Newspaper Page Text
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE.
ESTABLISHED JUNE 19 , 1871. OMAHA. MOXDAY MORXENfc , KOVEMUEll 21 , 1898. SINGLE COP\r FIVE CENTS. f | CARE OF THE SICK 'Burgeon General Steinberg Beporta on the Work of flis Department. OUTLINE OF WORK DONE DURING THE WAR Shortage of Supplies and Trained Hospital Oorpa Early in the Game. 100 MANY BOYS ENLIST IN THE ARMY TJnable to Stand Eigors of Camp Life , They Succumb to Disease. DRUNKENNESS CAUSE OF MUCH SICKNESS Cnnum Generally Well I'roilded for i. After IloNlllltlcN Oneii Volunteer Onicer * ItcNnoiiNllilc lot Many Uufatoruhle Condition * . WASHINGTON , Nov. 20. Surgeon General George 11. Sternbirg has made bla report to tbo secretary oC war. It relates mainly to the work of Uic medical corps during the war. The following arc the moro Important features of tbo report : The number or medical officers 192 al- Jowcd by law to the army U Inadequate In tlmo of peace. The Insiifllclency In time of war wai met by the assignment of over 030 , contract etirgcons. The very small proportion v ; tion of medical oincers having experience of V , a , military character Impaired the cniclency of th ? department at the outset , but many of the stalf olllcers who were from civil life showed great aptitude for the service and Bpcedlly became of value as administrative anllary officers No provision was made for hospital coipa men for the volunteer troops except that which empowered the secretary of war to enlist a- < many privates of the hospital corps as the service may require. The number of men enlisted and transferred during the war ( Was approximately 6,000. The want of a sufficient body of trained hospital corps men necessitated the detail of enlisted men from the regiments for hos pltal duty In se\eral of the camps and the employment of trained nursei at the general hospital. Over 1,700 female nurses have been cmplojcd , at first at the general hospitals end later at the field division hospitals , ( When It became evident that the field servIce - Ice purpose for which the latter had been organized would have to give place" to the Imperative need of caring for the many sick men coming from the regimental camps. Immediately upon the declaration of war , ! Aprl' 21 , steps were taken to obtain mcdlca supplies for the new volunteer army. The manufacture was expedited with the utmost dispatch. On May 3 , foreseeing that 1 would bo Impossible to have ready for Issue to tbe volunteer regiments as soon as they were mustered In the necessary articles o field equipment , I telegraphed tbe governor 4 jof the several stales for authority to use the -'t Snedlcal equipment of the Nallon Lduar > in the service of the state until our army tncdlc.il supplies were ready for Issue. Mos of the governors wbo had field equipment re sponded promptly and satisfactorily , but unfortunately , many of the state medlei departments had no sucb equipment. Mean while tbe officers In charge of the mcdlca supply depoU were directed to make ar rangements so that supplies could be Immc dlalcly obtained for 100,000 men for six months. Whenever notice was received from th ndjutanl general's office lhat commands were to be moved or camps formed I endeavorei to anticipate the wants of the troops by telegraphing to the officer In charge of tin nearest supply depot to forward supplies fo the stated number of men. Too Many IIojii Cnllntcd. in my opinion the reduction of tbo age limit from 21 to 18 years and the haste with iwhlcb the volunteer regiments were organ ized and mustered Into the service were rc- eponslblo for much of the sickness which was reported In the carry days of their camp life. All military experience shows that young men under 21 years break down read ily under tbe strain of war service ; and < every regiment bad many of these youths In its ranks. Medical examiners were ap pointed to testify to tbo phjslcal qualifica tions of each man before acceptance , but , fiotnllhstandlng Ibis , so many men wore afterwards found on the sick lists of the Camps unfit for service , from causes existing prior to enlistment , that special arrange- jnenli had lo bo made for their discharge. Soon after tbo newly raised levies ueie Bggregaled In Targe camps sIcUiuvs began lo increase progressively from cjustn that were no gcnetal In their operation that scarcely a regiment escaped from their harmful Influ ence. These causes may largely bo referred to Ignorance on the part of officers of the principles of camp sanitation and of their duties and responsibilities as regards tbo ( Welfare of the enlisted men In their com mands. The sites of certain of tbo vamps have been stated in the newspapers as Ihe cause of Die slcKnets which was developed In them , but a review of the whole situation shows that It was not the site but the man ner of Its occupation which must be held re sponsible for the general spread of disease among the troops. April 27. 1S9S , foresee ing the likelihood of Insanitary conditions In the camps , I Issued circular No. 1 , Im pressing upon medical officers their respon sibility in sanitary matters and the neces sity for a strict sanitary police , particularly in the cure of the sink and In the preserva tion of the camp area from contamination. But the density of the military population on the area of these con'tracted camps prevented - vented the possibility of good sanitary con dition. Camps of tbla character may be oc cupied for a week or two at a time without serious results , as In the case of national guardsmen out for ten days' field practice during the summer , but their continued oc cupation will Inevitably result In the breakIng - Ing down of the command by diarrhoea , IJjsentery and typhoid fever. Practically nothing was done to make the tnen comfortable or to remedy the Insanitary conditions until these won brought to the attention of tbe secretary of war by Inspec tors cent out from the War department. Then the camps held for sa bng were abtn- Uoned but not before the manifestations of typhoid Infect'/ ) } were rlf In them. New . sites were carei'iilly selected , regimental camps wore exnanded , company tentngt * In creased and boa.