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0 THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : SATTJBDAY , SEPTEMBER 24 , 1808.
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE 13. UOSEWATEK , Editor. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION ! Dally Bee ( Without Sunday ) . Ono Year. 8.00 Dally Be and Sunday , One Year 8.00 Hlx Months 4.00 Thr o Months 2-W. ' Sunday Bee , One Year > 2-lfl Saturday Bee. One Year i.W > Wc kly Bee , One Year OFFICES. < U Omaha : The Ben Ilutldlntr. _ , South Omaha ; Slnecr Block. Corner N and Twenty-fourth directs. Council Bluffs : 10 Pourl Street. Chicago Office : 502 Chamber of Com merce. New York : Temple Court. Washington : 601 Fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. AH communications relating to news and editorial matter should be addressed : To the Editor. Editor.BUSINESS LETTERS. All business letters and remittances should be addressed to The Bee Publishing Company. Omaha. Drafts , checks , express and postofllcp money orders to be maoe payable to HIP order of tli < " comtmny THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. State of Nebraska , Douglas County , ss : George B. Tzschuck , secretary of The Dee Publishing company , being duly sworn , says that the actual number of full and complete copies of The Daily. Morning. Evening nnd Sunday Bee , printed during the month of August , 1893 , was as follows : ' 2. IMl.o 11) M\'M JT.170 ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! . ! ' - -S7.7JKJ 5 ttHISO JS.1UO 6 a.s , < m < > 7 ss.oor. 8 1 7,7CW 9 iH,7il : 10 ai ,7 a 11 uti.ojjr. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! . , : 14 B8aio is ! ! . ! ! ! ' , U8.02O Total bWI.SU t Loss returned and unsold copies. . . . llri-t ; Net total sales H-l.t : l Net Dally Average 27i629 GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK. Sworn to before mo and subscribed In my presence thla 1st day of September , 1893. N. P. FCIL , Notary Public. WELCOME TO THE IJEE DUILDI.NG. No vIiiKor to Oinnhn nnd the < * xionlttoii | Hhonld RO array without liiMieediifi The Ilec linllilliiK , the \nrgent IIOTH- liniier hiilldliiK In America , and The IJee iie Hiiuiicr plant , conceded to be the llncnt between ChlcnKO and San FranclHCO. A cordial welcome In extended to all. That nntl-liomoirule plank hi the pop- ocratlc platform should now be chopped out. Mayor Moores Is agalu able to preside over the meetings of the legal police board. A few days each week with 50,000 at tendance at the exposition will clinch the enterprise. If you want to Invest In slot machines call at the court Ijouse and apply to County Attorney Baldrlgc. Judge Keysor's Injunction is now dis solved and the new board may perform Its duties without being In contempt of anybody. The exposition has paiseil 'the million and a half rna'rK In Its att'en'dancc1and Is rapidly moving toward the 12,000,000 milestone. A call Is out for another bank state- Kent and the public will have some more statistics reflecting republican prosperity. The outlawed police board , which was galvanized into life by Injunction after it had been pronounced a corpse , will pass from the stage and Into ob livion. Friday , September 150 , will be peace Jubilee day In the Nebraska schools. Every child In the public schools should have the lesson of the war llrmly im pressed upon him. The alleged insuilicicnt advertising or the exposition , which was the burden of the song of the croakers a month ago. no longer affords a theme for our local contemporaries. The Apaches at the Indian congress indulged In a flue dance , but it is to be hoped that neither the Apaches nor any ether Indians on the grounds will IP- dulgc In a flrp-water Jag. Ak-Sar-Ben's street Illuminations this year will surpass nil that has been done before in this direction. Let the busi ness men also cutdo themselves in the decoration of their buildings. People who have been stricken with the Philippine fever this summer are liable to bo cured almost as speedily as were people who were carried off by the Klondike fever last winter. The poor henpecked emperor of China has abdicated- favor of his wife , whoso curtain lectures have become very peppery , and LI Hung Chang will soon recover hia peacock feather. The Union Pacific railroad has de clared a dividend on its stock the tlrst time In the last fourteen years. Wring ing out the water Inflation by the purga tive process of foreclosure coupled with the prosperity restored under the ad ministration of McKinlcy and good bus iness management Is responsible for It. The prospective new depot , as part of the East Omaha bridge terminal , will bo a welcome adjunct to Omaha's railway facilities. But the prospective extension to Omaha of the Illinois Central , Great Western and Batlmore & Ohio systems holds a still greater promise for this city's commercial supremacy. Up to this time no expedition has been gout out to explore the island of Cuba for the purpose of locating the seat of Kovernni9nt of the paper republic or Cuba , nor have any of our troops or commissioners been able to encounter Its president or any member of its cabinet. It Is fortunate , however , that President McKlnley had the foresight and Urm- uess to refuse recognition to u govern ment which did not possess the attri butes of popular sovereignty. THK CVB AX AUTOXOU1ST8. According to AVfiHlilngton advices who , * Is known ns the