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18 THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : SUXDAT , SEPTEMBER 25 , 1808.
Tim OMAIIA SUND\Y BER U. IIOSKWATER. Editor. P.UUL18HED EVERY MORNINO. TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION : Dally Bto ( Without Sunday ) , One Year.Jfi.03 Dally IJeo and Sunday , Ono Year 8.00 Blx Months .W Three Months 2.w > Kunday Uec , Onn Year J-W Saturday Boa , One Year 1-5 ? Weekly Bee , One Year * OFFICES. Omaha : The Bee Bulldlnff. South Omaha : Slncer Block , Corner N nd Twenty-fourth Streets. Council Bluffs : 10 Pourl Street. Chicago omcc : D92 Chamber of Com- mnrce. New York : Tample Court. Wauhlngton : 601 Fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. AH communications relating to news and editorial matter should be addressed : To the Editor. Editor.BUSINESS LETTERS. All buslncHs letters nnd remittance" should bo addressed to The Bco Publishing Company , Omaha. DraftH. checks , express and nostofflco money orders to be made payable to the order of the company. THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OP CIRCULATION. Btalo of Nebraska. Douglas County , ss : George B. Tzschuck , secretary of The Bee Publishing company , being duly sworn. Bays that the actual number of full and complete copies of The Dally , Morning , Evening nnd Sunday Bee , printed during the month of August , 1S98 , was as follows : 1 BH.BIU 17 B7HOr : 18 19 . 27,470 20 . 27,703 Jl . 2H.100 6 28,0(10 ( 22 . 2(1,872 7 28,005 23 . 21 > .2l.1 ( g 27,70I 24 . 2U.H-IO 25 . 2 < M25 io- ! ! " ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! i7 : t 26 . 2(1,7:18 ( : 27 . 2 , 32 is'- ! ! ! ! , < ! " * > 23 . S < MHB 13 B8,88 23 . 2HU11 : n , ,2st : in 30 . 2(1,28(1 ( ( 15 2SO'II ) 31 . 23,033 16 , BS.OUU Total HI,8U ( Less returned nnd unsold copies. . . . l , gat : Net total Bales H1.V.I41 Net Dally Average 27 629 GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK. Sworn to before mo nnd subscribed In my presence this 1st day of September , 1S93. N. P. FEIL. Notary Public. WELCOME ) TO TIII3 HUB BUILDING , Novliltor to Omnhn and the exposition Bliould go away without Inspecting The IJeo bnllilliiB , the InrKcot iicvm- pnper building In America , anil The Bee ncivi > apcr plant , ! onccile < l to be the nncxt between ChlonRo nnd Han Francisco. A cordial welcome IN extended to till. Train robberies arc again becoming all the rage is southern Missouri. The dollar head tax on stop-over tick ets should bo abolished at onco. The two international storm centers on the globe are now Pekin and Paris. General Depression eeeius to bave re signed his place at the head of the pope era tic hosts. Only one more week before the royal entry of the great Ak-Sar-13cn into the exposition city. The battle of the standards which Wll Ham Jennings Bryan wanted to reopen has been declared off for 1803. The man who was so cocksure the ex position could not bo made a success Is now cocksure he never said anything or the kind. The emperor of China can sympathize with the infanta of Spain in full reallza , ( Ion of the dltliculty of holding on to a'royal flush. Omaha compares favorably in bank clearances with cities twice its size. Dur ing the past week it distanced Detroit , Milwaukee and Buffalo. The war balloon Is a little late In inak Ing its appearance at the exposition , but then It had to wait till the war was over bcforo It could be mustered out of mili tary service. Candidate I'oyuter has not yet ex plained how he came to violate the antl- raonopoly pledges of the populists by so liciting and accepting pass bribes while he was a member of the legislature. The railroads can well afford to pay the expenses of their Joint agency in Omaha. The dollar head tax is not only obnoxious to tourists but has caused much 111 feeling toward the exposition. A new cabinet ofllce is to bo created for the benefit of the expansionists to be known as the secretary of the cole ales. That there will bo no lack or aspirants for the olllce goes without nay lug. Colonel 0. I > \ Humphreys , formerly chief quartermaster of the Dcpartmon of the Platte. is among the ottlccrs starred by the president for meritorious service in the war with Spain. CJeue ral Humphreys' friends in this part or the country will fuel gratlllod at Ills elevation to u brigadier generalship. The British-Venezuelan controversy which came near precipitating a war be tween the United States and ( Jreat Brit nln , Is once more projected to the rrou by the announcement that the arbltra tlou commission is to meet in Paris In u few days. In expressing his thanks for rcnoinl nation at the republican state conven tlon last week , Governor Plngreo o Michigan said : I'm Just the same old bald-headed Pin tree that I was two years ago. I'm Jus the same kind of a republican I believe that principles should come before party When wo nominate n man who violate theio crlnclples I bolleve we are not gooi republicans unle&s 'wo show htm up. Th party was made for the common people That is why I am a republican. This Is good republican sentiment , no only for Michigan , but also for .Ne braska. The promotion of good gov eminent Is the basic principle of rcpub licaulsui and the man who betrays a public trust forfeits nil right to b classed as a republican. CAX THE TICKET OR Self-preservation Is the first law of mi- ture. It stands to reason , therefore , that no political party that desires to perpetuate Itself can be compelled under any rules or regulations to