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THE OMAHA. DAILY BEE ; MbNDAY , JANUAKY 19 , 1891.
DOCTOR A. MATTHEWS Office No. SBO Bee Building , THE REAL PAINLESS DENTIST. . Omaha , Nebraska. "We positively guarantee to extract your teeth without pain or danger. Come and try us and be convinced. We make a specialty of Fine Gold Fillings , Gold and Porcelain Crowns , Bridge Work , etc. , at very reasonable prices. Alt parties having $10worth of Dental Work done at tliis office , shall get their teeth extracted free of Charge by the aid of our new and only successful painless remedy. Sets of teeth from $3.OO on rubber upward to $75.OO on gold. We subjoin as an introductory to our advertisement an able article by the editor of a prominent Dental Journal , on the history of Mechanical Dentistry , its difficul ties and its successes. He was induced.to the writing of the following by a personal experience of the different kinds of work used for a period of over twenty-fiye years. A Brief History of Mechanical Dentistry. Difficulties Besetting its progress and Its Final Success. The art of constructing and properly adjusting artificial tooth and artificial plates will not bo without interest , oven to the casual reader , for the perfection to which tills most useful art has attained , from the period of its crude nnd bungling essays , .is perhaps , unsurpassed in any other department and must afford pleasure to every true lover of progress. Ono of the most serious deformities and Inconveniences ' veniences Incident to ngo , and one , too , not confined to gray hairs , but common to. the adult , and oven to the youth , is the decay and final loss of those most * useful organs of speech nnd mastication , the teeth. And it must he a sort of gratification to every lover of progress , as well as every friend of humanity , to know that by the discoveries matlo in this art these deficiencies can bo so far remedied as that the loss of our teeth can be considered no longer an uimlloviutcd allliction. They can now bo replaced by artificial ones BO closely resembling the nacurnlas not to bo detected without close examination at'd so well subserving every purpose as greatly to mitigate the inconvenience of their loss. It Is a pleasure to record that mechanical dentistry nas arrived at such a state of perfection , which twenty years ago its most zealous operators never anticipated or dreamed of. Dut ho who thinks that practical and successful dentistry can bo oerformcd by any ono with almost no skill is greatly mistaken. Ho who would bo a suc cessful dentist should unite an enlightened judgment with great practical skill. Ho should'Undcrstand the anatomy of physiology of the mouth and bo thoroughly skilled in the various mechanical manipulations that pertain to the prothcsis of these organs. Teeth can not , like coats , bo furnished ready made to order. No one can become - como a successful dentist in tills department unless ho bo a natural mechanic. There is now more quackery in this art than any other extant. Lot us look briefly at its history. Substances Employed for Artificial Teeth , The qualities which should besought In artificial teeth are durability and resemblance to the natural organs. In the first essays of this art human tooth wore employed. "Whon.these were sound and coated with a good enamel and were suitable in every respect they were csteomcd'proforablo to'any other substance. But think of the difficulties presented here in the defects of the material itself , deficiency of the supply , an the revolting Idea of wearing another's ' tooth , In which , perhaps , were disease. The can scarcely bo overcome. % repugnance The teeth of neat cattle were also used by altering tholr shape , those , of course , being flttod by sawing and filing.but ; by the absorption and decomposition of the saliva they became fcutid , rondorinc the taste and odorvery offensive. Teeth from ivory anil tuslts of the hippopotamus were next used , but these , like the last mentioned , were permeable by the fluids of the .mouth and soon became obnoxious to the wearer , as well ns to these who were in his presence. Porcelain teeth were afterward introduced by the French , but those , too , were deficient In so many ways that they were not received at first with approbation. The Perfection of the Art Due to the Americans , Although the French led the way in this most valuable invention , it is princi pally to American Dentists wo are indebted for the perfection now attained In the manufacture of porcelain tooth. A want of resemblance to.tho natural teeth , in color nnd animation , was the great objection urged against pprcclaln. Such perfection has now boon attained that few can toll these tooth from the natural. Their advantages over every