Newspaper Page Text
THE OHAIIA DAILY * MJ& JSitTtfnDAY , M All Oil 14 , 1890.
HEROIC DEEDS OF SOLDIERS Thrilling Incidents of Individual Courage Onlled from the War Records. TIMES THAT TRIED MEN'S SOULS llnntnndc Cnrorr nnd I'ntlictlc Drnili v of CJt-ii. Ij-tlc ( Ion. Ollvcr'n Cnur- lit n TlKM rince Oilier Dccdn of Vnlor. "Lytle1 * Hill" they call It the place where Ccr.ornl William Hnlncs Lytle , the poet- warrior , fell at Chlcknmauga , writes the "Washington correspondent ot the Globe- Dcmoctat. There Is no more touching ntory 5n the history of the civil war than that of the author ot the Immortal poem , "I Am Dying , Kgypt , Dying. " The regiment which Colonel Lytlo commanded was mostly com posed ot young Irishmen , and when the regi ment left for the front the Irish admirers of the gallant colonel piesented him with a magnificent black charger of noble breed and bearing the Irish name , "Faugh-a-Ballaugh , " or "Clear the Way. " The regiment was also presented with a sot of colors , the patriotic offering ot the women of Clnclnattl. The flags v.cre presented by Hon. Bellamy Storcr and In accepting them Colonel Lytle , among other tilings , said : "Sir , tell the women there Is not n man In tlicnn ranks who will not shed his heart's blood like water beneath these colors. When the war Is over we will bring them back to the quucn city of the west without spot or blumlsh. You see around you 1,060 men who tcday say goodby to their sweethearts and their friends. Wo make no promises , but when It comes to the clash of steel , re member the Tenth. " Colonel Lytlo and liln regiment were first brought Into action nt the battle of Carnlfex Ferry , fought September 10 , 1801. The regi ment received a crimson baptism and was forever afterward known as "Tho llloody Tenth. " Three succe'sslvo color-bearers were nhot down whllo holding the flag which had ) been worked by their sweethearts- wives , but the dearly prized emblem was not lost. Colonel Lytlo himself , whllo charging with bis gallant steed , was hit by a ball which nlso wounded his horse. The rider came to the ground , but was up again In an Instant , and , snatching a musket , began firing at the foo. His wounded steed plunged on , falling dead within the enemy's works. Colonel Lytle's wound was such as to make ncccs- Kary his retirement from the service tem porarily. He was taken to Cincinnati , where lie waa carefully nursed. When he had suf ficiently recovered he was placed In com mand of Camp Bardstown , Ky. , a camp of rendezvous and Instruction , where about 10,000 troops weio being drilled for war. Ho remained at this post from Jan uary until April , 1862 , and wfls then assigned to the command of the Seventeenth brigade of the Third division of the Army of the Cumberland. Ills arrival at Camp Van Buren. Murfree.- bore , aroused Intense enthusiasm among the troops. His reception was a genuine ovation. Soldiers threw their caps In the air and cheero'l wildly. The next engagement In which ho figured was nt Perryvllle. During this fight his right and left flank became ex posed , and ho was being attacked In over whelming numbers/ asked for re-enforce ments. Ho was ordered by General McCook to hold his ground. Dismounting , ho led li person a charge. A fragment of n shell struck him on the left side of the head bohlnc ! the ear , felling him to the ground. Sergeant Donohuo ran to him and lifted him up. His Wound was of frightful appearance and he . was covered with blood. "Leave mo ; I'm done for. Stand by your colors ! " he said. He was left on the field with his dr.ad orderly , Robb ono of his aids , Lieutenant St. John , and 2G5 out of 528 of the Tenth Ohio . When the confederates came up he was taken prisoner. Ills wound proved not to have been danger ous , and ho was soon released on parole and - .sent homo. An exchange was procured for him and ho was appointed brigadier general In command of the First brigade In the Third division , Twentieth nrmy carpa of the Army 01 the Cumberland , a place made vacant by the death of the bravo and cultured Sill In the battle * of Murfrecsboro. No better description of the final scene In the poet-warrior's grand career can ba given than that which appears In the manuscript Journal of Captain Alfred Plrtlo , who was ar ald-dc-camp on General Lytlo's staff. He say a : "Tho Elghty-elbhth Illlnlos , led by Genera Lytle , charred the enemy nnd took a position on the topf'l a gentle slope. A tew mojnents after the Ttilrty-slxth Illinois Joins them and then the Twenth-fourth Wisconsin moves up to the support of the Thirty-sixth Illinois Our other regiment , the Twenty-first Michi gan , was also soon engaged , and section ot the Eleventh Indiana battery pushed up the hill by hand. The genera ! la sitting on his horse at this time , facing south , his left side toward the enemy , grasping In military style his reins in his left hand ; his sword drawn , the blade slop ing upward , rests upon the reins. His horse Is caparisoned as becomes his rank. Upon his face Is an Indescribable expression , caused by what Is called the "battle flro" a spirit of enthusiasm , brought on by the tremendous excitement of the conflict , which Irradiates every feature , sparkles from the eyes , marks with eharp outlines the curves of the mouth and teems ready to leap forth In words from hla parted lips. "He leans toward me and I bend to catch bis words , whllo ho calmly says with .a firm voice : 'Plrtle , I am hit. ' For an Instant I car.nof speikj my' heart almost ceases to beat , but I say : 'Aro you hit , general ? ' In the spine ; If I have to leave the field you stay hero and. sco that all goes right. ' "Tho enemy's flre Is heavier , Indicating that It Is reinforced , whllo our men drop fast. A moment or two after , in order to strengthen the line , ho sent me away to bring up a regiment that had fallen back below the brow oC the hill. Whllo doing tMs the line began to give way. The gon- cial's horse galloped wildly down the hill nnd I felt that he had fallen from his wound. My horse was wounded by an exploding shell , escaping from mo in his terror and pain , but I made an effort to get back to the epot whcro