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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE
ESTABLISHED JUNE 17 1871 , OMAHA , FRIDA.Y MOTIVING , FEBRUARY 2 , 1891."K L\GLE COPY FIVE CENTS. WILSOH BILL PASSED Glosing Scenes in the Great Debate on the Tariff in the Eouso. GIANTS MEET IN A STRUGGLE OF ELOQUENCE Protection's ' Apostle and Preo Tratlo's ' Advo cates in a Glorious Pinisli , SPEECHES OF REED , CRISP AND WILSON Oratory Oonld Not Stem the Tide of Num bers and the Measure is Passed. IT IS GIVEN A MAJORITY OF SIXTY-FOUR DelnlN of thn Vote Some Democrat ) * Aft \rllli thn Republicans ( Ireut Throngs C'roHiI to tlin Ciipltol In cidents ( if Hie Day. WASHINGTON , Feb. 1. At 6 o'clock to- jllght. at the close of ono ot the grandest , most Imposing 'and most impressive scenes over witnessed in the American capltol , the WIlEon tariff bill pased the house of representatives by n vote of 201 to 110. The events leading up to It wcro almost unparal leled In our annals. At 12 o'clock , after a preliminary skirmish of an hour over the barley schedule , the bill was reported to f-t the house and the closing speeches were / made. " CRUSHED AND CROWDED. Such a vast concourse of people as as- semblcdto hear those last arguments upon the great economic Issue about to bo sub mitted for final action to the representatives ot the American pcoplo had never been be fore seen within the precincts of the na tion's legislative capltol. It was estimated that 'over 20,000 people attempted to gain idmlsslon to the galleries of the house to day. Their seating capacity is about 3,000 and every available seat was occupied long before the gavel dropped. The people were lined against the walls and banked against the doors. So great did the crush become that the members of the hotiao secured per mission to bring their wives upon the floor. Several women fainted In the crush. " " "Shortly"after the house convened at 11 o'clock the crowds In the Immense gallery on the north side of the chamber became so great that there was Imminent danger that omo of the people would be pressed over the railing Into the hoiibc below. In ono of the alsleB a fight was precipitated between two men over the color question. The white man claimed the right to stand on the fcamo square foot of territory as occupied by the negro , and as It was too small for both men a race war resulted. The belligerents were hustled from the gallery. SPEAKER CRISP AVERTS DANGER. The crowding In at the doors continued until Speaker Crisp interrupted the roll call long enough to say It was In the interest of safety to human life that the. doorways bo cleared. The policemen kept pressing back the people until they had materially reduced Ihe danger that was so very apparent. When Mr. Reed , the first speaker , arose at last to deliver the final plea for protec tion , the overhanging galleries were black nnil dense with the spectators who thronged them. Every Inch of space upon the floor was taken. . Only ten of the 354 members ot the house wore absent. Many grave and reverend ( senators and other distinguished personages were on the floor , and In the gal leries wore Mrs. Cleveland , Mrs. Vice Presi dent Stevenson and other ladles ot emi nence and distinction , their dresses flecking the prospect with color. Then for three hours the oratory of the champions of the two economic systems fol lowed Reed , Crisp and Wilson whllo their partisans made the air vocal with their shouts of'approval. The appearance of the speaker of the house upon the floor , engaged In debate , was In Itself-a remarkable , as well as an unusual thing. Each of the speakers seemed to bo In his best form and the speeches which they delivered today will rank among the best and most biilllant of their lives , When these wcro finished , Mr. Wilson , who spoke last , was lifted tin Iho shoulders of his admiring colleagues and car- , rloil triumphantly from the l.all nmld u Bceno ot unmatched enthusiasm. OVERWHELMINGLY CARRIED. When It came to voting the victory of the measure was overwhelming. The vote upon the Income tax proposition ( taken In connection with ftio Internal revenue amend ment ) , Btood 182 to 50. Only twelve repub licans voted upon this proposition , seven for and five against. The democratic opposi tion amounted to forty-live. The last ef fort made by these democrats who are op posed to tilts measure In whole or In part was led by Mr. Covert of New York , who moved to recommit the bill , but the republicans refused to join in this attempt to scotch the measure , and It ended In dismal failure. But thirty-six democrats voted for It , not oven enough to cecuro the nyes"nnd nays , n record making vote. The vote upon the llu.\J > passage of the bill was a surprise. Amid the most Intense enthusiasm , democrat after democrat , who had been counted upon to vote against the measure , llko Blanchard , Beltzhoovor , Bo.it- iior , Cochran , Coombs , Dunn , English , dels- Honhalncr , McAleer , Ryan and others , re corded their votes In the alllrmatlve. Only seventeen democrats of all the boasted democratic opposition to the measure stood out to the end and voted ugalnst It. CHEERED BY THE'REPUBLICANS. AH each one cast his vote It was greeted by applause and chceers from the republican Bide , These who voted against It were : Durtlott , Campbell , Covert , UAimmlngs , llalnes. Hendrlx , Schcrmorhorn und Sickles of Now York , Cadmus of New Jersey , Sperry and Page of Connecticut , ( ieary of California , Slbloy of Pennsylvania and Meyer , Price and Robertson of Loulsdaua. The majority for the bill , 01 , 'exceeded the most sangulno expectation ! ; ot the dem ocratic members ot the wayx and means committee. When thu speaker announced the vote cheer followed cheer upon the dem- ori-utlc sldo. Papers , huts , congressional re'Ms , and in fact anything which demo crats could lay their hands upon , were Hung high In the air , and amid a perfect pande monium the house adjournol , The debate on the bill , which has occupied the attention of the house for few weeks , uloauil with on unrivaled burst of oratory. Crisp , Reed and Wilson , the glunts of the liouso. came forward In the closing hours to jirobccuto and defend the great Issue the in auguration of u new economic system In the greatest republic of the world. Attracted by anticipation ot thu field day and speeches of the leaders the Wushlngton liopuUco turned out un masse to witness It. I.OIIK before 10 o'clock the public naileries the "bleachers" ot the American forumwere [ . black with people. On the seatti banked \ jT ugulnst the doora nml walls were others * - - stralnliiK to get night of the arena below. The Yeierved naileries also were thronged und even In thu president's pillory thcro was not u