autonomous govern ment of Cuba , organized Just before the war tinder the decree of the Spanish government proposing political reforms in Cuba , Is more or less active lit con nection with the discussion of terms for the evacuation of the Island. Thu men who compose this government , it Is needless to say , are lu sympathy with Spain. They were elected by thu .people who were loyal to the Spanish govern ment and they nro still tinder .Spanish Influence. If these autonomists can do nuythlnff to contribute to the advantage or benefit of Spain they will do It. Whatever may be desired of them at Madrid they will endeavor to accom plish. As they constitute an Influential class It Is possible that they may some what obstruct negotiations. Of course thvse people understand that Cuba will be evacuated by the Spanish forces. Spain's agreement to this de mand of the United States Is Irrevoca ble. But It appears that they desire the settlement of certain Incidental ques tions before the evacuation begins , among them the payment of the Cuban debt , the rates of tariff for Spain and the future government of the Island. It Is easy to see in this the tricky play or the Spanish government. But It will not avail. The Washington authorities , it is stated , very properly hold that no such questions can be considered by the military commission , since they have nothing whatever to do with the ques tion of evacuation. The commission was appointed for the specific purpose or arranging the time and method for the departure of the Spanish troops and It has no authority to consider any other matter. It will adhere strictly to the terms of the protocol. The view In Washington Is that the Cuban autonomists , as well ns the Spaniards , have no questions to advance or settle before evacuation Is determined upon and there can be no doubt this Is the correct view. The fact Is that Cuba is not now a Spanish colony. The sovereignty of Spain over the Island was unconditionally relinquished when the protocol was signed. That agreement provides that "Spain shall relinquish all claims of sovereignty over and title to Cuba" and this was accomplished the moment the protocol became effective. What possible right , then , have the Cuban autonomists or the Spanish gov ernment to demand the settlement ot any questions not directly related to that of evacuation ? Obviously none whatever. The question of the Cuban debt , for example , is one to be dealt with , If our government is disposed to consider It at all , by the peace commis sion , to which it is said the matter will be presented by the Spanish commis sioners. As to the future government of Cuba , it Is a question in which Spain has no concern. Its determination will be left to the Cuban people , who it is safe to predict will make their govern ment republican In form. lu this work they should be subjected to no external dictation or undue influence. Our government should not hesitate to deal firmly and decisively with Cuban autonomists or auy others who may at tempt to obstruct ( ir delay the- negotia tions for the evacuation of Cuba. It ap pears that the accomplishment of that will at the best occupy several months , so that it is important to hasten It as much as possible. Let It bo uuderstood that no dilatory tactics from any quarter will be tolerated. TIIE OREGON SENATORSHIP. The Oregon legislature will meet in extra session on Monday next to- elect a United States senator. There bad been a vacancy lu the senatorial representa tion of that state since March 4 , 1807 , the last legislature having failed to elect u successor to ex-Senator Mitchell. The governor appointed Hon. II. W. Corbctt to the vacancy , but the seratc , after a very thorough discussion of the mat ter , refused to seat him , thus furnishing another and perhaps conclusive decision that where there Is failure by a legis lature to elect a United States senator the governor has no authority to appoint. The present Oregon legislature Is re publican in both branches and It was elected on a sound money platform. It Is entirely safe , therefore , to say that the senator chosen will be a gold stand ard man and will In all other respects be in full accord with the republican party. The chances arc favorable to the election of Mr. Corbett , who was active in the campaign that resulted in the victory for sound money , but a vig orous effort is making to defeat him , with ex-Senator Mitchell as the leader. It is thus possible that a sharp tight may develop In the legislature but as under the constitution of the state an extra session Is limited to twenty days the probability Is that the republican caucus will promptly make n choice. If It shall fall to Mr. Corbett , as appears likely , the result will be satisfactory to republicans generally and the cause or sound money will gain nn able advocate in the national senate. AS IXCWEXT OF PROTECTION. It Is reported that the former owners of the largest tin plate establishment In the world are about to remove from Swansea , Wales , to Plttsburg. They re cently sold their extensive plant In Wales , which had for some tlmo been Idle , at a considerable sacrifice and will use the proceeds In erecting mills near Plttsburg , believing that the United States is hereafter to bo the fonynost tin plate producing country of the world , as It Is already the greatest market for tin plate. This Is an Incident of the policy of pro- tectlou and there Is none uioro striking in the entire history of that policy. Be fore the passage of the McKlnley act , observes the Philadelphia Press , this country Imported annually from $ Lt,000 , . 