I had left the general , till the tide of men , retiring In confusion , forced mete to retire from my direct path and I could not approach the scene , as our line was fcoing driven back. " What Plrtlo did not see Is thus described by others who did : .As the confederates were closing In on him General Lytlo Bald to his staff : "All right , , monl We can die but once ! This Is our tlmo and placo. Let us charge ! " The bugles rang out and on they dashed. They had not gone far when a ball struck the gallant commatmer full In the forehead. Ha did not fall from his horse , but ono of his staff officers. Captain Howard Greene , who saw him reel in the saddle , dls mounted , and , catching him In his arms , lowered him to the ground. Captain Greene In his account ot what occurred Bays that before the federals were forced to retreat the general breathed his last. Doubtless this bravo ofllcer. who was killed himself a month later , thought BO , but ox-Governor Gates of Alabama , In relating what he know of the death ot Lytle , In Washington a few days ago , contradicts this. Governor Oatca was the colonel of ono of the regiments which EV.ept Lytie's troops from the field. "As wo came on the enemy's ground , " said Governor Oates , "I noticed a general officer lying among the wounded. I did not know who I'O was , but his uniform disclosed his rank. I asked some of the union soldlero Who wtro lying wounded on that part of tiia field who ho was. They told me It was Lytle. Ho was evidently nearlng his last. The sun , -was shining right In hla face , I ordered tweet ot my men to pick htm up and carry him Into the , shade of an adjoining trc * . There , In a few moments , he died. Major Douglas West ot Central Den's brigade took In keeping tbo ecnwal'ii sword , belt and scabbard , pistol , pocketbook , memorandum book and shoulder straps. That night , " lie saya In o written account , "In our blvouao by the camp flre wo read the papers , letters and scraps of poetry which wa found In the pocketbook , A con federate surgeon , E. W. Thomason. who had been a fellow soldier v/lth Lyllo In Mexico , saw that the body hid proper burial and insrkH the grave. Before the burial he clipped wverai locks of the dead general's hair and vent them to tlie outers of Lytlein ptnclncBll. General Paul A. Oliver , lite captain of the a'wilfth and Fifth New York volunteers , was ono ot Uics * C slilntr. officer * who Intaic-d hi * troops with uch tntlmrtmm and confldetics that they would go as one man vrhereter IIP led. It wan u rally and a brilliant charge whir It lie made at G.tlnM' mill Mint he first dlip'oyed his great soldiery qualities. Ho na9 sorely wounded , but temporarily checked the enemy' * advance. He again distinguished himself nt Kesaca. Colonel Harrlron , altcr- ward president of the United Stale * , was leading the charge. The brigade In the rear began to fire into thrlr own troops under a misapprehension , tnd a panic would have ensued had not Colonel Oliver came to the rescue , and With nreat gallantry and uxec- utlvo ability Straightened things out. Hut It was during thj fighting at Lost Mountain that he gave most striking Instance of that grand courage and perfect comportment under trying circumstances which U U given to few men to posses ? . It became Im perative for General Hutterfleld to com municate quickly orders lo ono of the brjgndes with reference lo Us movemenla and action. To do this It was necessary for the ofllcer Intrusted with the orders to ride across an open field of oats In the presence of the enemy and under flro. General Hut * tcrfluld'a body servant had bwn killed In the Held Just a few moment ! ] before. The gen eral ealectcd Captain Oliver for his messen ger , knowing him to be a splendid rldc > r , and thinking his fine horsemanship would enable him to run the gauntlet In safety. Putting spurs to hla horse , Captain Oliver started off with a dash. As was expected , the rebels opened fire on him. The ground In the field , unknown to General lluttorlleld when ho gave the order , was roft mud , and before ho had gone far his Bleed stuck In the mire. In stead of dismounting , as nlnety-nlno men In 100 would have done when so Imperiled by ex posure to the enemy's concentrated fire , he turned deliberately around , facing the enemy , and saluted them with his cap. This astound ing coolness EO won their mlinlrntlon that they ceased firing Immediately , and ho con tinued on slowly , but In no further danger. Chivalry waa met with chivalry. When his natno wao prbposed for promotion as briga dier general later In the war , General Joe Hooker wrote of him : "Ha Is faithful and fearless In execution. I know of no olllcer ot similar rank who can point to a prouder record ; I know of no officer I would be more rejoiced to have at the head ot a brigade. " On the afternoon of August 3 , when the advance was ordered along the whole line at Atlanta , Ga. , Captain H. W. Lawton of the Thirtieth Indiana volunteers , who \vas brigade officer of the day , went nt the head of his brigade. The union line ex tended for three-quarters ot a mile , and the charge was made to dislodge the enemy from the rifle pits , behind which they had been doing effective firing. Lawton's brigade was , in the center. They gained the pits In the face ot a galling flro and took two com missioned officers and forty-eight men pris oners. The confederates rallied and charged with great fury. Lawton nnd his brigade repulood two attempts to take that part ot the works which he held , but the commands on the right and left both fallng to hold their own , he was finally compelled to re tire. Dennis R Murphy was the color sergeant of the fourteenth Wisconsin Infantry , and his gallantry at Shlloh uas conspicuous , but It was at Corinth that ho proved himself a true hero. The color guard were all either killed or wounded , but , although three times wounded , the gallant sergeant stood his ground to the last , and prevented the cher ished emblem from falling Into the enemy's hands. Colonel Wood was so etruck by his bravery that ho promoted him on the field. field.At At the battle of luka , Lieutenant Cyrus Sears commanded the