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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : JfONDAY. JANUARY 23. lftn . K
BtatUUoal Evidcuco of South Dakota' * Growth and Greatness. UNIQUE MEASURE FOR LIQUID REFORM Mitnlclpiil SnlnotutHii n I'annrca for tlie Ills orrrolilldlliiii Kxprrt Opinion on Idaho r -llRcrnt Notnhlo In tlio Northwest , The annual reports of the officers of South Dakota furnish a mass of Information con cerning ttic development of the state in all lines of activity. During 18W there were shipped out of the state 01,783 carloads of products , of which 80,113 , were wheat , 1,2 1 corn , Jl.'iiS oats , B,8TO flax , 1,731 flour , 1.M1 liay , til butter nnd eggs , 3U7i ! of stonejilmost entirely from Mlnnchaha county , 100 cement from Ynnkton county , 7M3 of cattle. 4,003 of hogs , Ulfi of horses and mules"J'of sheep , nnil 175 of mixed stock. The valuation of nonio of these shipments Is as follows ; Cattle , tUO.-aX ) ; iiogs , SJ.li.VJ.HOOj horses and mules , SJIiO.OuO ; sheep , tim.twOj wheat , * 10,8r > 0IVSO : corn , Xmiw ; oats , $ .V)100 ) ! ! ; flax , * 2.C88 , < KXI ; flour , $1.813,800 : hay , W1.SMO. The total railway mileage in the state is 2.70S . mill's , of which the Chicago , Milwau kee it , Kt. Paul has l.MM , the Chicago & North western 741 , the Fremont , Klkhorn& Missouri Valley 185 , nnd the H. St. M. Ml , with the rest divided between thirteen com panies , The railroads paid during the fiscal vcar ending .luno HO , IHlfJ , taxes in South Dakota nmountlmr to f.MJO,7GO , nn amount not very much less than that paid by the counties of the stnto during the same time into the gen eral fund. . . , , The total number of miles covered In this state by passenger , mixed , switching and construction trains during the year was nearly B.MXi.OOO. The number of passengers carried was 8,031,000 , and the total passenger mlleago was equivalent to carrying ono passenger 07,000,000 miles. The frelgh busl- ness in the state during the year was equiv alent to ttic carrying of ono tor. 521i07b'JJ miles. The number of railroad employes In the stnto Is : il.ri. > . During the year there were two passengers Wiled nnd three injured , seven employes killed nnd sixty Injured , and two other per sons killed and sixty-nine injured. The national gift to South Dakota for educational purposes consisted of 3,531,400 acres of the public domain. Of this magnifi cent endowment , H,823iKO acres belong to the common schools. So far , 2,878 acres have been sold and deeded , and IMIM3 are under contract of sale , leaving the state still in jKjssesslon of 2,721,401 acres. The sums real ized from the sales amount to 1,337,331 , of which KW7.0SO has been paid into the treas ury , leaving the balance from purchasers , upon which they pay Interest. The number of acres leased is W)8,10i ) : , and the receipts from leases amount to $48.818. Average price realized from sale of land is $14. 2 per acre. During the year 18'J1 the income fund appor tioned to the school districts of the several counties of the state amounted to Mr > , OS2 , or 63 cents per child for the 80.070 school children in the state , while in IS'.tt ' the total income- fund apportioned was $78,103 , or WJ cents per child for each of the UI.824 school children. The increase in the number of school children in the state from 8(1,070 ( in 1801 to 1)4,824 ) in 1802 is nearly 0 per cent. IKH1US DIAMONDS. Now York i-KxprrU rims Upon Itluho'H GolllH , Now York papers report that Jewelers In that city have received specimens of the al leged diamonds from Owyhcoflelds of Idaho. ITour samples wore submitted to Mr. J. C. Fox , a Maiden Lane lapidary. After a thor ough examination Mr. Fox pronounced them rock crystals. "This does not prove , " said Mr. Fox , "that no diamonds can be found in Idaho , but simply that these particular speci mens lire not diamonds. " A few weeks ago a corrcspontlrnt of Tiffany & Co. in Idaho sent on some of the liestspcclmcnfsound. They were examined by George F. Kunz , Tiffany & Co's. expert in precious stones. Ho pronounced them crystals , nnd they wore' returned. Mr. Kunz has been confounded with the agent from Amsterdam. "I have not seen n diamond , " lie said , "that I was absolutely certain came from Idaho. I am quite satisfied , however , that n few small diamonds have been found in the placer , diggings there of'about the same quality and occurring under the same conditions as those In California. In neither Region have they boon mndo the object of special search heretofore. Those found were iilckod up by miners while washing the pravol for gold. Fragments of diamonds have been occasionally noticed in the tail ings from the quartz mills , being the rem nants of stones broken under thestump. " TUItNKU UP ITS TOES. Hard Times In Nevada Tell on the Ntnvs- pnpcrs. The Virginia City Territorial Enterprise has ceased to bo. The chief financial pillai of the paper , D. O. Mills of New York , tight cued the strings of his purse a few days ago , 'nnd the Enterprise bid farewell to things mundane on Sunday last. The Enterprise was the oldest newspaper In Nevada. For the past twenty-five years it was controlled by the bonanza millionaires nnd the Hank of California. It wasthoorgan of those people. This explains why It has been a losing property for ten years back. The Enterprise had the honor of serving as n kindergarten for most of the noted Califor nia writers. With the exception of Urot Harte. nil ha\o served un this Nevada