commit sui cide. The duty ot national , state and county campaign committees Is to exercise every power necessary to the successful prose cution of their campaigns. When a coa- veutlou makes a blunder that threatens to prove fatal to the ticket or disastrous to the party it becomes the Imperative duty of the committee to apply the rem edy. If , for example , a national committee discovers that In any one of the states a nominee for presidential elector Is not n citizen or disqualified for any other reason , it sets the machinery In motion to prevent the loss of a , vote In the elec toral college which as in 1870 may de termine the presidency. Should an Ineli gible nominee refuse to retire would not the committee be justified and expected to displace him with a qualified elector'/ Would not the committee bo justly held responsible 1 for criminal negligence U' it allowed i a presidential election to go by default ( In this manner ? | What applies to the national committee ppllcs with equal force to state and ouuty committees. Their first duty Is o leave no stone unturned to elect the Icket by the largest possible majority. The question that forces Itself upon the epublican county committee Is , Has It he right to compel the retirement from he ticket of any candidate whose rctcn- Ion of a place on the ticket Jeopardizes he success of the party ? John L. Webster , an eminent attor- oy and at the same time a consum- inato political pettifogger , says , No. Hut when pinned down by the question vhethcr the name of a candidate guilty f n crime or a candidate for any reason nellglble could be deposed by the com- nlttec , ho dodges and throws spread- lo dust Webster has evidently for gotten or wants to Ignore several de cisive precedeuts In republican councils. In 1870 David Butler , republican can didate for governor , was cited before the ; tate committee to refute charges or ualfeasauce , and the committee only ab stained from exercising its authority ipon his solemn assurance that the charges were unfounded. In 1802 the republican nominee for leutenant governor , J. G. Tate , was retired from the ticket after it was illscovercd that he had not yet com pleted his naturalization as an American citizen. In 1803 one of the present candl- .latcs for the legislature was gently persuaded to get off the republican ticket on which ho had been nominated for lustlce of the pence , because , in the es- Irnation of the committee , his candidacy leopardlzed the success of other candi dates. In the present campaign the repub llcan state committee has , In the Inter est of the party , brought about the re tlremeut from the ticket of a candidate for the state sennto In the float district for Gage and Saline counties to Insure the party against the loss of that sena torial district What has been done before can be done again. The success of the party n Douglas county , upon which depends the election of the stnto ticket and the United States senator , is imperiled by Tohn L. Webster's bungling attempt to foist upon the ticket candidates whose defeat is inevitable. Should the party jo sacrificed to John L. Webster's fool hardy ambition ? A I'KAOTICAL NEED. An American consul who has spent many years in Europe said In a recent communication to the State department that the need of the period In the United States Is a class of competent , well- trained young men , with good manners , a practical command of French , German nnd Spanish one or all combined wltli Intimate practical knowledge of a cer tain class of manufactured goods and the commercial methods , currencies , weights , measures and customs of for eign countries. He urged that henceforth It will be necessary that a largely In creased class of young men shall pre pare themselves for and accept deli- uitely , as so many thousands do in Great Britain and Germany , the career of mer cantile employes In foreign lands , In which social sacrifices and the discom forts and even dangers of alien climates are balanced by the material advantages which such a career offers to energy , perseverance and trained capacity. The education of such men requires certain specialized courses of study which the commercial schools of Ger many and , to some extent , of Belgium and England , furnish , but which those of the United States , with perhaps some exceptions , do not The all-round cduca tlou provided by American colleges and high schools turns out young men more or less fairly equipped for successfu careers at home , but the competition foi export trade has now become so sharp as to require the work of experts , which only specialized education , supplementcc by practical experience , can provide. In this matter Germany Is far in the lead of any other country , but her example Is being followed by other commercial nations of Europe , Its practical merit having been amply demonstrated. The experiment of night commercial schools Is about to be made In London and while the plan proposed docs not go more than half way In meeting the question of com mercial education , undoubtedly it will broaden and develop. The London Cham ber of Commerce will have a close prac tical connection with the venture , which may bo accepted as assurance that it will expand. It cannot be long before there will be. established lu the United States schools for such specialized studies as will .tit young men for commercial om ployuicut In foreign countries. The ex panding field of American foreign trade will create a steadily Increasing demand for