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20 . TIlE OMAHA DAILY DEE : SUNDAY , MARCH 3 , 1SO . - - _ _ _ _ _ _ i TUAINING TiE YOUNG IDEA Current Probhm1 Affecting the Publc Ichcols of the Ooutr - OPINIONS ON THE MILITARY Rill - - _ _ _ _ T'IO "nl anr the I'olltlelan In the Manage - intiL-l'til.lIc Scinol I.Bnll . \ n11" . of T4.rhln Cln.IIRlfI--\"rl- OUI IInctIonaI : ) IIHcn" The mater of military Instruction In the pubIc Icholl I receiving considerable atten- ton In varioul Mctons of the counlrr. Al a rule the drit II 1 fnorable to the Innovation . and It Is probable congrel at Is next uslon will accelerate the movement by Ilmdlng ma- terial aulstance. In some quarters the fear Is expreuell that : the institution of the military drill < will divert the attention of pupils from important 8tulel , and therefore shoulr ' be subordinated and Indulge,1 In mOderately. Other believe : . that the chief advantage of military drill : lies In the physical benefit It may be to the pupils. In thp citizen soldiery of every state are to he found omcers who arc OppOsed to continuing military Instructions In the puhlc .g schools . claiming that It Injures recruiting _ _ _ for the militia. and that young men who have mita , t 'helf 'mce In a school regiment arc reluctant to accept subordinate positions In the militia of the state. On the other liantl . It Is l stated as n fact by the 10ston Globe . that "the register of the Massachusetts volunteer militia will show Malachu etK mlltl wi ' that many of its brightest : officers were grad- uatrd from the high and Latin schools and received their earlY milar instruction as members of the Boston school regiment. " lend , the Globe nld , that "the trend , Dr public . time Is unruostion- sentiment at the present tme unqueston- /entment ably towarll a military educatIon for the oung. Many Ilarelts and teachers believe In the system as one calculated to Impress boys with the rules of obedience and discipline . of subordination - . anti give them a proper sense , tion and command. " There are now upwards of 100 United States army omcers on duty as professors bf . military 'Bclenco and tactics at unlversllcs . an,1 , colleges In dllerent parts of the country , and a plan to extend the same priviege to ' the high schools In large cities Is said to b favored hy the present secretary of war to the extent that encourages the belief that at no , lstanl day urmy omcers wi supervise the drill of high school cadets. I , Whatever may he said for or against military Instruction In the rchools , says the Minneapolis Times , no ono will deny that lS nn exercise It Is far superior to the fee hie , meaningless calisthenics that arc required by some teachers while Its dlcplnary benefits - fits are excellent. I gives a "Het-up" that ordinary gymnastics , especially of the fchool variety do not confer. I restrains nervousness - vousness and awkwardness , Imparts readi- ness and Inculcates order , cleanliness and obedience. The decided ] advantage that It has over other kinds of exercle lies In the : , fact that the boys like It. The perfunctory swinging of arms and legs that Is girlish and Ineffectual substitute for exercise Is regarded - garded hy healthy and lively boys with undisguised - disguised contemllt. Give them a chance to play soldier and they go Into It with their whole aot1s. ot . TOO MuCIIANICAL' . The assertion of Mrs. Julia Holmes Smith at the National Council Dr Women that "the . , methml at present used In public school teaching are entirely tco mechanical " forms the text of n lively editorial In the New York World In which the conspicuous evils handled without of school management are ; gloves. "Tho evi fact " rays the World , "Is r tim necessary consequence of an emclent , cause. Our schools arc governed by more Dr less ignorant l3cards. of Education , whos ! . That primary concern Is always for poltcs. ; ' Is one difficulty. A worse one Is that our I I3oards of Education have no notion of any- Doarls t . thing bettor than machine methods for testing ' beter . 'fhe fetich of - the qualificatIons Dr teachers. letch examinatIon Is the sole ge In their pan- ; theon. I n young woman can pass a good I oxaminatlon on the text booka she gets a . 4 _ examinaton place some other girl gels It away - . ( ron her by a pull. There Is no Inquiry whatever as to her capacity to teach what , . she has learned. And when she gets a place J she quickly learns that If she wishes to rt- . , , . tam Ilulcily must not Indulge In any efforts , . tln ratonal to educate te her pupils. leI 'job' , tn,1 , htr promotIon llcpend ullcn the 'marks' 4 ; . , mode by her classes In a poll parrot examina- tion. She must not stop to educate them. She must devote all her tIme dnd energy to tie task cf fling them so that they , . tlo glibly answer questlJn , even though : their answers be 01 mechanical and as unln. . , teligent as the reslonses > of the 'leal n d 11 ! ' : , ' , I tIm public schools are ever to educate tIm chIldren of tbo commonwealth wo must c begin hy educating the Doud of l lucaton , ' , .01. still better by appointing to them men ' and women already educated and enlght- . ened. " ene. t , , PUII SChOOL LANDS. , . O Thirty states of the union nre the direct ! f . beneficiaries or a bill Introduced In the house by lIon. W. M. Beclmer of Kentucky under ; . , , tIm title "A Bl to Equalize the Several States of the Union In the Grant of Lands for Publc School Purposes. " The bill provhles : : ' dccor&hing to the New York Sun . that there , 10 granted to the states named lcrlp for the k i amount of pUblc ) land set Ollilosite their k- . . JU1nes to 10 Hold nnll the proceeds to be fi. . used In ' maintaining 1 free . public school system - . toll Inail states The following list of ; 'stltes Is Rlvon. with the amount If 1 land anr D . the ' value itt the price of $125er acre : . . , A total of 27 , 89,996 acres , valued at $3t.