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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE. [ y TWENTIETI-I YEAR. OMAJBLA , TUESDAY MOENTNG. SEP'JnEMBER 2 , 1890. an 70 , hVI1ERE111EDAYVAS \ \ HONORED Labor Did Itself Proud in the Leading Cities of the Country , THOUSANDS JOIN IN THE PARADES , Two i'roccKslonfl In Now York nnd Cliicaffo-Celebr.nlIons at Boston , IMttsburji Other Centers Cele brate in Fitting Manner. Nirw YOUR , September 1. All the govern ment , municipal oluccs , links , exchanges , etc. , ivcro dosed today. There were two parades , that of the Central Labor union nnd tlio Central I-abor federation , nnd in both aoout forty-live thousand men participated. At ClilciiftH. CniCAoo , Sept. 1. Laborday was generally observed in this city. There rvcre two parades this morning , ono under the auspices of the trades and labor assembly , with about 1X1,000 men la line , nnd ono by tlio Knights of Labor , who turned out with about 1OUO , men. At I'lttKtiurg * PiTTfnrun , Pa. , Sept. 1. Labor day was generally observed in this city and surround- cJlne towns today. All the banks , factories cojjfl mills nnd innny business houses ivcro jy&sed , Nearly 10,000 workmen , represent ing ajltradcs in tbo city , took part in the parade. During tbe passage of the bakers' union in the labor parade up NorLh avenue , Allegheny City , this afternoon , ajlparty of American mechanics broke Intoltbe ranks nnd tore down the German flag which the balers ; were carrying. The bakers defended the flag , but tlicv were overpowered and the flap was trailed in the dust. No person was seriously injured , but the Incident created great excite ment. Ko arrests were made. At Iloston. BOSTON , Mass. , Sept. 1. Labor day was celebrated today by a general closing ol business houses and a parade , In which 10,000 people participated. At Davenport. lAvr.Ki'OiiT , la. , Sept. 4. Labor day was Crated hero today by a complete shutting Mown of business. Incoming trains and steamboats brought thousands to the city. A procession representing the trades of the city and various' trades unions marched through the principal streets and was reviewed by Uovcrnor Boies. In the afternoon there were exercises at the park , the governor de livering the principal speech. At 1'Jillaaelphln. PniLAnEi.riiiA , Sept. 1. Picnics , parades , athletic sports and a general turnout of ivorlc- men marlpd ; labor's great holiday in thiscity. The great milling and manufacturing ctis- > tricts of Kensington and Kichmond all shut J down and their thousands of operativcc cele brate ! the day by generally indulging in out door sports. $ ty. r At Topok.i. tfc. % , TorcKA , Kan. , Sept. 1. One of the prc.it' est celebrations that has ever taken place in the narno of labor made this a gala day in Topcka. Dusineas was suspended nnd great crowds witnessed the p.irade. The pirndo ivas reviewed by Governor Humphrey and state nnd citv officers. This Is the first re cognition cf Labor day in this state. At u Kroir K , la. , Sept. 1. Labor day was.ob- scrvcd hero today "isVholiday"th'ero bclngTa * general cessation of business. There was a nions jr parade in the morning , followed by a .j icMit which addresses ivero made by J. R. the Isgjlru state l l > or commissioner , and hou < r " ttiel , . At Montreal. , Quo. , Sept. 1. Labor day was &bsorved hero and many streets ivero decor ated , A large procession marched to the exposition sition grounds , where s-ieoches were made. At Cincinnati. CISCIXXATJ , O. , Sept. 1. Labor day was ohbQiTod here today for the first time , the lcgiilatv.ro at its last session declaring it a hoiiduy. The day was spent in parading and , picnicking. There were probably throe thou sand men in lino. At Kansas Oily. KAXSAS Cnr , Mo , Sept. 1. Laborday was observed hero by nil local trades unions' and labor organizations. Over flvo thousand men participated in the parade in the morning , the afternoon being fepe'it ' in games , -sports , athletic contests and dancing. i At Denver. Dorvcu , Colo. , Sept. 1. Labor day was generally observed here. All places of busi ness , ivero closed. Tlio panide was the finest demonstration of the kind ever foen In the west. Fully 10,000 workmen were in line. SAN FiiANctsc'o , Sept. 1. There were over lou1 * thousand men in the labor parade today. Tbe weather was bright nnd warm and the streets presented a holiday appearance. At Milwaukee. MILIVACKEE , WIs. , Sept. 1. A parade and Slcnlo constituted the celebration of labor ay. about flvo thousand men pariiclpatiug In the former. At St. Ijonls. ) " 'ST. Lofts , Mo. , Sept , 1. The Labor day / demonstrations were a gi-cat success. Nearly V ' ten thousand union men were In line , nnd ! after tie parade enjoyed the remainder of the / day at Schneider's garden. w LAiioji / > .ir j.v xEuet.isx.t. At Kearney. v , Neb. , Sept. 1. [ Special Tele- pram to THE BniiJ Labor day was observed hero ivith a big demonstration , A parade more than u mile hi length und representing the merchants and trades unions of the city inarched through the principal streets iu the niomiup. The displays of float * were very peed , nnd numerous banners were carried with inscriptions denouiicing.seabluuor. This afternoon an interesting programme las ting two hours was carried oat at the high school grounds , where tlio large crowd was ad dressed by IV. L. CIrcen , M. S. Oldtiam , Dr. Martin and Dr.UUin , At Stollti. STE IA. JCcb. , Sopt. 1. [ Special Telegram tcTacCric.J The fanners' alliance picnic beld hero today was an immense success. Jive thousand people ivcro In attendance. Hon. J. II. Weaver of Iowa and other prom inent spe-iliers addressed the largo ntiiliunca. The Stollix club defeated the Tuluuge club by a score of 31 tol. In the pigeon shoot Hover defeated Voach. Guatemala GlrcK In. WASHINGTON , September 1 , [ Spoclal Tele gram o TVs ncii. ] A telegram was ro- veived at the state department today from Minister Jilsncr saying that the ( Jnntoniala government had acceded to the demands of this government , that the uxiled American editor l o allowed to return to Guatemala for the pniiKvso of fixing up his private affairs. Misiivr Miid nothing In regard to Burrundian and , said thul no further action would bo tnUod until Misncr's rcj > ort is received. Kentucky Touulis lilllctl , I < ons\iu.u , Ky. , Sept. 1. At a dance at Bunisvillc , Saturday , .lames , Frank and JcssalllgKuis , three brolliere of bad repute , had a fight with two boys of fourteen audslx- tccn named Luigston. Jainea Illgflns was killed and Jcs&o fatally wounded. Tin : r Details of ttio It lot Ing During the Itecont SirlkcN TJicrc. PANAMA ( via New