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THE OMAHA KAUiTf 1JEE : KPN PAY , MAY 3 , 1897.
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE E. ItOSRWATEIl , Bdllor. runusiino nvnnr MORNINO. Tinua OP SUIISCIUITIOX. Dallr ttee ( Without Sunday ) , One Year..18 IJMIr n e nnrt Sunday , One Yenr > V HU Monlht * Three Mnnlhi * Runilsr II'P , On * Year f Jj BMurdar ee. One Year 1 M Weekly lice , On0 Year K OITICKS : Omaha : The Ilee HulMlnir. Bouth Omnhn : Slnrer Illk. , for. N nnd 2Uh 81 * Council IllufTi : 10 Ivan Blrwt. ChlcaKo Ofllce : 317 ChamtrfT of Commerce. New York : Iloom * 11 , 14 nml ts , Tribune Illdg. \Vnthlngton : tOl Fourteenth Hlreel. connnsroNDKNCK. All commtmlcntlnnn relntlns lo news antl edt- lorlal mntter dhoulil bfl aildreiwuli To the Kdltor. imsixnss MJTTKHS. All Irtlfilnesn Idlers finil remlttnnce * thould lm lulilrMSfd tf The Jtee PulillshlnB Company Omahn. Drnftii , checks , exprem and postofnce mowy onlem to be made p * > able to the order of the company. TIH : nun runusmso COMPANY. STATEMENT OP CIItCUI.ATION. BtMe of Neliritcka , OotiRlns Ooualy. ss. ( Jeorco II. Tmhuck. Secretary of The Ili-o Tub. llnhlnR company , bclnu duly nwora.Tiaya Hint the actual number of full nnd romiilfte copies of The Ually Morning , f.vcnln ? nnd Hnndny lice printed durlnir the month of March , 1897 , was n fol * low ! IT 25.003 * 20,009 ID 21.811 S 19.910 19 20.310 4 20,133 50 2IM79 C 21,971 21 20.323 ft 20,019 22 20.215 7 20.315 23 20.272 X 21.003 21 20.311 23 20.0S2 10 i 20.115 : n 20.237 11 20,007 27 20.212 12 20.112 23 20.715 11 20 1015 29 20,210 II 20,307 * ) 20.5M IS 20.1K5 51 20,117 1C 20,257 Totnl C37.205 1m * deductions for unsold nnd returned copies ' . ' " Totnl not Kates 627.191 Ncl dally average 20,211 GKonan n. TZSCIIUCK. Biilinrrlbfil In my presence nml sworn lo bcfor * me thin Gtli tiny of April. 1S97. WILLIAM Rt.MKRAU ( Btnl. ) Notary Public. TUB HUB OX THA1XS. All riillronil luMvnlioyn fire miiillei1 rlth cMiiiuurli lleex to iic'eiiiiuiifxliiti * every itnn- MeiiKer Avlio ivniilH to rend 11 tie > VMllli | > cr , Iiivlnt npiin linv- Inur 'I'liLIlee. . It you eiuuiot tret n llei * < iti n Irnlii fritiu ( lie IIIMVM nneiif , iilrnni * renort Ilir fuel , stndiiKhe Irtiln nml rnllroiiil , tn lif Oln-iilnllon I > L-i > iirlinrtit of The Ili-e. The Ilcc In for Nitle on nil trnliiM. INSIST OX I1AVIXI1 TUB HUB. It doesn't tnlto linlf ns inuc'li states manship to obstruct ns It docs to con struct ti tnrlfC bill. Tt Is tlrpfitlfully lianl to convince' some of our fusion friends that the city elec tion Ifl really over. If General Miles lum-los lie may ar- rlvo on the scene In tliuo to witness the Rtfiiinturus lo the treaty of pence. Should the czar fall to couu out with n slice of territory to tlm Rood , Russia will he more disappointed than cither Greece or Turkey. It took Senator .Tones of Nevada a long lime to leave the republican party and that may explain In part the time con- mimcd in oHing him to return to It If the fusion state olliecrs can only nmnago to' ' liud occasions to change the apolntees ] to minor olllcos often i-nou h they may yet succeed In giving every place hunter n job of some kind for a few weeks at least. All things being equal , Omaha labor , both skilled and unskilled , should have the preference In preparing and main taining the exposition. Hut the people will not be Hiitislled with anything short of the best , from whatever source It conies. With the awful examples of Kentucky and Delaware before It , Florida enters upon Its senatorial tight with Its eyes open to the consequences that will follow the failure of Its legislature to agree .niton soiiio particular candidate before adjournment. Gold exports arc again noticeable , but thcro la no prospect whatever of bring ing the reserve down to the danger point. With n new tariff producing moro revenue than needed for the or dinary expenses of government , the matter of gold exports will adjust itself automatically. The session laws of each biennlnm are supposed to appear In printed volume - umo a , reasonable time before the new laws are to take effect. This is the supposition , but not tin.practice. . It Is to lie hoped that the practice ma.v get closer to the supposition this .year than formerly. Chicago papers refer to Hanker Spald- Ing'H stenographer as the girl with thu ! ? 100 , < ) < X ) smile. 1'eoplo who happen to have $1UO,00 ( ) around loose di > not liavo to go to Chicago to 11 nil a girl who is willing to smllo for them. There may bo thlngn money cannot buy , but umiles are not in tlur list. The ensufl brought to prevent the en- .forceiiient < > f the new Kansas law regu- gating the charges of stock gunta com- panlea will bo watched with no llttlo In terest from this sidoof the Kansas stale lino. Nebraska has a now stock yards law of Its own , not very dllTorent fiom that of Kansas , and It , too , is likely to 1)0 tlio subject of limitation before long. Tim foreign delegates to Iho universal postal congress will not extend their excursion through the United .Stales fur- 'ther west than Chicago and St , Louis. The delegates ought to have an oppor tunity to Inspect part1 of the country comprised In the real west. It Is n mat ter of regret that the Transmlsslsslppl l'xM | > slUon Is not far enough advanced to afford the pretext for Insisting on n visit to Omaha , Wnr means destruction of person , nnd I > rojiorty. War Is an economic loss to 'tho world at large. Whatever galntt or prollts accrue to particular Individuals through war accrue at the expense of society aa a whole. Knergy and capital used la attacking the enemy or defend ing the homo strongholds would , from an economic Htiindiwlnt , be employed In fi thno of peace In productive forms of In. dustry. War muy bo justlliablo nnd oven socially economical In the long run , but It Is u weight upon society whose cast caunever l > t > computed. A MKNACK TO The discovery that the salary appro prlntlon bills passed by the late fusion legislature were tampered