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THJ3 OMAHA DAILY JJEK'SUNDAY : , MAKOII 8 , 1890. When RabO was sick , < i * gav < ? When she was a Child , she cri d for work there , making use of the same steam twice. In the triple expansion englno the same steam Is made to do work for all three cylinders , they being constructed of Increao3d diameters ; ao the stcain loses Its force the Increased diameter of the next cylinder makes up for tbe loss In pressure. On steam ers having compound or triple expansion cn- glnc'j , the exhaust steam Is condensed to water again nad the water Io pumped back Into the boiler. The Corlls englno differed from other engines particularly In the man ner In which Its speed was regulated. In the old engines the ordinary flat slide valve was used. In the Corlls engines the valves were circular and made to onclllate- place of sliding. The construction of the governor on the Corllo cngino absolutely controlled the amount ot steam admitted to the cylin der. If the load was light a smaller quantity was admitted ; If the work was suddenly In creased by the starting- additional ma chinery the governor Immediately responded and admitted a larger quantity of steam to take the Increased load , giving the engine at all times a steady and uniform motion. PRINTING PRESS EVOLUTION. , The printing press has shown remarkable development since I860. . In 1835 the New York Tribune had a printing press capable of printing 1,500 copies an hour and three men working from midnight until 6 In the morning could turn out the whole edition. After a long season of experimenting the stereotyping proceys was applied to naws- paper work. In 1861 W. M. Bullock of Pitts- burg built the first web press , but it was BDveral years before he produced the Im proved press capable of turning out 10,000 poifect copies.an hour. In 1871 Richard M. Hoe produced" press which turned out 18,000 papers per hour. Ho soon brought out another press called the double perfecting piczy , which turned out 30,000 papers per hour. Ills next Improvement was a press turning out 48.000 eight-page papers per hour. This wotk Is done night after night , always producing the same result. This ma chine folds the papers and automatically counts them out In bundles ot fifty each. The latest machine from the Hoe com pany Is a pres'3 that prints , pastes , folds and counts at the rate ot 90,000 four-page papers 'an ' hour , 48,000 six or clght-pago papers and 24,000 ten to sixteen-page papers per hour. In the art of printing the new typemaklng and setting machine Is considered a man el. By Its use the melted metal Is run Into a typo , set up and ready for the column before leaving the machine. The New York Tribune has a man at one of thcso machines who has made and pet up 80,000 "ems" In one day. day.An ordinary day's work on one ot these machines Is 48,000 , made and set up ready for the press. Tim types are- not used a second time and after being used once are not distributed In the ordinary way , but are melted up and used over. To America belongs the credit ot the first successful sewing machine. Ellas Hqwo , employed In a machine shop at Boston , con ceived the Idea ot making a sewing ma chine. For five years ho planned and worked at It. In 1845 bis first model was made and In 1846 he secured a patent to use It. In 1847 ho took the machine to England , where ho tried to Introduce It , without success. On returning to Boston ho found parties had constructed machines after his patent. After numerous law suits ho secured his rights In the invention. At the expiration of his patent his invention had netted him $2,000- 000. ADVENT OF THE RAILROAD. The railway industries of the United States date from 1826 , when the first railroad , two miles long , was built at Qutncy , Mass. It wau operated by horses. Originally the rails wore made of wood. Afterward they were covered with an Iron plate. The Introduction of locomotives met with a great deal of op position and the suggestion that they would eventually pull a train of cars twelve miles an hour was considered the talk of a crazy man. From 182C to 1840 only 2,197 miles of rallioad had been built. In 1870 48,000 miles were In operation and In 1895 180,000 miles. Tbe present mileage of the United States Is nearly one-half of the total mileage of the world , being 45 per cent. The Interstate com merce report , 1891 , says ; "There are $10f > 06- 235,410 Invested In the railways of the United States. " No other enterprise lias grown BO rapidly. Tito total earnings for the year ended June , 1893 , were $1,15 ,187.071. divided at follows : Passenger earnings , $301,491,816 , freight earnings , $ $29,053,861 ; tbo balance , about $23,000,000 , represents the earnings for mall and