-i flooring provided , Then j" ( or the first time , the troop.i went Into camps suitable for continued occupation. -t nrunkeuiicmi Prevalent. One prominent muse of tbo Increase of Ickness In the early camps had been com mented upon by onlv n d-w of our medical officers. These clie the prevalence of dri nlc- cnness and of vnnenul disease due to the facilities and temptations afforded by the proximity of cltlta In tbe larger camps. T.rv bold th t If th * lyiteuia of the men had P"J P9U weakened py dlslnatlon ibcy would not have succurrbcd so readily to th.1 other Influence which affected them , U was Uphold fever which broke Oawn the strength of the commands gencrall ) , the oulbreak becoming distinctly manliest In July , Sporadic cases appeared In most of the regiments In March and June , tliene cascn having been brought In many Instances from the stale camps. In liitt , some regiments , M the Fifteenth Mlnt.i ? oi.i , sufterel more from this disease at 'he'r ' stale rendezvous than any of the reglnwnH In the large fcdt ral camps. It appears from n general levlew of the sanitary reports already fllid that the prevalence of thu disease was prop r- lloned lo Iho Insanitary camp conditions which I have reftnrcd to The probability of Its communication to soldiers In camp through the agcnc/ > ' Illeo was pointed out as a reason for Inaibtlng on n sanitary po lice of the strictest character. II Is well known lo the medical profession that this fever Is proptunu-J l.y a contam inated waler snppl/ and It Is now recognize , ! Ibat Iho greal prnnlouce of this dlstLse In an aggravated form In tbe camps of the civil war was duo lo the use of service and shallow well wittrs and typhoid efUcted by excrela. To pievcnt transmission by the water supply I rtcommonled the use of boiled and filtered -vat.sr whn a pure tprlng could not be obta r.pd and 10 enable an ef ficient filtration of sugpccteu waters to be made , field filters of approved construction were Issued on my recommendation by tbe quartermaster'u depaiMiu nt. Cnrc for Sick and Wounded. The seriously lck were to be treated In division Held ho pllals ( unless Ihelr Iransfer to a general hospital was advisable ) under the care of the moat experienced physicians and able surgeons on duty with each division. Medical olficers left on duty with their regiments were to exercise sanitary supervision over the well men and to deter- mlno whether a soldier reporting himself sick should bo sent to hospital or remain as a trivial case under treatment In quarters. This consolidation of thu medical force by divisions , Implying as It did the breaking up of the regimental hospitals , met with a strong opposition from regimental medical officers , particularly from those who were not detailed for special service at the division hospitals. Long before the Fifth Army corps em barked for Cuba Its field hospitals were In condition for efficient service. .Subsequent events have rendered valueless these prep arations of the Medical department. When the command embarked an the tran'port vessels , the baggage wagons and mules were left behind. The ambulance trains of all the divisions , with a large part of the outfit of each of tbe hospitals , were also left behind. Three ambulance wagons were'taken apart and stoml on one of Ihe vessels. These did excellent service at San Juan and El Caney. Ten of the ambulances of the Third or re serve divisional hospital were subsequently shipped lo Cuba , where Ihey arrived July 2 , and were of value In moving Ihe sick and wounded lo Ihe hospital at Slboney , and to the hospital ships and transports. Of the property and supplies carried lo Cuba a por- llon was not available for service at tbe tlmo It was most needed , to wit , on July 1 , 2 and 3 , when the wounded from El Cancy and San Juan were coming from Ihe front for care and treatment. This was because , In general , no opportunity was afforded to land tbo medical property. Earnest efforts were made by medical officers to have sup- plttsat the front with Ihe troops. During and at the battles of El Caney and San Juan there was an Insufficiency of cots , tenla and bedding , duo lo the causes staled , but all the hospitals were well equipped for surgical work. Trooiii Break Down. After tbe capitulation of Santiago the troops at the front broke down rapidly under the fatigues they bad undergone and the malarial Inllucneco to which they were exposed , but by this time an anipre supply of tenls , furniture , bedding , clothing and medical stores had reached Slboney , lo- gelher with a corps of trained nurses nnd a force of surgeons , those sent to duty at the yellow fever hospital being Immune to the disease. Meanwhile , to icllcvu tbe pres Euro on the field hospitals , such convales cents and sick as could bear the journey home , were sent to tbo United States on transport vessels. This wns an emergency measure to relieve the hospitals at Slboney and permit of the transfer to them of the men wbo were Blck In regimental camps. The transfer of troops from Santiago to Montauk Point , Now York , was also an emergency measure and the great responsi bility of excluding jtllow fever Infection from every transport rested on Iho mcdlca officers who had charge of the embarka tion. Had they failed in this duty the ef fect would have been disastrous during the voyage to the men confined on board ship and'tbe risk of Importing the disease Into this country would have