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THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE ESTABLISHED JUNE 10 , 1871. OMAHA , SUNDAY MORNING , AUbjL T 20 , 1801-S1XTEEN PAGES. SINGLE - COPY FIVE CENTS. MUSTERS AT OUTS Emperor Taking a Hand in the Difference. Between Oaptivi and Mlquah MAKING AN EFFORT TO SETTLE THEM Unless Brought to an End Several Oabtcet Obangta Will Result. WILLIAM ANXIOUS ABOUT THE CHOLERA Conferring with Imincnt Authorities on Methods ' .o Stop Its Spread. NEW CARRIAGE FOR BABY COUSIN Ucrnmii Ofllcer Dlxmixftcd from the Arui.v for .Mistreating mi Underline 1-- peror Offers Trophy fur Uuramcn. ( Copyrighted , 1694 , by the Associated Trees. ) DHUL.IN , Auc. 25. If credence can be lvcn to popular report the position of Ur. Johannes .Mlquel , the Prussian minister of finance. Is shaken In consequence of the differences of opinion which have arisen be tween him and Chancellor Von Caprlvl , and which have resulted in mutual acrimonious attacks In the Eeml-ofllclal Journals during Emperor William's absence from Dcrlln. Shortly after his return to the capital , the emperor determined to put an end to this open animosity and It Is now declared upon good authority that ho Intends to lurKonally mediate the dispute which threatens to have a disturbing effect upon the government policy. As Is knonti , Emperor William Is not so enamored of Dr. Mlquel's financial plans now as he previously was , and It is gent rally believed If his majesty fails In his efforts to bring about a reconciliation between the minister of finance and the chancellor , the former will la\o to go. In the event ot the retirement of Dr. Mlmiel other changes In the cabinet ore ttpokcti of , the most significant bclnc the possible Inclusion In the ministry of Count Von Bolicstroni as a concession to the centrists , whose long expressed desire for representation In the cabinet Emperor Wil liam now Is said Jo be favorably consider ing. Since his return from England the em peror has ordered that full reports be fur nished to him with reference to the meas ures taken to prevent the spread ot cholera. Hardly a day has passed without his majesty having seen some expert or some adminis trative officer engaged In combatting the dis ease. ease.For For Instance on Wednesday last Dr. Robert Koch had r.n audience of several hours with Emperor William , who entered Into the de tails of the precautions necessary and who displayed great concern at the possibility of a recurrence of the pcs , on any great scale , In Germmiy. CARRIAGE FOR I'tlR ROYAL BABY. It tran&plres the emperor took with him to England on board the imperial yacht a gift for hlu newly born cousin , the son ot the duke of York. The gift was In the shape ot an exquisite little carriage in which the royal Infant Is to take his air ings. The vehicle Is In the form of a shell , colored with pale , prismatic shades , contracting with th : pale blue velvet used to line the shade. The latter Is furnished with n beautiful coverlet of crimson velvet worked with the arms of the Ouelph and Hohenzollcrn families. Ths baby carrfage was sent to the White lodge nt Richmond , from which place tlio delighted mother sent her hearty thanks to the emperor. A small but noteworthy action of Em peror William has caused a great deal of satisfaction In the army , and has testified to the genuineness of his expressions of disapproval ot the petty tyranny ot certain officers of the army to mn of lower rank , but of superior class. It has been a well known fact that schoolmasters especially were tubjcctcd to humiliating [ treatment when called out among the reserve for periodical training. An aggravated case of Insult and Ill-treatment of a school teacher has Just resulted In the Imprisonment of the officer guilty of the otTens ; . The lat- ter's sentence was submitted to the em peror for confirmation , and his majesty , In BO doing , wrote on the document a marginal note , saying : "I did not believe It possible I had such an ungcntlemanly officer In rny army. " The note at the emperor Is looked- upon as tantamount to cashiering the odlcer , whose name was forthwith struck off the army list. This will undoubtedly ajrvo as on cffcctlvo warning to similarly disposed otllcers against brutal disregard of the feel ings of the men In their charge. The statement has boui published that an English company had bought the lease of the land necessary In the Nordsnham harbor wltlj the view of establishing a new BtcaniRhlp line from there to New York. Tlio Associated press representative made Inquiries upon this subject and obtained a declaration from the Oldenburg administra tion and the Hamburg-American line that , no treaty had been concluded for such a line , and it is concluded no propoiials haO been received to that effect. COMMANDED TO PAINT A PICTURE. Emperor William has commanded Prof Werner to paint another large hlstorlca canvas , taking for his subject the cecbra- k tlon of the 90th birthday ot the lute Marsha Von Moltke and representing the momen . when the emperor stepped up to him to J offer his congratulations. In his determination to do his utmost to encourage rowing , announced at the termlna tlcn of the regatta at Kiel , previous to his departure far Norway. Umperor William has aqan as good as his word , and It Is now stated he has decided to present n trophy of the value of 5,000 marks to bo compete ! for by the cre'As of the different Gorman universities , The Imperial trophy is to be held by the * Inning crew until beaten by another crew. In addition the emperor offer a purse of 1,000 marks yearly , which wll EO xo the best oarsmen among the competing students. Inquiries made by the various American