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THE OMAHA DAILY IMW : FRIDAY , JANUARY 8 , 1892 THE OMAHA BEE. COUNCIL BLUFFS. OFFICE : - NO , 12 PKAUL STREET. Delivered by Carrier to any part of the City. 11. W. TILTON , - MAXAOr.K. Iliislncss Ofllco TM i Night Hdltor No. " . / / : . > T/O.V. N , Y. Plumbing Co ! Council Iluffs ! Lumber Co. , coal. Cruti's chattel loans. SOI Snpp block. Justlco Hammer performed the ceremony vcstordny that united In matrimony John L. Thornton and Suslo Johnson , both of Omaha. The regular mooting of the Married Ladles' ' Social socloty will bo held ut the residence of Mrs. Balrd , 7)9 ! ) Mynstor street. Miss Maud Bryant will entertain a number of her friends nt a card party tomorrow evening at the u'omo of J. O. Bryant , 103 Stutsman street. John Schoror of Montovlsta , Colo. , nnd Eula M. McKwon of Oakland , la. , were married yesterday afternoon by Justlco Hammer ut the court houso. Hcgular conclava of Ivanhoo commandery No. 17 , Knlglits Templar , takes place this. Thursday , ovonlng. All sir knights requested to bo present. By order of eminent com mander. Hcgular meeting of Mlzpuh Temple No. 9 , Knights of Pythlns hall , Thursday evening , January 7. Installation of oftlcers iiiid1 > thor important business. All members are re quested to bo present. O. W. Bayloss , thn Insane man who wandered away from homo for the .second tlmo In the 1'int six wiieks , was captured In Omaha nnd brought baric to the rcsldcnco of hla brothnr-ln-laxv , William Crusman. /.oka Bothers , the boy who was charged with striding a pair of nhocs from the janitor of the Baldwin uloclc , was given a trlul ba- fore Justlco Cones , found guilty and sentenced to a term of tblrty days In the county jail. A. T. Fllcuinccr received a telegram yesterday announcing the serious llbicss ot his mother at her homo In independence. She formerly resided hero and has many friends In Council Bluffs who wish for her speedy recovery. John Ostrom , un employe of tno Union Pn- ciltc , died yesterday morning at 40 : ! o'clock ol pneumonia , aged ' 17 yoars. Ho leaves a wlfo and two children. The funeral will occur tomorrow afternoon t " o'clock from the family residence , 1020 Seventh avenue , aim the remains will bo taken to Walnut Hill cemetery for interment. Michael Corey died lust ovonlng at 5iO : ! o'clock at hlr. residence , corner of Eighth avenue anil Twentieth street , aged OS years , of la grippe. Ho leaves a wife and seven children , all of whom wcro prcsout at the tlmo of his death excepting ono son who U a train dispatcher at St. Louis. The funora will occur tomorrow morning from the Catbl ollc church. A wrong Impression was created by an item In yesterday's BBI : with reference to A. T. Fllckinccr's prospective retirement from thu ofllco of treasurer of the deaf und dumb institute. His term of ofllco expires May 1 , but thcro is hardly a doubt that the Board of Trustees will appoint him his own successor , ns bis administration of the nffalw of the ofllce have beer. In every way satisfactory. Tno pupils of the Plerco Street school are planning an entertainment to bo pivon In about three weeks. A program Is being prepared - pared , aud when all the arrangements are made tbo grown ups of the vicinity will bo invited in to hoar their young hopefuls per " form. The "proceeds of the entertainment , for thcro is to bo an admission too charged , will bo devoted to paring for the rental of a ' piano for use in th'o building. The suit commenced some time ago In the superior court by Kimball & Champ against the Nonpareil companyto restrain the olllccrs of the company from disposing of the stock belonging to M. M. and J. J. Stoadmun was dismissed yesterday , tbo plaintiffs having failed to furnish sunicient bond. A now suit was nt once commenced by John Ualloy , who was tbo real party In mtarast , making the same allegations ns In the flrit case. E. t\ Test , president of the Nonpareil Printing ana Publishing company ; II. E. Ingraham , secretary , and H. D. Test , vice president and treasurer , are made defendants. rrnctldil Ton years experience , fit guaranteed without change of seam or no pay- ; prices $ y.IO ( to $5.00 , ladies please call. Mesdnmcs Barnolt , M. A. Fair , M. G. Triplow , 01 > 5 South Main , second floor front. The Boston Store , Council Bluffs , la. , clofos every evening at 0 p.m. , unless Mondays and Saturdays. Mondays 0 p. in. , Saturdays 10 p. m. Fqthoringhnm , Whitolaw & Co. , Council Bluffs , la. Kcitor , the tailor , 810 Broadway , has nil the latest wtylcs nnd now winter goods. Satisfaction guaranteed. Dr. F. T. Soybort lias removed to the jOrand hotel. Telephone uo. f j'Kitbox.ti. J'.iit.iait.irns. Qcorgo H. Gable has returned from a va" cation trip to his homo la Crawford county. Miss Eunice Wells has boon dangerously 111 for several duy.s past with tonsllltls , but Is now slowly recovering. J. A. Lyons , auditor ot state , Is in the city In the Interests of the United States Masonic Benevolent association. Mrs. J. B. Atkins has gene to Crcston to visit Airs. Ed Hutchor , wlfo of the Burling ton conductor who is lying at her homo dangerously 111. Mrs. Flood , wlfo of the California mil lionaire , passed through tbo city yesterday over the Burlington and Union Paclflo rail ways on her way home , In the suoclul car Grassmcre. Misses Anna Raymond , Lou Smith and Jnnnlo Wallace , and Messrs. Fred Grass , \V. . H. Uavmnnd , W. T , Lalng , Fred Montgomery nnd vVIll Wallace bavo returned to Grinncll to resume their studies. Jurrls 1S77 brnmly , purest , safest , beat. The only kindergarten in the city is In the Morrinin block , next to the Young Men's ChriHtlaii association. Experi enced tonuhui'8 and only one-half usual rotes nro charyod. Wo have our own vlnoyards In Callfor nla. Jurvis Wine como.uiy , Co. DlttlTa Too Much Iteil 1'jc. There have been several transfers in the police force In the past day or two , the causes of which have Just como to light. Captain ClouKh , who has done night duty over slnco the force was organized two years ago , and a largo quantity of booze which ho Is said to have imbibed on Thursday nlRht , uro to blaine for the changes. Ho was not entlsllod with a good old fashioned drunlr. but Insisted on having ono with very loud bid pus down tbo sides , nnd it is stutud that Mason Wise , with whom ho was scan rialnp white iinaor the Influence of the giant Uillor , had great illftlculty in curbing bis no tions so as to make him lit for paaceabla clt- ZOHS to como within four block * of. At any rate Captuin dough's place is now flllod , by Day Captain Ed Martin , and Detective J. J. O'u'omioll ' Is promoted u notch and put into Martin's SHOOS. On account ot the cold weather Colonel Wyntt's chain gang has boon temporarily disbanded nnd until it is reorganized ho will be ou dock for any worlt that may rcnulro the services of a Uy cop. Carman Feed and Fuel company , wholesale and retail hay , grain and feed. Special prices on hay and grain in car lota. 700 Main street , Council BlulTa. 