Newspaper Page Text
THE OMAHA DAILY" MR : THURSDAY , APUTL 3 , 1891.
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I'lid'liH nml puHnlHe * onlciH t'i l > ii , i. | e inivnlilo l th ( > tinier nf I hi" rnitlltinv. TIII : urn : ITIIUHIIINC IU.MI'\NV. HTATItMUNT OF I'UUTI.ATIOX. ilt.irjjn II. Tzwhwk. iwrolm' ) ' of Tlif ll'e t'uli- II liltiir mmtmny. I'i'liiK ' duly Hwnin. my * tlmt tin- n > ( mil ntnnliiT or full nml rnnuililiconlcx of Tli ) ' .lily Morning , MvriitliK nml Humlny lice i.rlnlcil itiirltiR Hi' * molilli of Mitirh , IKK , \\-\n n M- ll'lVB 1 12,235 IT , , ZV,7 ! 2 sizni is * JI.WM 2AST7 13 22.IV ) H i2iir.m an , . , siir.j Ti 2J.I52 21 > 32.2.H1 1 ' ' . . ' ' ' ' . . ' . K 111 " * ? 2 " . . . . . . . . 22 ' 2 * ) * ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22is ; 21 . 22HI ! ' 3n . , . 3 ! , , . KKO II Z7 . K.XI7 1- ' 2tl5 ! 2 . V'2.21'1 j : K.lTn 21 . ; . 22271 31 22.IST 3U. , . 22.2SI 31 . 22,971 Hi 5J.3S3 Tutnl . ? . TW.2O Jt > H l.llllrtlllllM fill' IIIIMollI Illl'l mill III" ! o > | ili' . 13.719 Tutul noM . r,1I..Vii J'nll ) tn fin KIT net cli dilution . S2. < Ni .MUlliln ) ' . IlKOIKJi : II. TXMCllfCK. Htuirn to Iwfuro minml Biiliwrllifil In niy iiroH- nir. ' ilil.H 3d il.iy of Aiirll , 1 H. N. I' . I 'Mir. . Notary Public. Allow us to tlml tlil Ik Rtil ! a re- IMilillcnn year. South Carolina's tin soldiery falls to obey ordera with the alacrity which its movements In I SCI. Tlio national debt seems to be KOIIR | the other \vny Just now. Anntbcr cni of rcpnbll- nuiism will mcinl the forUmrs of ( bo rc- jiubllc. tliey can't wliuro In ( beef of tlic Omaha city government , tlio people of South Omnbn can Insist upon having an economical , businesslike city Kovcrnincnt of tlielr own. The man \vliu Imiulrcd what bail bccomo of the Omaha beet sugnr projijct .should be rcMicclfnlly | referred to the democratic KtatuHinon who framed the now tariff bill nt Washington. \ K"od many local democrats who entered so enthusiastically In , the campaign In tills mate two years ago are beginning to realize that their game was hardly worth the roman candles they burned. To judge by the returns of the spring elections throughout the different states in the union tlio democratic experiment at "Washington Is not meeting the popular suc cess that was so confidently predicted for It. The county commissioners arc doing the right thing In limiting thu annual expendi tures under the road supervisors. The "only misfortune Is that the law prevents them from doing away with the supervisor's work altogether. * \Ve arc told that Interest' In the tariff de bate In thu senate \Vashlngton Is lagging. There Is nothing surprising In this. It Is quite possible to have too much of a good tiling , to say nothing of n thing as unat tractive as a prolonged tariff discussion. The Hungarian custom Illustrated by thn vamen kissing Maurice Jokai In evidence of tholr appreciation ot his eloquence has not yet reached this country. When It Is adopted here oratory will become the most highly stimulated Industry In the country. Iowa managed to get the munlfl cnt sum of ? 235 for her building at the World's fair , which Is yet considerable more than the re turn received by Nebraska. Neither of the states , however , will wallow In wealth by reason of the pecuniary profits made on their World's fair Investments. While the members of the school board Invlto their wives to a social session after their regular meeting , the city council makes its Junket to the Pacific coast a strictly stag affair. lint then women have a right to vote for members of the school board. Hero Is a point for tlio woman suffragists. I low appropriate In the German emperor to present Bismarck with a cuirass on the occasion of his birthday anniversary. Per haps the doughty William Is attempting to remind the aged statesman that ho can no longer expect to wear an armor In the serv ice of the country for which ho has done HO much. The Introduction of chicory as one of the crops of Nebraska farmers Is evidence of the constant tendency toward a dlversl- llcatlon of agriculture. The prosperity of the farmer Is to bo promoted by devoting a part of the acreage to products that will llnd a remunerative market for consumption right at home. Perhaps the republicans of Nebraska may this full elect an attorney general who will not forget to submit a case to the supreme court Involving the constitutionality of a law which means so many thousands of dollars lars to the taxpayers of thu stato. Per haps , too , they may elect a man who will not bo compelled to leave the entire man- ugement of his olllco to his deputy. The bloody scenes which characterized the municipal elections of Kansas City and Chicago cage this week are becoming a feature of city politics. The tendency Is dangerous and should bo promptly frowned upon. The re- milts at Troy , Chicago and other cities are but thn natural sequence of the license ac corded to the gangs of ward workers , who are rapidly turning leanest elections Into farces. Although ono-half of the biennial fiscal period has elapsed since the legislature ad journed , none of the Btato Institutions have been closed to the admission of patients , None of the Institutions are on short rations nnd all ot them are still taking care of their .Inmates. There Is no Intimation that the In mates are receiving ; less care than they over * did. Ami yet the state Is saving money ovur nny former fiscal period of recent years. Some of the contractors are having n hard time of It , without doubt. Profits are not so largo and alluring as they were In the good old times when the State Hoard of Public Lands and llulldlncs managed things with a looser hand. If thu next legislature will keep expenditures anil appropriations within bounds Nebraska will have iio Halting Indebtedness. ihi'i-nui.tx run. Munlclp.ll elections iMtuixl nlways lie ac cepted M Imll.