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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 06, 1894, Image 1

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Answers a Long Letter Addressed to Him
by Governor Altgold. '
Local Federal Officials Unable to Euforoo
the Federal Laws.
Altgcld Says the State Has Ample Power
to Maintain Order ,
Maintains tlmt Itiid'tho Authorities Asked
II I in for AMl.Miinco tlio Stuto Could
null \Voulil Iluva Furnished All
thu Trooi" Nt'
Yesterday developed but one thing In
the strike situation that the federal troops
already at Chicago were not sufficiently
numerous to overawe the mobs , nor to do
any particular good In the way of reliev
ing the embargo. While there were no
clashes between the citizens and the sol
di Si , there were many minor collisions ,
and in one or two Instances special officers
used their revolvers. At every point where
the troops came In contact with the mobs
the latter gave way and reformed a little
further on. '
Governor Altgcld wrote to President
Cleveland asking by what authority United
States troops were quartered In Chicago.
The president answered to the effect that
It was his will , acting within his consti
tutional authority. Governor Walto sent a
similar letter.
In California the situation shows no
change , except that the Southern Pacific Is
tied up tighter than over. If possible.
St. Louis experienced a llttlo relief , as
did also tho. points nlong the Santa Fe.
United States marshals , aided by federal
troops , are moving trains In Colon-Jo.
On the Union Pacific the trouble Is still
confined to the Wyoming division. A pas
senger train with one mall car nnd four
Pullmans attached was sent out of Cheyenne
and got as far ns Laramle , where the
strikers took possession. It had a nonunion
Efforts ot the Chicago Great Western nnd
Milwaukee roads to get their Iowa employes
to sign agreementa not to strike were fail
ures.At Sioux City the firemen on the Omaha
line are still out and trains are movlnc
with difficulty. The firemen are not inclined
to call the strike off.
As far as the strikers are concerned they
ecm to have gained the day. for the events
brcught more men Into Interest and added
to the number of these already out.
It Is more than probable that moro' fed
eral troops * will be sent to Chicago today.
Glalmn the Stnto Win Ileaily and Able to
I'resorve Order.
WASHINGTON , July 5. The president Is
watching the deveiopmcnts of the situation
t Chicago with deep concern. Ho Is ad-
Tlsed of every movement as reported to
the War department and the Department
pt Justice. Apprehension Is not confined
to Chicago alone , but the passage of the dls-
* affection In the far west Is a source of
great solicitude to the officials. Sacremento ,
Cal. , IB looked upon "as a particularly
threatening point , but up to this time there
hn3 been no warrant for military Inter
ference , Inasmuch as the Judicial officers
have not yet applied for troops. Prepara
tions have been made , however , to meet
pitch call without delay , probably by send
ing troops from Presidio.
This evening the president. Secretary Lament -
mont , Attorney General Olney and Gen
eral Schofiold discussed the situation , being
Informed of the various phases from time
to time by the Associated press bulletins.
It was deemed expedient also to establish
a means of speedy and direct communica
tion with General Miles , and to that end
the manager of the Western Union Telegraph
company was called upon to connect the
whlto house with one of the main wires
to General Miles' headquarters In Chicago.
At 11:40 : tho. conference broke up. Gen
eral Schoficld was pressed to state whether
or not the president , had been requested to
, , , withdraw the troops at Chicago , but ho
vVeplled os this touched a matter entirely
" " within the president's province ho could
not discuss It. Subsequently Secretary Lament -
mont caused to bo prepared copies of the
following telegraphic correspondence which
had passed between the president and Gover
nor Altgeld ot Illinois :
TON , July 5 , 1S94. Hon. John P. Altgcld ,
Governor of Illinois , Springfield , III. : Fed
eral troops were sent to Chicago In strict
accordance with the constitution and the
laws of the United States , upon the demand
of the Postolllce department , that obstruc
tion of malls should bo removed and upon
representation ! ) of tlio Judicial officers of the
United States that process of federal courts
could not bo executed through the ordinary
means , and upon abundant proof that con
spiracies existed against commerce between
the states.
"To meet these conditions , which are
clearly within the province of ifsdqral
authority , the presence of federal troops
In the city of Chicago was deemed not only
proper , but. necessary , nnd there has been
no Intention of thereby Interfering with the
plain duty of the local authorities to preserve
the peace of the city. "
The following Is Governor Altgeld's tele
gram :
"EXECUTIVE OFFICE , State of Illinois ,
July 6 , 1804. Hon. Grover Cleveland , Presi
dent of the United States , Washington , D.
O. : Dear Sir I am advised you have or
dered federal troops to go Into service In
the state of Illinois. Surely the facts have
not been correctly presented In this case or
you would not have taken this step , for It
la entirely unnecessary , and , as It seems to
we , unjustifiable. Waiving all questions of
courtesy , I will say that the state of Illinois
la not only able to take care ot Itself , but
It stands ready today to furnish the federal
government any assistance It may need
elsewhere. Our military force Is amplennd
consists of as good soldiers as can bo found
In the country. They have been ordered
promptly whenever and wherever they were
needed. Wo have stationed In Chicago
lone three regiments ot Infantry , QUO bat
tery and one troop of cavalry already , and
no better soldiers can bo found. They have
been ready every moment to gi ou duly , and
have been and are now cap. or to go Into
orvlce. Hut they have not been ordered
because nobody In Cook county , whether an
official or private citizen , asked to have tholr
distance , or even Intimated In any way
that thtlr assistance was desired or neccs-
ary. 60 far as I have been advised , the
local ofilolaU have been able to handle the
illuatlon. Out It any assistance were
eeded , the etat itood ready to furnish
100 men for very one man required and
teed ready to do 10 at a moment's notice.
' "Notwithstanding these facts , the federal
government has been applied to by men
who had political nnd selfish motives for
wanting to Ignore the Btato government.
We have Just gone through a long coal
strike , moro extensive hero than tn- any
other state , because our coal field Is larger
than that of any other state. We hnvo
now had ten days of railroad strike , and wo
have promptly given military aid wherever
the local officials needed It.
