires , nnd the lines temporarily
transferred to the states.
HITS AND MISSES.
Douglas county needs nn Anthony Corn-
stock to look after the county board , The
Indecent exposure of the in embers' mouths
and the profanations Indulged In , should bo
violently suppressed ,
County affairs are now drawing two pairs.
Councilman Ilascall is sojourning In Okla
homa. If there are any town sites laying
around loose down , there , It Is certain that
Isuao will build a wall around them , and
start n hotel. It is rumored that ho will
move the Cosmopolitan In sections to Has-
callvillo , Ok.
There Is consolation for the homo guard In
the report that the board of trade "climbed
the beetling cliffs nnd quaffed nature's nectar
from gushing springs. "
At last , Horatio , Omaha will get what was
nominated in the bond twenty years ago a
union depot.
Hastings should corral her human cattle
at homo , A combination of boor mugs ,
raiors nnd nn African tigress Is n menace to
verdant beauty. Fresh vegetables should bo
thoroughly dried before visiting the burnt
district of the metropolis.
Anderson nnd O'ICeoffo would do the pub.
ho n service by settling their difforonnos nc-
cording to the Quconsbury code. There Is
nmplo room near the tottering asylum for a
twenty-foot ring. The exhibition would un
doubtedly attract a largo audience , and the
result would be more manly nnd artistic than
threatening attitudes nnd sulphurous calorie
at ten paces. Wo nominate Charley Gpod-
rich nnd Mike Lahey for seconds.
STATE AND TEHUITOHY.
Nebraska
Dakota City and Plattsmouth are singing
the s'amo old pontoon.
The Methodists of Scward have set their
1 , at for a $10,0 K ) church. Co mm I1 , tees are
now hustling for the funds.
There are I'M organized school districs in
Cuming county nnd 04 school houses , nt-
lended by 3,732 children and ruled by 74
teachers.
The Morris Lock factory is the latest addi
tion to the industries of Soward. The fno-
tor.v was started up this week , with a largo
number of orders bootccd.
Several sportive youngsters in Bennett
enlivened the Sabbath with a horse race ,
und contributed the price of the plugs in
poulticing the ruptured law.
The threat of a Grand Island doctor , to
-sua the West Point Republican for damages ,
has inflated the editor with the belief that
the sheet is sufficiently Important to perpe
trate a libel.
Grand Island is up and doing at n lively
rate. Two bond elections will bo hold next
month ono on the lllth for $50,000 to bo ex
pended in a system of sewers ; the other on
the 21st for li'i.OOS for scnool buildings.
Sunday observance is becoming general
throughout the state. Even the liquid spoils
of Jackson are corked on that day. and social
scraps have suffered a radical decline. It is
now possible to slide through the town with
out a running light.
Awisojudgo in Lincoln has proclaimed
that there islio law which prevents a man
rullling his wife's whiskers , and the court
\\ill protect him in defending the rights of
mankind. The destruction of feminine
beauty with molish locks must ba prevented
at any cost to domestic paaco und felicity.
A man named Northcutt attempted to
clinch thu mortgage on a horse In Nebraska
City , but failed. A stout club in the hands
of u ura/y coon laid open a largo section of
his scalp. Northcutt rushed for n doctor.
while the coon was hustled to Jnll. The
horse and his blanket were not disturbed.
Tha famous case of Dr. dandy will come
up nt the present term of thn d'strlct court ,
now in session in Pawnee City. Gandy is
the Shylock of Richardson county. Ho num
bered his victims by the score , nnd , when
the opportunity came , iho.y "pounced upon
nnd bent him to thu penitentiary , but the
supreme court graciously granted n new trial.
Charley Wngnor filled himself with West
Point booze , nbout four weeks ago , and two
days later was a corpse. Whether the rotgut -
gut or the rope from which tbo body
dangled , was the primary cause of death ,
will bo ventilated in a suit Just begun ngnlnst
tne saloonkeepers. Wnjrnor's hem- * and as
signs insist that his life was worth $5,000 to
them , nnd are cheerfully praying , with two
lawyers , for that amount.