with In transit from the engrossing rooms to the gov ernor's ofllce and the Items for the pay ment of olllclals of certain state Institu tions Increased demands the Immediate nnd serious attention of the authorities. To excuse this piece of smooth'work on the part of fusion legislative employes as accidental without attempting to 11 x the responsibility would l > o glossing over what Is tantamount to bold robbery of the taxpayers. The strnngo part of all accidents of this kind Is that they al ways happen at the expense of the state nnd never to Its benefit. Whenever wo hear of appropriations being Jug gled , they are always Juggled up Instead of Juggled down. Knt moro serious than this Is thy ten dency , which If not checked must In the end undermine our ontlro fabric of government. If laws can bo Imposed on tin ; people by chicanery and fraud different from what Is agreed upon anil enacted by their duly elected representa tives , popular rights are no longer safe. Of what use to elect legislatures , if the lawn are to be made by Irresponsible employes plotting together at the elev enth hour Iiv the dark recesses of committee - tee rooms ? If legislative powers are to be freely usurped by unldentllled lobby ists without fear of punishment popular self-government Is at an end. The fusion state administration cannot afford to rest quietly under the cloud of the disclosures Just made. snvrn AMMAN The statement of the Austrian am bassador at Hoi-lln , In regard to the attitude of the continental powers to ward South .Africa. . Indicates that Kng- land's designs In that quarter are being closely watched. According to the Aus trian ambassador it Is the Intention of the continental powers to maintain i\w \ present status In South Africa , whether Kngland. ( lie Transvaal republic or Portugal shall attempt to change It. He states that , there Is danger of hostilities there and that a remonstrance Is to be presented to the Krltlsh government bj the continental powers with a view to maintaining peace in South Africa and preventing any change from present po litical conditions. The utterances of members of the Ilrlllsh government and the action of the government in sending a. licet to South African waters make perfectly plain the Intention of the Krltlsh gov ernment to adopt a policy of aggressive bullying In regard to the Transvaal re public. Kxctiso Is found for such a policy in England's claim , as Insisted upon by Mr. Chamberlain , secretary for the colonies , to being the paramount power in South Africa , as also the fact that Great Hritaln has certain author ity , established by treaty , over the external affairs of the Transvaal re public which that republic ts most anx ious to throw off. The Itritlsh govern ment declares that the integrity of its paramount power must bu maintained and its treaty rights rrspectcd , but there is a very strong suspicion , for which HritWi methods'give warrant , that Its purpose goes beyond what it is declared to be and looks to Increasing His terri tory at. the expense of the Transvaal republic. It seems certain that If anything of this kind is undertaken the Hours will liml active friends in the continental powers and knowledge of this fact may operate lo deter the Hrltisli government from provoking llu > Itoers to hostilities. As to President Krnger and his gov ernment , they have been acting with wise forethought and prudence. They have said very little , but have done si great deal that Is to say , thati within the last six months the whole * nation has practically been put. under arms. U Is said that the Hoer government can put a well-equipped army of r > 0Ul)0 ) men Into the Held for the defense of the republic and there are no bettor or braver lighters anywhere. In order to successfully invade the Transvaal lOiiglaud would have to send there an army of IfiO.tXX ) . It would bo no easy task to wipe out the lloer republic , oven if it shouldre - colvo no outside assistance , but un doubtedly should ICngland make the nibvo she l.i suspected of contemplating the other groat1 powers of ICurope would array themselves ou the side of the llttlo republic. One London correspond ent says that already what practically amounts to u defensive alliance against lOngland exists and should she lay hands upon the lloer republic that al liance would be changed into an olten- slvo one , of such .strength and such de termination that L'nglaud could not withstand It for six mouths. The prom- so Is that South Africa will bo the stage of most Interesting events In the near future , outi of which may grow most Important changes In the relations of the Kuropean powers. I'Ul'UCllATiU Ut.Sl'f.ltATtUtf , With the wish father to the thought , certain repudiated politicians who dtir- ng the late city campaign were covertly If not openly In sympathy with the du- "untcd popocratlc candidates are huiy- themselves with the cordial ng en-opera tion of the local popocratiu organ Ina lospoiato attempt to break the force of ho recent republican victory by fomenti ng discord between the mayor and counclimi'ii-olcct. The motive bulilnd his political skullduggery Is so tnuij- mrcnt that no olfort nt concealment has > con deemed advisable. Krustrated in heir conspiracy to rule or rnln the re- mhllcau parly In Omahn , the malcon- outs have put themselves at the disposal of the Icadww of the late spoils-hunting combine for the sole pnriwse of making rouble within the republican ranks. Ho- mhlicans , and especially republican olllcors-cleet , will not fall , however , to neasiiro t-hlu disturbing element at its trtio weight. Under the new charter both mnyor ind council are clothed with enlarged ) owurti and vested with Increased duties nnd responsibilities. Thp mayor and ounell iictlng togtither will practically carry on the entire city government. While not chargeuble with the framing of the charter , the republican otllccra- elect are cJcyuctud to tuku that instru ment as It Is nnd give the people win elected them the best