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TTITC OMATIA BATLY FTUDAV. OCTOIITCR 14. 185)8. )
THE FIELD OF ELECTRICITY Instructive Review of the Progress of Elec trical Industries , NCREASED DEMAND AND REDUCED COST tnicrcMtn Ir\cloned lit n Hccnilc Klcctrlc Hnltronil on Stilt * I'ovirr from Cnr Axle * . A good deal of Instructive Information about the progress of electrical Industries In this country Is packed away In an artlclo written by Dr. A. E. Kennelly for the cur- cnt Casster's. The doctor Is president of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers , and It U a fair presumption that he Is qual- Ificd to tnlk on the subject. Inasmuch as the principal development of electrical engli nccrlng has been confined to the last fifteen years , and as there Is now something Ilka 11,000,000,000 Invested In electrical applica tions In this country , tbo topic Is a distinctly modern ono and of commanding importance. Beginning with dynamos , Dr. Kennelly points out that at the time of the Phlladcl- plila electrical show In 18S4 a machine that had an output of fifty kilowatts a kilowatt Is equivalent to about ono and a third horac- power was a big one. At the present tlmo a generator having a capacity of 4,000 kil owatts Is being built. Compared with 18S2 , the cost of a dynamo today Is about one- tenth for the same capacity. In regard lo "efficiency , " It Is to bo observed that little Improvement bos been possible for fifteen years. The machines exhibited In Philadel phia yielded In the form of electricity 92 per cent ot the mechanical energy used to drive them. Such dynamos would be considered excellent machines at the present tlmo , though nn efficiency of 95 per cent Is sometimes - times attained. Owing , however , to bettor design , ten watts can bo got out of a dynamo for every pound of weight today , whereas In 1884 only six watts were secured. In calculating the cost of generating elec tricity , engineers start with the kilowatt for the period of an hour. Fifteen years ago the minimum cost was 7.5 cents per kilo- watt-hour und-er the most favorable circum stances. Now , for large electric railway systems , current Is sometimes supplied for 1.5 cents. The power from Niagara Is sold In Buffalo for from 2 cents to 2-3 ot a cent , according to the amount consumed. i Hrilnreil CoNt. Incandescent lamps cost about $1 fifteen years ago , but can now bo had for 18 cents. The quality of the lamp has been much Im proved , too , In the meantime. Arc lights wcro already almost perfect In 188-1 , but the cost ot the carbons has been reduced to one-third of what It was then , and the "Inclosed arc , " by prolonging the life of the ponUU from eight to ten hours to one hun dred or ono hundred and fifty still further promotes economy. Up to the present time not far from $600,000,000 has been Invested In electric lighting enterprises In the United States. Storage batteries were In use In 1884 to some extent , but nt that time H was possi ble to put In a maximum charge of only 3.4 watt-hours to n pound of plates , and even then only C9 per cent of the charge could bo drawn off before renewal became necessary. Now a yield of from D to 6 watt-Lours per pound can bo had and the efficiency has been Increased to f > 3 per cent. Less than eleven years have elapsed since the first successful trolley road was put In operation and now there are about fourteen thousand miles of track on which electric traction la employed. Small motors were used at first , but now there are electric en gines of fifteen hundred horse-power. A few years ago only five watts could bo ex tracted from a street railway motor per pound , while at present tno yield is about fourteen watts. This improvement. It will bo seen , makes It possible to use less wclfrht or the power requlrea. it Is duo largely to the Introduction ot soft cast-steel In the manufacture of motors. The capital now locked up In electric roads In America Is estimated at $1,000,000,000 , and this ono industry employs one hundred and seventy thousand men. Wnlor 1'ower. Power developed by waterfalls la now transmitted In the form ot electricity to distances everywhere from two to elghtv- flvo miles and the total amount now thus sent over wires Is about 150,000 kilowatts , or 200,000 horsepower. For transmission purposes the alternating current alone U used , because It can bo transformed from a low prrssuro or voltage to a high one economically and It Is far cheaper to eend I electricity over wlr'e at high voltages than j low ones. The apparatus that transforms nn alternating current will now absorb only 1V4 or 2 per cent of the energy In the process. This Jors Is not worth considering , compared with the enormous saving In the copper wlro required for long distance trans mission , A few years ago electrical engineers were nfrald to handle currents of 2,000 or 3,000 volts. Now they have perfected Insula tion BO that they send currents at 30.000 volta over some of the newest transmission lines. The Insulating material In a dynamo . would not admit of developing a current ot \oltage above 1,000 fifteen or twenty . years ngo. H was customary to