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TJIE OMAHA DAILY BEE : SUNDAY , SEPTEMBER 20 , 1896
SPELLBINDERS OF THE PATS Cfimpixign Orators Who Stumped tlio Country in Bygone Days. GREAT NAMES IN POLITICAL HISTORY Inli > rr ( lnK ItPinlnliri'in'i'M of > V * xlrr , < 'ln > ' , Lincoln , lnn liix , ( 'oriK llntr , Illnlnr. linrllHil , mid ( Mlicr I'aiiion * Hi Copyright. IMfi. WASHINGTON , Sept. IS A group of veterans gathered at Wlllinl's the other tilght wcru dlicusslng the great campaign ss nil orators of the past , and one veteran , whoso memory vvrnt hack to the early ' 40s , de clared that the triumphs of Webster on the stump hive never been cxrceded , although they Invo been closely approached by others who followed him In political life When I lie was to apeak no hall was big enough to fir hold those who desired to hear him lie had only to open his windows and step led S forth on the balcony ot any- hotel In the land to find a vast throng , stretching out as far Iho as the oc could reach waiting patiently | lfn to listen to the man who was called the L tO ire lou pur Md jl.l . an--1 lea | tu- Jier Clo , OKOIUJK Wir.MAM rUUTll. god-lllce Daniel. The Impression , said the \cteran , has been current that Webster a great speeches vvcro unstudied , but as .1 matter of fact he wan always a laborious student , and expended a great deal of time In the preparation of Ills public addresses Once , when the first mc sage ot an emi nent public man , then governor of New York , was Issued , Webster was appealed to for his opinion of the document "Mr Sevv- ard , " he icplled , "Is a very able man anil a very able wrltei The only thing ho needs to team Is how to scratch out " Webster himself was a past master of the art ol scratching out. Henry Clnj was , perhaps , the veteran con tinued , u moio popular orator than Webster. IIo was loved whllo Webstei was feared In some of Clay's political circuits , extend ing often through a dozen .state : ! , enormous crowds gathered , Impelled not so much by the desire to be Impressed with Clay's ar gument nu with the feeling which led so many of them to beck to touch his hand and to receive the kindly glance of his cjcs. Clay's voice was one of grc.it compass , power and melody. His attitudes and gestures were natural and graceful. These personal own ling. advantages gained the good will of an au- dlenco at the outset , and when his strong common scMibc , his logical reasoning , hla clear conception of a subject In all Its bear ings and his striking Illustiatlons were ap plied to the discussion of a subject , his auditors were convinced and charmed No political orator of his uuncratlon , pcthips nonu since , the \utecun concluded , has Hwajod great masses with channlni ; person ality and with affection as Clay did during his political tours nurus cnoATn. Mention of Clay and Webster brought to the memory of another member of the group : R ? * BAMUl'.I , 3 COX. L the name and achievements of Ilufus Choate , the friend and contemporary of both Cboate , this gentleman declared , was ono of the greatest forensic orators that ever lived. Ills > ne volco was singularly sweet and musical , and no speaker was over listened to with greater Itor- ilollght. Ho was all nerves , and when speak ing his whole frame vibrated with thn most intense emotion. Nature had endowed him with a sparkling wit and lively fancy. Ills memory , for he was all his llfo a tireless ( Undent , supplied apt quotations ; his Imagin > th- ation called each poetical fancy to his aid , his musical voice attuned lUelf to all the \arlod tones of his discourse , which never iow twice followed the same lines , for , while i npcaklng , ho was wont to closely study the faces of his auditors , and , If ho noted the slightest look of dissatisfaction , he changed jyou his course and with ama/lng tact would mod ify or change an obnoxious statement , until [ any ho gained the approbation of his stubborn mly listeners Choato was the Proteus of oratory. A veiy different mun from Choate , an icre other member of the group Interrupted , for by this time the in I nil a of all wcio turned sid- on the great campaign orators of the past , was Tom Corvvln of Ohio , whom Hoscoo self. Conkllng often declared to be the most bril liant Htump speaker ever heard by a polit ical assembly in America Men would travel scores of miles to listen to Corvvln , and It the was worth a Sabbath day's Journey to hear link DA.MKL DOCJUUUllTX. him tell a story. No matter how often heard , It was always made fresh and racy ty hla Inimitable way of telling it. While wondrous facial expression and a charming vole * of uuusutl eonipai * lent attractive- to his speeches , they were never lack Ing In eloquence nnd force. Oorwln'a Un- Euagc was choice unfl chaste , ' he knew when he hftd exhausted a subject and when to slop , and he conveyed t all times the Im pression of absolute sincerity Corwin was In public life for over forty years The people ple of Ohio were at his feet and there was no office within their gift that they did not bestow upon him , but , by a curious Irony ot fate , the most solemn and ambitious speech of his life the ono against the Mex ican war. In which he said , "Wore I \\c\\ \ \ can , as I am an American I would welcome ) ou with bloody hands to hospitable graves' - was hla only unfortunate one , and It came near being fatal to his fortunes In Kentucky Tom Mar shall had much the same reputation tha Corvvln cnjoved In Ohio , but he was no' ' a man of Corwln's moral stature , nor was ho so diligent In preparation for oratory tory When he was stirred anil gave thought to the preparation ot an address Marshall wan able to move a multitude hut berausc ho did not quicken his Intel lect by labor such as Corwin and the other greatest orators have done In secret his career was not a happy or enduring one. A SOUTHERN SPKLLHINDnU. Indeed , Iho most brilliant orator In the south bct-veen 1S 0 and 18C.O was Sargent R Prentlss A native of Maine , he weni to IMIisInslppI poor and friendless , am not only became foremost among her sons hut acqulrenl a national reputation , Ed ward Eveiott , after having listened to one of his buist-i of eloquence In Kaneull hall turned to Dinlcl Webster , who sat next to him , nnd asked "Did you ever hear anjthliiR like It ? " "Never , " said Web ster , "except from Mr Prentlss himself. ' He VMS , Indeed , a remarkable orator , his Intellectual endowments presenting a sig nal example of the happy blending o great logical powers with the most -vlvli Imagination. As Dryilen said ot Halifax ho was a mun "of piercing wit and fre quent thought , endowed by nature and by learning taught to move assemblies " The great scciet of Prentlss' oratorical suc cess was his readiness -ho seemed novel at a loss for an eqlgram or a retort , am llko Corwin , his Impromptu speeches vvcro the best Pietitlss died In 1S50 at the me ridian of his powers To the sime period as Prentlss belonged Daniel S Dickinson nnd John Van Huron The former was what would be called n magnetic man on the stump Ills speeches were , and were meant to bo , ephemeral but popular Dickinson gilned such repute - puto ( hit vvheicver ho was announced to speak the day ot his appearance was a holiday Ho was so popular with his party that ho wns n leading candidate for the vice presidential nomination ai least twice , and many ot the members of his party icgarded him as an available canlldate for the presidency John Vni Huron won fame as a lawyer before he took an active Interest In politics , and had ho been as ambitious as his father Martin Van nuren he might have gained as many successes as the father won Wit , humor , pathos and a profound argu ment , eiifoiced by a commanding prcs- CAI.EU M. SMITH. ence , were never absent from Jils speeches , and men born since he passed awaj can hardly reall/e the extent of his popu larity or how gieat was his fameMen now old alone remember him , and It li passing strange that a man so gifted and so popular should now be almost forgottou THREE OF A KIXI3. Lincoln , Douglas and Seward were the greatest campaign orators of the political era which ended with the cl\ll war iiiil the abolition of slavery Illalnc has put on record the opinion that Douglas \vas In some respects , pel haps In most , the ablest campaigner the democratic pirt > has produced. That opinion will probibl ) be endorsed by every man who heard the Little Giant on the stump. Thomas H Denton used to say that Douglis could never bo president because his coat-tails came too near the ground , but there was never a democrat who seemed of such Imposing stature as Douglas did when ho was In the midst of the fury and pas sion and fascination of ono of his stump addresses IIo was no taller than John II Tellows , but his cheeks were swathy and sometimes flushed , and his eves , at least during a speech , seemed as large and Impressive as those of Webster In deed , Douglas never met his stipeiior In any partj until his old-time friend and fellow townsman , Lincoln , caused him to lower his colors Perhaps the most successful stump- speaking campaign conducted by anj man was that carried on b } Lincoln In the sum mer of 18r > 8 Hefore that ho had fnlned some repute as a speaker and political leader In Illinois but w is not held at his true worth except by the keener Intellects of his own party. In 1J5S , however , Lln- TIIOMA3 COIIYU.N. coin saw that his tlmo had come A sena tor was to bo elected In Illinois and Douglas was a c-aiulliluto to succeed hlnuelf Lin coln , It was understood , would be thu can didate In case the whig party won He therefore challenged Douglas to a joint de bate When Douglas read thu challenge he dlsplajt'il grrat annoyance , which his friends did not share , for they said"This man Lincoln Is a fool Ho has given jou } our opportunity" Douglas turned a tmd. inxlous face upon thi'iu and replied "You don't know this man I do not court such u battle , I assure you , and yet I cannot avoid it " HISTOIUC DKIUTKS. Then followed the series of Joint debates , seven In all , which have become historic , and made Lincoln , a man until then almost unknown beyond the borders of his own state , a commanding national figure His strategy and wisdom made him Douglas' master at every point Douglas won the senatorshlp , but the admissions Lincoln compelled him to make on the stump rent his party In twain and cost him the presi dency. Later Lincoln made two other etump speeches , and these clinched his grip upon the presidential nomination of thu newly-crcated republican party He deliv ered one In Chicago , beginning with the sentence "A liouau divided against itself cannot stand , " and then to show the cast what manner of man ho was , > ( sited New York and In Cooper Union made a political acldresi , remarkublo for Its dignity , breadth and foresight He. had , too , a sense of humor , but luch Uct in the uu of it that he made It hl servant and not his