4. mE' ' OMAHA. DAILY 35EE : TIIUHSDAY , 3TEBIUA'RY 3 , 1808 , T
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE.
B. UO9nW.VTr.il , Mttor.
runusuno ivi : r JIOU.NINO.
Dally n o ( Without Similar ) , On Vwr 88 01
Hnllp Hee nnil Sunday , One Year 30i
Illx Month * * ' " '
Thrcj- Month * 2 f > )
Kunday life Onf Yoor JOT
K ! unlny IK.P , OniYcnr 1 #
\Vctkly lice , Ono Venr * '
OmMi.n : The Ili > e IiulMlnB , , . , . ,
Hnulh Oinihn : Blngir Illk. , Cor. X nnil Itth 31 * .
Council lIlufTs : 10 I'enrl Slrc .
OilmKo Olllco : tft flmmtjcr of Commfrce.
Tfenr Vntk : Temple Court.
Wnnlilneton : G01 KotiMcrnlh Strict.
All mmnvinlcntlnns rftMlnjr tn nf-rs nnd rlltn-
Tl.il matter chmild bo ndJrowd : To tlio Ldl'nr.
IIUSINKSH i.rTriits. :
All Imolne s letter * mid remittances rlimild 1)5
mMroMcd to Tlie Ilw ViildliOilns Compins ,
Omnhn. Drafts , check * , cxpre nnd poMnl.iw
money ordem to be tnndu payalilfl to Hi" o cr or
ttic coinpnny. . . ,
Till * HUH 1U11I ISHINO COMPAMl.
STATIJMINT : ov CIUCUI.ATION' .
ntnte of NVIir.iskn , DoilRlas cntmty. ' I .
( ! pnrKo II Tz'Cliurk , rcrrptnry of Tli Hoe IMili-
IKIilnR rnmpnny liclni ? iluly unorn , HO" tlml ine
nclniil nuinlHr of full nnd entm.Icle . cnplei of rhe
Jlnlly. Mornlnit. l cnlni ? nnd Sunday lJ c l > jlnt "i
.Itirlnc tlic mnnlli of Jonunry. 1WS wne as foi-
T" : SOL < MI IT
: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : $ si. : : : : : . : : : : . : . . . .j5 ;
fl Jd.nM Si SIM-
* 91 f > tl 21 . > . . * > * 21.031
; ; f 21. . ; ; . . 20.712
' ' ' " ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' " '
o' . . . . . . . . . . . . , Sr.w. 25 : " , ? } )
' ' g-gi ' | ? - : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : TM
, , si nv 2s 2i.fM
ii iyf jn J1.202
fr- : : : : : : : : : : : : : : , : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : !
returned nnd unsold coplea lO.i'5
Net Intnl Tle '
01:011011 n. T/snirck.
Bnnrn lo before HIP nnd ul)5crllioiIn. ) \ . ins
pri-npiirr thl * 1st day ot Tebrunry. 1 | > D3.
ISiml ( } N. I . 1 I'.lT. .
Notary 1'ul.llc .
g ; _ _ _ J _ _ " " " T
Senator Ti-llcr illicit shod n few nion
briny ti < : irs.
Rponkor ISopil is still thu biggest mm
In emigres1 * .
P.v tlio slnulo\vgmi li cnleiitlar wo are
ln"iirocl at least stx wooka more of win
tor. _ _ _
Tlioy tin pay some atli'iillon to UK
propriollo < * In'.MnsUn. A mail namoi
Ilrlmston was permitted to dlseovoi
Exposition oxlilbltors who do not wan
tliolr applications for space senloi
lnwn will Imvo to hurry up 1C tlie.v wlsl
to avoid the rush.
The council has passed a now sot o
peed resolutions. The question is
whether they will lie kept more scrupn
loiisly than previous good resolutions.
Minors of the CSogeblc range got a 10
per cent Increase In wages without so
ing out on a strike and without holding ,
nny mooting * to denounce Mr. Dingle }
The attempt of Nebraska people to
colonize I'alosllue proved a failure. Poi
sons who are are not satisfied will
Nebraska are not likely to be satisfied
nil } where.
Omaha's Internal revenue receipts foi
January show , n gain of more than 100
p-nr rent over the corresponding mont ]
of a year ago. That is a pretty good
index lo restored prosperity.
All the members of the populist re
count conspiracy are said to be on the
state pay roll but one. Under such
i ) circumstances. It Is little wonder the
man who squealed was located so speed
Prof. William Wilson must be very
busy with his educational work this win
ter , lie has quit criticising Mr. Dlngley
of Maine since the revenues of the gov
ernment commenced showing a. steady
A 21-mllI levy means relief for the
taxpaylng property owners. It ought
also to moan additional subscriptions
for the exposition from property owners
whoso chief excuse for holding back
has been overburdonsoiue taxes.
Wo trust It Is pardonable to note
that so far ns Nebraska Is concerned the
government's crop report for 1S97 Is
simply a slightly corrected edition of
The Hoe's crop estimates , published as
fcoon as the harvest was under way.
Towa people are Interested In a state
ment recently put forth , apparently with
authority , to the v'ffect that there are
not less than 1 ! . " > 0 children In the poorhouses -
houses of the slate practically without
educational facilities. Since the state
has an orphan's home and there nr a
number of Institutions of the kind sup
ported by chaiily , tlds stale of affairs
ought not to exist long.
