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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, September 30, 1896, Image 5

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RS V
VOT
THE OMAHA DATIAT BEE : WEDNESDAY * SEPTEMBER 00. 1800.
CAST UVRIU'OOIj , Ohio , Sept. 23. ( Spe
cial Correspondence. ) In this center ot the
pottery Industry , as well as at Trenton , N.
J. , and other points , the effects of reduced
tariff nnd financial disturbance have been
severely felt. The manufacturers were com
pelled to reduce wages 121S per cent on ac
count of the reduction In tariff from CO to 30
per cent. The Rngllih manufacturer has ,
as wo shall see , simply dumped his goods
on our marltet , and , as a result , the Amer
ican workman has been thrown out of a
Job. Many of the concerns hero nro employ
ing only CO per cent of the number of men
emplojcd In 1890-93 , and those fortunate
enough to secure employment work about
two-thirds of the time. This arrangement
has been made In order ) to give all men an
equal chance to earn a living. As a mati i
tcr ot fact , there was no necessity for this
reduction. The American potteries can
easily supply 90 per cent of the entire con
sumption of our common ware , and. It al
lowed to do so , the price would uo practically
the same as It Is under this reduced tarltf.
By giving part of our legitimate mnrltct to
' England and Germany the business has been
v wXcrlppIcd , nnd foreign ware substituted for
* domestic. All that the manufacturers here
ask for Is a tariff equal to the difference be- '
twccn wages In this country and In Europe. , ,
If this Is granted , the pottery manttfac-1 i
hirers assure mo that they will restore wages
and give employment to all their hands now
Idle. Work and wages I And to be the Issue '
ni'ltisiry has gronn to rapidly that wen
tl o poMrrlca operated at thflr full tnpaclt ;
the American output woull aggregate 10
jj ,000 pieces of goods per year , an amount
pqiMl to about 40 per cent of the averagt
annual consumption In the United States ,
thin making It ncct-sfary to Import CO per
cent from abroad.
Tat > Institution nud development of thp
white ware Industry In this country has
proved a distinct boon to e\cry resident of
the country , since the KnRllsh manufactur
ers , in the absence of any Industry In this
country , were enabled to rharge 130 per
cent more for the ware than they are today
This It shown by the following little tnblii
embracing articles with the price of which
every housekeeper Is familiar :
Cost in t'ost In
1S60. 15' ! .
OroBS of lieu * hell true JS SO J3 12
Common brenkfutt plntof , poi tlor.cn W It
ItcKUlir twchn-liicli rnent dishes ,
per d07tn . , . . . .COO 106
Onllnnry rlcklc dltliFH. per dorcn. . Z il * 2
1'laln while ( input * , iicr iloztit 6 UO 280
The most noticeable point of difference
between the English and American Indus
tries Is to bo found in the great Inequality
In the wages paid. When the American pot
tery Industry was at the height of prosper
ity under the former tariff regulations the
average wage paid to American operatives
was 113 per cent higher than that received
by nngllsh workmen , ns is shown by the
following scale , In which the amounts used
constitute the average weekly wage rate
for a period of three months In the lead
ing Kngllsh and American potteries re
spectively. Adequate deductions have been
made for attendants , etc. :
American English
Wn s . Wn RP.
rintemnkcrs : o 30 J 7 70
Dlslimnkem rt 9 G !
Cuiimnken 19117 99 :
Snurer milkers 18 6S 7 S3-
ItRBlri milkers 197 } 9 05
Hollow wixre jigger * 21(9 11 CJ
Hollcm\vnre uresserH 17 ! > 0 8 14 i
Kllnmen . . . . U IS 6 4 '
SnKKcr mnUera H S3 8 40
MnMinnkera .2079 102 ]
Tuincrs 1037 SCO
Hnnillrra 10 J J ?
I'rlntorH U J8 6 O.J
General a\ernKO wage. . . . IS DO a w
PROTECTION AND PROSPERITY.
There Is no reason why , with a proper
protective tariff , the pottery Industry might
not become one of the most prosperous In
the country , for It Is universally admitted
that materials of the very best quality for
the potter's use are located In various parts
of the United States , although they arc In
almost every case comparatively valueless ,
since they lie In the mine , quarry nud clay
L ,
WOItltMLJN UAKKXINU SAUUJSItS.
( .Clay vessels In which pottery Is bakocL )
here. The present dollar , they all say. Is
good enough for them.
EFFECT OF THE WILSON TAUIFF.
Several potteries have closed altogether.
Others have failed , and others still are In a
precarious condition.
Under these circumstances It may be safe
to say that there Is In this country no class
of men who are more anxiously awaiting the
return to power of the republican party than
the owners and operatives of the American
] > otterlca , to whom a revision of the tariff
would mean an Improvement of trade condi
tions , with Its sequent betterment of prices
and wages.
