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OMAJEIA DAILY TJEE : FRIDAY , MATCOH 4 , 1808.
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE E. IIOStSWATlSK , Kdltol. MOKNINO. TKI1M8 OV SUIISCHMTIOH ! Dally lice ( Without Sunday ) , Ono Year . JS M Dally lice anil Uunil.iy , One Year . 3 0 < HU Month ! . * . 0 > Tin on .Months Huml.iy Ile > . One Year Hatur.lay . lice , Ono Year ' J ? Weekly Her , Ono Year * * manl Th * lire HulMliiB. . , . . . . _ . . Bouth Omnhnt Slnicer lllk. . Car. N find Itth PI * runcll Itluffs : in 1'rnrl Street. < 'lilt nto Olllee yz Chamber of Commerc * . New Vork : Tcmplo Court. Waihlneton : f l Fourteenth Street. COUKKSI-ONDKNCB. All commtinlcntlon relating to n < "T * and > llto- rial matter lionM b addrcsnecl ! To thu Kill1.- . UL'BiNKHH uvrrnns. All t.uslntta l-ttera nnd remltlnnec ! fhoutd ho ddretted to The Ile PuMMhlnz Compinjr , Omaha , Drafts. checks , pxprm nnd pwtnne * money ortli-rs to be made pajable to the order or tljo company. . . . run nnn i-mit.ismNO COMPANY. BTATKMK.VT OF CIHCUt.ATIO.V. Btnte of Nebranku. DOIIRI.'IB county. M.S O'ntKr II. TzFChurk. fecietnry of Tlie lice rub- IMilns company , lii-lnn duly mvnrn. 'i > ' " "I'J ! " njttml number of full nnd rompl"tc cnp'ea of The Hnlly. Mornlnir , KvrnlnK and Huivlny H'e printed during thu month of Ptljruan'i lsss' wnli na lows : 1 2f.9V ) ) . " 2 SI.S.T1 id ; : . . 2t.rai 3 JO.S'O 17 . Il.rM 4 Sl.iR'i is . : ui * B 20,87.- 19 . . . SI-VI 21.051) ) -0 . 2I.OM 7 20. W. X 21.051 II.IJ1 9 ) ,0'a 2I.B.V. 10 m.Kfi 21,925 11 21,12 * 15 21,070 ' ' . . . . 11 21.01 ! V. . . 21. I * ) 14 20,903 25 . 22.M2 Total r,97.ll 2 Jx-ss returned nnd unM copies 9.32ft Net trilnl rnlfH MS VM Net dilly nvrrnRo : V > n ( IKOUOn H. T'/SmiUCK. Bwnrn in b.'fnro 1710 nnd Mibsprllicd In my pnwncn thlH 1st ilny of March. IS'H. ( Spa'- ' ) ' Nolnr'y I'ubHc. Tlio iipoplcvlin want the bnst news paper buy Tin- Not ? . Tlio best Is tlio cheapest. Tlio nnw carpet trust ought to bo promptly called upon tlio carpet for ex planations. The exposition roll of honor Is not yet closed. Tf yon hnvo not contributed your share now Is the time to do so. The country must bo safe ngnln , be- rauso I If flits IIIIH been hauled down from the to ] ) of the yellow kid column. The Dnnplns comity court house must lx > purired of jury fixers , venal jurymen nnd bailiffs who wink at Jury tampering. Any depot structure Is to be preferred to the sky parlor In which passengers nre now landed at the foot of Mason fit reet. Justice must be administered evenly nnd tmeoiTuplod even If the county jail lias to bo tilled with bribed jurymen nnd jury fixers. It appears to have been well estab lished that the Wall street brokers do not know any more about the prospects of war than other people. Tampering with court olllccrs and Juries should not only vitiate dishonest vordlcts but be promptly followed up by prosecution of the offenders. Omaha may not enjoy n spring elec tion , but that does not seem to head off the political handsprings of local acrobats bats In anticipation of the fall political circus. Local base ball enthusiasts might do well to remember * that the nwsml of the Western league pennant will be made at the close of the season and not be fore the first game Is played. The people who perpetrated the Lake City postollleo. outrage will not miss It If the postolllctt Is discontinued. They must be thu kind of poopl who never take tbe papers and seldom get letters. rnlntors and decorators will be In such general demand In this city within the next sixty days that It will pay property owners to begin the work of renovation at once on structures that call for the paint brush. An honest ami conscientious bailiff will not allow Jurymen to be approached by outsiders while a trial Is In progress. Whenever a Jury Is corrupted or manipu lated that fact alone proves thi > bailiff In charge to be either dishonest or culpa bly negligent. Republicanism appears to bo flourishIng - Ing in Iowa. At the republican primary for nomination of city otllcers In DOS Molnes there were more votes cast than were received by the republican candi date for governor four monfTis ago In tins general election. If the gamblers were so confident the nnti-gambllug law Is unconstitutional , why did they put up the pot that was to haw paid , for Its repeal by the last leg islature' ? They are not the people ac customed to buying gold bricks or payIng - Ing something for nothing. If It Is true , as Mr. Jones of Indiana , master of the National grange , asserts , that practically all of the UO.OOO.OOO farmers of the Tnlted Stated are In favor of the pure food bill pending In congress , It ought to be passed promptly , but the assertion Is yet to he backed by evidence of Its truth. In ease Attorney General Smyth makes good his charges that Jurymen In the Hartley .bond case ha\v been Improperly approached and tampered with this com munity will expect Judge I'owoll not only to set aside the verdict but to direct the prosecuting attorney tnj lllc complaint against the parlies Implicated. The IH'rverslon of justice should be rendered unprofitable as well as reprehensible. Aside from the complications that may possibly arise owr the Maine Incident the commercial outlook was never brighter for the 1'nltod States. The exports of grain nnd breadstuff from both the Atlantic and Pacific coa t ports continues large , prices of farm products tmow no evidence of decline , the labor market Is better than It has been for a number of years and there isan abu'id- nnco of money lit the country with which to do the business. livery loyal American hopes that this outlook will not become u disappointing reality. rt w inro M TO Eugene Moore pleaded guilt ? to atcallng $23,000 of sUto money , but tbe supreme court Hid ho wa not guilty. A man to nerving twelro years In the pen for stealing