Newspaper Page Text
THE OMAITA DAILY 11313 : StTXIAY , FEBRUARY 21 , 18J)7. ) 1JV
CRITICAL STUDY OF HISTORY Tiio Causa of Many Erroneous Statements Made by Noted Historians , SOMC LIGHT ON THE MIDDLE AGES llic tnilliurci < < 7enI mill Prciiuitiirc of M rliT. | Orltfliinl Sources of lllttorln 'I ruth. Wo nov come to Iho consideration of a Brcon.l Jotucn ot error In historical writings , lirllsc.-eto real to promote a cause. The falco atntrincnts ot Herodotus and Uollln worn the result of want of Information , not withstanding the most honest and ludcfa- tlmblo research. Let us see how the mat ter glands with the Roman historian Llvy. Ha vvroto in the time ot Augustus , the golden age of Koman literature ; nnd among the II- lu U louts authors of that classic period he Janks In perfection of style as Inferior to no oilier. Homo was then mlstrcsj of the world , and Llvy attempted to make her past his tory appear worthy of her present Imperial dignity. It was not , thcieforo , so much hla object to search with scrupiuous caie for the prei'Ioua vein of golden truth hid Iti the mass of traditions and written records. He had Knottier object In view , the exaltation ot hU country ; and ho knew how to accomplish It I do not mean to say that he would willingly have porvcited a known fact or statement I do not know whether ho would or not but ho was guided by his dominant purpose ot glorifying his country ; ami between two tonlllctliig statement ! ) ot Ilia authorities It Is not dillkult to know which side ho would have selected as better tutted for his end. Ills aulhoiltics , two , were not fully reliable. The official documents ot the Hr&t four cen turies of Homo had been consumed In the flanica at the time ot Ilia Gallic Invaslou Thcro weio other records more or loss cor rect at his disposal ; but the events of the earliest periods were probably to bo derived chiefly from traditions , anecdotes and bal lads perhaps , rcc Ited like the lomances of the troubadours of Inter age.s , and embody Ini ? only wlmt was more flattering to tlio people INDIFri3HI3NCI3 10 TUUTH. Hence , wo find two souices of errors In his narrative , a want of documents , ns with Herodotus , nnd a strong predisposition to make the Homnn side of iiny question appear the better. How different the hlstoiy of Iloim * and of her rival , Carthage , would ap pear It not a Llvy but some Carthngonlan of slmllai character had written the account I am forced by the e/ldonco of the parU to ngreo to some extent with the seven ciltlcl-sm of Maeaulay : "No historian , \.lth \\hom wo are acquainted has shown ? o complete pleto an Imltfferpnco to truth. Ho seems to have cared only about the pictuicsquu ef fect of his bnolc and the honor of his coun try On the other band , we dj not know. In the whole range of lltc.rt.turo , an Inatanco of a bad thing so well done The palntlug of the narrative Is , beyond descilptlon , vivid and Krai cful. The abundance ot Int-rcstlng sentl nienta and splendid Imagery In the speeelu. is almost miraculous. His mind Is a soil which Is never overturned , a fountain whlcn iiovor scorns to trickle. H poura forth pro fusely ; yet It glvca no sign < t exhaustion. I1 was probably lo this exuberance of language always fresh , always sweat , always pure , nn sooner yielded than repaired , that the critic.- , applied that expression which has been so much discussed , lacte.a ubeitas. All the moilts nnd nil the defects ot Llvy tnko a coloring from the character of hla nation Ho was a writer peculiarly Homan ; fie proud citizen of a commonwealth which had Indeed lost the reality of liberty , but which still sacredly preserved Its forms In fact the FUbjcct ot an arbitrary pi Inco , but In hla own estimation ono ot the masters of the world , with a bundled kings below him nnd only the gods above him. " (13ssaya ( , History ) Therefore , the history of Home , as well EC that of the eastern nations , has had to be rewritten and the task has been bravely at tempted In this century. For many ages the world troubled Itself very llttlo about the truth or falsehood of Llvy's story. Tht Homans were pleased with It as It stood , and noon onougtl Ilia barbarians , sivceptnK ovc. J3.tropo from the north , gave men other sub Jccts to think of than curious disquisitions "When nt last the ronal'sanro of literatim , brought the now dawn of glory to anclcn. lore , admiration for the ancient classics wa > - BO 'Intonee that no ono dreamed of question Ing their historical truthfulness. Italian Eclmlais were the first , as the German Nle huhr tells us In his "Lectures on Hoiuan History , " to suspect th.e Imposition The Trench followed ; then the Indcfatlgabh Germans and the English took up the task ami now wo know that the history of Home ni It has been read by the world at large Js not reliable. W know many portions iwhero falsehood has con.o In , but wo de mt yet know the whole truth , and wo shall never know It fully till One wiser than Herodotus shall rend out Ills universal his tory before nil nations assembled at the end ot tlmo. I KNOWLEDGE OK THIS MIDDLE AGES Hut Indlscieto zeal to promote a causi. often takes the more odious course of black ening the character ot an opponent We liavo so far glanced at the history of the cast and at that of classic Homo Wo now n.sk the qiiCHtlon , what about our knowledge of the middle ngos ? 1 am sorry to say that In this respect the English-speaking world Is In still denser darkness What Llvy did for the glory of Home a numerous chorus of modern historians , especially In English nnd German literature , have done ( or the glory of the Protestant reformation , HH heroes , Its motives , Its principles. Its mental , moral , physical , Intellectual and re ligions achievements. To catch these the virtues of the ante-reformation period had ' to bo Ignored and denied'or misinterpreted its faults had to bo exhibited In a glaring light. And yet those wore wonderful ages , to which no popular English historian has yet done anything like Justice. Those ages present the grandest display conceivable of Iho contest between brute force and bpiritual power , of countless hoides of barbarians sweeping civilization from the face of the earth , and In Its stead spreading at first only ruin and desolation ; and then , nt last , meekly bowing their haughty necks beneath ( he gentle hand ot Christianity , which con trolled them In the person of an aged pontiff tiff ; thonca returning to rebuild what they ( had before destroyed nnd rear upon the ruins of nn effotn civilization the grandest , the noblest Institutions , physical , Intellectual and social , that the world has over beheld What a theme for the pen ot u truly great historian ! The Ignorant reader will not agree with mo In this judgment ; the truly learned will ; the day 'la dawning when this will bo the general