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to that In a minute. I wilt try to discuss
that. That Is another populist mystery , but still we will talk about It. rifty-thrctj cents , jou say , Is the \alue of the slhcr dollar without the stamp. Xovv , It docs not cost a cent to put a stamp on It and I think , according to > our own theory , the most a silver dollar would be worth nftcr It was stamped , If there be any value In the country except that which labor pro. . duces , would be S3 cents , and a small fmc- tlon of a cent representing the cost of stamping That Is all of this theory Whit else U there If there bo no value oxccpt that which labor gives to It. and that value today Is f > 3 cents and the labor In making the coin Is less than a cent , how can jou claim It will be worth more than 5t cents and a small fraction of a cent. ( A voice It would bo worth 100 cents any meas ure , we claim ) Oh , measured by paving stones , I suppose DOLLAR NEVER BUYS TOO MUCH. "Will jou say a Mexican dollar will buy ns much ! n Omaha today as It ever would * ( A voice "Yes , sir" ) If that were true there would not bo a Mexican dollar left In Mexico ( Laughter ) . Now , my friend has let In upon this discussion a whole flood of popullsllc light. Now wo know whcro we stand ( Aolco "Tho dollar Is worth too much " ) The dollar U worth too much' Why , I want to see every la. borer's dollar buy twlco as much ( Ap plause ) Worth too much * Where the laborer - borer has a carpet In one room I want to BCD him with a carpet In every room. ( Applause ) Worth lee much' Whcro he lives In a tenement house I 'want to sen him llvo In a cottage , with the fresh air of heaven entering through the windows to bring up his children In health ami strength. Worth too much' ' lo jou want to wear poorer and baser clothes than you have ? Do you want to buy less of the things that are sold * It there bo u friend , If thcro bo a gentleman In this room who wants his dollar to buy less than It does today , his place Is either In tlit- popu list party or the lunatic us } him ( Great applause ) . "I want to state now , as far as any dollars lars I ha\o nro concerned , they never will be worth as much as I would like to see them worth , and I never want to see a man who works with his hands get a dollar that Is worth a penny less than the dollar he gets today And. my friends , let us look at It for a moment I am glad this thing has been mentioned That Is a splendid typo of populist rhetoric and populist economics ( A voice "Any street swcepei might beat him aigulng. " ) No , we will have no 111 feeling hero This Is altogether n question we are discussing In prett } good humor , and I hope that no gentleman thinks eithcrwlso , or thinks that theio Is any 111 fooling on my p.irt toward him I would not bo here arguing with him If J did netlike like him and feel that ultimately he will be on ornament to American citizenship when ho returns to a proper belief in the relations of gold and silver ( Applause ) DOLLARS WHICH NEVER CHANGE "Lot us see about 1'iis question of the gold dollar. I have been talking an awf'il long time ( Cries of 'Go on1' ) I remember of Mr Bryan making a statement that his belief about an honest dollar was that It wan n dollar that was the same today ami should be the same tomorrow , and the day after tomorrow and forever and forever That was the sentiment which has been put at the top of a great many newspapers and I am sure that men will nrjtee with that definition of a dollar That Is his Idea of an honest dollar , Is It not * Now , what does that mean I am alwajs delighted when I got something tanglblo out of this confu sion If you separate terms which arc mixed together , apparently without er , , much perception of their meaning , a dollar that will bo the same today , tomorrow nnd forever that would mean that a piece of silver would bo worth a dollar fifty years from now as well as today ; It would mean that the jirlco of wheat would never be reduced , It would mean that the cost o ? our clothes would never be reduced ; It would mean that the cost of transporta tion would never be reduced , and jou know that the populists want the railway fares to be cut down. ( Applause ) . "Aro we , then , to find that all human en terprise Is paralj7ed , for all there Is In business li speculating on the changed 10- latlon of the dollar to the commodity ? Is this trading in wool at 10 cents a pound In the hope of selling It at 11 cents to bo called a crime against pepulistlc econom ics , for theio you see a dollar would get tn be woith eleven pounds of wool where It had been woith only ten when I bought it. If I raise eggs or buy them and undertake to sell them I must not go bejond the honest dollar or the dollar would be getting moro valuable or at least would change in relation to the eggs It would mean there would be no maikct , no sales , no shops , no business ; nothing but the original bartering which the Indians were ready to teach us when we landed , but which we think wu have Improved upon with the Growth and development of commercial In stitutions ( Applause ) . EXCHANGES P1X VALUES. "A dollar that never changes In value ! What Is all business except the matching of one set of wits against another' If 1 sell lace I will get money for It and nac.li dollar I get will buj more lace hereafter and that means that I think that the dollars will rise Wheiever I tiade 1 trade upon the assumption that the price of commodi ties will change If there Is no changeIn the value of the dollar there can bo no change In the % aluo of the commod ity , because while commodltlcj are measured by the dollar their real exchange makes the value of each othci both must bear the same ielation they will always bear the HHIIIO relation to each other , and therefore there can bo no trade , no transaction , no business , nothing but n desolate vvasto , In which populists will orate and starve ( Applause ) HD.V could you have It otherwise Think for a mo mcnt what that means , a dollar that never would change You must Imvo some one commodity by which jou compare all otlu ers. If , for Instance , a certain amount o ; sliver should bo worth llvo tables and that ono table Is worth llftecn chairs , If fifteen ehalis bo woitb thirty yards of cloth jou hco one chair Is vvoilh two yards of < loth So jou see that ( Ifteen chillis may be worth a quantity of silver , the same quantity of silver woith thlity yards of cloth , one chair Is worth two-jards of cloth You measure them nil by really exchanging them against the other. Trade Is the ex changing of eommoilltles The money lus nothing to do with It "Mr BiyanatSt Louis on Satin day men tioned as a grievance against this govern- mnnt that the amount of ell dilating medium had been i educed In two jeniH Now Eug- land , which has the largest propel ty In the vvoild bus a circulating medium not 111010 than half of ours It Is not the quantity of dollars that are In existence but the activ ity they have from exchange ( Applause ) Bupposa I take this dollar to buy a hanker- chief as I leave this room , and then the dealer In handkerchiefs bujs moio hand- Kcrchlcfa and the wholesale dealer bu > si meat of the butcher , and the' butcher goes out with the dollar and bujs cattle of a cattle dealer , and the cattle dealer bujs cutlery of the cutlery dealer , and the cutlery dealer bu > s clothes and so on ; of com so that ono dollar has circulated thirty dollars worth of commodities and wouldn't It bo doing just as much as If thoru wcra thlitj dollais doln , ; It , and would not the other $29 be > useless ! ) I'ltiplojcM If that ono dollar was allowed to circulate thu $30 worth of commodities NOT A NEW EXPERIENCE Give me confidence , give me trade , glvo mo unlimited eiedlt , and thu money will clicu- late so rapidly that llvo good dollars would bo better than EOO populist dollars Thin Is not a new experience. It has been Kolng on over since thu world begau. Alwa > a jou find men talking about the quantity of money , and there again jou find the populist endeavoring to confuse the Intellects of men. Wo say that n man Is worth a million dollars. Docs that mean that ho has got a million dollars ot money ? I do not know what this building Is worth , but If It Is worth $10,000 that li'pri'sonts $10,000 of which the owner has no ( got ono dollar In money Mr Astor or Mr. Vanderbllt I do not beltovo ever bad at one time $200,000 In cash In their possession , Certainly they would not have It If times were good and they could ob tain Investment for it. ( Applause ) , "Since this populist agitation has swept over the country nearly every man ban been doubtful as to tlm kind of coin that he would get back ; ho has hesitated to lend and the consequence has been that banks liavu refused to make those loans upon which the emplojcrs of labor depend In order to piosecute their Industiy , und everywhere on my Journey across this continent have I passed through souicj ) which in other dajs were Instinct with throbbing life , where the Dames camp up from the open blast , the busy workmen runuiui ; hither and Ihltber hut nnw I KM the silent yards , deserted workshops , fires extinct and trades paraljzcd because confi dence was disturbed. ( Applause ) . The bus iness of this country Is not done with money It Is done 'with credit ( Applause ) It Is done by the aid which one man gives an other man. man.ACTIVITY OP MONEY "The business of life Is preparing for to morrow. Today we have ; jesterday Is gone , tomorrow and the day after nnd the dajs that will follow It lay before us Evtrj- where thloughout the world men are using the property that exists to promote the pro duction of property on which men must live hereafter , and that Is credit ( Applause. ) ! The laborers of this countrj are drawing In wages $2 600 600,000 , and all our circulating medium Is only $1,500,000 Two billions and a half arc paid to laborers , and the whole currency of the world Is only $4,000,000 000 of gold and silver , that Is , $1SOO- 000,000 of each 1 moan ( Ap plause ) Our total production of wealth annually Is about $12000000,000 anil that It twlro as much as all the money In the world How do wo produce It * How do we produce the 12.000,000,000 of gold and 1,509,000000 of currency Twelve billions every jear comes from the sweat of the labours' brow and the activity of laborers' hands Any man that will look about him will see how the wages of the laborer Is paid , and how the general scheme of Indus- trj Is maintained Down In the rallroid yards the men are paid oft every fortnight , and they take their money to the grocery store and pay their bills to the grocer , and the grocer pays his freight and that same money Is paid back to the laborer two weeks afterward and the grocers pay them for more freight , and so It goes on circulating again , a great wheel by which the commodities are exchanged and by which labor Is paid Would It bo better to go and put nut that bad dollar as our populist friends advise us to do or would It bo better to Increase the capacity of those laborers so that the grocer would have to order more freight and the railroad company would have to employ more men to deliver It and the general activity of labor would be In creased anil then prices would go up. not with moro dollars but with moro active del lars. DIFFERENCE OP OPINION. "Now , on this question of the' kind of money the difference bc-tvveen the populists and the scnslbkJ mean the sound money man Is this Wo all believe and wo all concede , the populist as well as the demo crat , that money Is a wheel by which you accomplish the circulation of commodities , a tool by which business Is done. The pop ulist thinks that you have solved the whole question of motion when you multiply the numbei of wheels The demociat believes that to solve the question of motion von must apply the active labor force that will keep the wheels In motion ( Applause ) Tin- populist believes that If jou multiply the tools 'ybl'i ' v\lll have abundance of woik , the tlemcem believes that with a suClelcncj of tools you must Increase the activity and the ability of the hands that guide them anil use ( horn arid utilize them ( Applause ) You cannot ha\e good money unless jou have active money , and you cannot have ac tive money Unless jou have sound monej , because when jou have sound money jou have the basis on which solid credit Is built I have bald that there Is not nearly enough eiedlt to carry on the production of this one country alone ; but ovorj'thlng consists In credit , confidence. Confidence Is to com- mcico what air Is to the human body. Im pair confidence and credit Is at a standstill and business is paraljved Cut off the atmosphere and man's existence Is at an end. The populist Idea that we are In a state of struggle between the different sections of this coun try Is a crime against patriotism ; It Is a ciime against humanity ( Applause ) No , I do not believe that any legislation could bo obtained which Is In the interest of one section that is not In the Interest of all. If I had to choose between money changers and money lenders and laborers and farm ers , If I were convinced that the legisla tion would promote wages and promote ag- ilculture , I would say that I believe that the prosperity of our fields Is the basis of all prosperity. I believe the contentment and prosperity of labor Is the only sound , durable foundation on which this nation can exist. I propose to stand upon that platform and support any man that repre sents It. ( Applause ) I'EOI'LK ARE INSEPARABLE. " .My friends , I have told jou that the most glowing news that I could bring back to New York and Wall street , to the money dealers and to all the laborers that maintain Its departments Is that your harvest this year would exceed that of any In the hlstor/ of this country , and It Is not the boast of philanthropic Interest In jou ; It Is the state ment that jour Interests and ours are Iden tical , Interwoven , Inteidependent , Insepara ble , ami because it will cheapen the price' of bread and of fruit to mo next winter , and the man that Is llvinc In jour town who stops to think of the covering for his feet next year , who knows that in tome parts of the world men are making shoes and are ex changing them against the produce of his toll ? And every man that plants a field , every mlncf- that cxnloies a subterranean pa'ssage. every diver that recovers from a sunken wreck for the use. of mankind some treasure that was engulfed In storm and In distaste ! ' , eveiy sailor that pilots a ship across tno sea , every railroad man that manages a train sweeping from western plains and carrying the product of man's toll to ll'O seaboard to be distributed throughout the world , contributes his part In this vast scheme of Industrial cb-operatlon which wo call com mo ; co a'nS ' commerce Is civilisation ( Ap plause ) "If the government of this country should iihe Its powers to change , modify and destroy the agie'cinb'Hts ' ' and contracts that predeces sors have'rnKVIe amoncst each other upon the fal'li of which they have