- 487.495 ; , on a basis of $1.25 an acre Not In- tf ' . eluding Alaska 1IIIan anll mIlitary reserve- j ; tlons amI railroad nll other selectQns not' ' ' ) el adjudicated wblch may he restored to the - PUblic domain , the government owns GOGOIO.- ' . :13 : acres 11c The discrepancies In the amounts ollpor- , . . tonell are accounted for by the fact that , - y tome . states have been 10re favored than . In 185 The congress of tile colonies passed ' In ordinance 11rovllng that lot IG or every towushlll be reuerved for the IllntenlCO DC : a \IUblc school within auld district , and frol , thIs \ time untl 853 each tlte allmltell received - celvcll the benefit of the ensue reservation. . tf In the ( eel organizing the territory of Ore- . non. dated August H , 1848 , Slllhcn A. Doug- & . has inserted In additional grant of the thirty. lxth secton for school purposes . mllllnl I reservation of two aeciloils . or 1,280 acres , In elch town hlp of six Iles square . which . ' ' las been the Illcy with rlerelc to nil . states since admitted , 4 'ho lands thus given have aggregated G7.- . h , 893,919 acres , onll the states uIII territories . ' have rl'celvll an additional IIGIS,520 acres for unIversity Purposes , orlIlnatnr wih the ( 'w Illmlulon of Ohio The agrlculurl % all 10 , , . i clUnlcal college act of 186 gave these states ' . .t n further advantage II that those In which there were lID ; Public bll were cOllel t\ to take Icrlll , which they could only sell before - . ' fore locating the / lands . The amount IIsed tinder this act eCuall'd OGOO.OOO ncres. Under t ; the S\III ) and o\rfowcl lands act be t sa- - . hue land grants . grants for building canals . ' mltiry roads railroads . and \ other minor . , . grants , these favored states have received 3'J6G69,372 acres niece. Time object ot the t bill 18 to equllzo time rights of the original . states and those II which there was 10Iub \ - ; . lie donlln ! attbo tmo Dr their admission. , . TWBNTY THOUSAND WANT TO TEACh. . . Twellty tholNnd candidates for teachen' . , , cerllfctea Illileard for examInation at the . four sessions of tie ) New York cWlnlnlono' . t\e - , ' held lat 'cu. AccordIng to the ( New York ' Herald , "S.Ier \ cent of this number were : 'omen. some of them already teacher , 0lber4 ' Jlormal school graduates , and the remainder , i , ) oulg IIUola who had undergone a special I curl d training to qualify for the \ork. "A ROe typavriter can tarn t\ ice Dr V nearly twice , 1 much .s :11 excellent school teacher but I 14 rate . to ) that ther& era _ . . ' lot 20.00 nTow tl\wrler 1IIIII'Inl for II ! . . , tltonl during I single pear In New York , state. 10wov\ \ ' . the IljoI : ) ' or those wbo : - 'iittteJ to be school teachers wee Ict natty I ( f New York . atungo a that Iy seeiII. : - They 011 frnl'UIOU StlitU . even remlte , , aui from foreIgn \luutrles II .010 cues. ft "Under the law. tlsy * are . obliged to pay , tuition fees The popularity ! of these leb3lt . ln 1\0 nearly al to their utmost cpCIIY , I and I oren happens that applicants frm this state are unable 10 tall admission 'en this icoouut. I cauiIidts.i wee 011&1 tc , . - ' - " ' - ' ! * . ' - ' - . , . , - - - ' . . . - 4 - - - - ' ' - p . , . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ' - - - residents ct New York shone It might b different. And ret the dwellers In this state do net seem to be one anxious 10 be teach- HI ; outsiders show more dllpsllon to try for . . , place. "Ir sit the politicians In the state . lite and big bad a normal school training I II appallIng to think boW greatly the army of qualified teachers would b augmented. That U.05O1.2/ pall out last year In sal- aries I enough 10 mike the average political place hunter writhe at his InabIlity to be ' . ' 'In the deal. "Nearly 3,0 teachers . however , shared In" It. TEe were 27.83 women who are proud because they have such an over- whelmlnr majority . and 5.096 men whom the women think could find something more i suitable to 10 than eanlnglchol funds. "Some of thee men however , teach not for money but just for the sake of demon- stratng that they knoW something more than somebody else. This I the vieW of 1 young woman who was unsuccessful In a re- cent examination . and the truth of It can b ascertained only by In Individual and personal acquaintance with these noble fel- lows who instead of assuring the eountry's salvation through ohitics . arc doing so by the cultivation of the pung Idea. "Time was when the young Idea was trained t Ihoot , But that primitive western method has given way to the most advanced theories. The young Idea I now trained to syloglze , which Is just a effective a the UfO of any nrearm. Of the Idea there arc 1. : , :25 available for culture In this state ; hut that there are still more than S00,000 of them 0 yet untutored Is the hope 01 tie great army of young women and young men who want to become teachers. " . EXAM nNf\IONS AND PRO [ TIONS. At a late ' meeting of a committee or the fhlnrl.lnhh nnu,1 or tducatIOfl. Sunerln- tendent t ' ' 'lirooks " rthe' city schools presented h\ views on promotions and examInations. The superintendent pointed cut that the Ide11 lYlter of promotIon In a system of graded schools Is that all pupils shall be advanced from lower 10 higher grades , on the judgment er their teachers. Weekly records of the progress and tandlng of puplhs . based upon the knowledge of teachere . are preferrable to the marking of daily recitations. To carry out such a ! y tem Superintendent Brooks says several conditIons are necessary : " 1 lrst. there must be teachers of ski and experience whose judgment Is reliable. Sac- end , there must be principals who can super- vine the school and become familIar with the the and work of the teaches and progress standing of their pupi ! . Third , the3 principals - clpal and teachers must bi so circumstanced that they can exerco a fre , Independent snd unbiased Judgment upon the matter. Given the ' e conditions . the problem Is an easy and simple one , and examinations for promotions are nol only unnecessary but an absJlutt waite Dr time. " In a conlrehenslve summary of the whole question Superintendent Brools says : "After a very thorough consideration of the entire subject. based on a careful obser- ration of the conditions and working If the schools. the following conclusions have been reached : " 1. That we are not yet really to promote to the higher schools without an examina- tion. . . : . - - " 2. 