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10 THE OMAHA DAILY IffiE : SUNDAY. IWHRUAIIY 12. 181)3 ) 8IXTRRN1 1 > A FA
AMERICAN SUN WORSHIPERS Carious Pagan Thanksgiving Day Among the Fuoblo Indians. WITH A SUN DANCE AND A SACRED RACE I'rlojbi of the Nun n Comedian * An Jnolutcd Corner ot Now Mnxloo Wlicro HUtccntli Ccntiirj I.lfo HUH 1'rovalli. If any glebe trotter with a hostile con tempt for the now anJ the commonplace In America Is pining for curious antiquities and n brand now ssnsitlon , ha can bo accommo dated without sailing angry seas or running the gauntlet of hungry horJoa of foreigners. All ho need do Is to board n palace car for Now Mexico and take a whirl nmong the sun worshipers who may bo found in the land of sun , sand and solitude. , When Mark Twain wrot'o the story of a modern Yankee at the court of King Arthur the Ingenuity and fnnclfulncss of the Idea were thought quite worthy the Inventive jwwcrs of ii genius , but Mark's romance is not in It , to use n street phrase , with the realities of lifo In the Bouthwostcrn territory. A man may take up his residence in a Pueblo village remote from white settlements , and ho will actually do that which Twain con ceived in a facetious freak of his erratic imagination. Tlmo will have boon turned backward for his especial benefit about ono inlllcnium. Ho will find himself among a Kcntlo , hospitable people , who live the same peaceful , uneventful lifo their forefathers nro known to have lived when civilization nnd history strayed across their path 850 years ago , nnd It Is probable that practically the same mode of life has been followed for 1,000 years. This is not fancy , but fact. And ono of the most curious things about thosa strange and wonderful people is their religion. Nominally Christians , Kcully Pacnns. When those Spanish conqulstadorcs were lured by fabulous talcs of the golden wealth of the sovcn cities of Clbola they came with a sword in ono hand nnd the cross In the other. They gave the peaceful natives their choice of these. It was the ago of the inquisi tion , nnd zealous padres , piously bent on spreading the true faith among the heathen , accompanied explorer and marauder to tell "tho glad tidings of great Joy. " But these lioly .fathers were non persona grata to the simple pagans. And why not ? The rod men already had Kods enough of their own. There was the Sun Father , who each day drove away the demon of darkness , who every year fought nnd defeated the evil spirit that sent winter , nhd did ho not bless his children when good with bountiful harvests ? And was there not the gcntlo Moon Mother to intercede with the father when ho became angry and permitted the wicked spirit of the north to freeze his people or the scorching fiend with the hot breath of the south to bum their crops ? But those old fighting dons wcro qulto as pious as the friars , if wo are to believe their own statements , nnd so they religiously slaughtered the weak aborigines until the remnants were induced through these kind ministrations nnd the grace of a loving God to go through the forma of being christlan- Nominally the Pueblos nro Catholics , but their Christianity is scarcely skin deep , nnd many a priest , if you can catoh him in the mood , will frankly admit It. These Indians nro sun worshipers and retain their ancient rites nnd ceremonies. Many cf these arc performed secretly in the chambers known ns ostufas , which are sacredly guarded from intrusion at such times. Pagan priests , . interdedcrs with sun , moonand lesior spirits , P. there nro in plenty , but the priests of the L Vrliito man's religion uro not welcome in the uurlr , mysterious estufas , many of which nro under ground. Going ; to the Run Festival. One of the best places for studying the in teresting customs of this ancient and won derful people is nt Taos. This pueblo is located in a little , out-of-the-way valley , hid den among the Rocky mountains In northern Wow Mexico. A short time ago It was sov- cnty-flvo miles from n railroad , nnd only accessible by tedious trails through winding canons nnd over rugged mountains. NOA\ . ono may como down from Denver by the Denver & Rio Grande , see much of the grand scenery of Colorado , nnd in the last sovcn miles drop down into the canon of the Rio Grande at the rate of 1,200 feet in seven miles , during which ho is likely to slip out to the rear platform , where ho may drop off when t'io train goes over the prociplco ; or ho may como up from the south by the Santa Fo railroad , In which case ho may got n sur feit Of antiquity in Santa Fo and view the .black nnd x-ugged ma'Josty of the canon Diablo. In cither event ho will bo landed at Krobudo in the afternoon , still thirty-five long miles from Taos. Kmbudo Is down in the railroad time tables , nnd that is about as near ns it comes to being on earth. Adlmluutlvo rod station house is there to Keep the lonely water tank com pany. A boyish oporatorls lord of nil ho sur veys , but n lord reduced to the menial reali ties of "baching1" Ho Is enclosed on bothsldes by the towering cliffs of lava which form the canon , and it doesn't require much Imagi nation to think of him as living In the pit of an expired hell , whore the meeting of the two trains each day is an event with which a.clrcus is not to