master Moreover , an aptitude for homely , yet power ful Illustration , and a lucidity ot exposition surpassed by no other man of hla time , en abled htm to take the most abstract theory and put It before his hearers to clearly that even the dullest were able to understand It The stump had Its hlghcit exemplifica tion in the career of Lincoln Seward , on the other hand , was never a popular stump speaker He was polished , deliberate , Impressive , but his speeches ap pealed always to the Intellect , and lacked the charm of apparent spontaneity A clever orator must also be a clever actor , for while a speech may be the result ot grind ing toll to be wholly effective It must ap pear to be extemporaneous This art Seward - ard \ as never able to conquer , and his speeches In the senate were nlw.ija happier efforts than his harangues on the stump Still , he owed much of the success of his political career to the fact that ho followed that custom which for many > ears was In exorable In the United States for those ambitious for public honors the custom ot addressing their fellow citizens from the stump A G1UUT OUOUP. William M Hvarts gained his first repute as a powerful speaker on the ntump early In the 50s and other noted campaign orators of that period were Owen Lovejoy , Caleb II Smith , Henry Winter Davis and Wi I.I AII M iv.uiT4. George William Curtis Lovejoy's oratory was ot the rough and ready kind , popular with the pralrlo audiences of his time , v\hlle Smith was long regarded as ono of the ablest stump speakers of the west The tributes that the masses paid to his oratory have never been exceeded , and jet , although Smith later became a member of Lincoln's cabinet , he seems to have been forgotten III war time Davis was esteemed by many as , in homo respects , the most fascinating of stump speakers Ho was llcry , Impas sioned and alvvajs terribly In earnest and his power was so great that he was able to handle a llaltimore mob with case A very brilliant future was predicted for him , but ho was cut off In his prime. Curtis' gifts as an orator vveic of a Kind that ap pealed only to an Intelligent and thinking audience , but given this , he was one of the most admirable speakers of his generation , with a polish and gtacc very like that of Wendell Phillips , one of the most perfect orators that ever spoke the English tongue ULAINE OP MAINE James G Dlainc , as a stump speaker , sug gested much of the career of Henry Clay. He was not a superb orator , but ho was an unusually earnest , magnetic and persuasive speaker and never failed to mouse the en thusiasm and win the affection of his audi ence In his own peculiar field he was with out a peer. Hoscoe Conkllng , after Illalnc , was the ablest stump speaker the repub lican pnrty has boasted since the war. His speeches seemed to be extemporaneous , but as a matter of fact , oratory was with Conk- ling an arduous and laborious art Ills speeches were written out , polished with in finite care and then committed to memory , but so remarkable was his memorv that the delivery of even the longest speech seldom , If ever , varied from the manuscript he had previously prepared Conkllng on the stump , as In private life , was Impressive , rhetorical , sarcastic , and words came from his lips In superb rlivthm and delicious melody. The contrast which he presented to his great rival , lilalnc , was a striking onu Conkling OlKLOVKJOT. . Inspired respect , admiration and Intellectual approval ; Dlaine commanded affection and that quality which , when displayed In a soldier , would lead an army to follow Into a forlorn hope Each will bo esteemed. In his own way , as the greatest of thu pott-bellum speakersGAItriELD GAItriELD AS AN OUATOK. The achievements on the stump of the gifted and witty "Sunset" Cox , I he polished ami pleasing Daniel Dougherty and the shrewd and acrimonious Ilenjamln K Duller are still fresh in the minds of all , but all were Inferior as orators to James A Gar field , who from 18 r > to 1880 was one of the best stump speakers before the public Garfield - field had carefully cultivated all the arts of the orator and of striking presence and his powerful , vibrant voice was over eloquent and Impressive Ills manner In his speeches was first engaging , by reason of Its frank ness and moderation and afterwaid Impres sive by Its earnestness -and vigor At the climax of a speech he gathered up all the force of a statement and logic ho had hem marshaling and hurled them upon his lis teners with tiemcndous force Ills eyes di lated , his form seemed to expand , his voice took on a sort ot explosive quality , his lan guage gained the height of simple and mab- slvo eloquence and his gestures bccarfleJto energetic and forcible that ho becmeil'al times , to bo beating down opposition with sledgo-hammor blows throwing hla argu ments forward like the solid Eliot from a cannon Our field'a brilliant and melodra matic career , with Its startling and pathetic ending , was due In the main to his power as a speaker , which calls to mind the curl- on a fact that notwithstanding the political Influence which capacity on the stump gives to him who possesses It Garfleld and Lin coln were the only presidents since the government who had any gift of that kind. I'lirti-r ( InllM ( lie I'lllllilllllH. Ni\V YOIIK , Sept 19 It U officially stated General Horace Porter has resigned the > lco presidency of the Pullman Palace Car company This step has been expected for somn time