000 to $30,000,000 worth of tin plate. Gradually the Importations have de clined until for the last fiscal year they aggregated only $3,800,143. "Not only has this great Industry , " says that pa per , been thoroughly established by means of a protective tariff , but the price of tin plato has been greatly re duced. In thla respect the experience has been the same as in the case of steel rnIN , wire 'nails and hundreds of other articles. " In his eloquent address to the republican convention of New Jer sey , Attorney General Gripes said that the democrats may denounce protective tariffs , but no one will care. In the light of such facts as the above and many others 110 loss strong in proof of the merits of protection the opponents ot that policy arc at n tremendous disad vantage. HETTEH aorEHX.MEXT FO/l OMAHA. The refusal of the supreme court to grant n rehearing of the case lu which It declared unconstitutional the law which vests the appointment of the Board of Fire and Police Commissioners in the governor will be hailed with sat isfaction by all citizens who desire bet ter police government In Omaha. At no time In the history of this city have our people suffered more from po lice lucompete.ncy and Inefllciency than under the defunct Herdman board. At no time has there been a more crying demand for police reorganization , through which alone the discipline or the force can be perfected and adequate protection afforded the community. From its very inception the Herdman police board , which was presumed to be non-partisan , has prostituted the police power to political ends and has not only Ignored and dolled the law , but made iteelf an adjunct to a gang of black mailers who stood lu with keepers ol lawless resorts and levied tribute upon brewers and liquor dealers. With a chief of police who never had n day's training lu police service before he was appointed and who Is Incapable of giv ing Intelligent ditectlon to his subordi nates , the utter demoralization of the department was Inevitable. With reck less indifference to the public safety the defunct board not only uiado no effort at police reform , but countenanced the most flagrant abuses , and under thu pe culiar provisions of the law theru was no redress from police mlsgovurnment so long as the governor was haud in glove with the outlaws and refused to Investigate charges against his ap pointees. When the supreme court declared void the law under which the board was commissioned the outlawed board , in stead of vacating , sought to prolong its existence In order that Its intluence might be exerted long enough to dom inate Its party primaries and conven tions and Its satellites given a further opportunity to exploit the police-pro tected criminal resorts. The advent of the now lire and police commission will , It Is to be hoped , bring Into the police department such re forms as are urgently demanded to meet existing conditions. While it is not to be expected that the force can be thor oughly reorganized and brought to a high standard of elliclency In a day or a week or a month , It can under competent di rection be materially Improved In every respect and gradually built up to the high standard which prevails in the lire department under Chief Iledell. The infamous scoundrels and Irre sponsible vagabonds who have been given free run of the columns of tiio popocratic Fakery can be depended on lu the present campaign to fabricate auy lie that suits their purpose. The other day they represented the city editor of The Bee as saying that a largo number or new employes had been placed on the pay roll of The Bee to vote at the republican primaries , when as a matter of fact not a single employe was added to any de partment and the city editor never said anything of the kind. This brazen false hood Is supplemented by the report that the managing editor of The Bee had gone to South Omaha previous to the primaries to arrange with Joseph Koutsky for the payment of his pre liminary campaign expenses for a legis lative nomination. This Is also a willful falsehood. The managing editor of The Bee does not know Koutsky except by reputation , never met him , and has not been in South Omaha for several years. He had nothing whatever to do with his candidacy in the South Omaha pri maries. The Fakery , however , will doubt less continue to print dally fabrications about The Bee and members of Its staff. Governor Holcomb Is smooth goods. He chaperoned Bryan to the White House with a tearful appeal for the sol dier boys In Florida and Manila , but in reality ho was simply trying to wedge In a plea for a furlough for Colonel Bryan , whose soul yearns for the politi cal harvest home feasts of Illinois and the popocratic barbecues of Nebraska. Chill and Argentina have agreed to submit their boundary dispute to arbi tration. This way of settling interna tional disputes is much less costly than settling a dispute by the arbitra ment of the sword. Working ? the Main Gnn. Chicago Chronicle. General Blanco'a epistolary activity indicates that In addition to hla side arms be has becu allowed to retain his trusty typewriter. I'onef fur the PouullHt * . Philadelphia Record. The populists declare that the proper