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THE OMAHA DAILY EE
TWENTY-FIRST YEAlt. OMAT1A. THURSDAY MOKNING , FEBRUARY 25 , 1802. NUMBER 251. NA St , Louis Convention Responsible for the Birth of a Now Party , HAD NO USE FOR THE PROHIBITIONISTS I'rcnlilditlnt CnnillilutP * Will Ho 1'liicnt In A'ninlniitlun-KxrltliiR Some * During the CoiilrrrnciIti'FioliitlmiB Adopted mill Drmnmlft .Mmle , ST. Louis Mo. , FCD. 24. A mammoth now political combination Is In exUtentco for the coming presidential campaign , So at least the delegates to the national Industrial con ference which ondcd hero tonight profess to /tiellovo. So stormy a convention probably never before - fore ended so quickly and In seeming har mony that , too , after virtually slamming the doors In the face of a national party claiming 1,000,01)0 ) voters , and vainly socking n union with the organization acting so sum marily. All the efforts of Miss Frances Wtllard for a juncture with the prohibition ists wcro coolly snuffed out by the conven tion at the last moment. The not result of tbo convention as figured tonight by the peoples' party men , who are chiefly from the northern tier of states , Is that they have by magnificent strategy effected a complete capture of political strength of the farmers' alliance In tbosouth. On the other hand the southern alltanco men , under the plea of having acted as Indi viduals without In any way binding their organlratlon , soy that they have not altered ono totu the pssltlon they have consistently held from away back. After the convention was orer tonight , and the so-called mass meeting attended by all the delegates , at which the most important aeilon of too day was taken , was at an end , Ben Terrlll of Texas said that the alliance mon In the south have all along boon In favor of Independent action , but would not and have not commuted their organization in any way. Ignatius Donnelly of Minnesota said the flno distinctions drawn by the southern dole- Kates have bcbn carefully rospoctcd , but the masses of the people never would or could Inaulgo In hair nnlllting. "A prlnco bishop , " said Donnelly , "cursing his subjects and pleading that profanity was In his capacity AS prlnco , was asked If the devil captured tbo prlnco what became of the bishop. The allt- anco In the south has bean captured , " said .Donnelly. . At midnight a committee with full author ity from the convention or "mass meeting" was In session with the people's party na tional committee , agreeing upon a data and plara for a national presidential nominating convention. May tM and July t wore each avorod. July 4 was finally selected as tbo day , the place for holding the convention being loft to bo chosen by n subcommittee of ten to be ap pointed bv Mr. Tuubonoclc of Illinois. Omnha was favorably mentioned and also Kansas City. * J1KHI TIUK roil AN Ul'llISING. Industrial Clannen Should No IonferSilI > lnlt to Domination of Monopolies. ST. Louis , Mo. , Feb. 24. At the Industrial conference today the report of the committee on resolutions was presented and read. The platform st.ites.that tbo nation is on the verge of moral , political and material ruin ; that corruption dominates the ballot box , legislatures , congress and touches oven the ermine of the bench ; newspapers are subsidized or n.uzzlod ; public opinion is sllcncod ; business prostrated ; hoaiescovered with mortgages ; labor impoverished , and and nnd money concentrating in the hands /ol capitalists. Workmen , It declares , nro domed the right of organization for solf-pro- tcction ; imported , pauperized labor ; beau - ' flown wages ; u hireling standing army , unrecognized - recognized by our laws , Is establishedxto/ Bhoot them down and they nro rapidly do4 generating to the European condition. On tlio Currency Question. . The national power to create money U ap- pr prlatca to enrich the bondholders ; silver in 'boon demonetized to add to the purchas ing pouor f f gold , nnd tbn supply of currency is purposely abridged to fatten usurers , bankrupt entcrprlso nnd enslave industry. The platform declares that tbo old political parties allowed this to oxlst without nn effort at restraint , und , therefore' , it assorts a now political organization , representing the pol tlcal principles heroin stated , is neces sary. A declaration of principles is then made , nnd a national currency demanded that Is safe , sound and flexible , to bo Issued by the general government only , and which shall be n full legal tender for all debts , public and private , and that , without the UBO ot banking corporations , n Just and equitable means ot circulation ; mul a tax not to exceed 2 per cent , as set forth In the subtreasury plan of the farmers alliance , or Bomo bettor system. llointimls the I'roo Coinage of Silver. It demands tba frco and unlimited coinage of sliver , so that the amount of circulating medium may bo speedily increased to not less than & 0 per capita ; a graduated income tax ; that all national and state revenues bo limited to the necessary expenses of the government , nnd that postal savings banks bo established by tbo government. The plat form declares that Und should not bo mo nopolized for speculative purposes and alien ownership of lands should bo prohibited ; all lands now held by railroads und other corpo rations In excess of tholr actual needs , and nil kinds now owned by aliens should bo re claimed by the government and hold for actual settlers only. It declares that the government should own and operate railroads , \tolegraph and telephones and demands that tlio government issue legal tender notes and pay union soldiers the dllTorenco between the price of depreciated money In which tboy wore paid and gold. Without taking H vote on'tbo adoption of the platform a recess of two hours was taken. Just before the recess General C. H. Van \Vyck of Nebraska delivered an address , ivrlch was frequently Interrupted by ap plause. IM\\ That Defeat the Ilnllot. General Van Wyck spoke as follows : In a country where the masses are the rul- > lug majority , tbo ballot of tbo dav laborer is as omnipotent as that of the millionaire to form government , establish courts , create laws. Strange that the government BO created should bo used , through conflict of opposing interest , not to keep hands off in the struggle for bread , but by