The states of Montana and Utah have
taken steps to encourage Irrigation on a
large scale and partially reclaim the
arid lands now In those states lying
idle. Utah people have been familiar
with Irrigation from the days of the
Mormon hotlloment of the valleys , but
the three Irrigation projects Just started
thofo are on a moro magnilicont scale
than anything dreamed of by thu early
The United Slates district attorney for
California has lighted n slow Mro under
the gunpowder trust , and will await de
velopments , The trust has undertaken
to divide up the whole world , n part of
the territory being assigned to the Amer
ican makers and a part to tlu Kuroponn
makers , Hie remainder being marked
neutral ground. As this trust Includes
all the leading makers of explosive ) ! In
thu world It can hardly lie charged
up to the republican tariff.
The action of Orogoiu republicans In
heartily and completely Indorsing the
president ami his secretary of the treas
ury and roatllrmlng allegiance to the
national plat form of the parly does not
come as a surprise. * The republican
party In Oregon has stood for principle
nt all times and has not swerved from
the straight path to gain temporary ad
vantage. The result has boon that the
Hlnto has a republican governor , n re.
publican legislature and other rcpnbll.
can olllelalB nnd th < > parly Is in good
condition for the campaigns this year.
Tliu Dlngley tariff act In being Justi
fied by results. It Is bringing to the
treasury n steady Increase of revenue.
The statement for January shows the
receipts from customs to have been
$ , ' 3,000,000 greater than for the corresponding
spending month of last year , whllo from
Internal revenue the gain In receipts
amounted to over $1,300.000. In every
month since the law went Into effect
there has been an Ineivase In revenue
and there Is every reason lo expect that
In future the monthly slatomeiits will
show larger gains than In the past. The
ivturns from customs will be swelled by
importations of sugar , for one thing ,
whllo the Improving Inislm's * of the
country assures Increasing revenue from
Internal taxes. It Is true that receipts
have not yet overtaken expenditures.
There Is still n monthly dellelt and the
total for the seven months of the cur
rent fiscal year amounts to the largo
sum of neatly ? o2onnono. but the
steady growth In revenue warrants the
belief that the deficiency for the year
will not exceed the more conservative
estimates , while II also warrants the
opinion that receipts will equal If they
do not somewhat exceed expenditures
for the fiscal year of 1SIVJ. It Is stated
that the treasury situation Is regarded
by the olllclals ns entirely satisfactory
and while certainly it Is most desirable
that the government revenue should
equal the expenditures no one familiar
with the circumstances can ilnd a rea
sonable fault with the operation thus far
of the present tariff act.
Not only has the revenue of the gov
ernment Increased under that act , but
it has had a most beiiollcial effect upon
the Industries of the country. It has
opened hundreds of mills and factories
thai before were closed and has given
nn linnotus to Industrial activity in
nearly all linos. The enemies of pro
tection point to the condition of the New
Kngland cotton industry as evidence of
tat lit failure , this being the only thing
they can point to , but everybody familiar
with the facts understands that the .situ
ation in Now Kngland Is due to circum
stances entirely independent of the
tariff. There is no branch of Industry
affected by the tariff which lias not
been helped by the present law , to the
very great benefit of all other interests
and especially of labor , which Is not
only better employed than for several
years , but in most industries better paid.
Nor has the limit , of1 good wages in the
United States been reached. There is
every reason to expect that the present
year will witness n further advance in
the price of labor in nearly every in
The supporters of the Dlngley tariff
have every reason to assert the wisdom
of that legislation and to feel confident
that with judicious economy in public
expenditures It will ultimately provide
amide revenue , while at the same time
affording just protection to our in
dustries and our labor.
Till : UAllltKtl ASl'ItALT CLAIM.
The claim of the Harber Asphalt com
pany , which has been rejected by coun
cils and vetoed by mayors because it
was deemed excessive , is once more be
fore the public. This time it comes in
the shape of a compromise proposition
endorsed by the city attorney , who
recommends that the council order him
to confess judgment for an agreed
amount. While thare is no doubt that
the Harbor company Is entitled to just
compensation for work actually per
formed under its contract , It Is not for
the present mayor and council to ad
judicate its claim. The tribunal to ad
judge what Is duo is the court in which
the suits brought by the Harbor com
pany are ponding. On this point the
charter1 provisions are so specific that
there can be no mistaking of their in
tent. Section r > S of the- charter reads :
No bill for labor or material or account
of whatsoever kind against the city , after
It has been adversely reported on and re
jected by the administration under which It
lias been Incurred , and no bill not presented
or claimed within eighteen months after It
was Incurred and payable , fihall bo allowed
or authorized to be- paid by any mayor and
council of a subsequent administration ex
cept through the order of a court of com
petent jurisdiction. These provisions shall
apply equally to any modification of Ihn
same account In whatever form It may be
With tills express prohibition before
him , wo can not comprehend how the
city attorney can even suggest to the
council the propriety or possibility of
considering any compromise of the
claims that had been turned down by
the administration under which they
were Incurred , Hlght or wrong , this is
the law thai hinds the nmyott and conn-
II and bars all negotiations for n set
tlement out of court. To order a con-
'ession of Judgment to get around the
aw under any pretext would bo doing
iy Indirection what Is prohibited by
aw to lo ) done by direct action.
Tllll WlllK THUST.
It Is announced that the consolidation
of the entire American wire industry is
iractlcally an accomplished fact , though
ill' the formalities may not yet have
icon completed , the evidence of the for-
nation of the trust being In the fact that
irlees have been advanced and that a
'urther advance Is to be made next
nonlli. The capitalization of this com-
ilnatlon Is stated to ho ? S7,000,000 and
t Is spoken of as the biggest nndertak-
ng that the Iron Industry of the world
las over witnessed.