use for gold Is In repairing "the diseased teeth of the people. " Are the populists quite sure that their own wisdom teeth do not stand In need ot the accursed filling ? American l'r < > nrex Southward. Minneapolis Journal. Argentina has offered J. Sterling Morton a princely salary to go down there and build up a department of agriculture. The Argentine republic likes American methods , Its public school system was started by Horace Mann. One Place to Keep Afloat. Indlanaoolls News. Mr. Bryan is In a position to let himself down easily , if he would only recognize j the fact. The tide has set strongly , against his hobby , and he can not hope to stem It. Let him stay In the army , and keep his head above water. Here' * ( o the Marines ! New York Sun. Hero'a to the marines ! If anybody should ask : "What Is the matter with them ? " the only reply that can be made Is ; "They're ! all right ! " Ot the battalion of marines who i did such splendid work at Guantanamo not a single man has been lost through sickness , and the percentage of Illness has been ex tremely low. The marines were splendidly provided for , and in addition they knew how to talto care of themselves In battle and la camp. Men and officers deserve the greatest credit for the fine showing they have made. That Popular War Loan. Snrlncllcld ItCDUbllcun. So the banks have already got hold of , \ third of that "popular" loan issue ? This Is not surprising , but It will be surprising It over one-half the Issue Is not found ulti mately in possession ot the banks , and most of the remainder in possession of trustees ot estates and large Investment corporations. It was n partially popular loan In the sense ot vcrmittlng small capitalists to speculate on and profit from the market premium , but in no other sense. As such It cost the government nearly $10- 000,000 , that being about the present market premium on the entire Issue. Hlinln'n Washlneton Stnr. Spain sides with the czar and has officially expressed her approval of hlg disarmament scheme , Aesop once wrote a fable of a fox , which , having lost Its tall through stress of circumstances , endeavored to start the fashion among all animals of going without tails. They were cumbersome , ho argued , not at all ornamental and a nuisance gen erally. Hla arguments were considered good , but his motives were suspected , and the propaganda failed. Spain would doubtless agree that navies are an unnecessary expense , and would side with any nation that would suggest the turn , lug of all Ironclads Into plowshares and pruning hooks. POLITICAL , 1)1UFT. Only nine populists responded to a call for u state convention in New York. The democratic delegation from Hartford to the Connecticut state convention stands sixteen gold men to ono for silver. Six Independent free silver parties are abroad in Colorado and the campaign has only passed the flrst shooting stage. Roosevelt's nomination for governor of New York by the republican convention next Tuesday Is as good ns made. Over 700 of the OSO delegates are pledged to him. John Donovan "Donovan of Bay" who achieved a reputation four years ago by be ing the only democrat In the legislature of Michigan , was turned down by his con stituents the other day. He sought a third term and failed to get the nomination. John realizes now that popularity is fleet ing. President Guggenhelmcr of the New York council has a new Idea that Is happier and more hopeful than his scheme to punish profanity in Gotham. He Is preparing an ordinance to compel street car companies to place the steps on their cars not higher than nine Inches from the street , and to compel the cars to stop when a passenger signals. The democrats of New York are casting about feverishly for a candidate for gov ernor. The task of the leaders is well cal culated to banish sleep and promote brain fag , for the drift to Kooaevelt is as irre sistible as a tidal wave. The latest victim suggested Is W. U. Hearst , publisher of the New York Journal. His candidacy would be a yellow one In a double sense. He has a surplus of journalistic ochre and an nbun- dance of yellow metal drawn from his gold mines in the Black Hills and elsewhere. The latter quality is a magnet of wonderful power In a campaign. Ono of the menvtalked of for the demo cratic nomination.for governor of Now York is Mayor J. K. Me McGulre of Syracuse , publisher of the Syracuse Courier. The mayor possesses vote-making abilities of no mean order. He would get the full Mc- Gulro vote. "I am a McGulre of the Mc- Gulres , " he says. "My name is McGuire , my father's name was McGulre. my mother's name was McGulre before she was married , my mother's mother's name was McGulre , my wife's name was McGuire - Guiro and her mother's name was Mc- Gulro before she was married. " In the city of Cincinnati 'there ' is no non sense about the budget or the use of any superflous phrases. The chief municipal departments are four In number , the "watch , " "fire. " "hospital" and "light. " For the "watch" or police department $575- 000 Is required this year , for the flre de partment $440,000 , for the hospital depart ment $118,000 and for the light department $335,000. This year , it appears , Cincinnati has less money to devote to municipal pur poses than It had a year ago , but neverthe less it ls threatened with an increase of expenditure of $200,000. Colonel James Mitchell of Little Rock. Ark. , editor