consulates In Germany show the now Amcr lean tariff legislation has thus far had no effect upon Uermau trade vvlth tlio Unltci States , No Increase , due to the WlUon till Is reported In any quarter. Cases of leprosy Laving recently been re ported from te\trul parts of Prussia , a epe clal liucatlKiUlon has been officially opcnei under the direction of Dr. Nath. and as i result U IUH been discovered there are quit n number pf lepera In eastern Pr.iusla. cape dally at KonilBsburg tuul Mcmel , about uoventy mile * from Koenlgsburg. In thu KoeulgcburR district ulono , ten genuine cases ot leprosy have been found , and leprosy la tiow officially declared to exist In these dis tricts , a fact of which the majority of the population previously had not the slightest Idea. EARTH HAS SETTLED AWAY. The. subsidence of Iho earth at ElMoben , tlio- birthplace ot Martin Luther and the consequent drying up of1 a huge salt pond In the neighborhood , wlilch commenced many months ago , still continues. The district la about 1,000 feet In diameter , which has now almost entirely sunk out ot view. Up to recently , Zelsln strasse has been the only part greatly affected , but within the past few days tliero has been a further subsidence not I cent le In the same district , a little dis tance , away from the locality mentioned , nnd tlio townsfolk are In the greatest alarm , fear ing the entire town will disappear. Numbers of the richer Inhabitants are leaving the place. The villa of the Princess Catherine , mother of the king of Wurtcmburg , on the banks of Laka Constance , has been entered by burglars , who stole a number of Jewels of great lalue as well as several historical souvenirs. 1 IN I'KOKOUUIMl rAUI.IHMKNT. Icr Omcluui Majesty Omits Any Ilcfcr- < > I1VI9 tO tllD Ilints. LONDON , Aug. 25. Parliament was pro- ogued today. The queen's speech , as read rom the throne In the House of Lords by High Chancellor Ilerschcll , commences : My Lords and Gentlemen : I am grati fied by the fact that your labors , though exhausting , have been fruitful , and I am confident that you share the Joy at the birth of an lielr in tlm third generation to the lirone. The event Is not merely propitious , t Is unprecedented In the history of the count rj\ "My relations with foreign powers are rlendly , but I regrc * that a variety of African questions with France are not yet settled , 'In ' concert with the president of the Jnltcd States I have taken the steps neces sary to give effect to the Bering sea award , and have assented to an act of Parliament or this purpose similar ID an act passed by the congress ot the United States. The governments of the two countries are also n communication with the principal foreign poweri with a view of obtaining their ad- lesion to the regulations prescribed by the award. "I regret to state that war has broken out jetsvecn China and Japan. After endeavor- ng , la concert with Russia and the ether jowers , to prevent an outbreak of hostilities [ havB taken steps to preserve strict neu trality. 'I liave learned with satisfaction that the irocecdlngs at the Ottawa conference were of a character calculated to strengthen the union of the colonies concerned , both among themselves and with the mother country , " Referring to the budget , the queen's speech says : Though I lament the neces sity of Increasing the burden ot taxation , t has become Indispensable .for the security ot..tu5 ) empire to Increase the naval strength. " The ; speech adds : "While the general tranqulllly of Ireland Is maintained to a remarkable degree certain soc'nl and ad- mlnlslrakyo | difficulties still subsist , which continue to encage the earnest attention of Inc. government. " Arrt-it of Itrlthh CoiiKiilur Agent Confirmed. LONDON , Aug. 25. The British foreign offlc6 has received confirmation of the arrcri. nt Blueflelds of Mr. Hatch , the consular agent of Great Britain. The Brltia.1 sovern- ment Is In communication with the govern ment of Nicaragua In regard to > the recent occurrences at BlueAelds. * 1'nrger I'li-udml Utility. LONDON , Aug. 25. Ernest Hassburger , the Dundee Jute merchant , arrested a month ago on charges of forging bills for 80,000 on the Scotch banks and 20,000 on continental banks , was arraigned and "pleaded guilty. Sentence was deferred. lEoubrrs Murder H Whale lAinitly. VIENNA , Aug. 25.-Robbers attacked the residence of a wealthy Jewish farmer named Blbrovic , In the village of Boschewln , last night and murdered the whole family , which numbered eight persons. The robbers then plundered the house. Another Hie Swing Tunnel. BERNE , Aug. 23. The Federal council has approved the scheme for n Jiira-Slmplon railway tunnel through the Slmpton. The cost will be 54,500,000 francs , TISOUIILK .I.UO.VR fllK VltUVLllfS. Tlireo Jlen Arrested ChurKml with , the Murder or o. llnldwln. PARIS , Tex. , Aug. 25. Deputy Harper ar rived hero tonight from Indian Territory with Barton Jones , Low Wesley and Stolcke- merer , charged with the murder of O. Bald win on the night of the 21st. He had writs lor others , but could not find them1. All re ports from the scat of the trouble In the Choctaw nation today show that matters are growing worse. At the late election In CeOar county , Jackson Billy and Albert Jack son wore opposing candidates. Billy received a majority , but the vote of the county was thrown out on account of Irregularities. This left It to the next governor to fill the posi tions. George Davenport , a friend of Albert Jackson , was a candidate for county Judge. Jackson Billy's partner Is charged with or- ganzlng a company contrary to the law nnd claim this HP. ground for arrest. It Is thought that George Davenport has been killed , Sev