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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 10, 1896, Image 2

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o THE OMAHA DATLY.il "FRIDAY , JULY 10 , 1800 ,
( Pontinupil from First Pegc. ) )
plaust ) . I know th.it I spenk to a conven
tion which ns now constItuled , irohal > 1y
iloos not ntirpe with the views of the state
that I iCi dally represent upon this oeea-
Blon , Hut notwithstanding the attack
which 1ms boon made upon that state , you
will hriir me for tny cause. ( Renewed
chccrlnir and applause ) . New \ork makes
no npology to South Cnrnllnii for her rcso-
Ititlon. ( I ontlnuod cheerliirr mid npplnusp ) .
" \Vc get our dc-inocrncy from our lathers ,
"We do not need to learn It from those
whom my frlnd represents. Need 1 defend
Now York' . ' No , It l. < not ncci'tisary , She
defends In rsclf. Need T defend the at
tacks mnde upon her mid her cillxens of
wealth , men of Intelligence and chniaclcr ?
No It Is not nocesfnry. Need 1 remind this
democratic imtlonul convention that It Is
111 Ihe great utntc of New York , and In
Its gnat city , Whcio the wealth he In
veighs against Is situated ? lut ! that oily
but once In Its history gave republican
majority , ( Urcat applause. ) When other
cities fnllid to respond. New York was the
Glhniltnr of democracy. ( ] < nud applause
ntlil cries nf "Good ! Cloodt" ) The question
which the convention Is to decide Is Which
Is the be-st position to tnko at this time
upon the llunnclal question ? In n word ,
the question presented Is between Intel im-
tlonnl blmetilll. : in and local bimetallism.
If th' re lie Ko'.d monometallism , trey are not
represented j-lther In the majority leport
or In the minority. I , therefore. start out
with this proposition : Thnt the democratic
party Ht'inds today In favor ofold ( and
silver ns Ihe money of the country. \ \ e
stand opposed to the.proposition of a slnglo
RtamlniV. , either of gold nr nllver. but we
differ us ) to the means to bring about that
result. Those I represent and whom I
Hpoak for-the sixteen members of the
minority committee insist that wo should
not attempt the experiment of free and un
limited coinage of nllver without the co-
oporatlcr.i of other great nations. Jt Is
not a riuestlon of pattlotlsm. H Is not a
question of courage. It Id not n question
of loyally. It Is not a question .of valor.
The minority platform sneaks or the subject
as though It was simply a question an to
whether we were a brave enough people to
enter upon this experiment. It Is a ques
tion of buslniKs ; It Is a question of finance * ;
It Is a question of economies.
Mr. President , 1 think that the safest , the
best course for this convention to have pur-
micd was to lake the llr.il stop forward In
the. treat cause of monetary reform by de-
clarniR In laver of International bimetal
lism. ( Loud nppliuiso ) I am not hero to
assail the honesty or sincerity of a slnglo
man who dlsagiees with me. There are thosy
arotmd me who know that in every uttur-
unco made upon this siiliject 1 have treated
the friends of free and unlimited coinage
at the ratio of IB to 1 with respect. 1 am
hero to pursue Unit cours today. 1 do not
think that we can salely Ignore the mone
tary Hystemu of other gloat nations. It In
u question about which honust men may
differ. I believe we cannot ignore the atti
tude of other nations upon this subject any
more than we can upon life otl-er questions
of the day. 1 know It Is said by enthusiastic
friends that America can marl : out a course
for herself 1 know that It appeals to the
pride of the average American to say that
it matters not what 01 hi r countries may do ;
wo can arrange this matter ourselves. Hut
I beg to lemlnd you 1C that suggestion is
carried out to Its legitimate conclusion , you
might ns well do away with International
treaties ; you might as well do away with all
the provisions In your tariff bills that have
relation to the laws of other countries. In
this great age when we are connected with
all portions of the earth by our ships , by our
cables and by all methods of Intercourse , we.
think that It Is unwise to attempt this alone.
Mr. President , I want to call your atten
tion to this sluple point. I think It Is 1111-
wlso further for this convention to hazard
this contest upon a single ratio.Vhnt doe.H
this silver platform provide ? It should hiivu
contented Itself with the single statement
that It was In favor of the roniunctlziillon
of silver and the placing of It upon equality
with gold , but Instead of that your commit
tee presented for adoption a platform which
makes the test of democratic loyalty to
hang upon a single ratio , and that IS to t.
I doubt thu wisdom of having entered Into
detail. 1 doubt the propilety at saying that
15V6 or 17 In heresy and 10 to 1 Is the only
trun democratic doctrine. Permit me to
remind you I see distinguished senators be
fore me who In thu senate of the t'nlted
States , friends of free silver , had Introduced
bills for the fruo and unlimited coinage of
silver at the ratio of 20 to 1. I beg to re
mind this convention that some of your can
didates proposed for nomination are men for
whom I accept and whose democracy Is ad
mitted , who have time and tlmo again ar-
fiue.il In congress for other ratios than Iti to
1 , and yet you are proposing to nominate
men upon a platform that limits and re
stricts them to one single ratio. With all
duo respect I think It an unwlso step. I
think It an unnecessary step , and I think It
will return to plague us In the future. I
think wo have too many close business rela
tions with the other guf > at nations of thu
world for us to Ignore their attitude.
Your proposed platform says that the
policy of gold monometallism is a IJrltlsh
policy. Mr. President , they forget to tell
the people of this country that It Is a French
policy also ; they forget to tell the people ot
this country that It Is a tJoiman policy
nlso ; they fall to remind you that it Is a
Spanish policy also ; they fall to tell you thai
It Is the policy of the whole number of gov
ernments represented In what was called
the Latin Union. Theiefore , 1 thiid < II
looks a little. Just a trille , like demagosy
to suggest that this lb thu policy of a single
nation alone.
Mr. President , I resrct to sen that your
platform rends not a slnsle word In favui
ot International bimetallism , not necess.iril.v
inconsistent with this platform ; and there ft
no declaration whatever that It ! . - < the pulley
of this government to attempt to bring II
about. Thu minority platform declares ex
pressly that It Is the policy of this govern-
mcnt to make steady efforts to bring thl- ;
about. It would be safer to do It ; It would
be wiser to do It.'e run no risk upon the
gre.it question of thu finances of this re
public. I do not Intend In the bilef Unit
allotted to me to enter Into any el.iborati
argument upon this question. I assume thai
this convontlan desires , as the people ol
this country desire , that every silver dollai
coined shall bo the equal of every other dollar
lar coined. I llnd no words In this plat
form In favor of the maintenance of the
parity of the two metals I llnd no sugges
tlon of what Is to be done in enwo the ex
periment falls. I llnd no suggestion of how
you are to brace up this now depreciate * '
currency. Everything Is risked upon the
mcro fa''t that It shall bo given frcu oolnugi
at the mints.
I bet ? to call your attention to this tuct-
thnl. In my humble opinion , the very polios
condemnul by tills platform Is the pollc >
that has lu.pl your greenback currency niu
yourMlvcr dollars at a parity with gold dut-
lng the past years Wu think that limes am'
conditions have changed. We think that yoi
cannot ignore the f.iet of the great produc
tlon of silver In tills country.Vo thin !
that you ea'inot safely ignore the fact tha :
In the preparation of a financial system tlu
cost of the production of silver has greatlj
fallen. Why. It Is a very pregnant fact tha
confronts all the world , the solving of tin
great question of the Immensi. dlscovcrlci
of silver everywhere. The great fact con
fronts the world tlinl the cost of silver pro
ducllon has been lu-.irly reduced one-half
If thu Anu'ileaii pi'jplo were courageous
If they had the spirit of 1778 , as this plat
form says , could they singly and alun ,
nmko copper the equal of gold ? ilouli
they make lead the equal of gold. Mm
you not inl t Into consideration the greu
fact of production , the sn.it fa-n of Ihi
lessening of the coht o. ' production In th. .
last llfirrn and twenty years ? ( Applniuc- .