pant owing to General Porter's acceptance of the chairmanship of thn board of the St. Louis & San Kranclsco railroad. III.OSSOMS. Clmutntiqiiin Out of the night comes the morning : Out of the mold springs the ( lower ; Out of the. pant tiles the. present ; Out of the cloud falls tlio shower. Out of our effort , achievement ; Out of the thought grows the act ; Out of our failure , successes ; Out of the error , the fact. Out of the passions , the lover ; Out of our need the desire. ; Out of our pain , our comrmsHlon ; Out of the lower , the higher. Out of experience , knowledge ; Out of reflection , the oul ; Out of the soul , aspiration' And God Is the source of the -whole. I Washington's Farewell Address Clrctimstancu < nuaitinK Up to Its Preparation anil Publication. WorthlnKtnn C Tori In Iturptr's Weckl ) On Momlaj , Soptombe'r ' 19 , 17D6 , the Dallv Advertiser ot Philadelphia contained the un usual feature ot a' ' special communication from the president tt the United States , ad dressed to "Prlomta and Pellow Citizens" Great Interest was t qnce awakened In the purpose of such a dcpar.ture from Washing- ton's known disinclination to use the press as a channel of communicating \\ith the public , and this purpose was unmlstakabl > clear he wished to retire from the public service , and In expressing the wish he sums up the thoughts and fopcrlcnro In public polltj which had accumulated In his event ful career Such a paper was of the nature of a political testament On many occasions , before H full union of states had been ac complished , during the stress of war times , and during the greater dangers of peace without union , he had addressed words of solemn warning to the states His vcrj name carried such weight as to make his adherence to a partv a tower of strength , while his sincerity and absence ot Inter ested motives made his opinions , when ex pressed , the rail ) Ing point for the evcr- Inereaslng part } working for a strong federal government , with powers adequate to Its ends Ho made a union possible because he was to be the president an ofllce that In unscrupulous hands might become a tyranny and a curse He could have remained In olllco hud ho so wished until Ills death Hut he wishes to retire and tikes the people Into his confidence Such a paper could not have been the thought of a moment , all that \\o know of the man forbids such a con clusion It was a history and It Is a history worth relating Ono > ear before the close of his first term of ofllce , In rebruarj , 170J. Washington ex pressed to his secretarj of state , Jefferson , his earnest wish to retire fiom the public service It had long been his Intention to give up public life At the end of the revolution elution ho had come to the determination of accepting no further public service , but he had been Impressed b > others with the great aid he could give In fanning a gov ernment and In filling the executive at the beginning of the experiment He had sur rendered his ownIevvs , attended and presided over the constitutional convention , and with reluctance accepted the presldenc ) of the United States Ho had , however , never ontlrelv surrendered his desire to retire - tire , and ho thought 1702 was a fitting sea son to announce his deslie Ho was led to do this by certain private consldcratioiib "lie really felt himself growing old , his bodily health less firm , his mcmorj , nlua\s bid becoming worse and perhaps the other faculties of his mind showing a decaj to others of which he wab Insensible himself , that this apprehension particularly oppressed him , that he found , moreover , his activity lessened , business therefore more Irksome , and tranqulllltv and rctlrejnent become an Irieslstlblc pab- slnn " So Jefferson wrote In his Anas To the other members of his cabinet , Ham ilton and Knox , and to Madl = on and Edmund Randolph , he expressed himself to the same effect To retire and to have the other greit ofllcers of the govewlmant retire at the same time * would , he thought , produce a shock on the public mind of dangerous consequence. Great as bad been the advance of govern mcnt , much rcnnlned , to be done Should ho leave the chilr factions would arise and further advai.ce be greatlj impeded perhaps checked No maiii possessed his influence or so commanded the public confidence Hamilton , Knox and even Jefferson were ex tremely Importunate that ho should not retire - tire , and thov united In laying before him the only argument which could appeal to him the ncccssit > "of " his remaining In office In the then situation of public affairs His retirement at such p Juncture might produce effects that ought , not to be hazarded When Madison dililed his wishes to the sime effect the president enlarged somewhat upon his own position. "Hp pould not be lieve or conceive himself nnjUlsc necessary to the successful ndnllnistmtlon of the gov ernment ; that , on the contiary , be had Irom the beginning found himself deficient In many of the essential qualifications , owing to his lne\nerlence in the forms of public business , his iinfltness to judge of legal ques tions and questions arising out of the Constitution ; that otheis more conversant In such matters would be better able to execute the trust ; that he found himself also In the decline of life his health be coming sensibly more Infirm , and perhaps his faculties also , that the fatigues and dlsagrecableness of his situation wcie In fact scarcely tolerable to him , that he only