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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE.
ESTABLISHED JUNE 10 , 1871. OMAIJA , WEDNESDAY MQll'NING , FEBRUARY 7 , 1801. ggiNGLE COPY FIVE CENTS. \ Hot Enough Members Voted in the House Yesterday for the McOreary Eesolution , DEMOCRATS COULD NOT GET A QUORUM They Needed Seventeen to Sustain land's ' Policy Toward Hawaii. REPUBLICANS REFRAINED FROM VOTING Leaves of Absence Withdrawn and Another Attempt Will Bo Made Today. GENERAL SICKLES GOES ON RECORD JIo f'oiidiiinm the timirnn of tlio AilmlnM. tratlmi In tlm AITiilr mill Voti-i * Agiilimt tlio ItcBoliitlnn Snmn Intor- tstlrii ; Spi-eihi-H Made. WASHINGTON , Feb. 6. The Hawaiian de bate was concluded today , but the entire resolution was not passed because of the failure of the democrats to secure a quorum when a vote wan taken. Much lcs opposi tion from the democrats developed than was j at ono tlmo expected. Only ono speech , that of General Sickles of Now York , was made In , opposition to the adoption of the resolution , although there was some passive opposition on the democratic sldo , as Indicated by the refusal of several of the democrats to answer to their names when the resolution was placed upon Its passage. The Hilt substitute , the Blair amendment and the motion made by Mr. Reed , to re commit the resolution were , In turn , voted down. When the vote came to bo taken on the main question , however , the adop tion of the resolution , the republicans re frained from voting and the democrats lacked seventeen of n quorum. Mr. Cum- mlngs of New York voted for Mr. Heed's motion to recommit , and Mr. Sickles against the McCreary resolution. Mr. Cummlng.i of New York , Mr. Geary of California and Mr. Cockrcll of Texas refused to go on record cither for or against the adoption of the resolution. These were all the Indications eliown today of a break In party lines In the Hawaiian matter. The populists voted generally with the ropub'Icans. ' Mr. Broder- Ick of Kansas was the only republican who declined to follow the leader of his party , and refrain from voting. Ho voted against the resolution. When the democrats found themselves without a quorum , they passed a resolution revoking the loaves of absence and then ad journed. They expect to have a quorum present tomorrow , ' At the opening this morning Ellis of Oregon asked unanimous consent for the con sideration of the senate bill to extend the tlmo allowed 'the ' Umattlla Irrigation com pany for the completion of Its canal acrosm the 'Umatllla Indian reservation In the state of Oregon , and the bill passed. After the call gf committees for reports , the Hawaiian debate was resumed , Mr. Outhwalto , democrat of Ohio , taking the floor In support of the McCreary resolution. Ho took the position that Minister Stevens' , In ordering the troops ashore at the tlmo of the revolution , had been guilty of nn act of war ; that In be traying the government to which ho had ueen Acurudtteil , ho had been guilty of treachery , and that In scheming with the sugar Interests to overthrow n weak mon archy with a view to annexation , ho had been guilty of cowardice. Ho analyzed the events of the revolution Itself to show Mr. Stevens' zeal on behalf of the revolution ists. The subsequent nttemps to rush the Hawaiian Islands Into the United States , ho said , wore marked by mock licrolsm at Honolulu and mock patriotism In Washing ton. Ho hoped when the gentleman from Indiana ( Mr. Johnson ) , wrote his opera , ho would- not forget to blaze on the banners of the chorus girls $12 per ton on sugar. " "I might Include your speech , " Interrupted Mr. Johnson amid a rlpplo of amusement. "It would certainly provo n laughable feature of my comic opera. " Mr. Outhwalto challenged the production of n single scintilla of evidence to provo that Mr. Cleveland , In , the Inauguration of n policy which had for Its purpose the right ing of n national wrong , ever contemplated the use of force. MR. CULDERSON SPI3AKS. Mr. Culbcrson of Texas , chairman of the Judiciary committee , followed Mr. Outh walto nnd was listened to with great atten tion. When Mr. Cleveland was Inaugurated , said ho , an extraordinary condition of affairs with reference to Hawaii existed. A treaty of annexation had been negotiated and sent to the senate. Tlio transaction was Incomplete. The treaty was based upon the report of Secretary Foster. It was Mr. Cleveland's right and duty to Inves tigate that report , already questioned. All the considerations ot national honor de manded that ho exercise that right and dls- chnrgo his duty. The main question before- the house wau whether the evidence fur nished demonstrated the falsity of the report. If It was fnlfo and the fact could ha made to appear that the revolution was accom plished by the lawless act of our minister , then the meaning of that treaty wns an inoxciiKitblo blunder nnd Mr. Stevens' action was n crime against the United States. All the evidence , ho went on , showed that Secre tary Foster's icporl was erroneous and un reliable , that Mr. Stevens was a revolutionist nnd a conspirator and that the landing of the troops to protect American life and property was a mere pretext nnd disguise to mnko possible the biiecoaa of the projected usurpation. Mr. Storer of Ohio , a republican member ot the committee on foreign affairs , said that what occ.irrod In Hawaii In Jnnunry , 1S93 , was n small matter compared with what had occurred In Washington since March , 1893 , Mr. Storor made an argument against the president's power to confer on Mr. lllount diplomatic authority without nominating him for confirmation by the Ecnato In the regular way. Mr. Kvcrutt of Massachusetts , also a member of the foreign affairs com mittee , took the position that the Hawaiian revolution was accomplished through the sympathy of Mr. Stevens and the Intimida tion produced by the landing of tin Amor- lean troops. PAST POLICY OF THK GOVHRNMn.N'T. Mr. Loud , republican , of California , who followed , contended that partisanship should have no place In the determination ct a question whcro patriotism alone should relKii. The American Interest In Hawaii was paramount. Down to Mr. dlcvrland'R administration the policy of the United EtntcH had always looked to nn ultimate annexation , r.ven Mr. Merrill , Mr. Cleve I land's first minister to Hawaii , received Instructions , both written and verbal , tn court the most friendly relations \vltlf Hawaii with a view to ultimate annoxatlon. Mr , Loud nail the annexation ucheme , In htcail ot bolng