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THE OJklAliA DAlJjl' JJBJfi ! JFBIDAY , OCTOBER 14 , 1808.
CANNIBALS AT CLOSE RANGE Studies of an Austrian Scientist on the Island of Sumatra ! LIFE AND CUSTOMS OF THE NATIVES 1 liow plirr Wnitc Wnr anil Why They Devour Tlione Who Full In Ilnllle Some Ilcninrk- ulilc Adventure * . Tbo first scientific study of cannibals nnd cannibalism la shortly to be published as a rcBUlt of the experiences of an Austrian scientist and explorer , Joachim I'relhcrr von Brenner , who recently returned from Suma tra , where ho has been for several years en gaged In the study of the native blacks , Von IJronner , who IB apparently a most In trepid young man , went Into the subject with Qcrman thoroughness , and will probably tnako a large and comprehensive volume , I covering In every phase and detail the llfo and customs of the natives of that Island. Included In the equipment with which he started out was a camera , with which ho has taken several hundred very striking and Interesting photographs to Illustrate every point of his story. Although Von IJrcnner's work was under taken for the sake of Its scientific value In the fields of geography , history and anthro pology , his experiences will include much that la of popular Interest and entertain ment. As may be readily believed , It was an undertaking of some hardihood to study a trlbo of cannibals at close range , and when the young Austrian announced his purpose ho met with considerable opposition from his friends and associates , who freely prophe sied that ho would never return to announce the result of his undertaking. Even after his arrival In Dell , the Dutch residents , who had bad some experience with the half-civil- izcd natives , did their best to persuade him to glvo up his project , and It was with great difficulty that ho secured an outfit with which to penetrate Into the Interior of the country , where , alone , of' ' all lands known to white men , cannibalism Is still regularly practiced. Von Drainer's account of his ex periences after leaving civilization , though told In plain and modest language , shows that the fears of his friends and advisers were not altogether ungrounded. He says : "I set out on my trip to the land of the Datuka , after having secured by induce ments , which to them appeared extraordi nary , a caravan of thirty-six carriers. There was but one European in the party besides myself. Wo were conducted by a native guide from one of the hill tribes , who was recommended as a thoroughly trustworthy man , and who Indeed proved invaluable as time went on. Our course lay over the high mountains which Ho a few mites back from the coast at Dell , and beyond which is the land of.tho DaUks , In which , as far as I have been able to find , no European had hitherto act foot. For the purpose of Ingratiating myself with the blacks I carried a large sup ply of all kinds of glass beads , mirrors , knives nnd various colored cloths , especially a sort of rod cloth with gold border , which the blacks esteem very highly. "The partially civilized tribes that I came across in the earlier stages of my Journey afford many opportunities for In teresting study , and our progress was there fore slow , for I reasoned that the moro thoroughly I understood the customs and ways of these people the better I would bo able to understand those In the wilder ness beyond , which -was our ultimata destination. "One peculiar custom which was naturally 'among- the first to Impress Itself upon me nnd which apparently prevails among all the natives of the Island Is the method of preserving the dead. The body Is burned , but the head Is placed In a small basket on top Of a bamboo polo as thick as a man's arm , and thatched over the top with the leaves of the sugar palm. Here It is left to bleach and dry , and the sight of these gfoaatly sign posts which wo fre quently came across was anything but re assuring , In some places the head Is not detached , but the entire body Is hung up In a ort of wicker-work wrapping , sus pended between two posts several feet atxiva the ground , and It Is possible to view through the interstices In the basketwork - work the ghastly remains which the bree/es cwlng to and fro as they would a ham mock , with a most uncanny effect. "In climbing the mountain the constant rains which wash out deep gulloys af forded greater obstacles to" our progress than even the trackless undergrowth though which it was necessary to cut our way. "Among the natives whom I first encoun tered I was an object of mild but Intensely curious Interest. It seemed to give them great delight to gather In great crowds and watch mo whenever I went In bathing. The sight of a man bathing was not now to them , but it was apparently the flrst time they had ever seen such a thing as a cake of soap , and the lather produced by II was a marvel to all beholders. But It was Impossible tp get any of them to try Its effects. The natives laughed at my custom of eating with a knife and fork , and explained over nnd