sort of animal substance are numerous. They can bo lucre perfectly fitted to the mouth and are worn with greater onvonionco and comfort. They do not absorb its secretions , and , If properly cleansed , do not contain- nate the breath and never change tholr color. These and other considerations entitle them to universal favor. Methods of Applying Artificial Teeth. Hero great progress has been attained in this art , as in the selection of the material for the teeth. The methods for applying the teeth are four : First , on roots of natural teeth ; second , on plato , with clasps ; third , with spring , and fourth , by atmospheric pressure. Wo need not descant upon the comparative ad vantages and disadvantages of these several methods. The dependence upon atmospheric pressure is now almost universally re garded as the most approved course , and'the ono practiced most extensively. The firmness with which teeth can he made to adhere on this principle render thorn the mobt desirable. There may bo-cases - which might determine recourse o ono of the other methods , but they will bo found rare indeed. Gold has been the kind of plato sanctioned and used almost entirely by the best dentists until recently. The modes of attaching the tcotli are various , and to the dentist would fur nish an interesting detail , but by the general render would bo considered unwor thy attention. Last Great Improvement Continuous Gum Work. But the no plus ultra of the dental art , and that which should supercede all former practice , is that which has been denominated the continuous gum , In vented by Dr. J.Allon , formerly of Cincinnati , now of Now York City. On its first introduction thiro were , as almost always happens , many raui- . cal dllllcuHioB to bo overcome. Cut all difllcultlos have , to the ono skilled in manipulation , nt length boon overcome , rendering the tooth , thus made , more durable , natural in apponrnnco almost defying detection , and most effective in mastication , the most Important function of tooth , und the ono hitherto imperfectly attained. A sot of continuous gum. tooth has many advantages over these formed in any other way. And , first , thorocan bo no counterfeiting or alloying' of the metal employed for the plate , which is platinum. If alloyed it will not bear the liont employed in balding. The motalis not acted upon by the fluids of the mouth. The platinum plnoo being more compact and at the fame time moro plinblo , is made to lit more cimnlctoly every irregu larity of the mouth , and when flowed over with porcolnn , becomes very much stroncor. AeuSn there are no interstices in which the food cnn lodpo , rendering artifi cial teeth , us ordinarily made , offensive and unhealthy. Ouportunity is famished to aTlapt the verge of the gum more perfectly to the mouth , nnd thus filling out the contour of the jaw , rendering the faeo moro youth ful and natural in appo'iranco. It is impossible to break the tooth off by proper usage. They are much smoother to the mouth , and persons who have used both say that the continuous gum is a support and it is unpleasant to bo without thorn. Indeed , those who have used the pold plato , made in the best possible manner , and subsequently the continuous gum , say there is no comparison. the most style of the Dental Art. I refine A NNOUHCEMENT I would respectfully inform my friends and the public that I am prepared to perform work in approved . satis- . All work is warranted to give - rxmy gold , manufacture my plates , 'and hesitate not to say that I am performing operations in a style to Challenge and Competition. work skillfully made. I am also prepared to 2ction , and I would here especially invite all , who have failed from any cause in receiving full satisfaction , to call try whether congenital accidental or occa- of this , insert Artificial Palates , and am warranted in assuring the public who may lee afflicted with malformation or loss organ , Eioned-by disease , that they will "be successfully treated. ROOMS 348 AND.8BO.BEE BUILDING. HEWS. OF THE MTKWEST , [ CONTINUED PROM FOUIITII PAOB. ] croft's side killed 200 and the side under the captaincy of John Shawcrolt killed " 01. The First National bank ot La Junta will puporccdo the bank of Kastcrn Colorado Fob- f uary 1. The Colorado coal nnd iron company has donated 1,000 tons of coal to Pueblo's charlt- oblo institutions. Ouray merchants claim that the past sea- eon has been the most prosperous ono la the lilstory of the city. Pueblo SUr : Pueblo Is still In the load as o murderer's resort. A few hangings are greatly needed hero. The snow Is quite general throughout Col- crado , and Insures moisture tor early grasses and spring plowing. George Goodwin was caught In the meshes of the law at Colorado Springs lost week