of the Llttlb Rock Democrat , who Is attending the reunion of the Mitchell family at Corning , la. , declared to a re porter that the "free silver Issue is dead. " "When I was at our state convention , " he said , "and they adopted resolutions carTnrs- Ing free silver and reaffirming their feAity to Dryan , I told some of my friends an ancient story. When a Scythian king died his court arrayed him in all the habiliments of royalty , placed his crown on his head and his scepter in his cold , clammy hand and they with great solemnity would march into the regal presence , saluting and mik ing obeisances to the dead monarch , crying , 'Long live the king. ' So with the retain ers of free silver ; they know their monarch Is drad , but they are still going through the post-mortem ceremony. " PERSONAL AND OTHERWISE. Chicago does not take kindly to the theory recently advanced that it's late spell ot Santiago weather was a blessing , Inas much as it baked out disease. And the theorist actually defended it with sunstroke statistics. How the fellow escaped a season In the Cook county asylum is one of the mysteries of the town. Clarence Oreathouse , chancellor of Corea and personal adviser to the king of that country , Is a Kentucklan , but lived for years on the Pacific coast and has only been In Corea since 1S93. Ho won favor with the oriental monarch through being a splendid story teller and because of his great fund of general Information. He Is about 55 years old. Assistant Secretary Howell of the Treas ury department , who Is back in Washing ton from a tour of the west , speaks enthusi astically of the condition of the Imperial do main. He reports thu crops are large , the farmers are receiving good prices for their cattle and other stock , the banks have an abundance ot money , labor Is well employed and the people generally are contented and feel that they are entering upon nn era of prosperity that promises to be lasting. Mr. Howell attended the Transmlsslsslppl Exposition , which , ho says , is a great suc cess from every point of view. Peace has its expenses a trifle ICES pro nounced than war. The American peace commission now heading Parlsward , will knock a large , juicy bolo in half a million dollars by the tlmo the treaty becomes a part of the nation's archives. It Is gen erally understood that each of the five com missioners is to receive a fee of $2nuOO , the secretary , $20,000 , and much smaller sums to members of the staff. All expenses are to bo paid by the government. This In cludes $20,000 for transportation ot thirty- five persons. $20,000 for entertainment In Paris and about $00,000 for personal ex penses. Taking the honor with : ho bullion In the affair , a position on the commtsa'on ' la a bandtome assignment. IIO.VOIIS FOR MORTON. DlntliiKillnlicil Nehrnnknn Tendered n Pout In Argentina , Kansas City Star. The president ot Argentine has invited J. Sterling Morton of Nebraska , Mr. Cleve land's secretary of agriculture , to come down to the progressive South American re public nnd establish an Agricultural depart ment there similar to that which forms u part of the government of the United States. A good salary has been offered to Mr. Mor ton to perform this service , but he has not yet decided whether he will go or not. Agriculture is nn Industry almost as Im portant in Argentine as In this country Wheat nnd meat nnd hides are the chief exports. The trade of Argentine , and the railroads and public Improvements as well , are largely controlled by Europeans , but the republic buys a good many agricultural Im plements here , nnd the material resources and the necessary lines of Industrial devel opment of Argentine arc more like those of the United States than any other country. It Is natural , therefore , that the statesmen of the most southerly of republics should look to the great free country of the north for Its models of government and of Indus trial progress. Mr. Morton's experience , both as a farmer and ns secretary of agri culture for four years , makes him the right man to establish a beneficial agricultural bureau In Argent'lne. Some people may be Inclined to think It rather unpatriotic for an American .citizen to use his talent to aid a competing country to develop Its resources , since such service Is expected to result In Increased shipments of farm produce from Argentine to countries which buy foodstuffs from the United States. Dut that Is a nar row view to take. The asrlcultural Inter ests of the world are so vast that ono man's efforts to make the business of farming more profitable In a far country cannot have an appreciable effect on aggregate results , even though he might bo able to greatly benefit the Argentine farmers by introducing there American methods of fostering agriculture. If Mr. Morton should accept the offer that has been mode to him , he probably will be able to increase the Argentine demand for American agricultural machinery while he is showing the people of that country how the United States government helps the farmer with experimental farms , investiga tions of animal diseases nnd pests thM dam age crops , the Introduction of new products , the extension of foreign markets , the care ful records of climatic , weather and soil conditions , and the many other services which ore performed by the Agricultural deportment. WHEAT CHOP AND PRICES. Present Tendency of the Market De pleted