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THE 0 1 AHA DAILY 1JJ3J3 : THURSDAY , SEPTEMHJ3H 25) ) , 1898.
CREATING NEW FOOD PLANTS f r Important KcsulU Obtained from Gross- Ereedlng of Oereahi HOW THE EXPERIMENTS WERE CONDUCTED I'emnvcrniiee , InlrlllKFiitlr 'Directed , U < M > nrilciI with Hiicornn A Vnlu- iililiI'nliiicr fur 1'rnurenNlt c Anicrlcnti l-'nrimT * . It the agricultural world takes advantage of experiments conducted for about eight een years by John and Robert Carton of Newton-le-Wlllows , the law announced by Matthews that humanity tends to Increase more lapidly than food supply Is destined for some considerable time to be decidedly modified. Food supply will Increase more rapidly than humanity certainly a de lightful prospect 'for the thousands of half fed human beings who drag on a miserable existence In almost all parts of the earth. It Is a well known fact to all intelligent farnicM that animals can bo Improved In certain directions by proper cross-breeding , Cattle , for instance , may be bred so as to become beef or milk producers. Our farmers have , of late , obtained hornless cat tle by crossing their horned herds with the Polled Angus variety. It Is not necessary to enlarge upon 'these ' facts , for Intelligent farinern know of many examples. I think I may say , however , with entire truth that the farmer who knows how to cross-breed plants Is very rare and that nc farmer knows how to cross-breed cereolt and grasses with a view to obtaining new varieties that shall have certain combina tions of qualities hitherto possessed by nc variety. The strawberry , apple , peach , plum , grape , pear , etc. , have been wonder fully Improved by cross-breeding and care ful selection. Bui cereals and grasses have been allowed to grow as they would ami could. The wheat , oats and barley of tht future Is going to be as different from the wheat , oats and barley growing nt present as the tame strawberry differs from tb < wild or the Bcllflower apple differs from tin wild crab. Although experiments with t view to Improving varieties of cereals am' grasses have been made , they have nol been signally successful. Some of then have not been made In the right dlrectlor and others made In the right direction havt not been conducted for a sufficiently lorn period of tlmo or have failed for varloui reasons. A half a century ago at the Lon don exhibition Messrs Manud and Raynbln exhibited somu new varieties of wheat Messrs. Carter , English seedsmen , have alsi within the last fifteen years done some worl In this line. In our own country the Agricul tural College of Minnesota has also obtalnet results. But to Messrs. Garton belongs thi honor of having demonstrated the posslbll Hy of producing new nnd better varlctte of cereals and grasses by methods hltherti unsuccessfully pursued. They have ran sacked the world for seed ; they havi studied scientifically 'the ' structure am chemistry of plants and seeds ; they hav < bad Infinite perseverance and patience nnd they have been successful. DetllllN of the l-\in'rlinellH. ( In order to understand the work they hav < done on August 16 last 1 took the train a Liverpool and In twenty-five minutes found myself at Newton-le-Wlllows will Mr. John Garton. We were soon seated a n large table with numerous specimens am photographs before us. I may say. In pass Ing , that the Gnrtons are corn merchant ! In Liverpool and that nowhere In the worh can a greater variety of cereals bo fount under one roof at any given time than ii the Liverpool corn exchange. If the problem of producing an Improvei variety of grain were put to a practlca farmer he would probably begin by fertlllz ' Ing the boll upon which ho intended to con duct his experiments. A rich soil , ho woul argue , would produce a great quantity o grain of superior quality just as good fee and plenty of U will produce a fat ox. Sue method of procedure is not one of the secret of the success of the Garton brothers. Th problem they set themselves Is to produc a superior variety of grain or grass upo the very same soil that Is ut present growln on Inferior variety. For their purpose common soil Is better than a rich one , jus ns an animal In moderate condition Is bcttc for breeding punwsca than a fat anlma Nor Is-the soil exhausted by Messrs. Gar ton's methods. On the contrary cross-fet tlllzatlon of plants tends to increased roc action , which leaves the soil In ns good c better condition than It was before th planting. Having properly prepared the soil 01 : practical farmer would next select the bes varieties of cereals or grasses -that could t : obtained. Ho would take seed from the be : plants , he would carefully select the plum ] well developed seeds or he would Impoi peed from a moro tropical region , where tr greater amount of sunshine produces largi fruit. In short , ho would select the best 1 could 11 ml. Nat so , the Cartons ! Some < the very best results they have obtained ni iluo to the cross-fertilization of cultivate varieties of grains and grasses with wll varieties having no commercial value. Suppose It occurred to one practical farmi to attempt to attain a superior variety i wheat by cross-brcodlng , crods-fcrtlllzatlo or hybridization ; how would he proceec Very likely It i that he would sow sever varieties close together and trust that bei or other Insects or the wind would can the pollen from one flower to the othc While cross-fertilization of some plan takes place In this manner , wheat , rye , oat barley and other cereals as well as mat grasses are an exception. They are sel fertilizing. A thousand varieties might 1 planted In the same field together and i DAlTaEROIJSSURGERyi _ DKATll KOI.I.OWS Till : STlKiKO.V KMli-lj NOT THIS SlIlfiKOVS F.vfi/r , or fonisK im CAN'T lll < : iI * IT YOU f V \ . I'yrniulil IMIo Cure I'lirt-H 1'llcn < tulcl ! } I'lilnlcNMly , 'Without UIIIIK < T. People go along for years suffering wl pllus. Then try this , and that and tether other thine ; from carrying a buckeye getting treatment from a physician. Th obtain temporary relief , maybe , but th are never quite cured. A llttlo strain lifting , excessive fatigue , a llttlo constlr tlon or n llttlo diarrhoea nnd the pll come back. They don't seem to amount to much , I they banish sleep and appetite. No po tlon U comfortable. There Is Intense lei pain and that dreadful feeling of weight the perineum. Maybe In the early stages some of t many salves on sale will afford tempera relief. If the cns o Is of long standing tin Is only one speedy and sure remedy. It Pyramid Pile Cure. Even In light cases Is the safest thing to use. Other nppllc tlons may euro and may not. Pyramid Ci IB always certain , always reliable and i ways brings comfort at once. Its pron ut > o. saves months of severe suffering. extreme caecs It will save surgical opei lions and their attendant dangers and d comforts. It Is better than the knife. Will ci easier , quicker and safer. Thousands b : used It. Thousands have been cured by The cost U trilling compared with what floes. The price Is f > 0 cents , Moat anybc would gladly pay ten dollars to bo rid plies. Druggists sell Pyramid Pile Cure , yours hasn't It he will get U from the Py mid Pile Drug Co , , of Marshall Mich , ( e manufacturer ! . ) new variety result. It Is the fact that our common cereals arc self-fertilizing that causes them , when planted In the same lo cality for a long .period of time , to become degenerate. Degeneration of cereals on ac count of continued self-fertilization may be compared to degeneration of animals resultIng - Ing from Inbreeding. In order to cross-fer tilize cereals and gra.itcs It is necessary to remove very carefully the pollen from the anther of the flower of one plant and place It upon the stigma of the flower of another plant. This is n delicate operation often re quiring the use of a microscope. The plants cross-bred nucd not be growing close to gether. They may be miles apart. A plant Brewing In the west of England may be fer tilized by a plant growing In the cast of England. Some Dlllleultli-ii. If It bo assumed that our practical farmer understands all at the foregoing principles of plant life ho will nevertheless ha\e many other difficulties to surmount. Two cereala or grasses may bo so foreign In nature to one another that they cannot be cross-bred. It may be possible , however , to cross-breed them through the medium of other cereals. Thus , suppose there arc four cereals ( a ) , ( b ) , ( c ) , ( d ) . The first two and the last two will cross-breed , but ( a ) has no alllnlty for ( d ) . If , however , the hybrid or progeny of ( a ) and ( b ) Is ( x ) and ( c ) and ( d ) , ( y ) , It may bo possible to cross-breed ( x ) and ( y ) . The hybrid of ( x ) and ( y ) may have all the bad or all the good qualities of ( a ) , ( b ) , ( d ) , or It may have the good qualities of some and the bad qualities of others. The hybrids of cross-bred cereals are liable to be the so- called "sports" of botany , Mr. Gar- on showed mo sport heads of nheat having unusually heavy chaff , nd others where the head was cry long and the grains far apart , n order to develop a new nnd superior .ype of cereal or grass by cross-fertilization t may take five , ten or fifteen years. From ourco combinations It may bo Impossible 0 produce a good type. It Is these dlscour- glng factors that have prevented progress n cereal and grass breeding. If a typo la nee fixed it will reproduce itself , because t Is self-fertilizing. In the course of time , unless cross-bred again , It will deteriorate , XIMV Variety tit AVIiout. Let us now take up some of the results f the experiments made by Messrs. Gar- on. They obtained a wild variety of wheal growing In southern Asia , called trltlcuir peltn , or commonly spelt. The charac- eristics of this grain were found to be : arly maturity , an unusually strong straw a largo proportion of gluten In the sce ' and the seed so firmly held In the chafl as to render It Impossible to thresh It out When subjected to threshing the heads would break up Into Joints , but the seei : would not bo released from the chaff. This characteristic rendered spelt of no commcr' clal value. When , however , it was cross' bred with cultivated varieties , maturlnf early , rich In gluten , having a strong strav and having need firmly held by the chaff jet capable of being threshed