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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : FRIDAY , JANUARY 20 , 1891.
TflK OMAHA "li UOHKWiVTEIl , Editor. IM'llMHUKD nVKUV MOUNINU. TKIIMS 0V 8UIWOU1PTION. folly Prc ( wllioiimnmlnjr ! > Ono V r . S jj 00 IViIlrnml Similar. Ono Ywtr . IJJ ; BixMnM'm ' . fjVj Tlirro Jlotillti . -fi ! Si'ml-iv ' llrw , Ono Ymir . K ! fvilimfiiy - Her. Onn Your . . . . . . . . . . . . ? o \\tokly Itvo.Onu Year . uo Komli'oinnlia.ro'riif'rNntHl'Twr'nly-fotirtliHlroclB. ' . ' ' - Council IiliitlH. 1'J roarimivct. ( lilcneo omci > , 317 Ulmiiihornf rommop'o. Now Yuik. roonmlil. 14 jnilin.TrlUuiie'Jilllolinr Uaklilnetoii , Sli : KourlwnlM atrcot. A1tVnr.imiinlr.illnnn rrlnllntf to IIPWB nnrt JI- Iti ii'mniUTBliiniiilbunitilivfiiMNli ' To tlio IMIlor injsiNKssr. n'Kns. A I bimliifmlellPW ami rnmltlaneM BlionM ho m'ri'nit ; to Tlio Ihv I'nljlHIiliiir'VHiip.iny.Oiiinlijx. J.rnfli rlirdin nii'l ' iwitonico otilurs to bo made Blntpof XoliMRka , ( County of Poiutlaa. f flporgoli. Tfwhiioh. nccrr-wrr of TUB DTK Pub- llHliliur company. iloiHnlomnly swi-nr that tlio nctiiiilelnmlnllon of Tun IWH.v Ilr.K for tliu week ondlni ; January VU , 181H , WIW.IH followm Puiid.iy , January 11 H.i'ou5 Monday , January in ---.J , TnpBdfiy. Janunry 111 S.T-ilr \v ilwHilay , Jnnunry 17'i : . ' , Tlmrf.ilav. January 18 H.V,1. ' , Friday , January ll > .V,1- ! - . " ' ' Satunlay , January ) . - , ' y j j Ty j.l1 | , , , - , Sworn to boford inn nnjl milMorlbort In Avoriico Cirniiliitlnii Inr l > rniinl > rr , 3:1,33. : ' ! . i _ r NKITIIKK of tlio Mitchells scorns to have been In it. IT is safe to eny Unit it will take the ways anil mcnns committee longer to got its income tnx bill out ) f the house than it did to got it in it. A HiMr.TAf.usT of Boston sends us "A Solution of the Currency Question. " Uo is too lato. Allen Root solved this problem twenty years atro. THE incotnu tax bill has finally pasScd out of the committeestage. . But the remainder of its travels are likely to bo over u rough and rocky road. Nuws from the seat of war In Florida muy now bo dispensed with. But Brazil , Hawaii ana congress remain to furnish material for which the telegraph wires may bo constantly employed. THE Ohio mine operators are prepar ing to join the revival of industry by asking the minors to accept 50 cents pet- ton for getting out the coal. This peculiar characteristic of the business revival is not likely to inspire the coun try with much confidence. THE fact that an impostor may possi- uly creoi ) in with other and worthy ap plicants for assistance affords no excuse for refusing to contribute to the char itable movements that are attempting to relieve the prevailing distress among the poor. CiiAiKMAN WILSON is thinking seri ously of prolonging the debate upon the tariff bill a few days. Pray , do. Wo . ro becoming so accustomed to tariff talk that it would bo indicting an tin- justifiable hardship to cut it off too suddenly. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ LKT it bo MeShano , or Gallagher , or Ijams anything to allay thig distract- tiig oitspeiisa.- -tioru'it is. almost a yea'r since Mr. Cleveland re-established him- salt on the governmental pay roll , with only two democrats in the Omaha fed eral building ! Wo submit , is this fair ? THE rumor is paining credence that there will bo no further fighting in Bra zil unless the tlTorts making to adjust the existing difficulties miscarry. People are usually anxious to believe what they prefer to bo true. Wo trust that .those latest rumors may bo founded on fact. THE greater the amount paid for a market house site the smaller the sum that can bo expended for work and ma- torlals in the construction of the build ing. Sinking a largo part of the 9200- 000 voted for the market house project in real estate will leave little to bo ap plied toward the employment of local artisans. ANOTHER now cabinet in Sorvia marks another revolution of the political kaleidoscope in a country which changes cabinets with the facility with which ordinary mortals change their clothes. A lUtlo longer and people will bo dis appointed if cuch morning's paper falls to announce the construction of a now Servian ministry. IT is argued that the removal of the duty on bituminous coal will benulit the people of Nebraska to no appreciable o.xtont. Perhaps not. The transporta tion companies still control the price of fuel in the west. If the Wilson bill could rotnovq the duty on coal Imposed by the railroad companies the price of the commodity could bo cut in two and uo ono would ho Injured. CONGRESSMAN BRYAN goes out of his way to bo interviewed in order to an nounce that the proposed income tax bill contomplutes thu taxation of all Incomes in o.