'hall II , promoting the pupIls from gmle , . tojuade . In the lower sc'aools , fourth and eIghth grades promotions to other schools should for the present 1m examined by the department of superlntenlence. " 3. That promotions In the elementary schools having all grades should be made with as few examinations as possible . cer- tainly not more than one a year. " 4. That It would be unwise In the board at present to abolish all examinations for I vromotlons to the llgher schools or from promotons grade to grade In the lower schools. " MODE SCHOOL BUILDING. The George W. Cblds publc school buildIng - Ing , recently dedicated In Philadephhila . Is regarded - garded a I model one. The buildIng Is divided - vided Into twenty-one divisions. . On each of the three leers Is one large lsszmbly room subdivied Into five divisions by means or sublli doors. In addition . there are on each floor two separate class rooms In the 1001 cas wings at either end of tie main buIlding. Coat room ' adjoin each clara rom , and In , the opposite receses are closets for books and general school supplies. The' walls Dr the cla8s rooms and corridors are artistIcally colored and decorated with map and pic. torlal friezes 6ulable to the various grades. Fire escapes are easily acc Jlble from each floor. Tie system of ventilation Is perfect. By 1 double all pipe fed by enormous fans the atmosphere In each roam Is changed enry six minutes and It Is estimated that each chIld Is suppled with ? forty cubic feet of fresh air minute. Beside thin all per Delde thll generous Provision for the health and comfort of the students , there Is I large playground adjoin- lag , which Is not always to bo found In . con- necton with city school buildings. Names , Acrcs. Valne. NOw Hampshlro . . . . . $ 329,955 $ 411,413 lussachuseH' . . . . . . 27.333 316.6G Hhodo Island . . . . . . . . 46.435 58,01 Connecticut . . . . . . . . : . 163,389 20,486 New York . . . . . . . . . 1,67,11 2O8.8 New Jersey . . . . . . . . 293,822 : r,7 Pennsylvania . . . . . . . . 1,635,660 2 , 011.666 Deluwaro . . . . . . . . . . 71,832 93.0 Maryland . . . . . . . . . . 395.2 491.40 VI .glnln . . . . . . . . . . . 1,363,4S4 1.701,335 ; North Carolna . . . . . . .I,802,80t 2,233,501 South Carolina . . . . . . 1.208,889 1,611,110 1.20.8 1.51.10 Georgia Carolnl . . . . . . . . . 2.O2.2t 2&77.777 Kentucty . . . . . . . . . . . 1 , : .733 1,674,606 Vormont. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ' 63.093 433,866 ' 'ellCssee erm\1 , . . . . . . . . . . 1.62.33 2,027.916 Maine . . . . . . . . . . . . J.224.HI 1,10.rO. 'VeHt Virginia . . . . . . . 817,77 126.96.36.199 ,0h1o . . . . . . . . . . . . . 711,47 88.089 l.oulslanl . . . . . . . . . . 733.92 917,110 Inana , . . . . . . . . . . . . 601,018 751,31 MississippI . . . . . . . . . 88.3:8 1,017,010 . , . . . . . . . . . 985.1 ! IZI.42/ Alubtnn- . . . . . . . . . . . 91,72 . . 1,127,160 1lsHourl ! _ . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,1r2,1 . . : ! 1 , 52.6jO Arlcan5it ; - . ' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ' n . ( 1,153,831 Michigan . " . ' . . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . 1,003,573 1.2.466 1IIS31 Fboriln. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.0 0,6r' 1,317O 10' lol'lln ( . . . . . . . . . . . . . 975,800 1,219.750 \'Iscolsln . . . . . . . . . . 958,648 1.198.310 EDUCATIONAL NOTES. The"I1gMaluro of Indiana Is considering a bill provIding for free schlOI books throughout : - out the ; state. The Boarll of. Education of New York City has appointed Mrs. W. S. lalnsforl a school , trustee for the Eighteenth ward to hold : . until 1899. She Is the wife of 11ev 1)r Halns- ford . rector of St. George'g church 'Io New York superintendent of education states In his latest report that Dr ; Alexnn- tier Carolus Curtis was the first Lath : teacher of New York City. lie came over from Amsterdam II 1659. lIla salary was $280 a year which closely allproaehes the average salaries 11311 to teachers In ] 894. Prof. Cayle . the famous mathematicIan of tins University Dr Cambridge , hlmigiand I . who died a few days ago was the author of 800 Ilthematcal treatises . Three thousand Boston children of school age can't get Into the overcrowded schools. At time McCormick Theological seminary elity-thrl of the divinity students are the SOlS of farmers , thlrty.ono of ministers twen- ty-threo ( or merchants three of lawyers anti three of nhnlclans. - A fnnn lll oleer of the University ot Chi cage says bat ( its capital Dr endowment Is $8.000,000 and its Ineomo $600,000 annually. I transpires Iiiciilentaiiy . that one of John D. nockefeler's ' large donations was In North- erl Pacific I L per cent gold bonds , then 1 elt , edged security . but the Interest on which since has been ilefaulletl . Mr. Rockefeller makes good the amount of the Interest eael year to the university . Next 'ear's school budget In Chicago will amount Co ( " 8000000. David : St"ckbritlge . colored , known to nearly every man who has attended Yale college during time last thirty years as "Old Davy " was found delnl In a chair at his home 497 Winchester avenue , the other afternoon . lie was 68 years old . and hall ) edlled candy about Yale college for moore lien ( a quarter of n centur ) ' . Delth WIB duo to heart disease. - - & 11 J'\ ' .I.L'S .U 1. 1 r. Arthur Cluipmnanincuileago Record. \"cn lisa's l\a ) ' It seems ' 1 though Tb' sky , ls dark an' folk must know At lumln'l wrong : un' 101 it's chi . Au' dreary home-tb' hOuse Is stl As : ' creepy.lile W'en mile's away , . \"cn mats away they uln't no fiI : I I jest tot roun' nn' can't eat 101C. . .tu' feel 1) ' heart begin t' sink At all th' uccllclt 1 lblnl 101 happened \ure " "CI ml'l awn ) ' . , \efl IlIft'S away imp 10 that ( place Wimt'ri lunrY angel's got n face . 