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I.- " " " " " ' " " "r' . . . . . . . . . . . . " " 'r , . J. . . . . . . 40 . . _ . , . " . . . . . . . . . - . - " . - : - - - - - - - ; - - - ; - - - - -a- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - : - - - - - - - - - - : - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - " - - - - - - - - . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - I r _ _ - - - - - - - - - - . TJJD O IAJ DAILY BEE : SUNI)4 t S1t'IIThtI31M1 20. lSH ) . 11 - - = - OWEN \ LOVEJOY IN COXGRESS . 4 , - : ' ' , ' } Itrly ) ly Made In Answer t the \ ) ) Charge .F Doing 1 INggor ThIef , " ' OL3JECIS Aitc-IIe1Itiin TO SERVUG Strife : . A 'I lie BLOODIIOLJN& IIIUV al \ . ( llrlNN lt'IIN tu n VhllCIIC to I "n Iuel-Undtut&ted COlrllc " UINI.II'el , s. ( Conhhl ! , I& : , Ly R. H. McClure , LImItc1. ) Owen I.ovejo , of whose bolIn3s In aslst- Ing runaway slaves and In denouncing slvery , I gave some account In a previous piper , was I elected , In spite of the anlmolty hIs v'gor of BpecI ) and of ae'on ' rl agaInst him , four times to congresa. Naturally , his career In cOllgress was marked by many slurp con- filets with the representan" of the slave interest - leret , and some of these were of the mo.t dramatic charact'r. In the course of a speeh telvered F'ebruary 21 , 1859 , while the house I was In session as a committee of the whole I on the state of the union I.ovejoy saId : I . "A single word on this charge of negro stealIng. I the object Is to ascena'n "hether I ault fugitive ShlVOJ who come to my door and ask I , I march right up to the conreJ- ! . slonal and say , I do. I recollect the caSJ of , a young woman who came to my house , who had not a single trae of African descent either In leatura or comlllexlon. According teller her own story , she was hetrothed to a man 'of ' her own race , though not of her color , and I ; was , h fore her marriage , ell to a libertine j from the south , she being In St. Louis. She escaped , and In her Ilght from a ht worse than death , she cam antI implored lY aid Was I to refuse itVa ! I to betrJY the , wanderer ? Was I to retain her and give hEr " up a prey to the incarnate fend who had selected . . : , lected her as a victim to oler up on the altar : of sensualsm ? Who would do It ? I woud : not. Did not. : t NIW11 A SLAVg CATCmm. tt "No human beIng , back : or white , bond or fre3 , nltve or foreIgn , Infdel or Christian , ever came to my door and asked for fool and shelter In the name of.a common humanity - manlty , or of a pitying Chr'st , who dd ! not to. I eelvo it. This I have done. ThIs I mean to ( teas I as long as God let tone. live. I shall nEver betray him that wandereth. I shJI never b\- _ hMh ' ' / / / . . \ ///I/ 'J'IIhloldlll. , . . - 1"\'c " as property. It dot not U't the word sl.or . slavery I Xl'HJ\Nm OF COUitTiS1IS. "Why , sir , when I came up to take the oath to support the constitution a whipcred SUlllort IU7Z , half In earnest antI hal Jocular , panel round : 'How can r.ovcJoy swear to support the constitution 7 How can he take the oath ? ' I could take the oath to support the conslu- lon ltcuse I believe In the constitution , because I hold to It , because my heart I loyal to It. r vd-y ! part and parcel and por- ton of It I believe In ; but I do not believe tn , the construction put upon It by those who claim its reCoKnlton and uncton of the peac- tce of staveholding. " Thereupon Hepresenta- tve Burkals Interposed : "No , sir ; you stand lain , " there today an Infamous ( , perjured vii- 'fhen Ashmore of South Carolina added : "Yes , he Is a perjure villain ; and he per- jures himself every hour he occupies a seat on thl ! floor. " And finally Singleton of Mlsplsslppl said : "Anll a negro thief Into the bargaIn. " Lovejoy-SIr , before the public sentiment of the Christian and civilized world I pro- pose to hold u1 to universal reprobation thll to practice of slaveholdlng. I propose \ to hold It up In all its atrocity , In all its hideousness ; and , sir , that public sentiment wi burn upon this practce and ultimately secure Its re- moval. "You may kill Cdsslus M. Clay , asyou threaten to do . but 'the blood of the martyrs Is the seed to. the church. ' You may shed his blood as you shed 110 blood of my brother on the banks ot the Mississippi twenty years ago-and what then ? 1 am here today , thank God , to vindicate the principles baptized In his blood. DEMANDS IllS HOHT TO SPEAK " 1 want to know I It hal come to this has not an American citizen the right to speak las to an AmerIcan citizen ? I want the right of uttering what I say here In Richmond , In Charleston " Donham of South Carolina-You had bet- ter try It. " Lovejoy-Yes , sir , I am going to Invoke the aid of the general government to protect mo as an American citizen In my right as an American citizen. "I can ctzen. today and dIscuss the queston of a monarchical government as comparell with a republican form of govern- ; ment , but I cannot go Into a slave state and open my lips In regard to the question of slavery " Martin of VirginIa-No , we would hang you higher than Ilaman Lovejoy-l want to know by what rIght you come all make me a slave ? I \ ant to know by what right you can say that the H-L _ " /"i'f" , . " . / - . 