"In two Instances the United States mar
shal for the southern district of Illinois ap
plied for assistance to enable him to enforce
the processes of the United States court ,
and troops were promptly furnished him nnd
ho was ( insisted In every way ho desired.
The law has been thoroughly executed , and
every man guilty of violating It during the
strike has been brought to Justice. If the
marshal for the northern district of Illinois ,
or the authorities of Cook county , needed
military assistance , they had but to ask for It
In order to. get It from the state. At present
some of our railroads ore paralyzed , not by
reason ot obstruction ! ! , but because they can
not get men to operate their trains. For
some reason they are anxious to keep this
fact from the public , and for this purpose
are making an 'outcry about obstructions
In order to divert attention.
Now I will cite to you two examples which
Illustrate the situation : Some days ago I
was advised the business of ono of our rail
roads was obstructed at two centers that
there was a condition bordering on anarchy
there , and I was asked to furnish protec
tion so as to enable the employes of the
road to operate the trains. Troops were
promptly ordered to both points. Then It
transpired the company had not sufficient
men on Its line to. operate one train. All
the old hands were orderly , but refused to
go. The company had largo shops In which
worked a number of men who did not be
long to the Hallway union and who could
run an engine. They * were appealed to to
run the train , but flatly refused. Wo were
obliged to hunt up soldiers who could run
an cnglno and operate a train.
"Again , two days ago , appeals which were
almost frantic , came from officials of another -
ether road , stating that at an Important
point on their line trains were forcibly
obstructed , nnd that there was a reign of
anarchy at that place , and they asked for
protection so they could move their trains.
Troops were put on the ground In a few
hours' tlmo , when the officer In command
telegraphed me there was no troubla and
had been none at that point , but the road
seemed to have no men to run trains , and
the sheriff telegraphed ho did not need
troops , but would himself move every train
If the company would only furnish men to
run trains. The result was that the troops
were there fourteen hours before a single
train was moved , though there was no at
tempt at Interference by anybody. It Is
true that w several Instances the road made
efforts to work a few green men , and a
crowd standing around Insulted them and
tried to drive them away , and In a few
other cases they cut off Pullman cars from
trains. But all these troubles were local
In character and could easily he handled
by the state's authorities. Illinois has more
railroad men than any other state In the
union , but as a rule they are orderly and
well behaved. This Is shown by the fact
that so very little actual violence has been
committed. Only a very small per cent of
these men have been guilty of any Infractions
of the law. The newspaper accounts have
In many cases been pure fabrications , and
In others wild exaggerations.
"I have gone thus Into details to show that
It Is not soldiers that arc rqulrcd so much
as men to operate trains , and the conditions
do not exist here which bring the cause
within the federal statute , a statute that
passed In 18S1 and was In reality a war
measure. This statute authorized the use of
federal troops In a state whenever It shall
bo Impracticable to enforce the laws of the
United States within such state by the or
dinary Judicial process. Such a condition
does not'exist In Illinois. There have been a
few local disturbances , but nothing seriously
Interfered with the administration of Justice ,
for the federal troops can do nothing that
the "state troops'Cannot do. I repeat that
you have been imposed upon In this matter ,
but even if by a forced construction It were
held that the 'conditions came within the
letter of the statute , I submit that local self-
government Is a fundamental principle of
our constitution. Each community shall It
self so long as it can , and Is ready and able
to , enforce the law , and It Is in harmony with
this fundamental principle that the statute
authorizes the president to send troops with
in states , and particularly Is this EO In the
exercise of the police power and the pres
ervation of law and order.
"To absolutely Ignore a loral government
In matters of this kind , when the local gov
ernment Is ready to furnish assistance needed
and Is amply able to enforce the law , not
only Insults the people of this state by Im
puting to them an Inability to govern them
selves or an uwlllingness to enforce the law ,
but Is In violation of a basic principle of the
constitution. The question of federal su
premacy Is In no way Involved. No ono dis
putes It for a moment , but under our con
stitution federal supremacy and local self-
government must go hand In hand , and to
Ignore the latter Is to do violence to the
"As governor of the state of Illinois. I
protest against this and ask the Immediate
withdrawal of the federal troops from active
duty In this Etntc. Should the situation
at any tlmo get so serious that wo cannot
control It with the state forces , wo will
piomptly ask for federal assistance , but
until such tlmo I protest with all duo
deference against this uncalled for reflec
tion upon our people and again ask the Im
mediate withdrawal of these troops. I
have the honor to bo ,
"Governor of Illinois. "
DENVER , July B. Governor Walto has
written letters to both President Cleve
land and Judge Hullct of the United States
district court protesting against the whole
sale arrests being made by the deputy mar
shals at turbulent points In Colorado. The
governor charges Judge Hnllet with over
riding the Btato constitution nnd'Ignoring
civil processes , nnd wltlf arming bodies of
men before calling upon the county nnd
state authorities , nnd points to his Cripple
Creek record as ovldonco that ho Is willing
and nblo to suppress lawlessness. The mes
sage to President Cleveland rehearses the
acts of Judge Hnllet and concludes with
the words : "Hy what authority does Mar
shal Israel violate the constitution as to
arrests and usurp our authority to suspend
the writ of habeas corpus In Colorado ? " '
Snn Franelsco Kxtimlncr Freely Kpratts Itg
Ml nil on till ) .Situation.
SAN FRANCISCO , July 5. The Examiner
says editorially : "Tho Southern Pacific
Railroad company has managed to get the
state and national governments between It
and Its workmen. A blow aimed at Its
property or privilege to do as It chooses
lands on the law and wounds public order.
Doubtless the corporation felicitates Itself
on the generalship by which It has brought
this state ot things , about , but In the end
It will pay dearly for Its cleverness. That
society may avert from itself riot It Is forced
to send for the pollco and soldiery to pro
tect this undeserving railroad company.