generate nt . a low \oltago and then transform It up at a certain los , say & per cent. Gcneratois nro now raado that deliver current at 10- 000 volta. In telegraphy little Improvement has been noted for over two decades. beeauno the ' Morse system , which Is still In vogue , had been perfected before that time. Dr. Ken- nelly thinks that about $150,000,000 Is In- ve't-'d In tel gr .ph lines In this country. About two-thirds of that amount has been put Into the telephone business. Every day , on the average , 3,000.000 connections nro made and the service employs 17,000 persons and 900,000 miles of wire. It Is pos sible to talk over 1SOO miles ot wlro by telephone now. A number of Industries requiring Intense heats ( like- the production of calcium car bide ) or electro-chemical action ( such as the manufacture of aluminum ) are springing up at places where electricity can be ob tained cheaply , as at Niagara. This Is one ot the great business developments ot the day , > < el niccti-lc Kullrond. The oft-propospl s'hone oC an electric nerlal railway , by v hlch the passengers could bo shot through the air at a hlga rate cf speed in ft car suspended on an ele/a'eJ framework , Is at last to bo reall.e'l In a German road between Elbcrfcld and Har- men. Of all electric roads yet built or building - ing this Is certainly the most unique , surpassing - > passing the Impractical "amphibious" line at Brighton and the Doyntoa monorail system at Longport. Elevate ) electric Hues ' have become quite common , dMtlni ; the last three years , but the Idea ot suspending the r car from un overhead framework Instead ol allowing It ( o run upon It U startling/ ! radi cal und a construction not calculated to in spire courage In the hearts of tlinld travel- era , despite the fact that It Is claim * ) lo be quite as safe as the ordinary method of run ning cars on elevated systems. Were It not for the fact that tUn eastern la now being constructed by a well known Ger man firm and that the road Is already well under way toward completion , ono might look askance at so revolutionising a method ot rapid transit , which Is only once removtd from flying. Local circumstances are suc'i , however , that the only available route for the toad was over the bed of the River Wuppcr , i connecting link between Ihe uo towns. Al flnt It was suggested that Mngle pillars be erected In the center of the stream ami an elevated platform bo erected thereon upon which to lay tracks. This , however , would , have resulted In obr/trucilng thu river ohajt nel and was not feislblc , owing lo tides and heights of bridges , etc. Finally the sus pended aerial system shown In the Illustra tion was adopted. Two Inclined girders of structural steel , placed as shown and supported on specially prepared foundations , arc located in the riv er's banks. These are spaced along the banks sixty to sIxty-fHe feet apart and held In position by means of a series of beams anil trusses , to which the rails are attached. This construction Is followed throughout nearly the entlro eight miles of the road. The height Is considerably greater than that of the ordinary elevated road , as the bottoms of tbo cars are sixteen feet above the bridges to bo crossed. Each car scats from fifty to sixty people , and Is reached by means of hon stairways lending up to a pfatform. These cars , as before stated , are hung from two 1 rails , the axles of the wheels being sup ported i on mo\able trunnion * , which permits of < rapid propulsion and jet case In taking curves. i The eetcctlon of electricity as the motive power Is a foregone concision , as no other form of power Is so well adapted to the per cullar i requirements Imposed by this very novel construction , flexibility of operation , ease of control and absence ot flying dirt all being of Importance to the successful operation of the system. Twenty-five miles an hour Is the contemplated speed. E\ery possible precaution has been taken to pro vide automatic devices so that , should the the car become disabled , no serious accidents would follow. Double tracked throughout Its length , the coat will run well up Into the millions and the unfamlllarlty of the work renders prog ress very slow , so that It win bp some months before anything definite concerning the practicability of the scheme Is known. I'otter from Cnr Axli'H. i The Introduction of the axle electric light system In the service of the Atehlson , To pcka & Santa I'-e railway running between Chicago and Los Angeles marks a radical departure from previous practice , which ne cessitated a largo electric light plant In the baggage car. The power under the new sj'stem Is taken from the car axle. The leading features of the apparatus consist of a djnamo operated from the axle and a storage battery which supplements the direct work of the dynamo In operation , as , for example , when the car Is at rest or moving at a slow speed. The belt which connects the driving pulley with the countershaft and dynamo pulleys Is made of camel hair. It Is eight feet eleven Inches long and three 'and one-halt inches wide and Is the only kind of belt that will stand the