trained men to represent our man ufacturers abroad and will offer splen did opportunities for this class of men. Germany has found the plan of special ized commercial education of great value. It has played u very Important part la ho oxtonMon of her trade. lonably the United States would tlnil t equally valuable. Indeed , as our con sul points out. It Is absolutely necessary o the requirements of the new sltua- Ion. EDl'CA TlUXArj 1'HUOHESS. The annual report of the United States commissioner of education , Hon. William T. Harris , presents n record of ho advance the public school system lias nndc during the past year and of the ncrcased Interest manifested In It by ho people , that Is In the highest degree gratifying. The commissioner lays stress ipon the continued prosperity of the lemcntary schools , the Increased attend- Alice In which during the school year of 1SOO-07 amounted to 'Jo",000 pupils over the previous year. The total num- ier of pupils enrolled In these element- try schools amounted to 15-15'J-I'JO. Add- tig to this the pupils In colleges , univer sities , high schools and academics nnd ho total school population Is placed nt G.-'ou.OOa. As showing the value of the school system , it is noted that the total imount of schooling received per indi vidual on an average for the whole United States , at the rate of school nt- cudanco for 1807 , Is nearly flvo years of 200 days each year. A little more than one-fifth of the entire population of the country attended school at some time during the year. There Is also a great growth of higher education. A steady Increase in the number of students at colleges and uni versities has been noted for twenty-live ears. In 1872 only COO persons in the million wcro enrolled In these Institu tions , while In 1807 the ratio had risen to 1,210. , At the same time the stand ard in these Institutions has constantly been elevated. In a recent address the commissioner said that , considering the amount of work counted as higher edu cation fifty years or even twenty-live years ago and now performed by high schools and academies , It can rightly be a dinned that the quota receiving higher education In each million of people ple Is three times as great as a quarter of a century ago. Certainly the record of educational progress In the United States is cause for congratulation and encouragement. WIIEItE CltUl'3 THRIVE. Vast sums of money are expended every year by the farmers of the United States trying to find out whether a par tlcular cereal , fruit or vegetable will thrive In localities where it has not been thoroughly tested. A. largo , per cent or these experiments result In both a money loss , waste of time nnd disap pointment to the farmer. And If the crop be ouo requiring several years for its proper test the consequences of fail ure are all the more damaging. Climatic influence and uulltucss maybe bo set down as the first great cause of failure In these experiments. In regions where there Is plenty of heat , lack of moisture may be the obstacle , and vice versa , or the heat and moisture may not equalize hi Just proportion or at the proper season , and thus the conflicting forces of nature combine to harass and perplex the farmer until after a fruit less struggle ho gives up the matter as a bad job. The Information he needs , the facts which would be of great Im portance and value to him , is a reliable crop forecast , so to speak ; advice in ad vauce whether the climatic conditions on his own farm arc favorable for the particular crop he desires to raise , and If not , what other crop lie can produce with reasonable certainty. Falling this forecast , the usual result Is , In experi ments of this nature , that the farmer and his neighbors unite on one line of crops , the market is overloaded nnd values necessarily reduced. This immensely Important Information as to where crops can bo Introduced and made to prosper has been collected by Prof. 0. II. Mcrrlnm , chief of the di vision of biological survey of the De partment of Agriculture , nnd the book Is just issued from the government printing olllce. A map shows the lire nnd crop zones of the United States , and therein many surprises will be found , for these zones seem at first to bo very irregular and no good reason to be assigned for the extreme diversity shown In certain regions. We cannot follow In detail the description or the six zones into which Prof. Merrlum di vides the whole country , but a few facts deduced are of paramount Interest Twenty-five states and territories pro duce OS per cent of the cotton , 03 per cent of the corn and barley , 1X5 per cent of the oats , between SO and 00 per cent of the wheat , rye , buckwheat , tobacco , potatoes and hay produced in the entire country. Some very curious local varia tions in price nro noted. In the Dakotas - kotas , Oregon and Washington in 180-1 the farm price of wheat was from 81 to 40 cents a bushel ; In Georgia , Ala bama and South Carolina It was wortli from 70 to 87 cents , and ? 