out. Thli new variety will stand In the field threi weeks after It Is ripe without shatterint out. The strength of the straw Is such tha rain and wind do not easily bend It down If a cross section of the straw Is mad < and examined with a microscope- is fount to have moro vascular bundUu In It that a cross section of the straw of a commot cultivated variety. The fact that the secdi are very rich In gluten may be seen at onci In the color of the head when ripe. Thi head of n common variety of wheat whci ripe Is a golden yellow , but the head of tin 'cw variety and In fact all varieties rlcl n gluten is a very dirty brown. Mr. Gar ton says this is our future wheal. Tin rural poet of the future. If ho proposes t < be true to nature , will no longer sing o 'Waving fields of golden grain. " In addl tlon to the foregoing features of the nev variety the most Important is that It pro ( luces about one-half again as much pc : acre as the common variety. With oats the Gartous have been quit as successful as with wheat. For the pur pose of cross-fertilization they took a wlii Jhlneso oats of no commercial value bu laving two peculiarities , viz. : 1. It pro duces small seed likea timothy or ver small rye seed , that threshes out clcai without any hull such as our present varle tics of oats have. 2. The seed arrangemcn Is such that three , four or five seeds gro\ where but two grow on the cultivated vu rletlcti. The result of cross-fertllizatio with cultivated varieties was that they ob talned a variety having a largo seed thresh Ing out without a hull and yielding rnor grains per head than cultivated varieties The new variety produces as much In weigh per acre as the common variety , but bavin no hulls its food value Is doubled. Other Cerealn Improved. With barley they hava done much th same as with oats. Dy cross-breeding skinless black barley of no value for maltln purposes with good cultivated varlctlc they have produced a skinless barley equt In quality and size of grain to tbo bcs malting varieties. They have also cause the common malting varieties of barley use in England to yield much heavier. The bes malting barley has but two rows of seed on the head. But If closely examined fou rows of Hullo chaff-like spurs are foun running up the head. These spurs or florcl contain all the necessary organs for fertlll zatlon except the male elements. By fei tlllzlng these tiorets a six-row barley n suited. The Gartens have not as yet done muc work In grasses , but what they have don goes to show that the grass world Is to t revolutionized quite as much as the cerei world. By crossing white and red clov < they have obtained a new variety bavin the perennial qualities of the white clovi and the succulent qualities of the red. The work done by Messrs. Garton hi recently received the attention of a nun ber of scientists. The United States Agr cultural department sent an expert to Eni land expressly for the purpose of examli Ing their work. Of several opinions e : pressed I give the following : Prof. Jag K. I. C. , says : "I have recently had t opportunity uf thoroughly examining ai studying from a food point of view the r < suits of the prolonged experimental Invest gallons mailo by Messrs. Garton of met' ods effecting Improvements in cereal These experiments have been extended ov a period of eighteen years and througho have been conducted on a rigidly sclent ) : 1 bn ls. By these means they have succeed o I In producing such variations In wheat a y other cereals as practically to create m r food plants. These new types of fey 11 plant ? , which give every promise of bell absolutely permanent , are characterized the possession of valuable properties n present In the parent plants. Not only a t the results already obtained of Immen value from a food point of view , but t system perfected by Messrs. Garton Is c pable. of almost unlimited extension a development. " In view of the foot established by Mess Garton that cross-breeding Is no less be eflclsl to the plant world than to the at raal world , does It not behoove the Ame can farmer to work out as speedily as pc slble a principle EO beneficial to humanlt Ought wo not to abolish the absurd n adopted at all our agricultural exhibits giving all the prlte money to the so-cal pure bred animal ? It behooves , especla our agricultural colleges , with their su | rlor equipment and facilities , to eng : In cross-fertilization of cereals and grass with a view to giving us new and bet types , THOMAS T. KEHL Oakland , Nab. A stubborn cough or tickling In the thr yields to One Minute rough Cure. Hnrml In effect , touches the right spot , reliable i just what la wanted. U acts at once. XTATI'fVT f ITP t ITlMt ITttMP NOTES ON LATE LITERATURE Slangy Denver Girl is the Hero of a Late Novel , MISS PAILLON HAS A NEW FAIRY STORY October MnKiir.lnca Cnutlmic to I'ur- iilnh ItitrrcNtiiiK Literature oil AVnrn of I'nrly I'crloiln null Iu to. "A Great Love" Is the title of Clara Louise Burnham's latest work. It Is the story of a young Denver girl , who goes to Beaten In quest of a musical education. The heroine Is depleted as a rather brusque , blunt young woman , slangy In the extreme , but jovial and