uttered his real sentiments when he de clared that his inclination would lead him rather to go to his farm , take his spade In hand , and work for his bread than remain In his present situation , that It was evident , moreover , that a spirit of party in the gov ernment was becoming a fresh source of difficulty , and he was afraid was dividing some ( alluding to the seciotary of the treasury ) moro particular ! } connected with him in the administration , that there were discontents among the people which were also showing themselves more and more , and that although the various attacks against public men and measures had not In general been pointed n < him * ot In snrnn instances It had 1 ecu visible that he was the Indirect object , and that It was probable the evidence would grow stionger and stronger that his ictuin ( o pii\a.L me was consistent with every public consideration , ml , consequently , that ho was justified in j giving way to his Inclination to It" It was when In this frame of mind tint Washington wrote a long letter to Madison , dated Ma } 20 , 1792 , containing a synopsis of a proposed "valedictory address" to the public In this he wished to urge the necessity of giving every possible support and cement to the union and to suggest that Jealousy of public officers and measures should have limits These were the main points to be considered , and all else would bo supplementary to them Madison sub mitted a paper of topics , and here the mat ter rested Washington leiteratcd his wish to Jeffereon In October , but was persuaded a aln to accept an election , with the prob- abllty of retiring within two jears The second term of his administration WPS far more disagreeable than the first had been The breach between Hamilton and Jrfferson widened so as to make a union In thought or action Impossible Madison had drifted with Jefferson away from the presi dent , and was no longer a confidential ad viser , hardly a friend. Criticism of Wash ington , long muttered In party wheels In such form as to make others the apparent object , became open , direct and scurrilous Ills name no longer served us a shield of unquestioned power The foreign policy as well as the domestic Measures of the federal ists created dlscusglon that led to Intense and bitter peraanptlcH ) | , nwl Washington , cold and Bclf-stifllclent as ho was felt keenly anything that seeilied to reflect upon himself or his acts Hlsftaktnet was a center of Intrigue Disappointed in his friend's treachery the mysterious conduct of Kit- mund Randolph h6 Had allowed that able , but arch-politlclani Timothy Pickering , to rule the qouncll boari ) It was with a sigh of relief that he sW'ihe end approaching , and In April , 1790 , hii again reverts to a proposed addret > s , Inking Hamilton Into his confldcncn , unj submjltfnij to liltn a "lr " It of the paper , "My WUh. " be wrote , "In that the wholei may appVai * In a plain st > Ie , and bo handed to the < /uWc / | in an honest , un affected , simple part , " That the draft had been long by him is evidenced by his wish to glvo a part In quotation "My reasons for It are , that as It Ui not only a fact that such au addrets was written and on the point of being published , but known also to one or two of those characters who are now strongest and foremost In the opposition to the government" that Is , Jefferson and Madison Whatever was the form of the address as litmed , Iho matter was supplied by Washing ton Hamilton hod a peculiar faculty of expression , and Ills long experience In war and In the cabinet , In close connection with Washington , had given him a marked capacity for interpreting the wishes of his chief The language of the address ma } largely be attributed to Hamilton , and his "draft , " among tils papers is ample proof of thin Ho showed It to Jay , In whoso judg ment the president hail full confidence , and It wan then returned to Washington Doth Wellington and Hamilton wtro Impressed I with the solemnity of the occasion In the I address Washington gives expression to the hope that even If the counsels should not make the strong and lasting Impression ho could wish , "they will control the usuil current of the passions , or prevent our nation from running the course which has hitherto marked the destlii } ot nation * Hut If I may even flatter niself that the } ma } be productive of some partial benefit , some occasional good , that they ma } now and then recur to moderate the fury o ( part } spirit , to wain against the mischief of foreign Intrigue , to guard against the Impostures of pretended patriotism this hopp will be a full recompense for the solicitude for } our welfare , b } which the } have been dictated " There are few of his formal papers more characteristic of Washington than this ad dress He was a man very iHnidr-nl of his own merits and shunning dlsphv One paragraph In the draft was strmk out to "avoid the Imputation of affected modest } , " and a second suffered the same fate as hav ing the "appearance ot self-distrust and mere \nnlt } " Yet with this true modest } he was keenly sensitive' to criticism , and from this arose the exceeding care with which he studied the form and matter of the address To have an } part open to rid icule , or to give occasion to his critics , and l the } vvcro now not small In number or back ward In exptesslon , would have dcstioycd | his purpose In the publishing. The rough draft of the letter to Madison shows his care In working over the expression Claj- poole , In whose paper It was flist printed noted that In reading the proof the presi dent made some alterations In the- punctua tion , "In which ho was very minute" The lesult w.