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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE TVVENTy-FlKST YE A3 ? . OMAHA , WEDNESDAY MOKNI&G , SEPTEMBER 2 , 1891. NUMBER 7(5. ( FRANCE AND ITS MILLIONS , Limited Banking Facilities Which Account for the Largo Oirculating Medium , t ALL THE TRADING IS WITH CASH. sEir rplo Kxplnnatloii Which IdnpelN n r'j. mlou Under Whloli3Inuy Amer- Ho\ an Farmcrr ! nre Ijalioriiif ; AtiHtriti'H Klal Klnanelerlnj ; , VIBS-M , Aug. 15. [ Editorial Correspond ence-What ] will the hurvest boi This I the nil absorbing topic just nouIn the cnpl- tnls of Europe. Tlio oration of Admiral Gcrvnis nnd the French fleet nt Cronstndt , nnd the movements of the German emperor , nro of comparatively little moment In the fnco of the problem of the future food supply. The crop prospect so fur as I have been nb.o to observe on my Journey through Frunco , Switzerland nnd lower Austrin is not very promising. There will bo no surplus of grain tor export from Austria this year , and that alone must causa nn active demand for American wheat and corn. The harvest hns been much retarded by frequent rains , and crops have boon damaged. Harvesting In Franco , Swltycrlnnd , nnd the greater part of Austria is still carried on in the primitive % wny , with hand , slcklo and scythe. This Is chiefly duo to tbo fttct that the land hns been lit subdivided Into nmuli trncts , on which mowers nnd reapers could not bo operated profitably. The prosperity , or ruther the general con tentment , that prevails among French farm ers to n greater extent than among fanners in any other country is ascribed by the ablest nnd best Informed political economists to the absence of Innd monopoly. Largo landed estates , like these owned In England nnd Ireinud by lords who draw vnst revenues from wretched tenants , nro very rare In France , under a luw enacted after the French revolution of ITbiMK ) , land owners cannot de vise their holdings at will to ono person , but all legitimate heirs share alike in the proper ty , thus causing frequent sub-division , so thnt todny French farms nvorago from thirty to ono hundred ncres. Thcso farms are nearly nil cultivated by their owners , who invest every dollar of their savings in en largement of their farint. * Only the larger farms nro cultivated by renters. A French cure ( priest ) who bus lived all his life nuiong fanners and Is thoroughly famil iar witu their condition , told mo the other day that their content ment depends largely upon their locution. In Normandy , where the soil is very prolific , tboy lay up money nnd fool con tented , whllo In other loss productive sec tions of Franco , they nro barely able to sub sist. Where help is needed by the French farmer , they are hired by the year. Harvest bands are paid by the day. Men earn 1 fiuno ( SO cents ) n dny and women from 8 to 10 cents a day und their moals. Whllo talking about French farmers , it may not bo umlss to dispel a delusion under which so many American farmers have been carried away by the clamor for free and un limited coinage and "Hat money. " The pro- vnlllntf Impression Is that the prosperity of the French fnrmer Is duo to the fnct that the volume of money nnd particularly of silver coin In circulation in Franco is nearly double per capita as compared with the volume of money In circulation In the United States. 1 have taken pains to ascertain whut , if any , relation the volume of silver currency has In Franco to the Konornl contentment of the agricultural classes , und Hud my former conclusions fully confirmed. In Franco the bulk of nil purchases , snlos und payments nro In cash. Drafts nnd checks nro never used by merchants , fnrmors or working pee ple. Their use Is conllnod to the exchanges between banns. Eminent financiers compute the transactions by check and drafts in Franco nt less thnn 'M per cent of the whole volume of business done , whllo In the United Stutcs , raoro thnn. 05 per cent of nil payments is by check and draft. This fact alouo ex plains why so inuoh silver currency Is in actunl circulation In Franco , while In Amer I1 ica nearly four hundred millions of silver dollars remain in tbo national treasury , because - cause pcoplo prefer silver cortlllcutes nnd paper money exchangeable on demand for golu or silver. In Franco the smallest bank note Is 50 francs ( $10) ) , the smallest gold coin U ton francs ( $3) ) , the largest gold coin 20 francs ( fl ) . People are thus compelled to make their small purchases nnd pay ments In silver. Another potent factor Is the comparative lack ot banking facilities. \ The Bank of Franco alone Is nuthori/qd to Issue paper inonoy. It Is orgnni/od on the basis of the Bank of England nnd has branch banks nnd oftlces In various parts of Franco. It Is proposed to grant a new charter and re organize It next year , with enlarged powers under certain conditions. Among these Is the proposition that the ban it shall advance 40,000,000 frnncsS,000,000) ( , ) tothegovernment ; without Interest and pay the government 1,700,000 frnncs annually from now until 1VJT , mul'5,000,000 , franc3fT ( > ,000,000) ) annually from that duto as a bonus for Its banking monop oly. Under the proposed roorgunl/atlon ' .ho bunk Is to open nnd maintain In each Import ant city nnd town QUO branch bank. Tills will gtvo 50 towns now without banking facilities or bnch banks , und the Incroas nro of branch banks will bo from litt , which Is the present number , to 250 , and it may reach as high as ! IIO. In these branch bunks dis counts and loans shall bo inado dally. Now they only make them once a week nnothisr reason why French people are obliged to hnvo a larger volume of ready inonoy. These dis counts nro hereafter to include loans on real estate , ns well as bankable paper signed by two or moro endorsers. On the 1st dny of August , 1S01 , the bank ing business of Franco wus conducted by the following concerns : The Bank of Franco with llti branches und auxiliary offices ; the Credit Lyonnals , Purls nnd Lyons , with ' ' branches In i'Arls and 72 branches In pro vincial cities ; the Sooloto Generate , with 111 branches In Pnm , flvo In the suburbs of Paris , and 115 brunches in provincial towns ; the Credit Industrial ot Commercial , with eight brandies iu Purls ; the Comptolr National d'Escompte , three ) branches in Franco. Then ttiero are the Banquo do Paris tt Pays Has , no brunches ; Credit Fancier do France , no branches , nud Credit Moblller , no b.