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OMAHA DAILY BEE E. llOSEWATnn , Editor. PUBMSIIUD EVCUT MOnNINO. OF suuscniPTioN : Dally Ileo ( Without SunJa ) ) , One Year IS CO Dally llee and Sunday , One Year 800 RU Monttu 4 W Three Month 00 Sunday lire , One Ycnr 200 Kntunlay lice , One Year 1 M Wteltly 13ee , One Year M Ol'Vt'lGKSl Omaha ! The llee HulldltiK. . Houth Omnhi : Hlnxcr Illk. , Cor. N and Ittli St * . Council Hluffs ! 10 I'enrI Street. Chicago Oflc ! : C02 Chamber of Commerce. Nrw York : Temple Court. Washington : Ml Kourtcenth Street , All communications relating to news and edito rial mailer should be addressed ! To the IMIlor , Hb'.siNisH : LITTKIIS. All business loiters and remittances should be ddretsed to The Ileo 1'ubllslilnB Company , Omaha , Draft * , check * , cxpre s nnd postolluo money orders to be made payable to the order of the company. rim iiren I UHUBUIKQ COMPANY. STATIMENT : : OK cinc/ULATioN. Etnte of Nebraska , Douglas county , ss. : George II. Tzs'.huck , secretary of The Bee Pub lishing company , being duly nworn , snyi that the actual number ot full nnd comnleto copies of The IJally , Morning. i\enltiR : nnd Sunday nee printed during the month of Tcbruary , IMS , was na fol- " " " " 1 20.831 ,5 21.080 t 21Oil 16 21,631 3 20.M2 17 Zl.fOJ 4 20.7C- 18 21,813 B 10 , ST ; 13 21.Ml : C 21,050 20 21,09- 7 20,50- 21 21.3CT 8 2I.C34 2 * . . . , 21,421 9 , . * * * . . . Z1) , ' * 23 21,033 10 20.SS2 21 S1.9J3 11 . 2" 22,111 21.12S 12 21.070 M. . : : : : : . : . : u.m 1.1 21.012 27 21.4M 14 20,903 , 28 22.3J1 Total Lees returned nnd unsold copies 9.32G Net total sales CJJ5 ? ? Net dally overage . 21.W3 ononciR n. TZSCIIUCK. Sworn to Ijofore me nnd BUh erlbcJ In my presence this 1st day of March , 1S9S. ( Seal ) N. P. I-RIU Notary Public. The building1 trades linvo never been more In evidence In this city tuau they arc thin spring. Candidates for postolllces should not manifest Inip.itlenci1. The administra tion lias inure important business on hand that It cannot neglect. Now the Chicago men who collected that fund for the benellt of the Spanish < ltike who had relatives descended from Christopher Columbus nro no longer sorry the collections were never for- warded. The statement made at the recent pure food congress that the American people annually pay ! ? ! )0,000,000 ) for sand , saw dust , soapgrease , etc. , In adulterations < > t good food shows that it Is easy to ex aggerate or that Americans have ostrich stomachs. The promptness with which the lightIng - Ing companies arc executing the orders of the council for additional ntrect lamps is commendable. If they would bo equally prompt whenever lamps are ordeied removed or discontinued they 'would come In for still more commenda tion. Now that a big rush of minors from the Canadian Klondike over the Hue Into Alaska Is reported there Is less talk about the Injustice of Canadian restric tions on travel and mining. It is slg- iilflcnnt.tlmt nearly all the recent strikes have been on the American side of the line. Experiments are being made under di rection of the mint officials with pure nickel for small coins as a substance nalil to be velvety to the touch and mag netic. This may be true , but nothing will ever compete successfully with gold In largo chunks In the matter of mag- iietlsm. It must not be forgotten that there Is n state Cuban relief commission that lias been quietly carrying on Its work of collecting supplies and other contribu tions for the aid of destitute Cubans for several months past The state com mission may not have been making much noise , but'It has been pursuing the even tenor of its way without Inter ruption. Montana people are moving for a mon ument In memory of General Meagher , whoso name Is connected with the or ganization of the territory and develop ment of early mining. Because there uro but few public monuments In the western states Is not owing to a lack of great men , nor tluough failure to ap preciate their services In the conquest of the western wilderness. Canadian Sunday newspapers nro not p to the American standard and the competition of the Sunday papers from the American cities has become HO strong that the Dominion Parliament Is considering a bill to prohibit the Introduction - troduction into Canada of newspapers printed on Sunday or purporting to be published on Sunday. The Canadians have a right to do as they please about Sunday newspapers , but discrimination against the best never pays. One of the police captains excuses his non-interference with the open gambling resorts on the ground that he Is only carrying out the policy of his superiors. AVliy should the police board have a policy Unit protects open gambling ? The criminal code of Nebraska makes the keeping of gambling resorts In this state a felony. Kvery member of the police board , and for that matter of the police department , too , Is .sworn to abide by and enforce the law. If the police authorities liuvo a special policy for gamblers and bimllar law-breakers It may be safely assumed that somebody has been putting uj > for protection. Governor Shaw of Iowa Is fortunate In his selection of members of the Hoard of Control which Is to take charge of the state Institutions July 1 unilcr the now system adopted. The chairman will be an ex-governor who , during his two terms , became more familiar with the details of state management than any other Iowa governor ; one member Is a democrat who served u term on the supreme bench and whoso ability nnd Integrity have never been quu'MIoncd , and the third member is pivaldent of the State Agricultural society and n good buslne.ss man. The naming of these three men I/arrabee , Kliiue and Cownle makes It certain that the new system will be given u fair trial under most favorable auspice * . JV TUB HANDS OF TUB The report of the navnl board of In