Dcwltt's new opera hall was dedicated a
few days ato. The event was "a rechorcho
affair , " according to n local dramatic critic ,
"and an unusual degrea of intellectual interest -
torest wus evinced by a largo uudionco , "
and everybody was "hold en rapport during
the duration of the play. " Wo congratulate
Dewitt on the successful opening of her new
temple , and the possession of u discriminat
ing critic worthy of n great occasion.
The York Times Is out in a rich and clabo-
ratn spring boom edition , in striking pink col
ors. It demonstrates the superiority of Ne
braska soil nnd climate , presents u statistical
picture of York county's fortuity nnd thrift ,
and modestly points with pridu to the sub
stantial growth and future prospects of the
county seat. The illustrations ot public and
private buildings nro superb , nnd the whole
work is a credit to the publishers and the
city. _
low.i Items.
Iowa Falls Insists on n population of ! i,500.
The soldiers' homo at Marshalltown has
271 Inmates.
Muscatino voted to invest $10,030 , In a high
school building.
Tlio Rev. II , E. Molt , of Dubuque , Thas
been Invited to deliver the Decoration day
address In Omaha.
The peculiarity of the Sunday law in
Creston is that u democratic mayor is vigor
ously enforcing It.
The council of North Dos Moines has de
cided to relieve the prevailing paralysis by
reducing taxes 35 per cent.
A Chicago glucose works will bo carted to
Dubuque , where n bonus of S25.0JO awaits It.
The institution will employ 100 hands.
A flash of lightning cremated n horse and
cow nnd several bales nf huy whioh the
animals were industriously chewing , in
North Davenport , a few dayt ago.
This little excerpt from the ofllclnl pro
ceedings of the Dubuque city council tolls
how prohibition prohibits i "On motion , the
saloon license was fixed at t lOil , the same as
lust year. "
The public spirited citizens of Burlington
recently raised the maiiillo3nl num of 35
cents to Improve und ombolllsh a thirty.
eight aero park. Such liberality l worthy
of a graveyard.
Iowa has the honor of fiirnlthing the first
postmaster for Oklahoma. His name Is
Jacob Mills , und his residenceDus Molnes ,
Thcro nro scores of patriots ready to take
second or third place ,
The Davenport Business Men's association
is seriously considering schemes to utilize
the latent power of the Mississippi river. At
a recent mooting of the association , the re
port of George U. Boynton , a civil engineer ,
was road und discussed. Ho submitted sev
eral plans for chaining the mighty force of
the river nnd subjecting It to the will of man ,
The ono recommended as the most fnn&lblo
was to build a dyke 83.000 feel long , eapablu
of drawing from the river 4,500 cubic feel of
water per second. With n fall of 9.10 feeta
horse power estimated nt 4,040 could bo ob
tained , nt a coat of I3GO.OOJ. The figures did
not appall the association , but the members
wisely concluded to sloop on them.
Dakota.
The Presbyterians of Aberdeen are dis
cussing plans for a church.
The contract lias boon let for tlio erection
of n city ball , In Dcadwood , to cost $10,039. .
'Out of 700 carp , recently shipped from
Plattsmonth , Neb. , to Rapid Cliy , two
reachedihclrDestination allvonnd wriggling ,
The commissioners ot Lake county have
offered n number ot ci.h prhos for the de
struction ot gophers. The prizes rnngo from
$1 to $10.
There Is a great scarcity of cats In the ter
ritory , nnd , as n consequence , rats nnd mloo
nro overrunning the bins nnd grnlnarlos ,
Some enterprising lownns are gathering In
the surplus of felines and shipping thorn to
Dakota , whore they bring $3 each.
Several southern towns nro quietly but
vigorously pulling for the cnpltol prize.