If bravery , If courage could piodueo thesi
results , then you could make any nietul , m
matter what It might lie , a money metal
Jiut , 1 tell you , It lit n question of econom
Ics , a question of business Judgment ; U I
not u quesilon of finance. It la a questloi
of lesources And upon that It Is th
Judgment of the minority of thu commute. .
that the safest course Is to take the firs
grout step In favor of international hi
inolnlllsm ami flop there ,
I know it will 1m said In Hoinn places thl
platform agrees with our ripuhllc.au friends
It , to mo. Is neither any better , nor air
worse for It. I cull your attention to th' '
Tact that your plank upon pensions , tha
your plank upon the Monroe dootrlno lha
your pbtnk upon Cuba , ( hat your plan1
upon Alusltn. that your plank even upoi
the civil seivice , lire exactly ! ! ! the reiiuli
llcan plunl.s Therefore. 1 do not thin'
that tlint criticism will iMr.ict I rum th
vuluo of the suggestion.
Mr. President. [ said a fe\\ moments ng
I thought the safest couroo for this conven
tlon to have pr.nnied. was simply to hav
mild that this govcinmcnt should enact
slututu In favor of placing gold an , ! Mive
ullko ua tlio currcnoy of thu countrv , an
stop thcio. I da lint tldidc , us I aMll , an
I will icppul , llml It l.i wlsu to linzar
everything upon a Hingis number. Let in
go further. I object to various provision
of UiU platform , and I think If the wl8 >
cool-headed men , far-sighted men , such n
is tha distinguished senator from ArluiiB.u
who nddressod you , bud provnlled , ihu
platform would hnvo been different. ( Ai
pUiuse. ) What was thn neccaslly for opui
line up iho quesllon of greenback circuit
tlonl What was Iho nccrcslty for pudln
in this plutfnnn an Imjilled pledge thu
thla government ml/ht / ISRIIO KruvMihncfc
uml make Ibem legal tender ? The deim
crallo paity Horn Us earliest history he
been In favor of bard money. ( Appiavise
The democratic party thinks that the be :
way for us to do la to lOlnilnuto Unite
Stales notes and treasury notes from ov
currency. They are n drug upon our me
cla. You havu to conttnntly keep suppllc
a fund for their redemption. Therefor ,
when my friend from South CuioHna an
my frU'iid from Arkansas ny that thl
platform nays whiit It means , and mean
what it hava , I would like to hnvxam
one who follows mo , tell what this platfon
inaanm unnn t ) --i-i- > .if 11.- i n. ,
paper money hpren/trr. / . ( Applause. ) I
am not vlolntlnrr , I think , Iho secrets of the
commlttpo room when I snjv thn > It w.ia
nvowed that this government might desire
to pursue that course , and this Is nn at
tempt nt this late iltiy to commit the demo-
crntle party to the nuleldal policy of tin '
Issuing of pnpcr money. ( Applause and
crls of "That a the stuff. " ) You nny you
wanted a clear and dlatltict platform. You
1mvo not pot It upon that question. It ]
cannot be defended successfully. i
Another r.tiirffrstlon p-i-mlt "io to make.
What was the necessity for putting Into
the platform other questions which have ]
never been made the tests of party loyalty ?
Why do w find the dispute over the ques
tion of policy and constitutionality of an
Income taxnnt. . htm It come to this ,
that the followers of Samuel J. Tllden ( ap
plause ) , who. during nil his life , was the
opponent or that Iniquitous scheme uhlcn
was used ( iitHtiHl him In hla old age to tin-
noy him nnd haitias him and humiliate
him-why. I saj , should It be left to this
convention to make ns a tenet of demo
cratic faith , belief In the propriety and ,
constitutionality of an Income 1-iw ? \\hyi
Was It wife to nranil the supreme court of
your country. ( Applause. ) Will some one
say whnt that clausf means In this plat
form ? If you mean wr-nt you say , and
say v.hat you me.in. will some one explain
that provision ? That nrovl lon. If It means
anything , means Hint It Is the duty ol con-
ficss to reconstruct the supreme court of
the country It means and It was openly
avowed It means the adding of additional
mernbern to It. or the turnlm ; out ot cilice
and irconatiuctlnp the whole court. I
Bald I will not follow any such revolution
ary step as that. Whenever before In the
history of this country has devotion to nn
Income tax been made the lest of demo
cratic loyalty ? Never. Have you not
undertaken enough , my good friends , now
without se.'lslntj to put In this pint form
Huso unnecessary , foolish and ridiculous
things ?
What further have you done ? In this
platform you have declared for the llrnt
time In the history of this country that
you are opposed to nny life tenure what
ever for olllce. Our fathers before us , our
democratic fathers whom wo revere , In
the establishment of this governnn nt gave
our court Judges a life tenure for olllce.
What necessity was there In reviving that
question ? How foolish and how unneces
sary In my opinion. DcmociatH whoso
wholn IIro has been devoted to this party
nro men whoso hopes , whoso ambitions ,
whose aspirations , all lie within party Hues
and are to be driven out of the party upon
this new question of life tenure of the
court fudges of our federal courts. This
Is n revolutionary step , this Is an unwise
step , this Is an unprecedented step In our
party history.
Another question that I think should have
been avoided , and that Is this What was
the necessity , what the propriety of Inking
up the vexed question of the Issue of bonds
for the preservation of the credit of the
nation ? Why not havu lot tills financial
question of Iho free coinage of sliver stand
alone ? What have you declared ? You
have announced the old policy that under
no circumstances shall there ever bo a sln-
glo bond Issued In times of peace. What
does that mean ? It means the virtual
repeal of your resumption act : It means re-
1 pudtatlon pure and simple. The statement
la too broad , the statement Is too sweeping.
You even oppose congress doing It ; you
even oppose the president doing It : you
oppose them doing It either singly or
unitedly. You stand upon the broad prop
osition that Tor no purpose , whether io
protect the currency or not , whether to
preserve your national credit or for any
other purpose , there shall not be n l > end is
sued. Why , bow surprising that would bo
to my democratic associates In Ihti senate ,
who , for the last two or three years , have
introduced bill after bill for the issuing of
bonds for the NIc.iraguan canal and other
purposes. ( Laughter and diceiing. )
No , no , my friends , this platform has not
been wisely considered. In your zeal for
monetary reform you have gone out of the
true path ; you have turned from the true
course , and in your anxiety to build up Iho
silver currency you have unnecessarily put
In this platform provisions which cannot
stand a fair discussion. Let mo tell you ,
my friends , without going Into a discussion
of the bond question proper , which Is some
what foreign to this subject let me tell you
\\liat would be the condition of this coun
try If the president of the United States In
the discharge of the public debt that Is
conferred upon him had not seen lit to Issue
bonds to protect the credit of the govern
ment. The democratic party has passed a
tariff bill which unfortunately has not pro
duced a sutllclent revenue yet to mcnt the
necessities of the government. There has
been a deficit of about & 0,000,000 a year. It
Is hoped that In the near future this bill
will produce ample revenues for the support
of the government , but In the meantime
yoUr greenback currency and your treasury
notes must be rcdecmcil when they are pre
sented. If you would preserve the honor and
thn credit of the nation where would the-
money have come from If your president
and your southern secretary of the treasury
had not. discharged their duty by the Issu
ing of bonds to save the credit of the coun
try ? Lot me call your attention to the
figures. There has been Issued during this
administration $22COO OCO. What amount of
money have you in the treasury today ?
Only Just about half that sum. Where would
you have obtained the means to redeem
your paper money If It had not been pro
duced by the sale of bonds ? Why , my
friend Tillman could not have made enough
from the treasury on his salary to pay his
expenses homo. ( Laughter and ap Manse. )
Mr. President , T relteiato to this convention
that this has brought Into this canvass an
unnecessary , a foolish issue which puts us
on the defense in every school district In
the states.
1 do not propose to detain you by any
other ciltlcism of. this platform at this
time. It Is sutllclent that you have entered
upon an Issue on which democracy Is largely
divided , Tn addition to that you have un
wisely brought Into this platform other
questions foreign to the main question and
made the support of them the test of de
mocracy. I do not think that this was
the course that should havu been pursued.
Mr. President , there Is time enough yet to
letracc these fa Lie steps. The burden you
have Imposed upon ns In the eastern states
In the support of this platform In Its ques
tion relating to silver Is all that can be rea
sonably done. Hut In addition , you have put
upon us the question of the preservation
of the public credit. You have brought into
It the question of the Issuing of bonds. You
hnvo brought Into It the qttrstion of the re
construction of the supreme court. You
hnvn brought Into It the question of the.