vacant scat. The crowded galleries looked down upon a ua of faces , The K-udura upon both tildes WITH accorded avutlonx UK they entered the hull. As ex-Speaker Reed pushed through tjie Igbby. Uooru cu hU way to bis seat the galleries recognized him , mid the applause which greeted his appearance was pro longed for fully halt a minute. Mr. Heed bowed his acknowledgements. A sim ilar demonstration occurred when Speaker Crisp , dignified and erect , ascended the rostrum and called the lion so to order. The speeches wcro not to begin until noon , according to the special order. The hour which Intervened after the reading of the journal witnessed a continuation of the skirmish over the amendments to the bar ley schedule. On Monday and on yesterday Mr. Lock- wood of New York succeeded In preventing n vote on these amendments by filibuster ing , and an soon as the reading of the jour nal was completed he followed up his ob struction program by muKlng the point of no quorum. Although there was manifestly a quorum present the rules required that the roll bo called and the speaker had no alternative save to order the roll called. Mr. Lock- wood know that If he could hold the fort until high noon ho would-again bo victor ious , Twenty minutes were occupied In the roll call. The speaker then announced the presence of 221 members. LOCKWOOD MA KINO TIME. Mr. Lockwood attempted to continue his filibustering by moving to adjourn , but the speaker refused to entertain the motion and at 11:20 : , the house went Into commute of the whole for further consideration of the tariff bill. Mr. Hlchardson took thn chair and an nounced that the pending question was to close the debate on the amendments of the barley schedule. Mr. Wilson and Mr , War ner , the tellers took their places. The members camp forward to bo counted. The public was being treated to a taste of the laborious and uninteresting parliamentary work of perfecting a bill In the committee of the whole. The motion was carried , 170 to 0. 0.Lockwood Lockwood was again on his feet fighting for time. Ho submitted a parliamentary in quiry as to whether , If the committee placed a prohibitive duty on barley , an nye and nay vote could bo secured In the house. The chairman replied sharply that ho could not bind the speaker by his decision , but an aye and nay vote could bo secured if the demand was seconded by the constitutional one-fifth of the house. He then stated the pending amendment to bo that of Mr. Tracey to the committee amendment to Increase the duty on barley and mult to40 per cent ad valorutn. This was lost , 81 to 10D. Mr. Plckler's amendment to substitute the present duty was also lost. Mr. Payne's substitute (20 ( cents per busheh on barley ) , shared the same fate , 91 to 108. The vote would then have recurred upon the committee amendment , when Mr. Wil son Interposed with a substitute to place barley on the free list. This was voted down without division , and Mr. Lockwood offered another substitute to make the duty 10 and 30 cents per bushel , respectively , on barley and barley malt. To this Mr. Payne offered an amendment. It was quickly voted down. Mr. Lockwood , who was still Industriously sparring for time , demanded a division and tellers on each vote. His amendment was lost. lost.Mr. Mr. Tawney of Minnesota offered an amendment ! to make the duty 30 cents per bushel and It , too , fell by the wayside ; but the purpose for which the filibustering had been Inaugurated was successful. The seconds ends were ticking away. The two hands of the clock opposite the speaker's chair were pointing to noon as the tellers took their places on tills motion. REROUTED TO THE HOUSE. Before the vote could btj taken Chairman nichardson rapped loufily for order. "The hour of 12 o'clock having arrived , " said he , "tile commlteo will now rise and re port this bill to the housej' The rpeaker reancerided the rostrum and the gavel was passed to him. Mr. Hlch ardson moved around In front of the speaker's chair and , according to parliamentary form- Ida , reported that the committee of the whole had had under consideration House Bill 4,864 ( the tariff bill ) and reported It to the house with sundry amendments. The ppcaker then announced that three hours would bo allowed for closing the de bate. "Tho chair recognizes the gentleman from Maine , " said the speaker , with a last rap of the gavel for order. Mr. Heed rose from the center of the re publican side amid wild cheering and hand- clapping of the galleries and the huzzas of his party friends about him. Mr. Heed frowned and shook his head ar > though the demonstration were distasteful to him. He ' waited for the applause to cease. Standing In the Isle , clad In a long Prlnco Albert coat , with head erect and de- flant , he looked the physical and Intellectual giant. Ho began to speak at last , slowly and de liberately In the voice that has become so familiar to the people , There is an aggres-i slvencss In Mr. Heed's speech which counts for morp than rhetoric. Ho spoke today with his back to his friends , his" face to the fee Across the aisle. Save for his ringing volco the drop of a pin could ha\o been heard , Mr. Heed's words were : "In this debate , which has extended over many weeks , ono remarkable result has al ready been reached , n result of the deepest Importance to the country. That result is that the bill before us Is odious to both sides of the house. On this Hide wo believe that while It pretends to bo for protection It docs not afford It , and on the other side they believe that while It looks toward free trade It does not accomplish It , Those who will vote against the bill will do bo because It opens our markets to the destructive com petition of foreigners and those who vote for It do It with n reservation that they will Instantly devote themselves to a now cru sade against whatever barriers are left. UNCERTAINTY BOUND TO PREVAIL. "Whatever speeches have been made In defense ot the bill , on the other side , whether by gentlemen who were re ponslblo only to their own constituencies or by the gentle man from West Virginia , who ought to have been steadied by hln sense of responsibility to the whole country , have ono and nil , with but rare exceptions , -placed tholr authors compromising- ! , except for temporary pur poses , on the tddo of unrestricted free trado. It Is evident that there Is ' no ground for that hope entertained by no 'many moderate erate/ men that this bill , bnd as It Is , could l ) n resting place where our manufac turing and productive Industries , such as may survive , can re-establish themselves and have a mire foundation for the future , free from party bickering and party strife , Hence , aluo.tliero can ba no foundation for that cry , bo