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12 THE OMAHA DAILY REE : StrXfAY M , APRIL I , ISDI-TWENTY PAGES ,
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That Krwutli letter Dhows conclusively that Aillal In not letllng nny political grow under ills feet. The even tenor of the Stock exchange ' ( luring the past week Is only to be explained tiy that ancient nllegatloM that the effect of the president's veto was discounted by the brokers. Men Benerally will have to ztart a crusade for efiial | rifihls If the women wage earners are to be permitted to have tariff hearings by the senate flnanco committee while the men are denied that prlvllcRO. If the supreme court can over free Itself from the ChlcaRO lake front caste It may bo able to attend to a few of the Important milts turning upon constitutional Interpreta tion for which the public has been waiting many months. The Indiana State Hoard of Health has lisucd an order that all tramps entering the state must undergo vaccination , anil the or der Is ald to be already extremely unpopu lar among the tramp fraternity. It Is pretty certain that the knowing tramps will steer clear of Indiana so long as this order remains In force. The Philadelphia Record advises Congress man Ilryan to go before the people of his own state and advocate the Income tax to his heart's contcntt. If It Is a good sys tem for the federal government , why Is It not a better system for the several state Kovernmcnts ? Such a goodtiling. It atig- Rests , should bo kept at home , but when begun at homo the probability Is that It would end there. Madeline Pollard threatens to wrllo a book after the famous breach of promise case Is setttled. Must the public cnduro this In addition to the Infliction of the Honsutlonal trial ? Wliy not have the Judge Instruct the Jury to bring In a verdict for the plaintiff conditional that she agree to lefraln from carrying out her threat ? Such nn Instruction would strike a sympathetic chord among the people. A government decree has ordained that beginning with April 1 all the places In the United States that are known to fame by some name ending In burgh must hero- nftcr bo content to drop the h , at least In I > OHtoTlco ( parlance. Hut so long as the reform ! * In the direction of simplification the aggrieved citizens will doubtless sub mit In nllcnco to this unwarranted Interference ference- with their orthographic liberty. Congressman Hland Intends to keep his" record clear by making the attempt to pass Ills sclgnlorngo bill through the house over the president's veto. Ttiero Is llttlo likeli hood that his efforts will meet with any measure of success , but they will enable him and his followers to point to their votes on this question In proof of their friendli ness to silver. It will bo u boon to those congressmen who are hoping for a reelection - tion on the silver ISSUB by giving them an opportunity to take a decided stand In op position to the position assumed by the president Wo have a good example of the dlnicultlca that are sura to arlso from tlmo to tlmo over the lowa-Ncbr.mka boundary adjustment In the demand of the Nebraska residents on the Iowa sldn of the Missouri river for bettor Bchool facilities , The Iowa residents of ICast Omaha will presently demand school facilities of the government , under whose jurisdiction they happen to come. Add to tlicso tro'ibluti the Impossibility of properly policing tli'BO districts and , the necessity for a rearrangement of Urn boundary must bo- corny apparent to nil. Secretary Morton n mi ounces that the De partment of Agriculture will nut recommend the expenditure of any money by furnmrs In promotion of rulnmaklng experiments. These uxpcrlmcnts , whether undertaken under gov ernment auspices or by private enterprise , have not given any ovldencu that will justify a claim to cither scientific- financial HIIO- coss. KannerH will b money In If they rely upon nature to furnish what overhead water II * bounty will permit. If they want to In vest In artificial moisture the various schemes for Irrigation will afford a more profitable field Cur cultivation , The story ot how Congressman IlrecUln- rldgo on two Htircesilvo occasions endorsed the application ot MUs 1'ollurd for a position In .tho government departments at Washing ton la a timely Illustration of the perversion ot fedora ! patroimgu that has prevailed at the capital. It U also something more. It gives Information that Air. Hrecklnrlilgo vouched for the good moral character and reputation of tlit Applicant when ho knew that ho wus making fit I no representations. If congressmen cvado the laws ami Impose upon the government In thU manner , how can they complain when they are themselves duped by the barefaced frauds of other lm > j > oitora : dM Ot- ' THE /'RK V In response to a pnrliiimentai'y inquiry concerning thn condition of the colony of Virginia , air Wlltlum n rkel y. it * governor , wrote In IrfTt a * follows : "I tlmnk Oed we hare nn ftvp MttooH nor printing , ami I hop * we shall not hav those hundred rears ; far Intrntng has brought dtftoheOfetK' * and h re y and mct Into the world and printing has 'Iluled them nml libels dgtilrvxt thi' Korernmcnr. Oo < l keep n.i from both. " Tim piotirf proteflt of Virgin ! * ' * ffuvsrnor iiffnintt