administration oi municipal affairs possible under U. Tide do this harmonious co-operation betweei nil the republican olllclals Is essential Without that co-operation much of the advantage of republican success will be wantonly dissipated. On the other hand , a firm refusal tc heed the disturbers who notorious ) } draw their Inspiration * direct from popocratle head qua rlors , followed by an economical and olllclent management ol the taxpayers' Interests , will add strength to the republican party , not onljs In Omnh.a antl Dotiglns county , bill throughout the state , nnd put It on the highway to success In coming county nnd state elections. AH AWKtfAnn PHKDIOAMRXT. The statesmen who are n't the bond of the Canadian government have learned something , In connection with thMr now tariff , which places them In a rather awkward predicament. They have found that there Is nn obstacii ! In the wny of carrying out their loyal desire to discriminate In favor of llrltlsh goods. Tills obstacle Is In the fact that Groirt Ilritaln has commercial treaties with a number of countries In which It Is Hllpttlulcd that none of the Ilrlthh olontos shall si'bject the products of such countries to higher duties than are Im posed on the pioducts of the United Kingdom. It Is announced that some o'f these countries will protest to the Krltlsh government against the new Can.'iillan t art IT , so far as the differential feature Is couccritcd , and although this has been- received with great favor by the English mnnufjU'turors , us assuring a largo Increase in their trade with Can ada , It ma3 * be doubted whether the government will approve a policy so dis tinctly In violation of treaty obligations. It Is somewhat remarkable that when the Canadian tariff was referred to In the House of Commons last week , on Iho presentation of a resolution expressing "grateful and fraternal recognition of the generous llscal changes in favor of Krlllsh trade and labor , " there was no ono to point out the contravention of treaty stipulations Involved. Neither Mr. Knlfour nor Mr. Chamberlain ap peared to be aware of it. Of course the real motive of the action of the Canadian government was to strike a blow at the United States. If It Is prevented , from doing this by rea son of the protests of Germany , I5ogluni nnd other countries against discrimi nating duties I iv favor of Krltish good : ' it will place the liberal leaders In Canada in a nit her humiliating position. On the other hand , If the Krltlsh gov ernment gives its assent to the- new tariff , with Its preferential trade feature , thereby violating treaty obligations. Canada will bo exposed to retaliatory measures on the part of other countries find such a warfare would bo very dam aging to her and probably projxirtlon- ately benellcial to the United Stat--s. In any event the new tariff policy of the Canadian government seems pretty sure to be disappointing. 'If 'it.result ( to the advantage of Krltlsh manufactur ers , as they expect , it must be at the expense , to some extent , of Canadian manufacturers and Canadian labor. The United States is not veiy dwply con cerned in the result. A London pnper suggests that the tariff act will lead lo negotiations between Washington nnO Ottawa looking to a reciprocity agree ment. There is very small probability of anything of the kind. It is not likely that any proposal for reciprocity on the part of the Canadian government that would be acceptable to the. United States wot'ld bo approved by the Krltlsh gov ernment. Hoi'lproeity between this country and Canada can be .regarded only ns a remote possibility hardly loss unlikely than reciprocity between Eng land and the United States. To make the federal and state expo sition appropriations available at the earliest possible moment it is essential that the periodic assessments on stock subscriptions be promptly paid. The exposition management bus a task of no small dimensions on hand to get the work of construction completed within Iho allotted time and will not be able to succeed If at any time they are ham pered by tardy payments of overdue assessments. Every one is expected to do his share In pushing the good work along. , It Is the duty of every citizen who has a string within reach to give it a hearty pull toward this securing of the Indian supply depot for Omaha. Let every in dividual bring to bear all the pressure passible and the end may yet be at tained. . Nothing would pleura the defeated popoerats so much us dissension among tlio newly elected republican city otlicials. Kut the poixicrats are doomed to disappointment In this hope. The city olllcers-elect are republicans. The exposition Is drawing Omaha , South Omaha and Council Kltiffs Into chwer Intimacy and moro complete com munity of Interest than over before. Twenty-one subjects are suggested for HID consideration of thoTransmlssIsslppi congress , and the exposition Is easily tlm first and foremost In Importance , April has departed , but May has doubt less fallen Insir to a few surplus April showers. A DIITeri'iU'o In ( li < - MornliiK- . Chtcagn TImes-lIcruld , It will bo remambercd that In the Marco tiozirsr'vi Incident the Turk lay In U' tent , dreaming , lib iym are wide open now. 'Twnw Bver TluiH , llotton Ololic. Tlio way of the world la to give the blg < ; rat monument to tlc ; man wljo would b& rrmcrabortd forever without any monument at all. Puti. of tlu > Ilrllie.Filver. llaltlmore But ) , Any railroad company which scM In to fight , the people will find It eipenMvo work , Legislatures ir.iut ho bought or controlled , city councils must be bought or controlled And tUey must btt kept bought onJ con trolled. This U most expensive and In the long run tbo people will surely win. When a corpoiatlou once bcgloa tlio work ot brib cry the greed of the bribe taker growi with whftl If sfeeds upon. And. finally. UK bribe finer makes himself o odious that the bribe itaknh finds he can no longer brave public acntiincnt and then the people prevail , A Mne ! Worth Heeiilllitw. 