'hl'llry anlI'/ ! 'H 1.lml 'ii hcr'l 1 b'lce\'o I'l die An' fuller luer 'cause I cQn't try \n' live olol\ " "Oi ma's . nwa ) ' . e.- . t\ Sicilian monk Is said to hve Invented : mchhll' Ly "blcb editors can Ilul their own I crr f&a ( & tue. The machine would be a positive lrhncnt to the profession as I woul tltrrlve Ihe ( mUlbel of lust cuven- lelt and UInohiul reuse fur .111 : of the pencIl . , 1t tI' intelligent compoator - ' . - . - . - - = * - - . . - - - - . . - - . --e , . ; WHTIER wnn YOUNG FOLI Mr. [ Whittier one day told an Incident or his youth to a young frIend of his. lie saId that In the beginning ot his career , when he was only I abut 21 , b was put temporarily In chare of a leading ne'pper. I think It was In Hartford. The editor was to be ab sent a few weeks or months. During this time there came abut I mel unprecedented crisis In public affairs . and the young editor , was let to grapple with a difficult question which In some way affected slavery Dr to pas over the matter In silence . a. possibly . the permanent editor would have done and a would have ben the more prudent way I looked at only In the present time and were one without an ideal of life and Its duties . and without patriotlsmn . But prudence of this kind was a cap which In no vise fitted the young poet . gIfted lS he " 'a with a judgment which later often guided public affairs - fairs through public men who sought out his ad\'lce. His soul was on fire with earnest- ness and his con clencetha grand con- science smlch the branding iron of time never feared-was alive with instincts Dr nn- Uenal rlgheou nel. lie burst forth In an' ' editorial which one Is sore In thinking must have been flue , as I certainly was stirring. The editorial allpeared. And the next morn- log appeared In another paper from a famous Oem ) the most scorching criticism of this editorial and the most contemptuous comments - ments upon tbe literary ability ot its author with the suggestion . forcibly made that he had better go back to his bench , since I was plain that writing was not his "Dca lon. The young lan , fresh from home modest ns the truest greatness Is . susceptible to praise or blame as the finely attuned nature of 1 poet must be was overwhelmed by the ridIcule cast upon him : He writhed under I. and I came near being the turing point of his career But genius Is like love : many waters cannot Quench It , neither can the foods drown I ; and at toe time that Whiter told the story his name was known over the world and that of his once famous critic bad long ago fallen Into deserved oblIvIon. I may be that his experience added to his natural " kindness toward literary aspirants for lila hopeful words and his helping hand held out to these are tOo well known to need comment. To I young friend who poke to him with admiration Dr that beautiful poem of his . "Tho Pipes at Lucknow " he _ confded that after having written the poem he had hesl- lled about It and sent It to another poet not now hiving , for his critIcism. The said ' poet had written him back word that It was not up to the mark. But after having kept It a while . the consciousness wlhln himself , "It does move , though " was too strong for \Vhlttier . and , fortunately for the world . he sent I to his pubJsher ! I His scorn of deceit and his sense of humor ' were fully roused by on offer that was once made to him by 1 man old enough to have known better-and who could bo young enough not to have known better ? , This man came to him and proposed that they should go Into a literary IJartnershlp. The unknown would wrIte the poems Mr. Whit- tier would put his name lo them and the two would share the profits ! But even here the poet \\as too modes and too swect- natured to tel the deceiver that the world would not be gled by dross for gold. "Thee are a minIster of the gospel , " he said to him. "Now. does ' thee think that such a thlnl w'oull be' right ? " - Among all the great personages whose auto- graphs have been sought after . none gave his wIth more kindness and comprehension of the attuqe of the asker than dId our Quaker poet. . A young lady who had never seen him and who neither had nor was likely to have any opportunity to proffer her request unless she made such oppqrtunity . yet resolved to se- curD his autogah. ; Feeling that her request - autosrl\h quest . It wrler ; \ might bo consigned to the limbo to which In late sears lome of the letters which the poet had not time and strength to answer ' and which , ad no spe- cial claim were'ofi'necessity sent she deter- mined upon anolher.lno of action . The poet hlmsrlt told with Infnlo amusement how she entered upon the , campaign . and the result. ' _ J , ' , ' I happened one. , delightful autumn day when he was on hs : .way . t.o the mountains. The sunshine , the brilliant' colors of carth and sky the nectar of tha.cear , and balmy air , all acted upcn his sensitive nerve , and brought n keen pieaaure . . which prepared him for the enjoyment of any amUsing phase of human nature that might ccme In his vay The laden train drew up at 1 junction , AI Mr. Whittier alighted from his car . and , with the alertness of movement that almost to the very last distinguished him , made his I way toward his exchange 1 young lady ' forced her way through time Crowd which was puehimmg and rushing on all sides. "Are you Mr. Whitier ? " rime inquired breathlessly The poet assented "Then won't you please write your name In my al- bum ? " ' And she held out her beck , open at tIme desired page The dark eyes fuhed with I keen amuse- ment and passed swiftly from the pulng : train-his train-on which In another mo- . .TOIIN 0 , WII1TTIEII , meat the bell would , ring and from which the conductor was already crying "All aboudl" to the eager soul entreating race Dr the speaker . He appreciated the sItuation . And he lIked her Pluck lie was wiing enough to wrIte h ! name , but where wu the pen 1 He flashed a glance about the station . that glrce'cb ' tok In every- thini , _ and then , wah the youimg lady In tow he hurried UI to the telegraph otflee . seized a pen daBbed ( f hil autograph . walked swiftly to his train amid In another In- slant was whirled onward . laughing and cbucklng to blUstr at the victory which be had helped the cnterprll'u applicant to win But tim another instance lie was even moore accomunsodatlng. It w.a I lomntr nl.tmt t , nt far from mndnght : ! but the paet had bee fr some tine lying lhepleu , ' . 