Tire disastrous effect ot the Wilson bill on
this Industry Is alone convincing evidence of
the Inefficiency of the democratic administra
tion , and need hardly be reviewed. The
largo Increase In Importations under the
30 and 35 per cent duty , as compared with
the vnluo of Imports under the old rate of
50 and GO per cent , resulted In a correspond
ing loss of revenue to the government ,
despite the Increase oC Importations , and It
also caused a reduction of wages aggregating
from 10 to 25 per cent , with fully one-half
of the operatives idle In addition. In short ,
according to the most conservative estimates
of manufacturers , the output of their potter
ies was last year about 80 per cent of the
usual bulk , and only aggregated about GO per
cent of the usual value.
The effect of the reduction of the tariff
cannot be better Illustrated than by a table
showing the aggregate annual Importations
of white and decorated earthen and porcelain
ware for the past twelve years. It Is as fol-
lov\a :
White. Dpeornlnl. Total.
? 9M.4W 12.CBI.231 J 3.GIG.730
k23.33l 2,834.718 3.G58.052
S07.C43 2 , C7OJS 3.774.703
y.Ti.254 3.GOS.463 4SC.3U3
. 4.W.C.C31 6.033.943
l.li'1.230 4.2 ; 24 E (00,452
1SOO . 1 1715,152 4,791.474 t.Oltf.CM
ISOt . 1.773 204 B.7K ! liO 7,521,3'jO
lf9.S . 1.940,711 G.3t7,0S
, . , 8.M1.9I9
1191 . 1.SS1.M2 B.CHji.U ? ! 6,351,633
18D5 . 2.0",3,72J C.5M.7C1 KC39,4Sl
ISM . 1.S04.443 S.3H.07S 10,119,421
H chnuld be borne In mind that the small
Importations of 1S93 as compared with the
aggregate in 1S91 and 1S92 was caused by the
flooding o ! Iho market in lUn former years
In anticipation of the pa sago of the Wilson
bill.
AN OBJET ( ! LESSON.
The selling prlco of the commodity under
different conditions nlso affords on Inlrreft-
Ing object lesson of the effect of the \VIIaorr
bill. The not cost of a crate of crockery , ns
sold to the retail trade In New York from
1S50 to I860 , under the 2-1 per cent duty ,
was $95.30. while In ISS3 a similar crate
under the C5 per cent and 60 per ceirt duty
wus sold to the trade for J11.C7. Previous
to 1SCO no white ware was manufactured In
this country , but since Its establishment at
the opening of the war this branch of the
bed. Labor represents the
. practically en
tire cost of these various pottery wares , and
the finer the goods the greater the ratio.
Sixty per cent of the outlay for labor Is
paid In wages in the potteries , while the
remaining 40 per cent represents the outlay
necessary to secure the mining clay , coal ,
flint , spar , grinding materials , and other
commodities necessary for the production of
pottery.
As has been shown above , the wages paid
by American manufacturers have , as a rule ,
been fully double those paid In England , but
the German scale of wages is , In turn , fully
50 per cent less than the English wage
scale , and It Is , In fact , the German com
petition which has proven the most detri
mental to the best Interests of the Amer
ican Industry. Moreover , female labor Is
largely employed abroad for decorating
work , and nt a rate of wages so low that In
many cases It does not average one-third
the rate paid for the same work In Amer
ican potteries.
The assertion has been rnado from time to
time that a moderately high tariff rate would
bo more than sulllclent to compensate for
the difference betwen the American and
European wage scales , but this has been
conclusively negatived by the action of the
very men who rnado this claim In building
potteries In Europe. It U a notable fact
that several of tbeso crockery manufact
uring and importing barons resident in ( be
United States are millionaires , whereas the
American manufacturers are almost without
exception men of moderate means , mainly
Invested in their plants , which nro value
less for any other purpose than that of
pottery manufacturing.
The finest classes of porcelain are now
made In this country , but this branch of
the industry was only established after
years of loss and discouragement , and the
manufacturers have all along maintained
that the maintenance of a tariff rate of at
least GO per cent Is absolutely necessary to
the development and success of the In
dustry. a
THU QUESTION OF FRDIGHT RATES ,
Naturally the freight rates necessary to
the delivery of the goods at general distrib
uting points constitute on Important factor
In determining prices. The freight rates
from the Ohio valley potteries , Including
thn manufactories at East Liverpool , Wolls-
vllle , Steubcnvlllo , etc. , to the principal
distributing markets of the United States ,
compared with the sea freight from Liver
pool , England , to the sarno markets , Is
shown In the following table.