for passing bogus $20 bills. During the last six months the Union Pa- clllo railroad has purchased rails and coal of the Colorado caul and Irou company to the amount of $115,000. Reports como from Florence saying that the oil business is developing and spreading out as never bofore. At a very low estimate total crude product of the field is 2,000 barrels dally. The Irvhigton mining and reduction com pany" has filed jirIclos of incorporation with the El Paso county clerk ; capital stock. § 100,000. Business will bo carried on In El 1'aso and Summit counties. Work has been commenced on the now Penvor & liio Giiuido railroad depot nt Col orado City. It is expected to have it com pleted by March 1. It will bo located several blocks cost ot the present depot. The Ulco wows Is authority for the state ment that track on the Illo Grande Southern Is laid from Uurungo to a point ton miles this aide. It will not tnko a great \vhllo lor the line to bo run through in the spring. Idaho Springs samplers have started in again purchasing ores of all grades nt very nearly the old prices , nnd thooro blockade Is practically ended. A strike of great import ance Is reported in the Lamartine mine. It is reported from La Junta that thous ands ol head of cattle ore. drifting from the north to the Arkansas river on account of the heavy snow nnd cold weather. The losses will bo very heavy It the snow remains on very long. The Adouo creek canal and reservoir com pany is now at work surveying Iho ditch which I.i to bo.taUon out of the east side of the Adobe creek about eight miles north of t Arlington. The work of construction will soon begin. Ban Juan county improved Its mill opera tions to this extent last yeur : Four now mills with an oirgrepato capacity of 240 tons per day , nnd ono mill with the capacity Increased from fifteen to thirty tons ; oru total Increase of 255 tons per day , Colorado Springs Is to have a nowaftcrnoon dally called tire , livouHig Telegraph. It will bo published by a stock company of local people , headed by John A. Sprnguu , the present - ent cashier of the Gazette company. It will bo straight-out republican. It the arid region of eastnrn Colorado U not to bo abandoned as unlit for crop raising pur poses the legislature must appropriate money to buy seed for 110 coming year , cays the Denver News. This cour&o has ample prece dent ard is the rlgntono to pursue. A liberal use of the chastising rod would obviate the necessity of some of Ouray's youthful wurrlors packing guns , says the Plalmtcnlor. Dut so long as parents continue to bo indulgent in this matter , just so long may wo expect to hoar of some person getting hurt. hurt.Karoly has plowing boon done so far Into winter as this season In Colorado , says the tSallaa Apex. Up to the opening of the year but In few localities lias a plow been com pelled to stop on account of ttio weather , un less for a few days about the middle of No vember , when thuro was a brief cold snap. Aspen Times : Work at the great Newman tunnel ut Coatlo creek is progressing satis factorily. The machinery is now all in pit ca and It will Keen bo ready to start up. The compressor is very large and when the drills cot to working It is airojtod roclcvlll ba broken ri p dly , Ttio plant la now In partial r u\vorli 117 order , but ton days or two \veoUs o .exilic ! to adjust evcr ta'ng for tbo beginning of regular oporations. The tunnel has already boon driven 100 foot by hand. Colonel J. A. Eliot will construct a largo reservoir on his farm Jnst northwest of Boulder ns u water supply for his own lanp In case of need. Four reservoirs with suf ficient capacity for irrigating 5,000 acres are to bo built by the Butte irrigating and reser voir company , There are 500 shares at $100 each. Cur repairing Is sadly Interfered with nt Pueblo owing to the lack of facilities for work. The old frame roundhouse used as car shops was burned lost August , since which time the workmen have labored in the open air. Tbo snow of last week stopped all work and the switches are full of dnmaccd freight cars in consequence. At the -time Billy Dnvls , the murderer , was removed from tbo city to the county jail in Pueblo ho had a narrow escape from being lynched. About twonty-nvo negroes In a body fully determined to swing Davis , but were without a lender. . Before they were fully organized for their work , Under Sheriff Herad had the prisoner safe in the county bastilo. Nevada. Mono lake Is now frozen over its entire sur face. face.Tuo Tuo Union mill nt Tuscarora has been shut down for the winter. Good veins of smelting ere are being opened In Nye county. Nevada is to have a 13 o'clock saloon law. The saloon men are getting it. The appeal recommends nn Increase of the Carson police force during the session