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Tf TIU3 'OMAHA DAILY IJMJfc SATUKDAT. 14. IBflfi.
THE OMAHA DAILY H. UOSKWATKU. Editor. JIOIINISO. TICHMS OP BUtlBOlUPTlONt T > llr D 9 ( Without "Sunday ) , Ona Tcar..M.I' > 00 XUIly rtfo iml Sunday , One Yenr . . . . . . 10 00 Sir Months . . . . . . * ' Thr Month * . * W Bundxy n e , On Ycnr . . . * ? } fiaturday lice , One Year . < . ' * > Weekly lice , Ona Ycnr . ( l5 opricr.si Omaha , Tli Hce Ilullillnp. , _ . Bouth Omnhfl , Singer Ulk. . COT. N and 24lh St . Council Hluffj , 11 North Main Street. Chicago Ofllce , 317 Chamber ot Commerce. New York , Ilooms 13 , It mul 15. Tribune Bio * . Wothlnglon , HOT P Street , NV. . A1I communications rcHtlng to news , and r&\ \ * torlal matter should bo ndclrcusfil : To the UJItor. inJsiNtss : All bu lno leltem and remlftnnrei nhouM l > o nddreiwoil to The lira IMitilliHIn * Compnny , Ornnhn. Drnfln. check * nn'l pontonico ortlerii to bo made nnyntjlc to the -order ot th > cmni'iny. Tim mn PUOUSIUNQ COMPANY. . . . . . . . . . . , . , * OP CIHCUI.AT1ON. Oforse n. T7Kchuck , Bpcrotnry of Tlie Hoc Pub- llnhlnit rompnny , bclntr < luly sworn , ny thut tlie nctnal number of full nnd rnmplete copies f tlie Dally Morning , Evening nnd Sunday HOB printed ilurlncr Hie monlli tf February. MSB , was n fol- , . , i 18.1M 36 IJ.J1" 2 .JO-ISO 37 > I'.OSfl " " " " 3 18.00 4 18,116 5 18,215 l 18M1 0 18,11)7 ) H.l , , 19,291 7 18.U.2 25 19,153 8 18,187 23 19.100 9 19,190 zi is.wa 10 18.071 2- , , . . J8nso 11 18.147 2fl I7.9M 12 1S.0.1I 77 17.SV7 1 } 17.K1 is is.ono II 1R.I 1 ja 18,010 15 18.G8S Totnl 6JMIO Lens ileductlona for , tmiolil nml returneil copies 'i. ' ' " ' Net tain K21.M2 Net dolly average " .110 oiconan it. TZSCHUCK. Sworn to lioforc mo nnd EUlwrrllied In ins' pros- cnco this Id lay of Mnrch , 3RS6T . . ( Scnl. ) N , P. mil. . Notary Public. Why not n favorite daughter from Colorado ? There tire no McKinley clubs in Iowa nntl no AlllHon clubs in Ohio. In SOIIIG states , Btutc pride couutH for samethlug. Boek void In Alaska when mil lions arc to bfc madn or lost In Cripple Orrck mlnliiK stocks without putting shovel Into the Rrouml clilofly lost ? A small dose of Tom Hood parlia mentary practice might help the Ken tucky legislature to secure n quorum for the purpose of arriving at a choice for United States senator. The Spanish forces in Cuba seem to be jn danger of falling into the same error as somn of our notorious pugilists they win most of their battles fighting with their Jaws or with their pens. China Is compelled to sell Its 5 per cent bonds at 91 and He up its cus toms revenues as security in the bar gain. There Is a decided difference be tween the credit of China and the credit of the United States. Money Invested iu legitimate irriga tion projects in Nebraska is sure to be profitably Invested. Semi-arid lands that can be reclaimed by Irrigation can bo made as productive as tlie most fer tile soil Jn the country. f * * * . Tlie peculiar combination of circum stances from which Mr. Dnpont of Deln- wnre secured his credentials as United States senator is only equaled by tlie peculiar combination of circumstances "that prevents any one from securing senatorial credentials from the present Kentucky legislature. The republican national convention and the populist national convention nnd the free sliver national convention are Jill to meet , not only In the same city , l > ut in the same hall. Fortunately they are to meet one after the other and not simultaneously , or there might be a .po litical mixture out of which almost any kind of a mongrel ticket might arise. Agents of lire insurance companies doing business In this city have asked for a chance to be heard before the committee appointed 1 > 'y the Itetall Dealers association to secure a reduc tion of rates. Their request should bo granted. Let them explain why the rates paid by a certain merchant in tills city were advanced 100 per cent In four years. Thorp are thousands of Nebraskans who will be' pleased to lehrn that Oen- - rsil John M. Thayer's condition is im proving and that there Is hope of his recovery. General Thayer Is one of Nebraska's ' Old Guard , whose numbers j nro gradually diminishing. Ills dis tinguished nnd brilliant career iu ter ritorial and early statehood days Is a part of Nebraska's history. The master plumbers of this city will soon petition the council to pass nn ordinance Jn 'their behalf. They will ask * that only practical , trained plumbers bet appointed to in spect their work , nnd nil public work where their craftsmen are employed. They will also ask a revision of regula tions governing plumbing work to com port with modern ideas of the business. Their suggestions will be entitled to due consideration at the hands of the city. And now the sonthslders come for ward with a proposition to locate tue Tnuismlsslsslppl exposition in nnd near Itlvorrlow park. Their claims will iu time of course warrant due considera tion , but they should bo made aware of tlie fact that the question of location IB purely a matter of the future and that tliolr energies can now best bo ex- pentled In endeavors to secure the en- dorsemenj of congress , without which an exposition U utVrly out of the ques tion. Local ivi. for location ought to bo frowned down. The city attorney has announced n policy with respect to damage suits against tlie city that will 1m generally conununded if Impartially adhered to. Corporations having franchises for the USD of the streets have not as a rule been careful 