Trom Ohio IVom Uver-
Vnllcy. pool , nnu ,
d'cr ton. ) ( I'er ton. )
New York $420 J3 U
Philadelphia 380 4 w
Baltimore ) , 3 CO 3 CO
Iloflton 4 SO 240
New Orleans , . . , . . . 11 CO 4 80
O.ihfston 1720 720
Ban Kriinclrca 3200 4 SO
Surpilao has sometimes been expressed
hat a few > cars should work such a com-
> ! < .to revulsion of feeling since 1S7S , when
ho manufacturing potters and operatives
presented petitions to congress praying that
body to reduce the tariff on crockery to a
revenue basis. As a matter of fact , the
petitions referred to had their origin In a
labor trouble at the potteries , nnd were , in
fact , a retaliatory measure , growing out of
the unfriendly relations then existing be
tween the manufacturing and operative pot
ters. Moreover , at that time a Inrgc portion
tion of the operative potters employed In
the American potteries had icslded In this
country only a short time , nnd were still
bound by ( he tics of kindred and love to
their native laud. Jn the event of these
petitions being acted upon fa\orably by
congress , these men looked forward to a
great revival of business beyond the ocean ,
tin which they would become sharers by re-
J turning to their former homes.
EVILS OF FOREIGN COMPETITION.
These conditions , however , no longer ex
ist , for tire Interests , desires nnd aspirations
of the operative potters today are much more
thoroughly American than was the case In
1878. by reason of the fact that skilled
workmen who came to this country In for
mer jears have now become n part of our
population , nnd lm\o Interests affected In
a ratio by the condition of iho pottery In
dustry. These men now argue , nnd back
up their arguments with statistics ,
to say nothing of the ejcperlenro of the past
two years , that It is suicidal to expose
American manufacturers and operatives to
unrestricted competition with the old world
manufacturers , where the advantages of n
century or more of experience , n dense pop
ulation , with poorlv paid labor , nnd the
availability of abundant capital at low rates
of Interest , combine to handicap the Amer
ican manufacturer , nnd have , since the passage -
sago of the Wilson bill , resulted In shorter
hours of work nnd nn overstocked labor
market.
The ono bright streak In the sad ex
perience of the potters , since the Wilson bill
went Into effect , Is found In the establish
ment of closer relations and greater sym
pathy batween the operatives nnd ernplojcs.
The fart , however , that during the past
year Germain' , Austria , Hungary and
Japan , as well as England and France ,
shipped to this country greatly Increased
consignments , was far from reassuring tn the
manufacturers , who any person cognizant
with the subject , must realize nr-e engaged
In n business which has many chances of
loss and a few of gain , oven when protected
by a tariff. The conditions which have ex
isted since the American market was thrown
open to foreign manufacturers are espe
cially discouraging to American potters , In
view nf the fact that a point has at last been
reached where the producers of ceramics In
America are able tn turn out goods equal
nnd In some respects superior to any foreign
productions. Among the lines of which this
Is true are common rock nnd yellow ware ,
for kitchen and culinary use , cream-colored ,
white granite and porcelain. In dinned serv
ices nnd toilet sets , vitrified china for hotels
nnd restaurants , translucent china In table
ware , art goods , and novelties.
DECREASED REVENUE.
Finally , In addition to all this , It Is neces
sary to face the fact that the revenue to the
country has decreased under the Wilson
tariff schedule , while the aggregate value of
the Imported ware has been Increased.
Take , for Instance , the year 1S94. Trie total
value of ware Imported was ? ( ! , 124,014 , and
the duties paid upon the Fame amounted tc
$3,709,030 , with an nverpgo ad valorem duty
of OS.S7. Contrast with this ISO ! " . , when the
PggiesHte vuluo of the good ; . Imported was
9,073,564 , almost BO per cent more than
the year before , although the duties paid
amounted to only $3,174,933 , or leis than
during the previous year , nnd the average ad
valorem duty waa only 34.99. In a nutshell ,
this means a net loss to the country of $500-
000 annually. In addition to the direct loss
to the thousands of workmen dependent upon
the Industry , and whcae wag s , were the
pottery Industry In as prosperous a condition
as It was a few years ago , would amount to
over $7,000,000 annually.
The fact that the pottery Industry Is prac
tically confined to two sections of limited
area In the vicinity of Trenton , N. J. , and
East Liverpool. 0. Is no doubt largely re
sponsible for the lack of a more general
knowledge throughout the country regardIng -
Ing the Importance nnd value of the Industry.
Some Mca of Its extent may , however , bo
gained from the following table , which
show-s the distribution of the potteries
throughout Iho country :
\\liltuwurc Number
Iioltcrlei. Mini.