Huron is In the thick of light , and mutters
dofiontly thnt It docs not "want anything
thnt combs too darned easy , "
The Cnnn Vnlloy Chief rises poonlx-llko
nbovo the prairie flames nnd utters the
innlcdiction that the newspaper correspondent
pendent "Is the prluco of nil liars , beside
whom Judas Iscarlat Is n molehill to a
mountain , " The scorching breath of the
Chief Is nioro disastrous to truth than the
hurricane of lire was to the country.
This is the thirteenth year of the opening
ot the Black Hills country to settlement.
The Rapid City Republican says thirteen Is
commonly thought to bo an unlucky number ,
but the present indications nro that in this
Instance the number Is decidedly n lucky
ono.
ono.Tho nwful flames which rci'ontly ravaged
largo suctions of the tcrrllory loft n track of
black ruin in the country nnd filled many
homes nnd hearts with sorrow ; the sequel of
onu sad death Is reiwrtcd by the Rnpld City
Republican. Eloise Madison met her death
In the flames. The remains were brought to
Rapid City for interment. Back nt her old
homo she loft a love" , who wus noon to mnko
her his wife. He know not the terrible fiito
of the girl. A tow weeks after her dcMh bo
arrived in the Hills with all the ardor and
happiness of a lover , and called unexpect
edly on a friend of the family. The restrained
greeting did not arouse suspicion , nnd ad
dressing the lady of thu house ho asked ,
"Does Nellie sing nnd piny ns much as of
old1 ! ' "My God ! " exclaimed the lady , "don't
you know that Nellie is dead and buricdl
She wns burned to death In n prairie flro. "
Tlio sudden announcement wns too much for
him. Ho passed from ono fainting lit to an
other , and nftor n week's euro recovered suf
ficiently tn Journey homo , brnkcu in heart
and strength. Three days after his arrival
there ho died.
msxnicT couitT.
Liltlcntlon Over n lili ; Burn A Hung
Jury Otlinr Unsns.
In February , 1830 , John B. Shaw nnd John
Field , carpenters , entered Into an agreement
with the Standard Cattle company to con
struct n barn for the latter on Its ranch near
Ames , Nob. The foundation was of brick ,
and their contract called for the hardest
burned , most durable sewer brick. Plain
tiffs petition says the work was completed
In August nnd paid for. Afterwards the
company discovered that many of the bricks
wore of nn inferior quality , nnd at great cx-
pensu it wns compelled to rebuild the walls.
Suit was then brought against Shaw nnd
Field for S2,0l)0 ) , and the case is now on trial
before Judge Donuo.
After being under lock and key for forty-
two hours , the Efllo Smith Jury was finally
brought into court yesterday , and liber
ated. Each of the twelve men said that
there was no possible show of arriving ut a
verdict. The stood eight for acquital to four
for conviction. Judge GrofT overruled a
motion of Eftlo's attorney to release her on
'her own recognizance nnd she wus remanded
back to jail with instructions to remain there
until next term of court , when a now trial
will bo given her.
That old litigation in which Messrs.
Reeves , Christiansen and others nro suing
the town company of Florence for possession
of certain streets , was argued before Judge
Wnkely , in the equity branch. Whichever
way the case is decided it will bo carried to
the supreme court.
JudiroGroff will hold court next week in
Sarpy county.
Tliomus A. Crcigh has brought two suits
against Morris T. Heath et al. to recover on
two prommissory notes of $350 each , mudo
February 13 , 1SSS.
Daniel Jones filed a bill in the district
court , yesterday , for divorce from his wifu ,
Maggie Jones. They were married ut Fremont -
mont , Dodge county , Nob. , in 187C. The
husband claims that his wife is and has been
a habitual drunkard and has been guilty of
extreme cruelty ; that his lifo has been en
dangered and that his marital relations are
now intolerable.
Fred Christiansen sued GoorgoTlmmo and
Henry ICuhl for fr't O , alleged to bo duo on n
'contract for building a house in Benson's
addition.
