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12 TUB OMAHA BAITjY BEE : TIIXJUSDAY , FEBIUJAliY rt , 1898.
WHERE MOSAIC LAW RULES A.n Odd London Court in Web Many Disputes Are Settled. ANCIENT CUSTOMS IN MODERN TIMES InlprmHnpr Druprlpllmi < if n . il , " Whorrln Arc AI ml Ullll DNlMIHI-ll Of , T-ONDON. Jan. in. Hidden away In a corner of St James place acul Jesac In the Kant end Hi ids ) a curious old red brick building , the large open door of which con ceals < : hn quaintest and most Impressive fragment of King Solomon's wisdom that It ! possible to Imagine. There It Is that the Jews of England bring tlidr numerous troubles and grievances to bo decided accorJ- Ing to thi- laws thi t hcvc held sway for the last 5,000 } ears laws which , ov.cn < o this day , nre powerful enough and just enough to bind one of Ihls earth's most emotional people. Twlco a week Dr. Adlcr , the chief rabbi of the English Jcxvs , In conjunction with his two assessors or , to bo mow correct , Da- nnlra , holds u court , at which ever ) thing relating 'to tbc Jetvlsh laws Is settled frcu of clia-go. This court Is called the "Ilcth Din , " which , being translated , means "House of Judgment , " and Is one of the many that ore hell In all parts of the world where the Jews hi.ve settled. Thrsii rnurU found the'r origin with Moses , nnd in his 'time ' were governed and con ducted In much the Fame manner as the ono wl Ich Is now presided over by the chief rabbi and his assessors , In a largo room on the first floor those Bceklng advlco nnd Julgnient assemble sometimes to the nunibcr of 200 In n com fort ble waiting room , th-re to think over their c mplali/.s and excuses before a cheer ful fire. The doorkeeper IP kes down their nam s and tcspet.lve charges , and ( ben THD ( JUINTRST COIUT ROOM IN1 THUVOKLD. . IT IS HULD IN \ SECLUDED COHNElfj OF LONDON , WHCHG THE LAWS OF MOSG3 AllE SHLL , ADMIN ISTERED. proceeds to usher them. In their proper tuin , be-fore the court sitting upstairs. To this couit loom you go , and there flnd thu reverend doctor seated In the cen'er , supported on either side by his two col leagues. Jurors , counsel and warders are consp'cuous ' by tlirlr Absence , while the Bolemu silence ot the room occupied by these pitrlnrchal fathers gradual ! } bKts out tlio modern effect and loaves before the mind's cjo a reminiscent vision of the robed Itrle&ts who years ago dispensed justleo under similar laws to those under which it Is now 'being dispensed. No unnecessary noise Is made the evidence Is heard , the defense Is made , the litigants retire , the Judges con sult , and , in an incrrdll.Iy bhort time , thu decision Is given Everything Is carried on with as much harmony and decorum as possible : there are no "s | > ic > " details In dulged In , and as each .ind all disputes aie lieaid In camera no one goes to the lleth Din otherwise than on the strictest "busi " ness Anthing and everthing lies In the juris diction of thin couit , provided that It be not crlmlial Religious and ritual queatlonj aio Ec'tled dlcMry laws explained , saerb ! ot meat examined , and butchers licensed. The si-pivisors ! of the passover bread are np- po'nted ' , and , In fact , an ) case from debt to breach of promise , from cssiult to libel and Blinder 1s adjudicated upon. Thnush tinlUth Din glvis Mine weighty vei diets. Its decisions are not legal , and as * mh ca not bo enforced. Indeed , the enl ) thing the litigants have to do Is to olsn n japcr BUt ng that the ) arc willing to abide bv the Judgment given lint so fair , o Jionorablu. and so perfectl ) Just are these urdlc'a that ovei 95 per cent ot them are Accepted UH llnil , and are , moreover , otoervcd to the very letter. r.ut the pilnclpal function of the court Io to te-ider advice In d Illcultlcs of all kinds. Widows , who have ! o.n their breadwinners end who crave a recommendation to hive ithclr children reaiel in the Jew.V 1 cnpltal at Norwood , dcbeitid wives whose husband" luivo lied to the "stiles , " not from irallce , but l.i quest of employment , } ouths who de- no an Intnauction to some employer whcro thes will not be called upon to dececrato their ? ahbath ; ImmlgrantB who have dis covered , with bitter disappointment , that the etree : s of Limlm aio not n-ived with goli and who wish to be fcut back to their na tive couiiti ) , all como. Effective counsel U > voi them and the greater numbci of the PpllLn-lB aie refeired to the active and bptiellct'iH ' Jewish IlouJ of Ouardlans In Svidcgftte street Ai ma ) well bo Imag'ned the bend of cuclrn couit nuibt have a tnorough knowl- nlRc'Ot human natuic a sii ! ] > ithetlc bond In comiron with hU follow men , and , by no ancar.3 least Important , inuiit ho a competent linguist ciualtllcatlons which Dr. Adler pcvs- ecs.ea ! ii an eminent dCRico IIOMI : IMCI > ! ( vnovs. Q'lt I [ I tllC ClII'tHTK Of II I.UIlIK ItlXIIII Slneo steam ueut anil faimccs have , for economical folks , put the cheerful ( inwpcrl of glowing , Inviting fliesldu out of the question , women who take gic.it Inteiest In theli cot ) home decoration have turned their attention to the beautllng ( of coiners A pretty , aiilsttc nnd luxurious corner In a little Elttlng room has all the beguiling charm of a bright , clean-swept hearth , and eucli carncis " > woman can l < uo for the saku of o Httlo palut ) and a llttlo outla ) . She aud u not vciy acconullshod carpenter can , as ono accairtailng ; ) sketch shows , select a corner made by thu Jutting of a chimney and the ( iipuslto.uall. and drose It most cliannlngl ) 1'or a few dollais the maci of himiuorii nnd BUUH f.nn fit lu a faeries of shelve * ugilnst ihe wall , and bcnt-ath vrect a low framu- \vorK un ulilc.li to rest a woven who mat- tlODS Tills is all ho ic illy need do , for his em- jiliijcr tun oltlir. 