of the legislature. Tuo ranchers on Big Mcdows are jubilant over tuo prospects of big crops this coming summer. They are all sowing grain. The state of Nevada'has-saved $75,000 In the past three years by caring for Us insane people Instead of sending them to California asylums. There Is very llttlo snow la eastern Ne vada. Though the weather is cold , cattle ranges are doing well. The white sago nnd other feed is still ns accessible to tbo animals as In summer. Arthur McQuado , eighteen years of ago , who was In the employ of the Holmes mining company at Candelurln , was killed by falling upon and breaking through the arched roof of a Hue built of brick. Tuo Pittsburg company has resumed the reduction of ere at the mill in Crura canyon , Lander county. There is enough rock on hand and in sight In the tunnels to assure a long nnd prosperous run , William Diniphy , the millionaire cattleman , who owns tbousnnds of steers and tens of thousands ot acres on the Humboldt river nnd Mnirgio crook , was thrown from his carriage in San Francisco nnd seriously injured. The Beflmont Courier says William McCann has discovered a cinnobnr mine on the west- era slope of the Spanish belt range in Nye county. Nome samples o ! tbo ere tested In a retort produced a beer bottle full of quick silver. A genuine cnso of smallpox haa been re ported at nn Indian camp , on the rend from Crescent to Greenville. In Indian valley. As several Indians have already boon exposed , it Is to bo reasonably expected there will bo moro cases. Work baa been commeifcod on the dam owned by Marker , Thois & Carpenter , on the Humboldt river , also on tbo dam owned by the Union Canal company. These dams wcro entirely washed away by the high water last season. Tbo Alta mine at Virginia City shut down and the mill stamps will also bo hunt ; up. The shut-down throws fifty men out of em ployment. Thu exhaustion of ere resources above- the Sutro tunnel (1,030-foot ( level ) is given as the cnuso. Miles Goodman , justice of the penco-oloct of Virginia City nnd a plonoor on the Cora- atock. is dead. His ailment was a stomachio one , the intestines being so knotted that nothing could pass through them. Ho was seventy-one years of ago. Eleven or twelve men were almost Irs'tntly killed in the Utlcu minus at Angel's camp , 10- ports \\lnemucca State. A load tt men were being lowered on the skip , and when about ono hundred and fifty foot fro-n the surface the rope broke , tr clplta'.lug all a distance of iW feet to the bottom of the shaft. Thft 1,40d lovcl of the Halo & Nomoss mlno Is being reopened , and will bo thor oughly prospected , says the Virginia Enter prise. A noth drift is being run from the In- cllno station on the 1,400 lovcl to prospect the Savage ground , nnd a winze Is being sunk to connect with this north drift. Tbo winze is following thooro body discovered on the 1,800 , level which is cnst of any other hitherto ex tracted from the mine. Upon the connection of the winze with the north drift from the in cline station on tbo 1.400 level the entire level in Savngo ground will also bo prospected , Slontnun. Butte Is putting In now water works. A stage line will bo established between Livlngton and Castle. School children will ride at half faro on the street railway la Great Falls hereafter. The Bozeman electric street railway com pany bas filed articles of incorporation. The Judith Basin roller mill , Fergus coun ty's ' first Hour mill , commenced to grind lost week. The sum total of the amount expended in building and improvements in and near Great Falls during IS'JO ' was $ l,918,8'jr. .C. W. Cannon of Helena is said to bo the largest Individual owner of property in the state. His taxes for IbSO were $14,000. Farmers and stockmen are ahead a month of feed on account of the fine weather. Cattle so far have been able to got plenty of grass. A heavy flow of water has compelled a temporary suspension of operations on the Forest City company's property in Ore Fine district. Machinery will bo put in nt ouco , when worlc will bo resumed. Members of the Butte flro brigade are in dignant at what they term the attempt of Assistant Fro Chief Cameron to compel them to pay § 4,100 for admission to the regular de partment. A man by the name of Ed Smith was brought before Judge Logan , at Missoula , on the charge of cruel and Inhuman treatment of his boy , 11 years of age , compelling htm to sleep out of doors hi a barrel. Smith was lined ? 