\cos of S-l.OUO without dis crimination , whether .derived from con gressional salaries or not. Mr. Bryan will have llttlo fear of encountering it federal Income tax collector after ho lias completed his term in congress. THE county commissioners arc now giving woj-k to unemployed men. Up to date all applicants have boon given a place on the grading force. The ex periment will bo watched with Interest. Just what proportion of the number of mon employed provo themselves worthy of such assistance will soon bo known. The laggards , .If any , can IHJ run in as vagrants and introduced to a broad and water diet. COLORADO has now had several wcoks . oxporltmeo with Governor Waitu's spe cial bcsslon of the stale legislature , but finds itself no further advanced toward a complete restoration of Industrial prosperity than it would have bcuu had 110 legislature boon convened. The governor also finds himself as far from the rcali'/ation of his wild hoj'oj of fiat currency as over. The cl iof result thus far seems to have been the piling up of the dally legislative expenses , with several moro days In sight. ir/ir IIEQVIHR < ) < JLD ivtr.uE.vrs > The circular issued by Secretary Car- Halo calling for proposals for 5 per cent bonds payable after ton years requires the bids to bo made with the distinct stipulation that payment is to bo made In gold coin of the United States. It is this apparent discrimination in favor of gold as against all other kinds of authorized currency which as much as anything else has aroused the indlgna- nation of the opponents of a bond issue , particularly the extreme advocates of frco silver coinage. The issue of bonds in exchange- for gold , it is claimed , will create an artificial demand for gold and must in a corresponding degree tend to depress the commercial status of silver. Confining the call for bond proposals to offers of gold only is duo , however , to the fact that the authority Is to bo exorcised undoralaw which was enacted to moot an altogether different problem than that which now confronts the treasury. The law of 1875 was part and parcel with the resumption policy and was designed to bring the outstand ing greenbacks up to par. To accom plish this object the law provided for the accumulation of a gold reserve of $100,000,000 by means of the sale of bonds In the discretion of the secretary. National bank notes and greenbacks being equally depreciated at that time , it was manifest that cold bond pur chases alone would meet the require ments of the emergency. But at the present day , when every dollar Issued by the United States gov ernment is equal In value to every other dollar , it would bo dillleult to see the necessity for exacting gold payments were the operation to bo conducted under a specially enacted law. Wo have seen how easy it is for parties wishing to export gold to secure thatgold from the United States treasury , which dare not refuse to pay out gold in ex change for greenbacks for fear the latter might bo thereby discredited. It will bo equally easy for parties wishing to purchase - chase the now bonds to secure gold coin by the same method , so that to the extent that tlio gold might bo drawn from the treasury to bo returned to it In payment for bonds the gold reserve would bo in no way increased. While all this is pos sible lit is not at all necessary , nor oven probable , because the eastern banks have sutllclent gold in their vaults to rfdvanco all that may bo required to take the proposed 850,000,000 boinl issue oil' the secretary's bauds. If , moreover , the secretary intends to use the pro ceeds to defray the current expenditures of the government it becomes quite im material whether the bonds are sold for gold or for other currency , so long as all the component parts of our currency are of equal value. To the ordinary govern ment employe or contractor it makes absolutely no difference whether his warrant is cashed with gold' , silver or paper. It is then only the peculiarity 'of the law to which the secretary of the treas ury has been compelled to resort that requires him to confine the proposals for bonds to these who have gold to offer for them. After the gold has been secured by the government there will bo no assurance that It will remain in the treasury for any considerable length of timo. Should further bond issues bo authorized by a now law this point will deserve the careful consideration of con- gross. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ AITACKIXO THK CIVIb SKRVICK LAfl' . A resolution offered by a democratic senator from Florida was adopted by the senate a few days ago instructing the committee on civil service to examine into the condition of the civil service law and the expediency of Its retrench ment or Increase ; also the number of persons employed in tha classified service from each stuto and territory and the dates of appointment. In dis cussing the resolution Senator Berry of Arkansas characterized the law as a regular party machine which was used to keep republicans in office. lie said it was alleged that five out of every six persons employed in the classified service belong to the republican party and that , ho declared , is unfair and unjust. JIo did not know whether the law could bo repealed or not , . but ho _ boliovt'd that it should bo modified and its operation restricted , lie said ho know that the civil service law nnd rules were not carried out' in a nonpartisan way , and that some of the most extreme repub licans were holding office under a demo cratic administration. Uo believed that a democratic president ought to be sur rounded by political friends and not by those who were continually doing what they could to make his administration a failure. The civil service law takes no account of the politics ortho religion of the per sons who seek employment in the gov ernment Borvlco under it. The only qualification required is the knowledge necessary to pass the proscribed exam ination , and if moro republicans than democrats have found employment in the classified service the explanation is obvious. The statement of the Arkan sas senator that such is the case Is un doubtedly well founded'but his assump tion that the republicans in the service are doing what they can to make the ad ministration a fnllnro Is manifestly abjiird. The people who got po sitions through the civil service law are powerless to do any thing against the administration. They hold subordinate places under the con trol of officials appointed without rofor- euco to the civil service law aud sub ject to it only so far as they are compelled to fill a specific class of vaca.'iclos from the ollglblo list of those who have passed a civil serviceexami nation. There Is not a republican clerk In the departments at Washington or In the public service anywhere who could do anything to make the administration a failure If ho had a disposition to. Those only who are in a position to do this are thu democrats who are at the heads of departmentH and bureaus , exorcising executive func'lons ' , and it is doubtless it fact ai to some of those that they are not doing anything to muko the admin istration a success. 