-rnchcs , This makes u total of HIM banks , Ibau Institutions nnd trust companies in France , ns against over eleven thousand bunks and bunking concerns In the United States , not counting thousands of loan und trust cjinopnies with their branches. \\lth \ thousands.of villages and Minor cities without banking and loan facilities , and nearly all transactions In ready money , the ir't volume of currency in Franco must neces sarily bo very much larger than In our coun try. Mr. Otlotnur Ilntipt , one of thu most eminent authorities on llnanco , and specialist on Bllvor coinage , who favors a bl-mottallo currency , whom I met in Paris expressed the opinion that free coinage might possibly Vie carried lute offcot lu Uio Uuluid btutc * without drlvlni ; out the old , but ho consid ered It very h.vardoimunless an International standard is agreed upon for silver nnd polit. In Franco BO moro silver can bo coined , except - copt old worn out coins which arc rccoinod Into subsidiary coin. "Tho real cause of the general prosperity of the French farmer , " says Colonel Thomas Connollynn old union veteran , who has lived In Franco for mdrc than eighteen yearn , "Is their thrift and economic habits. . A French farmer wnstos nothing , till wlfo Is a peed cook and knows how to mnko the best usoof every crust , nnd whllo the food U al ways palatable , a French farmer's family subsists on what Is wasted and thrown away on nn American farm. " The French farmer tills his plowed land for the most pm't without machinery , whllo our Americans plaster their farms with mortgages for hurvoitars , threshers nnd other machinery , which Is allowed to rust nnd go to pieces by neglect every fo-v years. The French farmer markets his products to the best advantage. His \vlfo markets the garden truck , butter nnd eggs In the neigh boring village or town , whllo her husband Is at v/ork in the field. This mode of economic living nnd close application to his work makes the French farmer Independent and enables him to lay up and often loan out moiioy. The circulating medium cuts no ilguro In the farmer's savings. Hero in Austria the Hat - ystem of llnan- clorlng has certainly had full sway. There Is an nbundanco of paper moneyand gold Is never scon or thought of axcopt when ex changes nro made with foreign countries. In that case gold coin commands n premium of 15 per cent , and yet In Austria , with her abundant circulating nioditlm , is the most Im poverished tuition In all Kuropcunlcss ; wo ex cept Turkey. I scarcely need to ndu that the American farmer with nil his woes and draw backs is Intlnltoly bettor off than the Aus trian farmer who toils nnd tolls only to mcot the inexorable demands of the taxgatheror , who takes pretty much all ho can spare oven whoti he is only earning a scanty livelihood. E. HOSEWATEH. 1'Vitr.iG nr.iir srATUMESf. \VMnt Ilio LmtcKt I2\lilllt of the Score- taiy ol' tlip Treasury Shows. WASIIINOIOV , D. C. , Sept. 1. The follow ing Is a recapitulation of the debt statement issued today : CASH l.VTIIKAhUHY. Rolil coin . flI5.4S-.210 ' , , . . ' $240,714,137 Silver ilollnrs . 3ISV.'Jii..r > 7I Sulislillnrj coin . 18.UO 721 Iliirn . 37,0' 1577 Trudn ilolhir bant . 3U48,1U 407,844,023 1'apor k'Kul tomlor , notes ( ilil Issue . 2S'SI'i7 ' . ) Treasury notes of iSIX ) . . . . MU37iiiU ( inlil ciTtlllrati's . : i7.72IbO Silver i-urtltlcnlc . . Currency cvrllHcntoa . TIIOIMU National bunk notnn . C.fc.l'JJJ B4,820CS.r > Other bonds , tnti'rost nml coupons piild , iiHiiltlui : ro- Imlinrsumt'iit . M,503 Minor coin and frnctlunat currency . ; j..iWI DepotUs In national depos- Itorltx. general account . . . 17. .7)0 ) , Ml Dlnliurnliii.'iitllcurn' Imlniict's. 5,2iJb'JI7 DEMAND IJA1III.ITIES. Oold certltlcatcs . MttorcurtltlctUoa . 324.2l.l.2U'.i Cnriunoy certitlrati-a . VMSilKW Treasury noU'H of 1SH ) . f > l > , U3iiU.5 ! 559,073,00.1 For redumption of tincur * rent nntloiml bank notes . 0,010,722 OulKtnihllriK chocks ami ilrnftx . . . . IHitliiirtlni : nllta'ro' balances 3l.IM.M7 .U'uncj uccouuta , ctu . . ' 1,1)7,138 ) 47,210,34 ! ) ( iold reKertoil . lOOOUO.ouo Netcnili bnlnncu . tiO,274,3'J4 lia.J74,3 i4 7UOMJ47 ) ! Canli htilniHo III trciitury .luly.1l. TO1 . lM,7f ,715 CM ! I bnlaiuit III truiiBiiry AUKimt.'ll , IS'.H . ' . 11.0.274 " ' .14 Inc'rc'iiso ilurltiK moiitli . < ,1'JOG7'J ' lion 1:1.1 , j/.jy .s/rT/.K. Croditoi-H ol' tlio Insolvent Immlior Company OUVrcil Tnno Payments. ATIKISOV , ICnn. , Sopt. 1. [ Spoclnl Tolo- Brani toTim liui : . ] Spoouer It. liowoll of the Insolvent lumber llrm of Hawaii , Jowott & Co. , has Issued a circular to tils creditors milking nn olTer of settlement. Ha recites the history of his business nnd the causes which led to his suspension. Ho also sched ules hU assets and liabilities These nro ns follows : Assets. $ l,0s,000 ( ) ; amount of claims socurotl ttiaruon , 9IM,000 ! ; balance , $ JOO,000 ; cost nnd expenses up to time of pi-opened set tlement , J50.000 ; available for unsecured creditors , fcilO.OOfl ; liabilities , $ lSi,03Jrso- : ( ) cured , $090,000 ; unsecured , $1,140,000. Howell offers la settlement with the un- seemed creditors iV > cents on the dollar , payable ns follows : Twenty cents cash , 5 cents six months nftor October , 5 cents n venr nfter nnd 5 cents eighteen months nftor. The deferred payments to hour ( I per cent Interest. If the offer Is not accepted by all the creditors by October 1 ho reserves the rltfht to withdraw It. Howoll's nnxloty for haste is on account of the Hood of litigation nt all points whore ho baa property which threatens to consume tbo ussetts. G. W. Howcll nin'cos to Join In the notes for the de ferred payments , ho to bo released from nil pnpor on which ho may bo liable with S. U. Howoll. The circular states that George W. Howell has turned over nil his property to his Indi vidual creditors. Thu liabilities of George \V. Howell are not staled in the circular. oto tiirr\'Miuitft , Illinois Survlvoi'H ol' tlio Uittllo Visit thu Set-ni' . MONTH Ei.i.0 , ill. , Sopt. 1. [ Special Tola- Brain to TUB HKK.J Governor Joseph \V. Flfor nnd tils slnil with the state oftlcors and the survivors of the tbroo Illinois regiment * which took purt In the battle of Gettysburg , the ICIghth cavalry , the