twelve ctlckens. lie maintained Ids' Innocence , but the supreme court said he was guilty. The man has served eight years of his sentence so far. The two present good reading for the voter to ponder over this fall before he casts hlfi ballot. Tckamah Durtonlan ( pop. ) . If It be true that a man who robbed n hen roost of twelve chickens Is serving a twelve-year sentence In the state peni tentiary , why has this victim of Judicial cruelty not been sot free ? The governor has tin ; pardoning power and It Is his duty to extend executive clemency to criminals who have been either wrong fully convicted or subjected to unrea sonable punishment. A popocratlc gov ernor has been in office for over three years , and If at the time ho came Into office the. chicken thief had already served llvo years , the governor should have liberated him as soon as his atten tion was called to the rank Injustice of the sentence. The P.oo has no sympathy whh Eugene Moore and neither has the rank and file of the republican parly. If he escapes punishment It will bo because there Is a Haw In the law and not b.'causn of any political Influence exerted In his favor. .1 r.i.SB rufj is There can bo no reasonable doubt as to the propriety and duty of a con gressional investigation of the murder of Iaker ? , the colored postmaster at Lake City , S. ( ' . , by a mob. The murdered man was a federal olllclal , engaged in the performance of his duty as such , therefore , the crime , as was correctly urged by Senator Ilawloj * , Is brought within federal Jurisdiction. This being tlie case the senate should have prompt ly passed the resolution proposing a joint committee of Investigation , which would undoubtedly be concurred In by tlio house without delay. Perhaps the pro posed Investigation would not have any practical result. It might accomplish nothing toward bringing tlie perpetrators of the cowardly and brutal crime to justice. ISut none tlie less the duty of the government to take notice of It and to do all In Its power to bring to punish ment the murderers Is a plain and Im perative duty which it would be a seri ous mistake to neglect or Ignore. It Is very doubtful , however , whether any of the dastardly assassins of linker , murdered In cold blood because of bis color , will ever be apprehended. Senator McLanrin of South Caiollna stated in the senate yesterday that the authorities of that state arc active in the investiga tion of the crime and are making every effort to bring the perpetrators to jus tice. The leading newspapers of tlie state have condemned the outrage nnd It Is said tlio better class of the people reprobate it. Hut hatred of the colored man Is not less general and Intense In South Carolina , than In other southern states and the Immunity which mur derers of the negro have uniformly had In the south is very likely to be con tinued In the case of the dastardly assassins of Itakcr. It Is hardly possi ble that some of them tire not known to the authorities at Lake City , but if those In authority are not In sympathy with the action of the mob they dare not risk their lives by arresting-or inform ing on ] any of the perpetrators. The gov ernor has offered a reward of ? 500 for the apprehension and conviction of the members of the mob , but this paltry sum will bo no Inducement to those who maybe bo In a position to earn It. It would not pay for the risk. The murderers of Ilakor , It Is safe to say , will go unpun ished , but this Is no reason why the federal government .should not exert all Its power to bring them to justice. I3ANKHUI"l'Cr niLh M KKtiATR. It appears that the friends of a com prehensive bankruptcy bill are hopeful of securing1 agreement by the senate to the essential features of the measure Which passed the house. The bill will go to a conference committee , the house conferees having been already named and efforts have been made In the senate to have conferees on the part of that body appointed. The majority of the judiciary committee of the senate is friendly to a bill providing for both voluntary and Involuntary bankruptcy and Includes such strong advocates of such legislation as Senators Hoar of Massachusetts and Platt of Connecticut on the republican > ldo and Lindsay of Kentucky and Gray of Delaware on the democratic 'side. The well-informed correspondent of the New York Journal of Commerce says that the only cloud on the horizon for the friends of a comprehensive bill is the fact that the senate substituted the Nelson bill for the Torroy bill last summer , but the vote at that time was small and the friends of comprehensive legislation be- llevo that a conference report embody ing their views will be accepted by the senate. There Is reason to b.'llevo that the opposition to a comprehensive measure Is not now so strong In the senate nil It has heretofore shown Itself , and this gives warrant for the belief that a measure acceptable to the business Inter ests of the country may be agreeil upon , but the bill which passed the house will have to undergo some modifications be fore such a result can bo attained. Some of the changes deemed to bo desirable have been pointed out by senators who are favorable to a comprehensive bank ruptcy law. One relates to the re quirement that a bond shall be given for costs and damages by a creditor who files a petition In bankruptcy against the debtor. This bond Is considered especially inimical to the Interests of creditors of small means , who may not care to take the risk of beginning suit against a powerful debtor and who may not have the necessary securities to provide the bond even when they de sire. It Is .stated that the point is being strongly made against this provision - vision that it limits the benefits of the bill to the rich nnd shuts up the poor to the other remedy which Is left to creditors , a suit to obtain Judgment un