'It is creditable to the administration that it has Incurred the displeaauro of the extreme spoilsmen of its party , aud yet if It were possible for these people to bo reasonable- and fair they would admit that It has done very well in replacing republicans with democrats. It Is mem orable with what extraordinary zeal Mr. Maxwell , fourth assistant postmas ter general , performed the work of beheading - heading fourth class republican postmasters , while the remarkable vigor with which Mr. Qulncy made democratic consuls must long remain a notable example of activity iir dealing out the rewards of partisan service. Perhaps the spoils seekers would have loss cause of complaint now If they had not boon so oxosporatlngly urgent at the outset as to compel Mr. Cleveland in sheer self-dofonso to summarily shut thorn off. That there is a very largo element In the democratic party that would like to rojrcal the civil service law and restore the old spoils system will not bo questioned , but this the party will not bo able to do , though it is qulto possible It may make the attempt. DOW TO niSVKXSU CtlAHlTY. No community In America is moro generous and whole-souled in the dis pensation of charity than Omaha. All that Is needed to ralso the necessary moans Is a systematic effort by parties that enjoy the confidence of the business community. The business of relieving distress and providing employment for men nnd women who are disposed to pay their way by work requires concert of action and methodical collection and distribu tion' The first stop that wo must take is an enrollment of all who are in want of fuel and subsistence. The next stop Is tholr classification into groups comprising these who have shelter , but want sub sistence ; those who have shelter and need provisions and clothing , and lastly the nomadic poor , otherwise known as vagrants , who require shelter , food and clothing. When the enrollment has been com pleted the names of all who are bolng cared for by the county should bo struck off. When wo know just exactly how many people In Omaha are dependent upon public charity wo shall know how much money it will take to shelter , feed and clothe them from now until the 1st of April. And when wo know exactly how much must bo raised to afford this relief the men and women who have as sumed the task of raising the relief funds can go "about tholr work intelli gently. For our part wo have confidence in the capacity of the managers of the Asso ciated Charities to do this work , and wo have unbounded faith in their integrity. But since it has boon deemed proper to enlist in this service a committee com posed of fifteen of our wealthiest busi ness men wo hope that they will expedite the work on hand and co-operate with tlio Associated Charities. It is said that councils of war never fight. The dan ger now is that precious time will bo wasted and contention will bo promotocl by rival managers of charity dispensa tion. This is to bo deprecated , and if possible avoided. If the condition of our poor is as des perate as has boon represented by Dr. Duryca and others associated with him , it is imperative that several hundred tons of coal and a quantity of provisions shall at onoe bo distributed to families that are exposed to freezing and starva tion. There is every possibility that a three-day bli/.zurd may out oil hun dreds of homes from the coal yard and the bakery. Such a condition calls for immediate action , and the proper parties to act are the county and city authorities. To quibble about law in such an emergency Is criminal. When the state was devastated by grasshop pers in 1875 , and thousands wnro exposed - posed to famine , forty or fifty of our business mon joined together and raised over $50,000 by signing notes with "tho governor on which money was advanced by the banks. There was uo law for this , but the governor and business men took tholr chances of tholr act being legal ized aud being reimbursed by the next legislature. The outcome was that im- mcdiato relief was afforded , and the legislature voted 3100,000 of grasshopper relief bonds , from the proceeds ot which the notes were paid. The local emergency may require heroic action , and law or no law wo must act promptly to save tho'llvos of people who are shelterless or without moans to buy food and fuol. THE Corbott-Mitohell fight at Jack sonville was a distinct triumph of bru tality'and every right-thinking man will regret that the governor of Florida was unable to prevent it. That ho did all in his power to carry out the wishes of the decent and orderly people of the state will stand to his credit , but , unfor tunately , Florida , as it appears , has no law against prize fighting , and BO the governor was helpless. Undoubtedly the better element of the people will In sist