vaiylng effects of rain , snow and Ice , and which will adapt Itself to all conditions. Though not an endless belt , It Is made practlcallj so by nn upturned joint clamped between steel washers In such a fashion that no metal whatever comes In contact with the pullejs Tbo dynamo Is of a high grade of con struction and the brushes are gocd for 30COt miles. Conductors and brnkcmcn can oper ate the switchboard , so that no skilled laborer or electricians are required on the train. The low operating expenses are the main features claimed for this system. While tht cars are running the light Is taken direct from the dynamo and when standing still or going at less than eight miles an hour the light Is automatically taken from the stor age batteries. At all times the lamp * ) are steady and brilliant. There are four trains In the Santa Fe limited which run from Chicago to Los An- gclcs. Each of these trains Is equipped with an observation compartment car , three sleeping cars and a dining and library car. The equipment Includes lights In all the bertha , making thla the first train In the world carrying such a large Jupply of light service exclusively from the car axles. When the Intention of lighting the loco motive headlight from the same service Is carried Into effect the four trains will be solid axle light trains throughout. The system mostly In vogue , of lighting a train from ono large plant In the bag gage car , has many objectionable features. If the car carrying the plant meets with an accident or the plant Itself gets out of order , the entire light output ot the train becomes deranged. In the axle light sjs- tem each car has Its own little plant , com pact and complete , with Its dynamo and storage battery. Actual measurements dem onstrate that after the round trip to Los Angeles of over 1,600 miles and after sup plying the cars during six nights with brll- llant light , the storage Is as full as It was at the start. If one car oecomes crippled In any manner It can be lighted from an adjoining car until a terminal Is reached , where the necessary repairs can be mado. The National Electric company of No\t York , which has Introduced the light , has been perfecting Its system for ten years The first contract In the west was made with the Santa Fo company and the un qualified success of the experiment Induced the Pullman company to Introduce the light In all of Its cars on this route. Electric > otc * . According to President Tuttlel of the Bos ton and Maine railroad , steam roads must abandon suburban traffic within n radius ot six miles from the center of our cities. Within this radius the trolley lines have decided advantages. The latter can make profits on smaller farm because he qc or nothing privileges the steam roads pay for. They have no terminal expenses and In vari ous ways do business at less cost. But there Is a future for steam roads beyond the six-mile limit , and lower fares might perhaps Improve their receipts within that radius. Gas logs are made nowadays In various sizes and with the Imitation hickory logs of which they ore formed piled In various shapes. The gas log Is designed as a sightly and convenient means of gUln ? n * f There Is an Imitation electric grate ( Ire that Is Intended for ornamental purposes duly. This flru Is composed of pieces of ruby and amber glass. The grate , standing in a fire place In tbo usual manner , has within It an Incandescent light , over which Is placed a wlro cage at such a height In the grate that the coal , that Is the ruby and atubcr glass , when spread over It , U brought up to the height ot an ordinary coal fire. The cage protects the burner , makes a thin layer of gloss sufficient and holds the glass up so that the light from below can shine through It all and give It the appearance ot the coal nro It Is made to represent. The light Is turned on and off and the flro thus lighted or put out by turning a key In the usual manner , this key being located con veniently by the side of the fireplace. The electric grate Is used usually In rooms where steam Is used for heating. I.on mill Short MIMI Double Up. A double "lone and short" man has gene Into the highway robbery business. They made their first appearance as knights of ' the road Wednesday nleht. R. U Doomer. a stranger In the city , was held up by the quartet Wednesday at the south end of the Thirteenth street car line. They got a watch and J10 from him. The men. two of whom are described as being very tall , the others belnsr below the medium stature , were armed with revolvers and wore masks. They sprang from behind a clump of trees and attacked Doomer. The two tall men. lloomer says , leveled ZUDB on him. while the short ones dexter ously searched his oerson. From the re marks thev let drop Dcomer thinks that they had cone to the end of the line 'vl'li the Intention of hoIJlne UD some street car crew. , Duy your exposition tickets down town In another column see dlrnlav ndvrtlxjruent , ot tuu places where tickets rre on sale. 