fond of a lively sally of wit. Sbo Is just the kind of a girl that writers are fond of representing as typical of the west. The story is spiced with lively dla- locue , and amusing situations nro of fre quent occurrence. Houghton , Ml 1111 u & Co. $1.23. Horatio Alter , jr. , who Is known as the author of the "Ragged Dick" series and the New World scries , has put forth a new work under the title of "The Young Bank Messenccr. " It Is a story of startling ad ventures with outlaws and robbers , with the usual accompaniment of shrewd detect ive and smart boys. ' Robbers' caves , miss ing treasure , and fierce encounters on lonely highways add zest to a story calculated to arouse the Interest of the youthful reader. Henry T. Coatcs & Co. , Philadelphia. Miss Florence Pnlllou's "Captain Darning- S'eedle and Other Folks" Is one of the iiiosl ilcasant and Interesting books for young eaders that has conic to hand In some time , t Is neatly printed and handsomely Illu3- rated on superb paper. Miss Palllou Is o 'csident ' of St. Louis , and the present work romlses to thoroughly establish her rcputa. Ion ns a writer of fairy stories for children. . Charles Wells Moulton , Buffalo and New 'ork. Price ft. "A Maid of the Frontier , " by Henry Spot- : ard Cantleld , Is a neat little volume bearing n Its cover the outllnu of one of those old adobe mission buildings constructed by the arly Spanish explorers In the vain hope if civilizing and converting the savages ol ho southwest. U Is filled with thrilling ales of the wild life on the frontier anil along the border land of the Mexican re public. U is a representation of a life thai s fast becoming a thing of the past undei ho Influence of an advancing civilization but not such a civilization as the Spanlsl 'others ' labored and hoped for. Hairbreadti escapes and bloody encounters between des peradoes and the representatives of law anc order will appeal to the lovers of the ad enturoua in literature. AVItli the MIIKII/IIICM. The few October magazines nt hand glv ( promise of plenty of good reading for th < : omlng month. William Archer , the wcl known literary nnd dramatic critic of Lon .Ion , the discoverer of Ibsen , has an nrtlcli on Anglo-American literature In the Octobe number of the Pall Mall Magazine. "Marl Warren , " a specialist In the art of war Ivcs an Interesting comparison of tin armies and navies of the six great power 'or the same number. The article Is 11 ustrated by several curious diagrams. Thi scries of articles on the historic houses o England is continued , and this time Hollam louse , celebrated for Us associations will iVddlson , Walpole , Fox and others , la de scribed and what It characterized noted. In the October number of the New II lustratcd Magazine- there Is an article b ; William Simpson , the eminent Kngllsi artist , entitled "The Guards at tnkerman , ' that will bo read with pleasure by all wh are interested In matters pretalnlng to war Mr. Simpson was present throughout all tb thrilling scenes of the Crimean var , and tli present nascr Is a lively reminiscence o those days of hardship , heroism and goo fellowship. Jersey cattle are the mos fashionable of all breeds of rattle In botl England and America and the owners o these beautiful animals will be intereste In the paper by F. T. Newman. Othe features of this number are "Mount ; Tu' Revenge , " "A Critical Dilemma , " "Th Supreme Moment , " etc. The serial article ! 'The Great. Adventurer" and "Robin lioo and His Merry Men" are continued. The Strand Magazine for October Is most Interestlns number and the vnrlou articles are profusely Illustrated. A Cona Doyle's story , entitled "Round the Fire , Is continued ; Alfred I. Burkhoider con tributes an article entitled "Heroes of th United States Army , " which will ba rea with especial interest in an English public , ! tlon. Other features of the number a hand ore : "A Strange Beginning , " "Atiimo Actualities , " "Curious Fences , " "Tho Ivor Cross , " "Some Memories of Gladstone , " " , Sheep Dog Competition , " "Plcturesqu People in Clay , Wood and Shell , " and "Mia Cayley's Adventures. " Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly for Octo ber Is an admirable example of a season able and up-to-date illustrated forall periodical. Its leading article Is 'iTho Ran and File of the Navy , " by Joseph C. Grof supplemented by Lieutenant Hobson's spit Ited words in pralso of the "Jacklcs. " "Th Last Days of Bismarck" are interesting ! described , with the accompaniment of Vo Lcmbach's famous portrait. The descrlr tlvo articles Include : "Orlssa , the Ho ! Land of India. " "Ashore ! n Blmshlre ( Barbadoes ) , "The Natural Bridge of Vil Klnla , " "The Transmlsslsslppl Exposltln at Omaha" and ( No. XIII of the America Cities scries ) "Denver , the Queen City < the Rockies. " The two serial storie "Marie Tremaine" and "An American Prlr cess , " come to their respective ends In th number. The October number of St. Nicholas opei with two articles on Queen Wllliclmlna i Holland , both of them Illustrated from phi tographs. "Under the Sea" is a paper aboi diving , and the perils and experiences th divers meet. Charles F. W. Mlelatz civ "A Boy's