8lIKdlnnnpoll § Journal. "To protifcfthe national honor every dollar of govcrnllfcni' Indebtedness should bo paid In gold uriie ff'othefwlse expressly stipulated In the conltilcl. " Tliero are thouonnds ol men who ftfrrt Hhe sentence qiiotca who will declare with heat that the man who said It Is a .bondHoIdllig goldbup. As a matter ol fact , Gene.nir' < 3rant wrote Iho sentence. In his first InttufTural address. 1'oAMhllltlr-M nt lletenreh. Kanfms City Star , In spite of the declarations of a learned expert to the effect that nobody knows now which was the original Mayflower thaS landed the pilgrims nt Plymouth and that her log booK Is an Impossibility , a manu script puiportlng to bo the log of that Iden tical and historical craft was on Thursday of this week placed In the handa of Mr. Uayard , the retiring ambassador of the United States , and will be by him trans mitted to the keeping of the state of Maos.v chuaettf. This U n century ot discovery nnd preservation. Wo may yet happen upon the original freight schedule of the ark , having already In our posscaslon the passenger Hat of that historic vessel. Jfexv YorlcN Orent Xervc. Vv'nstilnfilun Stnr. About the most nbsurd silgRcatlon that a sane mind could conceive Is the proposi tion advanced In one of the papers of that city that the remains of George Wash ington should bo removed from Mount Vernon - non to New Yorkl The thought Is ono that would not bo entertained for n moment anywhere out of Gotham , and l.i. Indeed , not worthy of consideration. Against carrying It Into ef fect the people not of Virginia alone , but of the whole country would , If need bo , rise up In arms. N'cw York had better bo content with what she has. For making Grant's last Oaya days of humiliation nnd sorrow she has made such amends as , shf could , Thank heaven , ano VTM Washing ton no debt to be thus wiped out. THU ciiHwixi ; cam I < "ACK. OliMc-rvv.tliiii on a Common Konu of .Ia\vliiin < v DNlordon. HI , Louis Olobo-Ueniocrat. A discussion has broken out in a Drook- lyn paper In regard to the propriety of-In creasing the tariff on cum-chlclc , the- base of most of the chewing gum now sold In this country. One aide asserts that the manufac turers are making large fortunes from nn adulterated article , and the other responds that of the sixty-two factories established slnco 1830. quite a number have retired from the field. Objections to the gum-chewing habit arc met with the claim that It benefits the digestive organs. Imparting to ootno per sons "tho same satisfaction they obtain from eating candy , " without the Incidental dis turbance of the goal He process. All guin- chlcle , It iiure , la derived fiom a tropical Lreu called the napebcrry , whose culture In the United States ! a Impossible , so that the proposed tax of 10 cents a pound Is de nounced as an outrage on American hygienic Interests. , About 9S per cent of all the rliowlng gum Is consumed , or rather utilized , in this country , which looks bad for the san Itary condlton ) 'bf Euiopc. ParUapo t/io result will eventually turn on thn question whBthcr chewing gum Is a lux ury , a neceVslty , or a medicinal agent. Itq [ > Iaco in metaphysics has not been fixed , but It U certainly vtorth study from that point of vlow. There Is evidently nn ngllc use of the Imagination ) In the chewing ot gum. It gives full'play ' to the muscles employed In eating without entailing remorse of the stomach. It Is < not clear that It stimulates the Intellect. No great book , cs far as dla- olorcd , owca Ha Ipower to the Vluorous mas- Jc.itlon of gum-ohlcle. A gum-chcwer would ! > e at a lens tonoxplaln the fascination of the habit. It is a form of occupation or a ort of pastime , a mental and physical sed ative. Ani substitute for candy It Is not ijulto na lur'oceiii as might supposed , for aiamifactrrerfv propsre it sucln'a-'Vt-ay'1 ' ' that il Is candy fpr a 'fiiw ' minutes. ' Some little time lo required to rediico It Ho the form of chewing gum , which bids defiance to the ; ooth of time , and never goes out of active service until It Is lost. Tlio chief objection to the habitual chewing of gum la its effect on the face. A perpet ual wagging of the Ja\v develops some of : ho muscles unduly , and gives to all the 'eaturos ' an ui.plpafant look of preoccupation n a task. No play of emotion ; no line shade of poetic feeling , can sweep over a face while tlio most of It la engaged In rapid muscular exercise. Its tendency is awny from con- vereaMonal Improvement. The gum-chewer Is much addicted to monosyllables. In the lilcyclo face the dominant expression Is unx- ioty ; In the gum-chewing face It Is a never- ending but energetic pursuit after the un attainable. At best the chewing of gum Is a form of solitude , though It materializes , ind therefore spoils , nn Indulgence in the 'ood of sweet and bitter fancy. If congress Intends to go to the bottom of the gum- chlclo question It will be a long time before t reaches the next article on the list. THKRE WKIU2 OTIII3IL HOU'l'S. TheKetrenl of IIi < * Grecltx AvrnlcciiH MfinnrlfN of Hull Hun. Inillanapolls Journal. Tlio description of the Greek retreat from Mail shows that It was a rout with all the features ot a panic. No doubt the retreat vas a severe disaster to the Greeks , and > sttiaps It will prove the turning point of lie war , but such a rout Is not always a decisive victory. The rout and panic of the union army in the first battle of Hull Him , inly 21 , 1SG1 , were almost ; as great. In that ) attlo , the first of thu civil war , timely re- nforccmentf ; enabled the confederates to anatch victory from defeat nnd drlvo tlio inlon army back to Washington In wild tsonfuslon. The latter lost twenty-seven cannon nnd only brought ono off the field t left behind over 3,000 men killed , wounded mil prisoners. Ttioro were others In ttio night besides soldleis. The event Is tuua described : "When It was known at Washington that McDowell was to attack the confederates