paper. Mark Twain , Joaquin Miller nnd Dan Do Qtilllo were reporters in the bonanza days , nnd some of Mark Twain's bent stories flrsl saw the light In the Enterprise , Activity In the IIIIU. This coming spring nnd summer promises to bo the most active in mining matters thai the Black Hills has over seen , not cxcopti the palmy days of 1870. During the fall ant twluter over $1,000,000 of property has beer purchased by eastern capitalists , who vril place their properties in shape for produc tion. The majority of the purchases have been made in the liald mountain and Hub } Basin districts. These districts , with an urea of fifteen square miles , nro covered by a blanket formation of brown and blue ores , each susceptible to the chllorlnation process A I.uiul Olllrii UilHliH'm. During December the land office nt Abcr dcen , S. D. , disposed of 0,501 acres of land , for which $3,127 was paid. Seventy-three original homestead entries were made coverIng - Ing ll,00 ; ! acres ; fifty-seven final homestead proofs were mndo for l,01S ) acres , and 1,020 acres were secured by final timber culture proof. The total number of acres disposed of was iiO.OM ) . During the mouth of Novem ber the cash sales wore fiil84. nnd the total nverngo disjiosed of was 27.U77. _ Ni'linixku iiiul Nvlmmkuiig. Anotherjcarload oMivo chickens has been shipped fiinn Supt/rior to California. Grand Island's German jiaper , Der Herohl , has been sold to Louis T. von Wasmer. A special term of court is to bo held at Buttu to decide the Uoyd county seat con test. test.Waketlold Waketlold is to have a farmers institute , commencing January 24 and lasting for u week. Ked Willow county's educational associa tion will hold its next meeting at Dartlev February 25. ' ' The Farmers Institute of Nemalm county will bo held nt Johnson , January 31 , and February 1 , 2 nnd 3. Madison Is to have a plow factory , nnd It will bo In operation insldo of sixty days if up thing happens to prevent. The citizens of Alma have organized n company to build a flouring mill. The capi tal stock of the company Is placed at $10,000. Merrlck county supervisors have called on the county clerk to refund $ U)0 ) which ho has pocketed as | iy for reixn-ttng the meetings of the board. , , Mr , , % Beaten , llvl"K ° 'K'lt ' ' mllc8 wcst ot Tn- bio Hock , is slowly dying. Ho has boon sick a lone time with what was thought to bo gout , lately borne nro inclined to the belief that it is leprosy His feet have rotted off nnd the llosh Is sloughing off toward his knees. His death cannot long bo delayed. Ho lives iu the cdgo of Johnson county , Is n widower , with two daughters , who are both old maids. They nro quite wealthy. Whllo on his way to Jnll , Sheldon I'nge es caped from the sheriff at Superior nnd rn Joyed twenty-four hours of liberty. Then ho was recaptured nt Webber and now lies In confinement nt Nelson. r The survey of the north line of Nebraska will settle many disputed jwlnts over land claims alond Uoyd county's north line , nnd open up more land for settlement. The con tract for this will bo let this month , Twoshopmen at North I'lnttn were In- lured the same day last wonk. Edgar Done- luiwcr had his hand caught In a planing ma chine nnd badly mangli-d , nnd John Dtvycr had his cyo badly hurt by n piece of fljlng steel. After preparing to hang himself. Magnus Tieiiivold , n young farmer , residing near liuslivlllo , concluded that It was easier to dlo by the poison route. So he took n dose of strychnine nnd was found dead In bed with a rope hanging over his head. Says the Wakclleld Republican : Consid erable excitement was stirred up In town of Into on account of the rcixirtcd attempted abduction of an estimable young lady of this city by n certain dark complexioncd stranger , said to bo a Mexican , who hung around hero nest of last week. The guardians of the young lady , however , were on their guard i ml foiled the attempt nt abduction and pro- .ected their charge. Wo might enlarge upon , his matter , but do not consider It cither in the line of our business , or to the best inter ests of all most Interested , to do so. I Us enough to say that several doses of cold lead are ready for the fellow should ho show up again and repeat his dastardly attempt , and Unit they will bo administered without super fluous preliminaries. NilRK < it * > George II. Peterson of Evanston , Wyo. , has been left a fortune of $250,000. The Spearllsh , S. D. , Electric Light com- i'nny , capital $500,000 , has been incorporated. The Northern Paeilio proposes to build n liranch fl-om Mlssoulu , Mont. , into the Flnt- licad country. Willow Creek , five miles west of Idaho City , is gradually corning to the front as a " gold'mlnliig district. Three hundred thousand cords ofvooil and. 175,000 , tons of coal , all worth about ? :3 : , < XX,000. ) comprised the fuel pile consumed in Portland last year. The Woodruff company has sold 13,000 sheep nt Casncr , Wyo. , have shipped 13,000 to their feeding yards at Hooker and have 13,000 left. Lucky thirteen 1 A 100-foot sea serpent was observed slash ing around in Gamble bay , Puget sound , a few days ago. A gold euro establishment is projected in the neighborhood. Kilpatrick Bros. , the noted railroad con tractors , have arrived in the Black Hills with their forces and are preparing for ac tive work on the Burlington extension to Spearllsh. An unusual number of vagabondfl , hobos , .vagrants , beggars and tramps now infest Pugct sound cities , and this pnba' > ly