Recollections of the Great Chlcai Fire , " vividly recalled despite the lapse years. Several times the author was almo hemmed In by the rush of the flames. Gu tav Kobbo writes of "Battling with Wrecl and Derelicts , " those constant menaces navigation. Appropriately following this ' a story of the West Indies , "Tho Tritor Chase of a Derelict , " telling how an cnte prising boy picked up a rich crlre. ' 'Tackle' In Time" Is a story of the Phlll pines with a flavor of foot ball , as the til would suggest. "Tho White Queen Club by Ida Keunlston , Is rich In suggestion f parlor amusement. Harry Fcnn , the ortli writes and Illustrates an account of I vUlt to the great Temple of the Sun Baalbec , showing that "There Were Glac In Those Days" at least In the line architectural and mechanical ceniusi I "The Judgment of the Cadi" Is a clev eastern tale. Two of the successful serli "I " of the last year , "The Lakerim Athle a Club" and "Denlse and Ned Toodles" a y brought to an end. Women ought to read the article in t October number of What to Eat. address to them by the Extension Cooking Sent of Chicago. It tells how to Join n cl whose object It Is to lighten household d ties and make the home pleasant and bea tlful. Jeanne Boule tells why and in Fran/e , 'though a wine country , la I most temperate nation on earth. A girl ei Ing a very red apple forms the cover page , and a funny essay on this standard fruit , by Charles P. Burton , gives meaning to the picture. The markets of Spain , the new and wonderful tea rooms of the Chicago depart ment stores , stories , poems , etc. , make up the number. Among the features of the October num ber of the Home Magazine are "The Lessons of the Panama Canal , " a picture of the wreck and ruin at Panama , by W. V. Alford ; "Japan from a Woman's Point of View. " by Harriet Maude Miller and Theodore Wal ters continues his "Story of the \\ar" from the July number. The articles arc profusely Illustrated. The National Geographic Magazine has for a frontispiece a fine engraving Rhowing the crest of the Bitter Root mountains , which is accompanied by an article by Richard U. Geode , United States Geological Survey , on the forest reserve of that range of mountains. "The Growth of the United States" Is the title of an article by W. J. McGee , vice president of the National Geographic society. The leading article In the October Hespe rian , published nt St. Louis , Is "A Week at the Omaha Exposition , " carefully written and Illustrated. Other attractions are "The Great Spanish Expedition , " "American Heroism , " etc. Iiltorury Nod-x , Mr. I. Zangwlll , the brilliant Kngllsl critic and novelist , who Is nt present In this country on a visit , has written a powerfu ! story A Ghetto Tragedy for the Christmas number of the Pall Mull Magazine. A plain white marble cross has beer erected on the grave of Lewis Curroll , th < author of "Alice in Wonderland. " Tin grave Is In Gullford , 500 feet above the set level , In one of the beautiful places of Eng * land. land.A A story of Napoleon's love affairs , In tin form of a novel , has been published In Eng' land and will be published on this side soon It Is the work of a Swedish woman. Matlld : Mailing , and has been translated by Ann : Molboe. C. Arthur Pearson of Henrietta street London , the founder of Pearson's Magazine announces that preparations have bcei made to bring out an American edition o his periodical , the Initial number of whict will bo Issued January 1 , 1899. Mudlo's great library In London is sail to have between three and four rallllot books In circulation. A staff of nearly 301 people is necessary to carry on the work o exchanging books for London subscriber ! and sendlnc out the thousands of volume : for the country department. Prof. Benjamin Me Wheeler of Cornel university has written a new life of Alexander dor the Great , which will be one of thi leading features of the Century Magazlm during the coming year. The papers wll bo richly illustrated with pictures by Andn Castalfitie , Louis Loeb and others. At thli tlmo of empire-making projects the carcc of the Macedonian conqueror is of partlcula suggestlveness to modern statesmen. Messrs. M. F. Mansfield & Co. of Nev York announce a reprint from the Engllsl edition of Mr. Kipling's Departmeuta Ditties , now withdrawn from the trade. I was of this book , the author's first gener ally circulated work , that Sir William Hunter tor wrote in the London Academy (18S8) ( ) "The book gives hope of a new literary sin of no mean magnitude rising In the cast.1 3. forecast which has since been undenlabl ; proven. That curious little volume called "Th Life of Washington , " by Mason Lock Weems , which was published in 1800 and tel the story of the cherry tree and a lot o other IntcrertlnK but fabiilous episodes I : the life of the Father of His Country , Is t have a new edition published by Dodd , Mea & Co. This , edition will be edited by Pan Leicester Ford nnd presented uniform wit Mr. Ford's edition of "Tho New Englan Primer. " "Along the Dosphonls , " by Mrs. Susan T Wallace , wife of General Lew Wallace , I the title of a volume soon to be Issued b Rand , McNally & Co. Mrs , Wallace