der state law. Another provision In the house bill which Is not favored by Its critics in the south and west Is the pro vision that liens given or accepted in good faith and not In contemplation of or la fruud uyou tlie act , and for a present consideration , which have been recorded nccordlnff to law , If record thereof wa necessary in order to im part notice , shall not be affected by the net The original Torrey bill provided that a decree In bankruptcy should dissolve an attachment made within four months and this was stricken out by the house committee except us to liens of a fraudulent or collusive char acter. These provisions are not satis factory and a new draft of the section Is likely to be proposed. There are some other provisions which also re quire modification In order to put them upon a scientific basis nnd It is said that the friends of a comprehensive bill hope that these changes will bo made and the measure accepted by both houses within the next few weeks. Senator Stewart has led off In the attack upon the house bill , making the Involuntary feature of that measure the special object of assault and un doubtedly this Is the point upon which the opposition will bo centered. The Nevada senator denounced the bill as the most disastrous that could be framed in the condition of the countn' and It l.s not to be doubted that he > olcos the view of the populists and most of the democrats In the senate. The Involun tary feature continues to bo the real "bone of contention" and It Is very doubtful whether an agreement of the two houses In regard to this can bo i cached. IIMT pEoi'hi : iroi//vo IAKK TO There are some things that have hap pened within the last ton days about which many people would like to IK ? en lightened. Kor example people would like to know : First , What was the mission of the ; ovenior's private secretary , Mr. Maret , .vlien . he. visited ox-State Treasurer Hart- ey In his quarters In the Douglas county all ? Second , How did G. M. Hitchcock hap- > on to be present in company with the ittorneys and bondsmen of Kmbezzlor Hartley Sunday night when tlu > jury wrought In its verdict releasing Hartley and his bondsmen from all obligations to nako good the s'lortage In the state treasury ? Third , Why were the charges of jury amporlng preferred by Attorney Gen eral Smyth smothered In the local popo- cratie organ , which is presumed to bo inder obligations to Hartley ? riturrs. The farmers of the I'liited Strtos are > oing brought into neighborly relation to those of other and distant parts of the world somewhat at the expense of that ) ride which Insists that we already have the best of everything. That matters title , since the policy of the Department of Agriculture If carried out faithfully mil intelligently will glvo American farmers all the best things of the world. It will be recalled that the colonial set tlers brought to the Atlantic coast the field and garden seeds of western Ku- rope and these nourished In the colonies uul were easily adapted to the cllmato of the Ohio and Mississippi valleys as the stream of Immigration moved west ward. Hut It has long been recognized that the conquest of the treeless prairies of the west presents some entirely now problems In agriculture , and In . olvlng those the assistance of the whole world s asked. The report of the special agent of the Department of Agriculture sent to Asia last summer shows that American farm- in ors have boon too long strangers to their neighbors In that great region of the old world where conditions of soil and cllmato are similar to those In the western states. This agent has brought back seeds of grasses , grains , vegetables and fruits , some of thorn hitherto un known oven to the specialists , and from his collection It Is probable that a num ber of varieties can bo secured of great est value to the American farmers. The most Important of those are valued In Asia because they withstand long 'drouths or intense heat or severe win- tors. The Introduction of these plants , if they are what they are represented to be , will completely transform vast areas of the semi-arid region of the United States. With splendid soil and congenial climate all that Is needed to make this region a garden spot is hardy fruit trees and grass that will provide rich grazing and bay. The Uusslan steppes have been transformed nnd.what has boon done there can be done here. The work of the Agricultural d3part- ment is searehlrg the ends of the earth for new and really valuable plants adapted to all the various kinds of cll mate to bo found In the United States and all varieties of soil promises much more for the American farmers than the haphazard free seed distribution that congressmen nre so reluctant to give "P > (71 1 SK MA It. MATTRlt. There will be no change In the regu lations of the Postofllce department In re. gard to second class mall matter. This was settled by the defeat In the house of representatives yesterday , by u vole of 1(12 ( to 11 ! ) , of tlio Loud bill , which pro vided for excluding from the SCCO.K ! class 41 large amount of mall nutior now included In that class and which is car ried at one cent per pound. This sub ject has been urged upon the attention of congress for several years. The Post- olllce department has repeatedly , ) nliitc.l out that a great dual of printed matter Is carried In the malls as second class that does not legitimately belong in this class , and that if this matter were required to pay the rate of postage It ought to IK > charged the revenue of the department would be very materially In creased Indeed It Is estimated that the postal service would oe self-supporting. While the Loud bill was a carefully prepared measure and had the approval of the postal authorities of the last and present administration It aimed at al together too radical surgery and that