express. This service requires 873C02 employes , 1,300,000 freight cars , 32,000 passenger cars and 35.000 locomotives , also 3,206 Bleeping cars. Nine thousand locomo tives are engage ! In passenger service , 19,000 In freight service , 4.SOQ in switching service and 2,200 In miscellaneous service. Tbe growth ot the locomotive and freight she clung to Exactr Size of5 Bottle. Preparation for As similating ( he Food and Rcgula tint ! the Stomachs and Bowels of SSSlflifflSlSTERI Promotes DijjeslionChrerful' ness and Rest Contains neither Opium Morphine nor.Mineral , NOT NARCOTIC , Xret Bi rttSc H'ttm J Cttnfaft ' Suya Apcrfcct Remedy TorConslipn- lion. Sour Stomach. Diarrhoea. \Vorms.Convulsions.Fcvcrish- ncss and LOSS OF SLEEP D = . INVENTIONS OF A CENTURY J. H , McDonnell's Lecture Before the Metho dist Ohautauqua College. , AMERICA HAS MOVED UP TO THE FRONT Detailed HlNinry of the Improvement * * Miidu in Mcelmiiiciil AiM > llniieeH by the Skilled Workmen in Thin Country. At the Chautauquoi college of the First Methodist Episcopal church , held last Mon day night , J. II. McConnell , superintendent ot motive power and machinery of the Union Pacific railway system , delivered a leoiure on "American Industries and Inven tions of the Nineteenth Century. " In dis cussing the oubject , Mr. McConnell said : When wo Investigate the growth of Ameri can Industries and Inventions In the nine teenth century , from a mechanical stand point , the first to attract our attention Is Ful- ton'u steamboat on the Hudson river. In the year 1807 the Clermont was completed and made the first trip on Friday , August 4 , from New York to Albany in thlrty-olx hours. The return trip was made in thirty hours. i While Robert Fulton was not the first man to construct a steamboat , ho was the first man to make a success of the steamboat , as all other attempts previous to 1807 were failures. The Clermont , after the first trip , was established as a regular passenger boat tetween New York and Albany. During the winter of 1808 she was enlarged and In the JollowluB spring began running again as a regular boat. In 1812 Fulton built two steam ferry boats for crowing the Hudson river and one for the East river. In 1814 Fulton propowd plans for a war vessel to bo pro pelled by steam. Congress passed an act the same year authorizing the building of one or moro floating batteries for coast de- tense. Fulton wan appointed the engineer for the constructlcn of the first vessjl. in June. 1814 , the keel was laid , and In October the boat was launched. By May , 1816 , her engine was put aboard. July 4 , 1815 , the first otoam man-of-war eveqr built made the trial trip to the ocean and back , a distance of fifty-three mllN , In eight hours and twenty minutes by the force of steam. In Septnnbor the complete armament was placed aboard and another trip was made ta the ocesn and back , the vessel going at the rate of five and one-half miles per hour , The vesiel was nnmeil the Fulton , the First. In 1811 Fulton built Jio steamboat Orleans. The first trip was mai3 - to New Orleans In 1812 , time fourteen days. Ho alno built at Plttsburg in 1814a steamboat called tht Vesuvius. While Fulton was bullaing hit Clermont John Stevcno was building tbo Phonlx In Now Jersey. It was completed shortly nftw the Clermont commenced her regular trips. Fulton having been granted a monopoly ot steam navigation on the Hud- won , the Phenlx could not run on that river , Elevens , however , was bold enough to take his vesoel out to sea In order that it might bo put In ecrvlco on the Delaware river , and John Stevens was the first man to navigate the ocean by steam. The first trip across the ocean by utcamvao made by the Savannah In 1819 from Savannah , Ga. , to Russia by way of England. She returned direct from 6U Petersburg , Hunsla , to New York In twenty-six days , A RACU ON THE HUDSON. In 1809 a company was formed In Albany as an opposition steamboat line to Fulton's beat , and In September the first vessel waa advertised to leave at the same tlmo as Ful ton's. Incitement ran high , Both vessels left Albany together , each capta'n deter mined on reaching Now York first. For a long distance the contest was even and It waa not until New York was almost reached that Fulton's proved Itself to be the fastest beat. On bsard the Clermont was Prof. Kemp ot Columbia college and as It left the other behind after a thirty-hour struggle , the profeuor held out a cell of rope to Cap tain Stout , offering to tow htm Into port , Conilder the feelings of the passengers , wrought up to the highest pitch by the In- tcnua excitement , and what a sigh ot relief must have escaped them as they pauod the slower boat and the race was won. Can you Imagine those two boats tearing- down ihi