Newspaper Page Text
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE , SIINDAX * JANUARY 18 , 1891.-SIXTEEN PAGES ,
THE PACKER AND PRODUCER , What is the Explanation of the Era of Low Cattle Prices. OVER-PRODUCTION , OR SOMETHING ELSE ? . BIr. Armour's Argument ItcvlowoU In. tlio Light of Lmtcst Statistics Annlynli of the Supply nml JUcinniul. What Is the explanation of the continued low prices iccolvcd by the producers in the three largest cattle markets of the United States ! That Is a question Intimately connocl-cd with the prosperity of n great industry la Mobraskn , Iowa , Kansas and other western states. Volumes have been written upon it. Two answers have been suggested. "It is the packers' trust , " soy thousands of stock rais ers and feeders. "It is over-production , " re turn Mr. Armour and his associates. It Is worth wnilo to study both theories In , the light of the latest statistics. In the fall of 18S3 Senator Vest and his fa mous committee , consisting of Messrs. Coke , Plumb , Mnndorson and Fiirwcll , started out on a bold expedition to explore the subject In nil Its labyrinthine details. At their first session in Chicago they ran up against a stump. Mr. Philip D. Armour declined to an swer questions about his prlvato busi ness. Senator Vest raved and sputtered , and "Charley" Furwcll tried the goalie arts of persu lon , but Mr. Armour remained un moved. Several months later , however , ho thought better of the matter and submitted an elaborate statement in writing. That statement probably the ablest presentation of his slue of tbo question over written has since been extensively quoted ns the true ex planation of the fact that the stockralser on the prairies of Nebraska and Kansas can not make a living , while the packer apparently continues his triumphal march to the condi tion of a multi-millionaire , nnd the public continues to pay a good round price for its elrloln and roasts. In bis statement to the congressional com mittee , Mr. Armour said : "In my opinion the leading cause of the decline in cattle values is the over-production and over-mar keting of cattle , especially of that grade known ns range or southwestern catt'c. ' " Ho proceeded ta fortify his argument by saying that reckless speculation in ranch properties had resulted In great losses , nnd that as a consequence the market had been flooded with Iho stock of mon who were determined to sell out and quit the business. Ho then complained that American cattle had sus tained a severe repulse in the foreign market. "Tho competition which has grown up within two or three years in the vast cattle raising regions of South America and Now Zealand , " said Mr. Armour , "Las aided to depress the price of range cattle and all the products from thcso cattlo. These causes have also aided to depress the price of what is known us uatlvo cattle that is to say , cattle tlo from such states as Illinois , Iowa. Kan sas , Missouri and Nebraska. " IIo proceeded to show , tnat.botwcen 1884 and 1883 the value of beef and mutton imported into the United /jifingdom from this country bad steadily do- * crcasrd while the importation of the same products from Uruguay , Ar gentine , New Zealand and Australia had correspondingly Increased. "Tho differences in the prices obtainable for canned meats bos boon mot o marked than upon any other pro duct of beef , " ho continued , "and it is the direct result of the over-production nnd over- marketing of inferior southwestern cattle , and to compotitioa with cheap frozen mutton and bcof from Australia , Now Zealand and South American countries. " As a further explanation of the low prices prevailing la 1888 ho demonstrated that there had been a steady decline In the market price of hides and olco oil during the 1 five previous years. IIo also quoted the retail prices of meat to show that the consumer was receiving some of the benefits of the reduced prices paid to tbo producer. IIo presented figures to show that the railroads had discriminated against rather than iu favor of the packers , aim pro duced an abstract from the books of Armour & Co. in proof of his statement that In 18S3 his 11 nn netted only ? 1.3 on onchof the 1110,04'J ' cattle slaughtered a total profit for the year of $413,691.78. , Even at thcso Oo- presslng figures the great packer onjoyei ) a prospsrlty which.fow producers on the prai ries of Nebraska were fortunate enough to share In any measure , either in 1883 or in 1800. 1800.Now , let the argument by which Mr. Armour Justifies this era of low prices bo ox- nmlueil In the light of the latest and best available facts and figures. Throughout his elaborate statement ho bases his loglo upon the undeniable economic truth that the three elements in cattle , as In nil other values , ore Supply , Demand , Cost of production. Ho asserts that the low prices nro duo to the altogether phenomenal supply , resulting from the reckless unloading of speculative ranches two years ago ; to the diminishing de mand , resulting from now competition In the foreign market ; and to tbo disregard of the cost of production on tbo part of frantic ranch owners , anxious to quit the business. If it can bo shown that prices today are practically Just where they were la 18SS , while the demand has gained enormously on the supply , and the cost of production has been largely enhanced , why docs not Mr. Ar mour's explanation of the low prices of 18 ! > 3 become the producer's ' Justification for a de mand for good prices in 18'J1 ' ? If Mr. Armour's theory about the reckless overinarkutlng ot cattle two years ago Is cor rect , It is safe to assume that there Is now no such extraordinary over-supply of stocit on the western and southwestern ranges as then existed. When to that fuel is added the no torious truth that in the last two severe win ters those sections have suffered a still fur ther loss of cattle , them is cortaiuly good rea son to bollovo that prices are no longer men- need from that direction. As a matter of fact , however , tbo receipts of 18Kstiil ! ) exhibit n gain over those of ISbU , us the following statement , compiled from the latest reports , shows : 1889. 