A transcript In the case of the state
against Ilattio Ublo was filed in tbo district
court yesterday. She Is charged with
perjury. It will be remembered that she
swore that R. M. Patterson was the father
of her unborn child , when she had him
arrested.
Judtre Groff will go to Papllion Monday to
try the murder case of Robert Smith , ' a rail
road brakeman , who is charged with killing
a man by the name of Sullivan by throwing
him from a train.
United Stntcn Court.
Forty-four citizens of Nebraska have boon
drawn to servo the country as Jurymen In the
United States court which convenes at this
city two weeks from next Monday. Half of
these aru designated ns grund nnd the other
half us petit jurors. Thu grand jurors are :
Peter O'Rourko , Omaha , J. II. Ager , Ord ,
W. C. Austin , West Lincoln , T. W. Smith ,
McCool Junction , L. B , Palmer , Hastings ,
Ernest Brandt , Omaha , D. A. Way , South
Omaha. Frank Foster , Helena , .Samuel Bry-
son , A sill and , Richard Coryoll , Brock , D. W.
Randolph , Fullci-ton , Henry Clark
Swanton , William H. Taylor , To
bias , Peter O. Boysen , Omaha ,
John G. Little , Valentino ; W. B. Dlxon ,
Omaha ; J. W. Perkins , Niobrara ; George
West , ClurJts ; A. P. Gillette , North Platlo ;
F. L. Blumcr , Omaha ; Henry Gosh , Spring
field ; Gcorgu Benson , Omaha.
The petit jurors are : A. R. Guoloby ,
Falls Citv ; George W. Roberts , Omaha ;
IsaaoToIand , Greenwood ; Frank Coleman ,
Crete ; John L. Slovens , St. Deroin ; W. S.
McGowan , Barada ; Wultor M. Suoley , Ben-
nott.I. ; D. Crans , Hastings : 1C. W. Hyors ,
Lincoln : J. S. Edwards , Lincoln ; C. S.
Bukur , Beatrice ; C. J.MurtIn , Clav Center ;
Bnrrett Scotl , O'Neill ; J. B. Nicholson ,
Sprlngllold ; Ed Collln , Ord ; John Silvern ,
Superior ; Robert French , Kearney ; John
Manning , Pawnee ; Rooert Doom , Ashland ;
James Warren , Red Cloud ; W. C. Jolly ,
Tccumsoh.
County Court.
David London commenced notion ngamst
the Nebraska Edwards Burner company to
recover $500 on a promissory note. .
Hugh G. Clurk fiued Jotior & Young for
? 2UO alleged to bo duo for rent of a building
at tit3 South Tenth street.
I'cuitllar Justice.
Sunday last , Peter Nowland , assistant porter
ter nt the Barker hotel , wont to Council
Bluffs to spend the day , ami look his favorite
canine along. As tlio evening approached ,
10 repaired to the depot and purchased a
LlriKel for Omaha. Whllo awaiting his train ,
an otllcor urrcstrd him , looking him up on a
charge of drunkenness. Tlio n xt morning
, lie boy was arraigned boforu the police mag-
stratu , nnd when ho was told of the
charge against him and Informed thu court
.hat ho was not Intoxicated at the time ho
was arrested , the ofllcor who had made thu
arrest stopped up nnd told the court that tlio
soy hud been arrested as a vagrant. The
court imposed u line of SS nnd costs. Young
Rowland protested that ho was porter ut
.he Barker hotel. In Omaha , but to no avail.
The boy was held In custody until an attache
of the hotel went to Council BlutTn and paid
: ho flnu ,
I.ooUIng KOP n Tlilof.
Constable Boll , of Subctha , Kan. , Is In Iho
city looking for n thief who alnlo a horse at
Iowa Point , Kun. , last week , sold it In
Sabetha and purchased a ticket for Omuhn.
A colored man named James Dick has boon
arrested on suspicion of being the man
wanted. The owiior of tha stolen horse will
arrive to-day to Jdontify the prisoner.
ENDED HIS LIFE IN A CELL ,
On Old Omrxlm Mun Suloldos nt
Llnoolu.