1o replace broken pavements nnd sidewalks when removed by them. That they and all others who similarly offend have a direct responsibility 1o the city goes without saying , and if the law department can catch them on the ground of primary negligence , or any- other ground when personal In jury suits are brought against the city , It pugUt to bo doua. man run JWSIKKSS .s "If you wish 'to ' Intotrst Urn people of the south today , tnlk to them of the row on rccs nnd development ot tltclr set- tion. Once thpy enjoyed more the clo- qtiniit words of the political orator , but now the plain business prentuUatlon of questions connected with material growth Muds the most attentive listen ers. " Thtm wrote Secretary of the Interior Iloke Smith in the North American He- view two years ago , when the Atlanta exposition project was about to "be 'launched upon the country. It mny be truthfully asserted' with equal force that questions affecting material growth and prosperity awaken a greater Interest among ( he people of the west and more particularly among the people of this rlty and state than the most eloquent 'oratory of ambitions iiolltl' clans. The fierce contention -which 1ms been precipitated over the selection of n delegation to the republican national convention Is In many respects very Inopportune and unfortunate. It goes without saying that any marniominated by the republican national convention is certain to receive tlie undivided suppoit of the party , nnd Ills election Is a fore gone conclusion. A republican presi dent , whether 'his name be IcKlnley , llcctl , Allison , Cullom , Morton or Man- durson , may "bo relied upon to sign any tariff bill that shall be enacted by n republican congress. McKlnlcy could do no more Heed , Allison , Cullom * or any other president could do no less. It is n matter of lilstory that James G. Illnlnc was opposed to the McKinley tariff bill , as enacted by congress , font he would have approved It as president just as readily as did Benjamin Har rison. The people of this city and state have much more at stake In securing legisla tion favorable to several important projects and measures from the pres ent session of congress -than they have in the personnel of the republican national ticket. McKinley can not make th6 country more prosperous than any other republican president. Mc- Kiuley has publicly assured the friends of other candidates that ho will think no less of them for their ambitions or their states for casting their voles for their own favorite sons Inpreference to flic favorite son of Ohio. On the other hand , we can not overlook the fact that the friends of Reed and Allison almost absolutely control the legislation of the present congress. They do not expect or ask Nebraska to desert its own can didate for them , but they can scarcely be expected to extend special favors to Nebraska" If it deserts its own candi date for any oilier man. The plain business presentation of "the pending issue therefore is , Shall "we jeopardize the material welfare of Ne braska and the most promising projects for the restoration of better trade condi tions for the sake ? of political sentiment or personal glorification ? Jn this respect , we are confronted with a condi tion , and not a theory. We have al ready accepted favors at the hands of our next-door neighbor , Iown , , and de pend upoii Its good will for further help. In the national house of - representatives sentatives the fate of measures in which we are vitally concerned rests absolutely with the speaker. Can we afford to sacrifice everything we havq at stake to make hay for politicians who In thejr anxiety for prospective federal employment are willing to go to any length ? Tlltl LIQUOR ISSUE IN Ntv YORK. _ tTho qlfcstlon of regulating the liquor trafiic In New York has been a dis turbing and perplexing'one tjo the politi cal parties nnd promises 10 continue so. The existing law provides for local excise boards and licenses' . Tills sys tem and the low licenses exacted from liquor dealers has placed Ncjv York in the unenviable position ofhaving a greater number , of saloons In proportion tion to population -thun any other state. Last year the republican party came back Into power In New York with the Implied pledge to enact legislation for the restriction and better regulation of the trallic. In his message to the pres ent .legislature Governor Morton pointed out the defects of the existing law and recommended that a law be formu lated which should , ns far as practica ble , embody the best features of the liquor laws In the various states , with a consistent reduction of the number of saloons In New York. It Is In response to this that n bill has this week passed tlie legislature and awaits the action of the governor , which action , It is believed , will have an Important Influence In determining the political results In the Empire state this year. This measure makes a radi cal'change. . It abolishes all local excise boards and In their place creates a state liquor ta c department , which Is to issue , Instead of licenses , liquor tax certificates. The tax Is considerably higher than the present license fee. The- liquor Interest Is of course opposed to the measure and the democrats In the legislature have unitedly antagonized It. but it has also received strong re publican opposition. The republican pa pers la New York city , with a single exception , and In other cities of the state , have persistently nnd earnestly urged the defeat of this bill on the grounds tlmtir