supported by the sugar mrn , wns opposed by them , Mr. Turner , democrat , of Georgia made an Impassioned speech. The revolution of our countrymen In Hawaii , Bald ho , was not against oppression. Itwas a conspiracy which overthrow ami trampled under foot a constitutional form of government undT \\hlch our countrymen there had flourished and prospered. And what was the condition there newT Tlio constitution wa eiuponlo.l , the queen was dethroned , even the writ of habeas corpus was suspended , and every resident In tl.o Islands was disfranchised , What sort of a spirit of liberty was Invoked on this floor , asking the house to stand up for such defiance of liberty and constitu tional prerogative , nn'd It was the work of our countrymen ? ( Democratic applause. ) Mr. Turner paid n high tribute In the courxo of his remarks to the ability nnd In tegrity of Mr. lllount , who had been maligned and even characterized by the gentleman from Malnu ns a "Georgia politician. " ATTACKI5D CLEVELAND'S POLICY. Mr. Sickles , democrat , of Now York then got the floor nnd made the first speech on the democratic sldo against the McCreary resolution. It tlio resolution which the house was asked to pass confined Itfelf to the past and present , he- said , In opening , ho would havci remained silent , Ilut It went further. It had an Important bearing on the future. Ho did not believe that ono administration was n court of ap peals or a court of review for the acts of a previous administration. ( Re publican applause , ) Ho should look forward with regret to a possible review five years hence ot the acts of Cleveland and lllount ns ho now saw with surprise nnd regret an attempt to review the acts of President Harrison nnd Minister Stevens , both of whom were now out of olllce. The present government of Hawaii , he continued , was recognized by the United States ns a legitimate government nnd Its authority was unquestioned. "I do not agree with this resolution. " continued Mr. Sickles emphatically , "and I will not vote for It. ( Republican applause. ) As long flgo ns ] 8fiO I heard Governor Marcy nay the Sa'nd- wlch Islands should not belong to any other power and would eventually belong to us , and I agreed with him then , nnd I ngreo with hm now. " ( Republican applause. ) Mr. DeForest * vt Connecticut endorsed tlio action of the administration. Mr. Hepburn ot Iowa said the resolution which the democratic house proposed to pass condemned Minister Stevens on ox parto evi dence secured by Mr. Hlount ; evidence that ho would not have been warranted In using before any court. At 2:30 : o'clock Mr. Hooker , democr.it , of Mlsslsislpppl was recognized for an hour tor the closing speech of the debate. Mr. Hooker , who Is a member of the for eign affairs committee , called attention to those features of the Hawaiian tro.itv sub mitted by ProsHnnt Harrison -.Oilcli p.ivo a queen , $1CO,000 16 Hie royal prinoess and as- penslon of $20,009 per year to the dethroned sinned the Hawaiian debt of over f,1.nOl > , CCO. Ho argued at length the existence of a con spiracy , which , having accomplished Its usurpation of the functions of t'.avcrnment , proceeded to divide up the spoils. In the course of his speech , Mr. Hooker paid a high tribute to Mr. lllount. In con cluding he delivered a glowing euiogy of Mr. Cleveland for his .lovotlon to truth and honesty. Mr. Hooker received a lound of applause as he took his so-it. The hour of 3:30 : having nrrl-o.l , ncroicling to the special order , the vote was taken. Three resolutions were pending. T ! e first was the majority ( McCreary ) resolution , as follov/s : MAJORITY RESOLUTION. Resolved .First , That It Is the sense of IhlH house that the action of the 1'nlted States minister In employing United States naval forces ) nnd Illegally aiding in over throwing the constitutional government of the Hawaiian Islands In January , 1S93 , unil settlns' up In Its place a provisional govern ment , republican In form , mill In opposition to the will of u majority of the people , was contrary to the traditions of our republic and the tplrlt of our constitution , and should be. nnd Is condemned. Second That we heartily approve the principle unnounced by the president of the United Stuten , that interference with the domestic nffalrH of nn Independent na tion Is contrnrv to the spirit of the consti tution , nnd It lu further tli-- sense of thlB house that the annexation of the Hawaiian Inlands to our country or the nsHiimptlon ot a protectorate over them by our govern ment Is 'uncalled for and Inexpedient ; that the people of the country should have ab- polute freedom and Independence In pursu ing their own lln ot policy , nnd that for eign Intervention In the political affairs of the Islands will not be regarded with In difference by the government of the United States. The second was the minority resolution , offered as a substitute for the McCreary resolution , as follows : Whereas , Executive communications to congress disclose that the executive depart ment IIIIH liistructcM a minister plenipoten tiary of the United States to conspire with a deposed nnd discarded monarch for the overthrow of a friendly republican govern ment , to which mild minister has been ac credited , duly recognized by all the civilized nations , and to which bis public Instrue- tloiiH pledged the good faith and sympathy ot the president , the government , and the people of the United Stales. HeHolved , That It Is the sense of thlB house that any such Intervention by the executive of the United States , 1(8 civil or military representatives , or olllcern , without authority of congress IH n dangerous nnd unwarranted Invasion of the rights and dig nities of the 'congresM of the Unlted.Statea , and a violation of the law of nations. And , further , that the manner of such attempted Intervention by the executive and the methods used are unworthy of the executive department of the United Slates , while the 'confessed Intent of such Inter vention IH contrary to tins policy and tradi tions of the republic ; ami the uplrlt of the constitution. To the last resolution Mr. Blair offered u substitute approving the recognition of the provisional government by both administra tions , and declaring for annexation. IU3SULT OF TUB VOTING. The vote was first taken on the lllnlr amendment , which was lost on a rising \oic 77 to 155. The ayes and nays wore to- cured on demand of Mr. Illalr. There was not a party break on either nldo on this vote , although General Sickles , and perhaps ono or two democrats , declined to respond to the call of their names. The vote was then taken on the minority ( Illtt ) resolution , which was ouoxvl as a substitute , It was lost first , on a rising vote US to JDS then on n > ea nnd nny vote 102 to 10. . As on the previous roll call , there was no breaking n\\ay froi'i party lines , The populists voted with the rcpiib- llcans. Upon the announcement of this result Mr. Reed moved to recommit , wlht Instructions to Investigate nil tlio facts In 1110 resolution offered by the committee , and no.y before the Mouse. 