1 in Arizona The moral of these prices Is that if cer tain varieties of wheat can be grown in some southern states less land should be given to cotton and more to wheat in those localities where wheat is now un known ns a native product. One of the great services of this put ) llcatlou Is the showing made for the 1m portanco of diversified' agriculture. Call fornla is a shining example In this re gard. After the gold excitement luu calmed down It was regarded ns dls tluctly a grazing state , and for a long time hides and wool were Its chief ex ports. Later on California wheat be- cumo world-famous and Its staple prod- duct Still later It was discovered that fruit growing could be made successful , as the climate and soil of many parts of the state seemed specially adapted for it. But there have been striking changes even In this Industry. Fifteen or twenty years ago California wines seemed the chief product , and the In terest centered on wluo grapes ; they now take second place. Itaislus , olives , walnuts and almonds have become im portant crops , while the output or oranges and lemons lu 1800 rose to nearly 4,000,000 boxes. The llrst prunes were propagated from cuttings brought from France In 1850 , and this culture ! existed for years on a Tory small scale ; now they occupy first place In the an- uinl output of dry fruits , nnd this extort - tort amounts to 70,000,000 pound * , With the nld of Irrigation high grade cotton can undoubtedly bo raised In 1'iuiy parts of the arid southwest , HUe southern Arizona , the California desert and similar regions. Experiments In Its iroductlou liavo proven remarkably suc cessful In southern Utah , n section which alses In abundance the same varieties of fruits and nuts crown lu California. THE OrTlMlKTIO VlE\r. \ The optimistic view of what this conn- ry Is to attain and accomplish under the lew conditions brought about by the var Is nt least entertaining. According o this view the United States will now go forward by leaps to the attainment of commercial supremacy , Its flag will soon bo seen on every sea , the work ot civilizing semi-civilized peoples will go on npaco and we shall find ample and > rotitable markets for all our products , or those who do not see any dltlluultics n the way and do not bother with prac tical considerations this Is a very cheer- ng outlook. Secretary of Agriculture Wilson Is ouo of the most optimistic of optimists. Ho delivered nni address a few days ago nt the dedication of the biological and dairy building of the Now York etatc experiment station at Geneva , in which 10 eloquently portrayed the benefits that are to flow fro'm territorial acquisition. Wo will have nil enlarged navy , he de clared , that will carry our flag to every sea to protect every American and every pound of freight our merchant marine y carry. The products of farm and factory will seek markets in every clime. Wo have passed beyond exclu sive attention to Internal affairs nnd will henceforth have u foreign policy that will give us something more than home matters to think about. The islands of the Caribbean sea and the Pacific ocean which have been brought into closer contact with the United States will make us Independent of the world. They complete our latitudes of production. We shall buy more freely of their products nnd they will take more of ours. Wo will teach the Asiatics better ways of producing and improve the character of their prod ucts. Thus we shall forward the work of civilization. "Our flag floats from Point Barrow in the Arctic zone , " said Secretary Wilson , "and over islands near the equator In the Philippine archipelago pelage nnd introduces American com merce to new peoples. That is the scope of our jurisdiction and it elevates and expands the mind to contemplate It. " All this sounds plausible , but what about the practical considerations ? There is no doubt that we shall increase our trade with Cuba and' Porto Rico , but if we should secure the entire com merce of those islands , which wo cannot reasonably expect to do , It would not add very greatly to our wealth , desirable though it certainly is. As to the Philip pines , while our commerce with them will undoubtedly Increase , whether we retain permanent possession of nil ot them or only such part as may ue neces sary for a naval station , tuere is no reason to believe that they will ever be so great a market as some suppose , In order to get the largest com mercial benefit from them , in the event of our retaining all of the Islands , wo should have to apply to them a policy that would dis criminate against other commercial tin tions nnd this might bo disastrous to our Interests in China , where we need the "open door" policy. If we should observe that policy In the Philippines , and we would be compelled to do so in order to have any right to ask it else where , wo should get only such share of the trade of those Islands ns wo wcro able to secure in competition with com mercial rivals. So It is with Asiatic trade generally. Admitting that the possession of territory lu that quarter of the world would be of some advantage to us in connection with that trade , it remains tiue that whatever share of It we may In future obtain will bo due to superior enterprise and to our ability to compote with other commercial nations. Those who fancy , therefore , that possession of the Philippines would of itself bring us a largo share of Asiatic commerce are nursing a fallacy. We must meet u very active nnd aggressive competition for that trade a competition that will bo stronger In the future than in the past and if we cannot do that we shall not t get the trade , whatever territory wo may have In the Pacific. That the United States is to realize a broadening out in its commercial rela tlous there can bo no doubt , but It la well to reflect that in the contest for commercial supremacy wo shall not have everything on our side , as the ad vocates of expansion nnd empire seem to think. THE PHOSrERlTT CF 1SOS. Very memorable In