Newspaper Page Text
THE OMAHA DATLV UElS KSDAY , SEPTEMBER 185) ) '
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE. K. ItOflKWATEIt , Editor. TKH.M3 OK SU11SCIU1T10N Dully B l ( Without Sun.lny ) , On Ytar . 16 M IMIly lie * nnJ Kundny. One Year . M Bit Moiilhn Tliree Monlh . J | Hun < lay Jtrt , One YMT . 'JO Bnturday Her , On Year . ' J Weekly lice , One Yenr . w OfKICKSl Omaha : 'The ' Ilee HultillnR. South Omaha : Singer Illk , Cor. N and 2Un Sts. Council IluT ! ( : 10 1'earl Htrc-ct. Cnlcaso Oltlw : JIT Chamber of Cnmnierce. New Vork : Itooms 11. II nnd 15 , Tribune tltdg. Wnnhlnglon : Ml 1'ourteenth Hlrtet. COUHKHt'ONDKNCi : . All communications relating to news anil cijllo- rial inatlfr ttiouM he nilitreswl : To Hie l-.dltor. HUHINMJSH U5TTKH8. All biralnens lettcr nml rrmlttnncea MioulJ be BdtlrMMM to The Ilee IMilillflilnir Company , Onmlin. Drafts , checks , exjirets and postomce money unlcrs to be made payable to the order of th. - . " co-lift. 1 > u , , ,1No COM1-ANY. OTATK.MKNT OV CIUCUI.ATION. Btnle nf Neliranka. DoiiKlan County. M.S George II. Tzscliuck , tccretnry of Tbe lice rtili- IWiIng comptny. liln duly twi.rn , nays Hint the actual numlier of full nnd cnmtilclf conies or The Dally , Mornlnc , Kvenlng nti.l Hun.lay lire printed duilnis the month of August , IVJT. wn * ns follows : 17 2 13. IO 19.431 3 19.m . 4 1 ! > .3TO JO . 1 > 4 C 10.410 91 . J0.93U If Vl2 22 . 1S.SKI 7 1 < J3 n . . . . . . . . " H 19.ICO 9 ltl.513 ID 19.121 ; , ; IS.SGl it n.sn JT 10.C73 12 19,023 2 1D.6M 13 11.013 34 l ! > .8li ! ( 30. , 15 19. KM 31. , 1C 19.6C5 Total C17.99i J.css returned nml unnM copies. 9.125 Total not fates Net ilnlly nverncn . . .V V./- . nioiiarc : H. TJWCIIUCK. Sworn to before me and ulncill > cil In my presence this 2d day of September , 97. fSenl. ) Nolnfy Public. a llK"iu3l3 OX THAINS. All rnllriinil iioivulMiyw nre miliplli-il ulflt rimiiKli Ilrcn to nc " win in oil ill is rvcry IIIIH- HoiiK"1' ' Mlionnul * ( > ri'iiil n 1I1M\NI1IHT. | | lllxlHl 1I1M1H IlltV- IIIK Tinlli'i' . If ? ' " ' " " nit K 'l a HIMon n ( ruin from ( lie niMVN niri'nt , pli-nsi- report tliu fuel , ntulliiK die ( mill mill riillroiiil < o tinnirfiiliilloii Di-lllirtiui-ill of Tinlli'i' . Tlic Ilci : Ix for nnlr on nil ( rnlllH. INSIST OX 1I.VVI.V ( ! TIIK IIHI5. Nt'brnakn Is .1 protly j'uod statu to tie to lifter all. Hotter tlisiii Klondike an Inslile plact : iir-sir the Stafo fair sati1 receipts. The best explanation of tliosi * State fall- pate tlKiircs IH that they Jmvi * been doctored. ' The property owner of moderate means ilot-s not enjoin needed public Im provements. Kven the court dockets sliow slpis of prosperity and Improved business for practicing attorneys. .Tmljfe AVoohvorlli's refusal to stand as tlie candidate of Hie national democrat- ! ! must not be ascribed to any fear that be inlubt be elected. From tlie warlike echoes emanating from Greece It seems that squill } ; a treaty of peace is not an Infallible notice of a cessation of hostilities. The I'.ee still insists tlmt Kdward K. Unwell Is tin * logical candidate for sheriff on tlie conglomerate county ticket , "llowoll and Vindication" should be the battle cry. _ j Karly conventions do not necessarily mean Ions campaigns. We have had 4 > : irly state conventions In Nebraska thl- ; year , but the people have been too busy to take actively to politics as yet. If Coin Harvey expects to resuscitate Ids reputation as a financial author he will have to produce something shortly to briiiR his school up to date and recon cile Its false teachings to tlie fatuity of facts. The new Nebraska blanket ballot law Is a distinct step backwards In the movement for ballot reform. Tlie new law , It must not be forgotten. Is due to the Joint work of the late fusion legis lature and tlie populist governor. Almost all the smaller towns through out Nebraska are complaining that tlie demand for rentable houses is far greater than tlie supply. This Is one kind of complaint that is entirely re concilable with the advent of prosperity. Several northern states have lately rendered themselves subject to severe criticism for permitting lynch law to hold sway within their borders , but there are few southern stales In position to dn the criticising with any decree of con sistency. Union Pacific foreclosure Is a fixture for the present year. If the Ilaltlinnrc & Ohio receivership can also be wound up uoforo the end of 181)7 ) the railroad world will start out the year ISPS In bettor shape than the most sanguine have hoped for until now. The Bee l still ready to exhibit the copy of the London Financial News that positively denies 'that It had ever ilven publicity to the article credited to It. lint neither .Mr , Kitchen or tiny of the Oeluslonlsts have ever been willing to avail themselves of our offer. If Jerry Simpson can predict the greatest panic of all history lu front of us , why can't Cyclone Havls prognosti cate an unprecedented atmospheric dis turbance ? In the calamity competition for dismal forebodings the ipiestlou of probability oiiKht to cut no figure. In view of the rapidity with which the medical college * ) have been tumlnu out graduates In recent years and the usual complaint of physicians that the profes sion Is overcrowded , It seems strange that a ilcarlh of medical men should be reported from the yellow fever districts. Omaha Is Issuing lots of bonds these days , but they are Issued simply to re place bonds bearing a higher rate of Interest or to take up floating In- dcbtcdnws. The new bond Issues mean a material reduction of the annual charge for Merest pu the uniulcipal debt. l\ \ ITV/K.V WKIIK TIIOSK STlilNUK CVT1 It will seem queer to h vo a Judge on Iho supreme bench of N'cbr. ka who Is not owned body , oul ami britches by the railroads , but wo have no doubt the people will llko It after they have had Judge Sullivan on the trench a short time. The people who know Judge Smllvm say he Is a mighty good man and that the corporations have no strings on him. That la our' kind of a man. Button Kcglslcr. Slnci ! when hnvo HIP rnllrnnil corptirn- tlons cut the strings by wlileh they hold Knlllvnn ? Why wore tbe railroad wrH HO lilulily Ki-ntllUvl when his