'Upon this motion to recommit , Mr. Cummlngs of Now York voted wltli the re publicans and Mr. Sickles refused to vote. It was lost. The vote then recurred upon the adoption of the majority ( McCreary ) icsoliiilon. The republicans , excepting Mr. liroderick of Kansas , sat sllont. refusing to vote. The populists also declined. Mr. Sickles voted against the resolutions , and Mr. Cummlngs of New York and Messrs. t'ockrell and Geary did not voto. The vote rc ultPd liO ( nycs to 2 nays. The democrats lacked seven teen of a quorum. Mr. McCreary moved n call of the luuso. Mr. Heed followed up llllbubinrlng by forcing a roll call. The call resulted IDS to 50. The call developed the prc.i ncu of 2-15 mcmiiors , the republicans'of course , answer ing to their names. During the rail of the names of absentees for excuses , Mr. Heed naked. In mtfcesslon , that cadi member who failed to reapond bo excused. For thirty minutes , whllo thnso re quests were being put to the house. . Mr , Reed delayed proceedings. The democrats were chafjng under tlm narcastlo lomarks of Mr. Kectfptmt the word was quickly > i' < > ubeil around that a resolution would Immediately be adopted to revoke the leaven of iihtciico , and hn wax allowed to procdud. AH soon as the rail was complied after all the absentees had been excused ut the re quest of Mr. Reed , Mr. . McCrary piruvnicd n resolution to revoke all leaves cf nbrciico except those grunted for tlckncit > s , and In structing the scrgonnt-nl-nrmH to telegraph absentees and reouoet their attendance. Mr , Heed's aim wan to huvo his trouble for lila palnx , and accordingly he made ilia point of order that under the ppcclal o'-der under which the house was operating , a ( ( ucnini having been disclosed , nothing was In t.rtler save to proceed with ihe voting. _ Mr , Uockory of Missouri , who was In the clmlr , overruled llio | jlnl of orlcr on the ground that und -r a rail of ( ho IOIIK.\ : not withstanding til" prticnrt1 of a quorum , It wan competent for the houty to tund for ab sentees. The resolution wan adopted , i.nd at 6:35 : tbc house adjourned. WILL TAKE A VOTE TODAY At Three O'Olock This Afternoonn Debate on the Elections Law Will Close , IT COULD NOT BE REACHED YESTERDAY Several .Senator * AVho Hint Not Spolicn on th .Subject Wiintcil to Ho llcnril I'rju DofcmlH Imrni > rt > Itcn- utatlun-Otlirr Spcukcm. WASHINGTON , Feb. C. The .senate did not como to a vote on the federal elections bill today as was anticipated. Several sen ators who had not hitherto spoken desired an opportunity to bo heard on the measure , and , by unanimous consent , the tlmo of gen eral debate was extended until 3 o'clock tomorrow. The chief event of the day wns the speech by Senator Fryo of Maine , defending the of ficial course nnd character of Chief Super visor Davenport ot Now York City nnd re futing the alleged slanders and calumny which he said had been heaped upon him by the democratic party for twenty years. Speeches were . also made by Senators Harris , Daniel , Turplo and Perkins. The bill repealing the federal elections law came up Immediately after the prelim inary business this morning , nnd Senator IIawley , republican , of Connecticut took the lloor In opposition to the bill. "Everybody knows that this bill Is to pass , " said ho. "In fact , Immediately after the triumph of the democratic party nt the polls at the last election It was known that this law would be repealed. This marks a distinct era In the history of this country at least as regards the ballot. It marks a now Interpretation of the constitution , upon provisions of the constitution supposed to have been settled beyond doubt for a hundred years. The very preamble of the constitution Is sufficient to Indicate that the power to make laws for the regulation of congressional elections is vested In.con gress. " Senator IIawley quoted the section of the constitution providing for 'tho election of members of congress nnd said : "Thero can bo nothing plainer than this. James Madl- con , ono of the greatest Interpreters nnd expounders of the constitution , said that this power In the national government was necessary In order to prevent Us own dis solution , lie said that this power was nec essary In order to perpetuate the national government. Dut It Is Raid that these laws are a failure ; that they have not succeeded. No law has ever succeeded In preventing offenses. There have been audacious crimes , committed In the last year In the northwest. When we consent to the dlsfranchlscment of citizens we do not say we can confine It to the south. When the people see the United States congress treating with dis respect any attempt to protect their vote , how easy a thing Is It for them to suppose that the end shall Justify the means In Now York or St. Louis or Hartford or Uoston. " Senator Perkins ( ft California spoke In opposition to the bill. Xo adequate reason had been given for the repeal of the law ; ho bald It had not been contended that It had deprived a single citizen of his right or onoortunltv to votn. Senator Daniel of Virginia said the people ple , by their candidates and their platform , appealed to the tribunal of the. people , and the decree had como that It should bo re pealed. DAVENPORT DEFENDED. Senator Fryo of Maine followe'd , and quoted from a Virginia democratic paper to show that wholesale frauds had been cam- mlttcd In Virginia recently. Continuing. Senator Fryo defended the character of John Davenport , chief supervisor of elec tions In Now York. "I have the greatest respect for him , " said he. "He Is fearless a M ° "tjr ' " ° fflce that ls . Senator Gray was willing , after some pressure , to consent to an extension .of the . hour If tlmo for the final vote could be nxod at 3 o clock tomorrow , but Mr. Stewart demanded that his bond resolution should not thereby lose Its place on the calendar -and Senator Berry raising the same poiiit In re gard to a measure In which he was Interested a controversy ensued which prevented any unanimous agreement for