various pre tences to foster , encourage and strengthen ona Interest even nt the expense of others , aud by laws , and through them alone , in the creation of great corporations and syndicate } nnd gifts of lands , bonds aud money , provid ing fortunes rivaling any royalty hai be- Flowed or roceivod. The laws have created , then developed the American nobility and millionaire class. The machinery of govern ment is In their hands , aud the platform and policy of the old parties dictated by the same clasi. clasi.when when the hewers ot wood and drawers of water begin to realize that the machinery should bo re versed so that it shall cease to bo used for power and wealth unless It bo made to , benetlt also the multitude , then a great Uiwl goes up from the specially protected /aealnst a paternal government and tbo wick edness ot trying to Improve the condition of man by legislation , particularly if be has no means of subsistence but his dally labor. When thirty years ago some of 'us en gaged in buudluc a neiv party were de nounced as negro worshipper. , then wo i. wcro determined to Improve the condition of | \ iho slave by legislation. Then wo demanded control of congress , the executive and the courts. The slaveholders and their allies stigmatized us as enemies of the laws and the constitution. * Now white mon seek to Improve tholr con dition and they hurl at him meaner epithets than tbo slaveholders ni us and them. UrMrnycd liy Their WlrkrilnnAH , The tactic * are tbo sama under nil forms ot covcrnmont and all nges nnd all countries , Kellglon was always masked and the Al mighty burlesqued by theologians , who professed an Intimacy so great as to Know his secret designs and so confiding ns to bo entrusted with the deliv ery of his mosjngos and revelations. That the slave was so Important n factor , ho was foreordained to that station In the councils of eternity that ho was always happy and should mix religion with gratitude when ho reflected that his master was ordered to fur nish him with hogs , hominy , shelter , burlaps and blue Jeans without any anxiety or concern - corn on bis part. So whllo men are told by the same class of saintly patriots that discontent Is Impiety ; Lbat It should bo a pleasure as well as Chris tian duty to bend their backs to burdens and their limbs to toll ; that the greatest pleasure on the earth Is to labor nnd to earn Just enough for sustenance , as too much would create a surfeit and that would produce nausea , and greatest blessing of all , they should bo unspeakably thankful that they ware not troubled with the care and count ing of millions of dollars. Slnco Iho war republicans bare claimed the rolgns of government largely on the pre tense of improving the condition of the col ored man by legislation. They seem to have only ono bowel of compassion and that Is already exhausted. Nouo loft for tolling white mon. iVll parties admit that the people ncod re lief. They still run the government. Lot us wait and sco how many crumbs tboy will throw to the multitude. The present Is the long session of congress , but watch and see how skillful and cunning both parties are In showing the country how not to do It. Government should be paternal to the ex tent of protecting the weak against the strong , the teller and producer from the ag gressions of concentrated capital and corpor ate power. And that It has not done so U the cause of discontent today. Whii Loves Ills Country Host ? Millions are accumulated generally by the legislation they secure , then If they overstep the povvor which creates thorn they have become - como so powerful as to defy the courts when they seek to restrain. You can see what the old parties have done for the few , nut what have they done for the multitude ! \Vhoro is the danger from a new party spring from the necessities of the present to strengthening the foundation of the republic by widening ltd basof Are the millionaires the only lovers of the country ? The toiling millions who must give up houioa. wives and children for the camp nnd possibly the grave , when the Hag and republic is Imperiled do not tboy love their country in times of pcaco ns wclH The lines are now as distinctly drawn as thirty years ago. Devotion to party was mouihoij then , nut the slaveholders and tholr allies had no dlfllculty In tramping down party lines nnd voting the same ticket. So now , with sober visage , they bow reverently at the party shrine , after suitable gyrations , boating their breasts nnd sounding the tom toms , they have as little difficulty in tramp ling down party lines and voting the same llckoi. ts iboy d'd ' at the last election lu iv.au- sas and Nebraska. Lot us not bo declovod. Relief can como not only by new creeds of faith , but by now work , by a now organization. Tbo democratic party desires only ouo is sue , the tariff , on which their forcoi nro hopelessly divided. Governor Hill thinks even that much is worse than dynamite nnd ho inslots that the worn out Issue of 1S90 is quitoenough to bo safo. Ho will learn cam paign powder will never burn the second time , make moro thunder. The people uro looking to the future , not the dead past. The republican party , foarlng diversity on overs' issue , prefer there shall bo a platform without a plank ; that the tariff ns well as tbo currency shall not bo debatable questions. And when wo nsk for bread they won't con descend to toss even a stono. Today It needs no proof to show that bene fits are unequally enjoyed and burthens un equally distributed. Wo bellove that redress can only corao by legislation , by force of law. Moral suasion is of no iivtiil to convince n few mon that the multitude were not made especially for their advantage. Jliillronds nnilMoney. . We have been bogging for reliot In rail road rates. Many of tbo republican ana more of the democratic papers and throe- fourths of the people have been demanding it , but the Vanderbllt theory is controllng the farming and prairie states. "Tho people be a d" seems omni potent even hope. They say wo sbould not complain ; that wo are happy. Certainly wo are , thank heaven I Railroads and gamblers can mnko no corner on happiness in the human heart or they would sonn have the call on us. Certainly wo are thunktul for the measure of our pros perity , but wo bavo not the full measure to which wo are entitled. Wo count