159 _ _ V M Commercial men , Hotel Gordon the beat $ ii house In Council IJlulTa. 17 Jarvlawlldblackborry U the baat / Diu Woodburydentists , nest to Grand hotel ; line worlt a specialty. Tele. 1 5 , Walnut block uud Wjomlnff cool , fresh mined , received dalh Thatcher , 10 Main. NEWS FROM COUNCIL BLUFFS , Young Pcoplo of tha Oity Enjoyed a Lcnp Year Party , LEADING SOCIAL LIGHTS WERE PRESENT. Inltlittlto In llterj tlihiB Taken by thu I.iulle * Who Ai'iiiltlfd | Tliuinitelteit llaiitlmimi'ly Many Klegant Costumes Noted. The young ladles of the city and tholr young married sisters gave a leap year party last evening nt the Grand hotel that double discounted anything of the kind ever given In Council Bluffs before. There were about 175 In attendance , and the company was com posed of the leading social lights of the city. The ladles took the Initiative in everything , calling for their gentlemen friends , escorting them to the dining room on tha sixth floor , where the dancing took place , loading them to the festive punch bowl , and looking after their wuntb generally. The program of dances consisted of four teen numbers wltn several cxtr.u. aud so liberal wore the ladles that most of the gen tleman present had anywhere from eight to II fteen extras on tnolr programs more than tlmo could bo found for. Shortly after U o'clock supper was served , ana from that tlmo until a o'clock , when the company dis persed , pleasure wns the word. The cos tumes of the ladle * were in nearly every in stance made for tbo occasion. 'J ullowing nro the members of tbo com- mlttc..4 that haJ matters In charge : Hccop- tlon Mrs. Donald Macrae. Mrs. W. F. Sapp , Mrs. John N. Baldwin , Mrs. J. J. Brown , Mrs. W. A. Maurcr , MUses Billiard. Hoy- nolds , Oliver , Bowman , Wells , Morgan , Sherman , Wright /urmuohlcn. . Floor- Misses Ilcsilo Farnswoith , Sackott , Lutz , Bennett , Key and btolIuBullard. Davia , drugs , paints and stationary. AViint to Clmnxo ( lie I.u\v. A resolution was passed at the meeting of the Board of Supervisors yesterday direct ing the auditor to write to the supervisors of all the other counties throughout the state , asking them to appoint committees to attend a meotlnir In Dos Molncs , on Tuesday , February 9 , to consider matters affecting county governments , and to urge amend ments to the laws of the state relating to the meetings of the boards. A. C. Graham and County Auditor Hondrlcks were appointed such a committee from this county. One de fect in the laws which it is proposed to remedy is the in frequency of holding meet ings in counties so thickly populated as this is. Only four meetings a year are required by latv , ana this number , it is claimed , is not sufllcicnt for boards located in tbo more densely populated districts. County Treasurer Hoed was allowed bis yearly salary of $1,500 , and in addition to that amount $ .1,500 and the fees of his ofllco in lieu of salary and clerk hire for the ensuing - suing two years. Auditor Ucndncks was allowed ) ,9uO und fees for his sulary and clerk hire for the ensuing year , and Sheriff Hnzon wns allowed bis statutory salary of $200. The following physicians were ap- pointsd to take charge of pauper cases in the various townships : Macrae & Son , Kane , Lewis , Garner nnd Koi ; Creek townships for fJSOJ. ; W. Nustim , Boomer. Crescent and Hockford , $00 ; O. Solomon , ICnox aud Pleas ant , $ & > : A. O. "Wyland , Norwallr and Ilardin , $ (5 ; L. ( I. Cuss , Valley und Lincoln , $50 ; A. E. Gibson , Bclknap , Center , James \VushIngton , $60 ; J. H. Swuusou , Hazel Dell , $20. J. U. Ulack was authorized to contract with physicians for the care ot paupers in Carson , Grove , Macedonia , Silver Creole , Wavoland nnd Wright townships. The same uuthority was given F. G. Hetzelfor Lavton township , nnd to August Bostodt for Mimlon , Weola and York townships. A. C. Graham was in structed to make all necessary arrangements for the care of cases of contag'ous ' diseases. Wtilnut block coal , $4.23 per ton. Do- livorcd anywhere in city. Carman's 700 Main street. S.vansoi Mtulc Co. , Masonic temple Kobektili Degree Installation. A now lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows was instituted Tuesday even ing nt Pacific Junction , under the name of Peaceful lodge , No. 113 , Degree of Hebekab. A largo delegation of Council Bluffs Odd Follows wont to the Junction , and the exor cises of initiation and installation were per formed by James Spare , grand master , nnd Mrs. D. H. Wbittor , district deputy , acting ns deputy grand master. The exer cises took place in the Methodist church , where n fine supper was served at the close. The now lodge starts out with thirty-live members , of whom all but three reside in Pacilio Junction. The BlulTs delega tion returned homo at an early hour yesterday morning , highly pleased with the way In which they had been enter tained by the people they had visited. The following Is a list of these who were present from Council BlulTs : J. F. Spare , C E. Tucker and wife , John Daughorty and wlfo , M. E. Woatherbee and wlfo , C. C. Ynncoy and wlfo , J. M. Matthews and wlfo , Mos- ( tames I ) . U. Witter , W. D. ICIriiland , Frank IrxvlD , K. B. Edgerton. Henry Kutt , D. J. Gates , G. W. Smlloy , II. O. Maxwell , A. D. Dickey , Miss Julia Fluoi , Messrs. L. C. Hough , Yv. Slead and Thomas McMillan. Attention A. O. U. W. All members of Council BlulTs Lodpo No. 270 , Ancient Order of United Work men , are required to bo present at Grand Army of the Republics hall on Friday afternoon , January 8 , at 1 o'clock sharp , to attend the funeral of Brother John Oatrom. WILLIAM AIIKD , M. W. Securing l.iind Titles. There 1s nobody to whom this country is under greater obligations than to the pioneer settler who braves the hardships of the fron tier and builds up American civilization In the wilderness. The farm that Is promised to such n settler when he shall have created its value by his own exertions Is small com pensation for the live years of toll and Isola tion , from human socloty , required to perfect a claim. It is duo to the pioneer that when ho has