verdict of history. Gibbon has left uu his solemn waitings over "Tho Decline and Fall of the Roman 13mplro ; " n far grander theme would bo "Tho Hluo and Triumph of Christian Civil ization , " The materials for such a history are abundant , but English historians luvo so far shrunk from exploring the Hold. The noble Dlgby has , It is true , publlthetl two very learned volumes on "The Ages of Talth , " one of the most remarkable and In- etructlvu productions In uur language , Hut , though Hallam rails It one of the most fas cinating books It 1 possible to meet , It Is not such to the general reader on account of HM very peculiar stylo. Our popular his torians have woven a pall of misrepresenta tions and extended It over those marvelous nut's , and after cruelly quenching their glories they have called them dark , row dare look beneath that pall of prejudice ex cept to seek there for scandals. And yet Kmorsou said In an oration .lullvercd at Har vard : "In modern IJjrope the mlddlo ages xvore called the dark aces ten centurtcti , from the fifth to the fifteenth. Who dares call the'iii so now ? The dark- iiesi of thrao times arises from our own want of Information , not from the absence of Intelligence telligence- that distinguished them , Hunuii thought was never more active uid never product greater results In any pirlod of the world. " ( Desmond's Mooted Questions , iwgo SI , ) OUiaiNAL. SOUHCE3 OF THtlTH. Sir Francis Palgrave , oelni ; of Jon tali ex traction ( lib former name was Cohen ) , felt no Interest In propping up the scaffolding of falsehood that had been reared In Eng land to erect the structure of PratrotuntUm. Uuliko the vast majority of his fellow coun trymen , lie had studied with Impartiality thn history of the mlddlo ages. "His great nu "t In his historic writings , " says "Cham. Ix-ra Encyclopedia. " "cons-lst In the exten sive use made by him of original documents , by 1J of which he not only himself very n jih c.ilnrgcd our acquaintance with the | history and social aspects ot the mldd c ages , but pointed o'lt to others the advantiRe to bo derived from a careful study of the original source * of Information now known to abound nmonrf uur public record t ' In the preface to his "History of Normi nJy and England" this learned and Impartial historian write * . "Our British disparagement ot the middle ages has been exceedingly enhanced by our grizzled eccle siastical church historians of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. These standard works , accepted and received as canonical books , have tainted the nobility of our national mind. An adequate parallel to their bitterness , their shabblncss , their shirking , their habitual disregard of honor and veracity , Is hardly afforded , Never do those writers , or their school whether in Trance or In Great Hrttaln , Voltaire or Mably , Hume , Robertson or Henry , treat the clcigy or the church with fairness , not even with common honesty. " Hut owing to such men as Palgrave , Malt- land and others , our leading historians at least are now ashamed of their predeces sors ; Ihoy no longer wilfully misrepresent tho- cause of traditional foes , and still they go on recording the slanders Invented by others , owing to a cause of error which we must next consider TAULTY JUDGMENTS. The third source of falsehood In his tory Is presumption , a readiness to pronounce - nounco judgments on farts and persons without proper examination. It must be said to the credit of the present century that most of the false accounts of our later historians concerning the mlddlo ages are iltio to the fact that they pronounce Judg ment against them on account of their real Ignorance on the subject , because they have neve.- studied the matter with ordi nary earnestness. Let us take an ex ample' from the writings of onp who has darcil to look further Into thp records of those ages than almost any other Kngllsh or American historian I speak of Henry Hallam. Hallam , I must premise , 1 look upon as an unusually earnest man , deeply prejudiced Indeed against what he calls the old superstitions but disposed to be honest , and , to show his good , will , making many admissions Injurious to his own party. For Instance , ho honestly declares that "Persecution Is the deadly original sin ot the icformod churches , that which cools pvcry honest man's s-eal for the cause In proportion as his reading becomes more extensive. " ( Const Hist , vl. , p 93) ) Ho even admits that "an historian whose bias was certainly not unfavorable lo Protcst- anlnm ronfesscs that all endeavors were too wcaV to overcome the aversion of the people toward rofoimatlon , and even Inti mates that German troops were sent for from Calais on account of the bigotry with which the bulk of the nation adhered to the old superstition " Then ho adds "This is somewhat a humiliating admission , that the Piotestaiit fnlth was Imposed upon our ancestors ba foreign army " ( Ib. , p 02. ) That he should brand ns bigotry the fidelity with which the English people generally clung to the religion of their fathers shows the hostile spirit of oven this historian , nnn of the most anxious to claim the praise of Impartiality. UNPOUNPEO CONDEMNATION. Hut I hnve Introduced him to my read- pin lo exemplify thp liberty with which even late- end prominent historians con demn opponents without knowledge of the f.aus" , w'tlmut ' earnest Investigation The contempt In which the great vvrlteis ot the middle ages are held by English readers generally Is owing to this source of en or Hallam , In his Middle Ages ( p12S ) , states that the pi eat theologians , St. Anselm , Peter Lcrnbard , Albertun Magnus , St Thomas Aqulnns. etc , the "scholastics" as they weie called , "did not understand "Arls- totl'p , " but "revered his name with Implicit faith. They learned his peculiar nomen clature , nnd fancied that ho had given thorn realities. * * * Their disputes con tinually tuinril upon questions either In volving absurdity and contradiction , or at least Inscrutable by human comprehension ' This Is the verdict of this leatucd his torian. Hut what Is his authority ? Whence has ho.derived this "record of thp past for the Instruction nnd guidance of present and future generations. " Kor that Is what history ought to be. lie very coolly con fesses , "most of these works are unknown to mo except by repute" It Is on such repute that the extravagant misrepiescnta- tlons , disgracing , as Palgravo tells us , the pages of history In England during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries , have been perpetuated In our literature to the present day. This Is the material of which our text books lu history , taught in our high schools and colleges , are veiy gcn- t rally made up. The same learned and Impartial witness ot the ages" says again This scholastic