American history will bo the year 1808. Outside of war nnd consequent problems , the close of the fiscal year showed the most success fill twelvemonth the country has ever known. Mr. Maurice Ixtw , In the Na tional Review , states that our total ex portatlous were greater than any prevl ous year , and for the first time in the history of the country the exports are twice ns largo as the imports , and tlio exports of manufactures are In excess of the Imports of manufactured articles. The value of exhortations for the fiscal , year 1808 Is more than seven times that of 1605 and 30,000,000 more than the great export year of 1807. The balance of trade in favor of America Is more than double that of any previous year and nearly equal to the past flvo years combined , the figures being 123,000,000 , against . " 7,000,000 for last year. Agri cultural products form a large proportion of the cxportatlous and yet the per cent- age has been higher in other years ; 71 per cent were products of the soli , while in 18SO they constituted more than S < a per cent of the whole. These Imprcsslvo figures give some . Idea of the enormous expansion of American trade , and show that at the present tirno the entire world draws upon the t United States not nlouo for food supplies , but also for manufactured articles. The detail of our commerce'f gives some wonderful figures. Belgium took t L',000,000 worth of products In UJ3S 'and ' 0,000,000 In 1SOS , the Netherlands Increased from 3,000,000 to UI,000,000 , France from 8,000,000 to 20,000,000 , Japan from 800,000 to 4,200,000 In the same period. Ill 1S8S the United Kingdom purchased American goods to the value of over 72,000,000 ; last year It bought 108,000,000 worth ot goods In this country. Ten years ago we exported 3,500,000 worth of iron and steel and the Imports were valued at 10,000,000 ; this year the exports ag gregated 14,000,000 and the Imports :2,500,000. : These figures nro nearly an exact reversal from the state of trade n 1SSS. The truth Is they show the United States Is entering upon a career of unprecedented prosperity. And there s no fear of a derangement of business due to tariff agitation. Figures nro more potent than theories. 'With an enormous balance of trade , with a demand for American products n all parts of the world , with Imports falling off , and the American market supplied by American manufacturers as t never was before , there Is no force n the argument against protection. " If justness Is conducted on a conservative jasls there is no fear for the futuro. The coming year already promises several big railroad projects of lin- lortnuce to this section of the country. The railroads are rapidly emerging from the rut into which they were driven by stress of hard times nnd financial de gression , and before long the last of the ; rcat railway receiverships precipitated by the panic of 1803 will bo a thing of the past With an era of new railroad construction and general betterment growing out of the Increased stability of railroad property , the undeveloped parts of the country will bo again brought prominently to the attention or the public lu a way that will attract the Investors and home-builders upon whom depends the upbuilding of the great west According to the latest advices from Washington , Congressman Hull of Iowa , chairman of the house military commit tee , Is drafting a bill , providing for the Increase of the peace footing of the regular army to 100,000. It is ques tionable , however , whether such a measure , contemplating as It does , the quadrupling of regular army appropria tions will meet with the support re quired to carry It through congress. The iVmerlcan people have never favored largo standing armies lu times of peace. While It is conceded that an army or 25,000 for a nation of 70,000,000 is in adequate , the present number of 00,000 ought to suffice for garrisoning the posts of existing American territory. A Itccord Jlreiiker. St. Louis Republic. Omaha has given a most creditable ex hibition. But the way in which the man agement made Its Income run several thou sand dollars ahead of Us expenses Is tbo most remarkable feature of the show. The President In the Went. Qlobe-Democrat. President McKlnley's coming tour Is ex pected to embrace quite a number ot west ern and southern states. Ho will be wel comed as the president of the whole people and of national stature in every way. Belated Itcirardn for Bravery. Baltimore American. The proposed substitution of medals and Increased pay as reward for naval achieve ments , for the present leap-frog system of promotion , will bo excellent , if the bill provides for their bestowal within the came generation la which the deed occurred. One Wny to Settle It. Minneapolis Tribune. The contest In some regiments between the commissioned officers , who want to stay In , and the privates and noncoms , who want to bo mustered out , is fierce. What a pity regiments could not be organized on the plan once suggested by Artemus Ward , with no man In It lower than brigadier general ! Danger * of the Talking Habit. Indlanaaolls Journal. Chaplains do not seem to understand mil itary law and usages as well as they do ecclesiastical. Two of them are now under Investigation for calumnious charges re garding their superior officers and a third Is likely to be. The talking habit some times gets tlioso who are addicted to it into trouble. Good Itulc for Other States. Sprlngfleld Republican. The Iowa State Board of Control has made the rule that