nomination WIIB announcedV And why lire they showering compliments upon him a n nmn who ban never xliown any disposition to iintiifjoiil/.a thorn ? Ten yenr-8 np > when Jiiiltft1 Sullivan was In the legislature he was classed as n corporation attorney and trained with the corporation contingent. Klvo years nfo ? ho was still a pronounced railroad politician and It Is a mailer of notoriety tlmt hu owes his elevation to the district bunch to his titlinlty with the corpora tions. It' bo has undergone a change of heart and severed his connections with railroad headquarters It must have been done very recently and so quietly that nobody outside of headquarters has heard of It. ' . .i.v iMi'nrnxT unvK Referring to tbe Increase of our naval force In Hawaiian waters and the Justin- cation ur ed forJt that an attempt nilsht bo ninth * by the Japanese or the native llawalians to overthrow Iho existing gov ernment , hi which event American war ships might be needed to mnlntain the statu quo on the Islands , tbe Vhlladol- phla lleeord says : "A government which eannni. maintain Itself against a rabble of plantation coolies or timid Kanakas Is not the sort of government the United Stales should have treated with for the annexation of the islands. The reasons given for the Increase of our naval forces at Honolulu practically amount to n con fession that our authorities do not be lieve that the Dole government has the power to deliver the islands which It has contracted to transfer to the I'niled States. " The Itecord suggests Unit it would be more honest to annex the Ha waiian group by force than is the at tempt to acquire title to it by mean fraud. ' The Indications are that the impolency of the Dole government will be shown before the meeting of our congress , un less the anti-annexation element there Is intimidated by the presence of American war ship * . Then * is no doubt that a very large majorltv of the people are hostile to the government and no Irss so to an nexation. Urn they lack bold and aggies- slve leadership , else it is questionable whether the Dole government would be in power now. It Is humiliating that tills great nation should deal with such a government for the transfer of territory against the will of a large majority of the people living there and it will be a great reproach to us if we use our. power lo coerce those people Into obedi ence to a government with which they have no sympathy. To acquire the Ha waiian islands miller such circumstance * would not only be most un-American , it would be distinctly dishonorable. "Wo should let tile Dole government take care of itself , going no farther In the exerci.-v of our power than may be necessary tu protect whatever American interests there are in the islands. THE COMMISSION AT The currency reform commission has entered niton its Inl'ors and whlo : nothing his : as yet been dune beyond an Inter change of views there are .some Indica tions of what may be expected to be tin- result of tbe commission's delibera tions. It Is said the commission does not intend to suggest any new legislation iv- , Harding the metallic standard , except so far as the paper currency is connected with it and it is also stated that the ma- lorlty of the commission will probably favor at least a gradual ami partial re duction of government paper money , If they do not go further. AVe haveno doubt that a majority of the eoinmis < ion will be found in complete agreement with the Indianapolis currency reform convention In respect to tbe legal tender notes and will recommend their perma nent letireinenl. to be effected through either an issue of bonds or surplus rev enues. The elimination of these notes from the currency Is the prime purpose of the reformers and they would regard tlii- work of a commission abortive that did not reMill In recommending tills pol'ey. ' In oiilcr to accomplish tills mo-t of them would not hesitate to issue bonds to tin- extent of ? r.0 . ( > , < > 00n < )0 ) , which is indeed the most practicable way of retiring tbe greenbacks ami treasury notes , since there Is small promise of doing , so Ihroi'gh surplus revenue while govern ment expenditures are kept up to the present standard , : What party will assume the responsi bility of Issuing bonds to retire the legal tender notesV "We do not know of a republican leader in either branch of congress who Is on record In favor nf doing this and we very much doubt whether President McKinley would ap prove such a policy. The president favois fiome revision of our curri'iicy sys tem , as be announced In his Inaugural address in which lie said : "With ade quate revenue secured , but not until tliLMi , wo can enter upon such changes In our llsi-al laws as will , while Insuring volume and safety to our money , no longer impose upon the government the nn'vsslly ' of maintaining so large a gold reserve. " It Is safely inferable from tills that .Mr. McKinley would not favor issu ing bonds to retire legal tender uolcM. Neither the president nor I ho rcpiih'lciins In congress being favorable to the only practicable plan for getting rid of the government paper money adequate rev enue for this purpose being n remote possibility what possible good can bo done by the agitation of this matter at tills time ? It certainly does not conduce to the restoration of Unnneial eonlldi'nco at home or help to Improve foreign con- lidence regarding American Investments. It Is said to be the conclusion of ( lie Individual members of thu currency coin- mission that there Is need of a more elas tic banking currency than that provided by the existing national banking law. In this they are undoubtedly correct and there ought not to bo very much illlll- culty in muklng provision for this. Two plans hnvo been suggested under either of which those sections of the country which do not have sulllclent bank cur rency ean be .supplied. One of these Is to allow national brinks to establish hi'iiu'-hcs , somewhat on the Canadian plan ; th : > other Is to permit national hanks to be established In towns of less than . ( . ( KM ) population with htlf : the cap ital now required by the national bank ing law. Undoubtedly cither of these plans would work satisfactorily. A com- nd.ssioti. however , was not necessary to point out this need. It has long been teeognlzed. 