A VICTIM OF THE DRINK HABIT.
4
Pooullnrltlna of the Nebraska
tlvo Mnnunl Kino Crop I'ros
pcots Supreme Court
LINCOLN BUHRAU op TUB OMAHA BRB , ) ; I
10S P STUKKT , t '
LINCOLN. April 2
Last night nt 10:50 o'clook nn old ,
haired man , who gave his name ns Thomas
Kinney and Ills ago ns sixty-five , was brought
to the pollco station by Onieer Morrlsny.
lie said thnt lie CAIIIO from Omaha , or at
least that ho had friends there , and Informed
the rnptaln thnt ho followed the business of
peddling. He were n grey , checked shirt
nnd a pair of Jeans pants. Ho had been
.drinking heavily. A short time before bo
was arrested bo was nt Opponholmor's sa
loon , and said there that ho had been robbed
of his "lltllo tin box , " nud could not make n
living without It. Ho seemed very despond
ent , nnd sold ho might as well kill himself.
The box , ho said , had boon stolen from him
In Carr's saloon , nnd ho bad been there
searching for it.
Ho was searched at the station nnd on him
wore found 15 cents , n knlfo nnd two smnll
keys. Late in the afternoon he hna gene to
the drug store of Woompner & Hargls , on
North Ninth street , where ho had procured
several grain * of morphine , Which was jmt
In a small box brought by him for the pur
pose. This , it seems , escaped the .ofllccrs
when they searched him , nnd between 5 and
C o'clock this morning ho took flvo grains of
the poison. When ho began to bo siok an
examination wiw made ami the box wa-i
found. Dr. Simmons was sent for , remedies
were nt , once administered nnd the patient
wns walked nbout the floor , but all efforts
were of no avail , and at 8:85 : ho dlnd.
During thu night ho wanted to have his
friends in Omaha know thnt ho was going to
die , mid asked to see nn Omnha reporter.
Mr. A. CricU called nt the siatlon afterward ,
bringing iho box which the old man , hnd
lost. Ho had loft it at the Fred & .foe's
saloon , on South Ninth street. The coroner"
was called and the body was taken to
1 lent em's undertaking rooms.
Nebraska' * ) In ! lnliitlvo Manual.
The Nebraska legislative manual has Just
been Issued. It Is bound In a beautiful shade
of blue cloth , nnd is a model of neatness niul
accuracy. Ono of the great morning news
papers of the stale has the honor of having
issued it. Brnd D. Slaughter and Walt M.
Seoloy are each accredited as being Presby-
toriau ministers in good standing , whllo
Chuplnln Tate is raised to the Dignity of u
Nebraska editor. S. U. Roberts , the chicken
fancier , is recorded n pettifogging lawyer
nnd .loo Eastorday , the lawyer , ns n "Jim
Crow" printer. It is intimated that the
boys will institute suit against the manual
for criminal libel. Brad Slaughter nud Wait
Sceloy fool the worst aggrieved.
Fine Crop I'ro.sppotR.
Hon. L. W. Gllchrist , member of the
bonrd of secretaries of the stnto board of
transportation , has Just returned from a trip
through the western nnd northern portions
of the stnto , ! have lived In Nebraska
twenty-live years , " he says , "and never saw
such prospects for small grain us wo have
this year. In Custer comity wheat , oats and
r.vn already mat the ground. I think the
year will bring forth good crops generally
throughout the stale. Ncbrasknns are doing
better farming than in former years. Tlio
ground was properly plowed nnd prepared
before seeding. There is more In this than
in the season. I do not fear the drouth
tnlked of by croakers , ana you will llnd thnt
Hie farmer who properly tills his soil \ \ _ \ \ \
have fair corn in the event of dry weather.
With favorable weather , though. Nobr.isku
will have the best crops in her history. "
Supreme Court News.
The following cases were lllcd for trial in
the supreme court yesterday and to-day :
Cordelia II. Sued vs. John Hickotl. Error
from Fillmore county ,
Andrew Henry vs. James Yliot. Error
from Douglas county.