no sex distinction shall here- after bo made In salaries paid in any state institution under Us jurisdiction. Like pay for like work Is the order and a roost equitable one It appears to be , but the pub lic schools , where tbo discrimination Is most marked , are not under the board's control. for Anxiety of Sllnd. Baltimore American. A man In Kansas has sued a railroad for damages for fright Buffered while think ing a train would strike his wagon. The train missed htm , but bo thinks himself entitled to compensation for the nervous prostration which the fright brought on. Which shows the strain on the Imagination which prospective damages can produce on the high-strung constitutions of the wild and woolly west. Solid for the Future. Philadelphia Ledger. Queen Wllhelmlna appreciates the good wishes tendered her by the girls of America nnd returns her thanks for them. She Is both courteous and wise In doing BO ; there Is no telling how much moral , or even ma terial , support these girls may be able to glvo her In the future. It is not beyond the bounds of possibility , considering the pre carious tenure of European thrones nowadays - adays , that she may even wish to become an American girl herself some day. Grand GIflH of the Year. Chicago Tribune. Notwithstanding tbo war with Spain , the people of this country bave not forgotten deeds ot generosity and philanthropy , the latest of which is a gift of property by an unknown donor to Cornell university for a medical college and dispensary valued at 51,500,000. Since January 1 last there bare been donated by gift or bequest. In this country over JH.000,000 in about the fol lowing proportions : Charities , } 1,000,000 ; churcben , $1,500,000 ; colleges , $7,000,000 , and the remainder to libraries , museums and galleries. Of these various contributions three have exceeded $1,000,000 each , two $500,000 , four $300,000 , ten $200,000 and twenty $100,000 each. It is a pretty good world after all. I.-IIOM n.vM'fl itanx. j j i ' The preacher will not r P whent If he BOWS annd. j If God gives you a talent , don't wear It [ for a bangle. A man may know the time card and yet mlsa the train. The dews of morning are angels' ttars for the deeds of the night. The smaller n man's heart , the bigger a dollar looks in his eye * . The mill-wheel may make the noise , but the water dors the work. Too many want to have the victor's crown without tbo soldier's wounds. It Is often the heat of anger that Incubates the chickens that come homo to roost. Talk about "looking for opportunities of doing good ! " We may as well talk about looking for fire-wood in a forest or for water during a flood. The world is full of such opportunities. 1'KIISU.\AI < AM ) Chicago's reputation for hospitality Is menaced. "N'o treat" clubs nro being formed there. The efforts of manufacturers to popularize rugs with Dewey jitctuies proved a conspicu ous failure. Dcwry is too good a man to bo walked on. The American cowcatcher Is gradually forcing its way on British railroads , which shows tbo vuluo of the mortising plan lr > driving ideas home. The Lincoln man who dislocated his jaw by yawning was found to have bean reading the fusion treatise on economy in the man agement of Btnto affairs. The prismatic colors of the surface of Chicago cage river are said to have generated the right Idea In color photography. The won der is that the Idea was not suffocated at birth. Not the least coothlug of the greo'.lngs given Admiral Ccrvera wus that of his com rade in misfortune. "Cory , old boy , " ex claimed Montcjo , "yours Is not thaonly fleet on the beach. " Statistical sharps are now figuring on the cost to Undo Sam of converting Spanish war ships Into sieves. Unfortunately for the treasury they are not required to imt war stamps on their calculations. Arizona sends greeting to the nobles of the Mystic Shrlno and bids them bo of good cheer. The road may be long and dry and dusty , but relief Is In sight. Not Zero Zem , but camels. Arizona is growing a crop with saddles on. Charley Totten is at It again. Ho has pitched upon March next as the time when all mankind and woman , too , will unfold their wings and vanish from earth. Then will the world cgaso to roll "and chaos come again. " The disquieting feature of the plan Is that Totten will go with the crowd. Kentucky is about to glvo the world a new sample of the nutritive qualities of booze. Instead of building bay windows un der masculine waistband , it la proposed to ralso pork Intoxicated pork built up and larded with eour mash. Samples of the product are pronounced as toothsome as brandled peaches. Things are not as warm as reported In the Transvaal. The Krugersdorf Sentinel has this to say concerning August weather in that section of the footstool : "Tho cold weather has been BO Intense during tbo last fortnight that with a stinging southeaster blowing one morning last week bottles of milk exposed on the market tables were frozen solid , and eggs were rendered useless for Incubating purposes. " One of the flncst compliments ever paid a public servant was the action ot the con stituents of General Joe Wheeler of Ala bama. In the congressional district jtvhlch he represents men ot all parties united lu voting ing for htm at the primaries , Insuring bis return to congress unopposed. Moreover , the compliment was well earned. No ofllcer of the army at Santiago acquitted himself with greater credit or more honorably sus tained the reputation of American arms than Joe Wheeler. For leacth