been greatly In- j creased. It Is necdlevrc to refer at this tlmo to the complaints of starvation which appeared al moat dally In the newspapers during the occupation of Camp WlKoff , for It Is now generally understood that the weakness prostration anaemia and emaciation of so many of the troops were the results of ma larlal , tvphold and yellow fever , from which the army suffeud as a consequence of Us cxposuro lo Ihe climatic Influence ant to the Infections of Santiago and Its neigh borhood pending nnd subsequent to Ihe sur render of Iho city. Tro | iM In the Home CnmuM. The method of hospital organization In Ihese camps was , pracllcally the same nnd there was much similarity In the condi tions affecting them and correspondingly In their history. Regiments reported In but few Instances with the material nnd supplies for their medical care , but they brought sick men with them and these required Im mediate care. ProvHou had to bo made for division hospital1. ) In view of future field service and for icglmental hospitals in view of the immediate necessity. Chief surgeons of corps and division * be gan the organization and equipment of their field division hospitals and ambulance com panies , but they is ire met at tbe outset by the apparent Inposstblltty of securing men for servlcu as cooks , nurses , Utter bearers , ambulance drivers , teams , etc. As a rule the hospitals were kept In cam paigning condition ; that Is , the tents wers neither flamed nor floored until the Increased prevalence of typhoid fever attracted at tention to their crowded condition , -when tbo object of their exlnstenee became suddenly changed from a school for field servlcu to a hospital for the treatment of a local out break of disease. Special diet kitchens , un der tbe management of capable individuals , were opened at most of tbo hospitals. Money for this purpose was sent to them by mo from funds contributed and placed at my disposal. Money was also sent dl- rectly by individuals nnd representatives of aid societies ; and the Red Cross commit tees supplied quantities of Ice and milk , chicken , eggs , lemons , etc. Pajamas , night shirts and other articles of hospital cloth- Ing were also provided by the Red Cros and other aid locletlei. Subsequently tb order authorizing the commutation of th sick soldier's ration at 60 cents renders these hospitals wholly Independent of outsld a'sU'ancc. About July 20 the troope for tbo invaslo ( Continued on Third JPPOSED TO IMPERIALISM rganizers of New Moveropnt Promulgate Principles at Boston. ALL IT THE ANTI-IMPERIALIST LEAGUE ItulriMr CanicKlo ComrltintcH 91,000 for tlic I'mof ' tin- tloii IMnii * of the 1'art ) . BOSTON , Nov. 20. The organizers of the novcmcnt against the movement for the nn- c < atlon of the Philippines met In this city , dcptcd a constitution , elected officers and ssued an address to the people of the United tales urging prompt co-operation In get- ng signatures to a protest against tbe an- cxatlon of the Philippines. Edward Atkinson presided. Before tbe lectlng ho received a telegram from Andrew 'arncgle ' that he had sent him a check for 1,000 for the use of the movement. Funds ave ahcady been subscribed liberally. The address says In part : Whatewr Islands we take must bo an- exed or held In vassalage to the rcpub- c. Either course Is dangerous to the phys- cal and moral safctv of the nation , Incon- stent with our professions nnd must result i foreign complications which will imperil nd delay the settlement of pressing llnnn- ial , labor and administration questions at oine. Itot n Wnr of Continent. Irrprcs"ed with the Importance of these lows and recalling the declaration of the tcsldcnt that the war with Spain could over degenerate Into n war of conquest , we nve deftrrcd action until It had heroine vldent that pressure was being brought pen the president to convince him that ic public opinion demands tlio Inclusion cf lien territory nnd great masses of alien eoplo Into the territory of the United tales. We stand by the president's dccla- allen nnd In order to give evidence to tbo P.osltion lo the foreign expansion pellcy > y a vast body of our people have , trgan- zcn an antl-tmperlallst league upon the fol- ov.lng general plan : rirst Tbe center of the movement to be t Washington , with a local secretary there or executive work. Second Committees of correspondence to ouduct the work In such manner as to > rlng together the united efforts of men f repute throughout the country , without egard to party , to deal vvltb Ihe subject In all Us aspects , as follows : "Tho moral Iniquity of converting a wnr or humanity Into a war of conquest. " Third Tbe physical degeneration , the cor ruption of the blood and all the evils of militarism which will ensue If the troops ire to be kept in the Philippines and else- vhcro longer than absolutely necessary tenable nable government to be established which vlll protect life nnd property. What Annexation Kutnlli. Fourth The political evils nnd the neces sity of reserving the union upon the prin ciples of Its framers. Fifth The clear necessity of Increase ol appropriations for the support of armies and navies , with a great probability that voluntary enlistment will have to be supple mented by drafts. Committees of correspondence have begun work under tbe name of the Antl-Imperlal- st league , tbe first measure being to or- ; anlzi. the moral forces of the country for he purpose of presenting the following pro test .to the president and to tbe congress of the United States : To the President and Congress of the United States : The undersigned , citizens 01 In the state of protest against any extension of the sovereignty of the United States over the Philippine Is lands In any event or any foreign territory without the free consent of the people