fr e nchooln and printIIIK nearly forty year * aft r the fiiumlln * of Harvard linlver.ilty and the establishment of the Ural printing press In the younger colony of MKntaehusetrg linn lioen held to Illustrate the iIIITrrence between thd cuvallnr civiliza tion of Virginia anil the I'urlUin civilization of New Kngland. In our day urn ! Krner.i- tion no minr public olllrlal , nml certainly no governor , however bigoted and autocratic , would dare to declaim ag.iliMt free schools hccauMO learning has brought illnol.edlenep , much less ze k to abridge the freedom of the press bccuu c It Is given to divulging libels against government. A fr c and imtrani- melC'l press IK too strongly entrenched In the fiiml.imcnt.il laws of thin Unit to bo dis turbed at ny attempt to restrain ami sup press public discussion through the medium of the widest publicity. Neither govr- nors , legislatures nor courts can forge the fetters that will chain down frre thought , free spcf-ch and free prenn , In defense of which the- patriots of this republic have fought and laid down their lives. The herons of the American revolution made the freedom .of the press one of the cardinal points In the establishment of free Institu tions , and the federal constitution and every state constitution contain exprcin provision to prevent jn abridgement of the llb.-rty of the press.Ve need only file a few of the ! " constitutional provisions lo show how vital to the national life the .founders of the republic teg.irded nn untrammelcd prefn. The constitution of New Hampshire , adopted In 1781 , declares that "the liberty of the press Is essential of freedom In a state : It ought therefore to be Inviolably preserved. " The cohstltutlon-ot Pennsylvania. 1780 , pro vides : "The free communication of thoughts and opinions Is one of the Invaluable rights of man and any citizen may freely write and print on any subject , being responsible for the abuse of that liberty. " The revised Pennsylvania constitution of 1S3S goes still further to-wit : "N'o conviction shall bo hart In any prosecution for the publication of papers relating to the official conduct of odlrers or men in public capacity or to any other matter proper for public Investigation or Information , where the fact that such publication was not maliciously or negli gently made shall be established to the satis faction of the Jury. " The North Carolina constitution , 177C. de clared "that the freedom of the press Is one of the great bulwarks ot liberty and therefore ought never to be restrained. " The state of Virginia revised the opinion of Governor Berkeley and In her constitution of 177B Is the declaration "that the freedom of the press la one of the great bulwarks of liberty , and can never be restrained but by despotic governments. " These citations should afford abundant material for reflection to public men and courts that undertake to tyrannize over the press or seek to abridge Its freedom by threats of summary punishment of editors , re porters and publishers. Such a course ls not compatible with modern Ideas of public rights and free discussion of public servants , even though they wear the ermine and occupy the judgment seat. THK I'HOFKSSIOSAT , I'UllCIKH. Mr. Kobert A. Plnkerton contributes to the current North American Itevlew a very Interesting and Instructive article upon forgery as a profession , In which he details with some minuteness the procedure prac ticed by a gang of professional forgers and suggests a remedy which. In bis opinion , would make the pursuit of the "profession" an extremely hazardous one. There Is no more skillful criminal in the world than the American forger , and his success In keeping out of the clutchesof the law encourages others to attempt to Imitate him. The forgery evil has become of late years so widespread that some determined repressive measures must soon be adopted. According to Mr. Plnkerton's account , the professional forger never' acts by himself. There IB always a well organized gang be hind him , so that only the accomplices run the risk of standing forth to the public view. Of the proceeds of the enterprise a regular basis of division Is agreed upon In advance. The backer or capitalist who furnishes the necessary funds and defrays the expenses of the workers and the forger who manipulates the commercial paper together get from BO to CO per cent. They act In each Instance through a middleman or go-between , who * employs the men to "present" the forged paper and the man who Is to shadow the "presenters , " the latter seldom having even the privilege of an acquaintance with the principals In the business. Cacti gets a per centage of the profits after expenses have been deducted , according to the risk which the execution of his part of the nrocrnm must encounter. If any onu Is caught It 1 : usually the "presenter , " and every resource at the command of the gang Is exploited to rescue him or to lighten his punishment. Ho rarely Informs upon his associates and oven when ho does do so the employment , ol ox-convicts for this part of the work Insure * that hl testimony will have little weight unless strongly supported. Two factors scorn to contribute to the success of the professional forger. First , the banks that are victimized frctiuontly stand their