of consecutive service in con gress Thomas B. Reed , who has just been elected for his twelfth term without inter ruption , has but one compeer. Ha Is Con gressman Ilanner , who represents one of the Philadelphia districts and who wad In the Forty-fifth congress with Mr. Reed and has been there ever since. Mr. Harmer hnd pre viously served In the Forty-second and Forty-third congress , however , so that he may bo said to bo the father of the house. OUR SMALL LOSS. CoiniinrlnonB with the Mortality of the French a nil German Annie * . New York Sun. Wo have been hearing loud outcries from sensational newspapers about the alleged mismanagement ot our war with Spain , as Bhown In the great prevalence of disease In ( the army. This vituperation proceeds on no better basts than hearsay and unauthen- tlcated evidence furnished chiefly by news paper reporters , It is well to look nt the Indisputable facts , so far as they are ob tainable , as to the rate ot mortality com paratively to that in the Franco-German war , when two states maintaining great military establishments were In conflict. The surgeon general ot our army estimates the number of deaths from disease up to this time at about 1,500 , Including the mor tality from disease in Cuba. Our total force was about 250,000 , and the deaths therefore have been only about three-fifths of 1 per cent. That unquestionable authority , the "Conversatlons-Lexlkon , " published at Lelpslc , tella us that the German army which crossed the French borders In the Franco-German war numbered about 1,100- 000 men. Of these the average force In the field was 788,000. The deaths from disease were 14,004 , or rooro than 1 1-3 per cent of the total force. The "Conversations-Lex- ikon" puts the death percentage from dis ease at eighteen In tbo thousand , or nearly 2 per cent. According to the surgeon gen eral's estimate of 1,600 deaths out of 250,000 In the war , the mortality from dlscaso was only six in a thousand , or six-tenths of 1 per cent. The showing In our favor is the more remarkable , because the German array in the war with Franco , represented the high est standard of military organization of modern times. The war was fought In a civilized country , with military roads In the best state of development and on ground which had been the scene of battle since the dawn of European civilization. As com pared with our war , the transportation of troops was over short distances only. Every move had been long considered by Germany and been carefully prepared for ; the staff organization was perfect. The arrange ments for the mobilization of the German army In view of this exact contingency had been made In every detail. Everything was ready , arms , ammunition , accoutrements , supplies. Nothing had to bo done on the spur of the moment , as waa the case with us. U was a war for which tbo most minute precautions had been made for many years by the most completely organized military nation of modern times ; yet , as we have shown , the death rate from sickness was three times ubat It bos been so far in our war with Spain , The Franco-German war lasted about seven months , our war up to the preaent time about flvo months , but the advantages of tbo Germans , as we have re lated , go far to neutralize the Inequality In length. The French army In the war with Ger many suffered frightfully from disease. The Army and Navy Journal , quotingDr. . Chenn , a French medical authority , gives the num ber of "elck and frost bitten , " caused by the pltUui and miserable equipment of our soldiers , nnd especially their kits , " at the enormous total of 339,421. jurti\u ; .SHOT * AT THIS IM-MMT. St. Louis Republic : Kiriy-nvo churcU members were poisoned by rating I'nnnnl beef at n church supper In Michigan and now the Uiigcneralo nro advocating u re. turn to the oldthno oyster supper In whirh the pumo old oyster illd duty for ahola season -without poisoning anybody. Iluffnlo KxprcBS : The Interview of ih archbishop of the 1'hlllpplntfl with the correspondent - respondent of the Associated Press is on of the most Interesting bits of news \\hh-li have come from Manila , Ho says the re ligious orders must go , because ( ho wholn people nro determined to abolish them. A native priest asserts that the reason tb archbishop hopes for the oxpulilon of tha friars Is that they hove grown too powerful for .htm. . This probably is true , but when harsh criticisms upon the orders are offered by both natives and Spanish ofllclals it seems certain that the day of their author ity has passed. Philadelphia Record : Now that Chaplain Mclntyro of the Oregon is to bo actually tried by court-martial for defamation of Admiral Sampson nnd Captain Kvans of tha Iowa , his bravado lias left him and ha seems anxious to escape the consequence * of carrying a loose and slanderous tongue. When pulpiteers get on the platform or into politics they usually get into dlm- culty. But wo think It unwise to court- martial a chaplain. Mis cloth ought to rx- cuso his Indiscretion. It would keep Hit whole country In a turmoil If political jmr- gons wcro to bo held to account for their calumnious utterances. Now York Tribune : The Michigan con- fcrcuco of the Methodist Episcopal church met in Lansing on Monday and after n lone and stormy debate adopted resolutions se verely censuring clergymen who have voted for any candidates for public ofllco except these of the prohibitionist political party and instructing them Implicitly to vote tha prohibitionist tickut in