thereof , believing such action would be dan gerous to the republic , wasteful of its re sources , in violation of constitutional prin ciples and fraught with moral and physlca evllt : to our people. Every citizen believing In the above Is urged to copy It , obtain as many signatures as possible and send forward the signed pro tcs : to the secretary of the Antl-Imperlalls league , Washington , where the names wll bo enrolled , without liability to assessmen as members of tbe league , and the pro test presented to tbo president and con < giess. ATTORNEY GENERAL'S REPORT IntercNtliiK Stntlntli H HrlntliiK to the One ratio 11 of the .National IlniiUruiitey Law. WASHINGTON , Nov. 20. The forthcoming annual report of the attorney general em bracea a review of Lho operation of th * national bankruptcy law of July 1 , 1808 which has been prepared by B. E. Branden burg , in charge of bankruptcy matters In the department of Justice. Mr. Branden burg , who Is preparing a book on bank ruptcy , briefly reviews similar past legUla tlon and details the operation of the feat ure of thu law permitting persons to be come voluntary bankrupts , which took ef feet August 1 , 1SD8. From this report It appears that the op pllcants for relief have been found In overj walk of life , irrespective of class or local Ity , and how that tbe large class of men who have been unfortunate In their bus ! ness enterprises have availed themselves o the relief offered. Notwithstanding the law has been In force over three months , th courts In eight districts declined to pro ceed with the reference and adjudication o the petitions for the reason that the suprcmi court has not promulgated the rules , form : and orders required by the act. In all othe casea the courta have proceeded and adjudl cated petitioners bankrupt or have referrei the cases to the icfcrees for action. SInci the law took effect 1,700 petitions in volun tary bankruptcy have' been filed. Singularly , the districts of Delaware , east ern Pennsvlvanla , southern Georgia , Ne vada. New Mexico , western Virginia am Wjomlng show that no persons therein hav applied to be- adjudged bankrupt. The following shows the numbers of case filed In each state : Alabama , 1S1 ; Arizona 10 ; Kansas , 23 ; California , 86 ; Colorado , 20 Connecticut , 9 ; Delaware , none ; District o Columbia , 1 ; Florida , 20 ; Georgia , northern district , 10 ; Idaho , 3 ; southern Illinois , SS Indian Territory , 7 ; Indiana , 24 ; Iowa , 41 Kansas , 65 ; Kentucky , 74 ; Louisiana , 7 Maine , 79 ; Maryland , 32 ; Massachusetts , 4 Michigan , 17 ; Minnesota , 141 ; Mississippi , 7 Missouri , 64 ; Montana , 11 ; Nebraska , 23 Nevada , none ; Now Hampshire , 2 ; New Jer sey , 13 ; New Mexico , none ; New York , 267 North Carolina , 12 ; North Dakota , 1 ; Oblo 76 ; Oklahoma , 2 ; Oregon , 0 ; western Penn sylvanla , 31 ; Ilhode Island , 14 ; South Care Una , 2 ; South Dakota , 9 ; Tennessee , C9 Texas , 132 ; Utah , 9 ; Vermont , 11 ; Virginia eastern district , 1 ; West Virginia , 13 ; Wla cousin , 36. Yellow I'etrr Inentluntlon. . WASHINGTON , Nov. 20. Dr. A. II. Doty health officer of the port of New York , or rived hero tonight , as a member of a com mltteo of tbe American Public Health asso elation , to confer wllh the president with reference to tbe plans for continuing the In vestlgallon Into the cause of yellow fever In Cuba. Concerning the death of Archie S Miller at the Hotel Johnson on Friday , Dr Doty said U was not possible that tbe man died of yellow fever. The ship on whlc Miller arrived in New Yoik was thorough ! examined upon ber arrival at quarantine , Dr Doty sa } s , and no evidence of yellow fere or ilcknesa of any kind was discovered. 1a < Illlcr been exposed to the disease the sick- ess would have developed * long before his rrlval in New York. > , OWA TOWN IS BURNING UP lldnlKht Fire \VI | rn bat nrly the Whole Himlnenn Portion of I'erry.j CHICAGO , Nov. 20. X ipeclal to th ? 'rlbune ' from Perry , la. , ays : At midnight the buslne& portion of the Ity of Perry U burning a J'-the fire IB be- und control. A strong northwest wind Is weeping the fire down bith sides of Scc- nd street. Several largo .brick blocks arc Inady gone and the fln > department Is clplcss to stay * the progrftss. The Des Molnes Arc department Is com- ng on the Rock Island and hose from sur- oundlng towns will be brought In. The fire started In Mitchell's large livery 3arn and was soon communicated to the rand Leader department stores across the treet. It then swept dowil the main street nd over the residence dUtrlcl In the ceu- er of the town. The Methodist church and he Citizens' bank are among the doomed ulldlngs. The loss at' prcseut Is about 5,000. } ' PlnniPN In the OmirK Moniitnln * . ST. LOUIS , Nov. 20. A special to the Ko- ubllc from Macomb , Mo.Ssoys : The largest and most destructive coufla- rallon that has ever swepXthe Ozark rooun- atns since 18S4 Is now circumscribing this own for mllcH and mllefl-north of and par- llel with the Memphis ralutjad. The autumn cavy foliage has rapldly'Jfalren since frost nd Is supposed to haveStbeon fired from parks of freight engine'this afternoon , a cope of country thlrtecnfdillcs long Is In ames ; miles of fences , jtfchards , pUnta- lens , farms and dry pasture fields , sto-ckcd ath cattle and other animals , and many Id settlers' homes lie directly In the line f the ravaging monster , * hlle other nelgh- orhoods are advancing to Xho scone , bnt find hemselves vvholry unablcU to check the amcs. Their only remedy Is to hurriedly urn out stock ahead of thoflames , and de- crt premises. The altltui i being 1.760 feet bove the sea and a terrlbl. } gouthwcstwordly wind prevailing , great destruction is Im minent. The town of Mactonb will probably e deslroyed. * * * nnrn nn 1 Home * fjUontroj