upon the enactment of a law to meet a ease of this kind no' the next session of the legislature , but meanwhile It Is proba ble that Jacksonville will bo the scone of other pugilistic contests in which the element of brutality may bo oven moro marked than In the quickly-ended ono of yesterday. The arrest of the princi pals in this fight begets the hope that a way will bo found to punish thorn so se verely that others may bo deterred from sooklng this free ground for auoh con tests , and It will bo fortunate If others than the fighters can bo punished. Otherwise the club under whoso auspices this battle took place , doubtless with largo gains to its tremury , may bo expected to continue the "sport" for which it was organized until there is law to stop It. The de moralizing effect of these pugilistic encounters - counters IH admitted by everybody whoso Instincts are not brutalized and there should bo everywhere a strong and earnest arousal of public opinion for their suppression. Florida has had its first experience in this sort of brutality and It Is to bo honed the respectable citizens of that state will demand' legis lation as soon as It can be enacted that will rigidly prohibit prize"fighting. UP TO this tlmo the work of irrigation in Nebraska hits upon confined largely to the arid region on our western border. This Is duo to the fact that no other portion tion of the state has stood In great need of irrigating ditches moro than one year in five. Up along the northern border , however , citizens nro moving fof rtn extensive sys tem of irrigation ito provide against the dry season of July and August. In that part of the sfato" there has rarely been a total falluro qf"crops. . The Idea scorns to bo that 'wiui irrigation In the northwest counties/ moro diversified and bountiful crops oatv'bo ' made certain every year. The 'convention ' at O'Neill ' on the HOtli inst. wilt attract widespread attention , marking , ' asl ltdoos , the initial stop in that portion1ofj tlio state looking to the reclamation on the Improvement of a vast area of laud. ' A CORRESl'ONDHNT of THE BEE asks ! "If a youth agod'i" or over leaves Ger many and resides long enough in this country to take out first nnd socdnd papers , then returns to Germany , forti fied by passports to provo identity , can Gorman authorities hold him for ser vice in the army ? " As wo understand it , final naturalization papers are requisite to a passport , the possession of which ought to protect any citizen of the United States In any European country. If the lad , being a minor , cannot secure naturalization papers , his father must have naturalized in legal form to enable the son to secure a passport. If the father was never a full-Hedged citizen of the United States wo would advise the boy to defer his visit to the father land if he desires to avoid service In the imperial army. IT IS impossible without definite in formation to make a reliable estimate of the number of people In actual need of relief who are not already receiving aid froih the county poor fund. At the wildest guess the number ijoes not ex ceed 3,000 , mon , women and children. At S3 per week per capita , which should bo ample , it would take about $70,000 to keep those people from now until the 1st of April. That amount can bo raised by voluntary contributions either in money or its equivalent in fuel and pro visions , providing that the mon of largo means make a generous start. IT is to bo hoped that the widow of the late Senator Stanford will manage to exist on the trilling allowance of 810- 000 a month granted her by the court pending the settlement of the estate. If slio finds it dillleult to live within her income there are plenty of individuals waiting for an opportunity to demon strate by experiment tlio fact that it is possible under a strict regime of econ omy. After the estate shall have been settled she may bo enabled to indulge in a few trilling luxuries , but until then she will have to live within the limits of her allowance. ' ' ' WHEN Nebraska was. found to bo suf fering from a disordered prohibition liver our people sot to work and purged the body politic Qf the dread disease. Then followed peace : and contentment. Iowa , a much older state , could notsshako It off and has bBon' In charge of the political physicians for twelve years. The legislature at Dos Moines is now making an heroic , effort to consign the hated doirma to the oblivion it so richly merits. The podplo df that state are learning the dilTarppee between to.mpor- anco and statutory prohibition ( alleged ) . ALTHOUGH the 'mercury was gottlnp down pretty close to the bulb , the en thusiasm of local sports over the second triumph of James John Corbott was not cooled. To them It was a bigger event than a presidential election. They will discuss it in all its bearings as glibly as the trained politician discusses the Issues of a great campaign. Prize fighting may bo brutal , tending to demoralize - moralize and corrupt the minds of American youth , but It certainly draws the crowd and creates an extraordinary demand for nowapaiwra. Alnknx Tlii'in Squirm. 7n ( < r Ocean. An old , out-ot-ilnto republican law , In the oycs of Secretary Carlisle , will do moro to save the nation from disgrace imd bank ruptcy than nil the ninety democratic ma jority iu congress. It Is the biggest objyct lesson In sigiitof tno American people toduy. No wonder it imikna democratic statesmen squirm. A Kew lo rft Tlme . A decided Improvement in railway trafllc is indicated by the reports ot earnings for the second wool : of this month. 