Inslduously raised , that tills bill should bo at once passed , because uncer tainty la worse than uny liill can possibly be , Wi'ro this bill , to pais both branches today , uncertainty would reign Just the same. "So utterly undisputed and BO distinctly visible to every human being In this audience has been Its giowth that whatever the fu ture Industrial system of this country may bo. the past system Is a splendid monument to that hurles ot sueeettsful statesmen who found It the best place for wages In the world and left it first on the list of the nations. " PROSPERITY AND 111011 WAC1ES. Mr.Heed quoted at length from English authorities shonlni ; the strength of their confidence In the prosperity of thin country. "These quo'tatloiie also are reminders for you , Mi\ Speaker , and all who hoar mo now. that the laborer who has been long enough In America to know lib opportunities hat fuond It the boot place for wagon In the world , la there any example In the history of the world of uny nation situated like our who has taken the tttc [ > toward which wo are Invited. Pouio gentlemen , perhaps , are hastening to say that England affords ua the needed example , that we have but to turn to her history mid find all that vo need by way of example , just as In the statements of her political economists wn shall llnd ull that Is nccehbury for advice , for guidance and In- Btructon. | Mr. Speaker , I have looked there und I am amazed to find how little iho ex ample of England can teach. " After quoting statistic. ) to show the grout rise In wages blnro 1860 , Mr Heed continued "The truth In that this very nutation of ililns wages U wlmt makes u food many free traders. People ple with fixed Income * think that anything which raised wages In Inimical to them and manufacturers who have foreign markets are naturally anxious to have wages on the for eign standard. I confess to you that this question of wages Is to me the vital question. To Insure our growth In civilization and wealth wo must not only have wages as high as they are now , but constantly and steadily Increasing. This desire of mine for con stantly Increasing wages does not have Its origin 1 n love fdr the Individual , but In love for the nation. AMERICAN MARKET THE BEST. Mr. Reed eulogized the American market as the best In the world , owing to the high wages paid hero enabling worklngmen to purchase largely of ( he comforts of life. "Instead of Increasing this market. " he said , "by leaving It to the steady Increase of wages which the figures of the Ahlrlch report HO conclusively show , and which have not only received the sanction of the mem bers from New Yr.rk , the secretary of the treasury and the democratic bureau of sta tistics , by this action the committee pro poses to lower wages and to lessen the mar ket and then divide that market with some body else , and all for the chance of getting the markets of the w/irlit. To add to the Interesting Impossibilities of this contention the orators on the other side say they arc going to maintain wages. Are not wages the cost of production ? If the dlfferenco between the cost of production here and In England bo not equalized by the duty , then our coit of production must go down or we must go out. Our laws have Invited money and men and we have grown great and rich thereby. The gentleman from Illinois ( Mr. Illack ) has not liked that men come here , and he does not want them to come ; hence ho Is willing that our wages shall be low- -wed to keep people away. Well , this Is not the time to discuss immigration , but while people are comlng , 1 am glad they have not yet Imbibed the gentleman's Idea and have not yet begun to .clamor for lower wages. "To sum It up. If this protection gives us money and men , and our vast country needs both , It may show why wo have so wonderfully prospered. If It docs , I am Inclined to think that the way to have jobs hunting men Is to keep on making new mills and trying to prevent the committee on ways and means from pulling down old ones. WHAT ABOUT THE FARMER ? "But"yltat about the fanner ? Well , on that subject I do not profess any special learning , but there Is one simple statement I wish to make and leave the question there. If , with cities growing up like magic , man ufacturing villages dotting every eligible seat and all swarming with mouths to be filled , the producers of food are worse off than when half this country was desert , I abandon sense In favor of political economy. "Other things I have noticed In this de bate. When the gentleman from Kansas ( Mr. Simpson ) gets a little money ahead , he does not put It Into stocks In these Im mensely profitable manufactures. He has too much sense. He adds it to his farm and has told us so. Example Is richer than pre cept. If the hope of agriculture is In Eng lish free trade , they had better ponder on the fact that while the wages of artisans have Increased In England $2.43 per week since 1850 , the wages of agricultural laborers have ojily Increased 72 cents , and while the Lancashire operatives In the factories live as well as anybody except Americans the agricultural laborers are hardly better off than the continental peasantry. England's example will not do for agriculture. CLAIM THAT WAS NEVER MADE. "Here let me meet some other questions , and let me meet them fairly. Wo are charged w ith having claimed that the tariff alone will raise wages. Wo have never made such a claim in any such form Free traders hu\o set up that claim for us In order to triumphantly knock It over. What we do say' Is that where two nations have equal skill and equal appliances and a mar ket nearly equal , and ono of them can hire labor at one-half less , nothing but a tariff can maintain the higher wages , and that wo can prove. We'are the only rival that Eng land fears , for wo alone have In our borders the population and the wages , the raw material , iind within ourselves the great market which Insures to us the most Improved machinery. Our constant power to increase our wages insures us also con tinuous progress. If you wish us to follow the example of England , I say yes with all my heart ; but her real example and noth ing less. Let us keep protection as she did until no rival dares to Invade our territory , and then wo may take our chances for a future whldh by that time will not be un known. "Nobody knows BO well as I do how much I have failed to present even an Idea of the great argument which should control this vote. I have said not a word of the great fall of prices which has always come from the competition of the whole world rendered possible by protection and substituted for the competition of a single Island. I have said not a word of the great difference between the attitude of employers