completed the hard conditions on which his homestead is promised to him bo shall re- celvo his reward without unnecessary trouble or delay. The government moans that this shall bo accomplished , but its intentions are often better than Its execution. The huge mill of tbo general land ofllco , with Its whirling maze of wheels within wheels , can have no personal relations with Individuals. It can deal only with facts ot record , and it deals with these by wholesale. The govern ment means to do the talr thing by honest settlers , but how is U to know which are boneitl That tins boon a hard question , In the dis posal of tbo public lands , in pro than in al most any other part of Its work , the govern ment has boon the prey of swindlers. It has been robbed by speculators of hundreds of millions of acres that It meant to reserve for settlors. And so In self defense it has been compelled to adopt the rule of treating every man as u rascal until ho has proven himself honest. This gives the simple homesteader a rather rough road to travel. If a meddling or ma licious neighbor chooses to question tbo ( rood faith of his location on his land , the progress of his clnttu comes to u stop in the general land oftico and it takes a skilled Washington attorney to start it forward. But how is the pioneer In his cabin among the sequoias of the Sierras or In hu dugout on the blizzard swept plains ot North Dakota to Know where to look for a skilled Washington attorney , and especially for ono who It trustworthy and reasonable in bis ehnrgesl Tbo case of a settler who llnds bis claim blocked through some technicality that threatens the loss of his homo ottoni the Rtrongott possible appeal to public sympathy. I ( there is any wny of helping such a settler there ought to bo no hesitation in malting use of it. THU 11 EB Bureau ot Claims was organized to afford assistance in ju t such casos. U places the inhabitant * of the remotest T alley of tbo west en an equality with the resident ot Washington. It assures every man who has honestly complied with tbo lund laws of tbo United States prompt attention to bis claim on the part of the authorities , and In almost every case a favorable decision. It does all this for a fee whlcn an ordinary lawyer would charge for merely giving nd- vlco , and asks no pavmont Until the patent Is Actually issued. It gives ad vlco frcc.whotbor to a client or to anybody else. Nobody ask ing an opinion Is under any obligations to put his case In its handt. It examines every claim submitted to It , and when it considers ono without merit , It frankly says so nnd de clines to handle It. Tun BRC. Bureau of Claims has already saved thousands of settlers from the ex actions of irresponsible and unscrupulous claim ntronts. It is doing a work of human ity. The western homo ) in which pcaco and security have supplanted uncertainty und apprehension are the best witnesses to the value of its services. ( ) f The lleo Huron u of Chtlm * , llee Uullcl- \i\Ki \ Omnliit , Neb , Under the direction of. Sin Francisco Dally Examiner , W. U. Hoawt , proprietor , associated with TIIK BEB Buuntu OP CI.UMS , under the direction of OMUIV Dvii.r Ui'.i : , Omaha , Nob. ; and Pioneer Pros * Bureau of Claims , under the direction of tbo St. Paul Pioneer Press , St , Paul , Minn. Pension , patent , postal , land , Indian dep redation and customs claims prosecuted with tbo greatest , expedition at the lowest possible expense. This prospectus relates to pensions. If In terested in n claim of any character , sand a statement of facts to Tun Bite BUIIKVU of CI.MMS , where the same will receive careful consideration und prompt attention. I'KXHioxs wno AIU : EXTiTi.nn. Soldiers AH soldiers of the-Unltod States who incurred disability of a permanent na ture , whotnor wound , Injury or disease , while in the service or line of duty , are entitled to a pension at rates varying from $1 to ? 73 per month , according to the uatura and severity of the disability. ADDITIONAL. Soldier ) who draw a pension for ono or inoro disabilities , unu are ut tb same time suffering from other disabilities incurrods n the service and line of duty , may obtain ad dltiounl pension therefor. INCItEA.Si : UNUKll OM > IAW. Soldiers pensioned at les than $20 nor month , and wholly disabled for the perform ance of manual labor by loason of disability on account of which they are pensioned , are e titled to Incrcaso of pension to that amount per month , and if the disability is such that they require the regular aid and attendance o' another per son , they may obtain pension at the rate ol ? T2 per month. Any pensioner under the old Mavy , whoso disability has increased since date of the issue of his last pension ceriiUcite. may ob tain an increase of pension proportionate to the increase ot his disability. ADDITIO.VAI , NEW I\W. Soldiers pensioned at loss than $13 per month for disability ineuried in tbo service , who are also suffering from otter disability of any nature , not duo to viciom habits , may obtain additional pension under tbo new aw. Tnls pension commences from tbo date of filing the claim and cannot exceed $12 per month. The now law is of special ad vantage to this class of pensioners , for t ho reason that if they bavo a disability other than that for which they are psnsmned , they may obtain additional relief from date of ill- Ing claim , and if , in the future , the disability for which they were originally pensioned undortho old law increases to such an extent as to entitle them to more than $12 per month , they may surrender their pension under the new law and resume the pension under the old law at such increased rate us mav bo proportionate to the degree of dis ability at that ttmo. Pensioners at loss than $12 per month , de siring increase of pension , will Und It to their advantage to apply under both the old and now law , for the reason that any Increase up to $12 per month will date from the day tbo claim is Hied in the pension bureau , whereas a claim for increase under the old law , will secure increased pension duty from the date of examination , which , on account of the work m the pension bureau being very much delayedis usually some months after the data of tiling the claim. IN ( USE OF NEW IAW PENSION Any Invalid pensioner under the now law receiving less than $12 per month may obtain nn increase of pension whenever the disabil ity on account of which ho Is pensioned in creases in severity to a material extent , or ho may procure additional pension up to $12 per montn on account of any now or additional dlsabllltv