Hut society has been seduced Into no Illu
sion ; the people of California understand
the situation perfectly , and , when the occa
sion Is gone for making tholr own and the
corporation's Interest ono , there will be a
reckoning. A heavy addition has been made
to the debt which the company will sooner
or later be called upon to settle. Ever since
It came Into existence the corporation has
done ( ts utmost to raise Itself above the laws
of the state , whose guardianship It now
evokes. Rather than yield a point of no
creat practical moment to Its workmen , It
has laid an Interdict on commerce , subjected
thousands of citizens to > serious loss , shown
measureless contempt for the conveniences
of the public , thrown all California Into
alarm , and brought It to the very edge of riot
and anarchy. It demands expensive protec
tion , even at the cost ot blood , from the
municipalities and counties and state to
which It la In arrears for taxes. Likewise It
demands protection from , and even the con
trol nnd UBO of tlio enormous debt to the
federal government , which It has made no
provision for paying. California has been
very patient , but the Southern Pacific has
gone too far. "
Striker * Giro Way , hut Troopi Are Nut
Alilo to Cover Alt the drouml.
CHICAGO , July C. Regulnr troops made
their first charge on the strikers at the
yards this morning. Ninety men of the
Fifteenth regiment , under Major Hartz and
Captains Chnpln of Company II and Mitchell
of Company D , dispersed 3,000 men who
wcro blocking the pastnge of a meat train
near the main entrance of the yards. Swift
& Company were starting a train for New
York. It was ready to leave t ho yards ,
but the crowd prevented Us departure and
refused to move from the tracks. Troops
were sent for and the detachment under
Major Hartz was on the ground. A short
distance from the scene of the trouble the
order to move on double-quick with fixed
bayonets was given. Through the crowd
the soldiers moved without resistance , and
the strikers and their sympathizers fled
without reforming.
Matters opened briskly at the yards.
Troops were marched to points of vantage ,
and the stock yards switching association
was making an effort to clear Its tracks.
Official ] wcro sanguine that , barring new
obstacles , a hole out and one In would bo
opened before nightfall. No mobs were
apparently gathering , and though no stock
was received at the yards , the outlook was
moro hopeful than for several days past.
The first move of the troops was toward
guarding the meat train of Swift & Com
pany. The company feared that an attempt
to start the train would be defeated by the
strikers , and a guard of regulars was asked
for ! Lieutenant Bush and twenty men of
Company D were sent to the train. They
found the cars surrounded by a crowd ot
men , but no violence had been threatened.
Then they charged the crowd and the train
was released.
The rout of the strikers did not make all
plain calling for the moat trnln , nnd nt 2
this nflcrnoon It had moved only as far as
the Fort Wayne crossing , a short distance
outside the yards. Through Its short Journey
the men In charge had been harrassed by
the strikers and a continually Increasing
crowd made the situation serious. Several
times the soldiers were compelled to drive
the men from the tracks. At the Fort
Wayne crossing the gates were closed and
no ono would open them. The train was
stalled at this point. Additions to the mob
were being received continually and the
crowd rapidly grew more excited. Threats
of violence wcro loud , stones were thrown
and the temper of the crowd was such that
Unulted States Marshal Donnelly remarked
that bloodshed seemed Imminent and that'a
violent encounter was probable before night.
After the troops scattered the crowd at the
first charge the train started. Soldiers
guarded the tracks and the cavalry preceded
the train. Hooting and yelling on all sides ,
an Increasing mob tagged , calling the men
scabs and tried to hinder the operation of
switches. Many women were In the crowd
and their voices Joined those of the men In
deriding the troops and peace officers. Forty-
first street viaduct , under which the train
passed , was crowded with angry spectators ,
but at this time the opposition confined It
self to noise.
At Wallace street the train was stopped
while an attempt was made to replace a
switch that had been thrown. Stone throwIng -
Ing for the first time Interrupted the work.
M. S. Wright , an officer for the packing
company , was struck and knocked senseless
by a roclt. He had been trying to throw a
His fall was the signal for an order to
the cavalry In advance of tlio train. At
the first move of the horsemen the rioters
turned back and the railway men threw the
Without further trouble the train pro
ceeded to Dolese and Shepard's stone yard.
The command to close In by the cavalry did
not restore order. The order to clear the
tracks was given and the horsemen rode into
the crowd. The rioters scattered without
being harmed.
From this point to the Fort Wayne crossIng -
Ing the train made good headway. Closed
gates at the crossing barred further progress
and the train came to a standstill. No ono
would open the gates and the delay was pro
longed. Beyond tlio crossing the freight
cars were dumped by the side of the track
and It was Impossible to move them.
Neither pollco nor soldiers would touch the
cars. At other points along the line the
earno blockade was made , and some
tlmo was spent In an attempt to
straighten up the roadway. About 10,000
pcoplo gathered around the stalled train ,
and any move by the railway officers , It
was expected , would meet with violent op
position. Leaving the meat train at the
crossing the mob started down the tracks
Intent on mischief. The rioters proceeded
to the switch tower near Fortieth street
and Stewart avenue. They drove the op-
crating gang out , and when -the structure
was deserted It was fired. A switch box
controlling the Inter-locking system was
fired , but In both case ; the flames were ex
tinguished without causing the destruction
of property.
A dummy train on the Fort Wayne from
East Chicago stopped near the crossing at
which the meat train was standing. It was
the object of an attack by ono section of the
mob. The engineer and fireman were driven
from the cab and the windows were smashed.
The conductor and passengers abandoned the
train and It was left to the mercy ot the
strikers. When It seemed permanently
abandoned the strikers stopped their attack
and continued their march along the tracks.
Other freight cars were dumped across the
tracks. The regulars remained with the
meat train.
Intoxicated with success , the big crowd
rolled back to the stock train where the
soldiers were , under command of Major
Hartzc. The Michigan Central officials wcro
trying to get a wrecking train to remove
the overturned cars. They failed , and nt
4 o'clock It was decided to take the train
back to the stock yards. As the train
backed Into the yards thousands followed
It , exulting In the victory won after a hard
day's battle. Several cars and switch shan
ties at Forty-ninth street , the property of
the Grand Trunk , were set on flro this even
ing and destroyed.