New Jersey 23 ns
Ohio si ] 2ii
Illinois i 7
New York a IS
It.iltlmore > 3 10
I'ennajlvnnl.i 3 17
Indlann. 1 6
West Virginia 4 31
Mdfsachiijetts 1 3
Louisiana 1 2
Missouri 1 2
It has been conclusively proved thnt a 30
and 35 per cent tariff will not begin to com
pensate for 113 per cent difference In the
labor of adults , and 200 to 300 per cent dif
ference In the labor of children In this coun
try and In Europe. It Is not strange , there
fore , that. Instead of a fulfillment of the pre
diction of the secretary of the United States
Potters' association that , Judging by the In
crease of production from $1,000,000 In 1879
to $8,479,519 in 1890 , the production should
retch $12,000,000 In 1895 , the figures for last
year fall $1,000,000 short of that amount.
ROBERT P. PORTER.
Mniiey for Cl ( > - Unmix.
City Treasurer Edwards has received $46-
527.50 In cancelled bonds and coupons which
represents the obligation that the city paid
off during September. Next month there Is
total of ner.rly $140,000 to bo paid. Of thin
amount $100,700 represents the bonds for
which renewal bonds were Issued early In
the year. The funds with which they are
to bo taken up are on deposit with the fiscal
agency In New York and will not bo a draft
on the city treasury at this time. The re
mainder of the amount , which represents
Interest coupons , has already been for
warded.
TrliiN lliiilcrtnUru for IlraUIi'N .HnUo
Will be rendered moro beneficial , and the
fatigues of travel counteracted , If the voyager -
agor will take along with him Hosteller's
Stomach Bitters , and use that protective
and enabling tonic , nerve Invigorant nnd
appetUer regularly. Impurities In air and
water is neutralized by It , and It Is n match
less tranquillizer and regulator of the stomach
ach , liver nnd bowels , It counteracts ma of
laria , rhcrnatlsrn , and a tendency to" kidney of
and bladder ailments.
LOtATnO T1I13
A f
Action of tie | IIIMT .U > ln < tinTnlk of
Itnllfoitil C'lrolrt
The meeting of the local passenger asso
ciation Monday nftorfJooiP In the Klkhorn
headquarters brought out n full attendance
of the ticket agents , expectant and anxious
to hear a lively discussion In the case
brought by the Union. IJaclflc against the
llurllngton. They were not disappointed.
The meeting was called if 2:30 : o'clock and
It was nearly sundown before a motion to
adjourn was carried , and no other case was
considered , The case < vas baied on the pur
chase of two ticket.from Omaha to San
Francisco via the Burlington , Colorado Mid
land , Hlo Ornndo Western and Southern
I'acino roads. In the office of a local ticket
broker , for $39 each , or $1 Ices than the
regular rale. The tickets originated In this
city.Tho
The Burlington road showed affidavits and
other documentary evidence to prove that It
had paid no commissions to the brokers ami
was not guilty of Imvlnc lift. * any dealings
with them. It was the judgment ot the
association that , while this was true , one
of the roads Interested In the sale of these
two tickets hnd been associating with the
brokers more closely than leclllmale railroading
reading would warrant. Suspicion Is strongly
directed against the Colorado Midland and
the lllo Qrando Western. The local pas
senger agents want to find out which of
these two roads has been paying commts <
slons to the broker. The local association
could not get after cither of these roads
directly. It therefore found the Uurlinglon
guilty of the charges preferred , expecting
that the Burlington will , tn order to clear
Itself , get after the road that Is really the
guilty party. As ono of the city passenger
men yesterday morning said : "There's a col
ored party In the wood-pile somewhere and
wo want to find just where he Is. "
Secretary Murrn of the local passenger
association reported that In a test of the
market Monday ho found transportation
from Omaha to Denver via the Union Pa
cific route on sale for $15 , or $2 less than
the regular rate. It was the unused portion
tion ot a ticket that had been sold to St.
Paul for the Grand Army encampment and
return. It had been scalped here , and was
promptly redeemed by the Union Pacific
for $17.
1 IN ItAILUOAl )
Littir nuNiiicxN i\ru-ctiMi rum . \ nr
It Is an undeniable fact that all branches
of the railway business In Omaha are duller
than for n long , long time pist. In passen
ger circles then * Is a fair amount of through
travel noticeable , but there Is a scarcity
of business originating In Omaha. Freight
men report nearly all branches of their
business at a standstill. This Is presuma
bly due to the fact that only small business
transactions arc bcliiK rnado now , only sulll-
clcnt goods being purchased to supply the
respective trades from now until Novem
ber 3.
The mechanical departments of the roads
have but little business on account of the
small amount of freight being bandied.
The Union Pacific shops are being run
thirty-two hours a week , four days of eight
hours each. Railroad men generally are
of the opinion that all departments will
pick up considerably afterthe , approaching
election , and that Is ( he reason they sigh
for the first Tuesday dfter'the ' first Monday
In November to hurry ) up , aml roll around.
Mntie a Vat onlCnTiTc Hilton.