ac counts for the largo number of lu-'glaries - and robberies now being committed. . \ logging llrm In Tacoina , Wash. , has just signed a contract to get ou 200,000.000 feet of piiio lumber. The contract involves the building of n railroad thirteen miles into the heart of the lumber region. It will take at least five years to fill the contract and the freight wljl amount to ? Sr > 0XX ( ) . A landlord at Great Falls , Mont. , Is suing election clerks and Judges for the price of meals furnished on election day. In his bill the landlord avers that they lived on the fat of his larder. Prime steaks and chickens of tender ago wore devoured , also six varieties of pie and cake and ice cream to match. Ho wants JB a man , and ought to get it. H. A. Kcenan of Sweetwatcr county , Wy oming , is abroad as a candidate for Unito-1 States marshal. Accompanying a pictorial sketch Is the assurance that ho is a man "of splendid physical stature , " and that "nature smiled when his facial contour was chiseled to gladden nnd captivate his friends and the fair sex. " Taking these attractive nualtics into consideration , It Is not surprising to hoar that the Ladles Democratic club of Kock Springs feel "warranted in pressing Mr. ICccnan's claims to a successful issuo. " Salt Lake capitalists have put their shoul ders to the projected railroad to Coalvillo. A map of the route shows a gradual up grade from Salt Lake to Coalvillo. The latter town Is about 1,300 feet higher than Salt Lake. The dlfllcult.v heretofore with pro jected lines to Coalvillo has been the enorm ous grades. There will bo a gradual upgrade - grade for empty cars and a down grade ha\il to this city. The distance over the Salt Lake & Hot Springs route will bo fifty-two miles , which is considerably shorter than any other proiwscd line to Coalvillo. o .S'y.lKi'4. Colorado miners Strlkn n S Iran go Forma tion Indeed. CANON CITY , Col. , Jan. 22. Ono of the most startling finds ever made In this section was unearthed at Kockvalo , n small mining camp nine miles northeast of here. The Santa Fo Coal company was excavating In the bottom of n gulch for the purpose of put ting in n now tracit , when n peculiar forma tion was run into. The workmen stopped to examine it , and on digging around the spot the strange thing was found to bo n per fectly formed snake , twelve feet in length. This llnd caused so much excitement that the excavation was continued , nnd at a little distance another reptile was uncovered , and on being dug out was found to bo twenty- four feet in length and as thick through as a man's body , and perfectly petrified , and there is no telling how many of the mon sters will bo found. The thrco already taken will make part of the Colorado exhibit at the World's fair. Cnrrli-d n ViiUmhlo Cargo. NEW YOUK , Jan. 22. The most valuable cargo that has left this port in many a day went out yesterday by the steamer La Cham pagne for Havre. Four million three hun dred thousand dollars In gold is a largo amount to ship on short notice , nnd officials , clerks and other employes were on the Jump since early morning nt the sub- treasury In Wall street , preparing kegs of precious metal to this amount for shipment. The La Clmmpange which should have sailed nt 1 p. in. , was held until 2:30 : to no- commodato this shipment. ISMiVTltlV Sl'.lltKS. There seems to be ground for belief that electricity will come considerably into use as un muustlietlc. Not over a quarter of the houses in Paris are lighted by gas , hut there nra over 175,000 incandescent electric lamps iu use there , A system of underground trolley wires for electric cars has Just been patented in Wash ington , D.C. , by three residents of St. Louis. The experiment of lighting the omnibuses of the Ijondon General Omnibus company from storage batteries has proved eminently successful. A now electric switch has been designed for use in connection with the lock of n door , so that when a key Is turned in the lock lights Inside nro turned on. A submarine electrical lamp recently tested at a depth of thirty feet under water proved n great attraction for fish. It caused the water to bo Illuminated within a radius of 100 feet. An electrical neidmetcr , or instrument for measuring the amount of acid substance in liquids , has recently been perfected , and is expected to come Into extended use In refin eries , breweries nnd similar places. Electricity has been successfully applied Iu agricultural operations at the Polytechnic institute of Alabama , at which place a motor has been at wont since last spring threshing oats , wheat , rye nnd barley , cutting ensilage , grinding corn , nnd ginning nnd pressing cot ton , The danger from shocks caused by current from n live wlro traveling down the stream of water to the fireman holding the nozzle of a hosolias led to the devising of nn insulated support for the nozzle , which grounds the current and nt the same time is of treat help in holding the stream steady , A now process of electrical dUlnfectlng consists in passing a current of electricity through sea water , or any solution contain ing chlorides , and by this means developing hypoehloridos , which are powerful disinfect ing ngents. nnd can bo manufactured cheaply In this \\tiy upon n largo scale , Doublo-aecked storage battery tramway cars have been oiwrating in Pans for a month , uud are said to be giving general sat isfaction. They run much bettor than the conduit system used In other parts of the olty.und nro