extension. Later on In the argument Senator Harris renewed his request that the final vote bo postponed until tomorrow , and by unanimous consent It was agreed that the general debate - bate should be extended until 3 p. m. tomor row , at which tlmo the vote on the amend ments and tile bill should bo the only thine In order. Senator Fryo then resumed his discussion of Davenport and rend n letter written some years ago by W. C. Whitney , recommend ing him for nn office of public trust. In , concluding his review of the life of Davenport Senator Frye said : "I admire him ; I believe In him , II has many of the finest qualities 1 have ever sean In a man. I believed a defense was his due , as ho was about to retire from public office. My only regret Is that It has been so meekly made by me. but It has been honestly made , and of that I can say no more. " Senator Turplo replied briefly to Senator Fryo and reiterated his charges against the character of the mon" appointed by Daven port. In Indiana the men appointed as deputy marshals were men who had lost an eye or an arm or a Ilnuor who had lost their eyes In attempting to force open win. ( lows and burglarize houses who had lost their arms and lingers Ii > stco ] traps and by their attempts nt robbery , theft and crime. I \ beginning his arguments In favor of the bill Senator Harris declared the state ments of Senator Chandler a few days ago In regard to the election frauds In tho. city of Memphis were unfounded , In fact , the courts having decided on that occasion no fraud had boon committed. Ho opposed the federal elections law because It was the exercise of n power never before vested In congress' by the constitution of the United States. The clause In the constitution was never Intended to give congress the power to regulate elections In the manner provided by the federal elections law. In Ha earlier and bolter days Massachusetts took the same position In Us Interpretation of tlio constitution , but It appearx to have changed Its opinion now. After a further brief ar gument on the constitutional phase of the question , Senator Harris , on account of Ill ness , was compelled to close. Senator Daniel replied to the reference that had been made by Senator Fryo In re gard to Virginia earlier In the day nnd do- nleil there had been any wholesale election frauds In that state. "Tho senator from Mill no seemed to think It was enough to read from a newspaper nnd then say : 'See how badly the elections law Is needed In that state. ' " At the close of Senator Daniel's speech the senate went Into executive session , after which the senate adjourned. Survey of AhiHkiiii lloitmlury , WASHINGTON , Feb. C. The president has sent to the senate a treaty negotiated with the representatives of the government of Great Drltnln for the extension of the tlmo for making thu survey of the bound ary line between Alaska and the lirUlsh possessions , The purpose of the survey late to set nt rest tome quenllons in dispute going back to the time of the ownership of Alaska by Russia and Involving claims by the two countries to the country along the line ut the Channel Islands. The commis sion was to have completed Its work by this fall. It has been found Impracticable to ac complish this , and the prcEont treaty ex tended the tlmo for another year. nnd Nominations , WASHINGTON , Feb. 0. The senate lu executive KOJEOU | today confirmed the fol lowing nominations : Thomas Moonlight of Kansas , to be envoy cxtr.or.llimry : nnd minister plenipotentiary to Uollvla ; First Lieutenant Samuel Heber , Ninth cavalry , to bfi flrwt , lieutenant by trans fer In the signal corps. * The president loclaV' sent the following nominations to the > onsto : Postmasters Cmrjfie ( < Coulter , Rluo Rapids , Kan. ; Johnl 0. ThrO.x , sr. . St. Charles , Mo. ; A. L. S ) olly , Sllvui City , N. M.J Ida L. Turner , Foft Worth , Tex. ISLAND ASll'CAHI.IST.i : . They Jlect and Trtljt Ipver tlio .Selgiilorngo L'ulini o Hill. WASHINGTON , Feb. 0. Secretary Car lisle , accompanied byj Representative tlland , appeared before the' house committee on Judiciary today. It , was developed later that the secretary's visit with Mr. Dland did not mean that the former Intended to lend his Influence to the passage ot the seignior- ago bill. They had met casually nt the sec retary's office , and as , Mr. Dland was going to the capital , Mr. ) Carlisle accompanied him for the purpose of talking over the Dland bill. This talb brought out the fact that the secretary wnn not strenuously op posed to the colnaga of the seigniorage , although he did not approve of some of the propositions In the bill , bywhich this added silver coinage' was to bo secured. It Is understood xthat the .secretary pointed out a flaw lu the first section of the bill , which Mr. Dland himself conceded should be modified , The section provides "that the secretary of the treasury shall Immediately IFBIIO silver certificates In the amount equal to the seigniorage of the silver bullion , to-wlt : J5.r,15GGSl. " Mr. Carlisle pointed out that the mandatory provision that the secretary "shall Immediately Issue $55,156,081 of silver certificates" Is hardly necessary , ns the current expenses might Hot require the com pulsory Issue of such a largo amount of silver certificates nt 'A. nlnglo stroke. Mr. Dland said ho had appreciated tlls | point , but was ready tor offer an amendment when the bill was taken up , by which the secretary will be given authority to Issue silver certificates as circumstances de manded , Instead of being compelled to Issue them In blocks Immediately. Mr. Trncey of Now York has made n pre liminary canvass of the house , which sat- isfied mm me seigniorage uiu wouia uo defeated by eight or ten votes if n full membership could be .secured , but tills Mr. Tracey does not expect. Ho IsTcady , how ever , to raise the point of consideration against the bill , and this may delay the debate on It. STiiuouMM ! Avmr TIM : TAIUKF. Democrats In tlio .Svtmtu Working < > Hie AVIlDo'ii lllll. WASHINGTON , Feb. C. The democratic members of the senate committee on finance lost no time In proceeding to work upon the tariff bill after they decided not to grant hearings to Interested parties. Senators Jones of Arkansas , Mills and Vest , , compris ing all the members ; of the subcommittee on tariff except Senator Voorhecs , mot today and took up thof bill with the view of putting It In shape at the earliest practicable momonb for submission , first to the democratloi members nnd after wards , to the full committee. The meeting wan