The only reduction in freight rates an
nounced yesterday wasjon grapes from Now
York and Ohio to Missouri river points
The cut Is made by all western lines nnd
amounts to considerable. The now rate
from the Urockton district , * the great grape
district of New York state , to Omaha Is
3V/2 cents for 100 pounds : , from the grape
section of Ohio the ndu- rate Is 3Hi cents
per 100 pounds. At the beginning of the
season the rate from ; Np\vj York here was
61 cents , of which the lines cast of Chicago
received 2G centd , and the Ifnes west thereof
35 cents. The eastern lines made a cut
of 3fc cents , reducing ithe r share ot the
rate 22J/i cents. Then th'o western lines
slashed'their rate by 20 c'e'nts ! bringing It
down to 15 cents : the two new rales added
together gave 37 % cents as the rate from
New York through to Missouri river points.
SLOT \CIII\nS MUST 3IOVK OUT.
Wnr IK'i'lnrpil I'pnii Aiiodu-r lift hod
of Cil liiMlltK.
Nickel-ln-the-slot machines that are
played for money arc to be a thing of the
past In Omaha. An order was issued by
the Board of Flro and Police Commissioners
Monday night to the chief of police , In
structing all keeperof snub machines to
discontinue their use In the future. These
Instructions will be given about the first of
next month.
This order applies only to such machines
by which money Is obtained by the winners.
Those which offer cigars and other things
as prizes will be nllowed to run ns In the
past. Nevertheless , ( he order will have n
wide effect. There Is hardly n saloon , cigar
store or drug store , especially those located
In the central portion of the city , which
has not from one to n dozen of the ma
chines running. A goodly number of thcra
offer money prbes , because they nro more
nttrnctive to the ordinary mortal than
those which only give out some commodity.
It Is stated that some of the establishments
have reaped a greater harvest from these
machines than they have gained from legiti
mate business.
The order was promulgated In answer to
a. great number of complaints which have
been received to the effect that boys are
allowed to play the machines. (
. t
for ( In * Army.
WASHINGTON , Sept. 20 , ( Special Tele-
grnrn. ) Captnln George W. McCrcary , ns-
slstnnt surgeon,1 has been ordered relieved
from duty at Fort Nlobrara , and to take
station at Boston as examiner of recruits , r
lie will bo relieved by First Lieutenant
Powell C. Fnuntloroy , who la relieved from
duty nt Fort Grant , Ariz.
Leaves of absence : Lieutenant Daniel
W. Beuharn , Seventh infantry , extended ono
month ; Second Lieutenant Lewis B. Law ton.
Ninth Infantry , two months ; Captain Louis ,
Urechemau , assistant surgeon , fifteen days. "
Korl HoliliiHoii llmrrvc Itcilupuil. ) ,
WASHINGTON , Sept. 29. The War de- '
partrnent has turned over to the Interior
department for disposition under the aban
doned reservation act nil of the Fort Rob
inson , Neb , , military reservation lying east
the line marked as tire eastern boundary
the reservation In the suney of the ad
jacent public lands. <
UNCLE SAM'S DUSKY WARDS
Work of Placing the Red Man Upon His
Own Resources.
ANNUAL REPORT OF INDIAN COMMISSIONER
HtlliontIon mill lllr.ulloii
< iiuiil 1'roKt-CN * AIUIIIIK
N llrinnliiliiK In
( lie t'liloil
WASHINGTON , Sept. 29. 1) . M. Urown
Ing. commissioner of Indian affairs , has inailo
bis annual report to the secretary of the
Interior. He says \vlth no outbreak or dis
turbance during the year the progress of
education and civilization lias been unln-
tcirupteil anil substantial. The main effort
now , ns for many years , must bo to put
the Imllnn upon bio allotment , teach him
to support himself thole , protect him from en
croachment anil Injustice niul educate and
teach his children In books nnd Industries.
As a first step , as far as treaty obligations
do not Interfere by requiring the payment
of moneys and Issuance of rations or an
nuities , the Indiana arc eUcti to under
stand that the government will not feed and
clothe them while they remain In Idleness.
Such funds ns are available for the purpose
uro devoted to starting Indians In homes.
If an Indian will go upon an allotment and
work to Improve It the government will
assist him In building a housa'aml putting
his farm In operation and making u prac
tical farmer of lilm.
The commissioner says the government
goes further nnd pa > s the Indian for his
work. To the regular Indian cmplo > cs the
government paid last year 4500,000. A great
diversity of crafts and Industries ore the
growth of the advanced civilization. The
reports from Indian agents , liu sajs , show
that Indians are coming to earn their living.
They have supplies for tne government ,
ralso crops to sell , raise and sell live stock ,
\vork In the woods and on Irrigation ditches
and In many other ways contribute to their
own subsistence.