'SAYINC ' ( COODBYE TO OMAHA President McKlnley Finds it Hard to Start After His Reception , PLEASANT WORDS OF FAREWELL SPOKEN to Orncrnl Mnmlemoii nnil Speech ( o llic CriMTil n ( the Depot Imllcntr the llciith of the I'rcnldent'H 1'ccllnn. Tim OMAHA CLt'Il. Dcnr Oencrnl MntidcrNoiit Ilcforr t B"i iicrmlt mo < o tlinnk > oti , Mr > l lt to Omnlin linn li eon of niicommoii Intercut nnil iilenNiire. Cuoilli ; e. WILLIAM M'ICIMiUY. Oct. is , inns. The above note was written by President McKlnlcv under the apprehension that ho might not meet General Mandcrson pcr- eonally. Ho afterward gave It to Mr. Mnnderson , who thought It should belong to the t public , and will give It to the Omaha Public ! library , to be placed in the collec tion of autograph loiters of prominent men. "I thank you more than words can tell for your many kindnesses to mo during my visit to your city and your magnificent ex position. My visit to Omaha and to the transmtsslsslppl Is one that I shall long remember with the kindliest recollections. What has pleased me more than anything else on my entlro trip Is to witness the ex hibitions of patriotism throughout the coun try. I am glad to see that In Nebraska , as through the whole land , the people ever love good government and dearly love the old flag , It Iseff hard for me to say goodby lo Omaha , you have all made my trip so de lightful. Dut I must say goodby now , as the train Is about to leave Again I thank you. " With these words Presld nt McKlnley 1 ado adieu to Omaha yesterday morning at 0 35 o'clock. The brief speech was delivered to ft crowd of several thousand people who crowded about the lost car of the presi dent's special train , who filled every van tage point about the Burlington station and who even swarmed about the overhead via duct to speed the departing guest and pleas antly complete the long list of popular ova tions he bos received within the exposition clly since his arrival here on Tuesday oven- Ing. Crimil Cotn Out Kurly. Long before tno arrival of the president at the Burlington station the crowd was there to greet him. It was not entirely composed of arriving and departing travelers , ns a goodly number of Omaha citizens had as sembled there to catch .1 gllmpso of the great war president. AB his carriage Irovfl down the rampo to the tilatform 'resident ' McKlnley was cheered anl cheered and the mounted policemen under Sergeant Her were ' usy In clearing n way for the lonored guest. All about the train of sovcn landsomcly appointed cars set apart for the use o't the presidential partv thrre were more people with the same dcalra to see the president. Ho was very gracious and acknowledged the salutations of the people in the same generous manner as he did throughout President's day at the exposition. When the crowd called for him ho quickly went to the rear platform of the last car and again and again bowed his farewell greetings to the people. Then some of the moro enthusiastic spectators pressed for ward and reached up to shake his hand. He shook hands with them , but saw that It was hard work for them to reach up so far. so he had a trainman open the covered step-- : o tbo car , and going dovn on the bottom step shook bands with as many as could get near within the few minutes that there were : o spare. But still the crowd was not satisfied , and called for a speech. He generously re spondcd in the complimentary words just given , and each sentence was marked with sreat applause and vociferous cheering by those about him , Then the signal to start was given , and the train pulled out ot the station with Prealdcnt McKlnley standing on the last platform boxvlng and waving his hat In farewell greetings to the crowd at Omahans and their guests. He appeared to be In no hurry whatever to enter the cai and remained In sight until the train had n eared the approach to the bridge across the Missouri river. To accentuate his heart greetings to the crowd he pulled out his handkerchief Just as ths triln pasrel the en of the long train shed and waved It to the crowd while he bowed and bowed , and seemed to make good his words : "U la very hard for me to say goodby to Omaha. " ItcHtoil Well AVciliicmlny MKht. President McKlnley and his favorite nephew , Captain James McKlnley , arose and were about their room nt the Omaha cl before 8 a. m. yesterday. They ' took breakfast In the private dining room nnO were soon out In the parlors and reception halls of the first Door greeting the other members of the presidential party as they came from the breakfast room upstairs The president said he had had a very goo3 night's rest , and he looked It. He was dressed in his customary blaok frock suit , with n pretty Meteor rose In his buttonhole Ho showed his fondness for his orphan nephew , who Is a fine appearing young man of 20 years , by spending some tlmo with him. One of the , presidential party re marked : "The president Just thinks more of his nephew than of almost any one out side of his wife and mother. You see nt the outbreak ot the war JImmIe , who Isn't o age yet , enlisted In u volunteer regiment s a private and started off to fight right In the ranks. That just hit the president right This Is Jlmmle's first trip of Important with the president , and he's enjoying I about as