loss In silence rather than let the public know that they Imvo been Im posed upon with forged paper. They fear that giving publicity to the matter will In jure their credit , and. therefore prefer to regard It as u necessary Incident of bank ing. Secondly , even when an effort Is made to retrieve tlm loss , the banks look only upon the financial aspect of the case. The "presenter" Is caught , and when ho offers to restore the money If prosecution Is dropped tlm bank jumps at the opportunity. The natural effect of this Is , of coun > c , to stimulate forgery , not to chock It. Mr. Plnkerton Insist * that the only way to deal with the question ! to make tha punishment of forgery as certain and as relentless as the punishment for counterfeiting. This can ho donu by the organization of the banks Inti ) a in u I tin I protective association , which ahull nuke U Its business to Investigate every casa of forgery reported by Its mem bers and to pursue the criminal to convic tion not only the "presenter , " but also the capitalist , the forger , und th whole gang. In evidence of the practicability ot this remedy he cites the Jowrlcrs Protective union and the United Stales lecrct service. He feel * sure that a notlco at tlu > toller's window stating that the bank belongs to an organization of that kind , an organization whose object la conviction and not cotnpro- -'i o , would by Itself send the "presenter" to nritr and less d/ingprnn * flcldn and brenl lip th wh'ile hname * * nf the profcsslona forgrr \ \ > ran only wonder why tin banker * luive not adopted some such devlci before. JlftTHODA That cltlMnfihlp hn bvtn cheapened in the United Slat * * by making Its acquirement to * nny I * a fact that will hardly be questioned Th fault IK not In the laws , but in thelt ndmlnhttriHon. An Investigation mode sonu tlmo ago by ft congressional committee show * * ! that the prartlcn of rt number ol eourtu In thi eo t In lh granting of niturnl : < i/utlon puperd had ben of the loosest kind , affnrding tbv brotideit oppc.rtur.lty for fraud and depriving the net of conferring citizen- r.tilp of all solemnity and dignity. Recently In Chicago one of Hie circuit court Judges con verted MM allena Into citizens between S o'clock und midnight. In those four hours SCO application * were passed upon , the average - erago time devoted to each being only seven teen seconds. Tlie naturalization laws pro vide that before any ono shall bo made a citl/en tin ; court shall be satisfied that lie has been a resilient of the United Slates at taost. flvo years , and has during that time behnved as a man of good moral character , "nttnehed to thn principles of th i constitution * tion of the United Statesand well disposed to the good order and happiness of the same. " Kveryhody will see that tht ; comprehensive Inquiry required by this provision could not bo properly made In seventeen seconds , and yet the rate at which the Chicago Judge con verted aliens Into cltlzeni has undoubtedly been equalled else.where. It Is unquestion ably true that thousands of foreigners have been admitted to citizenship who not only were not "attached to the principles of the constitution , " but hod no knowledge of the existence of such an Instrument , or at any rate none as to Its character. Other thou sands who knew of the-constitution had never read It and therefore , knowing nothing about Its principles , of course could not be at tached to them. A Judge in N'ewJersey recently ex pressed himself on this subject ot naturaliza tion In terms which are worthy of being re produced. He said , with reference to the requirement that an applicant for naturali zation should show that he Is attached to the principles of the constitution , that he could not conceive how It Is possible for such proof to be made where the applicant cannot state what our form of government is , how the president and congress are called Into being , how the various courts which administer the laws enacted by congress and approved by the president are consti tuted. It seems more than absurd , said this judge , to say that a man can profess , much leas prove , attachment to an earthly thing with which he Is wholly unacquainted. It Is tha duty of the law to preserve and up hold the suffrage and not to debase or cheapen It. There can be no distinction be tween depriving one lawfully entitled to vote of his right to do so , and nullifying his vote by conferring the right upon some one who Is not entitled to It , because. In case of op posite sides , one nullifies the other. HoldIng - Ing these views the- Judge announced that applicants to his court for naturalization will b-j required to comply with the letter and spirit ot the act of congress under which they are admitted to citizenship. "Unless applicants. " he said , "after due examination , give evidence of a general knowledge of the principles of the constitution and of the government , I cannot see how the court can certify that it appears to its satisfaction that such applicant Is attached to the principles of the constitution of the United States and well disposed to the good order and hap piness ot the same , as the act of congress requires them to be. " A court cannot certify truthfully In such n case and yet courts are continually disregarding