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(5 THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : TUESDAY , SEPTEMBER 13 , 1898.
THE OMAHA DAI LY BEE * k. , Udltor. PUHLISHUD liVUHY MOHNINQ. THUMB OP SUBSCIUPTION : Dnlty Hco ( Without Sunday ) , Ones Ycnr.JG i Dally Hco and Sunday , Ono Year . 8 ( Hlx Months . 4 ( Thrco Months . 21 Sunday lieu , Ono Year . 2 ( S.iturrtay lice. Ono Yo.ir . 1.1 Weekly lice , Ono Year . I OFFICES. Omaha : The Uco Bulldlnc. South Omnlia : Slncrr .Block , Corner ] and Twenty-fourth directs. Council UlurTH : 10 tv.irl Street. ChlcoBO Oince : 502 Chamber of Con : merco. New York ! Temple Court. Washington : Ml Fourteenth Street. COIWUSPONDnNCE. All communications relutlntf to news nn editorial matter should bo addressed : T thu Editor. All business lettcrH and remittance should ho nildresHcd to The Hoc I'ubllHhln Company , Omaha. Drafts , checks , cxprep and imutolllcfl money orders to lie mad payable to thu order of the company THU BUU PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OP CIHCUbATION. State of Nebraska Douglas County , ss : George 13. Tzschuck , secretary of The De Publishing company , being duly swori say.H that the actual number of full an complete copies of The Dally , Jlornlni livening and Sunday Uee , printed durln the month of August , 169 $ , was ns folio wi 1 2 211,010 18 20,12 3 usr,7i : 19 27,17 4 2y,7IO 20 27,70 5 US , 120 21 US , III C 2H,0IO 22 2II.S7 7 usoor 3 20,2(1 8 27,7(10 ( 21 20,81 9 US,7.'ll 23 20,12 10 20,7 'l 20 2(1,7:1 ( : 11 20,0:15 : 27 20t : : ! 12 UO.O.'O 28 2(1 ( , til 13 T usist : : 2D uwai : ll usno : 30 20,2S 15 2S.OIO 31 u.-or 1C US.020 Total SOISl ( Less returned nnd unsold copies . . . 1UB2 Net total sales 8l5il : Not Daily Average 27.621 GEOHQE B. TBSCHUCK. Sworn to before mo and subscribed I my presence this 1st day of Septcmbe 1833. N. P. FEIL , Notary Public. WUICOMK TO THUS HUB HUIMH.M Ro tlNltnr to Oniiiliii mill the c\l > Nltton nlioulit K < > nwuy Mltliout iiiNprctlnn : The lire llltlllllllK , till * llirKCNt I1C1TH- iniiier ) > ull < llnpr Ii > Anierton , nnil TinDec iic niuiiier liliuit , contM'iltMl to be the Ilnt'Ht lictwci'ii ClilciiK < > mill hnn rruiifl.sco. A iMirillnl IN cxti'iiilcil to nil. Maine 1ms re-elected Thomas 15. Hec Hjicaker of the next house of. icpre&cut ; tlvcs. Omnha Is full of visiting stranger Omaha's hospitality nuibt be extended ouo and all. The Omaha peace jubilee- the 1)1 gest thing In sight and grows bigger ! it approaches nearer. The Jackboiihiii barbecue slipped barb , but the touching committee got Its work jtibt the .same. Congressman Mill Greene boasts th ho first spoke of war with Spain on tl lloor of congiess. Now we know tl cause of all the soldiers. ' buft'erliigs at hardships. The best thing about , the cnptun Spanish Hags that have been broug home by our soldiers Is that no cup tun United States fiags aie to be seen < display In Spain. The teachers have been assigned the various public bchools where tin will hold forth for the coming year ai one more cause of anxiety ami wlr pulling removed. The exact figures for the Maine elc tlon may not be known tor a day two. but the fact that Maine htlc ! Meadfabtly to the republican party h been known all along. And soon the Twenty-second Infant of the regular army will be back their quarters at Fort Crook with M ring tales of Santiago and the war w be fought over again on Nebraska so Home was not built In a day , nelth Is a bi'ttboueil army created witho subjecting the soldiers to the luco voulenco of camp life and the dangc of sickness that results from cllmal changes. If rainy weather were needed to he the crops , everyone would cheerful welcome It. Hut the crops are sate , ai as the rain only Interferes with the e position attendance , the sooner It runs : off the more pleased wo will i feel. Chasing fakes perpetrated by the pc ocratlc yellow journals Is a tlmnklc task. That Is why there Is no rush serve on the commission which the pr < ident wants to Investigate the condi : of the War department in the rece war. Cowardly assassination of a defeui loss woman can meet no approval trc civilized human beings anywhere. T brutal murderer of the empress Austria will therefore go to his exc < tlon without one word of sympathy applatibo even from the worst monarcl haters. If the school board were troubl with surplus financiering Instead deficit financiering , the proposition double current expenses for High sclu work by the erection of two HI school buildings might bo broached w homo degree of plausibility. The era a school board surplus , however , see to bo'on the ever receding horizon. Douglas county has boeu represent in the legislature In the past by stro and reliable business men and workli men who have left their maiks state legislation an well as by pollti nonentities who have never been her of since adjournment of the sess ! they attended. In the coming leglslati Douglas county will insist on being r resented by men of ability who v uiuke their Influence felt TtlK TllAHU Of TUB OR/BAT. Senator Davis of Minnesota Is chal man of the foreign relations commlttt of the Tutted States cnate and a men her of the ptacu commission , llt'foi his appointment to the commission was understood that ho strongly fi vored the policy of territorial e.