on Sunday , July 21 , scores of men. nnd even vomon , congressmen , officials of almost every ; rade , nnd plain citizens , went out In car- ringcn to witness the conflict as to a spectoou- ar Bhow. I'assas from military commanders voro llko tickets to - -lloman circus or n combat In the Coliseum , and the vicinity of battlefield was gay on Sunday morning vlth civilians , who Indulged In wlno and Isarn at early luncheon , Tlio heights woi-o crowded with spectators , and they enjoyed ho roar of tlic battle as It went on. The excitement was dellclouw > vhlle danger was distant. It'tttSutrifed a different phase before light , and RH.wJnRcheeks .were made palo yllh terror when the flying regiments came uundcrlng with tales of defeat and dls- -ater and ot pursuing confederates. Tim pcctators 'qTnoft in the pell-mell rush for afcty. Eoldliite. ' ami citizens and wcll- drcwed wpm n we're mingled in plcturesquo onfuslon In t/lW nlw of fugitives who crowded l-o hlfjhways . .In * 0veral place-3 the roada incanio bloctiMeil'wHh overturned vehicles r abandonfd eannoni , nnd horses and human- : lnd seemed ? tiliclly eager to escape from the . hlrlwind of ilprtructlon tliat followed In ury behind thaw-for- " - a while. The rout was" complete , and the panlc- trlcken osld o < Sid ) civilians came rushing > Gck to Wrahtnslon In the utmost disorder The confederates thought this victory fore- l-3do/cd the opeedy endlo , ; of the war In heir favoi1 , and for a few days It had a very llscournsliig effoorln the north. In Europe nlflo. It was thptiKht to foreshadow the sue- ess of the actith.1' Tlio London Times Bald 'It Is ovllent'ttlat the whole volunteer army ot the northern itates.ls worthlcus as a mil- tary organlzatlcii. a fic'rcainlag crowd. " llu' hey rpckoacd wltiput ( their host. They illi ! lot know the temper of the northern people. MscouMrrraonl s' > c.n' gave way to detcnnina- Icu and panic to confidence. There wan a tcoml and greater uprising of the north. Ivo dajo after tlie fcattlo Secretary Seward uoto to Mlulaler Adams Ig London : "Onr Army of the Potomac on Sunday last nut a rovcrao equally severe nml unexpected. For . day cr two the panic which had produced ho result was followed by a panic thai aenud to threaten to demoralize thu coun- ry. Hut that evil bad ccated entirely. Tbo csuU Is already sct-n 'in a viperous recon- tructlon upcn a scale * of greater magnitude anil Incrcrat'd cnthy lssm. " This was tin vay the northern people turned panic Intc Ictory and Hull Itun tuto Appamuttox. liut ha Greeks are aot uUuerlc.uui. roi.vruns ON I'nirrixr.vr rones. HoldreKC Citizen : The leglnlature IIAS passed a l w Riving the Hoard of Transporta tion additional power nnd Riving It power to also regulate telegraph , telephone and ex press rates. Thn board has n chance to dla- tliiRiilsh Ittr-tf , but from the makeup ot the board wo would not advlso folks to bo too confident of any great results that will bo accomplished. Hastings Democrat : Thoce who doubt the efficacy of the depository law should come to Adams couty and see Its honest operation. The Interest on deposits pays the * alarles of treasurer , deputy and clerks and leaves a surplus of $500 each year. This Interest was formerly divided between the treasurer nnd the banks , and was velvet ttf them. The depository law la all right. Tllden Citizen ; Omaha wants the mllltla of the Mvtrnl states of the union to appear as a mobilized army In a series of drills and mnncfvc-m during the exposition , and seeing that Omaha hag a knack ol coaxing to herself what she can't coerce , It Is more than likely that visitors to the big show next year will be able to witness a large pro portion of the 150.000 men comprising the uniformed mllltla ot the country going through a very Interesting mimic war. 1'awnoo Republican : Senator Allen Is to be commended In Ills efforts to keep Ne braska at the front. Ono day last week ho Introduced a little resolution In the senate , which If adopted by the conference commit tee of both houses will make Omahn the dis tributing point for all Indian supplies. The big Chicago dallied ore up Im arms nnd are calling on their senators and representatives to s.\va Chicago ftom being' despoiled of this bureau. Chicago Is llko the great big trusts wants everything In sight PASSIXU OF CIIAIII.ICS II. IlltOW.V. Kearney Democrat : The Democrat sin cerely regrets the death of Hon. Charlca H. Ilrown of Omahn , which occurred Monday afternoon of heart trouble. The writer hod known Mr. Urown for nearly twenty years. Oakland Independent : Charles H. Ilrown , ono ot Omaha's old pioneers , nn nblo lawyer , nnd a man who has hcl.l all kinds of posi tions of trust hi that city , died at his homo , Monday morning , after a long Illness. Hla death Is mourned by all who know him. West Point Progress : The death of Charles II. lirown of Omaha removes from our midst ono of the most eminent and cors.'lcntlous men the state of Nebraska over had within Itu borders , and his passing nwny will bo learned with heartfelt regret by thousands of per sonal friends and admirers In every part of tlio stalo. Fremont Herald : The death of Charles II. IJrown Is not only a blow tn his host of friends In Omaha , but also In Fremont nnd the stnto nt largo. His counocl will bo missed , his manly and sterling qualities will always remain In mind , and his friend ship will nuvcr bo forgotten. The loss of this pioneer is a sad one. Mason City Transcript : Charles II. Urown , a prominent citizen of Omaha nnd a former mayor of that city , died on Monday morning. Air. Ilrown was a leading democratic poli tician of tlio state and held during Ills long residence In Omaha many offices of trust and honor. Ho was a delegate to the last democratic national convention. He has a large clrclo of friends throughout the state. Papllllon Times : Charley Drown Is dead. For forty years ho was one of the shining lights in Nebraska democracy. An honcstcr man never held olllce In Nebraska. The very few anti-monopoly laws on the statute books of Nebraska are largely the work of his hands , ho having been many times elected to the titatc legislature. Ho is also responsible for some of the best features of our state constitution , which ho assisted In drafting. Nebraska City News : Charles H. Drown , who for years has been ono of the lending lawyers In Omaha and one of the most prominent democrats In the state , died at his homo Monday of 'heart failure. Ho was democratic nominee for congressman In this district in 1SSI , and was defeated by Judge Weaver by a few votes. Ho was mayor of Omaha for two terms. Ho was a warm friend to those he liked and never forgot an enemy. natrlco Democrat : Hon. Charles H. Drown of Omaha , a pioneer of Nebraska , a leading politician , and at ono lime a camll- dale for congress In the old First district , died at Ills late residence on Monday morn ing , aged 03 years. Mr. 