quiry la In the hands of President Me- Kinley , whose first action In regard to It will be to communicate Its conclusion to the Spanish government. It Is ex- peeled that early next week , perhaps on Monday , the report will bo transmitted to congress and the country be made acquainted with the findings of the board. Assuming that the conclusion of the board Is that nn outside explosion caused the disaster to the Maine , which It seems safe to do in view of the secrecy that has been observed In re- fipcct to the findings , the statement to the Spanish government may be ac companied by a demand for reparation and Indemnity , though It Is not certain this will be done. The president may simply communicate the conclusion of the board and give Spain an opportunity to Indicate how It Is disposed to treat the matter. In any event It Is probable that the Spanish government will ask t for the testimony and In that case con siderable time might be consumed In diplomatic communications between the governments. Of course If a de mand for reparation Is made the Spanish government must be allowed a reasonable time to examine the matter , If that government desires It. Spain may , however , llatly refuse to entertain jn claim for damages. In that event It would be hardly possible to avert a u pi tire. The great care taken to keep the con clusion of the naval board from the pub ic fully warrants the Inference that It ascribes the < disaster ! to an external agency. It Is not at all likely that were It otherwise the public would have been kept In suspense. It Is not Improbable , alsa , that the findings arc of a nature o Justify this government In demand- ng reparation nnd Indemnity , for while t Is not to be supposed that Spain Is charged with direct responsibility there may be facts and circumstances dis closed upon which the United States may lustly base a claim for damages. In- .leed , there is no longer reason to doubt that the navnl board has decided that he disaster to the Maine was due to nn external agency and tlicre Is room for conjecture only as to the opinion of the jonrd In regard to the responsibility for .hat agency. Meanwhile there are the strongest pos sible indications of a feeling at Wash- ugton that a crisis In the relations of [ ho United States and Spain is near at hand. The now assignments of naval commandeis , the movements of war vej- sels , the examination with a view to purchase of merchant craft that can be made available in case of war , the in creasing activity nt the navy yards and the call upon the naval militia of New York and Massachusetts for Immediate service , are circumstances that attest a ii'O.st anxious feeling at Washington , If not the belief that war is Inevitable and Imminent It Is still said to be the pur pose of President McKinley to avert war if possible and It is not to be doubted that such Is his sincere desire , but event ? may force the crisis In spite of all he can do. With a menacing flotilla of Spanish torpedo boats on the way to Porto Ulco , the Maine disaster shown to be due to an outside explosion and the lens of thousands of starving people in Cuba appealing for help , the president may be unable to much longer hold the nur-uinkiug power In check. There Is little reason to doubt that a majority in congress arc ready , at the slightest Inti mation from the executive , to declare war. But they may nt any time take action that will precipitate war , regard less of the wishes of the president ANOTHER TKnillliLK JUKE'S RUST. Mr. Rosewater has finally bullyragged his associates on the executive committee of the exposition to vote $3,200 Into his pocket , or rather Into Ibo treasury of The Bee. From the first Mr. Rcsowater has endcav. ored to use his position as ono of the man agers of the exposition to bring about eomo- thlng of this kind. With unblushing countenance he has Intro duced resolutions and propositions proposing to pay The Bee large sums for special edl tlone In the pretended Interest of tdo exposl tlon , but actually for the benefit of Mr. Rcso water. Several weeks ago , after vainly re. slstlcg these importunities , the committee at last yielded and voted to pay The Bco $3,200 for four pages In the Weekly Bee , of which Mr. Rosewater rromlsed to Issue 200,000 copies about May 1. Next day , however , Mr. Rosewater being absent , the committee rescinded Its action. Now he has returned and at once proceeds to hold up the committee , of which bo Is a mem ber. ber.Tho The proposed advertlilng Is practically of rery llttlo value. But , oven If it were a good Investment for the cxpcHltlcn , the meth'od of buying it Is Indecent. The six men on the executive committee are In control of trust funds. To vote money Into each other's pockets on any pretense Is a disgrace. The newspapers of Nebraska and Iowa and the west have been giving free apace gener ously to the exposition , and now the ccrnmlt- tee In charge of expenditures proposes to pay one of Us mcmbcm $800 a page for four pages of his particular npwspaper. It Is time fa. an earnest protest , and for that reason 1hi > World-Herald lays the matter before the public and calls upon the committee too to reconsider Its action once again. World-Herald. This screed bears on its fnco the con tradiction of tlio false Impression which the malicious fakirs sock to create. Their manifest object is to make- the ex position stockholders believe that n do nation amounting to 1,200 had boon voted away by the executive committee to 0110 of its members and to arouse the hostility of the state press by misleading It Into the Idea that thousands of dollars are being paid to The Hoe for exposition advertising. The facts In the case com pletely refute this llctlon and fully Justify the action of the board. First and foremost , The IJee. has not hieu a deadhead In tliu exposition en terprise. It has