1 eraelf stain or palm her t'.itlvfB , aiTHii'te ' lici boooks tucreon , place < lu n l B l > 'd mi the frame and lay over < ! iat u cotton mrltrc s costing fioino $3 or $1. Iliut , ulth p | Io vs , a few llttlo plctmos and cover made c' a Ilcllaglo rug , she has a ilhnii cornet th t would tempt the sternest to loposn and good humor , Not a bit mere expensively need she nt KI another anflei with a corner bookcase Oho virtues ot this ( ilcca of furulture have not } et rumu to be pioperly realized , BO that on -canienter , not a furnltuio dealer , ono must luly for en an ' .n bookcase. Ho ran build It ' ! ; > n * iour shelven lilgli , cut across < lie couicr v\l't ' a client ) Ocrman-i'lato mir ror , ! : : ccs ivlnj 36 by 12 inches , and then bino ( lie nl ti fi pf Ihe Uoute add Iho trim mings , Ihitt is , still ) plaiu pine sbulvs a wrm bro vn or clear cherry , flt on cither Ido of th ( > mirror email and Inexpensive Mack Iron eraores < o hold llttlo ) ellow can dles , aud i ssllly bang thin llglit-bluo ullk curtains befof her books , The top ot ( ha book-case filie can devote to bric-a-brac ; a tall , creaw-coloud plaster Vcnui la the corner with blue bows end pet photographs to left and rltjlil , Every family sHlIng room with a man In It ought to ha\c a smoker's corner thai In , on ea.iy chair , a amokcr's st-ind , a tall lamp , and the odiVi and cnrVi d man lUes to have at hand when ho tskes his taac. For really It Is surprising how Invlttog and decorative a smoker's corner can t > o made It It ils propcrly lreated. Call your big "bay window O liouspke > er , It } ou hav one , i sun narlor , and don't sc curtsln It that a single ray of RUnllglitwill bo shut out ITKC thin .vollow llk for hangIng - Ing at the glass and below I'jc window run a good bread dhelt tLat the cver-uecful cr- pcnle-r can bul'd. Cushion this , cover It with clear } cllow denim , for It Is cheap , and then In nil -the Blades of blue envelop } oJr pillows- Then this will be ns bright a spot In the room B an rot'ii wood Ore.and ked ) this maxim In mind give a good dell of thought to' the frurorners of your sit ting room , and the rest of the apartment will take eare of Itself , for It l.s thp perVc- tlon oT the corners tlat makes beauty cad conifoi t. < . SOMIJ .Miiua\i : roiNTnus. lioni > 1'rpxpiil 'I J i > liolit Voter In llucol DlMtrlcli. Typhoid fevtr Is the tVaguo of the oouutry dHrlcts , ca > s the Mc.llcal Record. In a ceita' i locality In Michigan where accurate BfUlstlcs were kept It was found that In nn area in which the people used well water there were Just twenty-six times as many cases In propiIon ! as there were lu a city district all of whose Inhabitants used a Lake Surerlor water In Pennsylvania 1 th'nk that tfoo avciago Is fully as high , at least It would reach ten to iltteen times more for the country , than for the cities. There Is no Mb'ngcr a question that the prevalence of This rural t.vohold arises from the fact that'the i ciMil itlon depends upon polluted well-water and thtt the wells are Infecteil from privies which one time or an other have hold t.iolil | o\crtU ) cud Infected the surrounding ground water. Wells might not bo eo bad were It not for the fact that the ground water Infected with tphold puritieser > nlowly. To eliminate' this disease It Is plain that we lave to eliminate ine or the other means of Infection , , either the well or the i.'lvy vaulta which \iave piflioned the waters. It will bq a Uaid and thankless task to get reo.ilf > to give Up their orivj vmilts and use earth closrtb and It will be n matter of rnauv } ears' teaching before the ) do It. On tho. oihsr hand , changing the water sui < ? lj Is comraiativoly tas ? ) and meets with more general approval. A good many of the small villages aie already working In this dlieetion by attempting to procure a public Mpply from some neighboring fprlng and b ) this means they hope to- meet the difficulty , but a public bLDply , sucM as Is generally f.ir- ulslied to snail tov.ns , very often becomes , Jlluted , and the dangci Is worse than ever. Then. too. a public supply Is comparatively costly. i There is another way , however , to bridge 1 the dllllculty successfully nnd cheaply nnd tl'at is by siib'tltutlng chtorns for the old wells Uy this means tphold fever m-ay be 1 eliminated more quickly and more thoroughl ) i from ruial districts than by any other method. | The problem of using cistern water has been carefull } studied , and wo are able to tell Just exactly the sl/.e of the cistern , the amount of collecting suiface. etc. , necessary for any given family , calculated