much as anybody. " The young captain displayed a becoming modesty am In the Informal reception that followed rather kept In the background. A half hour after the president ) and hi nephew had finished their breakfast a num her of distinguished citizens arrived to gree him good morning and bid him farewell Among those about the club parlora wer noticed President Charles P. Manderson o the Omaha club , Vice President ) Edward 1' Peck , Secretary Charles L. Dcucl , Presldon Wattles of the exposition directory , Man agcrs Bruce , Reed , Llndsey , Rosewater j j Babcock and Klrkendall , Major Ward , Gen j eral Cow In , Congressman Mercer , W. H. Me I Cord , Luther Drake , all of Omaha. The en tire presidential party was on hand except j rho military officers and the members of the t diplomatic corps. Among those noticed chatting with 1ho Omabans were : Secre tary Bliss , Secretary Gage and Mrs. Gage , Postmaster General Smith and Mrs. Smith and Secretary Wllion , Assistant Secretary of War Melklejobn and others. Representing the press were : Messrs. McFarlane ot the Associated Press , Btnzlnger of the Chicago Times-Herald and Carroll of the New York Sun , who accompanied tne president to St. Louis. Some IMeniiniit Moment" . President McKlnley greeted all those about the club whh a friendly "Good morning , " and then enjoyed a cigar In the second parlor , talking with General Man derson. General Cowln and Mr. Rosewater , and Incidentally looking over The Bee's Peace Jubilee edition , which ho praised. Among others who were presented to htm at the club were Detectives Dunn and Dona- hue , who have watched after the president wherever he ban gene In the city and about the exposition grounds. Congressman Mercer Introduced them , and President McKlnley ' shook hands with them and sal'd : "I am I very clad to know you. and want to thank vou for reeking after mo to welt , though didn't have the slightest fear of anything happening to me. I guess I made you walk pretty lively out at the exposition grounds yesterday afternoon , didn't I ? I know some of the soldiers who walked about with mo were puffing pretty hard when they rot through. " And the detectives smiled at his bit of pleasantry , and they said they would bo glad to walk miles with the prcil- dent at any time. Fifteen minutes had passed since the High school bell sounded 9 o'clock before the president had bade goodbye to air at ths club and was ready to leave for the railway -tatlon. Dut there were a great many school children about the club house who did not hear the school bell , or nt least did not heed It. and a desire to see the president' made several score of pupils late In answer- ng to the roll. And their elders to the num ber of 1,500 or 2,000 ateo took an hour or 10 from their morning duties to greet he president. Douglas street and Twen- leth street for n half block from the Omaha tub wcro crowded with eager spectators , , nd when tnc president finally appeared they cnt up a shout of welcome that made the ihlcf executive smile and bow very low as he acknowledged the hearty greetings. When he had taken his seat In the carriage .here was renewed cheering , and he bowed md bowed his compliments. The dozen car- lages following were quickly filled with the ither members ot the presidential party , and .he Omaha hosts , and preceded by the mounted policemen , the line of carriages went down Douglas street toward the Uur- Ington station. The train was scheduled to leave at 9 30 I'clock , but on account of the Impromptu reception at the station It was five minutes ater than that before the train got away. The train was made up of the same seven elegant cars that brought the pnsldcnt from Washington to Omaha. It was drawn by one of the biggest locomotives of the Bur- Ington route , No 631 , with Engineer Max well and Conductor Clark. The train crossed the river on the Union Pacific bridge , and from Council Bluffs proceeded directly to Pacific Junction , and from there through Iowa and Missouri to St. Louis , which will be reached some time this evening , the exact time being dependent upon how many stops the president desires to make to grout the crowds reported to be assembled at all the railway stations along the line. CROWDS COMING AND GOING More I'eoiile Heneli Oiunliu Than lionu Dnrlnc the Ilourn of ( hi ; Mornlnc. Several thousand exposition vtsl ors left Omaha yesterday , but so for as the or- ilvals and departures all the Uurllngton sta tion and the union depot are concerned the places ot all the visitors who returned wuic taken by new arrivals and then there were iomo visitors besides. The excess of ar rivals over departures yesterday was not ; rcat , but that It should exist at all was a surprise to the railroad men themselves. All of the outgoing morning irulnsero well tilled und each carried from two to Ight cars more than ordinarily. There uero only one or two special tra ns out ot the Ity and these were balanced bv the heavy e > gular trains that arrived. From the Jurllngton station the departures appeared o bo heavier than the arrivals , though tialn soI from the west pulled In with ten cars veil filled. At the