111 he kept early hour . when the : wu a sound of \oce : , out- aide and I sharp Ihal at the deer bell inquiry . qulrbru&h out the fact hat this had been c- : fr . . . = _ . - . ; . . " : : = ' - - ' a- - -a-- male hT a party of pleasure , seskers reurn- log through AmuburT rrem one ef the beaches . They hid with them a young girl who was vr anxious rcr the poet's auto graph . and they had called to ask for It-t that hour ! D\dtd : between amusement at the absurdity - Ir Dr the thing not the least part being the asker's uncnscousneu of its prump- lion . and desire to gratify the young autograph - graph fiend . the poet arose dressed . went down stairs . wrote his name . and handed I to the girl and the party drove off , vociferating - Ing their thank . Yet he could say "no" as wel as " ) f" when asked for his name and do I In away way to raise a laugh instead of giving of- tense. 1 remember him one day standing ht hIs own door 1S moung lady a friend whom he liked much . 1 wag taking leavc. I was several yearsiag , at the time that shares upon the Eaterlralrod were at the 10wlt ebb and the .harholders , of whom he was one , were not' sanguine u to the outlook. ills young friend wanted his autograph at the bottom of a : hee or paper that she mIght write above aomfthng that alma told him about . or I'haIR give It 10 another person . who was to do I this fer It was I Joke In which another YS concerned . 1 can see now the brhht ! and laughing face c the _ petitioner . and M. Whittier's Quizical gaze fixed upon hei lie wa not to be caught In any such arrangranent , frank anti hOlest as he knew her'tombe ; but still les was he to refuse moron'b" , cr evenly solunnl' . lie shook his head lightly , still laughing as he Elllod by. dndassure : her that his name wasn't good for anything now that the East- ern railroad g had gone down so low I ! o gne 10wn No one was mere ready to accept the him- iatons of fame and find subject for humor In these. Shortly after he had gone to Danvcr to - - - . - - . - - - - , - - - - - - - - - - - _ ; . _ _ , . i' . - - . f'1. ' ; ' , , . 1 g- .8 is _ mi . / ' ' / / ? . f ' _ ! ' . . - ' 'k4 . . . , . . . . ' - : ' . . . . . "IIJ'i' e. js.r'\ ; : (5 , . . ' ! _ ' ; , , ; 10-'U . \ ' . / ' ; . : -je : , 'ui ! _ I - . , . 'I , t- , , . . , t - _ . . ' - . ti ---Llip ' .t.c .i . ; . - - . . . - ; ; . : ' ; : . . . . . . - - ' .1 tl q 'r lJ ! , . _ - - - - - I THE WHITTIER HOMESTEAD. live ' ( although he never gave up hIs Ames- bury home reserving always his roms and the right to occupy 'them at any time , 1 right which he came to exercise more and more ) , sone" young Amesbur friends of his went there to carry him a birthday gift. lie was Irndensely amused at an Incident that happened " pened on their way. There was more than one Danvers station , and 1 member Dr the party inquired of the conductor which Dan- vcrs was the home of Mr. Whittier. " 'Vhl- tier ? " he repeated . meditatively . "Vhlttler ? What does he 10 ? " This recals a scene that took place In Amesbury ) 'eaSf before. AnswerIng a sum- mons to the door one day he , found on the step a child ot10. She had lately come to make her lomw . In the place and had' brm 'Eent.to the shoomaker's , wlth.i pair of boots t b repaired. ' The shoemaler"happened to' have the same cognomen. The , child reache up , the boots'.o the poet and began her meso sage. "Hasn thee made a mistake ? " asked the latter . checking his smiles before her timid accent : No . the , little one was sure she hod mod no mlstalw. How could she have ? . She : hal been sent to Mr. Whlt- tier's-and here he was. , gain Iw assured her of her error. But It was reserved for the , older members of her family to make the child blush for ' -her inajiuity to distinguish between tIm dbbler and the Ilet. We hnve all s.un men and women of letters who demanded , Indefinitely Dr condescelded Infinitely In dealing with others not gifted with their faculty of expression , alhough these might have had quite as much power Dr thought. But Whittier's soul was too great , his nature too large In Its sympathies , and his mind too really grand to allow this "Iooldng supulor down" upon his fellow mortals. And If these things had failed him , thlt keen sense ot humor for which he was so remarkable would have kept him from the absurdity . He was too great to be other than simple. Ho enjoyed human beings too much and lo\e them too well to hold them as other than comrades. To' grow old with dignity and graciousness . to male no effort to hide one's years and yet to keep life sweet , wih sympathy In JoYs and sorrows that are pant to one's self . to be fresh always with fresh Interest 11 the ycuth of the world and I future , to Judge from the highest standpoint and to love out of the deepest heart-thmis was Whittier. To' Illumine everything with his genius , and to make email things great In its iigimt . to en- large rather thin lessen or belittle the powers - ers of others-lhls was Whittier This Is the spirit ot Immortal youth , and always In sym- pathy wih youth2. Nol children so much , as young people were ever welcome companions to him. And yet a chIlIs simplcity Dr beauty were never unnotIced. A hi.tle visitor : cause to one of hs ! friends , and went to see ' him The poet's sister had lent