private nnd the proceedings were not given out. It Is known , however , that con siderable progress wan made with the work , owing largely to the fact that these gentle men had all given much attention to the bill and had conferred urrtong themselves to u sufficient extent tdjbo"vfanJlUar with one an ' other's views upon i th'o questions at Issue. They have detcrnilnriU to make a few con cessions on Important-articles like coal and sugar. A duty jvlll.'bij placoilym ; these nrtl- . cles , but 'wlibtner ' It will be specific or ad valorem1 In charaflei1 has not been deter mined. If a specific rtuty Is decided upon It will , In th'e' case of sugar , probably bo a cent a pound and In that of coal 50 cents or $1 per ton. - ' No decision has been reached on the. ' Income tax. There are on the democratic sldo of the senate some strong advocates of striking out this part of the bill , but so many of the democrats are favorable to this tax , that It has become evident this change will bo difficult ot accomplishment. Senator Jones of Arkansas Is urgent in his advocacy of nn Increased tax upon beer , but has not so fur met great encouragement from the committee. IIKST1U.TION3 TO THADK. Jinny Countries In Not Use Moro American' llroaditufTj. ' WASHINGTON , Feb. C. B. R. Bcdle , United States consul atSheffield , England , has made a report on the American wheat and flour trade In his district. The flour mostly used there Is known ns the XXX standard. No American wheat flour scorns to come Into tlio district. For the year end ing Juno 30 , 1803 , 440,000 bushels of Ameri can wheat were Imported 'from all parts of America ; from all flthor. countries 2,200,000. People are prepared to use American flour provided they getra good quality at a low price. Tlio United States consul nt Barranqiillla , United States of Colombia , thinks most of the natives prefer their nntlvo brand. American wheat Is never Imported. He thinks the luck of wheat bread caters the principal obstacle to Increasing the trado. James Vlosca , consul at La PaMex. . , says native flour from the neighboring state of Sonora , M x. , , and the northern portion tion of that territory Is now used exclusively. It Is of poor quality. ' .Tho amount of na tive flour consumed If. from ICO to 200 tons per month. The Import duty Is about $10.GO per barrel. Tills IH prohibitory. F. C. Penfleldconsul general at Cairo , says Egypt produces n surplus of bread stuffs and exports to )2urope. ) jrriciKNOY ; OF KMPI.OYKS. St-rri-tnry Smith SliiltliiK Active KffnrtH to ABcortaln Their Trim StiiiidliiMT. WASHINGTON , Feb. G. Secretary Smith Is making active efforts to 'havo some plan formulated to make uniform the records of efficiency ot employes nnd the methods ot promotion throughout the Interior depart ment. Ho at first appointed a' committee , consisting of ChiefClerk Daniels , Appoint ment Clerk Ilolcomb' , Samuel Derby , then chief clerk of the patent office ; Chief Clerk Wurdlo ot the chief superintendent's office , and Apolntmont Cloik Anthony Stevenson , to discuss the quo3tioi | and make recommen dations. Tho. committee has been super seded by the varlduA heads of bureaus , who have been designated aa a commission to consider the matter. [ At a meeting ; Qf ttiCBo officials yesterday the majority report , objected to the plan , but It was finally decldM to refer the matter to Dr. W. T. Harris' , the Commissioner of edu cation , who will subnet his report next Mon day morning. U U , doubtful If Dr. Harris will recommend . the. plan , but should the recommendation bo < rjiodi ) It Is hardly prob able that It will bo adopted by the commis sion. ' _ _ ! I'ecliluiin n * VefUiironflriiiPil. Fob. G , The WASHINGTON * sonata com mittee on Judiciary has postponed until Mon day next the consideration of the Peckham nomination. This U1 supposed to bo slightly unfavorable to the nominee. Senator Lindsay of Kentucky was favor able to the confirmation of Mr. Horn- blower , but Is reported against Peckham , In obedience to the .resolution of the Kentucky legislature. Several members of the com mittee have nobyot given any Indication of how they will Vote. . _ t.ltlzcn NnlUlrrx. WASHINGTON , Feb. G. The War depart ment this year has rcpprU on the mllltla from the adjutant general of every state In the union. This has not occurred before , so far as Is known , In the history of the govern ment. The report shows 9.700 commissioned olllcera and 102,921 enlisted men In the Na tional guard and about 9,000 men In the un organized mllltla. BISHOP BONACCJI ON TRIAL Head of the Lincoln Oatholio Dioccso Hnletl Into Oonit by a Priest. SENSATION CAUSED BY AN ECCLESIAST Itcv. rather riichin of St. I.otiM Illllcrly AUnclin iht < Defendant III Presenting J'tither Onrliclt'H Bide of the CHHO In Court. LINCOLN , Fob. C. ( Special to The Hee. ) For the first tlmo In the history of the Cnth- ollc church In America n bishop Is on trial In n state court on n charge of criminal libel. Illshop Ilonacum Is thu ecclesiastic , niul Father Corbctt , ono of Ills priests , In charge of the parish at I'almyra , Is his accuser. The facts connected with the arrest were given In The Hoc something over a week ago , The preliminary examination under the charge was set for this morning , and natur ally a large crowd of Interested spectators fathered In the court room to listen to the proceedings. The original complaint upon which Illshop Donacum was arrested wns ( lied by Father Corbett with the county attorneyIt cltrd that on n specific date the bishop "unlawfully and maliciously devising , contriving and In tending to scandalize , vllllfy and defame the said Martin J. Corliott , and bring him Into public scandal , Infamy nnd disgrace and to Injure , prejudice and aggrieve him , unlaw fully and maliciously did compose , wrlto and publish a certain false , scandalous , mali cious and defamatory libel of anil concerning the said Martin J. Corbett , containing among other things the falce , scandalous , malicious , defamatory and llbelous words an follows : "BISHOP'S HOt/SK. LINCOLN , Neb. , Jim. 19 , 1891. To the Member * of the Cath olic Congregation Worahiplni ; nt Palmyra , Otoe County , Nob. : It Is my painful duty to Inform yon that I have Hiispemled Ilcv. M. J. Corbett from the exercise of the a- cred ministry. And I warn nil Catholic : ) not to hold nny communion In tilings spir itual with the nul < I Corbett , nor to anslst In nny religious Korvlee or ceremony which he may rashly perform or attempt to perform during the " " " "So'Slic.jM ' . . . , "IJIslioi ) of Lincoln. . "That