1 tl""i'f" " " " "f.l. , / / . / - tl" , . .1 . _ ¶ ¶ 4 idiJJ1j j , ' ' ! / k , v . p , h/iIII/Iii / ! ( ' , . . ! . . . t . . . TIE GENTLE IAN FROM ILLINOS SHALL . NOT APPROACH . TillS SIDE OF TIlE hOUSE. t" - - - TIE I0USg. ' " , _ come a slave catcher. Any one who chooses I' may transform himself Into a bloodhound- ' I snuff , and scent and howl along the tracks " . t of the flying fugltvr-Iol out his tongue , and I . - J' lap up the dirty water that stands In muddy " , the rifle- pools by the wayslleovertalco rlfe- ' scared and lash-excoriated slave : ( a mother , It . may be , with her Infant , the love of whom has nerved her for the flight ) , thrust hIs canine teeth into the quIverIng flesh , brace out his fore feet , ali bold the captive till the kidnapper - , mpper comes , with fetters and handcuffs to > load down ankles and wrist , and then re- o eelve , as a re\ard for his brutsm , a pat on the head from the stave catcher , and the ' plaudit 'Oood Dog B03e. ' . "Sir , I never wi to this I never will . degrade my manhooJ and stifle the sympathies - thes : of human nature. I Is an Insult to claim it . I wish I had nothing worse to meet at the Judgment day than that I would not have the guilt of causing that wail of man's despair , or that wild shriek of woman's agony , as the one or the other Is captured , for all the diadems of all the stars In heaven. "Is I dellred to cal attention to this fact ? Proclaim It then upon the housetops : write It UlOfl every leaf that trembles In the forest ; make It blaze from the sun at hIgh noon , all l'btne : forth In the milder radiance , of every star that bedecks the firmament of God ; let It echo through all the arches of heaven , and reverberate and bellow along all the deep gorges of hell , where the slave catchers will be very likely to hear it. Owen Lovejoy hives at Prlncton Ill . thrze-quarters ot a mile east of the village ; and bB aids every fugitive that comes to his door and asks tt. Thou InvIsIble demon of. l'lavery , ' dost thou think to cross my humble threshold . test olt , amt forbid me to give bread to the hungry and shelter to the hOlseless ? I bId ; you defiance In the name of Godl" , GIIEAT UPROAR IN CONOHESS. i . GmAT I - - ; ; ot I.ovejoy's most effective all at the samE time one of his mm't ' Impassioned speeches against slavery was delivered In the , , t . I / bOlso on April 5 , 18GO. Emphasizing his words by his custcmnry gesture of shaking hll' haml , with the forefinger extended , he had advanced Into the area In front of the democratic seats. This was a breach of the rule whIch required members to speak. either I from theIr rats or the clerIc's desk , hut I which had been generally disregarded : and Pr'or ot Virginia , advancIng toward I.ovc Joy , said : "The gentleman from Illinois shall not approach this : te of the house , shaking his flats and talking In the way he has talked. I Is bait : enough to be com- polled ta sit and listen to hIm utter hit treasonable ant insulting language : but he ; -r , . shall not sir , come upon this side of the house , shaking his flat In our faces. lie shal not come here gesticulating In a menac- Ing and rUfanly manner , " Peter WisconsIn replied : "You are doing the same thing yourself. Wo listened to gentlemen Ullon the other side for eight weeks , when they denounced the members on this side with violent and offensive lan- guage. We listened to them patiently ant . . heard them through. And now , sir , thIs , sillo shall be heard , let the consequences be what they may. I do not b levo that sIde of the house can say where I member shal speak , and they shall not say I. lunet of Kentucky replied : . "lie cannot anti he shall not cross this hal II a menac- log manner lie shall not , let the conse- quences be what they will. Ito must speak from his seat. " sea. Kellogg ot . Illinois said : "My colleague shall speak ; ho 19 In order , and will not coni- mlt a breach of the rules of the house ; he I shall hue hts rights according to the rules . of the house , and In nowise shall they be r abridged or interfered with . lIe shall be heard upon this floor and at this time , " . lurksllals of MissIssIppi cried out : "Order that black-hearted scoundrel and nigger. : stealIng thief to take his seat , or this side ot the house will to It , " LOVEJOY RESUMES . During thIs controversy a scene of the wildest confullon prevailed , forty member from opposite sites havLng rushed forward Into the area , shouting and gesticulating. Order being at length restored , Lovejoy said : "I desire to violate no rule of the house ' I wIsh to know wheher It Is a violation of the rules to occupy this Sp3C In front of the rpeaker's chair or any porton of 11 I so , I will cheerfully yield ; I not , I clim the right to choose my own position. " The ape'ker having decided that he might _ occupy the cieri , ' . desk , he resumed his 9. speech , and In the course of It he sid : l. "I have heard I declared over and over agaIn that the constitution guaranteed . . slavery. 