preferable to any of the lines using overhead wlro construction. USE AND ABUSE OF THE EYE Information by an Authority on This Im portant Subject. SOME OF THE CAUSES OF INJURED SIGHT Jlnnjof Them Mny Ho Avoided With a Little IlrTort A l'c\v Simple I'recnu- tlntin fur the Onro of the t'.yoi The following extract Is mmlo from a lec ture by Dr. U Webster Fox before tlio Franklin Institute on "Eyesight In Mldillo Llfo and Old ARC , with a Few Hints for Its Care nnd Preservation" : In this day ot telegraphy , shorthand nnd specialism , mnn has much labor both men. tally and physically to perform , and wo must always remember that 'tis through the cyo that the greater part of tills labor is iiccom- pllshcd. It is bound to excite astonishment nt the wonderful latter-performing functions of an eye when wo think of what can be done. If boys bring with them up to the entrance of manhood C habits which nro pernicious , what n serious outlook for the lasting qualities of that individual who requires Immense expenditure of nervous energy aud eyesight between manhood uud old age , or between twenty tind sixty. Tnlmrco , Alcohol and Drugs. Tobacco and alcohol are the two most prominent ' agents which not only pervert , but also destroyspecial senses , and of which men : of this ago lee freely indulge , especially in social life. hw It is n well authenticated fact that boys who have indulged in the use of tobacco are not mentally and physically as strong as those who abstain ; not only have medical tnen recognized the tendency to a depression of the vital force in boys and young men who are constant users of tobacco , but ath letic 1 < trainers will never select their boats' crew : from such ranks. These men know that tobacco weakens the heart. It is the same with foot ball teams or tug-of-war men ; they m\y : bo giants of strength , but when the final test conies , that subtle lluid Hying through their nerves with lightningliko rapidity is sud denly snapped ; collapse and defeat follow. The excessive use of tobacco not only weakens the muscles of the eye , hut also produces a lowering of the acuity of vision and a form of color blindness. I can recall an Instance of this peculiar form of blind ness. ness.Prof. . Chisolm of Baltimore some years ago had njmttent , n planter's wife from one of the southern states , consult him fordefccttvo vision and who was also blind to certain colors. Prof. Chisolm , after making an examination with the ophthalmo scope , and who up to this stage of the examination Una not asked her anything as to personal habits , turned to her and said : "If you were a man I should pro nounce your case ono of tobacco ninblyopla , or color blindness , duo to excessive use of tobacco. " The lady , completely surprised at the keenness of the observation , confessed that sha. was an excessive smoker ; she and her husband lived alone in a retired part of the country , aud in the evening after dinner she would light her husband's pipe , at lirst taking but one whiff ; as time went on she would Increase the number of whiffs , until she gradually became addicted to the use of tobacco. How often wo hear of the sudden deaths of young men or individuals in the prime of life 1 Could wo read between the lines , or , in other words , dissect that nervous system , wo might read there or find the evidence of overindulgence in tobacco. With smoking I class the chewing of tobacco as a very grave evil. The filthy habit which compels street car companies to exhibit placards in their cars prohibiting spitting speaks in words stronger than I can uso. It Is a disgrace to American man hood that such n recourse had to bo taken. One thing to which attention has been re cently called Is that the women of this gen eration are proportionately larger than men. If such is the fact , may it not bo duo to women abstaining from the use of tobacco ? Lax-go sums of money are voted and many laws passed for all kinds of sanitary precau tions ; medical colleges vie with each other in selecting the ablest and. best instructors to guide medical students toward becoming the keen guardians of the public health , hut what does it avail when these patent evils remain unfctteredj Do not misunderstand my imputations against the use of tobacco ; a largo gulf lies between the use and abuse of the fragrant weed. Men who have gone through n certain amount of mental strain nro the bettor for smoking ono , two or three cigars daily ; they have a soothing effect upon the overwrought nervous system , nnd smoking brushes away the cobwebs and makes man a more social creature. Any ex cessive indulgence in smoking is sure to pro duce ovll results , but the chewing of tobacco must bo condemned at all times. Another source of injury to vision is the excessive use of alcohol In whatever form It is taken into the system. The drinking of beer orwlno acts in a deleterious manner upon that part of the cyo culled the crystalline - line lens. Excessive wine and beer drinkers nro very prone to have cataracts before they have passed the 45th lyilo post in their lives , while whisky drinkers arc subject to affec tions of the retina and optio nerve. There are also certain drugs which pro duce n bad effect on vision. It is said that Americans are fast becoming u quinine-eat ing people. 