violates ( lie principle of homo rule and would be harsh and unjust In its operation , Rome of these papprs denounce it as a machine meas ure and It certainly provides for a large amount of political patronage. In order to be consistent with his rec ommendation to the legislature Gov ernor Morton must approve the bill. On the other hand , if he considers his Inteiosts as candidate for the presi dential nomination , ho may conclude that It Is expedient to disapprove it. Hut either way it Would seem Is likely to result to his injury. Ho may get the delegation from New York whether he sign the bill or veto it , though this Is by no means to bo regarded as cer tain , but In any event his action may Jpopiirdlzo Ids elinnces of carrying th state as a presidential candidate. In one case the republican liquor vote would be chst against him and In the other ho would lose the votes of maiiy Who Ix-Ucvc ( hero Is nn urgent demand for excise reform. It lortkB very mtrch as If this legisla tion mny provo damaging to the re publicans of New York In this year's elections , thouglu In view of their great majorities during the last two years they ought fo again carry the state- next November. SIT srSTKM VOXDKMtfKIt. The Postofllcp department * last sum mer Instituted a spy system upon the letter carriers In tlie'larger cities of the country. In his annual report the postmaster general commended this plan of ascertaining whether the car riers were paying strict attention to their duties and conforming to the reg- uhlatlons of the department , claiming that It was justified by the , results , but * the espionage was Very Irritating to the objects of It nnd they will rejoice nt the action of the liou.se of represen tatives In putting nn end to the sys tem by refusing to make an appropria tion for its continuance. AVe think this action will be generally approved , for while the amount of money required for keeping up the spy system would not be very large , the principle Involved Is repugnant to American Ideas , Un questionably there are among the thou sands of letter' carriers In the United States some who have not a very high sense of duty nnd who are not nt all times conscientious In conforming to the regulations. It would bo most ex traordinary If this were not the case , but such men constitute a very small minority and taken as a whole the let ter carriers of the country compare fa vorably In fidelity to duty and general trustworthiness with any other em ployes of the government. They are a hard-working , reputable class of men and to subject them to a system of espionage pionageis nn unwarranted reflection upon their Integrity and their faithful ness. After the signal rebuke of the spy system by the house It safe to say it will never again be attempted , either by the present or any succeeding ad ministration of the 'Tostofllco depart ment. J'OOLIKU J31LL I'HVSPEUTS , There appears to be little probability of any action at the present session of congress on the pooling bill , which is now Iu the hands of the committee on interstate and foreign commerce. This measure was prepared by Judge TCnnpp 'of the Interstate Commerce commission and received the Indorsement of a num ber of experts. It was referred to a subcommittee of the house committee on Interstate and foreign commerce , which seems to have done little to se cure action on the bill , the reason for Inaction 'being explained by the sug gestion that there istoo much presi dential politics in congress. A Wash ington correspondent says : "This Influ ence operates not In the house alone , where the friends of Speaker Itccd and of Major McKinley are watching each' other like two professionals at "Monte Carlo , hut in the senate .also , Avhere there are a half dozen presidential pos sibilities. " It is thought possible that Speaker Reed will decide to let the bill through the honse after tlfe .appro priation bills arc out of the way and he is waiting for tlie senate to act upon them , but this will be too late lor its consideration in the senate during the session , probably too late even for Its consideration In committee. It is said that the chief influence which seems to be arrayed against the present bill Is that of the large ship pers , due to the fact that the existing system affordstho , , opportunity for se cret rebates In their favor , which would be done away with under the operation of the proposed measure. There maybe bo something In tills , though It has been the understanding that the large ship pers were not hostile to legal pooling under the supervision of tlie Interstate commerce commission and that the op position to changing the law was from the small shippers , who apprehend that if pooling were allowed It would Re sult In higher rates and that they would not fare as well as now. Of course the small shippers know that they pay more than the large shippers under existing conditions , but they doubt whether ppol- ing would establish a uniform equality of rights for all shippers , as its ad vocates assert would be the case. Tlie railroads seem to dp nothing In behalf of the bill , but they are not called upon to do anything , since everybody In con gress knows that they are favorable to any measure that will legalize pool- Ing. Last year's Colorado special tourist rales have already bqen reaffirmed by the Western Passenger association and this doubtless means another season of heavy tourist trnlllc. It Is perhaps per fectly legitimate fpr the railroads to en courage and stimulate this'business , not