1'resumably the currency commission will .submit the results of Its delibera tions by the time congress convenes , ( treat Interest will be taken In them , but we venture to predict tli it HillIn a p ac- tlcal way will come from them. .t HKTTKH The .September government dellclt Is considerably less than that for August , being between ? : iM,0 ( ) ( ( > 0 and § I.OOO.OiX ) and It is thought by treasury olllclals thai In October receipts will come still nearer to expenditures. The gain In rev enue Is entirely from Internal sources and this lins been notable. There could be no better proof of Improved business conditions than this growth In the re ceipts from Internal revenue and they are reasonably expected to continue growing. As to customs receipts no sub stantial Improvement is looked for dur ing the present year , but early next year should see a marked Increase toi the rev enue from customs. Kstlmates of future revenue are of very little value , because It rarely happens that they aiv verified , but we think It may be conlldenlly as sumed that before the end of ( lie current llscal year the receipts of the national treasury will balance expenditures and the prolonged period of deficits will be at iin end. This promise , however , Is not satisfac tory to some. They condemn the new tariff law because it has not immedi ately stopped delicits , although they know full well why this Is the case. The friends of the new law can bear pa tiently with tills unfair and unenndid criticism , feeling conlldent that in due time the law will be fully vindicated ns a revenue measure. .K IN TIIK SLOT MAUIIINRS. The enactment of the slot machine license ordinance was not an accident , as some people would like to have the public believe. Its introduction was skillfully engineered under cover and its passage was log-rolled Ihrounh the coun cil as stealthily as the tread of a cat In the nighttime. The scheme lias proved a bonanza for the slot-machine owners and those who stand hi viltn them. Hefore the license to gamble by machine was granted the number of such gambling devices in operation was Insignificant. Now there are over 1M ! ( ) licensed and unlicensed gambling machines coining money night and day , which comes out of the pockets of people who are enticed to gamble at places otherwise highly respectable. . The average earning power of si slot miiclihiif is not. less than $10 a day , which for liOO machines yields SU.OOO : v day , or ? (50OUO ( a month. As a matter of fact , some of rhe gambling machines bring in as much as ! ? . " ) ( ) a ilay , and during fair weelc it Is safe to estimate the prollts of the slot machine owners and operators at at least $100 for each machine , or $20,000 for tiOO machines. . Xo wonder there is great pressure on the council not to repeal the ordinance and take away the excuse of the police for closing their eyes to automatic rob bery. In order to stem the tide of pub- He opinion the gang that controls the gambling machines audaciously suggests that the ordinance be amended so as to make a graduated license fee. according to the earnings. It is almost incredible that any member of the council would give himself away by supporting such a boodle scheme. That great reform police commission Is operating on peculiar reform principles. It dismisses one otlicer for violation of the rules , perhaps properly , and rewards , with a specially-created , high-salaried place , another olllcer who was forced'to resign the chieftaincy because lie could not stand up against impending charges of disobedience of orders , incompt'tency. neglect of duty and connivance with crooked subordinates. The reform police board has yet .several things to explain in connection' with the deal by which Sigwnrt was reappointed to the force with pay of captain. Kx-Deputy Comptroller AVettllng declines to return to Omaha to testify on behalf of the city in the unit to recover on the llolln bond , despite his protestations that Ids Illght to Kansas City just ns the trial was about to commence was entirely Innocent on his part. Of course he will not return voluntarily. That was not part of the bargain. Why should he have ivpoiteil Ids departure to Hansom , attorney for thu principal Holln bonds man , If he intended to return to appear as a witness ? One thing Judge Sullivan as demo cratic candidate for supreme Judge ought to do and that is to explain why , on wo many Important questions , his vote is recorded in the journals of the 1SS7 legislature Just opposite to that of Hie democratic attorney general , ( ! . .1. Smyth , who also served In that legis lature. If Smyth was tight on tluw questions Sullivan was all wrong , and If Sullivan was right Smyth was wrong. Which horn of the dilemma will the re form democrats prefer ? Tile new chief of police says he hopes to be able to earn public conlldence by making ; i success In his administration of the police department. This is an admission that lie has not yet demon strated his .success , and It may b : > put down ns a certainty tlmt lie cannot make a success so long as he Is handicapped by snboidlmites more Incompetent than he Is , If such a thing could possibly be. It Is worthy of note that tiio great re form pollco commission has addressed a communication to ( lie council Informing It tlmt the lire fund Is exhausted and unless lu some wuy replenished ex penditures must be reduced by curtailing the number . 'ii employed In the tire department. e remember rightly It was beeaus mayor brought this fact to ( lie itteiitlon of tlie board that its sensitive members a few weeks ago declared that they bad been grossly In sulted and Indignantly demanded an Im mediate apology , Tbe petition of tiie police board to the council seems to in dicate that the board has concluded to do Its own With the brilliant example set by the Omaha council In-passing a slot machine licensing ordinance before It , tbe South Omaha authorities think they want to exact license money from the machines operating In their bailiwick. There Is no law or authority to license gambling machines any more than there Is to license roulette wheels or faro banks. It Is pretty near time for the county at torney to turn Ids attention to the enforcement - forcement of the law-upon the owners and operators of the automatic gambling devices. KvoliiiiiKfN mill Sloi-U A'liriln. Sioux City Tribune. Experiences at Kansas City nnd Omaha with the anti-trust law merely denote that men. who sell cattle arc ns much entitled to world-wldo computltlon as other men. The Idcn tlmt a. stock yard cannot bo run with out a monopoly attached Is an absurd prop osition. 