1800. ChlciiRO 8,023'JSl a,4s-iyso Kansas City : 1,220,313 Omnha -107,340 000,009 Total 4,710,004 5,503,203 These figures show an increase of a trlllo over 18 per cent for the production of lhS > 9 over 18UO. A statement of the number of cattle Iu tbo country January 1,1891 , would throw still further light upon the subject , but to a request for this Information the statistician of the agricultural department at Washington telecrupns that the figures are now being revised aud are not yet ready for publication. The supply of cattle in the three great markets of the United States increased last year 18 per cent. Now how about the dtv maiuU The following table , cs | > eclally com piled for this artlclo by the department nt Washington , tells the story of the luimnuso increase of tlio foreign market for American bcof In the last twelve months : Statement showing the quantity nud value of stock and meat products exported In 1889 nnd Ib'JO. 51 ft LA. P B . . s ? pp In otbor words , the foreign demand for American beef Increased over M ! 1 per cent Jn 18'JO. ' To this figure there Is to bo added nt least U per cent for , ho Increase in domestic consumption , f wo reckon it only on the basis of the nor- : r.nl annual increase In population nnd allow i'otblng for the growing appetlto of tno free iVmcrlcan citizen. gainst n supply IS per cent larger limn in .U , wo put n demand larger by nearly 59 per cent , which ought to tell heavily in the ; > roduccr's ' favor. Thcro Is still lobe reckoned in hissidoof the scale the important fact that the cost of production has largely In creased because of the scarcity of corn , which , in the feeding districts , cost GO cents per bushel la Ib'JU ' against 1U cents In ISS'J. ' And yet the range of prices from the moment when Mr. Armour presented his argument to the senatorial committee on November 80 , 1SS3 , has been as follows : EXTllEJIK I'lllCKS 'OU NATIVE CATTLE. TEA11S. I'OUnilS I'DMIMlS. I'oumK .lU ll.2.Vlii.l/0 / IJ.7.VJ18.40 1SS9 3.15HC.10 ISS3 . 1 2.7f/.li,40 4.003T.UU Is It not plain that every factor oy which 1'hillp 13. Armour Justified the crushing prices of November , 1SSS , stands reversed iu favor of the stock rnlsor and feeder in Janu ary , 1891 ? In spite of the competition ot Soutli America , Now Zealand and Australia , his foreign market alone has increased In ono year moro than C5 per cent. Hcckonlng the Increase of the domestic market at the low est figure , the entire demand shows n net gain of 40 per cent on the supply as com pared with 1889. It Is not to bo claimed that prices have been appreciably lowered since the date of his argument by reason of any further fall In the market price of hides and oleo oil , or reductions In the retail price of beef. His own argument Justifies the asser tion that there is no longer such abnor mal competition from the west and southwest as that which knocked down the prices a few years ngo. Mcanwhilo the Increase of nearly 400 per cent In the price of feed , patent to everybody , proves tbo greatly enhanced cost of raising good beef for tlio market. If it bo true , as Mr. Armour claimed In his argument , that there Is no unholy combina tion among the four packers who occupy the markets to wipe out the healthy clement of competition , nnd that the natural laws of supply and demand regulate the price of cattle tlo as they most unmercifully regulate the price of corn , docs not the present situation demand the return of prosperity to the cattle industry ? Will not tbo developments of the early fu ture satisfy reasonable mon , either that the business of producing a great staple of human llfo is fairly remunerative , or that some mon ster ot commerce has It by the throat ) W. E. S. AJHIXG TMEAM.lTEUltS , Matteson will play with the Shamrocks. Patterson will captain the West Oinahas. Miller will captain the 1'luttsmouth team. Jerry Mohonoy led tbo indoor league in batting. Jack Morse may play with the Crane com pany's ' team. The West Omaha team will likely secure the oponiug of the Blair grounds. Stroble of the Nebraska Citys is a very awkward fielder , but is a sure catch. Tow was offered a place on the West Oma ha team , but Blair would not lot him go. Missouri Vtilloy will have a team , but not as creed a ono as represented them the past season. Win Camp of the West Oinahns was the speediest and bast pitcher iu the indoor league , IIoxlo of last year's Union Pacifies would bo a good man for some team. As a coacher ho is Immense. James of last season's ' Nebraska Cltys is a flno little player. IIo has uot signed as yet for next season. Jimmy Hart , the popular second baseman , Is president of the Union Pacific , not the rail road , but the band. Tom Patterson says no Is still "in It" nnd will show them how first base should bo played next season. What the Crane team needs most Is a good catcher. As it now stands , they have uo ono that can hold Williams. The Plnttsmouth team has a second base man In Powers , a regular Jack Crooks. Ho is also a good hard hitter. Walker is a great find for the Plattsmouth toam. Ho has a good record as a catcher and surely looks llko a ball player. Miller is one of the best base runners in the western country , IIo has a record of thirty niuo stolen bases in nluo games. In four games that Hart twirled ngains' ' the strong Lincoln Giants last season , only thirteen hits were made off him. Toner denies the report that ho will clvoup ball playing the coming season , but lustcai will bo in it stronger than over. Patterson bos already selected a few gooc wagon tongues with which ho will knock out home-runs aud three-Daggers as usual. Captain Shannon says the West Omahns will not take a game from his team this season. Walt , wo shall sco about that. The Eden Musecs nro the champions of the Indoor league , Nonpareils second , West Omiihas third and Crane company fourth. Hurley may try his hand nt pitching this season. Barring a little wlldncss ho is nl right , having lots of speed nnd good curves , The Eden Musoos and West Otnnhas will likely give an exhibition of indoor baseball at Nebraska City if satisfactory terms can bo arranged. Cnrrlgan's Indoor team was n failure. They did not win a gamo. Jack swears ho will have revenge ou the all when the outdoor season begins. Blair is still negotiating with Kchn nnd Graves of last year's Missouri Volley team and ns matters now. stand will likely secure thcso promising players. Stonoy should develop Into a good plavcr this season , IIo in a strong thrower , line fielder and has n good eye for the ball. lie plays with the West Omaha team. The Indoor league closed the season las Wednesday evening with a game between the Musces and Nonpareils , which ended la victory for the former by a score of 11 to 1. Sam Patterson , pitcher of the Plattsmouth team , made a record last season nt Shonan ilonli , la. , that is bard to boat. He pitcbci four games iu succession and won three o them. Gatewood is still in the city. Ho would like to hear from a minor league team in need of a second-have man. llarvoy is a good ball player aud what is more , a perfect ecu tlenian , Boymor of Missouri Valley hasnotyotgo over his team two defeats administered by the City Steams the past season. IIo wll huvo a goou chance to got back at them the coming season. G nllaghor , the crack shortstop of last year's Lead City , S. D. , team will in all probability bo with them again this yoar. Ho Holds his position finely , besides being a good out timely hitter. "Spud" Forrlsh will hnvo control of the Kdon musco team the coming season , and i is hoped that ho will endeavor to shako a few of the played out dubs who have figured on his team year after yoar. The Nonpareil club 13 a good example o what practice does for a team. When the season Is in full blast they can bo seen prac tlclngon their grounds ovorv day , nnd whllo not having uny great individual players their team work is excellent anil at the cm of ttioseason they are always on top. From the present outlook tbo baseball sea son in this part of the country promises to bo a good ono. The stuto league will surely nan out and all the towns represented are hustiini to sccurp good men. There are several goo * ' ion ) In Omnha that can bo secured Gatewood , Thompson , Lou and Win Camp Eddlngcr , Wilson und Mclroso. 'OVER ' OF MODERN CHURCHES t is Not Oonfintd Mono to Pulpit Toiohl' g and Worship. THE WORK OF THE INDIRECT INFLUENCES , Preparations fur nil Kplsoopnt He- treat t Trinity Cathedral The AVnok's Work cjf 1'nstura anil Tliolr People. Thcro la a widespread tendency that has shown itself of la to years among Intelligent ml skeptical pcoplo to disparage the work and Inlluonco of the Christian churches , it s frequently asserted that the power of the church among men Is upon tlio wane and thnt here is very llttlo good in modern church worship. Speaking of thcso ognostio opla- ons a lending minister of Omaha said ono lay lust week to a BKB reporter : "SiiporJIclal observers , and particularly hose who want to assign some reason for scoffing nt Christianity , give the churches credit for hut a very meagre part of the good they accomplish. Your modern ng- nestle seems to thluk that unless Christian ministers and professors of Christ ianity nro constantly searching in the gui- ; ors for dissipated and degraded men and women , they have ceased to bo of any ac count as moral teachers or workers. Skeptics and scoffers seem to hclluvo that the only way io clovato the human race In the moral scale is to dovotonll the titno and energy that can ho utilized to the uplifting of the lowest and vilest , neglecting the moro r > spcetnblo and permitting these who arc monilly inclined to shift for themselves. Save the vilest by all means und lot the comparatively good sink or swim as they may , appears to ho the theory of modern skepticism. How often you hoar the remark : 'Yes , there is largo , flno church with n largo congregation of very tsl'.D people , but what Hoes that amount to ) L.'o'i at tlio wickedness that surrounds the chu".h on nil sides , Thcro nro numerous gambll-if dens and hrothels within half a mlle of the church door. There is poverty and want and critno all about this house of worship , and what docs It amount tol" That line of argu ment is on a level with the common absurd ity that vou frequently hear urged against the medical profession , to the effect that the doctor * kill moro people than tlioy cure. There nro pcoplo unreasonable enough to hold the physician responsible for the death of every patient who dies whllo under his treat ment. If mon and women were physically perfect then the medical profession might succeed in exterminating cer tain tyccs of disease , and death might bo almost completely routed oxceping in the natural channels of his dominion. Hut with a myrlud of physical imperfections and monstrosities to com end with the pnyslcian does well to hold the Hold against dlsoaso and death in CO per cent of the cases that como under his treatment. So It is in tlio moral and spiritual world. If the human race could bo freed from the moral alcers