Is sal to possess something like the literary gll of her famous husband and her residence I Turkey , while General Wallace was minis ter from the United States to that countrj cabled the accumulation of many new an interesting facts regarding the curious lit of Turkish society. Miirrluuc I.ICCIIHOM. Couuly Judge Baxter Issued the followin marriage licences yesterday : Name and Residence Ag < Carl Sundell. Red Oak , la . Bertha Erlckson , Omaha . Cllflord M. DeBolt. Seward , Neb . S Catharine S. Miller , Omaha . - Will W. Yale , Omaha . Sophie Carpenter , Omaha . - John Doyle , Waterloo , Neb. . . . . . . . . . . Victoria Armstrong , Waterloo. Neb . Ncls Peterson , Chicago , 111 . jj Mrs. Kate Olson , Mead , Neb . William C. Morstadt , Waukegan , III . Carrie M. Rcahm , Omaha . ' Thomas DePew , Albright. Neb. . . . J Hlldreth Goettsch , Albright , Neb . J the .lull I'Mxture * . Thursday morning will bo the last tire court will bo held in the dingy old coui room In the Colonnade hotel. Friday mom Ing the police department will take posset . Almost everj slon of Its new headquarters. thing that Is movable , with the exception c the desks in the court room and offices ( the commanding officers has been carte away. Thursday night the prisoners will 1 transferred to the new cells and the coui ofllcc furniture will be als room and private taken. You Invite disappointment when you ex perlment. DeWltt's Little Early Risers ni . The pills. thorough little pleasant , easy , cure constipation and sick headache just c sure as you take themi Like Your Uncle Sam Drex I. . . Shooman has evurylioily com ing his way have you scon our elegant AU-Snr-llPU sUnner ? If you liavont , come with the rest of the people and wo will show you the very swellest tiling out in all patent leather sllppers-a per fect beauty no kid no rloth a slip per worthy of bchiK worn at any court ball-i.00-then : there Is the line of satin slippers-delicate tints of red. blue , pink and the white and blade S'.M ) Wo can just suit every court lady that COIIICB with the Hllpper that will please his ma jesty. Drexel Shoe Co. , Omaha' * Up-to-ilnte Shoe Home. 141i ) FARNAJl STREET. MAYOR HARRISON'S ESCORT Famous Democratic Marching Olub to Accompany Chicago's Chief Executive. IS THE CRACK ORGANIZATION OF ITS KIND ienil Two Un > n ( ( he Jliponlllon nnil I'nrtlolimtp In ChlcnK" Dny MxcroiNc * Hoini'utnlilc Trip * Mu.le 1 > > the Club. Carter H. Harrison , "tho mascot mayor of Chicago , " and 300 other members of the Greater County Democracy club of the World's Fair city will visit the Transmls- Elsslppl Exposition on Saturday and Sun day next. From the enthusiasm that Is re ported amoug the 900 members of the crack democratic marching club of the country It Is safe to predict that they will most cer- dltably represent their city on the occasion of Chlcoeo day. The visitors will occupy a special train over the Uurllngtou route , leaving Chicago at 2 o'clock on Friday afternoon. They will arrive In Omaha on Saturday morning about 7 o'clock , but It has not yet been de cided whether they will leave thalr special trnln at the Darlington station or whether they will remain aboard and be switched out to the exposition grounds. They will put In two full days In enjoying the delights of the exposition. Robert 12. Durke , one of the men who has guided the successful destinies of the notable organization , will have charge of the party and of the special train. Omahans , Irrespective of politics , will bo glad to learn something of the organiza tion that Is to bo such a prominent factor In making a success of Chicago day at the exposition. The County Democracy club of Cook county , Illinois , was organized In 1882 , and it now has a widespread reputa tion. It has been largely built up within the last few years , and Its headquarters at 122 La Sallo street , Chicago , are palatial In equipment. The personal Interest of Mayor Carter Harrison In the welfare of the organization has been a great factor In its recognition. The president , John Towers , and the fa miliar marshal , James H. Farrell , have worked hard for the success of the club end made It possible for Mayor Harrison of Chicago to have such an Impressive escort cert on his recent 'triumphal tour of the east and south. The cabinet of President 1'owers Includes Miles J. Devlne , J. Henry llrunles , James J. Gray , Judge J. Sabath , Judge J. C. Dooley , J. U. 1'yne , W. J. O'Brien and H. C. Gunning. .Sonic of ( lie Club Tour * . The club made a magnificent showing Bt the Tennessee Centennial , and their par ticipation In the exercises o ! Chicago day nt Nashville largely saved the credit of the World's Fair city at the southern exposl- It.on. In October , 189" , the club took its memorable "swing around the circle , " visit ing In Ohio , Indiana , Kentucky and Tcnne- see. In all of the parades In the principal cities of these states Mayor Harrison marched at the head of the column. Then the club went to Now York to assist In the campaign of Mayor Van Wyck. At Syra cuse and Albany the club refused to allow the American Hags to be taken oft their special train on the demand of the New York Central railroad , which has