explains - plains the result. Public sentiment will not sanction any legislation that tends to destroy the usefulness of the country press and would rather endure postal abuses than cripple these publications. Probably there will be no further at tempt to pass either the Loud bill or anything analogous to It at the pivsout session of congress. Reform of the second end class mall privileges will doubtless come iu time , but It must strike only at the printed mnttf or that docs not properly belong to Unit oass. The clmlniviUi oC the populist state committee InnTCansas Is out with a for mal and direct dppcal to the survivors of the civil Whr ° - to Join the populist party. He dylcl/fres / positively that the republican party 4lls about done with the old soldier'nrnl ' Intimates that the populist partyj vpuld be pleased to use him for awhile , but neglects to point out how the war ioUernns are going to se cure any benefit from such arrangement. The truth Is that the republican party has never nniVlp use of the old soldier , In the offensive sense suggested by the populist chalnhhn , but that the old sol diers have nearly all been republicans the last thirty-live years because the republican party represents the princi ples that arc dear to them and for which they fought. The work to bo undertaken by the National Association of Manufacturers by providing a system of sample ware houses In foreign countries means much for the business men of the United States. The Important thing in- en larging trade Js to get the prospective buyer to examine the article offered for sale , and the association contemplates doing In a general way for all American manufacturers what but few of them could afford to do alone. California people want to colebrntu the golden anniversary of statehood by holding a great fair In 11)00. ) They hnve no doubt that they can get up a shew that will bo a success despite the coun ter attraction of the Paris exposition , but they are still in doubt about tnolr abil ity to get the attention of the American people while a presidential campaign is iu progress. tiK Ciiilllllloil. New York Tribune. The treasury surplua for February la a fact which tome persons may cliocae to sneer at , but which obo < ly will succeed In sneering out of existence. Spr.ln' * Velio iv Kid. i't. LoulK lie public. It the war-breathing Vnlerlnno Weylcr Is wlso ho will save some of his wlntl Tor tlio greatest sprinting record of his life In the event of a few regiments of American sol diers finding it neccssaiy to start on hlo trail , Do Olllclnl Unmix Illiul : HulTnlo lress. : | . A Nebraska Jury has ( lecliled that the state may not collect from tlio bondsmen of a former state treasurer the 55JO.OOO defi cit that was found in his accounts. What Is the use of requiring bonds from state offi cials where juries uro of this mind ? A l.cmil .llll ] > rillliifli I. ClilciiKO Tlmos-IU'rahl. A Chicago lawyer lias devised what he calls a "schema of Infallible logic. " Ho says that ho is able to "draw absolutely Infallible conclusions from any facts which may be Biven. " Ilut of course he can't distinguish facts from falsehoods In all cases , and there's tliu rub. - 'a. ' I\\K \ \ l. < > : t < l. Imllnnapulta Jouinnl. It is asserted -that the reason why Spain favors war Is that 'If ' Cuba Is permitted to depart In peace ; Sp'nlu will bo compelled to foot the entire Cuban debt of $600.000,000 , but If Cuba should ! bo wrested from Spain In a war with the UntteO States tint obliga tion would notiibe'Jielil against Spain. In other words , Spain' < wou'd make money by being whipped. ! "What' I > nlrl.it , H.-nlly Doe * . New York Sun. Despatches from Ann Arbor assert that the Hon. William Jennings llryan has noti fied the Students' Lecture association of 'the University of Michigan that If he la permit ted to lecture on bimetallism ho will talk for nothing , but that his price for remarks on any other subject is ? 1,000. The de spatches mean well but they are not abso lutely accurate. The fact Is that Mr. Bryan gives a thousand dollars for every engage ment that he makes to talk about what ho calla "bimetallism. " Nothing is too good for anybody who will consent to hear that im mortal work. Lecture associations which are able to defraud themselvco of It are punished by a fine of | 1,000. Ur. Bryan Is severe but ho Is Just. FnlNe rrniihct * anil 1'roitlircIcN. Minneapolis Journal , The prophets who have predicted the fail ure of the Dingiey bill did well to make the most of the first six months under the new regime. Of course , during that time while the country was consuming the largo Impor tations rushed in under the Wilson-Gorman tariff , it waa difficult to make the revenues balance with the expenditures. But now that the overstock la giving out and Importations have commenced again the ability of the Dlngley bill to provide revenues sufficient for the expenses of the government is likely to bo demonstrated. The average dally re ceipts from customs and internal revenues duiing the month of February were $17,000 a day In excess cf the average dally expenses of the government during the post five years. And this is the first time the receipts for February have exceeded the February ex penses since the beginning of President Cleveland's second term. \\TIO.