our In crease by dimes , the roads and those con nected count theirs by dollars. But the most Important issue is the quan tity and quality OT the currency. This same question has engaged the attention and study of all nations , creeds , races nnd classes , bond and frco for thousands of years. And there is more legerdemain and slght-of-hand ! In connection with monev than when Jehovah thundered from Sinn ! against the Israelite guilty of usury or Christ drove the money changers from tbo tamplu. And there would bo no moro mystery , or doubts or questions as to tbo proper material and functions of money now than then , ex cept that the same class whu now as then stand ready to take advantage of the multi tude and make gain from their necessities. The owners of money have always kept control. No moro dangerous despotism than that based on money , no moro uliject servi tude in the masses who blindly follow has prevailed in the world. Ono of the du ties of tlui republic Is to furnish money to muko exchanges , of character and quantity sulllciuut for tbo wants of the pooplo. O n't lluvii Too .Much , No matter when or how. there is always opposition to an Increase. The few who in sist upon retaining such laws as will Inoroaso their gains are fierce in objecting to class leg islation. Will they show us what possible barm can omo to a sliiplo individual if the government provides money in excess ot tbo wants of the people. Suppose it puts its Hat stamp on WO.000.000 or $100,000,000 and the same is not needed , who Is Injured ) Remaining unused In the treasury will bo harmless. It can only bo drawn out honestly , not by force or fraud. The world knows that Wall street controls each of the old parties , their conventions and platforms , their candidates and presidents. Why do they I Is It humanity and patriotism to secure the Interest of the multitude ! Party cuts no figure on tariff , much loss on curren cy , Mem made wealthy by tariff are ready to contribute opltbcts for opponents and money for campaign purposes wbero it will do tbn most good. AVall street will embrace either dear charmer whether President Harrison or ex- Prosldout Cleveland gives assurance of a vote for free silver coinage. There are today great dividing lines , but the leaders of both parties are substantially on one sWo nnd the masses on the other. So it wa thirty years ago , and the multitude wcro denounced as sectional. Hut the lines now run through all sections of the republic , There Is now no north , no south , no east , no west. All the syndicates and trusts , the bankers and money loaners ana corporations are on ono side , A largo part of the produo- ors and tailors on tbo farm and shop and mluo are on the other. It tbcro was tbo same unanimity among the last as the first , the policies of this republic would soon bo changed. glluw to M.iku I'rcn Colimge Work. Lot us have free coins ; e of silver on this basis , that when a inlllio a Jticos are pro-cut- od at tlio mint tbo market , vi'lun shall bo as certained ; that It shall lu o Ino.l Into dollars , using the quantity of silver In each dollar the same M provided h.v law , then paying OX SX'ONU 1UQE.J DEMOCRATIC POSSIBILITIES Springer Thinks That Cleveland is Out of the Presidential Bace , HILL'S ' NEW YORK ACTION COMMENDED I'nliiirr tlio Tavorlto of Itllnnl * Democrats 1'urty aiiignntr * Dlicmmtng the Situation Proceeding * In llntino nnd and Other Washington News , WASHINGTON , D. C. , Fob. 2 . The presi dential question still continues to bo the topio ot discussion at the national capital nnd various opinions nro expressed as to the effect the final declaration of the Albany con vention for David B. Hill will have upon the Cleveland supporters throughout the coun try. Chairman Springer of the ways and means committee , who has generally been considered heretofore an ardent supportei of Mr. Cleveland , thinks now that the act cf the Albany convention practically rules tbo ox- prcsldont out of the raco. "Until the mooting of the Albany conven tion , " said Mr. Springer , "It was not author itatively determined what course would bo pursued by the democrat ! of Now Vork as botwcon Senator Hill and cxPresidont Cleveland , and that quostton has now boon settled. The democracy of Now York has but ono candidate , and for him tholr delega tion has boon Instructed to yoto as a unit with an unanimity rarely witnessed In state conventions. However much the friends of Air. Cleveland In other states must regret this action , they must accept it as final. It would ho folly for other states to Insist upon Mr. Cleveland's nomination when his owii state had unanimously declared for another Will Have to Como In the Front Door. "If Mr. Cleveland's ' name Is to bo presented to the national convention It must bo pre sented by his own stato. Ho must como In at the front door If at all. I have always boon a great admirer of Mr. Cleveland , and I retain my confidence in his ability and in his devotion to the principles of the party. These friends of his in Now York who hope to hold another convention and send another sot of delegates to the convention are doing him great injustice. Mr. Cleveland , was elected president of tho' United States by the democratic party. Ho was nominated , and the most stupendous eflorts wore put forth by democrats in every voting precinct to secure his re-oloctlon. Ho owes it now to the party that has boon so true to him , hav ing conferred upon him greater honors than upon any living statesman , to abide by the action of his party in his state and declare himself a democrat as loyal to domocratlo usages and organization as to domocratlo principles. The democratic party at this time is earnestly endeavoring to reinstate Itself in power. This can only bo dons by united and determined action. Uoltcrg Will I'lnd no Favor. "Bolters will find no favor with the demo cratic masses whether they bo in Now Yorker or elsewhere. Democratic unity is cssontial to success. "In view of dissensions in the statoof Now York between the friends of Mr. Cleveland nnd Mr. Hill , It may be deemed necessary for the democracy of other states to select our presidential" candidate elsewhere. In doing this the party need offer no apology to Now York. It is the right nnd duty of the party to select that man for Us standard bearer , whoso fitness being conceded , will bo the most available. Fortunately we have no lack of available candidates outside of New York , and if it becomes necessary to secure harmony , and in order to mnko success cer tain , some ono of the available candidates elsewhere will and ousrht to bo elected. In this connection the democracy of Illinois will undoubtedly present a candidate In every way fitted for the position , ono whoso record and ability commend him to the support and confidence of all true democrats. 