bo compared. Just beyond Is a creek disguised under the name of the Rio Grande. Farther down country it so far forgets Itself ns to got lost in the sands , hut up here it brawls noisily over n bottom paved with blocks of black basalt , nnd it flows on ns everlastingly as the eternal hills whoso rains nnd snows feed it. Across the river Is a long , low ndobo , the dominion of Uncle Sam's mall pouch nnd the homo of the Mexican postmaster. This is Kmbudo.Now Now Mexico Impressions. At the door of the postofllce stands a light platform wagon attached to two of these diminutive broncho ponies , whoso endurance has so many surprises. That Is the stage ol Rnmon Grlcijo & Co. Curiously enough , the linn with the imposing name is composed of Mexican boys , brothers , who carry a long star route into the mountains , gathering and delivering mall pouches at n number ol llttlo settlements the way. Itamon is a bright.iwell dressed young man , who speaks English fluently , three facts worthy of no- tlco in this land of ayer ( yesterday ) , where the inhabitants of these Isolated hamlets nro 800 years behind the ago. Ho displayed n gcntlo courtesy , too , and the writer en countered this sweet quality nmong most of the Spanish descended inhabitants of the southwest vjlth whom ho came in contact. These people , by the way , are always sK > ken of in that country ns Mexicans , in order to distinguish them from the inhabitants of northern blood who are known ns Americans AVhon the invader of the past mounts that stage ho bids farewell to the nineteenth century. The first turn of the road around H Jutting rook hides the railroad from view , sal ho 1ms plunged 100 yours into antiquity. At two or thrco points the canyon widens out enough to permit n few acres of rlvor bottom , and he.ro several Mexican families manage to keep body and soul together in some mysterious manner that defies n north ern understanding. Ono of these nlacltas is watered by a community irrigating ditch which wanders along the base of the cliff in a desultory sort of way for three miles , II Is a crude affair , but twenty weary years were needed for its construction , and the dozen llttlo luUches which draw their lifo from it would mnko un insignificant farm in cue of the prairie states. One of'Its bene ficiaries was exempted from laboring on its construction because ho contributed au iron shovel for the work , t\jrtuuato man I but what miserably Inadequate Implements the other tools must have been. l'lcturetiuo Moxlcitn Htiieo Driver. Tbo only connecting link with the ago of the locomotive and the telegraph is the driver of the stngo , a Mexican lad , and tbo only clothing in evidence on him is a pair ol rusty overalls , a muslin shirt that tulghi have been white once anil a sombroroon Inti mate terms with the prevailing antiquity , Ills er \vaUt is girt with a ixmdbrous bolt carrying u young rillo knowi n Colt's 44 , a gun calculated to throw two w Uirea shades of solaumity over the spirits of n tenderfoot accustomed only to the pop guns carried In the oast. Ever nml anon the swarthy young follow .urns his bright , black ayes on the passenger n the roar scat nnd hitches up the halt to iring the revolver within ready reach of hU right hand , nnd If the traveler luis taken much stock in the conventional greaser of .ho stage this llttlo pantomime it altogether tea frequent nnd suggestive for the comfort of his thinking apparatus. As n matter of fact the Iwy Is only concerned for the safety of his mall , and ho doubtless has his sus- ilclons of some of the innocent actions of his passengers. Clgnra and store clsrarottcs ho will accept with a soft graclaa ( thanksnnd ) when these glvo out ho will fold bits of brown paper or corn husks lor Cigarettes of Ills own manu facture , but ho cannot bo tempted into a talkative mood. The solitude of the hills nnd the mesas has fallen on him. By all the traditions of the north ft Mex ican driving n team should swear as volubly and ns i picturesquely as n trooper or n plrato ( assuming that that overworked simile has some meaning left in It ) , but this pcrvorso descendant of Castllo does nothing of the sort. Ho whistles to his steeds with a llttlo chirp that would make n catbird think its mate was in the neighborhood , nnd every whistle is timed with a swish of the whip , which flirts a flock of dust from ono of the horses. Not a blasphemous word is hoard in all that thlrty-flvo miles , but n onroful cal culation indicates that the horses were switched 1,500 times without gaining n foot ou their normal speed. Tlmo Turin HucK Three Centurlot. After monotonous leagues up the narrow canyon of the Rio Grande nnd weary miles across great mesas in the Rockies the wan derer arrives nt Taos at 0 o'clock at night. When ho wakes up in the morning ho is in anew now world and beholds the aboriginal lifo of the sixteenth century. Ho finds the natives nro Indians , though somewhat smaller than these of the north. The strongest and strangest impression Is made by their houses , two great community buildings. At n distance they look like pyramids , and nearer by they nro scon to bo terraced. There are no doors nnd the entrances are through the tops of the terraces , which are reached b > y , ladders. These stmngo buildings nro bull It of mud , ono of