'Drown ' had been in falling health for several months and the Immediate cause of his death was heart trouble- and dropsy. The deceased was a strong character In Nebraska politics , having occupied many offices of honor and trust , all of which bo filled with distinction. AI.Y1) O'1'III2KWISU. The new war song ot the Greeks Is "Halll around the flag , boys. " One notable feature of weather reports b the unaccountable absence of "hall clone as large aa goose eggs. " The real discoverer of airships was Dea- trlce Harradon. They have not materially changed their course slnco she described "ships that pass In the night. " Senator Mark Ilanna has donated ? 10,000 to a fund wblch Is being raised for the pur pose of erecting a public library In his native town of Lisbon , Columbians county , Ohio. Kentucky's new senator weighs 215 pounda. The rush of ofllceseekors will presently bring him within the pale of the Heed rule , to- wlt : "No gentleman over welglust moro than 200 pounds. " Dos 'Molnes housekeepers are beyond the reach of Ice dealers this season. So great is the coolness between two local papers that Ice consumers can secure an abundance by placing palls of water between the rival sheets. Lovers of royalty need not waste any sympathy on King George. If the populace should make a foot ball of his crown and ship him out of the country , ho la guar anteed an Income of 1,000,000 francs a year by the powers" . Tha suggestion of the mnyor of Now York that the remains of Washington ought , to be removed from Mount Vurnon to the banks of the Hudson la regarded In tbo national capital as a simple of monumental nerve deserving of a place In a public museum. In Its parade momenta Now York thinks It Is "tho wholething. . " The retreat of the Greeks from Larlssa la explained. Steve Crane , armed with a red badge ot courage , was unable to reach the frpnt In tlmo to Shcrldanlze the panlc- wtrlcken at my. Now that ho has reached the seat of war , friends of liberty may con fidently look for a repetition of the Uozzarls Incident. Ex-Senator Blackburn of Kentucky appcarn to bo the sorest and eourcst ot the "lias beens. " In a speech after bis political funeral he pleasantly referred to the demo crats who did not support him as "midnight siisasslna" and expressed the opinion "that God Almighty ov/ed the people ot Kentucky an apology for permitting them to exist , " A pretty girl letting down bottles of boer on a string from the upper window of a IIOUEO In Now York was at once voted n daughter of the regiment by Lome valiant sons of Mara In the Grant parade. They were standing at rest when the amber-hucd bottles began tu descend frc-m high Olympus , aa It were. Out they stood at rest no longer except - cept In name , aa with a Joyous scramble they m do a rush for the beer. Alao the sand wiches that followed , The wife of Ilobert Hoe , the great printIng - Ing press manufacturer , happened to be pros cut In a New York ctore when two Greeks cteppcd In to purchaco an equipment pre paratory to embarking for their fatherland jo join In the warfare against the Turks Hearing of tholr purpose , after they had made their selections of gutM , etc. , Mrs. Hou stopped up and paid their bill. "For I want to help , " nald oho , "and I am going to pay for your arms. " Colonel A. 1C. Duck of Georgia , the newly appointed mlnlHrr to Japan , who has been In Waohlngton for /oma time , Hoon found h.linsolf obliged to ilovtoo a method of escap ing from the nfllcc-secliers. "Bvcry mornIng - Ing , " says the Washington Post , "ho dlsap- riara from the hotel ami callers arc Informed that bo Is at one of thu departments. After lielng told tliU for oovcral day , many of thorn decided tovalt for the colonel , Nona of them have co far aecn him Icavo or enter lie building , and they are figuring on how it 19 all done. It Li amuslnlg to pans thu tiotrl and see the line of ofltce-ieokers Until up on the 1C street Bldo , waiting. Nothing will cause them to cense their vigil until Colonel Iluck departs for Japan. It Is raid ; hat while ostensibly at the hotel , Colonel thick U ) aafcly secluded at a friend's house i mlle away. " MEET TO DISCUSS THE HAILS Universal Postal Union Delegates Conven Wednesday Noxt. OVER SIXTY COUNTRIES REPRESENTED Clilnn , Curcii mill OrntiRO Free Stnt the Only Orcnnlnnl ( luvcriimmtH vVot Inolmlril mill They May lie. Admitted \.iir. WASHINGTON. May 2. The postal opera tloiis of the world will pass In review before ono of the most distinguished bodies Urn ever mot In this country when the Unlvcrsa Postal Union congress convenes In this clt next Wednesday. It Is the first time tha the Universal union , now comprising ami con trolling , BO far as the mails are concerned every organized government , save three China , Uoroa and the Urango Kreo Stale has had Us delegates Assemble In America ami the deliberation of Its fifth ttcxtcnnla convention will bo marked with perhap moro pronounced formality than has uttomits any convention of cither national or Inter national scope that lias gathered In till country for a long period , Sixty odd countries and provinces