over again that It was much easier to use the fingers. Another object of great curiosity to them was the camera , which they seemed to view with a sort of superstitious awe. A Ilnlllo HotWi'Oit Native * . "By using the passport provided by man ) gifts of cloth and beads to the tribal chiefs my progress was comparatively easy , untl wo entered the territory of one trlbo which was at war with Us neighbors. These . would not permit our caravan to pass untl the Impending battle was fought. This gave me an excellent opportunity to observe the native manner of carrying on war , and I watched the battle In company with the women and children of the trlbo from the top of a neighboring hill. It was a strange Bight , several thousand naked Malays ad vancing In Irregular lines , In semi-circles to meet upon an open plain. Each party had guns bought from native traders , who had Introduced them from the Dutch settle ments , but they were used almost as effect ively as the Spaniards use theirs. The savages advanced with terrific shouts , trying to frighten their opponents. Each man hac loaded his gun with a tremendous charge of powder , which ho fired when he wa ready. As the gun went off he fell howling to the ground from the 'kick' of the hei\v > load. This noisy firing , harmful to th owners of the guns alone , con.lnuej for abou half an hour , when a shower came up am nil of the combatants rushed back to thcl huts for shelter. Tbo battle was over. Al though the trlbo with which I happened t bo admitted itself beaten by the greatc nolae of the enemy ( there was not a sou killed or wounded ) , they returned as If the r had been victorious and gave up the nigh to singing and feasting. The battle was t be renewed next day , so a nar dance too place , but the women , not the warriors , dl the dancing. When the whole tribe ha gathered a mlddle-a d woman rose an began to stamp the ground In time to th rude music of the drum and calabash , lit movements became quicker and quicker , sh loosened her hair , her eyes flashed , sh teemed to be a raging witch. The chle joined the dance for a few minutes , and a. he resumed hU seat three other wom dashed forward and Joined the wild dance shrieking and jumping as if possessed. Sue ilenly the music ceased , the dancers pause * deathlike stillness prevailed. The lesdln dancer was given a mixture of palm win and mphor to refresh her , , she dance still more wildly until the fell ex haustcd to the ground , where she lay re peating visions of victory on the morrow , A I'rlnonor Among Mnneittem. "At the village of l/ontong I was made a prisoner , along with my carriers. The chief had been very friendly when wo flrst appeared , and wo had no means of knowing why he had made us captives , but the pros pect un very discouraging. From where I was seated in the native hut which served as a prison , and which was guarded by two stalwart blacks armed with jagged war clubs , 1 could overhear an earnest discussion going on among the warriors who had gath ered a short distance away. The guide who was beside me told me that they were dti- cusslne the fate of their prisoners and as the babble of conversation went on he In terpreted such remarks as 'We must over come them while they sleep , slay and eat them. ' It Is needless to say such a prospect was sufficient to banish every thought of sleep. The guide Informed mo that there were two parties to the dlscuwlon ; one wished to kill and cat us and the other to let us pass. Wo had no means of knowing which would prevail and wo sat oil night with our seven guns loaded and ready for Instant use nnd our pistols by our sides. There was a tumult In the early morning nnd wo gripped the guns , ready to sell our lives as dearly as possible. There were cries of 'The Enemy ! the enemy ! ' and soon It appeared that a neighboring tribe had attacked the village , carrying off two of Us women , A little later tha chief called to see mo and said : 'What If we keep you to work In our fields for a year or two ? ' I answered : 'You would not do such a thing , ' nnd to prove that I did not fear him I gave he chief a handsome pistol , which delighted is savage heart nnd apparently restored 1m to the greatest friendliness. Seeing lat I had made an Impression I added : 'If ou dare to touch a hair of our heads our rothers will come nnd kill all of you. ' 'ho ' chief Immediately declared that ha hade o Intention of Injuring me , that In fact ho ook me under his protection. "Still I did not trust him nnd toward oven- ng , when ho summoned another council of Is followers , I noticed that ) he was finger ng the pistol which I had given him In a anner anything but reassuring. I nt once pproached him and said , through the in erproter : " 1'rlnce of Lontong , wo see through your ark designs and black plans. We fear you ot. Wo are ready to die , but you will die 1th us. What ! Is your answer ? " "Tho chief replied : 'I am sick ; let mo go ome. ' I said : 'No , you must sit hero until you ccldo to let us go. ' This ho decided to dearly arly In the morning and although stripped f a great part of my belongings , I was glad nough to get nway alive and kept the guns eady until I had put a good distance be- wecn myself nnd the village. 