and deformities that have comedown down to us as a heritage , from the ignorance and the strifes and the calamities of the past then the teachings of Christianity mlpht bo expected todrlvo sin and darkness before it HUe the mist before the rising sun. But sin Is in the world. It has fastened itself in the very flbro of men's hearts and the moral teacher does well if he , like the physician , holds the field and wards oft the baneful effects of sin from oven a part of the community. Skeptics foil to give the churches credit for the provontatlvo or restraining effects of re ligious teaching. Christianity is both a restorative - storativo and a provcntatlvo and should have credit for saving people from sin and misery , no matter which way the work has been ac complished. There nro thousands of happy and respectable people in the world today who imagine they owe nothing to the teach ings of the Christian church , when as a mat ter of fact their own good standing among raon has been the result of early religious training. Surrounded differently iln youth , they would have gone into paths of slnfulness and vice and could not hnvo gained the conlidenco and respect of their follow men which thov now enjoy as a birth right and for which they ore very ungrate ful. The restraining Influence of the church is today accomplishing moro than oven the most energetic Christian workers imagine. Millions of children are growing up in the Sunday schools and stopping right on into the church. Their minds are being trained to shun and shut out the follies and vices that sap the moral stamina of youth and bring sorrow and ruin to many a llfo. Let the skoptio and the scoffer visit the Sunday schools of Omaha a few weeks mid then express his opinion. If ho is an honest , nmu ho will commend the work und admit that what ho supposed to bo a sleeping church is not waning in Its Influence but growing in quiet , resistless power that will go on and on to bless and clcvato mankind. Your modern skoptio is also silent when the churches step forward to rsllovo distress. Take the present coso of destitution in the western couiuics of our own state. To whom did Governor Thayer go when ho wlshoa to make an appeal for assistance ) Did ho call a meeting of the prominent agnostics and in- lldelsl Did ho make an inquiry for men who believe Robert Ingorsoll's theories and ma lign and scoff nt Christianity ) Not nt all. Ho called especially upon the ministers or the gospel , and he called not In vain. Every church in Omaha , and I pre sume every lending church in Nebraska , re sponded. The ladies of these Christian de nominations became energetic and enthusias tic workers in this laudable effort to relieve distress and destitution. Not forgetting of course that much of the goods collected came from nonbellcvers , the fact remains that for immediate relief and help the churches of our stnto proved to bo ono of the most Important and effective agencies. This is said humbly and with no spirit of vain boasting , for it was the Christian duty of the church pcoplo to como to the relief ol their fellow creatures ; but It goes to show that the church Is ready at all times and is constantly and quietly doing a vast amount of work that skeptics and scoffers never mention or admit when Hinging venom at Christianity. " A Spiritual Itctront. Dean Gardner Is preparing for a"retroat" to bo hold at Trinity cathedral. A retreat is something like a mission. Usually retreats nro hold for clergy or for churcn workers , as missions nro hold for wliolo congregations or communities of pee ple. As Christ said to Ins apes ties , "Como yo yourselves apart and rest awhile for there nro many coming and going , and yo have no lelsuro'1 ( for spiritual thlnu's ) , so the church now and then calls her special workers apart away from tholr busy round of tasks and their routlno of services and study into a place of retirement and spiritual rest. Some bishop or priest specially trained and spe cially qunlltlod by natural endowments is chosen and a place is selected where there will bo as littlo" interruption as possible. These who nro to make the retreat nssombio and under the direction of the chosen leader they give themselves to prayer and medita tion and the hearing of spiritual ins true lions. Such n gathering has been arranged for the clergy of this diocese by Bishop Worthington - ton in St. Matthias church , Soutn Tenth street , beginning January l7 ! and ending Juu uary 80. Hov. Father Hall of the Society of St. John the evangelist , who resides in Boston nnu who has a wide-spread reputation for learn ing and godliness , and a largo experience In missions und retreats , will have charge of this retreat. On Friday , January 81 , this same priest will hold a quiet day for women in the cntha- dral. Beginning at 0 a. in. with a celebration of the holy communion , the whole day will bo devotud to Instructions and meditations , with prayers and Intercessions. All women of the city arc , wo understand , cordially invited to attend the quiet day. Cliuroli Mules. Hov , S. P. Merrill will go to Council "Bluffs today to pronoh the dedicatory sermon at the Trinity Methodist church. Ilev. S. D. Uodobough of Morrridon , Neb , , is in the city for the purpose of conducting a series'of meetings at Walnut Hill. Kovlval meetings seem to bo the order of the day. There Is a mooting of much Inter est in progress at the Second Presbyterian church and ono uttho Castellar street church , and another at Newman Methodist church. The llrst Baptist cbnrch has a very success ful meeting in progress and tbo Hauscom 'ark ' Methodist church' U warming up under n scries of special service * . The ladles of the St. Mary's avcnuo Con gregational church K&VO n vcrv enjoyable