Hudwi , river at the tremendous speed r ot flvo miles an hour ? Fulton Is therefore entitled to an Invention which has ccst a great many lives and destroyed an Immense amount of property steamboat racing. As new boats were placed In service on the Hudson the- speed was Increased. In 1820 the tlmo was reduced between New York and Albany to twenty hours ; in 1825 to fourteen houro and thirty minutes ; In 1870 to seven hours. The Daniel Drew , In 1860 , on the Hudson river made twenty-two miles an hour against tbo tide. Previous to 1815 It required four months to make the trip on a flat boat from Now Orleans to St. Louts. The steamer Enter prise , built In 1815 , made the trip from New Orleans to Louisville In twenty-five days two hours and forty minutes ; In 1819 the steamer Paragon made the run In eighteen days and 10 hours ; In 1834 the Tuscorrora , in savon days , sixteen hours ; In 1840 the Ed Shlppen In five days , fourteen hoursand In 1853 the Eclipse In four days , n'nc hours and twenty minutes. In 1844 the J. M. White made the run from Now Orleans to St. Louts , distance of 1,218 miles , In three days , twenty- three hours and nine minute ? . This was not equalled until the famous race In 1870 between the R. E. Leo and tbo Natchez , when the former boat rnade the run In three days , eighteen hours and fourteen minutes , beating the Natchez by six hours. For Inland service American steamboats arc superior to any In the world. THE FIUST TELEGRAPH LINE. In the year 1832 , while returning from a voyage to England , Prof. Morse conceived the idea of the electric telegraph. After a great many experiments and discourage ments In Now York In 1835 he put In opera tion hlii first model. The matter was brcught before the public In 1837 , when he secured his patent. In 1838 a bill was In troduced In congress to appropriate $30,000 to construct a telegraph line between Haiti- more and Washington. The proposition was looked upon as wild and visionary and ridiculed by the American people. After somg delay the bill passed and the line was completed In May , 1844 , when the first mes- lage was sent a few days later. May , 27 , 1844 , a message was sent from Baltimore to Washington saying : "James K. Polk has been nominated for president by the democratic convention In session , " An evening paper published the dispatch and It was everywhere ridiculed. When the morning train from Baltimore brought the confirmation of the message Morss's triumph and fortune were assured , The Improvement In the stationary engine In the United States was not very marked until about 1850. Engines were not con structed with any particular view to fuel economy , Some were running , consuming twice the quantity of fuel necessary to do the work. The Corlls engine , invented by George II , Corlls of Providence , U. I. , created - ated a revolution In stationary engine build ing and It has. been extensively copied all over Europe. When the first Corlls engines wore built Mr. Corllo offered the proprietors of the James mills at Nowburyport to re place their engines with Corllo engines and toke for his pay $10,000 Incash , or live- times the price ot the fuel his englneu uvcd In one year over those In operation. They be ing considered very economical oh fuel , 10,483 pounds of coal per day wag the averaga amount used for flvo years. It was decided to accept the proposition on the fuel saving baslj. The now Corlls engines were run one year from December 3 , 1855 , and It was found that the average amount of fuel used per day wag 5.G90 pounds. The coal being reckoned at $0 per ton. Mr. Corlls received for his engines 119,734.22. HIGH SPEED ENGINES. In 1852 Mr. Corlls contracted with Crocker Bros , of Taunton , Map ? . , to furnish them with an engine to do the same work with two tons ot coal per day that they were doing with five tons , and agreed to pay them $1 per pound for every pound of coal hl engine consumed over two tons per day , Ills con tract was Buccesjfully carried out. The In troduction of the electric light lias produced a largo number of what are termed high- sped engines , particularly adapted to fact .running machinery. Dy their UN a email engine running at a high rate of speed Is msdJ to develop the same power as a much larger engine running at a dow speed , The high-speed onglneo run at a rate ot frrm 300 to 350 revolution ! per minute , while old typo of engine ? ran from tfxty to ninety revolutions per mlntc. The Immense amount of power required In large manufacturing ostabllrhmenU and the large ocean uteamers has brought out the compound and triple expansion engine. The compound engine bas one high and on low pressure cylinder. After the steam nan done Its work In the high pressure cylinder It enters the low