'With scarcely an exception , the ro.ids malto a better tor showing than they did In the previous week , nnd both g'-oss and not earnings for the llrst week in Ji.nuary were in excess of tlio earnings reported for the Inst week In December. ( III till ) .MdlHl. \vrli.\ilvcrtiser \ , No person with eyes In his head can fall to notlco that there Is a revival In our national Industries. It Is faint , nnd In some local ities scarcely developed yet , but the ton- dchcy U there nnd only slight onojuraco- inent Is needed tn develop it Into a full- ( lodged return of prosperity. The fact Is that manufncturors who nt ono tlmo were alarmed now sue that , there Is realty no ahead. danger _ _ Tlio ( in-lit lEi'lnrin Show. Kew Yon Sun. Positively the lust few days of America's Superb and Unparalleled Mathematical Mar vel , the Wilson Subtracting Mnoliino , Makes a Uaflcloncy While You \\alt. N. H Visitors nro Invited to inspect I'rof. Wil son's rich collcctioirot unredeemable demo cratic bonds of tho' issue ol IS'.U ' without extra charge , A b'fcauilful souvenir In the form of \Vooileh" Cuckoo Riven to each visitor , matlnooa anjt openings , ( liittlni ; ttiiclc nt Mill. Denver llepuliltean , President Clovelaud. vetoed the bill for n brldgo across the Jladflon river , between Now York nnd ilm.j.urs&y shore , on Hatur- tiny , presumably tnitot even with Senators Hill and Murphy for ( tufoutlng the nnpoint- niont of Mr. Hornbiawi/r / to u ( ilnco on tlio supreme bench. Nuw If Hill and Murphy will retaliate by dofen'Ung the Infamous Wil son bill the countryi will bo a great gnlnor by this misty llttlo democratic quarrel over patronage and powers ' lnilimtrlul UuTlviil. The Industrial history of the country slnco thn llrst of the year shows n gonernl 1m- provommit. It U true that wages have bcon reduced us compared with the wages paid before the stoppage two , ttirco or four months ago , but mills , factories niul work shops that were altogether idle on the llrst of the year , paying no wages , hnvo slnco resumed , and oven ni tno reduction nro doing something to relieve the distress that existed nt ttio close of 1SUII. Another nnd most favorable sign U that there hnvo beoii few stoppages slnco January 1st of mills then In operation. Our telegraphic dU- patches , dealing only with business estab lishments outside of the city , toll of the re sumption of work In llfty great mills and factories slnco the 1st of January , nnd of the cloaingonly of suvon. The llfty that Imvo ro- auinou employed about 12iX ! ( ) hands ; thu ( oven that suspended employed about 7'JOO. Tno wonder Is Corbott didn't ' o.tt him. Mltcli ell fought for cash and got n choc * . Will Hill provo himself the Corbott of this Kngllah administration I The tariff dob.ito la Inudod by ntlmlrors as extraordinary. It Is extra ordinary. Unless Mrs. tasKo bestirs licrsblf , Lillian Ktiisell will walk off with the matrimonial record. There Is no Immediate danger of Clovo- Innd Bonding a bottle Of rare old wlno to Uavo Hill , The revolution In Jacksonville supplies nn assortment of points that i'olxoto and Mollo might prolit by. Mexico's system of killing oft bandits In bands of twenty Is to bo commended on the score of expedition. A crusade against cigarettes l.s raging In San Francisco. Like other movements of the kind , It will end in smoko. Over JIOO.000,000 . languish In Now York banks. That is about the only section that voted for and got seine change. "Ulio masticated pug from over the pond realizes by this time the folly of monkeying with nn Ainprlcan thrashing machine. According to the Chicago Herald , William Pcckham's chief characteristic Is "mental eccentricity. " Why then arraign hu dom- ocr.icy I The tallest soldier m the Belgian army is Charles fxnils Hecaus , who stands six feet six and nun-half inches In his stocking feet. Hu Is allowed double rations. The Sugar trust pocketed 22 per cent on $ .17,000,000 common stock nnd water last year. A sudlclent surplus remained to sweeten n few rnoro tanks of fluid. Wowus , an Alaskan Indian , has nskcd permission of the authorities nt Washington to burn nt the stake nn Indian doctor who failed to cure the son of the tribe's chief. Senator Hilt is getting qulto gay. Ho has attended several social functions of late , nnd unly n few evenings ngo ho appeared at n theater in the company of Inuios. Ho is a moving factor in white house circles , too. Should Peckham go the way of Horn- blower , the nnmo of Judpo Simon IJ. Hald- win of Connecticut , u distinguished mug wump , will prob.tlily bo sent to the sonato. The administration's democracy is painfully wanting in Jackson inn .symptoms. Wheeler H. Peckham , Just nominated to bo nn associate justice of the supreme court , is almost ns devoted to sesquipedalian verbi age as ever Mr. Krnrts was. The other day , speaking of shearing lambs in Wall street , he said It was done "without severing the continuity of their epidermis. " ' Dr. ICvorott , the now Massachusetts con gressman , wan asked how ho likml congress. ' O I" said the congressman , "it's the funniest place I over saw. In the house they have got the rules so Jlxwt thnt you can't get any business in , and in the sonata they hnvo them so arranged that you can't got any business out. " Till' INCOME 2\t.r. Globo-Domocrat : The Income taxors tell us that the refusal by the house to put n duty on raw sugar will force their pot scheme to the front. But what of it ? The income tax has no chance of enactment. It is destined to die young- . Now York S'in : The Income tax bill is a shameful