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THE DAILY BEE.
JUNE 19 , 1871. OMAHA , THURSDAY , FEBRUARY , 1SDS TWELVE 1'AGES. SING-LE OOl\r 1T1VE U13NTS. BRIGHT SKIES IN THE WEST The Sun of Prosperity Banishes the Olonds of Distress. KANSAS CITED AS AS EXAMPLE Ilin licit of Ilclil .SuliHlnntlull ) prtMiNuil mill l.olH nf Money 1,1-fl llnril PnolH fur CroakcTN to Crm-U. ' In the spirit of humorous hyperbole which made him known from one end of the land to the other during the campaign of 189G , William Allen White , editor of the Kmporla Gazette , closed a speech which he nmdu at the Commercial club's annual dinner , In Kansas City , on December 17 , 1S97 , with thcso u orils "And God said , 'Let there be light , ' and there was Kansas " The boldness of this figure of speech , writes rranklln Matthews In Harper's Weekly , may be startling when pet out by Iteelf , but one should remember that the imbllc men of Kansas are still In what jnny be celled the oratorical stage the stage of astonishing metaphors. Within two years John J. Ingalls wrote , apparently In sober earnest- "Other ptates could bo spared without irrcparabl" bereavement , but Kansas Is Indispensable - dispensable to the Joy , the Inspiration and thi ) Improvement of the world * lit nr tlimctl : Is more dar/Hug and bewildering than poetry , and the historian Is compelled to bo economical of truth and parsimonious In his recital of facts In order not to Impose too great a strain upon the capacit > of human credulity " The cBstern Investor whtvo money was lest In the riot of speculation that swept over Kanr-ii In the eirly 93's or sunk In the successive wavc-s of hard times that followed the speculation , may be Inclined to Invert Mr White's ligure nnd say that at last the light which a kind 1'rovlduice In tended should shine In the remotest parts of the universe has reached Kansas. Th o tame Investor , remembering only the loss of his money , would be likely to agree with M ? Ingalls In doclailng the arithmetic ol Kansas more dazxllng and bewildering than liootry. The truth Is thcio Is light In Kan- > T sna , and It has been shining like a beacon In the middle west ever since the enormous crops of 1S97 wcro harvested , and it Is nlso true that Kan&ab arithmetic has become more bewildering than poetry since that time , for the prosperity that those crops brought to the farmers rends like fairy tales nnd In ninny cases arc dazzling Ono can form n correct opinion of Kansas and Its people bcttoi by going to the state and by speaking with Ita farmers , tte storekeepers , Us business men , Its officials and Its pro fessional men than In any other way It waa for this purpose that In December Inst I visited the state and In ttita and other articles to fo'low ' the exact truth about XmmaB and other western states Is to be told as it was learned after diligent In vestigation. One needs to be In Kansas only a fen days to learn that the east has misunder stood the people of the Sunflower atato as much as the people of that state have inlsundo-stood the east. The real people of Kansas are no more repudlatora and cranks than the real people of the east are shy locks and fanatics. There Is no patent process of arithmetic whereby the- eastern Investor must pay losses and the western "nvcator " must not And dccplto all that Ims been said to the contrary , It Is easy to show trat Kaiisas people , notwIthstandl'J the fact that millions of eastern dollars hive been lost and e.vallowcd up forever through reckless ircnejlending as much as through iccklcss moncj-borrowIng , are not only debt-i ay era , but among the beet debt-payers In the country. A RECAPITULATION. Rcfoio producing tlguies to prove this as set tlon , a little recapitulation of recent e-vonts Is necessary. It was late In the SO's. that the boom fever struck Kansas The KOt-rlch-quIck bacteria superheated Its Wood , and the state was soon In n delirium To cccount for this condition DJItorVhlt has said recently that Kansas Is so highly educated that she Is more responsive to psychological currents and condition * than her sister states , and therefore has done moro ciueer things th-m they During th boom times It became Known that many In vestors In the cast had been quietly making enormous profus In the state by lending mono ) .it high rates of Interest , forthwith there was a rush of capital from theIMSI to share In this prosperity. A regiment of loan companies was foimoJ. At 010 time there were no less than 400 of these compa nion Adventurers In the east and In Kansas formed many of them , It was HO easy for a tlmo to make monej by the mere s gnlng of notes and putting them up ns coll.toral In your own loan company. The peo- p'o ' of tha east showered mono/ over the state. It coldn't be Kept out Uonuj of electric light companies , of water works and sewer enterprises of street o.r compinle-s , stock In banks , Investment oompan'cs ' and what not , In places that were more ciossroads , and In plates -that did not j'xtst at all , wcro subscribed for. It soon became necessary to use part of the principal to pay the alleged high Intercut The era of swindling began Nearly nil the loan companies had guaranteed that was an easy matter b'th Intc-iest and principal Companies with capital of $50,000 p rhaps J10000 of which \v s paid up-had guaran tees for millions out. Thousands upon thousands of dollars which the Kansas farmers paid on tlu'lr loans wcro stolen de liberately , and hundreds of lav suits over Buch cat.es arc > et pending One ccmpany , according to the i port of tlio btatu bank commissioner In 18 % , collec-ted moro th t > ? 37fi 000 from the Kansas people , and delib erately stole It all I"orgcd satisfactions of n ortgagcs were made out , and hundreds of thousands of dollars wcro borrowul on them under false pretences. Ono company did 5100,000 of such bus ness Then there wore bogus banks. The Mcl'horson County bank was onp of tl fc'e. Tl fr < i w s no such Insti tution , u'ld ytfaiundieds of eastern Investors tie-nt their money to buy its stocks and bonds without luvcastigating the matter. The famous CitUwis' Hank of Wli-hlta was a veiltablo quicksand for eastern money It wits supposed to have n cap ital of $500,000 and a surplus of 31:00000. : It all varlahcd UKo a n\W. Wichita's town lota end tremendous otllco buildings out In the cornfields still icmaln. but the mono ) Is gone. No Inveilore. ap parent ! } wore more reckless than the easing ! banks of New Hamicihlri' , moat of which lave since teen wrecked tecarae of their western Investments , The variety and copt of the sw'ridllng that grew out of this un- Iwilness Ike way of doing business wcro HUPU that the lank commissioner , In his report for 1S95 , tuld : "The list of those who have- hew robbed by thcso rotten Institutions Is augmented , until tojny there Is a small army of eastern people who believe that our state Is ( lopu- 1 att-tl with a class of cocsclenceltvs rascals ulnvo solo business