The original wire trust , which col-
nps.'tl last year , when It hail acquired
Missi-sskm of practically all the mills
east of the Hoeky mountains , closed up
bout nine-tenths of them and concen-
rated the manufacturing work upon the
cmnlndor. Perhaps this course will b : >
dopted by the now combination , which
las followed the example of Its prdo-
essor In raising prices. The former
vlro trust did not last long , but it would
oem that thu now one has been formed
n a moiv enduring basis. At all events
lie consumers of wire and wire nails
Hist expect to pay a great deal moro
for these articles than they have been
paying , In order to enable the trust to
pay interest on ss-,000.000 , the larger
part of which will be Idle capital.
The organization of this trust will
again direct public attention to the
growth of monopolistic combinations.
There can be 110 doubt lu. regard to the
purpose of the wire trust. It U to con
trol production and prices and In sup
pressing competition It Is distinctly In
restraint of trade as defined by the RU
promo court of the Unltod Slates. I
may not be amenable to the antl-trus
law , but It will hardly bo qucsllonet
that It Is against public policy and that
being the case there ought to bo author
Ity somewhere to deal with It. Surely If
a combination of this kind cannot bc >
reached by the law-making power nl
hope of protecting the people against
monopoly may as well bo abandoned.
, is Tujuntn ; KK
As might have been expected , the , dls
missal of the contempt proceedings Insti
tuted by order of Judge I\ysor ngalnsl
O. M. Hitchcock Is heralded forth by
the organ of the outlaw police commis
sion ns a declaration that the Injunc
tion Is void which Judge Keysor has
Issued to stop the conspiracy by which
applicants for liquor licenses were to beheld
hold up. This is In keeping with all
the imposture of the sheet that has for
years levied blackmail upon liquor deal
ers and druggists by false representa
tions of circulation. Judge Koysor's in
junction still holds good so far as the
lawless action of the tire and police
board Is concerned. The only thing In
which Judge Keysor hns receded Is In
the order of contempt made against O.
M. Hitchcock. That does not affect the
question nt Issue , which was decided In
favor of The Hee , namely , that The
Omaha Kvenlng Hee has the largest cir
culation of any paper In Douglas county
and Is thereby entitled under the law to
the publication of all notices of applica
tions for liquor licenses and druggists *
permits. The injunction , ns It stands ,
also emphasizes- what other courts have
also decreed , that for purposes of legal
advertising the subscription lists of two
papers , such as the Morning Worhl-
Ilorahl and the Rvonlng World-Herald ,
cannot by any piece of jugglery bo com
bined into one untK'r a name adopted to
suit the convenience of the publisher
who thus seeks to establish a false claim
of largest circulation.
COKVKA'KA COURT OF JlOXOlt.
The long-distance telephone between
Omaha and Hoston must have been out
of whack during the past ten days.
Whether this was caused by the pro
cession of blizzards aud windstorms that
have swept New Kngland or some de
rangement in the vocal chords of the
L. D. T. is neb plain. Sullice it to say ,
there must have been si dislocation
somewhere east of the Omaha Fakory.
Nothing else could possibly explain the
divergence between that medium of
high art publicity and the long-distance
archltect-ln-elilof whose letter to the
Ho.ston Transcript we reproduce.
After such harmony in design and
color between the high art medium and
the long-distance architect it Is distress
ing to note that the contribution of Mit > 3
Eleanoro Dutchor , which the Kakory
praised so highly and so justly , is de
cried aud denounced by the man who
only recently was extolled for doing
more to advertise the exposition than
any other agency.It must bo evident
from this to all who know the invaria
ble rule of the Fakery to draw invidious
comparisons between the work of the
exposition Department of Publicity and
that emanating from outside volunteers
that Miss Dtitclier could not possibly
have been inspired or prompted by it
lo compose the offensive letter which has
so deeply wounded the .sensibilities and
pride of the man In Hoston.
This is a pretty kettle of fish in which
contractors , arcliitocts-iii-chief , special
correspondents and high art editors arose
so hopelessly mixed that a referee may
have to bo appointed by the executive
committee of the exposition to restore
harmony of design and blending of cole
In the court of honor , which In this
Instance happens to be the supreme
court of public opinion. All this jangle
and tangle might have been avoided
had not the long-distance telephone bo
lwee.il Omaha and Hoston been out 01
whack at the critical moment or if Miss
Dutchor had first submitted her corre
spoiidonco to the Transcript to the Press
bureau of the Department of Publicity
There is a steady decline In the na
tional bank note circulation. According
to the monthly statement of the comp-
Irnltap nf tin * fMirrmini' tlio ilnnrojiMo In
January was nearly $2,500,000 , and dur
ing the last twelve months the decline
In the circulation of banknotes based on
bonds has been over $20,000,000. This
Is a very decided falling off and suggests
that Issuing notes under present condi
tions , that is , with the low rates for
money and the high price for govern
ment bonds to secure circulation , Is not
profitable. It Is Interesting to note that
during the period of financial distrust ,
when government bonds declined , the
bank circulation began to increase ,
growing from ? ir > 0,000,000 on January 1 ,
1SSKJ , to $215,000,000 on January 1 , 18)7 ! ) ,
whllo as the price of bonds rose after
the presidential election the bank circu
lation began to decrease and has been
falling ever since. In view of the fact
that the trade of the country has greatly
Improved during the past year It Is
obvious that the bank circulation is not
now , however it may have bo-en In the
past , responsive to business condi
tions and the question naturally .sug
gests Itself whether it would bo likely
to become so under the plan proposed by
Secretary On go In regard to the banks
or that of the monetary commission. Un
doubtedly under either plan there would
bo an Increased banknote circulation , but
would It have any greater "elasticity , "
expanding and contracting according to
tlu conditions of trade ?