Twelfth cavalry nnd the Klphty-second Infuntry , departed todny by special train lor the Gettysburg batjlo- Hold , where the three monuments erected to conuncmorutn tbo purl the Illinois troops took In that battle will bo dedicated September i ) . The Illinois representatives will visit U aili- iiiKton , Philadelphia , Now York and Ilultl- moro before they return Uomo , and pay their respects to tbo DAYBREAK IN7 CASIP SHERMAN , Sunrise Qun Aroused Veterans anil Recruits to a Busy Day , ALL IS ACTIVITY AT GRAND ISLAND. Morning : SUPIIPM and Incidents Ar- rlvalHorthe Day Story of Lost Ulrd .NoteH of the ItClllllOll. ISLAND , Neb. , Sopt. 1. [ Special Tolcgrmn to Tun Bun. ] The second dny of the Grand Army of thu Republic reunion nt this place broke with the snmo clear sky which attended the opening. Camp Sherman presented n moro lively appearance , hundreds of veterans and families continually entering the gates nnd taking the quarters assigned them , The number of national stnndnrds nbovo the tents wns greatly Increased , because ns soon ns each post wont Into quarters it pro claimed the fact by giving to the breeze the colors which belong to the organization. The avenues and streets early became allvo with people. They were driven thither by the sun rise gun which awoke even the heaviest slumboror. Hundreds of veterans and militia men sought the mountninoas woodpiles nud returned to their touts , ludon with sticks of pine and hl&ffory. In n few minutes , light and ponotratlng smoke ascended above the tents and giving to the ntmo.sphoro that pecullnrly grateful odor appreciated only by thono who delight in camping out. Soon the dominance of tbo woody flavor was disputed and the odors of n thousand Impromptu kitchens told of the preparation of the morning tneal. Women , wives and daughters of veterans , in the main , attended to the cooking , but there were hundreds of Instances in which grizzled and bent veterans , hashed their potatoes , boiled their coffee nnd fried their meat ns they used to do when In fnce of the enemy. While they bent over the crackling flames nnd sizzling * stew- pans , the women sot table with little loss care than they would have done nt homo. In some instances the table consisted of the ground nbout the entrance to the tout1 , in others n bedspread extended within the tent nnd In others still n good sized , four logged , wooden support which seemed to hnvo been peculiarly designed for tbo occasion. On those tables not infrequently could bo seen wnrc of beautiful design nnd decoration Around these tables sat in some instances , only husband and wife whllo others wore surrounded with eiht and ten hungry mortnls for bo it known that whole families como to these reunions. After IlrcakTust was Ended. Later in the day the state headquarters became the scene of many reunions. As rapidly as the veterans settled themselves In camp , they reported and registered at their stntos nnd talked over the achieve ments of their "stato boys" In the war or perhaps recalled the memory of some comrade - rado who , a year ago , had boon with them but had since been called from the great battle of life. The largest number of veterans assembled ut the Illinois headquarters , whore , it bad been announced , an election of ofllccrs would bo hold. The election , however , wus deferred - ferrod , bccAuso not moro thnn a tenth of the Illinois veterans on tbo ground had boon ap prised of tbe meotinir. The mon , however , formed in fours nud marched nround several squares of the camp behind n brass band , which clayed an Inspiring quickstep. The stiffness nnd Infirmity which it is customary to note on all thcso occasions , while of course not ontlro absent , scorned to affect the Illtnolsan less than it docs many whom ono may notlco from other stntos. The martial spirit too scorns still to dominate these men even ns it did years ago when the state quota wns given every opportunity in fifty general engagements to display its valor. The Ohio headquarters-continue to attract a irroat deal of attention , owing to the mng- nlllccnt manner In which they have been decorated. These state headquarters present a beauti ful appearance. They occupy a commandim : position on the north of the main avenue , nnd ubovo each is the banner of the association. Many of these emblems nro works of art nnd have cost the boys many a hard earned del lar. lar.Tho The Now York banner Is of gold silk with , nurplo drapery , bearing on ono sldo the nrms of the states of New York and Nebraska and on the other , "Now York Soldiers In Nebraska. " The Illinois veterans have a beautiful white silk Hag with heavy gold trimmings. The Ohio veterans nro proud of a white silk Hag also , which Is very beautiful aud well cared for. The emblem of the Michigan soldiers is a rich yellow silk with the lugccd , "Michigan Soldiers In Nebraska. " The Iowa veterans Iwo n rod flag , the In- dlanian n drub silk banner emblazoned with the Grand Army of the Republic badgo. At tbo Minnesota headquarters there is n large pennant on which uppoars the words , "Mlnnesotn , the First in the Field , " This clnlm Is supported by the men who represent that stnto , who nssort that Minnesota ten dered her services to President Lincolu on tbo morning of April lit , 1S01 , and that the tender was accented on the same day. The states of Kentucky and Tennessee are Joined In the Mlnnesotn association. Arrivals of the Day. Among the prominent arrivals today were Governor Tliayor , Judges Homer of Kearney - noy , Applogct of Tccumseb and Estollo of Omaha , ox-Congressman Dorsoy , A. T. Nor- vnl , J. T. Mallalien , Superintendent und Ruv. Mr. Martin , chaplain of tbo Industrial school at Kearney ; A. Ggeo , Lincoln ; Samuel Brass of Junlatu , General Bowcn of Hastings , J. T. Bonnull of Lincoln , Church Howe of Nomaha , Rev , . ) . U. Tnte , Lloutcnant W. M. Morrow nnd H. M. Morrow , sons of tbo Into General ' Morrow , Mrs. General Colbv , Miss Colby. The nrrlvnl of Governor Thnyer wns greeted with n snluto of thirteen guns fired by Captain Mnrdock's battery in tine stylo. HU excellency wns escorted to his. tent , which wus most comfortably furnished , nnd which was flanked by the tents of his staff. In the morning the usual guard mount by tuo National guards occurred. At . ' < o'clock p. in. there was a battalion drill on the plain north of the