1 deny It. In0 article , I no , lecton , In no line , In no word , In no syllable can there b1 fou'd any recognition or unc- lon of human slavery In the constitution of the United States . It la not there I al- 1 " 1) recognlzu human belull u persons and mother shall not have her child ? Where Is the wretch who would dare to go up and take that fluttering and panting blrdlng from the bosom of Its mother and say , 'It is mine ; I wL sell It lke a cal ; I with sell It hike a pig ? ' The same argument that proves my right to my personal liberty proves the rIght of every human being to h19. The argu- ment that proves my right to my children gIves the same sacred claim to every father 'hey , as I , get I from God , and no human enactment can annul tht claim No , sir Neverl CHALLENGED TO A DUEL On the 11h of April following , during the sessIon of time house , Pryor demante ] of Potter a personal explanation of the language use ] hy the latter In defending LOVE.joy on this occasion , and of a correction In the report of this language , whIch Poler had made ant erned. Pryor had sUbsequcnt ) Peter made an explanation which should mat have been entirely satisfactory ; also asserting hIs right to make the correction , and denying Pryor's rIght to erase it. lut Pryor was le- termlmd not to he satisfied , and evidently had an ulterior ! object In demanding the explana- tlon ; and , replying to Potter , ho saId : ton gentleman says he stands by hh lan- guage. I am very gad : to her it. I under- stand him then to give me the liberty of construing his remark as I please. I wIll put what construction I please upon It , anl whether or not he stands by It , the sequel will demonstrate. . " To which Potter replied , "Let It temontrate , " THE WEAPONS UNSATISFACTORY. The result was a challenge from Pryor to fight a duet ; which Potter promptly accepte'l , naming as terms bowie knives at five pJces : terms which he welt knew Pryor woud : not dare to accept , as ho was a small man , whl . Potter was a large , powerful man , and In hs ! western pioneer life . had beome familiar with the me of the , bowie knife. Pryor te- dined on the ground that the propold tera were bmeath the dignity of a gentleman to accept ; and so the mater emle . lut a laughable Incl.lent grew out of I , whe' ! Love- joy used to relate for the entertainment of his friends. On the day following the chal-g , while the result was still unknown , both h Pot- ter and Pryor were absent during roll call . and when Pot r's name was called a Quaker member rose , and , In a quaint voice , said : "Mr. Speaker I am Informed that the gen- teman from Wisconsin had a prIor engage. ment " And when pryor's name was called a moment liter he rest and again , saying , ' Ir. Speaker , I hear that the gentleman from Virginia has gon\ to be : S clay In the hands ot the Potter , " A singlE incident will illustrate Lov joy's noble generosity and freedom from vlntc- tveness toward his pltcal personal enemies. Coming out of the captol : at WashIngton late one nIght , after a protracted sesslo : of the house , during a furious storm ant drenching rain , ho found CrlUenten , one of his bitterest enemies , without any means of getting away , and , offering him a scat In his carla ! e , which : the old gentleman was glad to accept , took him safely to his hotel I.O'ejoy did not live to see the real'zation of his hopes In the suece1sful termination of the war and the final overthrow of slavery , which ! he had prClct t. In the fall of 1863 , wile visiting friends preparatory to resuming I hIs seat In congress for the fourth time , a change was observable : In his app : aranc ( and demeanor , a shade of sadness marking his usual vivacity In social intercourse After a brief attempt to discharge his con- greulonal duties , increasing illness compelo : him to seek rest In retirement : but he shoed his continued Interest by sending In a speech : to be read , and , In February , having partially . tially recovered , he again attempted to re- sumo his work : but the effort was too much for his enfeebll condition ; that fearful scourge , Bright's disease , had marked him for Is victim , and he was again compeled to retire ; going to friends In DroJklyn , where ho dIed March 25 , 1861 , at the age of 53. PHILIP . ATKINSON . All Free . Those who have used Dr. King's New Ds- covery know its value , and those who have not have now the opportunity to try It free. Cal on the advertised druggist and jet a trial bottle free. Send your name and ad- at- dress to H. E. Ducklen & Co. , Chlcako , and get a sample box of Dr King's New Life Pills free , a well as a copy of GuIde to Health and Household Instructor free. All of which Is guaranteed to do you good and cost you nothing. Kuhn & Co.'s drug store. ) p- The great Hamburg , Germany , grapevine , which was planted In the year 1771 , and I now sixty Inches In circumference , Is the largest I the world I I LINK ( OF TIlE ELECTRC CHAIN ' , Harnessing Mountain Lakes t Electro ! Machinery - chlner in Salt Lake Oity SPEED TRIAL IN BALTIMORE'S ' TUNNEL JlcrenNhl1 I'opnlurity . or IICllllc : . celt Lniiip-flieelrle . Power fur S I hl rhll 'I'rnliIe-hevehOhiileiItP II rI 'ctrlclt 1IIIINtr ) ' , - Salt Lake City did not walt for a demonstration - straton or the value of water as a pro.cer of electric power , Long before Niagara on the east and American river on the west were made subservIent to modern necessi- ties , the enterprIsIng men of Zion were In the field , and will presently join Sacramento - mcnto and Duralo as a link In the chain of electrIc cities. Details of Salt I.ake's power are descrble.l by Mr. George I suy In the Electrical . Jnglneer. The main source of water supply ply Is the sublime Wahsateb range , overshadowing - shadowing Salt Lake City . The range Is studded thickly with water streams , caves and pockets , fed by the springs and drainage of the mountain , the overflow from whIch has always been utilized 1) ' the Mormons for the fertilization of their valley farms. The grandeur and beauty of its peaks and lakes are unequaled even In the Iern se Alps , and Lake Blanche , wIth its setting of snow-man- tied cliff , will suggest to the traveler tn cen- ted cif wi tral Europe the rugged and awful profile of the Matterhorn . ThIs and seven other of the Wahsatch lakes , lying , still , dark and solemn , at altitudes of 11,000 to 13,000 feet , are now to be the means of filling the valley below with light and gladness. In the picturesque Dig Cottonwood canon , where the granite blocks for the ponderous and ImposIng Mormon - mon temple were quarried , these waters are hlng dammed and converted Into a power that will develop the resources of Utah In mines products and manufactures to In extent almost unparalleled In the history of the west. The Dig Cotonwoot Power company - pany has practically completed Its plans for the generation and transmission ot electrL IOWer generaton varloas water supplies In thc Dig Cottonwood canon thIrteen miles southeast - east of Sal Lake City , for the supply of light and power within the limits of the city , and to the factories ant small towns In the vicinity. The power staten Is located In the canon , at "The Stairs " fourteen mies by pole line of the Salt Lake from . the distributing staten Sal and Ogden Gas and Electric Light company , Ln Sal Lake CI ) The available supply of water will produce 68,80 horse power per day of twenty.four hours. The final cost of the complete develolHncnt Is estimated at $300,000. The company's affairs have been so veh1 administered that much more than hal wcl power to be developed has already been disposed of ab-olutely and the guaranteed ilsposed total revenue from completed contracts Is over $100,000 annually. Although the com- lny Is confining Its operations for the presEnt - Ent to "The Stairs" supply , It has other val- uable water rights partly developed , by means ot whIch It could at any time largely supplement - plement its output IIALTIMOILE'S ELECTRIC FLYER. I Whirling under the heart ot Da1more at : Whirlng unter the rate ot sixty-one miles an hour was the novel experience ot a party of men on electric locomotive No 1 of tie Baltimore & OhIo Itailroad company , relates the lallmore Sun This record was made In the locomotive's through the tunnel. first test of high speed frst . \V. Murray , an old and trusted engineer of the Baltimore & Ohio , stood at the con- troiler. ApproachIng the south portal of the tunnel : : speed or only twenty miles an hour was developed , owing to the curves and swltebe at that place. The start was made wIth an easy forward glide of the locomotive. Enter- Ing the tunnel the englneman twirled the wheel around. ' fixing the controller onspeed'er ' notches Under the Impetus thus given the locomotive dashed forward As steady as a palace car , owing to the absence of vibrating parts , It few past the double row of electric lights which illuminated the tunnel at a speed lghts that seemed to blend their glimmer Into trails of light stretching to the north openIng of the tunnel. So smooth anti steady was the motion that the rapid rate dId not appear un- usual All on board kept firm grips on their hats as the cool air of the tunnel whistled through the cab , Engineer Shepard stood at the speed-record- lug apparatus watching the movements of the Instrument. Nearing the norther portion of the tunnel the power was shut oft and the specd was reduced The announcement was SPE then made that an actual speed of slxty.onc miles an hour had been attained. A smleof intense satisfaction oversprel the counte- nanccs of the electrical experts at this re- suit , and Dr. Duncan expressed hImself as greatly pleased with that test Much Interest was manlfeste In the performance - formance of the flexible trolley during the trIal This feature of the electric locomotive has attracted general attention , ant many queries have been made as to its adapabty for even ordinary service , not to speak of fast speed trials. The trolley mechanism was closely watched during the trip , all at the speed maintained It took the irregularities of the overhead structura . with : apparent per- fecton , there being not the slightest hItch or jar In its operation. The trolley shoe glided wIth remarkable precision through the elec- trIc conduit at one moment bringing out the full extension of the fexlhle -imaft , then dipping - ping down to wIthin a few feet of thc loco town motive , running on one side and then on the other , and not a single spark or sputter was to be obEerved. When the locomotive was first used with heavy service trouble was encountcred. owing to the heating of the trolley shoe. This was due to the fact that time overhead conductor had been In position for some time . and not having been used an accumulation of scale had developed , ImpaIrIng the contact ef the trolley jhoe. No further trouble has been i found since this scale was removed , and [ a ' recurrence of time difficulty Is not expected. The burst of speed resulting In the development - mont of a rate of sixty-one miles an hour was made on the heavy grade of the tunnel , and the ellneer said It was equivalent to se\- onty-five miles an hour on a level traclt. The onty-fvo mies performance of the locomotive was such that they would not hesitate to run I at that or even a greater speed I they had a sufficient stretch of track for the purpose. Locomotive No. 1 was net designed , for fast time , anti the result of its latest test hi looked upon as an indication ot what may be expected from an Indicaton electric locomotive specially desIgned for such a ImUrPOSO. SUPERIOR TO STEAM. Much has been saIl of late about the Nan- tasket ant Mount Holy electric railways , which have superseded steam lines , but It seems from a letter In