which ho has Incurred since his last medical examination or which is not in cluded In his present pension cortlllcato. NEW IAW. Any soldier of the United States who served ninety days or inoro in tbo war of the rebellion , and was honorably dischargedmay obtain pension under the now law If now suf forlng Irom any disability of a permanent no turo , not due to vicious habits. This pen slon will commence from data of filing tbo claim , nnd tbo rate ot pan siou Is from $0 to (12 per month , according to the degree of dis ability for tbo performance of manual labor. Title to tbo pension Is solely dependent upon a service of ninety days , un honorable discharge and the present existence of a disability , physical or mental , not duo to vicious habits , which causes a partial Inabil ity to perform manual labor as a moans of live lihood , equal to the degree of disability re quired to entitle a pensioner under the old law to a pension of fU per month or more. It does not matter what the disability is , if not duo to vicious habits , whether wound , injury or disease , nor is the tlmo and place of the origin or inuurrcnco of the same in any way material. Title to pension under this law Is no way dependent upon the soldier's pecuniary cir cumstances. Tbo fact that ho is able to per form skilled or professional labor to such an extent ns to enable him to earn a comfort able support , or the fact that ho bus. an in come suftluloat for his support , has no bear- ng upon his tltlo to pension under this law WIDOWS. The widows of soldiers who dlod from dis ease , wound , or injury incurred in the United States service are entitled to $12 per month , and $1 additional for each child under the ago of It ) years , to date from the day of the soldier's death , except in cases where the death occurred prior to March 10 , 1SSO , when the rate is $8 per month up to said data and $12 per month thereafter. WIDOWi1 NSW IAW. The wldowx of soldiers who served ninety days or more In the late war and were honor ably discharged are entitled to pension under the new law at the rate or fS per month , and $2 additional for each child under the ago of 10 years ; provided , that the widow was mar ried to tbo soldier prior to June 27 , Ib'JJ , and is now dependent in whole or in part on her own labor for her support. This pension commences from tbo date of tiling the application therefor , and Is payable whether the soldier's death was o ausod by disease or injury Incurred In the United States service or not. Widows may obtain pension under the now law pending the settlement of tholr claims to pension under the old law without losing uny rights which accrue to them under the old law. . If a widow receives a pension under the now law , aud afterwards establishes her rluht to u pension under tbo old law. she will receive pensjon for the who o period from the date of the soldier's death , less the j"n- slon which has boon paid to her in the mean time under the now law ; in other words , she will receive an additional $1 per month for tbo whole of tbo period during which Mio drew pension under the now law , and in addi tion thereto , pension from the date the sol dier died to the date of the commencement of the now law pension. Whenever a soldier or sailor of tbo lute war dies from causes originating in the serv ice undjtino of duly , leaving no widow , hit children un Jar sixteen years of age aril en titled to all the pension to which tbo widow would have boon entitled were she living , un to the date the youneoU become * It ) years of ace. Iu case of tbo remarriage of a sol dier's widow the ponalon which she baa boca drawing or to which she would otherwlio bo entitled , U payable to tbo children under 10 yean of ago at the date of her remarriage " * 'I i and continue. ) intil llio yojnaeU chll.l tenches tbo ago of lilyo.in. Children have thn sumo rights under the now law. no matter what the cause of the soldier's Urath , provided Hiar have not suftl- cicnt Income from oiiri\tt lithcr than their own labor for their comfortable support , ex cept that tno p union dosi not commonoo until tbo date of filing a claim thorofor. runsxTs. The parents of soldier * who dlod Inthn service or afterward froumllsoaso or injury , or any cause originating , ! ! ! the service and line of duty , may obtain tietulon at the rate of $ 12 ner month. 1'roviditd , that the soi- dlor loft no widow or child surviving him , and that the parent Is now wholly ci. . . part dependent upon his or nor own labor for sup- part. The remarriage of thosoldlor'fl mother does not bir her from ponslon under thanow law , If her husband is for any raison unab I to support her comfortably. The fact that the soldier or did notdld contribute to tbo support of his parent ) dur ing his lifetime , and the fact that the parents were or wore not dependent upon the xoldlcr nt the tlmo or nis acatn , has no ooar- ing upon tholr tltlo to pension under the now law. Every soldier and sailor omplo od In the service o Hho United States for the period of ourlcen days , or engaged In any battto m any war of the United States prior to March .1 , 1835 , are entitled to bounty land warrant for 100 njros , provided they have not received the same , or If they have received warraut for loss number of acres , ttion they are en titled to a warrant for such number ot acres as will make In the aggregate lll'j. In cnsoof the death of the soldier or sailor without re ceiving such bounty hind warrant , the widow is entitled thereto if she is not mumed If there bo no widow , or if the widow 1ms re married and her husDund is now living , title to tbo above bounty land warrant will vest In the children who were minors on the UJ day of March , 18" . Thcro are thousands of ex-soldiers , widows of soldleri , children of soldiers , anil parents of soldier ) who are entitled to pension under the provision of the present pension laws , which are morn liberal and inoro generous than at miy tlmo heretofore. The claims of such will receive careful and ulllgont atten tion , and mav bo prosecuted to settlement with tbo least possible delay by TUB HER Boucvu or CI.UMS , Bco Building , Omaha , Nob. HEI'EXDEXCE. The department has held that a widow child or parent is "dependent" within the moaning of the law. if obliged to labor in any manual capacity for the purpose of obtaining a living , or is not in receipt of an income of MOO or more per year from sources other than their own labor. The now law provides that the pension of children who are permanently holplejs shall continue during the period of such helpless ness , or the llfotlmo of the child. This pro vision extends to cases of children who lire already on the pension roll under either law. MEXICAN WAR. Survivors of the Mexican war who wcro employed in the military or naval service ot the United States for a period of sixty days , or were actually engacoa m any oattlo in said war , and honorably discharged , and who are now over the ago of ( ! 