the letter and spirit of the law In this respect. American citizenship Is too great and valuable a privilege to be trifled with and cheapened by conferring It under the loose methods which too generally prevail. Men who obtain this privilege without having possessed themselves of the knowledge to entitle them to It under the law are not likely thereafter to take tbe trouble to secure this knowledge , but very generally will go on exercising the rights and enjoying the advantages of citizenship without knowing anything about the principles of the con stitution. Manifestly there IH need of radical reform In this matter and It Is the ' duty of the courts lo Institute It. 1'iioniiKss OF "Tinixnusrnur , .i Coxey having resumed command of his "Industrial army" It may be expected to make more rapid progress toward Its des tination. So far the army under the Im mediate command of Coxey baa not de veloped the numerical strength that was promised when the movement was Inaugu rated , and the Indications are that If It ever reaches Washington It will be a far loss formidable force than Its organizer pre dicted. Its largest acquisitions , however , will probably be obtained as the army get * nearer to the national capital , unless the reported determination of the Washington police department to make a rigid applica tion ot the vagrancy law has a deterrent effect. Still It Is to bo expected'.that the army will be largely reinforced as It gets closer to the seat of government and very likely by a class of recruits that will not Improve Its character. Other armies are moving from the south and west at a slow pace and under many difficulties , but the leaders are showing a spirit of ill-termina tion that may enable them to fet ; through with at least a remnant of their followers. It U quite possible that Coxey will en counter in ore trouble than ho has yet met with before he gets to hla destination. The progress ot his army In Ohio has not been Interfered with by the authorities ami very generally the pcoplo have shown the army a great deal of friendly consideration. Hut It may not be HO well treated when It reaches Pennsylvania , for that Ktuto hail a very stringent law called the "tramp act , " which the authorities seem disposed to en. force against the "Industrial iirmy" If the slightest violation nt the act furnishes op portunity for doing no. A writer In the Philadelphia Inquirer finds an English precedent for this movement. This was the march of the "blankotcers" In I.ancanilro ! In 1817 , The Manchester clubs of worklngmen had bet their hearts upon a march of the un employed to Iximlon. The expedition was In tended to bo thousands strong , each man with u blanket for his buck and u petition In his hand. Their object was to ifrcsent per sonally a petition to the prlncu regent. Never had mn a more Innocent confidence In the justice ot their contention even the absence of anything Ilko real preparation for their march showed the touching faith of the blankcteor In Its success. Thuy believed the whole country would rise up and help them ; their Journey would bo a triumphal procession ; the women along the route would offer them food , and they would reach Lon don with a plenitude of numberu that would bo convincing. On the day set for the start ing ot the expedition thousands aseembled , some with stl < rfEX nd some with pcMMonn some with coatyand some without , but most of them had hl/l&ts. Thn soldiery dispersed the crowd , but iMit 300 determined in spiti * ot all argument tt'proceed. Tha movement , however. enMiftuJrH itieh opposition that the force was flButp' broken up and scattered ' ' and the march 'ff the blanketeers failed. The "Industrial flmy' ' that la movlntj on Washington wirfjHary | | meet with the ob stacles that lmi < $ $ t fnilur * ' to Its prototype of I-nnraslilre , b&nlt.i fata can scarcely fall to he much lessrfj Sthe Jor , assuming that It will renoli Its njiiiatlon ( , the weary march cannot be othenTJtf than-profitless , so far as the object Is coW.vrneif/ what la to be come of the men. whof-rcnch the national capital penniless and foqtaflrct They cannot find employment there , and having no means with which to get backto thrtlr starting pointer or So elsewhere , they must become a charge on the community ns vagrants. While the fact Is to bo recognised thnt this movement Is an expression of a widely extended feeling of unrest _ and dlscontentK and therefore to be regarded with some degree of seriousness. It Is not a method of proclaiming popular dis satisfaction that can ' wisely or safely be " encouraged. ' SOMK t'WAltHAXTKn A When the National Chrlstfan League for the Promotion of Purity at a meeting held In N'ew York to consider the lirecklnrldge- Pollard case voted to send a protest to congress against allowing Colonel Breckln- rldge to retain the seat In the house to which he has been elected. Its members expressed their opinion upon a public mat ter , an action to which those who might pos sibly differ from them have no cause to take exception. Dut when they went further and resolved to send a communi cation to Mrs. IlrecklnrldRe , formerly Mrs. Wing , culling upon her In the name of true womanhood to renounce her husband and to refuse longer to live with him. they passed beyond the realm of