Issuing of pliper money. You have brought
Into It the question of life tenure of public
ofllccs , And these absurd provisions are
proposed to lie made the test of Hue democ
racy. ( Oreat applause. )
Mr , President , It Is not Tor me to revive
any question of sectionalism and I shall not
do It. The country Is now at pence ; all tha
sections of It are united. I care not from
whnt section of the country a democrat
comes so long ns he bo true to the principles
ot our fathers 1 will shako him by the hand
and express my friendly sentlmenl toward
him. ( Great applause and cheering. )
The question of sectionalism will creeji
In in cplto of the efforts of our men to
keep It out. It is this platform , I think ,
ninlu-s our success more dilllcult. 1 want
tin' old party with which I have been an-
l niiclated from my boyhood to this I have
' looked forward to thu day when It should
i be securely Intrenched In the affections
! of the American people. I dislike iho re
publican party. 1 dislike all Its tenets. I
i have no sympathy with Its general prln-
1 I'lplep , but 1 do think that wo are hero to-
1 day making a mistake In the venture
which we aic about to fake. He not de
ceived. Do not attempt to drive old demo
crats out of the party that liuvn grown
gray In Its service to make room for a
lot of republicans and old whlgs and other
populists that will not vote your ticket
after all. ( Great applau.su and cheering ) .
Do not attempt to trade off the vote of
little New Jersey , tlint never failed to glvu
Us electoral votu , and take thu experiment
i of some atnte out wt-at which has always )
1 given tin ? vote to the republican ticket.
] tell you that no matter who the nominee
may be In this convention , wuii possibly
one exception , your populist friends upon
whom we am relying for support In iho
west and south will nominate their own
ticket and your slher forces will bo divided
Mark the prediction which I make. ( Ap-
. plaiiso and cries "No , r.a" ) . Homo one
says "No Who Is authorized to speak
J ! for the populist parly hero in n demo-
\ I cratlc convention ? I saw upon this plat.
1' form tbu other day an array of them
v i giving countenance and support to thin
1 I movement , men who never voted n demo
cratic ticket In their lives , and never expect
to. ( Applause ) . They have organized this
party. They are the men who attempteil
to proscribe democrats all over this union ,
Tlu-y nro the men who were crying against
ua In the dayu that tried men's souls durIng -
Ing the war. My frltndt ) . I thus speak ,
more In sorrow than In anger. You know
what this platform means to the cast. You
must realize the result. Hut , calamitous
nn It may bu to us , It will bo moro so tc
you nil , if. taking these risks , you do noi
win thu tight.
My friends , wo want the democratic
parly to succeed , Wo want to build II
up. We do not want to tear It downVc
want our principles the alii principles ol
Jefferson. Jackson , Tllden , of safe money
Wu want no greenback currency on oui
plates. Wo want no pupcr currency what ,
uver. We want to stand by the principle.
under which we Imvo won during the his
tory of this country and ma do It what li
Is. If wo keep In the good old paths ni
a the party we can win. If wo depart fron
them we shall lose.
The gold delegates dliuhed upon thcli
chairs and Jolnt-d the galleries In Uio dem
oust rat Ion In honor of the Ninv York chain
plou as he desec-mled from the platforn
nnd resumed his seat In thu New Vorl
Senator Vllas oi Wu-onRlu. who ha < !
served I nthe first Cleveland numlulstratlor
as postmaster ncuciul , stepped to the plat'
form \\kcii tha Hill enthuilasiu hail besuc
to wane. The senator l familiar to Wash
ington as one ot the spokefttncn nnd de
fenders of President Cleveland , Ho looks
llko n college professor , with nn Iron Bray
beard nnd Rlnsaes , nnd ho wore today n
formal frock coat and n black string tie which
carried out the likeness. It was to protest
ngalnst a proposed revolution In party faith
Hint he spoke for the minority , ho said , nnd
ns n democrat who had already maintained
reasonable obedience to party mandate nnd
for n state of unnltorliiK party stability.
"Ardor will redress no wrongs , fury will
rnqe vnlnly ngalnst principles of finance , "
was one aphorism with which ho strove to
stptn the silver current.
The spppch was crowded with alliterations.
One which the senator coined was nn ex-
hnrtntlon to "puigp the platform from any
Imputation of n purpose to pUulor. "
Tillman nnd Hill held the assembly quiet
except for the Intervals when the crowd
vented Its sentiments. Now that they had
pla > ed their pnrts delegates and specUtors
began to swarm about. Their attention was
caught \\lipn he demanded , "When did rob
bery by law come to bo democratic doc
trine ? " The seizure of hnlf the debts of n
nation for the debtors differed only In degree
from the whole , he declared. The doctrines
of the platform were the beginning ot social
nnarcliy , ho believed. "Somewhere In thin
country thrre may bo some Marat , " he
Bliotitcd with bitter Intensity , "some Han ton ,
some llobesplerro , but you have not the
people who will follow him" nnd this
t'jrust ' brought Inarticulate greetings from
tie Galleries.
The Uay state delegates stood on their
chairs nnd sent up tlirco ringing cheers , as
Vllag descended , and there were cries of
"Kussoll , Uunsell. Husscll , " for the keen ,
high strung young statesman , three tltniM
governor of Slnssnchusetts , was pushing past
the knot of supernumeraries about the plat
form steps. As ho came Into view Ne -
York Joined Massachusetts In the cheers and
reinforced the cheer which the Hoston men
led with an olfl time Harvard yell , nnd
which played across the floor nnd up through
the galleries. No other man so young as
Hussell has over held so high a place In
the democratic party , few others have gained
so high a measure of popularity In the whole
party as hu has gained.
His cutaway coat was buttoned tightly
across Ills breast. Ho laid n sheet ot notes
upon the table and passed his hand across
his forehead before beginning , llko n man
who undertook something which ho knows
to bo futile.
"I have but ono word to say , " ho began.
"Tho time for debate Is past. I am con
scious , " ho said , Impressively , "painfully
conscious that the mind of this convention
Is not nnd has not been open to argument.
I know the will of this great majority which
has seen fit to override the precedents nnd
attack the sovereignly of atatcs , Is to rigIdly -
Idly enforce Its views. I know full well
that an appeal also will fall on deaf ears.
There Is hut ono thing left to enter my
protest. I do so , not In anger or In bitter
ness , but with it feeling of Infinite sorrow.
Our country , if not this convention , will
listen to our protest. "
He proceeded to speak with n pathetic
strain of the battle of the democracy of
Massachusetts In the dark days and of the
ultimate triumph ot democratic principles.
Those principles , he argued , were to be for
gotten under new nnd radical leadership.
Principle was to make way for expediency
and such a surrender could only Invite de
The delegates , especially those from Mas
sachusetts , had been demonstrative at almost
every word , but when ho said , referring
to George Fred Williams' speech , that a
false note had been heard In the conven
tion from Massachusetts and asked the Mas
sachusetts delegation If that represented the
sentiment of Massachusetts , the delegates
from that state rose to their feet and yelled
frantically that ho did. The other New
England delegates took up the cry and Rus
sell's name sounded from all quarters of
the hall. With a voice that shook with
emotion he concluded by pleading for one
word of concession and one word of con
The demonstration that followed from the
platform was submerged beneath the storm
of cheers that greeted the advance onto the
stage ot William J. Bryan , the "Boy Ora
tor of the Platte , " whoso star as a presi
dential possibility had for twenty-four Hours
been brightly on the convention's horizon.
Bryan had been called for moro from the
bcRlunlng of the 0ventlou | | than any other
man , with the possible exception of Hill.
Bryan seemed to hold more admirers in the
ofllcial nnd unofficial ranks than any other
man except Hill. The attention they gave
him wns second only to the ono bestowed
upon the Now YoHc senator. More than
hnlf the men were standing and the air was
full ot papers nnd hats. Four times the
cheer seemed to have spent Itself , nnd each
time It rose again with the roll of an ad
vancing wave.
Bryan stood with a smile playing on his
face and an uplifted arm waiting for silence.
Whllo ho stood there waiting hundreds had
their first view ot a man whoso political
llto in congress and afterward has been
Indentifled with the movement for free silver.