upper nt the church last Friday evening for ho benrllt of tbo organ fund. Hov. J3. S. Kftlstorfdi the Plymouth Con- grognttonal church In' Lincoln has resigned and a committee has.bron appointed to luvcs- Igato the causes of the difficulty , which are aid to be financial. ' Hov. II. N. bmith bf the Saratoga Congro- ratlonnl church prcaqhed last Sunday in lock Springs , \Vyo. , and boa been urged by tlui people out there to' ' become their nastor. Vs yet ho has not fully jnado up his mind. Rov. C. W. Morrld of Minneapolis will spend two mouths In fsobrnska holding special services in the Congregational churches of 'York , Kearney , Fremont and other places. Ho will begin nt York on Feb ruary 10. The Young Men's Christian association rymnaslum Is growing rapidly in popularity , lomorrow evening there will ho a free OIKJII- ng. The exercises will bo Just the sumo ns on any regular exorcise evening so thnt all who attend may see exactly the class of work done In the gymnasium. The scheme not only brings in a largo sum if money , but It has n tendency also to tench ho children habits of economy and frugality. ! t teaches them that much may bo made out of n llttlo If properly managed. The csult of the experiment In the First ; 'lrst Methodist Sunday school will bo bo watched with great interest. The plan to establish n hospital in Omaha under tlio management of the Methodist church has boon for the present abandoned , but It is altogether probable that It will bo opened up again in the spring and will prob able como ns a special work for the deacon esses of the church. In Chicago and elsewhere - where the deaconesses huvo demonstrated tholr capability In the line of hospital man agement and when the Methodist hospital jomcs It will doubtless bo placed in charge of this now depaitmentof Methodlstic work. Everything seems to point to the ultimate success of the effort to bring the general conference of the Methodist church to Omaha in 1802. The final decision of the matter will bo mndo In April when the bish ops meet In New York , and Bishop Newman feels confident thnt ho can furnish such evi dences of Omaha's ability and willingness to entertain the conference that there will not JQ. the slightest objection to bringing It to Ornntin. It is stated upon pretty good au thority that ono leading Methodist will start n subscription to the necessary S-Vi.UUO fund with a cool $1,000. The First Mothodlst church Sunday school has about decided to adopt n novel method of raising money for the liquidation of the church debt. It Is a method which has been tried In several eastern churches and is said to have produced excellent results. The schema Is to pay to each member of the Sun day school a small sum , say 10 cents , and let thorn invest it in some way for two or three months and then return the entire proceeds to the Sunday school treasurer. The boys usually take the llrst 10 cents , or the "talent" as they call it , and buy popcorn , peanuts , newspapers or something that they can sell again and rcaiizo a profit. Tlioy invest again and in a few weeks soinoehildrcn will double the original capital several times. The girls arc generally moro successful than boys of the same ago. They buy yarn or some cheap goods that cun bo made into a neat saleable article. They work it uo and sell it and then they buy and knit or sow again and sell. Quo little girl in Dayton Ohio took ten cents and proceeded in that way , buying Ilrat some goods and making u couple of tidies. She then bought yarn and Knit n pair of socks.Yhon shosold the socks she bought tnoro yarn and worked it up and sold It. She finally bought enough goods to make several handsome articles and when she sold them she had $9.50 for the Sunday school as a result of her own careful invest ment and hard work. Dr. A.V. . Lamarof the First Baptist church says that the revival services at his church are growing in interest from night to night. "Wo are not able to offer nuy attrac tion In the way of a brilliant , witty , eloquent or sensational evangelist , nor nro wo able to report any extraordinary musical ability to assist In the meetings , but wo nro able to re port that the attendance Is growing , the old fashioned gospel of Christ is being preached In love and earnestness ; Christians are be coming deeply stirred up. Wo find there Is still power in the old gospel to concert and save the lost. We ore having precious con versions , and wo nro looking for a great work of grace. Is this not n great deal to bo able to suy , and Is this not Just what our city deeply needs ) In common with us there are many churches In the city able to make a similar blessed roport. Our members und congregation have n splendid opportunity to show how much they believe in their own pastor and how much they nro ready to take hold and to get everybody else to take hold and prove that the church and pastor can have a elorlous revival without the presence of evangelists. The subject of prevailing prayer , what it is , what hinders it and how to have it , and won derful answers toirayors these topics will occupy the week night meetings tor four or ilvo nights. The latter part of this week wo shall consider "Power from on High. " What is itl Do wo need III Can wo get it ? Wo shall bo grateful for the presence , prayers and help of any who love our Lord and who want to sco a great revival in Omaha. If there Is anyone who has a secret longing to bo u Christian ho is specially invited to the mooting. Everybody welcome. HO TICS. The Reformed church In the United States ( Gorman ) reports 1,550 congregations and 203,852 members. Dw'ght ' L. Moody will begin afternoon and evening services in tbo opera house , Mftd ford , Mass. , on January 20. The twelfth triennial