The man who abhors prosperity is
again in hot water. Now he Is asking
for an injunction to prevent a number
of hackmcn from allowing their horses
and vehicles to stand in front of his
hotel , the reason ns alleged iK'lng that
the Imckmen are Injuring his business
by annoying his guests. Up to thin
time , the man who abhors prosperity
has not only persisted In denying Its
exlsteiKv , but has laid his Imaginary
hard times up to the man-eating gold
standard , At last ho thinks he has dis
covered that It Is the hackmon who nro
destroying his business and that their
removal will help along prosperity even
without waiting for other nnttons to join
In restoring lie .unlimited free coinage
of silver at 10 tH 1. It Is to bo hoped
the Injunction1 will not bo granted , for
If It Is , the r'enj9val of the hacks might
force prospeaflty- upon the unwilling
hotelkeeper and , blot out his whole
The discovery ot gold along the Sioux
river In the eflfifofn. part of South Dakota
affords nn opportunity to try n Klondike
trip on a smiU | .t'calo. Just start out on
foot with a l > $ Hct nnd a pick and spend
a few days .an'rt nights hunting gold
along the Slolik and If salMled with the
experiment go oft to the Yukon river.
A HOT O III i1Tip. .
When the Curse ot Cold Is brought otit
the box omco will decline to receive Mexi
can dollars even at the discount of moro
than half. Hut the audience Jiiat the s.imo
will bo expected to weep over the sorrows
rows of the 45-ccnt dollar on the stage ,
WatttM'Mm'x llnnrtrt of Kvli * .
Senator Morgan In his speech for tlia
Teller resolution said ho thought the res
toration of silver to free colnsgo "would bo
as the delivery of mankind from war , pes
tilence and famine. " Dut the senator does
not go far enough. Such restoration would
undoubtedly bo stronger before the people If
ho eould assure us that It would deliver
mankind from war , pestilence , famine aod
HIMV Tlmo *
The "concert of IJuropo" scorns to be
disintegrating In wild disharmony. A Kus-
slan war ship passed down the Hosphorus
and Dardanelles with troops for Vladlvo-
stoclt. In Disraeli's tlmo Kngland would
not have permitted this , but Russia long
since defied the powers and practically
nullified the tcrrrs ot the treaty of Paris of
1S56 , which forbade her to maintain a naval
squadron on the Ulaclc sea.
Triilllol.-lnn- Iioonl Volition.
The folly ot electing police commissioners
by the legislature or having the governor
appoint them was strlk'agly shown In an
Interview printed with a member of the
legislature from ono of the counties. Thli
man stated that ho and these who voted
with him had been promised appointments
on the force for men from their counties.
Baltimore city pays every cent of the sup
port of the police department end there Is
no reason why the force should bo handed
over to patronage hunters from the counties.
Drawn from I.lfe.
Chloieo Tribune. i
The original McEwen letter In the Now
York Journal dealt mainly with the 1C to 1
fallacy so garrulously advocated by Itrjaa
and was followed up by assurances from the
publisher that his paper would support
Bryan again in 1900 "If nominated. "
Thereupon McEwen writes another letter. In
which ho gives his Ideas of Bryan's person
ality as follows :
"It 1,3 the knowledge ot that which causes
democrats of my kind to deplore that , < is ho
conies to bo better known , to bo subject to
critical examination when men are not excited -
cited by political convnss , ho grows smaller
rather than bigger , and Instead of being a
man of lofty and simple and utterly sincere
mind , appears t'o ' be1 revealing himself merely
is a superior sbeclnien of the smart lawyer-
lolitlclcn of the cornfod middle west , a
class with whlfch Hicae who know congress
are familiar. " '
Evidently It U ttmo to hoar from Hearst
agalu , ns his associate's characterization of
Bryan clearly reflects' the opinion of thou
sands of democrats' .
AX BX1M3VSIVE I.U.XIIHV.
HIITV Poor Lol ( ! rly on < lie Trcnsnry
Urowti > vlth tlio YenIH.
Kansas City Journal.
The InJlan Is net poor , but , llko the poor ,
10 Is'alwaysVlli us , and Is always costing
us money. In fact , the red man , though
steadily diminishing ki number , Is con
stantly growing more expensive. In 1870
, here were 300,000 Indians In the country.
n 1890 tlicro were only 249,173. Today there
are hardly 230,000. Seventeen years ago In
SSI the Indian ctgroprlatlons were $4G35-
038. Nine years ago , In 18S9 , they were
5,401,330. For 1S98 they arc to bo $7,527,204.
The white pocplo of the country , who foot
hose bills , ars willing that the Indian shall
) o treated fairly. They recognize that ho
las a claim on the government for reasonable
irotectlon , but they do not desire to squander
nonoy on him. They have ao money to
vasto. There are Indians In the Indian
Territory who have grown rich on the gov
ernment's bounty and are still drawing It
regularly. The treaties that have been made
with some of the tribes will have to bo
honored , of course , and thcso call for annual
payments of money , but the appropriations
should bo kept down to the lowest limit.
Tfco truth Is that the peciple the western
pecplo ctpeclally are growing tired of sup
porting the redskin In Idleness. They want
the- government to break up his tribal rela
tions and put him to work for his living.
They do not maintain the healthy and strong
of their own color In shlftlcEsncss and the
burden of supporting the lazy , filthy Indians
as public charges Is becoming Irksome. Many
of them have become sufficiently1 civilized to
earn good livings If they would , hut they
will not do so ns long as they are permitted
to live on tie government. Instead of grow
ing larger the apcioprlntions for their sup-
nort should become gradually but steadily
The Indian Is a nuisance any way yon toke
him and the less expensive a nuisance Is
mide to bo the moro satisfactory the method
of dealing with It. Thcro has been too much
sentiment and too llttlo practical sense In the
government's treatment of Its rod charges
It Is high tlmo that the expensive nonsense
should stop ,
A'KIIHASICAXS "KI.USII. "
The I'lotliorn of Money H
nud U'luit ( D Do with II.