eil. BEATRICE , Neb. , Nov.fSK ( Special Tel egram. ) A small barn , ft * borses , harness nd feed , belonging to 0. SJStephenson , wcrn destroyed by fire this foienoon. It Is not known how the fire statf a. Loss about il.OOO , with no Ineurancejj 'ilr. SUvheneon and family were vIsltlng lBjWymore nt the time. While going to tl flre the horse which was ridden by Kef J. L. Scblck fell and pinned Schlek UMef ulm- breaking several small bones in hl f pt. The mcm- jer swelled rapidly and. ei attending sur geon says it will bo aAWy or two before ; he extent of the Injur can be ascer- .alned. ij * . MISFORTUNES $ MEXICO American U Set UMJ y HI I wny- niem and FlnnllyvX l B Up ln PW | TERRB HAUTE , Indl-.Nor. 20. Morton udson of this clty\h , jujt arrived from Mexico , -where he has blten in prison forever over half a year. Last February Hudson and a friend named Powell went on a pros pecting tour near Toluca. Mox. They were returning from the towr. of Vereguera , where they had been to purchase supplies for their camp , when tboy were set upon by Mexican blghwaymen. One of the Mex leans clapped a pistol 'to'Powell's bead , but tbe American grasped his assailant and the two fell from tbelr horses. The second end Mexican , wbo waa armed with a naked machete , was In the act of plunging It Into Powell's neck when Hudson brought him to the ground with n well-directed shot The first Mexican was rapidly overpowering Powell when the latter called for help Hudson went to his assistance , when tbt highwayman aimed bis i Istol at the ad vancing man. ( Hudson was too quick , how ever , and ahot the man through the breast The two Americans then concealed them selves In the mountains until they finally decided to surrender to the Mexican author ities. Hudson was thrown Into Jail at Senan- clngo , but finally got a letter to his brother in this clly and the authorities in Wash ington secured his trial and release. Ex- Secretary of the Navy W. R. Thompson , W R. McKeen , Senator Fairbanks and Con gressman Farrls were Instrumenlal in se curing proper treatment for Hudson. Hud son Is thin and pale from bis confinement but Is olherwlse In good health. SHOT BY A BEER BOTTLER Sunday Tragedy Dlnturria the Qnlct of the CltV of llrotli- erlr I.o\c. PHILADELPHIA , Nov. 20. May Boeckb aged ! 23 years , was shot and almost In stantly killed today and sjveral hours later Vincent Tortorelll , an ItMIsn beer botller , aged 0 years , was arrested on suspicion cl having committed tbo murder. Tortorelll Is married and has a family and the de.id woman Is said to have been bis mistress. According to a woman locked up as a wit ness , Tortorclli called on the girl In her room. The two were singing and soon after ward Tortorelll came- downstairs , saying " 'There Is trouble upstairs : " He left the house and the girl was found unconscious with a bullet wound In tlie head. She diet on the way to the hospital. The man was arrested at the homo of a friend. He said the girl had taken tbe revolver from a table where he .had laid it and shot herself. He will bo given a bearing tomorrow morning HEAVY STORMJN COLORADO Snow FnllH All Over the Htutc nnd the Mercury Take * a Sudden Drop. DENVER , Nov. 20. A now storm coverIng - Ing practically Ihe whole state has raged snco 10 o'clock today , accompanied by a heavy fall of temperature. Shortly before noon the mercury stood at 66 degrees above and at G o'clock It bad fallen to 12 de grees and was still going down. The snow fall Is not sufficient to Interfere wltb rail road traffic. Candidate for Speaker. HURON , S. D. , Nov. 20. ( Special. ) It 1 probable that Beadle county will have a can didate for speaker of tbe lower bouse of the state legislature In the person of Hon. A. W Wllmarth of this city , one of the newly elected republican representallvfs. Mr. Wll marth Is an attorney of acknowledged ability and has the qualifications necessary to th makeup of a good executive officer. MiniKled by H Train. CHEYENNE , Nov. 20. ( Special Tele gram. ) Elmer Louck , aged 17 , of this plac fell from a Union Pacific freight train on v blcb bo was stealing a ride last night , re celvlng fatal injuries. Louck lay out elgb hours on the track before bo was found Ills right leg was crushed ao that ampuia tlon ait tbo hip was necessary. He is stl ! alhe , but cannot recover. 'EACE ' COMMISSION GOSSIP Ivrerything is in Readiness for Meeting of the Joint Commission Today. MERICANS WILL NAME AN ULTIMATUM linln Will IllKRle UN 1'minl , lint Will Flnnlly Meld liy AKrccliiK to lie I'n ' the Copyright , 1S9S , by 1'rsss Publishing Co. ) I'AHIS , Nov. 20. ( New York World Ca- legram Speclaf Telegram. ) Everj thing Is eady for the meeting of the joint com- ilttslon tomorrow. It Is rumored bero to- Ight that Spain Is trvlng to raise n loan f $100,000,000 francs In France , giving as ecurlly the Spanish Northern Hallway ays- i-m. im.Gaulols Gaulols today predicts that on Monday the panlards will file a refusal to admit that ovorelgnty Is discussable under article III. hen the Americans will demand the uur- ender of the archipelago. Then the Span- ards wll ? yield to force but make protest nd go on to dtaouss the pecuniary com- cnsatlon. ( Copyright , ISO' , by Associated 1'rcis. ) PARIS , Nov. 20. The Spanish peace com- ilssloners have been notified that the United states coijimlssloneis will bo ready to treat rlth them In Joint hosslon tomorrow after- oon. Unless the Spaniards have an ade- uate reason for further delay the two com missions will join In the most Important meeting thus ) far held. The American commissioners , In a written omnuinlcatlon , will declare that the third rttcle , regarding the Philippines , Is sus- optlble of only one fair construction , that 10 arbitration Is necessary to elucidate Its erms and that the United States cannot ad mit