public affairs and Into the field of Individual private life , with which they had no business to concern them selves. Their advice upon this point de serves to be characterized as an imperti nent intrusion. Viewing the ntipstton here raised solely from the standpoint of ethics and morality , It will be difficult to sustain the position taken by the National Christian league. Its attempt to break up the family ties that bind together husband and wife Is neither Chrlstlanlike nor warranted by the circum stances , If Mrs. Ilrgcklnrldge thinks that the disclosures made in the famous trial concerning the conduct of her newly-wedded husband are such as to shake her confidence In hla future fidelity to her , the law makes them a legal ground for divorce , but the law also prescribes tha proceedings that are to can he look for.ttJsstaHctv ( should he de sire to mend hU yrir 87' Thejjvjfe'vBhouId ba the nr.it to lend a helping hand In the prom ised reform. ncnunclatlon should be only a last resort after all efforts at redemption have ended In dlsjnsj failure. If wives and husbaads ; were less anxious fo gFdsp after divorce * at the firyt and slightest provoca tion , many . .a. jiow nhattcred family would have been restored to happy harmony. The Springfleld Republican celebrated dur ing the past week the fift.'eth anniversary of Its birth with a gala edition that'depicts the marvelous progress made in the news paper world In the brief period of a half century. From the mere standpoint ot mercliantsm the' step from the fac slmllo of the Hrst number Issued In 1811 , with Its four- column folio filled with local advertisements , a few editorials , correspondence by courier and the latest , news from. Europe Just arrived by a vessel , that waa seventeen days out , to the great twenty-two-page edition , replete with telegraphic naws from the entlro world , set up on linotype machines and printed from sterotype plates by a perfecting press , the step Is one that can with difficulty be appreciated by the .newspaper reader of today. The advance In the character and Influence of the Republican has been no less ma'rked than the advance of the community which It represents. It has from the first been a powerful factor for the good and a menace to evil and Its promise ot usefulness Is still as great as ever. We extend our congratula tions to the Republican on this aucplcloua occasion. Actor Henry Irving acknowledges that he Is loath to leave the United States , and hopes lo return soon. Decry America as many foreigners will , the Intelligent traveler cannot visit us without subjecting himself to a certain magnetic- force that draws him back , and this force -Is not always Ameri can wealth. Kxprcsslng a doalro to re turn Is the highest compliment Irving could pay us. A Treaty Over I Mm , Washington Ktnr. The new treaty. In permitting Chinamen to come buck to this country for the pur- posu of collecting money due them , offers no consolation to the. Caucasian who neg lects his laundry bills. .HlgiiH of Hotter I'linen. niolx ! 'Democrat. In FVbruury , 1SKwe exported about IIKH.K ( ( J mor MIIM- ' limn we Imported , but In the Hamu month of 189 : : our exports of the mutul wertiH.ooKjO ; ; ! ! greater thun our Imports. Indeed , our net losses of gold thus far this year. , which uro about W.OOO.- 000 , arc much smaller than they uro In average years ulofi 'to thlu time , Tim rolltll-Al Mlllriinhini. An Illinois young woman who desired a nomination for tinolllce of superintendent of schools won trie duy by distributing smiles and boutiSAiilcres. I'erlmpK. after all , tin * election of tlui futureIn which la dles participate , win , prnvu to be an occa sion of rellned enjoyment with all the oft- enlnK Influences of JilnU Icmonado and re ception wafers. , j . Protection fur1 I.otimC'urrler * . Chlrhiso'Ilerul.l. The bill jvcndln ) ; * fn congress provides that letter cuiTlerHlfNhull not be removed except upon wrlttl'ill'churKeH , with renxoii- nhlH notice and U full examination under Huch regulations as thn department shall establish , If an ordur uf removal IH made after uuch a hearing thu employe' shall have a right of appeal to a board of re view. This Is but JuHtlcv , and it Hhnll ap ply not only to lutter carrlci-H , hut to all government employe * under the civil uerv- Ice act. _ _ Adunce nf Domorrnry , riilliulcliililn Hmxml. Twenty years ago the Emperor William I. wax the hern und demigod of thtt Ger man people. Itut now thu radical deputies In the ItelcliHtagVIOH | numbers are In creasing at fverj- election , bitterly oppose thu appropriation ot Hinall Hum of money for a monument to the national hero , In resisting thin appropriation the radical deputies .declaru thnt the lute emperor was thu exponent of despotlu principles of gov ernment to which they never can assent. Twenty years ago- Much language would not have been tolerated > on the Door of the Reichstag. Thu plrlt of democracy la moving , iro.vtx Woman suffrage has bccoma a llvn Issue In Kannas this year. An amendment td the state constitution to confer suffrage upon women at all elections will be voted on next Novemhci > . Kx-Governor 3t. John , who Is one ot the Imtders ot the suffrage move ment , Inis recently published an article In fdvor of equal suffrage In The Open Church , the organ of the Presbyterian church , pub lished at Salina. At the urgent request ot Us publishers the editor of The De has made the following rejoinder against woman suffrage : SHALL , WOMEN VOTE ? The advocates of every visionary scheme of political reform Invariably point to the abolition of slavery as an example of what . .canbe achieved by men who are willing to matce sacrt'fles on belult of human liberty and equal rights. . This Is also" true with the champions of woman suffrage. They Insist that to deprive woman of the- franchise u to keep her In degrading bondage and prate about an In vasion of Inherent rights , of womanhood oppreased. because her consent to be gov erned Is not registered through the ballot box. box.Now. Now. let me ask , la It true that women have been degraded and oppressed by not being enrolled as electors ? Is the with holding of the ballot from women a piece of rank Injustice ? Is suffrage an inherent and natural right which belongs to women In common with men ? There are those who contend that the franchise , ought to be like air and water- open and-frco to all. If that were true In fants ought to be on an equal footing with adulti. Kve'ry" human being comes Into this world In a condition of guardianship , and without the protecting care of somebody even the right to life could ba enjoyed for but a very brief time. NOT A.V INHERENT RIGHT. Suffrage 'Is not an Inherent right , be cause 'any right Inherent belongs to us all at birth. Life and liberty are Inherent rights , but the right to vote Is a privilege coupled with reciprocal duties which only men can discharge , and burdens which woman , owing to her organic disabilities , cannot assume. If suffrage was Inherent It Would belong to the foreigner the moment he lands on American soil Just as much as to the native American. It would certainly be long to the Indian , the true native of this continent. The fact that the constitution empowers congress to enact naturalization laws and prescribes the conditions under which the alien may acquire the right of suffrage not only disproves the as sertion that suffrage Is Inherent , but also that the American citizen cannot rightfully bo governed without first giving his consent to the lawa enacted for his gov ernment. Before any foreigner can become vested with the right of suffrage he must forswear allegiance to the king , prince or potentate under whose government he was born and take an oath to uphold and defend our country and Its constitution against all its enemie.1 , foreign or domestic. Here Is a privilege granted with reciprocal duties Imposed. Women , whether native born or foreign , may take the oath of alleglanco. but they cannot reciprocate the privileges of the franchise by fulfilling the obligation to up hold or defend the government either In suppressing riots or rebellions or In repel ling an Invasion through the army and navy. I hear Governor St. John shout : "Women did go to the war. Women have been hos pital nurses and have torn lint and made bandages. Molllo Pitcher of revolutionary fame flred a cannon . _ at the British. " But what oTthat ? Will.any rational person con tend that the exceptional cases cited consti tute the element upon which this govern ment could depend to uphold and defend itself against domestic trouble and foreign Invasion ? How waS It that the elective franchise was acquired by man and withheld from woman ? The right ot suffrage was acquired by the founders of this republic when they van quished the British In the war for Inde pendence. They acquired the right of suf frage by their ability to maintain their free dom. There Is where manhood suffrage originated. Those who cannot defend the fiag and compel obedience to our laws have no right to force upon us laws which they cannot uphold and enforce. The cartridge box and ballot box must go hand In hand. TAXATION AND REPRESENTATION. The advocates of woman suffrage insist that taxation , without representation Is tyranny , and clto the revolutionary war as a precedent for the claim that by rights women are entitled to vote because they are taxed. This assumption Is fallacious. The revolt of the American colonies against the mother country was because they had been denied equal representation in Parliament with other citizens of their class , meaning tax payers. In Great Britain the electoral fran chise was enjoyed exclusively by taxpayers up to a' comparatively recent period. The denial ot parliamentary representation to the taxpaylng colonies was therefore a violation ot the fundamental principle ot the British monarchy. Is that the rule of our govern ment ? Are taxation and representation the bedrock upon which the pillars of the republic have been reared ? I maintain that the principle- property qualification was repudiated by the founders ot the republic when the federal constitu tion was framed and adopted. We do not tax men or women , but we tax property. Property Is capital and capital is simply the product of labor. Property Is taxed to pay for the cost of protecting men and women In their natural rights to life , liberty and the pursuit of happiness. According to the supreme court of thu United States the pur suit ot happiness Is the right of every per son to become the owner of property In