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THE OMAHA DAILY BEEr SATTTRDAT , APUIL ,23 , 1808.
THE OMAHA DAILY BER B. HOSKWATKIt , Editor. I-UIJUSMBD r.VnilY MOUNINU. TKIIM3 01' StMlSClUl'TlOX ! Dally H ( Without Sunday ) , Ono Ycnr t M D llx Ilo nn.l . Huntlny , On * Year i s m Blx Months Thr Months S" HumUy Ui-c. On Y r * ? ' Katurdnjr live. One Yrnr. * f : \VctMy Utv , One Year w Ol'FlCKSl Omrhai The Ileo ItulMlnit. _ . Bouth Oirnhal Blnger Illk. . Cor. N and Jlth Sts. Council Illut ( : . 10 I'enrl Street. Ch'cago Oinc * ! MI Chamber of Commerce. Ni-w Yotkr TempliCourt. . Washington ! Ml Fourteenth Street. COimUSI'ONOBXCB. All ccmmunlentlons retatlnic to " nd , lto- rlal matter ihouU I * addressed : To the I.ailor. HUSINKSS MJTTHnfl. All tmslneii letters and remittances nhoiild b addressed to The lice I'uMlshlns Compin > . Omaha. Drafts , checks , express and postofllcs money orders to bo made payable to the order or th. company. punM8NO | | COMPANY. STATn.MK.NT Ol' CHlCUIjATlON. Btato of Nebrntkn , Douglas co\mty. n i Ocorjro II. Tuchuck , secretary of Tli lice rub- Hilling rompany , being 'luly ' iiworti. says lh.it in * nctunl number of full nnd complete conies of n.e Dally. Mnrnln * . i\enlng : and Kundny UceprlnlnJ . during the month of March , 1838 , was ns follows. 1 22.403 IT S-.JI.J 2 2.r.22 > 23.510 . . : o 4 2I.TSI 6 22,574 5i ; . . . , , t 21,511 J2 . 2J.R5S 7 22.279 2. ) . . 22.511 ! I ! VJ.M3 iil . ! 2.l't 22.MI X . 22.101 10 22.2S2 28 . 22. in II 22.2M 37 . um 12 SJ.377 H . 23.011 13 21,818 n . 11 22.151 11 22.207 31 1C K.KW Total ti ss rcturnciJ and unsold copltn. . . Net tolnt rntrn Net daily average averagenrouan : n. Hworn to liofore mo ami uh crlli l ln..mY.I > re' * encp tills 1st day of April. 1833. N. P. ' ' ' " j ( Pool. ) Notary Public. KontticUy HL't-s a. new crop of colonels In sight. We arc coming , Katlier William , 100- 000 The Cuban war should be mailo short , slinrp niul tk'clslve. It must be ri'incmbprotl that one of the essentials of war Is that two play at the game. Missouri Is patriotic and all that , but If the government wants mules It will have to pay stiff prlc-crt for them. The action of Senor I'olo in going to Toronto iiwtcad of returning to Mad.-ld Indicates that lie realizes the prospect of quick ending of Hits suspense. Uncle Ram In more tlian twice as big as lie was the last time he put on his war paint and lie had a bigger boy to tight with then than he lias in Spain today. In the work ot freeing Cuba the United States may not have the aid of any other nation , but It Is plain that the job will ibc done with the consent of several of 'them. Smith seems to be a name to conjure with in cabinets. Hoke Smith was sec retary of Interior under 0rover Clove- .land and now Charles Binary Smith is postmaster general. I'he Florida "boomers" arc pointing pioutlly to the fact that never In the his tory of that state has there been such a pronounced increase of population at i tills season , of the year. .Tnst to show that the Increase of the police force lias nothing to do wih : the case , the footpads and hoUl-ups lire again getting in their work with their former customary regularity. General Sherman said that war Is a cruelty that cannot be refilled. Now that the country Is embarked in war , it must spare no means to make It effect ive In the shortest possible time. It will be observed that the opposition to the proposed war tax on butr does not como from the people who drink the beer , but from the manufacturers. They know who will have to pay the tax. If we are to loan any of our police force to Uncle Sam to help whip the Spanlsli , why not start with those who will least Impair the effectiveness of . the service , beginning with the chief ? The commercial travelers who.attend the T. P. ' A. convention at Omaha next month and help open the exposition ates will thenceforth be enlisted u * advance agents of the greatest show on earth. The more the bo t tor. Robert 10. Lee Hcrdnmu may not bo In contempt of court.littt Hut will nut deprive him of the contempt of people who are suffering fov want of polite protection by reason of bU machinations to make the police fore" a political ir.i- ; chine. Of course the yellow kid organs must keep on prodding MeKlnloy , whatever he may do. Their latest In that he is going to drive Spain out of Cuba with out bloodshed. The battle-scarred wai rlors who shed red Ink on paper waut blood and blood they must have. A popocratlc newspaper at Ynnlston predicts that there will be fusion ah usual in South Dakota and that Lee will be renumlnntod for governor , ICelley and Knowlm for congress and CJrigsby foi attorney general. These are all populists and the democrats are Invited to select the places on the ticket that are left. Membeiw of the lire or police depart ments of Omaha have the otlleial a * > 'iir mitt ! of the police board that 'f they gc to the front with the military foices ol the nation they will tlnd their place ; on the municipal pay roll waiting foi them on their return. Now Just watcl the whole police force rise up and fern a company to enlist In a body. If Governor Holcomb Is not wary tin seat of war may be removed from Cub : to Nebraska. The organ of the governor's police commission asserts that 'I'HUI.u ' . r > hort of an immediate extra session o the legislature will serve to uullmbe the warlike enthusiasm of Nebraska' ) people , while according to the governo there Is no demand and no occasion fo an extra session. A conflict of papo wads ami blank cartridge * cuuuot b < much longer avoided. CVDAN ro/ms. The proclamation of the president an- loiinclng the blockade of Havana anil ther Cuban ports with which there are altroad connectloiw Is the Initial act of var on the part of the United State * . 