pressure cylinder and perform * the tame car Is nn Interesting study. The first loco motives weighed about four tons , and did not Increase mucb.abavortwcnty tons until after 1850. , From" 1850 tos 1870" there wao a marked increase In the size and weight. En gines were built In 1S70 weighing sixty tpns. In 1892 a number were built weighing eighty tons. Tills ueight does not include the ten der. One of the latter engines , with tender full of watar and coal , weighs 130 tons. The flr t locomotive , with tender , did not weigh to exceed seven tons. Previous to 1850 the ordinary freight car weighed five tons and carried a load of five tons. The modern freight car weighs 35,000 pounds , and carries a load of GO.OOO pounds. The former car and load weighed 20,000 poundo , while the modern car and load weighs 95,000 pounds. / Since 1870 the transportation of fruit , vege tables , dressed beef , and other perishable goods has brought the refrigerator car Into use. It has Insured the successful trans portation of Irult from California to New York. Meat can bo carried with safety long distances. COST OK SOME CARS. The furniture car is of recent date. Some ot these ? are are fifty feet long and are used for the transportation of furniture , wagons , agricultural Implements and articles of large bulk and light weight. The transpor tation of oil In bulk now requires a tank car holding 5,000 gallons. Special stock cars for cattle and horses are nowIn common use. All of these special features have in creased tbo cost. A refrigerator car costs from $925 to $1,000 , furniture cars about $625 , the modern box car about $525. The lncreai'3 In size and capacity of the modern equipment has been occasioned by competi tion , decrease in rates and the transporta tion of perishable freight , which could not be transported long distances until these cars were provided. The refrigerator car has concentrated the packing houoes In a few largo cities. The passenger car equipment has Increased In size , weight and magnifi cence In the last twenty-five ycais. Previous to I860 there were not many sleeping cars In service. After their Introduction the public dema'nd required their adoption en all trunk lines. When first introduced they weighed CO.OOO pounds. This weight has been Increased to 100,000 pounds. Originally they coet $12,000 , ar.1 a number are In serv ice today coating $28.000. A modern pawan- ger car or tleeplng cir has gaa light , steam boil , hot and cold water , and are a perfqct palace compared with cars Ucnty-nvp years ag'o. With better equipment the speed lias been Increased. In 1870 twenty-two miles an hour was the average speed of a passenger train. It required slx days and twelve hours to go from New York to San Francisco. The trip Is now made In about four dsyoj three days from Chicago .to San Francisco and cmo day from New York to Chicago. In 1870 the Journey from Omaha to Ogden required fifty-two hours ; It Is now made In thirty hours. With Increased speed and comfort the public gets cheaper faro and still they want It. for less. The first American locomotive was built at the West Point foundry In 1830. After uinnlng a short time It blew up and an other was built by the same company , m January , 1831 , the naltimoro & Ohio railroad offered $4 000 for the best anthracite coal burning locomotive , weighing three and a halt tons , capableof drawing fifteen tons , fifteen mllew an hour' ' on a level. In Janu ary 1833 , M. W- Baldwin of Philadelphia built the old Ironildc. This engine W AMEmCANLOCOMOTIVES THE BEST. In 1833 Richard Norrls of Philadelphia built a locomotive that hauled 19,200 pounds up a. grade 3C9 feet to the rnlle The engine weighed BSvwi tonj.l The performance of this engine attracted attention la EngUnd , Sev eral of this class vrtrei ordered nd tnnt over , where they performed > very successfully. As the railroads Increased the locomotlva facto ries Increased. Tlis Baldwin Locomotive ) works of Philadelphia Is today the oldest and largest In the country ; They hove a capacity for turning out J.00 ? "ew locomotives per year. They have eent them to all parts of the world. This ytar they are rending to IluEsla forty locomotives for the Russian gov ernment. Last yer the Brooke Locomotive works sent sixty1 locomotives to Brazil. The locomotive works of the United States liavo a capacity of 2,500 locomotives iwr year. The American locomotive Is superior to any built In the world and \ a UUtlnct type. There Is a similarity In all the European engines , nearly all arc copied from English manufacturers. Previous to 1870 a large portion tion of the locomotlvco In service * In the United Blat.'a were about thirty ton engines. The IncreaseIn the size and weight of trains has resulted In engine * for