\pm slon , that he believed it to be the dut iid Interest of the United States to n aln possession of conquered terrltoi1 n the far east , as a means of cxtemlln American commetce In that portion c lie world. Last week Senator lav ; cllvcred a speech In Minneapolis opei ng the republican campaign , In tli ourso of which he clearly Indicated Ii ! losltlou on the question of terrltorti \panslon. As a member of the peac omnilsslon he was constrained troi Ivlng full expression to his personi onvletlons , but he declared and tli eclaratlon is Important "that this goi rnmcnt will secure from the Mtuutlo n the Chinese Orient whatever Amcr an commeice , American honor an Vmcrlcan morality and plillanthrop vlll require. " How far these may I ) undo to reach , under the impulse t errltorial giccd , it is impossible it ny one to say. Where shall we sto f wo begin acquiring tertltory for tli xploltatiou of American morality an ihllanthropy ? Like very many others Senator Dav s allured to tenltorlal acquisition by Islou of wonderful commeiclal expai ilon. Ho sees In the trade of the Or nt the means of immensely developln lie states of the Pacific slope , Iroi vhose advancing piosperity the nortl \cst will derive great benefits. M ) nvls Is no ordinary optimist when 1 : lilnks of what is to come trom tl radc of the Asiatic lauds. It wl r.ako the Pacific states teem with ) opulatlon ten to one what It Is nov 'I believe that great fleets will sail 01 if those great bays , " said the Minn ota senator , "and greater cities tha ve dare conceive of will stand upo heir shores. I believe the Unite States \vlll be strengthened where tatlstlcally shows at present it Is wen mil that one of the noblest , most pr < luctlvo and richest and patriotic po Ions of our commonwealth will be wi- : if the mountains where the sunset an ho sunrise beat upon the Sierras This Is certainly a captivating vlsic mil the man who has It may bo pa loned for favoring territorial expai ilou. Mut theio are some prnctlc ; 'onsideratlons which modify the attra ivcness of the Imperialist dicam. The chief of the > > e practical consider ions , as we have heretofore pointed on s that the United States must compe ivlth rival commercial nations for th rade of the Orient and It will get on such share as It can command I easou of any superiority we may hav Wo must contest with Knglnnd , Oc unity , France , Russia and Japan l'i his eastern commerce and it need n Jo said that the contest on their pa will be sharp and vigorous , the ndva tage at the outset being with them , hero no lesson in the trade with Son America that bears upon this ? M liavo been endeavoring for years to o tain such share of the commerce < outli American countries as we thli ihould be ours. We have had suit success , largely for the reason that 01 commercial rivals obtained a linn lo < told there and have shown greater c ; erprtse in cultivating that trade. 1'c Imps we should be more success ! igalnst these same rivals In the t ; L'ast , but let us not delude oursclv with visions of an ensy commerci conquest there. Our rivals are as all o the opportunities as ourselves. Unquestionably we should put for our best efforts to Increase our trm with Asiatic countries , but success w ilepend upon our entcrptlbo and o ability to compete with other great coi mcrclal nations and not upon the la of possessing mote or less territory that ( juarter of the world. VERY SOUll OllAl'HS. The man who had to retire from t ! executive committee of the Transm ! slsslppl Imposition because of his dai uging Inrompett'iicy in the work of pt motion is greatly dlstiessed over t piomlnent part played by The Uee ai its editor in making the exposition monumental success. Having exhaust himself and his staff of faulrs in tin desperate effort to create an autn onism between the country press ai the Department of Publicity , ho no seeks to find vent for his bile by i tempting to belittle and ridicule the i cent achievement of the editor of T Uee In connection with the pua jubilee. That the eminent newspaper wreck was staggered and chagrined by the a uouncement that President McKlul and his cabinet had acceded to t urgent Invitation conveyed to them I the editor of The Mce to attend the i position Is not to bo wondered at. was natural , therefore , for his paper try to smother this Information ev though he knew It would Insure t presence of several hundicd thousai visitors In Omaha during Jubilee we and at the lowest computation won put at least ? 