who find their own workmen tholr best customers In their own land , and who are , therefore , moved by their own best Interest to glvo their workmen fair wages , and those who sell abroad are therefore anxious for low wages at home , and on whom works unrestricted the per nicious doctrine that as wages fall profits rise. These and much more have I omitted , for there Is a limit to all speaking. Wo know that to effect this tribunal we all of us plead In vain. Why we fall let thos"3 answer who read the touching words of Abraham Lincoln's first Inaugural and remember that he pleaded In vain with these fume men and their predecessors. Where ho failed wu cannot expect to suc ceed. But though wo fall hero today , like our great leader of other days. In the larger field before the mightier tribunal which will finally and forever decide this question , wo shall bo more than conquerors. For this great nation , shaking off as It has once before tlm Influence of a lower civlUratlon , will go on to fulfill Its high destiny until over the south , as well as over the north , shall be spread the full measnro of that amazing prosperity which is tlin wonder of the world. " , CHEERED TO THE ECHO. Throughout Mr. Heed's speech ho was frequently Interrupted with applause and at times the democrats joined In' the gen eral laughter ot his wittier passages. When at 1:30 : o'clock he glanced at the clock which noted that his tlmo had expired , the elo quent republican entered upon his brief peroration. There was an Intense stillness throughout the house. His closing lefer- once to Lincoln was made ! n u low voice , which could hardly have been raught had not every ear on the floor and In the gal leries been strained to catch every word. As ho closed , his left hand was raised high In one of the few gestures which had marked his speech. As his hand fell and the speech closed there was a burst of applause which swelled into a tumultuous demonstration as the enthusiastic galleries gave shouts , hur rahs and sharp whistles , which are often heard In theaters , but seldom In the halls of congress. Mr. Reed bowed his acknowledgement to the demonstration , and without resuming his scat or waiting for the many hand shakes to congratulate htm , ho made his way back to the republican cloak room , Half way up the aisle ho was met by a page bearing u hugo basket of American Beauty and La Franco roses. Again ho bowed his acknowl edgements , as the flowers brought out an other hurst of applause , Then a mass of roses were placed nn Mr. Reed's desk and ho retired to the cloak room , whore he was the renter of conEratulatory demonstrations by his rnlluagued , lasting many minutes. WHEN ORISP AROSE. While the demonstration was going on. Speaker Crisp relinquished the chair In Mr. Hatch ot Missouri mid assumed tha old scat which ho occupied In the days before ho was elevated to the Hpeakershlp. When he uroso In his place ho received an ova tion. Symmetrical In form , dignified In bearing , with a broad , well-poised head , fringed with a touch of stiver hair on the bltlvH , upon u pair of square shoulders , ho looked the jndlcul-mlhdeJ ; man he Is. Un til he warmed up he spoke with the hesita tion of a man weighing each word , and with u perceptible tremor ot thu lips. As ho be came aroused , however , ho displayeJ more freedom uud cu&o until the words came in n perfect torrent , firfefiR rotdstlossly over the opposition , A _ Mr , Crlin proceeded , ho was given BcnorounnmilauRe , by his demo cratic associates on ) tlio floor , but hU points were of nn arjnmcntatlve | character , which appealed to tficj&tudonts of the ques tion , rather than -ttii * galleries. Ho read from the minority report and criticised that feature which declared that the foreigner paid the tax. In particular , the speaker addressed himself to the ex-spcaker.although the latter was still hold In the cloak room by the congratulatory i handshakes ot hla friends. ( CRISP REPLIES TO REED. "Mr. Speaker. " be.an Mr. Crisp , "I feel embarrassed at this" vast audience here as sembled , embarrassed In the Idea that I may not bo able to fulfill the expectations of my friends when I undertake , In the period allowed by the rules ot the house , to answer , to reply to , and make corrections to this house , of the errors In the argument to which we have just listened. "I assume that the cause of protection has no more able advocate ; I assume that the arguments for protection can bo put In no moro forcible form than that In which you have heard them put today , and I shall ask you dispassionately to examine with me that argument and then ask the judgment ot the house as to 'Whether the cause at tempted to bo sustained can be established consistently with right and justice to the people of the United'States. ' " After his opening Introductory remarks , Mr. Crisp declared tlmt an examination of the protective system would show that while It was built for the ostensible benefit of labor , It was , Inf truth , constructed for the benefit of the jmanufaclurlng classes. IIo pointed out tlmt the wages of the laborers in protected Industries went down and those In unprotected Industries went up as a result of the McKlnley net. This was shown by the statistics gathered by the senate committee on finance. The speaker referred to 'thp artificial conditions created by protection. ' "It took men , " jio said , "from their natural channels anS diverted them to un natural channels. Tlie same was true In the diversion made In the channels of trade. Protection was a Cjilneso wall which not only shut out the world , but shut in the United States. " 1 * THIRTY YEAIlSbF PROTECTION. Mr. Crisp was greeted with applause when he said that the thlfty years of protection was a period of uptest , during which the masses of the peopje had constantly re belled against the heavy burdens of taxation. The people had always been stilled at the polls by the republican promise to reduce the tariff , but once successful at the polls , the republican legislators surrendered them selves to the manufacturing classes. The speaker declared that the gentleman ( Mr. Reed ) had throughout his speech refrained from the arguments of reason and given way to those of prejudice. He pointed to the Chinese as an example of what had re sulted from a protective policy of hundreds of years , which had , been thought to make China rich by trading' with herself. Mr. Crisp bald that for twenty-live years the democratic party had been trying to get Into power. Jt had told Uio pcoplo that If given power It would reduce iho bur dens of the nation. The people 1-nd ac cepted this promise and ijlven the party poyver. This tariff nas the rvleinptlon of these pledges to th&j people. ( Applause. ) It was not a