-aHiiK thi xirttp ninl trend of political feeling , tornURC commonly the re sult * are di'iirntlned by locul luMies * and thu perform ! character and Influence of can- dlilrilc * . Hut tlu'rp am times when these election ! ) hava n brnndnr nlgnlflintnco , and the present year In such n lime. Very 'generally thin j'cur tinpwple urn largcfo under the Influence of national nueillons. They arc considering ihc claim * uf parties to thf'lr support , with rcfcreiire to the atti tude of the partleK regarding the tariff and the nuances. The widespread depression , affputlng all coimnunltli's , the agricultural us "nil as the manufacturing , the small town as well ns thr > large city , has given the great majority of voters an unusually keen Interest In politics and led them to study more carefully than for many years the principles of the great parlies. For this purpose "thuy linv had uml are still having n most Impressive and Instructive object lesson. They have seen 11 change In n period of loss than a year froni a con dition of almost .mparalloled prosperity to ono of general distrust , ami depression , pro ducing most calamitous cotwquences"to the Invested capllnl and the labor uf the coun try. I.col.lng back but little more than n year they romcmber that everywhere was business activity , the wheels of Industry In motion , labor employed , and everything In the catalogue of human needs In brisk de mand. The sunshine of prosperity was everywhere and the outlook was bright with promise. More suddenly than ever before In our history this happy and hopeful condi tion was radically changed. A blight fell upon the land , from the baleful effects of which It has not yi-t fully recovered. There are still hundreds of Idle mills and fac tories , still tens of thousands of unemployed men and women , stilt a vact sum of In vested capital that Is earning nothing , still an enforced economy on the part of millions of our people III the midst of abundance. This condition of affairs has not escaped the attention of anybody In this broad land , because it has affected all classes of people and all interests. Hence It Is that national ( Iiicstlons exorcise- > this year a more than ordinary InflnMico In directing Urn course of voters , oven In the municipal elections , thereby giving to the results of these elec tions an extraordinary significance. What this In no Intelligent man who will study the returns can have any doubt. Republican victories almost everywhere , In many cases overturning democratic majorities which had been maintained for yearn , have an Import and meaning that cannot be mistaken. From New York to Minnesota , In every state where municipal elections have been held this spring , the result In nearly every case Is n protest against the principles and policy of the democratic party as to national ques tions. The popular expression of dissatisfac tion with and want of confidence In that party Is clear and unmistakable , and II gives assurance of an overwhelming rejection of the democracy when the people choose the next national house of representatives under the more direct and complete Inllucnco of questions of national policy. These munici pal elections , though but the skirmishes pre ceding the battle of next November , very plainly show what the outcome of that con test will be. Governor McKlnley , In his recent speech to the republican league of Minnesota , said that n KQiieral election was never so much desired ns now and never so much needed. This view of Ohio's governor Is justified by the results ; of the spring municipal elections. Never were the Intelligent voters of the country more eager than now to record , their dissent from democratic principles , and there can be no doubt that a general election at this time would give a sweeping victory to the republican party from Maine to Califor nia. Hut a few months will make no differ- once. The desire to repudiate the party of factions and false pretenses , of reaction and destruction , will be no less earnest and gen eral seven months hence than It is today. On the contrary , It Is HUoly to grow mean while lr. strength and In volume. -ICT IX TIIK IJVlXd / ' Omaha needs more factories , more business houses , moro opportunities for the employ ment of worklngmen , who In turn will create a demand for the commodities offered for sale on our markets. Every ono concedes this. The necessity not only of keeping the people now residing hero steadily at work earning their own livings , but also of offer ing openings to others who may be Induced to como hero and to make their homes In Omaha must be apparent on a moment's re flection. Thu city must go forward. It can only go forward with a constantly Increasing population. An Increasing population means n call for moro now houses. It means a larger field for retail stores of every descrip tion. It means additional wealth for the community anil additional strength to the government , It means an expansion of trade and Industry In every direction. Hut the first condition of an Increasing popula tion Is an Increased .employment of workingmen - men and this can bo secured only through now manufacturing enterprises. It Is all very well to talk about cheap power drawing Industries hero without any other Inducemint. Cheap power will cer tainly be a powerful Inducement for this purpose and that alone Justifies the en couragement of the Tlatto canal'scheme. . Hut Home wan not built In a day and neither will the Platte canal bo built In a year. It Is doubtful whether It can bo built at all until