consequence of the treachery of Prof. Wilson's tariff bill for n dollcicncy. U is n wnr tax , which , in the opinion of the best constitutional lawyers , is unconstitu tional. ICor that reason , howcvur , it is a suitable appendix to I'rot. Wilson's uncon stitutional tariff. The tariff , too. makes war on democratic principles , and the tax is only an incident of thnt perlidious assault. Now York Herald : A tax moro obnoxious to Americans tlian this inquisitorial monarchial - archial imposition could not uo doviscd. That the people of this country would never submit to it is solf-ovidont , and it is equally clear that they would visit with sweeping condemnation any party that should force it upon them. That the tax would bo us use less for needed revenue as it is odious is shown by the fact that under the proposed bill the llrst attempt at collection would not bo made until July. 1S9. > . By that tlmo It is expected that ample revenue will bo flowing into the national treasury from other sources. Chicago Herald : True , certain penalties lire prescribed for noglectlntr to malto re turns and for making false return. ? , but unless ofllcials nro disagreeably inquisitive there will bo n good stized arir.y of people with incomes in excess of $4,000 who will not bo touched at all. The income tax for which the bill provides -vill bo largely a tax on honesty , and that svch Is the case will soon become notorious. The only way to muko this kind of tax successful is to make the exemption small and provide for thorough assessment and collection. And that should not bo done so long ns the protective sys tem , with its double burden of taxation aud tribute , is continued. NKIllt.lSK.l AXlt JIKlllt.tlilC.lX ! ! . Battle Creek will soon have a Drooin. fact- tory. tory.There There nro 820 boxes In the Columbus post- onice. The Seward county fair will bo held Sep tember 4 to 7. Fire in the Alexandria hotel caused n loss to the building nnd contents of about ! 00. The Falls City High school intends to send representatives , to Lincoln to attend the silver anniversary of the State university. Oscar Bryant , a Dakota county farmer , was thrown thirty feet from n load of hay by the wagon "slowing'1 and was so badly injured that ho will bo laid up for many weeks. Gcorgo Brown of Arcadia has boon ar rested on the churgo of assaulting a 15-year- old girl who wonted lor mm aud tins been. held for hearing February 1. The jrirl is In a critical condition from fright andsho ( may never recover. General Joe Hollman of Emerson has boon visiting in Washington nnd has evidently combined business with pleasure. Charles S. Hollman has rccclvoJ notice of his tip- polntincnt as post trader at the Hosobud Indian agency In South Dakota. Till ! COM1U ( JllOliUS. Chicago Record ! "llo\v do yon manngo to get RO many iieonlo Inloro.itud In your \vul- furo ? " "Easy enough. 1 borrow money of them. " ImllaiianollH Jnnnml : Wnrkhouso Suporln- tonilont Istliuro uiiytlilnK you would prefer in the line ot work ? Dismal UwvMiii ff It's all the same to you I think I would liketo sit In thu parlor and Unit tidies. Llfu : MttloTilleI wish I was you Mr. Seirnmilo. Mr Sulfmiulo ( who has coino to dinner ) And why , Wllllo. Wllllo Vunso yon don't gctyoui1 oars pulled for outing with your Unlfo. Philadelphia Itocord : Two Indlo * In a trolley cur wuru ilNcussing a young ueiitlumun f rluml. "Hns liu any talma for drawlim ? " usUcd om > . "Of uourtiu , " mild the nthur spiritedly , "hu told nui hu unco drew n beautiful turituy nt u rnflto. " Chicago Trlhiiiiot Young I'rotlyninn Ihail honed , Miss liwimdolon , that tlio tlmo wui wwrly at hand wliun 1 could honorably usk you to ho my wife , but I four my bright ilrunm H over. Itocnnt ruvurbos In Ijnslnus.s have Hindu mo Jiliiolntoly imnnllos.s. Miss tlwomloluu That needn't hinder us from from bulug eiigasud , you kn w. PATH. fietrntt I'rce I'rtii. They vowndotoriinl constancy The youth nnd miildun nliy Through tlmo and through titurnlty Thuir love should nuvur illo. Hut fata In life's uncurtain whirl I'layod havoc with inelr plan He's married to another girl , She to another man. r .1X11 T11KX. Somervllle Journal , Squeezed in th cutter' * * narrow aont , Wrapped up In fur rones , HIIIII ; and warm , With hunted Boapstiinus at thuir foul , Ills arm around her nlomler form , The lovers rldu. The moonlight silvern hill and Hold , On both sides stretch wldu waxHn of snow. I low can thu maiden help butylulil , And bay thnt. In MX month * ur no , Bho'll bo hu hridu ? II , 1,1 fo Is all rapturn to thorn both ) Thuir huarlM are warm , though cold the night. HU lips press hurs , and , nothing loth , llor lips [ iross hls-for out of bight Are tht > y , they louiw. Hut wait it yemrl They will not rldo On moonlight nlghtu In llvury tunm > , llu'll walk thu Hour , alimmt ho.slilo Illnuolf. to Ntop thu baby'ij Chock full ot woo. WORK OF NATIONAL BANKERS Secret of tlio Doorcase of National Bank Oirculattoui LITTLE PROFIT IN THE BUSINESS Ooncrnl Money Supply Mot l.lkely to He Udeotcd lto ] ) rti of iRiinrnnt Stntai- liiou Dented bj u Treniurr UOlclnl. WASIIIXOTOX ntmitAa or Titn nisn , ) D13 lAwiiTKKXTit STIIKBT , > WASHINGTON , . .Ian.3. . ) The steady decrcaso of iiatlonrvl bank cir culation during tlio past six vvcoks , and tha growing decrease during the past two weeks , has attracted ntteutlon at tlio Treasury de partment. Hankers from the wept are wrltlni ; to tliy comptroller of the currency to Itnov/ wnat It moans , and to learn if possible whether It will affect the general money supply. An officer under the