'Tho next tribe that wo fell In with was ho one I had como so far to study. They ecelvcd me good-naturedly because their hlef had Just overcome the head of a rival rlbo and they had enjoyed a great fenad. "These natives In the Interior of Sumatra re , I believe , as degraded cannibals as ever Ivcd. A man will steal upon an enemy vhen ho Is asleep and with a sharp sclmlter- Iko sword strike off his head at a single low. Then ho will strip the head of flesh nd bury It on some trail , BO that even the rlends of the dead man will step upon him nd lose his good will In the other world. \fterward the skull Is dug up and kept as a ropby , tbo rank of each prince being fixed .ccordlng to the number of skulls ho can ilsplay. Snvf a Man ISntcn. "During my stay I saw one man eaten , lo had been made captive In a ra < d agal ist a hostile trlbo and when I saw htm he i as ound to a tree. The vajah , or chief , first pproached the victim and cut oit the flesh rom the Inner side of the forearm nnd the hock , two portions esteemed a great dell acy. Tbo chief drank some of the bl.iod ind then roasted the fleah slightly by the Ire and ate It. Thereafter the rest ot the warriors fell upon the victim and stripped ho flesh from his bones , roasted and nte It amid fearful cries of pain from the captive , who saw his own flesh roasted nnd eaten. The savage feasters danced , shouted and rubbed Bhelr stomachs to show their enjoy ment , while the victim's cries grew weaker as his strength ebbed away , until he finally died from loss ot blood. "Generally , cannibalism Is an act of rcn- eance upon captured enemies , but among ho Fopaks the taste for human flesh has become so much developed that they often at harmless slaves and old women. A Popak prince In Ponganlbatan told me that he had ust given a feast at which eleven Chinese lad been eaten , and ho added that they .were , -ory good. This prince , by name SI Gollak , was very rich , having his teeth glided and wearing a handsome jeweled collar , In the center of which a tooth was set , the tooth of on enemy whom he had slain and eaten. Uut 10 himself fell a victim to his foes , as evi denced by the skull and balf-burncd hand which I found some weeks later In possession of a Batak chief. Then a conversation took place somewhat after this fashion : " 'Where did you get that skull nnd band that you carry ? ' I 'They belonged to an enemy who fell Into our hands. ' "Did you cat him ? ' " 'Yes. My brother-in-law and his people ate him. His name was SI Kemat Si Gollak. Ho had fled from his country In which ho was rajah with his brother , his wife and his mother. He called himself a wizard and sought to become ruler of I'antjo , where my brother-in-law was chief. My brother-in- law declared war against him and captured htm. ' II 'Was there a battle ? ' " 'No. We took him prisoner. Wo lay la ambush in the rice fields and when we saw htm pass through alone wo leaped upon him and brought him to the chief. ' " 'And his brother ? ' " 'Ills brother fell In war. ' "In a battle ? ' "No. we shot him at night while he was asleep. The ball hit him in the right arm , and he stood up holding a knife In his left hand ; but we were victorious , for we were many ; we knocked him down and sent his head to the chief. Don't you call that war ? " " 'What happened to his body ? ' " 'That no ate It. The head ? Our chief put that In front ot SI Kemat that he might know what to expect. ' " 'Couldn't he ransom himself ? ' " 'Ransom ? Impossible ; bo had to die. ' " ' ' ' 'Didn't he cry ? " 'O , yes , but that did no good ; ho was bound fast. ' " 'And then ? ' " 'Wo ate him up , of course. The next day when the sun ceased to rise and had not begun to set ( noon ) we brought SI Kemat tut , threw him on the ground with bis face down and my brother-in-law cut his head off. He received the heart and as much of the flesh as he wanted and who ever else wanted any took and roasted It over the flrc. What was left we cooked with pepper and salt and ate It at home. The largo bones were tied together and on the following day we burled his bead In the path , so that oven his friends should tread on It and make him their enemy. ' " 'What happened to his wife ? ' " 'I sold her at market for my brother-in- law. Ills mother , the Guru ( wizard ) said , was as bad as her son. eo wo cut her throat a month later' " 'Did you eat her , too ? ' " 'Yts , of course. ' " 'Why arc there so few teeth In the skull ? ' " 'The people broke them out to decorate their collars , so that when they strike these teeth It It the tame as If they hit 81 Kemal on the mouth. ' " 'But why do you eat men instead ol birds or fowl ? ' " 'Why should wo not ? What else could wo do with those enemies whom wo slay ? ' " 'You might bury them. ' " 'Hut that would not bo proper. To slay an enemy Is not everything. When ho Is eaten the victory Is complete. ' " From other conversations which he had with other natives on this same subject Explorer von Brenner came to the conclu sion that except among the very lowest and moat degraded of the savages with whom ho came In contact cannibalism was caused not so much by the liking for human flesh as by the desire to complete the humilia tion and destruction of enemies. Many other curious customs and strange legends are reported by Von Brenner as a result of his Journeys through the country In habited by moro than 200,000 primitive savnges , but there Is nothing In all his notes quite so extraordinary as his Inter view with a cannibal on cannibalism doubt less the flrst ever published. Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup cures coughs pnd colds. Mother ? , keep this wonderful remedy handy for the chlldrep.2r cents. G.VVK HIS MFU I-'Oil XBWS. Dc-ntli mill rilnry Cniui nt the- Slime Tliup to n IloHtnii Corri'Mioiulent. The struggles of newspaper correspond ents In Cuba furnish some of the most he roic chapters of the war with Spain , relates the Chicago Inter Ocean. Frank Collins , who died at Tampa two weeks ngo , gave up his " " Ho full of the American llfo for a "scoop. was can grit that never letn n man fall down on story. Collins worked for n Boston ncws- iaper before the war. "Old Col , " aa he was .ffcctlonately called , was n hack reporter. lo worked hard , but ho was never known to urn up news. He could write beautiful stuff , " but he didn't know news from hatn andwlchcs. "I'm going to the front , boys , " Collins nnounccd In the local room the day after ar was declared. "I don't Intend that fifty ears from now my folks'll have to say , Grandpa wrote police news on a Boston owspaper during the war. ' " "Old Col's" decision was greeted with oara of laughter. He was young for all of his nickname macked of the decrepit , nnd ho wns sensl- Ivo. What was horse laugh play for the real ut him like whiplashes. Ho set his teeth Mid determined to corao out of Cuba a sue- ess or a dead man. Ho died nt Tampa as o was coming back from the war , covered /1th glory. When Collins sailed his paper had no Idea t could depend upon him for big nws. That iyas to bo secured by a New York connec- lon. "Old Col" was to write. If his stuff urned out flrst rate , well and good. If ot , ho was to be "soaked. " He got on the round Juat In tlmo for the Rough Riders' fight and the big engagements hat followed. When other correspondents were afraid to leave the lines and travel cross country with dispatches , Collins nidged every bit of the way on foot. Ho edged Spanish sharpshooters , swam treams. starved and fainted from oxhaus- lon to reach the cable station. There ho ound that his paper had had a quarrel ivlth their New York ally and that ho hod 10 cabling facilities. Ho had no Idea how icw his stuff was. To telegraph $160 \\-th r more of stuff might mean that his paper would refuse to stand It nnd ho would bo discredited , besides having to bear the ivhole expense. Ho had been turned down so many times ho doubted his own judg ment. Buo ho was such a good fellow , had truggled so and berne such hardships , that he correspondent of another big news goncy took his matter nnd put It on the ivlro for him. Back went Collins Into the hick of things , feeling that now ho must 30 of considerable use to his paper. Ho did not know It , but lila stuff -was a great ' 'scoop. " The other Boston reporters had oen nfrald to leave the trenches and Col- Ins' account was the only one that appeared , hat day In a Boston paper. Collins worked Ike mad , never sparing himself and fairly augnlng at danger. He had no tent , noth- ng to eat , no place to sleep , no helpmate , and not even the knowledge that his mattei was being printed. Ho somehow failed to get connection at ony time with his paper. Ho wrote stories , pathetic , humorous , grand columns and columns of them , nnd for warded them plucklly my mall. The more mportant matter went by cable. One night ho came back , rain-soaked , half starved into a tent In which a CInclnnat and a New York newspaper man were tryIng - Ing to find shelter. "For God's sake boys , " ho said , "can" you take mo in ? " They were sleeping on n square of canvas , folding part of It over tea a cover. Collins was welcomed and Joitie and cheered as much as possible.Vhe gi'eat ' , strong men got sick In Cuba , thou sands of miles away from home , they wer apt to do weak things they would leave fo women and children In this country. Col Una cried like a baby. During the night h told the Cincinnati reporter about hi sweetheart. Ho had n half dozen picture of her hidden away In the breast of hi old duck jacket. "She's a rich girl , " ho said , "and her pee pie are away up , you know. 