1 am sure that certain intraocular affec tions may be traced to the abuse of this drug. I have in my possession the notes of several cases where blindness was directly traced to excessive doses taken at short in tervals. Other drugs which nro also injurious to eyesight are chloral , opium nnd the bro mides. Cosmetics which nro placed in tho'eye to heighten its luster should ho avoided , us they are always dangerous ; eye balms of all kinds should bo avoided , especially if the ingredients are rich in the proportions of lead. lead.Tho The same observations are applicable to the dyeing of the hair and eyebrows. There is a case on record where a diminu tion of vision has been traced to the wearing of an artificial wreath of ( lowers. Another someo of failing vision may bo traced to impeded circulation. The wearing of tight neckwear , such as collars which are too small or shlrtbands or neckties tightly drawn , should bo avoided ; this prevents the downward column of blood returning to the heart ; the blood , being retarded , is dammed up In the capillary blood vessels ; the heart , driving against this volume of blood , is sure to cause dilation of them , and certain dis eases develop. Wtr nro almost sure to have fullness of the head or headache following. To say the least , the equilibrium of the cir culation is destroyed. The same rule holds eood to constriction of other parts of the body. VITcrt of Tj-jowrltor . A subject which is commanding some at tention is , "Aro Typewriting Machines In jurious to Vision ? " The individuals who llnd the most trouble with their vision are those who are students of this now calling. Close attention and concentration of vision is necessary to produce accurate copy. After one becomes so thoroughly proficient in manipulating the keys that ho acts automatically , much relief is given to the eyes , but until this is accom plished n great many , especially young girls , suffer from eye strain. I have given this matter considerable at tention for a long time , and I am constantly consulted by individuals who earn a liveli hood by working at such machines six to eight hours dully and' ' in' Homo cases longer , nnd I find that the nrrmiKcment of keys lifts much to do with tliosp nfjllctcd with ocutnr disorders , for llos : > who wrote on machines having ( . 'Uvular kcy-Upa Mmost always had cyo trouble Among the pMlcnts who have consulted me , I quote from ono who has been using various machines novr1 'oil ' the market ; his language I * as follows : "In considering the various type-writing machines now In use , and the ofTect they have on the eyesight of-thoso using them , I will make use of but' three namely , the Remington , CallgrajUi nnd Hammond , as these nro the leading 'machines ' , and the ones most In use , ' "The keyboard of thp KcmlngUm machine contains thirty-eight keys , circular in form , with the hitters prlntefl bn white paper cbv- ered with glass. On account of their ar rangement , shape , size and color , they tire very confusing , having n tendency to run to gether. "Tho Caligmph lias this same fault in a much more aggravated form , from the fact of its having a larger number of keys , thus tending to add to the confusion or running tendency which a multiplicity of keys pro duces. "Tho Hammond has its keyboard arranged in the form of n semicircle , each key being made of ebony wood nnd shaped somewhat like a piano key , with the letter cut on them nnd filled with white cnamU. The thirty keys represent , collectively , ninety charac ters , having fewer keys and more eiianu-ters than any other machine , and yet the keys nro mndo of such material , color and shape that they do not tire the eyes in using them. " This patient has been using typewriting machines almost constantly for the past live years ; during the first two years ho used a machine with round linger tips or keys , nnd lie always experienced a burning sensation in the eyes , as if small particles of sand had lodged under the lids ; the smaller blood vessels looked congested , and these symp toms became so aggravated that ho con sulted my assistant ( I being in Europe at the time ) , to see if something could bo douo to relieve him from his misery. He could not read at night after working through the day. Prior to using this machine he had had no eye trouble of any kind. My assistant , who made a careful examination , found that ho had no visual defect , llo exchanged his typewriting machine , and after three years constant use ho has had no further trouble with his eyes. Another patient , who has had a somewhat similar experience , tells mo that while she has never used the Ideal Hammond , the black keys of the Callgraph are less hurtful to her eyes than the white keys of other machines. IJefoic a writer becomes so proficient that ho can perform his work automatically , his cyo strain must bo enormous. If any visual defect exists I prescribe the proper glasses , and if round linger tips or keys nro used I ndviso a change to bo made to machines hav ing rectangular keys , which I llnd are the least hurtful to the eyes. on the Cars. Another source of eye strain is produced by constant reading in railway carriages. I have often been impressed by the avidity of passengers seizing their morning paper and devouring column after column to and from their places of destina tion. On account of the oscillating move ments of the car the paper is held inside the proper reading distance ; this is done to get u larger imago of the reading matter , but in doing so the muscles of accommodation , as well as the converging muscles , nro kept on a severe strain. , These same men pass M rapidly from the sta tion to their places of