them six and the other four stories high , and in their mysterious depths live 800 people. Fortunate is the stranger who Is present on San Geronlino ( Saint Jerome ) day , for then ho may witness the sun festival , the great event of all the year at the Pueblo do Taos. Ho will sco some of the public cere monies in the sun worship of these people , and ho will bo forcibly impressed with the fact that they practice a paganism with so muqh of refinement in Its simple faith and rites as to challenge the tolerant respect of the Christian. San Gcronlmo day Is unaccompanied by the hideous and cruel ceremonies which mark the sun worship of other savage tribes. It Is given up to praise , prayer and merry making. It is , in fact , a thanksgiving day , and the Pueblo , being a farmer and a herder , naturally celebrates it after the crops have been gathered. Ho is moved by the same impulses which stirred the Pil grim fathers , but the Pueblo has the advantage of having had his thanksgiv ing day ages before the Puritan thought of it. The Christian says thanks and sings praises to an unseen Father. The pagan sings and dances nnd offers thanks to the Sun ( who smiles benignly unon his children from his scat in the heavens ) , because the Sun is the Father of all spirits and gives light nnd warmth , and because without his favor vciretation would dlo nnd his people suffer. The Christian relieves the solemnity of his festival by eating a big dinner. The pagan engages in sports for the amusement of the entire community. When you como to compare them , the heathen and the civilized thanksgiving days are not so very far apart after all. Christian Preliminaries. As already explained , Catholicism has a nominal hold on the Pueblos. Wo see ono ovldcnco of this in the naming of the annual festival after a Catholic saint. The shrewd padres have nlmcd to graft Christianity ou the pagan stock. On the morning , of San Gcrouimo day mass is said in the little whitewashed adobe chapel , but It is notice able that almost all of the attendants are Mexican women , who have como in from the surrounding country. Outstdo the door stands a poor idiot , an object of reverential respect among Indians , nnd suspended from his neck is n battered boy's drum , n proud jtossesslon. When the priest arrives the simple ono gives him the Pueblo salute , bending low over the father's hand nnd gently breathing upon it. At fre quent intervals during the service ho pounds away lustily at his old drum and ho awakes an echo from the roof of the building , where another Indian hammers out a discord by striking the bell with a rock. Meanwhile the Pueblos for whoso benefit this mass Is said are busy elsewhere with preparations for the religious ceremony which engrosses their honest belief. The men are In the subterranean cstufas dressing their bodies nnd performing these secret rites and incan tations which whlto men nro not permitted to benold. The women nro in the labyrinths of the great pyramids decking themselves out In their finest apparel for the celebra tion , for these Pueblos have Sunday clothes , and many of these are rich and handsome. The mass is concluded byOW : ! , and then occurs the procession of the saint , another Christian interpolation. In the chapel uro images of San Gorouimo. the Virgin Mary nnd Christ on the cross. These are taken up in mysterious awe by the women present. Outside the door n piece of sheeting is raised aloft on poles by four Inoians to form a can opy that will protect the Images from the heat of the sun. * The procession then moves off towards n llttlo bower of green limbs near the bigger pyramid , several hundred feet distant. At the head of the company marches the simple drummer , iwunding away for door lifo on his snarcloss drum. Then follow two Pueblos firing guns ns rapIdly - Idly as they can bo loaded , which has some unknown religious significance , and finally como the women with the images. The figures are installed in the Ixjwer. where they can overlook the dnnco nnd the race , nnd then the real celebration of the day bpglns. On a polo perhaps forty foot high nro sus pended u sheep , pieces of broad known ns tortillas nnd little sacks filled with various kinds of grain. These nro the fruits of the field nnd nro thus hung up ns a thank offer ing to the Sun Father , by whoso grace it was posslblo to ralsa enough to supply the com munity. Dressing Tor Sun Worship. By 10 o'clock the mule Pueblos are seen emerging from holes in the ground , the openings of their subterranean council cham bers , and the women and children , decked out in their brightest Sunday-go-to-meeting robes and displaying sheepskin leggings us whlto ns paper , iiock to the terraces of their pyramid homo to witness the pagan ceremo nies. The men went through mysterious incantations in their underground cstufas , took off their ordinary clothing nnd arrayed themselves to honor the Sun Father and to pleiiso the esthetic taste of their race. Ordinarily clothed well enough to pass muster in a civilized community , they come forth for the dnnco stripped to n breechclout - clout , ono of these a luce curtain , another u plcco of print with the picture of n stork and many of them bits of gay calico. Some have worked red ribbons or skeins of yellow yarn into their long