The abundance of money In Nebraska Is
shown by tin sharp demand for state , county
and city warrants and bonds. The school
teachers at Lincoln were recently paid off
In warrants bearing 5 per cent Interest and
brokers snatched the warrants up nt from 1
to 1 > 4 premium. This would nef the In
vestor only a llttlo ever 3 per cent.
The people of Nebraska are especially
flush ot money Jiwt now , because they har
vested an Immense wheat crop last sum
mer , which they disposed of at very high
lirlces , In addition they had a phenomenal
crop of corn and abundant crops of other
cereals and vegetables. Tliolr corn has en
abled them to .feed tliolr cattle and hogs
cheaply nnd to rcijllzo good profits on the
same. Kansas is not far behind Nebraska
n the experience of the prosperity wave ,
and the adjoining states have shared It tea
a greater or left ? extent , The plethora of
nonoy in tbat/oglpn is In marked contrast
o the poverty of Uio cotton raising utates
of the south , which have bcon eo far obliged
o market thcli" lost crop of tlio staple at
a prlco actually below the cost of pro
duction , _ , .
Wo have heretofore alluded to the glut
ot money In the cast. In Now York It Is BO
; reat that the banks have notified brokers
hat they will hcrcn'fter ' allow ll per cent on
margin depositsmnd savings banks are tak-
ng stops to mluco , the rate allowed depos-
tors to 3 per cent ,
Now If condition throughout tlio country
could bo equalized , If the districts of the
outh and some portions of the west , where
t Is almost Impossible to obtain ready
noney on nny terms , could bo enabled to absorb
serb the plethora of these sections where
here la a superabundance , by borrowing It
on such good security as they have to offer ,
here would bo a mutual accommodation all
around. Such an exchange of credit for
ash could bo negotiated through a properly
organized banking eyetom. If private capital
were left untrammclcd In the organization
f local banks , the genius ot commerce would
ffect the equalization of conditions ,
U Is a pity to sco some sections of the
ountry suffering from a plethora of money
nd others at the same tlmo suffering from
trlngency , but such Is and always must
o the case under our present banking
AX IXniO.VAXT AUCHITKCT.
Clnlnn Kxuluilrc Credit for Hxpr-
tUtltiK Kxin | Klnii Cotistrui't Inn.
HOSTO.V , Jan. 24. To the UJItor of HIB
Boston Transcript : In your Interesting letter -
tor from Omaha ( by Eleanor Uutcher on the
Transmlealsslppt Exposition , ns usual , all
credit for success was given contractors nnd
builders and the various architects were no <
mentioned. As an actual fact , the rapidity
with which the work has been carried on is
duo to the constant work and skill of the
mon employed to design nnd carry out the
cntlro scheme , the separate buildings. t
should like , If possible , to have these facts
stated. As wo are rchltects-ln-chlcf of tiic
exposition such a statement neccfsarlly con
tains a certain amount cf self-praise , but out-
own work would have been much less 01-
fectual It it had not been lor the hearty col
laboration ot the architects appointed. Tnp
facts of tlio case nro os followa :
No previous exposition has had less than
two years for Its conception aiul achieve
ment , nnd this exposition la very consider
ably larger than was the Midwinter In Cnl- !
fornla or these at Atlanta or Nashville.
Wo were appointed arcliltecta-In-clilot
March 15. 1S97. The exposition Is to tic
completed , and opened June 1 , 1SD8. In
March the ISO acres or morn upon which tht
exposition was to ibo Installed was a gras-
grown , slightly modulating pic-co of land
upon tlio bluff north of the city ot Omaha.
At the present tl.ito 100 tier en of this land
at least la graded , some ton miles ot roato
and paths laid out , a lagoon one-half a mile
long , 100 Joel wldo at Its narrowest point ,
450 at Its widest , excavated , surrounded by
shcot ipllos , tilled nnd now bnlng used for n
skating carnival. Eight buildings , the
smallest of which covers four times thu
superficial area of the Doston Public llbrnr ? ,
are being erected , and six ot these bulldlngo
are approaching completion , They nro be
ing connected with colonnades and peristyle
courts , BO that there will bo over a mlle 01
continuous ( buildings. In addition to Una
there Is n plalsanco half a mlle long some
forty acres ( about the size of Boston com
mon ) devoted to the Horticultural .building .
and exhblts ( and forming a park In which
numerous state buildings are fast belli *
erected , There are also the various neccn-
sary smaller building * , such as these for
sanitary purposes , fire department , hospital ,
power houses , etc. The development of the
work was ns follows : Late In March the
general arrangement of the exposition , lo
cation ot 'buildings ' , etc. , was made by the
architects-ln-chlef. and the strlnnlnc and
grading of land ibcgan. In May the list or
architects for the various buildings , sub
mitted by the nrchltects-ln-chlef , was
appiovcd , and these architects were provided
with a general plan of the grounds and loca
tion of buildings , the heights nnd character
of colonnades connecting the buildings , the
general height of cornice and general style
of architecture desired and a universal
modulo or unit of scale for all the build
ings , of sixteen feet. The architects were
given ton days to make sketches of their
facades at a scale of one-sixteenth of an
Inch to the foot. They then , at nn appointed
time , met at the olfico of the archltects-ln-
chlef at Omaha , and for two or three days
thcso mon , each of whom had a high repu
tation In his profession , worked with the en-
thuslnam of architectural students bent upon
winning a grand prize , in developing and
relatively adjusting to each other their vari
ous designs. These designs were then ex
hibited to the executive board , approved , and
each architect returned to his respective city
to complete his designs. In three weeks ,
that Is , late In Juno , these drawings began
to arrive at the office of the archltccts-ln-
chlef , who at once began constructive drawIngs -
Ings and specifications of each building
when the designs were received. The drawIngs -
Ings required of each architect were plans ,
elevations and sections at scale of one-eighth
Inch to the foot , and drawings of most prom
inent portions nt scale of three-fourths of
an Inch to the foot. Later full-sized details
of all mouldings and ornaments were to be
sent as rapidly as they could bo completed.