dealt In the past , on the faith of which thej will continue tn deal In the future , then the government In stead of being an agent for the preservation of society becomes an agent for UH dcsli no tion I do not bDllevo that tht populist who advocates thin legislation understands Its Inevitable con sequences. I believe , as I huvo said , the populist Is mistaken , but I think ho la hon est ; I think he Is misguided and misled by the exuberance of the rhetoric to which he has risen nnd to which 1 fear ho Is paitlal But the common sense of this countrj must govern It , and the common people of this country record the verdict of Its common sense. "Whatever may bo the outcome of this campaign I Ica'vo It hero with the people of the w st Just an freely and Just as tonfi- dently as I committed It to the people of the east , one in history , ono In sympathy , ono In position , ono In prospects , ono In nation , for better or for won > o , the common people mubt fix our destiny forever. ( Ap plause. ) "I appeal confldentlj- the common people ple because I trust In their Intelligence. I do not believe that they can be seduced by empty pbiascs or bribed over to dishon esty Per , my friends , the repudiation of an honest debt U u dishonest act ; It Is dishonest whether It bo done by gove > rn- ment , whether It bo encouraged by govern ment or whether It bo forbidden by gov ernment ; the moral law is not to bo con trolled by the resolution of a national con vention or even by an act of congress , but Is thundeicd ab on the mountain top ficm the mouth of God himself , and U mut > t gov ern mankind if men will bis great and Jiiht und ge-neious and free for all time. ( Ap plause ) You must take this whole re snontl- blllty Into jour own hearts for the future destiny of jour own country. "I do not want to sea the defeat of Bryan If It vvero accomplished by a narrow margin or n a the result of sectional division. I want to see this campaign on this question of morals , this question of honesty , this question of civilization , decided by the over * whelming preponderance of all thu American people Take these Issues then to jour hearts tonight , to jour homes ; let them bo present In your minds when jou bend jour knees before the tin ono of God , and as God has blfksed this land In the past , may God send jou safe deliverance through this crisis , I.ouKliiK tar Jnl I PIERRE , 8. 1) . , Sept , 14. ( Special Tele- gram. ) Parties arc out In all directions looking for the Jail breakers who cocaped here last night and rewards haw been offered for all of them. Two mcii were arrested at Itlunt this evening us suspects and are being held for identification , II u r n a ! \ < MV ll JEFFERSON , la. , Sept H. ( Special Tel egram. ) The new residence of Theodore Low Is of Scrantou burned Sunday morning Lottx , $ ! , & 00 ; Insurance , $1,000 ; origin , In- ventlUtr ) . FREE SILVER AND POVERTY The Experience of a Colony with Mexico's ' BcaUed Irosperityi LURED TO RUIN BY FALSE PROMISES lUlit Iliniilrcil Colon-il IVoiilr TiiKrn In MIIIIA < if 'Ilicin Slurvcil , OtlicrH llli-il of PC- * < ! ntiil Onl > - : il ! < > lU-liiriH-il Ami- . The free silver advocates who are expend ing so much language just now In reference to the vaunted "prosperity" prevailing In Mexico under free silver coinage should look a little deeper Into the "happy conditions' thrro and gain a moro Intlmato acquaintance with the facts before repeating these refer ences further H would then bo found to paraphrase ono of Speaker Reed's recent epi grams that a pound of experience Is worth a shipload of language. Fortunately a whole cargo of such experience , pertinently Illus trating the delusive character of the so- called "prosporltj" of Mexico under free silver , Is conveniently at band In the object lesson afforded by 816 American negro la borers from Georgia and Alabama , fairly rcp- resentatlvo of their class , who practically tested and renounced the boasted "prosper ity" In Mexico last year Thcao unfortunates , relates the Philadel phia Times , misled by specious promises ami glowing rcpoits as to the advantages of a frco silver countrj' , nnd thinking to better their condition , left their homes In Alabama and Georgia In January and Feb- ruarj , 189C , and colonized In Mexico , under a contract to perform farm labor. The conditions of their contract , the character of labor to be performed , the privileges recorded nnd the food , clothing and shelter to be furnished vvero substantially those obtaining with Mexican laborers in Mexico ; In fact they wore In many respects prefer able to the conditions surrounding native Mexican labor But n short anil bitter trial of these conditions sulflccd to convince the American negroes of their folly. In six months all of them save sixty threw up their contract In disgust , fled the countiy In terror as from a plague , and after un told hardship , hunger and suffci ing , re turned In woefully diminished numbers to their homes In Alabama and Geoigla. And they were fortunate to get back at all for had It not been for the strenuous efforts , not only of the president , but of the Depait- ment of State , War , Treasury and Justice , tl ey would never have been extricated from their dreadful plight WHAT THEY FOUND Thej found the conditions of life and of labor In Mexico to be Insufferably seveio and wretched , and what the coloied farm la- boier ot the south cannot endure would suielj' be Intolerable to the American white laborer. A silver pioduclug country like Mexico may afford great prosperity to the silver mlno owners and capitalists , but to labor , paid lu depreciated silver , at rates varjlng from 12 % to GO cents per day ( equiv alent to G'/l to 23 cenU of our money ) , and forced to subsist on bananas nnd beans , and to sleepIn abject hovels , such "prosperity" Is a hollow mockerj' It cannot be doubted that if white labor In the United States were compelled to eniluro the conditions en forced upon the Indian and peon labor of Me\lco , It would rlso In a general revolu tion Inside of forty-eight hours. This experience of the negro colonists in Mexico Is historic , though of so icccnt date. All the facts have been officially reportcil to the government at Washington , and are freely accessible to the public. They can not be gainsaid , nnd are set forth at length In house document No 1G9 , first session Fifty-fourth congiess , containing the mes sage of the president In relation to the transpoi tatlon accounts ot the railroads that brought the sufferers homo. A brief sketch of that unlucky expedition may be useful and instructive at this Junc ture. Some of the Incidents , particularly these relating to the pmlmtrassmenta met bv our government In Its humane efforts to bring back the unfortunates to this country m ly be yet fresh In the public mind. But the actual realities respecting labor In Mexico ice Its character , rewards and conditions do not seem to bo thoroughlj understSod and appreciated , at least by the free silver advocates when thoj" thoughtlessly Invite American worklngmcn to contemplate the "desirable" Industrial conditions that exist In Mexico todaj as the result of free silver. Llent"nant Charles G. Dvvjer , Third Infan try , U S. A , military attache at the United States legation In the City of Mexico , vib- Itcd the colony and made an exhaustive In- \csMgatIon , reporting his findings In n per fectly Impartial and disinterested inannci to Minister Ransom , who In turn transmitted his report to our State department. The statements contained In that report