'hl government having rtccpicil the tile laid down In the Declaration of 'arln , that blockades , In order to be > lndlng , must be effective , will keep a tilllclent force at the several "Cuban lofts to comply with this rule. A block- de Is effective when It really prevents ccess to the coast of the enemy , but ittliorltles on international law hold hat Its legal effeotlveneris would not be iMtroyctl by the slipping through a onion of ships of a number of swift > locknde runners. When n port Is blockaded neutral ves- els then In the port are allowed a rea- enable time In which to leave It , carry- ng such cargo as had been actually bought ami shipped before the blockade vas declared , the time unually allowed elng fifteen days , but this government HIM allowed neutral vessels In the block tied Cuban ports thirty days In which o Issue therefrom. Neutral merchant essels are not allowed to enter a block- tied port. Thpy are informed of the ex- stence of the blockade , either by a iiotl- Icatlon sent to their home porln or by varnlng extended to them as 'hey ap- roach the blockaded port. If any vcs.wl ittcmpts to violate the blockade , either ly sailing from a home port for the blockaded port after having constructive lotlco through the proclamation issued o Its government , or by attempting to nter after receiving actual warning , as rovld'ed for In the president's proclama- .Ion , It Is liable to bo conllscated to gether with Its cargo. A merchant vcw- el belonging to the enemy Is , of course , lot allowed to enter or leave a block aded port. The right of blockade Is universally ocognlzed. Woolsey says : "The true ground defending it is the same thct vould make It dangerous to bring sup- ) lles to a besieged place In the Interior. f I allow a neutral to aid my enemy by provisions and military stores , I can lever terminate a war. He assists his rleml to. my Injury and this , If there be any rights In war , I ought 1o have a Ight to prevent. " The same authority says that a blockade , being a fact , hists nily so long as the vessels are on hand o make it ueh , unless , indeed , a tern- > orary storm drives them from their ios s , to which they return as soon as jossihle. Of course If driven off by the iiemy the blockade ceases and Its re- icwal requires the same formalities as for Its commencement. The supply of provisions In Havana Islet lot large and as none can be obtained n the interior an effective blockade vould perhaps compel the surrender of the city within a month. Consul Gen- ral Lee told the senate foreign relations committee that If blockaded so that no nwlsions could get iiv Havana would surrender in a short while. This Is lotibtiess the case , but we have yet to eckon with the Spanish licet before we can know whether or not the blockade can bo effectively maintained. That formidable force will undoubtedly soon jo In evidence in Cuban waters and the greatest naval battle of modern times will be fought there. If the American navy * should be victorious and should cry greatly cripple the enemy perhaps lie siege of Havana would be short , but otherwise It might have to be aban- loucd. Conjecture , however , Is to no nirposc. The next few days will doubt- ess bring developments of a most stir ring nature. TUB CLAIM SHOULD VB PAID , There should be no further delay by this government In paying Great Brlt- iln's claim for Bering sen seizures , the justice of which has been acknowledged jy our government and passed upon by in International commission. It Is not at all to the credit of the United States hat this obligation was not settled long ngo. Tlie agreement readied by Secre tary Grcriham and the British ambassa- lor , several years ago , was entirely fair , iho British claimants having made lib ra 1 concessions and. congress would have saved the government money If It liud paid the claim then. It refused to do so and the mattsr" was ( submitted to n commission , with the result that the case was decided against the Lilted States. That decision our government Is bound In honor to accept. The sum of ? 47t,000 ; Is so small that there can be no excuse for withholding payment. . To pay this claim at once would be a contribution to the good feeling between Kngland and the United States. The British people are manifesting In this juncture a hearty and active sympathy with the American people for which we should show a proper sense of apprecia tion. It Is a. valuable sympathy which it Is desirable to cultivate , as future events may demonstrate. Let us promptly settle this claim , the Justice of which is umiucstionnhlo. aiinnr IIAVK WBBA SPANISH. Of the present area of the Unlftd States more than three-fifths warf under control of Spain less than a century ago. If the Spaniards had been good coloniz ers , knowing how to develop the latent resources of the country , and If iho Spanish government had pursued a lib eral policy with regard to colonial pos sessions a part of this territory wouh. still bo uniU'r Spanish control. The I'nlted States acquired thlii land In live different lots , as follows : Louisiana , In ISO. ! , 1,171IW square miles ; Klorlda , in 181 ! ) , o'.V-MS ' square miles ; Texas , In 1843 , : i"ii ( ; > : i square miles ; Mexican cession ol ISIS..riiri,7S.'l square miles ; Catl.iilen pur chase , In 1S511.ir > , r > : ! . - > square miles. This Includes all of th ? present area of the