freight : wrvlce weighing sixty , seysntj and eighty tons , while the Increased speed demanded for paiosnger trains requires fifty and sixty ton engines for Uiat service. Th limited tralni belwftea N w York and Chicago , making about 1,000 miles In twenty- four hours , are no longer considered fast. Tbo Empire State express between New York and Buffalo runs at the rateof lifty-two miles an hour , including stops. On short runs a speed of 112 miles an hour has been attained. An ordinary eight-wheel locomotive weighing fifty tons costs about $8,000 , while the heavier engines cost from $10,000 to $11,500. From 18G1 to 1808 thcra was a great demand for locomotives. As high as $26,000 was paid for the same Iknd of locomotives that can now bo purcf.iased for $7,000. The Introduction of ste l rails In place ot Iron commenced about 1860. They coot $120 per ton and were Im ported from England. When the manufacture of steel pills commenced under the protective tariff In the United States , the- price declined. During the year 1SD5 steel mils' were eold In the United States for $20 per ton. MILES AND MILES OF CARS. The weight of a rail is given as so much pr yard. A seventy pound rail means sev enty pounds per yard. Rails are thirty feet In length. Some years ago twenty-six feet was the length , but now thirty feet io stand ard. The average life ot a st l rail Is about thirteen yeara In the last twenty years the Increare In the > weight of engines and cars haq made It necessary to entirely replace all the bridges and rails on all the trunk lines tf the United States. In fact , there Is practically nothing left of the railroad of twenty years ago. ago.Englneo , cars , bridges , rails and ties have all been replaced with new. As the ties last about flvo years , they have been replaced four times. The WestlnghouBS air brake Is pne of the Important American Inventions of the last thirty years. It Is now In use on railroads In all parts of the world. Its application to passenger trains commenced In 1869. For five years It advanced slowly. Railroad com panies were disposed to be conservative In adopting It. After 1875 It was rapidly ap plied to all pamcnger equipment. By the use of It on passenger cars the Increased safety In handling trains led to its appli cation to freight cars. Increased speed of all trains brought out the brake applied to the driving whee-ls of the locomotive. In the railroad service ot the United States there nro 410,000 freight and pawcnger cars and 28,000 locomotives with air brakes. The cost of an air brake on a passenger car IB $100 , on a freight car , $40 , and on a locomotive the equipment of air brake and driver brake cost about $600. It was not until 1850 that horse cars were used In the United States. After their SUC CESS was' established here they were adopted m England. The fir ft English Direct car line was built at Berkenhead , England , In 1860 by George Francis Train. In 1869 horse cars were Introduced In Liverpool. In 1873 the first cable street railway In the world was put In operation on Clay street , San Fran cisco. U was built by A. S. Hallldie. His friends refused to assist him , as the enter prise was looked upon with derision and con sidered visionary , DECLINE OF THE HORSE CAR. Notwithstanding the opposition , the line was completed and put In operation In August to the surprise of everybody but Mr. Hallldlo , ItYBS a success. After three years service other lines were established In San Francisco. In 1879 Robert Glllham of Kansas City turned his attention to the prac ticability of a cable line for that city , but met with marked opposition from the people there. Receiving the money and Influence of eastern capitalists he built the first cable line and put It In operation In Kansas City In 1885. It was considered that while It might do for a country where there was no winter , It would he Impossible to operate It in winter time , as frost and snow would pre vent Its operation , Kamus OHy and Chicago demonstrated to the world that a cabe | line could be operated successfully In winter weather. The cable syptem waa finally adopted In England In 1883. At Ihe present time there are 857 street lallwaye In operation In the United States , with a trackage of 13.176 miles , rep resenting a capital of $520,745,823 , with 45- 353 horses in service , 2,607 dummy cars , 12- 663 motor cars and 30,857 passenger cam. The rapid Increase of electricity applied to street car service has displaced 145,000 horooa since 1891. The first successful steam flro englno was built at Cincinnati in 1852 and tested before A committee of the city council. At the teot , steam was raised from ccld water , the engine started , and water discharged from tbe nozzle to the dlitance of 130 feet through 