are un assailable THE BAIT. The unhappy negroes vvero Induced to em bark on thlo colonization scheme by an un scrupulous negro named W H. Ellis , under a contract on the co-operatlvo plan with the- "Companla Agrlcola Industrial Colonlzadora Llmltada del Tlahualelo" Agricultural , In dustrial and Colonization company of Tlah- ualilo , Limited , at Maplml , state of Uurango , In the northeastern part of the Republic of Mexico. Ellis had an olllce at 42 Wall street , Atlanta , Ga , and an agent at Greensboro , Ga. Ho vas active In his efforts to drum up recruits for his scheme , and distributed cir culars broadcast among the negroes In and around Birmingham and Tuscaloosa , Ala Ono of thchc cliculars read , In pait MEXICAN COLONIZATION CO. GET READY AT ONCE' MEXICO ! MEXICO ! MEXICO' ' Wanted , EDO colored country farm bandn , In families , to go to Maplmi. Mexico , to farm on the one-half pharcs Railroad faro will be advanced , together with clothing , provisions , medicines end all necessaries , until after the cropping joar , The greatest opportunity over offered to the loltued people of the United States to go to Mexico , which Is bet ter known as the country of "God ami Lib erty. " The lands are beautifully situated In the state of DuraiiK' ) , cleaicd nnd ready for farming purposes , situated on the lalliond The soil Is ilch and fertile Cotton has only to bo replanted every four to boven jcars , nnd can easily raise a bale to the acie , and corn fifty to seventy-live bushels to the aero , while cotton lu worth IT'/i cents per pound and corn belling at $1 tier bushel. We will furnish mules that are quito gentle and ready foi work ; nlto plows , hoes , har rows , planters and all the agilcnltuial Im plements that are used In the United States for farming purposes We also agree to fmulsh comfortable houses to llvo In , and glvo every family during the time they re main on thu plantation live acres of land frco for gaidenlng for their maintenance. Wo wish to Impress on your mlmlb that the great Republic of Mexico extends to all of Its citizens the hanio treatment equal rights to all , special privileges to none Send In your lists of families and mimes at once , eir jou will get left. All kinds of game , such as door , bear , duclc wild geese , and all manner of small game , us well as opossum. Provisions worth halt what they are In the United States. There will be ono church and ono school house to each 100 families. You can boloct your own preacher from nmong yourselves You will bo charged up with only one- half the railroad fare ; the other half will bo made a present to you by the company Tills Is ono of the Inducements they offer you to come and help settle up this gloiloua country and bettor your condition. An average - erago good family , who will -work and llvo economically and take care of what they make , can clear from $1,000 to $1.200 a jear. STARTJNG THE COLONY. By this crafty prospectus Ellis prevailed upon 113 families to go down to Mexico The first lot of thirty-four families arrived at the "hacienda , " or plantation , at Maplml on February C , 1885 , and the second lot of 110 families on February 25 The 144 families comprised S16 Individuals men , women anil children and hailed from Tuscaloosa , Bir mingham. Gadsden , Williams , Eutavv , Car ter and Johns , Ala. , and from Grlfiln , Oa Arriving at their destination , the negroes entered Into a contract for live yearn Kills agreed to rent to each head of a family etxty or more acres of land , forty acres to bo planted In cotton and fifteen In corn and five acre * to bo planted In vegutables for thu personal ut > o of the negroes. In lieu of rout monuy Ellis was to receive from the negroes half thu cotton and corn crops , of which ho was tn retain ono fifth as his own share nnd turn the remainder over to the company as Its share. During the planting and growth ot the crop Ellis was to furnish the colonists with rations In necess.irv quantities , and medicines In cae of Illness , these < > dvances to be repaid by them out of their shale ot the crops , which were to bo sold only to the company Ellis further undertook to fur nish the colonists with wood and water free and to Install them In comfortable houses. But despite Ellis' promises In Alabama the colonist a were required to lonov the whole cost of their transportation to Mexico out of their share of thb crops , and thej vvero required to Give a lien both on tholr shares of the crops and on their baggage until all advance's. transpoVtatlon rations and medi cines wertt fully paid , nnd to be pecuniarily liable for the farm animals that might dlo while1 In their chaT-go This contract .was somewhat similar to tin/so n-aile In the southern stales for negro laborers Tho'treatment * ' , food , houses and medical atteinUhcrt were precisely the same as received bjxthn native Mexican faun la borers , although not nearly so good as negro laborers In thejtlnlted States are accustomed to The "comfortable houses" were nide sheds ot one ifory , each coating about $40 In American moncj- , built of adobe or sun- dried brick ISsctv had two looms , 14 by 15 feet , and one jpoip had a floor , the other n window , both without moans of closing The floors were of 'ilatMral earth The roofs con sisted of four'wooilen ' beams topned with wooden pnlea nutl covered with a few weeds and two Irche * of dirt As a consequence , the roofs lealujd .heavily In wet weather This Is expectld 'however. ' In Mexican la borers' houses' ' PRIMITIVE POOD. For the first three months the colonists re ceived the kind of food used by the native Mexicans. The latter employ "metnte" stones Instead of mills to grind their corn , and wear only a straw lint , sandals , a shirt and tiousers of light cotton. They raiely have the good fortune to taste meat The negio colonists also slept like the Mexican laborers on the- ground , without bedsteads or matticsses They found the alkali water unthinkable and the food altogether unsat isfactory. Few of them had enough to cat One of the older negroes declared that two of his grandchildren died of absolute star vation. Ellis , the contractor , showed his hand early In the season by tyrannizing over the colonj In a dnbtaidly manner On one occasion he Imprisoned half a do/en of the colonists without authority of law and without even consulting a Judge , In a temporary Jail , merely because they had become restless under his high-handed swaj- . In April a peculiar disease ot the liver attacked the colonists , causing a swelling of the feet and legs and lesultlng In elghtj-- one deaths. In May fortj-three of the colonists nists revolted under Ellis' tjranny and at tempted to escape- across the mountains to the United States. Thirty-two of them were recaptured and taken back to the ha cienda. The other eleven scattered In the chapparal and ravines and vvero not heard fiom. POVERTY AND DISEASE In July the smallpox made Us appear ance ami ulna of the colony died of It. The medical attendance furnished by Ellis and the company were incompetent and woithless. The church was used as n pest- hoiibo. A month before the old sjstcm of distributing rations on account had been abandoned ami the method of giving 50 cents In Mexican silver (25 cents ) per day to each laborer was adopted. In some cases , however , only 37 cents In Mexican silver was given , on account of alleged unsatisfac tory woik. In the middle of July , after the smallpox had appealed , 200 of the negioes , completely discouraged , left the hacienda and betook themselves to Maplml