I'lilted States except the Sl7Stt ! square miles of the original nation and the u77t90 : square miles of Alaska. The only part of the Vnlted States pur chased directly from Spain la Florida for which $5,000,000 was paid. Louis ! ana was the cheapest land purchase made by 'the United States and by Ions , odds the most valuable In every way while the Gadsden purchase was mos expensive. It Is true that Texas came Ir by voluntary annexation , but the ac quirtltlon of Texas was costly , Loulsl aua was purchased from France , but Na poleon had only had It ft few years nnd It Is certain that If the Spaniards lind hollered that the United States would BO soon acquire the territory they would not have o readily parted with It. Although this vast territory , compris ing more than 2,000,000 square miles , was formerly In possession of Spain the few Spanish names of plaoes and objects give evidence of the fact that the Span- lards never made very j.ootl use of their possessions. There are Spanish names of rivers , lakes and towns In Florida , the state of Louisiana and In the south western territories , a well as In Texas and California , but they are few com pared with the names ot English or American origin. Spain might have re tained some of this territory for coloniza tion for many years , but happily the Spanish rulers did not know ltd value and the United States attained present proportions by fighting only one war In volving territorial rights. THK AWir AKMV HILL. The army bill which yesterday became law Is a comprehensive measure gov erning the entire national land defense the regular army , the militia and the volunteers. Although framed for the ex igency , the now law received very thor- ugh consideration In congress and there s every reasou to expect that It will e satisfactory In operation. Such legls- atlon was absolutely necessary in order o establish the status of militia and olunteers and the now law recognizes ho value of the militia organizations In rovldlng for converting state mllltla jodlly into volunteers lu'tlmo of war. : u this way the nation will secure the Id of the training , experience and or- aulzatlou of the mllltla nnd complete ontrol of them as part of the regular orco of the United States. It Is understood that the president will oday Issue a call under the new law for volunteers , probably to the lumber of 00,000. It Is needless to say that there vlll be no difficulty In enlisting jjch a orce. The quota of every stnto will UP. loubtedly be tilled within a few days nd It Is safe to say that the number of neii who. will offer themselves for en- stment will be far In excess of the call. low large a force It is proposed to send o Cuba probably will not be publicly mown until the now force Is mobilized nnd ready to depart. If. the call , how- ver , Is for 100,000 men , It would eem afe to assume that the Intention is to end nearly that number Into Cuba. As low understood , the force sent there will o-operate with the Cuban army , repi'o- ented to be now between oO.OiK ) and -10- 00. If the Spanish forces lu Cuba have lot leeii very much underestimated an army of 73,000 Americans and Cubans ought to be millleieut , but our military authorities may have decided to siMid a oree there suflkient toi prosecute JIDS- illtles with the utmost vigor and brtug he contllct to an end as soon as pcfisl- ble. It is desirable to begin operations > romptly and to push them energetically vlth a view to terminating the war , if t can bo done , before the rainy season MOKE TH.IN ITS 6.VOTA. It is presumable that the requisition by the president upon the several states for troops will bo mad'e upon the basis of census population that governs con gress in the apportionment of repre sentation In the house of representatives. According to the figures wired by the Associated r.tss Nebraska's quota of troops on a call for 100,000 volunteers s 1,027. If these figures are correct Nebraska will be called on for more than Its due proportion of mllltla as compared with states of equal or greater population. Nebraska's census population Is 1,058- 910. With ft census population of 1,128,170 , and equal congressional repre sentation , Arkansas' quota is given as only 1,000. Louisiana , with a popula tion of 1,118,587 , Is to furnish only 1,552 volunteers. The quota of Maryland , with a census population of 1,042,800 , Is only 1,551 , while Alabama , with a cen sus population of 1,51:5,017 : and nine representatives In congress , will ho asked to furnish 2,000 men. The discrepancy between the ratio applied to North Carolina and Nebraska is still greater. The census population of North Carolina Is 1,017,047 , it has nine representatives In congress , and yet UK quota is 2,007 , against Nebraska's 1,027. Hero Is an excess in population of 550.0H7 and ft difference In quota of only 140. On the basis of Nebraska , North Carolina's quota should by rights bi > about nCOO. While Nebraska will promptly respond o the requisition of the War di > paitmont , it Is Inexplicable why a uniform ratio should not be adopted fairly proportioned tioned to the population of the respective states upon which Is based their repre sentation In congress. A FUOLtSH J1UV . Some weeks ago the dealers In agri cultural Implements made a formal pro test before the exposition management against a Chicago linn which had se cured space on the exposition ground for tlie erection of a building as a place from which it proposers to distribute its advertising literature. The objection en- teied was that the Implement dealers could not patronize an exposition