2OC,000 ( Into cliculati among our business men , to say nol lug of the Increase of not less th $100,000 In the exposition revenues. The labored effort of this JournallH genius to amuse himself at the expcii of the exposition by ridiculing the mn ager of the Department of Publicity only another case of sour grapes. TJIK IXDVSTHUr , CUMM1SSIOX , The commission created at the h session of congress to Investigate dustrial , commercial and labor con tlons , has been completed and will m < some time this month to organize a make preparations for beginning work. The commission Is comi > osed ten members of congress five senat * and five representatives , who were t pointed by thu vice president n spcaker-aml nine persons appoint by the president , several of whom i representatives of labor. All polltli paitles arc represented on the comni slon. slon.Tho The Investigation which the comic h required by the law to man Is very compieheiislve and Is expcctc to occupy that body at least two year H Is to Inquire into the various quo , tlons of labor , capital , wages , dlstrlbi tlon and collateral matters , the purpos of the act being to elicit all the Inforim tlon which it Is possible to thus obtal for the Instruction of congicKS In legl luting for the Industrial and comme clal Intoiests of the country. The elm ncter of the commission warrants tl : expectation that It will go to the bo torn of the questions presented lor li vestlgatlon. All classes of people wi undoubtedly be cnlled upon to contrll ute to the infoimatlon which It Is id sired to obtain and the result caniu bo otherwise than a vast mass of lad and opinions , more or less valuabl Hut whether the investigation will n suit In anything practical , will real ! help toward a solution of any of tli Industilal and economic problems whlc are sources of agitation and coutn versy , Is of course a question , llov over , It is possible if not probable tin some good will come fiom the invest gallon and It should be made with tt greatest care and thoroughness. .dA * E3UXKXT JUltlST DEAD. In the death of Judge Thomas A ooloy the legal profession of the Unite Slates loses one of its most emlnei nombcrs. Judge Cooley's attalnmen is a lawyer were of the highest orde le was especially distinguished as n 'xpouuder ' of the federal coustltutio : ils treatise on that Instrument havln eng been accepted as a Mandaul ai horlty. When the Interstate Common commission was organized , in lt > 8 President Cleveland appointed Judj. L'ooley as Its chairman and during tl rears In which ho held that position 1 'outrlbutcd more than any other men jcr to the worn of defining the Intc tale commerce law and the functloi of the commission. After his ictlr neat from the commission , the dntli of which he found too arduous , Jinl ; Jooley continued to devote hlmsel : hough less zealously than before , professional work. The death of the eminent Jurist wt lot unexpected. Several months ai ils mental faculties became serious : impaired and the most careful trea incut in a pilvato sanitarium tailed give moie than tempoiary icllcf. It tated that in such Intervals , Iud ; Jooley fully realized his condition ai wished for the end. Ills was a great useful life and he has left a inouumci of intellectual ability ami profession industry that will perpetuate his mei ory as one of the greatest lawyers < his time. According to a AVashlngton dlspatc going the rounds of the press , of tl places to be filled In the United Stat senate this winter four are now he liy tlie populists , namely , from N brnska , Utah , Montana and Novad and in these the political successh will hot be disturbed. This Is a trll premature at least for the flrst-uami state , .because in Nebraska even tl populists admit that It Is a serious qut tlon whether they will bo able to b cine a legislature that will re-elect the representative fiom this state In tl upper house of congiess. It will 1 well for the Washington prognostic tors to wait till the election returns a In before they assign the Nebraska so atorshlp In their political complexh table. Today Is Wisconsin day a.t the expo1 tlon and will bo made a worthy coi mcmoratlou of the pait of the I5ndg state In the great .show. The Wlscons building Is one of the handsome among the gioup of handsome strv tures erected by the different stat participating in the exposition , althoiij Wisconsin Is not strictly a trausmlss slppl state. Its Interest , howo'er , so bound up with those of this sectli that theie Is little or no line of d Unction to be drawn. Wisconsin has light to feel proud of Its share In t exposition at Omaha and will certain icay the benefits of its liberality ai enterprise for years to come. King Ak-Sar-Ilen the great Is one the few mouaichs who fears nelth assassins nor levolutions. Ills men making subjects have no thought anything but to make each success ! coronation fete surpass the one that h gone befoie. Admiral Dewey Is another of the I roes of the war who Is perilously nc the age of compulsory retirement lie active service. His retirement , when occurs , should have soveial stroi strings tied to It. I'ncir > Inii the St. Louis Republic. Ten thousand Cuban Insurgents are marc ! Ing toward Havana. Our commissary C partment can pacify them by meeting the with its "hand out. " Varied MIIIIIN of Clioan Money. St. Louis Globe-Democrat. A goldbug In Colorado knows exactly wh he wants , but It taxes six silver parties the state to represent all the flne shades the 40-cent dollar. 