pavillion , In which the Infantry , cavalry aud artillery took part. This wns witnessed by a great number of people. The ground wus uneven In many places and all the arms of the service experienced n great deal of difficulty la making a creditable dis play , Under the circumstances tboy did magnificently however , showing a great deal of improvement over their work of yes terday. On this occasion General Colby rode the magnificent Linden Tree , the horse prc.sentod General Grant by the Sultan of Turkey. The steed is of milk whlta color , inugnttlccnt form and bore his rider with the swiftness of the wind over the Hold. At 5 o'clock there was a grand dross parade In which both regiments took part. This wns loviowml by Governor Thayer nnd staff , who occupied seats In from of the grand stand. Story of html lUrd. Among the spectators were General Colby and wife , accompanied by their little adopted daughter , Xlntlta Luiiunl , which Is Sioux for ' Lost Bird. " This little ono is now about n year old , and was permitted to roam around the gallery of the stand , not , however , without solicitation on tbo part of the foster par-nits , who kept loving eyes upon the movements of the child. The luttor attracted u grout deal of intention. She has u pure Indian fuco and promises to develop into u robust young woman , This little ono will bo remembered ni the orphan whoso parents were killed in th'j battle of Wounded Knee In the lust Sioux campaign , aud who was found sheltered by the dead body of her mother.- She survived the Intense blb/an ! which 'followed that en gagement , having been exposed , to the ele ments for forty-eight hours , This cvcnlnc Mrs. Betsy , Ilnrrls , n colored woman of Wrinoro , wns brpught tothocnmp , it wns thought In a dying cdndttton. She wns thrown out of n wagon nt homo this morning , nnd though Injured , thought she would bo ublo to inako the Journey. Mrs. Harris followed tlo ( Twelfth Miohi- pnu through the wnr ns' nurse , and became attached to tbo boys who wore under the command of Colonel Graves. She Joined the regiment at Bolivar , nnd did not leave It until It was1 mustered out nt NIles , Mich. After leaving Wvmoro today she began to feel the effect of her In juries , nnd when .sho reached hero she .suffered most lutcnsly. Mrs. Ilnrrls Is a very patriotic woman , 54 years of ago nnd already suffers from paralysis , Drum Corps Conte-t. This nftornoon the contest between the rival drum corps on thu ground took plnco. Thu competitors were the corps of the First rcu'lmcnt , Nebraska National guards the Ivountzo Pluco drum corps of Omaha , the Lyon Post corps , Grand Army of tuo Ro- publlc. Grand Island and the Jackson corps of Lincoln. The prize was n silk banner , nnd wns won by tbo drum corps of the First regiment. No second prize bud boon offered. If It bad the Judges decided it would bo given to the Jack son corps of Lincoln , the majority of whom nro very little boys and who play most crod- Itnbly. After the dress parndo this afternoon the ofllcors of the First nnd Second regiments , Nntlonnl gunrds , accompanied by their respective bands , paid their respects to Governor Thnyer nnd were heartily congratulated by him upou the energy they were displaying In tbo oauso of the National Guards nnd the success which wns attending their oftcrts. A plensant reception followed , In xvhlcn the ofllcer.s were introduced to his oxcollencv by Mnjor Mngoon , Judge advocate general of the former's stuff , Senator MandcrHon 1'ayn an lOloquciit Tribute to u Dead Comrade. GIUND IsfiWD , Neb. , Sept. 1. ( Special Telegram to TIIK BKK. I General Russell A. Algor of Michigan , Senator C. F. Mnndor- son , Major J. W. Paddock , commander of the Loyal Legion of Nebraska , Major T. T. Clarkson Junior vlco commauder-in-chlof , - - of the Grand Army of the RopublieGeueralO. H. Frederick of Omaha , Captain C. II. Burmels- ter. Captain John Peters , collectorof customs , W. E. Annin , private , secretary to Senator A. S. Paddock , General John B. Donnls nnd Major A. jJ. Furay arrived on tbo overland tonight. f General Alger WHS received at the station by Captain Platte , and with Senator Man- dorson. who was the quest of Captain Moore wa.-driven todinnor.CeinralsMunderkon ! nnd Alger reached the grandstand at S10 : ! o'clock this evening , where 10,000 nboplo had assem bled to hear the former deliyor his memorial address on the Into General ! Henry A. Mor row. Thov were greeted with hearty cheers. Upon taking the stand General Manderson said this was the thirteenth reunion of the Grand Army of the Republic la Nebraska , and thnt each reunion seemed to increase in enthusiasm nnd attendance , ' Ho said thnt his duty wns to pay a tribute to tbo distin guished services of Gen'ernl Henry A. Morrow. The ienntor traced tbo origin of Morrow to the Huguenots of Franco , of whom loyalty to their country was the most distinguishing characteristic. From the Huguenots bud de scended some of the most eminent , men in the country , John Jay , "IJoudinof , the Bnynrds , Lmirons worot Ilukuenots. Born ns General Morrow bnd boon in Virginia , It wns a question whether If he had remained there ho would have de cided before the war , when there was two schools of politics , whether his loyally was duo to the state or to the nation ; whether ho would have followed Lee and given up his commission to fight against the national government , or whether ho would hnvo followed that glorious son of Virclnia , George A. Thomas , who led the national troops to victory. But it was fortu nate for the country that ho did not remain. The senator then related how youne Mor row went to Washington , which" was not a pent up Utlca Hlco Richmond , where ho became a paso in tbo United States senate , where ho renlUed that the state wns insignificant In comparison with the nation ; where ho exorcised the glorious privilege of listening to Clay nnd Webster nnd drinking the honeyed words of Cnlhoun , those proat statesmen of the dny , who taught patriotism nnd fealty to the republic. } Ho then rofcrrad to General Morrow's en listment as a private in 18-10 , his serving under Xachnry Taylor In thq Mexican wnr , his return to private llfo/his removal to Michigan , where , in Detroit , ho served tbo people successively as recorder and judge of the recorder's court ; the tender of his serv ices In 1801 to the governor of