York ) , Sept. 1. A Let ter from Valparaiso , Chill , gives an account of the rioting that characterized the recent strikes there. It seems tbat the launchmen and stevedores struck In the morning and soon compelled the workmen in the custom house to cease labor. The strikers demanded payment iu coin and not In notes. This de mand caused the doors of the custom house to be closed , a step which \va promptly fol lowed by most of the business houses throuchout the city. Tbcstrikersthen formed a mob and visited several manufacturing es tablishments , doing much darnriffc. A num ber o.f citizens appealed to tno authorities to act , but tney remained passive for several hours , daring which rioting nnd plundering was going an. Finally , after eighty men had been wounded and twelve killei , the authori ties determined to send out military pleKcts nnd defend public oftlces. By this time the mob. which was divided into sections , was busily engaged in plundering nnd destroying the stores in tne streets not visited iu the morning , compellim ? the ivorkrnen In all places to quit and fighting ivhero resistance was offered. At a bakery in ono street twelve me.n were wounded. Tlie bakcrv nnd several adjoining stores were sacked. Finally a picket of soldiers appeared and asked the plunderers to withdraw. As they did not do so the soldiers withdrew. Sim ilar scenes were at the same time being enacted In other quarters of the city. Tlie railroad shops were completely de stroyed , as well as manufactories in the vicin ity , ana their contents thrown into the sea. While the mob was engaged in sacking the National biscuit factory r picket arrived , nnd , the mob not retiring , opened fire , killing ono man and ivound- ing four others. By this time , however , the crowd numbered at least ten thousand , and although repeatedly charged by police , \vho employed sabres" , it stood its ground , although some twenty of Its members were killed or seriously wounded. Viewed from the bench the scene on the hill was horrible rible , as the police were seen , sabres in hand , charging here aud there. The mob ollered some resistance and wounded several policemen , but oraer was temporarily restored with the assistance of a reinforcement of tvyo fresh pickets and by stationing another comniuy of artillery near the Baron railway scation. By 5 p. m. thcmobhad almost disappeared to the drink- inp shops and groggcries. At the tiino the foregoing scenes were being enacted many others of a similar class -were in progress in other places , At 7 p. m. a body of policemen charged oa the mob and made five prisoners. At the same time a band of rioters passed through Victoria street , smashing doors , windows , lamps , etc. , and crying ' ' 1'illage 1 pillage I" They plun dered mauy houses situated on tbu Delicies and there was not a sin glc soldier there. During.theuight the streets were patrolled by troop * . At 7 : 'JO p. m. cavalry pickets made several charges In the Auiundral , where the stores were being sacked. In Condell street a mob attacked some Jewelry stores , but the pickets arrived after all ivas over. At 9 M p. m. a train arrived with a bital- lion commanded by General Valdivosiso with a corps 600 strong. The iutendcato and the commander of the police had almost JiMter- nized ivith the strikers. ' On the hills around Valparaiso many out rages and robberies haye been committcO. At Santiago somewhat similar rioting oc curred at a session of the deputies. .1 VU.l\iE TXCOXSVL ( iKXKttAJLS. IcsKrs. Ktnjr and lloop-r Succcrd Messrs. Kjithbone null I'reston. JJNM [ Gojiyn'ffMrjS.90 l > u Jamts Gnr&nn Btnnttt.l * A ' PAIOI , Sept 1. [ New York Herald Cable - -Special toTiiu BEE. ) An interesting ccro- mouy iaterestlcg especially because of its simplicity took place ted ay at tlie olhca of the consul general elect of the United States in Avenue do 1'Opera , The occasion was the taking over of the offices of the consul goner ; l nnd vies consul by "XSenoral King and Mr. Hooper , ivho succeed Consul Elect Uathbono and Vice Consul Preston. After tbe usual compli ments and congratulations had been cordially rendered by the outgoing and Incoming officials , General King formally took over the oftices from General Kathboue and for a few minutes occupied the all-important chair , vhile Mr. Hooper quietly dropped Into the , to him , familiar vice consular fautuil , vacated by Mr. I'reston. The new- heads were they escorted nroutid the various departments nud received the congratulations of the staff , which , it is sald.ivill be retained. Shortly ufterivardsthe new ex-consuls gen erals paid an unotScial visit to Minister "White aw Held , and then returned to the council and spent the afternoon in oJlldal business. General Uathbono leaves for Xe\v York on Saturday on the Xormnndio aud will bo entertained at a private dinner to be given on Thursday by Whitelaw Keid. Development of Itussiau Trail r , ST. PcTr.usncno , Sept. 1. [ Special Cable gram to Tiic BEF..J A deputation comprising the leading merchants of Nijni Novgorod waited upon the minister of nuance today to Inquire concerning the new tariff. Tbo min ister said the "raising of duties on foivljjn goods was fresh evidence of the czar's solici tude for the development of Ilussiau trade. Old protective duties had lost their im portance with tlio advancing rate of ex change. JJccont increa ea , ho said , would re main in operation until July , by which time he hoped the revision of the tariff would bo completed , Tlio Weather Forecast. For Omiiha and vicinity Showers ; cooler. For Nebraska Lisht local raim , cooler : northerly winds. For Iowa Local showers , cooler ; northerly "winds , For South "Dakota Light local showers , cooler , followed by rising temperature ; northerly winds. Dcullncil tlio Spanish Mission , JCrw YOHK , September 1. ( Special Tele- grain to Tut DUE. J The Tribune's "Wash lugton special , says the Spanish mission , made vacant by the resignation of Palmer , was tendered to Ex-Scuator T. C , Platt of New York , who declined it. A Tribune re porter called on Mr. Phtt , who confirmed the request , saying the mission was tendered him on Juno \ and adding tbut hU business engagements ivill not allow him to accept the responsibilities of any mine or nation , how ever honorable or alluring , \Vitli Sniiikoless Poivder , PAIUS , September 1. [ Speeial Cablegram to TIIU DUE. ] The French army maneuver * opened yesterday hi the north of Franco , Smokeless powder was used In fiiinir and the suioko ivas roarly invisible. The detonation was as-loud as that uiado bv the old kind of powder aud was sharper and harsher. Lost Throe