1,1'N lU iTNllile Jacket. Springfield Republican. Ll Hung Chang's latest dismissal fro ofllco may have a string to It. Ho has oft been "degraded" before. The Cblneso t ways flnd a way to appease Indignant foreli powers and a hlch offlclal may be Kick out and at the sarao time stay In. UiiHCfinly ( iriiltililliiK. Indianapolis Journal. At the end of the civil war , after fo years' hard service , not a single regime asked to be mustered out and not case homesickness was reported. The troopsjve glad the war was ended and happy in t prospect of solng home , but they await orders and did not kick. u Great Indianapolis Journal. If the decision of the French cabti council Co revlso the Dreyfus case mea as seems likely , a reopening and a new tr of the case , It Is a remarkable concessl on the i-art of the government. It ir not mean a fair trial for Captain Dreyf but tt is remarkable that the governme after having to long and stubbornly re/m to reopen the case , should dually const to do BO. There mnst have been a ere : change In popular feeling and perhnps hi portant new evidence to bring about BUI action , but the government Is so strong committed to the theory of Dreyfus' gul that tl ) will bo hard for him to'get a fa trial. All Toneher , 8lnnillnK > Now York Sun. Hero's to the Army of Santiago , tl : Array of I'orto Itlco , the Army of Luzo and tbo Reserves In canipt The sum i their achievements la today Immcasurabl and their prldo in the glory which the have added to the Stars and Stripes shoul ll\o always with them stronger than an other feellne. Oft Yeitr Itiillllcrrnue. New York JInll and Express. Returns from Monday's elections lu Vc rnont nnd Arkansas show that tha rcpul llcnn majority In the first named citato h fallen oft 21 per cent , while tbo democrat majority in the last named state has d cllncd 27 per ecnt , as compared with tl results In 1SDI. It any democratic phllos pher can flnd a modicum of comfort thcso facts ho Is entitled to It. American MutlioilM lu New York Tribune. The Santiago custom house for the fir tlrao In Its history Is taking In money wit ! out having It stolen. It pours in in golden stream which waxes dally , payb all the expenses of vhe municipal goven mcnt and leaving a hamlsoma surplus. Tl wholesome Influence of American admlnl tratlon Is thus made mnntfest from tl outset and will appear elsewhere In tl Island as fast ns It Is Introduced. Why Kiirly Action Id Ncccminry. New York Sun. The nomination ot lion Wharton Darki of Pennsylvania for nrcsldcnt and of Ho : Ignatius Donnelly of Minnesota for vl < president by the middle-of-the-road popull convention nt Cincinnati should not he n gardcd as prcmatuic. The platform upc which these gifted cltl7cnsBtand Is so lot that readers of average industry canm hope to master it before the fall of 1900. we understand the system of the commltti on resolutions , It was to clvo 1,000 won of resolution per capita. ( liawliMicil Democracy. New York Sun. The temporary chairman of the Io\ democratic convention made a speech abe sixteen times as big as the conveutlo "Chastened by forty-ono defeats In fort three state campaigns , " said he. "tho ba tle-Bcaired but unconquered and unco quciablc democracy of Iowa are again a setnbled In state convention for the pu pose of rcacsertlng the eternal prlnclpl of equity among men. " The eternal prl clplcs of pquity having been asserted , t bittle-Rcarred but unconquerable democra went home to wait for some more chaste Ing. While watting they aio cheered the thought of what the temporary chalrmi called "tho Roman countenance and t Spartan courage of an Incomparable Bryan We should describe the countenance Colonel Bryan as rather Italic than Iloma but doubtless this Is purely a subjectl \iow. si : AMI Tim AIIMV. IlluntrntloiiN mill CoiniinrlHOiiN Mm > tlth the AVur for the Liilon. Boston Journal. In four months out of 1,326 offlcera a men the Ninth Massachusetts regiment h lost fifty-four by disease. This command believed to have had a heavier death n from this cause than any other in the n tlonal service. But how mercifully slenil It appears as cont'fastcil with these appalll regimental death rolls'1 of the war ot the r belllou : Killed or died Died of wounds , dlsea1 Second Malno 10 Fifteenth Maine ( i Twenty-fourth Malno 1 Seventh Vermont . , n Kle\enth New York 23 Eleventh Kentucky 21 Ono Hundml and Thlrty- llrst Illinois 1 Sixth Michigan 78 Eighteenth Michigan 18 In that war , RS In this , the victims of dl ease vastly outnumbered the victims of t shell and bullet. Then , as now , this wai of human life was chiefly unnecessary BOI of It murderous. In part It was unquestlo ably chargeable to olllclal negligence , but great deal more of It was due to the awf fundamental fact of military unpreparedne ; The nation that , blind to the lessons of oil nations and to its own disastrous experleni Imagines that an army can bo conjured out of nothing by a legislative act or exec tlve pronunclamento can hug Its delusion Its breast year after year , for there Is power which can prevent It but time a time again It must pay a fearful price for in the blood of Us own sons. If there are shortcomings In the civil a ministration of the War department , strl them and strike them hard. But do not fc get the real murderers of our men , the doi agogues and the fools who have done thi shrill utmost to demoralize and destroy o little regular army and to make the ve name of the American soldier odious. A SUCCUShFUt , IMPOSITION. Phenomenal III Attendance nnd I iiniielal Ilexiiltx. Philadelphia. 