conference of the Young Men's Christian ssoclatlons of all lands is to bo held in Amsterdam , Holland , next August. The supreme court of Georgia rules that n church site and edlllco may bo sold to pay the salary of the pastor , saying that "in con templation of law Justice is not ocly a car dinal but a pontifical virtue. " The various Lutheran bodies in this coun try have 2J theological bcmlnanes with OS professors and l.Oli students ; 25 colleges with UO.'i professors and 3,483 students and 38 academies and seminaries with 2,500 stu dents. In answer to a question put by the Jewish Exponent , Bishop \Vhltnker , of the Protest ant Episcopal diocese of Pennsylvania , has expressed the utmost indignation at the pol icy pursued by the Hussian c/ar toward his Hebrew subjects. The total vote of the Methodist laity on the question of admlttlngwomcn as delegates to the general conference has boou much larger than It was supposed It would bo. It seems to have reached nearly 400,000 , throe- fifths being in the nlnrrautlvo. The annual convontlpn of the International Christhm nllianco is being held in Plttsburg , Penn , It is not an ecclesiastical bodv , but a fraternal union of , members of various de nominations who believe in faith houllug and the near approach of the millennium. Mrs. Abby Judson has announced hoa faith she was a prominent member of tuo First Baptist church of Minneapolis and embraced spiritualism. She is ono of the Judson family so famous In the history of missions , and bad herself been a missionary. The overtures of the general assembly of the Presbyterian church relating to the question of deaconesses were vigorously dis cussed in the Now Yor.lt presbytery on Jan uary 12 , but after an animated debate lasting nearly two hours , the subject was laid over until the February mooting. Bishop John P. Newman will bo a loader in the quarter centennial Mothodlst Jubilee , to bo held in Now Orleans. Ho is to bo the orator tor of the day , and wfllj take for his subject "Tho Future of the Negro Race. " At the close of the Jubilee the bishop will visit all the conferences In the west and south. Mrs. Magglo Van Colt , the old-tlmo Meth odist revivalist , Is now holding meetings in Chicago. She is sixty-one ycnw old , and for u quarter of a century she has been active in church work. She has scarcely a gray hair In her head , her voice Is clear and strong and her complexion lias the ruddy hue of health. Tbo only mark of advancing years is a slight deafness , The ; Independent published statements from 110 senators and representatives ns to whether the Columbian world's fair shall bo open on Sunday. Of these sixty-eight nro decidedly opposed to the opening of any part of the exposition on Sunday ; twenty-four favor Sunday oncnlug ; nineteen think it might bo opened under certain restrictions j and six don't care. A chuvch was dedicated In Pitts burg which has no pastor , no consistory , uo congregation and uo members. It is to bo Known as St. Mark's Memorial Reformed church. "It has Nicoll the Tailor , 14O9 Douglas St. A IN THE PRICE OF MADE-TO-MEASURE GARMENTS. 4 ( FOR 3 WEEKS ONLY , ) ' To keep our full force of tailors employed during January and February , and to climin- 'sh certain lines of woolens , and close out several hundred sample lengths of Trouserings and Overcoat ends , we will take orders [ for three weeks only ] at prices that will interest every clothes wearer. See the goods and prices in the show window and many more in the store. Open evenings Every till 8 o'clock Garment during guaranteed this to be sale of entirely 3 weeks satisfactory , only. [ FOR THREETWEEKS ONLY. ] Our $20 Overcoatings , $17 to order. Our $25 Suitings and Overcoatings , $18 to order. Our § 30 Suitings and Overcoatings , § 20 to order ; Pants $5. Our $35 Suitings and Overcoatings to order ; Pants $6. Our $40 Suitings and Overcoatings , $30 to order ; Pants $8. Our $45 Suitings and Overcoatings , $35 to order ; -Pants $9. t A large assortment of Trouserings [ sample lengths ] ; no further use to us ; to measure , $5 , $6 and $7 ; worth $8 , $9 and $10. * Many of the goods offered in this sale are suitable for any season , for office or evening wear. Mail orders filled. Garments expressed to any part of tlio United Statos. NICOLL THE TAILOR , 14X39 DOTJQLAS ST. been erected In memory of Christian II. Wolf by his brother , at a cost of $00.000. Tbo cburch Is to bo open at- all times to till comers. It is said that a pastor and congregation maybe bo acquired by and by. Catholic Uovlow : What is the matter with 'Father" ' IpnatlusJ Simply this ho Is neither this nor that : neither flsh nor flesh. Now a real Anglican monk might have Inter ested New Vork. Wo would have listened to a great preacher from the ranks of the Salvationists , and even the camp meeting re vivalist could claim a certain attention. But a free Innco , who is nothing and who dresses himself lllto tbo extremesexamples of Catho lic holiness , is likely to bo looke'd upon as a humbug. The census announcement that there are 140 religious bodies in tbo United States , ex clusive of muny Independent congregations , will oo received with some surprise by most people , whoso knowledge of different sects does not embrace moro than a dozen or twenty at the most. In the list as disclosed by the census bureau nro the Genornl-Slx-Prlnciplo Baptists , tbo Schwerlcfoldians , the Theosophical - ical sociotv , the Llfo and Advent union , and others which to a majority ol people will bo entirely now. The Young Men's Christian association has established a branch at Jerusalem. A meet ing of young men was held in the city on November 8 , and on Sunday. November 9 , a sermon was preached at Christ's church , bearing specially upon the