Michigan : his recruiting of the Twenty-fourth Michigan regiment , nud bis leading that regiment Into the field. The senator then dwelt upon General Mor row's great bravery in tbe field of Gottys- bury , whore 1110 out of 490 mon of bis regi ment had been either killed or wounded , n loss of ever 05 per cent , the greatest over ex perienced , according to the reports , In n regi ment of the salno size In nnv war. The loss in Napoleon's wnr dfd not oxcocd 15 per cent , whllo nt Waterloo on both sides it did not i exceed that per co'nt. The world , which did not look closely Into such matters , could not rcnllzo the desperate bravery of the American soldier , whether ho fought on the right sldo or the wrong. When the last color bearer of the regiment bad fallen at Gettysburg , Morrow sol/cd the standard to save It from contamination In the dust , nnd It wns then seized by Private IColly of Company E , who then exclaimed that ha ( Morrow ) must not carry it while ho ( IColly ) lived. The Turks Inculcated the Idea that when n man died on tha Held of battle fighting his soul wont straight tor heaven. The speaker behoved that the soul of ICelly , who died tno next moment , went straight to glory. Morrow than seized the colors , loll wounded and wns captured. by tbo eno- iny , but Leo , whoji ho was forced to retreat could carry no union wounded nnd Morrow again fell into the bands of his friends. The senator then described Morrow's load ing ! ! 00 men across the pontoon at Chanrel- lorsvillo under llro of the onainy. his desper ate assault upon nnd his driving the enemy from the heights , which initiated the Chun- collorsvlllo campaign. , ' Wounded nt Gettysburg , Morrow wns ngam wounded In the Wilderness nnd In front of Petersburg , but the wounds healed nnd he returned to the Hold. General Morrow's promotion was then re- enllod , as were also his return to civil llfo at Detroit at the close of the the war ; the clvlo ofllcei of ( rust forced upon him ; his services at Now Orleans in the re construction of Louisiana , < a , duty imposed upon him by General Grnat because of hU ability as a lawyer ; the manner in which ho compelled tbo Mormons to respect the laws of the laud , and finally his great love for Nebraska and his friend ship for the pioneer settler ivtid homesteader. The senator closed by snylia ? : General Morrow bolluvod In tbo future of tills htati ) . lie \vasan optimist , not n pessi mist , llo did not pruai'h thu K' pel of discontent , llo buhevnd that whllo n Mn b1 season ot hlioil icq of crops might OIIIIHU n tomnoraiy stopp.t.-u. It cou'd ' not retard thu Kiowtli of tlio Brunt stiito of NubiasKu In IU onward march to prosperity. llo was early allied to'llio Grand Army of the Republic. The order hold no ru- unlon which he did not utti'iid. He frequently brought hlsov\ii troops with him. IINvolcn , is fiecintilly | heard nt ciunp llros , and you know with what uuriiestnuss ho utinuusou thecane. Gunurul Morrow was n man of sound talent. Ho was luarnnd In the law , UK lie hud tmccostfiilly proved. Hu was an Accomplished oritor. In iirlviito llfo ( ID WHS u genial , witty conversationalist. Ill ) was a good soldier , u lovliu husband and n careful and palnstuk- Ing fulliiT , Above till , ho nuv r forgot that no wns a gi'ntlunmn. The nnUcrsil testimony Is ibut ha was of u xym- imihotlo heart , anxious In liclp his follow imtn Uf him U might bo said that 'tils llfu wus KCiitlo und thu oii'inonH so m-xcl In CONTINUED ON StCO.SL ) J'AOE.J SWINDLING WESTERN PEOPLE , Officials of the Land Oflloa Discover a Qi- gantio Fraud. THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS SECURED , So-Cntlcil IJiiroaim I'rctciulinj ; to Per fect Clouded Ijiuiil TltlOH at Ho- innrkably IKIW I'rloeVII1 llo Thoroughly WASIIINOTOV Bninvu op TIIK Hun , ) filt ; Foi HTBKNTII Sntiir : : , > WASHING rex , D. C. , Sept. 1. ) The land ofllco Intends to put a stop to n swindle which Is being entonstvely worked through the west. The original patents to government lands nro In many cases un called for as the patents were issued many years ago nnd the parties now holding the land care nothing for the original grant from the government. In some localities tboro are from 30,000 to 40,000 of those original patents uncalled for. Unscrupulous parties In the west have taken advantage of this situation nnd have established bureaus for selling the old patents. In ono Instance in Iowa , which has coino before ttio land ofllce , a linn has bean doing n wholesale business In selling over 30,000 government patents. The plan hns been to secure from the local land olllce n list of the uncalled for patents. The owners of the land Were then notified that their tltlo was Imporfoot as they lacked the original government patent. The firm professed to have control of the patents nnd olTorod to sell them and thus perfect titles for $10 ouch. A lucrative business hns thus boon built up , although the patents could have boon secured without the expenditure of a penny by sending for thorn to the land ofllco. The authorities hero have determined to break up the practico. Whenever ono of the patent bureau's makes an application for the original grant on u piece of land notlco will bo forwarded to the owner of the land that ho can hnvo the grant fvoo of cost , by apply ing direct to the land ofllco nud can thnn save the $10 extortion. U'hllu the swindle Is small In each case It amounts in the apurcgnto to n very largo sum. The Iowa llrm which is dealing In ao.OOO patents had hopes of clearing $300,000 inside of a year without the expenditure of anything except for printing circulars which might scnro the land owners into buying up their patents. MIVISTIMI EOAN'S SILENCE Secretary Tracy loft hero tonight for Capo May nnd it Is stated that his mission is to see the president concerning the diplomatic course to bo pursued toward the now Chilian government. The Stnto department has tnus far failed to secure information of the progress of Important events in Chili nnd this laok of information at n critical ilmo has become so marked that it is said President Harrison will quietly Ignore the tardy olllo- lals and ministers of the State department and trust to the moro expeditious methods of the Navy department. Admiral Brown Is In Clilli and his frequent dispatches to Sec retary Tracj are in marked contrast with the advices of