'But ' If I mak n success of this , boys , I shan't ! bo nsharaei to ask her folks for her1. " Collins took passage for Tampa on th Arkansas with a lot of other correspondent when the fighting was over. When th tlmo came for the health officer to com aboard Collins wns too weak to stand up "Braco up , 'Col. ' they entreated him. "Wo1 : all bo quarantined hero If the doctor find you sick , " Collins was dressed with the help of th others , brightened up and made to appear a dappper as possible. The health office came on and the boys all flocked aroun Collins in a bunch nnd held him steady s that he wouldn't weave around In a wea way. He passed muster. As soon as th officer left the boat he lay down again nn declared that ho was not equal to anothe trial. "Yes , you are ; you'll do It for us old boy , " they persuaded him. At Tampa they were told to walk pas the doctor In single flle. Everybody know thatl this would be Impossible for Collins. When his turn came the newspaper people nil began a joshing performance , laughing nnd crowding ono another and trooped past the officer like a bunch of colts. Collins was In the midst and slipped through again. Then ho learned what his paper had been doIng - Ing with his stuff for the first time. They were printing It with his name nt the top of the page In letters an inch long. Collins wns a success. "Hurrah , boys , " ho shouted , feebly , while- tears of Joy ran down his wasted cheeks. Collins wns taken to n hospital at Tampa. Ho died there a few days afterward. In the pockets of his old brown blouse , and stitched rightly in the front , they found pictures of the Boston girl. Chronlo Diarrhoea Contracted in ( lie Armv. While In the army Mr. David Taylor , now proprietor of the Commercial Hotel. Wind Hldge , Greene Co. , Pa. , contracted chronic diarrhoea. In speaking of it he says : "I have never found anything that would give mo such quick relief as Chamberlain's Colic Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy. " Mntnufu llrtiirnii ( o Samoa. AUCKLAND. New Zealand. Oct. 13. Ad vices Just received hero from Samoa say the German war ship Buzzard has brought Chief Mataafa and other exiles to Apia. Mataafa , It Is added , promised to be loyal to the gov ernment and to observe the Berlin conven tion. Mlmourl Soldier Dcail. PHILADELPHIA , Oct. 13. John R. Watts , Company G , Fourth New York volunteers , whose , home was at St. Joseph. Mo. , d ed at the Jefferson hospital today , A F , mportant Measure of Reform Perverted by Scrubby Politicians , AILURE OF THE RANGER SYSTEM ThouMtniln of Dollnrn Appropriated to Protect KorcMtn from Fire * to Howard Polit ical LonforH. The recent destructive forest fires In Col orado nnd Wisconsin , by which vast areas of r.luablo timber wns destroyed , re-awaketicd ntcrest In the efforts of the government Co > revent such disasters , especially In the nountaln ranges of the west. The Wash- ngton correspondent of the Boston Trnn- icrlpt , who made an extended tour of the vest during the summer nnd Investigated .ho workings of the forest ranger system , naugurated by the government a year ngo , declares that 'tho ' system Is a farce ; that ) In stead of the money appropriated being hon estly used In protecting timber laud from Ires It Is employed ns n reward for political workers. The correspondent writes as fol- ows : Thcso rangers , or patrolmen , receive $30 a month , their supervisors $100 a month and their duty Is to travel over an assigned section of forest country , watching for fires and taking necessary measures for stamping out such ns are discovered. According to [ he present plan the government Is expend- ng about $173,000 annually in tills service. How congress will feel about renewing the appropriation , after the terrible forest de struction of the flrst year under Its opera tion , remains to be seen. If carefully In vestigated , however , some very valuable evi dence will bo forthcoming as to certain In cidental features of our public practices. -Merit of the Sj-Nteiu. No doubt exists as to the essential merit of the forest-ranger system. In other coun ties It works well , and In the east forest fires seldom amount to anything , bccnuso the public so soon becomes aware of their existence , and , even In the heavily forested regions , promptly put out the blaze. It was expected that the ranger system would do for the sparsely settled west exactly what the watchful care of the neighbors accomplishes In the taut. Hy assigning men to clearly circumscribed districts It was reasonably believed that a great 1m- i provement on past conditions might result. Why are these anticipations not realized ? Why has the ranger system In the United , States fallen down , ns the terrible record ' | of forest destruction Is showing conclusively ! j I that It has. for this year at least ? It ' la cot n pleasant task for a correspondent at the national capital to assign the same reason for the deficiency of ono after an other of the services which Uncle Sam at tempts to perform. Facts , however , cannot and should not bo disguised. Our consular , Indian , Internal rcvenud nnd a hundred other government services are stumbling constantly for the same reason that the ranger service has now fallen. On n recent trip through the west I made many In quiries ns to this now" experiment , every where to receive the same answer , nnd In