1'rebH , 9th. The success of the Omaha exhibition ono of the marked events of the prese year. There was much doubt as to wh the result would bo when the project w first undertaken. An exhibition on a lar , scale had never been held before nt a pol so far west. This doubt ripened Into ce talnty when a war with Spain was declar before the gates of the exposition we opened \lsltors. . The result has shown , however , that tac fears were not well founded. Notwlthstan ing the Interest attached to the war a ; the attention a growing prosperity has d mandcd for business , the Omnha exhibit ! has attracted a flattering amount of patro age. The number ot visitors up to la Monday night was 1,180,650. By tonight tl number will be Increased to nearly 1,300,0 ( nnd when the gates close finally the to ) number of visitors will doubtless exce 2,000,000. As Omaha is a city of about 1C ) 000 inhabitants and the country around sparsely settled comparatively , the atten anco can bo considered phenomenal. T financial success is equally encouraglr According to a statement made by t treasurer of the exhibition a few days a the outstanding bills amounted to only $5' 834 40. With the constantly increasing i celpts this balance will eoon bo wiped c and a surplus left over all expenses. This Is repeating the good fortune wht attended the Nashville exhibition of IS ! That enterprise was found unexpectedly have more than paid expenses when t books were closed. The managers of t Omaha exhibition have conducted their c terprlso with equal financial success. Ma ing exhibitions pay in a money sense h new discovery. The past record of tin enterprises contains a long and unbrok list of financial failures. So certain ot su a result had projectors of exhibitions * I come that It was usual to Ignore this feat ! and rest the claim for support on the ct ] eating benefits of these enterprises. There is no doubt as to the esthetic i suits of well-managed exhibitions , but t financial results have discouraged a go many efforts to undertake them Now , ho ever , that Omaha and Nashville ha\e dei onstrated that they can bo made to pay it financial as well as In an educational sen the number held In future will probably greatly increased. CUIMH OK AN ASSASSIN. Indianapolis Journal : The killing of Km press Ull7abcth of Austria was more wan tonncss ot murder , haxlng no other objec than to "strike terror in the social order.1 The savagery of such a deed Is only sur passed by Its idiocy. Chicago Tribune- The brutal nssasstna tlon of the empress adds a new sorrow t the hapless house ot Hapsburg , to whlc Franz Josef belongs. The crime goes t swell the lengthening record ot cases I which the liberty ot free Switzerland ha been abused by plotters and murderer In the name of anarchy. The deed is on which nothing but Insanity can fairly ac count for or palliate In the. slightest da grcc. Chicago Inter Ocean : No royal family I Europe has carried a heavier burden of ml : fortune and sorrow than that of the relgt Ing house in Austria. The emperor hltr self is an epileptic. His brother Mnxlml Ian was shot lu Mexico , and the wlilov Carlotta , Is insane In Belgium , The en : pcror's son , Archduke Rudolf , was klllc by a nobleman whoso sister ho had b < trayed. and the heir to the throne has bi come a hopeless consumptive. After sue manifold allllctlons the aged sovereign carnet not bo expected to survive long tbo vli lent end of his wife. Kansas City Journal : The death of th empress may have no Immediate effect upo the political affairs ot the empire , but I will hasten the dreaded end when it will b necessary to flnd n successor for Francl Joseph. The emperor is old nnd broker the ono stay of his llfo being his dcvotlo to the empress and her love in returr Her shocking death and the loss ot he companionship , added to the many othc sorrows and humiliations of his llfo , wl tell ecvcrely upon the old monarch , and It I not probable that ho will long survive th good Elizabeth. After Francis Joseph , whc of Austria ? St. Louis Globe-Democrat : "Assassin ! tlon , " said Disraeli , in referring to Lli coin's death , "has never changed the hii lory of the world. " The meaning of tl great British statesman's aphorism w : that assassination never accomplished tl object Its authors bad In view. Lincoln own taking off , which was , of course , i profoundly regretted in the south as was in the north , added to the troubles ar dlfflcultles which his hare-brained murdcn doubtless desired and expected to dlmlnls The blindness and folly ot assassination n : its most striking features. When tl nihilists Killed Alexander II of Russia I 1S81 they removed the emancipator < 24,000,000 serfs and put in his place tl cruel and gloomy bigot Alexander III , wl drove the Jews out of