any other power to figure hero purcl > as a lexicologist. They will maintain that the wo commissions are charged to determine whether Spain or the United States shall n the future own the Philippines. This will 10 Accompanied by the cfear declaration that ho United States will possess the Philip pines. Following this declaration , the American commissioners will lay before the Spaniards two alternatives. First To accept a sum of money from the Jnlted States and to cede and evacuate the 'hlllpplncs. ' Second To lose the Philippines to the Jnlted States by conquest , with the pol l- ) lllty of other territorial losses to Indemnify ho United States for the added expense of conquest. Practically nil Ultimatum. This communication may not be formally designated as an ultimatum , but It will lack naught of the concluslveness Indicated by word. It will also be plain that the Spanish commissioners will scarcely haggle 'or ' money on the first alternative nor cherish any doubt of American action under the second should the first be declined. No one here except the American commis sioners know how much will bo tendered Spain as the cheapest and moat humane wav of settling the difficulty. Spain Is exceedingly anxious to escape the Philippine debt and possibly the sum to be offered may be dc- : erralned by ImTanalySlu Vttoat debti""Wlpn consists of $40,000,000 In bonds , on which It realized $36,000,000. Of the latter Amount It Is believed to have expended some $10,000,000 or $11,000,000 In fighting tbe United States and a part In Attempting to quell the Philippine Insurrection. A reason able guess at the sum for tender would be $20,000,000. although It may fall below that. The Cuban question may come up again tomorrow. The American commission had thought discussion on that point finished , but tbo Spanish commissioners are reported to have declared last week that mortgages Imposed by Spain on tbe Cuban , as well as on the Philippine revenues , must not bo Im paired or questioned. This would compel the American commissioners soon and probably tomorrow to demand whether Spain means to repudiate the plain compact of the pro tocol to relinquish sovereignty over and title to Cuba. Three weeks ago the Spanish commission ers accepted the Cuban article In the pro tocol without conditions , save Its embody- ment In the treaty should depend on any .agreement had on all the articles of the protocol. Recently , however , Spain's repre sentatives have Enid that the Cuban matter had only been temporarily passed and was Rtlll In abeyance. MADRID , Nov. 20. In political clrcres It Is asserted that an agreement has been reached between the peace commissioners In Paris. The government , It Is seml-offlclally an nounced , Intends to notify the Cuban bond holders that Spain will not pay the Cubnn debt , which will not be mentioned In the peace treaty. The government considers It self completely freed from those entangle ments , which fan on the nation exercising sovereignty and collecting taxes In Cuba. London l'rc Comment. LONDON. Nov. 21. The Madrid corre spondent of the Dally Mall eajs : "It Is asserted that the government would reject an offer of $40,000,000 for the Philip pines as ridiculous. " The Madrid correspondent of the Standard says : "Spain will decline Indemnity for the Philippines If the sum offered appears inad equate In tbo eyes of the nation. " The Vienna correspondent of the Dally Telegraph eajs : "following the advice o Austria and Germany , ' Spain will accep America's offer of compensation for the Phil ippines. " The Dally Chronicle , . In on editorial on the Hlspano-American situation this mornIng - Ing , expresses pome "apprehension that we may have been mistaken with regard to the Anglo-American entente , " points to "the cs tabrlslmicnt of a mediaeval navigation law In Porto Rico" and asks : "Is a still graver disappointment coming In the closing of the doors to our commerce In the Philippines ? ' " NEW QUADRUPLE ALLIANCE Humor Which IN Juwt Now Acltutlnu : Several of the Great 1'cmcr * of Unropo. ( Copyright , 1S93. by Press Publishing Co. LONDON , Nov. 20 , ( New York World Ca blcgrara Special Telegram. ) The Dally Mall's Vienna dispatch says : The poasl blllty of the formation of a new quadrupl nllance by the union of England with the three pov.crs which form the triple alllanci Is being eagerly discussed here. Two jour nals In touch with the Austro-IIungarlan foreign office refer In terms of approval to this contingency. It , however , Is clearly recognized1 that the German emperor Is mas tcr of tbe situation , Wan IN 1111 Oiiii Door , SHANGHAI , Nov. 20. Rear Admiral I/ord Charles Deresford , member of Parliament for York , who Is visiting China In the Inter ests of the nrltlsh Associated Chamber * of Commerce , In tbe course of a speech here last evening dwelt upon "the grave dangers threatening nrltlsh commerce so long as the dominant military position of Russia and tbe j effete condition of China are allowed to con- CONDITION OF THE WEATHER Forecast for Nebraska ' Snow riurrlex ; Very Cold Wave. Ye tcrdnj-'i Temperature nl Ouiiilms Hour , HCK. Hour. Hen ri n. in 1,1 1 it. in (17 U n. in IS 2 ii. m OS 7 n , in. . . . . . no n li. in. . . . . . . UN 8 n. in fitI p , tit ni o n. 111 r.i ! n p. in -IN 1(1 ( n. 111 r.1 ( I p. m HI It n. 111 ( U 7 n. 111 Utl la ill 07 8 | i. i UII , , O 11. Ill UI The cold wave warning sent out last night sajs : "The cold wave promises to bo unusually severe for this season of the car. " nup. " Ho Insisted upon the necessity of a firm policy , " 'which should Include the or- ; anlzatlon of a thoroughly equipped Chlncno rmy and a commercial alliance with the ulted States , Germany and Japan , In order i preserve China's Integrity and maintain io "open door. " PAIN QUITTING THE ISLAND nUliiK