Mayor JKHIICB n Proclamation to
the I'uopln.
CHICAGO , July G. After a personal In
spection of the scenes ot violence near For
tieth street this afternoon , Mayor Hopkins
returned to the city hall , and for a half
hour was closeted with Corporation Counsel
Rubens. At the expiration of this Inter
view a letter was dispatched to Chief of
Police Brennan and tbo following proclama
tion Issued :
"Tho events of the last twenty-four hours
render It necessary that extraordinary meas
ures bo taken to preserve public peace and
"Tho mayor of the city of Chicago has
the legal right to demand the services of
every able bodied man In the city and to call
out the militia. If necessary to suppress riots
or other disorderly conduct , and he will cer
tainly exercise every power vested In him
by law far the protection of property and
the preservation of the public peace.
"He expects every citizen to do his duty
In preserving the peace by avoiding all
places where crowds are congregated , to at
tend strictly to his own particular affairs
and to see that all women and children are
kept away from the public streets and rail
way tracks.
"The mayor Intends to enforce every law
of the state and ordinance ot the city and
ho confidently relies upon the people of Chicago
cage to aid him In his efforts In this be
"If the well disposed comply with this re
quest as herein Indicated he will no 'doubt '
find a means ot preventing the evil disposed
from violating the lavs. The police force Is
hereby directed to disperse every assem
blage of persons In the public streets and on
or near railroad tracks and to promptly ar
rest alt persona who refuse to disperse on
demand. JOHN If. ( Ilbl'KlNS , Mayor.
"July B , 1894. "
The mayor has Instructed the chief of
pollco to suspend all police officers who were
In the Lake Shore & Michigan yards today
and did not Interfere wltli the strikers who
overturned freight cars'.py ' the score.
"Tho Immediate causp of the Issuance ot
my proclamation was the overturning of cars
on the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern rail
road this afternoon , " said Mayor Hopkins.
"That sort of biUlncss must bo stopped.
I desire that my letter to Chief Urennnn
In reference to the .duty of the police be
published so all officers may read It. They
will hereafter perform their duty or receive
their dismissal from the force. I desire that
to be distinctly understood. "
FiiiKAr : , TUOor.S 1IHIIAVK \ \ 121,1 , .
Strll < nr Olvo Way Ileforn Them Only to
Chuo Up Again In the Hour.
CHICAGO , July C. The sun went down
on by far the most turbulent and critical
day thus far In the unparalleled railroad
strike and boycott. When It opened there
was a general feeling that Its passage would
go far toward clearing the atmosphere , If
Indeed It did not practically lift the embargo
barge on commerce which has held this
city In Its grip for the past week. That
expectation was caused by the reliance on
federal troops In the most dangerous dis
tricts. The situation at the close of the
day Is such that It must be admitted that
the hope Indulged In this regard has not
been justified. The troops were few in
numbers at best , and when they were
divided Into squads and distributed at points
separated by considerable' distances , It soon
became evident that their prestige as over
awing bodies had been dissipated at the
same time. Instead of fleeing In fear be
fore the faces of the soldiers , as was ex
pected they would do , the turbulent thou
sands surged about the llttlo band , jeered
and hooted at them , cast vile epithets nt
them and literally played hide and seek with
them , stopping trains at will and generally
rendering the embargo } In the military dis
trict more effective If possible than before.
The throngs of strikers did not resist Uncle
Sam's police. Again and again when there
were thousands of them about a train which
It was sought to move , they gave way like
water before the leveled bayonets of a single
company of Infantry or the trampling of
a single squad of cavalry. Like water ,
too , they closed In ngaln at a point just
beyond. They turned switches , derailed
freight cars In front -of the slow moving
trains and played all sorts of railroaders'
tricks , with which the soldiers were un
acquainted. Thus It was that the troops
at the stock yards In perseverance nnd pa
tience spent the entire- day In a vain en
deavor to get one train load of dressed beef
out of sight of the starting point.
Another and pleasanter thing this ex
perience showed , and that was the admira
ble coolness , self-discipline nnd self-control
of the troops throughout an exasperating
twelve hours. Not'a | hot was fired ; not a
man was pricked by a bayonet , which
argues that with force enough the soldiers
would have done the work expected of them.
The quality was there' merely the quantity
was lacking.
Asldo from the Immediate neighborhood
where the troops were operating there was
plenty of excitement nnd disorder. Great
mobs gathered on the "Lake Shore , Alton ,
West Shore and Rock Island tracks and pro
ceeded to obstruct them "by overturning box
cars , breaking switches , and the like. Atone
ono time they set flrjer to a signal tower and
an Interlocking box , though the flames were
extinguished before Serious damage was
In two Instances there was bloodshed.
On the Western Indiana tracks a hard
pressed special pollcenlan fired at his pur
suers , wounding a striker In the leg. On
the Lake Shore road an official of that com
pany in charge of a train which he was
endeavoring to force through , emptied his
revolver point blank Into the massed strikers
about him , wounding two or three , it la-be
lieved. Ho was saved from the fury of the
mob , as was his engineer , who put on steam
and ran back to the point of starting.
Shortly after noon a mob numbering 2,000
started north on the Lake Shore tracks at
Thirty-seventh street , overturning cars and
obstructing the line in every possible way.
They were not checked until they reached
Twenty-second street , where a heavy force
of police was massed and succeeded In turnIng -
Ing them back.
During the afternoon Mayor Hopkins and
Chief of Police Brennan went down to the
Lake Shore road'wltlr- official of that
road. Intending to RO ' to the stock yards.
Their course was obstructed and they were
compelled to finish the journey on foot.