'ITT ? WiiMliiif StrlUf * . Ulolte-t'einoornt. The cost of strikes In this country be tween the years 1SS1 nnd 1894 Is placeil by the labor bureau at Washington at $163- SOT.SGti , nnd the number of porapns thrown out of employment nt 3,711IOC. These figures alone prove that a ntrlko Is n waste ful and Ineffective way to settle a labor controversy. Tin1 Cniivnlt'Hi.'riit "Sli'lc .Mini * " riilciiKO News. Now that the "powers" of Europe have just concluded a six months' engagement In concert work at Constantinople Interfering In the nffalrs of Greece and Turkey they are beginning to dlscusss Cuba and are righteously Indignant lest this country do for Cuba what -they attempted and failed ; to do as to Crete. It may as well bo understood - stood by them , though , that there Is no "slelc man" In this case , or It there Is he Is a European Invalid. \rlirnskn Tnkox n Slnire. Philadelphia Press. Nebraska" farms , the State Hoard of Agri culture finds , have doubled In value cilice last year. In many cases the value of the wheat grown on a given acre this year Is largcv than the c > rlce paid for the acre a yrar ago. Nebraska a ycarjago cast her eight electoral votes for Uryaa and gave him a plurality rf K-170 ! , but the rest of the country was wiser and Nebraska shares overflowing prosperity with the slates that voted for McKinley and prosperity. Sniiiiilf . iMrxloiiii SnreiiNiit. rlilliulcliihln ledger. There was vrell Alined sarcasm In the dis patch from Mexico , which said that "under the system In Mexican courts , the judges Invariably get at the truth before the law- ycra can see flielr' clients to fix up n story for the jury. " Under that system , the chief actor In what looks llko an elaborate con spiracy to kill 'President Diaz has already confessed to having murdered the nun who appears to have been u-scd as a tool , and there Is every reason , to expect that the affair will bo sifted to the bottom in Ics time than Arrferieaii detective bureaus and district attorneys' olllccs would need to gut In motion. There is so much rod tape about thu law In this country that It often Inter feres /serious ! J ltb "justice. - .Cost of tln > Coi'il .lllii < > rVStrlke. " _ . - " 1'hllnUcIphta llccorrt.- The I'lttfi'tmrg Times estimates that the strlku Inthat district has invnlvbd a loss to the miners during the eight weeks of Us continuance of $2,500,000 and that altogether it has cost the people of the I'lttsburg dis trict coal miners , operators and the whole commercial world Interested not less than $5.000,000 to $7.000.000. It is too soon to fully measure the cost of the strike in the middle coal field , ' though Its terrible cost 'in human llfo has been very nearly summed up ; but If to the loss of wages be added the trade Icsses , the destruction of property and the pay of the deputies and militia , It will be seen that the total cost of mining strikes \i1 \ this state since midsummer will foot up to the proportions of a great catastrophe. View ing the question In a purely economic sense the query arises : Can the state do nothing to cut down this great waste ? Are there no bettor remedies for Industrial wars than contests of endurance ? If there be. why not preferably spend a part of the millions now wasted in a test of methods more in con sonance with the laws of clvlllzatica and humanity ? STAVI IX J IJ1' It-Oil IMU.VCIPM3. The I'rocliiintil Ion of Xt'liriiHlcn'M True niMiincrnry * Phllndolplila I fclser. The national democracy of Nebraska. which appears to , be f the gold democracy of other states , stands so far aloof from the Chicago platform- und the democracy which stands on. It that it Is difilcult to concclvo how the two wings can over como together for thu purpose of supporting national Is sues. The Chicago democracy champions a bimetallic currency , with silver In a fixed ratio to gold. The democracy which pro mulgated the Omaha platform Inalsts that "tho entire drift , and tendency of all com mercial nations Is toward a universal gold standard as a measure of values , " and It supports Its claim to bu considered the genuine- democracy by abusing the repub lican party In the regulation way , though it shows the prominence which the sliver quratlon occupies in Its thoughts by de nouncing the republicans , chiefly for hy pocrisy and double dealing In keeping a trinity of proselytnrs abroad to urge free coinage of silver upon foreign governments , Thi ) proclamation of the Omaha gathering , If It has no other Importance Is at least significant of the fact that the silver qiH-a- tlon Is not. yet a dead Issue and ttiat a great many people are still ready to work for It. The supporters of sound money still have a great deal to do Jicforo this financial heresy can bo totally eliminated from national pol itics. TIIK IK > ( MI.WKST. . A Di-lroll fln"ii * IVIlHVlinl HiSaiv onijr < .ln- lii'lWir Free 1'roRs. Frank C. Anttrows of Homer Wirren & Co. is back from a trip lo Nebraska. Kansas and other wild aijrt woolly btales with the Information tli ! ) } | Sievcr has liu. seen such proofrf of prosperity ? Of course , .13 has been ia'1.1 r. thousand ilpica , It lu all owing to the fact ofa magmUcunt wheat crop and an un exampled demand for ft on the part of Europe. Ho looks on th.ipias an act of i'rovldoaco for the purpose of helping thu people out of thu mlru of distress * < ' That It liaj douo this is visible to the ciyu after a II vn mtnnfsr residence In any of Iho wG.'lwn towns. In Denver , Omaha and Kan- B2d City overybdliy seemed to bo busy morn- liib' . noon and ( light ? jew anil then ho would BCD a vacant Klofa.'ibut ' they are far fewer thcro than In thl utty. This ia no reflection on