Minister Egan. The latter has constantly assorted that Balmaceda was Invincible , and tha State department onluials not wishing to discredit their own agents , have given generous sup port to his views , but bis carlv misinforma tion to tlio government is now supplemented by entire sllenco and the State dop.u-tmont Is embarrassed by ontlrolack of information although Santiago has long ago fallen and Chill hns passed into the hands of a new government. In fnct the State department is now depending for ndvlce on Admiral Brown and the courtesv of the Navy depart ment. With this condition of affairs exist ing , tbo president is snld to bellovo In lotting1 the Navy department carry lorward diplomatic ; negotiations. Admiral Brown Is well equipped to carry forward any course which the president may determine to take. Ktran U a constant source of Irrita tion to the new government , nnd his recall can not bo delayed long , In the meantime the unusual course may bo adopted of having the Navy department , through Its admiral , conduct diplomatic relations by reason of the tardiness of Secretary Blaino's State depart ment ofllclals. P. S. II. SOVTII ItAKOTA VJlLKll Imbor Dny Knjoyccl by TlioiibnmlH of Illiick IlillH Minors. DriAPWoon , S. D. , Sept. 1. [ Special Tele gram to Tun BEC. ] Labor day , the great Black Hlllsjiohdny for nil classes of Inhering men , occurred today. For several weeks preparations for properly nnd appropriately celebrating It had boon underway. Whitewood - wood , by n vote of the Minors' unions of Central and Lead Cities had been selected ns the plnco for the programme , and from 0 o'clock this morning until 1 o'clock In the afternoon the Elkhorn railroad was dispatchIng - Ing train load after train load from Deadwood - wood , Control City , Torravlllo nnd Load City. These rarriod by rail were principally minors nnd their families. From nil other parts of the county came farmers , nnd dosplta the fnct that rain was falling nearly all through the day , It is estimated that 5,000 people took part In the picnic. United States Senator Ivylo was the orator of the day. The foot that ho was to bo pres ent hna drawn many of the prominent lllnclc Hills politicians , who , anticipating n political spaoch , were anxious to ascertain where the preacher-senator would place himself. Ho talked to the dissatisfaction of republicans nnd independents , nnd if bis speech of today may bo accepted ns a declaration of his po litical faith ho placed himself In line with democracy. llo proclaimed , among other things , for nbsoluta free trada nnd frco coinage - ago of silver. Senator ICylo was followed by Colonel W. U. Steele of Ueadwood , who < lo- llvoreu n brilliant address , devoting himself entirely to n discussion of labor problems nnd eschewing politics. At the close of Colonel Stcolo's address the crowd dispersed , not to unite nguln until September 1 , 1SW. Convention ol'lndlin Churches. Ilosmiui ) Aouvcv , S. D. , Sept. 1. [ Special to Tim Huis.J The annual convocation of the Indian churches of the Episcopal denomina tion assembled at Rosebud reservation this year. The mooting gather * delegates from nil the Sioux reservations. The Indians travel by team from Standing Hock and Sibcoton. The Rosebud church entertains nil visiting members , furnishing ubundnnt rations among the meetings. The meetings arc hold under a large booth inndo from boughs uiul branches with n seatIng - Ing capacity of .100. This is built on Antelope - lope crook Just east of St. Mary's school. Tbo Indian churches take great Interest In these meetings. Bishop Hnro Is very warmly welcomed by his Indian churches after his return from Japan , Nor Hi Dukola'N Hit ; Crop. OinNi ) Four * . N. D. , Sop. 1. The whole wheat crop Just harveitod In this state ox- ceous 50,000,000 bushels. Commissioner of Agriculture Hulgesor'n oftlctal estimate places the wheat acreage at : iOOUOJ3 ucres , with an nvorngo yield of seventeen bushels to the nere , making the nggrogato yield 5l.000.uOO bUKliols , and this estimate will full H hort ol the actual crop. Wtivut throthod in Grand Form county yesterday , yielded thirty-eight bushels to the acre. In Nelson county on Saturday , two and ono-half nctos vicldudM.j ousliels of oats. In HI : nralil with < rent Pomp , FIUNKFOIIT , Ky. , Sept. J. Governor Brown was Inaugurated at noon today with olnborato and Imwesslvo rorumonio * . Fully 20,000 pcoplo weru present. present.'H 'H MovoinontH. MA * POINT , N. J. , Sept. 1. No busl- 'ness ' of n nubile nnturo was transacted by tbo president tills morning. During the forenoon Secretary Husk wns In conference with the president. The secretary started nt I ! : ' . ' . " > this Afternoon on his return to Washington. Mrs. Harrison and Mrs. Olmmlck loft Capo May nt 7 o'clock this morning by special car for Now York. _ .v/ir.s rnuM .V/I/M.SK i Til tlon Citl/.cns I'roparo an lOvlillilt of Agricultural Wealth. TII.DKN , Nob. , Sept. 1. ( Special Telegram to TUP. Hr.K. ] Tlldon Is nllvo. Yesterday thn business men of Tildon assisted by tha farmers of the vicinity commenced to nr- range nn exhibit of the ngriciilturnl products of the county nt the depot so that excursion ists might hr.vo nn opportunity to see what can bo done around Tlldon. Now the depot Is a scene of wonder. As every train slops passengers nro surprised to see the beautiful displays of npplos , pears , plums nnd other fruit besides the line specimens of corn , Wheat , rye , oats , sugar beets and In fnct nil farm products that have been collected In so short a timo. It Is Intended to show to strangers and visitors what soil In this county Is capable of producing. Cedar Couuty'H Crop. RtNDoi.ru , Neb. , Sept. 1. [ Special to THE Br.i : . | All crops nro good In this region. The small grain is in shock except what Is threshed. The rnngo In good Holds Is of wheat from littcon to twenty bushels. A. Htibor had llftv bushels of wheat per aero nnd 100 bushels of oats. Oats are very line nnd range from thirty to seventy bushels. Mr. Oliver , near Havens , Cedar county , had 1,115 bushels , machine measure , in n ten nnd n half aero Hold. E. S. Miller of Randolph had 150 bushels of barley on eight acres and bis oats yield fifty bushels per aero. There never wus so even and so good n crop of flax. This Is now ready for cuttlnir nnd looks ns though it would range from eight to sixteen