comptroller of the currency , who Is frequently culled unon to explain the enigmas of the rlso ami fall of national bank circulation , after pondering for some tlmo over the question , said to Tin : IJi'.r. correspondent today : "Tho action of national bankers during the llnanolal stringency last summer and fall In largely Increasing their circulation , airi their action during the p ist few xvoohs , when money lias boon plentiful niul interest low , in reducing their circulation , is the best possible answer to the Ignorant statements of men in congress that there is an enormous prolit In national bank circulation , and that men accept tbo terms of the federal bam- Intr laws In preference to those of the states , not because they are bettor for tbo com munity In which the bank is located , but because them is greater prolit in national than in state banlcintr. As to the Profit. "Tho circulation of national o.inks Is decreasing - creasing because the price of bonds has ad- vailt-cd to a point whore , considering the premium upon tbo security , profits in circu lation nro not suillcient. Kxciuslvo of the tax and reserve , there is today about 1.00 prolit In national bank circulation secured by 4 per cents. Any one can llgtiro the prolit on circulation secured by the extended fours , which pay 2 per com interest. You can buy tlicse U per cent bonds nt par. Wo ordinarily give 00 per cent circulation upon bonds doKsltoil | ; but the market quotes the a per cents these extended fours at 03 , and of course wo deduct that 5 per cent from face value in giving circulation , so that you can't gut more than S5 per cent circulation on a 2 per cent bond. If there is any populist or aiitl-naiional bank man in congress who is so stupid that ho cannot llguro this prolit ho can very easily llnd a dry goods clone who can do it. 'When money is scarce and interest is high the price of bond.i upon which circula tion is based is invariably low , " continued the treasury oflleial. "It is then that thorn is prolit to the banker in enlarging his circu lation. When money is plentiful and cheap tbo price of bonds increases , and not only Is there the ono inducement to the owner of the bonds to withdraw them from deposit with the treasurer , but there is an extra In- iluiemciit : for withdrawing or diminishing tha circulation. The returns from the national banks of thucouiitry , showing their condition on the 10th of last month , indicate that there is now idle in the vaults of the national banks of the country nearly orquito 10 per cent of all their cash recourses. Il.tnUiTN Uimlilu to 1'iit Out .Money. "There has been a natural diminution of interest throughout the country of ll < f or a percent Irom the ratn which prevailed dur ing the recent hard times , not during tno six or eight weeks wlien thuro was a cur rency famine. You will see that , oven under the prevailing low rates of wlOrcst , the bankers are utmblo to put out their money. There is absolutely u profit to bankers in some localities now in withdrawing circula tion , and 1 was about to s.iy that 1 knew of a number of banks that would absolutely iimku money by thu withdrawal of a part of thuir circulation , oven though it cumo to them without tlio deposit of bonds. They would escape the natural responsibility and the taxes ; besides , they would have the ad vantage of the bond market. " Hoforring to the proposition of Represen tative Uryan of Nebraska to levy a special tax upon national bank ciruilalion for the purpose of raising a fund out of which the depositors in the insolvent banks should bo paid'promptly nnd in fullwhich would amount to a direct insurance by the federal govern ment for the full payment of all deposits in tuulonr.l banks , the ollleial said : Dut'8 .Nut l.IKo the Sprfliil Iliinli Tnr. "I have never hoard the direct expression of opinion given by Secretary Carlisle and the president upon this proposition , but I bollevo that such a proposition , standing alone nnd upon its own merits , would bo vetoed by thu picsldent. It is not only a wldo departure from tbo principles surrounding the national banking laws , but it Is tlio ( tutoring wedge of a policy which will finally overthrow the security principle centered In all oftlces under the joverumcnt whore public funds arc handled. It is a pro posit ion , first , to relieve bankers froIH all moral responsibilities and maka banking a simple cold-blooded business , without character. Secondly , It proposes that the parent government , which is sus talnod by the people , shall insure the trans * actions of private parties. It would bo In effect exactly the i.tmo thin ? as a proposi tion to abolish the bond which n tllstmrslnff oniccr Is required to give for the faithful dls charge of his oflleial duties and load the burden of re.i | > onslblllty upon tha govern- mcnt. it would cnrourago In bankers a spirit of venture and would deprive them of all measures of caution and con- sorvatlvctipss which not only tha llnan olal but the moral rcsponslblhtici nt present carry. It has often been pro posed that the government should under take to handle a fund raised by the salaries of certain employes , out of which Instiranca policies and crutultlcs should bo paid In case of death or disability. It has fre quently been proposed that the government should retain from the salaries of certain disbursing and financial officers percentages for the purpose of making good defalcations and meeting other losses. I cannot for the Ufa of mo see. why ttio proposition to create .1 fund by taxation from which the de positors