the false , scandulous , malicious and defamatory libel was published nnd made public by said Thomas Ilonacum without any warrant or authority of law from any tribunal , ecclesiastical , civil or otherwise. " Upon the llllng of the complaint Justice Spencer Issued a warrant for the arrest of the bishop and placed It In the hands of the constable for service. When the con stable appeared at the residence of the bishop the latter was very much chagrined at the matter and expressed his disinclina tion to accompany the officer to court. Ho Insisted that there was no occasion for his arrest nnd asked the officer to enter up an appearance for him. This the officer could not do. Then the bishop called up the Jus tice by telephone nnd asked that he bo per mitted to make an appearance In court via the telephone. Upon being assured that the laws neither contemplated or permitted such an unusual procedure , the bishop reluctantly accompanied the officer to the court room. Here he gave his personal recognizance to the court In the sum of JuOO and departed , the date of tlio preliminary examination having been eel" for tuday In spite of the emphatic protests of Father Corbett , who was extremely nnxloun to hurry the trial. The bishop appeared at the Justice office promptly/ , this morning accompanle'd Tiy hla' attorneys. A. J. Sawyer and N. 7. . Sncll. The stnto _ was represented by Assistant County Attorney Collins and Attorneys Stearns nnd Strode. Associated with the counsel for the atato on behalf of Father Cor bett was David S. Phclan , D.I ) . , of St. Louis , editor of the Western Watchman , an ac knowledged .authority on ecclesiastical law. A number of priests were among the spec tators. tators.AUGUMRNTS QUICKLY BEGUN. As soon as the case was called Mr. Sawyer for the defense moved that the complaint bo quashed on the grounds that It did not show that Father Corbott was 11 priest exercising the priestly functions ; that It did not feliow that the bishop was not exercising n Mght belonging to his office In writing the , let ter , and that there was nothing In the writing or publishing of the let ter alluded to In the complaint that constituted a crime under the laws of the state of Nebraska , and that the words of the bishop wore not actionable under the libel laws of the state. Mr. Sawior argued nt length upon these points and bis remarks were convincing to the deputy county attorney at least , for before the at torney had ceased speaking Mr. Collins prepared an amendment to the original complaint , supplying all the deficiencies sug gested by Mr. Sawyer. Mr. Snell then re newed the motion to quash the Information together with the hastily devised amend ment , arguing upon his propositions at length and covering practically the same ground advanced by Mr. Sawyer. The arguments of Messrs. Sawyer and Sncll were answered at length by Attorney Stearns. He declared In his remarks that the whole matter resolved Itself Into a very simple proposition. Ho claimed that the bishop has no power to suspend n priest un less the priest has boon guilty of the com mission of a crime. Consequently the state ment made by the bishop to the effect that ho had suspended Father Corbett carried with It the Imputation that the priest had been guilty of a crime. After all the attorneyH on both Bides had repeatedly argued their several propositions and points of law -Mr. Stearns requested Father I'holan of St. Louis to present to the court an argument upon the effects of a suspension upon n member of the Catholic clergy , The request raised a now con tention. Mr. 'Sawyer remonstrated , asserting that Father Phclan was n priest and not an attorney and that ho had no right to practice In the Nebraska courts. Justice Spencer dismissed Mr. Saw yer's objectlona by calling his attention fo the fact that under the laws of the state any person may appear before a Justice ot the peace In the capacity of nn attorney. Then Mr. Sawyer protested that ho had al ready availed himself of his privileges of making the closing argument upon the point nt Issue , and for this reason ho made further objections to the appearance of Father I'holan tn the case. The court overruled this objection and the St. Louis clergyman was permitted to speak. Father I'holan created a sensation by his address to the court. He Utt no doubt In the minds of nny ono present at the hearing of his Intense sympathy with Father Corbott and his opposition to the position assumed by the bishop. No more dramatic scene was probably ever wltiosned | In a Nebraska court room than the ono which accompanied the Impassioned address of the St. Loula ecclesiastic. Ho commenced by saying that It v-as pot at all strange that thorn should be n com mon .misapprehension of many of the tech nical terms used In the govcroment of the Catholic church. Hut every priest , ho asserted , was fully awuro of the ttnlblo conscquoncoH attending a mipennlnii from his priestly olllcos by the bishop. Every priest know perfectly well that a uuspended prleat was n sllented priest. Ills funiMlons were absolutely gone. Ills priestly oirtco wns denied him. Ho was lost to the sympathies of lilB parish. JIo was deprived of tno con fidence of his follows. A priest suspended by the bishop was not only deprived of the right to exercise his priestly functions In his own parish , but In every other parish In hta dloccEO and every other parlhh In the world. When ho IH suspended ho can appeal to no other authority for reinstate ment but to the bishop who caused the sus- penslon , PHRLAN ATTACKS TIIK UISIIOP. Father Pholan reached thn climax of his address when h advanced tn within u few paces of the chair occupied by the blahop and shaking his forefinger dramatically In his face said : "Ilut what wo want to show hero Is that this bishop has lied , W ttuul to show thai his statement was n Hlf , = $ ' ( that It wan n 1111 , maliciously nltcred'fc-'d Intended to Injure. , It was n llo Iriv-j' \ 'I0 ' 'lml ' n ° Vcr suspended Father CorbiT J Ho could not ' suspend him. Ho hud t'BC'.upon two occa sions to * suspend him , buklPni times ho had failed. On both occa l < r % paralyzed his arm an I Rhall'paralyzu , , " ' - pen this. The law proscribes how stii , 'Xfions shall bo made by bishop * , but v , , : " . this nnnnlntod bishop sitting hero publl , " ; . ' , to the world the statement that he ImiivMpendod Father Corbett ho profaned iito * " * " * * nnd hla sacred calling by n malicious lie. " CoiuiMmiiK , i i.uici i ii M.i claimed that the bishop had uttorcd hla lies with malic ious Intent to