will b represented by about 120 delegates , eac ! country having but a single vote. The mi slons will ho held In the historic old building which until recently was the home of th Corcoran art gallery. The hull has beci equipped with desks and other convenience and a postolllco will bo In operation on the spot until the meetings close. The delegates who will form the congress aru men of the highest rank In postal service. The post master generals of several nations are among them , whlto loading diplomats have been sen by txjino of the countries. A portion of the dolcgatcs are nlrcad ; here. These who remain In New York null tomorrow afternoon will be brought over In a special train of four * cars , tendered by the Pennsylvania railroad. Second Asslstan Postmaster General Shaltcnbcrger and Su perlntcndcnt of Foreign Mulls Drooks lire now In New York and will accompany the party to this city. The train will leave Jer sey City soon after 1 o'clock. At previous gatherings the congress has been extended' unusual courtesies by the nations whose guests they were and whllt this government Is hampered by lack of sat Isfactory funds , the Postolllcc department wll do everything possible to make this conn try an agreeable host. It Is among the prob abilities , based on precedent , that the dele gates will bo entertained by both the presl dent and the postmaster general , and the commlealonors will , In case tlic appropria tion they desire is granted , give an olllcla reception and water trip , probably to Oli Point Comfort and Klchmoml. WILL VISIT THE WEST. The delegates , before the close of the con gress , will also bo taken on a Journey througl the west , returning by way of New York The gathering will be In Washington fron a month to six weeks , but the congress USD ) will meet not moro than a half dozen times The real work , save that of ratification pro ceedings of the committees' reports , whlcl belongs to the full congress , devolves upoi the four committees , at least one of whlcl will be In session practically every day ex cept Saturday and Sunday. Ono committee will have charge of the general treaty whlcl Is adopted at every congress , and also wll settle accounts between Individual countries With this settlement this country has noth ing to do. A second committee will take up arrangements for exchange of letters of de clared value , the parcels post system , and the postal hooka of Identity used by some countries. A third will consider mono ) orders , bills collectable by poet and sub scriptions through postofflccs to newspapers and periodicals , while the fourth will bring the new general delivery Into condition for latlflcatlon. The proceedings will bo opened Wednes day morning by Postmaster General Gdry , who will deliver his salutatory In English , while the assemblage reads the French translation. This will occupy a little over five minutes , being a formal welcome. Then the senior delegate , not yet selected , will respond In a few words. The election of a presiding ofliccr will follow. General Gc.'oi'RC S. Ilacholcr , ex-minister to Portugal and chairman of the United States delegation , will probably bo the honored one. The business of the congress will begin at once. All proceedings will bo conducted In French and behind barred doors. Many measures will be brought forward for consideration. The new treaty or general convention and several minor ones signed by only two or three of the countries will bo discussed and substituted for old ones In order to cover new conditions. Perhaps the most Important proposition will Involve what Is known as the Intermediate transit system. This provides for compensation by the send ing country to all countries over whoso do mains Its malls are transported. BELGIUM WILL OBJECT. An agreement to carry the mails of all the countries In the union mutually free will bo sought , but will probably bo voted down , Sucli countries as llelglum , which fends out llttlo mall while over whoso lands much foreign mall is transported at a big profit to the kingdom , will object to cut ting off this revenue. This practically defeats - feats the scheme , as one well founded dis sent kills a proposition. This country and a few others , however , have declared In favor of the free transportation. The ultimate ac tion , It Is said , will probably bo the accept ance of the average weights , taking sta- t'stlra ' of the last six years as a ba.iis ot all Intermediary transit accounts up to the assemblage of the next congress , that la. up to 1903 , when the Issue will ho revived. The much agitated proposition to adopt n universal postage stamp , not good for domestic postage , hut for convenient com munication between countries , and the uni versal return stamped envelope proposition having a similar bcopo will ho brought up , but the probabilities of adoption are said to bo against both , with the latter having the best chance of the two. There will be no upset of postage rates but an Increase of the allowable weight for letters Is probable , thus making an ounce or three-quarters of an ounce the unit Instead of the present half ounce , for which the charge Is now 5 cents. The three countries still outside , China , Corea and the Orange Free State , are expected to bo ad mitted before the congress la closed , though the last named lian not yet been hoard from on this sublcct. NI&W IIIKAS FOIL KAiniKUS , JUniiy Iiuiiorleil Artlclrn Unit .Slum111 llo 1'roiliHM-il In Thin Country. Ilurriilo Commercial. Secretary "Wilson of tha Department of Ag- rlcultnri ! , a man of Ideas hlrnuolf as well as of action , Is doing all ho can to get aomo new Idea * Into the bends of American farmers. Much has been raid of his practical efforts to fester and encourage the beet cugar In dustry : but ho ii alee exerting himself In other directions , ami some of tiU anscrtlonn ought to ho oycopcncrs for Ilio agricultural classes. He stated , for iiitlanco , that last year wo Imported 1,000.000 dozen eggs , 1:12- : 000 