many Instances to obtain illustrations of the same sot of facts.t The ranger system , for which the United 'states pays $175,000 a year , has not in reality been tried. Not over one-fifth of thoemployes ore moro than apologies for forest , rangers. The sim ple fact of the matter , [ s thqt a system has been Inaugurated bjryjilch salaries as signable to forest raspers have been dis tributed as chromoB w , political workers , with llttlo or no pretense , of anything else. I found one forest ranger with a carpenter's apron on and nails In his pocket. Ho was helping to build a house , working as a Journeyman at his trade , and yet drawing the regular salary of a forest ranger. I took pains to Investigate his work , and learned that his district extended down a main road for twelve mllos. Another man , who had occasion to go over the same road dally nnd know every traveler on It , assured mo that this carpenter-ranger had not In. weeks been moro than thrco miles from the place where ho was employed. This , more over , was not In a commanding position , seas as to bo of any use In detecting fires throughout the district. At about three miles from the scene of the house-building this ranger had a llttlo fire , to which he drove dally and threw on a bucket of water. A limited area had been so trenched about that there was little danger of serious con sequences and his report ns submitted to the department doubtless shows a record of considerable Industry. This was In the Cascade region of Washington. IJnrrelH anil "Ilur'lN. " In Colorado I met a forest ranger , some what over 60 years of age , that In Itself Is a sufficient disqualification for a mountain- climbing occupation , who had proved him self strangely Incompetent. According to a well Informed and naturally Indignant resi dent of the locality , this man In his travels had discovered several Incipient forest Urea. Instead of digging a trench and camping with the. ono flrst discovered , ns ho ought to have done , and so preventing Its disastrous spread , ho went back tb town , declaring that he could do nothing , and claiming to have , discovered a solution of the fire prob lem. His plan was this : The government should raise his salary so that he could hire a lumber wagon nnd a pair of horses and with three or four barrels of water make his Journey over the district. It goes without saying that such nn arrangement would bo useless In the mountain country. The rancor with his barrels of water could go only where there was an open road and hence could not get within miles of most actual conflagrations or of the Incipient flres. It would have been Just ns wise to propose to carry ns many barrels of whisky. Instances of this kind might be gathered In great numbers. Part.1 workers who cannot get any other govern ment office In the west are appointed rangers and these who will accept the modest com pensation provided are usually broken-down men , wholly unacquainted with the work and unfit for Its performance. Their super visor Is usually an active politician "who la going among the people" and helping to carry the caucuses. This prevents the proper prosecution of offenders against the forest laws. If local campers , miners and trappers knew that they would actually be punished for leaving sparks behind them a good percentage of the fire loss might be avoided. Will It be fair , then , for congress to condemn the ranger system , when the appropriation next comes up , ns having proved useless , when In reality no decent rang ex system has ever been tried ? The lU'Kiilni-M IIM IlaiiKem. In the opinion of many persons a vast Im provement might be made by having this ork done by the regular army. There Is no doubt that It could thus be done efficiently. In the Yellowstone park , which Is fairly well forested , exceedingly dry , liable to high winds , and having more than Its share ol camping parties , the United States army keeps the destruction by fires down to a respectable minimum. But there Is one great objection , at least , to assigning this work to the regular army. I find the people of the west very much opposed to a system of military police and this Is what that plan would amount to. They prefer to nave the forest ranging done by people In sym pathy with local conditions. While this la the natural sentiment of the west , not a few of Its public-spirited citizens told me that they would much prefer tbo regular army to the present aggregation of Incompetents But this preference IB by no meant general Many voters habitually like Incompetents In public places better , especially If they stand a chance some time to become one of the Incompetents themselves. The destructive effects of forest flrcs arc never halt told by statistical tables. Tim tnluo of tha forest Itself Is but a small part of the loss. A great flrc destroys the soil by burning the humus , or that covering made by the decaying vegetable matter as dls- t ugulshed from the mineral soil , Into ashes , This coating Is far Inferior In fertilizing capacity to the humus destroyed and