perfect bill , lint ! t was a stepIn the right direction , In 'refuting to the' various fcatut'ps(6f iho 1)111 ) , . he spoke of an income tax , i nlch brought Uit long and loud applause" from iho nirong'Mncoino tax element In , the. he-use. He cited a speech of Senator Sherpian twenty years ago to the effect that a tax which tdll , heaviest on consumption atlid ill < . $ $ < ot bear > r heavily on the .QiitiJi'AncI4neqaies.'ot.tli country , , was instrinuically wrong. Mr. Crlap Biipporled"the' income' tnx vigorous terms. He said $30,000,000 of a tax on accumulated , wealth wanbut , a i mall ( rib- ' ute In return for the benefits ltitc , 'ived. Mr. Crisp closed with an eloquent appeal to his democratic associates to waive minor objections and to look at the great demo cratic principles involved. "Let us stand' together , " he said. "Let us redeem our pledges. Let us pass fills bill and It will bring gladness to the consuming masses , to the farmer , to the -laborer and to the American people. " There was a triple round of applause as the speaker closed. A page walked toward him with a large potted plant with red flowers above , surrouiuled with white roses below. The applause continued for more than a minute , during which time Mr. Crisp was warmly congratulated , ' He left the body o'f the house and returned to the speaker's desk , . * MR. WILSON'S ARGUMENT. Mr. AVllson at orfce arose to close the do- bate. IIo was greeted Vflth great cheering. He showed no signs of the fatigue to which he has been subjected. Io was In fine trim , and In an animated speech which permit ted him to open wlh ( humorous and sarcas tic remarks , his replies to Mr. Burrows of Michigan and Mr Dolllver of Iowa were greatly relished by the house. Mr. Wilson said Mr. Heed had forsaken his usual course of congressional procedure and had recited a sot oration , with the old set phrases of protection "slicked over with the pale hue of philosophy. " l Turning to the subject In hand , Mr. Wil son eloquently portrayed the advance of freedom. This bill , ho said , was but ono of these advances. ! No McKlnloy bill could stem the advance of hmnan progress. Great causes could not bo laughed or ridiculed away , and the gen tleman from Maine ) could lot draw from hla armory of sarcasm and wit enough to stop the cause of lightening' the burdens of tax ation. Referring to the Income tax , Mr. Wilson said ho had not wanted It attached to this bill , but once so attached , ho supported it with all the loyalty at his command. There was continued applause as Mr. Wilson denied the charges of sectionalism in the bill. Ho said that the animating feeling of these who had framed the bill was to make this country one In which no man woujd bo taxed for another , ono In which religion , science , culture and educa tion would go hand In hand as the common untaxcd heritage of every citizen. Mr. Wilson closed with an eloquent ap peal to his fellow democrats , Ho told them that th records ot thu house would perma nently recoril'iio passing event , but a great epoch In American history. He wanted every democratic namp. recorded on that historic roll. In that casje , ho suld , the day would bo a proud and , happy ono for him. His closing words'w-fre. : "In the name of honor , In the nameof , freedom , I summon every democrat to Vot6 for this bill. " AROUSED THJ DEMOCRATS Mr. Wilson's Klayfjn .peroration aroused , the democrats In the .galleries to the high est pitch of cnthUEinin , and the demonstra tion which followed "tils " last words has seldom been equaled in the house. The whole democratic sldd rose to its feet , books and records were thrown In the air , cheer after cheer , tjho jieople In the gal leries joining with Vuico , und hands In the tribute. Before Mr. , AVllson could sit down three of the democratic members bubbling over with enthualflsm MeBsrs. Johnson ot Ohio , Tucker of Vlrglnlji and Bryan of Ne braska rushed up the , aisle , lifted Mr , Wilson up on lhair Boulders and carried him in triumph to the rear of the hall , where for ten minutes ho listened to the words of praise shOTr red Upon him. It was a ronuirkahlo demonstration In every respect. , The tlmp. had not arrived to vote on the blp and-pending amendments , but the disorder was BO great that the scr- cennt-at-arms was called upon to clear the aisles , and the wlve.i of members , who had been allowed on the floor , were obliged to retire. It took twenty minutes to restore order so the niibllc business could proceed. The speaker thjti announced that thcro were two pending amendments that of the com mittee on wayi" and means'to increase the duty on barleyfrom 20 to 25 per cent ad valorem and on barley malt from 25 to 35 per cent , and the amendment of Mr. Tawney , to Increase the duty to 22 cents per bushel on barley and 33 on barley malt. VOTE ON TIB AMENDMENTS. The first vote woa taken on Ihe Tawnoy amendment , which was loat upon a yea und nay vote by 120 ( o 197. The committee lOOSTl-SUEU 03 BUCOXD I'AUK.J NICTIIEROY IS CAPTURED Ono of the Strongholds of the Government in the Enemy's ' Hands. SERIOUS BLOW FOR PRESIDENT PEIXOTO Current In II 104 Ayres tlmt tlio i'iillimp Oeeupled This Import ant City In Itlo Itiiy-flciieriinirnt Troop * Dedertlng. BUENOS AYRES , Feb. 1. It Is reported hero that the town of Nlcthcroy , which has long been the object of the main attack upon the part of the rebels at Rio do Janeiro , has yielded to the Insurgents , who have occupied It with their forces. No confirmation or denial of this report Is obtainable at the time this dispatch Is sent. But It has been rumored hero for some days that the Insurgents had been suc cessful at Nlctheroy , and It has even been asserted that the government troops had joined Issue with the rebels. A dispatch dated January 29 , received hero from the Associated press correspondent nt Hlo , says that the danger to Nlcthcroy Is not what It Is supposed to bo. According to the correspondent the heavy guns efFort Fort Vlllcgalgnon and of the Aquldaban and Tamadaro are harmless , as they have llrcjl thousands of shoto at Fort Santa Cruz , at the entrance ot the harbor , during the rebel lion and out of that number only ono shot has taken effect. In conclusion , the correspondent pays that whllo the tube of the dynamite cruiser Is terribly dangerous , the result of the coming engagpments depends upon thu efficiency of the secondary batteries of the \essel. On the other hand the correspondent telegraphs that the" " dynamite cruiser Nlctheroy , to gether with nine gunboats and torpedo catchers , comprising the government fleet , have on board of them veteran sailors who ara fine shots and that their rapid flru guns would drill a hundred holes In the ships of the enemy In n very short tlmo. A