that would permit a so-called cat-house , or house that sells goods by catalogue , to operate on the grounds. The protest was coupled with a threatened withdrawal of exhibits by the dealers. When attention was called to the fact that the objectionable cat-house hud leased ground and paid for It more than n year ago and nearly completed its building under conditions that prohibit an exhibit ot merchandise , It became obvious that the exposition could nol rescind the contract or Interfere will thu use of the building so long as the conditions were compiled with. Will this showing the agricultural Implement men were pacified and the matter dropped. And now It Is announced that reial dealcro In other lines propose to make an organized onslaught on the exposl tlou with the same object In view. II this program Is carried Into effect the offensive cat-house will receive thou sands of dollars' worth of frco advcrtls lug and Increase ltd patronage at tin expense of the very men who wage tha 'oollsh war. The contraeyot thojiew Pennsylvania apltol bulldflL ias at last boon let. The old bulldjKa'Uvas ' burned more than n year ago awU 4 legislature ordered n tew one erixjydjj Immediately , but re- trlctnd the cost to ? 550,000 , nnd as the ommlsslon hi rchargc of the work van ted to puUip a better building , or at east a more fostjy one , the long delay ollowed. The contract has IKMMI let for 5023,000. Itesjdents of states that have apltol building * costing from $1,000,000 o $3,000,000 vdll Take pleasure lu watch- ug this projeit for providing one of the Idlest of the ijtntos with a good and cheap oflico building. The effot'ts of western congressmen to irovtde for disposal of arid lands In a naniicr to Insure their reclamaiton have lot been abandoned. The subcommittee of the public lands committee of the louse Is considering a bill which gives o each of the western states In the arid eglon 1,000,000 aicrcs of land on contll- loti that It shall bo reclaimed by Irriga- Ion. The bill In Its present form does lot provide for giving any land to the errltorles and the proposed gifts are icdged about by conditions which make t certain the states will begin Irrigation vorks and practically test the best recla- natlon plans. The building of the Siberian railroad las opened a now market for American lour and two steamships have recently oft San Francisco laden with Hour for Vladivostok. While Siberia Is destined o be a great wheat country It Is doubt- ul if milling will become common there for many yeam and the Pacific sto.im- fehlps will carry much Hour to Russian > orts. The I'lnce for Them. Indianapolis News. Those men who are trying to corner the oal and sell It to the government at high figures should be drafted and scat to the ront. IIlntherHkltcn to the Hear. New York Tribune. Politicians on horseback arc not wanted o command In war. They only mean bad management and unnecessary slaughter of he poor fellows put uader their orders. MnrehlMK Tojrt'Micr. Cllabc-Ucmocrnt. Marching through Georgia la In faahlon aga.'o. The boys In blue and the boys In gray are moving together this time , and v.lll . keep cnward after the sea Is reached n behalf of American liberty and man hood. The lllKht I'linlNliiueiit. U"ffalo Kxnrps ? . The Hamilton trimcs says snecrlngly : "If vnr should result , as now Poems probable , Canada's population will be Increased by a ie lra of Unltdfl IStnteo patriots who are al- oady developing a "great love for our beau tiful Canadian landscape and bracing cll- nvito. " Any Unlted''States ' citizen who pur poses to flee to [ Canada for fear of Spain , should , by way pi punishment , bo sent over thcro and compelled' to stay. Amerlcn'ff\VI < lciilnK itlnrkct. The market fjtoi American-made goods In Australia Is ovl gentlytbroadenlng , and our agricultural Intpleihents and machinery , latB. shoes andyjltjstruments "of > precision flnd a ready salljia ) thta comparatively new field. The sales'dfmabufacturcil [ goads and commodities of yilntmeW production by the United States to Australia exceeded $17,000- 000 last yeaiv-and this , pro.ltable traffic should bo largely Increased by reason of the Increasing ] antpo3eap [ conviction of the superiority ofrtur wa'fes for Cut Xn Ic-e \ > iili Them. Minneapolis Journal. Since the federal supreme court decided : hat 'It la unlawful fcr men to combine In business , even If they don't put up prices > 0 tbo product they are Interested In , there las been a perfect rush of capitalists to organize trusts and combines. If the su- iremo court had affirmed the legitimacy of combines there couldn't have been greater activity In organizing combine . One of the recent combines In that of the kult goods men , who have assembled $30,000,000 of capital to promote their Interests. The antl. trust law remains a very dead letter. Beet Mlnneipolla Tribune. This country Is making more progress Iban some people are aware of In the beet sugar Industry. The beet sugar crop this year promises to bo 180,000,000 pounds , or double that of last year. The average crop of sugar cane in the United States Is only about three times this amount. The beet root crop has grown from nothing In ten vears to its present dimensions. It has trebled In the last five years of great de pression. If it keeps on at this rate In twenty years we will bo growing enough sugar for domestic consumption , with some over for export. A finlil llrlck Deal. \Vn hnKton ! Star. When this government succeeded In pur chasing a torpedo boat from a German ship yard , with the consent ot tlie German gov ernment , there