already given to the exposition - position advertising space without ask ing or expecting a penny therefor that could not have been bought for $50,000 by its regular advertising patrons. Its chief proprietor headed the subscription list with ? .r ,000 and has given more time and labor to the exposition than could bo bought for live times that sum. Second , the purchase of 200,000 copies of The Weekly Hee takes no money out of the exposition treasury , but on the contrary will effect a savins of not leas than $1,200 to the exposition. A gen eral distribution of advertising matter to the farmers In the territory within n radius of-400 miles of Omaha Is essential to Insure a larg > attendance of the pro ducers. The Illustrated supplement contracted for In The Bee Is to be the equivalent of the thirty-two-page exposi tion booklets. The lowest price nt which 200,000 of these booklets could bo purchased would bo $1,500. The postage on 200,000 booklets would bo $2,000 nnd the cost of procuring names nnd addressed envelopes would be not less than $1,000 more , making In all a minimum of $4,000. The booklets would , however , not be as valuable for the pur pose as a standard newspaper like The Hoc , which will contain In addition to the illustrated supplement fully two li.iges of appropriate exposition Informa tion. The blank paper required to print those 200,000 copies of The Bee will weigh twenty tons nnd the postage charge will be100. . The talk of pay- lug $ SOO n page for four pages of ad vertising In The Bee Is therefore a will ful and malignant falsehood , and so Is the assertion that the board voted $ ,200 Into Koscwater's pocket Incidentally It may be pertinent to Inquire whether the board robbed the .stockholders to put money Into the pock ets of G. M. Hitchcock when It voted to Invest In the World-Herald exposition edition at 0 % cents per copy when The Bee only charged 3 cents , Including postage , per copy last year for a superior exposition edition. And how docs G'/i cents per copy for the World-Herald abortion compare with the 1 3-5 cents [ > er copy , addressed and postpaid , at which The Boo has contracted to deliver Its special Illustrated edition ? FR/1ACB HAS A MUHAL INTKItEST. The French minister of foreign affairs , M. lianotaux , Is reported ns saying that the Cuban question Is not the business of France , but that country has n moral Interest In It , because of Its friendly re lations with both Spain nnd the United States. The minister extols the queen regent of Spain and speaks of Americans as a generous people and says that "there must bo no conflict between these two nations who are so strongly attached to us and who are so dear to our hearts. " Doubtless this very accurately reflects the general sentiment In France. The feeling Is that a war between the United States and Spain would be a great mis fortune , but outside of those who are creditors of Spain there Is reason to be lieve there are very few who regard the Cuban qne.stlon as one with which France has any business to concern Itself as a nation. It Is distinctly an American question , to be settled between Spain and the United States without any outside meddling or interference. The moral interest which France or any other country may take in the matter Is some thing that cannot bo objected to , so long ns It Is not made an excuse for Interfer ence. The expressions .of M. lianotaux war rant the belief that there is no danger of France giving any support to Spain In the event of n war with this country and since only the possible attitude of that government has ever been in serious doubt all appichcnsion regarding Euro pean Interference may be dispelled. If Spain provokes or invites war she must do her fighting alone. She will not bo altogether without European sympathy , but she will not be able to get any sub stantial assistance. TJW Sl'IHIT OF Tilt ! KUUT1T. Referring to a ridiculous Idea recently expressed lu one of the newspapers of Havana , that lu the event of war be tween the United States and Spain the south nnd west would take the oppor tunity ' to secede from the east , the Baltl- nioro Sun remarks that instead of there being any disposition In the south to secede , "the south today appreciates most fully the benefits derived and to bo derived from the union of the states find Is probably more loyal than the east or west. The south Is patriotic In the ac tive sense ot the word. Its people would volunteer for service In the federal army more promptly , perhaps , than would those of the sections that obtan the larg est share of federal pensions and other practical benefits. " The Sun declares that at the call of duty the men of the south would fight with alacrity against Spain or any other power nnd the ambi tion of the south would be to rival other sections to prove which could do the best fighting' nnd the most of It. The west yields to no section of the union In loyalty and patriotism , but It freely concedes that the south possesses these qualities In equal measure with any other portion of the country and will as ardently manifest them if oppor tunity offers. In the present Juncture the representatives from the south In congress have shown ns ready and ear nest desire to sustain the honor and dig nity of the nation as the representatives of any other section nnd none have spoken more .forcefully and eloquently than they of the duty of Americans to stand by the government In Its prepara tions for the national defense. The spirit of the south nt this time , In th , < matter of loyalty and patriotism , Is all right and It is exerting a most beneficent Influence. A few years ago the publisher of the Omaha World-Herald made an appeal for public contributions to a fund for the purpose of providing the poor chil dren and homeless waifs of the city with Christmas presents. After the money had