his dominions , few days ago , Just after the world heal of the present czar's proposition to redui national armies nnd to further the cam of International peace , it read of an elabo : ate attempt to murder him. The assasslnt tlon of the emaress of Austria removes worthy nnd popular woman , without d mlnlsblng in the faintest degree the pov ers or pretensions of crowned heads In ar part of the world. AIIATK THU WAH TAXES. rirnt and 3Iont 1'rennlnK Dnty i CoiiyrcxH. Detroit Free Press. The vigorous prosecution and speedy tei ruination of the war has made its cost con far below what was anticipated when coi gross passed the war revenue bill. Instec of lasting a jear and entailing an expend turo of ; 100,000,000 to $500,000,000 , the Wi has been fought out In less than four inontl nnd has cost only about $235,000,000. It follows that a bond sole that will brie $200,000,000 Into the treasury and a war Is that will yield In the neighborhood of $150 000,000 of revenue will place In the hands i the government about $115,000,000 more cas than it will need for the conduct of tl war with Spain. If there were likely to 1 deflclcnces In other sources of revenue th surplus might persaps bo profitably usi In meeting them. But the Indications a : that there will be no deficits for the presci at least. In spite of the war the cash ba ance In the national treasury has kept c growing , having been $295,814,808 on Augu 31 , an Increase of nearly $70,000,000 slm March 31. When the proceeds of the bor sale are all in the balance will come cloi to $340,000,000. Then there is an increasing revenue undi the present tariff law. Assistant Secretai How ell has estimated that this law h ; produced a surplus revenue of nearly $10 000,000 in excess of the ordinary expens < ' of the government for the flvo months end ( June 30 , and It Is calculated that Increaslr Importations will greatly swell this surplt by the end ot the fiscal year. So it seems certain that our national trea ; ury Is to bo embarrassed with an excess i riches. This will bo better by a great de than to be embarrassed by a lack of r sources. But the situation should imp congress to relieve the people at the earlle possible moment of an unnecessary burde Unless some unforeseen financial strei should entirely change the situation bcfo : the flrst of December , it will be the obvloi duty ot congress to reduce taxation by aba Ing many , if not all , of the special taxi now being paid by the people. Such actlc would not only afford relief from \exatloi form of taxation , but would aid material in avoiding an excessive and troublcson surplus. WHY THIS HUMOCUATIC SLUMPt Ainnclnir HeNiiltx of the Hlcctlon I ArkniiNMH. Philadelphia Press. Two state elections liase been held th week , ono in the cast and the other in tt west. The returns from both states a : incomplete , but it is known that the fallli off In the democratic majority in Arkans ; is much greater than the falling off In tt republican majority In Vermont. Why this democratic slump ? In 1894 , the last off-year election , tl democratic majority In Arkansas was 43,72 This year the Llttlo Rock Gazette estlmat I I the democratic majority at 30,000 , a loss i over 18,000. The republican majority In Ve , raont In 1894 was 28,621. This year It estimated at 24,828 , a loss < of 3,693 , or le than one-fourth the democratic loss in A . Why this democratic slump ? i In Vermont the republicans made no cai ' vass , distributed no literature , held no mec Ings and made no speeches. And yet the majority fell off only 13 per cent as con pared with 1894 , when an active canva was made. In Arkansas , however , whe the democrats made an energetic campalg holding Joint debates and urging the par \oters to the polls , the democratic major ! fell off 3S per cent. Why this democratic slump ? The average republican plurality In t ; last four off-year state elections in Vermot not Including this year , was 21,145. Tl year the republican plurality is eatlmat at 24,828 , or nearly 3,700 above the avcrac The average democratic plurality in the la four off-year state elections in Arkansas , n I including this year , was 38,178. This ye ! the democratic plurality Is estimated 30,000 , or 8,000 below the average. > Why this democratic slump ? In Pulaski county , Arkansas , the coun in which Little Rock , the capital of t state , is situated , less than half the \c cast two years ago was polled last Monda In September , 189B , Governor Jones recelv about 3,500 votes in this county. This ye he will not receive over 2,000 votes. Su a falling off cannot be found in the repu llcan % oto anywhere In Vermont. Won't somebody explain this democrat slump ? I KUIIOUS OK Tim WAH. When the yellow sensationalists run shor ot material with which to exaggerate thi condition of soldiers at Camp Wlkoft the ; Invariably wind up their florid account ! with : "Soldiers fear to talk ; they will re main silent until mustered out. " This con \pys the Idea that some horror Is hlddci through fear ot a court-martial. There I about as much truth In that assertion ns ti the average story ot neglect put In ctrculn