for the known rainfall of the district Tor exam ple. If the loot surface contains 1,000 square feet and if the rainfall is tlilrty-aevon Inches , about 20,000 gallons of water will bo col lectible nnnua.l ) , which at ten gallons a head dally Is more than sufllcient for the wanta ol' an ordlnar ) fnmil ) . For a yearly jiold of this amount the cistern need not be excessively largo , for the rain does not all come down at once A cistern five feet deep and ton feet in diameter will hold about 2,000 gallons. This vvl'l probably last more than a month , nnd before it Is exhausted there will likely bo more rain to add to the supply , for it Is rare that a month passe. , without some prec'pltatlon. ' It we rely on the cistern to eliminate t- phold fever , we must pay pome attention to | Its corslructlem , for only on Its ability to i Keep out soil' water rests the superiority of the. clstorn over the well. If carefully made of bricks and thoroughly cemented It will bo pi oof in most cases against this contami nation from the soil. I know personally of such a c'stern ' which was made twenty-live } eaia ago , flnd is still as good as ever. Cistern water generally has a peculiar flavor arising finm the decomposition of vegetable materials which get into the water from the collettiag surface This may b avoided In a great measure by keeping the cistern clean and 1 < ) a "cutoff , " so arranged that the first washings from the roof are turned Into the street , or If thought neces sary the water may bo filtered. In order to filter cistern water all wo have to do is to build a puitltlon In the cistern , with several holes at the bottom , connecting with the two sides. Into the ono side Is placed the filler , consisting simply of three or four feet of coaruo eand or of laers of giavol , polarlte and sand. Into this side the loot leader empties and Into the other dips the pump. Ily this means els tern water may bo mode an palatable as any other water , and obtained at much less expense. That the use of clstcin water will prevent typhoid fove-r In rural districts Is not hypo thetical , but a fact proved by experience In a certain county In Pennsylvania , on ac count of an underlying limestone formation , there Is a gjeat Inability to get good well water , and ns a corseqiwnco the greater part of the community uses cisterns , In this re gion a careful study of the records of the icsldont ph)8lclans has lecn made , and It was fMinu that there was a marked absence of Ophold foyer. .One of the towns In this place , well known to the author , will servo as an o\amplo of all the rest. Thla town of L'.L'OO Inhabitants has for many years de pended almost exclusively on cistern water and as a result typhoid fever Is practically an unknown disease , In the last twenty years , so the oldest resident physician tells me , there has not occurred ono caao of ty- plicld fever among those exclusively using rlstorn water , In all this time , moreover theio have been very few cases of fever In the whole tov\n , and every ono has been traced to the UBO of well or spring water The exact record for the last five years Is three cases ot fever , which the attending Physician would not call "true" typhoid. Taking tlieso cases , however , to be typhoid , and counting ono death for every twenty sick. It would make the death rate of tlito community something like ono per 10,000 probably the lowest , at least ono of the low- ctt , typhoid death rates over attained. Here , then , is a town where the typhoid sick rate Is hardly worth considering and wlioro the death > rate Is almost nil , If all rural districts would give up their wells and resort to the cistern the story of this ODO town would be repeated every where and rural typhoid would become an unknown dleeasc. Cook's Imperial Champagne , extra dry , nttu.rally fermented , nearly fltty years' rec ord at a dtllcioiu Jrlnlo . BLOOD-BOUGHT DISPATCHES Perils , Sundries acd Ccoops of War Cor respondents in the Fieldi HOT WORK IN SEARCH OF NEWS Ilrlrf 'Ilo\lp ' - of EMierlriitc nt K portom nt tli - Pronl , In Trrnrlica mid In Prisons iDiirltiK i\Vork of Unite Moll. The olory of the war correspondents wh.ch the exigencies of our great chll war w.led Into exl'tence has never been told , wrltca J. T. Scade In the Philadelphia Times. Faithful to the Journals they represented , untir'og ' In the pursuit of such news as the public required , and sharing all the hard ships and dangers of campaign life , without military rank or honoa : , they not Infre quently played the double part of ooldlcr and Chilian with credit to thercaelvca sad the profession to which they boUuged. They wltnccsed every plase of the struggles for the union , from the secession of South Carolina lina to Us restoration , from the fall of Sumlcr to the fall of Tart Griffin at Eab'.nc Paw from the murder of I.ndcl and Whitney by the mob In Ualtlmore on April 19 , 1S81 , tt > the ner.icu nation of President Lacoln on April 14 , 1863. They accompanied our urmlca aril fleets and accurately recorded the stir ring feats of arms and the noble examples of valor , patriotism and self-de\otloa with which our bra\o soldiers and sailors Il luminated the lilstoo