1'ulmer Is Springer's Choice. "Under the leadership of General John M. Palmer , the demooracy In the state of Illi nois have already redeemed the state from republican rulo. Ho has been elected United States senator aud the legislative candidates pledged to his support raised to over 30,000 his majority of the popular vole , and at the same election fourteen democrats out of the twenty members to which Illinois is entitled was elected to the lower house of congress. It Is the opinion of the democrats generally in Illinois thai if bo Is nominated he will-re- coivo tbo electoral vote of the stnto. The state convention Is to convouo April 27 , and will undoubtedly send a solid delegation to tbo national convention instructed to vote as a unit for his nomination ; and with this en dorsement , and with tbo feeling ot uncer tainty which exists as to the condition of the party in Now York his nomination is not only possible but I think Is probable. Hill's Action Was llenellclal. "Tho democracy of the country Is indebted to Senator Hill for calling an early conven tion in the state of Now York m 'order that Dotwooii this time and the meeting of the na- tionnl convention next Juno there there may bo tlmo to consider tbo availability of presidential candidates without roforeuco to the possibility of Mr. Clovo'.and's candidacy. It would have been unfortunate. Indeed , if the New York convention would have boon put oft until after many states In the union nnd selected their delegates for Mr. Cleveland - land and thou , at the lost moment , the party had boon suddenly apprised of thu fact that it must make uuotrtor selection. "There is ono thing , however , which is of utmost importance at this time , and that Is that there should bo harmony and good fool ing among democrats In making the choice for a presidential candidate. There is no ground for division or dissension in the party , It Is the right of every locality to present its favorite son if I may bo pardoned for using that term and to urge inside of tbooreaulza- tion , by recognized usages , his selection , and it is the duty of all , when a nomination Is made , to use every effort for the nom'uoo. ' " MONOTONOUS AND TIHISSOME. Discussion of the ludlau Appropriation lllll In tin ) House. WABHINOTOX , D. C. , Fob. 24. The Indian appropriation bill still continues to be the subject of monotonous consideration in the house , and will likely sbiarb tbo roil of. tbo week. The debate Is of the most uninterest ing kind and It U only occasionally that the debate assumes a lively character. The spirit of investigation Is still strong in the house and the first formal action after the mooting of that body today was the adoption of a resolution of Mr. Tannoy , from the labor commlttoo , authorizing an Investi gation Into the operations and effect of the olgbt-hour law In the government sorvioo. The commlttoo is required to report whether the continuance aud enforcement ot the eight-hour law Is dcMrablo ; by what methods and to what extent the law Is evaded ; whether amendments nro required to secure its practical enforcement , nnd whether con vict labor Is being used by the United States or contractors on puhllo works , or If the product of convict labor is being furnished to any department of the government. It was observed that the scope ot Investigation is almost unlimited and It is likely u search ing inquiry will bo Instituted to last many weeks. When tbo house went Into committee of tbo whole on tbo Indian appropriation bill Mr. iJyuum occupied the chair , Members Uiijmtly Attacked , Mr. Smith of Arizona offered an amend ment to the clause appropriating MO,000 for the purpose of irrigating Indian reservations by providing thai the sura shall be deducted from the appropriations made for tbo support of Indian schools situated cast of tbo Mis souri rlvor. In advocating his argument ho referred to what be characterized as a "scur rilous attack" made upon curtain members of the bouso because tboy bad deemed it proper to criticise the Carlisle school. It had loon stated In this attack that the members had boon under Catholic Influence. Ho was not by name alluded to , but ho was opposed to this system of education. Ho opposed the system of education of Indians In the east booauso ho know that the system was n failure. Ho withdrew his amendment for the pres ent. ent.Mr. . Poniltoton of West Virginia , whoso name was mentioned in Superintendent Pratt's Interview , declared that ho had never boon approached dlroctly or Indirectly by hint , or innuendo , by nny Catholic , to induce him to criticise the Carll.ilo school. Ho had criticised that school becausehehnd believed it proper to do so. After disposing of forty-six of the sixty pages of the bill the commlttoo rose. On motion of Mr. Sayros ot Texas the son- nto amendments to ttia census deficiency bill was nonconcured In , and n commlttoo com posed of Messrs. Sayres , Holman nnd Dlng- loy was appointed. The house then adjourned and the clerk announced that "a mooting of democratic members would ba held tomorrow ovomnjj. " IX Till : SliXATIi. "Urccii Gooda" MnnVl \ \ lie I.c Ulated AgaliiHt Aslinil for information , WASHINGTON- . C. , Feb. J4. ! Mr. Morrlll , from the commlttoo on finance , reported back adversely Mr. Coko's bill to amend the laws in relation to the circulation of banking asso ciations and. It was placed oa the calendar. Mr. Sherman , from the commlttoo on for eign relations , reported a bill to protect for eign exhibitors at tbo World's Columbian ex position from persecution for exhibiting wares prepared by American patents and trade marus , and it was passed. Mr. Sherman also reported a resolution re questing the president ( if not incompatible with his interest ) to Inform the bonato what proceed lugs wore recently hnd with the representatives of the Dominion of Canada and the British government 