Ho has a face nnd figure of a Roman on the
stage , the likeness of ono stepped from the
tragic stage. He has n clean-cut , firm mouth ,
a strong Roman nose and black head of
hair brushed back from his forehead and
falling over his collar In short curls. His
apparel was that of a plain westerner , a
short alpaca Jacket , n low cut vest , a white
lawn tic. .Even the attention given to Till
man and Hill did not equal the
breathless eagerness "d h which the
delegates peered forward to catch the first
sentence of this young man whom many
westerners appraise as their foremost era
tor. They were not disappointed , tic spoke
deprecating ! ? of himself. "But , " ho added ,
"the humblest citizen In the land when
clad In the armor of righteousness Is
stronger than all Ihe hosts of error. "
Thla struck a keynote which Bounded to
the rafters , and thereafter the sllverltcs
sent up yell after yell of deepest delight
after every striking period. The cnuso of
silver , ho declared , was the cause of liberty ,
of humanity. Therefore ho deprecated any
denunciation of President Cleveland because
the Issue was not to bo brought down to the
level of a personally.
Mr. Bryan's speech In full follows :
Mr , Chairman nnd Gentlemen of this Con
vention : I would bo presumptuous , Indeed
to present myself against the distinguished
gentleman to whom you have listened. If
this were but measuring of ability. Hut
this Is not a contest of persons. The hum
blest citizen In all the land when clad In
the armor of a righteous cnuso Is stroirsur
than all the whole hosts of error that they
can bring. 1 como to speak to you In de
fense of a cause as holy as thu cause of
liberty , the cause of humanity. ( Loud ap
plause ) .
When this debate is concluded , n motion
will bo made to lay upon the table the
resolution offered In commendation of Ihe
administration , and also a resolution In
condemnation nf the administration. I
shall object to bringing this question down
to the level of persons. The Individual Is
but an atom , lie Is born , he acts , he dies ,
but principles are eternal , and this has been
a contest of principles. Never before In the
history of this country has there been
witnessed such n contest as that through
which we have passed. Never before In the
history of American politics has -great
issue been fought out as has this Issue , by
the votrri ! themselves.
On the 4th of March , ISXi , n few demo
crats , most of them members of congrefa.
Issued nn addn-KS to the democrats of the
nation , asserting that the money question
was the iiuramnunt Is.su.i of the hour , as
serting u'sn the right of the majority of
the domoera"c party to control the posi
tion of the imrty on this paramount Issue :
nnd concluding1 with a request that all
believers In free coinage of silver In thu
democratic party should organize , take
charge of and control the policy of the
democratic party. Tlirco months later at
Memphis an organization was perfected anil
sliver democrats went forth openly and
J boldlv and courageously proclaiming Ihelr
I belief anil declaring that. If successful , they
i would cryatallzo them In a platform
declaration , which they had made ; am'
then began n conflict with zi-al approaching
the zeal which Inspired thu crusaders who
followed Peter , the Hermit.
Our silver democrats went forth from vic
tory unto victory until they are assembling
now , not to discuss , not to debate , but to
enter upon the Judgment rendered by the
plain people of this country. ( Applause ) In
this contest brother has been arrayei
1 ngulnst brother , and father against son. The
. ! warmest ties of lovu nnd acqualnlnncu am
I u.iKoclallon havu been disregarded. Uli
i leaders Imvo been cast unldo whun they refused -
fused to give expression to tbu sentiment u :
thosu whom they would lead , and now
leaders huvu sprung up to give direction tc
this cnuse of truth. ( Cheers. ) Thus has tin
contest been wnctd and wo hnvo niwmhlei
heru under us binding and solemn limtruo-
tloua ns worn ever fastened upon ivpresellta-
tlves of n people. Wu do not como as In
dividuals. We might Imvo been glad to
compliment thu gentleman from New } ark
( Senator Hill ) , bill wo know that Iho Pj'oplo
for whom wo speak would never bovllllm
to put him In n position when. ) h < couli
thwart Iho will at Ihu diiiiunrutlu uurlv
( Cheers. ) I say U wns not n question of per-
scns ; It jvns n , question of principle ,
nnd It ? 4l7iot with gladness. tny
fi lends , that wp find ourselves brought Into
conlllet with , ( those who nre now nrrayrM
on the othprsltje. The gentleman who Just
preceded me'HlUvernor Itusscll ) spolcp ot the
old state o&iMeilsnchusotts. Let nip nssure
him that nqt.one , person In nil this con
vention enteftnins the least hostility to the '
people of tlM sMite of Massachusetts. ( Ap- '
plnuse ) ; bill ) wv stand bete , lepresentlns I
people who orojl'qit.iJs befole the law of the i
best cltUens , | M tno mute of Massachu
setts. ( ApnJHUtfe ) . Whni you come before
us ami tell us1 we shall disturb your busi
ness Intere. tR'.Wp reply that you have dis
turbed nuw business Interests by your
course. ( Grrfit'applause and cheeilns ) . W.-
say to you Ojat you have made too limited
In Its nppllcvitlan the definition of business
man. The tilaii who Is employed for wages
Is ns much ! i nltslness man as his employer.
( Continued cheering ) . The attorney In a
country town Is as much a business man
ns the corporation counsel In n great
metropolis. The met chant at a cross
roads store Is us much a hiisliicsu man ns
the merchant of New York. The fiirimr
who goK forth In the morning and tolls nil
day , begins In thi < spring and tolls all sum
mer , and , by the application of brain and
muscle to the I'atural resources of this
country , and creates wealth , Is as much
a business man as the man who goes lipon
the Hoard of Trade and bets upon the pi Ice
of grain.
The sentiments of the speaker \u > re
cheered again and again nnd the gallerli
seemed to be a mass of white because of the
handkerchiefs wavint ; . The cheers were re
newed ngaln and again nnd It was sotno inln-
utc-s before Mr. Bryan could bo heard , lie
proceeded as follows :
The miners who f.o 1,0 < W feet Into Un
earth or climb 2,000 feet upon cliffs and
bring forth from their hiding place pie-
clous metals to be poured In channels of
trade nro as much business men as the
few financial magnates who In a back room
corner the money ot the world.
The free silver delegates at this point
broke forth In tremendous cheers. Order
wns finally restored nnd Mr. Bryan con
tinued :
We come to speak for this broader class
of business men. Ah , my friends , we say
nol one word ngalnst those who live moil
the Atlantic coast , but those hardy ploneeia
who braved all the dangers of the wilder
ness , who hnvo made the desert to blossom
as roses ; those pioneers away out U > ore
tearing their children near to nature's
heart where they can mingle their
voice with the voices of the birds out there
whore they have erected school bouses
for the education of their young , and
chinches where they praise their Creator ,
and cemeteries , wbero sleep the ashes of
their dead are as deserving of the consid
eration of this party ns any people In this
country. ( Oreat applause ) . It Is for lln.se
.hat wo spenk. We do nol come as ag
gressors. Our war Is not a war of con-
niesl. Wo are lighting In defense of our
ionics , our families and posterity. ( Loud
ipplause ) . We have petitioned , and our
ntrealles have been disregarded. We have
> eiged , and they have mocked us , and our
calamity came. AVe beir no longer ; we
ntreat no more , we petition no tnor ; we
lefy them. ( Oreat applause and confusion
of silver delegates ) .
The gentleman from Wisconsin has said
10 feais the Itobesplerre. My friend , In
.his land of freedom you need fear no
tyrant who will r'prlng up from among the
leoiile. What we need Is an Andrew
facKSon to stand as Jackson stood , ns.iinst
he encroachments of aggrandized wealth.
Great applause ) .
They tell us this platform was made to
: atch votes. We reply to them that chang-
ng conditions make ntiw issues ; that the
irlnclplcs tiport which rest democracy nre
is everlasting as the hills , but that they
must be applied to new conditions as they
trlse. ComlltloiiM have arisen and we are
ittempllng to mc > et those conditions.
They tell us that the Income tax ought
lot be brought In hero : that It Is a ne.\
dea They crltic.lse us for our criticism of
.he supreme ) court of the United Slates.
My friends , wo have not criticised ; we- have
"Imply called attention to what you know.