3 years , or are subject to any disability for thn performance of man ual labor are entitled to a pension of $3 per month. Widows The widows df 'survivors of the Mexican war are also entitled to pension at tno rate of $3 per mouth , provided that tnoy bavo not remarried , and aro1 over tbo ago of 02 ! , or if under that ago nro suffering from any physical or mental disability , or depend ent upon others for support. HOW TO Al'l'LT roll TENSIONS. THE BEE \ND ExAMiNr.nliuiiK\u OF CI.UMS was originally organized , for the special pur pose of affording claimants 'under the Indian depredation net of March 'J , IS'JI , tbo moans of relief from the oxhoruitimt charges ot un scrupulous agents and , attorneys who had boon charging their clients from 33 > $ ' per cent to DO per cent ot the amount of their claims , but go many ex-soldlors and the widows and orphans of sdldiors offered their claims for prosecution thatt } became evident that the Held of usefulness of the bureau wns not confined to the1 interests of 'claimants on account of tbo doprodatltfns of Indians , and tbo scope and plans of the bureau bavo boon enlarged to meet tbo constantly Increasing demand for its services in behalf ol the sol dier public. Tbo bureau does nothing by halves , and a soon as It was decided that the claims of sol diers and their heirs must occupy a largo share of its attention an effort was made to secure the services ol an expert and thoroughly reliable - liable attorney to whom could bo safely en trusted the delicate and Important interests of its soldier clients , and whoso work would meet their exncctatlon. In this the bureau has been eminently successful , having secured - cured the services of Mr. Carroll D. Judson , iato. special examiner of ttio pension bureau , who resigned his official position under the government to take charge of the pension claim business of THE BEE BUHEUOFCMIMS. . Mr. Judson has spent nearly half a life time in prosecuting claims of ex-soldiers and heirs. Ho Dnngs to the clients of the Bureau tbo fruits of many years' experience iu the prosecution of their claims , and a thoiough knowledge of the practice and methods of the pension bureau gained ttirough his ofllclal position therein. Whenever it is found that any person ask ing for advice is Justly entitled to pension or additional allowances from the government the proper papers will bi proparoa free of ex tlon and forwarded to him by return mail. without cbargn. If the applicant then desires the services of tbo bureau in the prosecution of his claim , ho will execute the papers sent him according to instructions , which will be mailed there with for his guidance , after which ho will return them to tbo the ofllco of the buteau , and upon tholr arrival there the claim will bo promptly filed In the proper department and prosecuted to completion at the earliest practlcaolo data uud with the utmost care and diligence. fco charges will bo raado In any pension claim until the allowance of the same , and then only the legal fco llxed by law. In claims for Increase of pension , the fco charged by this bureau Is only $2 , payable only in tbo event of the allowance ot the claim. In other claims the amount usual varies according to the naturoof the case and the law upon the subject. Whenever the statement of facts presented fails to Indicate tbo existence of a ] ust and valid claim , the applicant will bo so advised. Tun BEE BUHISAU oi' CI.UMS da-i for its ob ject tha securing of ' 'Justice to veterans" and their heirs and will undertake no claims tha are manifestly without merit or illogi. If anyone to whom this circular comes whhos a copy of the same for the information of any comrade , neighbor , friend , or any number of them , the same will bo chor fully mailed to each person whose name and post ofllco address ho sends to1 THU BEU BUHEAU CI.UMS for that purposo.il o Thousands ot deserving , and In many In stances , needy ox-soldiers , , veterans of many Her co battles , and the widows and orphans of such , have often felt themselves Justly en titled to relief and nHslstruil'o at the hands of the government which they so nobly fought for In tno hour of peril , , yet have not applied for pension or other allowance * duo thorn for the simple reason that tjjpy were not familiar with the "rsd tape" roiitilromonts of the coy- eminent , and were not personally acquainted with on attorney ur an uirt'nt In Wasnlncton or uUewhore , who was W1 possession of the technical knowledge. nefreiSary to enable him to transact tbo , buslness-'proporlv , and were unwilling to entrust a matter bo dellcato and mportant to any of tbcCfUousandi ofaga uts and attorneys whoso pVelentlouti Circulars they were receiving coiltlUtnUy ; while many others equally deserving hild to whom a pen- alon would bo at least partial rollof from the burden of arduous duiWmauual labor , per formed under the uniculty | and pain incident to dlsoaiv and advancing ago , bavo failed to apply for tbo pension which is Justly duo them , bcoauso they were not tuvuro of their rights and lulvllegcs under the pension laws. It is for the bonetlt and aid of tbo above classes in particular , as well as for the assist ance of any and all ox-soldiors and tbelrhelra. that TIIK BEU Bi'iiEiuof CI.UMS bat added to its buslnesi the prosecution of pension claims. Tbo attention of all ox-soldlon , widows , children and parents of soldiers Is Invited to the nrtlelo entitled "Pensions Who are entitled , " which they are requested to road and consider carefully. Any Inter ested person who desires advlco a * to bi or her rights under tbo law , is aho Invited to forward to the principal ofllco * of the BEE BuiiEiU opCi.Aisij , Boo building. Omaha , Nebraska , u full statement of the fuels in tbo case , and of the nature of the claim , when tha merit * of the claim will bo carefullv investi gated and a thoroughly reliable opinion el von as to the title of the sender to pension or lu- creaie or additional ponsion. Addrei * all communications to TUB BUB BuuEiu or CLAIMS. HOW TO SECURE A PATENT , Directions to Inventors Issued by The Bco Bureau of Claims. METHODS OF THE PATENT OFFICE , The Ciiur o rollowi ) u by Iliu Author of an Intention to Protect IIIn ( light * C'oitt ) of Olitiilnlni ; it I'lttent. To the inventor the all Important question presents Itself , "How nan I secure a pateutl'1 nnd to this THE Bar Bureau offora the fol lowing explanation : Inventors as n class are not familiar with the laws under which letter. * patent are granted , the formi and practice In the patent ofllce nt Washington and the technical method's of casting specifications and claims to properly protect tholr Inventions against Infnngors , yet the vnluo of the patent and oven its validity depend largely upon the careful and expert preparation of tbo caso. Specifications must bo drawn to fully dls- rloso the Invention , to distinguish between what Is now and what Is old , and claims , upon which the value and validity of the patent depend , must be cast to fully cover the invention yet not to encroach upon pat ents already granted. Failure In cither of these respects often render * the patent value less or void , The employment of counsel skilled In patent law is therefore usually a prerequisite to the proper prosecution of a case and a grant of a valuable patent. Many Inventors suffer the loss of benefits that should be dorlvod from valuable Inven tions owing to Insufficient protection by put- ots procured through Incompetent or cure less agents , etc. TorVliut ( InintiMl. Under the laws of the United States let ters patent are grunted to any person who has Invented or discovered any new and use ful art , machine , manufacture or composition of matter , or has Invented any now or useful Improvement thereon. Term of I'utcnt. A patent Is granted for seventeen years , during which tlmo the owner has solo and exclusive right to make , use and soil the patented invention. How to lroeeed. For economic reasons before mailing ap plication to the patent ofllce for a patent , tha novelty and patentability of the Inven tion should bo ascertained , because , if the invention Is not now or not patontablo an unnecessary oxpcnso is incurred by filing an application on wbicn a patent can never bo granted , etc. , The llrst thing to bo done Is to find out whether or not the Invention Is now and patontablo. For advice oa the point it is necessary to send to the bureau a ranch or complete sketch or a photograph of tbo invention , to gether With a brief description thereof , setting forth the object of the improve ments. the arrangement of the parts and the advantages attained. While a model Is very seldom necessary , yet it Is often of great assistance. The latter can bo made of any cheap material , ar.d will be returned if a request is made to that elTcct. Upon receipt of the data mentioned : ufllc- iont to enable the invention to bo understood our counsel will at once examine thereinto , nnd will advise without charge what is the best course to pursue and will express an opinion , from their knowledge of the arts and patents already goanted , as to the patent ability of the Invention. In this connection it is recommended that ttje best und safest course Is to have a special search made In the patent olllco to ascertain whether or not tbo invention has been heretofore patented. The advantage of such a search istbat if no anticipating patent is discovered tbn application can bo tiled with a greater decree of certainty , whereas if the Invention is found to bo old all further ex pense is avoided. The cost of a search of this nature is fa , and with the report of the result thereof the inventor will bo furnished with copies of such patents , if any , as em brace his ideas. It is much bettor to bavo this search made in the outsat before incur ring any expense whatever regarding the ap plication for patent. Jfnt is found that ho Invon tion is new and patontablo the client is advised to proceed with tbo filing of i\n application for patent , and will then be requested to remit $15 to cover the llrst government fco and 5 la payment of cost of drawing , when ono is necessary. As soon as possible aftar the receipt of this remittance tbo spor.lilc.ition of the invention will bo carefully prepared and forwarded to the Inventor , together with forms for application for patent ready for execution. Upon return of the latter the case will bo promptly liiod ut the patent ofllco and notice -.vill bo sent when action is had there on , and also of the nature of such action. The examining corps of the patent ofllco is divided Into thirty-two divisions , among which the applications nro divided according to the ofllclal classification. The condition of the work in the various divisions varies Irom ono to live months in arrears. The Itiireuu Charges. Consistent with the spirit with which this bureau was formed , it is not intended to conduct any branch of the business on u money making basis , but it is proposed to do the work as near the actual cost as will pro tect the business from lo. > 3. Although counsel are retained at heavy expense to the bureau , yet It Is the wish to charge In ordinary cases only the minimum fee of $ J3. However , In cases requiring extra care , lima and labor tbofoo will bo proportionately Increased , but clients will always bo advised in advance , should such increase of fee bo found neces sary. In directing inquiries either to our Omaha or Washington ofllco please mention the fact that vou read these instructions In THE BKU. I'uteiitR. A patent foa design is granted to any person who has invented or procured any now und original design for the printing of woolen , Hllk , cotton or other fabrics ; any now and original Impression , ornament , pattern - torn , print or picture to bo printed , painted , cust or otherwise placed on or worked into any article of manufacture ; or any now , useful and original shape or conlleuratlon of any article ) of manufacture , the same not having boon known or used by others bolero bla invention or production thereof , or pat ented or described in any printed publica tion. Patents for designs are grantou for the term of tbreo and one-half yours , tha government fee bolng (10 ; or for seven years , the fee bolng f 15 ; or for fourteen years , the fee being $30. The charge of the buroyu in such cases U usually $ 3 , A patent can bo reissued whenever the same is Inoperative or invalid by reason of n defective or insufllclont specification , or by reason of the patentee's claiming more than bo had u right to claim as new , providing the error has arisen by accident , mistake or In advertence , ana without fraudulent Intent. The government fee for u reissue is 10. The cost of drawing