\s conimensur.Ut- with the label In 1790 the address was received respect fully , and with a deep sense of the Im portance of the occasion In 1S9G the paper can be read with advantage , and no higher praise- could be given That the writer had given an epitome of his political education , an education which had been unusual ! } varied and thorough for the time , Is evident 1 } its perirnncnt value The utterances ale toila } the ver } commonplace of political wisdom In his own day the beginnings of a government threw a glamour over thcsi I'Ueranccs which lent them color. In these uas of Jingoism and of financial madness It Is well to hark back to the- simple and sincere propositions of the address The warnings against foreign entanglements t > i.-aiiit faction nnJ alulae of the Insliuim nts of gnveinmeiit , against national dishonor and sectional stiife , are as pertinent In 1S96 as the } were In 17M6. CUOUTII or TIII3 COCtlMJ 11 VIMT. HUH it Wonderful llnlil oil ( lu > Colored I'onplr of .Nv Or It'll UK. People who lesldo In the neighborhood say that tho\lm with which the colored folk who gather In the dance noils In the neigh borhood of Customhouse and Libel ty streets take cocaine p-isseth understanding , sib the New Orleans Picayune It Is fre quentl } to be noticed that a } oung woman mingling In these dances con tlnucs the physical exertion for a time and with a vigor that arc almost Incredible Often the sterner sex are seen doing likewise , and even the noise , accord Ing to the witness , shows a greater degree of physical energy and endurance than one might reasonably expect to find out of a mad-house A \er } Intelligent and thoroughly posted and read druggist was speaking to a re porter recently on the subject of the abuses of cocaine In that city. He is In a position to Know exactly whereof he speaks , and his observations are Interesting "It Is perfect ! } amazing , " said he , "the- proportions to which the cocaine trade has giown In this city , and It Is still more ro- maikablo how , with the exception of a few abandoned white women , Its use Is confined almost exclusive ! } to the colored folk. Tin average druggist or physician can tell the cocaine fiend on sight even when Ills Inilul gence In the vice Is In its Inclpleney. There- Is the wild expression of the eye , the muscu lar jerkings of the limbs and other poi- tlons of the > body , an exuberant tendency to bo always moving , always on the go , and , In fact.a general high tension of the nerv ous system sucli that It might be expected the next moment would result in a general physical collapse "How on earth these ignorant people evei learned of the effects of this powerful anil dangerous drug I am at a loss to say , but 1 know It is a fact that some drug stores In this city sell enormous quantities of Hit stuff to the darkles In G-cent packages Th- . demand for it is so great that they keep the stuff in little pipers , which they retail at 5 cents , and It Is quite frequently the case that the darkey doesn't even open Ills mouth to say what ho wants , the trade 1- so well established Ho simply goes Into the drug store , throws down Ills nickel Oh the counter , and Is given a cocaine package without his ever opening his mouth Just a * . he would slouch Into a beer Joint and get a glass of beer " I'nif. l ) > flu > AKiiln llcnril I'l 4im. LAWKENCE Kan. . Sept. 19 Prof. L. L Dyche , from whom no word had been re ceived since July 17 , was heard from todn > In a letter dated Knlk river , Cook's Inlet Alaska , Aug 1 Dycho said lie was In an Indian camp within twenty miles of some big horn white sheep , of which he wanted some specimens , as theic are none In any museum In the world The explorer did not say anything about coming home , but said he expected to bo out of that country befoie a letter fioin homo could reach him Whether or not he is still In search of a new route to the north pole Is still a mys tery. I . 'on 1'iiiMli-r MlllH i\jiloili- . SPRINGFIELD , Mass , Sept , 19. Pom powder mills at Hazardvllle , Conn , were blown up today Lightning struck one mill and the explosion set fire to the other three No ono was killed or injured Thousands of panes of glass vvcro broken In buildings of thd town and the shock was so great that even at the distance of Springfield It was supposed at first to bo an earthquake. Ciilil A\a f Siici' | > N Or IVIIIIMIIN. KANSAS CITY , Sept. ID A cold wave swept over this pail of the country last night , and tin * local weather bureau predicts that It will frost Sunday morning In Kansas and Missouri Jn some pails of Kansas Host would ruin hundreds of acres of late planted broom corn Immor , whdber Itcblne , bumlpr , EVKHY , icaly , cru.Uiipimply , or blotchy , r tictlier uliuplc ; , § crofulon , or hen dltnry , from I'Uncy to BBCnre now upcwllly cur.d bjr ABKIN and Hood purifier of Incomparable puiltynnj curalhopowcr Purely vie'3- ' tic , aft > , Innocent , on 1 palatable. 