25 and costs. Two Indians Plegans wore found on the road between Rabara ana the agency badly cut nnd slashed up with knives. Neither Indian could or would tell anything about tlio case. Whisky is at the bottom of it with out doubt. Ono of the Indians will ale. Fritz Albors , a well-to-do German butcher In Bojoinan. committed siilcido by shooting himself. Ho had been drinking heavily , and this , together with the fact that his f rionds had remonstrated with him for living with a notorious woman , probably caused him to commit the act. Tlio Toledo company , nt Sheridan , Madison county , has decided to sink another hundred feet on that property. Development on the McCranor group Is being vigorously prose cuted , nnd thu leasers on the Idling , McKay & Baker mlno on the "Wisconsin crook , are taking out a lot of line grade ore. The Kast Heleiyi smelter is now running to its full capacity , the fourth stuck having been fired up n few days slnco. About flvo hundred men find employment at the works. There is every reason to bellow o the smelter will bo operated continuously from now on , says the Helena Journal , and that increasing business will compel It to enlarge from tlmo to tlmo. Emory Blon. a miner working in the Scratch Gravel district , seven miles from Helena , was blown up In his cabin by the ac cidental explosion of giant powder. Ho mi raculously escaped death and will probably recover. Hls.lowor limbs were badly shattered - . tered , and amputation of both logs will bo necessary. His partner , John Grinith , es caped with a few brulsw. The cabin was totally destroyed. The Nolhnrt Herald reports that the tunnel being run to tap tbo Mountain Chiefs largo orochutoat a distance from the mouth of 2,000 feet Is now in half way and Is being driven ahead at the rate of Ilia feet a month. An 18-Inch streak of solid ere carrying galena and sulphurets is now in tbo face. As soon as the largo ere body is tapped the working force will bo increased and sloping will bo carried on on an extensive scnta. There can bo no doubt but that ho North ern Pacific contemplates making the Cccur d'Alcno cut off its main route from the oust to tbo west , says tbo Helena Independent. The Clark's Fork route is much longer and is very expensive to maintain , and there Is very little business. It is dlttorent along the Cceur d'Alene cut-off. U runs through a rich mining country ail the way from Mis souri to Lake Cccur d'Alcno , with the ex * ceptlon of some six miles , has an easy nnd substantial grade very easy to keep In order. Novoi- before In the history of the camps of Barker nnd Nlehart has so much activity boon seen in the development of mining prop erties , says the Great Falls Leader. Hun dreds of mcu nro daily employed at coed wages to run tunnels , sink shafts and other wise develop the properties to that point where shipments can bo made to the Great Falls smelter ns soon as spring opens. On many of the dumps hundreds of tons of ere Is piled , the size of each increasing every day.A . A vast amount of ere : s now being taken from the Silver Bow mlno belonging to the Butte iSs Boston company , states the Butte Minor. Shaft No. 2 , which nas been sunk just west of the mill , is yielding a consider able quantity of the total output , hew bins having been erected for Us reception. The company Is now building a tramway from the mine to a point south of the motor and elec tric line tracks for the purpose of utilizing the ground there for dumping purposes , nearly all the space above the track being filled up. The Montana Union railway company has filed a petition in the United States circuit court lor anew trial la the case of George W. Uoss of Butte who sued the company for infringing on a patent to an ere dumping car. On the trial the company contended that Iho cars it was using were not similar In con struction to the device of Uoss. A Jury in the United States court found a verdict on on the 25th of last month in favor of Ross for $7,500 damages as royalty for using his patent. In his complaint ho asked for $18,500 , but his right to royalty was established. John Murphy , boss of the machine shops at the Anaconda mlno in Butte , was assaulted and It fs feared fatally injured by Henry McNIchols , ono of his workmen. The two men had boon quarrelling over something connected with their work and the row ter minated in the discharge of McNichnls. As Murphy turned to go McNIchols seized a heavy bar of Iron nnd struck him a terrible blow across tbo back of the head. The In jured man was picked up for dead and car ried to his homo. Upon examination the sur geons found a fructuro of the outer pinto of the skull and It was feared by tliom Mint the concussion would prove fatal. McNIchols was held to await the result of his victim's injuries. California. The Madora Mercury says 8,000 acres wilt bo planted to vines and fruit trees this year. The crop of winter strawberries in south ern California has been rulnod by recent frosts. In ono field on the Glenn ranch , Colusa county , recently thlrty tvvo eight-mule teams were counted nt work. , . Coultorvillo has