withstanding the fact that It Inures largely to the benefit of a particular part of the country which they traverse. While about It , however , It would bo * no more than fair to give more liberal stopover - ever privileges to passengers who travel on these tourlsjs1 excursions. Many of ' the visitors fi'om the cast would be glad to stop at Intermediate points , particu larly nt Omaha , if the opportunity were presented without Involving a forfeiture , of their special railroad rates. The stop over privilege , moreover , would be so much more of an attraction to passen gers and redound In the long run 'to the pecuniary advantage of the railroads. It Is always gratifying to know that the credit of this city Is gilt-edged. The report has gone abroad that the city proposes to refund 300,000 of Improve ment bonds this year. Already offers have been received from New York bunkers of ! % per cent on njluudi bonds that may be Issued : Just what pre miums can be realized upon the sale If made Is not known , but will of course net a considerable sum , Omaha linn always paid its debts and the In terest thereon promptly , nnd Is ( se curities are consequently sought after. A suggestion was made at the meet ing of the Itctnll Dealers association that a well-organized fire patrol would bo of great service both to merchants and Insurance companies. There Is no doubt of It , Thc Bee has shown re- pented ( ho , foonpfllH of such nn or- : gauhnthm.'tj'hk ' f Uodell hah snltl ( hat ho was surprised when he cnhic hero to lenrn that Omaha was without a lire patrol or ffal age corps. Much money and proportmrjfasted by damage from water couldbythnt moans be saved. Ohlpf of aWltctlvps Cox has been presented withn large , lumlnoim nnd lasting tosUuvmial for his work In be half of theVirotorm" police commission bill before Hil- last legislature , In the shnpe of eUgWi'ssed resolutions passed by three locallndges of the order , nml duly attested Ith their seals and the signatures oj , 'tjolr | ollleers. So long ns the fnmousrffllofth Is permitted to gaze In admiration fit this handsome tribute to his labors as a lobbyist , he will not care whether he can sec th6 sign of any 'ganle or not. The game of political preferment with nn Incidental salary at tached overshadows the game of catchIng - Ing criminals as the sun overshadows the rushlight. The Italians who arc leaving Italy 'In order to evade military service In Africa may bo In all other respects most ex emplary citizens. It takes n pretty strong patriotism for a man to enlist ns a soldier for a foreign war In a coun try where the climate is almost ns deadly as the enemy. ntiiUc A rlil I rut I < iii. Chicago Trllmne. Arbitration lias been sURKCsted to heal t'no ( llfforoiico between King Humbert nnd Em- licror Menolok. This hardly seems neces sary now that the cblot difference , the Ital ian army , has been wiped out. Aside IVnuitntlon. New York Sun. The Hon. Joseph Slbley of Pennsylvania pauses to remark that ho IB not seeking the presidency. No , but the presidency Is seek ing him with fervor and passion , and ho may have great difficulty In eluding It. A'otr Ti > t Snnlti Ilonr. Chlcnuo Tribune. The Ministerial' association ; of Youngstown - town , O. , has administered a withering rebuke - buko to Spain by refusing to oat onions at n banquet because they were Spanish. Each member Is an American , with not a breath of Spain. _ Clcveliiiiil nn n IJrnTrlnp : Cnnl. Minneapolis Tribune. It was expected that the presence of Presi dent Cleveland nt the Presbyterian mass meeting In Now Yort : would boom the col lections and enable the board ot homo mis- Dion to ralso enouch money to pay oft tholr Indebtedness of nbout $200.000. The disap pointment was great , therefore , when it was found the collections amounted only to $5,600 , mostly In pledges , nnd that the subscrip tions received slnco the meeting have brought , the amount up to only about $7,000. It .Is evident that the president was not as popular and drawing- yard as It was ex pected he would be. Sena torllitt'ISlcct Ion ScnmliilN. It'anstlg City Star. There are so Vnivrly substantial reasons why the melhod ofHoYecttng United States senators should be chattE&a'that it seems like -waste of time to Invoke -there. But the disgraceful cLrcumstancesH ilch have followed each other In the Koituclqr'c'iJntest ' cannot fall to array themselves befofojtho ? minds of thoughtful men as overwhelming evidences of the dan gers of a vlcftW'system. ' If the people" Kentucky hadr'neon permitted to vfite for senator ' last ffitt ' , a $ they voted foi" " governor , all the'so dernd'rallzlng episodes would have been averted , ' 'aA'a he state would have been represented in''thdosenate , of the ndxt con gress by a maH'VdPthy 'gf the honor. Shutting1 ttitExlrnvnisniicc. . New Tork Tribune. \ i IK -corairie'Mlablo ' 'cnMfle ? Vhifch Mr. Chandleri begutf against wastefulness and extravagance In 'the United States senate. In his letter to the committees which regu late the expenses of that body Mr. Chandler shows that the ratio of employes to senators is about four to one , at nn annual cost to the government of nearly ? 