If you want ! criticisms read the dissenting
opinion of the court. That will give you
criticisms. CApplauso. ) They say wo passed
in unconstitutional law. I deny It. Tre
nconio tax Was not unconstitutional when
it was passcM. It was not unconstitutional
when it went to the supreme court the
[ Irst time. Jt , dl.il not become unconstitu
tional until one judge changed his mind ,
and we cannot Ijo expected to know when
a Judge will change his mind. ( Applause
and voice , "flit ; .em again. " ) The Income
tax Is a Just law. It simply Intends to
put the burddn of government justly upon
the backs o ? the people I am In favor of
nn Income tax. Ipplause. ) When I llnd a
man who is , , not XvJlllni ? to pay his share
of thti burden of the government which pro
tects him , I find a man who is unworthy to
enjoy the blessings of a government like
ours. . ( Applause. )
He says that we are opposing the na
tional bank currency. It is truo. If you
will read what Thomas Uenton salel you
will find that In searching history ho could
llnd but ono parallel to Andrew Jackson ,
that was Clcc.ro , who destroyed , the con
spiracy of Cntallno and saved Rome. lie
did for Rome what Jackson did when ho
destroyed the bunk conspiracy and saved
America. ( Applause ) . Wo say In our
platform that we believe the right to cola
money and issue money Is a function of
government. Wo believe it. We believe it
is a part of sovereignty , and can no more
with safety be delegated to private In
dividuals than We could afford to delegate
to private Individuals the power to make
penal statutes or levy laws for taxation.
Mr. Jefferson , who was once regarded as
good democratic authority , seems to have
a different opinion from the gentlemen who
have nddressid us on the pai t of the
minority. Those who are opposed to this
proposition tell us the Issue of paper money
is a function of u bank and that the gov
ernment ought to go out of the banking
business. 1 stand with Jefferson , rather
than with them , and tell them , as he did.
that the Issue of money Is a function of
government , and tlu't banks ought to go
out of the government business.
They complain about that plank which
declares against life tenure In oflice. They
have tried to strain It to mean that which
It docs not mean. What we oppose In that
plank Is life tenure that Is being built up at
Washington , which excludes from participa
tion In bcnefltH the humbler members of
our socl"ty. I cannot dwell longer In my
limited tlmu. ( Cries of "Go on ! Uo on ! " )
Let mo call attention to two or three
great things. The getillimian from New
York says he will propose an amendment
providing that tbl.s change in our law
shall not affect contracts already made.
Let me remind him that there Is no Inten
tion of affecting those contracts , which , ac
cording to the present laws , are made pay
able inold. { . Hut If be means to say we
cannot change our monetary system with
out protecllng those who have loaned
money before the change was made , I want
to ask him where. , In law or In morals , he
can llnd authority for not protecting the
debtor when the act of 1ST. ! was passed , but
now Insist thai we must protect Iho cred
itor , lln says bo also wanui to amend this
law nnd provide that if we fall to main
tain the parity within n year wo will then
suspend the coinage of sliver. Wo reply
that when we advocate a thing which we
believe will be successful we are not com-
ptlled to raise a doubt as to our slnceilty
by trying to show what we will do If w
fall. I ask him , If he will apply his logic
to us , why he does not npply It to himself.
He says ho wants this country to secure an
International agreement. Why doesn't h
tell us what he Is going to do If they fall
to neciiro an International agreement ?
There Is mom reason for him to do that
than us to fall to maintain a parity. They
have Irled for .thirty years for thirty
years to secui'6i itn International agree
ment , and tljilfti : who nro waiting for It
most patiently don't want It at all. ( CheerIng -
Ing and Inugirrerlons continued. )
Now , my fill-niTs , ( ot mo como to the
great imninnrajti Issuo. If they nsk us
hero whv H I.MiJmU.we say more on xhu
money question thai ) wu s.iy upon the
tariff question , 1 reply that If protection has
slant Its thousands , tbu gtild standard has
slain Its tens o' thousands. if they ask
us why we did not embody all these things
In our plalfoiyv , vviilcb we believe , we reply
to them that/Jwhtn wo hnvo restored the
money of thu I'onstltutlon all other nece.s-
sary reforms will bo possible , and that un
til that Is done , there Is no reform that
can bo ace-omnllpljed. ( Cheering ) . Why Is
It that within Ibreo months such a change
has ronvi over iho HI iitiinunt it this ci.nntry ?
Three inontliHjiigoiiWhcii It was ronllduiilly
assorted that , flM ? " who believed In the
gold Htundnru would frame our platform
anil iiumliiatu ° liiiucandidate ( , even the advo-
e-ates of the gold standard did not think
wo could elecei'oup.presldent , but they hud
good reason for aut-plclon , because there Is
Bcnreely a state hero today asking for the
gold standard tli-it Is not within tbu abso
lute control of the republican party. ( Loud
churning ) . Hut note thn change. Mr. Mc-
Klnley was nominated at Bt. I.ouU upon a
platform that declared for the maintenance
of tbu gold standard until it should bo
changed into bimetallism by an Interna
tional uBrcement. Mr. McKlnle-y was
most popular man In the republican party ,
nnd everybody , three months ngo. In th
republican parly , prophesied lib election.
How Is It today ? That man who used to
Itoast that bo looked llko Nupulcon
( iiiughter and cheers ) , that man shudders
today whtn bo thinks Hint ho wns nomi
nated on the anniversary of thu buttle of
At the suggestion of the coincidence be
tween McKliiley's nomination nnd the fate
of Nupole-on nt Waterloo , the silver men
Khowcd their appreciation of Iho point by
u yell and an uproar which for twenty or
thirty seconds prevented the speaker fron ;
proceeding At length , when things calmed
down u trllle , bu resumed as followu-
Nut only that , but as ha listens ho can
hear with ever Increasing distinctness the
sound of the waves as they beat upon the
lot-ply shores ot St. Helena. ( Chpeis. )
Why this chnnge ? Ah , my friends , Is
not the- change evident to nny one who will
look nt the matter ? It Is no private char-
iii tcr however pure ; no personal popular
ity , however great , that can protect from
the avenging wrath of nn IndUnnnt people
ple the man who will either declare ho Is
in favor of fastening the gold standard
upon this people or who Is willing to stir-
rrnder the right of self-government nnd
placn the legislative control In the bands
of foreign potentates and powers. ( Cheers. )
We fn forth confident we shall win. Why ?
llecause upon the paramount Issue In this
campaign there Is not a spot of ground
upon which the enemy will dare to chal
lenge battle. Why. If they tell us the gold
standard Is a good thing , we point to their
plntfotni and tell them that their platform
pledged the parly to get rid of the gold
Rtundaid and substitute bimetallism ( Ap-
plnuse. ) If the gold standard Is a good
thing why try to get rid of It ? ( LiuiRhter
nnd continued applause. ) And 1 mlEtht call
your attention to the fact that KOIIIC of
the very people who nre In this convention
today and who tell you that we ought to
ikelnre In favor of International bimetal
lism and thereby declare that Iho gold
standard Is wrong , nnd that the principle
nf bimetallism Is better , tbise Veiy people
four months ago weie open nnd nvowed
advocates of the gold standard and telllnif
us that we could not legislate the two
metals together , even with all the world.
( Renewed npplause nnd cheers ) 1 want to
suggest this truth , that if the gold standard
Is a good thing , we ouirht to declare in
favor of Its retention ami not In favor of
abandoning It ; and If tl.e gold standard
Is a good thing , why should we wait until
some other nations are willing to help us
to let go. ( Applause. ) Here Is the line of
battle. We i-ire not upon which issue they
force a light. We me prepared to meet
: hem on c-lihor Issue , or on both. If they
tell us the gold standard Is the standard of
civilization , we reply to them that the
iiost enlightened of all the nations of earth
: ias never declared for the gold standard ,
mil both pi'HIi'S this year are declarln ; ;
igalnst It. ( ApplauseIf the gold stand-
ird Is the standard of civlll/utlon , why , my
friends , should we not have U ? So If they
come to miet us on that wo can present
the history of our nation. More than that
we win tell them tills , that hey will search
the pages of Istory In viiln to llnd a single
nstaiice In v.'lch the common people of any
and have ever declared themselves In favor
of the gold standard. ( Applause ) . . They
can llnd where holders of fixed Investments
have. Mr. Carlisle said in 1ST1 * that tills
was struggle between Idle holders or Idle
capital and struggling masses , who produce
the wealth and pay the taxes of the coun
try , and , my friends , It Is simply a ques
tion that we shall decide upon which side
shall the democratic party fight ? I'pon
the side nf the idlu holders of Idin capital ,
or upon the side of the struggling masses ?