eral moro were arrested at the time he was lo have been released , but nothing can bo learned as to his fate. A party who left the Sulphur Springs court ground tills morning says that there are about twenty men In chains there being treated In the most cruel manner. Moro arrests will be made by the federal authorities. Purly ol 1'lcnlckcrft I'oliimed. UUBUQUE , la. , Aug. 25. Several persons who were picnicking at Derby Grange , near here , were today taken III after eating. Investigation by physicians developed ar senical poisoning. Thos ; affected were Joteph Hero , Mrs. Wilson , Mrs. Wallls and children , two children of Dr. Staples , their nurse , Lizzie Cleaver , and others. Doctors worked over them with good result , but Mrs , Wallls and ono of Dr. Staplts' children nra still In a dangerous condition. It la thought the poison was contained In a can of meat , as all who did not cat of the meat nra unharmed. The authorities are Investi gating. Lumber Town Hunted Out. SANTA ROSA , Cal. , Aug. 25. A report reached here this afternoon that the town of Uucrnovllle had been destroyed by fire. To day was the warmest of the year and every thing burned like tinder. Guerncvllle It a lumber town In the heart of the forest and has a population of 500 , Later reports say ull the buildings In CJuernevllIc Imrnod except McConneU's livery stable and I ho public school house. Dr. J. A Burus and Oscar McKeen were killed by falling wat'.i. ROBBERS ROUNDED UP After a Lively OhaS3 Chicago Polios Qet Them Into the Corral. FIRED OVER ONE HUNDRED SHOTS lied Hold Up a Train and Killed a Railroad Dct.ctivc. GOT NOTHING BUF A GOLD WATCH Policeman Who Tried to Arrest Thor : Was fatally Ir.jured. WHOLE COUNTRY THEN GAVE CHASE llufure Heine C'upturcd tlm Itumlltfl Ki llmstoil Their Htock of Ammunition ami the 1'olk-u 'llien Ventured Nciu' ICnungli to ( ! t 'iliem , CHICAGO , Aug. 25. Desperadoes Will Lake and H. F. Gorman , who shot and mor tally wounded Patrick Owen ot the Chicago , Milwaukee & St. Paul railroad nt Decrsfleld last night and a few hours later shot and probably mortally wounded Olllcer Mcdrath at Mayfalr , were surrounded and captured by police In the Ulk Grove woods , near the Desplalnes river , at noon today. Their cap ture was only effected after a six hours' chase and the exchange ot fully 100 shots. The desperadoes fought oft the bluecoats and excited civilian participators in the gamut until their ammunition was exhausted , and then , unable longer to reply to the fire that was poured In upon their retreat , the men sought safety in flight. Bullets from the officers' revolvers brought the men to earth , and when the police apprehended their game the men were- weak from loss of blood. Officers Mulaney , Flnnlgan , Hayes , Malsley and Lawson , who had been among the first posse to start out after the fleeing despera does , were the officers who forced the sur render ot the bandits. As soon a& 'tho wounded men were taken In charge by the police a new danger arose. The Infuriated citizens , who had learned of the wanton minder ot ono officer and the fatal shooting of another by the desperadoes , demanded that the wounded men be Immediately de prived of their lives. The officers were forced to draw their revolvers to save the very men Into whom a. few moments before they had poured lead. The crowds made several desperate attempts to get the "bandits from the hands of the police , but each time they were repulsed without bloodshed. Police Inspector Schack took charge df the pris oners and started , at once for the West Chicago cage avenue station'with them. At id o'clock last night a north bound freight train on the Chl- cas ? , Milwaukee & St. Paul railroad was. held up by two masked men at Deerflcld , a small station Jut > t north of the line be tween Cook and Lake counties. One of the detectives cf the road , a Chicago man named Owens , who was riding on the train , was ttiot and killed , and the watch of Con ductor Larseen , who was In charge of the train , was taken from him. This was the entire amount ot the plunder secured. The train had stopped to take water , and within thirty seconds after It had come to a stand still the two masked men climbed Into the caboose and ordered the trainmen to throw up their hands. They obeyed. The rob bers had Just taken the conductor's watch from htm when the detective entered and showed fight. He was shot and Instantly killed by one of the bandits , botlTTif whom then disappeared in the darkness. HAPPENED IN CITY LIMITS. Trainmen who passed through Des Plalnes this morning declared that they were In formed at that village that tno city police had besn shot by three bandits. Another re port was that the train robbers , after leav ing Dccrfleld , cut across the country to May fair , which Is within the city limits of Chi cngo. The depot at Mayfalr Is on Holcomb avenue. Sitting at the depot was a Chicago & Northwestern railroad policeman named Patrick McGrath , who had been apprised of the deed of violence ) at Desrfleld. Ho was on" the lookout for any suspicious characters. McGrath noticed some men , three he thinks , on a flat car which was attached to u south bound train , and shouted to them to get off. He thought the men were suspicious looking characters , and that they might have had something to do with the Deerfleld robbery. When the men were ordered to leave the train they answered with revolvers. Mc Grath fell to the platform with three shots In his body. On ; bullet struck the man In the left arm , ono entering his body , and a third struck him near his heart , but was di verted by a penholder , which the officer had In his pocket. This probably saved htm from Instant death. After this bit ot