\AI. I.VM'Kl'TIO.V OK 3IKAT. I.iiiv I'roiKiniKM-il Uiii'iiimtlluUoiinl liy it. Sultiirillnittf C'onrl. Kimsns C'lty iitur. The decision of Judge Ilogers that the national meat inspection law is unconsti tutional , Is a great surprise , becauss the law has been in operation for many years and there has been no objection to It fvom any source. The purpose o ! the Inspection is to glvo to purchasers of meat , In this country and abroad , nreniranco that they are getting the fltah of healthy animals. The inspec tion has been of value to packers end dressed meat han'lers , for It has put EII olllclal stamp cci their goods , and it hcs ctr- talnlv been a benefit to consumers. Judge Uogeia has decided that the United States government ha i no authority , under the constitution , to carry on the Inspectlcn , and that It Is purely a function of the statp. Hi > savs ithat the authority of tlio United -Uat's novernnuat Is limited to the control cf in autato commerce , and that the killing . .il iif pnratlon of treats for market are not a | . -t of Interstate pommerco ; that the na tional government , ban no control over the meats until they , arc actually iu transit from ono state to Another or to a foreign country. . , , This decision Is not In harmony with the recent tendency of. the courts In passing on the powers of thu iiatlonal government to icgulato trade. [ The ) rapid growth of great combinations of capital to control business has been recognHe'i ! by the courts as pos sessing sonic elements that are against the general welfare , and most Judges have been disposed to give a .liberal interpretation of thu powers of the national government re specting the regulation of these combina tions. In the casu decided by Judge Rogers , It certainly woud ) ; iiot have required any straining of the authority of the United States government to decldo that the inspec tion of meats that are to become artlclra of Interstate tradp is entirely within the province of the 'national government , it must bo conceded that the government has a right to protect the people from fraudw , In connection with Interstate trade. But In the case of the meats consumed by the people , how la this protection to he afforded except through the Inspection of tbo animals when they are killed ? This decision is likely to exert a damaging effect on the exportation of meats , for the foreigners have In n accustomed to receiv ing Amerlpan meats with the government certificate of Inspection attached , and the announcement that this Inspection is no longer carried on by authority of law will tnnke foreign governments more than ever disposed to adopt restrictive measures rel ative to the Ufio of American ineaU. TUB MAN AT THK UEt.M. Star : President McKlnloy U fortunate in being nt the head of A thought ful. newspaper reading publlo who can bo In telligent In seU-rratralnt as well an ardent In loyalty. The American people have been accustomed to consider the affairs of govern ment as their own and nro therefore not only eager to defend Its honor , but competent to npprectato the delicacy of the chief execu tive's position In on international crlsU. St. Louis Republic : The altitude of the president at this stage of the existing crisis Is ull that could bo asked of a chief ex ecutive firmly resolved upon maintaining the national honor. Quiet and t > olf-controlled , ho [ Uuurcd the American people that the proper uctlon will betaken at the proper time that tlmo being the moment when the olll clal report of the naval board of Inquiry shall bo submitted to him as the basis of administrative action , Utlca ( N. Y. ) Press : Ono of the most striking as well as sensible of the current cartoons represents McKlnlcy at the wheel of the ship of state. Outfldn the wheelhouse - house sits Uncle Sam with his legs crossed , his hands In his pockets and his lint over his eyes. Evidently he lint no misgivings that the fillip Is going to take a wrong coiinse. Ho looks complacent , but thought ful. Near him Is a atgn saying "Don't 'Bother ' the Pilot , " apparently posted with his approval. It Is good advice to all Am ericans not to bother the provident. Ho Is a safe pilot. Ho knows the sea upon which ho Is tailing. Kansas City Star : The American people Btantl by Provident McKlnley In his evident resolution to hold back the country from war until there Is shown to bo thu clearest provocation for It , but It Is doubtful If the American people rely , as President McKlnley Is now said to do , on the sonslilvu honor of Spain as offering a solution of our illlllcul- tlei' . History does not afford examples of nations that found It tufo or advantageous to rely on the honor of Spain. Talk about Spanish honor is very largely confined to Spain nnd the Spaniards. The various prov inces of Spain , such as Mexico and the others which have thrown off Spanish authority , have no stories to tell of Spanish honor before 'their struggle for Independence , dur ing its continuance or since. New York Sun : From the llrflt nothing has been more apparent tliaci President McKln- ley's reliance on his fellow countrymen In thi. * matter. If the administration has said llttlo , It Is simply because it has known little. "Hie court of Inquiry Is not only to collect facto , but to reach a conclusion en those facts. Knowing that on its tiadlnga licaco or war may depend , it Is not likely to dd'oblc out specul'itlono. Impressions , or ! ialf conclusions , based on the work of olnglb days , and liable to be contradicted by later testimony. ItL Judgment will not come piecemeal , nor will it bo premature , nnd no one occd be surprised if days or even weeka should elapse before it Is announced. Mean while , It Is well to reflect that no aiUnlnlu- tmtlon for years has been In closer nym- pathy than the present with the great body of the Amcc'lcan people. Grave , deliberate , and yet a bravo fioldler , the president Is likely , wo believe , to think as a majority oil Americans th [ k on the great matters at stake , and to act as they would i til in act. MKAT IXSIMSPTIOX l.N UOTitT. Chicago Times-Herald : The decision of Judge Hogcrs of the federal court , ulttlng at Kcusas City , to the effect that ccnigrci-H has no power to pass a law for the government iiiipecticin of meat In packing houses. Is a great surprise. The 'case arose out of the Indictment of the foreman of a packing house charged with attempting to bribe a govern ment