business , neither look ing o the right ntor left of them , hut with thought intent and fixed gaze they still hold these muscles with n strong grip ; all day at business the same , and 'a1 ' repetition of the morning's wont upon the train homeward bound "at night , and so for ten or twelve hours those patient eyes' Ure forced to work. which keeps up the strUln , and on account of the tension moro bloodis brought to the parts , which in n short tlmo produces failing sight and chronic congestion of the eyelids and eyeballs. -i . Itcstliifr the Eycg. Wo must not forgot that a certain amount of recreation is not pnly conducive to good health , but is ahsolutcly "necessary to preserve the same.1'Men who are con stantly employed either nt reading , draw ing , adding up columns of figures or near work of any kind , should take short inter vals of cyo rest , especially those working upou white or glazed , paper , wood engravers or etchers. Nothing gives such eyes greater. relief than n green disk or square of sufllc- ient size , suspended on a direct line of vision nt or against u wall on which the eyes can rest ; but best of all if that individual can look upon n green grass plot or green trees. School rooms , instead of having black walls , would bi n source of great comfort to the overtaxed eyes of children if they were decorated with pastoral scenes , or any pic ture representing long distances. Ono of the most prominent and popular professors , who speaks with nn experience of twenty-live years , tells ino that ho 1ms found the old-fashioned school maps , with their glazed surfaces , not only injurious to vision , but , on account of their highly reflec tive surfaces , difllcult to see from certain po sitions. This style of map should have been banished from the school rooms years ago. Pictures in which great distances are shown are the best- for sitting rooms. The drop curtains in theaters should have scenes painted on them showing great perspective ; it is a rest to the eyes , after the concen trated effort made in trying to watch the facial expressions or oycs of an actor , to look upon such a picture. The success of Russell Smith's scenic paintings on drop curtains was that no gave great prospective to his drawings. It is essential to preserve good sight by such means as will not interfere with good health , and the first step in that direction is to have plenty of light nnd air ; not the heated atmosphere of the average American business place or homo. I am sure that this high temperature helps to ruin people's oycs more than wo like to admit ; too much light , especially if it bo reflected , is particularly injurious ; it produces an overstimulation to the retina. Individuals who have to earn a livelihood with the pen should write on paper tinted green , blue or yellow. French authors use green tinted paper , and say that they are greatly relieved from cyo strain by doing so. From what I have gathered from clinical observation , I find that a lesser quantity of light Is less injurious to an eye than un ex- cesslvo bright light. For example , miners have less visual defect than machinists who work under electric lights. The eye Is so delicately adjusted that If ono were to heed its warnings very little in jury would result to it , but" unfortunately men and women iillko seem to think that at all times and under all physical conditions can this organ bo kept at high pressure ; they never think that cencral diseases or such as usually manifest themselves in other organs may develop special eye diseases. Word * of ( , 'Aiitlon. After the last epidemic of grip I was par ticularly impressed withitho large mimborof patients complaining of' the loss of power of the converging muselesjOf the eye. Upon in vestigation , I found that while these patients were confined eitheu to bed or homo they would read incessantly , ' The result of this overtaxation was weak eye muscles , while so long as they remained unsupported by prisms- the patient suffered with pain over the eye rogiou , headaches and other evidences of oya strain. Individuals when suffering from any de pressing disease should bo guarded as to the length of time they ro.id o rcrforin near work , as they should lib to pnysical exertion of any kind. It is not my purpose to go into a discussion of the medical side of tlo | many injuries the eye receives In an Indfirobt way , but persons who have a predisposition to catarrhal ail ments , n rhoumatlo ot 'strumous diathesis , must carefully avoid all sudden changes of Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report O ABSCMJUTEiy PURE tomircrnturo or sudden oxpoture of nn.v Itltul , ns the eye not Infrequently becomes the cul- uilii\tliiff ! point of ( Ikeii'o. 1'eoplo prone to overeating with little erne no exercise , frequently have this condition ns well , which Is known to the profession ns "Muson > Volltnntes.1 They nro not , n many > eoplo think , the forerunners of cataracts or iillndness in fact , so lout ; as they remain minute specks they are harmless. Ono thliiR they iKiint to , anil that , la , the e.vo should Imvo rest nnd the body mailo to work ; an In verse condition of affairs should he brought about to that usually exlitliiR ; plenty of out door c.xerciso and very little near work upon white paper. The state of the mind has much to do with vision. Violent affections or preat passion , lotiK-contlnueil grief and care cause a dim inution of the eyesight. It is recorded that extreme terror has induced