bloody work the bandits hastined out Holcomb avenue to Lawrence avenue. On the way they met a farmer Ir a wagon on the way to the city. It was but a moment's work to throw him out and take possession of his vehicle. With horses to draw them the thieves mad : better time , and they were soon on their way through Law- rcnco avenue to Milwaukee avenue. By this time the northern part of Otnk county was in a turmoil. Boys and men on ponies and horses hastily saddled were in the chase after the desperadoes Out on Milwaukee avenue galloped the robbers In the wagon , while behind them , at a respectful distance , clattered the horses ot the pur suers. Behind these again , came a patrol wagon at full speed In which wore four policemen. The pursued men kept out on May- nard road , when the > took to Orchard Plaoo wo.da on the Des I'Jalnes river , south ot the Hlgglns road. Thu story went that the pursued men In the stolen farmer's wagon had been closely pressed by a patrol w gen load of pcllcemen between Jefferson and Norwood park on the Mayfalr road. Leaping from the wagon the three men leak refuge under a bridge , and when the officers dashed up and began to pile out of the patrol wagjn the pursued men turned loose their revolvers and tAut two of the officers. In the confusion which resulted after the first fire the men escaped , to the woods , where they were soon sur rounded 'by police. Messengers were dis patched to Jefferson for physicians , and they brought the news ot the shoot'ng to that village A special tnln bearing a large number of policemen and detectives wis sent out at 0:35 : tu Des Plalnes. The officers were armed with Winchesters and carried orders to shoot on sight. The desperadoes were finally captured In the woods In 131k Grove township about noon by five Chicago policemen. The men were surrounded , but fought desperately , firing as often as their revolvers could be loaded. After ' "Uv 100 shots had been fired the men bolh fell , seriously but ( t ) l not thought tatilly Injured , They , gayy\tiielr names as Will Lnko and W. F > G.oAqn ] , and wtre brought to Chicago \\eVeTlockod up In a West side pol ce station. WANTED TO LYNPU THEM. The robbers were captured by Officers Mulligan , Flnnegan , Molaley , Laweon and Hayes. The crowd which had gathered wanted to lynch the men , but the police held the mob back with dravjfi revolvers. Northwestern railroad officials received word during the morning that the fleeing bandits had shot and kllUd two special policemen , who attempted to Intercept their flight near Mayfalr. The Information Indi cated that the desperadoes , after their early holdup , boarded an Inbound train at Deer- field. Holding up the conductor they robbed him of all the money he had and then pull ing the bell rope , Jumped from tha train near Mayfalr. Starting for tlio woods they were chased by two special policemen , Plunk and Yunt , and openln fir ? both officers fell mortally wounded. The robbsrs then con tinued their night nnd .after an exciting time reached Iho woods In safety. Three miles from where the farmer , who nas named Eggerslen , was hclu up his team and wngon were found. The wagon had broken down and had been abandoned by the desperadoes. Both of the horses were com pletely exhausted. The ofllcrs traced the fugitives to a cornfield , through.-which they ran , nnd a score ot policeman took up the trail. When news of the. shooting nnd rob bery reached Kvnnston Chief of Police Carney was at once on the alert fcr suspicious characters. His officers found two men lounging about the water ? towcr In North Evnnston and ho at once Idcked them up , telegraphing the railway people and Chicago police. ' . Fred Marshall , night operator at Mayfalr , told his version ot the bandits' reign of ter ror at Mayfalr and the sh'podng of Special Officer McGrath today. "We had received Instructions , " said Marshall , "from the chief train dispatcher to lobk oiiOfor the men who murdered Pat On ens , the Chicago , Milwaukee & St. Paul officer at Dsarflel'd , a few miles north. It was about 5':20 ' : o'clock this mornIng - Ing when Conductor -Simmons. Jumped from the Chicago , Milwaukee & St. Paul freight as It came to a stop at the Mayfalr crossing. Simmons told me that he , thought ho had the men who killed Owens In a car hear the end of the train. I tel McGrath , who liad his uniform on , to stay putjof sight as much as possible. , "When I reached the coat car In which tl.e men were hiding I thought-I recognized them from descriptions as thp ( ones wanted for Owens' murder. I calledfXmt to McGrath : 'All right , come on. ' IVcOratli came and started to climb upon the car , drawing his gun as he did so. Ina .flash one ot the bandits , the largest and most burly fellow , drew a gun so large that ho. had to use both hands to operate It. He fired point blank at McGrath , who fell badly wounded at the first fireI. . , thought It best to' run away , as I had no gun. The murderous fellow took aim again at the officer as McGrath was regaining his feet.and . another bull t crashed Into his. body. A third kbuAet was fired Into McGrath and then the companion , of the''murderous thug drew two big rcvoj.verjs , which he nour ished , and yelling llljq demons. , the .pale. . Jumped off the opposlteTfsfaoT ! t1 e tralri'aiidr' ' ran toward Milwaukee , a.venue , where they met the farrgerxwhose wa'goji ' theyl ook to mak/jrthelr escape. " ' i-Superintendent- ot the St. Paul rail road has received an official report on the jobbery and murder on one ol the company's freight trains at Deerfjeld. ' ' -'I think , " said Mr , Barr , "that Detective Oweps must have trlsd. to arrest the man when he was shot. There Is nothing btrange about