nature must undertake n now and slow process of getting the soil back Into a condition for forest growth. The flrst stage Is a crop ot weeds and underbrush , which In tlmo de velop a humus covering. Without some depth of this kind forest trees will not 'crow , or at least will not survive a dry spell of weather. The c-ffects of the de struction of the- forests upon the storage of the rain , the height of our lakrs and the regular flow of our rivers , am too well known to need moro than n passing refer ence. The subject Is one which concerns not only the west , where the Immediate loss Is the greatest , but the whole country. Between the national carelessness ot Ameri cans In regard to forest fires nnd the bounty upon forest destruction provided In the Dlngley bill , nt the Instance of a ring of Michigan lumber kings , by which the Me- Klnlcy duty on white pine was exactly doubled In the face of our diminishing sup ply , a pessimist might bo justified In saying that the American people do not dcsene to have any forests. Public sentiment Is moving In the right direction , however , on the forest question. There was a tlmo In the west when fires were condoned and It was openly questioned whether they were not actually n good thing. The day of such debates has passed. The far west now realizes thnt It needs Its timber nnd a much healthier feeling Is everywhere observable. Flrc AViirNU Tlinii SmviulllN. Much moro timber fnlls every year by fire than by the saw. Statistics amply bear out this humiliating confession. And yet It Is a comparatively easy matter to put out a for est fire If taken In time. Ot course , If al lowed to roach the Htncklcy stage the only thing that can be snld Is whnt n candidate In a civil service examination In New York state wrote on his paper. Ho was asked \\hat should be done In the case of a forest 11 ro that had passed beyond control. His re ply was to "pray for rain and trust In God. " But n flro In the woods , fortunately , Is a long tlmo In reaching the stage where noth ing clso can be done. In the dense forests of the northwest there arc several approved methods for fighting flames. The first Is to drench the ground with water. It It can bo done , and then to watch the fire contln- uouMy. Another plan Is to dig trenches around the burned area by quite a sweep , cunning through the humus to the mineral soli , and then lot the flro burn as far as the trenches , seeing to It that the Hue Is not crossed. The third method , a much more drastic one. Is known as back-firing. Great alna must bo taken In the selection of n roper range of forest , and a tlmo when the wind Is In the right direction. A trench nt ho rear of the new fire will prevent Its iprcad In that direction , nnd then a now uoiiBter can bo sent to battle with the oM ne. In open forests , like the yellow plno of California and Colorado , where the humus Is cry thin , a creeping- fire may bo stopped > y simply raking off the forest litter , which s the easiest thing In the world , into a llt- , lo windrow. Care must bo taken to see .hat no burning trees fall cross this wind row and so carry the flro beyond the limit. But It the flro Is well started and a strong wind sets In such measures are useless. O'CO.VVEI.h AM ) CUUUAJf. Example * of Their Heady Humor and ICceii Ituunrleo. John Phllpot Curran was noted for his powers of repartee nnd sarcasm , relates the London Telegraph. Many of his good things In that line have como down to us through the century. There could not bo a better testimony to their worth ; but as most of them are too well known to need repeating here , I will simply glvo a few that I have picked up In out-ot-the-way places. At a dinner table In London the conversa tion turned on public speaking. Curran stated that he could never address an au dience for a quarter of nn hour without moistening his lips. "I have the advantage of you there , Curran , " said Sir Thomas Turton , a pompous and pretentious member of parliament. "I spoke the other night In the house of commons for five hours on the Nabob of Oudo and never felt In the least thirsty. " "That is very remarkable , In deed , " replied Curran , "for every ono agrees that It was the driest speech of the ses sion. " Ono day Curran was walking past the parliament house In College Green , before the Bank of Ireland got possession ot It , with a nobleman who had promoted the legislative union by his votes. "I wonder what they Intend to do with that useless building ? " said the nobleman. "For my part , I hate the sight of It. " "I do not wonder at that , my lord , " returned Curran who was an anti-Unionist. "I never yel heard of a murderer who was not nfrak of a ghost. " Curran , as will bo seen from these an ecdotes , could say mordant nnd cutting things ; but , perhaps , no man wns ever In sulted with such dialectical neatness and Ingcnlousnces as Curran was by the famous maker of "bulls , " Sir Boyle Roche , In tSo Irish house of commons. "The honorable gentleman says he Is the guardian of his own honor , " said Roche In reply