U to pro ) upon thu jicoplo of the east , " The eras ! ) of the boom came , with Its aw ful wreckage In Kan MS and other ntatra , T.io crops wrro fair In Kansas up to that time and even unusual as late as the year 1S92 , Then the hard times eft In. Crops vero llu'it , the farmers t-id llttlo money to hparo for debts and eastern Investors wcro oilk'J upon , under ( he- double liability act , to put more money Into tbo ( ilate. Some of them did to , In the hope of saving part of whit they had In- vcited , Most of thetu let their Investments KO at once and took what satisfaction they could by denouncing iho pcrvla of thu state Indiscriminately us swindlers. Tew de nounced themselves publicly for lending money foolishly and fairly forcing other I- \ people to take U. Of the nearly 400 loan SompanUa only SOYCO survived. They were thoeo that had refused to guarantee Interest nnd prlnc'tml. They oilcl lower luterest than the companies which went down. In stead of paying 10 nnd 12 per cent , they paid only 8 and 10. They received only 2 per cent commission for placing loans , Instead of 4 per cent. Oac of these surviving com panies actually kept (50,000 belonging to n Philadelphia clergyman money that he In sisted on Investing at hUh Mtco In Kansas from Apt 11 to August and then sent It back to him Ono easily understands now how these seven com.antes survived They did business on business nrln lplcs All business was prostrated. Money storied coming In. Some of the swindlers rent forged papers iust and then oloadcd for tlmo In liquidation , hoping to escape nrosc- cutlon thro'igh the statute at limitations which provided thai two years was the limit of time In which action In such cases could be taken. Thousands upon thousands of faniKTs had laid tl elr just debts , but the money had never reached the cast Kastcra Investors were called upon to pay a double liability and westarn farmers were called upon to pay a secccid time debt money an 1 then cat'.i sldo began toMil the other names The eastern men called the western men "rcpudlators , " and the western men called the eastern men "shylocl.s , " "heart less money barons" and other things and meanwhile a small army of swindlers and adventurers , scino of whom had sprung Up In Kansas Itaelf and come of wlio.n bid hurried to the state to , ilav their game , went scurrjlng here and ( bore , to make nvvny with their Ill-gotten ( noils , or to csrapo the wrath of the raging lasicin Investors or the swindled western farmer. Tno political demagogue tlicn grew and nourished ns a nntuial oatcomo of all this Ho went up nnd dcwn the country telllnr the farmers th.it the WM.IC of the east vvcto not us other men , that there was no pa- triotls middle clas.j In t'.ie cast , that we . ' .etc all mlllloLulicfl or pau > cis , that a man who had nionoj wns , the ratural enemy of those who had been unfortunate ; that the way to remedy the evils was to elect him to office And the people of the east tcid these appeals and began to bsllcvo asrer- tlons that were also unjust , to the effect that fie pctnlo of KanMs wire dishonest in splnt that they were practical y a'l cranks , that they did not believe in debt pajlng , trat thej were volatile and follrv ers after every new bauble aic } foible that came up that they were ti d\jrace | to American principles and America i spirit. Men in the cast ral ed their hands and cried "Can cn > good thing como out of Kans. B ? " Men In Kansas lifted their voices H reply , and shouted "Have the men of the east anj god but mo-oy' " ItUCORD-URCAKING CROP. So the misunderstanding continued until the great crops of 18J7 came alemg and spread a blanket of pro perltj all over the e > : -Ue. The effect has been like .1 refreshing sleep to a strong but ph > 6ically exhausted man. The state has awakened In good hu mor. It lies ceased to rail at the east. It Is eager to pay Its debts. It even has monej of Us own to loin. It wanU the c-tst to change Ita views to eome extent also. It wants a hearing to sliow that It Is not n community of cranks and repudlators , and It has someflguics such as have never been printed before to prove It In my Investigations as to theincroaoo of business In Kansas I had occasion to v sit Hank Commissioner Breldcntral. I nif d Mm | f there wi'fl anj pubic data re garding eastern Investment * ) and the amount of money that had been lost and paid on t PIP He said that there was ro official compilation of such matters , and that the matter of mortgage Indebtedness could only bo bscured l > y a laborious correspondence with county officials The United States census for 1S10 had given the total amount of mortgage Indebtedness , but exact figures since that tlmo could not be secured. Mr. Brcldenthal's entliu business and official life has been taken up with such matters , and he volunteered some data fcom Ills own Information and experience , which he said could not bo disputed by any well-informed person. Reforo giving this data It would be well to recall that Mr. Drcldenthal Is the man , who although the head of the populist party lu Kansas at the time , proclaimed , to the burprlso of all , early last summer , that prosperity had come to the state , and thus crnfounded calamity howler It was the first authentic news regarding the matter from the state. Mr. Breldenthal was broadminded - minded and fair-minded enough not only to tell the whole truth about the matter , regardless of politics and political effect , but to spread the matter broadcast through out t'.ie land. Ho Flrn.ly wanted the truth about Kansas known. It Is also only fair to day that before , -oIng to see Mr Drcld- enthtil I had the minion of him that has been prevalent somev hat In the east , tlat he was a smirt political manipulator and In triguer. After lcs l than half an hour's con- vc-rsatlrn with him I be an to change my mind and to bellcvu tint in many things ho had been misrepresented Hefore leaving him I became convinced that he had neither hcofs nor horns and that although we dis agreed oollttcally , ho was honest , capable amd straightforward Id thought and actlm. To make sure that mj Itrnrftsslon of him was correct I went to the political leaders opposed to him , to the best Known mem- liois of the bar In Topcka , to editors In various cities nnd tovsns. to merchants , bankers and farmers and It Is o pleasure to give the Invariable answer to my In quiries ns to Mr , Urcldenthal's character and trustworthiness. Summed ip It was- "TJiero la no moro honomblo iron , no fairer political antagonist , no more patriotic citi zen In Kansas tlnn John W Ilroldenthal You may depend on any flgures ho gives you absolutclj , " THI3 PACTS. Sono persons may regard this as exag geration and It may bo something of a sur- [ > rho to Mr. Drcldenthal hlms , If , who has liad to bear his share of nttacl : 1" polit'cs ' , to know what his fellow-citizens ro lly think of him , but I challenge any contradic tion of my assertion that his reputation