Engintering News , written hy Superintendent George Macleoll of the Kentucky and Indiana Bridge company , that the electrIc line belonging to that organization - panlzaton Is not only the oldest electric ' line In' operation on steam railway tracks , but posslhl the only one on which a lrge numbcr of electric and steam trains are run over the Sme roadbed . Prior to August , 1893 , the company operated Its suburban line , between Louisville , Ky. , and New Albany , I Ind. , by steam , running trains every thirty 'I ' minutes. It was decde to change the mo- tve power to electricity , however , because a more frequent service , every fifteen minutes with a correspondingly Increased travel , could be hat at a lower cost per passenger mile . The line comprises 2.1 miles of double track road and two miles of single track The later Is on a viaduct In Louisville and on the company's long cantilever bridge over the Ohio river , which also carrie two read- I ways. The electric traIns ! use the ' bridge and tracks ' In common wIth ' the freight and passenger trains of the lialtimoro & Ole Southeastern I Daltmore : Southeatern railway ) and the Southern railway , and the company's ' own switching englms , which transfer freght' ! between the two cIties . About 270 trJl1 are run over this 4.1 miles of main track daily of which a little more than half are electrl trains. The road Is operated on the block : system. There are ten stations On the line and schedule time of the electrIc trains , In _ eluding the ten stops , Is seventeen minutes for the 4.1 miles . Tbe electrIc can are twenty-elgbt feet long , Inside measurement and those used a motor cars have vesttbu'ed ends ; the trains consist of two trailers and a motor car , the later having two fifty-horse power motors. But one accident has occurred In the two year since the system was put In operation , and that was a deraUmelt due to . mIsplaced switch. Mr. MacLOd elosM his letter as.folows : "Our experience for the put two year with the electric service proves to our satisfaction that the ffet , - ; ; - - - ' I cle < nlll , poedl'st anmimimoal ( co' , al methotl of handling , stmhuriiafr PAssenger \ traffic I on steam railways Is ly tre 0' l1U opera lug on time lme tracks with 11t ' train of ali classes , anti that this can bm' \6n. suceeuhr y wihout dAnger to time troleyl ' bn or iteten- lon to or interference In In ) ' , way wIth the steam : : service , " . I" t 'I ' ALUMINUM DY EIACThOLYSiS. AIMINUM lY E.f c'hoL\SIS. One of the frt uses 10 'hJph the current generated : at the large NimaTa falls electric plant has beelr put Is thl , manufacture of aluminum from bauxite 1 by electrolysis. What the value of such a source . of electric current lay bo to factories II , the neighbor- hoed of Niagara , to say n9thtl of those mata a distance , Is suggested by the fact that , nl- though the present alullnlm 'yorlcs arc constructed . structed to produce ,000 p9unds of pure alumlr.um a day , the complete success of the electrolytic proces has convinced the managemer.t that the doubling of the resources - sources of the factory by its means Is a comparatively clmple mimatter . More pots arc to be put In as rapidly as possible , until 10 , . 000 pounds of the pure metal , worth In small quantities GO cents a pound , Is turned out daily. The process Is described as follows : Pots containing oxide of aluminum , or al- umina , which Is to be changed Into pure ahlnlntm , are arranged In long rows In a large reduction room Each hot Is lned with : carbon , the lining forming the negative electrode - trode In the process of reduction . The positive - tl'e pole consists of a row of copper rods , terminatng In I huge carbon anomie , which extends Into the pot. The oxide , In a pulverized - vrlzed state , looking very much like four , Is placed In the pot , the carbon anodes ex. tending : throUgh the mass , and the current , carried by great copper ' rods through the entire length of the row of pots Is turned on The electricity Is allowed to do Its work for twenty-four hours , after which the pure aluminum Is drawn out and cast Into ingots . gets By the new Process the aluminum , which Is separated from the ore by the ac- ton of the electricity , and the fluxes used to facilitate melting , accumulate about tIme negatvo electrode , which In this case Is the carbon-lined bottom of the pol The IngenuIty - Ity of this arrangement Is evident. Thc tre- mcndous current heats the carbon of both the lining and the anodes to the point of whiteness , and the meltng of tIme ore by this heat Is an Important factor In the manufacture - facturoof the metal. As I Is ladled from the pots I Iboks l like ordinary lend heated heatet to a red heat , but when pourcd Into thc molds I glstens with almost snowliko whiteness . and the roughly cast Ingots thus produced have the luster of polished silver. LIHT VERSUS LA IPS. A short lifo and a merry one Is to be thE guidIng principle of the new order of lamp manufacture. At ono time an Ineande3cent lamp cost so much that I was made to last as long as possible , even If I had to be run at much below ! its nominal calle : pwer. Now lamps are cheap amid people insIst ! on havIng light . A slgnlfcent sIgn of time len. dency of the times Is that the twenty-five candle power lamp I daily beng ! put In In place of the origInal standard sIx tOl candle power lamp I Is assumed that when Edison alopted [ the sixteen candle power standard for his lamp he took what was probably : a very good average of the