black hair. All are painted , but , unlike the Indian of the north , the Pueblos evidently try to present a pleasing rather than n hideous appearance. Bomo are half white and some nro half blue , others are marked with geometric flguros nnd some nro ono solid color , except nt the front and roar boljw the throat , where a Y-shaped pleco of flesh was untouched , Irre sistibly recalling the cut of many fashionable women's gowns. A striking feature of the decoration of these men Is the white , downy eagle feathers which nro stuck to all parts of the body. Many have their heads nearly hidden by this snowy covering , while others outlined the painted figures with bands of the soft down. Therein lies a curious and interesting fact. fact.Tho The feather is n symbol of prayer nmong the Pueblos. The eagle soars toward the Sun at will , and his soft whlto plumes float upward On the brcozo like thoughts. The Pueblo goes into the mountains when the eagle Is breeding to take its young and keep thorn in captivity for this great occasion , and when ho docks himself with these flut tering feathers they nro equivalent to so many prayers constantly ascending to the Sun Fattier. Not an unpootlcal idea. The Tuoblo Suit Uuuce. The men from the two big community buildings form in separate groups , shoulder to shoulder , and ou an open space overlooked by the Images , begin their danco. Two men carry n black rawhide drum as big as a bar rel , and n third thumps the tlmo with a cu rious and ponderous drumstick. The dauco Is a jerky lifting of the feet. At the flame tlmo the dancers move along sldo < ways , ono group to the right nnd the other k > the left , which In tlmo brine ; thn two lines toco to faco. As they dance they sing n Pueblo anthem. To the unltlatcd it sounds like ft meaning less repetition of such simple sylablcs ns hi * yo-ta-hu , but It Is In fact n song of pralso tml thanksgiving to the Sun Father and a supplication for thoconttnuanco of his favor. It is not the hearse nnd discordant yelping of the northern Indian , but rlsas nnd falls In rythmical cadences and with an exactness ns to tlmo that is surprising. Thcro nro no cruel tortures or wild orgies In the sun wor ship of these enlightened "savages , " mm when ono understands the significance of their actions ho will observe much of natural beauty In the sentiments which inspire them. After the dance comes the race. This hat some religious significance , ns may bo said of almost everything the Pueblo docs , nnd nt the sitno tlmo It is Intended to furnish amusement , to make the day ono of happy Jollification. The track is u smooth strip of ? round stretching about 100 yards away from the saint's bower. It is n common notion that this contest Is to determine the gov ernorship of the community. This is not strictly true , but at Tuod the winners nro supposed to have been favored by the Sun Father , nnd that sentiment usually results In giving the ofilco to the building whoso runners appear to have n "pull" ( to use a bit of our political language ) with the powers above. Each of the big buildings at Taos is repre sented by an equal number of runners , usually about sixteen. After short speeches by the governor nnd lieutenant governor , these parties nro so divided nnd stationed that e.ich building will have one- half of its runners nt the upper end of the track and the rest at the opposite end. Knee. This race is n bit peculiar. Two men , ono from each building , start from the saint's bower at the signal , run to the other end and stop. As they cross the fine , which Is marked by a bush lying on the ground , two runners In the lower group , who have been swaying and straining in impotent nervous ness , take up the race nnd nro relieved in turn when they reach the upper end of the course. When ono side gets n considerable lead on the other the latter calls on Its fast est runners , and it sometimes occurs that one man is put in repeatedly to regain lost ground. The contestants at each end stand in a row watching the track. In the middle are the two runners who nro to take up the race next , nnd behind each standsxne of the old men of the tribe with n long eagle feather. The ancient one touches the calves of the young man repeatedly with this pinion nnd mutters a charm praying the Father to glvo the runner the speed of the Imperial bird. At the ankles and wrists of the young men nro bound feathers from the wing of the caglo to glvo the wearer some of the powers of flight possessed by the bird. Hero wo see that the pagans of the now world draw Inspirations from nature Just as the pagans of the old world did when tholr mythology evolved Mercury nnd his wings. The simpleness of this people has n strik ing example in the race. Runners often take up the race when their colleagues lack twenty or thirty feet of having finished. This would not bo tolerated among the whites , but there Is not oven a protest among the Pueblos nnd ono party is as likely to do it as the other , so thcro seems to bo no organized design in it. The track is kept clear by the old men. who uro stationed at short distances up nnd down both sides armed with green branches intruders out of the way. The spectators show much excitement and cheer tholr favorites with cries of "Um-o-pah" ( hurry up ) , but there Is no