her 1 vol- ume of fairy tales When she returned thiem something was said about his prob- ably not remembering her. " 0 , yes I do . " he answered , and added aside to time older friend , "such eyes are nol easily forgotten . " And then he smiled again Into the beautful gray eyes that were leaking at him wih their chi'id's ' gravity. There I no higher inspiration from Whit- tier for youth or for age than the beautiful liberality Dr his spIrit. his life vas lived so near to Go that happiness and , goodness around him were u happlness.to hminm . and the high achievements of others he gloried In as one who share In all the trlumllhs of his ather's woriml 1 ls. day sung _ themnseh'es . In the mcasures Of that Ilem Of tile : "MY . " Triumph. Triumph. "hail . to time coming singers ! Hal to the bravo Ishl.brlngersl ! Forward I reach and , share All that they sing ant dare "The love or GOII and neighbor ; Al equal.hnndot labor ; The richer life . where beauty \\'ahks hanl II hant with duty . " FRANCES C. Sl'ARIIAWIC. " oNote.-Mr. Pickard In his 1lfe of Whit- tier" tells Vita anecdote a little differently. The article \ 'A'hittier ' with Young olk" was written and placed months before Mr. PIck- ard's book appeared p' . 0 , S. . She J'orgot , time Ihh1' The Chlcogo Trlblne tells 1 rather amusing story on a young society matron. The daughter - ter of wealthi and Indulgent parents she had never known a care until she assumed the responslhltyor housekeeping at the time of her marrin" a few years ago. She I now a molher. Her younger sister 'vas se.n recently arms. In Bteet car with a child In her "Whos baby Is thm'it7" Inquired 1 friend. who was ralleJlstonshed to see the young lady taking call' of 1 ctmiitl. " 0. It Is statue's . " she replied. "Sho was out It the house last night and when she left for home forgt the baby . I 1m takIng . It to her now But hOI dl'the forget her baby Inquired . . qulred the surprised frIend. "She kneW ; sh was forgeling something whom she let.ibut cond ! not hlnk what It " was. \IS. I The MIurl-tgl1ature ! hu deeded ! to put the , tatecaptniiom : : wl el' , Sedmhia . tie pros- pctve bnefear. : ngus I as a gael thing and -pushsitatng. . Cock's lnmperhsi. World' Fair "blghest a\ar. ec1 ei clSI:1fae , good elenu- bauqet dehicous : flavor. : ' , epee , agreeable uq\et , delcous lior . . - - - - - - . , - " x - " : - - - - REDEE1HNG STREET WAFS \ Work Aocoinp1isho : by the Children's Aid Society of New York TIE STORY OF PATSY AND MCKEA : Street . \lb5 Taken from the City anti i'Iret1 In ( land lclu nnln - cOII/rll to Irollo ( loud Clh.n . Every six weeks a party or twenty boys Is drafted from the ranks or the Newsboys' lodging houses In New York CIty . are Put In charge of an agent of the Chlhlren's Ail society ' all distributed through all parts of the west and ! south from the prairie farms of Dakota to the orange groves of Florida. The lan who comlucts 1 company of these sharl-wltel. mercurial individuals over 1,000 miles of terrier ) necessarily lends n life untnged with mcnotony. Some of the experiences - periences of Mr. 13V. . Tlc , one of these agents , for ninny years identified with . the emigration department of the society . arc better told In his own words . "Several years ago , " said he . In conl'ersa- 101 wih time writer . "I started \ ouL.ror the far wesl wih as lively a crowd of boys as It would 1 possible to find , Most of then 'were Irish and Canadian. the ones who arc nIWs : getting . into trouble , and who also make best \ Sl of their opportunities. Anyone - enl of them would fight at the top of 1 hat . and I assure you that I was I dim cult nuder- taking to keep them froJI annihiatng 'neh other on time Journe PATSY THE DIFFER. "The star member of our troupe was nn Irish boy . about 16 ) 'ear old. knoll as Patsy Differ . Dr simply 'Differ . ' In addition to this he bad several olher names , finding the 1 necessary to use 11 protectIng himself against the 'police . his practice being to give ' different pseudonyms upon his different contacts - tacts with these functonaries , with whom he had extensl\ aequmaintance. Through mich . .lmoJmatl. become "erclever boxer , practcq JI./ad / . bcomo a very Ioxer wa1an ' . inder In his way Inl only ' 'alerl'f ' iiio je worlds to conquer. "Oimc eoj'l day we arrived at n small town Ct In "Oni ' Nebraska , where there was In seslon R''l remember , a teachmers' county Inhttjutc "r to\yn 111 assumed a gala tip- Inb.J.utC and the boys . as was the custom , left.he hotel In the lernoon. to . meander about and , see the sights. _ , Alopg \ tm ! that night we waited surlIer " ou tme"Bhl&r'amid } several of his friends . nod finally . and abut hal through the macal they ent red. Pats presented a sorry sight. Ih..n'.1 . ls neariy closed his hat was rim less and his clothes In tatters. Though unable to conceal his old defiant Dower swagger , he , nevertheless , looked Fomewhat aslmnce at me , so I turned to Mickey Mor- rel , his right-hand man , for time story. Mickey , who was glowing with suppressed excitement , related the events lore g allhl- caly than lucid. MLCKEY'S STORY. . 'They couldn't do Patsy , ' he blurted out ; 'he just hit the big gay 1 punch In the bngle , and youd ! ought ter seen him tumble. ' "It seans that / this town was Infested with ! a gang sems of boys who greatly nnnoyed tIme shopkeepers and citizens In general 1y p11- fering , breaking wlncows , Insulting girls all bullying every passerby. They had heard or bulying ) our New York boys being In the town and had laid In walt for them In front of the town hall , In order to have some sport. Bul they had run up against the wrong crowd. The town' buly. a great hulking fellow . had tackled Patsy Differ . and , as the bystanders expressed I. 'he was a sight to seo' when the fight was over. Time DIffer hall cross- o\cr. 