enabling legislation Is obtained. The most favorable calculation would not put the power plant In operation short of two years hence. Is Omaha to remain stationary In the Interval ? Is It to put all Its energy Into the Platte canal without endeavoring to promote a slnglo ether Interest ? Omaha wants factories now. It will want more factories two years from now. It wants all the factories It can got all the tlmo , The mere fact that , thu Platte canal schema Is being agitated must not bo allowed to block every effort to secure new Industries by other means. No enterprise that gives the least Indication of being willing to come to Omaha should bu compelled to wait for en couragement until the canal shall have been built. TIIK VKTO SUS There were ZCO members of the house of 'representatives ' present yesterday when the question was put on the bill to coin the silver aelgulorago : "Shall the bill pass notwith standing thu objections of the president ? " On the flrst ballot there were 130 yeas and 4& nays , leas than a quorum , the republicans having refrained from voting. On the second vote the republicans , who It had bean under stood Intended tq leave the matter entirely In the hands of the democrats , It they had so Intended , changed their minds and voted. The result was 144 yeas to 116 nays , and there balng leas than two-thirds of those voting In favor of passing the bill the veto was sustained , The total vote was less than that recorded on the passage of the bill In the house , which was 297 the yeas at that tlmo being 163 and the uaya 129. Had the silver men ncen able In rsmnuml y * xlenlay ho btrctiRth tln-y showed on " ' pas-agp of th" bill and the republicans had refrained from \otliiR , It would have been powlblp to overrule the veto , but this could not have born done in any event with the republican * voting as tiny did. The credit of nnothcr victory In the Interest of sound flnaticp must therefore be given the republican ! ' , or at any ruti > a large share nf It. | It would be forlutmTc ] f this action of " tlii ! house sustaining Mr."Cleveland's veto of Uiu ci'tgnloragc bill should terminate the tllvi-r .igltallon. at least for the present con- prow , but such will probably not bo the rase. The fanatical r.cal of the silver men will undoubtedly reassert Itself In nomc other form , nml as they constitute n majority of Iim party In control of congress they will bo nltlo to bring forward another measure If they are determined to do so. Stewart In Ihn Fcnatr- and Illand In the house have already declared II to be their purpose to do this and they have a following whose allegiance they can depend on to the furthest limit. There la , however , little reason to ap prehend further danger In this direction. Fly his veto message President Cleveland bound .himself Mill more firmly to the cause of a Bound and stable currency and In op position to any scheme of silver Inflation. It has been suggested that by way of Hanking the president the silver men may attach to the tariff bill a provision for the free coinage of silver or the coinage of the so-cnllcd seigniorage , thus forcing upon him the nltonmtlvo of accepting this legislation or allowing tariff reform to fall. It Is quite possible thai they are not unwilling to go to this extreme , but 11 Is questionable whether even this desperate coercive ex pedient would lead the president to change his position regarding silver. There Is reason to believe that his solicitude for tariff reform Is no greater than his anxiety to keep the financial system sound and stable. Almost anything may bu expected from the silver advocates , but whllo they will doubtless continue to bo an annoyance In congress and a nuisance to the country they are less dangerous than they were a week ago , before being scotched by the president's'veto. . .t CtlMK-nOll'X IiV ( ' . ! / , . It Is gratifying to note the marked change that the past year has witnessed In the prices paid for coal for use In the various state Institutions of Nebraska. The revelations made In The Uee last January of the cost of heating buildings where the expense was charged against the state showed that the coal bills were being cleverly manipulated In the interest of contractors. The figures which wo then presented wore for the last quarter of the year 1802 and the first quarter of the year 1893. In brief , they showed that not only were extravagant prices being paid for coal for these state Institutions , but also that extravagant amounts of coal were being charged up to the state. Some of the Insti tutions were , according to their own records , consuming enough coal to heat all outdoors In the Immediate locality. A comparison of the expenses for heating tlio largo office buildings In Omaha with those for heating tlio state institutions disclosed the fact that the latter were In some Instances twice what they might reisonably have been expected to be. The Dee has heretofore had occasion to call attention to the fact that since Its ex posure of the extravagance of the state coal bills one or two of the worst offend ing Institutions had contracted the num ber of tons of- coal used. This byftself ought to result In some little saving to the people. Nbw we find that the contracts just awarded by the State Hoard of Pur chase and Supplies are generally much lower than the prices that prevailed during the period referred to. The lowest price then paid was $2.74 per ton ; the lowest prjce for the next ensuing quarter will be $2.29. The Hospital for the Insane at Lincoln was paying $3.20 per ton and the Homo for the Friendless In the same city Insisted on coal costing $5.05 per ton , while now the new contractor Is to supply coal at the flrst named place