StreiiuoiiH IjXertloim to IJv ac- unte Culm Itefore the Flrnt of IScxt Year. HAVANA , Nov. 20. Captain General Illanco received from Paris today a cable uthorlzlng him lo draw on Paris for $2,000- ' 00 , lo bo applied In Ibo payment of Ilia punish troops In Cuba. This amount Is In ddltlon to the proceeds of the draft for 125,000 sterling by the Madrid govern- ncnt In London , which was sold hero last iv cek. The Spanish authorities are making stren- ous efforts lo complete the evacuation by he end of the year. The transports Monte- Idco and Covadonga arc expected on No- ember 21 , the Rclna Cristlna on the 25th nd the Grand Antllla , Juan Forgas and ian Ignaclo Loyola between November 30 , nd December 4. These will be followed ly the Puerto Rico , Gallart , Montserrat , Jolon , Cuerlbon , Notre Dame du Salut , Clu- ! ad dc Cadiz , San Augustlna , Chateau la 'lite , San Francisco , Alfonso XIII , Los \ndcs , Pancll nnd Grand Alicante. Ten ther steamers have recently been chartered o sail from Genoa , Marseilles and Barce- ona to complete the evacuation. Martinique has been selected as the place f rendezvous of tbo Spanish navy for evac- uallon purposes. The Spanish auxiliary rulscrs Palrlola nnd Mcleoro , purchased In Germany , before Iho oulbreak of hostilities , ro expected bero December 15 and will coney - oy the Spanish transports from Cuban mrts lo Martinique , where the Rapldo , . 'once do Leon and Concha , from Porto Rico , have already assembled nnd from whlcb olut all will sail for Spain. MORE LIBERTYJFOR DREYFUS Mollification In 1'rUon Treatment of the Unfortunate Olllcer In Ordered. PARIS , Nov. 20. The government , nccord- ng to Temps , has ordered a modification of he prlfoon treatment of Former Captain Al bert Dreyfus. Droifus IB to be allowed to promenade and exercise six hours a day over an Rninoreil' FountlerliiK of a Ship. LONDON , Nov. 20. A report entirely un confirmed has been In circulation today that the steamship Vllle de Coblenz of the North German Lloyd line has foundered at sea , with all on board. Lloyd's agent has re ceived no news on the subject and the owners - ers of the steamer believe U safe. Accord- ng to Lloyd's weekly shipping Index of November 11 the Coblenz of the North Ger man Lloyd line left Bremen on November 7 for Brazilian ports. Aiiiilrerniir > of MnttchcHtcr Murtyr.i DUBLIN , Nov. 20. Tbe anniversary of < ho death of the "Manchester martyrs" was colebratud today. A procession beaded by the stars and stripes and the French trl color went to Glnsnovln cemetery and placed wrealhs upon Ihe graves wllh Ihe usual ceremonies of decoration. The day was similarly observed In Cork. Se\erc UxiiloHloti In Pnrlx. PARIS , Nov. 20. A tonlfic explosion oc curred this afteinoon In the Cnfo de Cham- peaux , under the offices of the Havas agency. A woman was killed outright and eight other persons were seriously Injured. It Is thought the explosion was due to Ignited gas , but there are rumors of an anarchist plot. Condition of Hank of Spain. MADRID , Nov. 20. The Bank of Spain re port for tbo week ending yesterday shows the following : Silver on hand , Increase , 10 , 524,000 pezetas ; notes In circulation , de crease , 9,108,000 pczctas. Thote vvcro no changes In tbe gold deposit. Another Antarctic ntirilltlon. LONDON , Nov. 20. The Royal Geograph ical society boa Issued a formal appeal for funds to fit out an Antarctic expedlllon Alfred Harmswortb , proprietor of tbe Dally Mall and tbo Evening News , has offered JJfi.OOO. Victim * of Uxiilonloii. BUDA PEST , Nov. 20. A dispatch to the Pester Llojd from NIKollcf , Russia , nt the confluence of the Ingul and the Bug , sajs twcuty-ono persons bavo been killed thcro by an explosion In a rocket factory. bctcrc MorniM In Prance. PARIS , Nov. 20. Dispatches from Perplg nan , on the right bank of Uie river Tel re-port that the region has b'ccn visited by severe storms. Many villages have been flooded and traffic Is Interrupted. nrltlxh llnrk on PI re. LONDON , Nov. 20. A dispatch from Iqullque sajfl the British bark Ingleslde , Captain May , which arrived here Novem ber 2 from Montevedlo , Is on fire. Killed lt > - n Train. NEW YORK. Nov. 20. G. W. Rogers o f Camden , employed as a conductor on th Amboy division of Ihe Pennsjlvanla rail road , nnd II. G. Rube , baggagcmaster of Rogers' train , were killed at Hahway , N. J. , tonight. They bad completed their run for the day and were walking to the depot to take a train for home when run down by Iho Chicago limited , eastbound. Their bodies were cut up nnd scattered along tbe track for some distance. Arrelcd nt the 1'rUon'n Door. SAN FRANCISCO. Nov. 20. Allen L. Al- ford , aged 21 jturs , was at rested at the gates of San Quentin prison today Just as ho had gained his liberty , after having served a two j cars' term of imprisonment for a forgery done In Los Angeles. It Is alleged that Alford passed two bogus drafts on the First National bank of this city. Tha drafts were for $200 each nnd were drawn on W. H. Allen of Philadelphia. MoicmcnlM of Occun Vcnncl , Nor. SO , At Qucenstown Salle.d Etrurla. from Liverpool , for New York , detained by fog In channel. At Havre Arrived La Gascogne , from Now York. At Lizard Passed Munchon. from Balti more , for Bremen ; Noordland , from Ant werp , for New York ; Oldenburg , from New York , for Bremen. AFTER ALLEN'S SEAT Long List of Republicans Who Arc Willing to Wear the Toga. GOOD CROP OF SENATORIAL CANDIDATES Result of the Recent Political Revolution in Nebraska. OUTLOOK GOOD FOR A LIVELY SCRAMBLE Plenty of Fun in Sight iu the Next Stata Legislature , HAYWARD WILL HAVE STRONG FOLLOWING llulner In In Mu * nnil LanciiNtcr County In Groom. 