'countered heavily on the point of time bully's chin , and It was some time before ho could sit up and take iotice. - "Tho figlmt was of such a decisive nature that time gang was completely broken up , and ' to \ls day , hmas never ben reorganized. The citizens of that town wrote a letter , thanldng citzens the Differ's services , and four ot the most prominent each took a boy. DI FER'S SUCCESS. "Patsy Differ Is now assistant cashier Dr the county ban It. His foster parents write that he Is a terror to evil-doers and Is regarded as time omclal vigilance committee. his last feat was to thrash a man for stealing. He Is a fine musician , clever artIst , wilY conversationalIst - versationalIst . has n high sense of honor but \orsatonalst. very except when Il comes to box- Ing. Ills brush and blacking box are dis- played among the curios at the Newsboys' Lodging home , and are treasured very imlgimly by his Quondam' mates , who coma frequelty lmammdle timeim They to look at them and hanlle : generally conclude their inspection by remarking - marking that 'Patsy was fast with his dukes marldIg hadn't ought tcr went way out west , where he'll imever get I chancQ tel use them. ' he'l ne\er . "Mickey Morrel has had a career similar to that , of his fighting friend lie became quite a favorite In the town and Iy his quick Irish wit was able to fill several re- Culck aponsible positions. lila Inhlrent laziness however . finally cropped out , and In his last letter he Informed us that hQ was about to start for Denver where he expected to buy I rep ura ! ! aimfi 'rest for I wliiie. . ' TRUE. 'II " TQUGII , BUT "Thero Is a bond of friendship and sympathy between these homeless and friendless boys . vhlch : 1s trlllY . ltouchlng. When large par- tied al"taken to time great west the ones win have shared and shared alike their meager ral'el In a flowery restaurimmit who have slept In the Homo store box , and have fought each other to the biter end , beg not fCught to be ' separated , and the agents always make an effort to place them'll time same town Dr 11 nelghbotl10d. eforl This cameraderle Is shown very well by the following Incident : Some month agu'there was found on the steps of a house In Long island city I poor little waif , emaciated with hunger all cold The owner of the house brought him to New York and pUl him In the custody of the Children's Aim ? socIety. At the Newsboys' Ail Chllren's sum- Lodging IIuso 1 fund was subscribed dent to buy him a lult of clothes anll pay his expenses It the imoapilal. lie was such that the feared a frail little fellow surgeons he would never get well again. lInt he turned otit to have 1 wiry constitution , arid , within I month wa able to sell Ilaper. Ills gained for him ninny affectiommato nature soon malY friends , and his comrades neil with each other In doing him favors. A good stand was procured for him at the entrance to Brooklyn bridge , where he lay be seen any day calling out In his sbrl treble voice , 'gxtra ! Extra Edltonl Sporting Extra ! Buy a Paper sir ? ' and his sales are always large , for his friends zealously prevent any boy from pre.emlltng the stand. TENDER IEARTgD AltARS. Another Instance of this loyalty was broueht out 1 hort time ago when a bright utIle fellow , . kn'wn by the name of Swigge hind his frail life crushed out by the juggernaut catilo car whie he was attempting to 'cross the track to make ! .8 sale Willie Swlggs had no reistlv'emm or friends but his own youthful assoclutes who tenderly cared for imimn When the city authorites came to convey his body to tbe Potter's field the bootblacks and news- boys gave. their last mmmoncy many of them pawning their clothes . to buy him a plot In a quiet country cemetery which lies along the green banks or the Hudson. Nor did they stop imere for every Sunday some one makes the journey lo the little obscure grave mtkes and place on It a cheap wrealh of leaves Dr flowers . The papers which he carried when he mode his lat sale are carefully vreservcd IT WORKOR BOYS. ' of New York The Children's Aid socIety which Chldren's this scheme of emigrating these street arabs to time welt and south . Is the most extensive charitable oreanlzatlon In this country. In the forty.two years of its existence it has rechlmed from the Jlums of the ( city 10.00 I boys , and piacod them In Christian hmomnes . Some of these Ion hne Christan become famous lawyer Journalists . surgeons and artists . while many or them occupy seats In the various state legislatures mind one I. today governor Dr North Dakota. Yet so . gOl'eror are the method , of the society unprtentlolB been made facts ' before have these tti3t never known to the general public. ' Thirty years ago there was picked up In Baxter street year a little Irish boy who exlted on crusts atree bread which he procured by creeping up on the back roofs If tenement imouses and stealing the led out of the cblm- nelL houles which be sold for a few pmnlc. When caught doing this be was sent to Randall's island . Thai boy was picked up br an agent . _ . : - - , c' . I i , . ' . , . : . , - 4 . .5 ? ' , . ' , 5' < : \ \ ; . ' : . ' , " . . ' . FURNITURE a Fop just ten days \ve shall make every possible effort to close out the balance of the Furniture stock. There is but little of this stock left and but little tine to close i out. We have on the way on entirely new line of Furniture , much larger than heretofore carried in this department - partment , of which we shall say Something later , But just now 've are making quick moving prices on what we have We bought this stock from the bank at a loss to them . of 80 per cent-so why shouldn't 've we sell i cheap ? , ORCHARD & \VILHEL \ M ! CARPET CO , . , , . , , , . , . . I oilS . ' . ' . $11' : lis.i , . . . . > - t D D I" : . ' D 1 _ L D I D cLIELE , D . I. " . o - Li Eli . Men in a Hurry [ [ DD often eat food insufficiently or not [ ii properly , cooked. Ripans Tabules F ' t cure 'dyspepsia and \ sour stomach hand D . . and 'immediatey ' relieves hedahc. , D , Li. . ' . I . D ' - . . . , F111 'fl . Inns /nns Tnbules : Sol by drmmgglsts . or by mal tt LI the price ( (0 cents 0 box ) Is BClt 10 the 1tIJammm5 g' li :18 Cimenlcal , . , , : . ' : Conipaimy No. 10 lipruco Si New loik. BDCDD ' D DDDO' EEJr-1DI i 2 0 I EXACT SIZE PEUFEC11 PFF EC12 TiE 1RCANnLE IS THE FAVORITE TEN CENT CIGAR. I . For sale by all , , lfirnt / Class Den/eIB. / MUluflcturcll hy tins . _ . F. R. RICE MERCANTILE CICAR CO. , . j , - " 'j I" : ' Fmtctot'y ( No. :0.J , St. J.oIIH , Mo . 