dozen of which came all the way from China , and 800,000 dozen from Canada. Mr. WlUon contend ! ) that tlontlro egg murket can bo supplied by home production , nud. an thcro IB nothing whatever the matter with the American hen , there muiU be something wrong with the American farmer. Ho neeJa to bo taught the usefulness of ra'UIng on bin own land a great many things which wo aru obliged to purchase abroad for lack of domeitlo aupply , Again , the secretary rtants tu know why wo ahould have Imported moro than $10,000,000 worth of goat skins In lliu latH fiscal year ? Is It to bo supposed that wo cannot grow goati In America ? The fact Is that the American farmer hau much to learn In respect to animal husbandry , and thin la only ono circumstance In Illustration. Jt la only very recently that he his begun to realize the fact that Iho tame heep can ba made to yield high-priced wool and first- rate mutton , Tliuru la , Indeed , such big laonoy In combining the Industries of mut ton production und wool production that sheep raiting may bo conducted profitably on the highest-priced lands. The same policy applied to vegetable productu of the farm. Why aliould It have been neceisary for us to Import } CW,3:0 worth of titans auJ peas In the lust fiscal year ? Might wo not linvn ratecd them Just as well on our own neil ? In there nnjr reason why wo Miould not hav raised the $558,644 worth of cabbages which were Imported ! likewise $127,595 worth of potatoes ? Mr. Wilson , for ono , cannot see why wo should have bought of outsiders dur ing the siuno twelve-month $2,773,535 worth of hay , $600,000 worth of hops and nearly $2,200.000 worth of rice. These questions and suggestions are of de cided Interest and Importance. They lend lo nhow that Agriculture In this country Is ca pable of far greater development than It hA yet attained. _ _ SI'XSHIM'J l.I'AUAC.It.M'll.t. . Chicago Heron ) : "Isabel tlldn't marry a handsome man. " "Mow do you know ? " "She had such u rjtilet wedding. " Puck : llrownell Do you think lh Cubans will eventually gain thrlr liberty ? Hnrknew-No ; yon remember "The. pen Is mightier than the sword1 ! Judge : "They say Shrewsbury Is going to murry Miss Quickstep. " "It's true. Ami. lot me tell you , Miss Qulrk.itcp IB n girl of the period. " "Is Hhe ? Wlmt's the amount ot her dot ? " Imltnimpnlls Journal : Watts Notice how Iwldncmloil th" pictures of King Ocorgo show him tn be. Potta--Y 'S. And I rnli't under.itnnil why ho Isn't tit the front of those bulk-l-sklrled troops. T Tribune : "I rnlsp you ono , " tnld the Mississippi , registering nn Inch higher on the gauge. "We see It nnd go you one better , " ro- piled the levee builders , renchlng for their well filled bags. This shows the mlvnntiigo of having plenty of mind. lloston Traveler : "Thn most curious thing In the world " began 1'lxlcy. ' "Hush1 ! hoarsely whispered the horrified .Tunklns , with n future toward the door ; "she's In the next room. " Cincinnati Emiulrer : "Wlmt Is your bus- band's polities ? " usktil the now neighbor. "Jltn ? " siild the lady addressed. "Jim ? He's n null. " "Antl-wlmt" "No ; not nntl-whnt ; Jlst n null. He's ngln anything that happens to bo. " Chicago llecord : "Desdemona Peyster must be n very Indolent young woman. " "What makes you think so ? " "Sim Is going to marry n man who Is already bald. " Chicago Tribune : Itayncr Say , what alls Ferguson ? I'm awfully uuensy about him. I saw him In a hardware store n llttlo while imo , buying u revolver , and he had a wild , desperate look In his eye Hint I never saw before. Shyne FcnaiRon happened to tell some body yesti'iday that be wanted to buy a hoiiHp , and the real estate agents somejjow found It out. NO WONDKU. Clevi-lnml Plain Dcntcr. Ills mother enme to see bis wife ; They scowled at one another ; And when he rrlnl , "My wife bakes bro That makes me wonder how 1 fed Oa your tough loavi-s as hard as b-ad"- Why , the blow almost killed motlnr ! aiv STII.Vviiniuiv. . IK'lon Hunt Jackson. 0 marvel , fruit of fruits , I pause To reckon theo. I nsk what ciuiso Set free so much of red from beats At core of earth , and mixed such sweets With sour and splee ; what was tha/ strength Which out of darkness , length by length , Spun all thy shining thread of vine , Netting the fields In bond as thine. 1 see thy tendrils drink by sips From grass and clover's smiling lips ; E hear thy roots dlir down for wells. Tapping the meadow's hidden cells ; Whole generations of green things , Dcscemlod from long lines of springs , I see make loom for theo te bldo A quiet comrade by their side ; [ see the creeping peoples go Mysterious Journeys lo nnd fro , Treading lo right and left of theo , Doing thec homage wonderlngly. I see tlu > wild bees as they fare. Thy cups of honey drink , but spare , [ murk thec Imthe and bathe again . In sweet nneulendnrud sprint ; rain. f \\iilch how all May has of sun Make ) haste lo have thy ripeness done , While all bur nights let dews escape To set nnd cool thy perfect shape. Ah , fruit of fruits , no more I pause. To dream and seek thy hidden laws ! Htrc'tch my hand and dare to taste , .n . Instant of delicious waste 3n sliiKlo feast , all things that wont I'd make the empire thou has spent. < o > A Suit of Black is always in season , and while the Spring styles are rather gay in pattern , -we always carry a full line of the standard materials in suits of solemn black. But realfy , if you are thinking about a Spring suit , let us show you the beautiful , variety of new fabrics that we have made up or this season's wear. They are attractive and becoming and make a man of middle age feel like a boy again. 17" Every taste is con sidered however , in our new Spring stock ofwearing apparel , from the wheelman's o the clergyman's. In a quarter of a century of mariufactur- nB wo have never Bhown uundnomor gar- lentH than wo are now ready to put on your , tack at a moment's notice , Hata and Caps to match the dignity of our Bulls. KINS & GO. S. W. Cor. 16th ana Stj