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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE.
ESTABLISHED JUNE 19 , 1871. OMAHA , TUESDAY MOILING , A1MUL 'J , 189-1. SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS. X VOORIIEES STARTS IT Opening of the Debate on the Tariff Bill in the Senate , HE V/AS / GREETED BY A LARGE AUDIENCE Interest in the Measure Still Holds the Attention of the Public. FREE WOOL AND AN INCOME TAX UPHELD Indiana's ' Eloquent Statesman Makes an Earnest Plea for His Hobby. BENEFITS OF A SYSTEM OF FREE TRADE of the McKlnloy Hilt " < l OtliiT | ! U I.oKlHliitlon by Hi" Itepublleuas Hi Mevieel b ) u Demoi III till ) , llmiitc. WASHINGTON , April 2. The principal centered In the today interest In the senate Kpecch of Senator Voorhees , the chalrmnn of who thus launched the committee on nuance , the sea of senatorial the tariff question upon elebatc. Whllo his ipcech was read from with all then delivered mnmiRcrlpt , It was his usual characterises which n > ry energy extemporaneous efforts. There was nn un usually full attendance , both on the floor and and the conclusion of his In the galleries , speech was greeted with n hearty buist of applause. He lauded the Walker tariff bill " of 1818 an of "blessed and glorious memory , nnd regretted exceedingly that tills bill did not more closely resemble It He vigorously defended the Income tax feature and the free wool clause , and as vigorously condemned of the Mc the sugar bounty nnd reciprocity Klnley bill , the former being chaiacferlred ns "n jumble und fraud. " The latter was "an unconstitutional freak. " He called at- tcntloil to the fact that todny was the ITiOth anniversary of the birth of Thomas Jeffcison. "that great emancipator of mankind , " und cjuoted extensively from Mr. Illalne s Thirty Years In Congress. " In the morning hour Senator Morgan sought to have passed a bill providing for the carrlng Into effect of the nwnids of the board of nrbltrntlon In the Herlng sea matter , but when It wns on the eve of its passage It went over until the bill could bo printed Then the unfinished business , the bill of Senator Hansbrough for the destruction of the Hussion thistle , was laid before the nenatc , and Immediately came Into col lision with tlio tariff bill , which Senator Voorhees had given notice of his Intention to call up at that time. Senator llunsbrongh asked that the un finished business should be temporarll ) laid aside In favor of the opening speech on the tailff , without losing its place as the un finished business. This was met by n mo tion from Scimtor Harris that tlie tut Iff bill tie made the unfinished business. While he was opposed to the bill of the senatoi from North Dakota , ho said If there should be nny ipip In the consideration of the tariff bill , ho would have no objection to the Hlisslien thistle being taken ip. : Ho would he willing to give the senator his clay In court , but ho could not afford to let the great tariff bill play second flddlo to the thistle bill. The tariff bill must now be made the unfinished business , he declared , or a majority of the Bcnators must declare against It. Senator Hansbrough , though defeated , matched off the field with colors ( IjliiK nnd bands playing , for he announced that al though the thistle bill was alined at the pro- , toctlon of agriculture , while the tariff bill , from hln point of vision , was Intended to destroy It , yet In view of present clmim- glances ho would withdraw his proposition. GUCnTUD IY ) A CROWDED HOUS13. The tariff bill being made the unfinished business by the enthusiastic acclamation of the majority , with only n few scarcely > lienrd nays from the republican side , Mr. Voorhees was recognized. Ho looked around upon n well tilled chamber , whose members accorded him the closest attention iV number of representatives came ovoi from the house to wntch the progress of the bill. ( The gulleiles were crowded with an utten- tlvo audience , which paid the stilctest atten tion to thespcnkei on the tlooi. Senaloi Voorhees , ns Is his usual custom , read his speech from n convenient desk made of large books piled upon his desk. Ho said " .Mr Piesldcnt , great abuses In go-.em inent , strong by the sanction and growth of years , embedded In the powerful Interests of privileged classes crcnted , fostered , en couraged and protected by the laws tticm- eelves , have rnrcly , If ever , In any nge , been promptly and totally eradicated , except by forcible revolution nnd bloodshed. Such Is the concurrent und unbroken testimony of lilstoiy "The spirit of peaceful and practical re form , on the other hand , Is a reasoning and progressive spirit , moving forward step by step , no matter how radlcil and thorough Its mils nnd nlms may bo and ovei coming the most gigantic evils with patient wisdom und courage , rather than by violent nnd whole sale assault. "Tho protective system of tariff taxation , ns developed and fastened upon the busi ness and labor of the Aineili-an people , growing worse at every stage * . Is n sscm ( of Imlescilbnble Injustice and oppression ; nnd yet who will contend thut nil Its vicious principles nnd workings can ho annihilated by n single blow or totally wiped nut by a elnglu legislative enactment' For Hie bill now under consideration , no such claim Is made , but In Its behalf It can be tiuthfiill ) asserted and will be successfully maintained , that It accomplishes u vast work In the Held of tariff reform , embodies a great icllef to the people from Iniquitous existing burdens nnd constituting a long stride , though not a final one , toward the appproachlng day of perfect deliverance. "Sir I challenge the attention of the sen- nto and the country to the great und com manding facMhat by the provisions of this Mil , the seeming paradox of a reduction of tuxes und at the snmc tlmo un Incicaset of 1 imblli ) revenues will ho reconciled when It becomes u law , I will not stop to consider at this point the. vast Individual robbeiles committed In protected markets. Over and boond this well known field of extortion nnd Injustice It will bo found that the tariff taxes now olllclully ascertained und paid under existing law , on the wants , nec essities and dully consumption of the labor ing men , women and children of the I'nlteel States have been reduced more than ITti.OOO- 000 per annum , of which amount $ -.DUO,000 ! is on woolen iininufuctures alone. To this must be added the further Imposing fact that the bill provides for u full nnd ample revenue , largely In excess of present sup plies , with which to meet all the requlie- ments of the public credit. "With such n boneflclent and stupendous result now plainly within the reach of the 'American ' people nnd almost ready for their eager enjo ) incut , I envy not the futo of the party , nor the man , nor the set of men jnrho shall constitute themselves a hindrance