'as ' to arrange ments for reciprocity trade with Canada. It was agreed to. Mr. Mandcrson referred to what U known as the "grcon goods" business and said there was nothing on the statute books to roach that ovll and ho Introduced three bills with a letter from the chief of the secret servlco division of the Treasury department , in tended to remedy the evils.The bills were read by their titles and \voro referred to the Judiciary commlttoo. Coimldcred the Idaho Content. The senate then resumed consideration of the Idaho election case and was addressed by ( Sir. Stewart in favor of the claim of Mr. Claggett , Mr. Stewart suspended his remarks at 3:10 to allow the president's special message on the Columbian ox-position to be laid before the senate. It was road and referred to the quadro-centounial committeo. ' At the close of his speech MV. Stewart of fered a resolution that Mr. Claggott have leave to occupy a seat on the floor of the sen ate pending the discussion of. the report , and have leave to speak on the merits of his claim to the seat. Laid over Until tomorrow. Thp consldoration of the Idaho citation case was resumed , and Mr. Turpie addressed the senate in support of the majority report tbat Mr. Dubols Is entitled to the seat. At the close of Mr. Turplo's speech the senate went Into executive session and ad journed. 1VOIII.IVS FAIR MESSAGE. 1'rcsldont Harrison Hendfi It ! to Congress Without Kcttomineniliitlon. WASHINGTON , D. C. , Fob. .34.- The presi dent today sent to congress' his message , transmitting the report of' the World's Columbian commission In'roRard to the work accomplished and the nood'jif.$5,000,000 or $8,000,000 moro to further it. He made no recommendation as to tbo money asked for. Ho transmitted also the resolutions in regard to holding a military encampment at Chicago during the exposition. The president is highly gratified with the progress mado. The report speaks of the satisfactory ad vancement in every department of work and of assured success. The exposition site is described , tbo various buildings enumer ated and the work of tbo administrative de partments commended. The following comment is made under the heading , "Tho Board of Lady Managers" : "This auxiliary body Is actively nnd ener getically ongaecd in the work within the sphere assigned to it by the commission , and its achievements already vindicate the prophecy of its creation and leave no room for doubt that it will bo the means of enlarg ing the influence and usefulness of women of all participating nations as well as our own. " That Proposed Iioan from Congress. Of the proposed loon of $3,000,000 the report port says : "During the 111 lit session of the national commission hold hrSeptember , 1801 , the World's Columbian oxp'osition ' ( the Illi nois corporation ) , after having made a care ful and accurate estimate of expenditures that would bo required to prepare and equip the crounds and buildings in a manner reasonably adequate to meet the demands ot the exposition , determined that It would Do necessary for the corporation to secure a loan of (5,000,000 , and also thai it Intended to apply to congress for such n loan. " The communications of President Baker to President Palmer asking the co-operation of tbo national commission in support of an effort to aecuro tbo loan proposed , together with the report of its Judiciary commlttoo , to which the national commission referred the request , uro given. < "Tho action of the commission , " the report says , "Is based upon the finding by tbo di rectory of tbo Illinois corporation of tbo ne cessity for tbo loan , and Is supported by tbo further fact that , In the Judgment of the commission , the Illinois corporation had made ample provision for acquiring tbo $10,000,000 which it Is required to ralso and furnish by the act of.congross' , nnd bad fully discharged its obligation In that capacity , " Tbo commission recommends that provision bo made for us necessary current oxponscs in order that it may be able to properly dis- cbargo the duties and functions imposed upon it by congress. It also asks an appropriation to pay awards. \VnnhliiKtan Notes. The senate Judiciary committee resumed Its hearings this morning on the bills to prevent dealings in options and futures ; Mr. Wllber F. Boyle of St. Louis /avored tbo bills , which bo said were originated solely for tbo protection of farmers. Hotrenchmeut and rigid economy in expen ditures for public buildlagp Is to bo the motto of tbo house at this s lon of con gress. Whllo the policy bai'uot been abso lutely outlined by a dollnitaivpto , it can bo stated that few and perhaps no bills for the erection of now publla bulldtq'gs will bo re ported by iho bouso ogmmlttoo oa public buildings. Confirmations : Charles W. Erdman of Kentucky , consul at Breslau ; James Loltoh of Louisiana , consul at Belize : Cbarlos F. Hoborts. collector of customs at Hum boidt , Cal. 1 The treasury department'toflny ' purchased 430,500 ounces of silver av'from $0.0110 to $ O.UI15. . I Mrs , Harrison was today 'elootod president ot tbo Daughters of the American Revolu tion , ' . . Business Men Interested. GIUNI ) ISLAND , Nob. , Fob , ! M. [ Special to TUB HBIS.I The Busmasg Men's association held another mooting last night. The Bap tist college matter wai earnestly discussed and it was decided to hold a mass meeting next Saturday night , when K final cITort will bo made to soil tbo remaining lota and thus secure tbo uollugo. March 1 the extension of time expires and it will then bo known whether this city gets tbo college or not. Under n Load of Hay. CLAT CEXTEII , Neb.tFob. 534.-Special ! [ to Tits BEE. ] A 4-ycar-old chlid of Hugh Cul- vor. living ono mile south of town- fell under a wiiro" loaded with hay yostordpy In such a wiyihat the wheel pasted diagonally across bl body , lie was not scri'usly uurt , to bonoj boiuc broken. MILKING THE MARKET Price of Wheat in Chicago Fixed at the Will of a Millionaire Oliquoi TREMENDOUS DEALS NOW OUTSTANDING Many Millions of Bushels Sold Short by Speculators in Puturos. FIGURES TAKEN FROM THE RECORDS Conservative and Popular Estimates of the Volume of Business Compared , ROCKEFELLER UNDOUBTEDLY A LEADER Knowing Ones , Unanimously Admit the Standard Oil King's ' Presence HIS TWO PARTNERS ARE DESCRIBED You May < 5uess rtielr Identity How Dcncou AVhlto ami rich ) , Miullry & Co. Wuro Wrecked 1'rollts to Smart 1'eo- ple Who "Tailed On. " CHICAGO. 