Hecerve Slock. Philadelphia Ledger. There is a tendency in the wheat trade to accept as probably correct the estimates ofthe United States wheat production , which are more moderate than some of the over sanguine calculations of the yield put forth by experts earlier In the season. Es timates of a production of 600,000,000 bush els are more In favor than the 700,000,000 bushels yield predicted In June and July. This conservatism of crop guessing In the absence of precise data concerning acreage and thrashing results will do no harm , even if the actual yield should confirm the ac curacy ot the earlier maximum estimates. It has already had a tendency to arrest the unwarranted bearlshness of speculation. The best authorities agree that the wheat yield of the world approximates more nearly to the abundant harvests ot 1894 than has that of any other year ; but it is conceded also that the world's reserve stocks are very much smaller now than they were In 1894. After a season of extraordinary stock de pletion the natural impulse of traders and consumers the world over to upbuild re serves may reasonably be expected to pre vent undue depression ot values. This , at least , is the predominant sentiment now manifest in the wheat markets. KEEP PORT JJFFICERS BUSY Work of Starting Commerce at Manila Betas Pushed by the Amer ican Officer * . SAN FRANCISCO. Sept. 23. An As sociated Press correspondent , writing from Manila under date of August 30 , says : The work of setting the wheels of business In the harbor of Manila in motion has been Intrusted to Captain Henry Glass of the United States steamship Charleston. ObCr of his first duties was that ot taking an Inventory of all tne slrpplng that fell into Admiral Dcwey's hands on the 13th Inst. This In cludes everything afloat , either on the bayer or river , which means a radius of forty miles , and Its value is about $1,500,000. To aid Captain Glass and Lieutenant Brauners In the work , five officers were detailed from Admiral Dewey's fleet. Ensign Model has been busy with gun cotton and , dynamite blowing up the wrecks that were sunk In I the Paslg river and the outer harbor , and of | the twenty or thirty wrecks In the river nearly all have been destroyed so that ships 1 drawing fifteen feet of water may now enter and come to the wharves. Lieutenant Mc Millan , late of the San Francisco hydrographic - graphic office , is in charge ot the weather bureau buoys and lights and the hydro graphy of the harbor generally. The ship ping in the river is under Lieutenant Marcus Miller and Lieutenant M. F. Wall Is the boarding and berthing officer. Lieu tenant J. T. Meyers of the marine corps Is In charge of all the prizes. The natives are rushing to the office ot the captain of the port with all sorts ot complaints , so that the place Is at once a justice court and entry and clearing office for vessels. RECEIVE PECKJrYITH FAVOR Commissioner to Part * Exposition MakcH a Favorable alou There. WASHINGTON. Sept. 23. An agreroble impression has been created in connection with the arrival at Paris of the United States commissioner to the World's lair , Mr. Ferdinand W. Peck , according to word received here. The French cress is much pleased with a speech of Mr. Peck's In which he linked together the names of Lafayette and Cambon , the ambassador at Washington , In the following words : "Lafayette and Cambon ! The knif t of liberty of the eighteenth century and the wise diplomat of the nineteenth cnntury. The fraternity Inaugurated by the im mortal Lafayette more than 100 years ago is again cemented by the friendly diplomacy of the ambassador of France In promoting the blessings of peace that have come after our recent struggles with a foreign foe. " Mr. Peck's plan of erectlns at Paris a monument to Lafayette as one ot tr features ot the exposition also Is attract ing much favorable comment with the officials and public generally at Paris , and altogether it Is said the friendly senti ments between the two republics Is being made more apparent than ever. Innurniirc Men Indicted. FRANKFORT. Ky. , Sept. 23. The grand Jury of the Franklin circuit court , which Is tbe fiscal court of this state on recommenda. tlon of Prosecutor Franklin , returned In- dlotmcnte against seventy-four leading In surance companies of the country doing bust- ness in this state , charging conspiracy and the formation ot a trust to prevent compe tition in fire Insurance rates. Kold from I'lirope. > NEW YORK. Sept. 23. Heldelbach , Ick- clhelmer & Co. have engaged at London $600,000 gold and Kountze Brothers $250,000 I for Import to the United States. OTHER l.A.