ono resident who measures seven feet above ground. The shortest man In town scales just four1 feet. A blue gum tree ntVhlttier has grown forty-flvo foot In ono year , according to an affidavit signed by K. A. Lowe. The project of stnklntr'n , gas well nt Salinas Is about to bo resumed ; The well Is now down 1,050 feet. It lias an eight-Inch bore. The orange crop of souljiorn California will bo nearly twice as lurgo as that of last year. Four thousand car loads will bo shipjod from that section. * s A pocket was struck Ins the Black Bart mine near Coultcrvlllo , Marlnosa county , recently , from which $10,000 In gold was taken from 1,400 pounds of rock. ' Three car loads of suirnr-bcet seed were re ceived nt \Votsonvlllo refinery last week. The seed came first from Germany for dis tribution to the farmers. Natural gas has been discovered on land throe miles from Nam city. It was an acci dental discovery , and measures will bo taken to ascertain la what quantity the fluid is present. The throe trials of W. C. Elliot' for Illegal voting has cost Inyo county $10,000. which amounts to three-fourths of the yearly reve nue ot the county , and yet ho has not been convicted. A company of local capitalists of Onus Val ley have formed a company , with $100,000 capital , to erect reduction works at that place. The ere will bo tested by the Poilok process , a Scotch invention. Low Jones , a miner , whllo traveling along a Hutto county road , jumped over a ditch and landed on the con coaled mouth of an old min ing shaft. jTboearth gave way and Jones was precipitated to the bottom , a distance of fifty feet. Ho was hauled out uninjured , but considerably shaken up. The shipment of lumber from Mcndoclno nnd Sonoma counties to southern nnd foreign ports for the six months cnflinp December 81 , 1890. were ns follows : Foreign ports , 2,003- 423 feet ; southern ports , 48,709,391.feet. , A burglar entered a residence nt Wood land , Cal. ' the othor"mght and finding only a baggv-palrof pantaloons that ho thought worthy of takl-.ig ho put in his tlmo breaking the furniture aud crockery In the houso. A firm in Columbus , O. , has ordered fif teen carloads of beans shipped direct from Ventura by special train. This shipment will bo the first solid bean train over the Ventura division of the Soutborn Pacific Sunset route. Charles Traf tona pioneerof Placer county , was found dead In his cabin at "Yankee Jim's. ' The furniture about the room was a complete wreck , and there is a suspicion that there was something wrong In the manner of the old man's taking off. Mrs. B. B. Crocker has presented to the California museum association at Sacramen to for hanging in the city's art gallery a splendid copy of Iluben's great masterpiece , "The Descent fro'm the Cross. " It was brought from Europe In I860. Mrs. Delano Green of Pcscadoro was fa tally Injured by her clothing taking flro. She was alone in her room near an open fireplace , and when found was BO badly injured that only lived a few hours. She was ono of the plohtpr sotticrs and 84 years of hgo , Whllo grading on a road near Loill a work man unearthed iho skeletons of six human beings. As they wcro found on the line of the old-emigrant road between Stockton and Sacramento It liss been suggested that they nro the bones of some of the early emigrants. The fruit" growers around Hivorstde hnvo decided to organize n co-operative association for tbo purpose of picking , pauking nnd ship ping tholr own fruit. This decision was brought about bv the packers at Riverside combining to regulate the prlco to bo paid for fruit. To giro some Idea of the possibilities to DO obtained in farming , says thoSnohoinishSuii , Mr. Isaac" Cathcart , the merchant prince of Snohomlsh , Is responsible for the statement that ho cleared moro money last year oft twelve acres of vegetables than ho did off his stock of dry goods , valued at $50,000. , Frank Gloncross , a wealthy farmer of Downey , Los Angelas county , has been held for trial on n uhargo of manslaughter , jvlth ball fixed nt $10,000. Ho got Into a lighten November 23 lust , with Martin Regan and struck him on the head with a fence post. Hcgan died soon after from tils injuries. The Santa Barbara Press anys : Fifteen men are constantly employed in the gypsum mine In tlio Ojui , ana the quality now being removed Is superior to tiny product heretofore - fore taken out. It Is put in sucks ut the mine and hauled to Ventura for shipment to San Francisco , whore as high as $18 a ton Is paid for it. A San Dleco dispatch says : Officer Wcl- lor brought Into custody an unknown wild man , captured in a canyon about fifteen miles cast of the city. Ho lived In a sort of a den which ho had dug out Inside of the canon. Ho was placed in the celt for the maniacs. Ho