subject of an association. In the altcrnoonof this day. Hind Smith conducted a service , attended by English and Americans , and on the fol lowing dnv a most enthusiastic meeting was held , resulting In the formation of an associa tion , with a central committee aud secretary. COUNTY COMMISSIONER * . Court House Bonds of 1881 Now Duo anil Payable. AH of tbe county commissioners were pres ent at the regular meeting yesterday after noon. The Jentlro space in tbe auditorium was occupied by spectators. Owing to the sickness of Clerk Webb , County Clerk O'Malloy performed the clerical duties. An effort was mndo to secure an appoint ment of a county druggist , but on motion of Timmo the cleric was directed to make up a statement showing the expense to the county during tbo last six months , when there was no druggist , nnd the expense for the previous six months , when there was ono. This state ment is to bo handed over to Iho committee on charity. So far Mr. Spafford is the only applicant for the placo. Numerously signed petitions were pre sented by both Dr. Counoll and Dr. Larl- moro. soliciting tbo appointment of county physician. It was quietly whispered that Dr. Keogh would succeed himself. Tuo ap plications were referred to the committee on charity. There were onlv four bid ? for the county printing , aud the Uopubllcan Printing com- panv won. The report of tbo county treasurer for the last six months was referred to the commit tee on finances , I. S. HascuU's bill was among a hundred other claims , all of whloh were referred. It was agreed that the record of the contract and all transactions between the board and Hnscall bo copied and submitted to the com mittee on finance in order that advlco might be solicited from the county attorney In re- regard to Its legality. A dojon or moro communications were read from individuals who are soliciting aid from the county. All the appeals were referral - forral to the committee on finance. A communication was received from the Fort Plnlno National bank of Now York , stating that it held county court house bonds dated January , 1831 , redeemable after January , 1891. and Inquiring if the commis sioners proposed to take them up or not. The matter was referred to the committee on finance. County Clerk O'Mally asked that the sal ary of his deputy bo increased to $100 a montn. Kofcrrod. Tbo ineetluK adjourned until Monday at 8 p. m. m.Tho The Motlimltst Hoxpltnl Project. The plaa for the establishment of a hos pital by the pcoplo of the Mothodlst church was supposed to have been abandoned , but now Interest has recently boon manifested by some of the ladles of the Mothodlst churches , and a mooting will bo held on Monday at 13UOlntbu : Young Men's Christian associa tion parlors for the purpose of talUlng over the scheme and arriving at some dullnlto con clusion. A full meeting of the lay members of all the Mothodlst churches Is de-slrod , so that a general expression may bo obtained. FROM THE STATE CAPITAL , The Coroner's Jury Still Tailing Testimony in tbe Shoody Case , THE MURDERED MAN LEFT NO WILL. Judge Dunily Commiserates n Crimi nal for the Sake of Ills Wlfo ami Children Other Lincoln News. LINCOLN , Nob. , Jan. 17. [ Special to Tun CCB. ] For thioo days the coroner's jury has boon hearing in secret testimony bearing on the murder of John Shecdy , and the Jurors dcclaro that nothing positive has yet been discovered that will Justify any arrests. On Monday the Jury will continue to take testi mony. There are Pinlcorton detectives in the city working quietly on * the caso. They were employed by Bonn is Shoody , the mil lionaire brother of the murdered man , and tholr presence in the city causes nn outburst of indignation from the Lincoln dotectlvcs. The local sleuth hounds , however , are leav ing no stone unturned to capture the $500 re ward. Dennis Slieedy , it is said , will spare no expense to bring the assassaln to justice. Thcro are a number of rumors ado.it that point to a devilish conspiracy to murder Shccdv , and the police are beginning to bo llovo that there was moro than 'ouo person concerned In tbo assassination. Application was made to Judge Stewart of the probate court this morning for the ap pointment of Mrs. Mnry Sheody and John Fitzgerald ns administrators of the estate of John Shcedv , deceased. Contrary to general belief Mr. tsbeedy left no will , nnd tht-roforo under the statute passed nt the IBS'J session of the legislature , aho will receive ono-hnlf of the estate , the ether half being divided be tween the brothers nnd sisters of the de ceased or the children of any deceased brother or sister. The property Is mostly in real estate , valued at about $93UOO , with per sonal property inventoried nt $7,000. FOIl HIS WIPH'S SA.KE. This morning Eu Redman nnd Fred Wig gins , tbo two fellows from the northern border of Kinsas who went to Indtauola , in this state , for the purpose of passing counter foil money , aud who succeeded In getting rid of only ono or two of tholr spurious dollars , were taken before Jiulco lJundy to receive sentence. Hodman was the follow who had passcd-tho counterfeits , but as ho has u wife nnd two small children in absolute want who are dependent on him for bread , the Judge de clared that no punishment could bu lullicted hut what would onuso greater suffering to the family than to the culprit himself , therefore - fore his honor lined Uedmau $1 and costs and sentenced him to remain In the custody of the marshal until the last of tbo month , wiggius received a similar sentence , ri.NAU.VCAl'TUHHn. Robert Cunningham , who in charged with the grave offense of havlnc obtained money under faUo prctonsos , was brought back to Lincoln thU morning by Detective Yconmus , who captured the fellow