were many word. ? of ocn- grutulatlon to be 'heard that hero at last was substantial evidence Idat Germany \va Inclined to bo friendly to the United Stairs. In spite of tde San Jose scale , alleged cattle ( JL ; caeca and the traces ot zinc no the dried applet ) imported from these shores. That torpedo boat has been renamed , the Somers and has suffered from a most discouraging series of accidents , and lias developed sev eral serious flaws. Indeed , there la now good reason to bollevo 'that oomebody In tbe father land has been unkind enough to sell Uncle Sam a gold brick. IMntovrney ami I'atrlutlHiii. Boston Herald. What's this ? A regiment of soldiers re cruiting In Wall street ? Such announce ments as this are calculated to take tbo wind out of Jingo sails and make the vehement diatribes directed against sordid plutocracy out of date. Probably It ia cafe to ray that. In the event of hostilities , the response to the call for men , a well as fee1 the other Mnow of war , will be quite as prompt In 'VI' street and State street , and as fiub- ' "nltal , r.s It wltj bo In tbe ranks ot Jfngo- Um. In fact , Us ) not unlikely that It will be even more M. Those who about loudest f-r war are not always the bravest or the readiest warrlorsjl The btfit fighters are those \\tio put on the'- , Yo c paint only when It has become actually opce'pary. ' Till * VUAO AVIl A CU > TIIACT. IteiunrUnlileeiilof I'll trio IN IIuvlitR Shliii to Sell. N w York Herald. Junlus said much observation had con vinced him that .ufothlug would satisfy a patriotic but a plaoc. The conduct of Some of the corporations and Individuals -who have been tendering vessels and supplies and transportation tc the government leads to the melancholy con elusion that a good many patriots of tha sort are In existence today : In the rush to secure a vast quantity o material In a very short time It li Impo sl hie to exercise the usual deliberation ant take the ordinary precautions to Insure the government against overcharges * . Official Intrusted with this Important duty by thol commendable tact and business acumen Ir dealing with traffickers and speculators hav saved a vast amount of money for the pee pie. pie.Dut Dut what shall be said of patriotic cor poratlons enjoying favors conferred by the commonwealth and ot Individual patriot Impelled by Impending war to offer thel sftrvlccs or commodities to their country- at double their market value ? Theirs I the patriotism which Dr. Johnson describe a * "tbe last refuge .of icouadrcU. " BUITORtAb TrVAR TAPS. , A Con ell Thntmht. St. Paul Qlob . Thoeo ot us who have tried to tee alt sides of the question , undrluded by the sentimentalist ! ! that transflgurra the Cuban Insurgents , and , on the other hand , have fhared the general detestation ot Spain's misrule. In Cuba , tan find satisfaction In the thought that thv rule of Spain on this hemisphere , cvory page of the record ot which Is stained with cruelty , rapacity and Incapacity , la drawing to an end , and that It will bo the republic of the United State ? that Is Instrumental In her final expluslon , TMO font-urn Open to Spain. Chicago Inter Ocean. One other course remains for Spain. She can make a dash for some ot our northern ports for bombardment , or she can carry on guerrilla warfare. If fho mukcn a dash for one of our ports , the same difficulty as re gards coal confronts her. Our fleet by that time will bo within capcall. . It will bo do and die with Spain , not do or die. The probabilities , therefore , are that she will curry on guerrilla warfare on the seas. She will pester us rather than 'fight us. It may ciutro a long contest at sea to subdue her. t la altogether Improbable that eho will crlpplo us. To oruah her wo may have to haao her from the seas. That will cost ships and men mid money , but It will bo done. If Spain wishes to retain any of her ahlps she vould do well , then-fore , to keep them out of American waters. Wo may ucc-d them in a few weeks In our own navy. If they como his way It Is likely that they will never go Illucknile , Xot Iloiiihnrilinent. 1'hllndclphla Herord. If the vessels of the United States should blockade the ports of Cuba the Spanish array vould bo compelled to capitulate for want of irov slons. unless the Spanish fleet could break the embargo. In the respective at- empts to maintain nnd to break the blockade he naval conflict would bo brought on , and he victory would remain with the heaviest vclght of metal. In rotlms.tlng the great Ulsraiity of forces there cannot bo a mo- nent s doubt of the ultimate result of the onfllct In any American mind , even though Spain should possibly gain a fortuitous * nd- nntase or two In the beginning. Dut the bombardment of Havana , while tending In no degree to promote the success of the cam- > algn , would bo a merely wanton act of bar barism. It would bo a warfare upon women and children at long range , and. therefore , doservlns of the reprobation of the civilized world. Short , Sharp ana ileelnlvc. Minneapolis Journal. Maio It hot. That's the way war should 10 prosecuted If undertaken. A war with Spain ought not to last more than six weeks r It Is prosecuted vigorously. Spain has apparent ! : ' withdrawn her naval forces al- nest entirely from Cuban waters , concen- ratlng her advanced spadron at Capo Verde , and leaving Havana almost entirely depend ent upon her land defenses. Cuba ought to be taken possession of with the aid of the Insurgent forces within ten uayp. and so should I'orto Ulco. AVth her base of supplies In the weat entirely cut off , Spain would bo