been collected the Christmas trees and presents were secured from mer chants on an agreement to exchange for advertising In the paper and the cash neatly turned Into the charitable pub lisher's pocket The same publisher Is now engaged In receiving othei people's money under a plea for aid tor starving Cubans. The question Is , Will this money be Invested In commodities pur chased with advertising space at three prices or will It bo turned over to the legitimate relief association acting under governmental authority ? The decision of Judge Fawcett refns Ing the Injunction prayed for to restrain the city council from ordering pave ments laid under the charter pro vision dispensing with a petition from abutting property owners for streets within a radius of 3,000 feet from the court house should bo promptly taken advantage of by the city to rcqtilro the pavement of all streets In that district not yet paved. The question Involved Is not one of tak ing propertyUvlJhout due process of la v , ns alleged by the obstructing property owners , but ono of taxation , and there Is no principle of law that says the taxing power cannel be regularly exercised without thcjclmsent of the parties taxed by petition oj- otherwise. Because the charter restricts the power of the coun cil In levying assessments for certain classes of st eet Improvements nnd lu certain area's In the city should be no " reason why . 1 should not make full use of Its power where nmestrleted by those conditions. Everybody In these parts Is anxious to see the new 100-a-mlnute equipment of the street railway company. Hut after all 100 a minute is only 0,000 nn hour , and there will bo days during the exposition when ten times that number of people will want to use the street cars at the same time. Whore ( lie "I'lill" Comes In. Philadelphia Times. When a man places himself In the bands of his friends before an election there Is noino- times competition about Itio hold on hta leg. ArlntcuTuey Tonril Domi. Sprlnsfleld Hepubllcan. Michael Davltt's assertion that the Engl.'oh aristocracy hates America Is made with dc- llhcratlon , perhaps , yet he must remember that a change may have como over that aristocracy since Us Impoverished nobles ben - n marrying the daughters of American mil lionaires. tiunr < lliiKtlio NnUuii'n Honor. New Yorlt Commercial Advertiser. Mr. Bryan deprecates war with Spain , but declares that the "national honor must be saved. " This Is the very object for which the republican party haa steadily contended , and It matters not whether the assailants of "r.atlcnal honor" live on the banka of the Guadlana or of the Platte. It dealt with Mr. Bryan In 1890 as It Is prepared to deal with Spain now. The St. Touts llepublle. For murdering fifty-four members of the Vlrglnlufl crew Spain paid to this country $ SOCOO and that In two Installments after years of diplomacy. Tlis tate was about $1,400 per man. Since then the courts of this coun try hive adopted the rule ot fixing the value of human life nt $5,000. If we are to settle with Spain on a money basis for the death of the Malno crew , our own valutlon , and not Spain's , should govern In this case. PlncliliiKthe SiiKiir Trust. Philadelphia Ilcconl. The Sugar trust Is undergoing the fatal ex perience which sooner or latec overtakes all monopolistic violations of the laws of trade. New rofluerlcs are springing up anil the trust must submit to their competition or buy them off on their own terms. Each successive purchase at Ticavy cost of p'anta that are not nc'eded reduces the resources of the monopoly , and at Inst will come the col lapse. The Sugar 'trust haa had a long and prosperous run , biit there Is no mistaking tdo signs of revolt against Its power. Cmiiiillnii I. nml fJrnlilicr.i. Jluffrilo n > press. The action ft' ' Canadian officials In the northwest In puttlpg their customs houses at the summit jbt p sses on territory claimed by the Unltedfeta cs may put to the test that frlcndshlijlfor the United States which Brltona are process np Just at present. The United States may bar busy v 1th Spain , but not too busy to , protec > l Itii own boundaries. From any noliUvp'h vlcjv the action of the Canadians In thus complicating a question which was alre dy. progressing rapidly to ward amicable and reasonable settlement must be regarded by civilized people as dis creditable. Tin * Crime of 1'i-rjury. Case nnd Comment. The responsibility of the legal profession for the prevalence of perjury Is very great. There arc some lawyers who create evidence to aid their own cases. These constitute the most dangerous class of professional crimi nals , and wo may hope It Is very small. But there are many who will wink at and si lently encourage perjury when It Is on their side. Yet these men would scorn to receive stolen goods. They quietly swallow the cumel. but would ba Insulted If you offered them the gnat. This Is because moral senti ment Is more clearly denned with respect to receiving stolen goods than with respect to fronting from perjury. POLITICAL DIIIFT. "John Leody. " says the Atchlson Globe , "Is a good governor , but he Is not popular with the populists because he doesn't con sult them every time he wants to change hla shirt. " A 'Brooklyn ' ex-coroner has been convicted and heavily sentenced for collecting $2,200 In bogus fees while In office. It serves him right ; but , were there no bigger fish In these waters ? George 03. MoCIellan. son of the famous general , Is tbo youngest man In congress. Ho Is a chunky little man and generally he can be seen when the house Is In session standing In front "of the reporters' desks with both hands rammed down In his trousers' pockets , like -Newlands of Nevada. Ho Is a moderately good speaker and Is regarded as a capable , level-headed man. All the state officers from governor down to land commissioner become vacant