a rule to allow no decorated coaches on Its line. Among other notable excursions of the County Democracy club Is the trip of seven days through the south to attend the Cotton State Exposition nt Atlanta In 1895. The club also participated in the Chicago day ex ercises there , nnd afterward serenaded the dlgnatarles of the big show. The club at tended the Inauguration of Grover Cleve land in 1S85 , and has made Innumerable shorter trips. Ono of the most memorable wus that to participate in the Inauguration of Horace Doles , as governor of Iowa. The trip consumed five days , during which the temperature was from five to ten degrees below zero most of the time. The grand Masque carnival given in Chicago by the club on February 27 , 1897 , was a signal suc cess , and to celebrate the gratifying results the club boarded a special train the next day and journeyed from Chicago to New Orleans , from the frozen north to the sunny south. OlllcfrN mill SicniIn-rn. The oflkera of Cook County democracj are : President , John Powers ; vice presi dents , J. H. Brunjes , Robert E , Burke , Miles J. Devlne ; treasurer , James C. Dooley - loy ; recording secretary , James J. Gray ; financial secretary , A. J. Sabath ; marshal , James H. Farrell ; quartermaster , Dcnnlt Galvla , assistant quartermaster , John G Hocger ; chairman executive committee , John Powers ; sergeant-at-arms , J. A. Lenso ; collector , James Cumtnings. Executive Committee William J. O'Brien , R. C. Gunning , A. J. Toolen , James R Pyne , John H. Dullard , D. O. Moore , Pey ton E. Shirley , John H. Sullivan , W. Mag nus , T. J. Powers , Thomas Kerwln. The following are among the memben of the county democracy who will come tc Omaha : Mayor , Carter H. Harrison ; presi dent of county democracy , Alderman John Powers ; city clerk , William Loftier ; sec retary of democratic county central com mittee , Robert E. Burke ; city treasurer , Ernest Hummel ; chief of police , Joseph Klpley ; city attorney , Miles J. Devlne ; mar shal of marching club , James H. Farrell ; building commissioner , James McAndrewt ; rA rP Ple , , The Jewel Steel Range- Has no equal ns u baker and fuel saver or a patented oven bottom miirio lu four it , sections with liunge edges riveted to Is gether made especially for expansion at and contraction pies and thin layer ts cakes cannot be properly baked on an of uneven bottom this sectional bottom . oven positively will not warj > thus as er suring perfect baking the Jewel range ill Is made of the highest grade of open lc ; hearth cold rolled Ktccl no sheet Iron re used steel of the right weight and thickness to last It may be hammered he it may be bent while heated without cd breaking $ -4 for the smaller id fiom that up according to the size. ub uu - A. C. RAYMER , u- uW WE DELIVER YOUR PURCHASE. ) W ho 1514 Farwam St. it- St."T. " "T. Easy Payments nro all right if you don't have to pay two prices for the goods. Much depends on where you trade OUR prices are just the same whether you pay casher or take time , and we challenge comparisons with any store in Omaha. The largest and best selected stock of House Furnishings in the west at one price and if you are not satisfied with what you buy here , come and get your money back that's how wo do business. Complete lines of Furniture , Carpets , Stoves , Crockery , Lamps , etc. , fresh from the best manufacturers. OUR TERMS : $15.00 worth at § 1.00 per week. § 30.00 worth at $1.50 per week. § 50.00 worth at § 1.75 per week. § T5.00 worth at § 2.00 per week. § 100.00 worth at § 2.50 per week. deputy commissioner of public works , A. J. Toolen ; secretary of public works , H. Lutzenklrchen ; mayor's private secretary , Edward M. Lehlff ; corporation counsel , C. S. Thornton ; city sealer , Fred E. Eldred ; superintendent of streets , M. Dohcrty ; su perintendent of street cleaning , John Fllz- slmmonn ; superintendent of smoke Inspec tion , J. C. Schubert ; superintendent of sewers , Frank Davidson ; north town as sessor , James J. Gray assessor of town u. Lake , James McDonald ; west town collec tor , Dr. George Lelnlnger ; west town super visor , D. Consldlne ; north town supervisor. Vincent H. Perkins ; north town clerk , Fred Hlnderer ; south town clerk , Benja min Barnctt ; city physician , D. G. Moore ; county civil service commissioner , J. A. Qulnn ; national commltteeman , Thomas Gahan ; assistant city attorney , J. B. O'Con- nell ; assistant prosecuting attorney , John Dienhart ; Judge A. J. Sabath , Judge Walter Gibbons , Judge James C. Dooley , Judge James C. Martin , Judge Thomas Edgar , Alderman W. J. O'Brien , Alderman Ru dolph Hurt , Alderman Robert Mulcahy , Al derman M. Mclnernoy , Alderman William Mangier , Alderman William Tulte , Alder man Peter Klolbasso , Alderman M. Kenna. Alderman J. J. Coughlln , Alderman Charles Martin , Alderman P. J. Cooke , Alderman A. A. Ballenberg , Alderman John J. Ben nett , Alderman John Brennan , Representa tive Peter F. Galllgan , Representative Kd- ward Novak , Representative D. Sullivan and Representative James H. Farrell. MERCER ANSWERS HITCHCOCK Willing ( o llebnlc wllli Uio Topo- crntlc Cnnillilntc If n Sntlnfnutor- IliiHln Cnii