battery , and had 105 men under his command. In his book on the "Losses of the Civil War-Fox gives the losses of this battery In this engage ment as the heaviest sustained by any bat tery during the war In proportion to the number of men engaged. Their etruggle to hold their guns under the terrible carnage of the enemy's fire was magnificent. The charge against them was made Dy a Texas regiment , and In overwhelming numbers. One ofllcer and sixteen men were killed at their pieces and thirty-five were wounded , a number being bayoneted. When they saw that capture was imminent they still refused to surrender , struggling with the enemy until several of their comrades had suc ceeded In spiking three of the guns. Sears remained In their mldet himself , fighting , hand-to-hand , with the enemy , and sustain ing a severe wound , only wltnarawlng when half his men and all his horses lay rigid In death or writhing In agony , and the guns were fairly In the enemy's hands. At the battle of Storvs niver , In one of the desperate charges which the federals made , Major S. D. Carpenter of the Nineteenth United States Infantry fell mortally wounded. As the federals fell back after their on slaught thp , stricken officer was left on the field between the llneo. It was not known how eerlous his wound was , and great con cern was manifested for him by his com rades. Private J. R. Prentice , a member of his company , volunteered to go out and rescue him. He went under flre of the enemy. When he reached the fallen com mander he found him a corpse. But he took the body upon his shoulders and carried It back to the union line. General Anson G. McCook , who was ono of the commanders in the battle , says of this act : "I saw this soldier leave the line during a temporary lull In tbo battle and go forward to where the body of the fallen Carpenter lay , take It up on his shouldera and carry It back to his command , and the sight of such devo tion and heroism made an Impression on me which shall never be effaced. " At the battle of Bayou Teche , on January 14 , 18C3 , there were engaged on the union side ten regiments , with their batteries , and the gunboats Calhoun , Diana , Kinsman and Estrella. On the rebel stdo there was about an equal land force and the gunboat Cot ton. General Weltzel , who commanded the union forces , called for a volunteer force of sixty men from the Eighth Vermont , Col onel Thomas commanding , to pick off the gunners of the Cotton , who had been doing deadly work. Captain H. P. Dutton of com pany II volunteered to load , and Serg&ant S. E. Howard was among the number who agreed to go with him. The party was con veyed on the gunboat Diana close up to where the remainder of the fleet was en gaged with the Cotton. On reaching a point near enough the Diana was hailed by an officer on the Estrella. Captain Dutton was asked If ho could not send a messenger to Colonel Thomas , whoso regiment had crossed to the left bank , of the bayou and was mov ing up to the attack. Sergeant Howard vol unteered to carry the messages and stepping up to the rail was thus Instructed : "Tell Colonel Thomas if those rllre pits are not cleared in five minutes the Calhoun in lost. She Is aground , Commodore Buchanan lies dead on her deck and her gunners have been driven from their guns. " Howard at once descended Into a small boat and was rowed ashore by two marines. On landing ho started on a run for Thomas' troops. To reach them he was compelled to croBa an exposed part of the field , and as he dashed across this open space a heavy flre from the rebel sharpshooters was di rected at him. He escaped without Injury , dellverd his message , the rlflo pits were cleared by Thomas within the specified time and Howard was made a lieutenant , his commission dating from the day of thla bat tle. For a display of heroic nerve inero are few deeds ot the war which will equal that per formed by Corporal Follett Johnson ot com pany II , Sixtieth Now York volunteers , at New Hope , Ga , The division to which his regiment belonged became heavily engaged and the battle raged until darkness com pelled a cessation of hostilities. T'10 ' Sixtieth New York was In the front line , At daylight the pickets exchanged ahotnv Johnson and his comrades , \vli6 were In the skirmish line In the woods , found themselves exposed to a deadly flre from concealed rebel sharpshoot ers. Several were killed and wounded. By careful reconnolterlng the federals discovered the location of ono of the sharpshooters. Selecting two of his men who were excellent marksmen Corporal Johnson placed them EO that both sldej of the tree uero commanded. His Instructions to them wore to keep a , keen watch for Ihe rebel's head and as soon as ho showed It bring him down on the Instant , Ho then went forward and exposed himself sn as to bring the "reb" out. On the quick- nesa and accuracy of his comrades' aim he staked hlu life. A few seconda ot terrlblo sucpsnse endued , then a rebel cap was visible behind the tree. He started to ralie his gun , but at that Instant a bullet pierced his bruin. The aim of the federal proved true. Take advice ! Stop coughing at once by the Immediate usv > of Dr , Bull's Cough Syrup , One bottle will cure you. SPAIN'S ' CASTLES TREMBLED The Bolt from ibo Blno Sky that Startled the Country , FACTS ABOUT THE GREAT METEORITE It AVnn Vlnlltlr Over Three-ronrUm of Sim I it mill Dropped Krnmiiont In Sovornl 1'lncrjt Other I'mniii * Mctoorltt-H. The Spanish newspapers that have reached this country are full of details of the bursting of the b'g aerolite over Mad rid on February 10 , says the New York Sun. The phenomenon that so greatly fright ened Madrid and other places not far from the capital Is not so very uncommon , but It U seldom observed on so startling a scale. The concussion from the explosion was so violent that every building In Madrid was shaken , many win Jens were broken , and a few light structures were leveled with the ground. The terror Inspired by the occur rence , particularly among the Ignorant and superstitious , was all the greater because the event was. of course , unexpected , and It came on a day of beauty when all