philosophy has since passed away nnd been forgotten. * * Tew , veiy few , for a hundred years past have broken the repose of the Immense works of the schoolmen " ( Ib. ) Why , the truth is that this scholastic philosophy has more votaries today than all other schools of phil osophy put together. Moio works by the keenest minds of the present generation have been published In defense and expla nation of It than on the speculations of Kant , richte , Locke , Descartes Schelllng , llcgcl , Spencer , etc. Those folios which Hallam was so much afraid to open are In many seminaries and universities at pres ent the text books of philosophy and theology elegy , and afford the text for the profes sors' learned lectures IGNORANCE OF THUE HISTORY. How can historians of Hallam's standIng - Ing bo so Ignorant on these matters ? The reason Is that the English-speaking peoples have Isolated themselves from the Catholic world at large , nnd Ignored Its existence , as the Chinese dcspiso as barbarians all that do not belong to the Celestial em pire. Of coi/rse , Protestants do not study the \voiks of the great Cath olic writers of the mlddlo ages , the folios of the latter do not appear In English libra ries at all , or Bland there covered with dust and cobwebs , but such Is far from being the case In the greater portion of the civi lized world Contempt , then , for the learn ing of the middle ages Is commensurate with Ignorance of true history. While every now-fanglcd notion In educa tional matters Is made the subject of dis cussion and commendation , and of liberal patronage and appropriation of funds all over the country , wo live In the daikest Ignorance of thoi methods which In the mlddlo ages produced those keen Intellects whoso works are now the despair of most modern minds ; for they wore In the Intellectual world what their contemporary architects were as com pared to the builders of our modern churches , There Is a most learnel modern book on the schools and : scholars of the middle ages , called "Christian Schools and Scholars , " by A T Drano. n work of rare merit and most extensive research. You would Imagine that every considerable library would have a copy or two of this literary treasure for the use of earnest readers , especially of educators Hut when some years ago a lecturer wished to refer to Its pages In so populous and en lightened a city as Cincinnati , ho found there was not a elnglo copy ot It In any of Its libraries. The settled conviction that no good can bo expected to eomo from those dark ngca decides every mind but the most learned against taking the trouble of even glancing Into tholr records ; and besides most of these records are not accessible yet to the general reader. Hallam has , on the whole , rendered very valuable services to the Illumination of that datk corner of the world's history. If ho has aided blindly to perpetuate many ancient misconceptions on the subject , ho lias on the other hand exposed many falsehoods and dlspcllcj many clouds of ignorance. In par ticular , ho has proved beyond a doubt , In consistent though tli fact appears to bo with his other views , that the He-formation , far from rekindling the lump of learning in benighted Europe , on the contrary obscured its light , and came near extinguishing it altogether , and that this tad effect was duu In no Blight part to the leading reformers ind their principles of doctrine. Ho writes in bin Literature of Europe ( v I , p 342) ) : 'In those parts which embrace 1 the Reforma tion , a still moro threatening danger arose 'iom ' the distempered fanaticism of Its ad- icrents Men who Interpreted the Scripture jy tlio Spirit could not think human learn- UK of much value in religion , and they were as little likely to perceive any other value It onld possess. There seemed- Indeed a con siderable peril , that , through the authority of Corlostadl or even of Luther , the lessons of Crocus or Mosellanus would bo totally forgotten , " LITEUATUHK DETERIORATED. "What a revelation to the general reader ! Luther , the muster mind of tbo Reformation , the leader of thcso who are venerated as tlionpojtles ot modern civilization , the bright- out among those luminaries that hs t dlgpe-llod the dalkness of the mKldle age * ; Luther and his associates are hero confessed by an ardent partisan to have nearly caused the loss of classical literature and ot the learning accumulated for generations. The work ot destruction was continued by their successors. Speaking of the Btato ot literature in Germany a cen tury later , he writes ( v , II , p. 25) ) : "Tho state ot literature In a general sense had become deteriorated throughout the em pire. This was most perceptible , or perhaps only i rceptlble In , Us moat learned prov inces , these which had embraced the Reformation , In the opposite quarter there had been llltlo to lose and something was gained. " That this something gained was I really an Immense fiixln is grudgingly ac- knowledg d further on. Hut let us pause a moment and consider the passage Just quoted ; It Is quite characteristic of Hallam's style. He attempts to tell the truth ; ho would not like to bo convicted of having done anything ctac : In fact ho would not will fully toll a falsehood , I believe. And yet , he cannot make up his mind to tell the ( ruth straightforwardly. Ho squirms and wrlgglca In history till he has fairly contradicted him self Kor how can th * state of literature have deteriorated throughput the empire and yet not have deteriorated In the less-learned provinces , in fact httVc1 been Improved In them ? Ami how patrotiUlngly he speaks of the reformed portions as "tho most learned provinces , " though ho confesses that litera ture had almost perWml In Luthcr'a < lme , and had been deteriorated n century after " Hallam's works are full ot similar passages ; It Is his usual style When ho touches on Catholic subjects. 16 results from his ef forts t honestly telling the truth and jet hiding the obvious lessons which the truth would teach. Most-othfcr English historians of his time escape from that difficulty by being less consclentlpus. In fact the entire history of the Reformation period , as well as that of the Middle Apes , needs to be re written. The task has been strenuously un dertaken ; it will take tlmo to complete It. If the cause of the Reformation cannot af ford It , then eo milch the worse for that cause. Lot truth prevail : "The truth shall rnako you free. " X. RAYS. Review of the Week's Events For the Week Ending Feb. 20. Fomir.\ . CUBA February ISs General Roloff , Cuban Insurgent chief , whoso ball was for feited Wednesday at Hnltlmore , reported aboard steamer IJermuda , Just Hlcnmed out from Delnwnro breakwater , near Philadelphia , ostensibly bound for the Hermudns. ENGLAND Kcbnmry It : Sir Alfred M liner appointed to succeed Sir Hercules Uoblnson ns governor ot Cnpo Colony. 