Inspector. The Indictment uas quashed en the ground that congress had no power to create the office of meat Inspector , and hence If the defendant bribed an Inspector he did not commit an offense against the govern ment. Chicago Tribune : As there can bo no ap peal ! a this particular case , It Is Impossible to know what the opinion of the higher courts may bo concerning the validity of the law. If the indictment had been sustained they would have had an opportunity to express theiraelves. It does not follow that this de cision will put ED end to the inspection of mcata lntcaded _ for export. It has not been forced on the packers. They have been only too willing to avail themselves of the oppor tunity to secure a clean bill of health for their products. Without this inspection they would have been uaiable to find a market in Germniy for any of their bacon and liama. With U they have been able to find a mar ket for somo. So the packers will want w have the Inspection system continue. Plc-neer Press : The usefulness of the law has been abundantly deman tratcd. Its only cpponento have been some ccnsclenceless butchers and a few extreme "state's right" men whose devotion to their favorite poli tical theory makes them willing , It would seem , that whole communities should be poisoned rather than that a claimed ex clusively state prerogative should be Invaded to protect the "general welfare. " It would appear that Judge Hosera 1.3 cno of these extremists. The Issuce are so Important that It cannot be doubted the case will bo carried to a higher court. And although our higher tribunals have ever viewed with un friendly eye any unnecessary exercise of power by congress under the "general wel fare" clause , still , Its exerclao upon proper occasion had been repeatedly sustained. The advocates of pure food and honest business methods all who want wholesome meat and unadulterated flour will hope- for a speedy reversal of Judge Rogers' rul'ng. Indianapolis Journal : The decision of the court at Kansas City seems to sweep away the whole law , for if congress has no right to provide for a local Inspection of animals or meats lutcnded for Interstate commerce It Is equally devoid of power to direct the laspectlon of those Intended for forelf.ii ex port. The effect ot such a decision could hardly fall to be Injurious to our foreign trade in meats , especially In pork products. Tlio court Intimates that the power of local Inspectlcn belongs exclusively to the statea. Such inspection would not satisfy foreign governments. They know the United States government and reepect a United States certificate of Inspection , but they do not know the states and would not respect a state certificate. The decision seems to be one of throe which use the constitution to prevent the national government from exercising necessary and beneficial powers which other wise cannot bo exercised at all. .IM-it.sox.iij : uV.vii The Cubans teem to bo the people who are donlving the mcst comfort from the present situation. If Seattle and Tacoma do not get rich thla year it will not bo the fault of the Klon dike pilgrims nor their own , cither. Mrs. Minnie Haughawaut , a trained nurse of Chicago , has Just received a present of $40,000 from a great and wealthy patient whom she nursed back to health. The late Charles A. Dana's collection of ceramics sold for $110,124. This was not as much as it cost , but Mr. Dana'H enjoyment of It during his life was worth moro than the difference. Mascagni , as director of the conservatory at 1'esaro , the heir of Htwslul , wants the Italian Parliament to pasu a law exempting the ' Ilarber of Seville , " the copyright of which has just expired , from the operation of the copyright law. Ueprtflentatlvo John Allen ot Mississippi , and ono of the grcatrat wits In the house , and the giant representative from Illinois , Mr. Hlnrlchrcn , l.avo become such fast friends durlns the aesclon that they arc seldom seen except In each other's company. Kx-Representatlvo "White of Kentucky , some years ago secured for D. G. Colaon a clerkship In Washington. Cotaon studied law during his residence nt the capital , returned to Kentucky , beat Mr. White In 4ho election and Is now one of Kentucky's representatives In the house , Joseph Fouguo , a dishonorably discharged soldier , committed Hulcldo at 1'resldlo , Cat. , a few dayi ago by shooting hlmielf through the heart with tbe new Krag-Jorgcmsen rifle. The military authorities of that place have demanded the heart from the coroner , that they may send It to the surgeon general at Washington for examination to test the do- utructlvo capacity of the now gun. At the annual meeting of the bird defend ers , In London last week , coo of the speak ers suggested that If the women would reftwe to tflko for husbands men who crunched larks at dinner and nun would decline to mat ? Mth women who bedizened themselves with feathers and singing blrdb , the objects of the society would bo attained. Touchstone "much virtuu ! ' ' " An saye , a 'It. mn.rrio\ MAIIII.ITV. IVhnl Wonld lip Cnnlrlhiilnrr New York 8un. Amumlng for the sake of argument that [ he naval board of Inquiry will show that iho Maine was blown up by a submarine inltio or by a torpedo , let us Inquire under what circumstanced nnd to what extent the Spanish government can be hold responsible for the Injury Inflicted , There seems to bo no precedent for the disaster ; nevertheless It should not bo difficult to answer the qura- tlon by applying the principles of Interna tional Uw. There Is no doubt that a ship of war , when lying In a friendly harbor , Is entitled to the same kind and degree of protection which the house of nn ambassador and Its Inmatrs would receive In the country to which ho Is accredited. The duty of afford ing protection Is even Intensified In the case of a battleship , when , Instead