The archltects-In-chlef made all the con
struction drawlncs of each bulldine. cxcent-
Ing the Government building. On each
building the number of construction sheets ,
each about three feet by five lest , varied from
twenty-eight to thirty-six. All the specifi
cations varied. Despite the Immense amount
of detail In the work , the last ot the largo
buildings ( excepting the Government build
ing ) , was under contract early In October
that Is , designs , working drawings , details
and specifications of seven exposition build
ings , the number of drawings approximat
ing 250 were completed In four months and
the buildings under contract whllo during
this period the archltects-ln-cblof were de
signing all kiosks , bridges , viaducts , etc. ,
upon these grounds.
The architects of the principal buildings
were as follows : Manufactures , S. S. Bcman
of Chicago ; Machinery , Dwight Perkins of
Chicago ; Agriculture , Cass Gilbert of St.
Paul ; Fine Arts , Thames & Young ot St.
Louis ; Mines , J. J. Humphreys of Denver ;
Liberal Arts and Auditorium , Fisher &
Laurie of Omaha ; Horticulture , Charles
Belndorf of Omaha ; Administration , entrance
arch Children's building , nil accessory build
ings , general scheme and all bridges , colon
nades , etc. , color scheme and decorations ,
Walker & Klmball , Boston and Omaha.
With this explanation of the development
of the exposition , I think I am Justified In
saying that the architects should bo men
tioned , and that the mere fact that contrac
tors with extremely complete and accurate
plans and specifications assembled their
materials In September , and by putting enlarge
largo gangs of men completed some of these
buildings In January , does not account for
the expedition of the work or require much
praise , as It was exactly what would bo ex
pected to bo done under the circumstances ,
and I am eomewhat tired ot the praises
of contractors nnd the silence In regard to
architects. I do not mean to deprecate the
work of the contractors , but is employes'
work well done , nnd should bo rated a.3
such. C. HOWA11D WALKER.
THR KI.OXDIICI ? HUSH.
ilmt Confront tiic Crowd of
Detroit Free 1'iess.
A thousand fortune seekers have gone
north from Seattle by boat to await the
opening of > the trails , nnd from this tlmo on
there will bo a steady pouring of gold seek
ers Into tlio Pacific port towns , eager to get
aboard the northbound steamers. The pil
grims will disembark at Talya nnd tarry
there till tbo Chilkoot pass Is crossablc.
This state may bo expected to furnish Its
share of the throngs that will press Into
the land of promise this year.
To what experiences are these eager nnd
restlcsa mortals hurrying ? To hardships ,
privations , perils beyond a doubt , nnd to
disappointment lu the grentcr number of
cases , moat likely. Reports differ ns to the
gold-finding opportunities , but the Now
York Times of a recent date printed a letter -
tor written In Dawson under date of December
comber 3 nnd brought out by a minor who
was anxious to get out of the country that
everyone Is now feverishly eager to reach ,
which bears the marks of conservatism and
The wiltor takes the view that the coun
try Is too full already , that men are worh
Ing there In a temperature of from 80 to 50
degrees below zero for a bare subsistence
and that the gravels that are proved to have
gold In them and tlwo that are worth o
porlmentlng with are already under stakes
nnd claims , 'Experienced ' prospectors have
gene over every foot of possible gold-bear
ing territory within a radius of fifty miles
of Dawson and the majority of them Imvo
found It impossible to tnko out more than
enough'gold to llvo on. This fact , with the
extremes of winter , the enormous cost of
the common necessities of life , make the
outlook anything but cheering to the gold
Hut the publication of UIMO serious facts
will not stop the rush , The successful
strikes , widely published , lead every gold-
hungry adventurer tu feel that It will bo his
The U. S. Government
Report shows ROYAL
Baking Powder to be
stronger and purer
any , -s
destiny to repeat the. experience of those
who hnvo struck It rich. Thcro In much
enlightenment for Iho victims of such
reasoning In the ntntUtlcs called forth by
the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary
of the discovery of gold In California. Al
though the golden etato has produced since
the strlko at Suitor's Mill more than $1,300-
000,000 worth of the yellow metal , It Is es
timated that the minor ! ) who dug or washed
out the gold did not realize on the average
moro than day wages. Is It reasonable lo
suppose that the Klondike will prove nny
moro enriching , 01 that It will turn out to
bo as propitious a region for the disap
pointed prospector to engage in other pur
There have been and will bo some great
finds In the rigorous Yukon region nnd for
tunes will be made In merchandising and
other enterprises , but Iho great majority of
these who chase off to that remote country ,
spending their money ami their strength In
the long and tedious Journey , will find no
bag of gold tied to the end of the glorious
rainbow. The same eplrlt of persistency ,
diligence , self-denial and frugality , which
the fortune-seekers must exercise In their
quest for riches , would , If applied to op
portunities right hero In Michigan , bring ,
on the average , far greater returns without
requiring the ambitious worker to forego
the comforts nnil privileges of advanced
civilization , nut tlicro wouldn't bo so much
excitement in the effort !
.SHOUT , sii.viuAM > iiisnstvn.
Globe-Democrat ; The \oto In the house
on thn Teller resolution was on strict party
llnca , with the exception of four members ,
two on each side. One North Carolina re
publican voted with the dcmociats , and an
other , a colored member. decl'ciod ' to vote.