illumination given out by the five , foot gas burners the country over But during the last fifteen years the standard has baen raised gas stantud en through Im- provements In m3unfacture. and whereas tWEnty candle gas was once seen , the larger cites of the country no , , average well up to twenty.Jve candle gas The public imas not been slow to see tItle , all \ demands a unit of light at least equal to thc prevailing standard gas unit. Thl central stations , fortunately for them , realize the sluJon ! , and the use ot high economy lJmps Is grow- Ing. I Is noted , too that timtimne-honored GOO hours of life II not nearly solen Insisted on as formerly Indeed , the sptclfe requ're- lament now commonly mate Is fo a lamp thaI will mantaln' ! its elnlc power at h'gh economy for from ,300 , to , 400 hours. The , introduction of lamps of ' \\en y-fve candle , powe1' , alhough already etai'td upon , wJ doubted less be gradual , asf It must naturally be accompanied by a cortespdding change In the fittings , cut outs , wl ln \ ec. : , If ap- plied to existing Instaliatloqa. ' KNO'IOUT NA'I . Three or faurIin e t .I pklng'nais that project about an.1nci'abda th ldewallc ( , In' front of 131 Canal , .streeRturp1shell' % aTh.ise- ment yesterday for hot l' runners , cabmen , bartenders and a wholo\.o\ of ther' ' people says the Chicago Tlmc Herall.1 Under the sidewalk Is an electrl& " light wIre whIch charges the nails. When any pedestrian struck his foot against the nails he would receive a shock and go down In a heap. Cabmen and hotel runners around the arount Union depot saw a man hurryIng to catch a train yesterday morning. When he got In front of where the nails projectEd be shrlelld ant was sent sprawling Into the gutter. Ills satchel wont one way and his hat another. As he gathered hhmelf ' up be fa'd he had been struck by lghtning , but as there had been no flash : he was soon convinced that he was mistaken. Whie this man was brushing the mud of hIs clothes another man came along and stubbed his toe against one of the nails. He , too , was Sent sprawfni . The source of the trouble was then found out , and for hours the spot was watched by an amuse- mont loving crowd Late In the afternoon Officer Derrig eard I of the nails , and he reported - ported the case to time fro department The fun was soon stopped. - A WISE nULE. TIme wisdom of the rule of enjoInIng the stoppage of electric cars on the nEar sIde rather than on tIme farther side of the street Is demonstrated by a correspondent , who says that , having stopped before crossing timeline line of rIght angle travel the car Is much more likely to be under the thorough control of the motorman than If It were driven across thl Intersectng thoroughfare at full sp et. Whie waiting for cars passengers have a tendency to stand at tIme crossing , and as the train rushes by them before coming to a stop under the old method , many men , ant even some women , are tempted to clamber aboard and talc a scat \ tile the cars are still In motion . There Is the same temptation for passengers to alight In order to avoid being carried too far Under the new plan Intend- lug paslengers approach the C1S as they come to a stop , walkIng toward them and not with timem I Is said that time ncar-crossing stop which has been conclusl'e1y : tested In Dalt- more and other eastern cites , saves many lives an1 [ accidental Injuries TIme managers ot many lines say tmey will never go back to the old mnetimod , and In some states there IB talk of Inducing legislation to compel all transportation lines to adopt the new system A SICK BENEFIT A novel idea tn telephone practice has been put Into execution by a New England company. A letter haD been sent to al physicians In New Haven stating that In many cases of sutden attacks of Illness a telephone from the house of a patent to niB resIdence of a Ilhysiclan would be of the greatest yslue. To meet this need the corn- pany announced that upon the request of a person In the city Imlt [ ' , ndorsed by the physician attendant , a tle'pitone t would be placed In the house for h' rirlod of thirty days for the sum of $5 , ' aM' If the family wished then to contnu 'llhd service time same rates would be mad fet -each : succeed- log month. TIme plan jolmtises to be an unqualified succors , as polltses semethlna of satisfaction In I for evt ) one concern d. The calls on the doctor with b' more numer- ous , and hy the time thl .patent . recovers th9 telephone will probably have become so indispensable that It will bellcpt on , to the manIfest benefit of the cempa ) ELECTRIC SEALING. The escape of gas has alwalil' ' been a source of lose and deterioration In the. urlng of cham- pagne , but heretofore no 'perr ct process of alr.tght sealing was knowl Champagne boles are now sealed elotrJCly , ant the escape of gas Is mate Impoulble. The cork and part of the neck are el\Ned with a thIn layer of copper electrically 11epot'Hed , The deposit may be gilt , silvered or given any desired shade , In special baths , and the process can be extended to the sealing of boles for mineral waters , preserves , and a variety of prOducts Time neck ef the bottle Is covered with a conducting substance , such as black lead , zee , or copper powder , and I plunged Into a galvanic bath , which Is prepared - pared for the el ctro.teposHlon of copper. The bottles are simply Inserted In holu In the cover ot time bath , neck down , and when . layer ot 2-10 to 3-10 of a millimeter of copper has been deposited the current Is . stopped. _ _ _ _ S- ItELiGIoUS. - - The venerable Father S. R. Delgs , a plo- , fleer of Methodism In Illinois , died at Plain- i field , Ill . , recently at the age of 94. When the cable and trolley cars replaced the here cars In Baltimore the plan of selling old car at low prIce was adapted and the eJ : were put to a varIety of uses. They have I been made the cabIns of houseboats , peram- bulatng dairy lunch rooms cow stables and chicken coops , but It hu remained for the . i'lrst Colort Baptst church of MOlnt Wlh.1 ' InRton to get two old cars and turn them Into , a church I In the Montana Methollst conference at helena the question of admitting women to' < time general conference 01 time saute footing as decided In favor of the a len was \ women by a , 'otl of3tto4 , I Time Ira of founding a modern unIversity , < In Jerusalem his mt wih the approval of the I Hebrew Journal , which 8)'S : "Steps ha\'e , Already been taken to collect the neeesur funds , anti the Alliance Israelite Utmiversehie I has received numerous large donations for the purpose. Such an institution would be of i value In developing the cl\ural progress of the holy Land to keEl ) pace with its raplll . strides . " : In material vrosperity. . . Rev . Dr. R. S. McArthur of Calvary flap- , lst church , New York City , hat . a pleMnt , but brief stay In Japan recently . lie saw ? much to admlrc In the achievements of thc I missionaries In Japan , and he advocates liolil' 3 Ing here next year a grand convocation of I missionaries of all sects , to be met by cml- , nent clerg'men and evangelical workers : from Europe and America There has been computed , "on the basis of the latest scientific and statistical sources i accessible , " a suggestive table of the dis- trlbuton of the people of the globe aeconl- log to their religions. This table Is pub- ( I Ished In the Deutsche Krchenzelung ( tier3 bin ) . The populaton of the earlh Is est- mated at 1,500,000,000 , distributed as follows : , Europe , 381,200,000 ; Africa , 127,000,00 ; Asia , 854,000,000 ; Austral'a 4i30OOO : Amerlcl , 133- . G70OOO : total , 1,500,000,000. The leading religions . } Iglons are represented by the following fg- mires : Protestant Christians , 160,000.000 : ito- titan Catholic ChrIstians , 23,000,000 : Greek Christans , 105,000,000 ; total ChrIstians . 500 , - ( 000000. Jews. 8.000,000 : lohammetlus , 3 ,108,000.000 , ; heathens , 812,000,000 ; total non- Christians , 1,000.000,000. , Rev Robert J. Fulton , who died at the Jesuit college In San Jose , Cal. , recently - centy , was not only one of the most emai- : , nent Jesuit priests In this country , but a remarkable - , markahle man In other respects lie was a . i VirgInian by bIrth , related to some of the i loathing famies of that state , and to cx- , President harrison , and the son of a Presby- : , terlan father and a Roman Catholic mother , : who after her husband's death became a nun , ; ant was for years , until hcr death , mother : superIor of the convent of the Visitation at : Georgetown , n. C. Robert Fulon was a pave In the senate when Webster ant Clay were , members , and his first desIres were to enter the army throuph \Vest Point , but he changet his plans and became a priest. - . . \VO'i.tN'S . 1.\ I , . \ . Madeline 0 Iti-idges. You will love me ? Ah , I Iwo\ As men love-no better dear. \\orshll ? Yes , n month or so. Tenderness ? lerhaIs a year . After that , the Quiet sense . Of los esslon : cancer care , And the \alm indifference 'rhal all married lovers wear. Dame you , dearest 1 Not at mill. As Fate made you , so yomm stand ; AR Fate malle you , so you fail , ' Par below Love's high demand. Yet how strange Is Love's . deep law ! I can look you throlHfh and through Tracing plainly Nature s flaw In the heart she gave to you ; KnowIng all 1) ' heart must stake , All the danger , nil the fear And yet glad , even so , to make This my baltic bargain . , dean SIII.le of I"N"I , ii SmmrveilJmmce. Dab - wrote two tales which were pUblshtt In the Moscow wspaper , MlYS a wrier In the \'eslmlnter : Review. In one of these one of the characters Is a gypsy woman a thief. She hides herself , and they se3lc , but cannot find her ; the local authories are ap- plied to and they also look for her In vain. Dal served In a go\'ermuent office , and for his "offense" was called before the authori- ties ant .olt to chooo ' between writing and servIce , The censor represented the matter moler to the emperor In the following manner : Although Dal by his story Inspires the pub lie with 'distrust In authorities , yet he does I without evil Intention , and as the works do not emi the whole contain anythIng harmful , , he cQJdered : It sufcient to cen- sure . , Agaln th , , ; author Coimt , . Ijvaroff , . In. writing a book I on Greek antiquities : , 'had.a great teal of trouble whim the . , He \vas vlh censor : : was not per- mltell .to refer' to emperors as hvlng been killed , but was ordered to state that they had died , 01 perIshed ; DEWEY . STONE FURNITURE ' COMPANY. Special S Sale BOOKCASES Over 200 B'ylos in oak and ma- 1 : ogany . This sold ouk $1,1 bookcase l'e- duced to $8 . 65 This is the last week of our Special Sale. You cau't afford to le 1 pass , as these plccs wl novol' be l'oplatcd. 1111.FARNAM 11W STREET 115 117 I HEART and NERVOUS I I DISEASES arc heat a. Clralo I. oilier dlaeaaea I u'heu 1'101'111IrrlleI , rlen 1vuus' , . / . . . IIuUI l"/.lell" Ilou 101 IIII.0. / DJI. LBONIAnDT , LIJcoln , Neb Ora'xcc , 121 Q St Iouns , : TO 5 flAShY. I . . PENNYC ' & Lisa ' lllamoDd PILLS " . . ' , . OlIn.1saa . . , Ouly . O" . . . . I .A,1 , .l's7 rliiLta. I I . LAbica , e.t . . Ff f - iJtg1It ror CBiAater. g.rmt.s vi.