The report shows that at various rcscrva
tlons In Nebraska there was scliool capacity
for C31 Indian youths. Four patents for al
lotments on the Wiunobago reservation lia.\c
been Issued during the year ; thirty-one or
dlnary leases of lands on the Omaha reser
vation nnd twenty-six on the Wlnnebdgo
reservation were executed during the year
for terms of from three to five jears , at verj
fair rentals , In addition to Hosalle Karloy's
lease of about 12,000 ncrcs at an aggicgate
rental of $36,000 for five jears , and that to
Nick Fritz of 2,240 acies at an aggregate of
$ G,750 for the same pcilod. In addition to
the foregoing , 120 farming nnd grazing leases
for lands on the Omaha nnd 378 on Ihe Win-
ncbago were executed for periods ranging
from three to five > cais. The annual rontuls
of these lands run from 2 , " > cents to $2.f0 ; per
acre. The it-port gives an account of the
negotiations with the Oloe and Missouri
Indians to scenic an extension of time of
pamcnt for tbclr lands In southern Ne
braska. The commissioner also icports that
Omaha and Wlnncbago Indians also con
sented to an extension of time Cor the pay
ment for their ceded lands In Nebraska.
There was school accommodation for 3,117
pupils ntorlcus rcservatloiib In South Da
kota. The leport states that 1S5 allotments
of land on the Ilosubud and 498 on Lower
Unite reservations in that state were re-
cclved In the department , but not ati'd on ,
during the year. At Rosebud iho > vork of
allotment of lands In s-svcralty has pro
gressed .satisfactorily nnd ( he biirvry of ad
ditional land has been recomm > ! nlcd. At
Lower Brulo allotments luve been prose
cuted.
Progress In educating the Indians Is re
ported \ery satisfactory. In spite of many
dlftlcultli's encountered. The enrollment
during the year was 23,352 , an Increase of
315 over the previous year. The average
attendance Increased 852.
There has been much complaint from
Indians on the Colvltle reservation In Oregon
gen that mining claims have been located
on their farms , and Instructions have been
Issued to have the land officers prevent
such trespassers from Interfering with the
Indians.
The fishing rights of the Yaklma Indians
In Washington have been a subject of con
troversy and the governor of that state
has been requested to take such steps as
will secure Indians from molestation by
white citizens.
The commissioner urges the passage of
the bill now pending In congress to prohibit
the sale of liquor to Indians who have
become citizens. He says the correspond
ence In his office shows that the Indians
in the west and northwest who have re
ceived allotments arc becoming demoralized
by the liquor trafllc. The commissioner re
views at length the disturbances at Jack
son's Hole nnd what steps have been taken
to prevent any conflict between the Indians
and local authorities.
AfMlKiilHK TroiiiiK In California.
WASHINGTON , Sept. 29. Colonel Wil
liam P. Shatter , First Infantry , temporarily
commanding the Department of California
In the absence of General Forsytho , with
the approval of the War department , has
made the following assignments of batteries
of the Third artillery , recently ordered to
that department from the Department of
the Cast : Untlery K ( Pratt's ) , 0 ( Uur-
bank'n ) , II ( O'Hara'e ) and K ( Smith's ) , to
take station at the Presidio of San Fran
cisco ; battery D ( Humphrey's ) nnd L
Uersh's ) to Alcatrnse , and Hattory L ( Ches
ter's ) to Fort Mason , Cal.
AlimUnii Mull Nirv It'i * Cu.slM Money.
WASHINGTON , Sept. 20. The Postofllco
department has awarded a contract for car
rying the mall between Juneau and Circle
City , Alaska. The distance Is 8D8 tnllcs
and tlio contractors itro to make four trips
between November 1 , 1890 , and May 31 , 1897.
They receive $1,700 for each trip. :
C'OIIICCM | | | ( lie ConillllHHlOll.
WASHINGTON , Sept. 29 , The president ;
today completed the commission authorized
by congress to determine thn correct loca
tion of the boundary lines of Klamath reser
vation , In Oregon , by the appointment of
Klchard P , Hammond , Jr. , of San Francisco.
Pardon.
WASHINGTON , Sept , 29. The president
has denied the application for pardon In the
case of Arthur I ) . Andrews , sentenced In
California In J69I to thrco years' Imprison
ment lor. depositing obscene literature In
the malls.
B6 h . , , . B - PB.N PICTURES PLJSLASANTLY ' iMD POINTELDLxY PARAQRAPI-IEvD I
-i * >
' H
f'1
* \ *
When you pull down the shade does
Jt utny down or does it zip and up
njjaln It's In the roller the spring
nvhcu you yet shades of us you set the
, J > est spring rollers wo take window
jabiires and a mlghtly little for put-
1lg ; "P shades n sort of nVrertlsement (
our business you
Omaha Carpp | ; Co
11 i'aruot 1515 DodgC
A deelded novelty In ladles' shoes IH
iho new ojvblood Itussla that has a
razor too black edso soles black eye
lets and laees and trimmed with black
stitching the reabon you can't get them
nnywhero ebe in becanso they can't sell'
them foe less tliau $5 Our prlco is only
$3.00.