350 feet of hose In four minutes and ten seconds from the time smoke was seen to Issue from the stack. The city council con tracted for an engine of the same character. When delivered It was placed in charge p < a company organized * ud paid by the city , When she had Children , she gave th tn This is the first record of any paid flro department In th'o world. In the year 1837 , In Connecticut , the first clock with a braaa movement was manu factured. It ran thirty hours. The first brass eight-day clock was not manufactured until after 1841 , when all parts of the clock were made by machinery. In 1853 and 1851 880,000 clocks were manufactured each year. The Yankee clock is sold all over the world. Tbo first watch made In the world , entirely by machinery , was made at Roxbury , Mass. , In 1853. The parties forming the first com pany were A. L. Denlson , E. Howard , D. P. Davis and Samuel Curtis. The location at Roxbury was unfortunate on account of the fine dust from the clay soil. The company afterward built an extensive plant at Wal- tham , Mass. , called the American Watch company. It turned out annually 80,000 watches. A machine for the manufacture of solid head pins was Invented by L. W. Wright of Massachusetts. He carried It to England , and In 1833 the first solid head pins were sold. In 1840 John J. Howe patented another machine for making pins. In 1846 a number ot pin machines were Invented. Few suc ceeded In doing good work. There la a firm In Waterbury , Conn. , having an Improved machine for making pins , that turns out 8,000,000 pins each day. The wire Is run Into the machine from a reel , cut to the right length , headed , pointed and dropped Into the hopper of the sticking machine. This machine arranges them and sticks them In papers , and they come out ready for the market , and wo wonder what becomes of all the pins. HERE THE REAPER CAME IN. In 1834 Cyrus H. McCormlck obtained a patent for his reaper. No machines were made for sale before 1840 , as ho found It needed a number of Improvements. For six years ho worked at the machine , Improv ing It after each harvest , each one built by hlmrclf In his father's blacksmith shop at Walnut Grove , Va. when ho was finally able to build one machine per week. In 1844 the first consignment was shipped to Cincinnati , where a factory was started the same year. In 1846 he moved to Chicago. In 1855 , In a trial of American reapers against the world , near I'arls , thrco ma chines were entered , one American , one Eng lish and one Algiers , each machine to cut and rake one acre of oats. The American machine did Its work In twenty-two minutes , the Englloh In sixty-six minutes , and the Algerian In seventy-two minutes. At a subsequent trial ot three other machines of English , French and American manufacture , the American machine cut Its acre In twenty- two minutes , while the others failed. The contest was finally narrowed down to three machines , all of American manufacture. Each performed tbo work to the astonish ment and satisfaction ot the Judges. In 1867 at the Parts exposition , In a field trial , tbo McCormlck reaper defeated all competitors and demonstrated on two occasions the su periority of the American reaper against the world. The Bell telephone was patented May 8 , 1876 , and was first exhibited at the Cen tennial In Philadelphia by the Inventor , Alexander Graham Bell. At first It was considered a toy and the American people did not take to It. In 1877 Bell took It to England and could not dltposo of one-half the European right for $10,000. March 1 , 1880 but 183 telephones were In use In the United States. Three years later 890 were In use. They have become &o common now everybody has them. O. L. Sholes of Wisconsin IB the Inventor ot the present typewriter , B. B. Hotchklss of Connecticut Invented the breech-loading cannon. Meeting no success In the United States ho took It to Europe where It met with favor and he a fortune. The gimlet-pointed pcrew was Invented by Thomas W. Harvey of Providence , R. I. , In 1838. 1838.Thcmas Blanchard of Massachusetts In vented tbe lathe for turning Irregular shapes , such as gun stocks , wagon spokes , ahoe lasts , hat blocks , ax handles and many other Ir regular forms. After working six years he Invented and patented a machine that made 500 tacka per minute. THE AGH OF ELECTRICITY , In 1876 Charles F. Brush of Cleveland , 0 , , patented a dynamo which has made the present system of arc lights succzEsful. He also Improved the arc lamp , making the Brush are light the first successful cne In this country , During tbe early part ot this century an Invention was perfected which has made the Inventor famous ; the date Is not clearly stated. The patent office contains no record of Ita having