500,000 , for -which the public sarvlco receives no ' 'equivalent benefit , and ho makes an earnest plea for economy and reform. The abuse is of long standing , and while an occasional spasm of economy has struck the senate , the tendency has been constantly toward increasing ex penditures of the public money. In these days of treaVury deficits and bond sales to pay the running expenses of the government the senate would do well to set nn example to other departments by a judicious use of the pruning knife. RAILUOAD MANAGEMENT. Dnrk CluiiitiTM In tin : Hlntorj- the American .Specnlfitlvc Variety. . Chicago Times-Herald. There Is no more shameful passage in American history than that which concerns our railroads and their management. Chatles Francis Adams , In his book , "A Chapter of Eric , " describes one part ot It , and the newspapers almost dally recount others. It Is a record of fraud , rascality and .chicane , which in any other country than this would have lauded the guilty managers of a dozen of our foremost railways In the state's prison , millionaires though they were. AB it Is , many of these have lived and died without molting a feather of their respectability , leaving enormous fortunes behind. Take the history of the "Erie railway from Its beginning. In the far ' 30s , to the present time. It has never drawn an honest breath. It has been the foot ball of Wall street and has gone through more extra ordinary adventures and vicissitudes of fortune than could bo imagined even in the dreams of the wildest novelist. The South sea bubble Is nowhere in the comparison. Its stock once ran up as high as 125 , and a few years later was 4Vanderhllt , Drew. Flsk and Oould have been its heroes , and each in turn took a fortune out of It , leav ing the stockholders to gaze at a. receding balance ; . The Atlantic & Great Western , now called the Nypan : ? , was another fancy rood that took milllona froni its unsuspecting victims. In Its origin Jt was to commence eomowhero and go everywhere. As a matter of fact , It did commence somewhere let us siy at Sala manca , In New York but It ended nowhere. Nevertheless , It landed millions dollars into the pockets of Its promoters. Then there \vaa the Reading. Has there over been such a Dick Turpln C'f ' a romance in. the railroad business since railroads began ? And yet to day It seems BO plausible that there are people ple willing to risk their money in its stock ! But the crowding achievement In railroad piracy was the ttWabash system" as organ ized by Jay Gould ) and his confederates in and wbllo ft resulted1 In i Its American promoters , It Is said that tile bottages and tenements of thousands c < t widows , orphans and small in vestors both In Rusland and America may now be paporedufvUU Its certificates of stocks and 'bonds ' ! < i i The great mliphlof x > t our railway manage ment la that Uierotla no public superintend ence , with no means ot getting at the true facts concernlnsilt.Tf ' The governniout may Bend an examiner Into every national bank In the land and thus protect shareholders and depositors alike , and It onght to have equal power to protect the BttSroholder and bondholder ot railroads. Until thbt can bo brought about there is no protection to Investwa or the people , for the officers and management of our railroads are a law unto themselves. OTIIKIl I. A MIS THAN OUIIS. Whllo It In true Hint lludlnl has promised to Riipply the Italian commnmler-ln-ctil t In Abyssinia with nit Iho reinforcements needed for a vigorous prosecution of the war , don- cent Daldlssern Is Identified with a moro moderate policy of colonial expansion In Africa than wns hla brnve'but ' rather Jaunty preJpccssor. The withdrawal of the. Italian garrison front Kursnln nnd the concentration of the nrmy under tialdlsRorn In the com pnratlvcly narrow space Included In the strategic trlnnr.lt of which Mnssownh , Keren nnd Asmara form the three corneia Indicate a considerable reduction ot the ambitious plans of Italy In that quarter ot the globe. Any success , hoA-ever slight , that should bo gained by Gcnt'rnl Hnldlrscra' over the forces of Jlondlek would probably bo considered n sufficient vindication uf Itnly's tolled military prestlgo and might lead to the treaty of psace which thn Abyssinian monarch seems quite nnxlolis to conclude. Notwithstanding the vaporlngs of the 'mtRalomatilncs nl Homo , It Is fair to presume that the Iltidlnl min istry will pursue n conservative policy , With n vlo\v \ to freeing Italy from her costly for eign entanglements and Initiating those rc- ttohchmonts In her finances nnd reforms In her administration of which she stands In such ( Tire need , * The prospect of Great Britain's evacuation of Rgypt grows wonderfully less after n perusal of the nrmy estimates of Lord I-.ahs- downc , secretary of state for war , for 189fi. This ofllclal states that In view of recent events It will bo Impossible to reduce the strength ot the Egyptian garrison during the year , which means that Great Britain rro poses to hold on there tenaciously , not be cause any recent events have rendered It particularly necessary and advisable that she should , but because It best suits her purposes. And as It always will suit Great Britain's purposes to hold on to Egypt , the chances of nor evacuation become moro re mote with the rounding out of cnch addi tional year. Franco , which Is the nation most concerned In the matter outside of England herself , is powerless to do anything In the promises. England Is left the sole Judge as to when her occupation can bo appropriately brought to nn end , nnd she may be > depended upon to deter this to a time far In the remote future. * * When , by bringing the rich province of Manchuria within the sphere of her In fluence , Russia , under her new czar. In augurated the aggressive foreign policy , which , has culminated In such a remark able Borles of diplomatic