Of the striking men It may bo said the
situation broadened' with today. On the
Big Four , on which It was presumed traffic
would hs resumed immediately , It Is prac
tically tied up. At Jollot everything Is
practically at a standstill because the yard
men have gone out , and the city water
works have shut down' for lack of coal.
The night closes down with a very un
easy feeling touching the developments be
fore morning.
The Calumet terminals' employes have
struck , and as a result the steel mills of
South Chicago will "probably close down
tomorrow. Every policeman on the south
sldo was called Into service this afternoon
when word was received that the-o- was a
blockade on the Rack Island at Twenty-
fifth street. A dozen- cars had been thrown
off the track , and b'dhlnd the obstructions
were three passenger trains trying to get
Into the city. Thousands of people sur
rounded the trains , and the aspect became
threatening , so much so that the railroad of
ficials sent In the call for policemen to dis
perse the mob. When the mob first at
tacked the train at Twenty-fifth street
there were but few policemen there , and
they could do nothing with the strikers.
At Twenty-second street there was another
gang which attempted 'to throw a freight
car off the track. While trying to dis
perse the mob or prevent the strikers from
carrying out their purpose an ofllcsr was
struck on the "head with a stone thrown
by ono of the crowd and seriously hurt.
Reinforcements arrived and the mob was
dispersed. Over 200 policemen then pa
trolled the tracks and crossings and pro
tected the wrecking crew which was en
gaged In replacing the derailed cars. This
was not accomplished .until nearly 7 o'clock
p. m. , when the first.train started for the
city , The most urgc'qt call after the one
from Twenty-fifth street and the Rock
Island tracks was far men at Thirty-ninth
street and the Chicago & Eastern Illinois
tracks. This call.yas Bent out by Gen
eral Manager Egan ; -who said a mob was
In control at that place and the pollco were
unable to handle It ; '
Mayor Hopkins said tonight that tbo out
come of the conference between himself ,
Corporation Counsel Rubens and the officials
of the American 1111 way union would prob
ably end In a' ' request being made In the
the name ot the people of Chicago to George
M. Pullman that he return to Chicago and
submit the difference ! ! between himself and
employes for arbitration. The request , how
ever , 'will not be sent to Mr. Pullman until
another meeting between the city officials
and Debs .taken place.
The situation at the-stock yards and along
the line of the Rock Island Is hourly grow
ing moro serious. An attempt to take a
train out to the stock yards this afternoon ,
although protected by United States 'troops ,
was abandoned , The mob on the line of the
Rock Island road has been coming north
west and has reached Thirtieth street , where
the mob was overturning cars and destroy
ing property , burring the trains of the Rock
Island and Lake Shore roads. One hundred
police have been sent to check the mob.
At 9:30 : tonight the cavalry and artillery ,
under a still order from General Miles , are
preparing to leave the stock yards on
double quick ,
Al | the artillery stationed at the stock
yards have arrived on the lake front , oppo
site the Auditorium and went at once Into
camp. " ' *
The following pall was Issued tonight by
the board ot directors of the A. R , U. : "To
the Labor Public : All chief officers of all
labor unions of Chicago are Invited to a
meeting at Ulrlch's hall , at 10 o'clock , to
Inquire why federal troops Invade the state
of Illinois In tlmo of peace. "
Southern I'nclllo Utterly Unnlilo to Move
Any of It * Train * .
SAN FRANCISCO , July C. The seventh
day of the great railroad strike closes with
the blockade more complete In northern
California than It has been at any tlmo
slnco Debs ordered the A. R. U. to tlo up
the Southern Pacific. At Oakland and Sac
ramento the embargo enforced by the
strikers Is absolute , not a wheel being al
lowed to turn , nnd at no other point In the
state Is the Southern Pacific doing any busi
ness , Sacramento continues to be the center
of Interest. After the conflict there on Tues
day between the strikers and strong forces
under the United States marshal nnd the
chief of police , nnd on Wednesday between
the strikers nnd the stnto militia , It wns
feared there would be a serious outbreak
there today. The conflict that scums ' > bo
unavolablo hns been delayed , however , for
at least another day. Early this morning
the strikers wcro reinforced by H > 0 men
from Truckco , who came Into Sacramento
on a special train. Soon afterwards a train
from Dunsinulr bearing over 100 heavily
armed strikers assembled there. These men
have created no trouble , however. They
quietly joined the local strikers and as
quietly expressed their determination to old
the Sacramento men In preventing the rail
road company from breaking the blockade
under cover of the mllll'i. ' No attempt to
bring out the mllltla was made , and tonight
the determined A. It. U. men are still In
possession of the Sacramento depot.
General Dlmond , chagrined at the action
of his troops yesterday In refusing to move
upon the strikers , this morning loft Sacra
mento and returned to San Francisco , lle-
fore doing so , however , ho sent two com
panies from Stockton home In disgrace , and
issued an order depriving the Sacramento
companies of their arms and uniforms.
During the day the strikers established
headquarters In the vicinity of the railroad
yards and settled down for a long siege.
It Is now believed the railroad will make
no further move at Sacramento until fed
eral troops can bo had there.
At Oakland the strikers are In absolute
control. There , too , the state mllltla proved
of no avail , for the sympathy of the
militiamen Is with the strikers. Com
panies from Petaluma , San Rafael and
Santa Rosa had been ordered to Oakland ,
but they were sent homo without being
ordered against the strikers. This morning
the company fired up .two switch engines
on the Oakland mole. No sooner had this
been done than a mob of 300 strikers bore
down upon the yards , pushed past the un
resisting deputy sheriffs and captured the
locomotives. They ran the engines on the
switches , blew the steam , raked out the fires
nnd let out the water. The railroad of
ficials made no further attempt to turn a
While this riot was In progress on the
Oakland mole , thousands of people who live
on the Oakland side of the bay and do
business In San Francisco stood on the
shores waiting for transportation. All the
regular ferry boats had been stopped , and
to make the blockade more complete three
big ferry boats that were temporarily run
ning up Oakland creek grounded at low
tide and stuck fast In the creek. From
6 to 10 o'clock this morning there wns no
communication. The first Oakland boats lo
reach San Francisco arrived at 10:30. :
Traffic on the coast division running out
of San Francisco Is also obstructed. At San
Jose a large force of strikers stopped the
passing of trains by throwing themselves on
the track. Many Interior towns arc already
running short of supplies and are complain
ing bitterly. Fireman \Ying , whq was aq-
cldently..shot by a militiaman at Sacramento
yesterday , died today.