1 K n Lot of Uiitrlo for the UxcltliiK Knee. LINCOLN , Nov. 20 ( Special. ) The near approach of the time for the convening of tbo legislature Is already creating a stir not only In the neighborhood of the state house but thioughout the capital city. The election of republican majorities In e.ich house offerj the inon nlgnlficant feature of the coming session when contrasted with the two-thirds majorities nh-ldcd by the fuslonlHts two years ngo. While there Is considerable speculation and no little active canvassing for tbo noMtloiis of speaker of the bouso nnd president of the senate , the all-absorbing lutciost cen ters In the contest over the United States senator , In which the othur contests will form but side lights. While every one who discusses politics ( t talking about the sen- atorshlp light few of them venture Into the Held of political prophecy. It is only two weeks since tbe election made It certain that the next senatoi from Nebraska would bo < i republican , but al ready nearly a fcoro of names are bclnff mentioned In connection with that honor , and the lists arc by no means closed. Every one concedes that Judge M. L Hay. \\aid , who mailo the courageous but un successful race for governor , will rank among the strong candidates. Judge Hay- ' ward's friends are active In bis support and assert that he Is the logical candidate of the part/ because of his sacrifices In Its behalf - half In the campaign just closed. His ca reer Is well known to the public , having been under discussion constantly since hls- nomlnatton. He has stumped tbo state anil acquired the friendship of n large number of the republican memUers-elect of the leg islature and looks for their assistance In return for the work ho has done for the ticket. Another candidate frequently discussed li ex-Congressman E. J. Halnor of Aurora , who represented the Fourti district In congress - gress until supplanted by Congressman Stark. two years ago. Mr. Halner , although de feated for tbe congressional nomination thli. year , went Into Ihe campaign wllh unremlt- tln . .vlgorHand Is - grooming himself-for- the senatorial 'race. Ho Is recognized to bo o shrewd politician as well as an adroit campaigner and Is expected to gather up * . considerable following by the time tbe lature tueeta. Illir Crop. The most Interesting crop of senatorial ai > plrants , however , is being raised right here in Lancaster county , where not less than seven ore more or re B actively in the field. Lancaster county has only eeven members. In Its legislative delegation , not more than ouo apiece for Its favored sons If they wore equally divided among them , but Just how they will stand when they come to vote no one can tell. Tbe seven candidates are D. E. Thompson , Allan W. Tlcld , Q. M. Lam- bortson , M. B. Ileeno , J. D. Strode , U. E. Moore and C. A' . Whedon. Of these the first three are by far the more aggressive at tb present time. D. D. Thompson has been Identified with republican porttlcs in Lancaster county for many years. Ho worked himself up to bla present position of comparative aflluonce by hard labor by the railway route , having been. division superintendent of tbe Burlington. road. Ho still has an Interest in the eating- house in the Burlington station here , but devotes hla time chiefly to bla largo In surance business and the local electric light ing and gas companies which ho practlcalfy manages. As a pronounced partisan ho has both friends and foea among the republicans In the community. Of the Lancaster county candidates Mr. Lambertson has more of a national icputa- tlon than the others. He was assistant nee- rotary of the treasury under tbe Harrison ad ministration and before that nerved as United States district attorney for several ycarit. He has been a resident of Lincoln eluco 1874 , when be came here from Indiana Just after graduating In law In Chicago , and has long ranked as Lincoln's foremost lawjer. Allan W. Field has the advantage of a largo personal acquaintance throughout the First congressional district from which ho oxpectn to derive bis support for the ecnator- shlp. As Judge of the district bench and as candidate for congress against Bryan he has had an opportunity to put the party under obligations to him. II. E. Moore , former lieutenant governor , Is also being pushed by his friends as a de serving man for the place. They say he has never betm wanting- when called upon to hefp tbo party , either with his means or with his personal service ) * , and that ho would represent the state with credit If Invested with the senatorial toga. The claims of Judge Hcoso also rest upon party service , both during his career on the supreme bench and elnco his retirement. Judge Rceso lias been acting as dean of tbo University Law echool for tnmo time past and has made many friends through that Institution. The mention of ex-Congressman Strode la connection wltb the scnatorsblp is largely by way of compliment , as It was supposed he had retired from politics when bo an nounced bis determination not to bo a can didate for re-election. Mr. Whedon U prob ably moro In earnest , having acquired with his standing at the bar a recognised place among local republican leaders. Other Candidate * . A candidate who will probably have some votes In the legislature and Is almost a Lao- caster man is V. 1. Fosi , who lives at Crete In Saline county. 'Mr. Foss It a well known attorney , who has taken a prominent par ! In republican politics In his section of tbe state and Is confidently expected to hare the support of tbo members from bla county and perhaps several others. Of the candidates in addition to Judja Hayward who made unsuccessful rtcea on the republican tlcl.ct In tbo campaign Just rl'.sfil several are urged by their frtondi M having earned a rl ht to aspire to be United ° tatiM sen.Vor. G'orge A. Murphy of dago ur , , 'u ' r.i fir lieutenant govcrnorj i : II i a . f Jcfursou county , candi *