of the war. At the outbreak of the war the leading newspapers p'accd ' a corps of war corre- ripondtcits In the field. They were fitted out with a liotec and equipments , fle'd gHsi , a waterproof sabretache , cot , blankets and bedding. The instructions were brief , but comprehcrnl\e. They wore to obtain the most accurate information by personal ob- serwtlon. and for\\aid It with the Uttuost d cpatch , regardless of expense , labor or ( Icucer. Some of thceo men became an well knov.n through the r pen names as nny general in eltl'er army , and when peace came the } found llttlo difficult ) In sliding Into snug berth * In the edltor'al rooms , for which some of them were not halt so well tilted In order to do\elop to the highest po'nt thu litci-iry ambition of the corps of correspond ents who were twinrd Is the arm ) , their respective journa s published their names at the heads of the letterti which they for warded from the arm'cs. In this way the > p tabllshod Intimate personal relations with the public , and thej made the fullest use of their opportunities to win reputations foi themsches. Sonic of them contributed to the literature of the country some of lt& best a-'d most esteemed wrlternand are the real hlstorarb of the war , for without their army correspondence the true history of the war cannot be written. VACATION'S IX PRISON. Plnlcy Anlcison , one of the correspondents , was promoted to major and assistant ad jutant general on General \Vlnflcld S. Han cock's staff. While acting as correspondent ho was captured on the Queen of the We t and confined for fourteen months In a Teir.s confederate prison , ten dajs of which werr In a dungeon Into which not one oa > of ligh' found its wa ) and in which he had for com panlons five desperate murdeiers , two of whom were negroes He was wounded in ttie arm by a shell nt the battle of Siiotts > l- \anla Court House. May 12 , 1SC3 , but will' cl uractcrlbtlc pluck he continued to take notes In the thickest of the light and yushed en to Washington , where he dictated his dispatches in time for the next day's Issue of hla paper. Albert D. Richardson and Junius Henri Browne were captured while ll.atlng on bales of h y In the Mississippi rher , opp-slle Vlcksburg , on trie night of May 3 , 1SC3 , after their boat had been exploded and buincd b ) the confederate batteries , and half the nw- sons on the expedition killed or wounded. They weie confined In seven different co1- i'cdeiiUe prisons , the Richmond authorities refusing their exchange , declaring that the\ should ha held during the war as hostage and for retaliation. Richardson and Hro\\nc csLOfed fiom the confederate orison at Salis bury , N. C , on the nl&tat of December IS 18G4 , in company with William B. Davis , clerk of the Ohio ienate. They traveled 310 nlles through marshes , brush and forest and over mountains In the snow at the peril of their lives before reaching the union lines , fifteen miles from Knoxvllle , Tenn. L. A Ilendrlck nnj George H. Hart verc captured by Slcsby in November , 1SC3 , ana r-ouftned in Castle Thunder , Richmond , where they enjoyed the company of thel confieres , Solomon T. Dulkly , Ravenwooj and Schloss , Anderson and Gatchell , tn other war correspondents , and J. II. Vos bursh , who wat > taken prisoner In May , 1SG3 , rn the RappahannoJf , were detained orj prip. oners In other parts of the eon ederac ) During General Hanks' campaign In tin Valley of Virginia George W. Clarke another correspondent , fell Into the ham ! of the confederates at Winchester , bu after a short detention was released b Stonewall JacKson. J. C. Klt7pctrick , S Cadwalladcr and L L Crounso were cup tured by Mosby's guerrillas near FreJer- Icksburg , while striving to reach Washing ton with full reports of the battles In tlu Wilderness , also complete lists of tlu killed and wounded. Tnelr pipers were taken from them , but they succeeded 1 making their escape , and , having rcachc \Hsh ngtcn. wrote their Journals detailed accounts of the battles they had wltnesrK- from memory. PLUCKED I1Y MORGAN. General John Morgan captured William P n "hanks and IJdwin D. Westfall the southwest , and not only conflsoitcd thel equipments and clothes , but also seize their money and Je\\oliy. William Young n correspondent with the Army of the Po toinuc , was captured by General Stuart o the confederate cavalry , but managed U escape , and with hla usual energy brought away with him a full 1'st of the federal officers captured at Gettysburg. About th same time , whileT , M. Cook was cnroutc from Haltlmore to the army , he was cap tured by a band of live confederate cavalrj men near Cookestown. Whllo the confeder ates were scarolilng him for papers Thomas K. Knox , afterward agent of the Western Press association , made a dnoli nt the cavaliymcn , drove them off In th > direction of 'Westminster and all three entered Kredeilck In safety and proceedec' to their positions In front. Westfall fel into the hands of Morgan's cavalry , whe also fanoioj bis valuables and money ; John A. Drady , lost In a canebrake , turned up ro editor in Mobile. i > la7.i had u Uncased many a scene of august pomp and many n glittering pageant. Mauj 4 