turbulence , and the con test continues for an hour and a half or moro , until the governor gives the signal to stop. .Sun 1'rlcsts n § Mirth Milkers. Tills ends the morning exercises , nnd the afternoon is given up to the chlffonctcs , who offer a pantomimic performance that affords the natives great amusement. The chlf- fonotes fill the dual role of merry makers and priests of the Sun. At the beginning of the growing season it is their duty to pro- pitiuto the Father with supplications and in cantations , nnd at the great harvest festival they entertain the people with clownish antics , for the Pueblos think it their duty to make merry , to glvo thelu God visible ovi- duneo of their JoyoUs "appreciation Of his goodness. These pagan priests are also naked except 'fur u brcecn clout. Their bodies are circled in black and white streaks like a zebra , while their faces are marked in similar cir cles , which have the nose for their common center. Braided in the hair above the oars nro bunches of straws from the harvest field. They carry on a Jabbering conversa tion like the minstrel men of the stage and get off rude Jokes that tickle the spectators immensely. If the onlookers crowd too closely they got down on all fours and scratch in the sand , sending n cloud of dust flying into the eyes of the bystanders. They squirm through the dust on their bellies like reptiles. They offer each other weeds ts cat , which are sniffed at and refused with a grimnco of dis dain. Articles in the hands of spectators are snatched away , wandering dogs are stealthily stalked and swung in the air by the logs , and when tho. cowboys on their ponies become too obtrusive they are scat tered by a can or a broken bottle thrown Into the air. All this Is very rude comedy , but the man who said the Indian never laughed ought to sco him at this pantomime , which is us intel ligible in its way as that of the whlto "artist. " When the merry-makers get off particularly good hits the women on the terraces shower them with cakes. In the course of their wanderings the chif- fonotes finally reach the polo which still bears the offerings to the Sun Father. Here , after another confab about how they shall got the prize at the top of the pole , they go through un exceedingly well acted piece of mimicry. First they pick up flat stones and pound away at the polo llko men chopping down a tree. They give this up in well feigned disgust , and after another confer ence go back to their cstufa. They return in a few minutes with bows made of twigs and with n bundle of straws for arrows. A vigorous attempt is inada to shoot down the offering , and their failure is marked with well simulated surprise , much to the amuse ment of the native spectators. Then they make a pretense of climbing the polo , slipping down repeatedly after pro gressing ten or fifteen or twenty feet. Finally ono of them succeeds nnd lowers the thank offerings by a rope. The priests carry off their Booty , nnd the sun festival is at an end. end.Groat Great ivcnt Tor All Classes. San Geroulmo day is n great events for Americans and Mexicans of northern Now Mexico and southern Colorado as well as for the Pueblos. It Is like a popular circus in the north ) and the cowboys nnd miners and ranchers for seventy-live miles around ride In , sometimes to the number of 2,000. Dele gations of Apaches nnd Utos. como 200 miles , pitch their tents a mile away and trade with the visitors , selling their baskets , their buck- shin shirts and even their moccasins to got money for liquor. And yet everything is moro orderly than it would bo in n civilized community with such Jin occasion and crowd. At the last celebration Senator Ed Wolcott of Colorado nnd a party of eastern friends were spectators. The thoughtful reader must bo impressed with the absence in the Pueblo ceremonies of the cruel and disgusting practices common co other nborigltues in their religious exercises , and that is typical of this race in other re- spects. In this connection it may bo as well to correct a mistaken notion nbout the I'u- eblo. Ho is not an Aztco nnd has no part In the Montezuma myth. Ho is not looking for the coming ot that god and Uoos not keep n sacred eternal Hits burning. All Unit sort of rubbish makes rollshablo reading for the credulous. But the ivnuntic nonsense about Montezuma was borrowed- from Mexico nnd fixed On the Pueblo years npo , probably to make an interesting story , and it sticks thcro in the popular mind , but the truth might as well bo vindicated. 