111. , Feb. 24. [ Special Telegram to TUB BBK.J Everyone on the Board of Trade who knows anything Knows that the wheat market Is manipulated. The traders have snm so time and again to each otbor nnd to outsiders , and the same people , who are satisllod that some ono Is "milking" the market , Insist that the recent nrtlco In TUB BEE Is without foundation. When pinned down for specifications ns to the Improbable part of the article they usually say that it .vould bo Impossible for any ono to bo long ' . ' 0,000,000 bushels of wheat without having everybody know that a great deal was on. In order 10 arrive at a satisfactory and trustworthy estimate of the average "opon interest" in wheat in this market , n careful canvass of the matter has been mado. The membership of the Board of Trade is 1,000 , but only 3T5 names of firms and mem bers appear on the ofllcial clearing house shoot ; that Is to say , the trades of the entire membership and the outside world are con centrated upon the books of the smaller num ber mentioned. No record is kept of the trades made in the wheat pit , sales and pur chases being made viva voce between mem bers and entered upon cards , which are the basis of all subsequent entries and the at tendant bookkeeping. Expert testimony of th3 best sort obtain able was sought. The clearing house sheets wore gone over patiently with a half dozen of the best posted mon around tbo Board of Trudo , and estimates wore made of what each 11 rm and broker enumerated might reasonably be expected to- carry on the books In a fairly busy market , such as there is at the present writing. Shown by the Figures. It is ImpoislDlo to glvo the entlro list , but a list of seventy firms is presented with two sots of estimates , tbo first colum represent ing a clooo conservative trade estimate of the open trades on tbo books , the quantities bought nnd sold and the second column the usual "popular" estimate of what they carry : AiiulynU of tlio Talile. Tbo two totals represent contracts of bobt purohaio and sale. The first column there fore shows 07,500,000 bushels bought and 07,000,000 bushels sold , while tbo second col umn shows 105,000,01)0 ) bushels bought and an equal quantity sold , Tbo actual facts nro Srobably about midway botwron the two es- mates , or somewhat in tbo neighborhood of 170,000,000 bushels in open contract , or 85- 000,000 bushels bought and 85,000,000 bushels sold. Cash or spot wheat to the amount of 25,000,000 to 80.000,000 busbols and hedging sales against the property for future deliv ery may be said to represent tbo proportion of "tho open Interest , Unsod on warehouse stocks. The total now "In sight" In public and pri vate waronouses is about 00,030,000 bushels , but there U hedging selltni ; against probably GO per cent of the property in other markets viz ; Minneapolis , Duluth , St. Louis , To ledo and Now York. Theremalnder , 00,000,000 to 05,000.000 busbeli , may bo ald to be a speculative interest. A mass of business largo enough to cover a rood deal biir onouph , In fact , for Rockefeller , Colouol North , John Mack ay , or any other man or sot of men. Ouo of the best posted mon la the Chicago Kralu market tbusuiprmed IilT.iolf with re gard to the article published In Tun Bin : noout the manipulation in wheat : Wltuso Iliinit U Present. "Tho facts were In the main correctly stated , though I do not Know what authority you have for connecting iho name of Coldhcl North with the combination , and 1 nm not so ccrtinn that John W. Mackay has a hand in the deal , but there is every reason to bollovo tbat John D. Itocuofollor Is the rullnc genius ana It Is also known to n Rood many people on the Chicago Board of Trade that gentle man for many years prominently Identified with the Delaware & Lackawnnnn railroad associated with him. This gentleman Is reputed to bo worth anywhere from J40.000- 00. ) to fOO.1100,000. Ho was for a lontf time , aud U perhaps still , the largest holder of the securities in the railrcad named. A nourishing town In Now Jersey Is named after him , nnd ho Is a man of very great im portance in the llnancinl world. Of late ho has not taken an nctlvo part In business affairs , having turned ever the management of his vast interests largely to a son , wh'o has developed considerable ambition to cut a wide swath m a business way. "Ho has Important interests In Chicago , being a largo owner of the securities ot the Union stockyards combine , n $3,000,000 holder of Chicago city 4 per cunts a recent acquisition- Is be sides n largo bolder of other choice bonds based on Chicago values , boslous showing a partiality for desirable real estate mortgages in this city. His interests center very largely In Chicago , ns will bo soon , and his attention Is naturally directed In this way. "When Dnucon White \Viis I'lnclifil. "It Is not known when , bow , or under what circumstances and conditions these people were taken Into the deal with the Standard Oil magnate , but everybody lu Now York knows that the relations between Mr. Kocko- foliar and the father nnd son who repre sent this great fortuna have long boon most cordial , aud that they have for many years had vast financial deals In common. The llrst that was known positively of heavy operations for the account of this combination In the Chicago grain innrkct was last sum mer when S. V. White & Co. ran a corn deal for thorn , 'tailing on' with a heavy- line for himself. "Not llklnp the manner in which the dea con was carrying on the dual , concluding per haps that he was giving moro attention to his own trade than ho was to theirs , or becoming - coming suspicious that ho was not alto gether true to their interests , it was determined to teach him a lesson. Ho was allowed to capture the entire deal , and was loaded up with moro property than ho could take care of. The support ot the clique was withdrawn from him , and as everybody knows ho 'wont broke , ' losing ever $1.000,000. "Field , Llndloy & Co. had also done busi ness for the same syndicate. And they , too , had boon punished for suspected betrayal of confidence. That is a phase of unwritten history , but it is alleged to bo a fact that the wrecking of that flrm was dun to the unsatisfactory manner in which syndi cate deals were handled , nnd this may explain the mystery which has sur rounded the disappearance of several million dollars of securities once in the hands of the Fiold-Llndloy concern. The property In nil probability wont to pay the losses or mem bers of the linn who had undertaken to 'tall on' to what tboy believed to be tbo syndicate duals. Itoastlng White Hack. "Repenting ol having broken Deacon White , or perhaps , having boon convinced that they were mistaken with regard to his management of their deal in corn , these same men have recently taken him up again and put him in a lair way to regain a largo part of his fortune. They have boon behind him in thu deals of coal stocks in which the deacon has llgured so conspicu ously during the last month. The deacon will hereafter carry out instructions when he receives them from his powerful friends nnd will not bo unduly ambitious to line his own pockets by 'tnilincr on. ' Mimrt I'cojilu 1'rodt l > y It. "You would DO surprised to learn the num ber of men on the Board of Trade who know absolutely that the main facts in Tun BBC article are truo. Many of thorn have been working for months on the Information made public in that nrliclo and they havqbecn making a great deal of money in a quiet way by saw ing wood nnd muzzling their tongues. I know of oao telegraph operator occupying a confi dential position who has made S1'J,000 by n Judicious distribution of his tips to two or three close-mouthed friends who in - are n po sition to take deals on joint account , letting the operator in for n share of the profits. "After the collapse of the Deacon White deal last fall this eastern cllquo took up the corn deal whore ho dropped It and made a largo amount of money. John Bryant , Patton - ton and two or three others 'tailed on' to the deal and al&o made respectable fortunes . It Is the common belief that this local crowd ran the deal , but that U a mistake. They wcro simply 'tnilers. ' It is known to very few persons , but it Is nevertheless a fact that John D. Hockofollor was In Chicago last Thursday , the day of the wild Jump in wheat that followed the publication In the llrst article. " sE < j.i\\on. Lrin.in nnil Siittnn Dlfl'ur from Tliclr Hon. ort'il rri' llt'iit' Vli\r . LINCOLNNeb. . , Fob. 24. W. A. Lymnn , treasurer , nnd John P. Sutton , secretary , of tbo Irish National League of America , do not endorse the views expressed by President Gannon in his address of yesterday. Their names were signed in good faith by President Gannon , accord ing to old precedents. They rotrrot to bo obliged to publicly dissent from the president's vlow.s , as they do not bolicvo In raisinfunus ( for distinct facuorm of what ought to bo tbo united body. They think that the approach of a general election will force a union and that the league ought to raise funds to mcot the emergency of u gen eral election , tbo funds to bo used for the support of a thoroughly united party. I'cinonil ol' VoL'iini'H Victim. HASTINGS , Nob. , Feb. 24. | Special Telegram - gram to Tim Br.E , ] Myron Vanllcot , tbo victim of Monday's tragedy , was burled this afternoon , The services were conducted by Silas Strickland post Grand Aivny of the Ho- public. Presiding Elder William Jones of the Methodist church officiated. A largo number of parsons were In attendance. A number of tbn post did not go , but the ma jority were strongly In favor of attending , believing tbat while some might uphold tbo actions of Captain Yocum the sympathy of all was duo the afflicted family. The family ot the deceased has engaged C. H , Tanner , ilatty , Caste & Dungan and W. P. McCuary to assist County Attorney Cbrls Hooppnur. Captain Yocum on his sldo hn retained General A. H. Bowen , General 0. J. D1U worth and M. A. Hartlgan. The approaching coroner's innuoss Is being watched with a great deal of Interest , and the probability la that before the ouo Is set tled a number ol the metropolitan bar of tbo state may bo engaged. Crippled by a CollUInn , BKATiiicn , Neb. , Fob. 24. ( Special to THE BEE.J Kugoue Pitts aeainst. the Chicago , Burlington & Quiuov Hailroad company is the title ofa , suit that has just begun trial In tbo district court of this county , The suit is for tbo recovery of $59,500 damages , alleged to have boon sustained by tbo plaintiff by a collision on tbo defendant's raid somewhat ever a year ago. Mr. Pitts wa& B traveling B&lnsman , enjoying a lucrative positional the time , und the , character of his injuries was nuoh as to make him a permanent crlpplo. The principal Injury was to hit Bpluo , and since the date of the accident Mr , Pitts hai bad ta be helped R'round with the assistance of another pemoii.V , lioiitU for I'uiililloti , PAPII.UON , Nob. , Feb. 24. 1 Special loTiir. BEE. ! An election will beheld hero on the 27th ta vote bond * for a new $13.000 jiohool building. tJontunout U uu om'juE ! Sn Uvqr of the bonds. BEATRICE PEOPLE OBJECT 'Changes In the Oity Street Oar Lines Not Satisfactory , SPECIAL LOCALITIES WILL BE FAVORED Under Mm Siiporvlnloii d | v , Old Coni | iuf thu North Kud ltelH2.'lail thu 1'refurmieo , llu lorent Nu -1 BKATUICE , Nop. , Fob. 21 leclal to TUB Bnr..J A kick of portonl ' ' proportions is developing 111110115 certain'.IpmG ' stockholders of tbo old Beatrice strod < $33 $ < lwity bccaus of tbo snlo of that proliuuj to the now Hapld Transit and Power company. The old line was built In the special Intel e t ot certain north of town additions , nnd has been operated In their spoclal Interest , at an annual loss , for several years. The now orraiigoiuont whereby the now company pro poses to operate the line on u different rout * J > y olcctrlo power is the c.uiso of the kick , it Is claimed by the objecting stockholders that the no\v \ company will operate the road in the special ln torcsts of the south Beatrice additions , to the great injury of the north and. About the only line now loft , In fact the only line loft to which the objecting stockholders can look to for any veliol , is the stub Glciiovar strcot railway , and that will have to bo operated by horse or mule power. If operated at all. This line connects with the now company's ' line at the corner of Jackson and Sixth streets , and as the motor line proposes to electrically equip their line only to Onrlleld street , the terminal of iho Glunovor line will bo two squares nwuy from tbo electric lines which have the exclusive franchise to the streets loading down into the business heart of the city , The proposition to equip th Glciiovar line with oloctrlo power Is not fa vorably considered by the now company , so the entlro northern sections of the city nro practically shut out from street oar servlco under the now nirnngumont. It is given out soml-conlldontially that the oloctrlo power to operate the new linen will bo generated at Hoag , 11 vo miles north of the city , on the Blue river , and whuro there is n splondld water power EUlllclcnt to supply oicctrla power for a city of ton times the population of Beatrice. 