the fact that the Hetcctlvewas on the train. Our special agents frequently go out on freight trains to look for thieves. Conductor Sargent , who was relieved of his watch by the bandits , , took his train through to Milwaukee. "When the northbound freight on the Chicago , Milwaukee & St. Paul road reached Deerfleld two men mounted the steps of the caboose. The train stopsjat this -station , which Is Just over the Cook county line In Lake county , for water. "Tie brakemen were well toward the engine , which nas In charge of Engineer Prltchard , and only the con ductor. Sargent and the , road detective , Pat rick Owens , were In1 ths , caboose. It was 10:20 : o'clock. The masked men entered the door and covered the conductor and detec tive with their revolvers : The detective sprung for his rifle , bit before he could reach It one of the robbers. Bliot him through the breast. The 'conductor tnrew up his hands and the robbers who' had done the shooting went through lib pockets , taking Ills watch and a Email i amount of money. Afterwards he searched the detective's clothes for valuables , and.'left the train Just before the brakemen , ' who had heard the shot , came running back. No trace could be found of the bandits , .and the body was turned over to the Lake Bounty authorities. WAS A GENUINE MAN HUNT. The wanton murder of Owens and brutal shooting ot McGrath by these dlbclples of Jesse James stirred , up the' entire community from Deerfield to the cltjf hall , and It was not long after the report that McQ.rath had * ' been shot at Mayfalr cam'e In that the un usual scene of a genuine man hunt was presented. Special ofllcers In tlm employ of the rail roads , city police and , central detail detec tives , armed with revolvers and Winchester rifles , hurried br train , tb the place where the bandits were suppoBeft to have taken to the woods , and saluting parties followed every trail that promised lo lead to the hid ing place of the nnifijer.bus train robbers. The citizens In the " neighborhood of "Hlg glns woods , " near DCS Planes , piloted bands of armed men across , jlu } . country , and de termined officers , ftltjh country men for guides , searched untlrtnglr .until the capture was effected. / ' The arrest was nrecedjedj by a veritable battle. The robberwfip well armed and when n call frim-a. scpuliixg party revealed their whereabouts they ; iWc ) u determined stand. Cocking ; thelr rpvplyprs the two men waited until their pursuerrt * : re In view and then opened flrc. It jtas4 returned by the officers , and round after rojnd , volley after volley , were exchangeil , apparently without effect. It Is probablc'tttyai. the men would never have been taken alive bad it not been that their nupply pf nmmnnUkn was short. As their stock of cartridges dwindled away the desperadoes shot more Carefully and less frequently , but the officers kept themselves well covered until at last the men's bullets were exhausted. T ie ofllotr * called upon them to surrender , but without noticing the command the fugitives turned and began a. frantic- race for safely. Tbe officers followed ' lowed , firing as they ran. The chase con tinued until Lake , who was In the lend , was struck by a bullet. Tlrowlng up his hand's he turned partially aroupd-aiul ( oil , and a' moment later his companion dropped , seri ously wounded. Tlio jjuriucrs quickly closed In on tb ) fallen men and handcuffed them. Within a few moment * the prisoners were 'Continued on Third Page. ) REVIEWED BY REED Ex-Speaker of the Fouso Opens the Repub lican Campaign in Mnlne. DEMOCRATS HAVE BEEN 1'COMPETENT Congress Has Not Satisfied the Country or the Majority Party. CONDEMNED OUT OF THEIR OWN MOUTH What Good They Have Dtno Was Not Done in Time to Bo Eff.ctive. TARIFF IS NOT SETTLED DEFINITELY lluslnofts Cannot llnio Tliuu til Ailjcut It self to tlm New Condition * Itcfora Other Clmngva Aio Threatened. OLD ORCHARD , Me. , Aug. 23. Ex- Speaker Thomas B , Hoed opened the republi can campaign In this state here this after noon with a speech which called forth the Jieartlest applause from the thousands pres ent. ent.Mr. Mr. Reed , In part , spoke as follows : "In saying the democratic party has shown Itself Incapable of running the country In a man ner satisfactory not only to the majority of the people , hut to a largo and respectable mlnprlty which helps to compose It , I am not Indulging In any language of partisan ship , but In ( lie language of truth , known and vJBlblo to all who hear me today. The northern democratic party Is In many re spects like the republican party , composed of business pence and business ability. The difficulty with the democratic party today , as It has been In all past time , Is the Tact Its great majority resides In the south. The southern men are men of Intellectual power , men of Intelligence and learning. The dlfll- culty with them Is the kind of learning which arises from a thorough knowledge of business as It Is carried on In the north Is entirely lacking. While the southern man has every ? portunlty to read In books of the prosperity which has come to the north , ho 'has no conception of It such as those who have lived In It. lie Is devoted to the theories of a bygone day. His mind Is fixed upon the principles which were essential to the prosperity of his part of the country In the days before the war. BUSINESS DIGTATBD IT. 