nature uas bright and gladsome. The sky was cloudless , the morning sun was radiant , the shops had put on their freshest Monday morning air , and the strcola were just beginning to bo thronged with shoppers , pedestrians and traffic when the deafening sound of the explosion was heard. Those who happened to be looking at the sky say that nt the Instant of the explo sion there was alvld glare of blinding light that for the moment outshone the sun , and then there Instantly appeared n.t the place where the disturbance originated what looked like a cloud of white and bluish tint , bordered with red , which moved cast nt a tremendous rate , leaving behind a thin train that may have been dust particles from the meteor illumined by the sun. The largest shell shot front a modern gun and bursting In midair could not have pro duced a sound approaching the stunning de tonation of this explosion. Many people did rot rccognlzo Its origin In the air , and thought some terrible nalaralty had occurred at the surface. The enormous energy of the disturbance probably equalled at least that of a largo powder magazine which had blown up , for the whole city seemed to be shaken as by nn earthquake , and the agitation of the atmosphere was shown by the rapid fall and rise of the barometers. We may Imagine with what brilliancy this aerolite- must have shone In the minllt sky when wo know that It was visible over at least three-fourths of Spain as It shot through the air above the peninsula with a speed several times as great as that of the swiftest war projectile. The mountain eers among the Pyrenees saw It and won dered. Even at France's famous watering place , Biarritz , on the edge of Spain , the streak of light athwart the sky was ob served. So It was observed from the At lantic to tbo Mediterranean , for the people on the east coast at Valencia saw It , and In the south It was noticed as far as the southern tier of provinces. Nearly all Spain was treated to a pyrotechnic display on that morning. Some damage was done also at places other than Madrid , for the big red-hot stone partly disintegrated on Its way and Incandescent fragments that showered down upon the town of Logrono , 135 miles northeast of the capital , set two buildings on fire , and at Borgos , 120 miles north of Madrid , three fragments from the main body started off as meteors on their own account and fell among the houses. Other pieces of the grayish stone that were flung off near Madrid wore picked up while still hot. So wo toe that his celestial visitor , after striking our atmosphere , scattered fragments along its way. It Is quite probable that the main body passed completely over Spain and fell Into the Mediterranean. It seems likely that Is crossed the Spanish peninsula In less than half a minute , for thesa little objects travel with tremendous velocity. Probably many of the fragments that broke off from the stone traveled with It In parallel courses but a Jew of them dropped to the ground. The story of Its flight Is very much like- that of the famous meteorite whcse passage over about half of our continent from west to east was observed In December , 1S76. It first became visible In the western part of the Indian Territory , and it passed over all the Intervening states until It was last ob served In the state of New York , and It traversed this vast distance In about two minutes. The height above the earth , at which It was first observed Is believed to have been over sixty miles , and when over central New York It Is thought to have been over thirty miles high. Many explosions were heard along Its path , and man ? frag ments that were broken off traveled along in Its train as a flock of smaller meteorites , and a few of them foil to the ground. An Indiana farmer heard the "dull thud" with which one of them struck the ground near his house , and he found the1 stone In the morning , and It was declared to be undoubt edly a part of the meteorite. In the same way explosions were heard In various cities as the Spanish visitor flitted along , and , as In the case of our" aerolite , these explosions were followed by the detonations each a lit tle less potent than Its predecessor , and each a genuine echo. How slow appears the flight of the swift est cannon ball as compared with the speed of these visitors from the sky. Some time the larger bodies , as well as the fragments from them , drop upon the land , and now nnd then the force of the Impact buries them In the earth. These larger objects from outer space do not often reach the earth Intact ; for they ire more likely to break up Into many pieces on account of the tremendous resistance of the atmos phere produced by their great velocity. On several occasions hundreds of fragments , the debris of a single aorollto , have been picked up , and In the fall of L'Algle , Franco , In 1803 , about 3.000 were found within an area of about twenty square miles. The detonations are not produced by anything explosive In the stone. It Is believed that the tremendous velocity of the object greatly compresses the atmosphere In front of it , and the Dtone , flying to pieces , owing to the heat produced and the resistance encounr terod , liberates the compressed air , which , suddenly expanding , creates the terrific sound of an explosive character which ac companies the breaking up of the aorollto. Prof. Dewar's experiments , In which he suc ceeded In liquefying air under Immense pressure - sure , are well remembered , and it was sug gested , some years before he produced this result , that the Immense pressure produced by a flying aorollto might bo sufficient to liquefy the air In front of it. But some of these missiles from on high do not fly to pieces , and a few meteorites of considerable size are now found In our museums. Fifteen years ago there were very few stones exceeding 100 pounds in weight In any of the collections , but now a number of undoubted meteorites are known that weigh tons , and some specimens of unusual slzo are In the museums. The most famous moteortto In the world Is the black etono that was built Into the wall of the Kaaba at Mecca , and before this etono millions of