at homo Is ns I have given It. There Is a very simple reason for this It Is brciuso the point I wish to make about Kans s debt- liaylng depends upon figures that Mr Ilreldenthal gava me. It Is his business to \lslt every state bank In the commonwealth. Ills own loan company was one of tha seven that did n&t go down In the wreck following the boom. He lian went all lilt , life In the atmospheie of loans and Investments and his friends an I political enemies asset t that no man In Kansas Is more coirnctcnt , by reason of his olllclal place and personal ex perience , to talk of mortgage Indebtedness In ttio state Mr Rteldontbal'a figures go back twenty jears and arc divided Into periods of five > cars cocli , the aveiage tlmo of Kansas loans Trom 1S7S to 1S82 Inclusive he estimate ) , the average Kausis mortgage- Indebtedness at 50,000,000 and the avfingo interest from S to 10 < icr cent ; fiom 1SS > 3 to 1S87 average In debtedness $100,000,000 , with the Interest from 7 to S mr cent ; from 1SSS to 1S92 , In debtedness $ . ' 00,000,000 , with Interest from C to 8 per cent : from IS'13 to 1897 , Indebted- nets $150,000.000 , with Interest frcm C to S lier cent The average Indebtedness for all these twenty ) cars wzo $125,000.000 a voar and the average InU"est during these twenty jearti was 7 per cent Mr. Hrcldenthal esti mates that the total losses to eastern In vestors during these twenty years was $25- 000,000 , but eijs that there was paid on the average Indebtcdnets of $125,000,090 a jear Interest tliat averaged 7 rcr cent. In other words , Kansas paid to eastern Investors an nnnual nvcrago lotorcet on all Investments for twenty jears nf $8750,000 $ and the total amount of Interest paid In twenty jears was the enormous sum of $175,000,000 on a orln clpal that aggregated In that tlmo $500,000- 000 , The avetago population at this tlmo was 1,200,000 and the jearly Interest actually paid to eastern Investors was n llttlo more than $7 for every man women and child , while ( ho total Intuinit paid for the twenty jearn amounted to near I j $146 for every In habitant , Ttio United States census for Ib90 eave the entire * mortgage in- debtedncu ; of Kaunas tor that } car as $210,000.000 , but that Included all kinds of mortgages , and made no distinc tions between these from the east and these of the west's own making Mr , 'Ureldentbal ' says that reports ami figured tent to him show that since 1S90 K < nsna has paid n less than $150,000.000 of her mortgage- debt leaving $90000,000 to be accounted for , ac cording 1o the figures of the federal census Ho sajs that since 1S90 there havebcei foreclosures amounting to $40.000,000 , an that on April 1 , 1S9S , the mortgage Indebted ntss of the state will be only $50,000,000 although the average Indebtedneis for tw nt > K > rs up to the same date has been $125000 , 000. 000.Here Here Is the summary which Mr. Rrelden thai makes of his figures- Total foreclosure In the twenty jears. $50000.000 ; estlmatei absolute loss In twenty years , $25,000,000 $ total Interest paid deducting the tital IDE : of $25,000 000 , $150 000 000. The net sum pah despite losses th'te'ore , Is 6 per cent of the cutlro Investment DEUTS PAID , In other words , although no less that $23,000,000 have been lost outright to wsten Invcstorc In Kansas niorlp gcs the aggre gate of such Indobt dncss has been reduce ! from $125,000,000 to $30,000,000 and through out nil the hard times the sttte has paUi actually paid , upon Us mortgages good bad and Indifferent the average Interest o C per cent. Of course these figures ' .pply only to the mortgages of the state- Involving eastern'money. They canrot npply to fie wild-cat Investments In municipal sccurltlci that secured ncthlng except an easy way o making ironey for the "promoters " To fie eastern Investor who lost nil ho sent to Kant , s tin so figures of thrift am of evident desire to pay one's ' t'ebts maj have a mocking sound , but , tak n as n whole , they make a showing that Is not to the dlscrcdl of Kansas conslde-lna ; the temptations to which she was subjected In the matter o reckless money borrowing. As illustrating the filling of b tte-nesa nd the mlsund-i- standlnga on bot'i ' sli's In this matter o Kansas Investments I print here , omitting names , the letter of a clerk In Connecticut to the cabhler of a Kansis bank , and for warded by the cashier to Dank Conimlsslonei IlrcldentLal Conn , July 7. 1 97. Djar Sir. 1 have > our letter of June 21 ultimo and am not at all surprised at the appein-ticc of the new- page turned In the history of jour buik. It Is like all the rest that has gene before a shameless hls'ory. carried on b > shamolebs men It Is like the inception of the bank , like the acts of It.j promoters , like the acts of these who foisted the stock upon the cast , like- Kansas < inJ Kaiibas people. It Is y. unlmio liUtory , too , in that It shows a keen foresight In the selection of these who pi > and those who have gone frc ° 1m Kansas , I suppose. It is called "financler- Ine. " Here wo give a thirg ) that Is founded upon deceit In the beginning and repudia tion In the end another name However , 1 biipposo jou cannot help It. There must bo something In the air that > ou bre'ithe In jour God-forsaken state that fosters and nurture * tie freebooter spirit. If It is not asking too much , I would llko to know who secured the passage of tha ! act of your legislature by which jou have the pov.er given jou to further pluck jour stockholders ? Did the "statesmen" of Knn- ffas , the members of the legislature them- selveo , create and carry to completion this act , or d'd ' the batiks themselves see one moro way In which thy could get at Iho pockets already depleted but pcrhapa not entirely cmptj ? What part did ths bank toke In this feat cf western engineer ing ? I cannot attend jour meeting , and would not If I could. I have no desire to see a poor farce poorly plajed and as for sendlrc a proxjI would see jou and all the other members of the management of fae. bank In the lowest depths of hell baforo 1 would 'put my name to anj paper that would aH jou In jour nefarious schemes and I would cer tainly prevent any member ot my family from signing such a paper. I was through join state recently and was disappointed In seeing It looking so well. I had hoped to sea nothing but deso lation. However , It Is earlv jet and there Is still time for the hot wlnda to b'ast ' and destroy. I wish for ; o ir whole state nnd people nothing but distress , but failure , but utter bankruptcy. When that blessed time and condition comes to jou I bhall feel that we . .re getting- oven with you , and when you are blcttcd out altogether , so that nothing remains but the unsavory name of jour foul state , I shall feel that the mill that has ground slowly has at last ground not only line but well. Very truly jours , . SCALING DOWN NCCDSSARY. This letter was written bj a man who protably had put his entire savings and also bomo