'It would bo a great mistake for the people ple of the United States to suppose the ac tion of the senate , so much blamed by the democratic party and so much attacked by the people of the country In general , -was to be deomcd entirely the result of personal feeling. The truth Is the 'action of the con- mjrvatjve senators on many subjects Is the result * not of their .Individual opinions , but thif'fesuH of the business InlereBt,3 vhlcu [ surround them. A senator from the state of l ow1 Jersey- could not ba reckless ivllh the business of his constituency like a sen ator from Arkansas , and even n Kennlor from Arkansas like Mr. Jones , who has de voted patience nnd intelligence to the tariff questlcn , although hot surrounded by busi ness Interesis which ccntrol him , was Ir resistibly borne In the direction of the sen ate bill as It finally passed that body. What ever may hove been done by the people at present In possesslcn of the government , everybody will admit It has been done out of place , ted in such a way as to be of the least possible service to the country. The repeal of the silver purchasing clause of the Sherman act might possibly have been of some service to the country had it been done promptly and at cncc. Hut the delay In the senate , the long and protncted debate and the continuous opposition , the realiza tion on the part of the country that the senate did not willingly accede to the plan , acted to prevent any good which the friends of the measure were dlspsed to claim for it. "After the repeal of the silver purchasing clause had uncovered the real situation of the country it then became the duty of con gress , even from , a democratic point of view , to pass such n tariff bill as would give to us a reasonable degree of assurance that the basis there established would bo one that would be permanent for a sufficient period of time , a period at least EO long as the vic torious party was to be In power. Instead of realizing the first great principle of states manship that whatever Is to be done in the world has got to bo done In accordance with the wishes of the people who live In It , the gentlemen In charge of the tariff bill In the house of representatives , undertook to lenore the varied Interests of the country and to mould a tariff bill not In the Interest of the nation , not In accordance with the wishes of the people , but In accordance with certain theories which they thought might possibly fit their dream of ultimate free trade. WILSON DILL , WAS DOOMED. "Such a bill , framed In such a manner , was doomed from the moment of Its Inception. It was not adapted to this country ; It was not adapted to I In Interests. It was not adapted In any way to the situation In which the country then found itself. "Commtnclng upon a % ague theory tint It was necessary to coddle certain manufactures at the expense of ethers , It violated the first principles of the democratic platform. Hence , the bill which Mr , Wilson Introduced , although claiming to fulfill the democratic platform , was yd a protectionist bill to a certain degree. "It has sometimes been usked pf u re publicans : 'Why , If It was a protoctlonlsl bill , were you opposed to ItT Why should you oppose * a bill which recognized the prin ciples you ndvocato ? ' It dos not follow because a bill recognizes the principle ol protection or because It Is subject lo that reproach when you arc speaking cf It to democrats wlio have rfpudlatcd protection In their platform , that therefore It was a proper and sultab'o protection bill. "Protection as a method of preserving the American market to the American people ple Is something which IK defensible the protection In spots ; protection lirro.i protection there , Is a protection which Is justly1' open to the charges which are falsely made against the true protection. "When Mr. Wilton's bill , which was framed more with reference to the of New England and of those manufacturers of a . . 'certain ' description who have been dallying with d.mocrncy , reached the senate It there met the varied Interests cf the country In a more fail and complete fashion and meeting thus in thU body It received nrcjt modifications. Tlitr upon it was brour'.l ' ti the house , amended by CO1) ) am in > ire amendments and changed lit Its char n > t r and Its deilgrr. so that Its orlgloa outlier l" absolutely declined to rccognl ? THE BEE BULLETIN. WeatherforOiuaha nnd Vlclmtv Fj ln Northerly Winds , llccomliiff Southerly. PIIRP. I. Sllipipl nnd CiiprM lit l.ocRprlirndB. ClilciiRo LlmuIR * Itnumlcit U | > . Tom Herd Hcvlews Ilia CnngrrM. C'lilnrnti Win n DeclnUa Victory. 3 , OnmliiiVltm n ItnrUy < liuiic. ItiicliiK to Ita Itvnnmril nt Itimli Park , ItuttcTllIn Win * the I'uturlty. Jtcrlctv of the AVcck'n 'lentils 1'lny. II. AViirli of tlm ( liivdiimrnt ] > rmrtiiicnl8. | Nclmiiikn Ilourliuiii In H hweiit. iliiilRO Jlolcomb'n Home ltccrtliin > I.ticiil Democrat * Orttlnff llt-iiily. 4 , l.nstrrk In Uniiilin Soclnl Ulrclea. Mm of tnllfiirnlit. tit I'jtlilus \ViitliliiRton. . R. ( Iriirgn WuMiliiRtoii lluvl * llclili rrrrmrnll nx lit Lump Morrow. New Mo\o In His hliinfinil Knit. I'm in Omtiliti lu I'ort Crnulc. I ] , Council lIltiffH l.ucxl .Mutters. 7. Uomilp ( if ttin Theatrical World , ( otiil llmt Muy tunic of MilUt' * . 8. Will I.ny It Itpfnro Siltolll. Affair * nt hoiith Oiitullii , 10.IKTO tlic Mlinnurl Keitlly Ultra. 11. VVonmni Her "U'uyx mill llororld. . ice-collections of llulttuuf .Milbile liny. J2. KdltiirluL unit Comment. 13. Cnrprntcr u Clillui'it M liUm ; Men. gKenU-it | > y 1'rof. IJIy. 11 , Some I'utlici * nt lovcrty. 