Joscuh M. feather vs the County of ICcnr-
noy. lirror from Kearney county.
CJeorgo Burke ot nl vs Jolm Popper. Error
from Douglas county.
L. L. Lindsay vs. James Hoatou. Error
from Lancaster county.
The Gulo SulKy Harrow company vs. E.
G. Luughlin. Error from Cass county ,
dClark D. Oaborno et nl vs. Hirlo A. Can-
Held et al. Error from Douglas county.
A Dclcriiim TronuMis Victim.
Last nlirht n man who gave his name as
Gaorgo C. Banner wns arrested nnd brought
to the police station. Ho appeared to bo
sick nnd thn complaint entered against him
on the books wns suffering from nervous
disorder. Tlio truth Is , however , that thu
man was suffering from delirium tremeus
nnd had come to thu last round In the ladder.
Ho gave his occupation ns that of an agent
nnd was locked up for safe keeping. Ho wns
placed in n cell nnd vain given u blanket with
which to cover himself. Some time after
word ono of the ofllccrs went in to sue that
everything was nil right , nnd found that
Bonner had torn the blanket into strips and
wus earnestly endeavoring to lynch hnnsolf
by using the top ot the cell nsn gallows , The
blanket was taken from him and he then se
cured n piece of old tin can with which ha
tried to behead Himself. This was nlho taken
nwny and the man is Htlll In the laud of the
living. Ho will probably bo taken to BOIIIU
hospital for medical treatment.
Oilil Follows at Iwrfje.
About ono hundred and fifty persons loft
this city to-day on tno special Burlington
train chartered by the Oddfellows of Lin
coln to carry thum to the ulalo gathering of
their order ut Beatrice. They were accom
panied by the cadet band and wove on their
faces the look of peoplu determined tn luve
n treed time nmior any circumstances. They
remain till latu lo-nlght , tha train belli ; ; en
tirely subject to their orders. About thirty
also wont over tlio Union Pacific.
City NUWH mid NotoK.
Judge Popploton nnd Judge Woolworth , ef
Omaha , transacted business to-day bcfora
tha supreme court.
Governor Thuyor Joined tlio Odd Fallows
celebration to-iiuy in Beatrice , returning
homo at 10:80 : to-night. Ho repurta a very
pluasant occasion.
A suit was begun to-day In which C , B.
Bench wns the plaintiff and Kx-Pollco .ludgo
Parsons defendant , which may provo lo beef
of uncommon Interest boforu it ts finished ,
The petition of Bench nllugus Hint during
Ills term of oflico Parsons wus guilty of mis
appropriating funds belonging to tha city , to
thu amount of ? 1,0)0 ) , nnd hu sues for tlil.1
amount. The defendants in this cusu are .
Parsons and bis bondsmen.
Mrs. A. D. Cox , who wus found to bo In-
boring under an attack of insanity , brought
on by religious excitement , a faw duyx ago ,
wib to-day before thu board of insanity com
missioners.
Lust December , nbout thu middle of th
month , an emery wheel In the foundry of C
B. Hedges burst , nnd u young man mimed
Enos Meyer , who wns working at the wliuol ,
was Instantly killed. Hu won the only up
iwrt of his wldowud mother und his sUlorx ,
Tills afternoon the mother brought suit IB
thn districl court for damages in tlio sum ol
10,000 , alleging thnt the accident wus duo K
n defective wheel.
An Unknown Girl Biilolil < > s ,
DKTKOIT , April li-An ( ) unknown girl
about nineteen years of ago , committed BUI
jldo this morning by Jumping Into the river
I'lio body has nut been recovered.
Children Cry for Pitcher's ' Castorla.
Whim nbjr woa leV , we giro her Caatorta.
Wbeu lie WM a Child , tlio cried for Cnitoria ,
Wlinn ilia became lUan , iho clunp to Conor ! * ,
JVl'iihhol

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