of his wife's moiey Into bank stock In a little town. He was called upon to pay , like all other stockholders cast or west , an r.s- sessment on his stock under the double lia bility act. It piobably became necessary to scale down some of the debta of the bank under the new law which has put Kansas binks upon a business like and safe basis. The letter , although of cxnggerated tjpe , Is Illustrative of the brands that 'jave been flyIng - Ing back and forth from cast to west , in flaming the nngrj leellngs between the two regions and showing the extent to which men will go men of Intelligence , too when their money has been lost In such financier ing os swept over Kansas. There Is another side to tns ! eastern feeling aiid It Is one that Mr. Dreldenthal , with some show of pride , p'aced ' opposite this letter from the Con necticut man. Ho quoted from the report for 1895 of the bank commissioner of Now Hamp shire , the state tint was almost as aorely chastened as Kansas in the riot of specula tion , That report said , under the head of "Western Investments , " nnd speaking par ticularly of Kansas Investments : "Tho losses thus far have been largely from classes of Investments that would have proved disastrous whatever might have been the condition of the west. " In other words , ttierc Is the testimony of the upresentatlvo of the chief sufferers of the exist , the Now Hampshire farmers and wage earners , that It was the epeculatlvo Kill It and not the condition of Kansas anil Us agriculture that brought ruin In Us wake , There may bo Inquiry as to how Kansas could pay off so much of her mortgage In debtedness since 1S99. Ono reason Is that n change In tlio law In tint year gave the mortgagc-o the privilege of pajlng oft a mort gage In Instalments of $100 , or multiples of tiiat bum and thousands ot farmers availed themselves of that privilege and this jcar will see tholr farms clear desplto the hard times. But how did tl'cy get the money , oven In Hie small sums ? The answer Is found In the amazing productiveness of Kansas slnco 1S90 , notwithstanding the crop failures The State Agricultural department's flguieH show that slnco IS'iO the farmers ot the state have raised id crops and live stock nearly $2,000,000,000 worth of produce. The value ot those seven years of produce Is more than the national debt of the United States. Thegiand totf 1 for 1897 Is put at $ ,230,000,000. In 1S90 It was $325,000,000 ; J891 , $257,000,000 , 1&92 It wns $273,000,000 ; 1S93 It was $220- 000.000 ; U94 , $192,000,000 ; 1893 , $201,000,000 ; 1S9C , $189,000,000 ; total , omitting all but general figures , $1,917,000000 , The product of Kansas farms for 1897 was $41,000,000 moro than In 189C , end of this Increase $15- 000,000 was In corn , wheat and oats. Another article will deal with this Increase In wealth and what It has meant to Kansas , To show that Kansas people are not re- pudlators her partisans point to the fact that one time , owing to legislation Intended to give encouragement to farmers , nearly 50 per cent of the people of the state were exempt from the payment of obligations. These exemptions included farm utensils and other things of ncce&slty on the farm and in cases where judgments were taken there was llttlo or nothing that could be attached In payment. Despite Uiebo ex emptions Kansas people say that not 10 per cent of these legally exempt from obli gations availed themselves of their lawful ilfhtu. Mr. Ureldcnthal says that as bank commissioner ho finds In every part ot the state men who prefer to pay their debts out right rather than extend their mortgages and buy moro land or make Improvements on their holdings. Supplementing Mr. Drcldenthal's statements , I am at liberty to ( luoto what Major Hoo.l , president of the leading bank In Kmporla , one of tbo men most prominently mentioned for the re publican nomination for governor at the next election , when the republicans expect to win , Kald to moot Kansas debts and debt , paying : "I have lived here. " said Major Hood , "twenty- years and have been la the banking business most or that time , nnd In all my experience I have never seen such a desire to pay debte * nd such a result In debt-paying In this slate as wo have had lu 1897. " Further testimony as to Kansas debt- paying lies In the fact that In Kansas , ns In Nebraskt nnd other states of the middle west , the loan buMnfcsi , n/t It was formerly conducted , Is over. Huriflreds of thousands of dollars of eastern morioy have been sent back slnco last fall''because ' there was no market for It. Only Vcccfatly a bank olllclal In central New York tc fclvc.l letters of In quiry from Kansas Asking aa to the value ot certain Iturstmrtils , "Some persons In Kansas had money to tdnd In the east. It Is a fact beyond disptUo' that western mort gages arc being palijofT far In advance of maturity. Ono ngcnt oa loan company told mo that from the Jejt alone returns on miniatured loans were coming In at his office at the rate of $50,000nj week faster than he could put out the mdiey"agaln , He said he nas simply sending } back all the eoptcrn money that was conilng to him. He could not find a market 'even for his western money. In view of these faqts I think It Is fair to say that the present aim ot Kansas Is to get out of debt nnd that she Is getting out of debt irarvclously fast , considering what she has had to contend ngatnst In the mat ter of bad reputation and hard times. When wo analyro the extent of the prosperity tint came to the Rtate In 1S97 , as we shall In another article , I think It will be agreed Ly all reasonable persons that It Is not a capo of special pleading to argue that Kin- sss people arc not only excellent debt- pajcrs , but among the best debt-payers In the country , and especially so when we remember - member the temptation she had to borrow recklessly , Truly there Is light In Kansas now , and when one considers what she has done In twenty years ho may say that Mr. Ingalls , for once In his life1 , did not exaggerate when he nald that her arithmetic was be wildering. ins SHnoiv i\sn.v nmcciiMiu.i : . Mr. Ground HOK I'lelta u llrlul't "tt'ln- < rj I ) j < < > I.iinU Aliinil Him. That dear old creature of fiction the ground hog , wandered out of his hole yerter day morn'ng ' , according to the rules laid down In tradition and after taking a Eiilft of Iho wintry wind tint blew by him , and seeing o. good rcpresen a'lon ' of his personal ftp pcaranco In his shadow oil the ground , ha hunle'l back to his hole Ho did not have any trouble whatever In psrcchlng his shadow , and concluded that we were due for about sx weeks more'of wintry weather. If there Is any reliability to bo placed In the ground hog theory then Omahans mus need look after their supply of hard coi ii.doors and keep coverings on their tars oatdcois during the next six wccKp. Hut there arc thcso Incredulous folk who Paj that William Tell never saw an apple , that George Washington did