11 nppcali to oil , mul t' pcciallyraotlier , iur i , a d tlillilrcn. Sold Uirouihiml thtworld , 1'rice. C ; tici in , J\j I fair ix i iliiuLrctr J'W > nl II J'oinu I ua X * > I-H'W CnBlSo e l-r , p , lU ton r p. l Humor * frt . " " " % Chieaotrr * * Kn lUh iMamond Hrclid. TNKYROYAL PILLS " " - Orlcln * ! ftntl Only tirnulne. * rc. fcl ji reliable LADIE ik ruciUI ( ur illcknteri lnptnk It in A enJllranJia ItrdaaJ I/&U m ullio\ ixn tfftUJ wlihlluf rttboo Take on * and tmiUttvnt Ailfruikiti.or e&d4e. i Mtmil tut t'Artlcultri Kitiittonlfcli tul lUIIef for I atllr , n < nl r r bj relura " " . JO.OOU friliruwblall A * t'aptf * C * ' Tb Uu. I'LUiidmia Real Estate Dealers Report Considerable In quiry from This Glass , RENTAL AGENCIES ARE AISO BUSY IiirKi < .Niuiilicr nt ' aim itf l'roii'r | ( ) Iti'tinrtcil IK-iiinml N In Till * Dlri-o- Itllll lit I'l I'lOIIti "The actual condition ot the real estate market remains n uch the eatne , " said a prominent dealer , "Although the number ot purchasers looking.around is greater than two months ago ono re'ason of this is , winter coming on and people are trjltin to Improve their homo comforts , but the principal reason Is they arc beginning to see there never was a better time to buy real estate and no safer or better paIng investments than these being offered In Omaha Just now The most sought after Is a five or six loom cottage , "Compailson of leal estate \alues between Omaha and other cities has been made several times , showing conclusive ! ) , that the present prices on Omaha dltt nre vcr ) low , mid with oven a partial return of con fidence an advance In pi Ices Is sure to come , and the man that htis now rather than putting his ironc ) avvaj In some dark place. Is bound to get his money again , and a nice profit "Itcntnl agendas all report n good dci-'and for houses to rent , and choice * rental property Is scarce Ono large eastern firm owning several pieces of vacant property , after looking over the clt ) > cry carefully , has concluded to put several thousand dollars lars in brick houses to rent " liiti'ri'Nti'il In I'm In jr. The last meeting of the Heal Estate ex change , which ivas held Momlaj noon at the rooms of the Commercial club , was devoted to the question ot " .Mending Our Wavs" It has been stated on reliable authorlt ) that the road to hell Is paved with good resolutions While the real estate men ate not Interested In the paving leading In that dltcctlon and not expecting to travel over them , jet they have n fiellng that even that would be an Improvement on the ictten wooden blocks It Is the general feeling that before the world comes to Onnhn to take part In mid to see what the transmlsslsslppl countrj can do It will be * necessarj that our road- vvajs should be passable At a former meet ing a committee consisting of ex-Governor Saundcrs A I , Heed and W 11. Tajlor was mimed to Investigate the paving matter and report They made an InterestIng - Ing report , which was discussed b > those present In an earnest manner The con sensus of opinion was that a removal of the old blocks and the use of cinders and dirt for a toti " dressing upon , the stone base would make "fine roads A I1 Tukey made an tntercsitlng reference to the paving In the parks , which had been built In this way and which had given eminent satis faction The feeling was that this could bo done nt slight expense and would piove verj satNfictory In putting our stieets In good condition The subscription for stock having been lalsed to point necessary to obtain the grant from the government to the Trans mlsslsslppl Imposition , the election of the board of directors was next In order , and there was a determination by all business men to get down to business , and the real estate men are determined not to be last In rendering their aid In every effort to make , a complete success of the exposition ClISNlp of Hll * I ) M1TH. | II S. Hall has sold lot 3 , Convent place , to S D Hangs for $0,250 II L Chase- has sold lot 4 , block 10 , Hans. eom place , to n. M Garlook for $1-100 G. , JI. Pa > ne Is erecting a J5 000 residence on Georgia avenue , to be occupied as a home Benawa d Co report the cash sile of n .house and lot at Thirty-fifth and Mason streets to Mr Day , for a home lohn G Willis sold lot 8 , block 2 , Idlewlld addition , with an eight-room modern house and Inrn to John J Kile ) for a home The articles of Incorporation of the George I' . Hemls company , with a capital of $500- 000 , has been filed with the county clerk. C. r. Harrison has sold to Hrotigham Stevenson two houses and a lot nearTwent- seventh and Douglas , as an investment N S. Crump has purchased of II II Harder , lot 13. block 7 , Drake's addition , at Tvvcnt-eighth and Dodge streets , and Is picparlng plans for a residence Garvln brothers have sold for Irvin L Richards of Denver , to Cdwln J Ilodwell , house and lot at1101 rarnam street , price. $3 000. Iho McCaguo Investment company re port that a number of persons have an- tlclprted their mortgages , paying on the same befon' they are dim One farm mortgage coming duo January S , 1897 , was paid this week , one mortgage of $000 , due in 1 > > ? S WAS one-half paid , cno mortgag * of Jlxi , ilu In IS. ' ? . WAS thrcc-QUirtera p.