Detroit , which has aa goo.l a share of business as any city In this part of the coun try ; It Is simply a cnmjwriBon to IlluUralo the great measure of prosperity that haa spread over that section. The great bulk of the people out there arc farmers. It Is to them that the people la Iho cities and town ! ) must look for business nnd It Is from them that It In coming. They are filling the communities of business men with orders for nnw goods and provisions , and they are flooding them with oceans of wheat , and , best of all. are paying mortgages ami other debts of long standing. The farmer who by hook or crook was enabled to hold to his acres during the last four years , Is now ridding them of all debt. And If there wcro any with money enough to acquire other farm property In addition to their own , they also have come la for a windfall. For Instance , ho "horned of one farmer who not only raised wheat from hla original ! farm , hut I < a largo one adjoining It. the owner of Wi..ch was compelled to let it go ' TTX to his neighbor for HVonR- Then , n Mr. Andrews sppJ by rail ovf the whe t region , and saw empty farm houses -and well-filled barns and great granaries filled to bursting , he knew that they had passed Into new bo nils , and that the old owner , penniless and without heart , had gene elsewhere In a search for means of existence. This Hood of wealth Is making the west Independent of the money market of the e sl , nnd the rote of Interest Is being lowered ftom the 10 and 12 per eent figures at which It had stooil for years , to 8 and 7 per cent and lower. It Is next to Impossible now to find employment for loans out there at belter than S per cent. Of course , the con tinuance of fhls condition will depend on the state of the times for the next two year * . If next year's crop Is favored by nature and Europe's demand Is sulllclent to give It a fair value , they will all be on easy street and eastern mon-ey will have ceased to go out there at all. unless It bo for In- \nstment In farm property as a means of speculation. He already sees evidence of this latter among the farmers themselves , for they have all the speculative fever to a Gteatcr or less degree. In the meantime Jerry Simpson , Mrs , Lease , Governor \Valto and all the other calamity howlers are maintaining a respect ful silence. They realize , he says , that any appeal -they may now make for free silver nnd other alleged balms for financial wounds vould bo met with a display of wealth and deaf ears on the part of the once clamoring multitude. Discontent has given place to happiness , the dejected attitude has been supplanted by the sprightly step and busi ness air , the ranter for free silver has taken to the woods , and everybody Is at work without other thought than that he Is going to reap well where he soweth. \ 1 > ; 1.IJNC OI'ITHU ' .MASK. Wnrri'ii .S , vll7.l r'n UlioorvntloiiH mi tlif I'nllllcul .Mrriunlil. New York Mull nnd Ksi rrss. Hon. Warren Swltzlcr Is probably person ally unknown to a large majority of his fel low Americans. Nevertheless , certain as certained facts concerning him servo to es tablish his Intelligence and probity. He lives In Omaha , a city which harbors only citizens of acute mental development. He Is a leading nnll-IJryanlto in Hryan's own state and ho was selected by the national democ racy to preside at the state convention held a day or two ago. Nothing moro Is neces sary to secure the nation's car for any thought ho may utter or any discoveries ho may exploit. As chairman of the state convention Mr. Swltzlcr , in his opening address , announced without a quiver of doubt In. his voice that [ 1 "Ilryan Is a meteoric mermaid ; the only dis turbing factor In the nation , and little short of an outlaw. " This Is rather rough on the lynching bee and the yellow fever , each of which has here tofore claimed to be a disturbing factor. Hut our chief concern must be with the sud den discovery that Mr. Uryan Is not only a mermaid , but a mermaid of the meteoric species. It Is startling to contemplate the varied embarrassments unassoclatcd with po litical economy that must Inevitably have followed his election to the presidency. No Mich narrow1 escape from all round calamity Is recorded In the history of the republic. Hy the way , what Is a meteoric mermaid ? The Smithsonian Institution should take a hand In this matter. ADVAXCIMJ l > ltOSlUltITV. St. Louis Globe-Democrat : Europe Is tak ing moro of our corn and paying GO per cent moro for It than at this time a year ago. It I ? a great bargain at thu advance for coun tries short of grain. Now York Tribune : A state bank at Dav enport , Neb. , closed on Friday and assigned as a reason for shutting Its doors that it could not secure borrowers for the excessive surplus lying idle In Its vaults. Yet the Hey Orator of the Plattu and his lieutenants are attempting to conduct a campaign this fall in Nebraska on the pretense that until the free coinage of silver Is secured there can never bo enough money within reach to carry on the ordinary operations of farming and business within the state. Indianapolis Journal : The secretary of the treasury has declined the offer of a New- York banking firm to exchange a million dollars in gold in San Francisco for a like amount of paper currency In New York. The gold Is a part of a recent shipment from Australia und the bankers who made the offer thought the government would be glad to strengthen Its gold reserve. The declina tion of thoi offer shows that the government feels very comfortable on that score. This administration does not have to "shin around" after gold as the last ono did. Chicago I'cst : Iron holds its place as a trustworthy trade barometer. Production Is Increasing ami prices are rising. The gain In prices is somewh'U ' slower than that in pro duction , but it Is steady and natural. A month or two ago , and for a considerable period previous to that time , the iron market was stagnant , but the general trade rally gen erated activity there as In all othur interests. Almost every article of common use Is higher than It was throe months or six months ago. The Bryanlte stump speakers and editors are mistaken when they say