1'ebruary 16 : Jiimeson raid Investlgntlon begun at London and Cecil Rhodes put on stand. YlirtKCY February 11 : Christians begin bombmlmont of Canon ; Prince George ne-rowlch , governor of Crcto , resigns nnd takes refufro with Oreck consul. February 10 : Powers demand vvlthdr.ivv.il of Greclui nnv.xl nnd military forces from Island of Crete within foity-clght hours February 17. Advices from Uskub report departure of three Turkish battalions with seven guns cnroute. for Greek frontier ; council ot ministers nt Constnntlnoplo elccides to leave pacification of Crcto to the powers. Feb ruary IS. Greek consulates on Island of Crete remove Greek flap on representations of foreign poweis. February 19 : Turkish Harrison nt Foil Vonkollcf dislodged by Greek nrtlllery ; Ilrltlsh war ships prevent landing of Greek troops fiom the Alphlos ; national league nt Athens thlentcns to provoke ge-neral uprisingof Hellenists If Europe rope- tries to cnncel the union of Crete with Greece. February a ) : Greek army attacked Turkish outposts at PlatcKia , compelling Turks to retire. I OTHER LANDS February 1C- Sanitary conference opens at Venice to consider preventive measures against spreading of bubonic pligue ; government at Calcutta for bids pilgrims from llotnbay and Slnd to embark on any ship at any port In India ; Dombay dispatch reports 1.S33 deaths for week ending February 12 February 1" : Iltisil.i reported preparing for vvui ; Senator Woleott assured by prominent Gorman au thorities ut Uerlln that Germany would Join In a bimetallic convention , provided Great Britain and Franco joined February IS : Agra dKpatch teports mortality aw ful nt Bnnda In Bundelkund province , In Indln , almost ono-thlid of population receiving relief nnd number expected to be doubled ; 0,001 eases ot bubor. c plague already ic - ported In Bombay presidency , out of which S,00(5 ( deaths hnve occurred. Fobru.uy 19. Bolivian government Increased all import tariffs 21 per cent , beginning- with January 1 last ; Insurgent town Sll.ing , In Philippine Islands , bombarded and captured by Spaniards , with Insurgent loss of CCO killed. CONGItKSMO.N VI. . HOUSE February 13 : Sundry civil appropriation bill carrying $ " > 0GI,74'5 ! passed under suspension of rules , the bill Including $ :0i,000 ) for the Transmlsslsslopl Exposi tion February 17 : Bill passed for opening , occupying and using reservoir sites for purposes of Irrigation. SENATE February 11 Resolution pisses directing the secretary of navy to pro vide conveyance at San Francisco for shipment of contributions to famine districts of India. February 10' Bill Introduced piovldlnpr for national bureau of Incorporation , to bo attached to the Tieasury department. February 17 : Bill to restrict Immigration passed. NEBRASKA HOUSE February 17 : SJeaker Gallln IntrodOcei a bill to permit county ngriciiltural societies to participate in Transinlsslsslppl Kxpoiltlon and provid ing for expense of county exhibits ; bills Introduced approiitlntltv ; $10 ( KO to enable Ne braska State Board ot Agriculture to make exhibit nt TiansmHslsslppI Exposition , compelling all lallroad companies to erect and maintain union plisscngor depots where four or moro roads enter me same city , reducing sal.ulcs of county commissioners nnd reducing salaries of county attorneys. Fc'bruary IS : Committee Investigating state olllccs reports IrreguHiltles In method of condue-tlng state nudltoi's otllco and also a balance due and unpaid to the state of J23.n4 : SO , nnd on part of State Treas urer J. S B.irtley a falluio to turn over to his successor 6r In any manner ac count for , as required by law , the sum of $337,702 53 ; bills Introduced to Invalidate con tracts aiming to lessen free competition , or to advance , loner or control prices , to com pel Insurance companies to pay full amount of Insurance -written In policy , when entire loss occurs ; to prohibit taking ot notes , bonds , contracts or other obligations In writing piyable In other than lawful money of the United States , nnd to prohibit nil games of chance , gambling devices , etcFebruaiy 19 : Transjinlsslaalppi Exposition bill made special order for Tuesday afternoon next. SENATE February 17 : Bills pissed dellnlnq- cruelty to chlldrc'n and for guardian ship In certain cases , prohibiting employ mont of children under 12 yenr.s In store , office , hbop , factory or mine for moro tlian three months In any your , aulhot IJugcities and villages to receive gifts for purposes of parks or public grounds and accrediting graduates of University of Nebraska as qualified te.icbeis vvltliln meaning of school 1 ivv of the state February 1U : Contest over st-.it of Senator 13vans decided In favor of contestant , John Jeffcont. OTHER STATES February 15Hill intioduced In Wyoming house calling- for ap pointment of a Transmlsslsalppl Exposition commission and to provide an appropria tion for an exhibit at the exposition. February 1C. Joint Investigation of Kansai City -.lock yards by repiesentatlve-s of Kansas and Missouri legislatures breaks up without ii idling any agreement. February 17 : Dispensary law pisses lower house In Wash- ligton , Dakota senate passes a liquoi license bill. February IS : Senator Kyle reelected - elected United States .semuoi from Dakota Februaiy 19. Lower * house la Oklahoma defeats woman suffrage bill after hot contest ; Missouri senate pisses bill appioprl- atlng $1,600 for monument over grave of Daniel Boone and v\lfe. In Warren county. I'OI.ITICAI , . February 1"J " : Nomination of John Y. Ostrander of Alaska ns commissioner for dis trict of Alaska Confirmed. Frbrn uy 17 : Governor Holcornb of Nebraska i sues special message confirming the report that Ticasiner Hartley had failed to tuin ovei the state inonc'y In his possession , leaving over $ 00,000 unaccounted for. Fcbiuary IS : H. M Sullivan fieo silveT republican , of Broken Bow , Neb , nppolnted to succeed William L Gieeno as jud e of the Twelfth judicial district of Nebraska ; United States senate conflimc-d nomination of W H. Munger of Fremont , Nub , ns Judge of federal pouit for district of Nebiask.i , nomination of Charles K. Amldon as United States district judge for district of North Dakota confirmed. Februaiy 19 : Hon. James A. Gaiy of Elllcott City , Md , announces tender of place In next cabinet ; city council of Nebraska City rcmove-s Mayor Stahlhnt from office for "olllclal misconduct and obstuictlng business of city council. " COiniUHCIAl , AM ) IMJUST1U , . NEW ENTERPRISES February 13 Company organized to complete canal of St Mary Falls Water Power company at expense of $3000COO. BANK FAILUHES February 13 : Merchants' National bank , Helena. Mont. , last loport shovvi deposits } 1 VJO.OCO , loans } 1 MO.OOO , cash and exchange JtGS.WO , capital