blindness ; violent miner or rage lessens the acuity of vision tea a marked decree. All thin acts like so many corroding cares perpetually undermining the stock of peed slpht nature has Riven us. The archbishopof Seville , who died at the O of 110 , when asked the secret of his ! longevity and Rood eyesipht , said , -lly bchiR i old when I was young. I llnd myself young I now I am old. " I Ailments of ARC. Ono of the ilrst concomitants of ape Is ac quired far-si htednr > ss. This necessitates wearing certain glasses for near work. Whenever a man or woman about 45 years IIRO llnds himself or herself readiiiR or threading a needle at arm's leiiRth. their action tells that the little muscle Rovernlng the accommodation Is growing weak and needs assistance. lly persisting in forcing this muscle to work , much injury is done to the eye . but by having it corrected many a frown "would be saved to man and many wrlnklo to woman. Not only is it Important to Ret plasses , but of more Importance still is it to see that you get the kind suitable for each oye. It Is comparatively rare to llnd two eyes exactly alike , and the aid of an ophthalmic surgeon who is not only competent theoretically but practically should be sought. As ago increases , excessive reading , writ ing , or work upon very small objects must not bo persisted in , especially if the eyes grow tired. It must ho remembered Unit the elasticity of the eyeball is lost , and any persistent effort may produce hemorrhage in the rutliri , or such n strain ns may lead to other serious troubles. Old people should ho careful not to read with a strong artlliclal light falling on a white glazed surface. It would be better for such people If our monthly magazines were printed on paper of a neutral tint. To I'rrncrvo Krttllit. | In conclusion , I venture to gts-e you a few more hints on the care of your eyesight : 1. Avoid sudden changes from dark to brilliant light. U. Avoid the use of Stimulants and drugs which affect the nervous system. 3. Avoid rcaillng when lying down or when mentally and physically exhausted. 4-When the e.vcs feel tired , rest them by looking at objects at a long distance. 5. Pay special attention to the hygiene of the hotly , for that which tends to promote the general health acts benellcially upon the eyo. 0. Up to10 years of- ago bathe the oycs twice dally with cold water. 7. Do not depend on your own Judgment in selecting spectacles. S. Old persons should avoid reading much by artitlcial light , bo guarded as to diet and avoid sitting up late at night. U. After fil ) , bathe the eyes morning and evening with water so hot you wonder how you stand it ; follow this with cold water , that will make them glow with warmth. 10. Do not give up in despair when you are informed that a cataract is developing ; remember that in these days of advanced surgery it can bo removed with little or no danger to vision. Ciciicral llcitlcr'n IJituto. LOWELL , Mass. . Jan. 20. A citation in to night's Courier answers inquiries made since General Uutlcr's death as to whether ho loft a will. Ho died intestate and his son , Mr. Paul Butler , and son-in-law , Hon. Adelbcrt Ames , have applied .for letters of administra tion upon the estate. OSierry Fedora ! Has no equal for the prompt relief and spcoily euro of Colds , Coughs , Croup , Hoarseness , Loss of Voice , Preacher's Sere Throat , Asthma , Bronchitis , La Grippe , and other derangements of the throat and lungs. The best-known cough-euro in the world , it is recommended by eminent physicians , and is the favorite - ito preparation with singers , actors , preachers , and teachers. It soothes the inflamed membrane , loosens the phlegm , stops cougliuig , and induces repose. repose.AVER'S taken for consumption , in its early stages , checks further progress of the disease , and even in the later stages , it eases the distressing cough and promotes refreshing sleep. Jt is agreeable to the taste , needs but small doses , and docs not interfere witli digestion or any of the regular organic functions. As an emergency medicine , every household - hold should be provided with Ayer's Cherry Pectoral. "Having used Ayer's Cherry Pec toral in my family for many years , I can confidently recommend it for all the complaints it is claimed to cure. Its sale is increasing yearly with me , and my customers think this preparation - ration has no equal as a cough-cure. " S. W. Parent , Queensbury , N. B. AYER'S Gherry Pectoral Prepared by Dr. J. C. Aycr & Co. , tawell , Ma . Bold by all Druggists , Tries $1 ; eli bottles , Ji. Promptto act , sureto euro BAY STATjr GUITARS. 3" MANDOLINS. BANJOS , ZITHERS. AND DRUMS. We mile i virlely from tht rr ? CIIKAFUT 10 the MOST KLIUAk-f still txMiTLY inuruinniti. Pri K rry Instrument fully SOVarrnnlf4l. . OUR LATEST AND BEST THE LEWIS BANJO , fndorsed by ttil BEST Playen. Htnil for Cataloyiie nnd mention Hie Jnitrumcnt * you think of } > urchaiing. , JOHN C. OAYNES & CO , UAM.V- LADIES , Nebraska Made Flour Is theEest. LOOK FOR THE Association Label ON the SACK. Not Up to the Mark that's the way with the imitations of Fearline. It . isn't surprising that so great " a household help in all "wash ing and cleaning should be t scTlargely imitated ; it isn't /i surprising that these imitations fail ; and it isn't surprising that they make still more popular the article on which the fraud is attempted. The merits of Pcarline alone would make its sales increase , and the claims of peddlers and unscrupulous