In Denver yester day. The crime was committed Juno 10 , 18W , and Mr. CoryollHlch.irdson of this city was tbo victim. Mr. Richardson Hays that Cunningham rcneseiited to him that ho owned several head of horses and cows and solicited a loan on them of 5171) ) . Mr. .Klch- ardson gave him the money on the strength of the supposed security and that is the last ho over saw of him. A tier Cunningham dis appeared Hluhardbon discovered that ho had no such chattels as ho clalmou ho had. All trace of the fellow was lost until Ycorrmns took the mutter In hand and this resulted In the capture of Cunningham at Denver yester day. A HANK OIlDl'.IlF.l ) CLOSED. The banking board has discovered from a report lllcd in the oftlco of tbo board by Kx- amincr A. 1' . liilnk that the Palmer Deposit bank at Palmer , Neb , , Is In an unsnfo con dition , ns it has been transacting business with less than the amount of nupltul required bylaw. The board has notified the attorney general of this fact sad the necessary stops will bo taken to close u [ ) the affairs of tlio bank at once. rnoKMBu BTiinst IUII/WAT coxsounvnox. Dr , S. D , Mercer of Omaha has been In the city this week with a view of intcrostlutf himself In Lincoln street railways. As Is known , Dr. Mercer Is a , street railway mag nate. IIo spout Monday and Tuesday in looking over the Capital Heights and city cloctriu lines In company with Messrs. U. A. Bush , G. 10. Dlgolow nnd others and loft Im pressed with the outlook for the system and the idea , of extending and adding to the lines. On Wednesday and yesterday Messrs. Bush and lilirolow visited Omaha in consultation with Dr. Mercer on the matter of a consoli dation of those two linos. H now comes from Omaha parties Unit plans nro agreed upon and that thin consolidation will take place and largo extensions nnd improvements bo mndo to the present lines within a faw months , together with n reorganization , nn increased : apital stock aud n now impetus that will guarantee the best equipped Hue in the west. IXSUKANCIt J'HOFm. Thcro were illod today the following statements - monts in tbo state auditor's ' oftlco of the In surance business done In Nebraska [ during ; IB'.H ) ! Premiums Losses Huctl\cd. ) Incurred. British America , Toronto. . . * .VJiM 00 $ : i.HU 31 Neb. Klro Ins. Co. , Onmlm. . f > 2,0l7 8(1 ( 21.SW 21 Mor. Klrollis. Co. , 1'rov 1.AOQ : < 5 1.50987 KarrnsiH Ins. Co. . N. V l.TliS 31 l4.l ! 53 Milwaukee Mechanics , Mil. . IJ.KU 72 O.G31 UO I jiiltabloKlroJIurlno.l'rov. 1.5'XJ ' 35 1,50987 UnlleU Klrumoii's , I'hll.i. . . . , LMOJ i.'l T8 50 Uuluwnro Mutual Safety , Philadelphia 1.77053 MOO OOV. IIOYl ) 1S3UHS XOTAItlAI , COMMISSIONS. The first notarial commissions Issued by Governor IJoyd were sent out today as fol lows : J. F. Uoyd. Oakdnle , Autelopocounty ; A. H. Chardo , Oakland , Hurt county ; A. It. Oxford , Illoomllold. Knox county ; Fritz Westorirmnn , Lincoln , Lancaster county ; W. I1. Davis , Adams county ; Charles Loblngor , Lincoln , Lancaster county. onus AND r.xns. Mary Dlnneon , whoso husband was killed In nn ox plosion at the gas works on August 17 , brought suit today in the district court to recover 10,000 damages. Her mnin claims are that William , her husband , was tbo only support of liurscif nnd four small children and that thu gas company was responsible for his death because It allowed a defective boiler to bo used. \V. II. Itobb , the thief who broke Jail here a few days ago while awaiting trial for other thefts , was brought back from Council Bluffs this morning , whore ho was captured , ho was Immediately urr.ifgncd aad hold under $500 bonds to the district court. Criminal Ca M Dismissed. County Attorney Mahoney has dismissed the following criminal cases owlmr to the fact that ho considered the evidence insufll- clent to convict : State againstjhnrlos I. Webb , embezzle ment ; Jonn Wood , refusing equal privileges In publlo place of amusement ; Uohllca Casey , being a disorderly person ; Dm Cou ncil , assault ; Anton Dragwood , illegal voting ing ; Phellx Grabouskl , nssaultaud battery J. II. Clnmnitt , shooting with Intent to kill ; William Clillen , receiving stolen property ; A. U. Campbell , performing common labor on Sunday ; Lewis Itonmido , omboz/lo- mont ; Kpwnrd Sexton , forgery ; John F. O'llanlonselling , mortgaged property ; I0d McGco and ICd Sutton , larceny ; Jninos Calkins nnd James Coggiiu , burglary ; John J. McNiimarn , grand laivcny ; John J. Mo- Namarn , burglary ; Clara binlth. Incorrlgl- billty : Adam McClure , assault , with Intent to kill and murder ; Kuroku lUoiujuist , dis orderly conduct ; Charles Sikonskl , criminal libel ; James Abraham , Charley Abraham urn llarvoy Wilson , disturbing Impounded catllo : August Utoff , breaking ordinance No. U of Ulknoru , two Indictments ; James U. Krag , incest ; Stephen Melholin , conversion as bailee ; John I'ltts , Incorrigibllity ; Jiimos Ilo.-r.ud , assault ; John McHlhatton , assault with intent to commit murder ; John Mor- rlsscy , assault and battary ; Dr. Uolsor , adultery : Robert Flstior , adultery ; Uoorga Ilultor , petit larceny. The Agrlcu tural Society , I The Douglas County Agricultural society held n called meeting yesterday afternoon , for the purpose of discussing fair mutton. It was decided to at once ask for bids for printing the premium list of the fair of 1691. F. T. Emerson , Henry Klcko , Johu Dnumcr. II. H. Avery and Allan Hoot were appointed a committee to confer with the olllcd * of the Omaha driving and parlc association for the purpose of ascertaining as to whether or not the grounds on West Leaven worth street can bo scoured as a alto where the fair can beheld hold this fall. Purcell and Duller have not ilue < l as yet for the coming season.