That Is a question that thn party must
inswer first , and then It must be answered
: iy each individual hereafter. Thu sympa
thies of the democratic party as iiescrlbed
by the platform , are on the sM of Iho
struggling masses , who have ever been the
foundation of the democinlic party. ( Ap
plause ) . There nre two Ideas of govern
ment. There are those who believe thai
If you Just legislate * to make the well-to-do
prosperous , their prosperity will leak
through on thf > se below. The democratic
ld"a has been that If you legislate to make
the mast-pa prosperous , their prosperity
will find Its way up and thromUi every
class and rest upon It. ( Applause ) ,
You come to us and tell us that HIP great
cities are in favor of Ihe gold standaid. I
tell you that the great cities rest upon
these broad and fertile prulilus. Hum
down your cities and leave our farms and
yuur cities will spiing up again as If by
maple. Hut destroy our farms and grass
will grow In the streets of every city In
this country. ( Loud applause. ) My friends ,
wo shall declare that this natlona is able
Io legislate for Its own people on eveiy
question without waiting for the aid or
consent of any other nation on earth ( ap
plause ) and upon that Issue we expect to
carry every single state' in the union. ( Ap
plause. ) I shall not slander the fair state
of i.MassachULietts nor the state of Niw
York by saying thai when Us citizens are
confronted with the proposition. Is this na
tion able to attend to Its own business ? I
will nol Mamlcr either one by saying that
the people of those stales will declare our
helpless impotency as a nation to attend to
our own business. It Is thu Issue of 17Tl >
over again. Our ancestors when t,000COO
had the couratc to declare their inde
pendence of every other nation upon earth.
Shall we , their d > scciulants. when we have
grown to 700000.0 . , declare that we are less
independent than our forefathers ? No ,
my friends , It will never be the Judgment
of. thu peOj'le.
"Therefore , we care nol upon what lines
the battle Is fought. If they say bimetal
lism is good , but we cannot have it until
some nation helps us , we reply that instead
of having the gold standard because Ens-
land has it , we shall restore bemetnlllsm
and then lei Kngland have bimetallism , be
cause the Pulled Slales has It. ( Applause ) .
If they dare to come out and In open de
fend the gold standard as a good thing , wu
shall tlBht them to the uttermost , having
behind us the producing masses of this
nation and the world. Having behind us
the commercial Interests and the laboring
Interests , and all the tolling masses , we
shall iiimwcr their demands for thn gold
standard by saying to them , you shall not
presd down upon the brow of labor this
crown of thorns. You shall not crucify
mankind u ; > ou the cross of gold. ( Great
applnuse ) .
The conclusion of Mr. Bryan's speech was
marked by the most enthusiastic demon
stration of the convention up to that time.
The whole convention sprang to Its feet
and 20,000 tbroalr roared while twlco iO.-tOO
arms waved frantically. Handkerchiefs and
flans flow wildly. Hats were hurled aloft.
Umbrellas were waved. Men shouted like
maniacs. From every quarter of the hall
carao the hoarse roar. Suddenly a number
of Texas delegates uprooted the banner ot
the Lone Star state nnd carried It to where
stood the standard of Nebraska. Above thu
roar rose piercing shrieks which sounded
HUe a volley of siege guns above the con
tinuous rattle of 10,000 small arms. Other
delegates grasped the staffs of their dele
gations and pushed their way to the Ne
braska delegation. Soon the staffs of two-
thirds of the states were grouped about the
purple standard of Brj-un's state.
Only the standards of Connecticut , Dela
ware , Massachusetts , Maine , Minnesota , New-
York , Now Jersey , New Hampshire ,
Vermont , South Dakota , Rhode Is
land and Pennsylvania were loft
standing when the demonstration wns at
Its height. Meantime , the awful roar from
the galleries continued. The band played ,
but the music could not be heard above the
Nlagnra-IIko tumult of sound. Llko nn angry
ocean It swept on , bicaking , at lust receding ,
falling back only to rise agsiln , Delegates
fairly Jumped for Joy. Somu of them took
possession of the aisles and inarched. Sud
denly the states' standards clustered at Ne
braska woio borne it.ay in single file
through the nhlcs of the pit. After fifteen
minutes of this disturbance thu delegates and
crowd sank buck exhausted. Whe-n nil were
scaled , Delegate Hnulsbury of Di-hiwaro
climbed back on hiss chair. Ho anil his
thivo silver colleagues from that state gave
three checra for Bryan , which worn an
swered with a shouting gallery of "What's
the matter with Bryan fur president ? "
Thu recipient of all this honor ma do his
way with dllllculty from the Bingo. For ten
minutes bis friends had fairly smothered him
with congratulations.
When nt last he reached his chair on the
floor , liu leaned back seemingly complf-ioly
oxhauHled. Ono of his colleagues fanned
him , wbllo othiTR of the delegation hung
affectionately over him and wrung Ills hand.
The transaction of business was started
again by Senator Hill of Now York , but not
without e-onsldcrablo dllllculty. The senator
fought his way down the nlulo to the
speaker's platform and th < m appealed to a
tall policeman , who cleared a small place
and enabled the Now York spokesman to
make the formal motion for the considera
tion of the minority report from the com
mittee on resolutions.
The convcnllfii took up the previous ques
tion nnd the clerk read the substitute for
the platform's financial plank. An Dreg01' '
delegate with a beard loomed up with a mo
tion to lay Mr. Hill's motion on the table ,
but Chairman Richardson Informed him that
under the rules that would carry the main
question with It and the Orcgoniau was
laughed at for hla pains.
The yeas on the question were ) not loud ,
but the nays gave n great shout , whereupon
Senator Hill , with upllftc'd hands , demanded
the call of stales. In behalf of Alabama
Chairman llankhead announced that but foi
the unit rule uvo delegates would vote foi
tto substitute. Delaware ) can nno Mlvei
vote on the question , that of John Saulsbury.
and Delegates Soot nd Ward voteil on tut
silver side. Three MpHxachuBcttx delegates ;
wore announced for silver. Delegate O'Sul-
llvan , a young man who has distinguished
himself throughout the convuntlou by wav
ing frantically n cowboy's hat on uveny
provocation , challenged the vote. "I dial
Icngo Jt on the ground that ouo man hen
has no right to vote Governor Kussull , " he
said , In Rimsell's behalf another delegate
stated that Ibo governor was a proxy for
U , Husaell , who was 111 , aud after consulta
tion with Oeorgo P. Williams , O'Sulllvnn
withdrew the challenge ,
Michigan swung her twenty-eight votes
for silver , for the first time since the con
testing delegates were seated. Two Penn
sylvania delegates were for silver , but under
the unit rule their votes counted for the
other side.
The vote In detail wns ns fellows :
Oao JclcKDto from Minnesota did not vote.
The announcement of thu vote , yeas C2t1 ,
r.nys 303 , gave iho silver men grounds for
applause , because It was Iho llrst vole dl-
rcclly on the flunnlcal question , and showed
six more than the necessary two-thirds to
On the vote for the adoption ot the plat
form ns n whole thu District ot Columbia
gave n solid vote for the pint form , and It
was adopted by 02S to 301 , one nol voting.
Mr. Hill v.-nlvpd n vote by states on bis
two amendments , emu relating to the Im
pairment pf contracts , and the other de
claring that the advocacy of free sliver was
based on the belief that the two mrtnls
could bo maintained nt a parity and pledg-
1ns the party , If It failed , to suspend fur
ther coinage , lie demanded n vote , how
ever , on the other resolution In which he of
fered to commend the national democratic
administration for its economy , honesty ,
fidelity nnd courage. The applause was
thin when this resolution was read , but
when llnck Illnrlchscn announced forty-
eight votes ngalnst the resolution the gal
leries hissed. When Iowa was reached
Delegate Ptockbiirn , a federal olllccr of I3ur-
lliiKton , protested vainly against being voted
against the resolution under the unit rule.
He challenged the volo. With but few ex
ceptions the silver delogalos voted against
the resolution. After the roll call had been
completed two delegates In the California
delegation changed their votes from no to
yes. making a total of eleven of the eighteen
votes In the delegation in favor of sustain
ing the president. A few of the delegates
declined to vote.