pilgrims have performed their devotions , Probably the largest meteorites that are In any museum today are these which Mr , Peary brought from the coast of Melville bay , Greenland , which are now In the Museum of Natural History. Now York. For many years It was not certain that thcea objects were meteorites , but there Is now no question about It. When parts of these Iron masses were polished and etched with acid the lines developed showed the crystalline ttructuro that ls peculiar to meteorites , and proved beyond a doubt that these Iron stones are foreign bodies that , perhaps centuries ago , were dropped upon the earth. Everybody now knows what a bcon these states have betn to the liulutsd Arctic Highlanders , who long chipped off pieces of the iron to muko cutting edges for their bono knives ; but for many years they have not had recourse to the Iron stones , for the whalers , who visit thorn now and then , eupply thorn with knives. Many would Imagine that when those ob jects outer our atmoaphero they would cer tainly bo brought to the earth by gravitation. Some astronomers believe , however , that they may flash visibly athwart our ekleg and then pans out Into apace again , though a good many of them become permanent additions to our planet. The fact that no element bus been found In them that does not enter Into the composition of tntiffUtif things 'o,1. ' I IR nga , lo the theory that they might originally have belonged to the earth , and that t some remote period of tlmo they were hot by terrestrial volc nof * Jnto aptcs and w n- dcrod ever after until they met mother earth again. This theory waa Advanced again , not very long ago , by Sir Robert Hall , but most astronomers ( < f todey believe tnat tn.s . Idea Is thoroughly exploded. They have no dcubt that meteorites In millions are mov ing around the cun an our planet does , In eccentric orbits , ap/J that now and then one of these small Wiles or fragments enter * our atmoslihe're and drops to the oirth. ' ' We- get no adequate Idea of the size of thcso objects from the train of light that may accompany Hum In their flight through the air. It Is believed that many of the smaller shooting star's we see are no larger than a small pebble , and the Intense heat caused by the friction of the air doubtless uses them up In the fraction of a second that they are visible , while Irrigation and the train of fire behind them glvo an ex aggerated Idea of their size. Perhaps two or thrcs such meteorites as that which startled Spain the other day might bo put Into a Saratoga trunk , and yet , for an Instant , It BcemoJ brighter than the tnin for scores of miles around , and the de tonations were heard 100 miles away. STHAJiOn STOUY OK A CA11U. Mnn'N Course of l.lfe Clinimcil 1 > y the Pri-di-iilntloii nf n I' lay. "This play of 'The- Fatal Card' we've been having here lately , " said a Washington mer chant to a. Star reporter , "reminds mo of a card story. " "Not ono of the kind of carda that Wash- Ingtonlans are most familiar with. Is It ? " In quired the reporter , trylnR to bo facetious. "Hardly , But let me tell you the tale. When I was a youngster of 15 or less , which Is now forty or fifty years ago , I hadn't as much money as I have now , nor did my parents , but wo thrived well , and I got the best ed ucation that was to be had at the time , owing to the kindness of n millionaire relative x > f mine , nn old diap , who died when I vroa about 20. Ws never knew the s'.ory until ho died , and then It all came out In a letter hs wrote and left with his will. "It seems that when the old man was about 20 ho went west with a young man of his own age , who had been brought up with him by the- same people" , both being orphans. T'ncy were as brothers , or even closer , In the affections , and when they started out to sssk their fortunes they each wrote a card and gave it to the other. Just what the In scription waa I don't know , but It was enough to slgnfy that If one wag In need the other would honor the card under any circum stances , and after any lapse of time , If ho were financially able lo do so. "Well , they worked together for awhile and then , by business changes and ono way or another , they separated. For a long tlmo they kept up a correspondence , but as the yeare went by that dropped , for in a few yrars ono waa very successful , whllo the other man was not , nnd you know how things go under these circumstances. A quarter of a century went by nnd by that tlmo my iclatlve was a millionaire many times over and the nastiest , meanest , stingiest , crustiest old cuss In ton states. He couldn't help that , perhaps , and I don't know that ho tried. "Anyhow , one day a > rnggcd and starving man came Into his office and asked to ECO him alone. Ho told hlpi to statf his business , where ho was. Theuman told a long story of suffering and want , of * a. sick and starving wife and children and thb usual concomitants of that kind of a situation , and then handed my relative a card.L It was yellow and worn and dirty , but U was'the ' same Old card that he had given his boyhood friend. The old man .gave the applicant dlmo and told him to get out and not ome back there any more. Ho obeyed the cruql Command and went out silently. That , evening a policeman came to the old man'si ofilco with a note and a card. All t ioxnpte said was : "Glvo this card to my Boyhood friend , - . He will understand.1 ,1 "The note was unsigned. The card which the policeman handed , over had a hole through It as if cuj. with a knife , and there was biped about the edges of the cut. The officer .explained thnt3H had bqen found on the dead body > ofl a. man Intnn'attle room In the t'lums ' , with a knife driven through It and Into the man's heart. That was all the policeman knew. I don't know what the old man said , or how he foil , but I do know that from that day forward he was a changed man. "Ho gave to every worthy person needing help ; he sought out all his poor klmand took care of them Judiciously ; educating the girls , giving the boys a start in business. and helping their parents ; ho organized charities and he offered a reward of $1,000 for the family