lion for political effect. A private lottc from a member of Company C , Twenty-sec end Infantry , formerly stationed at For Crook , refers briefly to the condition of th regiment and the camp , and his voluntar ; testimony outweighs a ton ot mcgaphon assertions. "I was stricken with chills am fever In Cuba , " ho writes , "and they kcp up until Tuesday last. They came nea killing me. You would not know me now I nm still very weak ; can hardly walk Would like to glvo jou an Idea of how were \\oro treated , but can only say , now , that considering the short time In which th troops wcro moved and notwithstanding th rumors lu some yellow papers about ba management , we nro faring exccedlngl well. Special praise Is deserved by ou regimental surgeon , Captain Clark , wh worked day and night helping the sick. H deserves a medal. You will see that th Twenty-second lost but few men throug fever , though 90 per cent had a touch of it. Admiral Sampson's luck was not as ewll as ho hoped for in that coming out tune tlon at Santiago , but the fortune of wa stuck to him to the finish. Ills share of th prize money , not Including the Santlag ships surrendered to Ocncral Shatter , wll bo about $40,000. Admiral Dowcy's receipt from his May day adventure at Manila wll bo $9,375. Unless there is greater expedition on th part of the government than was shoni in like cases after the civil war , sovera jcars will roll around before the prlz money Is distributed. The destruction o the confederate fleet by Admiral Farrogu at Now Orleans in 1862 netted the officer and men $143,544 lu prize money , but twcn ty-two jcars elapsed before the distrlbutlo : took place. Red tape tied up the mouc ; until most of the participants passed fron earth. As the time Is ripe for slashlni red tape , it Is expected prize money dls trlbutlon will be expedited In the presen Instance. Only by degrees is the country learnln ; how narrowly the army at Santiago escapci disaster In the minds of rho correspond ents. Out of the hundred or more correspondents spondonts who went to the front , only four teen remained to finish , but these falthfu chroniclers of momentous events saw , bean or Imagined Innumerable things whlc ] soldiers neglected to mention on their ire turn. A correspondent of the Chlcag Chronicle a\crs , without fever or hysteria that General Shatter's escape from bclni a Spanish prisoner is duo to General Torai" lack of sand. Shaftor's headquarters wa some distance to the rear ot the lines am was indifferently guarded. At any rime be twcen July 4 and July 12 it would hav < been an easy matter for the Spaniards t capture the whole outfit. The main roai from Santiago , according to the Chronic ! man , was unguarded to within a quarto of a mile of the camp and the guard a the camp could not protect it against 20 charging cavalrymen. But Spanish courag was not equal to Us opportunities. A Span Ish and an American officer were dlvldlni a bottle of wine and talking war talk on day In the Cafe Venus In Santiago. "I an free tx > admit , " Bald the American , "tha we underestimated your fighting ability. ' "Yes , and I as freely but regretfully adml that wo overestimated the strength o lour lines. " "And I am happy In thi knowledge that you did. It would hav been very awkward for us If you had cap turcd our commanding general. " AM ) oTiiuiiwisn. Justice White appears to bo ono of th men whom the ofllco sought and did no flnd. flnd.The The statue of Oliver P. Morton , Indiana' war governor , which Is to bo erected ii Washington , will cost $5,000. The peace commission changes color evei before It gets together , but then the chang from White to Gray is not a violent one. They are going to run cars up Pike's Peal by electricity Instead of by the present coi s > stcm. The broomstick train Is getting ll everywhere. The spectacle ot the great powers of Eu rope bending their energies to suppress i street row in Crete Is ono for the edlflcatloi of gods and men. Those Pilgrims whose first house In Plym outh has Just been marked with a tablet bullded better than many have been knowi to build since their day. A house 278 year old Is pretty nnclcnt. Two Eouthe.ners , Victor Blue ot South Car ollna and Thomas M. Brumby of Georgia were the flrst to hoist the American Hog 01 our now possessions , the former on Cubai soil , tbo latter at Manila. Some verdant New Jersey newspaper think Grover Cleveland has about the rlgh build for a United States senator. Jersey It may be remarked , entertains conslderabli respect for great corporations. The coincident deaths of Eugene Boudln the marine painter , nnd Charles Gamier , th architect of the opera house In Paris , recal the fact that both men started llfo as pee boys. The former was originally a sallo and the son of a Honfleur pilot ; the inothe of the latter was a vender of vegetables. Admiral Sampson lost thirty pounds It weight during his service in Cuban water : and ho was not a heavy man to begin with His duties as a member of the Havana com mission , however , though they carry hln back to Cuba , will not bo of the same flesh reducing kind , and bo will