wheat is thu only thing which has gone up. Philadelphia Ledger : The rapid growth of the Amedlcan tlnplato Industry , as noted In a Urlttsh olllclal report , may bo ascribed to political causes at least as much as to com mercial movements. It was the extensive , advertising given to the subject by making It a political issue In a presidential cam paign that set the American people to think ing seriously about making their own tinplate - plate , and It was thu Indignation with which they heard the opposition assert that the article - ticlo could .not be made in this country that led them to give the output of American fac- torlc3 a prompt trial. It stood the test and the industry was quickly established thanks to the efforts of Its enemies. Kansas City Star : For many weeks past Now York has been shipping cash west and south , and the reserves there have been cut down to such an extent that there Is no lo 'gcr any complaint of inability to find use for the available funds in llie banks. Tiiu transfer of this money to thu west has Im proved the condition of country banks. If thu wuUward movement of cash continues the bankers of the east will be offering extra in ducements for western bankers to Increase their reserves In thu east , Instead of en couraging a reduction la these reserves , us they mivo been doing for some time past. It was only a few months ago that the New ork bankers reduced their Interest rate on country balances from 2 per cent to 1 and ! ' / per cunt. That was when unlimited sums of call money could bu obtained for less than a per cent. Now the rate for monuy on cull has advanced to 2 > anil 3 per cunt and rates on time loans also havu rl-'en. Tin : .SACiticn RATIO , Minneapolis Tribune : There ore signifi cant Indications In the air that Mr , Dryan and 1C to 1 are to bo sidetracked for Mr. Altgeld and anti-monopoly. And there aru also several very latent signs that both will bu In the background two years hence , when thu people shall have sized up the beneficent results of a restoration of republican politics. Springfield ( Mass. ) Republican : Hut wait untfl the next elections have been held and the elections after that. Then wu shall know much butter what to expect from thu na- ticm.il democracy In 1900. Defeats all along thu line this year and next will do moro than anything else to chill this lingering enthusi asm for thu prtdunt "paramount Issue , " and compel thu t-.irty to apply thu knlfo to Its boJy of principles. No citizen who would sustain the gold standard can safely support democratic candidates , where national Issues prevail , until tbut party Is brought to Its sensed and driven to mend Its ways. Philadelphia Times ( dem. ) : Dryan democ racy In Ohio , after playing a game of hide and eeek with the Chicago platform , has de cided to htand by it and maku 10 to 1 Its campaign slogan. This wua Its original Inten tion , and thu Chicago financial plank was In cluded In Its state platform. Later word was passed around that the free coinage declara tion was to be Ignored end tbe buttle fought on local Issuer. The silver cranks wouldn't aavii It that way , however , and the campaign was formal ) ' opened on Thursday , the speak ers declaring for free coinage without re serve. Mark Honira could have afforded tu pay the campaign expellees of the silver Bhouters as the cheapest way of winning his battle for Iho teiiatoruhlp , and If the free coinage cranks have forcoj the Ohio demo crats to swallow the Chicago platform and uwoar tlut they like ft Humia will owe them a barbecue or a champagne supper after the election In over. It look * as though the Ohio democrats had presented Hanna a paid-up Insurance- policy that hla luck shall uot change this year. CHANCE TO EXTEND TRADE United States Has an Opportunity for In creased Business. MEXICO IS WILLING TO COME HALF WAY In True lth Oilier Simlticrii Cniinlrlrn UcchirorUy Will It < ( Down tin- Hum to ConiiiUTi'f. WASHINOTON , Sept. 23. Joseph. P. Smith , director of the Hurcnu of American republics , will have , an article In the forth- coining bullottii ot tilt ; bureau , outlining the extent to which , In his opinion , reciprocity can bo applied under the now Urlft law In fostering the tratio between the United Stall's and Mexico , Central America and the West Indies. He shows the expansion of this trade through rocoiit Improved moans of communication by rail and steamship , and concerning Mexico says : "If transportation enterprises are supplemented by a wlso sys tem of reciprocity , there will be no bounds to the dovolopcmcnt ot mutually bcneflcl.il trade under the stimulus of closer Intercourse and a bettor ncqnalotnin'o. The tar I IT a of the two countries levy duties on the products of each , which afford tha basis for advan tageous concessions. The United States could well afford , tn > my judgment , to remit or modify taxes on Mexican hides , tobacco , ores and fruits In exchange for the lowering of Mexican Imports upon manufactured articles which Mexico docs ciot produce , and there can ho but llttlo doubt tlmt governments so friendly and so keenly desirous of Increnislng trade , the one with the other , will iiulckly agree upon some plan that will bo heartily applauded by the masses of both countries. "The able and progressive president of Mexico , General 1'orllrlo Dlnz , has frc- quently exhibited the friendliest spirit to the United States nmd IH understood to be strongly Inclined to some effective form of reciprocity. The administration of President McKinley can bo assumed to be equally Inter , ested In the removal of obstacles to trade development , for It Is announced that the president will shortly Issue a proclamation giving the same oxemptlrms from discrim inating duties to goods brought Into the United States In Mexican vessels as thojo granted by Mexico to goods taken Into Mexican ports In vessels of the United States. As Mexico has already repealed her discriminating duties upon goods Imported In sailing vessels , and Imposes no such duties upon goods arriving In steamers , President McKlnley's proposed action will undoubtedly promptly remove what now seems to be a threatening Im pediment to trado. If the same spirit should