Coastwise nnd even eastern mail Is now
coining Into and going out of San Francisco
on ocean steamers. The postal authorities
no longer hope for the resumption of rail
road traffic. The steamer AValla Walla
sailed for Puget Sound this morning with
tons of mall for Washington , Idaho , British
Columbia and for the cast. Letters sent cast
will go over the Great Northern. Malls
for southern California were taken out on the
steamer Santa Rosa. The Oregon mall was
taken to Portland on the steamer Truckee.
Malls also arrived by steamer from the
north and south. There is talk of sending
the incoming Australian steamer Monowal to
Puget Sound , there "to discharge her eastern
freight and malls. The Monowal was due
today. The coastwise steamers ore unable
to meet the demand for passenger transporta
Milwaukee KniploycR HeR ntlng Wlmt They
Itecnrd ns Unfair Trout incut ,
PERRY , la. , July 5. ( Special Telegram
to The Bee. ) Over SOO railroad employes of
the Milwaukee road held a union meeting
hero today. The session was conducted
with closed doors , nnd later on the proceed
ings were made public. The Reporter this
evening published a set of resolutions
passed boycotting the Ct'tcago Herald.
Tribune , Inter Ocean , News , Record and
Des Molncs Register , and every business
house In tlio city 'has been asked to join
them In the boycott. They promise to ex
tend It over the entire Milwaukee system.
W. E. Glnn , an ex-conductor who recently
lost both arms" and a leg , Is the leading
news dealer and handles over 300 of these
papers dally. They have promised to make
his business good by purchasing other
They endorsed the Omaha Bee as an Im
partial journal , worthy of their support.
They consider that the papers boycotted
have been rank In the treatment of organ
ized labor , and this new action ugnlnst
newspapers Is considered as a most emphatic
expression of sympathy for the A. it. U.
These resolutions were signed Jointly by
members from the Brotherhood ot Locomo
tive Engineers , Brotherhood of Locomotive
Firemen , Order of Railway Conductors und
Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen , Se\euil
of the railroad men present are among the
heaviest property holders In the city.
Yesterday a paper was sent hero by Gen
eral Manager Earling to the Brotherhood
of Locomotive Engineers asking them to
sign It. It was an agreement not to strike.
Today they returned the paper with the
statement that they would not work with
nonunion men or under pollco protection.
With the Assistance of Mllltla Homo TriiliiH
Are Moving ,
SIOUX CITY , July B. ( Special Telegram
to The Bee , ) The strike situation today
Is quiet. The arrival of the mllltla und
tbo determined way they went about clearIng -
Ing the yards last night brought this about.
No attempt to block trains was made fur
ther than at the bridges early this mornIng -
Ing on the Illinois Central and Omaha
roads. All passenger trains on the Illinois
Central and Omaha roads went out on regu
lar tlmo today for the first tlmoslnco Mon
day morning under military escort , The
firemen on the Chicago , St. Paul , Min
neapolis & Omaha returned to work at 1
o'clock. As a result the company expects
to resume freight business tomorrow. The
engineers on the Chicago , Milwaukee & St.
Paul still refuse to go out with any but
regular firemen , aad as a result the road
Is only getting out a portion of Its pas
senger trains ,
There have been no serious conflicts be
tween the mllltla and strikers , Two
militiamen were struck with coupling pins
and a couple of strikers were jabbed with
bayonets. United States District Attorney
Sells Is hero and has Instructions from
Olney to got all mall trains through. He
has caused twenty-one warrants to bo Is
sued for persons charged with conspiracy
to Interfere with malls by blocking trains
and seven have been arrested. No freights
are moving yet because of Inability ot the
roads to get crows for them.
Fort AVftyno In Had Shape.
FORT WAYNE. Ind. , July 5. The strike
situation In this city Is becoming very seri
ous. Not o mall train has reached this
city over the Wabash In two days , nnd only
one passenger train has moved , Thli mornIng -
Ing the Nickel Plato men quit , and not a
wheel Is turning on that road between Fort
Wnyno and Stony Island. Even the sec
tion men are out. Westbound passenger
train No. 1 was laid up at the depot hero
for hours , and Traveling Engineer Work
failed to find n crew to handle It. There Is
no trouble reported on the Chicago , Pitts-
burg & Fort Wnyno road , but a ttrlko Is
hourly expected.
Sonic Train * Arn llcliig Moved , tint. I.Htlo
HuftliieHM l Ilelng Iliiiullcil ,
ST. LOUIS , July fi. In the railroad yards
and about the union depot n moro cheerful
state of affairs exists nnd a brnvcr attempt
Is being made to handle tralllc. More switch
engines are at work than at any tlmo this
week and moro freight cars being moved.
The passenger service Is Improving and all
roads report a better movement In that serv
ice. In spite of nil this the situation Is
still of n most serious character , for as one
gain Is reported a loss Is to be found to
balance It. St. Louis Is at present suffering
as much from the strikes at outside points
as at home. At present , though , the roads
have practically no yard forces , yet thi'ro
Is not enough traffic In or out to keep even
the existing force busy. In fact St. Louis ,
the gateway , U suffering far moro than St.
Louis , the originating point. The Iron
Mountain , the St. Louis , Kcokuk & North
western and the Missouri , Kansas & Texas ,
on the west side of the river , and the Toledo ,
St. Louis & Kansas City on the cast side ,
are operating their yards with their regular
crews and arc experiencing no difficulty In
handling such buslncs ns comes to them.