not chop down anj cherry tree , that thirteen Is not an unlucKj number an 1 that there Is no truth In the story about the. six weeks ot winter that follow- the sight of his shadow by Mr Ground Hog. Whether wo may p'aco ' any credence In the myth during the last year of the century we shall soon know , for un less Mr. Ground Hog was blindly intoxicated ho could not miss seeing his own shadow today. I1UATI1 OF A I'l'ONEUIl GEItll IX lleiirj IliiKcr , I.oil } ? u rif.sldcilt of Oinnliu , Silcc-iliiiliK Henry Ruser , one of'the most prominent German residents of pmiha and a pioneer pettier , died Tuesday night at his residence on Center street In nusor'e park. lie" was about 53 years of age and Is survived by his widow and several children Mrs. Iluser was bJs second wife. During the fall of 1S.C8 Mr. Kuser came to Omaha from Holstoln In Germany , his native place. For a number of years he conducted the old Valley- hotel , selling out that Inter est finally to take pasutssion of the Center street property , which comprises aboul eighteen acres. There he finally established the summer garden Vhlch has since become a famous resoit for the German element of Omaha. The funeral will take place Saturday after noon from the family res denco at 2 o'clock and the boJy will be Interred In Evergreen cemetery. YOUXJ icu cuTTUii nuowMsn. C. C. Sm cr I.onf + l III Mfe In J > e > - inoiir Lake. C. C. Sawyer , an Ice cutter employed by the Cudahy Packing company at Seymour park , was found drowned In the lake shortly after 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon. Foreman Smith an * his gang went to work on the Ice In the morning , but as the weather proved too severe , ho ordered thctn to quit. Sawyei was among the men at that time , but about noon he was mlr > sod A search was Insti tuted and his body was found In the lake near an opening where the men had been working the day previous. Sawyer was a yquns man not over 20 years of age. Ho haa worked for the com- fiany but a shorftlmo and Is but little icnovvn. It Is thought ho has no relatives living In this vicinity. The body was taken in charge by Coroner Swanson , who will jold an Inquest today , Oniiihit Curlliiiv Cluli OMAHA , Feb. 2. To the Editor of The nee : The game of curling Is an exceed ngly "slippery" one , and the rink carrying all the honors tojav may for some cause or other be low down In the valley of humlla- tlon tomorrow. A steady nerve Is neces sary , and a good digestion , for a llttlo 'out of sorts" puts the curler out of taking good shots Perhaps ho has had to walk the lloor the night before to soothe baby , who Is cutting his teeth , nnd , losing sleep , 10 caw do nothing right , and , especially , Bond his curling stones straight up the co ; or perhaps his beefsteak at breakfast lad not been done to a turn which woulu iavo o silmlar effect. The rinks at the present time , however , at this Interesting itage of the club's existence , are being changed cevry day , and this , possibly , has n good deal to do In causing the honors to go round. Yesterday two rinks played from 0 a. m. to 0 p , m'completing two games , ho rink ot which William Agnevvwas skip , winning both gaines from 1' . I. . For- pan's rink , The Scores were 21 to lit aiil n to 18. Mr. AKnew'fj rink was made up of himself and Messrs. George Anderson , George Dodds and William Rutherford and Mr , Fargan's of himself and RobcA 13. 'atrlck , Hobert Melvln and A. C. Troup. The club plays again on Thursday , begin- ling at 0 o'clock. U , P. Ilulp from Ilfll' .MIxNlou. The Christian Help unlsslon management ubmlts this monthly statement Throe hun- red and thirty-two garfnents distributed and orty-nlno pairs ot , 'ehoes , twenty-seven baskets of food and two sacks of flour. 150 rce baths and 997 meals ; $9321 hus been ocelvcd and $89.07 pslil out for foods , labor , mprovements , etc$5,14 : on hand. A Suh- lay school of eighty puolls Is held each Sunday morning at 10 o'clock Goajel serv- ces Sunday , Tuokd-sy/Krltfay ami Saturday lights , temperance pn Wednesday evenings ; olco culture and correct English pronuncla- Ion on Thursday evening Among thu loners arcear the names of Orchard ft Wll- elra , Kelley & Stlger , Carter Hardware com pany Milton Hogcrs Ss Sons , Boston Store , 1 II Ullts , Hajul'ii nros. , J. M Johns n. Jlectrle Msht conwany. Wolfe Ulestrlcil company , Industr'al Iron works , U , S Supply cm. any , Crane-CburCiilll company and many thers. CHI-UIHI llnil n "Mi-rrj Tlnii- John Curleon uniuseit himself at the ex- cnse of a siloon keeper on Nor'h Sixteenth trccts by dancingJlfc'H nnd raising a "rough ouse" In front of the bar. He then ad journed to the sidewalk und was Indus triously trundling beer Ift' Inti ITC street , when he accidentally bowled one Into un olllcer who was pausing" Tor this Carlson vvns locked up. Judge Goidon lined him $3 and costs , which he will work out with the Direct cleaning1 \YOKK \ OF THE CITY ENGINEER Department that Eos to Do with City's Thoroughfares. ANNUAL REPORT OF ANDREW ROSEWATER DlNoiivxIcin of ( lip Prob lem i of Muiileliml KiiKhu-orltiK , with DrtnlN of the Summer The report of City nngtnccr UoscwiUcr for 1808 presents one ot the most complete and Interesting discussions of municipal Im provements that has been tiled In this city In jears. Aside from furnishing complete and detailed Information In regard to what has been accomplished during the year the report Includes an exhaustive discussion of asphalt paving nnd the Improvements that have been made In this species of public work during the last few years. In the beginning the city engineer calls attention to the difficulty which wns en countered when the new administration as- humcd control last May on account ot the loose methods which had previously pre vailed. It required fully a month to reor ganize the department and the bulk of the moro expensive work could not bo begun until October He says In viewof this It Is gratifying to note bow much vvns accomplished In the rimilnlnj , three months , during which time over -S > .wj Hciuarc vards of asphalt , 1S.IKO yards of pciimre brick and 2bOoO sqtiue yards ot macadam weie lild , UFKreBiitlnn ; thr e nmi two-tilrd mlleg In ling-tli , nt u cost exceed ing S T.OCO. In addition to thK one nnd one- third miles of nitlllclnl stone sidewalks. eighty -one liumlreclths of n mile of brlelc walk , two and font-tenths inllt oC woodfii walks , und eighty-three hundredth miles oC sewers were constructed between June > na J.-uimiiy 1. Besides this , two nnd tiree- fourlhs mlles of private sewei connections weie laid In compllince with nppiovecl plans and in conformity with stakes brt by the engineering dcpirtment. The total nrcregnte contl.act work completed iiml'i- directions of th" engineering department fiom Juno 1 to January 1 , as will be seen by refeience to the accompanying impjrs , exceeds SICC.CCO , nn.l . there Is n bounce of work under contiact and In Incomplete state , which will aggregate In cost $ . S.