other words the Inalienable- right which men and women have alike to the pursuit of happiness Is the right to enjoy the fruits of their labor. Taxation , therefore , Is simply a premium paid by the owners of property for the protection of their persons In Its use. This premium or tax Is paid by corporations and aliens as well as by voters , but nobody contends that corporations and aliens , because they are taxed , should have the right to vote. Tin ; man or woman who pays a premium to Insure his or her house or personal property against fire Is by no means entitled to take part In the manage ment ot the Insurance company. The doc- trlno I maintain Is that It taxation means cdnsent , corporations and aliens are taxed wlthoqt their consent. What part have they In the government ? In this free land of ours the poorest man who bus no place to lay his head In thu peer of the millionaire politically ; both are allko subject to jury duty and police duty In times ot peace und military duty In times of war. Oh , but crlpplcH und men who are too old to go to war still vote , don't they ? That Is true , but the percentage of crip- plea Is very small and the old men sub ject to conscription between the ages of 18 and ! ! > are subject to jury duty , when In good health , until the duy ot thulr death , Wo are told by the visionaries who advo cate oqnal HUffrugo that ut the threshold of thn twentieth century force Is no longer necosuary for maintaining governments. Will there over comu a tlmu when lawbreakers will not have to bo arrested , when murders and burglaries and highway robberies will be unknown and when rloU and insurrec tions cnn be pttt down by waving s wand That tlma may come , but It wilt be wltl thn advent nf the millennium. WOMEN A3 DRBADWINNER& The champions ot woman suffrage cnnteni that women are oppressed because they ar disfranchised , and they assert that womei work for lower wages than men because mei have the ballot. In proof of these asser tlona they point to the fact that the pa ; ot women Is smaller for the same scrvlci In every line ot employment In which the ; are engiwed. An lmpiirtl.il Inquiry Into the facts dls proves .this assumption. Wages are gov erned by the laws of supply and demand Women earn good wages as domestic ! ) It the western states , while men are golnj begging for work. Men earn more wugei as teachers because they bring to the tast endurance and stability. Just about thi time a young woman , h.ta qualified herspl f.ilrly as a teacher * telegraph operator , typewriter writer or stenographer she gets marrlei and drops out , while men continue and Im prove as they grow older. Why are mcr employed a-j cooks In hotels nnd preferrei as dressmakers for women's expensive gar ments ? Simply because they are more pro tlclent nnd make their pursuit a life cnlllim while with most women nil these pursuit : are merely Intermediate stops on the high ways and byways toward matrimony. Another reason why women are compara tively underpaid U because so few are ubli to put In as many hours and days continu ously as men. If the ballot Is the lever foi 'raising ' men' * wages why does the enfran chised negro of the south earn less than the newly Imported Italian laborer , and why du negro washerwomen and domestics earn more than their male relatives ? WOMRN- AND THE LAWS. In conclusion let me call attention to the fact that men have wrought all the great political reforms that have raised humanity from barbarism to Its present civilization. The laws of all civilized lands and es pecially of our own country have. recognU- Ing the physical difference between the sexes , surrounded woman with safeguards and privileges which are essential to her well being and contribute to her happiness as wife and mother. Tha laws ot every state make woman her own master at the age of IS. while man re mains under guardianship up to the age of 21. In this and several other states mar ried women may dispose of real property without the consent of their husbands , while on the contrary the husband cannot part with realty without the assent of his wife. The labor laws of this country discrimi nate In favor ot women. Those who contend that woman suffrage Is necessary to Insure the proscription of the liquor traffic have their answer In the constitution of Kansas framed by men and In the statutes of Maine , Vermont and Iowa framed by the oppressors of the degraded sex. And what have women achieved with the ballot wherever It has been placed In their hands ? Look at Wyoming and Utah. In Utah Brlglmm Young gave them the ballot , but they were either too timid or too sub servient to assert themselves and upheld polygamy , notwithstanding they outnum bered the male voters as seven to one. Woman suffrage has been dominant In Wyoming for a quarter of a century and yet Wyoming has nothing to boast of morally or financially over the neighboring states where women do not vote. Vice and crime are Just as rampant. If not more so. In Wyoming and the liquor traffic flourishes Just as much with women In possession of the ballot as It 'does where they are ex cluded. The only difference equal suffrage has made In Wyoming is to increase tha number of voters and make the elections more expensive and corrupt. Tim bad women have to be bought