Drexel Shoe Co.
1419 Farnam
The most astonishing collection of
carbons ever brought to this city IH to
liu seen In the Ilaefrttaengl carbon pho-j
tographu wo are now exhibiting all the
most popular subjects from Iho real old
'
masters are now to bo seen In profusion
and whllo the utandutd of the work Is
Improved the prlco Is lowered.
A , Hospe , Jr ,
Music and Art. 1513 Douglas
Then , ' Is a suspicion among porno
people that an "oil heater" must smell
kcroseny but you take thn " .Towel" for
Instance It's made like a ItoeheHtor
lamp It emits no odor the llnino burns
Just llko a lamp it's wisy to take care
of and wo'll guarantee it to heat any
room In any house In Omtilia Little to
run It Kittle to buy It.
John Hussie JP ; Co
Consider our
lltllo prlcei. 2407 Guttling
Did you ever have n "dark brown
tasto" in your mouth not an all night
nnd eaily tne next morning Insto that
ice water don't help much but a "sweet
dark brown tasteoccassloned y Ili.e
repeated u > > o of those delicious choco
lates that Haldtitr makes Halduft'
boxes bonbons and chocolates better
Hum any confectioner In thu I'nlted
States.
States.Balduff
Balduff , Caterer ,
1520 Fnrtiaiti
THE POPULAR
CANDIDATE FOR
ALL ARTIES
"Battle Ax" is popular with all
parties because of its remarkably
fine flavor , its high quality and the
low price at which it is sold *
The people of the United States
know a good thing when they see
it , and they wonft pay JO cents for
other high grade tobaccos while they
m can get "Battle Ax" for 5 cents *
SI'TTO.V O. A. II. ItKUXIOX O1MSXS.
\Vnrnlnir ( o Vrd'rniiN (11 SIMlui ( Hl -
( oi-y ill ( lieSchoolx IN Acriinilv.
BUTTON , Neb. , Sept. 29. ( Special Tele
gram. ) The formal opening of the reunion
occurred this afternoon , In an appropriate
speech by Mayor Donekepcr , who turned
over the camp to the Grand Army of Repub
lic. Department Commander Culver re
sponded , and among other things , said :
"I warn you all to bo on the lookout , you
old soldiers , who were a part of the war ,
and counteract the pernicious teaching
round In some of the histories used In Ne
braska , where the sacred CUUEO of the union
Is made to appear second to the lost cause
of the southern confederacy. "
The Alger party train stopped hero for a
few minutes , and were greeted by severel
hundred people. General Manderson Intro
duced General Algor , who said the Garden
of Eden was htaked out In the wrong place
should have been In Nebraska.
Corporal Tanner , when Introduced , said :
"When Mr. Bryan came to my native state ,
ho said he had cnme Into the enemy's coun
try. but when I come to his native state
and I have been here before I come among
friends , " As the train pulled out General
Sickles bowed his acknowledgements.
l * iliii > rnl f it. II. ColHOll.
FREMONT , Sept. 29. ( Special. ) The
funeral of Hon. S. R. Colson was held from
his late residence , on Nye avenue , at 2
o'clock this afternoon. There was a largo
attendance of the relatives nnd friends of
the deceased. As Mr. Colson bad been
largely Identified with the banking Interests
of the city all the banks were closed be
tween 1'30 and 3'30 p. m. The ofllces of the
Nye Schneider company were also closed.
The Fremont fire department attended In
a body , Mr Colson having been a member
of the first volunteer flro company organ
ized here. The services were conducted
by Ilev. W. II. Buss of the Congregational
church , who delivered a particularly appro
priate address. The pall-bearers were
Messrs. F. Schurman , E. II. Barnard , II , J.
Lee. William Freld , L. D. Richards and L.
II. Rogers. The remains were Interred In
Ridge cemetery.
Went .VflirjiHkn CunfcrriiciConvenes. .
OCJALI..ALA . , Neb. , Sept. 29. ( Special Tele
gram. ) The west Nebraska Methodist Epis
copal conference commenced hero tonight In
the opera house. L. E. Rector , county
treasurer , delivered the address of welcome ,
which was responded to by Rev. D. IX
Forsytho of Cozad , after which Rev. Mr ,
Moore of Elwood preached the conference
sermon. One hundred nnd forty ministers
are already hero and sixty more will arrive
tonight and In the morning.