'When pain and anguish wrlpg the brow A ministering angel thou" Bromo-Seltzer. IViitchlni ; Tor u Clilimbk. They were slolghrldlng and the olr- cumatancos led her to Inquire : "Goorgo , what makes you look at your watch BO often ? " "Suslo. " ho answered , "do you remember - bor the tlmo wo wont slelphridlng and had to walk sovoa mllod baclc homo through u UiuwV" "Yos , " she replied. "Woll , Suslo , this isn't any watch. It's a thermometer. " Thcro can bo nothing moro tempting or delicious to servo your guests with than Cook's Extra Dry Champagne. BLACK IHLE | INDIAN SCARE How a Tonthrfoot Farnnr Stimpaihtl Wh la Terror , MISUNDERSTOOD INDIAN SIGN UNGIMGE ( ] .JJt Thought It n Warning of Impending Mis- < ii cro An Uatiitcl Starof Djkoti Ilfo Hiiiionnii nntl Pjttlistlo Incidents , . i 1- When the cowboys attached to the Hum phrey &Stcngcr outfit , which has the beef contract for the Plus Utdgo Indian ngonoy , celebrated Ground Hog day by going over to ono of the towns bordering on the reserva tion , and , after accumulating J.igt of thu typical cowboy kind , returning homo , and In the excess of tholr bibulous exuberance undertaking to induce the dignified Two Sticks to do a ghost dance whllo the cheerful - ful crack of the revolver did servlco In llou of an orchestra , they were miking history , but they didn't know It. So far ns their 1111- msillnto existence wai consented , they were having a good tlmo , nnd that was their main object. But Two Sticks , cross ns his names Indicates , came Icicle with his sons and friends , and , worse than the frontier -vhtsky which once in duced Colonel Co Jy ( "Buffalo Bill" ) tostotl his own saddle , they opened flro on the fes tive cowboys with such deadly effect that they were all killed. Then Two Sticks was making history. On the next day , when Captain Brown , In charge of the Pine Kldgo agency , sent Sergeant Joe Bush nnd n squad of twenty Indian police after Two Sticks and his llttlo band of uvengers , some moro history was made. Two of the sons were killed , ns were also two others of the party , nnd Two Sticks was bidly wounded. The ofllclal announcement from the agency that no further trouble was expected , closed the Interesting chapter of border annals. Others of like Import will bo added In time. But the affair brought up memories of ono of the most humorous of all the various In dian stampedes that are chronicled in the unwritten history of the Black Hills coun try. It was not without its tragic side , though it was so ludicrous that the sorrow of the ono sad incident connected with it is all but overshadowed in the general fun that has been poked at the Hat Creole stampede of 1838. The story has been handed around among the old timers of the Black Hills for the last five years , but has never been told In print. Ono morning in Juno. 1833 , a now settler , or tenderfoot farmer , Ilempslead by name , was cheerfully plowing the llttlo patch of corn ho had put In for his proving-up crop on his pro-cmptlon claim in the lower end of Hat Creek valley. As lie came to the end of the row nearest the trail ho was hailed by u strapping big Sioux Indian , who sat astride a little pony. Now , Hcmpstcad could talk no Sioux , nnd the Indian could tnlK no Eng lish ; so the ensuing conversation , while not very wordy , was tf&cldcdly animated. Mr. Indian , who Wa's ono of the big men in the Wounded Knee ledge of the Farmers Alliance , and therefore something of a farmer himself , felt a kindly interest in the welfare of the whlto man , and undertook to talk crops to him in good farmer fashion. But the whlto mhh'was not well up in the work of the order a exemplified on the res ervation , and when the Indian gave the grand hailing sign , the pale face interpreted it to mean some sorts of throat and governed himself accordingly. ) , The moro the Indian undertook in the sign language of the.plains to tell his white brother about thu progress of crops on the reservation , and \v\\t\t \ sort of corn did the best , with an occasional side remark about the prevailing low.pHces nnd the Inordinate appetite of the 'corporations that were grinding the lifdvAit'pf the farming classes , the moro the whUa'Vnafi ' concluded that his last day had arrived. * 'Aiid-tho fact that the Indian had no unns only tended to confirm him in his notion of coming treachery. Kinnlly , when Mrj Sioux lOld Mr. Hompstcad. in the expressive language of the aborigine's pantomime , how high his corn was nud how many acres ho had in , with Just a trifle of exultation in his tone , a great light shone in on the befogged brain of the whlto man and his heart gave a bound. The In dian was friendly after all , and his errand was ono of mercy. Ho had como to warn the white settlers of the approach of the blood iest massacre that ever stained Dakota soil with human goro. "When the Indian pointed out with a sweep of his arms the extent of his acres , that meant that the whole coun try was to bo ridded of the hated pale face ; and when ho designated the number of weeks his corn had been above ground that told plainer than words that but two days would elapse ere the fearful work began ; nnd , lastly , when the rod man undertook to con voy an idea of the number of bushels ho hoped to harvest , ho simply told how many of the howling demons , nil eager to drink ruddy gore , were coming at the end of the fateful two days. That settled it. When the Indian rode along , unconscious of the havoc ho had sown , Hempstead unhitched his horses from the corn plow , and started post haste for his llttlo claim shanty. Thcro ho told his wife of the impending disaster , and while she hurriedly packed the little belongings of the couplo. ready for instant flight , her husband rode along nud alarmed his nearest neighbor. In turn the latter passed the word of tno dis covered plot to massacre , and before noon the Indian's friendly chat had turned into a thousand rumors , each more dreadful than the other , and the troll along the Hat Creek valley was nllvo with people , moving toward Oolrichs , S. D. , where some sort of a