triumphs , nil Eng land was up In arms ; the government was urged to' take Immediate action , securities fell , and a genuine war scare was the re sult. Then came the depressing conscious ness that protests were of little avail. The lion had been caught napping. Prince Lo- tar.oft had the emperor of Germany on Ills side. The English saw that a fatal blun der had been made , and when the next great move In the diplomatic game was announced , the revival of the obnoxious treaty ot Unklar-Skelessl , the situation was accepted with gloomy resignation. Kussla Is now apparently free to work out her "manifest destiny" on whatever lines she may deem best , and Prince Lobanolf Is evidently bent on making hay while the sun shines. Corea ! s fast going the way of Manchuria , Turkey and Bulgaria. With this bone of contention In the bear's claw , the mikado will have good reason to ask himself why he over undertook the recent war. But It Is in her splendid prospects and magnificent 'possibilities ' as a rising naval power , In the Mediterranean as on the Pacific , that Russia has gained her most signal triumph. When in 1870-1 Alex ander II took advantage of the Franco- Prussian war and the English dlfllcultle's over the Alabama claims to repudiate the treaty of Paris and convert the Black sea Into a Russian lake he laid the ground work for Russia's present policy. It has taken her twenty-flvo years to crown the work. With Turkey in her tolls today she virtually controls the long-wlshed-for sate- wny to the Mediterranean as certainly as England holds the Suez canal. No Rus sian war ship may plough the waters of the Bosphorus. English supremacy in the Mediterranean Is none the less a forlorn hope. * * The Japanero government. It Is said , has resolved to undertake a scheme of naval de velopment 'which will require seven years for completion , During that time the sura to be expended on building and arming men- of-war is 81,000,000 yen in round numbers , and 14,000,000 will be devoted to the con struction of docks and various edifices neces sary for the needs of the greatly Increased navy. These figures are Independent of ap propriations on account of vessels already ordered abroad , amcug which are two line-of- battle ships of over 12,000 tons each , which will probably be ready for sea Jn the course of a year. The reported Intention is to place the country In possession of a navy which. In point ot displacement (200,000 ( tons ) , shall be more than equal to the combined squad rons of Great Britain , Russia , France , Ger many , and the "United States aggregating 183,000 tons nc-w on the Pacific station , and nhlch shall Include at least slx-llne-of-battle ships far more powerful than any vessel now flying a foreign flag In Japanese waters. * It has been assorted since Italy's troubles reached such on acute stage that she would now flnd herself without a friend In Europe. And yet her condition Is not likely to bo one of complete Isolation. It was with the full consent of Great Britain that she began operations in Africa , In fact , the port ot Massowah was ceded to her by England , It having been originally an Egyptian pos session. England was ( willing that Italy should do police work for her alqng the Red Sea littoral , , and as she ( England ) had , strangely enough , surrendered any claim to Abyssinia , she had certainly no objections to the establishment of an Italian protec torate over that country , especially as It was feared that Russian machinations were at work in Abyssinian councils. Kasaala , which the Italians took from the dervishes two years ago , Is looked upon by the Arabs "as the gate of the Soudan , and U the cen ter of the trade between the Nile nnd Abyaslnla. Egypt consented to an occupa tion of the town , and that occupation , it was claimed , consolidated the Interests of Great Britain and Italy In Egypt and thn Scudan. It would not bo surprising -were Great Britain to como to the support of Italy nnd augment her possessions In Africa , AlilliiK1 Ainorlcnn Inrtuxtr- . Davenport Democrat. The tremendous reduction In the Cuban sugar output Is giving a great boom to the beet ougar Industry In this country. Ne braska , Utah and California beet growers are getting ready to make a vast Increaes of acreage , and the factories thera are going to make runs this fall that will eurpass all records In that line. TSie Spreckels family Is getting Interested In American beet sugar , and everything Indicates that a great Impetus Is being given to that Industry. If the Cuban supply should ba cut off for another year the American sugar makers would coin fortunes , nnd even if It Is not there- arc reasons to expect that many new be t sugar ventures will be made fn this country. The United Stated can grow its own sugar and It should do BO. Indirectly , buL none the less truly , It has been paying tribute to Spain long enough , It need not do it. lin Siniilnril . ' Kansas City Star , In comparing the university hoodlums nt Barcelona and Valencia , to the members of the United States senate , Mr. Cleveland lias nmdo his ret departure from a policy of strict Justice and International comity to ward Spain , " Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U.S. Gov't Report Powder POKE rAVOUITIJ SONS. OlMie-Demacrat ( rep. ) . Allison ROI * n Ktrtnfl Inaorsemeiu from hit Slate. Thin for ho has Rooiireil very few dolcRjtw outside of that state , but If McKlnloy la not nominated tin the first ballot n combination ot all his enemies may bo tnado against him , and It may center1 on Allison. Chicago Inter Ocean ( rep. ) : The conven tion this year halt limunal ulRtiincnnco be * euuw .the lown republicans moro thsn ever before nro making n strong fight for an Iowa cntttlldato for president. No nmu Is moro popular In his own utalo than la Senator Allison , nnd luv'a ralllefe to his support In the satno spirit that Ohio ralllen to the gup- port ot McKlnlcy. The aplrlt of the conven tion \vus admirable. Chicago Tribune ( rop. ) : There was no sham nbout the tictlou cf the Imva reinven tion. Tin * senator Is a genuine "favorite son , " and deservedly so. AVhlle Dlnlne * wna In the field Imvn vni for him und him nlone. Hut Hi 18SS all lior votes were wst for Alli son on every ballot except the- last , > \5ien It had "become apparent that ho could not be nominated , The delegates will , ho doubt , display ciU.illy ] Kood staying Qualities this year. Senator Allison would make nn un exceptional candidate. Ho would care off no voles. Hut Iowa alone cannot nominate Mm. Chicago Journal ( rep. ) : Michigan has hardly got through laughing at the break made by hoi' new senator , Julius Caesar Uur- rows , who Bought to Introduce In the sonata a bill to provide revenue for the government in Kplto of the constitutional fact that rovcnuo laws can not originate in that house , when another Michigan statesman arises and starts the smiles. This ono Is the astute Mr. Corliss , representing the First Michigan district , who Is trying to start < a favorlto-son boom for Senator James Mc Millan , forgetting or Ignoring the fact that Mr. McMillan , not being born on American soil , is constitutionally barred from the presidency. However , as Tim Campbell , the New Yorlc statesman , once said : "Wat foil Is the cqnstltntlon between friends eh ? " Chicago Times-Herald ( rep. ) : t Mr. Allison Is most truly the favorite son ot his adopted state. There Is nothing pinchbeck about him , but ho rings like true gold. The move ment for him Is spontaneous and Is confined to no homo county or some little clique ot machine politicians. Ho stands as the towa candidate because the Io\\a' republicans everywhere and without exception deslro his nomination. And the republican party ofTen To\\n has a right to bo heard on this oc casion. They can proudly point to their un wavering fealty to the party and to their undevlatlng support of every republican luesldcntlnl candidate from Fremont to Har rison. Not once have they failed to cast the electoral vote of the state for tholr party nominee , and this cannot be said of all the republican states. Buffalo Express ( rep. ) : The friends of Governor Morton are not dlrcrcet In pointing to Bismarck as an example of an old man In ofllcc. Bismarck , to be sure , will bo & 1 years old on April 1 , but ho hag not been In fllllco for more than felx years. Ho retired at the ago of 75 , which la two years younger than the ago at which Mr. Morton's friends would retire him if they should elect htm president. Nobody can say that Governor Morton is , or ever was , so vigorous a man as Germany's Iron chancellor and , moreover , the office of president ot the United States Is far more burdensome than that which Bis marck filled. It will be rcmnmhercd also that Bismarck was forced Into retirement largely on account of his age. The example of Bismarck should , therefore , be a warning against the consideration of Morton. HAPPY HITS. Life : "I had always been nn American until I went around a curve In a cablet car this morning. " "What difference did that make ? " "Then I became a Laplander. " Philadelphia Record : Uagson Tattenv You don't know what It Is , pardner. tor bo t'rowed down by everybody , wld no frlcn3 nor nottin' . The OthetDon't I ? I'm a base ball umpire. Detroit Free Tress : Charlie What do you think ! Gertie is going to marry that rich old champagne manufacturer , Mr. Lee. Will Well , didn't I always say she was a corker ? ' Chicago Tribune : Jn the middle.of * the third act the young woman with' the hip head-dress turned arouno In her seat and spoku to the youth Immediately behind her. "Sir , " she said , "if you will change your brand of chewing sum I'll take off this hat. I'm getting1 tired of that wlntergreen fragrance. " Chicago Post : "He stood at the top of the steps. " she said. In telling about it afterwards , "and I mustered up enough courage to say : 'You know , this is leap year ? " "Yes. What then ? " "Then ho leaped nd I haven't seen him since. " Cincinnati Enquirer : "I wonder , " said the soubrette , "If wo will ever be able to lly ? " "Wd nre able to fly right now , " said the pessimistic manager , "but the question Is whether we cun take our baggage along. " Chicago Post : "I thought your father refused to buy you any bloomers. " He did. " ! ' ' 'Or even any cloth from which to make them. " He did. " But you have a pair. " I made them out of one -of the sleeves of nn old gown. " "Washington Star : "Thirst Is a funny thing , " said Dismal Dawson , looking Irenmlly through the window of the barn oft at the floating clouds. "Too much of It SHKOlATj JFEATUHES , Tim OMAIIA SUNDAY BUR AAnON. THR SON OP BEN AM : A serial story by Joel Chnndlcr Hnrri ; Mr. Harris tclK this story of life ns It wnt lived on "Abercroinble I'lnee , In middle doorrtln , "before the wnr , " In tlto Mme qunlni style Hint plcaned his readers so much when ho win telllns of llr'er Hnbblt nnd the other denizen * of Mr. Tlilinblcflnger'B queer country. \WAT AllR CAtilODR HAYS ? Cleveland 'Mortelt'a Interview Vlth Nikola TMln. the