is $5 , und the bureau charge is usually $ : i. ) . Great care must DO exercised in reissuing a patent , because very often what llttlo validity there may bo In a defec tive patent Is entirely lost by procuring a reIssue - Issue which is totally Invalid. JU'Jecluil Cimi'H. There are In tbo patent ottco a great many cases which stand rejected , but which should bo allowed , This condition of tbo case maybe bo duo either to hicompotonuy o.i the part of the attorney employed or his Inability , because - cause of residence eliowhero than in Wash ington , to mnko the examiner see the Inven tion In Its true light ; and then , again , us often occurs , cases are rejected on Improper or insufllclcnt grounds. When so requested wo will bavo our counsel examine into any such case frco of charge and advise at to the prospects for success by further prosecution. Tbo client will also bo then Informed of the probable cost ot completion. CuteutH , By moaus of a caveat an Inventor secure * record evidence regarding hit Invention for tno purpoto of enabling him to complete or further experiment therewith , The life of u caveat Is ono year , nnd It may bo renewed at the end of thai tlmo. The government fee in J10 and the bureau charge is (15. Trudeinurlii. A trademark U a fanciful or arbitrary do- vlco or symbol used to dlstlnguiih the goads of a particular manufacture. The Owner of every trademark is entitled to register the same , no matter how lone it has been In use , Thol'fo ' of the cortlllcato ot registration U thirty yean and may no renewed for a like period , The government fee , imvablo on illlng oaoh application for registration of trademark , Is f > . The bureau's charge Is about ( 'p. l.iibt'N. Labels of all kinds , doilgnod to bo at * inched to manufactured artlcloi or to bottles , boxes , etc. , containing thorn , hnvo heretofore been received for registration In the pitont ofllco and n certificate issued accordingly. Umfur a very recent decision of the supreme court of the United States It Is held that thcro Is no authority In law for granting cer tificates of registration of labels which simply designate or describe the ar ticles to which they are attached , nnd which have no vnluo separated therefrom. A label to bo entitled to registration must have by itself some value ai a composition , at least as serving some purpose or ethur than as n inoro designation or advertisement. Many now holding corttllcatos of registration of la bels are totally without unv protection what ever. Many roglstorod labels comprise sub ject matter rogistorablo it tradcmirln. Wherever this is so. or where by n slight change It can bo made to como within tha purview of the laws governing trademarks , registration should bo sought under this bead. The govnrnmont fco In a label case Is to nnd the bureau charge Is f J. > . Copjrlghtx , can bo hud for books , maps , engravings , photographs , pilntlngi , pictures , otu. The total cost thereof is about $ J , Including all fees. Interrereiieen. An Intorfcrenco is n Judicial proceeding in stituted under the direction of the commis sioner of patents to cuablo him to de termine the question of priority of Invention between rival claimants. Tbo bureau , recognizing the fact tn.it extraor dinary care and skill nro requisite on the part of an attorney In charge cf a case In In terference , has at Its command counsel nro- pnrud to conduct a cuso in Interference from the very Inception down to a llnal determina tion of the merits of tno causo. Testimony will also bo taken under our direction In any part of the United Suites. Whllo no specific sum can bn sot down us applicable to all in terference cases nllko. yet the charges will always bo us reasonable us possible. Infringements. The question whether or not ono patent in fringes another Is the very soul of all patent litigation. The questions Involved nro'many , and of tno most Intricate nature. It is al ways a matter oi such great Importance that no ono should over claim that another is in- fnnclug on his rights , or , likewise , no atten tion should be paid to the claims of Infringe ment by others until the questions Involved are carefully passed upon by a reliable at tornoy. Tor such services the charges nro always fair and reasonable. Foreign Putontd. In addition to the bureau's facilities for attending to the Interests of Its inventor-pat rons before tbo United States patent ofllco and courts , it is also enabled to procure patents for inventions in all countries of the world. In many of the foreign coun tries , notably Canada. England and Ger many , patents for Inventions previously patented In this country are looked upon with creat favor , and Inventors are there very frequently more likely to roaliza profits from their inventions than they are oven in this country. The cost of foreign patents varies with different cases , but as a general rule the expenses of procuring patents , coy oring all charges. Is about as follows : Can an a , > 0 : England , $00 ; Germany , ? 00 ; Franco. $35 ; Spain , f DO ; Belgium , $110. Ad ditional information regarding the cost , etc. , in any foreign country will bo furnished by latter on application. In all such requests mention having read these instructions in Tun BEE. Important It seems remarkable that in this enlight ened ago it becomes tbo duty of every reliable - liable nnd trust vorthy attorney In patent matters to advise his clients to bewuro of tbo many sharks who sat out with the ap parent Intention of defrauding inventors immediately uftor the issue of their patents. When a patent-appears in the Patent Ofllco Gazette patentees are besot with innumer able offers , solicitations , requests , ate. , some protending1 to wai.t to purchase their patents , while others offer to take an interest therein under promise of procuring foreign patents. The solo object of these people is to obtain money from Inventors , and they never make the slightest endeavor to carry out tbolr groundless or worthless promises. Models. As hereinbefore mentioned , models are not required in the patent oftico except in intri cate or complicated cases. But nt the same tlmo when an invention can bo bettor ex plained by a model it is well to send thn same to us. A model should always bo of a size not larger than ono square foot , and in send ing the same by express the charges should be prepaid and the box addressed to THE BEE Btmittu or CLAIMS , Bee Building , Omaha , Nob. ( Mention this paper. ] I'llE 1XIH.I GL , THE BEE BUIEEAU or CIAI.MS , In dealing with tbo claims arising under tbo Indian depredations