priestly procraslon with solemn rites htn : rod these cculptured stairs , and hero , doubt less , en many a day famous In the annals of the nation , the plumed w.irrlors of Co returning with victorious banners , iowed before the tlircwo where the monarch cat In date and proudly reviewed them as the } paired It was not an uncommon thing for the army correspondents to lend effective service < o the commanding generals at very critical moments , when ono gallant act might turn the tide of battle. A few Incidents In the career of one of these gentlemen , who had been with General Thomas through all his brilliant battles , will illustrate. Captain Da\ld P. Conyngham did such signal service at the bottlu of llesnca by carrying dis patches under a withering fire across the field from General Echotlcld to General Judab , and subsequently guiding a division into action at a critical moment , that he was personally congratulated on hla gallantry by General Schofleld , and received a letter of thanks from General Judah. Oonynguani was wounded slightly In this fight , and If ho had not been an army corre spondent and had not carried his budget of news in a portfolio inside his vest , which turned the bullet , lie would not Imvo been able 'to write hla graphic accounts of the battle * of Chattanooga , Franklin and Nash ville. Riding to the front In another action , ho was accosted by a general , yho seeing him in civilian's drets , asked who he was. Upon being informed , the officer remarked : "I don't think newspaper correspondents will go far In hero , " They were soon In a hot Ore , and the general fell badly wounded , when the correspondent Raid. "You see , sir that correspondents go farther than general licre , " and quietly rode tothe front I search of new * . When Hood threatened Chattanooga , Con yngham vclunucred hla services , and at th batUo of Nashville fought for a time In th trenches with his musket , though tcndexe * n command. Instances might be multlpllc of this kind in the case of this one cor respondent alone. Ho was complimented on the field of Chanceltorsvlllo his first grea battle by General Meaghcr for his service as volunteer aid , and had ono of his cm ploycr's horses shot under him nt Urlstov station , IN THE NAVY. D. S. Osbonn , a. leading naval correspond cnt , was twenty-sern times under lire nm was eerbusly wounded seven times by bolt and concussions Vhllo on board the Montau and Hartford. Jit 'formerly ' commanded vessel In the Itiionns Ajron navy and on- ac count "f his experience In naval warfare wa ever welcome on board the flagships of Ail mlrals Utoont , Farragut and Porter. HI letters from tho116atauk , when lying befor Fort McAllister , In the Ogecchco river , wee rcpubllshed In the Billclal payers of Russia Denmark , Sweden and Prussia. Who Pa mi gut ran th forts at New Orleans h was the signal 'tiraocr la the rigging wit him and was evcclally honored by Farrag'-il by be'ng permitted Uo plant the first unlo flag onthe w eat i bank of the Ml&ilssliu above New Orleans. A. Ki Fulton wiis nn engineer' on Ad mlral Farragut'sonaRfihlp , the Hartford , an furnished the earliest , fullest and men graphic dcscr'ytlona-of all naval engagement fought by the great commander at varlou times on the Wabish. Nnhant , Illbb , Marble head , Wcehawken , Mntauk , Ericsson an other vessels of the navy , and during th siege of Charleston and the attack on For Sutntcr In April , 1863 , he witnessed the fight and hla accounts of the engagement nttroctei widespread attention and resulted in a con trovcrsy between himself , Admiral Dupo-n and the Navj derartment. Thomas M Cook wit afloat on the flngshl of Admiral Porter , poucll and book In ham ! and watched the bombardment of For Fisher ; George W. Hosrner , In the hottes of the great battle of GcUjsburg , was ful of fire and facto In his ntut and accurut accounts of that decisive conflict of the war which was the flrgt account of that grea victory ; Ohirles H. Farrcll distanced all hi connetltors In hh account of the battle o rulr Oaks ; William H. Stlncr shivered ou on picket , dao and nights , for the last nn federate newhruie'r ; Ashley and S M Car Dcnter shared with tfie old Army of the Potonia ; Rs glory and repulses ; Thoiras W Kaox. "mlt Slgel" In Missouri , descilbcd th brilliant bittle of Pea Ridge. i > ace Is In sutficlent to mention the hundreds of others- brave men all , who In the earnest , dl-clmrg of their duty witnessed the bloodiest battle of the war to tell the talc. Many of them died in the telling. Not excelled 1/y nny high-priced liniment Salvation Oil , twentj-fivo cents a bottle. TIIR"I'MMrr \ IJM s. Wi ! > We KIKIM > .o I , | tl < - Mioiit llm II < Mivrnllloclj The planet Venus Is our nearest culcstlu neighbor , the moon alone exceptod. Ant yet our knowledge of Venus , as compnici v i i tniu ot Mais , ia compaiatively small This Is not because of the lack of eftort to Inciease that knowledge , but to other came bcjond our control , which are explained bv Camlllo Flammarion in the Uulletln de Ir Socicto Actronomlquo de Franco ( Paris , Oc tuber. ) M Flnmmarion writes as follows "When Venus is nearest to us , with a telescope maguir > lng thirty