grocers that they have "the same as" or "as good as" Pearline mind you , never "better than " Pearline have placed Pearline on the top notch. "IF" * Peddlers nnd some unscrupulous grocers will tell > ou , B"4k Jk < 'K77Q2 ) "this is rts good ns" or "the same as 1'cnrlinc. " IT'S J6 jJBiV v CJLJL Vrf FALSE I'corlinc h never peddled , if your croccr sends you an imitation. l > e honest tend it hick. K2 JAMES 1'Yl.K. New York. This illustrated jollity is il lustrative of the happiness of hundreds of thousands of people whose Rheumatism , Neuralgia , Sciatica , etc. , have been cured by Ath-lo- pho-ros. The company has on file , in classified form , at its office in New Haven , more than 50,000 autograph or type-written letters , written from all over the world , testifying to reliefer cure of those who have used Ath- lo-pho-rosj and to the standard sale of the preparation by druggists. These letters tell a talc of suffering , apparently incurable by other means , cured b'y this one great remedy , and they express the experiences and convictions of a vast multitude who have sent their willing tribute to its virtues and powers. The prepara tion is almost universally sold by druggists. The price is One Dollar per bottle , six bottles for Five Dollars. The Athlophoros Company , New Haven , Conn. "IT IS IGNORANCE THAT WASTES EFFORT. " TRAINED SERVANTS USE 1816-DpuQlzis Street , Omaha , Nob. The eminent specialist In nervous . , chronic , private , blood , skin ami iirlnnrr illsoaiui. A roculnr ami rcdlstorcrt vraduato . In mpdlclno. nmllplomii nnd ccrtlllcato ) show. Is Mill troitliiK with tha Rroito : t sup- cuss cntarrli. . lost manhood nominal weakne , nlitht luasoi urnl nil formi uf private illntnioi , No irurou- rjrtiseil. Now treatment . . for loss ot vital power. 1'arlloi unable to visit mo mtr b ) troitol at lionu br correspondence. . .Modlclno or Instruments sent hr null or oxprux S3jurol > p p.tc'cjl , to nmks to In Ilo its : ontentsor sendor. Ono personal Intnrvlaw preforroj. O.iniiiltatlon fnn. Corrotp in lo 103 ( trlotly prlir it i Hook ( MrstcrlCBOf Ufo' out froo. unieohaunOa.m , t99i.tn. | SuinlarilOn.m , to -omlsUmpforrjpIr Got Catarrh. ? IT RUINS HEALTH. Multos Itiid Illood , Headache , Mlsory , Kpcclflo Oxygen eoslroyos the Catarrh Corma ! Makes llio blood bright aud ptiro ! Gives zest to the vital furcos nppotltc , vigor. An Honest , Real Cure Catarrh. Ilronchltls , Couzhs. Golds. Headache. Norous Prostra tion. Oxygen Book" and 4 Trys Free. SPEGIFiO OXYGEH GO. , Suite 510 Shooly Bldg , Omaha U. S. DEPOSlTOltY , OAAl/a. XKlt. Uipital $400,000 Surplus $05,000 Offlcors and Directors Henry . Yntes , proildont U. O. Cuihlne , Tlco proslijam ; C. S. Maurlca. Vf. V Morio.JoluiM , Collins J. N. U. I'iUrlci ; I.'JfrU ' 3 lluoil , cushion cushionTHE THE IRON BANK. YOUR EYES ARE TROUBLING YOU ! \Vpll , rorao nnd Imvo thorn cxnmlnel hf our optician roe of chiirKo , nml. If inH'oximrr , tlttol with a pair of nur'M'KUKfcLTION" rU'KUTACLH.S or I5VK ( ! IA8.1- UK IhobCDt In Uio World. If jroudunol noo.1 ulnum nowlll If II you o amlH-lvho you what to ilo. ( jOI.I ) M'KOTAU.KS or KVK ULAMSKH KUOM WJ ) ) Ul * . I'hiln , miioko. blue or wtilloKlauus , ( or uruluctlnit tno ojrua , up. Max Meyer & Bro. Co Jewelers and Opticians. Farnam and L'lftuuntStroot DRUNKENNESS Or t Jio J.liinor llnhll J'OHlt l\'oly Oiirotl \liiiliilntarliifHr , II it I lion' ' It can be KlvtMi In a cup of colteaortea or In toot without tuo knonlodjtu of the patient. It li Abso lutely harmless and will olTeci u permanent and speedy euro , ithetbor the patlnnt Is a moderato drinker or an nlcuhollo wreck. It lias been vlvu nln thousands of cases and In every Initincu perfect. euro has followed. It never falls. The system once ImprttRnatnd with the Hueclllc , It becomes an uttnr Impossibility for the liquor nppatlto tu oilst (10I.DKN Sl'KCI no 00. ; 1'rups. . Cincinnati , o < B-m e book of particulars free. To bo had of Kuhn .V Co litu nail Doutilat Hti. Wholealo , lllako , llruo & Co. , and lllcbardsou UrugCo , Omaha , Met ) DR. McCREW THB SPECIALIST. Is untari > a.s o < l in the treatment of nil PRIVATE DISEASES and nllWeakneityrii and Disorders of Mull IB jronrfl ex | > orionca. U'rlto for circular ! nnil question Hut froo. Mtli nnd Karnam HU. , Nib. AMUSEMENTS NEW UotaOood THEATREUotaOood . Tuo&do dynSy , , Jan. 24 and 25 HOYT'S Exceptionally fine A HOLE cast Naw , fea tures , New songs , New dances , Ev erything new. Strong SpoclaltUs , Perfect Stnuo Sittings , Special Kcenory. "IM THAT UIjOGIl O. K , " Hoar thn Station Agent \Vhlstlo , Hour the Lunch Counter Ulrl Hint ; . The flnlo tif nonls will open nt 9 o'clock Atondny mornlnitnl ( ollunlnn prices : Ural lloor , Wo , TJound tit balcuny , WJoond 7io ; nailery , We. FflRNflM St. THEATRE I.lko Homo nil roailj leail to the Homo or BUCCOM All wooU bo liuilnz wltli Mntlnoo. Sunday , Jiinunry 22nd. FLORENCE BINDLEY'S Grout Hutilistlo Ooiuudy Dniinii. TUB JPAY TRAIN Matluco Wcdnendajr nnil Saturdajr , Architects , Surveyors , Contractors We have n full supply of inatlcal Ipstruineritsi TDj-aw- FedS | Gtialpa , Uev- : papeS ] Squares. Illus trated Catalogue free. 114 South 15th Street , ct to l PRESERVE YOUR EYE SIGHT USH Max Meyer & , Bro. , Go. Holu A guilts for Oinulia. i A. H. DYER , , Kliivntnrii , Hnriiliou in , factory hullillnj ; * , mill nil trnrk reiiilrinir | H tliurnimli .uiiil jirucllrul knou-iuli | ; ni conntriiotlou mill ul imilerliiln , u | ic < iinlty , 1 * . U , Hex 331 , I'rcmout , Neb.