Hi' Arrnnneil. G. M. Hitchcock , the popocratie candidate for congress In the Second district , some tlmo ago issued a challenge to Congress man David H. Mercer for a joint discus sion during the coming campaign of the issues dividing the two parties. Mr. Mercer , In acknowledging the re ceipt of the challenge , asks Mr. Hitchcock to define upon which of the three plat forms on which he Is making the congres sional race ho wishes to base the discussion nnd asking Mr. Hitchcock to which of the three political parties ho claims alle giance. Mr. Mercer also asks the popocratie candidate to specify what claims ho ex pects to set forth for the suffrage of the people of the Second district. In his own behalf Mr. Mercer says he will be willing to discuss such matters as pertain to his record during the three terms he has served In congress and cites some of them , as follows : The securing of a public building for South Omaha at a cost of $100,000 ; appropriations for the Improve ment of the Missouri river at this point , amounting to $155,000 ; an extension of the limit of cost of the Omaha postofllco build ing to tl.300,000 ; an appropriation for the Indian congress of $40,000. In addition to these Mr. Mercer points to some other of his achlcvemcntt ) , im follows : Indian sup ply depot for Omaha , two branch postolllccM , military training In the Omaha High school , experimental rural free delivery In Doug las county , Fort Omaha for n military tchool and hundreds of pensions for old sol dlers in the district. But this IH not nil. His says that through his efforts a $50,000 contract for Iron work on the new postollk-a building , which had been awarded to a Milwaukee firm , was transferred to Paxton - ton & Vlerllng of this city. Ho promises , If re-elected , to work for additional appropriations for the Improve ment of the Missouri river , for an appro priation of $ SOO,000 to complete Ilia Omaha postoHlci1 , an appropriation of $55,000 to be applied in construct ing a boulevard from Fort Crook to Omaha , for the location of the government building at the exposition permanently lu Kountze park , for additional branch post- offices and be ready at all times to servo his fellow citizens , regardless of politics. Mr. Mercer iidda that with his experience in congress. Ills acquaintance with public ir.cn and ofllclals and through his position at the head of an Important committee 1m will bo In u better position to do good work for his district than Im has been here tofore and particularly better than any In- fxperlcnccd man. Mr. Hitchcock replied to this letter an 1 fcald ho stood on the democratic platform , as that party was the first to nominate him , but that he was prepared to defend every plank in each of the other platforms. Ho rlgnillcd to a wllltngni'ss to discuss the financial question In till It.s phases and all matters growing out of the late war with Spain. He also expressed support of a postal savings bank and the initiative ) and referendum. The respective congressional committees have been instructed to confer upon n ba sis for these joint discussions , if they can bo agreed upon. Yermtimf StlcUn to | | Slory. Joseph VrrstJiup , thp man arrested at the Tenth street depot Tuenday while llourlsh- iuti ia\uul iuu bills , Is still detained at police headquarters nnd will be until bin wife , who he tays is nt Seldon , "Kim. , In heard fiom. He told Captain Haze on his arrest that he had fold a piece of property belonging to his wife at Dayton , Wash. , un known to her nnd was on his way east to spend the money when arrested. Verstagn'B arrest was due to his actions at the depot , which were suspicious. llnrdMilre Men Hlfi't ( HllrerH. The heavy hardware men completed the business of their annual meeting yesterday afternoon , elected olHccrs and adjourned. The officers for the next year are : W. B. Dean of St. Paul , president ; W. C. Brown of Chicago , secretary and treasurer , and C. R. Blake of St. Louis , W. B. Bruce of Mem phis and H. A. Gllle of Kansas City , vice presidents. The place for the next meet ing Is left to the officers. A Piano Exposition- car loads have Just been put on our Moor all new styles many of special dGRlKn nil of first-class make there are the Knabe , Klmball , Kranirh & Bach and llallet & Davis-pianos that have made their reputations years njo nnd need no recommend from us yet we guarantee every one nnd further wo will guarantee to wave you from $75 to $ lfK ) on the purchase of u piano or equal worth If you wish to own u specially made piano of the highest grade be sure to inspect this new stock. A. HOSPE , Bit Old ffl ' 513 Douglas Pictures by Flash Light rin a Hash sheet by ono corner to a piece of card board which has previous ly been fixed in n perpendicular position -All beliiR In readiness open the cam era shutter , stand at arms' leiiffth and touch a match to the lower corner or the Hash lljsht sheet cose the shutter Wo Rive away n little book that tolls all about flash llghts-anrt thesis direc tions only show how simple it is We do developing and printing for anybody and everybody. rheAloe&PenfoldCo Ataate r Photo SnppV- 140 ! Ftrntm Street. rt At A H \ Will A HA Owx U PMton HoUL