could not speak and grunted like a wild beast. Tbo prison directors are in doubt as to the safely of the dam which creates a reservoir for the supply of water power to the Preston school of industry , In Amador county. It up- pears that the waste-way Is very much smaller than It should bo. The reservoir holds 800,000,000 gallons of water , and the consequences of a break would bo disastrous to the valley below. A llttlo over a year ago B. Colin , ono of the oldest and wealthiest citizens of Los Angeles , died leaving un citato valued nt $ .100,000. Ho aUo loft n will dividing the property among his wlfo and four minor children. In ad dition to those heirs Colin , It is alleged , also loft illegitimate offspring , to whom bo be queathed none of bis wealth. These latter are endeavoring to break the will. The Chlco Enterprise tolls quite , a good joke on a luatlco ot the peace recently cloetcd at Whoatlnud. Ho imagined that bis term of office commenced with January 1 nnd on last Thursday , at tha residence of the bride's mother , no married Miss Llzzlo Gardner nnd Joseph Holllnghead. Tbo mistake wai notdisj covered uutllnoxt.tho diy , nnd woundersianu the mistake will be rectified by going through the ceremony again. Ictnho. It costs Idaha $100 every day tlio legisla ture sits. The Idaho Democrat Is a r.ow dally nt Boise , The Sun died last week. . * A high license bill will probably pass both houses of the legislature. There Is a disposition on the part of the legislature to cut down the largo counties. The Cceur d'Alcno bank of Wallace , Sbo- shone county , has filed articles of incorpora tion. The capital stock is $50,000. , There are 1,500 miles of canal nnd ditches north of Blackfoot , the cost of which amounted to ovpr $300,000. The work is only half begun | Payetto parties hnvo recently sold 1,900 head of mutton sheep to a Butte buver. The prlco paid was from $3.25 to ft per head , and the cost of shipment will bo about GO cents per head. Stock Is fat and no loss is expected this winter to speak of. But tbo ranchers do netlike like the light fall of snow , as they fear that tt means a lack of moisture whoa most uecaed , next sntntnor. A man sat down to a faro game with $7 in his poukot and when ho loft the game , says tbo Boisp Statesman , ho was $1,000 ahead , which adds : His employer Induced him to invest the greater part ot this sum in. Boise real estate. From present Indications there will ho an abundance of water for irrigation next year , says the Wclser Leader.Vo are having warm , damp weather here in the vallov ana snow must bo accumulating rapidly In tbo high mountains ; ihls will make tlio coming season a prosperous ono for the farmer. A man had his too shot off at a dance at Middlctou. Ono of the boys was making an other danca at the point of u gun. jTlio dancer did not put as much spirit into bis movement as the holder of tbo gun thought necessary , so ho cheerfully plugged the "light fantastic. " The Big copper company is working Its mines and smoltcr nt Cliff with , satisfactory results. The smelter was blown In a week before Christmas nnd has been runniug * un interruptedly , and regular shipments of bul lion to the railroad hnvo begun. About ono hundred men are employed about the minus and smelter. Luke Ucanflcld , an inmate of the county hospital at Star Hanch , cut nn artery ot each arm nnd died. Ono arm was almost severed , evidently with a razor , and an Incision was rondo in tbo other iirm with a knife. Deceased - ceased was u native of Holland , and over eighty years of ago. Ho was nu olu-timor und resided most of the time at Plonoor. It Is proposed to crcato n now county Teton from Bingham by cutting the latter in twain bg a line running east and west. Idaho Falls will bo the now county seat. A bill is ixmdlng in the legislature to carry out this plnn. Now Blnglmtn county contains over twelve thousand square miles , with 11)- 700 population and a voting population ol 4UIXJ * | ( If n complete record could bo made of the amount of live Block stolen out of Owyhco county during the year 181)0 ) It would aston ish many of the heaviest losers , declares the Avalanche. If thosamo indlfforcnco contin ues to bo displayed among stock owners in not trying to ferret out and capture the thieves und makoan example of them aud give others a warning to keep away , thu present year will bo a repetition of the last in losses. The remarkable mining camp of Warrens Is In Idaso county , a short distance over tha Washington county line , and very isolated , everything being taken in by pack train , causing all kinds of commodities to be hold at very high prices. The Warrens state wagon road will soon bo completed to the camp , which will bring It tributary to Wclsor. There are about ono hundred white men