times only , i appears as large as the moon as seen will the naked eye. An Instrument which mag nlllea 300 times exhibits Venus to us tei times larger In d'ametor than the moon and a magnifying power of COO makt * Venus twenty times larger than the moon Instruments which magnify thus give grea opportunities for telescope study , as the > have produced marvelous results In the taw. of Mars , a planet both farther from us am smaller than Venus. In the case ot the latter planet we are as jet not sure of any thing. "The reason of this Is the difficulty of ob eervations. In the first place , tinc.o Venus itvolvea around the sun in nn orbit interior to ours , the time of its greatest proximit } is When it passes between the sun and u.i Its illuminated hemisphere is , natural ! } alwas turned toward the sun. There re- : esult phases analogous to the e ot the moon The nearer Venus comes to the earth the less we see o-f the surface. The farther It gett , away from us the more we ee of its sur face , but the planet Is reduced to its nnull evst apparent dimensions. A second cir cumstance , not ICES deplorable for the suc- es o our stud-en , is that Venus is sur rounded by an immense atmosphere , twice , as dense and much higher than ours The effect of this Is that we never can bo sun. of anytliing we see on Venus. " To demonstrate this , M , Flammarion gives a summary , which cannot bo read wlthou : amusement , of the results of observation of Venus during nearly 250 years. The first i eetver was Dominie Casslnl at Ilologiia In IfiCG , who obaerveff what he believed to be . . brilliant apot on Venus , and this spot he continued to see until his death In 1721) Hy the recurring appearance of th s hpot Cahslnl calculated that Venus turned on its "Ms once ! n less than a terrcfatlal day and revolved In its orbit in nearly twent-three das. Cafalnl's nou , smenty-thrce years later , thought that ho , too , saw spots 01- the planet. His calculation was that Venn. , rotated on its axis In twenty-three hourt- and from twenty to twenty-two mlnutcn Early in the seventeenth century another Italiiii astronomer. Dlanchlni , thought h- discovered a new set of spots , and he length ened the time of rotation of Venus on its axis Io twenty-tour dajp , eight hours. Then fohaun Hieronjmus Schroler (17-1B-1816) ) dc- "lored that he had discovered an Vcnuo mountains six times higher than Chlmborazo , mil ho fixed the rotation of the planet on ts axis at twenty-three hours , twenty-one minutes. Sir William Hcrechol , In hla turn , finally became convinced tlat no one had ever seen spots on Venus , that what was be lieved to bo such were optical deceptions , tu declared that It was Impossible to dls- over the length of time taken by Venus In turning on.Its . axla , and ho ceased to nako observations co the planet. Ao for the high mountains found bj Schrotcr. Sir Wll- Mam laughed ot them. Father de VIce and his colleague , Palomba , of Rome , In 1839. undo more than 10000 observations on Venus , and end" ' by stoutly asserting that there were bpots on Venus , and they madt- iho timeof rotatkn twcnt-thrce lioura , twenty-one mlnute-s and 21.9345 Beccnda ! ichlasarelll , of our day , inido up his mind la 1890 tlat Venus takes 224 dajn and seven teen hours to turn on her axis , That is to say , she takes the same time as to revolve In her orbit around the sun , preoccitlng to the sun alwajs the same face. While , however , SchUparelll rae been ob serving Venus , a host of observers In - various ous parts of the world Imvo also been ob serving her. The list of them would bo long. Ono of the most recent Is Mr. Ilarnard of the Lick observatory , with Its Immense tele scope. Last year ho declare * that he has never beeti able to distinguish any certain spot on Venus , save ono , on May 29 , 1889. The combined result of all thcao observa- tolns la to demolish completely the theoty of Schlaparolll. According to all probability , the globe of Venus turns , Invisible * to us , under Its atmosphere , which turns with It ; but docs not offer any fixed point which will requirements are perfectly met In Wool Soap. 1 here may be pnore expensive soaps , but non ? Ibette.- . / / w at > . rsolnIyf > nrf , For the bath It Is pleasant , soothIng - Ing and delight ful.There's There's only one soap that won't shrink . , woolens. You w x. * s" * My Mama I Wleh Minn ffLusch bae UBOJ Hmi tsvcen no soap and WOOlSOAP permit us to determine the ttmo of thte ro- Utlrti : "The tmo phpre of Venus la so dpnse thai Itfl action l manifest when the planet nukte a transit , across the face of the sun , unrtei the- form of a blnck disk. By the observa tion of A transit at I'ueblo on December 8 , 1S74 , It nas found that Venus has an attnofi. phcro five times higher thin that of the earth. To sum up , I affirm ll-nt we can know nothing about the rotation of Venus on Its axis , beouiso the absorption of light produced by Its Immense atmosphere cer tainly presents us from d'etlngutthlng nny detail on the surface of the planet. The gray spots that arc pcrcolvol from time tc time i Vccnts arc effects of contrast due entirely to solar light and ImlMlnct ehnJ- o\\s of an atmospheric nature , Inoipnblo