to a speed of Curran ; "but on the other occasions : hnve heard him boast that ho wns an enemy of sinecures , " Curran was defeated In a conversatlona contest with Lady Morgan , the Irish novel ist , one evening In that lady's drawing- room , when , exaggerating the prevailing fashion In short sleeves , she wore morel : straps over her shoulders. Curran was walking away from the little party who witnessed the conflict of the two wits , when Lady Morgan called out , "Ah , come back Mr. Curran , and acknowledge that you are fairly beaten. " "At any rate , " said he turning round , "I have this consolation , Lady Morgan , that you can't laugh at me In your sleeve. " Daniel O'Connell's sarcastic and graphic description of a lady of stiff , cold and formal manners is very happy. "She has all the characteristics of a poker except Its occa sional warmth. " This recalls the atory of the two Irish servants who , discussing the stiff nnd un bending mnnncrs of the young lady of the family , agreed that "When she was a baby her mother must have fed her upon boiled pokers , underdone ! " Another happy and humorous example ol sarcasm ns npart from repartee Is af forded by the following anecdote. I quote It on the authority of a friend , who , I nm nfrald , was the vllllan of the Incident. A most Imperturbable man was followed from Westmoreland street , Dublin , over the O'Connell bridge to the general postofflcc by two little street arabs who Importuned him for the end of his cigar. "Throw us the butt , sir ! Ah , sir , throw us the butt , " cried the youths ; but as the man did not betray the slightest consciousness of tUolr existence they gave him up at last In de spair and disgust. "Arrah , lot him alone , " said one , with the most scorching scorn , "shure , It's a butt he's picked up himself. " I once heard a bumptious little man , who , acting as steward at athletic sports In Dub lin , was very assertive In keeping back the crowd , thus addressed by an angry spectator tater ; "If the consate was taken out ol yez , yo'd be no bigger than a green goose berry , and ye're 03 eour as wan already ! " & Another Spanish Victory I I I He's captured Battle Ax. You may be disappointed in war , in politics , erin in business , but you will never be disappointed in < j ) It is the one chewing tobacco in the world that 0 is always the same good chew and the largest © piece at the lowest price. Try it to-day. O ® when you buy again. OK OMAHA. BOILER AND SHEET IRON WORKS fti ilnAM J n WIlNoii .t Druku. | Manufacture boilers , nmoko Blacks nnd . fcreechltiBS , pressure , rendering , sheep dip , lard and woter tanks , boiler tubes con stantly on hand , necoml hand boilers houpht nnd sold Hnorlnl ami iiromiit to repairs In city or country19th and Pierce. BOOtS-SHOES-RUBBERS , merican Hand Sewed Shoe Co M'frs 1 Jobbers of Foot Wear WESTERN AOINTS TOn The Joseph Banigau Rubber Oo. Rubbers and Mackintoshes. Cor. Klpvriitli A. Knniiitn S < s. , Omulin. P. Kirkendail & Co Boots , Shoes and Rubbers Baltiroomi UOMlOi-HM Harntr ( JtrMt. CA.RIAE3 , Estab lished , 1858. Sluu . ( , . . . . . uu.euL No Horse Motion. Get a Simpson Buggy with the Atkinson Spring best and casieut rider In the world. 1-1(10-11 Uoilcc Street. CHICOHY he American T Qroireri nnd manufacturer ! of all fen mi at Chicory Omaha-Fremont-O'Nell , DRUGS. R ! ichardson Drug Co. 902-906 Jackson St > t. O. RICHARDSON , Prest. a v. WELLER. v. r t. T Go. Sl'fr * ftandardmrnncnullcai / I'rauhra * Kont. H/ieelal t'or > nutan VrtpareA to Order AeMciofitnlayi9 \ , Laboratarr , I11I Howard it , Omaha. E. Bruce & Co. Druggists and Stationery "Queea Bee" Bprclaltlei. Clora , Yflnat und Orandle * . Otraat 1Mb and lUmer trt u. WEAK MEN CURED DRY GOODS. Importers and Jobber * ol Dry Goods , Furmsfung Good * ' AND NOTIONS. CREAMERY SUPPLIES The Sharpies Company Creamery Machinery and Supplies. potters. Engines , Feed Cookers , Wood Pul. leys. Shafting , Belting. Butter I'uck- bse of all Ulna * . KW-BOS Jones St. - ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES. U/estern Electrical vv Company Elctrical Supplies. Electric Wit-iner Bolls and Gus Lifrhtins O. W. JOHNSTON. Mgr. 1519 Howard 31. John T. Burke , CO.VTttAOTOK JOtt ELECTRIC LIGHT and PO WER PLANTS 121- South IntliSt. FRUIT-PRODUCE. States u Supply Co . . . itoS-iiro Harnev St. Bteam Pump * , Engines and Hollers. Pipit WlnJ Mills , Steam and Plumblnr Material , U'HIn * . Host. Etc. HARDWARE. Oedor & Wilhelmy Co Wholesale Hardware , Oinuba. I ee-CIark Andreesen Wholesale Hardware. .Bicycle * and tiportlnf Goods. 131QaV39 Hi nay vtrott. HARNESS-SADDLErtY. Go. * M'f'r * .i tt .i.v cot. r. Aito tfobbert of 1. father , ttailtltn'y Hardware , Kttt Wo kollclt your orrtcra 1315 Howard St. STEAM-WATEa SUPPLIES. rane C.wctiiII ! Co. 1014'IOIIS Douglas Street. Uanufacturtri ami jobber ! of Steam , Oil OB Water Supplies of All Kinds , SYPHILIS OR BA3 BLOOD. ruulioai curul tij Tcrlililit ' . Hyiiulll * Cum , cover fill * I yull treatment with | fu-tt I ton , tiO.W ) Single lioiui , R.W. HAHN'S PHARMACY. limit and ra