nd an obstruction to Its speedy fulfilment. "Tho enactment of the McKlnley law In JSOO was a gigantic crime , not only against every worklngmun In the UnlfQil glaffi but also uualnst every UimvliIUut manufac turer und uRaliift. n | | manufacturing Inter- ejiJt 11 citYi rtBver be forgotten that the enactment of the McKlnley law wns followed almost Immediately by a reduction of the Yuges of all workers In Iron and steel , bo- rlnnliiR at Homestead In Pennslvanla undei Carnegie , resulting In bloodshed and whole- mlo murder , and nxtcmdlng to all parts of the country und to almost every branch of manufacturing industry. " th ail vlor m system ns fairer , more honest and more easily understood than Rpeclflc duties. TAX ON SUOAH DHKHNDniX On the EUbject of the sugar schedule , he said. "Absolutely free trade In sugar Is nn attractive theme , but no Etich thing has ever existed for n single hour since the or ganisation of this government. A moder ate duty has always been Imposed on sugar nnd It lias ntwnya been a staunch revenue support to the government. In that great model of n democratic tariff for revenue only the tariff of 1S4G It was de clared In short nnd simple phrase that "sugar of nil kinds" nnd "syrup of the sugar" were subject to n duty laid tnx of 33 per cent nd vnlorcm. The fnct that the duty tnx on sugar hns Inured nioro to the bcnoflt of the revenues of the government r.nd less to the profits of private parties than any other tax on the tnrlff schedule may be stntcd as the main reason why the democratic party has never made nn Issue against It. Dvcry dollar collected from the tariff tax on sugar and paid Into the treasury relieves ftomo other article of even higher necessity In economic life from the Imposi tion of tariff taxation During the present fis cal year ending Juno 30 there will be paid by the treasury J12,300f00 as bounty to the producers of sugar , and every dollar of this vast sum Is first collected from those who plant corn , raise wheat and engage In nil thr various jilrstilts of labor. Nenrly J30- 000,000 of bounty money has been handed over to the sugar makers of the country since the law went Into operation , and each yeni the sum Is rnpldly Increasing H was thought when the law was under discussion the bounty would not exceed JS.000.000 per > car , hut the stimulating Inlluencj of such un enormous bounty was underrated If the law Is to remain unrepcaled the tlmo Is at hand when It will confer as a mere gratuity more than $20.000.000 yearly upon n small fraction of our population engaged In no public service , but In their own private enterpllsns 'In turning to another subject on which much Ignorance and much malevolent criti cism has been heard the task Is easy In securing n sufficient revenue for the support of the government with as light n tax as possible on the necessaries of life. I have nt all times earnestly favored an Increased ( ax on whisky. My sincere regret Is that moro money for the government was not obtained from the same souicc and consequently quently less from other sources of n dif ferent charncter " Speaking of the proposed Income tax , which he wnrmly upholds , Mr Voorhees nnld "The proposition contained In the pending bill to levy n tnx of 2 per cent on nil net Incomes of corporations nnd of In dividuals In excess of $4,000 per annum is so just nnd equitable towaid the hard-working tnxpa > ers of meager resources throughout the entire country that not n word In Its defense or explanation would seem neces- fary here or nn > where else But the nar row nnd coirodlng Eclllshnnps of riches has been nrouscd by this simple measure of jus tice Into fierce resentment nnd contention We hear on nil hands the dictatorial volco of Individual and corporation wealth de manding that It shall not be disturbed by the demands of the slightest touch of the taxgatherer , vhntevcr may be the demands of the government or the oppression of toll ing masses I do earnestly bcllovu that the limit of endii-anco has been i cached , that the time has come for a test to be made be tween the power of hoarded money and the power of productive labor , that the people from this tlmo forward , more than ever be- foie , will organize and take rapid nnd heroic measures against the continued und brutal dictation of the plutocracy , against the paramount Influence of wealth , against the niles and supremacy of the rich In shap ing the financial policy of this government In thcli own Interests" Rcfeirlng to the wool schedule he paid- "If I believed wool on the fice list would hurt the farmer 1 would not vote for the bill , It Is a matter of actual demonstration , however , that If the farmer Nhould get an In- cicased pries for his wool by icnson of n tariff for Us piotectlon , ho will pry It all out and inueh more to the manufacturer an a duty on woolen goods when he next bujs n llnnnel shirt , nn overcoat or n pair ot trousers. " voounnns' CONCLUSION. Mr-"Voorlices concluded aa follows"When the day * unll dawn In which the farmer , the mechanic and the wage worker shall alike have the ilghl und the privilege to go into the open , liberated markets of the Hml , buy whole their hard-earned monej will buy most for their \\antn , with none to molest , to assess , to levy , to t tke loll , 01 to task or to tax , then Indeed will the millennium of labor have como nnd nil the sons and daugh ters of toll shall rise up and call Iheh gov ernment blessed. "Sir , this Is the birthday of Thomas Jef ferson. One hundred and fifty-one jears ago today he came Into the world , the greatest emancipator of thought , philosopher of liberty and teacher of the natural rights of man ever known In human history. The blows he struck for freedom , justice und equality In government me jet resounding throughout the earth , nnd they will never cease to be heard until the last shackle of pilvllogc and tyiannj Is broken Ton davs before his soul took flight fiom his moun tain home , he wrote his parting words to his own countrymen and to alt the races of mankind. With this great djlng message bcforo us nnd Its spirit we take new courage ago and go on with our work 'All e > es are open or opening , ' ho snld. 'to the lights of man. The general spicad of the light of science has already laid open to evciy view the palpable truth that the mass of man kind haii not been bom with saddles on their bnckH , not n favored few booted and spurred , leady to ilde them legitimately by the grace of God. ' "Hull mighty message nnd hall Its speedy nnd eeilaln fulfillment. All hall the coun sels of ' 1 homos Jefferson In this hour of caste1 , based on wealth , or privilege granted by law , and of monopoly fastened on the sluveiy of labor. " A few minutes before I o'elod ; Sonntoi Vooihee.s concluded his speech , which had lasted nearly two horns. As he took his seat a .wave of nppluiiset swept over the galleryv which the vice president hud some dllllelilt.