union depot the people arriving on the morning trains far exceeded hose going home. The icsular trains In md out were well filled , but there were no special trains needed In eltlu'r direction. Railroad men say that there Is a notice- iblo tendency on the part ) of the great bulk of the visitors to spend several days nt the ) xposltiou. This is observed through the enormous deposit of tickets with the joint Agents and from the fact that full advantage a being taken of the tlmeollmlt on rhe Peace Jublleo railroad tickets , which will not cx- plro until October 17 , Monday next No Accident * .Noted. No accidents happened at elthor of the Tenth street passenger stations during the moving ot the great crowds , though the Jopot policemen and their additional aides , vero required to use extraordinary vigi lance. Superintendent nignell of the n. & M. yesterday said he estimated that 10- X)0 ) people went out on Burlington trains between noon and midnight on Wednesday , and as many more deported from the union depot. Only one case of pocketplcklng was re ported from the two stations yesterday morning. A. E. Stuart of Bancroft , Nematm aunty , Kansas , had $25 stolen from his trousers' pocket while ho was holding bis little girl up In the air to see President McKlnley. Ho did not notice his loss until I after the departure of the president's train ! , A hen he started to go up town. The money was In the form of one $10 note and three $5 notes and was loose In a pocket that presented a good opening. The man was left without enough money to buy tickets for himself and bis wife and little girl from hero home , but as ho bad 13.80 left he said he could make out till ho had time to get money from home. Snfc [ Holier * nt Work. Burglars early Thursday morning entered , the offices of the Centervlllo niock Coal company at 1005 North Sixteenth street bv means of skeleton kevs for the purpose of , "blowing" the rate. They were saved the trouble of forclne the outer doors of the safe , as thev had been left onen. The Inner doors were sublccted to charges of exnloalvea and blown from their hinges. Nothlnc of value was secured by the burglars. OSCAR A , NELSON'S ' ROMANCE _ I'rcnllnr Clrcuni < nnerp SnrrnuiiilInK UK * Ucntlt of n You UK Mmi nt Imnmunel Ilo i > lnl. Oscar A. Nelson In the name o ( a man whoso death Tuesday at Immnnucl hospital Is attended by a peculiar circumstance , In volving the discovery ot \vheroabouts of an unknown , named Johnson , I ' Tor nine years Oscar Nelson had hcen a trusted man ot all work on tbo Block farm of J. H , Parks at Wausa , Nob. Last week ho was mken sick and Friday , complaining i of Intense suffering , ho made a request to he taken to Immanuel hospital. At first his J request was denied , as itas thought ho ' ! ! could bo better cared for where ho was , butt I later It was Ecen that his condition was bei j coming more serious and ho was brought to j I this city , where physicians pronounced his Illness to bo due to appendicitis. Ho died Tuesday afternoon , no operation having bjcn performed. Nelson's history Is an unusual one. When ho first went to work for J , 13. Parks he told his employer that he had no relatives. Afterward - ward It was learned that his father had been killed In an accident In Pennsylvania and his mother had ( tied during a time tin had run away from homo when a boy and thai rela tives of theirs and his 11 % e In Omaha , their name being Johnson. Beyond this nothing Is known of .them , as Nelson had nexer men- I lloncd them excepting to say that ho In tended to pay them a visit when ho con valesced and got out of the hospital. Among Nelson's personal effect's was an Insurance policy with the Modern Woodmen of America for $1,000 , made out In fa\or ot Miss Johnson. Yesterday Coroner Swanson - son Instituted a search among the many Miss Johnsons of the city In hopes of findIng - Ing the person who Is heiress to the Email legacy , but his hunt ) was unsuccessful and he has decided to hold the policy until a claimant appears to prove Identity and re- celvo the properly , Nelson was of Swedish descent , 30 years old His body was taken to Wausa for Interment Wednesday. A AVOUI ) ritOM WOO.STKII. Ii * ulNllit < > r from Mcrrlrk County Trie * to JiiNtlfy Cnuuun Domination , SILVER CKCCK , Neb. . Oct. 11. To the Editor of The tlee With your permission I should lllto to reply to some statements In > our editorial in The Dally Dee of Ocittbor 0 , entitled "Reformers Sham and Real " You say : nut the reformers have brought the Iron rule of the caucus to ucrfcctlon. Not only wcro nil offlces parcelled out br caucus , but every piece of liglslatl n , whether political or otherwise had its fate determined by caucus , with ill thimble-riggers and Irrr SDonslble secret combines. The reform caucus docs not ston with legislation but Includes the division of petty executive ap polnlmenls. Such reform certainly must dlsRUst every honest man who revolts against the abridgement of the Individual freedom of the sovereign voter. \ I quite agree with you that such reform should disgust nny bonefat man. nut the fuel ) Is that so far as the legislature of 1S97 