obliged to fight nt long range and at a great disadvantage. The United States Is not seeking conquest n Spain , and while It might bo necessary to neet a somewhat prolonged privateering warfare on our commerce , the war , so far as It relates to Cuba and our shores , could hardly amount to very much. If , 'however ' , our movements are dilatory and undecisive , the contest may bo pro- onged until climatic conditions make It 1m- losslble to maintain an army of United States soldiers In Cuba , nnd may add Indefi nitely to the length of the contest in that quarter. The \\'ny tu Do It. Kansng City Star. It has been said many times that 20,000 American regulars should be able to march rom one end of Cu'ba ' to the other but ho march can certainly be accomplished vlth more certainty If the 20,000 regulars are backed by at least 80,000 volunteers , or It Is to bo remembered that the country s not onlyto be conquered , but for a time occupied and held. It Is to be- hoped that In this war there vlll be oo .wasteful experimental battles or klrmlshcs ; no "reconnolssanccs IM force , " advances made with the Intention of falling jack , but that our army will everywhere appear In overwhelming force , beat down all opposition and hold cnce for all every position It occupies. It should be under stood from the first that the w/ir Is to > be a short one. Some of the most effective cam paigns In military history have been begun and ended In a few weeks. There should io no long Intervals spent in reorganizing ho army. Such lapses are proof that ao army has been allowed to become demoral- zed. Unoonquereil anil ITiieoiiqneruhlo. Louisville Courier-Journal. It Is not for tbe Courier-Journal to pre dict the course of events or to map out the : ampalgn. We shall be surprised , however , f the 'war ' , so long In beginning , bo not soco over. Wo doubt If tfpaln really Intends to make much more thao a feint at fighting In order to propitiate her belligerent domestic elements , save the thrcoe from the revolu- lonUts and turn loose Cuba with "honor. " If the war should be protracted It will be either because of serious reverses to our lavy In Its first engagements , or because ho Spaniards choose to pursue a policy of avoiding direct conflict and devote their eo- ergles to keeping out , of the way of our war sblpa , harrying us by privateering de- > redatlons , and scattering sallies wherever their cruisers may flnd a weaker prey. This policy Is not altogether .Improbable , unless wo should make such quick work ot our eviction of Spain from this hemisphere that she may be brought to terms before she fairly begins such a policy. Certainly we do not expect hostilities to bo prolonged by .he reverses or destruction of cur fleet. Say what one will about Spain's navy grant , even that her ships are a match for ours wo shall never believe that her seamen are i match for ours until they have proved It > y a trial of skill. We have never yet met seamen who vanquished ours oa equal : orms , and we have met and conquered sea men of better fighting 'blood ' then any that flows In latin veins. Tbe American navy , always unequal ki ships to Its antagonists , las always defeated its antagonists glor- lousli' , and until it has been demonstrate ! that Its men have sadly degenerated or that they are In no degree the masters of. seaman ship as applied to the modern development o ! the man-of-war that they were'as applied to the man-of-war in Its less advanced stages , we shall never believe that they can not overcome a fleet even much superior to their own manned .by the fire-eaters of Spain. A Wlioleionie Springfield Republican. It Is a wholesome thing for the United States senate to eel whipped once In a while In a tussle with the house. That body's easy victory over the other branch when the Wilson-Gorman tariff bill became a law , and some other successes , bad made It too arrogant to live. For this timely come down wo desire to thank Speaker Thomas 13. Heed , the masterly chief of the lirmso forces. Tlie Royal Is the hlghoit grade baking powder known. Actual tests ihow It goes one * ttlfd Urther than any other brand. POWDER Absolutely Pure ROYAL tUUNO POWOCR CO. , HtW YOSK. OTIfKR lAXns TllASf OURS. Ex-PrwJldont Crcspo of Venezuela dlcJ with bin boots on flunllng thf revolution now being led by Hernandez. Hla career Illustrate * the political history ot the no- called republics of South America. Guz man .Ulanco had Crcapo "elected" presi dent In 1SSI to keep the place warm for himself , Just as Crcspo recently had An- drado elected for n like purpocv. The con stitution forbids a president to have two terms In euccerjlon , with ttio result that It Is the custom for the military boss after hU first term In tie prev.'ldtncy to put In a dummy who will b managed In the lei- tcrest of hs ! cecond term. When Illanco , after his second term , was retired In 18SS In the usual manner , by a revolution , Crm- po reverted to his former obscurity. Hla opportunity came lr > 1S92 , when he headcl a rlsVig against President 1'alaclo nnd led a regiment of cowbo > s. In October of that year ho proclaimed himself "provlalonal president , " 4nd confiscated the property of tils political opponents. Having changed the constitution to his taste In 1S03 , he Rot his power prolcaged to February , 1S94 , when ho entered upon the four-year presidential dential- term to which ho had "elected" himself In the Venezuela manner. A felt- made man , he began life poor , and , like other Latin-American prenldcnts who hold ofllco Ions , ended It very rich. Ills tasti-s weio