at $2.29. The Asylum for the Incurable Insane at Hastings was using coal costing $3.38 per ton. The new con tract demands only $2.75. The Home for Veteran Soldiers and Sailors at. Grand Island burned coal at $3.20 per ton and Is to got It during the next quarter for $2.75. At the Industrial School at Geneva alone , BO far as the published figures go. Is there an Increase In price from $3.45 per ton to $3.75 per ton. There are said to have been mor6 bidders this tlmo than ever before , some of whom were doubtless drawn Into the field by the disclosures made In The Bee. There Is no reason why the state should pay more for heating the public Institu tions than private and public corporations pay for the same service. Of course every thing docs not , depend on the contract price. There can bo an extravagant use of low-priced coal as well as of high-priced coal. Economy In the contracts must bo fol lowed up with economy In the consump tion of coal. There Is room for a consid erable saving In both these ways. The people of Nebraska will have to make up their minds to ono thing. The consti tutional provisions which now restrict the investment of the people's money will have to beamended. . They cannot bo amended for three years yet , but they will have to bo amended none the less surely. The present law Is entirely too narrow In Its provisions. It enables the state treasurer to constantly keep In his possession sums of money amounting at some periods to nearly $2,000- 000 , upon which the state derives no Inter est. Under present conditions the way Is open to fraud and evasion. The people are the ones who are wronged , and they must themselves change- their own constitution , They cannot expect state treasurers to make the laws. It might bo possible to elect a state treasurer who would lose sight of his own Interests to serve the Interests of the people , but such a probability Is too remote for present contemplation. Senator Stewart comes to the rescue of many of his republican friends when he announced again and olllclally that ho'no longer claimed membership In the republi can party. He Is especially kind In In forming the public that he left that party more than two years ago , Sonio of the democratic newspapers have persistently Insisted upon classing Stewart with the re publicans , despite his repeated exhibitions of loyalty to the populist cause. There were few tears shed at the original parting , and no remorse baa since been suffered by the republicans on account of that porten tous event. The supreme court will today listen to the arguments In the mandamus case brought by Governor Crounso to compel tlio. gtata treasurer to carry out the law requiring him to Invest the school funds In Interest bearing state warrants. The people wilt expect the attorney general to place the case before the court In Its Mrdhgcat light , alm-a tha ( attorney ropresct yig. the Mnto lrcn-iirer ; , may be rclk-il upon to make every effort to secure n decision ? \vjilch will assure lili client ih : > . i control of the half million dollars comprltt-d' In that .fund. Bo far us the court I * cmy-crneil , Its'only Intsr- Ml l. to give the tmntlliitlon Its proper , construction. The court was very prompt In handing down QK ittjclfilon with regard to the constitutionality of the state depository law. Kqttdl prcdfiptness In the present i case will be appreciated whether or not II determines to Ifsiia tfie' writ ot mandamus requested by the governor. The town elections In Nebraska were not characterized Ty any' extraordinary In cidents. In some , of . them the contests were perhaps' little hotter than usual , but quite generally they are reported to have passed off quietly. There- were re publican gains In many of the towns , the most notable victory for the republicans being at Plattsmoiitli. which for some years has been a democratic city. On the whole the results of these elections arc encourag ing to republicans. . In'most of those towns the Issue "was license and a majority of them voted to allow the sale of liquors. In deed , the ratio of license to non-license towns Is nlinost three to one. This has no especial significance except , perhaps.as Indicating the pretty general satisfaction ot the people with the system of regulating the liquor tralllc In this state. It Is not to be doubted that many voters were more or less Influenced by national questions and so for as this was the case republicans un doubtedly prollted by It. Senator Pettlgrcw , after having waited three weeks for the secretary of agriculture to reply to his resolution Inquiring for the statistics of wheat production , Impatiently calls upon the secretary to send his answer to the senate within three days. Mr. Mor ton will very likely respond that the com pilation of wlieat statistics should bo under taken only by governments conducted upon paternalistic principles. Another lecture upon the nselessncss of the Department of Agriculture will bo Incorder. ( letting llliinkFil I'limilinoiis. ' OlulDemocrat. . If things political keep moving In the direction In which they have been goltitf for some time past , tbe republicans will bo able by next November to elect mi Indian clgnr sign to congress from tbe very heart of Texas. OptillllHflo. New A'ork Sun. There Is n silver lining , however , for the darkest nnd most lowering cloud. The democratic party has never faltered In Its iluty to the people of the United States In hours of stress and exigency. A bad be ginning may precede a good ending. Tlio KKHPIICO of DUgtist. LouUvllle Courier-Journal. If the democratic } majority In congress bus any wisdom left.H will now dispose of the tariff bill and adjourn. If It Is deter mined to still furlhViW weaken