la concerned , and to which I suppose jou refer , there was no such reform. To the best of my recollection I was present at every house caucus of the majority of that legislature and I assure you that vvllh one | Hsslblo exception , In the matter of officers and employes , the things you charge against our caucuses are wholly and absolutely false. I will go further and say that during Vhe entlro session the fusion members of the house held no caucus at all. Their so- called caucuses were In reality conferences and nothing more. Never In any Instance did these caucuses or conferences attempt to bind any member , but on the contrary It was distinctly understood by nil that while notes were often fatten In the sessions of the house each member was al perfect llbertj to vote as ho pleased. As proof of this I , tall your attenllon to rho fact that In the Douglas county contest case , where party 1'nes would have been drawn tightly If any where , several of the fusion members voted agalnsJ unseating the republican representa tives from lhat county , As to the balloo law , whose enactment you say wns forced by "tho reform machine , " It was never discussed In our caucuses at all , nor In committee of the whole , for that mat ter , but for a few minutes , and whether good or bad , like many other bills , passed without duo consideration. Such things , I understand , are ap to happen In any legis lative assembly. Of course they ought not to happen and I did all I could to prevent It. Hut If there was Ill-considered legislation the blame , as to that session , rests moro with Omaha than all else combined. Omaha nt- tempted to force through the house an np- proprlatlon of $350,000 for the benefit of your big show , or rather for the benefit of the pockets of jourself and co-workers In In- Iqulty , and all legislation was thus held up week after week. Perhaps It was our fault In not ) lying down , but some of us did not propose that Omaha should pcrpotrato such a gigantic robbery on the taxpayers of No- braska If wo had to fight all winter. In atlempllng to show that the "so-called reform forces" have not kept their pledges | you say : I Not onlv has there been no attempt made to redress the erlevanccs of the farmers through the exercise of the rower of the State Railroad commission , but the bogus reform commission has olnvcd Into the hands of the railroads and other public car- rlers at evcrv turn. The JG.OOO a year paid ns salaries to the secretaries Is an Absolute waste and the reform forces have novel taken the first step lo abillsh these ex- pensive sinecures. nut , as you well know , the attempt was Warmth of Color These two things you desire in every room of your house these are two tilings which our carpets will give the 'uxurlous ' designs and the bright yet tasteful colors will make the room all the more worth living In from an eco nomical standpoint our carpets are the best you can buy because they last longest and are the most icasonable In pi ice every tiling we have to offer Is NEW we haven't any damaged goods to sell at any price. Omaha Carpet Co Jmulm's Exclusive Carpet House , 1515 Dodge St , Your Eyesight- a preclou til : ican 1 y u should bo very careful not to Injure the eyes in any way sometimes you overtax them and they need lest the same as your muscles do while In Omaha you should take the opportunity of having our competent - petent optician examine them thoroughly nmj be you don't need glasses the ex amination Is free so you'll be nothing outr-lf you do need them he will tell you and also what It will cost to have them made wo make them right here grind our o\\n lenses and know to an absolute certainty that they are right be fore we deliver them to you. TheAloe&PenfoldCo l.radlnir Optician * . H6S Far in Sir ML . r\ \ \ iir w UiU All A Don't it Make You Weary ? To hurry down tow.n to look nt some artii-le advertised I nt $2.75. worth $7.00 , and lind the same old FAKE your neighbor got caught on. Just think it over for yourself. Does it look reasonable ? Can you expect to get § 7.00 worth for $2.75 ? Do you imagine these ad vertisers are fools ? Hest assured they are only trying to i make fools of you , and the chancea are that before they i' j ' lot go of you they will sell you two dollars and twenty five cents worth for about § 7.00. Jf you have had enough of that kind of business and want to trade at a place where such tricks are not practiced , come to us. Yon don't need to take an > chances hero. Wo don't offer to give you § 3 worth of goods for 75 cents Bttl We Do Guarantee to give you your' money's worth in good , serviceable goods and if you are not satisfied you can have your money back. We sell for cash or on easy weekly or monthly payments , at one price to every body. 175 ( 7500 WAV WE DO BUSINESS * YOUR MONEY BACK IF YOU WANT IT * nado by the passage of bills extendlnR the powers of the commission and placing under t the tclecrnph , telephone and express cora- uinlca. I consldeicd those measures Ill-atl- Ised and spoke ando el against them , anJ th'nk ' the sequel hnsihowii that I was right. Dut still the fart remains that nn attempt was made to