in Michigan at the close of this year , ana a lively fight seems certain In the Wolverine state. Parties are rather mixed In Michigan. In the spring of 1897 the republicans polled 210,000. the sliver democrats 140,000 , the gold democrats 20,000 , the prohibitionists S.OOO , the middle-of-the-road pops 4,000 and tbo socialists 2,100 votes. Benjamin F. iMarsh of Illinois is one of the distinguished-looking men In congress. Full six feet tall and symmetrically built , erect as a grenadier and Independent as a viking , he would attract attention In any assembly. ( Ho Is ono of the most successful far mem in America and ono of the most extensive. . Whatever he does he does with his whole soul. During the war he rose from a private to a colonel and was shot four times. Ho soldiered In nine states. The democratic state convention In Mis souri has beencalled for August 10 , In SprlniHeld , for ho nomination of several fandldatee. moro artlcularly a Judge of the s-ipretne court , bp present Judge of the M sourl supreme'paurt ( his salary Is $4,500) ) wra choKVa In IS S.j The- term Is ten yearn , and the present Incumbent of the post had , when elected , a lijajprlty of only 27.000 votes over his republicanopponent. , In the same election Cleveland's , majority over General Harrlsm In Missouri was 25,000 , ariJ that ccolest may bo said , to have marked ( Cleve land was nominated' for his second term In St. Loulri In 1888) the low water mark of the democratic party In" that state , for Brjan'o majority. 1896 , waa 63,000 , and outside of the cltv of St. Louis his lead was 73.003. The term of the present governor of Missouri does not explro f.ntU . 1901. The propensity of ) Texas statesmen when In session In Austin to establish new and unnecessary countlcj has been carried to an almost absurd extreme. The Lone Star utato has 24C couities , and some of them are counties "In name only. " In Brlscoe county , so-called , there were only ninety-seven vote lu the presidential election of 1892 , niaety-six of them votln ; the- democratic and ono the republican ticket. In the con test of 189G the republican voter of Brlacoo got a recruit , and the republican vote waa two. In what la known as King county , Texas , republicans made even greater headway. In the electlcn ot 1892 there were eighty-one voters In King , seventy-six demo crats and flvo populists. In 1896 , as the cesult. perhaps , of the educational campaign , there appeared one republican. It has never been authoritatively etated whether this re- nubltcan was a former democrat or a former DopulUt , but , at all events , he voted for William McKUiley In 1896 , and bo enjoys the nroud distinction of being the caly man la his county who did. U.ULIIOAI ) Hi ; l'lATlOM. KoHMV of tlir Work of ( Intcrntnte Comim-rcc CoiiinilxHlnti , . Henry C , Adami In the AtUntlo. One Is scarcely at liberty to say , without the consent of the supreme court , what the Intention of congress was In creating the Interstate Commerce comtubalon. Accepting , however , the language of the act as the otilj basis of Interpretation , It seems clear that the ability of tdo commission to perform Its duties was made dependent upcn the co operation of the courts. Had It been poo- slblc for the courts to have accepted the spirit of the act , and to have rendered their as sistance heartily and without ref-erve , thcrer Is reason to believe that ttio petntclous discrimination In railway service and the un just charges for tranapcctatlon would now have beu In large measure a thing of the past. As It Is , the most significant chapter lu tdo history of the 001111111331011 pertains to Its persistent endeavors to work out some cuoJtis vlvcndl without disturbing the dignity of the Judiciary. The merchant , , the manufacturer and tlio farmer , working under conditions of Indus trial liberty , do not ocein to require any | ie < cullar supervision on the part of the state , for competition Is adequate to Insure tclatlvc Justice as between custom , as well ( is ( tie sale of goods at a fair price. But In the railway Industry , competition dees not work so beneficent n result. On the contrary , such Is Its nature that It Imposes upon railway managers iho necessity of disregarding equity between customers and of fixing wtes with out considering their fairness , whether Judged from the point of view of cost or of social results. Were this not true tdcro would bo no railway problem. But what , It will bo asked , Is there pecu liar about the business of transportation which renders It superior to the satisfactory control of competition ? * The railway Industry Is an txtenslvo , and not an Intensive , Industry. It conforms to the law of "Increas ing" returns rather than to the law of "con stant" or of "diminishing" retuins. This being the case , ability to perform a unit of service cheaply depends more upon the quan tity of business transacted than upon atten tion to minute details. Another way of say- lug the eciiic thing Is tdat the expenses In cident to the operations of a railway do not Increase In proportion to the Increase In the volume of traffic. As an Industrial fact , this does not pertain to the business of the manu facturer , the merchant or the farmer , but Is peculiar to tbe business of tiansportatlon ; and It Is adequate , when properly understood , to explain why all advanced peoples , without regard to the form of government they may have adopted or the social theories they may entertain , dave surrounded the administration of railway. . ? with r-ccullar legal restrictions. The necessity of some sort or government control lies In the nature of the business Itself. It lice in the theory of modern society that men should succeed or fall according to their abilities. As a matter of fact , a rall- wo- manager has It within his power , * through the manipulation of rates , to make or to destroy ; to determine which persons In the community and which communities In the state shall attain commercial succces , and which shall struggle In vain for Its at tainment. * * * Suppose , for example , that ono cattle dealer In Chicago Is selected by a pool of railways to control the ship ment of meats from Chicago to the seaboard , and that , In order to secure him this control , he receives a rate of 10 per cent less than the rates charged other dealers ; It Is evident that the favored shipper will quickly destroy the business of other shippers by bidding moro for cattle than they can afford to bid Admitting that the discrimination la not ap proved by common law , what remedy has the small shipper which Is sufllclently speedy In Its action to rescue the business which ho observes to be slipping from him ? He has no remedy ; and for this reason Is It essential thai discriminations of the sort referred to should be made a statutory misdemeanor , and that some special method of procedure , more rapid In Its operations than an ordinary court , should bo established to cause the rail , ways to dealst from their wrong-doings. 'AMI OTHERWISE. Most of the returning Klondlkcrs appear til ba richer In experience than In anything else. John Ilampdonr the great English patriot , who waa slain nt Chalgrovo Field In 1643 , has Just had dedicated to his memory a stained glass In the parish church at Great Hampden. Emperdr Monclek of Abyssinia has ordered at the Paris mint 3,000,000 of golden pieces , to bo coined after a new pattern , nnd the workmen are working night and day to com- iilete his order. Two Itinerant umbrella menders were re cently fortunate enough to be hit by an en- Kino on the Lehlgh Valley railroad , nnd the couri has Just awarded them $4,000 with which to repair their damaged corporosltles. Ceorzo W. Vandcrbllt Intends to continue the development of his model village of Bill- more. N. C. . by the erection of a school housl for white pupils , the building of sev eral handsome dwellings nnd the establishment - ment of an electric light plant. Under an old ash tree In the quiet ceme tery in Milton , a few miles out from Boston , , a .UKO bowlder wfalch bears on the south ? .hm f / , ' - ) " : "Ann and Wendell ? iPIi ! ° thi.0 ° rderl ) glvlnE datcs in 1880 and 1884 , each aged 73 years. The real name of the distinguished French painter known aa Carolus Duran Is Charles Auguste Emll Durand. Mr. Diuandwho Is a self-made man and proud of It , has Just arrived in this country , and durln ; his stay will paint the portraits of several well known men and women of this country. A bust of the German emperor Is to bo placed in the famous Walhalla of Bavaria ? . , Tue Ll.y : next > the anniversary of his birth. This hall of fame was founded by King Louis I. of Oavarla , to commemorate the great men of Germany. It stands on a beautiful summit overlooking the Danube near Regensburg. John O. Kunltz , now a liveryman at ApPleton - Pleton , iWIs. , was Bismarck's coachman twenty-five years ago , and for years drove the Iron Chancellor In Berlin and elsewhere. He was paid $30 per month , with board and livery , liberal and frequent tips , enabling him to lay by quite a sum for Investment on his arrival In this country. Booker T. Washington , In an address de livered last week , said the trouble with his race was that It Is In too big a hurry. The preachers , he said , wanted to bo D. D.'s before - fore they knew divinity ; they want blog- a raphlfs before they have lived ; they want Latin and Greek before they know a pronoun In English ; they -want postonices before they know how many stamped envelopes to give for 11 cents ; whereas , they should stick to Intelligent 'farming , build better houses , have better j homes and never go to a town unless they have something to sell. Austin Gollahor , who has been remembered In biographies of Abraham Lincoln as hiv ing saved the future president from drown ing In his boyhood In Kentucky , died M his homo at Hodgensvllle , Ky. , on February 22 last. The Incident referred to occurred when Lincoln was about 6 years of ago In conse- qncnco of his falling Into a swollen stream which ho was crossing on a log , and out of which ho was dragged by Gollaher. who was some four years his senior. The story lo told on Gollaher's authority In Miss Tarbell'e llfo of Lincoln and In probably other biog raphies of the great emancipator. The Royal Is tbo highest grade baking powder known. Actual to t how It goeioco- tttrd further than any other brod. POWDER Absolutely Pure OY L IUUH9 POWOCH CO. , NEW YORK. OTllKlt I.AM1S THAN OtllS. The report ot the SweJUh and Norwegian committees on the union between the two countries has been submitted to the Swedish Riksdag anil the Norwegian Storthing. The majority report of the Swedish committee rcconuncnda the appointment of A common foreign minister , who may bo either a Swcdo or a Norwegian , but Is cot to bo a member cither of the Riksdag or the Storthing. U also advocates the constitution of n council of state for fotclgn affairs , to consist of at least two Swedish and two Norwegian coun cillors. With regard to the common foreign mlnlstor'n responsibility , the report provides that ho may bo Impeached bcfcre a supreme judicial tribunal ot the united kingdoms , con sisting of the elx c.cinlir ( Judges of the im- promo courts of both countries , twelve mem bers of the Riksdag , and the same number ot the Storthing. It Is proposed , further , tint diplomatic and consular representation bo. common to both countries , The report of the majority of the Norwegian committee recommends that each country contribute to the cxpcndltuic on account of the foreign ministry In proportion to Its population , and that the consular representation bo common to both countries for a period of fit teen years , after