1" _ _ _ A . _ ' . JUNII > ] ? _ ' IH hell use I by thouslnIH or ! aloH , immommtlily , TI Ie the ii.t ! IOltlh' I CAlIOLT . 1 , iR /arrlod lady's trlonll Irregular . , ( rl IIY "al o. I li Ha' . mind rohmmbio. never flubs guar.immtoo whim bottle , ' 'hIH Icmmmu ' 001 rollbU. . "mlrUloo wlh every lOllo , Hi' " . 10 I I'IY. ' IHIICI" li fal' : Huporlor to 1Is iK every . botle IH uatollld II'/or loses ll Klrlulh. . lolll ' sill iieimhimm drli.IHtt , l'rieu , $ 2.015 ( per bollo. \ourdrUI lst douO 101 nave H lull o..Ul tlli : wo will forward you mm lolJ bi UX/rOII . OAMOLE JUNIPEft C ) _ Western 0111cc. Omaha , Neibrrsslj' " . ' - - - - , _ _ - - - - - - - - I for the All society , anI ' In a short time left wih 1 party for the west. Ills foster IJrents gave Idiom a Hood common school education and thel sent hum : to Yale where he grad- ulerl wih honors. In a few years he went to Alaska ) vhero he became a llrorlnent member of thin bar , an,1 , Is IOW known as lion . Judge Brady . United States commls- sinner to Alaska. Another lad was taken from Randall's Island about the annie time . Though only 8 years of age hQ ball made a reputatIon as a professional pickpocket along tIme wlarrl of the East river underneath which he had always lived. Soon after being put on a western farm he enlisted a8 a drummer boy In tIme war of time rebellion . where he served with distinction . After thin war he engaged In various enterprIses , but finally lad Ills hand baly , cut and was compelled to go to school , to whmichi fact lie miour attributes lila success in life , In hue heers to thin Aid sa- ciety lie always wound up by saying timaL lie intended "to be somebody , " ammO everyone who known Governor A- of North Dakota wilt agree that lie lies fulfilled IsIs boyish promise , _ _ _ _ -S _ _ _ _ CUNXUJII.l L I TI1 , Rev , J. II RyIarmco , rector of St. Mark's h'roteatant Episcopal church , New York , will be married shortly after Ranter to Miss Ellerm Coo , time head of the Now York free circulating library , "liighistop iseemna very blue since Miss Coins throw hum over. " "Yes ; lie's heartbroken - broken to think what arm excellent husband alma lies missed. " Sihlicus ( reading paper-Thma ) bride was supported to time altar by imer father , Cyni- cue-Yes ; and I dare soy be wilt keep on supporting tier , _ - Janmeaon-Vby do you advocate long en- gagernenta so earnestly ? hiirnson-Tho longer they're engaged limo less time time In whicim they'll be oimarrle'l ' , Eg.Ooyemnor John W. Iavls of PawIuket , it. I. , and Miss Marietta l'earco of l'rovm' dence , respectively GO and 50 years of age , were married at Swansea , Mass , , on Mommday , and left time next day with an excursion varty for time I'acithu coast , Thi groom has time distinction of .eiug hio only democrat elected govemnc.r (4 lila. state since the war , There is one c1a ; ip the Pittsfield ( Mass. ) Methodist ) lumnlay sipaol which ii remarkable - able in one reicJj &t least , During the past four years seventeen young Woimien have belonged to time class , amid omit of that numn- her eleveim have married dimming tIme forty- eight mnoimtims , To the mmiarrlage of these pupils mimuat lie addemi time wethilirmg of this teacher , nod last week aimothicr engagement was anrmoummcod , : miaklmmg thmlrteerm , Jie-.Detmr Clara , will you hme my vlfe ? Sbmo'-IIam'rP ) , I have tried every sort of wa to bring you to a ImeOlmomal , I have experl- meuited with time baby stare , reckommed by lIly friends an particulurly felcimllig , I have trie'l ( liD soulful glance , immmtl also tIme down- drooping lid ; I have with apparent artless- hess intl time cotmversation up to ii iiriImt where it ceerimed inpoesibie for you to avoid asking for immy hand ammO heart ; but all , all without ' avail. harry , I wIll smut imimawer you at ommct' . I will think time rustier over. I wilt give you time , I feel that to accept you at ommco were too sudden , Forty-two marriage licenses were takemi out 1mm Chicago on lit , ValentIne's day , anc only eluvexm of tim brides were nailer 20. years old , One confessed to 31 years , and she was going to marry a hush 000 ycasm yolirmger. Siam hail reached an migu whmoro ithe could not afford to be too liartlculasu about mimimahi matters. 'Fiio ohilest groomim wan. 40 mind ho married a guI 27 years old , and limo ) oungust groomim was 19 , whim his bride was 18. For the third time Mien Arnie Nunnan of Vimmstocl , Coimn , , lmas hiecim doserteti just as tIme omarriago ceremony was abomit to Lie per. formed , 'I'iii timimo she was to hmavo been married to Patrick J , Burke , and imow ho cannot be found , She iii $4 years old , anc Iwelu's years ago lmo was mmgagwi to it Toe- rlimgorm ( man , who a low days before time ilatu for limo weddimmg rcftmae'l to accompany her to time altar , Seven years later shin be. caine engaged to Thmoinas Myers of hartford - ford , and when ( lie day for the we'ldln ar. riueti lie did smut appear , Shin sued him and obtaixme'l $500 for hmrcaehi of jmronmlso. Burke , who Ii 35 years old , returme'i fromim the West. a few years ago with a snug swim of money. lie irmvestod in business amid runmowod 1:1 * acquaIimtimnce wilts' Miss Nunnen. it. wag eulmiioserl tjmat iso was really attached 1s liar. I'rc'parations for tIme ceremony were , J made by Mice Nunnan , and at time appointee , : ' hour , February 21 , tim church was filled wills her friends. Miss Nunomin and lice parents wore imromptiY ( ? u hand , but , though they , waited for 5)111117 rniuutes , Burke 41 xmQ , . - - appear , , - ' . _ . _ . _ m , d"t'.1 I ' . , . , . - - - ' - - ' - " ' - " n- : , - . .