stand would bo made against the murderous Sioux. About that time the Anglo-AmorJcan Packing company was running an abattoir at Oelriehs , and the discarded internal econ omies of the numerous fat beeves that died there furnished a perpetual banquet for the meek and lowly Indian , who esteems h's tripe nil the moro delicious in the absence of previous preparation. To this feast , so bounteously spread , the denizens of Pine Hidgo repaired botwcen issue days , and In n never stinted gorge eked out the not too lib eral rations served out by the government. It was probably toward this goal the agri cultural Indian was directing his way when ho stopped to talk crops with the tenderfoot fanner. So when later in the day the Indian saw an unusual stir among the white settlers tlors , ho concluded they \ycro seeking some of his race for nets moro'or loss overt in con nection with the feast at thq abattoir. It might be they were after him , and in his wisdom ho sought shelter in a draw , whore ho was later dlscoyirbd by n white man who was making his wiyVon foot to Oolrlchs. The Indian suspected capture , the white man ambush , and IjoAh ran. In the meantlino'thanews spread like wlld- flro. Some of the cUiwiis of Oolrlchs tele graphed Governor Church at Bismarck to send arms and inillfl'i.'to ' ' protect the settlors. Governor Church } ur" sent message to Colonel Thornby qf iis staff , who lived nt Hermosa , to go at once to Oelriehs and tnko what steps were nMsdyd , and to report to the executive ofllco. ThWnby notified the gov ernor of his startlhttjdnd took the train for Oelriehs. Hero Jk9whero the elements played a very impoi'JWnt part in the llttlo affair. After thontralu hud crossed the Chcyonuo rlvrr between Smithvillo and Buf- fnlo Gap , the watWcamo up with one of these sudden rushps.tihat river is noted for and took out a portlrjit of the railroad bridge , cutting off coinurunicntion with the Hills nnd valleys notthjIL'hen Bordeaux creek did something it was'novor known to do be fore or since , and wnshod out enough track above Chadron to prevent the train going in cither direction frpm Oolrlchs nnd com pletely wrecking tho'tologrnph lino. When Thornby loft Hnrmosa ho told his errand , nnd soon well mounted couriers were speeding down the thickly settled valleys between the mountains nnd the Cheyenne river , spreading the news nnd warning people - plo to Itco the danger. By nightfall hun dreds of happy homes had been deserted , and thousands of peaceful settlers were wildly flying with their wives and children toward the towns of the foothills , where there would be numbers enough to chuck the savages nnd thus secure safety. Within twenty-four hours of the time the Sioux farmer hod bragged about his coming corn crop to his more enlightened , and moro apprehensive , whlto brother , the poaca of a prosperous region was destroyed , all occupa tions were abandoned , and the only thought was safety. Around Hopid City , which was the largest town in the foothills , there were camped upwards of n thousand farmcra.twith their families. Volunteers were called for , nndrosponsos were prompt. All nrrangommiU for Intelligent defense \vuro niado. and the old-time Indian ilghtcra , whoso experience went back to that fateful Juno day in ' 70 , prepared to got some of the vengeance of which they were then balked. Nothing was hoard from Oelriehs nnd the conclusion wai that the town was be leaguered. Men came down from the moun tains , and after expressing surprise nt the sudden congregation of the farmers , stayed to help defend. For four days the suspense was continued. Then came the news from Oolrichs < that the exported attack had not materialized and the fears were quieted. And then catno the pathetic sldo of the story. When the news was berne down the valley of Spring creek It came to the doors of ono. of the happiest homes in the Black Hills country nnd found the husband nnd fathornway. The wife , with the timidity of refinement , gathered her niece , n young lady of 18. and the school teacher , a girl of 17 , and with her thrco llltlo children started in the night for Kipld City. The road lay along the bank ot the crook , and in ono part thcro was n danger ous ford. DJVVU into this the fleeing women drove , unaware that the sudden freshet in the mountains had swollen the crook to a raging torrent. In the wild rush of waters the waeon was overturned and only the mother and ono child gained the bank again. In tholr ( light from n danger that had no real existence the other four found death In the swirling torrent. When telegragh nnd railroad had boon repaired the scare soon died out and people laughed nt It except when they recalled the awful struggle of the hapless women nnd children in the night against the rushing water of Spring creek. Some weeks later Dick Ward , utioof the best known of western plalnsmnn and scouts , met the Indian who had talked crops to Hcmpstead. and in good Sioux the Indian told Ward of his conversx- tlonnnd inquired why the whlto men Ind pursued htm. All of which confirmed Dick in the view that ho so frequently expresses to his inti mates , that ' 'there's no good In n d d tenderfoot , any w.xy you take him , nnd least of nil in a tenderfoot farmer. " A Hackcnsick , N. Y. , preacher declares that hoax-en