stock $ T > " ,000 , surplus fl"G,000 ; State Trust nnd Savings bank , West Superior , Wis. , capital J23.000. J23.000.MERCANTILE MERCANTILE FAILURES-Fcbruaiy 15 : W H. Brown , Arapahoe , Neb , general merchandise Fe-bruary 19 The George II McC.ill conipany , Wilmington , Del , coal nnd builders' material , confesses Judgments f5Ml ! ; The Rhodeo-Morton conipany , Roncevcrte , W. Va. , general merchandise , liabilities $ IUOOi ) , assets , Jl'0,000. Cltllins AMI CASUALTIES. FIRES February 14 : Building occupied by Plttslmrg Post. loss on contents $ COOCO , fully Insured , loss on building $20000 ; two bridges and elevator nt Elwood , Ind , loss heavy , ant on flro by floating 'waste oil. February 13 : Stationery establishment of Lnthrop-Rhoads-McC.iln , DCS Molncs , la , loss on stock $10,000 , Insurance $7,000 , losj on building $23,000. Insurance $18,0:0 February 10. Ply mouth Holler Flour mill , Mason City , la. , total loss , $13COO , Insurance $ i,500 February 17 : Seven buildings on Do Mer avenue at East Grand ForkH , Minn. , loss } 50WM , partially Insured ; r L. Pado & Son's planing mill nt Hastings , Neb. , loss ? 9,000 , no Insuiance. Fc'bruary 19 : Lake Shore & Michigan Southern railway elevator at Toledo , O , losa $113,000 , fully Insured. ACCIDENTS February U : Freemnn mine at Gouverneur , N. Y. , caved In , causing death of six entombed miners. February 19 : Mr. and Mrs Jacob Clele.s and three children burned to death ut Cleveland , O ; Mrs. Thomas J. Mellow , Leavonworth , Kan. , set lire to hoi clothes In replenishing fire , dying a few hours Inter ; Judso E W. Thomas , Falls City , Neb. , run down and killed by H & . .M. freight train ; thirteen children In jured In rush follow Inw alarm of lire at Eveiett school building In Boston. MURDKRS-February 1J : J C Long and vvlfo of .Mason City , la. , IndlrteJ for murder of their IS-y ear-old daughter , Leah. February 11 : W. Gray son , farmer In Sevler county , Kentucky , shot nnd killed by white capn. February 1C , Ailhui Dues- trovv , St Louis' millionaire muidcrcr , hanged nt Union , Mo. February 17 : James Ford , charged with murder of Harry Oswald at South Omaha , acquitted and case against Mlko Ford vvlthdinvvn , Mrs Anna Sopher , e'linrged with.1 mnnslnughtci , at Nebiaska City , acquitted ; Anthony Shupo anil wife murdered und'robbed nt Tyndall , S. D. Febiunry IS Six persons murdered and frightfully multllatrd on ranch of Rov. Thomas Splcer , ncnr Wlnuna , N. D , supposed to bo vvoik of IndlaiiH fiom Standing Hock reservation. Fcbiuary 19 : Sheriff Dow of Ilddy , N. M. , hot .by two unknown men , died from wound , two men charged w ith murder of Joel MUcK of Independence , Kan , arrested at Vlnlta , I. T ; Daniel McCarthy , printing house employe , hangc-d ut Chicago for murder of his wife ; Theodore S. Wlllln , colored , banged at Newcastle , Del. , for murder of Infnnt child that had beconio "n Inmlc-n" to him. SUICIDES February 1C. Carl Jepson Hondo , Omiihn , hanged5 In outbuilding ; Ru dolph Now man of Chicago , put bullet through his bruin In an Omaha hote-l February 18 : John McGuIre , Dea Molncs , la , ex-chlof flro deji iitment , took nrsenlc- , despondent over heavy losses in recent bank failures and loss of position. February IS : George W. Adams , Chicago , known for vvoiklng one of greatest corners on otits at Chicago In 1S7J , despondent thiough poverty nnd loss of position. February' ' 19" "Ficlherr Fiuncis Xavler Ludvvlir Muxmlllat ; von Oeyen of Schloss , Johannesburg , linvurl.i , German prince , nnd refugee of revolution of 1 IS , took morphliio nt DetroitJ | > Jlch , aged " . ' OTHER ORIMES-Fehruary 11 Firm of alleged agents for North American Pub lishing compiny , under n.uno of Weiss S. Franltcl , exposed In fraudulently obtaining money from the public nt Omaha February 15. Fulled Stated supreme court afllrmed verdict of district couit sentencing Joieph R Dunlop , Chicago newspaper publisher , to two years' Imprisonment for ne'iidlng obscene matter through malls ; gambling dens of Chinatown at San Francisco raided nnd 500 Cclectlals a nested. JIOHTtlUV. . February 13 General Jo Shelby , near Adi bin , SIo , nged CO ; John Randolph Tucker , Ix > xlngton , Va. . prominent lawyer and ex-congressman , February II. Charles Schueth , sr. , oldest postmaster In ntute. West Point , Neb , aged S3 ; William P. St. John , New York , banker ana treasurer democratic national committee , aged U ) Fub- runry 15 : Isaao Pelott , Macklnnck Isl tiul , Mich. , witnessed capture of Fort Mucklnao by British In 1814 , uged M : Henry Miller. Miller , 8 D. , founder of town , aged 72 Feb ruary 16 : Rev John N. Murdoch , D D L L D. , Clifton Springs , N Y. , honorary sec retary American Baptist Missionary union. February 17. General Alfred Pleasanton , Washington , D , C. Februaiy IS. Rev. Levl C. Schelp , Doylustoun , Pa , , aged CO ; Judge William M. Hiimmoml. Woodward , OKI. , register United States land olllce. February 19 : Lady Knthcrlne Grantley. London , daughter of William H. MoVIear of New York : Mercer Beaslcy , Trenton , N. J. , chief Justice supreme tourt of New Jersey , agid 81 ; Augustus S. Seymour. New Yor.f , Judge United States district couit for eastern district of North Carolina , home ut New Berne , N. C. ' I AMUSEMENTS. | The succors achieved by W S Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan In their first conspicu ous excursion Into the field ot Kngllsh comic opera , nearly twenty jears * go , has been followed by many other favorite works of similar character by the same writers , whose collaborations have always brought forth fruit possessing a zest and fla\or , combined with a quality ot artistic excel lence , not found In the compositions of others. It may bo doubted , however , If their first hit of great magnitude , scored by means of " 1'lnaforo , " has over been sur passed by any of their later operas. And the reason Is not far to seek. "Plnafoio" marked an entirely new departure In light opera , and surprised and delighted the Hug- llsh speaking world , which was weary of Offenbach and hh tawdry follows. The score of "Pinafore" was the work of one of the first of English composers ; and the libretto was full of the delicate wit and quaint perversions of words and situation which have since been accepted as the un disputed Gllbertlan trademark. Neither vvao so dltllcutt of mastery as to frighten ama teur performers nvvay , and both vvcro of n nature to grasp and hold the favor of the masses ot amusement lovers. No such general explanation , however , ot the unfailing popularity ot "Pinafore" Is suniclcut to account fully for the genuine success which attended the efforts of the Mendelssohn Choral society In the latest performance ot the pretty opera In Omaha. That may well be allowed to stand upon Its o\vu largo deserts. It Is decidedly credit able to the musical resources of Omaha , and to the Mendelssohn society In particular , that a second public performance given en tirely by amateurs , can conscientiously bo praised for doing fair Justice. t whnt Is after all no trivial no.