Thu announcement , of the defeat ot the
resolution. P.57 to 5fil , was greeted with n
slight splutter ot hisses. Senator Tillman
got onto a chair and withdrew the resolution
of censure he bad rend during his speech.
"The vote taken Is equivalent to n censure.
Where an nfllrmatlvo proposition Is nega
tived Its converse Is atllrincd. A bravo man
never strikes a fallen foe I withdraw the
resolution ol censure. " There were a few
cheers mingled with moro hisses.
Upon Mr. Hill's demand the vote was
then taken by stales on the adoption of Ibo
plctform. It was taken In almost total si
lence. As Now York and Pennsylvania cast
t'.ic-lr big block of votes ngalnst the plat
form , however , there was considerable cheer
ing.A .
A noticeable group of gold leaders at
tracted attention down In front ot the scats
occupied by Massnchunctts while the vote
on the platform was being taken. William
c : . Whitney of Now York came up and
leaned over young Russell and they were
soon Joined by "Den" Cable , Ihu young Illi
nois gold leader , by McDcrmoll of Now Jer
sey , J. fUovens and lesser lights. Their
heads veic together In earnest conference
and U'.elr faces wore a decidedly gloomy
cast. It soon became whispered about that
the subject of discussion was whether Ibo
gold men could consistently vote for a can
didate on Iho platform which wan to bo
Thu result was announced , 028 to 201 , with
ono absent , and the revised democratic crciJ
hail been sealed , signed nnd rail/led. / The
silver men gave a cheer and Immediately at
1:50 : the convention took a recess until 8
o'clock tonight.
Illllint of 3 > lH i > iirl COMICH Kir.st ivltli
YCM < for Ills Cliniiipi.m.
CHICAGO , July 9. The night session fur
nished all the preliminary incidents of the
most dramatic act of the convention. It
wns by long odds the most spectacular , for ,
as the hands of the clock were creeping
toward the appointed hour when the pres
ident making was to begin the great banks
of scats filled with the biggest crowd that
has yet secured admission , for the first
tlmo filling the galleries and attaining the
Chicago standard of bigness. Outside other
hundreds were clamoring before the doors
and stirring up stiffening clouds of dust
which hung over the scene like smoke. The
trolleys iMid elevated cars and special trains
were emptying thousands and the streets
were n mass of cabs , carriages and bicycles.
Inside the Incandescent lamps hung high
upon the Iron rafters , casting patches of
glare and shadow on thu rough areas of
heads. Three brazen bands from their dif
ferent stations clamorc.l away upon patriotic
molodka nnd the slalo delegations enter
ing were shrilly cheered , while the familiar
face of each lender was given an ovation
of his own. Delegates , olHclals , reporters
and messengers were lushing madly about ,
some of the latter waving messages above
their hruils.
Rumors of deals nnd combinations were
being handled everywhere , throwing panics ]
Into the camps of favorite sous. Managers
of booms were rallying their forces , de
ploying skirmishers and sending emissaries
Into hostlio cnmps , while knots of coufcr-
rlnq ; delegates had Ihelr heads together In
corners. Tno news spread quickly that the
Now York delegation had decided Io bold
aloof from thu voting , because they would
take no action based on the platform which
had been adopted. This move threw Into
chaos some of Ihe combinations nnd csll-
mntcs , anil no one knew just what Its effect
might be on the Held of candidates , es
pecially us tile New Yorkers were making
argument : ! to Influence the other eastern
states to stand with them In their pauslro
Many rumors clustered about young Ilrvan
of Nebraska , whoso wonderful afternoon
speech had cnirled him Into a fcinniilahlo
position In thf field and won for him par
tisans who seemed to be doing active work.
It was SI2 : ! before the acting chairman ,
Mr. Richardson , rapped loudly and long to
his alil.i to rrstoro order uiiil clear the
aisles. It look five mlnutea to secure n
somblniii'c nf order. Senator Jones of Ar
kansas gained recognition and moved that
the convention procce'd to the nomination of
a candidate for president of the United
States. It wan carried with a roar , thu gul-
lorlos adding a round of npjdauio In recog
nition of the actual opening of the content.
Chairman Ulihurdson announced that by
agreement the roll of stairs would bo called
for the presentation of candidates. Ala
bama was first to bo called aud the chairman
announced that the state would bo passed
for the pret.cnt.
Arkansas came next. "Arkansas yields to
Senator Vest of Missouri. " shouted Benutor
Join's , nnd them was ) a wavn of applause
from the llland ailhcrc-nts. Senator Vest's ,
first mention of the name of llland brought
out a short Oeiiionstrntlon. Mr. Vo t said :
Revolutions do not begin with the rluh
and piospiToun. They -pres.'iit the piolest
of tho.so who uro suffering from piohj-nt
conditions , and whose deniMiids for lu-llef
ire denounced by Ihe buni'llcluii of un-
lusl and oppressive lo l latlon. \ \ hen a pro
found seiisiof wrong evolved irom years
of distress fat-tuna upon the imbllo mind in
i freu country , and the people uru duUr-
mined In Imvo icdreiw , n leader U alw.iya
found who l a platform In lilrnnclf. nnd to
whom they Instinctively turn us Iho logical
xpoiient uf their hopes ) . 'Hie people are
not IcunoelasJts , nor talin ) to their convic
tions. They jolloivml Jcffer oa when ho an-
.tiled tlio cenmillnlnii and monarchical doc-
.ilius or Ibo old foderulUls nnd was dp.
.iuiiiitM-d us a roinnumlHt and lovclcr by the
wealth and culluiu ot Now ICnsland nnd
They followed Jackson when bo took the
ITnlicd fital M bank by the tin oat and wua
proclaimed a lyrant und lulllnn by the
usurers nnd money kings. .
They followed Lincoln when hu attnciu-d
ihei slave power , and declared that this
ountry could not exlm hnlf slave and half
The great movement for blmetanisni-iho
fron nnd unlimited ceilnnge of gold and ll-
V r at the ratio of 18 to 1 anil the restora
tion of silver to Ha constitutional status Is
"No sapling chnnco sown by Ibo fountain ,
Dlooinlng nt the Holtane , In winter to
fade , "
It 1ms come to stay. It Is a protest
ngnlnat the wrong nnd outrage of 1S7.1 ,
when , without debate , nnd with the knowl
edge of only a lew mnn In congress , the
silver dollar wns stricken freim the colnago
nnd the red despot of gold made supreme nn
to all value * .
It Is a declaration by the freemen of
America tlint the I'nlted States must with
draw from thn conspiracy which was forme 1
to destroy otie-baU the metallic motiev e.f
the world , In order to establish the shivery
of greed and usury , more degrading thnh
the tyranny of mined force.
H Is the stern demand from unrequited
toll , bankrunt enterprise nnd ruined bum. i
for n change In the money system w u h
for years has brought disaster nnd desoi i-
In tlili crisis of our country and party wrt
must take no step backward In plat form or
candidate. Wo want no unceitaln or doubt ,
fill leader. Nor "laggard In peace or dns
tnrd 111 war. "
No Intter-dny silver saint , but a uriyzlwl
nnd scarred veteran , who tins borne i < in
heat nnd burthen of the day , and whose *
breast Is marked from edge of sword and
point of lance on a hundred fields.
Twenty years ngo the buttle for silver
was begun In Iho balls of ccmpirsx by a
modest , unpretending , brave man , not nti
Irldrsceiit nor meteoric statesman , but of
the people and from the people , who IUIH
never faltered an Instant In Iho great
Btrugclp. Others doubted and wavered ,
some yielded to blandishment and patronage )
mid are now hi.ldli\g \ olllce under the gold
prwor ; others misrepresented their con
stlluenls and have been provided for In Iho
national Intlinmry of Iho present nd-
mliilHlratloii ; but Richard Parks Ulninl
stands now where he stood then , the living ,
breathing embodiment of the silver cause.