\ . quelling Owing to Hie- lateness of the houi , Senator Mllson , who had Intended to answer Sena tor Vooiheeslehled for un o\orutlvt > M-H- slon. AH the bill introduced by Senator Morgan to carry out the auaids of the Bering pea tilbunal had not come from the printer , that , too , wc'iit over temporarily , after telng called up , and Senator .Morgan cansunttd to the tixeciitlvc session. After being In executive session nn hour nnd a quarter the doors were reopened nnd ut Ti 25 p m. the senate adjourned until 12 o'clock tomoirow. hril.I , Dcnnx rut * t'niitilo In Socuu * 11 Onnrum In the O'.Nrlll-.loy TUIII. WASHINGTON , April 1' . rive hours todu > roll call followed roll call in un end less attempt to bring the republican Illlbustei ngulnst the O'Neill-Joy contested election ciise to u rloso , but at no tlmo woio the democrats able to muster a quorum , nnd the fight wus finally abandoned for the da > . Mr Patterson of Tennessee , who lias chnigo of the eave , su > u this e > venlng ' This cn u will bo kept before the honso until It la disposed of , If It takes ull summer. It might as well be understood now us nvei. Thosn who have nny Idea that It will be abandoned will II ml the ) uro mistaken " Just bcforn. the final adjournment Mr r.ittor.Hon gave notice that tomorrow ho would nsK the house to t\i \ In continuous session until the case wus decided. Today 170 was the hlghwutcr mark touched by the democrats on roll call. This IB nine short of u quotum. About ten democrats are vet , . Ine on every roll call against 0'Nvlll , u'nd three from his own state At 1 35 the home adjourned , | Mutt Vfftl * ' 'llie-irxblllty. WASHlNinoN. API II 2-Jurncs Pnicell of Hudson , N. Y. , the lojvrst bidder foi the stamped envelope nnd nevvBpnpor vvruppei contiact. 'will bo given an oppoitunlty to prove bl-4 ability to euiiy out the agree ment 1'iistmaster General Hlssell has null- tied him that ho wilt be given u lieailtn ; this week. It In piobublc that another henilni ; will lie Klven In the lattei pail ( if the wrtK us n result of the protest tiled by the I'llm ton-Morgan company of llurtford. MUSK , ugnlnst three ot the other blddem , All bidders will prubuVIy be r vrcs uUO. STILL GIVING' HER THE LIE Story of Madeline's Wrongs from tbo Stand point of the Defendant. BRECKINRIDGE CONTINUES HIS DENIALS Ultlier tlio Ceiloiic-l' nn Accomplished . Aimnliis or . Mint 1'allnril'fi n buhtlo biipphlrit Defendant' * Ili'fcmo by Contradiction * , WASHINGTON. April 2. The carriage ride of August , 1S92 , when Miss 1'ollnrd had Bald Colonel Ilrecklnrldgo had mndo the first for mal proposal of marriage to her , WHS the first subject to which Colonel Ilrecklnrldgo addressed himself when ho took the stand In the court roe n toioy. Ho denied , vv.ti hla customary reiteration , that any such rldo had been taken , or that he had made nny proposal , or that ho had talked over family matters. Then , continuing , he B.irt "I never asked the plaintiff to give up any child ; I never knew plaintiff had any living child ; I never at an > time spoke of marriage to the plaintiff before the death of my late wile. " Donvlng the conversation which Mlfs Pol lard said took place at the Hoffman hoii'o to the effect that a company had been formed by Whitney and Talrchlld , which ho was to represent , he said he had not seen the > plaintiff on the .10th of April , that he had not been absent for a moment from the side of his wlfo that day , aa he had not been married forty-eight hours. lie never had any busi ness niraiiKementa with the gentlemen men tioned , iicver contemplated a visit to Europe , never spoke of Intended man Inge. COHHECTS MAJOR MOOUR. Then Mr. Huttenvorth called his attention again to the Interview In the olllcc of Major Moore. "My recollection Is that It was a much shorter visit than Major Moore has said , " he continued. "It was rapid and ex citing ; the young woman did most of thu talkliiK. " This statement Mr IJrccMnrldge desired to make to correct an Impression Major Moore hud given that the conversation had lasted a much longer time. IIu went over the conversation heretofore given In this Interview and which Intituled the state ment to the plaintiff that "I will marry you the last day of the month If God don't Interpose" Mr. Dutterwoith asked the witness what Interviews he had with Miss Pollard prior to the Interview of the 17th with Major Moore. The colonel then I elated In detail the Interviews that occuned and the substance of the conver sation as he remembered them. These in cluded the Interview with Mis. Thomas , the afternoon of the 13th of May , when he left Miss Pollard In u real or simulated fainting condition. On the next day , Sun- da ) , while at the Itlggs house , in answer to u eard sent to his room , he saw her In the ladle s' parlor and had an amiable and friendly conversation with the plaintiff. At this time the latter exprosesd regret at what had occmred along Hie street and In Major .Moore's olllce Plaintiff gave him a schedule of what she would want In the way of underwear and other clothes prior to the trip to New Yoik. They parted with , every evidence of good feeling and sin cerity on the part of the plaintiff to carry out the agreement between them whereby she was to go to New York. That evening a boy came to the hotel and said Miss Pollard wanted to see him with a message icquestlng that he take her to Mrs. Hlackbuin's , where she wanted to stay all night. lie took her to Mrs lllackburn's house Monday she canio again to the hotel and presented to him another schedule for clothing. She wanted a little moie money to make preparations to go away. The next day she sent him a note and they took lurch at the Shorelmm. They talked again of the trip to New York and she told him the name of the physician In whose care she was to put herself , and witness told her that this doctor was a comrade of his In the war. The ne\t day after this the plaintiff came to see him again and on * the night of that day they saw Mis. Blackburn , who , after hearing their explanation , Mild she would wash her hands of the whole matter. Mis. Blackburn approved the agreement for the plaintiff to go to New York. The following day the plaintiff agafn came to the hotel and a conversation ensued between them as to a further conference which It was proposed should bo held with Major Moore prior to her going away. As ho described how he had waved her off Colonel Drecklnildge gesticulated very Impressively with both hands and explained the whola Interview In pantomlnc. There was a tragic Inflection to his tones as he closed the ac count of the visit to Mrs. Thomas with "Then I left her. " There was a constant reiteration In the defendant's denials. He would frame them In every possible form of negation of time , place and manner. MRS. IL..U'KtU'HN PARTS WITH THCM. "There was no further explanation to give. I could' give