I'ronollrr Bladc-n. LONDON , Sept 1. [ Special Cablegi-im to THE Bi-n.l The steamer California , from Hamburg for Now Yorlt , which pasboj Liz ard yesUrday returning with three of her propeller blades gone , arrived at Plymouin today. She reuoits that the accident occurred ou August - during a pale. Nominated for CHICAGO , ScpU 1. Allan C. Du turn-row , Jr. , was nominated for congress today by the \ democrats of the Third district. I Sr Loris Sept. 1Tlio republicans of the Eighteenth district nominated today Judge C J liadlcy , a member of the far- men' ollluuce , THE COVltT CA.X.LS T1IEJI DtUl'X. Clilcngo Democrats Hebulcctl rorFall- hitfto Itofntc Serious Charges. CutcAUO , Sept 1. [ Special Telegram to Tun Brn. ] The detnocratle administration of Chicago was today rebuked by the court for falling to refute the serious charges of complicity ivith gamblers and law breakers recently made by Edward Corrlgan. This person has nblll filed In the circuit court re straining Mayor Crcgler from Interfering with the west side tracks and charging the mayor and chief of police with receiving rcvo- nue from tha gambling dens , pool rooms and other lawless resorts of the city. A sensa tion was created when Judge Hbrton In open court today critidied the mayor for not re futing these serious charges. " 1 " said the court "that am surprised , , no move lias been made in this matter. It was tlirce weks ago that I granted an Injunction and It was only n few days later that I wrote a letter to the corporation's counsel in this city stating that the charges made against tbe administration were very serious and that I would return at any lime to clve him an opportunity to defend the allegations if hose so desired. He has taken no advantage of my willingness to hear the case. Tor three weeks 1 have been ready to hear an applica tion to dissolve the injunction , in this way real evidence could betaken and I would al low a full hearing of witnesses on both sides. " "Aro you willing to take up the contest at any time ? " the Judge was asked later. "Certainly. It Is a public affair and the people should know all about It , If the mayor Is so anxious to have a trial I will ac commodate him at any time upon giving notice to the opposite counsel. " TO UJEATil , The KiiRlner of n Thresher Hilled at Avocn , I own. AVOCA , la. , Sept. 1. [ Special Telegram to Tac UEC. ] Ray Gace , aged forty-two , a res ident of this place , died this morning at 5 o'clock from injuries received Friday ufter- Looa while riding on a steam thresher , of which ho was engineer. In passing over a small bridge or culvert the thresher went down nnd Gage's right foot was caught in such a manner that three-quarters of an hour passed before he was released. During this time ho was only about four inches from the boiler , and for about twenty minutes the steam and hot water passed over him. Those around kept pouring cold water over him. Ills calmness was remarkable. Ho gave minute directions how to do and cautioned the men not to get excited. Aside from being scalded he received a severe wound in the head. A Ijlvcly Day in l es Jloines. DcsMoixus , la. , Sept 1. [ Special T V > grain to THE Bne.l The Labor day cele bration and the formal opening of the state fair combined made this a very lively day for Des Moines. The parade of svorkingmen this morning was fully a milplong , and was estimated to contain :2,000 persons. The parade euded with a visit to the state fair , where addresses were made by local labor leaders. The formal opening of the state fair consisted of the annual ad dress by President John Hayes and remarks by ex-Senator George G. Wright aud Hon. J. B Grinell. There are over 10,000 entries on the books of all divisions and depart ments. This is more than at any nrcvious fair. There arc on the grounds 'J.OOO hogs , 8S9 sheep and 435 cattle entered In all divi sions. Of horses there are 450 in the draft nnd roadster divisions , and in the speed de partment over 150. The attendance today was greater than at any previous first day. Killed in a Collision. . . . . , , . . ) , . . 'principal of one of the city schools , was killed today by a collision between un electric car and a freight train. Srnothcrcil In an Oat. Illn. 'CEUAII lUi'ius , la. , Sept. 1. The thirteen- year-old son of Foreman Withofcr , on Gov ernor Boise's farm , ne.arGrundy Center , was smothered iu an oat bin today. IS I'ES TIG A TJ < > \ OIJ 11.1 CJI. The Special House Committee He- sullies its Session. " \VASIIIXUTOX , Sept , 1. The special house committee investigating charges against Commissioner Raum resumed its sessiou this morning , Cooper opened the proceedings by complaining tlut the record had been doc tored and unwarranted corrections made by Commissioner Ilaura and much matter strick en out. An instance , ho said , ivas In the commissioner's testimony to the Cincinnati Commercial Gazette's in terview ivhero the commissioner interpolated ivords to make his testimony conform to that given by General Boynton. The committee instructed the stenographer to see that the record was complete. Smyscr , a member of the committee , was sworn. He said he was a stockholder In the refrigerator company. The proceedings In the house resulting In the resignation of Smyser caused a postpone ment of the investigation until tbo vacancy was filled. Public Debt Statement. Sept 1. The following is the public debt stateraent for August : Aggregate of interest bearing debt exclu sive of United States bonds Issued to Pacific railroads , S3SO,9rS,020. Debt on which inter est has ceased since maturity , ? lT777f > . Af-gregnto debt bearing no Interest , Includ ing national banli fund deposited in treasury under the act of Julv 14 , 1SK ! ) , $ } OSr07S54. Aggrctrrate of ccrtitieates offset bv cash in treasury , $47dfi.iO)40. ! ) Aggregate of debt in cluding certificates and notes August SI , IStiO , f lrraia,491. ( Total cash iu treasury. $ * i9lJ > r > 7Wl. Debt less sh in treasury Augusts ! , 1KKI , § 5r5r > ria,040. Debt less cash In treasury July : il , l&W , S3rt'as , lia. Ket decrease iu debt during month , $ S ) , OTG. Nebraska. lo\va and Dakota [ "atcnU. WASIIIXOTOX , Sept , 1. ( Special Telegram toTau Bcc.l Pensions were granted today as follows to .Ncbrasltans : Original Isaac Waner , Republican City ; Samuel B. Hughes , Newcastle ; Ira Graves , Galloway ; Nicholas Effel , "Walnut Grovn ; Joseph \ V.Vugner \ , McCool Junction ; James Don cry , St. Ed wards ; John Sherman , Hastings. Restora tion and increase Truman M. CJaIckClarlts. Increase Uasper Canarr , Hny Springs. Keissuo and increase John M , "Whiting , Orleans. Original widows , etc