o' being per mitted to cliooso her anchorage , she is or dered to anchor at a particular spot. If the spot Is known to bo contiguous to submarine explosives , the case presented to Interna tional lawyers Is precisely similar to that of an ambassador who , Instead of bring suffered : o choose hia residence , should bo constrained to occupy a dwelling which was mined. It Is obvious that such n state of things would Imnose the duty of extraordinary vigilance upon the government by whose direction an ambassador had been exposed to peril. To determine the extent of the Spanlwh government's responsibility for the dcotruc- tlon of the Maine , more than one question of fact has to be answered. It Is not enough to prove that the lens of the vessel wail duo to n siibmai'lno mime or a torpedo , for , al though tlie proof that such an agency \\ci ) employed would , beyond a doubt , make thu Spanish government , as beitvj responsible for the iicls of Us subjects , liable for the actual damages Incurred , It would not , taken by itself , f urn lull a claim for punitive dam ages , much leos compel a resort to war. We should still have to ask , Wai ! the mine or torpedo In situ nt the time when the vi-ssel was ordered to moor at a designated spot ? Was the Spanish government , represented by Governor General Blanco and his miperlor officers , auare of the existence- the sub marine explosive , and of Its proximity to the Maine ? If both tlut'j questions arc- an swered In thu afllrmatlvo , It Is evident that duo diligence required the Spaulsh govern ment to protect "Its guests from the passible licatlln net of a subordinate by cutting or disconnecting the wlrr.s leading to thu ox- liloslven from shore. ThU duty wa.i . Im mensely emphasised both because the Malno liad been ordered to moor at a particular liolnt , and because a larger proportion of the Spanish military and naval officers Ui Havcna wore ktmuni to be fiercely Inimical to the United States , and of very doubtful loyalty tn Governor General Blanco and his auto nomist cabinet. Xo cnan In his souses can Imagine tb it Governor General Illanco or any member ot his staff ordered the blowing up of ttip Macu ! < or connived at It. Such an act , If brought homo to the chief representatives of Spain In Cuba , would be , of comtjc , an act of war , ctul would have to bo mot with war. There would be no e eo for punitive- damages ; nothing but war would answer the con ditions. It may 'be ' , however , that Spain's principal representatives at Havana , while not chargeable as accomplices , nhould be deemed guilty of grave contributory neg ligence * through their failureto put It out of the power of a malicious or disaffected subordinate to explode ICio mine or torpedo which wrecked the Maine. In that event , Spain ohould expect to receive from the United States a denund , first , for the de tection and punishment of the Individual of fender , and of his accomplices , ohould any bo discovered ; and , secctully , for the pay ment not only of actual but of punitive damages. These punitive damages should be large , If It shall appear that the Maine nnd her crew could have been saved by the olniplo precautlcti of disconnecting the wires lead ing frcm Uio shore to the submarine ex plosives. There Is , we ought to bear In mind , a degree of negligence so gross as to constitute criminal laches , and naval of- flcern. when found guilty of It by court- martial , have been shot. To sum up : Even though the authors of the explosion should remain undlacovcco'l , and mo proof should be forthcoming that the explosives were fired from the shore , the Spanish government would still bo liable for actual d images , the case being analogous to ttiat of Injuries suffered from a mob , the members of which have escaped detection. If , on the other hand , a lack of duo dlll- gcnco In the discharge of Its duty to avert disaster can bo Ix-ought home to the Spanish government , punitive damages will bo ex acted , and the amount of these will be pro portioned to the gravity of the contributory negligence exhibited. Oniy In the event of uncovering evidence of complicity In the crime on the part ot the Spanlid authorities In Cuba should we bo Justified in declaring war forthwith. It Is possible , however , that war might como through Spain's unwillingness to admit that fiho had been guilty ot contributory neg ligence , and her consequent refusal to pay punitive damages. I.WATlf.YTlOX KOll IIATTI.F.SIIU'.S. Iiuiirt-Hilvo tn Inone Upon , but Xnt nn Ijflrpitlvr > nH .Monitor * . Ilnltlmore Amerlonn. It is said that the naval committee In case It la found that the IMalno was not blown up by accident will report a bill for the con struction of two battleships , while. It she was blown up by accident , It will propose the cor.structlon of one battleship to tike the rlaco of the Maine. This Infatuation for the battleships must bo duo to the fact that they are very ImprcaHve In appearance. They are high out of the water and to a landman seem very formidable ; but to ono who un derstands these things that is their great est weakness. The committee ought to read the comparison made by Admiral Jouett be tween the monitor and the battleship and bo glad , at this tlmo especially , that con gress has given the navy afew monitors , Intitead of spending all the money on battle ships. The admiral says the monitor can seethe the battleship at a distance ofsix miles and make a target of It , whllo the latter would not make much of a target of a moni tor at two miles ; and the monitor could run In under her HO that the battleship could not use her big guns. This accords per fectly will ) history uo far as It ha gone. The battleship Is an evolution from th monitor and a very poor one. Thu monitor has done Its work whenever called upon ; the battleship has never done anything wor thy of record. U