no further explanation , and Mrs. lllackburn said she would wash her hunds uf us would wash her hands of people ple who engaged and acted In that way and could give no explanation of It , " was one of the chaiacterlxtlc utterances. During the description of the second visit to the major ho said "Wo agreed to hay that she was going to New York to have u child , that I was the author of her preg- nunc ) We ugr"ed on all but one point She Insisted , crying several times , that I should tell Major Moore I was the only man who had over been Intimate * with her. I declined to do that. I said I had put myself In the power of her and Major Moore already , and that I would refuse to say to an > man that I had seduced her. Then she said she would not go. As she turned her jacket back I saw the gleam of a pistol In her bosom I said 'You're sitting close to me. ' and Hho Bald' 'I will use that on mybClf If 1 do on nilbody ' " Then describing the ( acne In the office of the chief of police , where they eat on the sofa , ho said : "She seemed to bo dlssatls- fled with thu form In which I made the statement. She took out the pistol and looked at It. I said , 'You had better let Major Moore take that and make mo a Christmas present of It. ' Then I said that nobody could t > ay that I had seduced her , because the 11 rut night I saw her I took liberties with her and the second night I Die-lit with hei 1 made this statement about not reducing lift1 with considerable force , even temper" Thu account of this Interview In Major Mooro'H ulllce differed from the version of It given by that ofllcer and the plaintiff. Con tinuing his recital for the arrangements of Miss Pollard's visit to New York for con finement. Colonel lireeklnrldgo said she only wanted to arrive there with $10 In her pocket , because she was afraid If she had more , she would como back to Washington. She was to stop ut No. 7 Thirty-first street , where she ) would have good care , , She waste to study painting on china or in water colora when her strength would enable her to and to continue her studies In Knsllsh literature. Ho Bald : "I Considered the problem settled , BO far as Washington was concerned , eo far us Mis. UlackbHrh was concerned , BO far us our sexual relttlons were concerned. The only thing left open was regarding the child. I said to her that If It was my child , as I only partially believed It was , I wanted to educate It , to take care of It , to give It every chunco possible for a clld ) | born out of wedlock , and In the meantime she waste to have every care and tenderness. Wo parted without anger and on this under standing " Speaking of the reasons for leaving Wnnli- liiKton the last of May Colonel Ilrcckln- rldgo ald they were not connected with Ux c e , but ji re lUa wukt urgent poi- slblo reasons , relntW , to his younger son , who attended Washington nnd Leo univer sity , and WAS In gre.il Ilimcultlos , Ho took the dispatches which hp had sent Miss Pol lard during the trip and read them with great eloquent effect. The burden of most of them , which have bctn already publlnhcd , was that ho should 'make ' herself com fortable. "That was /nut what I meant , " ho continued , "tlml she should make her self ns comfortable life possible. Nothing more , nothing less , " JUST AS A IJMND. Two dispatches received In Cnvirptcm signed by Mrs. Thonms nnd Inquiring If he was In Covlngton , ho said ho inspected ere from the plaintiff , with the name of her landlady as a blind. Miss Pollard had gone to New York on May 18 and had returned on the 19th. After ar riving In Lexington ho received a telegram to the effect that Mln Pollard was coming there. Ho returned trjs message , the princi pal part of which was "Walt , It will come , " referring , he declared , to money. This cor respondence was reviewed at length. An objection WT.B nnercd by Mr. Wilson that If Colonel Ilrpcl Inrldge had destroyed the letters from Miss Pollard to which these telegrams were nnswi'rs he could not testify rcunidlng their contents. Ir was replied In by Mr. Uutterworth f-nt the letters had not been destroyed with nny view of ronccalng | evidence , but because they wcro not good things to preserve as family relics , for If found they would compromise both the re cipient and the sender. "It was my custom , " explained Colonel Hrecklnrldgc , "to destroy my letters from the plaintiff as soon as received. " Judge Bradley overruled the objection. Referring io oinS telegram , which said- "Wholly uncertain , possibly by any train. Wholly certain June the 13th , " dated May 27. Ho said ho could not recollect to what that was a reply , but apprehended that It was n reply to one of many letters Inquiring when ho would return to Washington His name , William C. P. Hrecklnrldgc , at the end of the telcgiam , ho read with nn Im pressive lulled Ion , These dispatches had all been put In evi dence by Miss Pollard's attorneys and Col onel Ilrecklnrldgc was giving explanation of them , although several ho read without com ment. He seemed to be amused when he spoke of n Cincinnati paper , Kent by his son , containing "An announcement of the engage- input between plaintiff and myself Meeting somebody on the street they spoKe of It , " he went on , "and I denied that such n mat- rlugc was possible. This was printed In the Gazette , and , being seen by the plaintiff , she wrote mo two or three letters. Including If I had made the denials and threatening to publish our lelatlons entire In the papers and republlsh them ut Lexington. " "Did ) ou , " asked Mr. Huttcrworth , "have any sexual relations with the plaintiff after the 29th of April , 1S1I3 ? " Tills Is the date on which the defendant was secretly married to Mrs. Wing. DCNini ) THT5 BTATHMnNT. Mr. llrecklnrldge 1 did not after the 29th of Api II , 1S91 ? . have nny sexual Intercourse with the plaintiff whatever. It Is absolutely false. I never had any -sexual Intercom so with the plaintiff after the 'Jlst day of March , at any tlmo or any places I returned on the .list of March and had the conversation with Mrs. IJlackburn. Plaintiff and I had no sexual relations on that day , nor ever after that day. The arrangement made prior to my going to Mrs. Uluoltburn's , as a condition of my going to Mrs. lilackburn's , as the only reason I would go to Mrs Blackburn's , was that our relations should terminate , that she should leave the city of Washington and that the relations between her and Mrs. Black burn should be allowed to die out gradually and 1 should support h r until she could find some honorable vucaUcu , , Speaking of the plaintiff's employment In the census olilco , CaUo ? ° l llrecklnrldge paid that Bho had lot U I'ing his absence , when ho thought shejAras harshly treated. MM Pollard ImcV.ija-vS-a rancrk expressing gratification at the death of General Shpr- men , as was published at the tlmo , although Mr. Brecklnildge