Its position before the country lMU-111 send a free coin age bill to thu president for another veto. Tally Omi for llryiui. Orand Icl.uiil Tlmi > s. One measure Introftuced Into congress by Representativelirynn will meet with tbe hearty endorsement of the people of Ne braska. That mr.ji.sure Is his bill giving thu people the privilege of voting direct for United States senators. Give credit to whom credit Is due. > ( > Howclls Journal. No one has as pet offered nny good reason why the State Hoard of Transporta tion should not her 'Swept 'off the face of the globe by the next legislature. Their principal occupation seems to con.tlst In making excuses for.vthe railroad corpora tions they are Hupp < * it > < i to regulate. Lot th Ilorini Itcjlii. Cliloago Herald. Secretary Morton lias finally appointed an agrostologlst and business will begin to pick up at once. This country has simply been waiting until an agrostologlst was selected. It will now take off Its coat , spit on Its bands and proceed to boom. It Is remarkable that no one has had sense enough to see that an agrostologlst was the only thing necessary for a complete revival of Industry. Denver Ilocky Mountain Xews. The announcement that Judge Caldwell has decided the Tnlon Pacific nnd Gulf case In favor of the Union 1'acllle is some what of a surprise , but will hnvo to be accepted. The decision holds that tbe Union Pacific la not compelled to operate. the Julesburtr line ; that the Interest dis pute must be referred to a special master In chancery to determine certain facts , and that In mutters relating to the Union Pacific , Receiver Trumbull must apply to Judge Dundy as the court of primary jurisdiction. This Is very sweeping , but the full Import of the decision can better be determined when the text of the opinion Is received. _ _ Itottcn anil Impotent. New York Sun. It Is a biting commentary upon the work of the Jelly-llvered statesmen at Washing ton that even the partisans of the cul minating atrocity llnd that work rotten with favoritism and Inequality , and Im potent for revenues. Unjustir tluin pro tection , more unequal , tlmn thu Inequality , and useless as n provider of revenue , It Is a false measure considered from nny honest point of view. The cowards nnd llhrs must feel that the protectionists have- exposed them. That thu friends of tlio old system of atrocity should describe , and be Justllled In describing , the now makeshift as "Inimical to tlio public morals of the country" must make every constitutional tariff man hang hU head. A Timely SugRCNtlon Without Copyright. New York Tribune. Some Interesting nnd valuable articles have been published of Into In various papers showing the advantages of gas stoves over coal ranges , grates and stoves. If the 'gas companies were reasonable and moderate In their prices , and would reduce the rate for gas to a dollar a thousand , their business would bo Increased enor mously. and their prollts would not be lessoned materially , because tlu > vast ex pansion of demand would enable' them to pay big dividends and to lay aside n hugu surplus In the future ns In the past. It would be a matter of wisdom and policy for the gas companies to' reduce the price- to $1 per thousand , and In that way expand prodigiously the use of gas for heating nnd cooking. _ _ An Ilonomto thu Hunch. Judge Caldwell of 'the United States cir cuit court Is not The kind of man the re ceivers of the UnliMvPnclllc Railroad com pany can foot wlttv.He Is determined to protect , the employe of that company against aggression , , nnd ho will not allow thu receivers to Cut , their wages without giving the men airopportunlty to bo heard. Ho was especially severe when ho con demned the actlonj'pffthe receivers In ask ing this court to dii.for them what tlwy knew they could nnr'do without Its aid In reducing wages. Ifitill judges would ad here to this rule In. determining cases there would be lesit'clangcr of Conflict with the men and mtich" 'less dissatisfaction. Judges should recngnlzu always that there nru two sides to every- dispute , whether It concerns tbe wagesjot laborers or any other matter. In this particular Judge Cnld- well has set his astjoclutea a good example. nhsn i , / 7' nu n nt'x , Minneapolis Times Madeline , yon should thank your lucky stern that yon did not marry nny one of the lot. Chicago Mall : The average American will soon be ashamed tu Wear HoiiBurs If Krn- ! tucky gentlemen InM/u / upon clinging to that i ' garnwft. Chicago Post : Poor old Hrccklnrldge ! Is there no Homo for Krrlng Men In this broad land ? Is there no law whereby n wrak man betrayed can compel Justice from the mother of his children ? Globe-Democrat : The extent to which pub lic xcntlircnt Is running against Hrecklnrldgo Can be strikingly seen In thu fact that It Is even being Insisted that he Isn't lit to remain In the democratic party. New York Tribune : Colonel Hrccklnrldgo does not blush as he tells his shameful story. On the contrary , he Is calm , cool nnd defiant. At times there Is n note of triumph In his words. Is It of such stuff that Kentucky chivalry Is made ? St. Louis Republic : The portraits of Madeline - line Pollard taken In 18SI do not Indicate n "woman of p.i.snlrtn" such ns Colonel Hreok- Inrldge describes her to have been at that time. Hut perhaps Colonel Hreeklnrldgo was not In the neighborhood when the negative was taken. Indianapolis Journal : A man of Colonel llrccklnrldge's fascinations and susceptibil ity should not be exposed to tho.temptations of Washington. His constituents nhould take pity on him and retire him to the shades of private life , where he will bo safe from the pursuit of wily young women. Atlanta Constitution : What a fall Is here ! What a pity It Is that a man In whom the people reposed such nn absolute trust nhould have lived to sec his honors trailing In the dust , nnd "to be baited with the rabble's curse ! " The moral of his life shines like a beacon of warning to others. And n terrible moral It Is ! Courier Journal : H might be a good Idea while these nauseating reports of the Pol- lard-Hrecklnrldge case are being published for the head of the house to carefully edit his newspaper with n pair of shears. Ho can then allow the expurgated edition to go Into his family nnd take the clippings away with him to his olllcc. HOUXK. Atlanta Constitution t Governor Tlllman seems to have forgotten that .he Is the chief magistrate of the people of South Carolina , and assumed that ho Is their dic tator. Philadelphia Press : Your South Carolina gentleman from time Immemorial has ac customed himself to the etiquette which turns Its back while n friend or guest tilts the stone Jug over n half-pint glass. When a state olllccr not only demands to see the size of the drink , but the quality of the "llckcr" as well , your South Carolinian rebels. Philadelphia Times : Wo have the spec tacle of sworn officers of the state conducting themselves and being hunted down Ilku hired bravos ; we have the governor calling out the mllltla , which disbands rather than obey him ; we have him attempting to seize the railroads and telegraph llnua. which turn to him a callous front , and wo have both sides arming for a struggle. Where Is the govern ment of South Carolina at this Juncture ? Detroit Krce Press : H Is an Interesting fact that thp very rock on which the South Carolina law has split Is the one on which so many of the earlier prohibition craft were wrecked. It was the "spy" system In one form or another which made the flrst prohibition laws In Now England so obnox ious and turned against them a great many who would otherwise have remained neutral If they had not positively aided the prohibitionists. It only Illustrates anew the Impolicy of passing enactments or attempting to enforce them upon the principle that "tho end Justifies the moans. " y is nit. i .SAM , i.v ? > smut , i , s it. i .vs. A big flsh pond Is to be built at Norfolk by private parties. The statement that an Ice wagon ran away at Beatrice Is now denied by the Ex press. A Uaptlst church has been organized at Caldwell. Scotts Illuff county , with twelve members. William Stewart , for many years a resi dent of Pawnee City , died at DeWItt after n short Illness. York county ought to have a poor farm If the Times knows what It is talking about nnd it usually does. There were nlnety-flvo tramps sheltered In the York lockup during the month of March , beating all former records. Hurglars entered tno residence of M. J. Ferris at Red Cloud and secured a gold watch and some other valuables. Uurglars secured $50 In cash to reward them for blowing the safe of Andre & Calk- Ins at Petersburg the other night. Protracted meetings are In progress at Hayard and there will bo regular services hehPthero every Sunday hereafter. Thomas L. Sloan and his grandmother have been admitted to the Omaha tribe of Indian by a council vote of 6 to 7. Mike Murphy , the veteran who was nearly frozen to death whllo an Inmate of the soldiers' homo at Grand Island , has had all of his lingers amputated. A revival has been In progress In Lincoln county , near Wellfleet , for four months , and , as a result , fifteen converts were baptized In Little Medicine creek last Sunday. Still thero'll bo more to follow. Seth P. Mobley , late World's fair commis sioner , has purchased the Wood Ulvor Gazette and will combine the practice of law with the newspaper business at that place. The flrst paper under his con trol will bo Issued next week. While Sirs. Anton Gelst , wife of a farmer near Elgin , was out of tlio house for a short tlmo her three little children started a fire In thu oven , which soon spread and wrapped the building In flames. The children ran out doors , but the youngest child , aged 4 , went back after something and was burned to death. I'EOl'I.M AX1 > TlllXttS. The democracy In South Omaha escaped the general wreck. Preparations are being made all over the country for the celebration of Grant's birth day. April 27. The democratic weather bureau carefully omitted mention of the snow that foil In various sections yesterday. Returns from' ' town elections throughout the country arc not likely to check the per nicious activity of Cleveland's rheumatism , The agitation for a crematory In Wash ington Is timely. The supply of garbage visible calls for prompt , etllcuclous methods of disposal. There Is altogether too much attention paid to the whisky rebellion In South Care lina. Whisky rows are not unusual there or olsowhero. The clerical crusade for municipal reform In Minneapolis Is cavorting merrily In the suburbs and hurling what the mayor calls "caloric bubbles" at the ramparts of sin. The desperate struggle for a seat In the common council of Chicago tends to give substance to the suspicion that there Is some thing moro than the regulation salary of $3 a week In the olllco. The cooking schools of Pennsylvania will demoralize the Coxoy common wallers If they attempt to ladle the output among the hungry. Perhaps the paving loaves and granolithic pie are a delicate compli ment to the good roads movement. Louis Morris , who was drowned a few days ago at Mayvlllo. Pa. , had his llfo In sured for $205,000 the largest amount of In surance ever carried by a man of his means , Morris possessed great physical strength and size and was active and self-reliant. Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report ABSOlUTEl * PURE 1'i.rtnitMi rtn ; w.on Chicago Mull' The Carnegie Steel com pany Is apparently n more important mem ber of the cabinet tlmn Secretary Herbert , and the chances now nn that wo will have- a man nt thu head of the Navy department who w II ( dint his eye * and open his hlps nnd take such armor pluli > as Mr. t'nrncglc prefers to Rlvo him. Philadelphia Itcconl : Protmbly It will al ways remain nn unsolved riddle why imrtlrs who apparently did not profit by cht'.UIrtg the government should have taken Mich pains to carry forward their rascality , nnd why , having brnn I'.xpotu'd , the company wh'ch suffered from their default should retain - tain any of them In Us rvlce In nny ca pacity whatever. Philadelphia Presi : Secretary Heibrrfu report makes out a pretty good easy for the Carnegie company ? The one unpleasant fea ture of the case which the secretary of the navy does not explain or dispose uf Is Car negie's letter for the Wilson bill following President Cleveland's , reduction of the line Imposed by the secretary. It Is to nay the least an unfortunate sequence. Chicago Inter Ocean : The question sub mitted to the Jury of the whole country Is Just this : Is there reasonable grounds of suspicion of connection between Carnegie's letter , Krlck's aggravation of the Home- ste.nl trouble , nnd the pretddenl's favorable decision. In defiance of that of his * cerotary of war. In , a matter nffcrtlng men who liavu rendered service to the democratic party. Now York World ; Nobody wm ! nn-tld hnvo made something by cheating the government was awnro of what wus being dono. The cunning , elaborate and c.vtemlvo wronp was concocted nnd executed by persons who would profit not a cent by Us success and risked their situations by attempting It. There may be some .besides Secretary Her bert who will believe tills , but .they cannot be numerous. Frauds arc not committed for the sake of committing them. They arc committed or Instigated by those who expect to profit by them. New York Tribune : There may be loyal friends of Mr. Carnegie who will persist In believing that he had no thought of In fluencing the President when ho wrote his letter In favor of the Wilson tariff , and that it was an entirely spontaneous , disinterested contribution of economic controversy. There may bo zealots kneeling In rapturous ccstacy before thu shrine of the Consecrated One , who wilt sprinkle themselves with holy water when the suggestion Is made that thu president granted to Mr. Carnegie n special Indulgence and remission of penalties on receiving evidence of his change of economic faith. Hut this Is , In the main , an Incredu lous and common-sense world. The great majority of Americans who read Secretary Herbert's report will put the tariff letter and the president's decision together , where they belong. Their conclusion will be that j it Is n very shady business all around , and that It Is discreditable alike to Mr. Carneglo and to the president. o MSSOJIK I.KI'ITi : Philadelphia Record : Xo muter how con tented thu blacksmith's helper may be hu Is always on strike. I'lttsburg lliilli-lln : Klrst Uanislormer-- And may 1 ask , me boy , what Is your tavorlte role ? Second I'lirnstornu'i1 Iy ! my faith , I will freely tell you. 'TIs tin- pay loll. Detroit Kree Press : TliouKlilso-Smlth Is quite an ardent llri rmnn. Isn't be ? Nuso Well yes ; he always takus some of ( be indent with him. Harper's Young People : "What sort of a collection have you , Will ? " asked tbe vis itor. "Perhaps t can help you. " "Well , sir , " said Will "I'm collecting American coins. " Yonkers Gazette : The angler is so ah- sorbed In bis hobby that he generally ilnhes with baited breath. Atlanta Constitution : "What's your rep resentative In Washington doing for the country now ? " "He's n-layln' eroun1 an' a-drawln' of his salary. " "Nothing else ? " "Oh , yes ; he's a-blowln' ot It In. " Lowell Courier : A blind man who de sires to build a house has an Insurmount able obstacle to encounter : ho can't get his site. Tld-nits : "What an easy time you men have , " she said , "I only wish 1 had been born a man. " "I wish you had , " replied her husband. Washington Star : "Well , well ! " ex claimed tins editor. "If that wasn't a queer experience ! " "What was thatV" said the foreman. "There was a man.In Iicro just now who doesn't seem to' know ativ more how a newspaper should be run than I do. " Washlncton Star : "Don't you think so ciety In New York In Improving ? " " 1 don't know about that , " was thu re ply. "Hut I have certainly noticed a marked and steady elevation In the social tone of Sing Sing. " Harper's Bazar : "Well , Charles , " said the proud father , "you are to be graduated In June. What are your ideas ai * to select ing your profession ? " "I think I'll be a lawyer , fntlu > r. I am fond of ease. " "Kase ? Do you consider the lawyer's profession one of ease ? " "It certainly Is at thu start. Young law yers never have much to do. " SPRING. Minneapolis .Tuiunal. Our.boarding house ! Tbe tow-head wait ress deals ! Adown the passage way there softly steals Tbe lang'rous odor of th1 eternal pnuv > ; While the roast beef comes on a rubber band At It In vain I try to take a hand ; i only dull the knife. it II.T. T.I-T run r//.s'r//.s tnton1 I'ncli' SHIII'H Itonni.t Nut til ltd Ktpcndcl In \lormlniiHiit I : Mircp Podilrr WASIMNtlTO.V , April t. ( Special Tele grain to The Her.Thehonso ) coinniltteo on agriculture lotlay voted to loporl unfavor ably the bill appropriating II OOO.MOil ID rx terminate I lie lltir > daii ilitmiu. Alm > the bill npprnprlallnR ) | ntiino ) to exlermln.lie hi ! gypsy moth , an Insect which has found lodn inenl In pails of Mnsswrhn.tettn. lleprcscnta the Haliinr'N ' bill unnsferr'tiK ' the fluli