ol furnishing any serious ground for calcula tion no to the rotation of the p.atiet. No ono en earth has ever secw the surface- ( Venus , anil no ono ever Mill. No ono has ever seen a clearly defined spot Ilko those eon on the disks of Mars or the moon. The maps of Venus which hcne been made up io this time ore pure Illusions. " i > -iiiri\cn 01. ' TWO I'ntrlntlNiii no TaiiKlit lit tiiNlUiitliitix DtirliiK tlic War. "There was an article In the papers re cently , " said J It. Ayrea to the Sioux City Journal , "which Interested mo very much. It AN as a dispatch from Chicago announcing the movement for promoting the Abraham Lincoln Memorial unUeralty In east Tennes see. About twenty jcars i.go I x\ns a student at Tusctilum college , which Is ono of the Institutions that It Is proposed to unite with the new" university , anil my wife was n graduate of Washington college and subsequently a teacher of music therein. TtMse two Institutions \\nro the fountain or the union sentiment which during the re bellion made east Tennessee opposed to se cession. It Is eminently lit that they should now bo Included In a pV.n for n. unhcrslty In mnmory of Abraham Lincoln The name of Lincoln Is venerated ninoni ; these moun taineers of east Tennessee to an extent not surpassed anywhere In this entire country , anil the esteem In which the patriot martyr is held Is In largo part duo to the sentiment created and dispensed from those two llttlo colleges , "TuEculum college Is the oldest cduo.tlonal Institution In fast Tennessee , having been founded more than half a century ago It was during all Its eaily history under the chaige of members oC the DoiU family , and they were all profound patriots. The spirit of the American union was dlsscm nated constntly by both Tusculum and Washing ton college" , and notwithstanding It was n Prpsbjterlan Institution Its Influence reached Into other denominations , producing men of the stamp of Parson llrownlow and many others who might bo named. So prominent was th's featuic of lojalty In these colleges recognized to be , that some of the rabble th.t wanted to sccede burned In efllgy the incident and faculty of Tus ul m college and , ibsecrated the campus , . No withstanding this opposition , hone\er , the Institutions contin ued to progress during the war , and when the era of reconstruction came thoj were helpful in directing public sentiment in such way as to secure the support of the people for the plans that had been de vised. Thcio Is scarcely another Instance In the history of the whole country In which It is so easy to trace the influence of u wholesome and rugged sentiment to Its fountain head. These two little in- btltutlons are to be credited with a mar velous work in assisting the sahntion and progress of a large section of countrj , and they succeeded because their till colors B.IW the right and had the courage to maintain and promote it. This later rec ognition which has come to them will be helpful as a lesson in showing that the right must triumph after awhile. "And not only was It during the war and the period of reconstruction that thebo colleges were helpful to that part of the south In which they are situated. There is no doubt in my mind that the work they ha\o ( lone has stimulated the entcrpiise which has made the new south a possibility. The sentiment has been In the direction of recognizing gooj wherever it might come from. As most of the funds which recently placed Tusculum college among the first In the south came from the north , and as many of the graduates found their careers In this section , there v.as ne er In either Washington or Tusculum college that predjudico against northern men and methods of business which has been such a drawback to the south. The spirit of toler ance that was breathed In this section of east Tennessee , and the welcome that was extended to northern capital and brains , widened in influence and scope , and was helpful in establishing relations which other wise could not ha\o existed. Doubtless It la due to this fact that these Chicago men. under the leadership of General 0. O. How ard , have chosen the little Institutions as factors In the great Abraham Lincoln Me morial university which they nre promot ing. " There are three little things wnlch do more work than any other three little things cre ated they are the ant , the bee and UeWltfe Little Earl > Uleers , the last being the famous little pills for stomach and Iher troubles. Omr H Korist'il Di-i'd for Iiiiiul. CHICAGO , Feb. 2. H. W. Mellck , a wealthy resident of Slarshalltown , In. , has asked the OMcapro police to look for D. D. Martin , an alleged real estate dealer , who Mr Mellck asserts swindled tilm out of J2.000 on a land tiansietlon. Accoidlng to Mr. Mellck , Martin went to Miirshulltow n some jnonths U.o and Induced him to buy ICO acres of land In Clierokep coun'y , Kan sas , live miles from Columbus. D\amlna- tlon , it Is asseited , showfi the deed to Wie land to have been forged. WE AttE ASSERTING IN Till : COURTS OUR RIGHT TO THD EXCLUSIVE USE OF THE WORD "CASTORIA , " AND 14 PITCHER'S CASTORIA , " AS OUR TRADE MARK. I , DR. SAMUEL PITCHER , of Hyannis , Massachusetts , was the originator of "PITCHER'S CASTORIA , " the same that lias barns and does now x x g- - " " ' on every bear the fac-eimi/o signature of ( et&cc t wrapper , This IB the original "PITCHER'S CASTORIA" which has boon used in the homes of the mothers of America for over thirty years , LOOK CAREFULLY at the wrapper and see that it'a the kind you have always bought , . * , . . 