Ulstlnculshcd eloctrl- elnn , in which the question , "Whnt nro the Cathode Ilnys ? " Is discussed In the light of Mr. Toslix'g experiments nnd knowledge Ho holds thnt these rnys'nro ronlly sound waves of almost Inllnltoly rapid Intervals nnd short movement. L13ADEUS OP NtTnbpK'S ATIMIES. This is the title of n comprehensive nr- tlulo upon the men who nre likely to serve ft gonutnls In the next European war It Is by Archibald Forbcn , the well known wnr correspondent , than wnom no living writer is belter qualified to write \ipon the subject. NOTKD Interviews xUtJi Miss I nhg nnd Mrs. Hciich of Boston These distinguished authors of songs and ym | > hohlcstiso a pencil rather than ft plfcno In their com positions They enjoy muslo us keenly through the eye ns the car , nnd nnd sound misleading until the manuscript It complete. SKCItKTAttY OLNKY AT Oo slp nnd stories nbout the lighting1 secretary of stnlo , narrated as only that grout newspaper man , Krnnlc O , Car penter , cftn Wrlto them Goes In for both work nnd piny Something nbout the nn- tecedi-nts of the O'.noy family A timely. gositlpy letter. PATUON SAINT. . Sfilnt Patrick's day Is next Tuesday , nnd n few facts nbout the man for whom they celtbrutelll be In order The Imrdshlp nnd contumely which this old THsh idlest endured thnt he might pi each the gospel. _ WITH TII 13 W'HKKMNO WOULD. The very latest developments In scien tific wheel construction IIIntR for wheel- women Tlmc'.J' dlscusfion of the mics- tlon , "Are Wheels llnggage ? " Newi notes of the local bicycle clubs AVhat the wheelmen nro dolnj : all the world over. 1 _ IN THRWpIlLD OTT SPOIlT. : Continuation of the narrative of the sporting editor's experience diirlnB his lecent visit to the Tklt'-i-'iin borderlnnd'p ttevlew "Of sporting p . nts of the week -Gossip nbout the ball players Newa of the huntsmen Interesting Hems from every Held of sport. SOCIETY Lenten pall still hovers over the local social world A few weddings nnd other entertainments here find there Out-of- town visitors In Omnlm households Movements nnd whereabouts of the members of the society set. IN WOMEN'S DOMAiN. Latest fonts nnd fnshlons described nnd illustrated Women1 * ns pharmacists In the United Sttxtes--Impudont attention thrust upon American women abroad Models of hands In bronze or mnrblo the latent New Yorlc tad A woman who took a homestead 'and built her hus band n home Fashion notes from the fashion makers News nbout "well known women. THE COMING GENERATION : " ' -1 Story ot Owney , the mascot of the - railway service , a doe thnt carries two pounds -of medals hunK nbout his neck , has Visited many foreign countries nnd Is now sojourning In California Enter taining rending for young und old- Prattle of the youngsters. UNEXCELLED NEWS SERVICE : Full associated press foreign 'cable nnd domestic telpgrnph service The New York World'w special foreign corre spondence Unrlvnlled special news serv ice from Nebraska , Iowa nnd the west ern states Well written and accurate- locnl news reports. _ THE OMAHA SUNDAY THE BEST NEWSPAPER. kills n. . .manwhile Just about -the 'proper . , aittount tof It is about nil that makes Ilfo * " " 1 " ' worth llVinV Indianapolis Journnl : "I lggars is gener ous , whatever his faults may be. " "Generous ? Oh , yes. He'd give away tluo best and only friend he had. " ' PENETRATION. 1 Llf > . - * Not worth your while. That false , sweet smile Which o'er your features plays ; That heart of steel I can reveal By my cathodlc rnya. CONSISTENCY. Madeline Bridges In'Puch. " "Twould never do , " she llrmly said ; The clustering curls that crown your heof Are blonde , which is my color , too. Your eyes , alas , llko mine , nre blue : i Sanguine are both our temperaments. I am compelled It ) drive you hence ; Science forbids that we should wed. Twould never do. " she firmly said. "Then I must seek a dark brunette , " He sadly sighed , "with eyes of Jet. A woman languid , dreamy , slow. Would be my counterpart. Just so. Ho sighed. "Across the street from mo Lives such a one. I'll go nnd see How she , on nearer view , appears. "And leave mo ? " she Inquired , with tears. 'New Faces" Of course we welcome them and are pleased to see more and more of them from day to day , "especially Boy's Faces. " Just now we invite our boy friends and their friends to visit our boys' and children's department , the attractions there are numerous and great. There are so manv things to please a boy , small boy or a big boy. Becoming cloths are among the delights of most all boys , and we know we have an as sortment of spring wear that will catch thefr fancy , Reefer suits , middy suits , 2 piece suits , 3 piece suits and long pant suits , Our spring line of Shirt Waists have arrived and of all beautiful ones shown by us , these are way ahead in styles , quality and colors , ouu SPECIAI A waist made exactly like a man's shirt , except the skirt , shield bosom , 2 standing collars and cuffs and is quite the cheese. We also have an immense quantity of ties proper for the waists , the nobbiest and prettiest we have ever shown. But to get a fair idea of what comprises our boys' department , take a peep at our Douglas street window and see for yourself the great variety of articles shown that goes to make a boy's heart glad. . Don't fail to see the bicycle suit. i We are sole agents BROWNING tor the Celebrated vouman Hats. , KING & CO. , CLOTHIERS , FURNISHERS , HATTERS. Your monoy'd worth or your money back. This la the Spring UIoclc. S. W. Cor. 15th and Douglas IXT1