com minion .tml geological survey tthe Agrl cultural department was nmdo n .special com inltlco order for next Monday. Senator t'ultlitrow .stated to The llec corre spondent tonight Hint hu had been appealed to by people In South Pakotn nnd other pl.iccx to tight the nomination of Dr. Turner for postmaster nt Vankton , The senator said he had mil determined what course to pur sue , but Intimated that Turner' * nomination iiii-iiiil the disruption of the democratic parly In Vankton. ' 1'lie following fourth-clans prHtnmMcrs \\erc appuinted today : Nebraska - Axtell , Kearney county , K. 11. Sellen. vice C I , Carlson , removed ; DcHhlcr , Thayer county , Susie A. IloycB. vice Anton N'elgert , dead. Iowa Ilurr Oak , Wlnncshlfk county. Jerry Wolcnbarger , vlco W. II. Honck , resigned MNUIIAVIMI AMI PltlNTIMl. iconoinlciil : SHicinctiloplrd hj the 4 > ot- criiiiirnt Ilim-nu In At nny MUCH WASHINOTON' . April I. - - The govern ment llnrenn of Knglneerlng nnd Printing IM n compnratlvcly new one. nnd Klnce lt beginning In n small way In 1862 , liu * linil n hard light with the three or four bank note companies which hnd pievlouxly In-Ill the government contract * nnd tlielr successors. When the contrnct for furnishing the postage- stamps was nwnrded to Hie bureau re-ently it marked the clone of this long wnrfiu-f nml placed under government con trol tbe last class of cerurltles Issued by the nnthorlty of rongress. Now the bureau Is the only establishment which ban any thing to do with the printing of govern ment bonds , national currency. Interim ! revenue stamps and postage stamps. Whllo the light In congress over the new depar ture Is not yet ciiilcil. It HCCIIIH probable " 'at ' none of tin- government engravings will be done by private concerns In the TlK > new rhirf of the bureau , f'limdu .lohiiHon of Kentucky , has worked hard to bring all the public worlc which could be done there. Into the bureau , believing that greater clllclcncy and economy would tie attained in the end by. the consolidation. Jo effect this result Home Important In novations In the policy of the establish ment have been necessary. It has been argued In past times that tin- govern ment could not attract the best talent from the ranks of nlcillei ! engravers and de signers , because it would not pay the rates offered by private linns. Mr. Johnson hast been trying to obviate this dllllculty by i educing the force of engravers somewhat nnd securing more of the highest clasn workmen without spending more money , and In this way has raised the ellh'leiipy of the designing and engraving depart ment. Wlillt ? tin- New York bank notu companies are still able to pay higher salanes than the government can offer , the bureau , on the other hand , can holit out other Inducements In the way of leave of absence and shoitcr hours. Tlieie arc now I.3S2 employes In the Ilnreiiu of Printing and Kngravlng. One receives $0HX ( ) and another $ r > ,000 a year , forty ate engravers whose salaries range from J'.DOO to W.IHK ) and : : S7 arc plate printers ; 2H ! presses nro running and they arc turning out an average of L'OG.GOO sbeclH * a day. Ily the printing of stamps by the bureau Mr. Johnson expects to save tht govern \ ment J-MMHW-a' year , and a saving of $ ij,000 , lias been effected In the methods of print ing cigarette stamps , which are cancelled as soon as they are alllxed to tbe pack ages and for counttrfelllng which there is little opportunity. The great saving which the government makes In doing Its worlc lies In the fact that there are no dividends to pay on the Investments , that no one receives profits , so that with equally skillful management and elllclent business methods It must necessarily produce the government se curities at lower rates. Kor some time after HIP government be gins to print .postage stamps the old plates used by the bank note company will do scrvlco. but It IH expected that new de signs will lie made in the near future ! -Tho addition of thu' postage stamp l > UHlne.i will make necessary the employment of UK ) more men In the bureau , though thin Is not KO large as n private llrm- would require to do thu worlc. The government will not be obliged to ime more watchmen nor laborers than arc now employed in tlio bureau nor pay more rent. I'att'iits I bat llitvo l < xilri < il. WASHINGTON' , April I. Patents on several bnndcrd Inventions expired by limitation yesterday. Among them were Itreech-loadlng llrearms , L. SI. Karlc , Pella , la. ; paper boxes , L. P. Heath , Sprlnglleld , Mans. , assignor to Powers Paper company ; center and bracket lumps , O. Sherwln and 10. lloople , Urooklyn , N. V. ; elcctrlu magnetic boiler feed regulators , It. A. llnyneH. ICIgln , III. ; dynamo clectrlo machines , I ) . F. J. I.onton. Paris , Trance ; cotton presses , Cl. C. MoKee , Jackson , Miss. ; harvesters , O. N. Skanrnsm , Hale , Wis. , assignor of one-hair his right to * Louis Hugger & Co. , Washington , U. O. ; * . steam nnd air brakes , H. II , Taylor , Warsaw , and A. MoCornlsh , KaHt St. Louis , assignors to J , K Dcgmm , St. Loulu , Mo. , and C. 13 , Seet , Sprlnglleld. Mass. ; grain binders. C. n. Wltblngton , Jnnes- vllle. WIs. , assignor to C. II. and H. C. McCormlck , Chicago ; grain binders , P. K. Hodges and 1 \ S. IJIIm , Mnsslllon , O. , nnd steam eimlno governors , S. A. West. San Francisco , assignor of one-halt to P. Hlnkle. gpWNJNGKI The larireBl inakei-H and sulleri ot line ulotlieu on oartli. No style no cloth on earth but whut is repre sented In this spring's make of suits , which wo pre sent. Wo know them to bo perfect goods , because wo make them ourselves , Almost any price , , from $10 up. BROWNING , KING & CO. , sW. . Cor.blh and Douglas Sts ,