One Pennsylvania and one South Carolina
democrat voted with the republicans. That
light should be breaking In South Carolina
Is n noticeable circumstance.
Minneapolis Journal : The democrats In
congress have committed almost their whole
slreng'h to the support of repudiation and
flat money. The senate shows only one
gold democrat left. The others were
whipped In , and In the house the democrat- ) ,
with two exceptions , bowed to the silver
deity. The national honor nud public
credit are upheld firmly by the republican
party , which always has stood for these
tianscendontly Important Interests and saved
them In 1SGS-63 and In 1S)0 ! ) , and will lally
round thorn victoriously in 1898 and l.n . 1900.
St. Panf Pioneer Press : Never was robber
or assassin caught In the commission of his
crime condemned to swifter execution by
public Indignation or more promptly glb-
bctcd nnd burled out of sight and smell
than the Teller re-solution , with all Its In
famies on Its head , was sent to Its Just doom
by the house of representatives yesterday.
By the decisive majority of 1S2 to 132 , In
cluding every republican vote but one , with
one not voting , but with two honist and
bravo gold democrat ? to nil the gap made
by their defection , the house wiped out the
stain on the national honor which the
democratic free silver majority of the senate
had sought to 11 x upon It.
Kansas City Star : The decisive vote In
the house of representatives icecntly on
the silver resolution that came from the
senate shews , better than anything ulso
could , what a solid organization the repub
lican majority has , under the leadership of
Speaker Heed. Only two republicans volcd
for the resolution , and ISO against It , whllo
132 democrats and populhts voted for it ,
and two against it. The resolution might
have been doctored up so as to have per
mitted a good many republicans to vote for
It , and thereby appear to favor silver , while
not opposing the administration. Hut evi
dently the speaker and the administration
wanted a decisive vote against It , as a rebuke
to the senate , and an evidence that the re
publicans arc standing unequivocally on the
St. Louis declaration in 'favor of maintain
ing the existing gold standard. The senate
discussed the resolution for several days ,
knowing nil the tlmo that nothing could bo
accomplished by It. The house promptly
voted on It and defeated it , the first day
they had a chance to do so.
PISKSOYAL AMI OTHHHWISi : .
Lucy Curtis Is the mayor of Clmarron ,
Mo. , runs the town , conducts a general store
and Is the leader of the local Sorosia. (
John Hamilton Lewis of Washington state
is the most cosmopolitan member of the
house arid has firm friends in all of the
The greatest .beer . drinkers in the world
are the Bavarians. Ths beer drunk In
Bavaria annually Is about fifty gallons per
head of the population. Belgians como next
and then Hoboken.
Uov. Dr. Talmago said tliat the first Sun
day after his recent marriage was one of
tile most quiet and restful of his life. He
found It a relief to have some one eea : do
the talking , perhaps.
Slgnor Anton Cassllettl , who died at S > : n
Diego , Cal. , last Thursday , In his younger
days had a reputation throughout Europe as
a violinist and was attached to some of
the most famous continental conservatories.
He was also a noted linguist , speaking ten
The people of Now England and Now York
who are experiencing the rigors of a cold
wave Just now may feel consoled when they
learn that the people of Australia are suf-
ferkig from < i heat that lias sent the tem
perature up to 124 degrees In the shade and
1G5 degrees In the sun.
Mayor Zlcpcnhelm ot St. Louis received
from a schoolboy the other day a letter
which said : "Mbter Mayor , I wish you
would please fix the crossings In this
neighborhood If you can. When I was
coming to school this morning I nearly
went over my slioetops In mud , and If you
can fix It , I will be very much pleased. "
Governor Wolcott of Massachusetts has
received from Secretary John D. Long of
Iho Navy department a letter transmitting
a communication irom uoionoi Amos \veu-
ster , presenting to the state of Masachu-
sctts a United States garrison Hag , which
was given Webster by General U. S. Grant
after the sunender at Appomattox , about
the middle of April , 1803.
Secretary Long of the Navy department
Is the most pollto man In the ndmlnl.stra- .
tlon. In oominentlng on the secretary's
catofully written statement that "our ves
sels are going to resume their friendly calla
at Cuban ports , " ono of the older members
of congress said : "If ho had been given
notlco of the bombardment of Havana's de
fenses ho would have addressed UUiico
something llko this : ' .My Dear Captain
General Our squadron will make a friendly
call upon you and will fire a salute and In
cidentally practice gunnery upon Moro
castle. ' "
Timnr. CIJIMN iinnons.
Suurllli-iMl Tlu-lr I.Uoo III Itrlmtf nt
i.\ causeis Judged by Its lending rcpro-
srntatlvcs. and particularly by tho. o \\lio
dlo for It. They stand for It before the
world , iitvl In history , The cause of the
Cuban Insurgents docs not suffer by this
trat , Stigmatized by Ha onemlM ns a ificro
eiuptlon of negroes and bandits , with eyes A
nnd nlma only for plunder , It lias to Itn
credit now some nnlablo achievements In
both strategy nnd endUMlice , nnd on ( ho
list of those who have given lliclr lives for
it nro tlio names ot men whoso deeds onll-
tlo thc-lr memories to lanllns renown.
The llrst of those notable sncrlilopi for
Cuba was Jose Marti , n man of the- holiest
character mid accomplishments , a student , 4
writer and n man ot ufi'.ilif. Uli appear *
nnro in tlio Hold w-js a mistake , but It testi
fied to his nrdcnt lee of country. Ills plnca
was at the council table , whore lie could
have rendered much vnluablo service. Hut
the cause was young nt the time , and ha
probably felt that In taking the field ho
would do good work by helping to rnuso
enthusiasm and Incieaso enlistments , llo
was n bravo man , and died In b.ittle.