been patented. Jt seems to have been given to the world for the benefit of mankind. History does not say the inventor realized a fortune from It. While U falls to glv * tbo Inventor , U speaks ol the Invention as the wooden nutmeg ol Connecticut. The preesnt Incandescent electric llgh't ! the result of the labor of Thomas A. Edison , who worked and experimented for several years before he produced the present lamp. The phonograph is another of his inventions , lie also constructed an electric locomotive. Since 1880 electricity has been applied to n great variety of work formerly done by , steam power. Some mines arc operated entirely by It , furnishing power for hoisting , lighting , running pumping machinery and drills. Small shops are operated by dyna mos In place of steam engines. It Is alaa used to run sowing machines , passenger elo valors , and It Is successfully used for heat Ing and cooking. The expenpo of the cookIng - Ing apparatus so far has prevented Ita general use. With the storage battery It la. used to propel small boats. In street car service over 12,000 cars are operated by it In this country alone. In the last five years a number of electric locamotlves have been built. The Brooklyn Elevated railway 1 now snitching trains with electric locomo * lives In place ot steam. Th's system MB also been adopted on one of the elevated roads In Chicago. Last year the Baltimore * & Ohio railway placed In operation an elec tric locomotive In the Baltimore tunnel. It Is successfully handling freight and passen ger trains and It Is claimed does bettor work than steam locomotives of the same ) wclsht. Last summer the Nantasket branch ot tbo New Havetj railway was operated by an electric , locomotive. On one of the trials ! It was claimed a speed of eighty miles an hour was obtained. A now cngino has just been completed by the-Baldwin Wcstlnghousa company , which Is expected to haul a greater lead and make greater fpced than any steam locomotive now In service. , The construction of the electric power plant at Niagara Falls will eventually make Buffalo a great manufacturing city. When wo see what has been accomplished by electricity In the last fifteen years wo look with Interest and anxiety to the future to know what ! In store for us. ItHMGIOUS. In all the world there Is but one man that can read the translation ot tbo blbla Into the language of the aborigines , which was made by a Mr , Eliot In what Is now. Paxton , In 1649. That man Is the well known antiquarian and scholar , Trumbull of Hartford , Conn. Bishop Churchill Julius ( Anglican ) ot Christ church , New Zealand , has becomq noted for his nccentrlclties. A few yeard ago he Insisted on personally laying tbe lost ntono on the restored spire of his cathedral , and now ho Is eurpris'iig iood : churchmen by riding a tricycle In public. The London Telegraph says : "His ex cellency , Hon. T. K. Bayard , the Amer ican ambassador , has fixed Monday , Juna 29 , for the laying of the foundation Rtona of the John Robinson Memorial church. Galneborcugh , tbe original homo ot man/ of the Pilgrim Fathers. The deputation ot American Congrcgatlonallttu who , are to visit England tills summer will take part In the proceedings. " Albert Seeman of Wllkesbarro , Pa. , h-a a ring which ho believes to bo the wedding ring of Martin Luther , It purports to bo one of the two which the Kurfurst of Branden burg had made symbolical of the life and the crucifixion of Christ , and which were presented to Martin Lutlicr and his wfa ! on their wedding day. U came Into possession of the Secmans In 1867 , while they were at Stockholm , Sweden. A Gardiner , Me , , religious spelety , which waa BO unwise as to go Into the postage , etamp collecting business , has found out that It does not pay , The pastor of the church succeeded In accumulating 91,000 ( stamps , which he sold for $10 , but ho Is now- kept to busy answering letters from persons who wish to know how ho did It that ha expects to be obliged to spend all of hla hard-earned $10 for new stamps. A titrong movement Is being planned by the Congregational , Prctbytcrlan , Baptist , EpUcopal , MothodUt and some other min isters In Brooklyn ugalrU'V the cuttom of conducting nervlceu at the grave after the regular funeral exercises In the tiouto of church , A statement was read from many , pulpits on Sunday , and the reasons for the ' * cha'nge In practice were given , It Is aeeertedi j that the presant cuutom Is a needless upon the strength and health of clergymen. / It Is a fact that services at tbe grave are * not as frequent an formerly , but tbe old J * cut/torn llngera. It U prcbablo that many , . ' people wlli be disposed to crltlclwj the mlu Isteri , but their view ID pretty certain ta prevail IB the end , '