-1CO Work upon this will bo resumed 111 admit Tubu pathcr us soon as spring w w lated details ot all contract woik aie sub mitted with this report. CHOICE OF PAVING MATERIAL. This Is followed by the discussion , ot portion of the report , and then a section portlcn of tbo report and then n scetion Is devoted to brick , which , next to asrirnlt , Mr. Rosewater believes will be lu dcnnnd as a material capable ot developing a smooth surface and good wealing email- ties for flipt-class tralllc stieets He ad vises that future specifications should call for the best quality of rep-cs-ed pavln , " brick like thoss recently laid by the Union Pacillc Railnnd company on South Four teenth street. . . . In connection with the question ot what measures shall be taken to maintain asphalt pavements after the guaranty period has expired , Mr. Rosewater repeats his sug gestion prov lously made , that the expcnso should be provided for by a special tax against the property benefited nnd not made a charge on the entile city. This proceeding Is authorized by section 1GJ ot the chnrter. The sewer question Is discussed at some length. It Is siated that ttie city now has 117 miles of sewers , representing an Invest ment of $1,750,000. The large malna arc ot brick and have been In use from twelve to twenty years In some places the grades of the streets have been raised as much as thirty feet since the malas were built , and the excessive additional pressure ras produced radical distortions In the sewers , making them ready to collatiso at any moment Other sections have become much worn by the ac tion cf debris and other i-npedlmcnts , and neglect to attend to these repairs may have dl'ostrous consequences. Tile present ccti- dltion of the sewers Is Illustiated by a nan- togrcph designed by As'lstant City engineer Stenger , a glance at which convoys all the details of their dangerous condition. Under the head ot viaducts Mr. Rosewater ag-vln calls attention to the fact that the Sl\- tetcith street viaduct has long ago reached the limit of safety , and although It haa been latched up as well as It was possible , It will bo neJcbEary to keep a man on the viaduct at all times to prevent fast driving and 10- port now defects If It Is to bo used witb safety through the season , An appendix contains a detailed statemcut of the condition of the main sewers. IIOAHI ) OP i"lTlllIC IVOIlKb Ii Ha illy llnnillcaiincil liv fin fif I < I'ri'clc'oomor. The annual report of the Board of Pub lic Works deals with the detall.s of street work under the present administration and also presents such facts as are obtain able In regard to what had been done by the previous administration during that part of the year previous to May 20 It Is stated that In the beginning the present board was seriously embarrassed by the neglect of Its predecessor to furnish any detailed statement of the condition of ac counts or the status of work In the depart ment. In this connection it says- We found at the outset u largo force ot men scattered In different portions of the city claiming to bo engaged under various foremen ; rtlsa others ) with claims for thou- bancls of ynrds of dirt , estimated by the board at one and one-hnif yards to the load , wit lout any other evidence ns to the coriectncss of the claim tlmn n certlllcatp of a foiemail , that each load WHS one nnd one-rmlf yards. The englnceis had evi dently not been called In to measuio the eirth that was thus purchased , With no contrary evidence and with tbo claims sworn to tis provided by the charter , the board could not do otherwise tiiin allow the claim. No grading has been done , how ever , under this bonrd bv the load , or con tracted for by the- yard without being cross. Houtloned by the cnalneerlnK department BO that an exact estimate of the quantity handled could bo obtained. Tnree gangH ot men were employed fit the tlmo of our entry Into olllce. In the lepalr of wooden sidewalks. One of thepo Knngs VV.IH dis missed In n few days , and the othei two wcro dispensed with within two months The practice of keeping- large number of KiingH upon the streetu , repairing sldewnlkH und taxing property for Hueh ufTnlir was extremely objectionable In view of constant crroia made by them In return of descrip tions of properly In front of which such repairs wore made. The result was n con- .Imioua stream of people In the engineer's olllce , protesting against taxes ranging from 23 to 7u cents , which cost the clly more noncy In time devoted to preparation of tnx cvlrs , and Investigating their correctness itid explaining to protcstants than the work Itself amounted to The ron- sti notion of wooden sidewalks , which nul been conducted on n lurjro scale under annual contracts and In pursuance of con current re-solutions of the mayor and coun cil , have also been the ncource of a great leal of constant tioublo In outlying dis tricts pait of sidewalks , nnd sometimes ntlro sldowalkH , wtie carried away by lobody- knows whom planks were taken up luring the winter benson. so that they were eft In dangerous condition , requiring con stant attention , iiml the council committee neetlngs wcro regularly attended by clilm- nts for damages , through broken legs or llsloc.iti'cl arms or otherwlho upon sj-cal'ed ' lefectlve sidewalks , The chairman of this jounl , In view of this , prepared tin or < ll- mnco early In the summer with the as sistance of tie city attorney , abrogating tlio 'urther ' c-Jiistructlon of wooden sidewalks within the city llmltf. Tills oidlnnnce was udopted by the council , and approved by the mayor , and while temporarily causing moro or lci > s Inconvenience , It cannot fall to brlni ; about n more dcslrab'o and better system > f ttldownlk construction , As will bo i > een ) > the tubulated data accompanying thu engineer's n port , the effect of thin nolle } ' as o tldowalks Is already marked , tliougi n operation comparatively but a few nonths. Out of sixteen miles of sidewalk onstruc-'ed ' under public and private con- ract , all but two nnd three-fourths are of brick , stone or artificial stone. The question of street repairs Js very thoroughly covered , especially In regard to tlio Improved system of drainage by which Iho streets have been put In euch condition that expensive washouts are largely pre vented. In conclusion it states that contracts have now been lot for invlng amounting to ? 7fi- 000 and urges the property owners to co operate with the board to secure such pav ing as is required by filing their pctlt'ons ' at the earliest pceslblp time. The statisti cal summaiy of the work of the board Is the following- January to Mny 29 to Work. Mny 20 , December 31. Street department . . JH.OH CO fJl 02110 P-nver dcpirtmcnt . . 2.011 4 < 7-117 SI Street clcnnlng- < , W 02 9,14 M Prisoners .IRS CO MM 40 In pectors 1W6 2 71T U-'i Sldewnlk repilrs . . . . 