dispatch from Hlo de Janeiro says the bombardment of the city continues. Brokers at Rio de Janeiro have cabled to La Plata urging that no cargoes bo received for Bahla. The revolution Is said to be gain ing ground. unxiiAjr.s owx VIMJ.SJON ; American Admlnil'H Account of the Hup- penliiKH III ltli > lliirlxir. WASHINGTON , Feb. 1. Secretary Her bert today gave out the following cable dis patch received from Admiral Benham on Tuesday : Hlo , Jan. 29. To the Secretary ot the Navy , Washington , I ) . C. : Two merchant vessels Saturday were preventd from goIng - Ing alongside the wharf. Today , G a. in. , sent the Detroit to the position that would protect vessels going alongside the wharf , and It fired upon to return the fire. My vessels under way and cleared for action. After the Detroit took possession , boat from ono vessel running line , preparatory to haul In , was fired upon with muskets from Insurgent ship. Detroit returned fire with one-pounder , shot striking under her bow. Insurgents fired broadside gun leeward. Later" , Insurgents flre broadsjde gun pver ' 'Anforlcah irierchant vessel. 'Detroit returned iie _ wjji muskes , striking tho' Insurgent Bterhpost. Passing by the insurgent leader was hailed , saying , "If you fire again I will return your fire and. If necessary , will sink you. " The Detroit anchored to com mand both vessels , ono merchant vessel having been carried to a position near the wharf and the tug having offered services gratulous to discharge the cargo. The insurgent leader was notified that these ves sels would discharge from the present posi tion , but my determination was not changed to glvo the American merchant vesselsi full protection to the wharf If they desire to go. BENIIAM. FROM MINISTER THOMPSON. Secretary Grcsham has received a dis patch from Minister Thompson nt Rio do Janeiro , confirming ( ho details of Admiral Benham's encounter with the Insurgents , After relating the story of the occurrence exactly as told In Admiral Bonham's dis patch to Secretary Heibert , Minister Thompson saya : Ilenhnm bus not Intervened In the least with the military or naval operations of either Hide , nor Is It his Intention to do so. He bus notified the Insurgents that it Is his duty to protect Americans and the com merce of the United States , and that be intends to do so , und says American ves sels must not be Interfered with In their movements , but they must take the con- flequenccH when getting In the line of fire where legitimate hostilities are actually In progress. I'ntll these rlghtB are accorded the Insurgents have no right to exercise authority over American vessels or prop erty. The right of the Insurgents to search neutral vessels or to Belzo any portion ot their c.irgo Is denied , even though they be within the class which may be defined us contraband of war , during hotitllltles be tween two Independent governments. Forci ble seizure of such articles In the present status of the Insurgents would constitute an act of piracy. Since the effective ac tion of Monday everything la quiet , the at tempted blockade of commerce and trade Is broken and the events move Binoothly. All thu foreign commanders concur as far ns I am advised. THOMPSON. Secretary Herbert sent the following dis patch to Admiral Benham : WASHINGTON. Feb. 1. IlENHAM , Rio : Further Information received from United States minister. Wu are satisfied entirely with the prudence rind Judgment with which yon have curried out Instructions and protected American commerce.Ve _ rely upon you for thu continued exercise of wise discretion . HERBERT. EXULTATION IN NAVAL CIRCLES. The feeling of pride and exultation In naval circles over the achievement of Admiral Benham and Commondcr Brownson at Rio Is displayed without any effect at conceal ment. It Is pretty well understood that the admiral has acted on his own discretion throughout the affair. After the firing on American merchantmen on Saturday , the admiral cabled the Navy department what ho proposed to do In view of certain con ditions. If any special Instructions were sent him or any special permission to pursue the course ho had Indicated , neither appears In the official correspondence as given out. The message sent hvTi today by Secretary Herbert Is an unequivocal commendation of his course In every particular , The con fidence ot the department In his capacity Is further shown by the fact that ho Is left entirely to his own discretion In the further cqnduct of affairs In the delicate tusk ho has embarked upon. The corrcspondenca made public today was given out after a confer ence between Mr. Herbert and the president. Minister Thompson's dispatch Indicates that Admiral Dunham docs not Intend to Interfere with actual hostilities directed Against Rio by tUo insurgents. The minister gays : "American vessels Inust take the consequonccn when getting in the line of fire when the legitimate hostilities are actu ally In progress. " SOME DOUBT EXPRESSED. Thcro la tome doubt expressed an to this statement being reconciled with that of the admiral himself , "To glvo American mer chant ve&sols full protection to the whurvea If they desire to go in. " U Is considered Benham's position pre cludes the right of the Insurgents to Inter fere with American merchant vessels or to prevent them landing their cargoes unless the Insurgents shall be accorded belligerent rights , that Is to say , any houtilltlen con ducted by the Insurgents that Interfere with the rlghtH of American merchantmen will be lablu | to bo xtopped by the American forced. U Wu Not Sll IT. SALT I.AKi : , IVti. 1A. . Ilaimuor of IhlH city , nh' , ii cumpany nun reported in huvc Inought twrlvtt i-arloaiU of ullvrr I'Ullmn from Mul'xj , KuyH | t nus lead tnillkn , ml nllviT If It liml Lci'ii t-i\er | bullion , f\ei ( > 0v llhf lie iaju the lot would h vo uintulncU ,8 nunew. Ad a imttor of WfeSwIip twelve Cftr- IrwOx wuni'liil ' , nil told , omj'"iCOO uunrca ul HllUT. n ITH .1 1'lro Demi I'jitu Up ii I.nrgn Ciuml Street Wnrrltimic I" C'hlrngo CHKIAGO , Feb. 1. Flro broke out this morning In the warehouse of Felix & Mars- ton , tile oldest willow and woodcnwaro house in he west. The building Is located on Canal rtrect nt .tho Intersection ot Hunry street , Is about 100x125 feet In area , exendlng back to the Pcnsylvanhi. company's track. Owing to tlio Infhimablo contents of the building It appeared nt an early hour that the loss would bo very heavy and the tire department rent in a general alarm , Within an hour and a half after the dis covery of'tlio blaze the stock was a total loss and the building badly damaged. The total loss Is $130.000 , the damage to stock being $ ! JO,000 and to the building , $50,000 About twenty-five employes were In the building when the fire