Mary 0. , mother of Edward S. Marble , Albion. Iowa : Original Frederick Debarrinsrton , Atlantic ; Rease Allen , Wayland ; Divld B. Cowiti.Chlllicotlia ; John D. Keagle , Sioux City ; William E. Avres , ( decease J ) , bhonau- dcuh ; Ferdinand Schaueiibursr , Dos Mollies ; Charles Volllkett , Monroe ; \Villiimi H. Sim mers , Oedjr Kaplds ; Joshua Cas- toel , Humeston ; John W. Tan Osdoll , Latoy ; Peter Hamming , Spirit Lake : John S. Coates. Quimby ; JohnXi , Crabtree , Aldcn. Original widows , etc. Elinors of Joseph It. Myers , JcrTorson ; Mary E. , widow of George 1C. Slatt , Eoland ; Wary C. Myers , former widow of Joseph H. Joffer Ellabeth McNattan former Myers , on ; , mer ividoiv of William II. Hall , Oswult ; Caleb , father of James L. Bolej , Ackworth ; Francis , widow oi WllliamE. AyrcsShonan < doah. South Dakota : Original U'illlam S. Uanejv'.VaUJrtown ; Joseph C. himan. Lead City ; Harlan J . Packard , HodUeld. In crease Warren U. Klnnev , Huron. Original vrluows Ingo , ivldow of "Ole Oleson , Madl son. The Carpenters Strike , CHICAGO , Sept. 1. Constructively , all of the union carpenters In Chicago , In number i about eight thousand , are on a strike today , but as they are participating in the Labor day parade there Is no evidence of a strike beyond the Idleness on building * in course of construction similar to that which extends to other branches of labor. I PADDOCK OS THE TARIFF , The Nebriskn Statesman Delivers a Speed before the Senate. HE FAVORS A REDUCTION IN DUTIES , The N J\V 3Icat Inspection lmw One ol' Great liiiport nut ; to West ern People Miscellane ous .Matters , BfiE , | STIICET , > WASIIISOTOX , D. C. , Sept * 1. } Senator Paddock's speech on the tariff this morning attracted great interest and uni versal comment in the ictiate. Immediately after the morning nour the senator arose and for an hour and a half held the attention of his associates while bo expounded what he believed to be the republican tariff doctrine as licld by his constituents In the state of Ne braska. A number of the democratic sena tors crowded around him as he ivas deliver ing his speech and the senate chamber Itself was more thaa ordinarily filled during the progress of his argument The senator spoke freely nnd clearly , and his voice could bo heard la all the gal leries , and his argument was In favor of a reduction of tariff duties within the lines of protection and he Insisted that the west , which had. prospered very largely In spite of the unfair division of the benefit of profection , now demanded that there should be a fairer division of the benefit of that policy. He spoke at length on the question of reciprocity , urging It/as a means for se curing more extended benefits for the west ern agriculturists. Ho called the attention of the senate and congress 10 the situation of the west and insisted that the ivestern agri culturists , who had done as much to develop thoeountry as thoinanufacturersthetnsclvcs , demanded that tariff equalttlon , which was out of balance , should be corrected. At the conclusion of the senator's speech Senator Platt of Connecticut stated that the eulogy which the soc-ator had delivered upon the thrift and prosperity of the ivestern farm ivas one of the sttvnsest of his argu ments for protection. Senator Carlisle added that while ho admitted that the west- era farmer has prospered during the last decade , ho thought his prosperity had been to such an extent In spite of the tariff. When Senator Paddock had finished speaking ho was warmly congratulated by a large number of senators. Senator Paddock's speech was in part as fellows : "Tho power and. nctiievements of the re publican party in the past hnvo been due. primarily , to the excellence of its member ship , but also to the fact tl at it has always been tolerant of difference of opinion within the party ranks. This has been notably so on all economic e-jestlous , nnd conspicuously so as to the tariff. During the ivar and sub sequent to the reconstruction period differ ences were buried , the nim being to rehabili tate trade and industry , and to absorb the soldiers into productive labor. After the es tablishment of our depreciated currency , a revision of the tariff Inws looking to a reduction of the war Imports came to be considered the imperative duty of con gress. Much has since been accomplished on this line , but much , Mill remains to be done. The republican party cheerfully assumes the responsibility of completing this important work. W hlle tiicre are differences of opinion in the party as Jatho details of the .required adjustnijit , -.3rrUfthopriBHa ! pie of protection must be maintained. As to the detlnition of that principle there is no contention within the party , understand \ \ it to mean such protection throujh tariff du ties as will enable the home manufacturer to successfully maintain his Industry and pay the higher prices for labor universally ob taining in this country as ajainst the forci manufacturer andthestarvatiomvagcs almost universally paid abroad. But 4 belief is ob taining that the eastern manufacturers insist < in such an applicationof the principle of pro tection as to insure to themselres excessive profits at the expense of the agricultural class of the country- Senator Paddock regretted that he had been obliged in deference to his convictions cf a proper application of protection to vote against a number of the recommendations of the senate committee on Cnauco. Thean'icultural ; west , us said , believed In a tariff lor the dual object of revenue nud protection. A section least of all directly in terested in the most highly protected indus tries , it had hravelv bomo heavy imposts for the common good. It felt confident that there would bo a gradual lowering of duties In good time. It never dreamed of the indefi nite perpetuation of high protection. TJnal- lured by the cry of a tariff for revenue only the western republicans supported a policy whichtheyholieved was toruforji nud not to renew , to decrease taxation and not to in crease burdens ; which would guard the Interests of the wage-earner without bulwarkIng - Ing insolentagsregatlonsofcapital. Theyuu- dcrstcod revision to mean reductions where possible , and not increases in tariff imports. As a lifo-loajj advocate of a protective tariff , the senator said that he was convinced that a lower range of dut'es ' was demanded , and oughtto be conceded. Thopooplo of the west begin to think , and rightly , that if some of thesomfant industries arc ever to stand alone their hands should bo forcibly released from the skirts of high protection to which they cling , Senator Paddock