in the ctunp and about two thousand Chinamen , who tire working on the old placer mines. About sixty quartz claims have been located. Utali. American Fork will soon have a bank , Hovival meetings tire being bold at Ogden , A movement is on foot to organize a big nursery In Cache. S iltf > etro has boon discovered in largo quantities near Cove Crcok , and In Beaver county , The deposit Is said to be greater thnn any so far found In the United States , while the quality Is superior. A move will bo made next spring to put in now waterworks at Hcbor City. There Is n fenmlo stenographer In Ogden who typo writes in sovcn different languages. A petition is now In circulation ut Lohl asking : the citizens to adopt the now city charter. It la rumored that work will bo resumed next month on the Piocho. extension of the Union Pacific , Mrs. Scully of Park City took 210 grains of opium to alleviate her family troubles. Mrs. Sully has retired from this sphora of action in consequence. The Illo Grande It Western railway Is said to bo now arranging for right of way frotn tholr present terminus nt Mnntl to the town of Mobile-Id , to which place the road is to bo constructed ns soon as possible. Milk Is being shipped from Cache , \Vcbor nnd Box Elder counties to Salt Lake to sup ply the demand for milk. The way this city- is growing It will not bo many years until regular milk trains will bo In demand to bring in tbo supply from the dairies. Many rumors were afloat in Park City last week about an extensive strike In the "Eagle's Nost" claims , which are situated a few miles below town on the line of the Union Pacific railroad. It is stated that samples of ore were taken from thcro which went ns high as 548 ounces in silver and 00 per cent lead. Notwithstanding thnt Beaver has three steam saw mills of largo capacity , nil of which nro now filling contracts for mining timber for the Horn silver mlno nt Frisco , yetttoy seems to bounablo to supply the ex traordinary demand now existing nt that mlno for thnt class of lumber and a contract for an additional 100,000 , feet of lumber has recently been awarded to Parawan parties. Itlch countv , probably , will have as many cattle to market this year as any ono county In.Utah. A largo number of steers are being fattened this winter on the nutritious hay produced In tlio vnlloy around Hoar Lalw. It is estimated that 1,500 , cattle nro being fed in Cnebo valley for beef , \Vbllo these ara chiclly fed on hay , some of tlio farmers arousing using grain also. The crops there the past season wcro excellent , and there Is much grain still loft unmarketed. Davis county people own about ten thousand bond of cattle , but all of these do not graze mslda of the county , many finding feed in the adjoining counties. That county stall feeds a largo number of cuttle each year. Summit county will have 5,000 beef cattle to market during this year , several hundred of whloh nro being fed this winter for the oaily spring market. Last week a new politlc.il movement began In Salt Lnko City mid has crystall/cd into n > now party. The city government for the last two years has boon ( Jcntllo , The city Is overwhelmingly Gentile , and by registration for the approaching city elootlon it appears that nearly four thousand voters hnvo regls- torcil. A meeting of the disaffected onus was held ItiMl .Wednesday nmht and a permanent organization effected of the cltl/.cns' party. A cominilteo of flstccii was appointed , three from each ward , to select ft oomploto city ticket nnd to manage the campaign. It is ex.- prcssly declared in the platform thnt the Mormons cannot have u sluiro In the councll of the party , but It Is stntcd by some of the leaders of the now party that thu Mormons may bo put on the ticket fur BO mo of the minor ofllcos ju t to scourn votes. It Is claimed by the old party lenders that the now pnrty cannot win except by nn niliunco with Iho Mormons and that the whole movement Is being worked by the leaders of tbo Mormon church , who aru only using the dissatisfied llborala tan cat's ' paw with which to rake out u few f ut offices. , Oregon. ' Astoria wants a railroad connection with the Northern or Union Pacific. The not profit of the water department Of Portland for Ib'JO was $70W13.fi5. Jacob Spores , aged ninety-six , died at Eu gene. Ho crossed the plains in ltt 7. Worlc will bo commenced soon on the rail road from Wnllulu Junction to Portland , During the last ninety days the shipments of flour und grain from tlio port of Astoria wcro Invoiced at * 1,800.000. , Tbo pcnplo ot Corvallls and Sllvorton odor a UOIIUH of 5,000 each to uny person who will start canneries In these places. Tbo Southern Pacific railroad company U now operating the Oregonlan railway Hues In the western counties of Oregon.