10. Unmlia'H I.orul Trailr Conilllloiit. t'fitnnifrrliil nnd L'lniliudill J 'p\m. l.un Mock Alitrkctn ICovlowvil , 10. Kutnbruok on Vermont' * Waving Hock * . iicctrlclt'ii : IrrrvUtlulo Murrh. ( iitlmmllrft * ll neuiM Tnlilvivurr. t. Then ensued a struggle , the Ilko of vlilch has never before been a part of the ilt > tory of the country , and the like of wlilch ought never to bo a part of the history of any country. WAS A QUE15R fcjONFEREXCE. "For the first time in the history of the country tlio conference commltteo ne\er met 'or the transaction of Its legitimate business. The republican members of the committee of conference were excluded from all dis cussion and consideration of the * question. What discussions took place among the people ple representing the democratic party I have no means of knowing. Everybody knows this bill , which , according to the democratic view , contained party perfidy and party dis honor , was passed by the house , and that they violated every rule of parliamentary law n order to enable them to pass It. Now v.lml Is that blllJ I am sorry to say that , although I was on tlio committee of con ference , I was deprived of an opportunity to examine the Items and to discuss the rea sons for them. That bill must be tested like any other bill by the test of time nnd ex perience. Those who know test about It believe the results to this country will be disastrous , but , fortunately , not as disastrous as the origLnul bill to t\hlch Mr. Wilson's name was attached. But there is only one thing from 'which v\e must free our minds , and that Is the Idea that this bill , however bad It may be , Is the basis up > n which the business of the country may adjust itself upon a lowtr piano of wages with safety , and proceed with whatever U loft to Us pf the Industries of the country. Yliat Idea \v'o must' absolntcly'frflnTOnrhilTnds : 'The tact is , the bill la not a. finality. Let it bo understood , I do not say this under my cvn authority , I desire to quote the opinions of the democratic leaders themselves upon that , eubjecl. " Mr. Reed then quoted from the remarks of Mr.- Wilson In the house and Mr. Mills In the senate , to show that the tariff bill 'just passed Is one step In the march toward free trade. Mr. Reed , continuing , said : "How many mistakes and blunders there may bo In the tariff bill as It has finally reached the president and not yet discovered can only be conjectured. I liavo not permitted myj-elf to comment upon the scandalous , stories or oven visible scandal connected with the passage of the tax upon sugar. But It Is due to the country that tlio aspects of It which are commented upon should be care fully and fairly dealt with. STORY OF THE SUGAR TARIFF. "The house of representatives saw fit tenet not only abolish the ; ugar bounty , but also to take oft the duty connected with the sugar tariff. When the bill arrived In the senate It was engaged In the task of passing a bill which diminished the revenues $75- 000,000. It then became necessary In the opinion of all Intelligent people to 'put a tax upon sugar If this bill was to be persisted In. Thereupon a tax was proposed upon sugar of tO per cent , with si differential of one- ejghth for the sugar refiners , and still another differential to protect them against the export countries which paid an export premium. This WE8 the bill which passed the houSc. An ticipating , In fact , knowing , that the bill would be unpopular In every way they endeavored to relieve themselves from the burden of the vote which they had Just gven nnd therefore availed themselves of the extra ordinary powers which resided In the house , and by a course of rctlon entirely unpre cedented they provided that a bill mlsht bo Introduced In the house giving free sugar , which bill could not bo amended , should not bo debated over halt an hour , and might then bo paE&ed , and accordingly this wad done. Of course this waa a pure farce. Everybody knew It , no matter how they votpd upon ttiq subject. The senate voted to put on the bill an amendment authorizing the continuance cf the bounty which had already been granted Under the McKlnley net and which v.-ns promised to the people of the country for a period of ten yc-Jrs. This tlio democrats refused to adopt , fo their 'popgun bill' and all the rot of the 'pop gun' bills tlept the sleep In which they knew they would rest. Tlin cnly valid action which the house performed with regard lethe the trust has liesn to furnish them with al most Infinite wealth , for Mr. Wilson himself , on the door , ga\e the figures which Bhowcd tint In all probability thp bill for which he was then voting and for which he was de manding voice , uiul which ho finally carried , gave ts the Sugar trust $10,000,000 th R year , outside of the protection to refining. "I desire lo point out to you the fact that at a tlmo when the revenues of Hie country are decreasing , when It has been already necessary to put out $50,000,000 of Interest bearing bonds , the cxpcndl'mc * of the llret scss'on of the KiUy-thlid congrfe&s , with both homes under democratic rule , liavo exceeded the expenditures of ( lie first Bexsloa o [ tlm Fifty-first congress by $27,000,000. Tha chairman of the comnilijeo on appropriations lias endeavored lo moke figures which would Indicate tint the first ncxalon of the Kilty , third cwgrcw. which was democratic , waa SIS.OOO.OOO rnor economic than the second Besalon of ( lie Fifty-second congress , the home of which waa democratic alone. Ilul comparison of figures will tliow that the pensions for that ( session of the Flfisecond congress were $180.000,000 , while thoio of tilt Fifty-third ooncrfsa vrrc $161,000,000. lit other words , they have deprived tlie | > PUB - B loner , rather Jluy have deprived the reli gion fund of $29,000,000 , the exart amount claimed by ejywnmv. " WAS WELL EXECUTED Ohineso Attack on a Jnpuioso Lnntling PtLty ft Skillful Maneuver. DIVIDED THE FORCES OF THE ENEMY Japs Retired Uutlor tlo Protecting Guns of Tholr Own Wnrchlps , CHINESE ARTILLERY CHEATED HAVOC Oelsstiala Busy Hinting D.wa Spies gout by Tueir Is'nud Enemies. S.V RALOFTHEM HAV BEEN