said ho had voted against all in creases except those relating to agricultural products , believing that agricul ture had less actual protection thim others. Ho said that as to new industries which could show a good case for governmental aid he pre ferred the bounty system to the imposition of a tariff , because ho could not con scientiously vote for any iucrease of tariff Imposts -which would Increase the cost of the article to the poor. For this reason ho Toted for a bounty on tin plato and against the duty , and would vote for free sugar , and la favor of a bounty to producers of beet sugar. Under a bounty system tlio stimulus wmld come from the national .treasury , and the burden be largely borne by the internal reve nue charges. If such taxes proved insuftl- clentbo would cheerfully vote for an income tax , to bo Imposed on great fortunes and not on moderate incomes. Ho spoke at length oa reciprocity , and read from a speech delivered , by himself eleven years before in the sennt , in which he urged reciprocity with South America upon con- press for the benefit of the agriculturist , and In which he insisted that "sooner or later we ousbtandmuitbo pcraiittod to have recipro cal trade relations with these countries. " The senator then discussed the "home market. " Ho said its benefits were not idl one-sided. Ho insisted that the west has in retnrn fur nished eastern mimufacturcrsthe best market oa earth , and in addition , by cheap raw material and cheap food for their operatives , made successful manufacturing and well-fed nnd contented labor possible. The senator from Maryland IMr.GormanJ had spoheu ol the enormous beneficences granted the west by congressional aid to n-ilraads. It may not hnvo occurred to him that these subsidies went into the pockets of the capitalists of the east , who in mariycosei pocketed as profits the value of the whole ktoclr and then made the west pay the ever-recurring cost of these water baths. TheiS is a. good strong , credit balnnco on their side of the ledger. Sedator Paddock said be wanted to soand a note of warning to congress and to the country. The tariff equation was out of balance. It must ba corrected. The senator said that ho believed that our methods of tariff legislation arc largely re sponsible for the dissatisfaction cxpm > sod with the legislation itielf. Ho c-oneodod honesty to those struggling with tie problem , but unfortunately the host informed worUexl largely in the dark. Year by year congress was compelled to take the manufacturer 1 side , to base Its action on one-sided ar.n > incuts and insufficient data. Commltto- rooms were besieged by manufacturers' agents and befuddled -with a fog of statistics [ and tables which show M thct any reductions would mean destruction o ji duotry , He ad- vocatod a permanent , non-pnrtisuutaxifl com I mission , eonposed ot nblo economists nnd statisticians , competent to detect fallacies In statement , nuthonzed to cjarnlno the books and employes of tlieso subsidized industries , and to report to con- press each sc iloti , the results , Ho would ( rlvc them authority to arbitrate labor disputes. He would demand of them the very fullest Investigation of the workings of a pro tective tarifl on all Industries , bat especially on those of millionaire paupers , never PO poor as when pleading with conpress to Increase tie tanff or to refrain from lovrrlng it on articles lu vhoRC production they were inter ested. Honest statistics would then bo assured. They would bo In process ot collec tion whether congress sat or not. Xo one would doubt their correctness , nnd eonpross could tike them and legislate upon them to the satisfaction of thoeountry at largo. He felt that there was sufUclcnt grounds for tariff reduction within protective and repub lican lines without fnlsillcatlon and misrepre sentation. Observations uaro been freelyin- dnlgedin ontlicothersldoabout the impov erished condition of \Vestorufariners duo to tariff protection. Ho would say that agri culture the world over had suffered from a legislative e iusc , but it xvas the de monetization of sliver , not the imposi tion of tariff duties. Priees had fallen S3 per centwhen silver vvas dishonored , but they have cow advanced 20 per cent with the correlative advance in the price of silver bullion , aud under a law- passed by this republican congress. ( Ho had heard protection denounced as rcsponsiblofor every disaster that agriculture Is uelr to. At present he oaly desired to enter a general do- inurrcr against the charges so far as his own state was toncerned. East of the arid holt there was not today , la splto of the drouth of thlsyenr , a more prosperous fanning class on the face of tlio earth tu in tlie farmers of Nebraska. Whethortheyoughtto be more prosnerousunder proper tariff adjustment ho would not now consider. Ho only -wished to say that , considering theirmagulilcent record of progress from the state of the early settler to the competence of the older inhabluut , protection , whether fairly or unfairly nd- jubted , had not in their case bocn thedespflilcr of labor and the great obstacle in the path way of agricultural sacess. The farmers of Nebraska are nclthermendlcantsnorurethey livltiR within the shadow of the poor house. During the last decade they have more than doubled their wealth. Their farms , In mauy Instances , have Increased In value a hundred fold. Overproduction , mwisehasto in mar keting their products , local partial failures of crops , due to tue caprices of nature , have at times lessened the annual rewards of their toil. But they have prospered. The more fact of the depopulation of eastern farms , whose former oceu pints are now western farmers , is the highest of possible tributes to the paramount advantages of the western farm. Thickly-settled valleys , generous farmhouses , hundreds cf striving villages and towns , churches nnd handsome institu tions of learning , aud the thousand and one humbler little school bous.es on the hill tops all the product of barely thirty years of settlement in an agricultural state-give the lie to these extraordinary statements as to the desperate condition q _ Xcbraska fanners. He repudiated them ' nif of the pt'Oplo he represented. The leuU.were false , unwarranted , wicked d malicious. Wealth is reasonably evenly vided inNebraska .Inquiries recently in stituted show * tnat out of fWUK,00'J ) bank de posit , 70 per cent of lhoj.care farmers. This sum would pay off every cent of farm mort gage indebtedness nnd leave a handsome sur plus. The outrageous vaporlngs of dema gogues , anxious to clamber into prominence upon the farmers' back , had