\DS THAN OURS. Chinese reforms have so generally begun and ended with the resolution to undertake them that ono is justified In doubting tha anything will come of the latest decree of Emperor Kwang Hsu announcing his con viction of the superiority of western civili zation over the existing older In his do minions and his intention of grafting the best features of Occidental upon Chinese Institutions. The Riibcdlct accompanying this decree and which contemplates the es tablishment of a postal service throughout China merely carries out an idea IOUB en tertained ; and If the creation of the machin ery for a Chinese postofllco department shall bo Intrusted to European experts nnd the mandarins prevented from hampering the work something substantial can doubtless bo accomplished. The edicts , which extend the right of petition to everybody and de mand monthly accountings of receipts and expenditures to bo made to all provincial governors , tnotls nnd Tartar generals In fact , by all officials who collect revenues and disburse public moneys are probably Intended to placate with smooth words urn' ' fine promises the masses , who are on the verge of revolt In many parts of the em pire. The situation in Crete is really impossi ble. The Moslem Cretans and the Christian Cretans will try to exterminate each other and the Turks will help the former , If the English , French , Russian and Italian forces withdraw. The powers keep their fleets and troops at the Cretan coast to prevent re ciprocal butchering. In the Interior the Christians are In control , having completed the work of extermination there. The Mos lem landlords and peasants have been robbed of their property and such of them as sur vive are cooped up In the coast towns , where they are lu dlro want of the neces sities of life. They ask the powers to re store them to their lands. The powers , how ever , sympathize with their enemies and the ultimate solution of the trouble , doubt less , will be the transfer of the Moslem Cretans to Asia Minor. This Involves much hardship for them , but ecenis to bo the only way to get peace In Crete. It Involves also the forcible expulsion of the Turkish troops now in Crete. The use of force may have no serious results If England , Franco , Russia nnd Italy continue to agree in all matters , but the sultan will do his best to embroil them. * The work on the Trans-Siberian railway has been carried on during the present summer with such activity that it Is fully anticipated that the rails will bo laid to Stretlnsk by the spring of 1900 nnd there will then bo unbroken communication , partly by rail , partly by steamer , through from St. Petersburg to Vladlvostock. There will then bo no further peed for sending troops and war material round by sea from Odessa or St. Petersburg , as the camps from the Sungarl river to Port Arthur can be supplied In very much shorter time and more secretly by rail. As regards the traffic on the already completed portions of the Trans-Siberian railway. It Is Increasing so rapidly * bat the available rolling stock is found quito Insufficient for the requirements of business. The amount of freight moved In 1897 was moro than double that during 1896. It Is calculated that at least 40,000,000 roubles will have to be expended to enable the line to meet the present needs , of which notness than 25,000,000 roubles would be for rolling stock alone , estimated at 300 loco motives and 10,000 cars. Notwithstanding the disaster that three French exDedltlons In Africa recently met with along the great disputed belt that runs westward from Abyssinia across Egypt to Senegal and the Niger , Lieutenant Bre- tonnet is to follow up the Gentll "mis sion" in the Lake Chad region. He Is sup posed to have left Marseilles a week ago for ho mouth of the Niger , on the French Congo. Lake Chad , It will bo recalled , Is the eastern extremity of the boundary line dividing the Drltlsh and French spheres of Influence. .According to a report published by the French government , Samory , the Niger rebel , has retreated into the Hinter land of Liberia. A force under Major Plncau , while on Its way < to Kong , In the lately disputed territory , came Into con tact with some of Samory's troops , whllo another party , sent to occupy Dona , which had been evacuated by the English , effected a Juncture with it. Samory crossed the Vandama and went off In the direction of Sassandra and it Is expected that he will penetrate even Into Liberia. It is believed that Lieutenant Bretonnet's expedition will be quite a formidable army , Including sev eral battalions of Senegalese , and abundant supplies , with directions to penetrate the country eastward of Lake Chad and to make treaties with the chiefs there before they can possibly bo reached by any expedition that the English may send out through the newly opened pathway of Upper Egypt. Cavallcre Cerbonl of Rome has Just written a brochure on Italian emigration , In which some remarkable figures are given concernIng - Ing the Increase of the Italian population In Argentina. The entire inhabitants of the South American republic number , according lo the most recent census , 4,045,000 ; of these over 1,000,000 are said to be of Italian birth or parentage. Of the 600,000 inhabitants of Buenos Ayrcs , one-third are Italians and to that nationality belong nearly half of the 15,000 shops or commercial houses of that flourishing city , controlling more than 750- 000,000 lire out of the 3,000,000,000 of capital In use. Seven-tenths of the 6,000 factories and workshops established In the capital are the property of Italians , who also own over 100,000,000 lire of the deposits In the principal bank. Italy's trade with the River Plate rose from 21,000,000 lire In 18S5 to 56,000,000 In 1897 , the latter figure equal ing that of France , and the Cavallere draws special attention to the enormous scope of Its development. Horses for the army and sun-dried meat might , for in stance , be imported from Argentina , whllo wine and tobacco should form Important Items of export from Italy. "To come acrors a genuine and authentic Italian cigar Is a treat to our compatriots in South America , " writes the Cavallere. Fourteen