BZH.'ADED Clilm-sn Ainiy In form llun llcon lleinlly JU'lnrniCfil mid Hun Ducldctl to At * lurk ItH Torn In "Ilirlr Iii- IrcntliL'il I'onlllon. SHANGHAI , Aug. 25. A number of Japin- so troop ships have been conveyed to the mouth of the Tatting river near Clitineuow , and arc landing troops. A letter from Chemulpo , Corea , received at Chefoo reported that nineteen Japanese war ships and thirteen transports arilvcd on the Tntung river on the 18th lust. Six thou sand men wjio proceeded lo land were at tacked by 1,000 Chinese cavalry , who suc ceeded In dividing the Japanese force In two parts. The Chinese artillery , located on an eminence , poured a heavy fire Into the ranks of the Japanese , making great havoc. The Japanese were compelled to retreat to the seashore where the guard of the licet pre vented further pursuit by the Chinese. The Japanese loss 3s reported to have been over 1,300 men. This letter Is much commented upon here. If the report of the battle Is correct the Clilncso cavalry In dividing the Japanese forces In two parts did excellent service and the subsequent heavy firing of the Chinese artillery from an eminence caused great havoc In the ranks of the soldiers of the mikado and would seem to denote generalship of no mean order upon the part of the Chlncsa commanders. The activity of the Chinese In hunting down Japanese- spies Increases every day and If the Chlnes'e are to be believed the coast must be overrun with agents of the Japanese government Seven Japs In Chinese costume were arrested here today and It Is given out that they will be expelled from China , but nobody would bo surprised If they were treated much more severely. The Japanese elsewhere In China ore subjected to the most harsh treatment. In the Island of Formosa the Chinese authorities have been decapitat ing Japanese subjects , supposed to bo spies , in largo numbers. According to advices re ceived hero from Formosa , fifty Japanese , hayeost } their heads recently after having been arrested as spies , The most Intensa heat prevails Here and there Is much suffering In cormeqttence. In order to raise money to push the war operations , the government has Increased th * transit dues on yar.ns. TJBN-TSIN , Aug. 25. Reports from Plng- yan say that troops at Chungyo from August 18 to 20 were reinforced by 10,000 men , swelling .tho army to 30,000. A council of war was held on the 20th , and it was de cided to attack the Japineso on about the 22d. The Japanese are holding a pass-eight miles southward from Chungyo. It Is re ported they are re-embarking their heavy baggags In Tatung bay. Chinese cavalry are scouring the country , and have captured and beheaded. 100 stragglers. YOKOHAMA , Aug. 25. Active military preparations continue upon the part of Japan. Reinforcements are being rapidly advanced to the front. News has been received hereto to the effect that 1,500 Chinese troops are about to make an advance upon b'eoul. A Japanese llett is patrolling the China sea for the purpose of Intercepting Chinese vessels and preventing any ' .rlbuto of rice from going north , The Japanese troops In Corca number , It Is estimated , between 35- 000 and 50,000. Largo numbers of reinforce ments were forwarded By rail yesterday. FOJCltlDUKN TO DJSCHHS Till : \f.\It. Ulihiarnen mid .liip * In Iluwuli Have Strict ( ) riler from Their Consul * . SAN FRANCISCO , Aug. 25. The steam ship Australia arrived today bringing the fol lowing Hawaiian advices : HONOL.UI..U. Aug. 18. Ilefore the departure - parturo of the cruiser Philadelphia there was talk among the royalists and their sympa thizers of what would be done when there was no American ships hero to protect tlm Interests of the pressnt government. Uut. a week has passed , uirl nothing has been done. The English cruiser , Champion , Btlll remains , although there are rumors of her departure In the near future. The war between Japan and China has re sulted In a meeting between KuJI , the Japan ese consul , nnd Goo Kim , who represents the Chinese Kovernimnt , and both have absolutely forbidden their countrymen to discuss war , as there are EO many of each on the Islands there might bo serious trouble , as the feeling seems to be very bitter. However , each con sul has supreme control over his subjects and a conflict may be avoided , though reports from the various plantations where Chinese and Japanese work together are not very encoui.iglng. The registration of voters under the laws of the new republic Is proceeding , but rather slowly. The great majority of thoi-e who reg ister arc whiles. The natives are ktlll under the 'ntlueiice of their leaders and will not < M > . ' In. The question Is a puzzling one to t , , ( fcJvcrnincnt. Not enough Hawallans can lie found who are willing to take the oath necessary to enab'o ' them to do Jury duty , and It Is probihle the councils will pais a law wlilch will enable white men to try native cases. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Inilliui .Mc Iiili In Mrxlro. VAI < LiS : , Stale of Luis Potosl , Mex. , Aug. 25 , * There IK much excitement among the piople of the town of AJaqnlnc.i over the ap- pcaronco of a young Indian who claims to bo a. cecond Mi slab. He liai performed many leinarkable cures of alflicteil people , and the Ignorant people lm\e flocked to him by the hundreds from all parts of thu BUI rounding country , Minister DviiliMurU to I'ekln ? . BVANSVJLLK , Ind. . Aug. 25.-Mlnl ter Charles Denby left hero at noon today for San I'YancUcp ' , enroule tc resume lilu duties. at IVUIng , Chlni. He U In goad health , but much dlnappolnk'd at the brevity of hli star at home Ills wife will not accompany Mm on his return , but will go to China later In ( he teaiou.