lately done more damage to Isebraska than a visitation o : grasshoppers , three successive years of ho : blasts from Indian territory , or ten years duration of the most unjust aud oppressive tariH protection conceivable , The senator then entered -upon a eulogy of Nebraska , its people , institution ? , its intelligence , its thrift , its absence of state debt , its Held for the.profitable investment of capital. In the mighty work of its construction and develop jnoaLsald * the senator , the Nebraska farmer naS'boonT kU thos > froii"fc in'Mnurn'bsrsfjeater , than any other class , In Industry and artlo unsurpassed , and in thrift unrivaled. In conclusion , he said that ho believed tha he truly expressed the sentiments of tbcwes on the tariff question. It was a question o adjustment , not the destruction of tarifl duties. EXAMINING IKTO TTlinC JIELATION'S. 11 was learned today from a source very near to Senator Hoar tbat the special senat committee which has been examining into th trade- relations between Canada and th United States intends to make another west ern trip , visiting Cnicago , Oc'roit ' nnd Buf falo. Already this committee , of which Sen ntorlloaris the chairman , has furnished two huso volumesof testimony concerning trade relations , but the inquiry which will bo the special feature of the licit trip will be as to the desirability of reciprocity with Canada As the gentleman near to Senator Hoa said today. Secretary Blame's plan of reciprocity to the southward had directed attention to slmila relations northward. It was the observation of the committee when they went west th last time that tliera was a general feeling toward reciprocity throughout the north \vcit. Jt. running sentiment of reciprocity i shown throughout the volumes already sub mitkd by the committee , although they cav no particular attention to this branch of iu quiry. Now- , however , as the view of Mr Blalne is likely to ho adopted , the theory be comes applicable to Canadian reciprocity am the committee will endeavor to leave al tticre is in furor of such commercial union with our northern nelgnbors. The Hoa committee bad expected to have time aft the eouiing adjournment to gt to Chi capo , but owing to the length of th session and the fall elections they may li it go over -until spring , They are fully de cidM , however , on continuing thdr invest gations In the west with reciprocity as tt particular cud In view. AS tjsroniu.vAin UKCOVIRT. .An unexpected and for CommissionerRaum and the republicans an unfortunate discover was made by the committee Investiga ting th charges against the commissioner. It w.i' ' that representative Smyser , the secon member of the committee , Is a lieav stockholder In the refrigerator company o which .Mr. Raurn Is president. One of the charges against liaum was that promotio of employes of the pension bureau follo vc uiwn the purchase of refrigerator stwk \ , them. Knowing this Mr. Srayser would have saved much unsatisfactory embarrassment to himself and colleague nnd the speaker had lie declined to serveoii the committee. He did not get out of the position today so creditably as he might nave done , waiting to be almost kicked oil the committee after the exposure in the house Instead of anticipating It by a prompt , Ivoluntary withdrawal when the house wet. TO rncTEXT DEA.U.VG IN" rciinins , A paper is being quietly circulated by the house committee on agriculture withaviciv to getting another hearing for the stock "gambling bill , " as Mr , Butterivorth's measure to prevent dealing in options and futures Is called. The paper is a request to the committee on rules to report a rule for the consideration of the Buturworth hill within the next ten days. Two days for Its' ' consideration are wanted and the previous question is to be called afterthattime. About forty members have thus far signed the paper and the chairman of the agricultural com- mltteo thought that to would have enough signatures by night to make a formidable showing towards giving the bill a hearing. 11 was one of the measures to bo heard whoa the agricultural wjimittee recently liact sev eral days at their disK ] > sal , but tha contest over the pure lard measure forced the option bill out of place. Before it could bo taken the tirno fixed for considering labor measures had arrived. It is now being suggested by friends of tlio option hill that one of the par- poses of prolonging the lard fight waste 1111 off the option bill. TIIEMIUTIN&rHCTlOX 11ILU The meat Inspection bill , which ha Just bccomea law after being befcro congress nearly the entire session. Is of particular In terest aua importance to western packers , a delegation of whom visited Washington to confer with the committee in charge of the measure during its preliminary stages. 'J'ho inspection is pl.icod unaer the cliirgo of the socroury ol agriculture and is couffncl to salted pork and lucon , It is to bo made only when the laws orregnlations of the country to which it is to ba reportel require inspec tion In relation to the Importatica thereof or vhcn any buyer , teller or exporter if the meats shall request it. iirxvtloTi is to be made at the place where 10 meats arc packed and at thepnico of cx- lortatlori If thcswrctary shall deem a reln- pectlon necessary , or If there has bocn no nspcettoii at the place o I : Kicking. One copy T the inspector's report shall bo given tclhe ilppcr , one. copy shall be attached to the in * olceand one snail bo filed with the secre- iry of agriculture. Attached to tlie bill nro rovhlons forbidding the importation of idultcnitod fooJi , arups or divuk ! or live tocltthnt have boon exposed to Infection ito the United States. The bill vas oripi- nlly ilwwn with i vlw of ivcrromlti ; the objections urged by 'Yeiich ' nnd German authorities to an importation to these countries of the | iorlc irodacts ef the United Slates by giving otll- lal assurance of thoquallty of the meat. The ) llo\vlnp \ retaliatory section was mlded by 10 committee on foreign relations of the onate. In owe the restrictions against vholcsotne American pork were not wltli- raun bv these govern meiits that whenever ho president shall ho satlslled that unjust iscrimlnations are maJo by or under the uthorlty of aty foreign state against the 1m- rartatlon to or sale In such foreipn state of tid product of the United States he mny di- octthat such products of such foreign state o discriminating against any product f the United Staus as ho may eem projier shall be bo excluded from mportatlon to the t'nlteil States , nnd n such case ho shall rnal o proclamation of ds direction In the premises and therein mine