I'r > - Thli-C 1'IfinlM
STROMSUURO , Nob. , Sept. 29. ( Special. )
For months It has been unsafe to leave
robes , whips or buggies which were hitched
o the public square in this place on ac
count of the depredations of an organized
ang of petty thieves. Marshall Nuqulst
irrcsted the leader of the gang last
right while bo waa In the very act of steal-
ng a buggy whip. The prisoner pleaded
guilty and was assessed the regulation fine
for iiotlt larceny.
_
AVorlflnw Tor a KOTKI-I-'H I'lirilon.
UKATRICB , Sept. 29. ( Special. ) A peti
tion has been presented to Governor Hoi-
comb asking that a pardon bo granted J.
r. Phillips , sentenced to two years in the
penitentiary upon a charge of forging city
warrants while city clerk. Phillips en
tered the Kcrvlco of tln\ state In December ,
Let her KO wo ilo lite moving no
body In tills town < lues any moving un
less \ve hi'lji tlieiii iinil how wo help
wo load the whole hoiiKufnl Into ono
l\\K \ \ Van two hltf men do Urn I You
lilro n cab or u Htreet our arrive at
your now home wo'ro Uioro unloaded
hi place not halt' the hill you think
It's worth but that's thu way wo
move.
Omaha Van
1415 Fnrimm
1S05. The petition to the governor was
signed by nearly every prominent citizen of
Beatrice.
_
l > cnifiicil Kiiriiirr l.oi-il ( oil.
BERLIN , Neb. , Sept. 20. ( Special , ) Wil
liam nrcdehaft , the farmer whoso mysteri
ous disappearance occurred a few ( lays ngo ,
has been located at his uncle's nt Crete ,
from which place a letter was sent to
Glaus II. , his father , here. He scorns con
siderably demented and says ho walked all
the way. _
riliiU'llvororM
BEATRICE , Sept. 29. ( Special. ) A count ?
organization of Christian En oavorcrs was
consummated In this city today by the
election of officers and appointment of nec
essary committees. There was a g9od at
tendance from outside points and lively In
terest manifested in the work.
Clillil
STROMSBURG , Neb. , Sept. 29. ( Special
Telegram. ) A 4-j car-old child named
Bennett , who has been visiting with the
family of Ben Myers , six miles south of
town , was drowned this afternoon. The
hlld climbed up to look into the water
tank and fell In.
lli-i'clvt-r for a Di-fiiiiel Ilnnk ,
OGALLALA , Neb. , Sept. 0. ( Special Tolo-
grarn. ) H. li. Gould , president of the Stnto
Loan and Trust company bank , which
closed Its doors on August 31 , was today
appointed receiver by Judge Grimes.
HOTII WAXT13IJ AT AVHIISTUIl CITY.
Under anil Ilroivii 'May lit *
Ullll MilTHC SOllllllK.
William Butler , the negro , and Fred
Dronn , the white boy , who were arrested In
this city about a week ago with a rouple of
rifles and two horses In their possession ,
stand a good chance of being prosecuted for
horse stealing. They nro now serving a
thirty days' sentence each In the jail at
Louisville , Neb. , for stealing the rifles from
residents of that place.
While the two were In this city the boy
confessed not only to the theft of
the rifles , but stated that the horses
which were In their possession bad
been stolen from the vicinity of Web
ster City , la. , last August. Upon this
statement the chief of police wrote to
Webster City nnd has received on answer
to the effect that ono of thi > homes wax
taken from J. F. Ilngan , n former resident of
the town. The Webster City authorities
have been advised to prosecute the men
after they have served their present
sentence and this will probably bo done.
The couple appear to have engaged In a
systematic thieving trip through the coun
try. The Brown boy , who seemed to bo
under the Influence of Ills colored com
panion , said that after stealing the horses
at Webster City they had traveled through
Dakota and Nebraska and had otolcn n
considerable quantity of harness and other
things , which they had sold.
IliO king of pills ls Bcccham's Bnechan'B
IiMiil < TM DlniHM'HO ( lit * Mid ) .
AMITH CITY , La. , Sept , 29. The commit
tee appointed by the mol > at Independence
carne hero today and had a tall ; with the
parish officials. The ofllclals stated that
Johnson , the murderer of the Cotton family ,
would bo tried at an early day at Amlto
City , This statement apparently satisfied
the mob leaders , and the armed citizens on
horseback wcru ordered to disperse nnd the
rnllltla lias returned to their homes.
KOIIO nro BO blind as ho who \vU | not
BCO Vou don't know what a blessed
bles'ilng lKht Is till It falls you and
why should It fail you when the means
Is constantly nt hand for the Improving
of It wo make it a llfo study to repair
Hliihl and It's a sl'ht { better to repair
a small defect than a big one ,
Aloe & Penfold Co
Hlun VAt , 1408 Farnam

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