- easy work. It Is hoped that other operatl reductions maybe bo forthcoming from this souice. Indeed , It Is said that "The Chimes of Normandy will bo Immediately put In rehearsal , nnd there are several other light operas , not out- fide the present capacity ot the society , which will doubtless be considered In time. The audience yesteulay was \ery large , as fashionable * as need bo and altogether cold That the performers did well In the face of an almost total and quito Inexplicable lack of enthusiasm In the front of the house Is < le- cldedly to their additional credit. Number after number , solos , duets , tiles , quartets and choruses , well enough sung to have been generously applauded , wt-re received elthci with disheartening slieror with a little faint-hearted acclamation from the boxes and front orchestra rows. Nothing was rede- mandcd , save only the "bell trio , " and that apparently for other reasons than for the excellence of Its rendition. Plotters vveio carried up In protusloon after the first act nearly all the principals being romembercd Uoth MU Dickinson nnd Miss Iloagland are surprising their friends by the lapld and symmetrical development of their voices. In s > tago speaking as well as singing , and by the growing strength which c\petlenco Is add ing to their performances In iinint of acting Seme of Miss Dickinson's "business" vvco so good that It needed no Improvement , notably the by-play of the dialogue with Ualph which preceded the "Refrain , Audacious Tai" duet. She lookel the part ot Josephine , nnd , bar ring a little nervousness at the outbet was quito easy and natural thioughout Miss Hoagland , too , afforded pleasure to both eye and ear as Buttercup. Sue deserved an en core after her Introductory solo , nnd again for the duet with the captain In the second act , and her correct conception of the part was well carried out in detail. Mr Cope- lanii was a really admirable Sir Joseph. His line sonorous voice has often been heard and admired on former1 occa-jfons He acted the role with self-possession and excellent effect The Captain Corcoran of Mr Tate also de s rves high praise as a dignified and vocallj creditable piece of worn , and Mr Wheeler as Ualph sang with hid usual sweetness and gocd tnrto and mcdo love with an ardor plots- ant to fece. Mrs. Johnston was entirely ade quate * to the requirements of the small part of Hebe , and Mr. Baldr'gc for Ills perform ance ot the boatswain's song was applauded as heartily as any one In the course ot the afternoon. Mr. Ilaverstock acted Deadeye with commendable self-restraint nnd true comic spirit and sang effectively the music which fell to him. The choius was large and good and filled the stage with gay and pretty costumes All worked hard nnd con stantly for the ficncral welfare One hard } tar In particular ho with the bare arnib who stood In the crater nnd wore a fringy beatd chewed a quid In the most lifelike manner possible to conctlvo and as If much depended upon his unremitting activity. A for more public Pinafore performances , each showing the same improvement ovei the last , would soon biing the local artists close up to the professional rank A large , orderly and apparently well pleased crowd attended the opening of the CrelKhton Music hall last night The new vaudovlllo icsart will bo conducted by l'a > . - ton fc Itmgess , an announcement which should bo "Ufilcient guaranty of the quality of the entertainment provided Those who appeared lest night nnd who will occupy the htngn of the hall on every night ot this weak except Sunday were the Ilartmans Baldwin and Duncan , Harry Osgood. Harry Hrottii , the Alabama quartet , Zoml ; Dullaney and Clifford , H. I'ennaka , H C. Nllcs and flraco Harvey The performance , judging fiont that of last night , will be worth con siderably moio than the modest admUslon fee exacted at the door. The patronage bestowed upon Mr. Daniels nnd hla sprightly comic opera at the Crrlghton during the first half of the vvofk gnes to disprove the hard times stories which ha/e been too prevalent of late It would seem that now , as heretofore , Omaha Uicntor-rfoers have money to spend for entertainments whlih they like It Is a pity that they have not liked more of the attract ons which have nlrealy Icon rre onto , ! to them during the season , for by neglecting their opportunities In this respect they have missed sovcral laro treats Hut the Daniels engagement will go far to rid this city of the bad name which It was rapidly acquiring , and It Is hoped that from now on the rcnlly excellent entertainment offered by the local houses may receive the attention It deserves The PalgcH at IJoyd'u have not doneas well financially as the merit of their per formances deserved It Is hopoil however - over , that they will not bo discouraged by this first experience of Omaha , but will come again They will do better another time , in all probability. The Woodward company , which the Paiges followed too closely for their own good did not leap at once to Its present popularity In Omnlm , hut ramo soveinl times before It began to park the houses. Thcro are some very clever people among the Paiges , and -Mr Knglhh In particular would bo an ornament to a much more pretcntloas company. That veteran dramatic critic and always acceptable writer on stage topics , Stephen Klsko , discusses Kiancla Wilson In the January number of The Theatre as "the King of comlo opera In America. " Local patrons of the playhouse will bo able this week to Judge wlicMicr or not the- charac terization Is deserved. Mr , Wilson has not been seen hero for several years , nnd his coming at this time , with an opera In which lie lias been quite successful elsewhere , nnd bringing n conipany nald to bo superior to any which over supported him , la an event the Importance of which Is likely to bo generally recognized. Lovers of comlo opera have hail their appetites for tills kind of faro rather stimulated than the reverse by their recent experience with "Tho Wizard of the Nile , " and It Is probable- that "Half a King" will be received with equal cordiality. Clay Clement has been dangerously 111 for a week past with pnoutr.onla and Ins been obliged to cancel all dates for the ImmodUto future. Ills many friends In Omaha Join In a hearty wUh that the big-bodied and blg- licarted follow , the true Kwitleman nnd tiue artlit , may soon bo able to return to a stage which Is the poorer by rcaeon of Ilia absence. ( nnilnur i\rntx. The first scene of "Half a King , " which I * to bo presented by Trancls Wilson and Ills company at the