the time when such direction against mportatioti shall take cfl&ct , and after such late the importation of tlio articles named in uch proclamation , shall bo unlawful. The iretldent may at any time revoke , modify , ennlnatoor renew any such direction as , iu ils opinion , the public interest may require. " rho above section had the approval of the soustltutlonal lawyers cf the committee nnd s beld to bo apreeedentfor plvitipthe resi dent similar powers under the proposed reel- troclty amendment to the tariff bill.A > yet 10 appointments have heen made by bocre- ary Rusk , but bo will put the provisions of he bill into operation as rapidly as possible. Mr. Henry T. Oxnnrd of Grand Bland is in he city and will remain durinc the \vcelt \ vhlle thosugar schedulers considered lytho senate. Ho was an interested listener to Senator Paddock's speech upon the tarifl nnd it its conclusion xcry warmly congratulated the senator upon that portion relating to the sugar Industry and tbo interests of Nebraska n protecting the same. Representative Plcklet returned to the city today nndvas In his seat in the house this afternoon. Mr. Picklersaul he believed the republican state ticket would be elected be yond a doubt. Sieaator I'ottigrcw is expected to arrive in Washington about the nlddlcof next week. S , Iiiini. \ < i ixrr. No Attempt : \InUe to AVrcclc tl > c Cliicajjo Express Saturday. -AtjJAsr , N , V. , Sept l.-SiKdal [ Tele gram to Tac Br.rt. ] It looks no w as If the story of an attempt to wreck the castbound Chirago express near ICarners on Saturday mornlnp ivas not founded on facts. John Bosch , a reputable citizen ofthis city , made a statement tonight which tends to shoivthat no obst ruction was placed OB the tracit , Mr. Bosch with James Mahr. Thomas Patton , Edward Walsh , JYaiilt Fisher and Eugene Gorhamwercin the forward coai-h of the train and were returning from a fishing ex cursioii to the St. Lawrence.Vhcn the train slowed up and finally stopped a short distance west of ICnruers , Mr. Bosch and his companions g-ct off and went nbeadof the locomotive toflnd out what was tbo matter. There was no obstruction on the trark nor ivcrn 1here slcns that the rails had been re moved. Tu ere was nothing near the track that could have obstructed it. Ko one wai tinciUtd , Spsig one said ( hero had been trouble with the"alrbrak'bs"an"d ; no.further explanation was given , T\'obody said any thing about an obstruction oathotrac . "I iiin iiota Knight of Labor , " said Mr. Bosch , "but when I read in the papers of the attempt to wroclt a train I thougbt It no more than riiht ; to state the facts in the case in order that unjust suspicion may be re moved from those upon whom it mny have fallen. " Mr , Bosch says his companions are ready W corroborate his statement. fit OICM ItJj L The Korivejrian About to K\plorc Loiter Sew Mexico mill . \rlziiui. ) PUIXCETOS , X. J. , Sept. 1 , [ Special Tc-lo- gram to TUB 33rx. ] 1'rof , Carl.L.umholtz , the Norwegian explorer who was made fam ous among geographers by his expeditions In .Australia , is about to explore lower Xciy Ivlcxicoaud Arizona "under the direction of the American geographical society of JCw York. Abouladoren scientists , arcb.eoloirists , botanists and zoologists will accompany him. Professor Llbbey of Princeton university , ivho is - well mathematician a goop-aphcr as as a tician , is among this prominent pumbtr. The special object of the expedition is to examine the remains of anriciitcivillzatiqn antedating , it Is said , that of the .Arctecs existing princi pally in the Gila valley in the northwest piirt of Arizona. The peculiar habits of tlie uiil and Kavajo Indians will also be Investigated. An Iiit er.'st Ing Jtoiiiance , CiiAMnEiuux , S. D. , Sept. 1. | Special to THE lei : . ] An interesting romance comes from tbe Crow Creei reservation , n. r. Balcn , a badly crippled veteran of the civil war and now a settler on these lands , has just received Intelligence tbat makes his heart glad. Some fourteen years ago , while living in Missouri , Mr. Balch's little ptrl , then only flro years old , ivas stolen from licr Lome by some unknown persons , aud for man y years , although much money and time ivas oipendod In the search , no trace of the lost ono could bo found. Mr. Balch had given up allhopoof ever seeing his daughter ugaln , until recently , when a communication from lilm to the authorities in Washington In regard to his pension m some way found Its way into tie newspapers and mcttbcdaufh- ter's eye , ivho was living in Ttijp.s. She at at once ojened ] corninunlcntlon with her fathernnd succeeded by a pair of her dead mother's earrinps. which she wore at the time of her abduction , nnd In other ways , in convincing the old gentleman beyond doubt that she was his long-lost daughter. The old man's gladness knew no bounds and he can hardly contain himself until the arrival of his daughter , wtio is now on her way to oln him at his reservation home , Found llcjul In the II n.tl , Ivan , , Sept. 1. [ Special Tele gram to THU Bn : . ] Fred Haggart , a promi nent farmer \Vusbingtontoivnship \ , Jewell county , and an active memoer of the alliance , was found dead iu tbo road with his neck troken Saturday morning' . Ho had been at tending a mooting of the alliance nil day Fri day and part of tbe night , and it is presumed that lie fellfrorahls hort > e while asleep on the way liome. His horse was found loosointho stable Saturday morning- . C for Ji F ATCIIISOX , Ivan. , Sept , 1 [ Speeial to THE lien. ] W , L. Pauikner Is ivantcd at Republic City , llepublic county , fcr fraud. Ho was formerly in business there and dis appeared on Friday leaving tundry debts , Among otler frauds bo borrowed money oa wheat aud other commodities upon which ho gave chattel mortgages and afterwards old thorn to other parties , rocolviriKlhe cash. Hi * steals will amount to over &i , K ) , all done in ten days. Faulkner was traced to Atcui- * on and was seen hero Friday night , but left before morning , to tie Armenians , CoxsTASTixorLK , Sept. 1 , The Armenian patriarch , after a canfcrenco witl the lul- i taa'ssct-rctary , has obtained an irudu a seiit- Inir to all the demands mads by the patri- i arch , Includinc tbe restoration of aJl tin- ' privileges of tno .Armenian church arid the improvement ol the condition of , . In Atla Minor , I T\\ENT- \ \ ; . THOUSAND IN CMP. . ' * > ' " < ' ) Magnified , C-j union of Nelraska Veterans Island. Erand PALACE OPENS TODAY. Governor Tl Lf VVIII lie tlie Ornto * of the I > njSEio ? City it P.cwIUlcr- Inj : M * i of Gorgeous Decorations , GIIAXB Isr.AX , N'eb , Sept. l.