extend to an entire readjustment of the tariff relations of the two countries to each other , as It certainly docs , there can hardly bo any serious difficulty In reaching a per il nnent agreement for greater exchange upon terms alike Just , honorable , liberal and highly satisfactory to all. " Mr. Smith says the same Is true as to the trade of Central America nnd the West Indies , with the single exception of Cuba. Many of the Hrltlsh colonies to the south- warcl are , ho says , practically dependent upon the United States for the necessaries of life , and reciprocity would Insure the sale to them of many articles which they now buy in Europe. As to Cuba , ho says : "Rconomlc forces alone may bo expected to compel solution of the Cuban troubles , which will again bring that fertile Island Into close relation with the United States. Exhaustion must ultimately bring one or the other of the parties to the present struggle to terms , oven should the United States , as Is most unlikely , fall In Its endeavors to effect an adjustment In the Interest of humanity and the principles which all true Americans have ever had at heart. A step toward reciprocity has already been taken , even under the present conditions. Notwithstanding the frequently exhibited dlscllnatlon ot the Spanish government to make any concessions to the United States , the cable dispatches announce that a now customs tariff haa been formed for Cuba which reduces the duties upon marly all goods Imported from tht > United States. " I'XIKOIMIS I'UT TJMlHIl TIIK IIAV. llonril of Kiliu'iil Ion 'llolil ' * H TonilH ( o Crriitt * n KIIvornl CInxN. NEW YOHK , Sept. 28. The American Guard , which is composed of uniformed school boys , has come under the disapproval o , " the Hoard of Education. Invidious distinctions. It seems , have been made In the schools between the boys with blue clothes and brass buttons and the boys who could not drill because their parents could not afford to buy them uniforms. The Hoard of Education , while H has not forbidden thu pupils of the public schools to join the guard , has practically discouraged the work of the organization. At every great parade in the last two years there have been school hoys dietsed In regulation fatigue uniform and carrying muskets lent to them by the state. They belonged to the Amerhan Guard. The oiganlzatlon was started at the sugges tion of several old soldiers. At the dedica tion of the Grant monument there were several companies of youngsters in uniform. They belonged to the American Guard. There wcro also children clad In ordinary school cloth s. and sjme of them eve i plal ily dressed , who also marched in military forma tion. The uniformed boys held bach , as If to keep aloof from those In civilian attlro. The 'Hoard ' of Education points to this incident as one example of the results of having a uniformed rank. "Wo take the position , " said Assistant Superintendent Karrel , "that wo do not need to olflcially sanction the American Guard. The uniform question has resulted In much unpleasant feeling , and It has been a nuhance. It has led to parents who can not afford It being obliged to buy uniforms. The children who have the uniforms seem to think that they are better than those who havu no uniform. It Is the same thing over again whenever there Is a parade. The board IB not opposed to military drill. It is doing all it can to foster calisthenics , and to wee that the children get plenty of exercise. Another objection Is that the schools have been overrun by agents of clothing houses. " HAS KAITJl IX SII.VHU CO.VKUIlHXCK. McnilM-r of KiiKllxli I > nr 11 n m i-lit Rv- lll-l-NNCN HlH VIlMVN. VANCOUVER. II. C. . Sept. 28. James noche , M. 1' . for East Kerry , Is now In the Slocan district at Kootonal. Mr. Hocho Is dt-eply Interested In the sliver question , ami as ho was a. member of the conference that recently dealt with that auostlon In Ens- land , his views should prove Interesting. In an Interview .Mj * Itochosays : "Wo have the strongest assurance from Mr. Chamberlain and Mr. Halfour that an International conference will be called at Itrusbcls In May. I think the business transacted at Hrunsels will result In thu reopening of the India mints at least. Sena tor Wolcott. of whom so much lias benn heard on the bimetallic question , Is an ex ceedingly clever man and a powerful chain , plon of the cause. Though considered n free lance by the public generally In the voicing of hla views In England , I have the strongest reasons for believing tlut ho was an accredited representative of the United States government on that occasion. Next to the United States , the strongest supH | > rtcrs of bimetallism uro the Krcncli. and I think the recent action nf the Hank of England , which has given rise to much discussion , was the outcome ot diplomatic representations made by the Trench. J bo- llevo wo have not done as much for the cause lu two or three years an the Hanlc of England has done at ono stroke. " I'KHSIAVS DKMAXm.Vfi III2PAMATIOX. ICnriU llnlilnl llorili-r TOM-II ivltli Knim-lrilKi' "f 'I'lirklxll AilMiorllrH. TEIIEHAN' . Sept. 28. The Inquiry made into thu lighting which took ptaco on the Turko-l'crslan frontier In August last shows that the raiders were Turkish Kurda who crossed the frontier with the full knowledge of Turkish military authorities , sacked nine villages and menaicrcd 300 Mussulmans and1 , ChrUtlant , Including women and children. I The Persian government U demanding full satisfaction from Turkey for ttiu outrages , j nr.ii.six\i. AM * OTiir.mvt.sn. Prlli Ixw's candidacy for mayor of Now York continues to bo a Rravo ob.itaclo to th proper apportionment of the spoils In sight. Samuel > llarraden , the father of llentrlcn llarrndon. the author of "Ships That Pass In the .N'lRht. " has Just died In England , The curative power of music Is no longer an experiment. The concert of the powers practically restored the health of the "sick man" of Europe. , As soon an Jones. Crokcr and Altgcld \ > P- gan their fishing vacation the crop of scaly stories exhausted the surplus spjce of ad jacent newspapers. William Waldorf Astor Is about to erect a huge Napoleonic marble fountain at Clive