- It . , . Clt' ' ' , 0. . ' .o.d 3rz'i.1 I. Red inS 'oIS . , mafto . .eim.4 1ll f.DJ : . a. ' 1'i , . no , . . Olh. , . J . " . " "f't . - , . , - " . . 40.1..n. . At . . It.u' ' . ' . o . . .4- . . . I. .ID ror j.titst.'u ' , .lm.al.1 iuJ . . . . . 'ilslY fur J..ll."Miit.r , by vt.ru V. 1.1..1. ' MI . I.I oOt ) / .I : ' : , i , : 4a.r. l t - 0 La ( II.I..I.r . cL..1 . _ VoU. 1'kd.re . : . U ! I . - ' - _ 9 : . ' i Jtiittpiiig froi-n , ; I Brooklyn Bridge : . . 't ' I ) 1 4' And buying [ rom INSTALLMENT SI lARKS ' are considered equalr hazardous I is no longer : > ' . f necessary to pay 3 or 4 prces for the poorest , 't I quality of goods , MANUFACTURED AND ! : r'f \ KE PT ONLY BY SUCh PEOPLE The m're , . Y \ ' intelligent 1 have learned that : f 1tm ) There Are Others . In the FURNITURE AND ! CARPET busitiess' Since our opening here last MARCH we have 4' made thousands of friends and customers from - among all classes of citizens , who rcognfzc . in us " ' T2' . the only ' , 4 't 4 i' House FUrt1istlerS Where goods are sold 01 their merts , \Ve show , you the newest things in every department Fur- niture , Carpetings , Drperies , Crockery , Lamps , Stoves , Ranges , etc. Every article just . \s repr . . -A sentcd , 't ' At Popular Prices , : jNOTE. . . . m\ " lVe sel for cash , 01' will iimikc terms 10 Sl ' ! . , . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ - 1 , ; ? j LA'I _ 3I 3 - : ' -I - A Few Advantages Offered by the Chicago , ? Iwau"ee & St. I' nut Railway , time short line to Chlcaso. A clean train made up and started trom Omit ha . "OUrCITY JC/'GO , , . . OEDAR RAPIDS MAoinol E/u.DES / ; lrINES Baggage checlced from resIdence 10 des tinatmon . IlcIarn rain service and courteous - teous employes. Entire train lighted hy elo ctrlclr , wih electric reading lalps In every bertit Finest dining car service In t he west , with : meals sel'ved a la carte , or . In other words order what you want and p nr for what you get. 1"I'er leaves union depot - pot daily at GO ; p. m" arriving at Chicago a t I n. m. City Ticket Office . 150t Farnam Street. C. S CARRIER. City Ticket Agent , . - w - . AT THE - - LADIES'BATHAND TOILET PARLORS 109-110 Bee Buiding , A PULL LINE OF MME. YAIE'8 , COSMETICS. , _ - - - -a - a _ - ORCHARD w HOMES [ . , . - NO PLACE ON EARTH Offers greater advantages to the lutelgent settler. One-half the work you now do here wi give four times the results In this wonderfuly pro- duntive country. Twenty to forty acres In this land of plcny ts enough to work anll Is sure to mal" you money. Do the wurknd Ihe results are secured : there Is no such thing as failure. The people are friendly : 6chool9 , churches neWSlapCrs are plenty : ralh'old facilities tine and a sol whose rhhne : 19 umtmmurpassed , all invite the enterprising satan who wants to better - tar his own condition and that of his family . Two Iml Three Crops Can be St ccssfuly Grown the Same Year Timber Is abundant-I.umber Is cheap uel costs nothlns-CatlC arc easily raised and fattened-Grazing Is lute all the 'ear. CLIMATE Is healthy and delightful' land and sea breezes and cool nights. The mean temperature Is 42 to 66 uegrees The average rainfall tl CG lathes : o extreme ot heat or cold ; Bulclent rain for al crops. 20 TO 40 ACRES properly worked makes you more money and makes I easier than the best 160-acre farm In the west. Garden protults are a won erful yield and all bring big prices. Slrawerrle9 peaches , Illums , apricots grapes , pear ; figs , early apples , In fact all email fruits , are sure and pro table crops NO DROUTIS , NO HOT WINDS , NO FLOOD , NO HEATED TERMS , NO ULIZZARDS , NO CuLl SNAIS , NO LOG COLD WINTERS NO CROP AILURE5. The great fruit growing and vegetable raising district of the South ; . J soil that 'ralses anything that grows and I location from which you reach the markets ot the whole count ry. Your fruits al11 arden truck Bold on the ground and placed In chicago St Louis and New Orleans market In 1 to 2t hours-In this garden spot ot America 'rue Most Equable Climate i11 Aiiierica. Orchard Homes : The most carefully relected lands In the best fruit and garden section. . . now offer In tracts of ten to for ty acres at reasonable prices mind terms to those who wish to avail themselves of time wonderful reources ot the cohn- try flow attracting the great tide of immnigrntion. 20 TO 40 ACRES Ia that marvelous region with its perfect climate and rich soil it properety worked will make you more money and make it faster amtd easier titan the best 160-acre farm in the west , Garden products are a immense yield and bring big prices all the year round , Strawberries , arlcoti , plums , peaches , pears , early apples , figs , oranges-nil email truits-ar an early and very profitable crop. GO SOUTH. GO SOUPE This is your opportunity , The people are friendly ; schools eflicleilt ; news. tapers progressive ; churches hibm'al. The cnterpnising man who wamita to bettar the condition of himself anti lila family , should investigate this matter - ter and ha will be convinced. Carefully selected fruit growing mind garden landS in tracts of 10 to 24) acres we now otter on liberal terms nail reasonable prices. Correspondence solicited , CEO.V. \ . AMES , General Agoilt 1617 Fariiarn St. , Omaha , Ne ! , . i-i-rrvt- _ . - _ , _ _ _ _ _ . _ _ _ _ - - _ _ _ _ _ _ - _ , - - - , , , .