started and the flames spread so rapidly that escape by means of the elevator was eut off and the men were only rescued with difficulty. Two of thu employes were badly burned and seri ously cut In making their escape through n window. They are : WILLIAM SNOOKS , burned and Injured Internally ; may die. Fred Smith , burned and badly cut ; will probably recover. Ono of the walls In falling burled two frame dwellings , crushing them beneath the bricks and burning timbers. The occupants of the cottages narrowly escaped with their lives , and their household effects arc a total loss. Delaware , O. . Feb. 1. A serious fire broke out In Prospect last night , and before the blaze could bo extinguished the opera house , valued at $3,000 , electric light plant , $10,000 , Cook's residence , $10,000 , and the entire wardrobe , valued at $2,000 , belonging to the English Folly company were de stroyed. There there was no Insurance. S. W , Wyntt , part owner of the burned prop erty was struck by falling electric light wires and seriously Injured. The blaze caught In the dressing room of the opera house as the company was preparing for the evening performance. St. Louis , Feb. 1. At nn early hour this morning yard No. 5 of the Hydraulic Press Brick company , located off King's highway , near the Frisco railway tracks , was com pletely destroyed by lire , resulting In a loss to the company of about $50,000. The burned property consisted ot clay sheds , drying loom , and two brick engine houses , with all the machinery. The yards had a capacity of 55,000 bricks a day and fifty men will be thrown out of employment. The building : ) will be rebuilt at once. Atchlson , Kan. , Feb. 1. Crook's ele vator ut Vermllllon , Kan. , ono of the larg est on the Central branch , burned last night. It was partially filled with grain , and y's supposed to have been fired by the tramps. ir////.s \ni.i. \ XOT fio. to Attend n CYleliratlon of then - rsiiry uf lliiuuU'M Inilept'iiilenee. SAN FRANCISCO , Feb. 1. The brig C. W. Irwln arrived from Honolulu late this after noon , bringing advices to January 17 , five days later than the last advices received here by the steamer Jlonowol January 19 , as follows ! ( Copyrighted 1S94 by the Associated Press)1 HONOLULU. Jan. 17.Slnco last advices but llttlo of Importance has happened here . The people are preparing for a grand "blow out" In celebrationof , the anniversary ottho establishment of the provisional government , established n year ago. The Annexation c'ub and American'league have-gono'into the cele bration with n will. Adverse comment has been created by the fact that yesterday afternoon notlco was sent to the United States minister and the captains of the United States men-of- war Philadelphia and Adams by the pro visional Government , that the 17th of Jan uary was the national holiday , and asking them If they would honor It with public notice and .salutes from the warships. At 4 p. in , yesterday the reply of Minister Wil lis was received , stating that ho found It Impossible to be present to participate In the celebration. Upon receiving this mes sage the wildest excitement prevailed In government circles. The situation at the present writing is one In which the unnexutlonlsta are standing shoulder trt "shoulder. The royalist ques tion remains , can this iitralned condition of affairs last ? It will bo hard to decide with both parties claiming the vantage. Minister Willis has undoubtedly decided against the Americans hero , and , on the other hand , the American party has de cided against Minister Willis and Consul General Mills. The fight Is still on and the result will be Interesting. im.r in : OVHTRD FMISI New OIllrlnlH for llu > American Straw llourd Company Will Hu Klectod. CHICAGO , Feb. 1. President Barber and the present directory of the American Straw Board company may bo retired from the management at , tomorrow's meeting of the stockholders If an election Is reached. The opposition claim to have $3,500,000 of the $0,000,000 capital stock. The balance of power Is hold by a committee from Utlca , N. Y , It has been examining the con dition of affairs and announced this evening It would vote against the retention of the present board. In the afternoon President Barber and General Manager Swlnoarton were compelled to enter Into u 'detailed defense of the com pany's business , nud Treasurer Mnoro de manded an Investigation of his accounts. President Barber and his a--so.'lUos were accused of bringing about a demoralization of the stock , The report of General Manignr ? w near- ton showed tha total net earnings of the year to bo $ ' 143,000 , $320,000 of the amount having been made during the first six month of the year. .SMV.S TIIK .v/-v .IKK I'.V/M.I.SO.V.I/I/B. 1) . II. MolTiit Will CliiNii Illn Crlpplo Creek .Mine I'ntil nn Agreement IH Ileiielied. DUNVIIll , IVIi. ] . ! > . II. Mofnit. tirvHlilrnt and ottiier at Ihe Victor mini ) tit Oilpidc ( 'rci-k.xald of iho I'rlpplo Cieel ! ittilUe : 'Tho minor * nro veiy uiileimomiMo In tlu'lr ilem.iml fur ulcht lioiiin with u-n JifniiH | > . .iy.Vo have dry mines and i > ay ? ! fur nln IIOIIIH work , \\lillu nt l.oail- \llln Miil , iilhi-r iiiniiiilalii camps mm work in net inliu'H for J-.VI ID1 fur a day ut ten IKUIIU. I will not l ) dlctiiti-il lu.imd If thn men mo not Bntlslled with my l > rnn I " 'III oloio dim n every , mine 1 liuvo In tlm cnmi > imil keep them cloned until 1 em run thorn peaceably and on my own tonn.i , CMMI If II lnke inn live yeum ( o do It , " lialded nn AimrelilHtlo Den , P1TTSBURG , Feb. 1 , It has been dlocov- cred that the anarchistic don that has been raided by county deputies at Bowers' Hill In the Mansfield coal valley , was the head quarters of a Kocloty chartered under the laws of Pennsylvania. It Is called the Spirit of the Now Times society , and was chartered a year ago as u protective and beneficial or- ganUatlon. .Minister HCHCIIU mi ( iiHiilt. SPRINGFIELD , 0 , , Feb. 1. ( Special Tele gram to The Bee , ) Rev. J. W. WaUrin.whllo conducting revival bervlces at Yellow Springs laBt night , was called a fool und a liar by Bandy Pettlford. Watson marched dc-wi ; the aisle , pulled Pnttlford out of his pew and pounded him with his fist until the congre gation Interfered , Lumbermen DUeus * the limtr.'incp Plan. MINNIIAl'Ul.lH , rub , J. The NoitliWDntarn lunilu > rmrn"H iiwwiel.iilun 1M inoinlim dUciiHiy , ! tlio mutual ln unimi , | il.in , which uas flunlly ndnptiil. Tlm plan l iiiutinil and Ihe ladlll lu > iilKiut 4 * > leiitit Inrti'Ud uf II. 4U , an now ) > .iM In the htiw-U. i-otiiuinli | > , II ull ! ho nnviiwiry to i M nl i'D.V" ) i\ith of jmllclto Iwriirc ln. ! ' c' < \ \Varnmii III. li.N\ll ; ; ( , Veli 1 CyVaniun , thf IHIII of lli < - II , Uiir uui liikui