\l < l , This shows A disposition to llqulitatt the debts as ruplillj AS possible Jennie n Shields hM purchased , throiiRh the ridellty Trust company , the southeast corner of Tvvcnty.nrvfnlh and Cftldwell streets , to bo occupied as a homo. This company has also sold tor Kvintin Itlchardi son for cash , lot 22 block 4. West r.nd ThU lot wns olti for an investment. W. A Spencer reports the silo of an elRhU rooln modern house' , on North Thlrty-thlrxt street , between Dodge ml Uaveliport , to 1'ortcr M llarrett a traveling leprcsenta- j liveot an eastern shoe manufactory The deal was a. cash one the price being $3KOi ) < Mr flarrett will make Omaha his home. rttmiivrs n oMimin i. nisctn isnr SllliMlnilciVlili > li Cnti IIIMiuli' to Int * Hull * \nj stnno or Mi-liil. 1'rof. Woods , a Washington chemist , lias discovered a substance' which can he made to resemble any metal or marble In color and texture It ran be molded Into any form , takes a high polish reproduces the patterns of the roughest stone or most delicate lace > , Is acid proof , Imperishable , unbreakable and Is prolmbl ) destined to bring about n revoliu tlon lu arts and architecture Tlip compound which has been the result of jrars of studj Is a metalloid In Its nature and has been named 1'iolean 1'lastlc from Its adaptnblllt ) to cvorj metal and stone with which It Is brought In contact and also from the Innumerable uses to which It can bo put. The astonishing changes bj which It wilt taKe on the texture of an ) substance Is Its greatest advantage and It Is by this mean * that It can be made' to resemble gold , sliver , copper. Iron , steel , brass , glass , granite , marble , otijx and numbcrlc s other minerals. The Iflborntor ) In which are-kept many mod. els ot this new dlscovei ) is ono of the bus * lest streets of the capital. Scattered about the room are molds tit the plastic lu every form , here n cameo of gold , there n bas- relief of bronze , while on a long table Is nuanged a collection of figures In every Known metal , Iron and shining gold resting side by side with marble and mosaics ot highest polish All of the1 obje'cts are made of the same substance , the changes In Its nppcarnncu mid color being hi ought about bj a chemical formula , which Is known to the Inventor nlone. The pi istlc is a metalloid , as b ) Its noturo It p.ti takes of the nature of a intlal 1'rof , Wools , however , states that the base of this phstic Is ofei > llnel > powde'red stone known as steitlte , a vailety of soapstone known to commerce This , with other ele ments h places In n crucible and subjects to a beat of nearl ) t'OO degrees , adding at pleasure the substances with which ho varies his foimttla to produce the different effects , 'I Ills liquid , which Is about the consistency ot thin mnlassis Is pouied Into a mold and as soon as cooled Is ready for market , lly niKIng a peculiar compound containing gold dust , the work will come out with a golden surface , It will be , not glided wood , or mar ble , but a metal as hard as gold , of the simo color and possessing all the properties of the most precious of ores , except that It Is not quite so heavy Hut It will not cor rode and will last forever With this golden metal , which Is one-third cheaper than real gold , we could lm\o our homes fashioned Into bovvers ot otlcntal luxury The houses of the future can bo filled with golden statues exact copies of the undent Grecian art , the tables and service can glitter with jellovv lustie , and oven the doors and windows maj bo made to seem parts of Aladdin's fabled palace The dalntltst lace will bo reproduced on this golden surface with ever ) fibre of the thread showing In Its outline as line as a hair ; the bowls and the thousands ot uten sils can be equal to the dishes of Midas of old If we wljh to lm\o a homo which will flash hick the sunshine from I'm Ian marble , this toiiiiteifelt compound can bu mixed la a certain consistency and wo have but to pour It Into a mold and there wo have the sltipe In the purest of stone of what wo I wish No cutting for da > s with n slow I saw by the old process , no filing away ot j the precious utone , but what seems to bo I the fairest of Italian marble will spring up lout of the ciuclble and cool Into beautiful i shipos within our sight In a , few minutes. Silver and other metals and rocks and gianlto block can be Imitated cxactl ) the same way , for when the plastic Is removed from the molds it w 111 bo found to have copied the color and the texture of the metal or stone to perfection It will 10- scmblti steel so clobi'l ) that an expert could not tell th < 3 difference U Is haul and jlelds to the file as slowl ) as the ical metal. In bronze work or statues U will bu Invalu able The I ricks of which houses aie now built can receive a coating of this compound In any color , stone or metal wished and will last fHI ever. Per burial caskets , particu larly In such countries of low marshy land as Now Oileins , It will spring Into instant us < In water piping and sewering It will bo found Invaluable , as no dirt can accu mulate nor tan any acid corrode Its sur face Neither can It bo broken any mom easily than Iron. Theories of euro may r - discussed at length by physicians , nut tnu suttoiuru waut quick relief ; and Ono Minute Cough Cura will give it to tin-ill. A safe cure for chil dren It Is "the onlv harmless remedy that produces Immediate results " -XV/N. Laid by the mile Worn by the foot ' Sold by the yard All the Ingrain Carpet used at the great Ak-Sar- Ben ball over two miles of it to be sold some of it is 350 Carpet most of it is 750 Carpet There are two-ply and three-ply Carpets in the lot the best Ingrains in the market used only enc at the Ak-Sar-Ben ball The 20 rolls of Mat tings used at the same time will be sold tomorrow at half the regular prices. Orchard & Wilhelm Carpet Co , , 1410 Douuhis Struct. The Keeley Institute ! iW ! WHISKEY , MORPHINE , OPIUM , TOIUCCO AND CICAHKTfK HABITS- \Vritu lottenins uiul testimonials , Coiioapondoneo coulldontiul , JBlaii ? Not ) .