Station , followed a few days afterward by 4SG others , leaving only sixty behind , who stayed only to finish their crop at the end of the season The GCG who left declared thejr simply could not stand the conditions and In a sort of panic fled from the accursed place. Of these either 153 died outright or foil by the wpj-sldo and were lost after leaving Maplml Station Half of them were sick and all of them were starving and almobt naked. These 513 contrived to make their way to Ton eon , Mexico Ten of them died ther Thence , through the timely Intervention of our State department and our conbiil at Pledras Ncgras , and through the kindness of the local Mexican authorities , the 503 still left \ve9 fumigated and exported to Eaqlo Pass , Tex. by the Mexican Interna tional lailroac , ) , ( iS5 miles. Eight peisons tiled on the waj' , leaving 4S3. Meanwhile fho telegraph wires betvve n ' Washington and 'the City of Mexico and be- tweun Washlngtqn and at least thiee of the United States consulates In Mexico these at Plcdras Negris , Durango and Toireon and the federal authorities at Eagle Pass , Tex. , were kept hot in the Interchange of message ? as t'p ( ho wajs and means of ic- llovlng the mlserjes of the unfortunates and bringing them hdme. Of the 493 wlip arrived at Eagle Pass , however , only 407 vvero received In quar antine at that point , the other elghtj'-clght not being acc6untcd for Sixty of the 407 tiled in the impVov Ised hospital at Camp Jenner , Eagle' 'Pass , In charge of the United States Marine1 hf ltal tervlce. SAVED FROM STARVATION. Thcie , In pursuance of humane orders Is sued by Piosldcnt Cleveland from his sum mer home at Buzzaid's Bay , the wretched survivors vvcie supplied with army latlons by the War department from the military post at San Antonio , Tex , and late In Sop- tcmbei , through the- exertions of Secretary Olney at Washington , uirangoments were at length made with the Gulvcstun , Harrlsburg A : San Antonio railroad , a branch of the Southeui Pacific , wheieby the negroes weic tranapoited fiom Eagle Pass to New Orleans 710 miles the company awaiting payment for thu service until U should bo authorized by congress Only 334 of the colonists vvero left by the tlmo the paity reached Now Orleans , thirteen ot them having died or dropped out. From New Oi leans , In turn , by a similar arrangement with the Lnulsvlllo & Nash ville lailroad , the unfoitunntcs , now shrunken in number to 320 , were finally landed at Birmingham , Ala. , 350 miles nway , the last lot reaching homo In the Hist week In November. Eight bundled and .sixteen had gone down to Mexico eight months before ; 32i ( , or only 39 per cent , loturned nllvo. Eleven weio lost In the chapparal ; ninety died at the hacienda ; 153 died or fell by the wajsldo befoie reaching Toireon , ten died at Tor- reon , eight tiled on the way from Tnrrcon to Eagle Pass , sixty died at Eagle Pass in the smallpox camp , sixty remained at Ma plml to take their chances until the end of the beosoii , and ninety-eight moio were lost and scatteied , no ono knows where. The cost of this expedition to the govern ment was $ JO CS7 $15,000 for the mainte nance of the quarantine tump. $000 for army lations , und $5OS7 for ictuin railroad trans portation , which was ordered paid by con giess , through humane consldeiatlons The colonization company also claims to have lost a lot of money , and , as for the surviv ing colonists , they lost everything thej had , und all they have to show for tholr pains Is their experience. fiO.SMP AUDIT \VMli\ . In my last article , sajs a writer In tlm London Gentlewoman , I alluded to the bad manners of modern men , and now that thu season Is practically over , I surest to my lady readers that befoio next season comes around they t > hould seriously consider whether they will calmly and patiently go on enduring what I can only call the InsultIng - Ing conduct of the opposite BOX , more espe cially In regard to entertainments Were I a woman , and had bent out cards for a party with R. S V P printed upon them. I should not a second tlmo receive ) these who did not trouble themselves to reply to my Invitation * Men would very soon como to tholr senses If they found fewer cat da for dances coming in , fewer Invitations fluttering throuah their letter boxes. For the average man loves to bo lun after , us ho calls It. Ho thinks It his duo , his metier , his profession , ! Ilo has got It Into his head which doesn't hojtl very much , by the waj that ho should no longer bo thu mighty hunter , but tiro-mighty hunted , La Lots Fulkruls not without honor iti her old Illinois lijmej The village used to be known as Bruih Hlll , Now , In deference to La Lolet and her man relatives , the name has been changed to Fullcrsburg The lit tle town has not prospered quite as rapidly as Miss Fuller has , and she has not visited it for ton years Twenty > ears ago there vvero 250 lubaDltants , while today there are but 300. Audit-Is" whispered that the town puuip Is sadly out of order anil needs a freih coat ot paint. i BRITAIN'S ' CRIP ON ZANZIBAR Steadily Absorbing Largo Slices of the Dark Continent. FACTS ABOUT THE BOMBARDED CITY i\li-nt ( if llrlllih CliilitiM Tlic Terrl- torj mill Trniti * of tlir IIIN ( Count I'nrlltliiii of Africa. The bombardment of Zanzibar , which a few dijs ago sent a shock o\cr tlic civil ized world from Its unexpectedness. Is an excellent Illustration , siys tlic St. hauls Globe-Democrat , of the limnccr In which Orrnt Hrltnln Is accustomed to deal with weak and barbarous states When the Unltcul States Interfered n jcnr ago , In the cast ) of Vuie7uela. the peremptorlntas of President Cleveland's demand caused the Hrltlsh government to pause , for It per ceived that Vcne/uela could not be treated with the same dlsicgartl of justice as Great Britain would ha\o shown , and Is accus tomed to show , In the casc > of small powers which come across her pnth. Ilia Interests of the United States , and of America generally ally , vvero at stake In Vcnenieln , but Zan ? ! bar had no friends , and. with only n few hours' notice , the capital was bombarded marines and sailors were landed and the chief city of an independent state was taken possession of with na little ceremonj as would bo shown In the case of a hostllt village In tl.o heart of the Dark Continent According to the International agroemcn in 1S92 , by which Africa was imrlltionei ainonR the powers , the division was about as follows British Africa comprised on tilt west-coast Gambia , Sierra Leone , the Gob Coast , Lagos , Yorulm , the Niger territories and Guinea. Slne the partition Great llrlt- aln lias taken possession of Ashantec and a good deal of contiguous territory. In South Africa Great Britain owned Cape Colony Basuto Land , Natal. Zululaml , Amatonga Bcchuanaland and Nyasaland Since the partition , principally by the efforts of Cccl Hhoiles , an enormous extent of country to the north of the South African Hepubllc has been added to the southern colonies On the cast coast Great Britain owned or piotected Zambesi , Zanzibar , 1'emba , an is land nominally under the control of th- sultan of Zanzibar , Ibca. the northern Po- mall coast and Sokoto , and besides clalmei an enormous district between Zanzibar am Kismayn , the British claims stretching west to Lake Victoria Nyanza and extending ever beyond the Nile to the foimer equatorial province of Egypt It will thus be seen that fiom the British possessions in the south of Africa to the British claims In east Africa , which , as already noted , foim a continuous territory with the \alley of the Nile , there Intel vencs but a compara tively small district now claimed by the Congo state nnd the Germans in cast Africa U lias long been known that the Intention of the British was to establish dominion through the heart of Africa , BO that the traveler might pass from Capo Town to Cairo , through the center of the continent , and no\er be off British territory. Only the Imperfectly outlined Congo state and the Indeterminate frontiers of Geiman Hast Africa He In the way , and as the Congo state seems to be largely under English contiol and the German boundaries to the west and adjoining the Congo district are by no means e\act , It Is quite possible that the Intention may be can led out and be come a llxed fact before the civilized world hears that anything has been done. POSSESSION Or TUB COAST. To judge from recent events , It seems to be the Intention of Gicat Britain , however , not only to acquire most of the territory In the interior , but also as manj strategic points on the coast as can bo ! > afely taken possession of. If any one. will take a map of Africa and follow Its outline , ho will see how faithfully this policy has been car- Tied out. Beginning at the northwest cor ner , Great Biitaln owns Gibraltar , the strongest fortress In the world ; half way down the coast is. Sierra Leone ; two-thhds of the distance Is Wolfish bay ; at the south ern extremity is Cape Town , while In the Atlantic , within convenient reaching dis tance of the coast , is the famous St Helena. Proceeding up the east coast , Delagoa bay , nominally under the control of the Portu guese , Is practically under British rule , for It is well known that the Portugues" could not hold it for a single day without nngllsh permission. Off the coast Is Mauri tius ; now they have taken Zanzibar ; at the southern entrance of the lied sea Is the great fortress of Aden , while In the Strait of Bcbel-Mandcb , the Gate of Tears , lies the little island of Pcrim , an impregnable fortress , and at the northern end of the Ited sea. Great Britain controls the canal of SueThcic Is thus mound the continent a clrclo of British fortresses or stations , and by means of these England practically con trols the continent. Not Including Egypt , the British African possessions compiiso over 2,500,000 square miles , while the nom inal French possessions In Africa number 2)00.000 ! ) , Portuguese Africa over 800,000 , the pait claimed by Italy amounts to fiOO- 000 , and Spain has over 200,000 square miles If , however , Egypt be Included In tjie Brit ish possessions , of which It Is virtually a part , the Biltlsh claims In Africa will rise to about 3,000,000 of square miles , an niea equal to that of the United States , and showing the diligence nnd energy with which British appropriation lias been pushed. It Is now plainly evident that the Biltish government Intends to tiy to force the Germans out of East Africa , since Zan- rlbar lies directly In front of the German East African companj's possessions , and Is tun seaport through which all the German trade passes to and from the continent If helil by the British , the control of the German commerce will bo in the hands of England , though , It Is said , the authorities of the East Afilcan company express some degree of satisfaction with the BrltUh occu pation of Zanzibar , hoping that the aggics- slvo policy of the British will divert busi ness nnd Zanzibar will bo left without the splendid trfdo that now parses through her gates. They are , probably misleading themselves , for after going to the trouble of occupying Zanzibar , the British will certainly not allow the trade of the rich country In the Interior to bo diverted from Its proper outlet , ami experience has shown that when the business men of Great Britain go abioad for colonial trade they seldom fall to get It THE HULING POU'KR. Iho dominions of the sultan of Zanzibar have long been rather nominal than leal The establishment of the slate was by a colony from Arabia Arab cruisers and truduiB , proceeding down the east coast of Africa , Intent on. business with the natives found the island vlrtuallj unoccupied es tablished a factory there , fortllltd and hold It under authority from the Imam of Mus cat. For a long tlmo tlm tulcr of Zanzibar was a fcudrtory of the Imam anil then , liy and by , as the former grow In wealth and Impoitanco and oxtendi d his dominions , partly by concessions of native chiefs und partly by conquest of the Portuguiso , ho set up In business for himself , called him self a sultan and established his capital on the Island of Zanzibar Less than n hun dred jenrs ago his claims to territory were mormons , extending from Delagoa bay to the Strait of Bab-cl-Mandeb , and from the Indian ocean ami Southern Pacific clear across the continent During the last quar ter of a century , however , the actual au thority of the till tun of Zan/lhar has ex tended over 200 or 300 miles In length of coast and about ten miles In the Interior The concessions gj anted to the English and Gorman companies still further limited his authority , BO that for the labt few years he has hold nothing of the coast but a few for tified towns hero and there , and a short tlmo ago ho conceded to the British such privileges as virtually gave them a piolcc- torale over oven his capital city , BO that tils finances are administered by an Eng lish olticlal The government accounts are kept In the English ami Arabic languages , and no measure of Importance , whether political or otherwise , can bo undertaken without the consent of the British agent The English and German aggression has been constant Both the nations acquired territory at his expense , and now Zuiulbar Is as for some jears It has been , a de pendency of Great Britain the real rela tion being a protectorate and England guaranteeing to the sultan safety from ag gression by other European powers The Island of Zanzibar Is therefore the only real possession owned by the sultan , and even this has for jears been held with the consent and by the permission of Great Britain. The- Island hfis an area of about CIS Bquars miles , Itss than 100 miles more than the county of St Louis and posses sing a population various ! } estimated at from 300.WO to 600,000 Llko moat other Islands along the east const of Africa , ZAII- 7lbnr Is of coral formation Africa has no "barrier roef" extending along Its coast for hundrels of miles like the great roof of Australia , but Instead there arc numerous Islands bull up from the bottom of the sea by the busy Inserts , which leave their skele tons to form the solid rock. In the course of time theae reefs become banks , then , as the debris gathers ujJon them and plants trko root and grow , they develop Into Islands In the case of Zanrlhar , the Afri can coast , as well E-S the Island , has un dergone a gradual upheaval , so that the western coast of the Island now forms a succession of cliffs of toral stone , from thirty to fifty foot nbove sea level. The piescnco of the coral at such a blight above the sen Is a sure Indication that there has been an upheaval , for the coial Insect cannot llvo above the level of the water , there Us labors cease Tlu > Island has an undulating surface , gently rolling , hill and > alley alter nating , forests areflbundant. . and the land In general Is exceedingly fertile It Is a cu- ilous fact that when the Island was first discovered bj the Arabs none of the latge animals to be found on the continent of Africa were present In