vuddrnlv 111 Buinlay und ) < ii" If u | , 'i iurlnii-1 cjiitllllon Mr Wurman jyrrnih F .vi'icd Ml a mruHura from n eovru fettr uuu nc u nuw > urferlnic from a relupie. DA GAMA'S ' PROTEST His Note Addressed to the Officers of tha Foreign Fleets. THINKS HE HAS BEEN UNJUSTLY TREATED Claims that They Have Broken a Compact Eutarotl lutj with Him. ADMIRAL BENHAM DEFINES HIS POSITION Ho Will Not Interfera in the Progress cl' Logitimatj Warfare. ) VILL PROTECT AMERICAN SHIPPING 1IU inilumtiiiu to ( ho limtrgentM Wan. Inn firing on ViMHr-N of Tills Coun try Will lli > Ui'Mcnlril-Kuiiiurx . from HID l.uncl of Win * . , 1S3I , l > u thAfswlntfd'ir.in.1 UIO 1)B JANEIRO , Feb. 1. Tlio following Is the loiter which .Admiral da Gaum sent to tlio confercnco of tlio navnl commanders o the various nations represented here to dis cuss the action of Admiral Ucnham In pro tecting American vessels which wished to BO to their wharves without Interference on the part of the Insurgents. DA OAMA'S NOTB. "At the beginning of tlio revolution tlio city of Hlo do Janeiro was defended by Bit nold pieces and was at the mercy of the squadron of the hnrhor. Tlio chiefs _ of the foreign naval fleets In a collective and unanimous note declare * ! they would oppose with force a bombardment unless It was provoked from the land On learning of this , President I'elxolo withdraw his field pieces , and by a stratagem begun the work of fortifying the city with numer ous and heavy guns. The work was begun secretly and was completed openly. All the hills In thu city were marked by formica tions and the monasteries and factories wcro converted Into fortresses. Trenches were ( lug In the sand and other methods wcro taken to make the city secure. Along with these measures It was reported It was the In tention of the government soon to open flra on the squadron. " After making this statement da Oama , In his communication , asked : "Aro the con ditions the same ? Are not you to blame for the change ? Should you not force Pelxoto to keep his compact ? The task oC thn squadron Is more arduous , bloody anil dangerous , but wo do not falter. "Our compact will ho kept , but wo reserve the right to reply to the city batteries when they deserve It without notlco. The blame WILL NOT WANTONLY INTEUFEHE. Admiral Renham sent word to Admiral da Gama that ho would not Interfere wlO _ his military operations and would only object" when he fired on American ships for the purpoho of frightening them. , from going to their wharves. . Admiral , Benhanl s ys no"compact' oxlqtf } b'etween the commanders of the foreign fleets. They withdrew from their agreement for the protection of the city against bom bardment by the Insurgent vessels monllm ago. The admiral says ho him asked hlH government at Washington whether ho shall Insist upon notlco being given by the Insurgents previous to any at tempt to bombard the city. IIo thinks that as Rio do Janeiro IH fortified ho will not bo Justified In Interfer ing with any movement on the part of Ad miral da Oama. It la evident the com manders of other fleets are also doubtful on this point , as they have also asked for In structions from their governments. Admiral Donham has warned the com manders of American ships In the harbor n bombardment Is possible. Ho has told them what they should do and Indicated to what extent ho would protect them. The Insurgents have obtained fresh pro visions. There has been a smart oxchangii of shots between the insurgent squadron and the government forces. Both the Insurgent ships Tjimnndaro and Aquldaban were strnolc and slightly damaged. The Insurgents are making preparations to effect a landing. Tlio telegraph wires have been cut. tiOUl.lt SOT A11URR' Jury In the. CIIH of SleNiinmru , tlio Antl- rutliollu I.eeturer , Vailed of n" Verdict. KANSAS CITY , Feb. 1. The hearing of J. V. McNamara , an ex-priest of the Catho lic church , who Is charged with having ma liciously slandered Mother Vincent , Bishop Hogan and Father Llllls , and of having clr- clrculatcd foul and obscene literature , was begun In Justice NIcliol'H court this morning at Independence. Considerable difficulty was encountered In securing a jury , as most of the men called to servo In that capacity had read the IIOWB- paper accounts of McNamara'n lecture and the trouble ho encountered In having Urn flist hearing. The Jury was finally securc'd. however , and tha taking of evidence began late this evening. The Jury In the case disagreed and It It rumored that a big delegation of American Protective association men have Just left toe Independence , Trouble IH anticipated , A largo number of American1 1'rotectlvn association men who had hired a special train hero , arrived In Independence a llt- tlo after midnight and proceeded directly , to the court room. When they learned no verdict had been reached In McNamura'H case all show of trouble ceasud , the moil starting for Kansas City without making : any demonstration. Tonight a man named McMillan , a wit ness for the defense , who was Bomcwhaa under the Influence of liquor , was assaulted by a number of McNamiira'H opponents In front of a saloon. Ilenr bottles , stones and weapons of all kinds \\cra flying thick and fast. McMillan druw n revolver and fired two shots Into the crowd which dis persed , McMillan received some Injuries , but none wcro serious. It In believed no ono WUH hurt seriously. Hiinpeiidfd I'liyinent. ST. PAUL , Fob , 1. A Miller , S , I ) . , spo- clal to the Pioneer Press says' The Hand County bank suspended payment today , hav ing assigned In favor of 13. F. Saltiiuirsli and L , M. Whortor. The trouble la charged to the failure of the bank at Atlantic , la. , In which Cashier Hill was largely Interested. Liabilities , $10,000 to $30,000 , of which $11- 000 belonged to Hand county. The cash on hand at the tlmo of the assignment was $300. _ Woke Ui | tliu WrmiB I'reuelier. SPRIN Fimn > , O. , Fob. 1. J. W Wat son , a country dlvlno , whllo conducting n revival last night at Ytdlow Springs , WUM called a liar anil u fool by Sandy Puttlford , whereupon thcpreuchor marched down thu alslo and pulled Poltlford out of liln pew. Ha then pounded the disturber with hi , , , lists until members" of iho congregation In terfered. Miulo u UIg lliiul. FOIIK3T ( MTV , Ark. , Feb. 1. Early thin morning safe blowers blow open the Mfu of the Dank of Eastern Arkansas and He- cured about $500 In ullvcr and $1,000 In postage stumps , which tha post mauler hail placed there for safekeeping. ( 'onreMeil Their Crime , NinV VOIIK , Feb. 1.-Henry Scr-alch and William Slufer , for the past Blx years clerkti In thu real estate ofllco of William Flanagan , uro confiiHBftl dufuultei to the extent of $20,000 , Of UilH bum $15,000 has already been recovered.