did not mention it. He hud done everything lu his power to assist her in obtaining reading matter , but had never advised her about her studies , except to endeavor to make her take up rudi mentary studies , In which she was peculiarly deficient for a woman of her reading. He had assisted her In getting books from the congressional library , sending n list by the page , and never furnished her with a trans lation of the Odyssey * It was ten minutes before 12 when Mr. Uutterworth announced that the direct ex amination had finished , although there might be a few more iiuestlons , nnd asked for a recess to enable him to look over his notes , so the recess was announced cat Her than usual , until 12:45. : . , ' IN TUG HANDS OP WILSON. "Take the witness' ' " said Ml. Butterworth at the beginning ot the afternoon session , and Mr. Wilson , reminding Colonel Breck- Inrldge of his early educational advantages , asked him what pieparo'toiy schools ho had attended , and then asked , "You had unusual educational advantages ? " "Very unusual , " was the icply. "And social advantages. " "Yes , sir. " "You began the practice of law when ? " "In 18.77. " "Your practice was Interrupted by the war ? " "Yes , sir ; nnd I returned In 1865 " "Was your professional career Intel inpted bv dinicultles with yofn clients. ' " "It was not. " ' "Were your friends not obliged to lalse money to help you ouf of trouble ? " "I became greatly Involved trying to save soii'o .friends from bankruptcy , but did not have trouble with clients " "Your friends were not obliged to return money jou had misappropriated ? " "They were not " In relating his connection with educational Institutions Colonel BrecKlmldgo said ho had been a lecturer for scvcuil ) ear- " , had been nominally a trustee of Snro Institute , the female seminal y attended by the plaintiff. "Your father was n minister of the gospel und president of a college of what denomi nation' ' " ' The Presbyterian.1 "Are you a member of that church' " "In the sense that 1 was berne on Its rolls. I became u member In 1859 and have never withdrawn " "You have taken an Interest In the church ? " "In the sense of contributing as far as my means would allow , nnd giving legal advice when It was wanted. I have no recollection of overittddreFsIng a piesbtory or synod. I was ( never un ollleer of the church. In 1S88 , at the centennial meet ing In Philadelphia , 1 addressed the meeting on Calvinism and religious freedom. " "Hnvo you taken uullvo tntoicst In Sun day school vvorltJ' * "I have never been a teacher since I left the confederate army. : It dcpomU on what you mean by an active Interest " "Have you lectured' before joung ladles' seminaries ? " naked Mr , 'Wilson. LKCTURED YQUNG LADIUS. "Oh , I have addressed schools , lectured nnd delivered diploma nt times , " "You were given a public reception at the Norwood institution In this clt ) I" "Oh. yes. " Thereupon "Mr. 'WHwn handed up to tnu colonel and requestedthlm to read an ln vltntlon which he hai ( sent to Miss Pollard In February , 1893 , requesting the pleasure ot her company at a. reception to Hon. W. 0. P. Drexklnrldgo at Norwood Institute , wjilch he read. Dy questions concerning the colonel' ! * resi dence In Lexington In 1S81 Mr. Wilson elicited that his home was on the same street as that of Barah Guess , four blocks away. Then he asked : "How long had you known Sarah Guess ? " To which Urecklnrldgo replied , "Oh , I can't tell ; per haps , twenty years. " "Did you Khow the character of her house ? " "I did. " "Had you ever been there before you went with the plaintiff ? " "I wnn. " "Then I understand that before you met the plaintiff you had for jeura known Sarah Guess , known the character of the house ; known the location of the house and hud ( Continued on Second Page. ) MAY SOON BREW OR DISTILL Bill Granting Right to Manufacture Under Certain Restrictions Passes tbo Senate. PROHIBITION ON ITS LAST LEGS IN IOWA runic Promlftri licit 1'lght In the. 11 nine , but Prime ) * of the Kill Claim to Ho Ablit to I'liis It Ssifcl ) . DHS MOINiS : , April 2. ( Special Telegram - gram to The Bee ) After four hours' fili bustering by the prohibition clement Urn senate passed a bill , by n vote of 27 to 17 , authorising the manufacture of nlcohollc , vinous nnd mnlt liquors In this state. The bill rends as follows1 See'tlon 1 The bonid of Mipoivisors of nny ooiintv , upon the tiling uf n petition signed bj n majority of the votris who votenl at the last tireci-dlng general election of such ( onnt.v , may Ixstio to nnv PIMHOII or uoi ( Miration u pet mil to miintifacturc' nnd nell at wholesale for lawful pnipo es and for expntt ppltltnous , malt , ferment and vinous llquorc , vvlilih pe'rsons or eor- porntlons phnll not xoll at letull not in mnallcr quantities than four gallons nor Bell nor glvo , jior sulTci to bo old given or used upon tin- promises where wild llquou nr < > imuiurneluieil , nor In iui > building eun- net'ted therewith or ndjiirrnt thereto , anj liquors by theilrain , nor In any cUbi-i man ner than ut wholesale foi the piupuscH herein provided. Bco. . ' . If nnv pei on holding Mich pei- mlt .shall nianufiiftnrt > 01 soil for any pur poses 01 in nny manner not hcieln niltliot- 1/cil , nueli person or person" 01 coipotatlons Hhnll l > t > sulijoc t to all penalties now pre scribed by l.ivv agnlnst unlawful nuiitifuu- turc Sec. 3 All nets or parts of acts Incon sistent herewith aic liciebv icpeahd. Sec * This aet , being deemed of Im- infdlntp Importance , shall taki' crfeet ami be In force from and afln It.s publication In the low a State' Heglster and the DPS Molnes l.cadei , nowspapcia published In Dos Molncs , la An amendment by Jamison requiring the signature of 6,1 per ccut of the voters was lost. Those voting for the bill wore- Bishop. Brewer , Carpenter , Cheshire , Cona- vvny , Cialg , Dent , Downey , Hills , i\crn11 , Funk , Garst , Green , Groneweg , Harpei , Harsh , Hlpwell , Hurst , Kelly , Lehfeldt , Muttoon , Perrln , Illggen , Terry , Upton and Ycomans. Senator Gionewcg endeavored to strike out the clause requiring filing of .1 petition , but failed. WILL BH IN Tlin HOUSC TODAY. The hill will come up as a special order In the house tomorrow , when n battle ro > nl may bo expected. The prohibitionists threaten to filibuster to the end of the ses sion rather than permit the bill to pass It Is the Impression now that If the bill reaches a final vote that It will go through by a bare majority. Chairman rank of the house committee claims llflj-two votes against the bill and he will piobably line his men up tonight and count noses In order to outline the program for lomonow. The house refused to ngiee with the senate as to the location of the soldlcis' monument at the old < apltol giounds , and by n vote of 72 to 12 located the monument on Governor's squnrn beautiful tract of ground of live acres c-xtunt , just southeast of the new state house. The senate passed a bill to regulate mutu il benefit associations and to provide for an additional judge for the supreme couit. The revenue bill , on motion of Harsh , was teferrcd to the code commission with instinotions to Incorporate Its prln- clpnl provisions In the new code. The bill -referred v.