simple nnd coarse , hla methods cruet and unscrupulous. The completion of an engineering work of which the commercial Importance may prove In n few years to be second only to the cutting of the Suez canal hao passed almcut unnoticed amid the picvaratlom for war lo this country nod the diplomatic en tanglements In Europe. On March 1G , ac cording to la Mouvcmcnt Oeographlque , the first locomotive arrived at Dele , on the Stanley Pool. The Congo railroad la thus finished , after eight years. The bulldlr , ? of the 240 miles of track docs away with the necessity of carrying everything from the Interior to the cwst on mco'o backs and throws open the 10,000 miles of navigable waters and the 1,200.000 equaro miles of territory In the Congo basin to the com merce of the world. It becomes possible to transport steamers of sulllclent I'ize to the waters above the falls that have hllfierto blocked' the river , anJ the prohibitive cost of transportation Into central Africa Is dene iway with. Before long Improvements will bo mndo that will extend the ease of trans portation to points clcso to the valley of the Nlc. ! to Lake Tanganyika nnd to the upper water * of the Zambesi. The break Into the heart of Africa has been made. It Is to Henry M. Stanley tbat the credit for the railroad Is due. From the time he emerged from Africa after his great discov ery ho labored untiringly to convince the world of the necessity of this short line for the civilization of the African continent. It Is gratifying that he should have seen Its completion after twenty years of wait- lag. The nival authorities of the Auatro-Hun- giirlan empire have been urging for nevoral years the necessity ot a substantial addition to the national fleet , If the1 government wished to have any voice at all in maritime affairs. Their representatives have found consideration at last , and It has been de cided to Increase Ule naval estimates by $20,000,000 , although the expenditure of thit flum Is to be spread over several years. The scheme prepared by the naval department will bo submitted to the next fiojslon of the delegations. Last sunin-er there were Indications of public uneasiness at the posi tion of Austria-Hungary as the meat back ward of all European states as regards the elllclcocy ot ito naval forces. The proposed addition of about $2.000,090 to the annual ex penditure , which might have met with a good deal of opposition at Ibe laat session ot the delegations , has now a much better chance of a favorable reception , owing to recent events bold In the nccr and far VMI. The widespread disappointment In Austria at the enforced Inaction of the dual emplri" in cost Asia nt a tlmo when her ally aii'l commercial rival Germany had been succors- fill In acquiring fftsh spheren of Influence and , pc slbly , new markets will help to make the passage ot a largo naval vote com paratively easy. i * The correspondent of the London Times In St. Petersburg quotes as an evidence of the popular exultation over toe outcome of Rus sian policy In China the fact that the occu pation of Port Arthur anil Ta-llen-wan tias oven become a subject for patriotic ccatory In the Uusolan church a fact which Is all Vho more remarkable In view of the Infrequency - quoncy of sermons from the orthodox pulpit. The other day , In the Catherine church , Father Polkan delivered an Impressive dis course before a largo conpcegatlcn explain ing the great political and military , as well as the moral and spiritual , Importance of Russia's new acquisition In eastern Asia. Rucsia , ho said , was to be the pioneer of Christian culture there under the banner o ! orthodoxy , with Its attractive principles of mutual love , rlghtcoueness , equality and cc- spcct for tbe personality and human rights of the lowest native. But , In order to reap all the fruits of this great historical advance , every effort should bo made socially , ma terially and spiritually , to establish churches , schools and factories , and to Introduce pure Russian trade and Industry In that region. He concluded by eulogizing tbe "far-seeing and firm policy of the Imperial leader of the Russian people , " and appealed for subscrip tions to build the firs't Russian church at Port Artnur. * With regard to the concessions obtained by England and Franco in Yun-nan , the French would seem to have the better bar gain. The topographical conditions are much more favorable to the construction of a rail way to Yun-nnn-fu through Tonquln than from 'British ' Burmah. The French line from Hanoi to Yun-nan-fu has the advantage that It would run up tbe valley of the 6ong-ka or Rod Tlver to within a very short distance of that city : whllo across the tpuco between Bhamo In British Burmah and Yun-nan-fu are several high mountain ranges that op pose formidable "obstacles to the early con struction of a railway. In the Vang-tso val ley , on tbe other hand , the British govern- ment buying secured the right of navigation on the river far up Into Siu-chu a , A railway - way can bo rArrled from the terminal point of navigation nlon * the river through Ssu cluian Into Yurcnan from the north. That would be the work of gome yrnrs yet , > that thcro Is no Immediate likelihood of a clash of French and llrltlrh interests In that "part " of China , ccratlnly not while China has sufflo- Icnt power of cohesion left to hold together. India's war with the mountain tribes ot her northwmt frontier has at length boon definitely ended by the submission ot th last trlbo of Afrlclls. The rebels have tent In the guns and eash required ot them by way of fine , so that no campaign against them will take place this spring. The British and Indian troops are being scattered to their usual campa , having done very difficult work , with Rirat .credit to themselves , A striking result of the war Is the good teinpor with which the Afrldlu talto their beating. They admire the victors and are offering to enlist In the British toglmente. England will now control a wldo area In which HBO for merly operated only by the sufTrnnco of th tribes. W.VH Chlcntro Tribune : Tommy1 * .Mother-You nnuihty boy ! You'vo Bent Sammy Snuck- hnmtner bom ? crying ! Tommy Yc i bet ! We was playlnv.ir , nnf ho nuis the ' Washington Star : "So that olllclal Is going bnck to Culm ? " "Yes. pcnor. " "U hu Kolni ? to run for oillcer * "To tell the truth , t don't know which ho'll be runnUiK for olllee. cr dv.ulife. . " Cleveland Lender : "Wlienthat tberj 8p.ni- Isli general Kit * ready toe lend his army acrost this country. " i uld Uncle Kzra. "of lie takes the ml vice of a well-wisher , ho'll plc'x out the norrlest part. " Detroit Free Press : "How very devoted Slumback Is to his Invalid wife. " "Yew. Somebody told him that In case oj war the widowers iTMould bare to KO llrst. " Cleveland Plain Dealer : 'First ' Sea Serpent Say. It looks an If we were ftolnt ; to Imvo a pretty dull time along the coast tills tmm- mrr. Second ditto ditto You may hive a dull time , but I expect to scare moro peoilo ; than ever. "How are you going tonprk It ? " "I'm olnir to lie a yellow Spanish flag to the tip of my tall. " Detroit Journal : "What's that queer-leok- IIHR lift tacked on your hall doer ? " "Those are the things that are not allowed to como Into this house : Spanish mackerel , Spanish onion" . Spanish cream , Spanish plckels , Spanish 'moss ' , Spanish Illcs and Spanish flounces. " Wnshlnpton Star : "Do you think our con- RTossman would take , tin actlv : part In warfare - faro ? " asked the voter. V "Would he ? He's a regular fighter , he Is. Ho ain't mls'ln * a micctln' of the house ot now. " SHOUT HISTORY. lloMou ( ilobo. Uncio S.im : "Git ! " Hairnstn : " .NIU" And then they lit , And Spain quit. News. When -we . erp two , by the. summer 'sea , Just one um'.irfll.i would do nh , me ! Now wo ire cn nnd when storms nre rough- Evui two umbrcJlna are not enough. WnpliltiKton Stnr. Qtioth he. "Oh , I'esnsus. come forth , And show yotirfflf n sprinter. Of 'violets' Im Fprlni ; I sigh , In bopoM lo win the cash to buy A bunch of them next winter. " PlilciEo Tribune. "All nlsdom centers nbout me. For theri'M bet you cannot deny No men of Inters without me ! " And thei alphabet winked Its I. Dotrnlt .Inurnnl , "Open your mouth. " rrlesj tlm p'ayful child , "Open your mouth and shut your eyes , " With n merry luiigh , "and I'll give you SomeitlilnB1 to make you wise. " The child will lenrn. ns Urns goes on , The tale llfc-'s trial lulls , "Open your eyes nnd shut your mouth , And your wise wltYout anything else. " T1IB iCL\l"P.\lN'8 HOV. S. n. KUer Ira C.evcland Leader. My papa com homo yesterday nnd sail to mamma lip Had Just pot word to start nway nnd 'nelp set Cuba free. My mamma looked at him awhile nnd went up to his side , And took his bands nnd tried to smile , "out cotildn't-eo she cried. ' My papa's captain of the Blues they'ro soldier boys , you know , And so we've been expecting news that ho would have to co , And every night my mamma tried to show she didn't care : But through t'ne day she cried and cried , when papa wasn't there. And so when papa saw how bad she felt , be kissed 'ner then , And told her not to bo so aad , for he'd como back again , And then wo all sat there awhile , nnd papa looked at me , I wlsht t'ney v/as some other style of setting ting- people free. "Why must you go away to fight ? " my mamma said , at last ; "I don't believe that war Is right the day for that Is past ! Wny must they call on you , far oh what wrong have you to battle for ? Why don't they Just have people go who got the country Into war ? " i "I haven't anything to say about tbe wrong or right , " My papa said , "I < so nway , when they tell me to , and fight ; I'm not supposed to think or know all I have got to do Is take up arms at once and go , wYien otheis tell me to. " I My mamma covered up her face and had to cry again , And everything alnut the place seemed kind of solemn , then , And so we all sat there awYillo , nnd papa looked at me. And I wlsbt they was some other style of setting people free. 6 6 Saturday Saturday Saturday Spesials Specials Specials Six windows on J5th strest show six special offerings in Men's Furnishing. Window No. I , has a line of black and tan hosiery , summer weight , seamless and fast color , I5c 2 pair for 25c. Window No. 2 , contains suspenders. The bsst we have ever shown for the money fine webbing , lisle ends and strong clasp and buckles , a regular 50c suspender at 25c pair. Window No. 3 , shows some high grade novelty neckwear- special values at a special price of 50c each. Window No. 4 , shows our assortment of the celebrated Elgin colored bosom shirts the ideal shirt for stout men , perfectly fit ting and fully developed price $1.00. Window No. 5 , Bon-bon French balbriggan underwear fills this window the regular 75c kind for 50ca garment. Windows No. 6 and 7 , are occupied with one line , the famous bargain that was put on sale yesterday Laundered Negligee Shirts Garner's percale , fast colors , many patterns to choose from , cut full and shaply , and only 45c each be sure and get one or more before they are all gone. S.W. _ Cor.JQth mnd Uouglam 8t % )