of his dead friend. He never found It , however , and I fancy the friend never had a family. I guess ho wasn't any good , anyway , but whether > he was or not , the way ho took himself off was a blessing to the old man , and most emphatically to all of his kin. " Dili You Try Electric Bitters as a remedy for your troubles ? If not , get a bottle now and get relief. This medicine has been found to bo peculiarly adapted to , the relief and cure of all female complaints , exerting a wonderful direct influence In giving strength and tone to the organs. If you have loss of appetite , constipation , headache , fainting oells or are nervous , sleepless , excitable , melancholy or troubled with dizzy spalls. Electric Blttors Is the medicine you need. Health and strength are guaranteed by Its use. Only fifty cents at Kulm & Co.'s drug store. lo Wo mill. . The telegraph messenger who keeps his eyes open has an opportunity to note many curious phases of human nature , says the Atchlson Globe. One told recently that women never opened a telegram without turning pale , and when the message was not alarming they looked disappointed. He de livered about two death meshages a day , four birth messages , a great many business messages and once In a great while a love message that makes him tired to carry It. He carried ono recently to a young man In town that read ! "How are you today , dar ling ? " The answer went promptly back by the boy , and was to the effect : "I am bet ter , love. " Ho once carried a message of death to a colored woman , and after readIng - Ing it her emotions overcame her to such an extent that she caught the messenger In her arms and soundly boxed his cars. An other colored woman refused to open or sign for a message , but walked the floor and beat her heart and screamed , supposing it announced a death. When all the neighbors had ccmo In one- moro venturesome than the rest read the message. It was simply a notice that the woman's sister would come up from Leavonworth that evening to see her. I _ Suffered Wltfj Srrllcii ToiiNlI * . "My little daughter when five years old had a severe attach , o/the , grip which left her with a very ha.4 tliroat' Ttl ° doctors all pronounced It tgnlltls ! and three of them recommended ion. , pperatlon to remove the tonsils. I objected to this as I was a fa raid It would spoil her speech , I was obliged to sit up wltti her nearly all night ns I was afraid she wpuld choke to death when asleep. Henappbtlto was poor and I thought I would give her Hood's Sarsaparllla. She has now taken threbibottles of this medi cine and she has not' bad a bad spell since. Her appetite Is good , she has a better color In her face and her * tonsils are In a batter condition. " Mrs. A. 'Fflnda ' , Oconto , Neb. SunKnoiiurli AVIIil Mnn. A sure onoujrh Wld.'nlan ! ' wao seen In the QuUlayute mountafnfi , ( near Capo Flatter } ' . Wash. , a few daysj\go and was closely and carefully scrutinized by Lawrence E. T ) ; > yle , a member of the Montana leglflatur ? , who is willing to furnish affidavits with hlu atrry , Ho says ho was traveling through an unex plored timber bolt when a man o ! urcsually large size and gplandtd physique , latleva and with a heavy beard and shock of Ions hair , his arms and legs bare and his bodv part'clly clothed In skins , stepped out ! > ? firj him , Mr , Doyle was startled and before he could aay or do anything the wild man. offer looking at him closely , walked quietly away. Mr , Doyle watched the- man with hU flelt ! glasses until he wao out of eight and Is uure < ; f the reality of his experlenco and of the wild nun. Settlers In that region lui ; for a lorg time past claimed to have caugut glimpses of a strange man dressed In PKIIIS , and a general - oral hunt has been planned for ijo purpose of capturing him. We wish to &tato to our patron * that One Mlnuto Cough Cure Is a cafe and reliable remedy for children troubled with croup , colds , hoarseness and lung troubles. It U pleasant to take and quickly curei. ELECTRIC LIGHTS IN HOMES Nnmber and Location Matters of Tirst Importance. ARTISTIC DESIGNS AND DECORATION ClinriuliiK niTeeli , l-ll litful Ooi vc- iilenoc anil Comfort * 1'oNnllilc if Tnxtc ComnitinilM nml 1'H rue WnrriiulH. In no class of buildings Is gas for Illuml tinting purposes being displaced moro rapidly by electricity than In residences , says the Knglncarlng Magazine. The advantages ol electricity over gas are very numerous but for the purpose of this article only a few will bo discussed. When we consider that not only Is the sanitation and ventilation Improved , but the furnishings and decorations nro also preserved , nnd that electricity's cleanliness , the absence of flame , heat , etc. , nnd the color of the rays permit the use of moro delicate tints and costly fabrics , to say nothing of the safety and low cost It prop crly Installed , we need not look further for the reason ot Its use by the social world ; as a mailer of fact , In a modern residence the decorations would jsomotlmos bo Impos Bible It gas were used for Illumination , and , for similar results , the system of lighting by electricity , as now Installed , could not bo replaced by gas or any other known method. The lighting of a first-class residence re quires different treatment from that re quired In office buildings , hotels , etc. ; In the latter the location nnd number of lamps nro fixed nnd their uses are well understood , while In the former the lights can not bo located by general rules , but must bo treated In accordance with the existing conditions. If the residence Is ot the ordinary class , the usual chandeliers nnd side brackets nro employed ; but , If the residence Is of a high grade , the lighting will probably ba an Im portant factor In the decoration , and , unless It receives proper treatment , It may mar the effect Intended by the artist. Except In the library and the dining room , chandcllors ore now seldom used ; they arc economical , but , however , artistic they may be , they generally obstruct the view and are not to bo tolerated. Whore decorations are of a high grade , It would bo well for the electrical engineer , oven If ho < has had some experience In lightIng - Ing , to co-operato with the artist having the work In charge , deferring to his Judgment as to the location and amount of light to bo used , and confining himself more particularly to the mechanical portion of the electrical work , ouch as control ot light , , appliances , etc. , submitting such data to the artist. For a well lighted room the general ten dency is to hldo the lamps , unless the bulbs aio uad as a part of the .decorations , butte to so distribute them that an even diffusion of light Is obtained throughout the entire ace , the effect sought bolng that of natural light. The diffusion should bo oven , care being taken that shadows are not cast by the furniture , etc. The wiring should be arranged BO that lamps of greater or l&aa cindlo power can bo used , enabling the effects of Increase and decrease of light to bs noted and compared. The lamps and scckets should be Inter changeable , as sometimes It Is prc.ferablo to use a greater number of lamps of small candle-power , rx > that no one portion of the room will bo more brilliant than another , and also to kee-p the general tone of the cclors forming the decorations the same throughout. ' Too much light Is sometimes worse than not quite enough , and , In addl- than to Its painful effect on the eyes. It gives a defective Idea of color , shape , di mension , etc. For general Illumination In the principal rooms an rjlowance of slxteen-candle power to each 'iilrty or forty square feet will he satisfactory ; for chambers , etc. , an allow ance o ! sixteen candle-power for every fifty square feet Is usual , assuming that the height of celling Is ordinary. Hallway and staircase lighting depends mainly on the shape and obstructions. In general It Is better to Increase the number of outlets , placing fewer lamps In each group , thereby securing a more even light , overcoming the shadows on the stairs and ' obviating 'the danger of tripping or falling Outlats should also be provided for stand lamps , piano and fairy lamps , and other ornamental and portabla articles. These should be located In the baseboard or floor. Each mantel should be equipped with two outlets for candelabra , vases , etc. : the li brary , hall and dining room should also bo provided with n number of these outlets for ornamental lighting , as they are very useful for decorating tables , lighting pic tures , etc. Flexible cables can bo carried from these ouMets to foliage , etc. . Inter spersing the .same with numerous mlnature lamps of different colors , producing the most beautiful effects. Very often the mistress of the household deolrca a change In the position of the furnl- turo , or wishes to embellish a favorite nook or corner ; or decorations are required for special occasions , such as recaptions , bills , dinners , etc. Then these outlets will per mit the Indulgence of any fancy in decora tive lighting , of workmen. It also prevents cutting of flowers , woodwork or plaster. The principal Idea should be to create and Install a system of lighting that embraces safety and permanence , together with elas ticity and control a system In which ull parts are moro or less movable and accessi ble , the only fixed portion bolng the system ot conduits. Some of the most difficult problems encountered - countered In residential I.ghtlng are thc , pic tures and cathedral-glass windows and colored domes. In the latter the general rule la to place the lamps at a distance , thus obviating all spotty appearance. A frame of wood cor responding with the frame of the dome or window can be constructed , on which to place the lamps ; the number depends on the oze ! , color and thleknora of the glass , but experience has shown that too much light Is a coed fault In cases of this kind , M far as the lighting effect of the dome or win dow Is concerned. It Is a very oxpenslva decoration to maintain , on account of the immense amount of light required. Small domes and windows can sometimes > 8 lighted to good advantage by ono reflector , provided there Is sufficient space at the jack. Another way could be to form a recess on the sides In the rear of the window , n which to place a reflector throwing the light across the back of the K'.a.3 > . The lighting of pictures is not susceptible of treatment by any general rule , although ordinary pictures can bo lighted by reflectors made especially for the purpose. The re- Hectors usually employed in public art gal- eries are altogether unsulted for residential purposes , on account ot their appearance , an the art gallery In a residence generally torvoj a IPO as a studio or a library. An effective way. If the roam Is not too wldo , wculd bo to locate reflectors on the celling about eight feet apart and midway betwosn the side walls. They can ba circular In tliape and attractive In nppearancs. The form of the reflector IB governed by the epaco to be'lighted , and Is determined by mathematical principles ; to overeorne the jaro ! , the lamps are almost hidden rrom s'ght. By this method of lighting not are the pictures satisfactorily lighted , but a fair diffusion of light ID necured for gen eral IIIumlnalKn of the room. Hegardlng the lighting of high grade oil paintings though this Is generally under taken only hy specialists * It may bo of In terest to explain some ot the conditions which munt be considered , if the lighting Is to be technically correct. Usually satisfactory re sults are obtained only after numerous prac tical experiments. The amcunt of light needeJ and the form of the reflector de pend upon the size , predominating color , and character of the picture , and shape nnd depth ot the frame , and whether tbo picture Is covered by glass. A During tbo winter of 1803 , F. M. Martin ' of Long Iloach , West Va. , contracted a BO- vera cold which left him with a cough. In speaking of how he cured It , he says. "I used several kinds of cough syrup , but found no relief until I bought a bottle of Cham berlain's Cough Ilemedy , which relieved mo almost Instantly , and In a short time brought about a complelo cure. " When troubled with a cough or cold use this remedy and you will not find It > necessary to try several kinds be fore you get relief. It has been In the market for over twenty years , and constantly grown In favor and popularity , For sale at 25 and SO cents per bottle by druggists. vim , AN'EVENING WITH CAPTAIN JACK. The Famous Scout Captain Jack Crawford to give Omaha Evenings Entertainment. OMAHA , March 9 , 1SOC. Captain Jack Crawford : This city has been the homo of Henry M. Stanley and Generals Ord , Crook and others of fame In frontier history have lived with us , but of all the brave and true men who have helped to carve an empire from the wilderness. It has been said , and It Is probably true , that no ono ever lived In Omaha who so uni versally won the hearts of our people as yourself. You are * our Ideal scout. Wo remember the protection your rangers were to the Black Hills and how grandly you led tbo scouts In the terrible Ouster cam- pa i en. Wo recall your long career , filled with splendid achievements , and especially the defeats and annihilation or capture of lioc- t'.lo bands In Colorado , New Mexico and Arizona. But "pcaco hath her victories , ' . ' and with the pen you have achieved greater conquests than you have gained on southern battle fields or In frontier fights. Your poetry Is western , It Is your own. No one will ever steal your lines or charge you with stealing thclr's. The mines , the ranches , the forts , the plains , the mountains and the men and women of the west are painted by a master's hand In your dialect pieces of poetry and prose. As a correspondent for The Bee , you made cities hundreds of miles from the nearest rall\\ay and brought to the Black Hills the men who honeycombed the mountains and are now securing millions In gold as a return. You risked your life to get news to your paper and made the most hazardous ride on record , one that will live In story while the Sioux campaign has a place In history. At your entertainments we have listened , wept , laughed , screamed and wondered how one man could capture thousands and do It so simply and yet to perfectly. Your rapidity of action , your voice , your magnetism , your stories , songs and uproar ious fun , combined with the dress , manners , style and physique of a chief of scouts , con stitutes that which pleases all , and the fact that your life , your songs and your stories are full of true nobility and teach great essons , causes every one of us to honor your name. We ask that you will do us 15ie favor to select a night when wo may , in our chief place of entertainment ( the Crelghton the ater ) , enjoy an.evening with you. We note that London , New York , Brooklyn , 'hlladelpbla , San Francisco and our state cap- tal ( Lincoln ) have been repeatedly favored , much to their delight and greatly to your profit , but wo want you to know that you are "not without honor" In your old home , and that thcro Is a western welcome awaiting you here. Very sincerely your friends , E. nOSEWATER , THOMAS L , KIMBALL. CHARLES F. MANDERSON , A. HOSPE , JU. , JAMES I. WOODWARD , EUCLID MARTIN , W. W. MARSH , C. H. FREDERICK , R. M. STONE , M. D. . GEOHGK n. TZSCHUCIC. LAFAYETTE ANDERSON , T. S. CLARKSON. JAMES CREIdHTON , C. B. RUSTIN , FRANK W. OBER. JOHN L. WEBSTER , N. P. FEIL. JOHN H. PIERCE , and others. ON THE TRAIL , March 11 , 1890. Messrs. E. Rosewatcr , Thomas L. Klmball , Charles F , Manderwn , A. Hospe , Jr. , James I. Woodward , Euclid Martin , W. W. .Marsh , C. H. Frederick. Ii. M. Stone , M. T ) . , George B. Tzschuck , Lafayette Anderton , T. S. Clarkson , James Crelghton , 'C. B. Rustln. Frank W. Ober , John L. Webster , N. P. Fell , John II. Pierce , nnd others : Replying to your favor of March 9 , let mo say , first , I thank you. It Is indeed gratify ing that after twenty years slnco I was a citizen of Omaha , In my conduct and char acter as a toldler , scout , rancher , miner , and frontiersman , and more recently as a publla entortalnsr , I have been enabled to retain the friendship and favor of such friends. "Ten thousand , thousand thanks nnd more , I send with heart and soul uglow , For kindly words from Memory's store Tlmt makes my peepera overflow. Ten thousand thanks , my friends , to you Because In this I recognize The fact that boy or man , If true , Will some day win a worthy prize. What better prize than honest friend , Secured nnd held for twenty years , Mid toll nnd strife , where BlmdowH blcnrt With faith and hope , with smiles and tears ? And so you bid me come. Queen Omnha , 'all othern far above. " If I wan deaf and dumb I'd hear and answer , Yes , my love. " Faithfully yours In clouds or sunshine , J. W. CRAWFORD ( Cnptnln Jack ) . "P. S. I have Instructed my agent nt Chicago to arrange a date with my old friend , Colonel Pierce , who will notify you In duo time. J. W. C. " CREIGHTON THEATER , OMAHA , March 13 , 1896. Colonel J. H. Plorce , Dear Sir : In com mon with every citizen of Omaha the mana gers of this theater are anxious to glvo Captain J. W. Crawford a grand reception hy a crowded house. Wo know his ability to entertain and It la second to none. We know his hlsfory as a soldier and a scout , and It Is grand. We admire his genius as a poet and corre spondent. Our theater Is yours for Saturday night , March 21. W. J. BURGESS , For PAXTON & BURGESS , Lessees and Managers. OF INTEREST TO SAX/B . . . . About 2,000 pounds minion type. 700 pounds aga telype , 600 pounds brevier type , 750 pair two-third fypa cases , ffo double iron stands for two-third cases. This ma'erial was used on The Omaha Bee and is in fair v food condition. Witt l > 2 sold cheap in bulk qr in quantities ( o suit purchasers. Apply in person or by mail , to The Bee Publishing Co. , Omaha , Nebraska , RESTOFHJ LOST 1608 tftun lo doubt what lo u for K < rvoui pcttitt f , Lett of * iut ) Art r (1 cFtftati tiJ , ImpotcMAtrophy. . Vtrtcocclt tna oth.tr w * kn iui , from k x cuw. i4 _ iIa rllli. JJatat ckocktd ted full tiger quUkty icttci * . Ifn ltrud , tucii UcmbUfiMull fAlally * Utllcd * nyhf . talrd for f 1 01 4 l > o t for I * . * " * JUaalt In i week * . Tr > fjMvrJcrwfftr * ) < ) cuir t u cvtt cr refu a ih tnoa . Ai A UcCONNELL DRUO CO. . 1C1I Dodge Strut , Orathi ,