helped to blow down Alex andria whllo the Aiabs crouched In their houses or fled to the dryiorl , but any gun- bcAit In the Ilrtttsh tleot could have done this quite as well , There was no opposing licet and not a rrsprctablo battery. The battlrtshlp has never figured In a genuine action but twice. At the mouth of the Vftlu river It was knocked Into wnltheroons by the Japanese cruisers and It met the same fata nt Wel-llal-Wel. Ilut Its exploits In time of praco lx v fairly startled the world. Two lirltlsh battlo- Eihlps have gone to the bottom without th slightest provocation , nnd carried down with them nearly every one on board. Another , the finest In the lirltlsh navy , yielded to a slight punch from her consort , and carried , down In her wretched collapse tiundriMg of bravo men. She went down In the bright mfnllght and In a smooth FCXI. Not a cruiser or a gunboat In the fleet could have .10 be haved. A similar accident occurred to ono of the greatest battleships In the ( Ionium navy , and down she wont with nearly nil on beard. The UcutHChland is now laboring along on her way to China. She started n > Iceii ; ago that tde has almost been forgotten. She has even had to wait In mld-ocian for colliers. If she doen not follow the bad ex ample of several other b.ittUvhlrs , nhc may get 'there before the year U out. This coun try cannot afford to spend much money for ships , and congress nliould be doubly care ful to build thee that nro known to be useful. There Is absolutely no evidence ot the ii8efulneE of the battleships , \\Cillo there tii abundant evidence of the uscfuliUY * of mcultois , cruisers and torpedo beats. fS OK I'T.V. ' Truth : Young Physician ( excitedly-Hort ) did you leirn ; about me ? Messenger Rung- all the bells till I found tine HI home. Atchlson Globe : A man always sayi "Hello" when called to the tcUilione. but before ho has talked llvo minutes ho ro- veises the uunl. Cleveland 1'laln Denier : "What a long , thin hosul .Unison has. " "Hasn't he ? Looks a.s If ho hud pushed It under a bureau for a collar button. " Detroit Free 1'ress : "It will never do to let iwomen have equal sulTnigo. " "Any special rc * onV" " \'e * . Just think hew silly It would totind , to tmvo to cull ' our battleships 'womrn-of- war. ' " Indianapolis Journal : "Our represent i- tl\o , " says tlie I'lunkvlllu Hugle. whoso editor did not got the porftonie. . ? . "has been In coiipre.s : * a year or thereabout * , and the only measure he has over opened his mouth about is a pint. " Brooklyn Life : He Is she really so curl- ou ? She Curious ? Why , she'd listen to ad vice. Indianapolis Jotirmil : "Yes , she formally proposed for lilt * hand. " "What did his mother sny ? " "Pile ran her uf | the premises with u bioom. " PnmervIIle Journal : When the devil quotes scripture , the average man can't toll off hand whether or not ho quotes it light. Clileigo Record : "Didn't you tell me. thh inrdlelno was so good that my children would cry 'for It ? " "Xj. you imlsundortood mo ; I told yon they would cry after It. " Detroit Journal : "Lend 'me ' thy wings , O Love. " urged IlleheH , In the beginning , "for I would fulii fly away. " Love shlveivd. "I'm sorry , " he replied , "but I shall ha using them myself. " Then It became apparent that Rlchca iw.ould have to luivo wings ot their a\n. Chicago l'o. t : "Do you know what you iare ? " asked the man who was growing tired of bluster nnd threats. "What am I ? " demanded the man who had been jumping1 up and down , calling names and yelling1 until he was black In the face. "You arc nothing hut a human yellow journal , " wai the retort. Cleveland Plain Doaler. "How bowlcggcd that young electrician Is. " "Yes , but it givo. = i him a professional ap pearance after illl. " "How so ? " "Why his legs look so much like a TT magnet upside do-.vn. " Washington Star : "Yes , " said Senator Sorghum , "I think I may -ay that I hava held my hoirers spellbound. " "I don't doubt It , " roplled Miss Cnyenno. "When I left the capitol the othur day I felt exactly as If I hail experienced a hyp- nolle Influence. And , to tell the truth , ] was drowsy all the next day. " Detroit Journal. "Tho polden cord is severed , " ho sighed It wan generally understood That the poet wns left by his wife bccaust He wouldn't sever a cord of wood , ST1M * A.VII KOll AYR. New York ' "You nro still a youth to me , John ; You are still my lionny beau ; The same as when wo plighted troth Full fifty years ago ! The same ns when our wedding bells Hang out twi glad and Kay. " And here the good wlfo breathed a slgb. And shook her locks ot gray. "It scomnth strniiRo to me , John , Who married you for aye , Who hold the ring you gave mo ns The apple of my eye. To see the youngsters ne'er content To give their hearts and hands , As we did In the good old times , Without scrip nnd lands ! "I didn't bring you much , John , ' And you hud little moro ; Hut wo hnd health In place of wealth , And plenteous love In store , And through the joys and strife , dear , We each ono did our part ; And now we've one another still , As wu hud In the Blurt. ' "Tho times have sadly changed , John , Since you and I worn young ; The nuirrliiKa tlu In lightly held And many n heart Is wrung , And yet you're young to me , John , And still my bonny beau ; Tno same as when wo plighted troth Full llfly years HBO ! " We are Ready And so is our hat man ready to show you a complete assortment of spring J 898 headwear. Staple and nov elty shapes in all the popular shades. "Fedora and Derby. " A Stetson hat at $5 , is our best hat , $ J our cheapest. But at $2.00 we can show you some productions that will amaze you they are beauties black , brown , ce dar and drab colors splendid quality and elegantly trimmed Dunlap , Knox or Youman blocks. Regu lar three dollar qualities but our price for Friday and Saturday will be $2.0O