4V 7S 2.RKMS Olllco 3.135 01 Si-Till Election Inotlm < ! > ! OS Curbing tvpilra 2.111 $31,151 30 $41,377 OS 31,151 .VI Totnl . f2J2CI2 71 PERMITS ISSUID DUUINO iw , Opening Streets Number of water connections nnd rc- p.alis . 427 Number of 'ewer connections und rc- I pairs . 249 1 Number of gis : main comoctlons and I repairs . CM , Number of w liter compiny connections I nnd repairs . 132 ' Totnl . MM January to Mnv , under former ml- mlnlMralloii . TrY ] Jl iv 15 to December 31 , unltr present administration . B"3 Total I'KHMITS TO L.AY January to Mav 20 , under former ncl- mlnlstiatlon . . . 130 Mav 20 to December 31 , under pieseiit admlnlstintlon . . . h' > 9 Totnl . GJS Note HIP sum ot $ l,4fiij was icoelvod bv thp city treasurer for pTinlts for opening streetb for connections vlth main or ro.-mlts to water , sewer \ml gas | Ipcs. Or. IsM , N'o. 1.117 MONTHLY mill \UY IIIH.I.P.TIN. rislillcnf ion of I'mit-r Iti'suiiH'il lii- tfi-i-stluu Nliliiut < in Information The publication of the monthly bulletin of the Omaha Public llbinrj lasbien resumed with the Issue of a number for Kebiuary. Just out. This number con'alns book lists - - and Lincoln of works lelating to Wo-hlngto-i coln , both of whoso blrtlu'ays are celsbrated this month , giving titles and . 'licit number * , of dlfteicnt editions of tholr writings , their biographies and tl Unites to their mc-moiies Some Interesting Information la also pre sented ics.iectlng Washington mementoes rnd curlew In the Myron Reed collection , which belongs to the library , nnd Is ilally open to the public In the library building George Washington Is icprcbcntcd In the Djron Reed collection by about thirty coins , a number of medals and beveral auto iaph letters The earliest Washington pieces are the "Washington and Independence" tokens Thcso were made In England In 17ST and were never extensively circulated In Amer ica. Thrco varieties of this token , the draped bust , the unity states and the double- headed cent , are in the co'lectlo i. Belong ing to the faame period Is a small braEs token bearing on ono sldo Washington's bust and his name and on the other "Suc- cccs to the United States , . " When a national coinage was dovlecd the European custom of p'acing ' the head ot a king on the coin ot the realm of course sug gested the Idea of placing the bust of Wash ington on the American coins This Idea led to the production of the Washington cents of 1791 , which are now so highly prized ns numismatic treasures The Byron Reed collection has two vatlctles of this cent , the largo eagle and the small eagle During the next year , 1792 , some small sl1- ver coins were Issued. These coins , called a dlsmo and half dlsme , bear tl.o legend "Liberty Patent of Science and Industry , " and the latter , the Martha. Washington half dlsme , Is said to have been struck from Washington's family plate There are also i eomc copper coins of the same year and n very rare Mlver piece , a Washington half dollar , which was btruck from the same die. Ihlb coin brought a handsome price In isr > ' ) , no less than $ r > 7 , and is now worth a much larger sum of money. Among tLo coins of later date the most j interesting lb the Washington giate ceni It is a coiner tolton made In Kng' ncl in ' 1795 and has lnrcrlb ° d around the bust of i Washington the wortlb "G Washington , the firm friend to peace and tiumanity " ! Several autogrroh letters ot Washington nn j also to be found In the Hyron Reed room. In cne of these from Mount Vcinan , dated March B , 17RC , Washington declines to employ felons from the public gael The mast In teresting manuscript Is ono ot his famous letteis to congress It ehowa signs ot ago and Is somewhat soiled , but can .still be I ' easily read. Dated December 14 1777 , from his "Headquarters near the Gulph , " It tells of nn encounter with 4OuO men under Lord Cornwallls acid also mentions a letter horn Jlurgoyne , In which the general asks per mission to embark his trociis at Rhode Island. A ledger kept by Washington's secretary , Tobias Lear , vv'ille Washington had the fishery and distillery at .Mount Vernon In 1799 , was bougnt by Mr. Ree < l for $110 not long before his death It contains iii iiy curious Items and several of Washington's signatures. Mil. HUMirlJ Ib Ot'T OK A JOII. Operations In TloKfl UroIo-riiKi * I.lni- I'll 11 In I'aj. 0. W Hcndeo has been dropped from the corps of teachers at the Institute for the IHnf and Dumb by Superintendent Dawcs , with the consent of the Hoard ot TruUres Mr Hendee oanio to Nebraska from Kansas a comparatively short tlmo ago and secured employment on a populist paper In Lincoln Lirgoly through the Influence ot the pub lishers of that paper ho was given a posi tion us teacher In the Institute .when Mr Dawcs was appointed supeilntendent. Wli ° ii ho assumed lilw now position he had In his possession a railroad mileage book belong ing to his former employers , whlfh he evi dently thought would not grow In his pocket , sn ho sold It and the book was tukan up by the conductor when preset ted by thu purchaser. The newspaper to which It was Isssued was notified and the publishers put Mr. Hondco on the carpet Iho outcome wns the newspaper publishers lolgcc ] com plaint against Mr Hcndeo and the gentle man from Kaunas v , an droppd from the pay roll of the state His place will not be filled for the present , but the work will bo done by other teachers In the Instltu'o Mi. Colt , who has been teaching primary clashes heretofore , will now teach some advanced claseca. .Si-nl to Count } Il The police have succeeded In obtaining quarters for Wlllhm Iflake and Jo'm ' II. Walburn , a couple of Invalids tlmt have been on thc-'r ' hands for some tlmo past , liluke Is suffering from an Incurable dis ease und although a younp man. Is abso lutely without funds Walburn Is on nld man Who "has " been known to the police for many yrais. He irjsseascs the distinction nf having been the Ilrsl prl oner over locked up In the old Davenport and I'"ourtccrith street Jail , and has been locked up ninny times since He IH suffering from para yeis The police endeavored for several ilnys to loctte the county physician , but falling , suc ceeded In attracting1 the at'entlon ' of rlty Physician Itnlp'h , who obtained the iciiilste | ! onlei1 from tn * pjunty commissioners The men were sent out to the county hospital. Tlilrlj In > N fur Curllii. Con Curlln , a gaunt , six-foot laborer Who IJHH bee-n sleeping at the police station nlKhts for about u month , started out on his regular Jamborcu Tue-sday night. The pace after u time grew too hot even for Curtln , so ho icmoyed his shoes and was wandering1 around In the snow doua In the Third ward -when taken Into custody by the ofilce-r. Ourtln drew a prlzo of thirty days in the county jail , which wat suspended on condition that Us leave the city at onco. PORT AUTHOR ROOTE CHANGES Freight L'cpnttniont Shifts About ItsEctnJ Eoprcs3ntat.vcrt GEORGE ENTRIKIN GOES TO KANSAS CITY IliMiil < | iiiirtrrn TraiiHfcrrcMl mill liticnl ofssUinut ( i-tulit A iMit VliollNlicil