den , his magnified ! ) estate on the Thanim , formorlj owned by the duke of Westminster. The glided dome of 'MasHichusctts' ' capltol Is receiving a freMi coat , presumably ot reit paint. That Is the only color tolerated slnco ttu < cult of Ileantown plucked the Orioles and toasted their carcasses. Dawn In Plttsburg a tradesman from whom a prospective customer was taken attackc.l his rival and laid him out with a kick In thtt eolar plexus. That's where Jim Corbottva caressed In the fateful fourteenth. Even If Mr. . Luetgcrl should turn up nllvo and suddenly end a long-drawn-out sensa tion , Chicago will derive compensation for the agony and vxpcnse from Its Incrcasfd knowledge of the active principle of bologna. Horizontal 11)111 Morrison hits concluded to retire from public life when his term as In terstate commerce commissioner expires. Still , If thu right klna > ot n call Is made U Is probable Mr. Morrison could bo Induced to continue drawing sustenance from Undo Sam. Commissioner Handy has given the direc tor general of the Krench exposition a copy of the "History of the Columbian' Exposi tion , " If the director general wants some right smart roaillm ; he should get a copy of the reports of the Hoard of Lady Man agers. Now comes an explorer of ancient lore with a denial of the story of the Berenndo given by Nero to the tlremen of Koine , hllto ns not some smarty will appear a thousand years hence denying dial thu bands ot our day proclaimed "There'll bo a Hot Tlmo In the Old Town Tonight. " Two members of the Kentucky Irglslaturo have just been Indicted at Frankfort under the gambling act for p-irtlclpatlng , during the recent extra session. In a frl'iidly g'.uuo of draw poker. People will hesitate to bo- llevu that any political convulsion could pro- voku an attack on the patriotic institutions ot the Ulue Grass state. A IM.AY OP MI11TII. Detroit Journal : "Dear heart ! " he pro tested. Ho pressed hid hand nervously to his brow. " ( live me liver , " he exclaimed , abruptly , for ho had hut 7 cents. Chicago Ilecord : "HoohUcepors seldom , got a day off. " "That's so ; their employers think they get exercise enough naming up and down their columns of figures. " Washington Star : "There are a great many claims on your time , aren't there ? " said the genially Inquisitive friend. "Yes , " replied the weary-eyod man. "I bought that clock on the Installment plan. " Judge : Weary Yes'm ; I dlscuvvered a wery rich gold mine In Alasky. She ( Interested ) And didn't you stake a claim ? Weary Xo'm. Ycr see , labor's so high up dero ilat I couldn't afford tur hire a man tor drive do stakes In fer me. Indianapolis Journal : "Were you upheld by the jury ? " Inquired the friend of a man who had gonu to law. "No , " be replied as ho rubbed a blotter over the check ; "allI did was to get huld up by the lawyers. " Chicago Tribune : Chronic Patient Doc tor , what do you consider my worst trouble ? Physician My friend , to be entirely frsmk , the worst trouble there Is about you Is that It takes too long a tlmo to collect of bill from you. Dntrolt Journal : "It wan probably not un til after Adam's fall , " remarked the obseivcr of men and things , "that man began the practice of spreading a handkerchief to kneel on when ho prays. " Chicago NP-.VS : "Did' you save anything whtMi your flat burned ? " "Yes , my husbpnd- saved his blcyclo and I saved my mirror. " IMttsburg Chronicle : "I'm sorry you have such a severe case nf hay fnver , " said a Pitts- burger to an AHcghany friend. "Oh , It has Us compensations , " replied the sufferer , who Li a philosopher. "Indeed ! " "Yes , I can't smell that cigarette you ar sin ok I ng. " | . Cincinnati Enquirer. ' ' Ye actress layrtu , light ol neele. And wondrous loude of hatto , Stopped on a banana peele. And swiftly down her eattee. Hut was she grieved ? Nay. nay ! In Joy She rose mil smoothed her drcsse , i And straightway called a message boy And notified ye presso. SIGXS. Cleveland Leader. ' The melanchoiy days am hu'oj The Blgiis are everywhere. The woodland leave.i nro turning sore , And fluttering through the olr : The cricket chirps Its mournful lay HuiKiitli the window sill ; The buckwheat field I * turning gray Upon the distant hill. A drniniy silence FCI-HIS to spread O'oall the country nlde ; Tm ! ll.nvem tlmt blnoini-d , alas ! are dead , Their petals scattered wide. Hut e'en without mich slgiM OH these The hills Immersed In haze. The turning leaves upon thu trees We'd rccngnUe tlio days ; For now the agllo college "men , " With hanks of hair tocan. . - , Are on the campuses again Ami raining hade" there ; They're hoisting flags and rushing canca , And also hazing KOHID , And clsewlHo showing that their brulim Continue out of plumb. 1 NOW ON KXIIIIMTION AT THH I'URI.IC I.IDItAKY llltli and llarnoy strcotn , from 10 u. in , until 10 p. m. The .JOHNSON COU.KCTION of MMill CLASS PAINTlWiS from the ou ols of thu most uil masters nf the pri-iiont dny- comprising l''lKiir > < a , liiilicapin : ( , Marine Vlew.s , l''ililts , etc. ADMITTANCE 25c Sunday , September 20tli , Free from 2 to 0 p , tu , Under the unsplcoH of the Western Art Association. A few of the artists rnpresented A. Tainliurlnl , Klorence ; O. Illnaldl , Florenroj 1'ror. IBleffunl , Klou-ncu : A. / MHIriorincoj \ \ (1. ( Jnlll , Hurt-lieu ; K. Toirlnl. Kloruncn ; l > , Mm. nun ! , 1'lorvnce ; 1'rof. O. I'lltz. Munich ; I'ruf. K Uillleb , Munich ; I'rof , Curl liiu. Munich ! o. II. Kotchcnrc-ltrr , Munich ; 1C. Mlrel , Munich ; I.Tnit Mullcr. Munl'h ; Murlano Ilarbaian , Kernel J. J. Clurulo. Home ; A. Btnl , Horn * ; 13. I'orll , Homo ; I * I.-Mii'luw. Ilnine ; 1'iof. H'afTiil , Home ; Alfml Hlevi-iiH. I'uila ; Van KchuUn , 1'ailn ; J ! in * llellt-fnur , rails ; Victor Ullbtrt , ] 'url ; O , Jeun. nln , I'urU ; Paul KvlKimc , I'urU ; ( lio. Huiiuelle. IMrU ; K. lllcliltr. 1'arla ; A. Hot. I'arU ; iUgi | I.olr , 1'arli ; Churles I.nnildle , 1'arli ; TnK | | Zun , 1'crU ; I * I'cmu't , I1 , rl , J. djl.btit , oticj do Thuicn. I'lirln ; U Jitpy. I'urli ; A borir. 1'arln ; A Cllnberl , I'nrU , Jt-an Dernaud. I'arli I * . Orulleron. I'urU , l-t-roy. fails. nn4 many ollirm too iiunmaua to mention In an ad * tcrtUcmcnt.