CrelKhton for tinea nights , rommeiictni ; Thursday , 1'ebruary 25 , repre- tients a. pleesuro ground lu I'aila by the slJu of the river Seine. A haul ot mountebunks arrive , Including Tlreschippe , their leader , Plerctte , a. street sinner , his adopted daugh ter , nnd Mlstlgrls , a junior an'ochto. who } earns for the love of the youni ? singer Pierctto has an adventure with llonorc n dashing young fellow , and these two fall In love with each other t'onoro Is the sou ot the duke do Chntoau-Margmiv , who hna planned for him a mairlngo with Luclndp , daughter of the il ' r > de la llocho-Trumeau , n country nobleman ot some wealth , while the duke do rhateati-.Margaux Is heavily In debt , even to his family servants. Plerrtte tells Tlieschappe her ad venture and ot her Infatuation for Honore. and the mountebank bring a man of ready resources mid whhlng lo promote her h.ap- plues-s , forms a plan to dligulso hlnuielf nnd MUtlgrls. wclcoma the country nnblomui and his daughter , confine them nnd prostnt themselves nnd Klerotle at the homo of the dul > e do Chateau-Matgatix In their places and hasten a marriage between Honore and Plerctlo. The second act finds thorn enjoying the Hospitality ot the Pnko de rhate.au- Mnigaux , when to their great n'tonhhincnt the real Duke de la Itnclie-Trumeau , his daughter and sccrctaiy appear , having es caped , lly a rare stroke of good foilutio Tlrc'schappa and < .MIstlgrls ice them tlrst alone At a nltifal moment just As Pier ctto enters In bridal dress , Luclndc cnnfionls her and -upbraids her to justly that Pleietto determines to renounce Honore and accept the hand ot the ever lulthful Mlstlgrls The e two asHiimo their costumes as street singer and mountebank , and at a dt.uiullc moment they appear , and Pleietto explains the deception und , w Ith hci companion , Is ejected fiom the palace. The last scene shows the celebrated "Court ot Mil ado * . " n low quarter of Paris ficqncntcd by the scum of the city. The wcddlncr of Plerettc to Mlstlgrls Is about lo lalvo place In true llohomltn fashion. The Dnlco de la lloohe-Trumeau , hla diniRhtci and secretary 1mo been btought hero by the mountebank's and nre eubjwled to many Indignities. The arrival of the police and the Dulse de Clmtrnn-Margiux nnd pnity Interrupts the wedding cetcmony , nnd all the vagabonds nre placed under nricst 12x- mont deeply affects the Duke de la Horho tells the story of I'l-rette. the foundling to whoso baby clothl'ig there was pinned half of a Mng of diamonds. This st.ale- mort dccplv affects the Duke de la lloehe- Trumcan , who produces the other half of the carJ. which Ills Tirrsrhoppo's piece1 ex actly , nild It Is discovered thpt Plercttc 19 the duko's daughter by an pnilv attach- nipnt So ho settles half his foituno upon her , she Is betrothed to Hononnnd Im munity is granted to her mountebank com panions ; while Tlrcschappe and Mlstlgrls form n partnership which has the assurance of bmeeBs given by tlulr close connection w Ith the nobility of Prance. The coming engagement of this populat star and his supporting company of eighty .eomlr * opera favorites should provu a MIP- 'cewful one , It being Krancls Wilson's firht appeaianco In O.uahn In five years Seats will be placed on sale tomorrow morning at 0 o'clock. Hut one matinee will bo given duilng the engagement , on Satuiday. The low prices prevailing at several of the recent engagements hcio recommend them BO strongly to local theater sorts , that the icsult has been an increased a'tcndancp which Ins made the manager of Doyd's. theater deem It advisable to have another week of popular prices , nnd In looking about for a company he comldeicd himself fortunate in securing the Moore-Livlngiston company , which Is styled by Its ndmircis an the "king of lepertory , ' to 1111 the romliiK week , opening with a matinee todav when the Irish comedy drama "The Maid of At ran" will bo presented Tonight th < celebrated Inhor drnnn "The I.fv-1 Paradise" will be the drawing card. The management of this organization has In- vcfltcd much money In stage p-irjpborn.iHj and takns special pains to set Its produc tions adequately. In conjunction with i-ich dramatic presentation moving pictures will be reproduced by Lumlerre'fi rlnr > inatotu < plu > This will bo the last week of this machine In the west , ns It Ins been ordered back to NP\V York after the Oinnhi engagement. The change of bill for each performance will be announced In these columns. Itoland Reed nnd Ills supporting pompim Including Isadore Hush , will play a two night engagement at the Creighton , com nenclng Tuesday , Maich 2 , piesentlng fci the flist time hero the now comedy fi 1111 the pen of George H Hroadlmrst , called "The \Viong Mr. Wilsht , " whieh has arored a decided hit and In which this pnpula comedian Is said to have found a congenial role , giving him excellent opportunities. On th > second night of the engagement a benefit will bo given by the loril lortpp Ilevovo cut Protective Order of niks which should bo largely attended. Seats will bo placed nn sale during the latter portion of the w eel : Lewis Morrison is underlined for an early nppcnianco at the Creighton. John n irenshaw , May Ton Hroeck nnd tlulr supporting company ot comedians will open a two-night cngasem nt at the Crclgh- ton with a popular priced matinee totluv presenting for thp first time In this city their latest comedy success , "Dodge ut the Trench Hall , " which Is said to be even more apiublng tl'an former ponular nrodui - tlons with which these well known players have been Ido'itllied The new comedy , It Is said , gives mnplo opportunity for the Introduction of many of the latest musical successes nud a number of dances which are announced us both novel nnd pretty. Tlirea acts of thorough enjoyment are prom ised The roster Includes a number of well known players Frank David , William Hlalsdell , Clara bavlno nnd Cirlotta , being well remembered. A special holiday mat Inco will bo given tomorrow. Mlsn Alethe.i IMCO , daughter of the late Mr. Luce of the old firm of Marder , I ice & Co , Is a member of the Holand Heed company , which will visit Omaha next week. Miss Luco has been on the stage about two years. At the Nebraska Muslo hall this week will bo seen Emory & Husscll , In musical spe cialties ; May nilswortli , Mao and Maud Dayton , Nellie Hond , the I'aiitas , tumblers nnd fancy dancers ; May Cameion , Dolly Hlshop parody olngcr , and the three La Kcnos lu their balancing act. The first of a aeries of elocutionary re citals was given by the pupils of Mrs W N. Dorward at her residence , C23 North Nine teenth street , laot Kilday evening. They wore assisted by Mlro Mary 13 La toy , vo- callet. A large number of friends witnessed the fallowing excellent program : Vot-nl Solo Invocation Miss Mary 13 Iitcy. The Second Trlnl KellonK