Zanzibar , the stl.tlt between It and the African coast , about twciitv-fho miles In width , offectualb cut ting oft the fauna of the continent One re- maikable feature of the Island , however. \\\a the presence of a greater variety of birds than were to be found on the conti nent , and their greater abundance proper tloned to the area. Safe ftom prodaclou animals and large serpents , protected bv the straits from the Inroads of monkeys am fellnts , the birds multiplied They fount Zanzibar n patndlsc , nnd flourished to ai extent unknown to the African continent Zanzibar Is a cnuntiy where "every pros pect pleases and only man Is vile. " N moro fertile land Is to be found In thn quarter of the world than on the island , am under a proper form of government eve : this limited area of tcrrltnrj might bccom Important , even In an Industrial and agrl cultuial sense. In the markets of th world , THE CITY OP ZANZIBAR The city Is bulldcd on a sandv peninsula extending from the west side of the Islam toward the mainland of Africa. It Is sab by the Arabic historians that the site o Zinzlbar was formerly a small Island , am that this situation was selected by th Arab traders for their factory on accoun of Its greater security from attack by the nathes The explanation Is no doubt cor reel , for the treachery of savages has In. al times been thoroughly undei stood by civil lcd people having dc'dHngs with them , ant similar precautions have boon taken In so many Instances that the case of Zanzibar I by no means singular" As the city giew however , the inconvenience of Its situallot became manifest As happens In the cast of all cities , the debris gradually increase ! the size of the little sandy Islet ; It grew toward the mainland of Zanzibar , ant finally a good sized bridge was thrown across the Intervening water and Zan/lbar was thus united to the larger Island When the city was founded , however , there was no thought of modern Ironclads and long range iltle cannon. The stone fortress erected over 10J years ago by the sultans was mounted with guns of sufficient range to compete with any artillery then used li naval warfare , and the sultans considered themselves secure. They were until moderr Ironclads and cannon 'came into fashion , when the old smooth-boro guns mounted on the walls of Zanzibar were of no more value than so many horse pistols It was an eas > matter for the British Ironclads , a few da > s ago. to stand off and biUtcr the walls and castles to pieces. It Is true that some de fense was made , and wo arc told In the dis patches that one of the British \csscls was struck sixty times by the balls from the Zanzibar fort , but as there were no "casual ties" on board the British ( loot It can be easily understood how fruitless were the ef forts of tne Zanzibar gunners to do am hurt to the iron walls of the British cruisers CHARACTERISTICS OP THE CAPITAL The city of Zanzibar does not differ grcatlj from any other Arabian scapoit , for It should not bo forgotten that although Zanzibar Is over 2,000 miles from the neaiest point In Aiabla , It Is Just .is much an Arabian city as though situated on the Red Sou coast Muscat , Jeddah and Ilodcllud are not moic truly At able than Zanzibar. Ever.v traveler has noticed the similarity. The stucts are narrow , crooked and Irregular The houses of one , or at most two stories nro whitewashed , with small windows ami doors opening directly on the street. There are no sidewalks on most of the streets and few have pavements , In the summer tlmo the traveler Is ankle tie op In dust , in winter , his feet descend to the same dis tance In mud There are no sewers , the sticcts .ire the common receptacles for all the filth and offal of the houses. Everj pedestrian In Zanzibar Is continually on llir lookout , for , from the ambush of a street door , may , at any moment , como a bucket of slop , which may deluge him from head to font Swauin of dogs owing allegiance to no master. Infest the streets of Zan7lbar , Just as they do the streets of Cairo , being a nuisance by day and n dangci by night Men and women have sometimes been torn to pieces by the savage brutes , and children frequently fall victims to their hunger The man who tit night undertakes to go from one quarter of-Xan/lbar to another Id attended by servants bearing toiches and with drawn swords , for at any moment the partj may bo ata < jlc ( ] ( | tyya dozen fatal vlng dogs. Tilings in this respect hove not been greatly Improved since the English protec torate , for the Intelnal economy of Zanzi bar has been left tn Its sultan , and to this personage the fact that his subjects arc devoured by dogs Is a matter of very small consequence The only cleaning Zinrlhai lecclves Is from the tropical rains , which wash its streets and carry a considerable portion of the debris Into the sea. MIXED POPULATION. The population of Zanzibar consists of Arabs , Mndngascans , East Indians and ne- green , the first named being largely In the majoilty The ba/anrs , which are a feature of Zanzibar , just au of everj other oriental city , present a most extiaordlnary mlxtuio of races , representatives being present from ilmost tiveiy commercial nation on the glebe , for Zanzibar Is the commercial em- lorlum of East Africa , and every great railing nation has UH agent there The mill of the business , however , is In the minis of the East Indians , who , long ago ventured across the tea for lliu purpose of getting a portion of the Afrlton trudo anil lave now. It Is estimated , between 2,000- )00 ) and 3,000,000 Invested in Zdii/lbur 'Ihe nterfercnco of the British Is , therefore , n the Interest of tholr own business , for 2ast Indian trade Is British tiade , and Eng- nml never falls to Interfeiu In any case where Biltlsh money is ut stake. The future of Zanzibar Is a matter about vhlch tliero can be little doubt It Is ccr- uln to bo one of the giealcst trading ports n that p.irt of the woild At present the nxportH fiom Zun/ibnr consist mostly of such piniluctloiiH UH can be gathered by the mpulatioii of the Interior without special jffort. Ivory hides , gums , gold , elxmy and other valuable woods , cocnuntil and pulm nil , with medicinal herbs and loots , now form the principal pait of the exports , but ho time Is BIIIO to como when tioplcal rulls ran , with profit , bo exported fiom Zanzibar to other quarters of the world Cold storage la a maivelmis factor In Out tranepoitatlon nf perishable freight , and whin the export of tropical fiults from i ast Africa can bo made profitable , the mnanas and manges of Zanzllnr may be sold on the streets of St Louis or Chicago \ great step In the development of the country has doubtless been taken by the establishment of the English protectorate The sultans of Zanzibar were In every sense of the word , oriental detpots A 'cw ' years ago the trafllr In human beings ormud Iho principal source of the Hilton's rovcnuo and the leading business of tlio pop- ilatlon. but now that has been abolished An English mission cliurc'i stands on the situ of the Bliivo market , occup > lng the tluntlcal spot whcro a few years ago cara vans from the heart of African brought lunlrciU aril thousands of blaves cap- ured In war to bo sold to traders from Turkey , Aiabla and Persia The slave rado bos been stamped out English cruls era patrol the Somali coast and the borders of the lied sea for the purpose of prevent ng Mio dhows packet ! with slaves from cruss- ug to Arabia The savage raids on negro villages by Arab traders have rcased but uulbar still hai It * slaves. U