factories for the production of the spurious article have sprung up In Buenos Ayres within the last few years. Some 965,300 Italians landed at that port alone between 1857 and 1897. The new Central American republic will make Us mark in the world If It adheres to Its avowed policy , which Is not to make war , foreign or domestic , but to devote its energies to Internal Improvement. It Is not In condition to make war , for It has neither The Royal U tbe hlgfieit grade baling powder known. Actual test * show It goes one- third further than any other brood , Absolutely Pure KOYM. tAHna > 0 M CO. , HI * VOM. army nor navy. Salvador has 4,000 rcRUlnn and 18,000 rollltla. Its navy Is a solitary rev enue cutter. Honduras has COO regular sol- dlers nnd 20,000 mllltln. It hn no navy , Nlcaraugua has 2,000 regulars nnd 5,000 re serves. The three states could not make much of n showing against Guatemala , which has 50,000 regulars nnd 30,000 reserves Guatemala has pncced through domestic troubles during the last two or three years and Its army U In good condition , as Latin armies go. taking Into consideration that the coniiuon suMlcrs get all the nuppllen ordered for them , except what men In hlsh official station steal. In view of the strength of Guatemala , It Is unlikely that the republic will attempt to force Guatemala to Join. U Is surmleed that the republic was formed moro for defense than for any other object. .MIHTH lItllV.Mi : . Chicago Itecord. You may buy , you may rcuttrr the fruit If you will. But the rind of bananas will trip you up Stlilt Indlannpolls Journal , Donr Undo Sam , It's plain that you Have stun a winning way. In fact , > ou always seem to do Whatever U. S. A. Washington Star. They greeted him with Pinllcs nnd ttnrs , Filled him with lieef nnd mutton And carried nway for souvenirs Ills lust remaining button. Chicago News. In looking for s'Kns ' nnd for tokens Which help men to po In and win , Look out for the man with a frown on his brow And , below It , n big double chin. Chicago Tribune. "Tho preachers , ' said Satan , with chuckla nnd grin , "Hnvo mostly como back from their layoff. But they've Kot to work htird if they catch up "gain , For I have not taken a day off. " Harper's Bazar , lie got his daughters off his hands , And thought It quite n treat Until ho found he had to keep Their husbands on their feet ; He didn't mind the Harrys or The Gcorglea with their Ilia ; The Jacks and Petes he rather liked , But drew the line at Bills. ANGKM.VA. Chap-Book. When do fiddle RH | ( to singing1 out a ol Vahclnny reel , An' you 'mcnco to fenl a tlcklln' In yo' too nn' In yo' heel ; 13f you t'lnk you got u'llglon nn' you wants to kue it , too. You Jos' bcttah tek a hint an * git yo'solf clean out o' view. Case do time Is mighty temtpln' when d cliuno Is In do swine , Fu' a durky , saint or sinner man , to cut do plceon wlnjr. An' you couldn't ho'p f'om dancln' cf yo' feet was boun' wif twine , When Angelina Johnson comes a-swlnjrtn' down do line. Don't you know Mlsg Angelina ? She's ds da'llu of do place. Wy do ain't no high-toned lady wlf alch mannhB an' slch cracc. She kin move across de cabin , wl Its Blanks all rouch an' wo' ; Jes' do samc.'s cf she was dancln' on ole mlstus' ball room flo' Fact Is' you do' see no cabin cvaht'lngr you see look era ml , An1 dat ono ol' squeaky flddlo Houn' to you jcs' lak a bun' : Cotton britches look lak broadclof an * a llnsey dress look line. When Angelina Johnson comes a-swlngln' down do line. Some folks say dat dancln's sinful , an' da blessed Lawd , dey sny , Owlno to punish us fu' eteppln' when wo hveth de music play. But I tell voti , I do n' b'llovo It , fu' d Lawd Is wlso and good , An' he made de banjo's metal an' ho mada do fiddle's wood. An' he made do music In dem , so I don't aulto t'lnk he'll kecr Ef our feet keeps tlmo a llttlo to do mel odies wo hjcah. Wy dey's sotnefn downright holy In da wav our faces shine , When Angelina Johnson comes a-swlngin. ' down do line. Angelina steps so gentle , Angelina bows so low , An' she lit' huh sku't so dainty dat huh shoeton skacely show ; An' dem teef o' huh'n a'shlnin' , cz she tek you by do nan' Go 'way people , doln't unothah slch a lady in do Ian'I When sho's moovln' thee do Jiggers er a- ilanclnc by huhse'f , Folks Jcs' stan1 stock-still a-sta'ln' , nn1 dey mos' nigh hoi's dey bref ; An' do yountr mens , dey's a-snyln' , "I'so irwlno melt dat damsel mine , " When Angelina Johnson comes u-swlngln" down do line. OUR DAILY WASHINGTON , Sept 21 , 1K9S The Amer ican members of the Spanish Peace Commis sion , which is < o hold Its sessions In Paris , will have a preliminary meeting here today , when a special report about the Philippines from General Merrltt will be officially pre sented and received. The Schools Are Open And the boys arc al it again wearing out their clothes. Our school suits this fall , as in past seasons , are made in our own factory and are constructed for service. There is a mistaken notion that if a boys' clothes are strong they must be clu nsy. Nothing could be further from the facts , if you buy them of us , We never sacrifice strength for style , but we combine them both and if any sacrifice is necessary it is in the prices. Boys' 2 pfece gray and brown mixed suits in cheviot and tweed sizes 7 to 16 , price $3.50i Boys' long pants , gray and brown mixed suits , in cheviots and tweed , sizes J4 to 19 , price $5.00 ,