-f Special Telegram to TUB } ) ni3-Cainp Crooii presents a scene or life and interest that is highly gratlfjlnt * ; to the reunion committee , who have. labored incess antly for the cause , livery train lodaj has been loaded \vith old soldiers'and visitor ! mill the stroeti leadlnp to the grounds uavo been a continuous line of inarching squads and bands. The camp ii beautifully located in \vc3ternpartof tie city and Is nuchod by the Union I'aciflo and B. & M. railwuyi and the street railway. The programme of the day was c.irrioJ out under cliargoof Gcuoral Morrow and Quar termaster Hoivcll. At ) ; no Lyons post and the reception committee headed by thu Tiventy-nrst United States infantry band mt'tl'astCoimnander-iii-ChScf ' Itca , Depart * ment Commander Clarkson , Ctlcf of Stall Burmcster and Assistant Adjutant Gineral Sawhilland escorted them to the Miner house. AtJ7:3O : they were driven to the grounds , where they wore received by Gcn crnl Morrow and sttilT and Colonel Carl A , Woodruff and staff , with a salute of twenty-one puns. Owing to the failure of the electric light company to fulfill their contract the ramp \vas in darkness and they weiv unable 19 carry out the programme. Tlio 'l' ' > venty-lirt Umtod Stat-es Infiintry band pave a concert , General Km deliversiin address tomorrow at 10 a. , m. and at i p. m. Governor Thaycr and stall will arrive. Already inoro anpifci * tions liavo been made for quarurs than at any other reunion In tlio history of the. 2Ce- bia ka Oranil army of the Republic. To morrow morning at T10 ; ! the. ciiuip will la turned over to Commander Clarluou and tla lincst jTOsrainiiie ever pro.sent < od the veter ans will bo carried out during the week. Grand Island bai donned a holiday attire , Business and private residences uro gorge ously dceorateuvith Uniting , Chinese lan terns iiud sugar bwts. Immense arches ham bocn erected all along the business streets , and the route to tie reunion grounds is a con tinuous line of beautiful decwations. Already there nro tiO.OOO vets and soldiers encamped and every train is loaded with campers and visitors , but tie committee has done its work so thoroughly that all ilid quarters. General Morrow , commatiding the Twenty-first United States infantry , from Fort Sidney , went intocatii ] ) Saturday even ing. The baud gave a concert at 4ib ; p.m. yesterday. The supar beet palace will bo formally opened tomorrow at : t :30 : p. in. Mayor Platt will deliver tlio "inmiug address. The orator of the day will be Governor Thayer , followed by the members of his staff , ivhovlll accompany him. The music will bo .furnished by the Twenty-first "United States infantry band mid tiveuty other visiting binds. Sherman's ItcuiprooltjAmendment. . WASUJXOTONSent. . 1. Souutor Sherman's proposed amendment to tbetariff bill , which provides for reciprocity ii the frea entry ol coal from one country into Juicthcr , reads : "AiTd whenwer It shall'be duly certiflod to the nivsident of the United States tliat the government of tlio Dominion of Can ada has declared a desire to enter Into such commercial nrrutipcmcnts with the United States as ivill result in com plete rr partial removal of the duties upon trade between Canada and the CnltoJStates , he shall appoint three commissioners to meet those who may ho designated tori-present the government of Canada to consider the method cf extending ; tie trade relations uetweea Canada and the Unltul States and to ascer tain on wbat terras greater freedom cf iutcr- omrso bet ween the two coantrics can best ba secured ; and said commissioners shall report to thoprcsilcitwhoshiilllay ( the reportho- fore congress. " Left by allriual AVI To to Zic. ATCIHSOS , Ivan. , Sept. 1. [ Special Tele- pram to "Iim Uni-.J-Carolino Johnson , col ored , left town Friday morning to visit friends in Kansas City , leaving Jesse John son , her husband , seventy yean old , who la sick nud rlieumatlc , alone In their hut. Ihls afternoon the neigh bors rnlsst-d the old maa and a policeman wbo investigated the case foumlliiin In a dyiiifjconditloii , wasted from fever and weak from starvation. He was able to say thut no had not bad food or d rials since Thurjday night , He will die. Throe Burned to Dcat.li , Covo. Sept. l.-Tho Wclfordhousoburnea early this morning. The flro faufc'lit in a room oil the second floor occupied ly an In valid , who , it is thouirlit , ticked over a lamp. Throe persons vere burned to death. Ona has heen identifioj \Villriir ! > Pry or , a "West ern "Union line repairer , but tho" others uro unknown Sorao other parties barolv es caped and all the property xvas totally do- btroyed. Silver l c'jit. 1. The amount of sil ver offered to the treasury department today was l/ilS.MiO / ounces. The acceptances vero lin 0ounees atfl.lSi'i' ' , and 13.1,000 , ounces at H.lO'i ' , orl.VJ,5M ounces In all , The total amount purchased since j\ugust iy , the date when the present Jaw vent Into effect , 1 8JKHMK ) ounces , leaving1 but l WKa ( ounces to be purchased between now and the 13th , last. Hvprrlttiu'etl u Qfcncc , Sept. l.-Tho Dominion line summer "Vancouver , Captain TyuiUU , from Liverpool , August 21 , arrived hero today after a rough passage. After weathering a stonnsho was enveloped In a thick fog and kurrounciwi by icclicr s. She struck ono ahouta inllo in width , but fortunately , owin to careful handling , escaped berlous damage , DlHasirons IOMII Incendiary Plrc. IOIVA CITV , la. , Sept. 1. Fire last night almost totally destroyed the town of Oxford , west of tills city. Nearly all tlio huslnesa part and man ? private residences n-ero burned. The postolncq baric , cna many other buildings were dcstrovod. The fire was undoubtedly iiirendiary , The Uro bell rope was cut. The loss is estimated at 25,000 to iO,000 , _ ' Callfoiula. STOCKTON- , Gala , Sept. 1. Information ha * bocn rocelvcn from San .Andreas of a tcrrlbls truKedy at West Point , Calavoras county , Friday night. Invblcti a inaa named Gal- laj-'iier shut his wife fatally , Hllod his ROB , a od ten years , and then uommittcd sulcldo. Thotratjedy vas thcrosult of a lit of drunken frcczy. _ I > eatl > ol' MIK. Axx AiinouMich. , Sept. 1 , Mary Eliza. hethCooley , vvlfo of Judo Thomas M. Ccoley , chairman of the Interstate ) commerce com * mibsloa , dlod aiherbomoln Aim Arbor yes- day of cancorcl the stomach , Victim * or tlie Clmlera. Ciiuo , Sept , 1. Since Tuesday last Iberfl have boon forly-oifht fresh cases of cholera in EITorouiidciirhlocn doatln. To JtcllcM'Oluliiiiii' ; ( x , .Sept. 1Tho president thil apprcivcdctho ) < .int resolution f < l an appitipriution for the rulicl of the dcstl tu'e/ii Okluhoiui.