Injure the personal reputation of Father Corbctt. Ho had no more right to utter such n statement than n Judge ot n civil court would have the right to announce that he had tried nnd condemned n innn fern n crlmo when ho had not , Ho believed that America should say to Homo : "You may send your bishops here , but when they come they must conform to thu law. If you want to make tyrants of the bishops ( .end them to ItiiKHln. " The remarks of Father I'hclan were re plied to with great bitterness by Mr. Saw yer. He denounced I'hclan an n calumniator from St. Loula-and demanded to know by what right he came to Lincoln nnd In u coutt of Justice denounced n bishop as a liar. "Ilecnuso It N true , " Interjected Father Corbctt , and Father Phclan nodded his head with nn air of approval. The court then took n recess until 2:30 : In thu afternoon. The afternoon session was devoted en tirely to arguing the technicalities over the admission of certain testimony offered by Father Corbctt. Ho took the stand and his attorney attempted to prove by his testimony that ho had been the object of ma licious persecution of the bishop for a num ber of years. When ho was asked If he had not been cited to answer certain charges , the attorney for Hlshop Donacum Interposed the objection that all testimony concerning the relation between the bishop nnd Father Corbctt prior to the latter's recent suspen sion was Irrelevant and should not bo ad mitted. The bishop's attorney Insisted that the testimony must be confined strictly to the letter of dismissal , claiming that It was upon this letter that the action for criminal libel was based and not upon any thing that might have been said or written prior thereto. The question of admission of disputed evi dence was argued at length on both shies , the attorneys closing only when the court adjourned until tomorrow morning. SIX WKUK KIUMlt. Niiturul ( ins Explosion In Tmllniinpoll.s llrlngs Drulli to u Family. INDIANAPOLIS , Feb. 7. 1 a. m. A / house has Just been blown up by natural gas on Madison nvenuo. Six persons are said to have been killed. INDIANAPOLIS , Feb. 7. 3 a. m. Thrco dead bodies have been taken from the ruins. Thrco remain In the ruins. IO I'ltlit'lSXT Kiiulniiinii , . Midi. , nuturliecl by n Semi- Kollgloua War. APPLETON , WIs. , Feb. C. Prof. Sims , an American Protective association lecturer , who was mobbed nt Oshkosh , January 37 , was arrested and taken off a train hero tonight on a charge of libel preferred by Peter Houter , mayor of Kaukauna. Sims loft Oshkosh this evening with a delegation of 250 members of the Oahkosh American Protective , association- lodged 4n two cars on the Northwestern railway. They 'hadvlth them a band of music nnd the program was to reach Kaukauna at C:30 : and march through the streets and Slmn was to lecture nt the IJaptlst church. Such pro ceedings would have precipitated a bloody riot , as Kaukauna Is In a turmoil of relig ious bitterness. To prevent Sims' appear ance at Kaukauna , Hcuter Instituted civil suit for libel against Sims , and n warrant was Issued for his arrest. The sheriff served a warrant on Sims as ho came through Ap- ploton. The American Protective association delegation , headed by the band , followed through the streets. Sims gave $2,500 bonds for his appearance. Largo crowds gathered at the depots and when Sims was arrested there was consid erable cxoltoiT.ent. Ho nnd his party made no resistance. During the excitement ono stone was thrown through a car window , Inflicting a scalp wound upon nn unknown passenger. No other demonstration was made , except hooting. Sims was taken before Judge Boyd and his ball was fixed at $2,000 , which was furnished at 9 p. m. Meantime , the last train for Kuukauna had left , rendering It Impossible for Sims to speak there tonight. After Sims wns 'released the crowd dispersed quietly and he and his followers returned to Oshkosh. Sims and his friends insist the arrest nnd subsequent delay In producing blank bond was all part of the plan to pre vent him from lining his engagement In Kaukauna. Found a lloiidHinail. KANSAS CITY , Feb. C. Justice Nichols of Independence today reduced the total bond of J. V. McNamarn In the coses against him for slandering Fathers Dalton and Lllll and Sister Hose Vincent to $1,350. J. G. Mnear | of this city wns ac cepted as bondsman , but McNarnara.was not released this afternoon , owing to the re ported Inability of Deputy Marshal Itoss to find cither Marshal Stewart or Prosecuting Attorney Drown. The prosecution In the McNamara case this evening decided to enter a nolle prosao- qul at Independence and file now Informa tion in the criminal court here. Tills Is done , the defence claims , to prolong as much as possible the Imprisonment of the ox-prlcst , who Is now ready to furnish bond at I' ' lo- pendence. The subpoenas Issued for Illsnop Ilogan , Fathers Llllls nnd Dalton nnd Mother Hose Vlnsont to appear at Inde pendence next Thursday anil testify In the lattcr'fl case are hereby ronderd void. From another source It Is learned that the reason for the nollo proscn.no Is that the prosecution anticipated serious trouble at In dependence Tuesday , nnd In order to avoid It decided to bring the case hero. There Is not the slightest doubt but the feeling at Independence Is at a high tension , and It would take very little to bring about n riot of the most serious naturo. As It Is there Is no certainty that nil will pass off quietly on Thursday. KANSAS CITY , Feb. fi , J. A. Westmore land , ono of the defense's witnesses In the MoNiiinnra trial , has received an anony mous letter Informing him that n committed of GOO was engaged In taking the names of nil the A. P. As. for future use. Ho Is told to look out for himself and bo on hla guard. / > /.v/i" ir//.so.v'.s I..IHT IIOTJ : . llo Will Ho Kleetrornted If Xiuv York'H ( iovorimr Does Not Interfere. SYHACUSB , N. V. , Feb. 0. ( Special Tele gram to The Dee , ) The court of appeals has denied the application of Lucius It. Wilson ( "Dink" ) for u now trial for the murder of Detective Harvey In thin city and affirms the finding of the court which convicted him nnd Kentenced him to bo electrocuted Decum- ber 18. Wilson , who Is In the Htato prison In Auburn , will bo brought here and reson- tcnccd within u fuw days. Charles Wilson , who Is In prison here awaiting trial for the Bamo murder , was told of the result of "Dink's" appeal and manifested no surprise. It Is said that there will'bo an appeal to Governor Flower , but there probably In no hope- for Wilson In that quarter , Tiirnril II Over to Ilut Hliitit ( 'mirt. CHICAGO , Fob. 0. Judge Qrojicitp of the United States court decided today the motion to remove the American Iutldlng Loan and Investment association receivership from the I'nltcd States to the state courts. llu will retain Jurisdiction of tlio suit , but agreed to appoint a receiver as recommended by Attorney General Maloney. Union PnciCo Employes Tnko Action tt Retain t'ao Present Schedules. THEIR PETITION IS' FILED IN COURT Oaroful Showing Made in Behalf of the Respondents in the Oaso , WHY DUNDY'S ' ORDER SHOULD NOT GQ Claims of the Men that the Receivers Took Advantage of Theju. UNFAIR BASIS USED FOR COMPARISON Womt Year In tlio lt < iiil'rt : History Tultet * for dm I'm-pcHM of Call-Hinting- New sriiln UiMirliiR Will Ho In Denier Today , CHKYRNNK , Feb. C. ( Special Tclcgrant to The Dee. ) An .answer to the petition ot the Union Pacific receivers asking authority to make u new schedule of wages was filed by the representatives of Wyoming em ployes of the Union Pacific today In the United States court. The respondents are delegates from Ihc Ilrotherhood of Loco motive Firemen , IJrothcrhood of Loconn- tlvo Knglnecro. Order of Hallway Trainmen , Switchmen's Mutual Aid association ami American Hallway union. The respondents state that the member ship of these organizations Is numerous and cannot without Inconvcnlcnco and delay bo brought before the court , and that the ques tions Involved are of general Interest and Im portance. The answer reviews the history of the Union Pacific ; how on October 13 It wan Insolvent and all Its property placed litho \ the hands of receivers , who later petitioned the court to Issue an order fixing a certain schedule of wages that affected the men rep resented In tlio action by the respondents. The receivers also asked to have n con tract abrogated that was entered Into be tween the Union Pacific and the various or ganization's represented by the respondents , whereby certain schedules of wages should be paid to the employes of the road , mem bers of these organizations , with the condi tion that these nchedulcs should not bo changed except by tho. consent of all the powers affected. NOT A GOOD DASIS FOH COMPARISON. The respondents object to the action of the receivers in using 180.1 , the most un- prosperouB year In the history of the system , for purposes of comparison. They deny thfrf the general schedule of wages prior to the receivership wns In excess of nny other rail way system similarly situated. In proof , of thla' they fcay that "tho management of the road ordered , a general cut , but believing : this reduction had been acquiesced In by thu employes through their Interest In the sys tem , there was an understanding that full reinstatement should bo made ut an early , date. . "i * . v. Tlio respondent ! ) deny any knowledge of the data furnished the court by the re ceivers , they having no means of ascer taining Us correctness , but admit that the disparity , so far as the same In fact exists. Is caused by the system of paying cnglncerH and firemen on some divisions for moro mllea than they actually run , together with a higher rate per mile. "Tho respondents deny that the proposed change will make a uni form rate of wages on the whole system or that the pay for the same class of services will bo the same on all divisions. They state that they bcllovo It Is the purpose ot the receivers acting In conformity to a pur pose declared prior to the rocolvershlp to so advise the court as by Us orders to restrict the freedom of economic laws governing the adjustment of rules , regulations nnd sched ules of wages by free , negotiations and agree ment between employes and employers. They deny that it Is the duty or within the power of the receivers to carry Into effect such reductions nnd revisions of the rules , regulations nnd schedules of wages without the consent of the court and aver that tlio only rational method of bringing such a purpose about Is the method always prac ticed In the past , u conference. COMPARISON OF REDUCTIONS. West of Cheyenne n constructive mlleagn has been cut off , making a reduction of from 10 to10 per cent in the pay of engineers. This' extra allowance by the old schedule was granted for the reason that the oIllclulH did not wish to Increase thu basis of pay , but were willing to allow constructive mile age In lieu thereof , by reason of the charac ter of the road traversed , bad weather and local conditions nffoctlng living expenses. All Hi cue conditions still obtain , while the capacity of the motlvo power used and th'o tonnage handled per train has Increased nonrly 100 per cent. The old schedule made the pay for switch engineers vary from $11 to $ : i.8r > , and firemen $2 to $2 US. The pro posed schedule reduces these to , cnglnecrn ? 3 , firemen ? 2 per day. The respondents state that the proposed schedule of operators' pay Is unjust. On the Denver & Rio Grande the minimum Is $05 Instead of ? G9 , as stated In the re ceivers' petition , wbllo the maximum lu $100 , making an average of JSIi.liO per month. Under Urn proposed schedule the minimum IH $02.50 and the maximum $77.50 , nn average - ago of $70. The respondents quote wages paid conductors - tors on various roads and show that the proposed schedule would work u grlovouit Injustice to Union I'uclllu conductors In Wyoming. The proposed schedule would reduce - duce wages of freight conductor ) * between Cheyenne and Larnmlo $2.l0 ! to $2CO on each two trips. Dctwcon Liramlo aul Kawllnx the reduction would bo $171 to $1S ! ) per day. On the seventh district the re- , ductlan would bo $1.35 per day. On the ninth , the reduction would bo $1.41 per day. To the answer uro appended comparative schedules showing the dally loss to thu men under the proposed as compared with the old schedule , also comparisons with other roads , The prayer of the respomlonta .u the court IB as follows , WHAT 'I'HH MKN ASK. First To not grant the prayer asked for In the 'petition of the receivers , but to con tinue * In full force and effect the contract entered Into by nnd between the Union Ki el llu Hallway company and the employe * thereof entered Into and In forcu prior to the Insolvency of ( ho I'nlon Pacific , pcndliu ; negotiation * to bu had by and between thu receiver ) ) of the Union Pacific and the em ployes by nnd through their representative * as to such schedule of wage * an may be jiut and proper , subject to the Interposition of Uiu court , In case nu satisfactory agrc mfiit can , within a reasonable tlmo , be i'.rriv 4