doubtless recuperate ate rapidly. Coincident with the presence In New Yorl ot a lineal descendant of Baron Mun- chauscn , the New York Times gets off the following without fracturing a lib"Sevei years ego a calf tore a man's vest fron a back yard fence , where it was hanging chewed up- the garment and swallowed a goli watch that was In the pocket. A few week ago the calf , now a full grown animal , wai slaughtered for beet , and the watch wa found in such a position between the lung : that the process ot respiration , closing am filling the lungs , had kept the stcmwlndp wound up and the watch had lost only fou minutes in seven years. " The Royal U the lil < ) he t grade baking powder known. Actual tests how It yarn on * . Ulrd further than any other liraad. Absolutely Pure ItOViL l > K ! a fOwCJH CO. , M * YOAK. Titinis. Detroit Journal : "I luivc tlrtink the cup of humiliation to tha drrgnl" ho cried. Ulttorly shu reviled him for hla weak- nossiTunkl" she exclaimed , with much scorn. Chicago Record : "That's n mean mUnn- tngt' to tnke of u man. " "What ? " "Why , this paper snyn that when thcjr wcro married no was lying helpless on hli couch. " Uuffalo News : "Did you hear about th woman In Dunkirk ? " asked the kid as In rolled a rlgnrotte. "No ; what nliout lier ? " "Whv , she Bent a halt-dollar to n firm In lloston who promised for that sum to send a roclpo on how to get fnt. Two dn > afterward she rccelvtd a postal card which lend , 'lluy It of the butcher1 " Chicago Tribune : "My son , " said the In. dlKiiaiil father , "I've stood your Impudcnci lust ni hiiiB im I urn going to Htand U. ion haven't had ix whipping for n good while , but you ro going to got onenow. . Tuko olt jour coatl" "It won t be necessary , dad , " replied th hunky boy "i can do > otl up with It on " New York Tribune : "When I was a young limn , " snld tlio hardened old cynic. I used to bo nlrald that 1 wns not Va liant enoiiBli to become famous. " , iVul "w ? " nskcd u listener. "Now , " he replied. "I lm\o decided that I nm not stupid enough. " Cleveland Lender : " 1 HOC , " siild the MichIgan - Igan young man , who him a place In the AVur department , " ( hut General Mlle-j Blurted home fiom I'orto Hlco on tha Obdum i1 mlitnke. " replied Ills nuperlor , ! h ° tmm ° Ot th ° b0at < eB ? Dam. " Puck : Muldoon An' so ycr frl'nd shtood by nil' saw Urannlgan gl\ " you tliol tlrrlblo batin' vvldout makln' ony offer t' ' hllp > o ? Duccy ( mournfully-He ) did. Ho ylllort out "go In nnd win , Duccy , " nn' thin limed ng'ln ii posht wld his bonds In his pockets. Rii > cognition wldout Intliervintlon wuz all Ol got from Casey. . "If T cv ( > r 'ncklo ' anythlnrt In the line of Inventions , " ho mild , " 1 Bhafl endeavor to devise HOIIIO scheme by which n person Bottlnp on nn open street cat can do It without sitting In the lap of the fol low who sticks to the outside scut. " "I'slunv1" ho exclaimed , "do you want to spoil all the fun' " HISU OHOHS AIIMY MIHSI3. J. E. V. Cooke In Youth's Companion. The praises of the Admirals nro rlnglnfi everywhere : The plaudits of the Generals are singing In the nlr ; The men who sailed to sink their llvea within the Merrlmac ( So dauntless ) they that even death was fearful to attack ! ) The hard marines whose tactics knew no signal for retreat , In the rnln of Mnuser bullets and the drench of tropic- heat , The rough-and-ready riders In their reso lute advance. All make our dally records a continuous romance. Wo cry them in our stories ; wo chant them In our verse , Hut let us sing n stanza for the Red Cross army nurse. She Is In the foremost battle , she is in tha rearmost tents , She wears no weapon of attack , no nrmor of defense. She Is braver than the bravest , she Is truer than the true , She. a.skH not If the soldier struck for red and white and blue , She nskw not If ho fell beneath the yellow and the red , She Is mother to the wounded , she Is sister to the dead The victors' cheers rlnir In her ears , but these she docs not hoed ; The victims' moans nnd dying groans aro. given n her meed , And many u suffering hero chokes his blind nud sullen cut so To smonth It to a blessing1 for the Red Cross army nurse. Work on , O , noble nrmy , nnd the crown ot crowns be- > fours , Not always shall destruction be the glory which endures , It Is coming : It la coming ; you arc helping on the day When we learn the nobler action is to BUC- cor , not to slay ; It IH coming ; It Is coming ; you are aiding It along. , , When wo know the feeblest nation Is as potent ns the strong ; It Is coming ; It Is coming ; you are bringing It to pass , When the ships liavo shed their nrmor nnd the fortresses nro glass ; Hut In the stormy waiting till the arma- jr.ontH disperse , Our blessings on the flower of war the Red Cross army nurse ! For a Wet Day A Mackintosh is what you want or an Umbrella. Our as sortment of Mackintoshes Is the largest and best that can be found and they are guaranteed to keep out the rain. Of Um brellas we have plenty and at prices to suit the purse. Don't get wet keep dry- when you can do so at such a small cost. a. V. OoiHtB an4 OopjlMjHta.