-as not tl/c roilgliml one , but the amended bill Introduced by Harsh , whkh Senator Finn deelnied was In the Interest of bankers and tux shiikors. Dos Molnm ICopiibllians. DES MOINIJS. April 3. ( Special Tele gram to The Bee ) Ketuins from the city election received up to 1 JO this morning Indicate the election of the cntlic repub lican ticket , except one alderman. The majority on the head of the ticket will bo close to 1,000 for Hlllls for major. KEOKUK , April 3. The city election passed off quietly , the' republicans electing theli candidate for assessor and .three aldor- incn. The democrats elected four alder men. men.DUBUQUH , April 3. The demociats elected their entire city ticket and all the aldermen. A year ago the independents carried tlicn city by n largo majoiity. The passage of the mulct tax law by the legis lature was one of the chief causes of the reversal. _ Appointments Sent lei the ' enatnst < ida ) 11) the Preside nt. WASHINGTON , Aptll 2-The pii'sldent today Kent the following nominations to the senate. State Depaitment Thomas 12. Benedict ot New Yoik , to be pnhllu prlntei ; James 1) . Yoemnns of Iowa , to bo Intc-istatc com- moice commissioner Justice Dcpaitment Andievv Jnc-kpon Sawyer ot" Nebiaska , nttoiney for the dis trict of Nebiaska. Intc'ilor De-pnitment Chaii ] > s II. J. Tuy- lor of Kansas , coloieel , recoieler ot eleects In the District of Columbia ; Joseph F. llelner , lOKlitor of lands at Gunnlson , Cole j l.c-vvlH Giassmuok , recelvei of public monos nt Gunnlson , Cole ; James A. Mini- day of Washington , leceiver of public monevs at Vnmniivei , Wash. To Ho Consuls of the I'lilted States- Hlohnrd M. Knrkc of Illinois , at Chihuahua ; John lildlaku of North Dakota , ut liaran- qullu , Jnmes H. Dlnsmoio of Toxus , at Clenfimos , C'nba , George H. Hi list e > f Wis consin , at Itelihemlimg , llohemln ; Wllllum C Fostei of All/.onu , at Tilnldad , W. 1 , Walter H. Cheney of Noith Caiollna , at Ctiraeoii. W. I ; Cliffoid Smith of Nuvs York , at Catage-n , Colombhi To Ue CollectoiH ol Customs-Charles II , Illsbee , foi the dlstilct of St. Johns , Ph. . ; I3mll Olund , Dnlutli , Minn ; John A. Wil son , Uinllngton , N. J ; John U. Davis , IJeiiufoit , N c' George H. Peiklns has been nppolnteel postmaster at Uochestei , N. Y Po'etmnste is Alfred D. Tlnslev , Slouv Falls , S D , Pntilek Monlson , Altii , la , H U. Hall. Heel Oak , la ; Chntles P. Dnneombs. 1'oit Dodgela . 13 M I-ook- wood , mnlliiKton , Kun , F U Obei , Wuah- Ington , Kan , Geoige Hill , Independence. Kan ; ( JeoiRo Innis , Law i once , Kan ; W n StockH , Gieat Hend , Kan , George A Collett r.ll-jworth. Kan . A. J. Davis , Wu- keeny , Kan , G. W Kairell , ChanntcKan. . , U. U. Hoemnii. Miles City. Mont ; A.l * Thills , l.on , Ned ) . ; Uehert J. Coles , York , Neb , Kmrna J. Ginfft , Orleans , Neb , nichard C. Coidell , Paik City. Utah , Thomas Dayton , Laiamle , Wyo. ( IIINMI.NT : : UKCEIITS. Alonethut Hun Ilenn Turned Into thn TreuMiiry During tlin Past Month , WASHINGTON , April a The leeulnr month ! ) Ueamiry statement shows. He- celpfs CiiHloms , J1I,3W,9SI , Internal reve nue , J12,8l)8,4i7 ) , miscellaneous , JG75,383. The total receipts vvero therefore ) 'J 1,812,707 , as against $ .11,115,809 for March , 1593 The dlsbuiseiiicntH during the month were * Civil and miscellaneous. J9f MMt7 , \vnr , $3,779,4 , navy. J3.373.710 , Indians. $709.- 007 ; pensions. 13J71.KK1 ; Interest , J216.411 Total disbursements , 131,137,020 , against t31.C33(4SJ ( ( or Maich , 1693 , . leaving a jjc- neiincy for the tnonui of March of $0,294- OC3 , and for the nine months of the present fiscal vear of r < ! < .43-,0 . As compared with March of last year this was a fulling off In the receipts from customs of over J8.300- 000 , from Internal revenues of J122.600 nnd from miscellaneous sources of JSII.WA In the expenditures there wns A decreuse of 1510,915 on Indian uccount und Cfi,7H on account of pensions. There was also a fall- InK off In the Interest account of JGJJ,73I. WASHINGTON. April 2-The cash bal- anc In the treasury at the close of bnslni-as ? vaa tl4J)50.025. ! ) nnel the net old 1100,119.130. Itomovtil of the ( Tin , WASHINGTON. April -The long pend ing question ic-Kardlne the removal of the Southern V'te Indians from Colorado to Utah has been settled , BO fur an the Indian affairs committee of the house Is con- cermet. It Viftj dtttrmln a by the commit- . . _ todi 'z A report n bill providing that the Indll C- hall bo confined , some of them to he u\ ? n end of their present reser vation , n. "J , he remainder to n township In northet . - pvv Mexico , vvhleh will bo sol aside forv J purpose and vvhleh adjoins the preseil yivatlon Hy the bill agreed on today 1 lof the l.OtX ) Indians he-long ing to tliei lo and entitled the-ioto will receive 1SOeaoh. . M , \O'K I.mt Itrinrt. WASH1NO _ , , April 2-The clerk of theI'liltcd Stales elicllll court at Nt-vv Voik hns forwaided to the mipionic' ouuit the papers In the cnso of tlu npponl of John Y. Me'Kano of Now Yoik from the decision of Judge Lnc'omho , doming him a wilt of habeas c-otpns It IH paid bv an otllolal of the c-ouit that theio Is hardly an > probabil ity the cnso will bo licaid this torm. Appropriations for Aimiir I'lato. WASHINGTON , Aplll 2-A eut of $2000- has he-en agreed on by the house' romntlt- tee on naval nfTalis UH the Item for minor plato and aimninont In the naval appro- pllatlon bill The Nav > depaitment'H ostl- mate UIIH $ i > .noirK)0 ) ) Tbta was to wind up the largo outstanding votes undo ! the loll cnll Tbo demounts lacked twenty of n quotum toda ) . T///.W I.VA KI / : / . ii .i/ : /s 01 / ; ; / . WhlnU.v I limn ! Inoilgli tlin DUpnuar ) Mill unit lllooil No 1 iingi-r Mulni tlio stroits. COM'.MIIIA , S C. Aplll 2.Speilal < to the Associated Pie s ) Thoio Is no wiullki ) aspe-ct about this rltv today and ovei > - IhliiR Is peaceful The gnauls at the o\- ee-ntlvo mansion have been withdrawn , all the local mllllla aio giving up their guns and Goveinoi Tlllmnn hlmsolt tta > s : "Tho worst Is ever and older now reigns" Tlnuithhoiit the day the goveinor had offers of tholroi vices fiom sevoial out- sldo mllltniy companies , nil of which ho him dni-llned The tologiapliic e-onioishlp has not been discontinued , but the goveuuu himself parses upon all tolt'giams , I ejecting some and changing othe-is. The seiimitlon of the dnv hoio wns the refusal of the Xevvbeiiv Itltlos to lomaln stationed at the tolesiaph olllu' to supei- vlKc tolegiums , and tholi notice to the govoinoi of their ipslsnrillon , bco.itHo , as they said , "a vermin ) ovei the ptlvate- nftalis of the citrons of South I'unlln.i Is not only distasteful , but. In the judgment of the company , niiiH'cosiaij. and will onlv " ' Inltate the piosoiit state ol ntfalis" ! < > this Govoinor Tlllnmn sent the follow Ing1 'VllJAOQUARTKHS. KXKCI'TIVn MAN SION. COl.r.MHIA , S C , Aplll . ' ToC'ap- tnln S J McCallgho ) . Nowbenj HlllcM hli Yom ootnmnnliatlon Is loeolved Indii the lawH ol Ponth Caiollna the govoinoi Is elothod with dlsi letlcnmi v povvoi to call out the lullttix vvhenevoi , In the judgment of the Koveinor , It nmv bo ne < osiai v , and when so called Into the soivlce the inllltln Hhnll bo HUbjoet to the "nmo inle-s ami in- tlelos of war as Hoops of the I'nlted States 'J he action of vom rompini ) and > ou In daring to solid to me under tills iiilo tholi leslRimtlon Is mutiny and Insult to the conmmndoiInchief , who wns Riven bis commission li ) the- people The dnt ) ol the soldlois and mllllU when called Into seiv- leo IK blind obedience to tholi siin-ilois | , and not to question t'lem In nnv degieo. You have failed to Icun the flint lesson , and 1 will irmUo of MJU and Vom i amp my an ovimplo > < nr loMKiintlon Is not ac cepted , but \ou n 10 dlHinlfised Hum tbo HOivlc-o of tin stale ns unvvoilhy to weni the iinlfoim ' 1 bo aims nnd nthoi Htate propoity In join p'r c-sxltm will bo dellv- eiod to Colonel John G. Watts , assistant adjutant genoial and inspeeloi RI nui il , uml home . on do not ) on can depait to yum * deeivo It , but 1 will pav MMir hoaicl bill , and I tniHt I may not bo bothon-d witli an ) moie bandbox und I'Olldny ' HOldloHv It. S llljI MAiN , Goveinor nnd CommandciinChief. . The reading of this reply hi ought deafon- IIIR nnnlause fiom all ivlio aio supiKU IOIH of th Kovei nc.r. ThUr enthusiasm v\n so Rient that they lontinuccl to eheoi loudly for Tlllmnn after matching biuU Into "the iienltentlaty Rionndx. Goveinor Tlllmnn was unkeel lonlKht by tbo romspondi'iit of the Associated jness how Ions he would Keep the state Hoops at DnilliiRtun lie replied that his Inten tion vvns to see that the conslnblcK ob tained fair piny at the inquest ovei the bodies ol the men who WPIO killed last I'rt- dny. Ho did not propose to let the consta bles appear there without mllllaiy piotoc- tlon. Ho tmtlier slated HIP uoops vvonlij be held imdei arms until the i aiding of the Florence and Tlmmlnsv Illo dispensaries has boon inv litigated The ( , ovorncn declares c-lares that hewill enfoice tlio dlwpensar ) law moie ilfildly than cvei He H.ild "The blood which him been shed at Daillnh'ton nnd el-ewbere in thecnfoieeniont of the- dlspcnsur ) law wan a sac-ilfleo to the Mo loch of whl.sk ) , and the Insurrection Is the la-t e\ililiiR ) agonies ot the whisky iliiR" FI.OHINI'I : . s r > . April -Special ( to the Associated 1'icss. ) 'I lie situation today Is threatening. U Is snle day and a huge niimbci of the poveinur'H mipporteis fiom the cimntiy aio In rioience and Dnillng- ton. The picscnce of Hoops In the lattei city bus decreased the i nances of ilot there. In Ploienco their aica number of violent spirits stirring up discord and In- cltlnB the country people to action Some Tlllmanltcs have declined they will SPO the last diop of blood in Kloroni-o county spilled befoio dlspensir ) laws Miall be de- fled. A imlltlcnl meetliiK Is In pniRiess here and the usual excitement Incident thoieto iigsravntes tlio tionblo. Clllx-ns nro on the uleit. picpntltiR fm defense. 'I he coveinor bus ordeied troops to I I M-SM theniHulveH of the telegiaph olilco In Uai- llnKtcm and pii-sa mattei tomes to Moieiie'o 'to he sent Word has Jti t been locc-lveit that there IB a wounded sp ) In a house a few mlleH fiom Kloiune-u The sheilff , mayor , chief of police and c-ltlzens have gone for him As he Is wounded no harm will be allowed to tome to him Citizens declare they me not mnkliiR vvai on wounded men and women Kloience IH con tuiitly In c\p"etutlon of tioops helm ; HCI1 1 Jltl t * DAHUINOTON , Am II -Special ( to the Associattd Piess 1-rThoio Is but little news to be given out from Daillngtcm today , as absolutely nothing of a staillliiR 01 even an Interesting nature has oc-cmied 'Iheio Is not a moro quiet town In the state than It has been today The town Is still under maitlal law Tbc town Is again taking on Its usual e-veida ) appeal ane o and the business hou es me open and business Is being conducted as foimerlv , and It It vveio not for the > picsenceof the mllltai ) the town would present HH oidlnni ) appeal - mice. I't-fiillnr Condition of AITaliH Politic ull.v In 1'erii LIMA. Peru , Aplll -The cabinet has jdnrcd Its rcHlgnatlon In tbo hands of Senoi del Solar , the Hist vleo pi evident , who , no- coulliiK to the constitution , would mo- ceed , c'x-olllclo , to the presldonc ) Hut , upon Senor del Solar ileollnlnii the' citllt-c > , the second vice president , Henoi Hoige-noe , fssnmed the mislele'iicy pro torn anil up pointed the follow liift inlnlstois Henor Garcia Uriulin , momler and minister of foreign affalis. General Antnyo , minister of war : Senor IJiilnno , minister of Justice. Senor IVnoylH , minister of the Intel lor , Henor ele lu Punta , minister of lennmcioe The power of goveinnient \litually In the liniuls of ex-Pic'sldcnt facc-ie-s , one of the pic-Font candidates foi piosldenev All the bunks are eloped and business IH suspended , but tlio clt ) IH euilut. DlittiiMH In Spain. MADIUD. April - ' -The dlHtioss In the province of AndaliiHla In iioulcAt Han linear a tnoh of picplo out of work pll- liiKeel the bakeries HlotH have ocenuod at 131 flu. in the province of Seville Tlin municipal authorities of thei plac u iifiponae-d the mob b ) Issuing 3,000 blond tlc-luts A mob of 2.0UO people at Tnilfa went to the town hall und ilc-mamled woik In n most threatening manner The authoiltlofe in all the cllntrlctH where dlHtiess Is most se verely felt are doing their utmost to ic- lleve the suffcrcm. SluURhtrr In TRIPOLI. April 2 A terrible battle has been fought In the kingdom of Ilornn , ecu- tinl Soudun. Hubith , the former Hluvo of V.obher Pnshn , with nn nrmy niimbi-iliiK 30,000 men , Invndcd the klnudom. Ho wns opposed by the HUltun ot lloriiu at the head of a ( urge nuny Dm Ing the battle both sides HUHtnlned verj heavy losses , and thn Bultun of Dornu und Ilabuh vvcio killed wtillo lighting destie-iattly ut the head of their troops. _ _ As Amrndi-el by the I.'nill li. LONDON. API II -The Ileilng ne-a avviird bill , as lemodeled by the attorney Krneral , Sir Charles Hu.'Bcll , was printed today It provides for the eUure by Kngllnh or American nuvul oniccrs of HculvrH found In- the novlalons of thu award , Employes Complotctl Prcsoutation of Tbolr Side of the Oftso Yesterday , DECISION TO BE ANNOUNCED THURSDAY Judge Onldwell Declares the Receivers Shrill Operate No Dead Branches. ALL OF THE LINES MUST BE MADE TO PAY Condition of the