bushels. Ono farmer Is re ported as having already threshed twenty busliols per aero. Haying was hindered by frequent rains till about n woorf ago. Snllni ; County Kcumon. FniE.s-n. Nob. , Soot. 1. [ Special to TUP. Bnc.JThu old soldiers ol Salinocounty will hold their annual reunion in H. Applegatc's grove , sovcii miles south of friend , com mencing September 15 and continuing until September 17. The grove Is n beautiful ono and is nunr the headquarters of Lookout Mountain post , the members of which are prepared to make It very pleasant for all who attend. Tents will bo fur nished to all who wish thorn and grain and hay will bo on the ground for these who hnvo loams. Refreslimonts will bo furnished by Lookout Mountain Relief Corps. Good speaking , music , sham battles and plenty of amusement will bo found on the programme. Everybody is invited nnd especially tbo Sons nnd Daughters of Veterans and Relief Corps , Lookout Mountain post and the management propose to mnko this the finest reunion of thorn all. O.socolix's .Mnmms Celebrate. OSCIOI.A : , Nob. , Sept. 1. [ Special to Tin : Bun. ] The chapter of the Order of the Eastern Star of this placa mot in special mooting lust night for the purpose of cele brating the birthday of the founder of that order , Hobort Morris , who was also the Soot Inuroato of Free Masonry of tbo United tatcs. There was a largo number of sisters and brothers from different , parts of the state present , ns well as some of the members of Vesta chnpter of Omaha , Osceoln chapter hns the reputation of being ono of the best chapters in tha state and she exemplified thn work nnd did herself proud at this timo. Addresses were delivered by H. A. Scott aud T. H. Saunders on the llfo and character of Brother Robert Morris. Refreshments served and all say they had a nlco timo. * nufTalo'H County's Fair. KnAiixEV , Nob. , Sept. 1. [ Special Tele gram to THE BEE. ] Today the Buffalo county fair begins. The now fair grounds are located two miles east of the city between the two railroads. The buildings , amphi theater nnd stables wcro moved from the old grounds. A half mile track has been laid out , which Is much better than tbo old one. The exhibits were n little slow In coming In today , though the entries numbered 2,300 , The exhibit of fruit , agricultural products nnd flowers will bo very fine. About forty horses nro hero which will compete in an In- toroitiftifsories of races. There nro hero horses from Mlndcn , Hnldregc , Lexington , North I'lutto and Hnrlnu county besides the im mediate vicinity. IjiiHlitou C IniiiiH the I'rl/.o. LUSIITOX , Nob. , Sept. 1. [ Special to Tin ; BEE. | The Grand Army of the Republic post of this place will start to Grand Island Wednesday , accompanied by the Lushton opera band of twenty-two pieces. Lushton has a band that any town could bo proud of , much loss u village of ilOO inhabitants. The bovs have Just purchased fine uniforms and will make a great showing with their flvo clarinets , two French horns and other solo Instruments. Lushton Is proud of her band. Lnlxir Day at iihilr. Bi.ti.v , Nob. , Sept. 1. [ Special Telegram to Tin : BEU.I Labor day was duly observed hero today. A very largo delegation was In from the country and the parade was large. A few of the business men made a trades ills- piny nnd several of the different grange lodges which were very nlco. Mr. O. M. Rom wus the orator. Lon Vaughnn was president of the day and Samuel R. Splker was marshal. I'roiuinrnt Mason Dead. CHRTI : , Neb , , Sopt. 1. [ Special to Tin : Bci : . | Dr. Benjamin Root , formerly of Exctcd nnd Hot Springs , S. U. , died this morning at the residence of Dr. A. I ) . Root nftor n lingering sickness of consumption Dr. Root wns n prominent Mason nnd well known throughout the tt-ite. Funeral Thursday at p. in. , under direction of the Masonic ledge hero. Suicided at Illalr. BI.AIII , Nob. , Sopt. 1. [ Special to TIIK BKK. ] Anton Jurnka , n Gorman , died h/ro at the Sherman house last night from mor phine poisoning. Ha was a peddler nnd lived in 1'nplllion , but seems not to hnvo any friends. Ho will bo burled hero today. In his room wns found nu empty box which hnd contained morphine. There will bo no In quest hold , _ _ Wont llnntliiji Too Soon. WAU.ACK , Nob. , Sept. 1. [ Special Telegram - gram to Tins Br.i ! . ] A trio of Lincoln sports men , whoso mimes nro W. A. Dowooto , F. A. Mnskott nnd M. W. Wood , wont hunting chickens too soon nnd weio arrested nt the Instance of the gun club hero. At their htnir- Inc before Judge Lenon they were assessed $10 nnd cost. _ Hlay Hecovor. BI.AIII , Nob. , Sept. 1. [ Spcclnl to Tin : ItKii.Hownrd | King , the young man who wnh hit by the Black Hills passenger train going west hero Sunday , Is Improving. His leg wns amputated. The circumstances , by his own story , point to the fact that the uccl- dent wus duo to his own carelessness. County Will Ho There. Bum , Nob. , Sept 1. iSpodul to Tim Hm--Tbo : ] prospects now nro very flattering that Washington county will bo represented In the state advertising train If it proves a success. If the county can got HOIIIO good man to rustle It will not taku much of nn ef fort to rulao Uiu necessary inonoy. Klmwnod .SC\VH Noti'w , EI..MUIIOII , Neb. , Sept. 1 ( Special to TIIK BKU.J A boating park and fair grounds nro to ho located bore. John Wubor was the victim of a painful accident yesterday , receiving a dnugcruiit wound In the band from u dry \sced of u poisonous character. COLORADO TRAIN ROBBERS , They Hold Up a Rio Qrando Passongel and Make a Haul. EXPRESS MESSENGER'S ' PLUCKY FIGHT , Initially Overpowered and Koroed to Open the Safe Ono ol' the .Mis- fiourl Hank KohliefH Cap tured and liynolicd TI\AI : Cnp.r.K , Colo. , Sopt. 1. The Donvoi Rio Grande train No.I , from C-L-den , wus held up four mlles west of this station At 11:10 : last night by seven masked men nnd the express car roubod of nbout $ > lt00. ! Xono of the pasiongcrs were molested. The uluht truck walker was overhauled by the robbers nt the end of n curve niui compelled to ling the train. Torpedoes worn placed on the track nnd n rod lantern usud as n danger sig nal. Several shots were Ilrod to frighten tha passengers and trainmen. The track walker snys they nil hnd horses nnd thinks they came from the south sldo of the river nnd went In the direction of Wet Mountain vnl- ley.i . i no oncinoor nnd iircmen were Held up nt the points of rillos. The llrenmn wns relieved of n line gold wntch nnd wns then forced to pick n lock nnd break in the door of the bag gage car under llro from the express mes senger. The mail car doors wpro nil broken in , but nothing wns taken from the car. Express Messenger Angel mndo n deter mined resistance , nnd used n revolver to good advantage , but whether anyone wan killed Is not definitely known. The llgiit wns n fierce one , though it lasted only a few niln utes. The robbers compelled the mossengci to open the safe , from which the robbers teeN A number of citizens nro In pursuit who have telegraphed for hounds that hnvo been in use In the poi.ltontiary. They will bo bur ned to the scene on n special train and put on the trail ns soon ns possible. With tin efforts being mndo it is thought the robbon cannot escape. A number of Pinkerton d tcctivos from Denver Imvo taken the trull foi the sccuoof the robbery. r.\'xcnii > OM : or rni : jtonniitn. Summary JuntleeOvertnkes n Desper ado In KANSAS CITV , Mo. , Sept , -Ono of tha desperadoes who robbed the Cordor , Mo. , bank yesterday nftornoon , wns captured Into last night nbout twenty mlles from Cordor , nnd whllo being taken to Lexington n mob of enraged citizens took the prisoner from the ofllccrs and lynched him. The robber pave bis name us Andrew Murroll. About half the stolen inonoy wns found in his possession. The other robber is being closely pursued. i\i > WISH ntr.cii'i r. i nox. ol' Melbourne and the G iveru- inctit Party to Make IJ'iin. Cnivix.Ni : : : , Wyo. , bopt. 1. Melbourne's efforts at rain-making hnvo been crowned with success. At 2:30 this nftornoon n storm suddenly broke forth , contrary to nil expec tations and two hours later there wns a heavy rain In accordance with Melbourne's predic tions. The rainfall ox tended over a rud his of 1H- teen to twenty mlles nround the city nnd the ofllclnl measurement was one-half Inch. The government observer declares there were no premonitions of the coming storm nnd that It wns purely local. Another shower is promised in a few hours. Thoio who were skeptical arc now" convinced tbit there is something in Melbourne's system. The com- nutteo having the matter in chana took every precan Ion to obtain a satisfactory test and Observer Rnvnnscrnft rendered important nssistnnco. They sny that Melbourne has none what bo agreed to. There Is a conoral desire , however , to have further tests under the supervision of gov ernment ofllclnls or exports. Plenty of money cquld bo raised hero for that purpose. Tox. , Sept. 1. The rnlnlall ex pedition , which has bncn conduct ! . .g the ex periments nt tbo Chicago ranch , twenty- llvu miles from this place , will pro- ccixl nt once to El Pnso , Mr. John S. Ellis , who is In command of the expedition during General Dyrcn- furth's temporary absence in Washington , Is making extensive preparations to hnvo a grand test nt 101 Pu.so. The mnyor nnd cltl- /ens of 101 Pnso Imvo offered to boar nil ex penses of the experiments , but this offer has only been accepted in part. The smallncss of tbo appropriation under which the rain pro ducers huvo boon working compels the ac ceptance of outsldo help. Many prominent Mexicans have written and piomlsed to be present to see Undo Sam's rnin producers make rain , and , from letters received from nil over Toxns , It Is thought n grout many people will come. A delegation from southeastern Taxns came to see Mr. Ellis yesterday nnd olfoiod to ad vance $5,000 to pay the expenses of further experiment thoro. Governor Hogg is grcntly Interested in the subject nnd Is In corre spondence with Secretary Rusk In regard to tlio continuance ot experiments in this stnto nt the cxpunso of the clti/.ens. The rain makers will probably go to southwestern Texas from El Paso and continue the experi ments there. 'to A t c-timony , I xpert and Olherwlms , In the DaviH U III Cum.- About All In. Burn : , Mont. , Sopt. 1. Today's court pro ceedings In the famous Davis will case were of moro than ordinary Interest and form the subject , of considerable comment. The pro ponent , John A. IJavls , was an tbo stand , also A , .1. Davis of the First National bank , n lu'phowof the law A. .1. Dnvls , who testi fied that ' .ho signature to the alleged will was genuine. By mutual agreement ot the counsel for the pioponents and contotitnnts , and with the consent of the court u practical chemical test of ink In the alleged will toolc plnco in the presence of the court and the jury. Only ono letter In thu body of the will and onu letter in each of thu signatures ot the attesting witnesses , together with n portion tion of the tcroll line under the alleged sig nature of the latu A. J , Davis , wura sub jected to a chomlcnl teat. The contestants through their exports Henry L. Tolman of Chicago , David N. Carvalho , Daniel T. Ames ot Now Yoik and Dr. William E. Hiigcn of Troy. N. Y.- hnvo been testifying and claiming that the will wus wrlltuiItbnigroiln Ink which WHS not known or manufactured until many years .subsequent to the duto that the Initru- ini'iit wus oxocutod. They also claimed that thn signature of Sconce , the only living wit ness to thi ) will wus written with lion Ink. The tests today were conducted by II L. Tolman , of Chicago , for the contestants whllo H. H. Hodges of Boston , lute superintendent of tests on the Union Pucillo system leproicntod thu piupononts , About oiio hour w > is consmnoJ In maklf.g test * and taking the testimony of thu exports as to the result. The test piuved con clusively and to the satisfaction of the con testants tl.at the testimony given by Hoduc.i several days .since that not only the body of the will , but that all of the signatures were written with logwood ink , which has been In use for a period of forty years. That opinion uns continued todav bv chemicals and the ri'ui > lt tins caused somewhat of u sen sation. Tno court will prevent the case to Mm Jury in n few days and It Is oxpci-tod Hint the result u ill bu known ubout the 7th lust. No I''IIHOII ! DeHlrotl. CIIKIT , Neb. , Sopt. l.--Sr | c'clul Telegram to TIIK BKK.Tho | democratic county cen tral conunitteo mot this afternoon nnd do cuK'd in hul i thn conn y convention Septcm- Lui l' > . i \\iliicr i'bo attendance wui s ni i a ii f r run with the Independent * Wat Ur > tlti uiun.