act , has boon successful in pro tecting a largo number of subscribers and others from extortion and loss. From com plaints that have comu to it , however , it ap pears that many of the claimants do not un derstaud tholr position under the act. At a time when there appeared to bo llttlo chance that congress would take up the claims or make any appropriation to pay thorn , they' signed contracts with tbo Washington agents , promising from one-quarter to one-half the amount to the agent in case the money should bo collected. In vioiv of this extortion con gress Inserted a provision in the net nnnul- inp all contracts nnd limiting the ngont'.s commission to 15 or 20 par cant. The claimants all probably understand that the agent's commission has been limited by the law , but many of thorn , according to tholr own statements , do not understand that they arc free to do as they please about employing the agent they bad llrst cboaon. Thny con sluor that they are still bound to employ the agent with whom they slirnod the oxor bltaa contracts whether they ara satulis. ! wita hi in or not. it was the intention of congress to protect thorn at all polnt-s and they were loft on the passage of the act free to do as they pleased nnd employ whom they pleased. Section 0 of the act tatocl : "That all sales , transfers or assignments of any such claims heretofore or hereafter made , except such as have occurred In the duo administration of decedents' es tales , and all contracts heretofore made for fees nnd allowances to claimants' attorneys are hereby declared void , There could bo no mistake about tbo moan ing of thli. All claimants had to mnUo nan contracts with agents after the passage ol the act , and tnay wore * t llborty to employ any one they pleased. If they were pleased with the zoiil and acts of tholr flr.U ncent thov might make their now contract with him. If they were dlssatlsod they mluhl choose any other agent that they ploniod. Those who have not signed new contracts since llio passage o the uot may protlt by this to secure much bettor lornis than they could otherwise got from the agents. The fact that Tin : Bxi : Briuuu l > doing the work for the bare expense Involved has had n good effect In moderating the nhargo * of all agent * to those who know how to protect them selves. For those who distruit tholr ability to cope with the claim agents on their owu ground Tim BKE BuuiUu Is always open. Appointment * Continued. The senate confirmed the following presi dential appointments : Interstate commerce commissioners Jnmos W. McUIll of lown , WlllUin U. Morrison of Illinois aud William M. Llndsoy of Kentuckv. K. G. Uathbono Of Ohio , fourth asslitant poJtnmMor general , Cnnrlcs Woaroof lownUnited , States consul at Alx-la-Chappollu. Postmasters : California L. S. Calkins' , Nevada City ; S. S. Boynton , Orovllle ; H. V. Vanduzen , Los Angeles ; lillon L , . Bnilbaoho , Martinez ; Miss Ella M. Henry , Elborton ; P. B. Hall , Wnynesboro ; M. G. Hall , Cordollo ; H. D. Atwoud , Brunswick. Indiana J , J. Wheeler , Crown Point , lowa-Jnmos Perry , Postvlllo ; Samuel Sturgeon , Clamor ; G. W. Jamison , Oclwoln. South Dakota-W. H. Morgan , Hot bprliiBi. Tcxus-H. A. David. Wolfe City ; A. B. Mayhow , Seymour. Washington I ) . A. Me- Death , Snohomlsh. Wisconsin H. A. Ettor' , Monroe , Senator * Dolph nnd Morgan today reported from the senate committee on foreign rela tions two bills providing for an Investigation of the Weil and Lunbra awards made under the terms of tbo convention botweoi. the United States und Mexico In ISO ! ) . Preambles to the bills iccltn the declaration of tbo see- rotary of state that the honor of the United States requires nn Investigation to bo made i bv the United States to determine wbethdr Mexico has boon compelled to pny these ' awards through the production o'f false testimony. The bills , propose to refer the ca cs to the court of claims for examination nnd report with provision for an appeal to the United States supreme court. CHURCH SOCIALS and all manner of HOME Entertainments ! FOR SCHOOLS AND SOCIETIES together with Fireside Games and suggestions for Unique Parties nro to bo found In the uaeos o ! the Monthly Social Only 50c a Tear. Samples 10o. Address : Home Entertainment Co. . COUNCIL DLUFPS , I A. CITIZENS STATE BANK Or Council Bluffs. 7 AU STOCK $ 150,003 SURPLUS AND PROFITS 70,003 TOTAL CAPITAL AND SURPLUS $223,00jl DmitOTiiiis I. A. Miller. P. O. Oleason. E U Slinirnrt , U K. II irt , J. a Edtnundson. Chariot U. lluiman. Transact general banking tmsl- HCM3. Iirxo3teapltxl : : and surplus of any bau * In Southwestern Iowa. INTEREST ON TIME DEPOSITS FIRSTMTIONALBAM OF COUNCIL BLUFFS , IO/VV. Paid Up Capital . $100,03 ? V Oldojt orgnnlioJ bank lln th3 cltr. Foreign and domeitlo oxolnnfo und ooil noonrltlJi. Ku 3\\V- \ attention p l < l to collodion ) , Aoaouati of laJIrla * null , bnnki , bankers And corporation ! < ollolt3j. Correipontlonco In vlt-j I. OKO. 1 * . bANFOlU ) . I'roilJsnt A. W. UIKKMA.V , Raihlar. A , T. U1C1I , Aiilitiai Caialir W. C. ESTEP , . * FUNERAL DIRECTOR AND EMBALHEH , 14 N. Main. , Council Bluffs. ' SPECIAL NOTICES , COUNCIL BLUFFS. OWA farms ; fine 240 acru farm , JJO per aero , T * ! , ( ) ( ) i cash , balance on IOIIK tlmo ; l.r ) ucra farm , fflOOdonn , Imlnnfo easy ; fiirins of all sizes rVnd for list. Johnston .t Van I'utten , Council lllnirs. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ATOM fouii'l. Owner can apply to Chris Iiarnon. 1)07 ) B. Main stioot. _ SAUR or exchange .0 aercs Improved FOll 3Vi miles from pnstotllce. Will tuba vacant property. Urconshlolds. Nicholson & Co. , Oil ) Itroadway , Council llluir.i. WANT to buy stock of Rrocorie * or bootf I and shoes ; will pay part cash and part by a 5 room house and lot in Oimihu. U ; 8 lloo , CoiinclMlluffM. , -KTH outfit bir fixtures and two pool Auulcs forsulo and building for rent. Uoou location. K , II. tihoufo , over OlUcar It 1'uiojr'n bunk. ' ' FARMS , garden lands , h insas , lots and bnslnoia blocks for : ilo or runU Day & Hobs , U ) 1'uarl street. Council TWIN CITY STEAM DYE WORKS , G. A. Sohoadsnck , Proprietor , Officaa O21 Broadway , Council Bluffs and 1321 Fnrnam St. , Omaha. Dye , clean and rafinish goods of every description. Packages received at either office or at tha Works , Cor. Ave. A and 20th SU Council Bluffs. Send for price list. MorohanU who tuvvo shop-worn or soiled fabric * pf any character can luivu " " yiEATIIInsUtooVAl'pTAND ? ? OLBANEO BY STKAM , with tha nd moat approved inachlnoryatost ut loss coat thua you ever paid boforo.