He stiuckwith nteel point the golden
shield of the money monopolists , us did
Ivnnlioe , that proud Templar In the lists of
Ashby. and has neither asked nor given
Nor Is he a nariow , one-ideaed man. For
twenty-two years in rongrcns be fotmht
In the front ranks for democratic principles
and policies , as taimhl by Jefferson. Ho
stood by the side of Randall , and risked
health and llfo to defeat the Unit force
bill. He opposed ably nnd eainestly that
crowning tariff. Infamy , the McKlnloy net ,
and ngiiln was amoiiR the foremost
opponents of the last fore-o Mil wWeh pass-.j
the bouse , but wan dcfc.itsul In the scnntu
He Introduced thu llrst free c-olmipo
measure In congress , and was the author
of the seigniorage bill which passed both
bouses and was vetoed by President fleve-
If this be an obscure record , where can bo
found the carper of any public servant which
deserves the plaudits of his countrymen' '
The democrats of Missouri , who have passed
through the llery furnace of republican
proscription HCVCII times heated , and whoso
slate flag has always boon pUced beneath
the great orlllame of the national democ
racy , makes no apology nor excnso when
offering such a candidate for the presidency.
If you nek , "Whence comes our can
didate ? " We answer "not from the
usurers den. nor temple of Mammon , where
the clink of gold drowns the voice of
patriotism , but from Lite farm , the woik .
shop , the mine from the hearts and homes
of the people. "
To reject him Is to put a brand upon
rugged honesty nnd undaunted courage ,
and to chili the hearts and hopes of tlmsn
who during all these years have waited
for this hour of triumph. To nominal
him is to make our parly again that of thu
people and to Insure success.
"Hive us Silver Dick
"And silver quick ,
"And we will make MoKlnley slek
In the Ides of next November. "
The senalor's closing words were Iho sig
nal for another Uland demonstration , this
llmo long , loud and enthusiastic. A banner
benriiiG the well known face of "Silver
Dick" was hoisted In the middle aisle. The
convention roce enmnsse. men cheered nnd
waved hats and handkerchiefs. The nlnnd
banner wns carried down to the platform ,
then circling around Iho deleiratcs. From
every quarter of the hull llland banners
made their appearance , some bearing his
picture , others " 1C to 1 , " and others voicing
the "invincible and Irrepressible" Henll-
ments of the Missouri candidate. Meant line
the wild clamor continued. One man far up
among the spectators turned an umbrella in
side out and waved It madly. The bearers
of banners and transparencies formed in twos
and fours and circled the ball. To add to tha
volume of sound both bands plaved simul
taneously ; It was fourteen minutes before
Chairman Richardson attempted to check
the demonstration ,
David Overmeyer of Kaunas began to
make Ihe seconding speech under dlfflfultlus ,
for a small riot was stirring In front of Iho
platform. He swung his right arm across
tlio arena. When quiet was restored he
began :
Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Con
vention : In the name of the di mocracy of
Kansas , In the nn'me of the farmers of
Kansas , In the name of Ihu larmers of the
Untied Slates , in the mime of the homeless
who throng your streets In thu quest of
bread. In the name of that mighty army of
unemployed , In the name of that mightiest
army which has risen In Insutrcctloti
against every form of economic despothm ,
1 second the nomination ot that Illustrlom
statesman nnd patriot , that Tiberius , CTr.i-
elous Sliver Dick llland of Missouri.
A man who understand * the significance
of the fact that the American democrat y
look Ihe constitution when It was a mem
commission of public authority and added
to II Ihe ten great amendments which
.U. id forever : is nn impims.ibli' lmrti r
I'ljalnsl the Invasive Instincts of power : a
man who knows that If power la not ru-
qulred to stop somewhere1 , power will slop
nowhere ; that the llrst b s.soa of liberty
Is jealousy of power and that the first
rnaxlm of liberty Is that safely lies In dis
trust of power ; a mnn who knows tl at no
nation ever enriched Itself by taxing list If ,
that no tax is either constitutional or Just
except it be levied for a public pnipose and
that any tax which places thn burden of
government upon Ihe backs of the poor
while * exempting the rich Is Iniquitous , a
man who knows that tin-re an * things
dearer than golel , character , exalted , char
acter , manhood , unconqncrahlo manhood ,
honor Immortal honor , and that the.se hleh
qualities cannot long hn ret.ilne > d by in tn ,
menaced with mortgages , dominated bv
landlords and bowed down under the bltti r
and hopeless bondage of perpetual dibt ;
that all which dignifies , all which oevi | i-H ,
all which i-xnllH our morliil life , must
wither and perish under the de.sol.etlng
touch of gold
A man uho knows that money Is the llfo
blood of the body commercial nnd thni no
man or net of men cull ever havu a rl.'h' '
to llgute the limbs of the * body or to arrest
or Impede thu normal circulation of 111 t
blood ; a man who knows that money coined
from cither of the precious metals is sound
money , us alloHted l > y the experience1 mid
wisdom of all ag-'S of Ihu past ; a mni' who
knows that all money of the ronsllluilon
Is sound money ; that money which I' fond
enoih to pay every private debt Is good
enough Io pay every publln debt ; Hint
money which WIIH f.ood no'iah to puy
( ieorgeVachliiglon for hist oxpom.es In
clined In c.-itahllsliliig our llberlv Is good
enoiifih to pay lekelhelmer or Murgsiii or
any olln r man In tbo wide , wide , wor , | ,
that the money of .IrffeiHiin , of , licksn of
Madison , of Monroe and of lirnton Is h"ii' f
money und that hu who pays II not Isixnl's '
the memory of these "dead but scepter. ' 1
sovereigns who rule our spirits from tin ir
urns. "
A man who knows that Intorn.iHojnl
agreement IH n mere devlcn to nppeiiHe Iho
people and once nioru disappoint nnd h > -
Iray them , iir.d that fhry who place tl i :
nation under subjection to Cii.al Iiiiln ! | : In
the matter of the slandiird of value ni < > no
friends of the country < > r tbelr kind , nnd
tlinl the trun rntlii butwcen the im-i its la
sanctioned by time , IK Io 1.
When prosperity shall return It will
come flint lo these dust covered millions
whose li.inl , siinbrowned hands neviM Imi'h
n polluted doll.ir who work In the lli Id-i
under the open .sllni. ; inub r Ih1' burning H > > i
of summer and through the frosts an 1
.storms of winter from the1 tlmo thu cton
grow dim 111 Dm east till they rlso In iho
W N | . When ( hi MO piosper nil who tiadu
and who IraiiNporl , all who buy am ! nil
who sell will piopcr nnd that until ilils
Inippens none can prosper except these who
Bpectilnto In luimuii misery.
1 namu a mini who | M In complete sym
pathy wllh UIH common people , who knUw.s
the tr.-igedy of povi-ily and Ihu i-athos , HID
short , but simple iinnals of the poor ; u
111,111 around whoso simple ritial lionic Is no
wall of lion to keep out ills fellow nn it ; 'i '
man who iieedH not ain ! ha.s no body guard ,
but whose Hhlrld and protection me Uiu
jot'u and sympathy of hU ivllow in.in. Sucli
a mini In Klelinrd 1' . J.tnnd. He l > i ui
pillent : UK WaHhlngton , as bympiillintlo nil
JeffpMon , tis br-ivi * nnd an Just n * Jack-
sou , nnd ast wlsse and sigmto'iK ; as any man '
who over eiciuplid : the piVKldenil'll chair.
Ho can command thn Mirfivue of morn
duniQcr.itii tlmn any other d'liiuei.-'i ' , ha .
can carry every slnlo of lh south. Hii
CHII curry the prairie males and Ihu moun
tain stale's and tbu I'aclllc ulatos. and bu
can carry more Mat's of the ' .cnlivil nnil
eitslcrn part of the countrv than any ether
man standing la thu position which thu
great demoe-r.illc putty has bfni t.il.ni.
Nominate him and ln > will bu elected by
such a malorlty as novrr has been vt- |
iHHscd In this country. Then will bn ful
filled Ihn rnlifornlan's prophecy , "That
land from out whotsit depths nhiiH rise tin
imw-tlmu prophet , that wide domain , from
out whoso awful depths shall come , till
rid | : In sklmi. nnd dusty leal a man fresh
from his Maker's hniulu , u sluxer tdnglnu
ever sweet , a clinnneT , vcrv wise , and then
nil men shall not bu dumb , nay , not b <
dumb , for ho HluMI say , 'Tnko heed , for ]
prepare Ibo way for weary feet. ' "
The eye * of the whole country , tlio cytv
( Continued on Filth I'
' tt ml
* I' ;
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