which each fhall be entitled to Or in nnd the dissolution ot the consular union. Tliet-o In also a Norwegian minority report , which recommends a separata foreign min uter and eeparato diplomatic and consular representation for each of the two countries. has a population of 130,000,000 , with an army of about 1,000,000 men on n pcaco footing and 2,500,000 on a war foiling. She Is accordingly reckoned comtumly the most formidable power l Europe. But In the Na tional Rovlow of March the Idea that she Is so very formidable In ridiculed. "Tiro Russian bogey , " according to the Review , docs Indeed terrify many nations , who "tum ble over one another for the czar's favors , " but close examination reveals elements of wMknwa. Within the limits of European Ruscla nnd In a defensive war Russia maybe bo co-needed the first place. Napoleon's ex perience and study of the statistics of hut present resources make her title to that clear. But In war beyond her proper borders Russli labors under many disadvantages and Is not a paitlcularly efficient military powcc. The Crlircan war , for example , ended In Russia's I humiliation and the ruin of her finances. The ) war in Turkey In 1877 won to have been a. ) triumphant promenade , but It lasted a whole I year and permanently depreciated the rouble to the extent of one-third of Its value. War In the far east would not. therefore. It secim. bo at present a picnic for Russia , If she had Japan alone to contend with , and might bo a hopeless struggle If Japan enjoyed the as sistance of arc ally. In the light of the pers'stont rumors con- cernlns the strained relations existing be tween Great Britain and the Transvaal , a recent speech delivered by Sir Alfred Mll- ner. governor of the Capo of Gcod Hope , acquires n good deal of significance. In ad dressing trfo Afrikander Bond he said thit he preferred to take their loyalty for ; Granted. What reason could they have for j disloyalty when they enjoyed freedom , self- j government. Justice and equality , the llrst ' principles of British policy ? But he could not shut his oyefl. ho went on to say , to un- j pleasant facts. .At any prospect of n. differ1 1 cnco between the Imperial government nnd the Transvaal a mass of people In the colony , I without even the semblance of Impartiality , , espoused the cause of the Transvaal. He be lieved that their motive was peace , but they were totally wrong , for their policy rested on the assumption that Great Britain had some occult design on the Independence of the Transvaal , which was opposite to the truth. The earnest desire of the British waste to avoid a quarrel and to Insist only on the minimum of external control necessary for I the future transciulllity of South Africa. This was her attitude , and she could not be frightened out of It. If the Dutch of Capo Colony wished to help the Transvaal , they should Induce It to assimilate Its Institutions and what was more Important the spirit and temper of Its administration to those of the Jrco communities of South Africa. * * In the termination of the uprising among the hill tribes of northwestern India a costly and bootless struggle has been brought to.an end. Great Britain , It is true , has reas serted her authority among these savage fanatics. She has given the world fresh Il lustrations of English intrepidity and valor , notably at Dargal Ridge. She has demon strated anew the firm hold ehe has on the mixed population of India. But this prac tically Is all she has gained. She has prac- acqulred an ell of additional territory or ex tended the area of British Influence. She has simply quelled a rebellion of her own subjects. On the other hand , a great num ber of lives has been lest in the conflict and , on the British side , a vast amount of treasure. C ! course. Great Britain cannot bo held responsible for the war except Insofar as It was needlessly prolonged through misman agement on the part o ! the chiefs of the British forces. The Insurrection had Its / origin In fanaticism and superstition , some thing like that which precipitated the Sepoy outbreak , and stern measures were required for its suppression. The persistence and Increase of the plague In India Is exciting grave apprehensions In Egypt , especially In view of the impending pilgrimage to Mecca. The Quarantine board at Cairo has appealed to the Egyptian gov ernment to prohibit the pilgrimage for thla year , and the ministers- have forbidden pro visionally the ITSue of passports to intending pilgrims. The final decision rests with the Khedive , who , it Is thought , will not refusa his assent to a measure necessary for the protection ot Egypt and Europe , as , If the plague Is once introduced on the Nllo there. Is a strong probability of its remaining there for yean3. Religion enjoins but ono pilgrimage , and only upon those able to afford It , end It is believed that a large pro. portion of the population would approve ot Its suppression during the present danger. The suppression of the pllgrimago need not Interfere with the festival of the Holy Car pet or the annual subsidy of wheat to the holy cities , which could bo dispatched as usual. According to the recent statement of correspondent of the London Times at Kirln. the second largest city In Man- choorla , that place , with Its 200,000 Inhab itants , Is being Russified with great rapidity. Samovars may bo seen at every Irn , and tarantasses carrying Russian officials , cs- corted by Cossack" , Jsah through tbo crowd * ! streets. Indeed , the Russians have but llttN moro to gain In Manchoorla. They have thi right to build rail wo ) s and bouse * , to work mines nnd to Import all ktada of machinery for railway nnd mining use. They also havt the right to unrestricted navigation of Inland waters , as well nn the right to protect them- eolvcs by force , Independent of the Chinese. Wlthnl