the future. Tl us the Methodist Episcopal church in Michigan lias entered politics. The power of its ec clesiastical discipline is turned to : ho reg ulation of rtho political acts of its minis ters. The clergyman who asserts the sup posed American principle of separation of church and state and exercises his own judgment as a citizen in the choice of tha men who are to conduct public affairs nnd in the settlement of the policies ot the gov ernment will do eo as a contumacious min ister'rebelling against ecclesiastical author ity. If the resolutions mean anything they embark the church as a church In partlsaq politics and set up a religious organiza tion , with its hold on the conscience , tha loyalty and the fears of Us members , a * an cnglno of temporal power. .1 DOMI3STIC TUIFLE9. Cleveland Plain Dealer : "Yes , my wlft and I have separated. " "Indeed ? What Is the trouble ? " "Thero Isn't uny , now. " Philadelphia Record : "Honpeck Is vrry fond of entertaining , I hear. "Yes , IIU wife Is nlwnys pleasant when there's com pany about. " Chicago Record : "Maria , that clalrvoy nnt gives ndvice on curing ; bad habits. " "Well , Henry , don't reel away any money on her. No power on earth can get you out or bed before 8 o'clock In the moraine. " Cincinnati Enquirer : "Is he really BO Jealous ? " "Why , he Is even jealous of himself since someone told him matrimony had , mudo another man of him. " Cleveland Leader : Mrs. Enpeck Tha philosophers tell us that blessings often como to us in dlsculsc. Mr. Enpeck ( with a sudden show of spirit ) Say , Maria , when are you going to unmusk ? Chicago Post : "Tha war , " she said re flectively , "brought about , or ut least hur ried , a great1 many marriages. " "True , " ho replied , "but why dwell on the horrors of war1' Detroit Free Press " : "Jynkyns Insists on keepinghlH other throe wives' portraits In the nurlor. " "Yes , and the. present Mrs. Jynkyns ha covered them , with pink mosquito net. " Cincinnati Enquirer : He I would K < * through perdition Itself for you. She Oh , yes ; that reminds ma that papa said thut was what ho was going to tell you to do. Detroit Journal : The cruel father Iocke4 his daughter In the tower of the castle : for In these old days It was not yet known that tha way to thwart true fovo Is to push it aloncr. "Deny her every luxury ! " ho commanded the warder. "Hu , ha ! " laughed the damsel and at once Indulged In an attack of the nerves , that the baron might know how powerless ho wan after all. Chicago Post : "So you'ro engaged ? " said her dearest friend. "I'd have given worlds to have seen him propose to you He's so romantic. It must have made a pretty scone. . How did ho do it ? " "By telephone. " And her dearest friend could only casa and sav , "Oh ! " A SOUV12MH. Somervllle Journal. I found them In a book lant night , These withered violets , A token of that carlv love. That no mnn o'er forgets. Pressed carefully between the leaves. Thty keep their color still. I cannot look nt them today Without an old-tlmo thrill. Ah. me ! What tricks docs Memory playf The passim : years have fled , And hopes that lived In vigor once , Alas ! have lone been dead. And this Is all that I can say , When all la said nnd done : Those flowers remind mo of some clrl I wish I knew which one. FOUR IIO.YES UI1 > IT. Itemnrknhlc SIICCCHH of a Ncir I'llO Cure. People who have suffered for months of years from the pain and Inconvenience of that common disorder , piles , will look with skepticism upon the claims of the makers of the now discovery for euro of all forms ot piles , known under the name of Pyramid Pile Cure ; nevertheless the extraordinary- cures performed by this remedy are such as to warrant the Investigation of any sufferer. As a case in point the following letter speaka for Itself. Mr. Henry Thomas of sub-station No. 3 , Hosack Ave. , Columbus , Ohio , writes as fol lows : Pyramid Drug Co. : Gentlemen : I want you to use my nama If It will bo of any use to you. I was so bid with the piles that I lost work on that account. Nothing did mo any good. I read In Cincinnati ot the many cures of plies by the Pyramid Pile Cure and I went to a drug store and asked for It. The drug clerk told me that ho had something else that ha' thought was better , but I told him that I wanted to try the Pyramid llrst. The flr&t box helped mo so much that 1 tried another and tlen to complete the euro used two more boxes , making four in all , I am now completely cured. Have not a trace of piles and I had suffered for four years with the worst form of protruding piles. I Buffered death from piles , but I have found the Pyramid Pile Cure to be just as represented. I have recommended It to sev eral of my friends and I am thankful to bo able to write you what good the remedy has done for mo. " Physicians recommend the Pyramid Plla Cure because It contains no opium , cocaine , or mineral poison of any kind , and becnusa It Is so safe and pleasant to use , being pain less and applied at night. The patient U cured In a vurprlslngly short time with no Inconvenience whatever. The Pyramid Pile Cure Is sold by drus gists at CO rents per package , and If there It any constipation It la well to ueo the Pyrat mid I'lllu at the same time with the I'll * Cure , us constipation Is very often tbo causa of plleu and the pills effectually remov * th costive condition. Price of pills Is 25 cenU per package. Write to Pyramid Drug Co. , Marshall. Mich , , for little book on cause and euro | piles ; cent by mall fro * . t