Is said POKER BILLY AXI ) HIS SERVE Ho Wngcrcd the Territory of Arizona on o Pnir of Tours. BLUFFED OUT THE CHAMPION TEXAN Tinl.nilcp Itml I'niir Kin KM , lint Illlljt. ' ItnUcVIIK Too l.nrmtr < ' < > \fr _ ( : < MiciMilt > tf tlic Vic tor to the V.iiiiiilliMl. | The most exciting poker game I over saw , says Cnplnln Jack Crawford , In the New York Journal , was In an Arizona town back In the 70s There was a character there named "Poker Hilly , " nn artist who was so expert with the cards that no gam bler who knew him would sit In n game In which ho held a hand His fntno went abroad and ono dnj a long , lanky Individual came Into town , announced himself us the cham pion pohe'r sharp of Texas ami boldly as serted tint ho had heard of Poker Billy and had como for the purpose of meeting him In a gfum and bearing his professional ncnlp back to the Lone Star state. The stranger had plenty of monej , and a game was soon arranged The news of tie ) coming bnttlo and of this Texan's avowed purpose spread like wildfire through the then rough mining camp and n great crowd collected lu thu club room of the Alhnmbra saloon to witness the contest. The game ran along very quletlj for a couple of hours , nn heavv bets being made by either pirty Numerous cocktails vvero ordered from thu bar to nerve the plajers for active work nnd gradunllj n splilt of reek- It ss daring seemed to animate them , und the bets grew heavier. There was a jackpot on the btnrd anil scv- oral deals passed without Its helm ; opened. Finally the Texan said- "Open she comes pardncr. fur an oven hundred dollars , ' nnd he pushed llvo $20 gold pieces to the tenter. "That's what t call n durncd menu trick , " sild Billy "Ef jou'd n passed that tlmo I'd a opened the gale for n cool five hun dred , but I got my chance n coinln * Glmmo two cards " The Texan man was satisfied with his hand and drew no cards. Theie was a Knowing look on his face , and I could undrrstind his nlr of confidence when I glanci-d over his shoulder nt his hand nnd saw therein tour kings Wo all felt satisfied that Billy had drawn to threes of mime kind , but what they wete nnd whether he had 'taught hU man" or not remained to be seen "I haven't got the top hand , pnrdncr , but the one I liev gut Is wuth n tlio'isiml dollars , " snlil Billy , and ho counted out that sum "Hain't got much confidence In It , hev jou " retorted the Texan "I see double thai \aluo in these little keerds o' mine , an' I'll stay light alongside jer thousand and inlso It a trlllln' matter o' a thousand more. " Billy studied his hand n long time , ami cast Eovoral Keen glances Into the face ot his opponent , endeavoring to lend there the nerve of the man he had to deal with. Finally ho said- "I haven't been a studjln' about scelu' jer rnlse , stranger , but on how much ot a comebick jou'd stand without juinpln' the game T bar's your thousand hid outen sight , nn' I'll Jest try jer narvo with a five-thou sand lift " Ho took a big wallet from his pocket ami slowlj counted out the cash , and x\e could yet see some bills remaining And now It was the Texan who did the serious reflecting He sat for several minutes in n deep study , and so Intense was the In terest In the room that nothing could ha heaid but the deep breathing of the onlook ers Plnally the Texan pulled a dcd for a large cuttlo ranch from his pocket , nnd said : "Pardncr , I haven't quite enough ready nionoj- , but thar's a deed fur a ranch wuth twenty thousand o' any man's money ; klu It go as collateral" " "Yes. If jou'll take the same medicine ' jeisoif , pervlded I want to git back at jo. " This was agreed to , and the Texan said : "Then I'll see yor five thousand , an' rnlso ve tl'o rest o' the value o' the deed fifteen thousand " lllllj seemed to glow a little excited Ho didn't care so much for the money , but his reputation was nt stake , nnd he valued that above ? any eash consideration The governor of the territory had dropped In anil was nn Interested spectator of the game , and Billy had known for some tlmo that his excellency was looking on Ho ps'ied the Texan If he could Imvo ten min utes' time , nnd the loquoHt wns quickly granted Asking n friend to taUc his seat and guard his bund be lellred to the back part of the club 100:11 : nnd wrote rapidly for sevoial minutes Then he returned with the paper In his hand , and , adiliesslng the executive paid "Goveinor. jour life nln't notliln' to mo compamil to my reputation ns the boss poker plajer o' the southwest Now , that bond o' mine can't bo beat , an' I nln't agoln' to lay It down on net mint of not hiivln' the stuff to back It up You're the governor , an' thl * territory ofllelallj be longs to jou. Thar's a clc"il fur the hull blrstod territory n' Arl/ony mi * If jou don't sign It , trnnsferi In' the propoity to me I'll lilll jou right whnr jou stand' ' " And ho iliew an ugly looking pistol from Ills boll The governor paled Just u little , bul Illicitly unll/lng tlm fact thai HIM h nn in strument would bi > entliely lllo ul nnd vnl- nelcss , he secured n pen and si jnetl it "Now , " said Billy "I see jer Texnj ranch , with all Its nppurten.incis it teteij nn' I lalBe jer w'at's left o' tlm Tcirltory of Ari- rony " Tin ) Texan actually gasped , nnii lespltn tils four kings , ho now felt sine Billy had t hand to beat him Ho cither belli veil llio Irpd or did not stop to consider the legality if the trni'sactlon , and lifter a Inns PIIIBI ho turned his cauls face up on the table aii'l said "I can't meet j-cr bet , pardncr an * [ woakeii an' lay these four gents down but I' I hud the governor o' Texas licit' an e-oubl ? ot the dinp on him , I'll ralao vim ilt-mi out " " * j" v-or clothes Billy coolly drew In the great plli nf cash mil paper , and handing the hastily drawn Iced to the governor , Bald- "Muah obliged governor ; Ihar'H the deed , in' jou kin assume charge o' the territory igiln An' , " pushing the Texan s deed Id ilm "ns I don't lie IT about guln Into tlm nnch bmlrct-8 , I'll glvo you bulk jour deed \n' hetp pard , seeln' ns I'm still chain- ilon , thar's llvo thousand to ntnki > you fur nickeis to win back vv'at jou'vn lost Thar H iiithln' small about tlm champion but hn osln's ( Joodby an' better lurk nex' time " Ho nioM' and vvnlkcil nwny The Texan urned ji.ile and exploded loud oath when 10 saw the faeo of the cards Billy had two llttlo fours t HUM'S Damp weather noonix the dentist IniBl- 133. The first fnlKO teeth wcie made on lead lutes ptoplo of Iho United States have the woist ct th of any nation Baltimore Is known as tint ( radio of dcn- lulry , nnd bus eight ulleB < . Hlppociatcs , 450 B C , wrs Iho ( list dcn- Ibt of whom them Is n record. Gold-filled teeth are found In tbo Jaws nf kolotoim exhumed at Pompeii A child la nald to Inherit the teeth of its other und the jawu of Its mother. Big ttcth and squattt Jawu art ul > / , 4 outid with low forelitHcla and small uaiil- L 111H. The substitution of porcelain flllinr for old or amalgam Is Iho dream of thu duiUI dentist. A Montana dentist's outfit cnnnlHtcd of tout twine , perforated bullets and a Blnplo- arrelcd pistol Wetting a tootli brush and dipping It In alt will bo found very effective In th'1 r - noval of turtar Imperfect tteth ere n o nlKti of elvlll- atlon J'erfc'ct teeth uru .ound , as u rule , nly among sayages. George Washington wore ) false teeth. nn < l wo sets of them are owned In Baltimore s valuable heirlooms Out of 100 teeth of adults that twcnty- vo je-ars ago would have been ruthlessly xtractctl , ninety-nine are now saved by clcnce.