Another name on this list Is that of Ron-
oral Macco , which Is respected now wlier-
ovcr dash nnd valor are appicclnled In a
soldier. He had great aptitude for the
pait ho assumed In the revolt , nnd struck
some stunning blows for Cuban liberty , llo
was betrayed to his death. It was n tort
ot assassination , and was celebrated by
the Spaniards with the gaiety , \\lilch as a
rule , goes with n fete. Thuro were bonfires
and processions , and the Spanish olllrtr In
command when the Insurgent oliluf fell
wan publicly thanked nnd promoted. The
procedure was curious , but It testified lu
brutal Spanish fashion to the extraordi
nary merits of the boldest of the Cuban
' 17m latest 11,11110 to be milled to the list
Is that of General Arangurcn. llo was a
very > ounj5 man for command only 2:1 : but
ho had Rhouii his quality ns n soldier , nnd
that was excellent. An ununual list came
In the matter of Colonel Hulz , whom. In tlu
discharge of his duty as n soldier , he as
obliged to execute A weak or a stupid
imiii would have watered. Ho did not , but
promptly did his duty. His enemies will
try Inflln to smirch Ills memory In detail
ing the mannar of his death. The true
story Is. of course , not to bo obUItitsl
from them. Ills eminence will make his
memory a shining mark for their malevo
lent invention. Ills fame Is secure among |
those with whom he served. '
Is It possible that men llko these had no
Inspiring cause for thn r activity above
that of plunder ? Did they show at any
stage of their activity any sign or symptom
of the freebooter ? They were men of high
character before the war begin. Did they
forfeit any of that character whllo In urms ?
Of caur. o not They went to war from con *
vlctlon , and carried themselves llko men
worthy of freedom. They shed lustrr on
their cause and ha\o made It Impossible
for any ranting slanderer at thlj day to ob
tain serious audience In this country for
diatribes against Cuba and the men who
are trying to make her Independent.
HOT S'l'I FI\ jfcr
YonUers Ptatesnmn : mil-He's got n
square head on tils shouldpis.
Jill Sort of n hollow square , Isn't It ?
Chicago Record : "Do you Imvo Ktilct dis-
clpllnp In your ofllce ? "
"Yes ; nobody dares lo laugh unless the
boss docs. "
AVtishlngton Stnr : "When a man stnhtn
out ter live on 'Is witu , " silil Unrlo ICbPii.
"dot veiy iinhcpcdlif 'rouses suspicion dnt
ho hib : ! i mighty small capital. "
Indlannpolls Journal : Watts Whnt Is this
"Order of the Crown ? "
I'otts Dinged If 1 know. It can't mean
the b.ildhead row , can It ?
Chlcarn Post : "litre's a valuable little
linnk rvillnil 'IMirht I.lvhitr. ' " wnld thn nnn-
The man at the desk waved him away.
"I'll have no use for It until I pet out of
politics , " ho said.
New Orlrnns Times : "Why do you tlilnk
old Gotrofka Is as ilch as ic claims to be ? "
"Uecnuse I paw him paling a 20-ccnt lunoli
yesterday anil he didn't try to hide Hie
waiter's i-lu-ck. Only a man whose position
Is ImprosiiabV could" afford to take such u
chuncu as Unit , "
Detroit Fiep Press : "W'hy , " said Iho
bnshlul caller , "what a great bunch' of
mlstletip you have on the mantel , "
"I'm gJad you see It at last , " uhe snapppd.
"It was hanging light over that favorite
chair of mine for three weeks. "
Washington Star : "You Unow , " said the
Chinese- emperor , "posscsflon Is nine points
or the law. "
"Yes , " lepllcd the European diplomat ,
"but I mti.st remind you that there nro
several hundred points In the ganm wo are
plnylnsv Nine points ) represent a mcro
Uayrutcllc In the score. "
A GA.MK OF WHIST.
Four fifh sts there worn who rlaycd at whist ;
Koibooth , tboy played It well !
And all agreed to not desist
Until the matin bell ,
They dealt the specter cards around
With quivering quail and quake.
For fear that If they made a Bound
The sleeping- world would wake !
Then something sharp the silence broko-
"Whnt'H trump * ? " n voice did cry ,
U was a lady Rrost who cpoke
And knocked the name sky-high I
Ib.VT IT AU'FWn.
Thcro Is a llttlo maiden
Who has an awful tlmo ;
She lias to hurry awfully
To got to school at nine.
She lmM an awful teacher ;
Her tasks are awful hard ;
Her playmates are all awful rough'
Whun playing In the yald.
She has an nwful kitty ,
Who often shows her claws ;
A dog who Jumps upon hur dress ,
With awful muddy paws.
She IIBH a baby sister
With an n' < rtil llttlo nose.
With nwful ciimilna dimples ,
And such awful llttlo toes ;
She has two 111 tlo brothers ,
And ( hey nio awful boys' ,
With their nwful drums and trumpolsj
And nuUo an awful nol.sc.
Do come , I ipray thee , common sense ,
Come and this maid defend ;
Or else I fear , her awful life
Will Imvo an awful end ,
Is likely to catch you unprepared Thz
proper preparation , of course , is an over
coat , If you know of any store where you
can get a finer , handsomer coat than v/e
can sell you , at any price , you have ex
plored the market into regions unknown to us.
When it comes to the price you will find that no one can
save you as much money as we can , for we make all our cloth
ing in our own factories , and offer it to you direct in our own
stock. The middleman isn't in it but
, you are , if you want a
9 , VV. Cor , 15th uud Douglas Stfe
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