1IAKMONV IN THE THIItD. Member * of thii ltniuhllcnii | Dlxtrlct Com mitted Mcitt at Norfolk. . Noiiroi.K , Nob. , Fob. St. ( Special Tclo- gram to Tim BiiE.J The republican central commlttoo for the Third congressional dis trict mot lu this city this evening , Chairman W. E. Peebles of Ponder presiding. Atlee Hart of Dakota City was chosen temporary secretary. The following coininmltteemou were proscnt : Antelope , Is. D. Jackson ; Hurt , P. L. Kork , by C. E. Bard well , proxy ; Cedar , L. H. Mansor ; Gumming , O. O. McNtsh ; Dakota , Atlee Hart ; Dixon , C. W. Gurnny ; Dodge , E. Schurman , by Gcorgo W. Doi.oy , proxy ; Knox , E. A. Frj ; Madison , J. U. Iluvs ; 1'latto , Edward Arnold ; Stanton - ton , John Ehorly ; Thurslon , A. C. Abbott ) Wnvno , John T. Bre.sslcr. The counties of Boone , Colfax , Marriott ] Nanco and Pierce were unrepresented. The convention to elect two delegates to the na tional convention lit Minneapolis was called to meet nt Norfolk on April yi nt 7:80 : p. m. , the bafls of representation being ono dolc- gale froai each county and ono for every 150 votes or major fraction thereof cast for At torney General Hastings in 1KOJ. By a , unanimous vote of the .committeo Judge W. IT. Norrls was selected for tonilpo- rury chairman of the convention. A lengthy discussion then ensued on a motion to call the convention to nominate a candidate for congress , nil the cominlUooraon favoring on onrly convention , some bolng in favor of nominating at the delegate convention and others favoring a later date. It was finally dooldod to call thd convention to meet at Fro- monton Wednesday. July 20 , nt 7:39 : p. ra. It was decided not to admit proxies to the con vention and request each county elect its al- lot.cd delegates and nn equal number of alter nates. . The meeting was marked by good nature throughout and every ono present was confi dent of success. Slvlli Annual SuHHlon. NonroT.K , Neb , , Fob. 2t. [ Special t ? 2H BEE. ] Tbo sixth annual session p * ( ho North Nebraska Teachers' association TiCbo hold at Norfolk , March i)0 ) and 81 , ant ] Ji-fttt. 1 , 1S'J3. The first mooting will be sold Wednesday evening , March 30 , and the last Friday afternoon , April 1. The High School oratorical contest will tnko place Friday ovonlng following the adjournment of the association , On Wednesday evening the assdclotion will bo nddres ed by Chancellor James II. Canflolu of the University ot Ne braska. There will bo ono principal subject for discussion at each half-day session , as follows : Thursday forenoon , "Physical Cul- tuto : " TuuMtlny afternoon , "Music In Publlo Schools : " Friday forenoon , "Drawing ; " Friday iiftornoon , "Summer Schools. " The discussion of each subject will bo Introduced bv iho readlngof a paper , or papors. followed by a general discussion , In which all are in vited to participate. Tno president's addrflis will bo given Thursday ovonintr. It Is ex pected that this will bo tbo largest inciting in tbo history ot the association. The papers are to bo prepared by the ablest specialists to bo found In the territory of the association , and will bo especially adapted to the needs ot teachers who tloslro to Introduce into their schools Bystonmtlu- instruction m drawing , physical culturoor muMo. Xolinlsku rill Mnkerx to Mc-nt. GitAND ISI.ANP , Nob. , Feb. 24. Special to TUB BIB.I : Last night the officers of the State Pharmaceutical association held a meeting In the Palmer house In conjunction with local druggists and prepared a program for the next annual convention of pill makers , to tnlio place In this city Junu 7 , 8 and U. TIIOSU present were : Urlf .1. Evans , Presi dent Hustings , Mrs. Crisslo , secretary , Onmbn ; .Tamos Keed , Nebraska Cltv ; L. P , Farnsworth , H , D , Boydon and A , W. Buch- holt of this city. The following Is the program : Tuesday 7 p. in. , address of welcome by M yi > r Hoyden. Itesnonm Addrusi of uresU dent. ( Jencirul Immfiiliiuliii ; . Informal bull , Wednesday U to JH , regular business. 3 p. in , , contest nt. fair gruuntlu , races , iiuno , otc , B p. m , , crund bull , Thursday Da. m. , ro 'iUiir business , election of olllcors , Hulucllon nf ( iliico foi pluco nt next , meeting. 2 p , in. , procession tosoidlci'.V huiuu , uu ar factory and ether points of Interest. H p. m. , fruu oiiteriaiiinmnt to dniKgUtft at uporu houses troupe to bo liuroaf tor dooldod , The voileu pill makers ol Missouri are ex pected to arrive on the evening of tbo 8th and will open the grand ball with grand with a grand march In unique unifprrns. A distinctive part of this year's conuontion of the strito's pharmacists will be the exhibit of pharmaceutical preparations made In Ne braska. Quito a numtior of manufacturers have already appllo for space , and the prliid- nlo of patronizing homo Industries will not bo forgotten , Thn contest on the afternoon of Juno B will bo made the moro Interesting by prizes to bo given by Nebraska Jobbers. Tbo contest includes lady's egg races , fat men's races , etc. , etc. , including also an exhibition of fait NebrniKa horse lioili by A , S. Patrick of this city. I'lru lit llontnro , BEAIHICB , Neb. , Feb. 24. [ Hpnolsl to Tuu BF.B. | Thn Beatrice Paper Bag factory , small concern on Fourth street , between Court and Ella sttouts , wus'dcstroyoJ by fire early this morning , The building was otvitod , by John Kill , and the factory was owned nr.d operated by Fred King & Co. The total lax Is about ? 1,500 ; Insurance , $1,200 , In ft bui.d- ing Juut adjoining on the north several car loads of bulled hay were stored , Tbo tire communicated to this nnd the hov was rulnid bv firu. sinoko and water nutulllu ) ; H lot * of about } ' > tOo ou ImUiHni ; and coutenti.