South Park Division the Occasion for the Ruling. EMPLOYES MUST AVOID DRUNKENNESS ( 'emitVI1I I'lifciuc Mure MrliiKont Iliiln lieipec llnic liitcixluttlcin ToMliiumy of 'J nilniiK M AoMorilit ) lut < rreiRiittel I'urlhi-r b ) tlio Court us In The second week of the wage nibltrntlnn , ns It may with cntlic proprlct ) bo called. In which the Union Pacific and Its cin- plocs nre so vitally Interested , was begun vo terday morning In the circuit court. Judges Caldwell and Hlner being on hand e.nly to icsumo the hearing. One of the sd Iking features of the morn ing session was the emphatic utterance of Judge Caldwcll In regard to the Denver , I.oadvillc . ( . CJunnlson , or as it Is known In the weal as ( he South Park road , a narrow gunge Hue extending from Denver to Leadvlllo , Como to Ualdwln via Gun- nlson and several short branches. Mr. Dickinson stated that this road did not pay operating expenses. Then Judge Caldwll In his emphatic way maelo the statement that the court would not operate a dead member , and ho would make an ordci to that effect on the conclusion of the tilal He stated he would allow the com pany to opeiato It as It saw fit. but the court would have nothing to do with a weak slstoi. Mr. Dickinson was asked by Judge CaldncII how many men were In the employ of the company at the time the road went Into the hands ol the receivers , to which Mr. Dickin son replied about 2J.OOO. Ho stated that llioro we-ie 7 i.'ll miles In the system at the time the toad passed Into the hands of the receivers , as well as several lines of steam boats " \VIU , H\Vn NO DHUNKnNNnSS. " Judge Caldwell then asked him whether there was u general nile prohibiting the use of Intoxicating llquois as appIng ) to the men , to which Mr Dickinson responded that there wns a general rule on the working tlmei caid relating to the use of Intoxicants. Thct co u it then nsked If the general nmnngcr would retain In his employ a passenger en gineer or conductor who became Intoxicated on or oft duty. To this Mr Dlck'nson ' re plied thut certainly ho would not retain a man In | ils seivleo who became Intoxicated while on duty , but the odlcluls had little knowledge of what the men did whllo off duty Should leports como to him of drunk enness on the piit of thu employes ho would Investigate thu charge nnd It found true would limncdlitely illscJinige the offender , hut If found to bo n first oflcnso he would piobnbly send the man oft with a reprimand. Judge Cnldwell then remarked that ho would Insist upon n moro stringent rule as to In toxication befoto leaving Omaha. To this Mr. Dickinson lepl'oel that the federated trades weio very fair In this regard nnd stood firm ns to drunkenness. Then Judge Caldwell remarked thut It would bo most mi- foilunate If thu court took a lower level than the men themselves and ho would Insist upon mote stilngcnt uiloi. In regard to the improvement of the char acter of the men In the service of the com pany , brought nbout by the Joint efforts of tlio orgaiiUntlons of employes nnd the offi cers of the company , Mi. Dickinson related a thrilling experience ho had whllo division superintendent In Wyoming , which was be- foie the organisations and the company had taken sue h radical stands on the question ot drunkenness und v lolous conduct generally. One day an engineer came Into his ofllce vvltlr a loaded lovoher In his hand nnd tried In eveiy wa ) possible to picivoko a cninrrol , that ho might have an excuse for using the weapon. Tlio belligerent engineer was finally led out by n brother engineer. On the follow ing night an engineer named Pleronel cume In drunk , nnd , with the over present revolver , stnited out to hunt him up with the uvowed purpose of killing both Mr. Dickinson nnd Uoadmuster Graves. Graves was a magnificent specimen of physical man hood , who did not know wliat fear was , unit when ho came down to the ofllco laugheel at the warning to look out for himself , because - cause Pleronet was looking for him with a gun Hosults proved he had better have heeded the wanting , for Graves and Pleronet met In the hallway und the drunken engineer shot and killed him. The coroner's Jury ro- tmned a verdict that Graves committed sui cide. Such was the character of some of the mini the company had In Its service In the ) enrs that were past. Mr Dickinson having the opportunity then said ho would lIKe to read the history of the Union Pacific as to the strikes and other features which have handicapped the sys tem In past days. To this Judge Caldwell said that an ) thing bearing on the question would be heard. Ml Dickinson then read the history of the strikes on the Union Pacific In 1882 , 188H 1889. 18'll , giving the causes of the dlfllc-ully nnd the- cost to the company , Then came the question of notice which hud been given to the men regarding the proposed e hungo In schedules Tlio court showing puitlciilni Interest In the question of notice ) mild that ho could not ngroe with Mr Dickinson us to the forty das notice which the management Insisted hael been given , but rather than take up the lima In a general discussion Judge Caldwell - well derided to pass that matter until a Inter date. Mr. Dickinson wns then nsked by Judge Thurston ns to the general reduction In rales on the system to which Mr Dickin son replied that the tendency toward a re duction was ve-ry iippainnt from the figures , while there was a nolle cable Increase In ex penses Ho stated that freight rates have been re-duccd faster than the motlvo power could be kept up to meet the business nnd the conditions were ) growing more peculiar eu-iy year. KltniOHT ItTH IiniH'CTIONS 13 II. Wood , assistant gc'iicrul freight iiKemt , was put on the stand to prove thu gcneial reduction of fiolght rates during the past ten or twelve years und stated It had been made 10 such an extent as to pruc tlcully cover the untilo system In 18S9 It wns 1 CO per cent. In 181)0 ) 3 01 In 1891 1 3C5 , In 189. ! 1.245. Since January 1 , 1893 , there had been very heavy -rtductloim In rates to the Pacific const , and Montana com mon points ranging from 45 to 15 pur cent , the latter on the loner classes Theuu have been brought about by building ot new lines , water competition nnd by oreler of cross-examination the witness state laws. On - ness stated the tonnage hud Increased IIu read figures fiom the ) annual report allowing the amount of lucre-use In tonnage > I Muted Iho freight earnings had been as fol lows In 1889 they were 28.0-il,710 89 , 18KO , 303.iO,93011. 1891 JlO.OnO.Sf-S 21. 1893 , 31- 051,237 CO. The witness stutd thut local rates to Colorado und pcdnm we at of Nr- bruska hud been re-jluicd fully OH much us In Nebraska Tim dei-re-tiso In Colorado had been probubly 20 per cent The decreiue i > piled to noncoinpotltlvo points Mr Wood Btatcd the lncrcas-0 In tonnK would In- creaio the labors ot trainmen , but Mr. Dickinson dMlrud to correct that