Miss Adcln Ward , A Story of the Civil Wur Cable Mix Marie M. ICiiy. Vocnl Solo Uroc'tlmr ( it Nlclit Miss Mary 13. Late-y- The Tlifpr UIv'H Iliii-o Anon. MlHs Lola Dorward , Intermission , Nature Sketches n The Ocean Hjron U The Drook Tennyson MLS M.irle M. Kny. The Utilising of the HiiKUiinotH.Mncaule'y MlHtj IJHthor Vaiighiin. The Hxt'cutlnn of Syilnev Carton..DIclccns KriMltulo .1 O'borno. Tou'rt Like Unto n ] 'Inner . Hulilnstcln Mlsa Mnry 13. Latey. The following children will have promi nent parts In the "Fairy Play" to bo K' ' CII In the near future under the direction of Mrs Wertz for the benefit of the Children's homo Vivian Hector will appear as the fairy queen ; Katheryn Hobble , an Klma , the mortal child , Dorothy Squires , as Klma , the fairy child ; Frances Itlley , ns Pink , Dot McKcnna. an Moonbeam , and Marlon Hughes nu the leader of the fairies. A largo num ber of other children will also take part Ip the entertainment , which promises to bo most successful , and there will bo many fancy dances and pretty upeclaltlea. Duo notice of the exact date of the performance will bo given. "Handy Andy" will be produced by local talc'iit at Germarla lull next Thursday oven- Ing. The proceeds of tlit > entertainment go to the support of the Hacred Heart church choir , 'Jlio rant Ix as follows : "Handy A-iidy , " J. IJowlcrj "Squlio I3fau , " D. J. I Hurley ; "Squire OOrady" W , P. Cowani "Mr Murphy , " J J. Ponl ; "Dick Dnvson,1' ' W t'offinan , 'Mr Ktirlong , ' P. Ilenste * be < k. ' IMwaul O'Connor" II. H. rordj "Simon. " W JaiobbciRer ; 'Tarroll , " V , Tliiry , "Mcljuadp. " W. JacobberRorf donah Uooney , " Margaret Ulley : "Mad Nance , ' Julia Gannon , "Konny Hanson , " lrflncpg ( Jarrlty Musical selection , Phil * hatmonlp quaitet Charles r Morlarty , first tenor ; John I ) Ilrcnnnn , second tenor ; James P Hush , baritone , James C. Swift , basso Instrumental music , Apollo Either club. So nn , "Mario Antoinette , " P. Hen * stebeck. Pancj club swinging , W. J. Mur phy. _ . _ _ _ _ MIlS. M'.UHH ) .MUST OIM2 1JI' CIIIMK " > K .Tnniri Orplumnno ti'iiliiti of Mnrj The habeas corpus raso brought to securs po sc slon of little Maiy Pluukctt was do- elded je-stcrday by Judge Maker , th couit Instructing Attorney T. J. Mahonojr to draw an order , placing the little girl lethe the custody ot the sUtcrs ot the St , Jamcn This Is the ease which was commenced Foveial weeks ago , the sisters of the or- applying for an order upon Mrs , Mary McAdoo to produce the little girl. Tha papers filed In the case show that Jninra Plunkolt , father of Mary , placed her and her brother and sister , nil of them being ot lender aneIn elm go of the sisters at the orphanage before hla death. After his death two of the children were placed with a well thy farmer near Atkinson , In tills ttato , and wore there' about n year vvhon the farmer asked that ho also bo given the custody ot little Mary , the remaining child. At this point Mrs McAdoo oame Into the affair and obtained possession of the girl by promising to take her to the depot the next morning to take the tl.aln for \tkinson Mrs MeAduo lefused lo surrender the llltlo one , naylng she was not uatKiflcd that the homo pro vided foi her was a suitable one The habeas corpus proceedings followed nnd the prcllm- Inaiy healing resulted lu the child bolng tunu'ii over to the otphinaKo pending the final licarlnjt. Ibis hcnilnn was had yea- tcrd.ay nud the little one will no\v be sent nt once to the family near Atkinson , where piepiratlons have been uiado to adopt nil three iMIdron nnd have been delayed to await the arrival of Mary. I OVPHCT I5OI3S TO MIMtrllV. UN Mill fur ltt > | Mi > luu SiKilh The contract for the South Sixteenth icpavliui w as awarded to Hugh Mur phy by the Hoard ot Public Works yes terday. This Is on his bid of $ ! .93U for cln s A , $1 bl foi class C and $1 35 for vitil- lied brick The contract provides that the east of the stieot complete "is not to exceed $ t G4 per yard. _ iti iuiiis nn An in rou Mi'sio. ' Dm Is r.n K Cliiiriii-il vvllli .S nil ( li'rfiiii , Yesterday a. complaint was swoin out against Charles Wilson , one of the FO-cilli'd gang of D.a\ls robbcia , charging him with stealing an organ out of the school house In District No D7 , this county. The lurlru- inent was found In the Davis house. Ihu complaint was snoru to by S P. Muriiinn , ono of the lesldcnts of the dlstiict , and was hied before Justice of the Pcaco Cockrell I3d Store who lives on the Q street road about three miles west of South Omaha , yes terday Identified several pieces of harness which welt- found on D.avls' premises. The haincss was stolen from his place on the night ot December 21 last. t olii'l Ciiu't Ap | > riM'lii ( < - n JoK < > . Tbo pranks of inKclilevoun boy\s have com pelled August Uubel , who lives In the vicinity of Eleventh and Nicholas streets , to call In the nsslstrnce of the authorities. Uebel and his little hut appear to hnvo furnished the lads In his neighborhood all sorts of fun. The boys have thrown stonciH , tin cans and other ml&sllcj at both at all' times ot the day and night. Oreo the toys stuffed the chimney of Uebel s house full of rags and the old man was neaily smoked out They made another onslaught upon him Friday. Yesterday ho caused warrants to bo Issued for the .urcot ot Hilly Martin and A. Colcmnn , on the charge of dlstuiblng the peace. A ( fiulr < ] vtldi ralnl Jti'.sullH. The repoits fiom the health depaitment show a laigo amount of co-called "grip , " which Is largely Induced by the damp and variable weather. In many cases people are sick ami scarcely know what Is the mat ter -ttlth them , nud the trouble Is called "grip" for want of a better name. A num ber of cases have been rcpoitcd In which the disease has developed Into pneumonia with fatal ie.ulus. In all the world thcro Is no other treatment BO pute , BO Rwcotso safe , Honpccdy , for pro- sen Ing , purify Ing , and beautifying the skin , pcalp , and hair , and eradicating every hu mor , as waim It.itlu with Cun < uul ho AT , und gcntlo anointings with CunciWA ( olut- mcntj , the gre it ukln cure. t - Ii ioM tlirnnrliout Hi. world. 1'oini IIIt' n ft OKM Coiir , hole rropi , DoInn ay" All About llic bklii hiilri , neil llalr/'frce. EVERY IIUWOR ' " 11 .W,1 ? , : Collins * Vollalo Eloclrio Plasters relieve weak backs , kidney r.nd utorlno pains , eoro lungs , ach ing muscles , oiid rhuimatlam. Wouldn't H add largely to your dressed/up ap/ pearancc ? Will your old one carry you through without disgracing you ? From a money standpoint you had better buy now , We're offering a discount of 2O'/0 / off our Regular Prices in February. Former prices , $15 to SGOi Present prices , 512 to S4B. And elegant Irish FHezc Ulster ! 525 values for 515 , Everything made to measure , Samples cent out of town. 207 S. sth St.