as well as the venal men. When women can change their physical con stitution It will be time enough to engraft woman suffrage upon your constitution. E. ROSEWATER , Omaha. March 23 ; 1S9I. SEUUr.AH SHOTS AT THE 1'VLfIT. Detroit Free Press : One venerable Ken tucky minister has the charity which covers a multitude of sins. This divine thinks that the cclonel did remarkably well to live forty-seven years before he was led astray. Chicago Herald : Rev. Dr. Dlxon of New York proposes to organize a Win One so ciety , each member ot which pledges him self to reform one sinner. The society will pump up against a rock if it undertakes to regenerate the politicians. One reformer to one politician would be like a fiea on a rhinoceros. Philadelphia Press : The early church won In Its way because Its members , with all their faulty , rero Immeasurably superior to the moral life about them. The real enemies of the Christian church today are not those who attack Its creed from with out , but those within Its walls who bring discredit on Its moral standards. run .I Tlmt the limit U Alwny * the CHewpMt U l'ro en liy Plirnrv * . The Dee has made a compilation of the amount of matter printed the past week by the three lending papers ot Nebraska Th Bee , the World-Herald and the Lincoln Journal exclusive ot commercial news * . . I advertisements. Even were the columns of these papers ot the same width and length , and were the matter printed In the satin type , tha patrons of Tha tlee would hava 4 great advantage. In the table below Is given the actuu1' ' measurement ot the matter In the thf papers by columns , and In the last Ir presented a statement of how the compare when measured by the columns ot The Bee. It Is easy to. the best Is the cheapest. The figures ar ! follows : i-'ituM IMJIVS not.v. Prejudice Is blind from birth. The labor of unbelief Is to make a stone look Ilk ? bread. Whenever you speak evil of another you are surt ) to hurt yourself. It keeps the devil busy to hold tils own against a praying mother. Every good man makes unwritten law. \ that somebody has tofollow. . - Theru Isn't much sense In reading bad J books and praying to God to make you pure fen minded. The man who serves the devil will soon / llnd out that he has to do it at his wn./ expense. / The bravest man under the sun Is the otJ who hat the courage to say no to the devil when he offers him the whole earth. ; The devil loves , the man whose mule lias an easier tlmevthan his wife , no mattbr whether he belongs to church or not. it K.I r. .sivti.vo Onlvoston News : The honest man m vcr stops to Inquire whether honesty pays. J Vw Orleans Picayune : A house divided against Itself must fall , but ; i political party , badly split , can always compromise on tbe ollices. Hallo : Assistant Killtor A Milwaukee brewery wac burned last night nnd 3 > , UOi ) barrels of beer were lost. What sdmll I bead It ? Editor We mourn our loss. Washington Star : "These ndventuresssos have very checkered careers. " remarked the moralist. "Yes , " replied the youni ; man. sadly ; ' "with the 'accent 'on the chtck. " New York Press : Joe You girls have queer fads now ! Kutle What , for In stance ? Jot * Well. I saw Miss Kanny Desukel walking with a stick yesterday Katie ( eagerly ) Who was It ? That odious Mr. Hlslmkf ? Town Topics : The sweet Manhattan mai den , ever wakeful und alert , to be very , very swagger , now wears creases In her skirt. Indianapolis Journal : "It was very klml of the boys to come around and serenade . me. " said the randldate for congress , "but I would like to know what venomous scoundrel put them up to playing "i'liere'M No Place Like Home. " Tld-Blts : A mendicant approached a benevolent looking old gentleman the other day and said : "Dear sir , I have lost my leg. " To which the benevolent looking gentlenmn replied us he hurried away : ' " .My denr friend. I am very sorry , but I have not seen anything of It. " OKNTL.K SPUIXO. . lloston Transcript. As pants the heart for cooling streams. So pants my muse to string A set of rhymes to paint In words My gushing thoughts on spring. But black and white are not the shades To paint the gush I mean : So bring along that other pot. The pot that's marked "pea-green. " , /y.sr AH of out. JiiJil I.yman In OhlcaRo Tlmei. ! miss yon from my side tliltt lonely night. And feel that nothing new on earth is true. Old sweet pictures In the mellow light Give to me the happy Past and you. Just as of Old. I wish that you would steal behind my chair And press your fingers to my tired eyes. And when , surprised , I found you laughing there You'd lay your dear bead down , where now none lies , Just its of old. And as tbe fire flickered on your balr. Till each bright tress was Ilke-u skein of gold. 'd give the world If smiling , restful there. You'd whisper low , "I love you , " us of. old. Just as of old. CO. Tlio largest make ami Hellers of , line dollies ou onrUi Not Much A-head-of-Time After All. \ We called the turn It's getting1 Spring-like find bland and you will want that Spring1 suit. Our styles are exclusive , for we make every suit we sell. The usual excellence goes without saying. Wo have ho competitors but tailors and they are twice as high priced. BROWNING , KING & CO. , , I S.V. \ . Cor.Utli and Douglas Sts.