In Insolvent banks are to recclvo full payment for their credits Is not as ab surd and unreasonable as the other scheme * I have mentioned. " Will Itpjfot Pcrldmin. An agreement has been entered into bo- twccn tin ) opponents and advocates of the continuation of the I'ecUham nomination which promises to insure rejection Dy prac tically n unanimous vote. It has been agreed that when the case conies up in executive session the vole MOTII | continuation will bo viva voce , which will escape the record. A number of democrats wno voted for the continuation of Hornblowcr have expressed a desire to vote against J'ccUhain , but have asked that a yea and nay vote bo not called , ns tho.do not desire to go upon record as nntagonlidng the president. It was stated on the floor of the sonata today that the opposition to I'cckham and the president's refusal to consult dctuocratlo senators in maklngappainlmonts had greatly increased durlmr the past few days. PopulUtH Oppcuu tlio SMlHiin HIM. All of the populist senators have an nounced their Intention to vote against tha Wilson tariff bill. Their purpose In doing this is twofold. They say the bili slrlkci the farmer's interests harder than any other and gives him less than Is given any oinor person , scconniy , tno popimsis uo- llevo that hard times nro going to contmuo whether or not tlio Wil.son bill becomes a law , niul they fool that if the tariff law i § chiinuc'cl the country will blame it for the commercial depression , but if the present law remains unchanged thu voters of the I'ouatry will believe that the principles ot the populist party would make conditions hotter ami they will therefore vote with them next November. Thu belief continues to grow that If the house makes the Income tax schcrno a part of flio Wilson tariff hill the latter will ho ile- fcatoj lu the senate , although then : may be many votes cast by democrats i.gainst JoinIng - Ing the two measures. Itsccmsccrtaia that it will pass the houso. There is n majority in the senate in favor of income taxes , but the two propositions together are weaker than they would bo each upon its own merits. Inlluuiiro of Henry ( ii'nrgo. Henry George , the well known fruo trader and single tax advocate , has been admitted to the floor of thu house , aud has occupied scats among the democratic speakers on tha tariff iluri.ii ; the past few days. This accounts In a measure for the frco tr.ulo vic tories which thu two Johnsons have been winninir. Henry George has .coached them , and has directed the forces when it came to votimr. Henry George has no moro right on thu floor of cither house of congress than any other private clti/.cn. Ho has never occupied any position entitling him to such a courtesy , and his admission to tlio lloor of the hoiuo , ns well as that of ox-Postmaster General Don Dickinson and other frco traders , is a violation of the rules. Will Nut llrnr ThiirMtou. Chairman Morgan of the senate commlttoo on foreign relations this week addressed a letter to Secretary Grcsham requesting him to invite Minister Thurston to appear before the committee and give testimony in the Hawaiian investigation. Secretary Grcsham did not answer the letter , but went to Chairman Morgan and persuaded him not to luvito the minister to give testi mony and the chairman finally yielded. It is supposed that the administration is afraid of Thurston's facts. Chairman Morgan would have asked Minister Thurston to tustify directly , but ho has no authority to communicate with any diplomatic oillcer. Itrirlly .Mentioned. Fourth class postmasters were today ap pointed for Iowa us follows : Duller , Kcokuk county , Melissa Watts , vlco David Abel , re signed ; Clayford , .Tones county , Uoburt buy- dor , vice Hannah Jenkins , removed : Dah- louega , Wapollo county , William Denny , vlco W. A. Anderson , resigned ; Fenton , Kowsuth county , Frank Hailcy , vlco J. L. Uoid , resigned - signed ; UUlRoway , Winncshlok county , W. K"Paloy , vice J. A. Galbls , resigned ; Steen , Winnobago county , O. li. Mossman , vice J. J. Stcon , resigned. , Samuel Cottier of Omaha has placed his application papers on illo at thoTreasury de partment for the position of surveyor of customs at that city. M Stalker of DCS Monies , la. , Is at the Howard. PBUUY S. HKATII. An Anil-itoiiil Hour. Atlanta Caiutltutton ( ikm. ) . To Issue bonds Is llko pouring water in ft barrel with tno bunghole open , anil the re sult will bo , the same In both cases. 1 ho moro bonds Mr. Carlisle puts out the moro bonds will bo needed. The gold will continuo - tinuo to run out almost as fast as it runs lu , and the process will continue until the greeil of the eastern capitalists is glutted and the llunnci.il resources of the pcoplo exhausted t miicura : nut : n' . unoclothe.i on Kartli n Your moiioy'a worth or your mouoy hqg'.c. r After . the Storm is over j. Then comes a nice day a nice day to buy Trr trousers especially r Trr nice because you can r buy them of us now F at a discount of 25 per cent , any mons' trousers in the house 11' some fine ones.somo . ii ? liner , all g'ood , this season's goods relia ble as any made moro reliable than _ most trousers. It's a big1 lot to take oil * ol a $6 pair of trousers. It makes the price pretty small for a S3 pair. No matter. 25 per oont oirg-oos. Wo will bo pleased to also sell you a suit or an overcoat. On these wo are making1 very nice hard times prices. You can't afford to miss this sale for it will bo money saved in your now trousers' pocket to take it in. BROWNING , KING & CO , I W. Cor. 15th and Douglas Sta. *