The Improvement In the passenger service
Is duo to the arrival of cars and engines
from other points where they have-been tied
up , thus renewing the equipment here. The
Terminal association yard force remains largo
enough to handle this service promptly so
long as cars , etc. , can b3 had.
The fuel situation Is Improving today.
Some of the roads that had loaded coal cars
sidetracked In their yards succeeded this
morning In switching the cars to points
where they could bo unloaded and the two
terminal companies also succeeded In haulIng -
Ing several trains of coal from the east side.
There Is an Immense amount of coal on the
tracks In East St. Louis and If this can
be brought over there will be no fuel famine.
The Ice men have sufficient Ice In sight
to supply the city for at least two weeks.
In St. Louis , however , the dealers are not
entirely dependent upon the railroads , for
many of their Ice houses are located on the
banks of the river and supplies can be
brought to the city In barges.
The milkmen are experiencing considerable
difficulty in supplying all customers , but
unless the strike becomes very much worse
than at present the city will get along. The
fact that none of the 'Frisco or Missouri Pa
cific suburban trains have suffered delay has
helped the milk dealers. The only dairies
that are seriously embarrassed by the strike
are those that are wholly dependent on Illi
nois towns for milk.
During the forenoon It became evident
that the railroad had determined to ask for
federal aid In order to renew the movement
of traffic at this point. Early this morn
ing Samuel II. Priest , attorney for the Mis
souri Pacific , was In conference with United
States District Attorney Klopton and his as-
blstnnt , Mr. Anthony. Ho also visited Judge
Thnyer. That the matter In process ot evolution
lution was Important was shown by the
fact that n special train was sent to Trenton
last night over the Iron Mountain road for
Air. Klopton , who did no expect to bo In
SU Louis fpr several class. The return
trip was made In throe hours , ono hour less
than Echc'dCfle time. When the federal
officers reached the city they drove to Mr.
Priest's residence , arriving there at mld-
nlglit , and Mr. Klopton had a hnlf-hour
conference with Mr. Priest. When the
United States district court met today Mr.
Priest was absent. Judge Thayer was
about to order an adjournment when Mr.
Klopton whispered to the judge , who an
nounced n recess until 2 this afternoon.
The district attorney admitted that some
action touching the strike would be taken
at that hour.
Orders of the United .States Marxhul Have
DOIKI IIttlu ! O < H | .
DENVER , July G. United States Marshal
Israel has Issued orders to his deputies to
arrest without warrants any man who , by
speech or act attempts to Interfere with
the operation of trains on railroads that arc
In receiver's hands , und to make particular
efforts to capture the strikers' leaders.
Under the protection of the troops and depu
ties the Santa Fo and Denver & Gulf are
attempting to run freight as well as passen
ger trains. The executive committee ot the
strikers 1ms ordered a strike on the Colorado
Midland , which will become effective today.
The Denver & Rio Grande Is still prevented
from sending trains west by the strike of
firemen ut Sallda. President Jeffrey de
clares ho will tto the road up for six months
rather than break any contracts. The Union
Pacific sent out a passenger train this fore
noon , but will not attempt to run It beyond
Judge Hallett In the United States court
announced very emphatically today that men
arrested for violating the court's Injunctions
who are awaiting Hearing for contempt of
court will not be permitted to return to the
places where they created dhsturbanco oven
when bonds are furnished.
The receiver of the Gulf system announces
that the road is open for both passenger
and freight business. The Rock Island now
receives freight business of all kinds as
well as passenger business. The Santa Fo
road succeeded In starting a train for Chicago
tonight , and announces that It in running In
perfect order. Contrary to prophecy yesterday -
day , the Midland was not tied up today.
The Union Pacific road runs Its westbound
trains as far as Cheyenne only. Whatever
changes occurred In the situation of the
Denver & Rte Grande are for the better.
Union Tactile. OdtH u Train Started With
I'ullimui ! ) iui < l Nonunion Flruincn.
CHEYENNE , July 5. The Union Pacific
sent a train west from IH.TO at 2:30 : this
afternoon consisting ot mall car , day coach
und four Pullmans. Two engines were used ,
nonunion firemen being on each engine , Tea
a telegram from the local union to Senator
Carey asking him to support the Kyle re
solution In the senate the following answer
was received :
WASHINGTON. July 4 , ISU-Secrelnry
A. It. U. No. IS : I shall not support the
Kyle resolution. To supoprt It , you , on
reflection , would condemn my action nny-
wny , und I should lose my Moir-respcot ,
Your order does not advocate unurohy , nui
do I. Labor's enemy In tlmen .of trouble
la the professed friendship of deinuKiiKUea.
Only ono member of the Federated Board
of Union Pacific employes has yet arrived
Clark of the Brotherhood of Brakemcn.
Vroman of the engineers and the flrcmcn'H
representative are expected tonight. There
la no change In the situation. No effort has
yet been made to get a train west from here.
Two mall trains nnd several passengers are
now In the yards. Traffic east and south
Is proceeding without much Interruption.
Dlurithul Arnold Think * the Troops Cannot
Stand Many Moro Htonen.
CHICAGO , July 5. Fourteen strikers nnd
sympathizers were arrested at Illuo Inland
for obstructing malls und contempt of In-
Junction. They wcro arraigned tonight before -
fore Commissioner Hoyno and held In { 1,000
ball each.
Marshal Arnold said : "There will un
doubtedly bo serious trouble at the stock
yards , as the troops cannot submit to much
moro stone throwing and defiance without
shooting. When they do nothing can pru-
( Contlnucd on Second Page. )
Turbulent Element of the Windy Olty's
Population Greatly in Evidence.
Kiotcre Make Mnuy Demonstrations ia
Various ParU of the Oity ,
Crssins , Blockaded and Angry Crowds Do
Everything to Hinder Trains.
Uebs Declare * Unit Kvury Triulo In Chicago
Ho Cull..l Out If Found
NceesHary to .Mulct ) tlio
Striken Winner.