the natives seem content , and are quite prepared to welcome further change * which would release them from tbo rule ol the rapacious mandarins. While other pow ers squabble over ports on the Chinese coast , Russia quietly absorbs the hinterland. With what an Iron hand Russia etllt crushes the liberties of despoiled Poland hai been made strikingly apparent to the world lii the police Interference with the proposed Mlcklowlcz celebration nt Warsaw. Adam Mlcklcvlc * Is the greatest name In I'ollsh . literature In fact , with the Russian Touah- kin , he must be looked upon ns one of the two chiefs of Sla\onlc poetry nivl genius. The memory of Mlcklewlcz , however , Is In delibly associated with the patriotic strug gles of Poland with her futile , but glorlotM , efforts to shake off the Russian yoke. Rather than breathe under the caitcH ; of Muscovy Mlcklewlcz oxcllcd hlnuclf , flist In Rome and then In Paris. Earnest In bis patriotism to the end , he was sent at the outbreak of the Crimean war to Constantinople , whcro ho sought to raisea regiment of POCT ! for the French army. And amid this work ho died , In ISjo , believing that perhaps the war was open at last for 1'olriulVi freedom. .Minuv : Clilfnfjo Hccorit. She never told her love nh , no : Her hcnrt of pride suppressed It. Hut she KIIVO him timid sinners , so He promptly up mid guessed It. Detroit Journal. In cloth of sack and ashes , With flshs the we\ry clny.inrp spent. Sorry for all lier Hlns ? Oh , no. Sony there's auch a thing as Lent , OilcnKu Tribune. "And o , " ho Plioutoil , In a rnge , "Yo como huri but to scoff ! Jly friends all egged me on the stage , And nowMyou egg mo off ! " Jud o. No lagging's by the Rites ntlowetl , The houl that plans gets hardest rapsi And bo with ginger rich endowed il'Icks up the best of Fortune's snaps. ChlonKo News. "This pink rose , darling- nr It In your hair , " hU fond note * ald , But she- smashed It did not spare It- He forgot her hair was rod. Detroit Journal. "It take.3 a thief to catch n thlof , " The proverb-milker weens. Docs that reflect on nil police ? Oh , not by any means. Chicago Tribune , _ Wo nrc coming1 , Uncle Samuel , we're coming once again , From the coal mine nnd the counting1 room , from hill top , brake , nnd fen. \\u're re.ulv now to back It up our swag- Kciliitf Yankee brai ? And to hen ! that uiand old rebel , Fltzhugh Lee , uphold thei ling. Starving Cuba's voice has reached us , and , we'll answer with n shout : "Hold the fort , for we are coming1 , and we'll clean the Spmlards out ! " We'ro w.iltlnK now to hear the Indana' ! opcnliu : roar. If ] yen need u ? . Uncle Samuel , we'll como ten million ! ) more ! OX TIIK Til A I.V. . The maddening cllelo of the- wheels ; The landscape ) that lllcs swiftly by ; The little fat boy In the aisle. Who's i > itliir ( a hujre-plefe of pie ; The wonderful ( 'hecks In the suit Of the iliummcr , who sits 'cross the nlsle ) The fat German woman who bums And eats noisy cheese all tliu while ; The RiillclcsH old fellow who askfi "Will you tell me , what plico IH this ? " The tow-headed , taffy-chinned elf , Who puts up her face foi' a kins : The lonesome young gill -who Inquires , "Did you come that long wny alone ? " The dapper conductor who asks , "DC" you go straight through ? That youf homo ? ' The Htout Swedish g-Irl chewing Kum ; The rough minim ; man , with a cold ; The talkative wldcMi who "came. Twelve years ngo here , to grow old ! " Tlio bovvno persuades you to buy Periodicals bought lonir before ; The waiter , while-coated , who yells , "Last call ! Only ten minutes moro ! " The mother who talks baby talk , And Joggles her child when It cries ; Politicians who argue , but prove On them the whole nation relies ; The light-hatted Johnny , who asks , "Pnwdon mo ! Haven't r\e met before ? " The hport In the corner who's lost , Say he's "game yet , but feelln' dead sorel * The theatrical troupe who talk simp ; The cherubs who chase up tlio nl-lo ; Tim little prlm-looklnB. old maid , Who reads a dry book all the while ; The swagKcr society girl , Who BA ops In with a rustlp of silk ; The woman with bundles galore , Drinking1 bottles of coffod nnd milk ; A llttlo , red , freckle-faced boy , Who's trying his best not to cry ; A new married couplu who spoon , And hold hands when they think no one's by ; ( Was It old Billy Shnke penrel miho Mld , That every man Jack had to learn To BO on this told vaudevlllo stage. Of an earth , nnd do his llttlo turn ? Well , I thlnlo that Shakespeare wus right. Uuli rot all the Kood places to see A rehearsal of comedy parts i The train Is the best ono to me. me.E. . M. R ODIX Syracuse Herald. Oh , light overcoats are out , Yi's. they're out ; On the thin man or the stout , Or the stout : And the yountr chick nnd the lambkin Now replace the pDrk and hamkln. And the oyster nnd the clamkln , Don't you doubt ! Oh , the coal bln'n bleak nnd bare , Bleak and bare ; Not n clinker now dwells there , Now dwells there ; ' And they hang outside the pirrot With his plumage ipreen nnd carrot , And the gas stove leaves the garret Don't you care ! Oh , the front stands nlsrli the beer , Foaming beer , With a KalV > n full of cheer , Amber cheer ! Wo know It by the bonnet , Uy the poet's sickly sonnet ; You may bet your last cent on It , Spring la hero ! Now is the time To buy your Spring or Easter Hat. Our complete assort ment is ready and includes all the popular blocks and shades. Our windows give you but a slight idea of the many styles we iiave to show. Extensive alterations have delayed us some , be ing cramped for room we have been unable to show half our large stock. That has been overcome , and if you want a stylish spring hat , come here. You can buy one for $ J.OO or $4,00. Whatever price you want to pay we can suit you with the very best there is in the market for that money. uwnmai