Is n material abode locxted "in the star Alcyone. " ( I ) 111 ULCERS SCROFULA 111O RHEUMATISM O BLOOD POISON And every kindred disease arising from Impure blood on rod by that never-falling and boat of all medicines , Book on Blood and Skin Diseases mailed free , THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO. . ATLANTA , QA. Are these ignorant pretenders who , without any qualifications , any ability , any experience , any skill , claim to possess the power to euro all the ills of the human raco. But their want of worth soon becomes apparent to their would-be dupes , and these conftcionco- loss quacks are soon consigned to tho' oblivion they so richly merit. In strange and strong contrastwith these miserable boasters is the quiet , dignified yet courteous demeanor of these noted leaders of their profession , "Who , during the past 27 years , have abundantly demonstrated their ability to effect speedy , perfect and permanent cures in all the worst forms of these del icate sexual maladies embraced within the general terms of NERVOUS , CHRONIC AND PRIVATE DISEASES. Soncl 4 cents for their illustrated now book of ISO pages , "Know Thyself. " Consultation free. Call upon or ad dress , with stamp , II9 S , I4th Street. ' Cor. Douglas St' , OMAHA , - NEB. The Paragon Illbbon la durable , prolucos clean worlc , gives satisfaction and millions uro sold. Wyekoff , Seamans & Benedict TELEPHONE 1571 17IJ FA HNAM sr t We're Selling Out too ! ( | J Yes , we arc , we're selling out. That is , we're selling out our winter goods , including 'all our winter overcoats and winter suits at prices far be low the'regular winter price. We're selling out these winter goods at these prices because the sea son is now late and we'd rather sacrifice a bit on them than to carry any over. We quote no prices here , but rest assured you won't find as good bargains - in Omaha as at the Columbia Clothing Company , 13th and Farnam Streets. A Dollar a Day. Is all it will cost you for a room in the G. N. W. hotel during the World's Fair , if you engage it before March 1st. G. M. . . Nattinger , Room 11 , Chamber of Commerce , Omaha. EVERY CONVENIENCE , DESIRABLE LOCATION The usual rates are $2 to $5 a day for no better rooms. A medical work that tells the r.iusej , describes tbecffocti , points the remedy. Scleutlllcatly Ilia ino t valuable , nrtlitlcally the incut beautiful medical book e > rr luibilihrd ; " " . Illustr n In tint * . iulijpcts treated i Nervous Debility , Iinnotrncy , u > ri"i ? ' Iovclop'nont , Varlcocele , Tlio llus- , nud Those IntoiidlnR Mnrrlnse , etc. ! . . E f.n/ , " " ' > f o wouM knrne the Grand Trutltt , [ > the Plain Nidi , lh Old Sicrctt and Krw ii ) . , cortrtrtofMtdleal Kcttnce ai ari'Hrd tp tlar. 3H | Life , who irouW atone for i > ast folllti , It will bo eont free , underK'o'l , wlillo tbnedl-i . Mlonlaiti. Addremtlioinibllslicrs. < EIIIK MKOIOAIj CO. , IlnHnln. N.V.J Omaha's Newest COR. 12TH AHO HOWA33 in. toItoonis nt tiK > per diy. COHooma ntf.1.00 pur ( Inf. to Ilromi with Bath . at J3.U3 per d\r. M Ilooms TIth ' Hath nt UP ! to II.5J per djr. OPISNEI'D AUGUST i9t | Modern In Kvcry Itcspoct. , ' Newly Furnlalicit Thronfflion t , C. S. ERB. Prop. Tno only hotel In the o'ly ' with liot and odd ! | w tor. nnil stoiitn Uo.it In every room luouul inblo mid UlnliiK room sorvlco unaurpassod.j BATES $2.60 TO $4.00. ' Suoclnl rates on application. B. SILLOWAY.p. Pro ] Belay is Dangerous ) DO YOU VALUE YOUR EYESIGHT 1 If so , call nntl consult PROF. HIRSCHBERU , Who will bo lit the store of MAX MRVKU 1IUO. CO. , In OMAHA. NKH. . I'UCIIKUAUYSO to 23 , and hnvo thoni lilted with u nulr of hla , Nonchangeable Spectacles. Meyer Sc Bro. Co. , Solo Agcnln for Oirmlin , Nob. EY13S TKSTKD FllUtS. DR.H.W. BAILBM Tooth Filial out Pain bt ijr tlon. Tooth Extracted Without Pain or Dnnfjor- A Full Scl of Teert oo llabbjr for 35.9) ) . I'crfect tit guarantooil. Tooth ortrictil la thi morulni ; . NOIT onoi Iniartod lu the uraaUU OC lajj J tea epoctmcni of Homnvalila Ilrllzi. t co ei > ccln > oni of floxlblo KUi'.la 11 it ) Allvrurk wurrAntoJ ai ruiiruiantul. Offlco Third FloorPnxton 7oic ! U'lupljono lUii. Mil' un1 KirnmMi Take elcrator or lulrwar fron liitb Si. eatriam. J3y purchasing goods made at the following1 Nebraska Factories. If you cannot find what you want , communicate with the manufacturers as to what dealers handle their goods. AWNIHQS. FURNITURE- Omaha Tent-Awning Chas. SulverlckKo COMPANY. Flags. lUmmoclu. OU Furniture , Carpott" and and Itubbor Clothing , lr perlet. cntl for catalogue. 1114 araamit. 1203 Karnara it. BREWERS. Fred Krng Browhg Omaha Brewing Assn COM 1'A NY. Our Iloitlod Cabinet Guaranteed to equal liner delivered to anr ouuittu brand * . Vienna S rt of the cltjr , 10uT Kxporl llottlol Ileer. uckacrn it. Uellrorud to letulllei. FLOUR. S. F , Gilma Omaha Milling Co. , 101M&.1 ; N. Kta it. OBico and Mill. G , K. liliak maoagor. 1J1J N.Ula it. IRON WORKS. Paxton & Ylerllng IndustrlallronY/orks / 1UON WOllKS. Mnnufsoturlnif nn1 repairing Wrougb - and Cant Iron pairing of ull klmli of building work , Knglnvi , machlncrrTil H. IUU bran work , etc. st. Telephone 1IIV. Noyelty Works. Uoit complete piantln the neat ( or light inanu * featuring and all kind * of electro-plating. Chaia Mfg. Co. , Weeping - t r , Neb.