CHICAGO , July G. Instead of diminishing
In force Die strike situation In Chicago has
crown more icrlons apparently desplto tbo
presence of tliq United States trcopa. Th
General Managers association received word
today of rioting In several parts of the city.
A mob gathered at Thirty-fifth street on
the Chicago & Illinois trucks nnd stoned all
passenger trains , directing their attention
particularly to passenger coaches. Th9
Chicago , Burlington & ( Jtilncy experienced
trouble at Western avenue , nnd a detail
of police was called to disperse the crowd.
At Forty-third street In the Rock Island
yards a largo crowd 'of ttrlkers became
demonstrative , and a heavy detail of pollca
wa's sent to that point.
Fifteen freight cars were overturned on
the Like Shore road near Thirty-ninth street „
nnd halted Just nt the entrance- tlio Union
stock yards ut 1:30 : p. in. A number of cara
belonging to thu Stock Yards Switching as
sociation were- overturned n few moments
before. Tlio mob , which numbered far up In
the thousands , rushed by common Impulao
at the cars and pitched them In the ditch.
No troops were at the scene of the troubla
at the time. .
Ono thousand strikers congregated at
Fortieth street and Wentworth street and
tried to wreck the tower house on the Lake
Shore and the Hock Island roads. Police
men were dispatched to the sceno. Later
the mob overturned about lUty freight cara
on the Hock Island. The attack was made
between Thirty-ninth and Rootfstreets , a
point not covered by the troops nt the time.
The yards at Fifty-fourth street are full 'Of
strikers. Companies C and G of the Fif
teenth Infantry have Just arrived from Blue
Island to/ reinforce troops already there.
The troops got out of the cars at Flfty-thlro
street. Company C deployed nnd the troops
marched through thef .yards . with charged
bayonets. The mob disappeared before them.
Large crowds were onthe - tops of freight
cars , but jio stones were thrown. The yards
have been"closed. . >
A train on the Lake Shore was stopped at
Forty-fourth street at 11 o'clock this morning.
The engineer and fireman were requested to
leave the cnglno and refused , and then wore
forcibly put off by the strikers. The en-
glno was then cut nnd the train was moved
back Into the yards by the strikers. The
outlook Is not very pleasant.
At ho Forty-seventh street crossing of
the Rock Island an Immense crowd was
gathered anticipating the arrival of an In
coming Rock Island passenger train. The
troops cleared the tracks , nnd , not with-
starillng that there was stone throwing , the
train proceeded to Chicago.
At Dearborn station , the terminus of the
Erla , Wabash , Santa Fe , Monon , Grand
Trunk and Eastern Illinois , an effort was
being made today to get through passenger
trains on all these roads. Most of the
trains were getting out of the station on
time. It was said that no attempt to re
new suburban service on any of the Dear
born station lines would be made today.
The Illinois Central road resumed 1U O
suburban service today and a limited num
ber of trains were running with the usual
regularity. The olllcluls believe the com
plete service will soon bo restored. Thera
was no trouble In securing crews for the
All of the special police at Nelson Morris
& Co.'s packing house at the stock yards ,
fourteen In number , struck today and gave
up tholr stars. The city pollco were called
upon to lalo their places.
The order for a special grand Jury to In
vestigate violations of" United Slates statutes
by thu strike leaders was entered on th
records today In accordance with the deci
sion of Judge Grosicup.
At Sioux City tlio blockade 1ms been partly
raised so far as passenger trains are con
cerned , but no' freights are yet moving. The
Illinois Central got. out a train this morning
which had boon stalled there three days.
The burning of the Omaha bridge at Twelfth
street there has Interfered with the running
of trains on that road. It was thought the
fire was the work ot an Incendiary. TUB
militia Is still quartqrcd In the Union depot
and all trains uro given a military escort
out of the city.
At' 10 o'clock all the yard men In the em
ploy ot the Lake Shore nt Detroit quit work.
Grand Haven men are doing the work ,
I'rctildent Ucb , In an Interview this afternoon -
noon , declared that if It became necessary
the chirrs of the various labor organiza
tions would call cut qvcry trade In Chicago
so that the strikers would win.
Deputy United States Marhhals Pick and
McGann. on duty ut Grand Crossing , claimed
tn see a striker approach a switch on the
Illlnib Central track today with the evident
purpose of derailing an approaching train.
They called on him to stop , but he Ignored'
the command and they tired at him. Ono
shot took effect In the fcllow'K lug. Cltr
policemen In tlio vicinity heard the shoot
ing , came up and placed the deputy mar
shals under arrest. Some conlllct of au
thority Is likely to ensue , as Grand CrossIng -
Ing Is within the city limits and the pollca
have been Instructed that their authority
la paramount. The wounded itrlkcr wa
taken to a hospital. Thcra was hardly
enough clamor or appearance of riot In Ulu
iHlan.l this morning to disturb n sick room.
The wholesale nrrentH , with the contlnuad
presence of the federal troops , seemed to
cxorclso an Inlinece on the striken ) , und
the town teemed to bo rapidly falling back :
Into Ita original desuetude , The only In
cident occurring during the night wat ,
report that deputies guarding the pump at
the west end yards had been attacked. Re
inforcements were sent , and It proved to
bo only a gang of lioys returning from *
Fourth of July ilanco , who were itandlnff
off at a distance calling the deputies every
thing hut gentlemen. Tlio tralmi nd ,
yards hnvo all been cleared and are reidy
for business. The itrlkcra Hay tiny will
do nothing as long OR the soldiers aia hers ,
but will watt until they leave and then tl
up the road again ,
Tie-Up Complntn nt Halt I.akd.
SALT LAKE , July C , The passenger servIce -
Ice between hero and Ogden today teemed
to bo out of the question , Ono train rrif
started for Ogdcn this morning , tut iru
hnltcd at Syracuse , where It still tan4 .
The eastern fast mall was not allowed to
move a wheel. There la not a pound of
freight entering the city. Dlspatchns froa
Ogdvn say not a wheel moved In the Oe < J
yard today ,

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