ri-llcNC the grievances of the farmers notwithstanding Its failure laving enlarged the powers ot the railroad commission and the scope of Its vork , It \ould ha\p been very absurd to turn about pnd abolish It. Nevertheless , I presume the commission v\lll be abolished at the next session of the legislature , as I would have done at the last session , unless , possibly , the republicans should be In a majority , In which case they could not be expected to ircak their record by throwing away such a usclous plum. Hut why should > ou think about a little sinecure of the value of n : cw thousands , when If a private corpora tion In the city of Omaha wants a few hun- Ircds of thousands as a free gift from the state jou think It should be presented lo thim on a silver platter ? And why should u hurl jour anathemas at the reform forces for not curtailing the powers and privileges of the corporations when jou know very well that republican supreme courts , which are as much the willing tools of the corpcrations as 1ms always been the republican party In Nebraska , stand between these corporations and the people ? During the last session of the legislature a certain railroad official of this state said to me tha' the railroads were not very much Intcrcste In railroad legislation elnce If obnoxlou laws were enacted they would appeal to th courts , adding that the railroads found It much easier and less expensive to control courts than to control legislatures. If now under the circumstances , you will suggest Borne feasible method of controlling the corporations without Ilrst renovating , ami perhaps also fumigating , our higher courts , jou will place the reform forces under deep obligations to jou , and while jou are think ing It over jou will be at liberty to contlnuo jour denunciations of them at pleasure. CIIA11M2SV003TRIl. . MRS , GEER'S SUDDEN DEATH Wlfo of G M crnor-nir < - ( of ( ) ri-j ? < iii I3x- lilrcn from Heart Palliirc nt the * Darker. Mrs. Nancy Gcor , wife of T. T. Oeer , gov ernor-elect of the state of Oregon , died at tbo Darker hotel In this city shortly after midnight jcstcrdny from a disease of the heart. A physician was called when the attack seized the woman , but she was be yond his help. The remains wcro sent to Salem , Ore. , yesterday afternoon. Mrs. Geer was for some time afflicted with heart trouble. When she arrived In the city on Tuesday with her husband she was very tired , and this probably brought on the fatal attack , although she was about the hotel Wednesday. The deceased was 57 years of age. UetcutUcs' Worlf. Two men who represented themselves to bo detectives looklne for a counterfeiter met Otto Lnnf. a rural visitor to the cltv. on Seventeenth street Wednesday and arrested him on susulclon that ho was the man thev were looking for. Thev took him Into an alloy and searched him. securing J50. Tbov then released him on his own rccognlzanro and left him after admonishing him to re port at the pollco station yesterday morning at 9 o'clock. Lang called at the station as he was told , only to find ho had been the victim of confidence men To Ha > e Diiutom' Mil * Use "Garland" Stoves and Ilnnges. Don't ' Misunderstand Us Just lipcnusc we have been tolling you this week about n few special bargains wo have In slightly used organs that wo haven't new ones and new pianos lor we have a great big room full-ami we linvo bargains in them every day In the year but we want to get these Hcconcl- Imnrt omnnn out of the way so as to make room for more of tbe new ones a special offering today Is a sllglity tihcd organ that we can recommend only $ 23.50 you can never get anything from us but what It will be Just as repre sented our reliability was established a long time ago some good bargains 1" sllgbtly used pianos. A. HOSPE , end An 1513 Douglas You've ' Seen tha President Hut have you seen the Jewel stoves and ranges ? ' ! here nre a great many people in our More every day but yon never get Into such a jam as yon did at the exposition "President's day" you've a better opportunity to look around and hoe the many good points about these Jewel stoves and tills weather ought to make you think about the stove you must have for this winter we can roe- onunond the "Jewel" because we know they are all right and because over 500 Omaha families tell us they are you had better come In and let us show them to you and quote n few of our quick sell ing prices. A. C. RAYMER , WE DEUVRU YOl'U PUIIUIIAS& . 1514 Fartiam St , Good Bye to McKinley Welcome the uow spring heel shoos Drex L. Sliooman Is now selling to the misses spring heel shoes have always been sold but not tills kind of a misses' Pining heel shoe at the price of $2 with the value and style of the much higher- priced ones-tills tiow shoe Is In viol kid and light weight calf with the popular last easy on feet , but heavy extension sole , lace only In all the new toes a de- eldediy tasty and stylish ulinc In fact , the very Ideal of what a misses' fall and winter bchool shoe should bo and at a saving of at least $1 on every pair for they're enl > $2. Drexel Shoe Co. , Omnliu'i Up-to-dnle Slioo Hnuie. 1410 FAKNAA1 STREET.