2Ar ' on the and has t'ho signature of & z&7 & 6'M wrao- per. No one has authority from mo to use my name ex oopt The Centaur Company' which Chas , H , Flotohor ia President. March 8 , I ' 897 , 1HK CINTAUH COMPANY * T * MUMftAT CTMKKT * NEW TOR TO THEIk OFFER RELIEF LESS FORTUNATE raa , SISTERS Sr ir : r 'f ' * > - jf fer fe te-- - & i' The justly famed Complexion Specialists , The Misses Dell , of No. 78 Fifth Avenue , New Voik , now oiler the public generally the Complexion 5- Tonic which they have so long used successfully in personal treatment un der the patronage of the leaders of Ne\v York's elite society. It was only after the icpeated solicitations of friends and acquaintances that The Misses Bell were induced to make known the secret they had for years held so sacred. is entirely different and far superior to anything ever before offered in that it has almost immediate effect in clearing and brightening the skin. It is not a cosmetic in any sense of the word , as it does not cover up the blemishes as powders and pastes do , but is a colorless liquid tint , when applied to the skin , does not show , but its effect is marvelous , as it cleanses MIC pores of the skin of all poisonous and foreign fillings and dissolves euthely freckles , pimples , blackheads , moth patches , excessive oiliness or illness in the skin. Its use is so simple tint a child can follow directions and pet the best result. The Misses Bell have placed the price of their wonderful Complexion Tonic at $1.00 per bottle , which is sufficient to clear the ordinary skin. The Misses Bell expect to sell thousands of bottles from this an nouncement , and , in order to satisfy the most skeptical that their Complexion Tonic is exactly as they repiesent it and that they have absolute confidence in its wonderful merit , they will send it to you safely pacxed in plain wrap -3 per , free from obse vaticm of the curious , so that fe 3 Settle ests lcu Nothing If the effect is not exactly as claimed , so that you take no risk in sending 3 for this wonderful complexion purifier. 3 The price , $1.00 , places it within the reach of a ! ! . It will absolutely clear a poor complexion and beautify a Rood one. It is indeed a boon to 3 women , and this generous offer should be accepted by all. 3 Ladies can address The Misses Bell on all matteis of complexion and hygiene in the strictest confidence , and satisfactory advice will be given promptly vvilhout charge. An interesting pamphlet will be sent upon re 33i ceipt of stamp. Address all communications and send all orders to THF MISSES RCLL , or 78 P'PT 3i NEW YORK "SAY AYE 'NO' AND YELL NE'ER BE MARRIED. DON'T REFUSE ALL OUR ADVICE TO USE The regular monthly period is enervating to a frail woman. But when some derangement brings a return of the menses oftener than every four weeks , or shows any tendency to flooding , it almost takes the life from the victim. This kind of trouble , if continued , upsets the nervous syitem , affects the sight , weakens the blood circulation , and finally dulls the intellect. There is one way to check this alarming disease that undermines the health of thousands of women every year. McElree's Wine of Cardui is a great medi cine provided by nature for the regulation of the menstrual function. It gives robust health to thousands of afflicted women every month. No remedy ever discovered equals it for this purpose. It gives strength and tone to the delicate menstrual LflDIES' ADVISORY DEPARTMENT. 1 or adTlca lu cases strual organs , and enables them to do their clul directions , addressKlvlctf requiring simp- eiio- trrai , Laclltt' AiiUorv Dtpartmtnt , work painlessly. When there is the least Cliattcnooea. The ( liiitlanoocu Trou. Medicine Co , fndication of painful or irregular menstrua tion , Wine of Cardui should be procured at once. AKRON , Ohio , ) Nov. 8th , 1897. i lam thankful for what McClree'sWineof Cardui has done for me. I think there is nothing in the world that could have helped me like the Cardui lias. Since about sixteen years of age I have had very irregular menstrual periods. It usually came too soon. There was much pain , and I was also troubled with flooding sometimes it went on for two weeks. In ten j ears 1 was a regular wreck. It would be worse every month. Injections of morphine would be the only thing that would give me any rest at all. When almost In despair I heard of wine of Cardui. 1 couldn't think all that was said of it was true , but decided to try it in hopes of getting some relief. I could see some Improvement when I finished the second bottle , and in sixty days was better than I had been In twelve years. 1 now feel perfectly well , and have none of the old trouble at all. I used a little Thedford's Clack-Draught with the Wine of CarduU MRS. W. SANDERSON. Wino"bf Cardui costs SI.00 at Drug Stores.