II , Slinullfr'n I'l-oniotlon , There have been some changes In the gen- eta ! freight department of the Kansas City , 1'lttsburg & ( lulf lallroad , and there Is a possibility that there may be more. George M. Untrlkln , assistant general freight ngent. with headquarters In this city , has been transferred to the general freight olllces of tha company nt Kansas City , Mo , Mr. Kntrlkln returned yesterday frota A trip to Kansas City nnd St. l ouls , ami the announcement of the change was mad * soon after his retuin Circulars confirming- the news were Inter received from General I'rclpht Agent Sargent , approved by General Manager Gllllnim The olllco of Assistant general freight agent ot the Tort Arthur louto In this city Is aholl&hcil with the tiansfer of .Mr KntilKln to Kansas Cltj- . In the general freight ollloes there Mr. 12u- trlkln will work dlicclly under John A. & 11 gout , gcnci.il fielqht ngcut The Omaln Ci eight olllre ol the Kansas City , IMtt'butg Gulf rcillwid will In the I'uturo bo In chaise of K II Slmuller , who has heiotofori' bei"i tuvellng freight agent for tlio name company , wlt'.i headquarters here , widei Assistant Gcii'.nl Ki eight Agent 1-ntrikln In this rlty , undt r the now- man agement , Mr Shaul t'l will lave the title of | tommerclnl agent HP Ins been here slnco last sumniir , end. although he is not wide/ Known. Is nopular with the e with whom ho has b"CM thrown Ints outlet M.I'ntrlUIn lb OTP of tlm most popular freight nun In the ilty and Is legarded by other Height' men ns one of the moat com petent. He Ins bii-i : stationed In Omaha In various capacities for the Ian twelve years. Ho entered the Hock l&lnndVi Omaha freight olllco In July , ISifi In Fobtiimy 1SSS , ho was made contracting freight ngcnt of the N'lckel 1'late , when Hut lallroad established an agency heie In I obrunry , 1SS3 , ho was offered and accepted tlu position of commer cial agent in OmVm for the Oniiln & St. Louis and the Wnlash ral'ioids Ho held this position until \uust ] y > 7. when ho was undo assistant general freight agent ot the Kansas City I'lttFbii'-g , Quit railroad. rintns TWO-OIJVI' i-vitn issi n. ( ! o ! m or I'lnuriMWill Mnlci > a Tot Tiisc \ \ liHlrlilttUit \ ( 'fulfill. DETROIT 1'eb 2 Governor I'Ingreo to day took steps toward bringing a suit to compel the Michigan Central to carry all passengers at I ! cents per mile. Ho de manded a ticket to Ypsllantl at the legal 2- cent rate , and then paid the full 3-cent faio under protest. The Bolt i.lready pending to compel the .Michigan Central to sell 1,000- mlln tickets for § 20 la not btoad enough for the governor , ah the winning ot It would benefit only those v.ho have the $20 to pay for mileage books. The second suit , he as serts , will be for the benefit of the plain I people who pay for Just the ride they get , I Tiio Michigan Central claims to bo exempt j urdei Its special charter from obligation to i carry passengers at a 2-cent ruto. The gov ernor contends that the company's charter wan amended by a general railroad law passed lu 1891. IMcK CiiNliliiu 'I s < I.onlx. U. C. Gushing major of Omaln five years ago , and now of the Mullorv-Ciuliliig Con- btructlon ccmpany builders of railroads , waa yesterday intcrvlcvvvl by the St. Louis Re public He has submitted a bid for the ceii tiuctlon ot the Si ; > ilpi-0klihoiiu City- lead. Mr. Cushliig said list night tliat there would bo more lallroad building In the United States this % pir than for several years past , but that there wore IIDUB to bo built of any l-artlculir mo.nc'it. There was tome talk of the Hurl nm on building from Chcrldnn , Wyo , townl the Yellowstone park , but ho did ml believe that It would bo done this year Mr CusliIng ftiM tlut the principal woik to be done by the roads was the .strengthening of tiack , ledueliig of grades putting down new und heavier gteel rain ! and building iu > \ \ bridges Simla I'V Will \nl Cut TOPI3KA. Feb. -"Tlio Santa Ke road does not believe In s'nsh'ng ' latcs. If any other road can get an advantage over the Santa Fo we are willing to let It enjoy It. When wo have an advantage we bellovo In pushing It. " This lu what OIKS of the oniclala of the Santa Po road Bald today In regard to the rumor that the Santa Ke would bo com pelled to cut tales In self-dcfenso when the reduced tlmo Bchcdulo between Chicago and Denver was Inaiiguiatcd by the Union Pacific and Hiirllnglon next Sunday. Gen eral PaKsengoi Agent HHck said today that there wan not any Intention on the part ot the Santa Fo of cutting the Chicago-Den ver rate. Contract li-l for Illn 'runnel. SAN KIIANCJHCO , IVb 2 The contract for 'tho ' construction of n tunnel & .700 fret In length on the linn of the an Joiuiulii Valley rallioad has been conditionally awarded to Foley llroi. & . Mulr of St. Paul , Minn The rptnon for the provlno wn that no roprofcntat .o nf the sncccHi'ful bidders was present to niter Into a definite agreement , ana of the tcinu of which IP ths filing ot a bond In $100 000 to , the proper execution of the work The amount of tliu contract Is Bald to uppioM natc J.ir.0,000 , Ilia tunnel will enable the valley ir/ad to rra < h Its tcrmlnii.s at Point Richmond on Sail Francisco bay. I'roiiioli'il. George Merrill of tlu < local olllco of the Chicago , Rock Island & Pacific has been ap- po nted tariff c crk of the local freight de partment. The promotion la dated February 1 a od brought the icclplcnt many congratu lations today Heretofore Mr Merrill li a been stenographci rnd telcgiiiph operator U the Rock Island office Th place haa Lc-cn taken by Mr Plersnn Tim change gives the Rock Island olllrc ano'licr man on lib lnt.il force , the addition to the otllro forcu having been made necessaiy by tHe Incrcaro In amount of work liaml td here Violate InliTMlilli- 10 in < ! < < .AH. CHATI'ANOOtJA , 1 < nn , Fob 2 - In the case of the Interstate rommerce comm uslon a alrst the Kast rpmerticp. VlrglnU & Georgia Railway company and fllxtuen other railroads United States Judge governs de livered his decision today It wan a complete victory for the comml < slon and the city of Chattanoopa An order wcs Issued requir ing the ra I Iron ilc > to at once make f'liat- tcnnoogA'H rates the saino . ttioso to Nash ville. The Judge held tliat the IntersUin commerce act I.a6 b ri violated In many ways Union 1'nHllp Si-riirllli'M , NI3W YORK , Feb 2 Pursuant to the or der of the federal court the sile of th1 securities under the Unlen Pacific collateral trust tcok plcuu hero today Aftci Kulin , I.oeb k Co , hurt bought $3 : tOO , ot KPI iirUIri the sale was stopped , sufficient money hav ing bcun received to pay oft the outstand ing notes Kuhn , I/oi'b & Co. , represented the reorganization committee. u lli Simla IV , NKW YORK , Feb. 2. 13. D. Kenna , the general solicitor of the Atchlson , Topeka & Santa Fo lullway , was today elected first vlco president of the company and Puul Morton , third vlco president , waa made nee * end vlco president ,