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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE.
ESTABLISHED JU2E 19 , 1871. OMAHA , SATURDAY MOBNING , DECEMBER 24 , 1808 TWELVE PAGES. SIXGLE COPY FIVE CENTS. Undo Sam Assortr Sovereignty Over Another Little Parcel of Realty , IT'S 'WAY ' OUT IN THE MIDDLE OF PACIFIC To Bo Utilized us Station for Cable to Connect Philippines , LIES BETWEEN GUAM AND THE HAWAIIS t Bennington is Commissioned to Hoist the American Plag , SAILS FROM HONOLULU STATION AT ONCE Considered Imperatively Neee * nry to Ilnvc Locution for n Station In Locality Inland Our * hy Former I'OMHCMHOII > WASHINGTON , Dec. 23. The govern ment has determined to hoist the flag over nn Island far out In the Pacific ocean and orders were sent out late this afternoon to "the " commander of the Uennlngton ( Captain Tausslg ) , to proceed at once to take pos session In the name of the United States Government of Wako Island , latitude I'J , north , longitude 1GK , east. It Is distant nboul 2,000 miles from Nlhatl , the western most point of the Hawaiian Islands , ana 1,300 miles east from Guam' . It Is almost In a direct line between these possessions of the United States and Is ad mirably adapted for use as n. station for a Pacific cable to connect the Philippines with Hawaii and the United States. It Is nbout thr o miles In length and encloses a lagoon of salt water. The average height of < the Island Is eight feet above high tide. It Is scarcely capable , In Itself , ot sustaining life , but It Is said a cable station can be maintained without difficulty by the erection of a condenser eupply fresh water. Some station In this locality Is deemftd to bo absolutely necessary to the maintenance of a cabin and for that reason the American peace commissioners at Paris endeavored to sccuro one of the Caroline Islands , but without success. Wako Island Is said to bo by right already American 'territory ' , for In 1831 , Admiral Wllkes surveyed the place and asserted the title. It Is not Inhabited so far as Is known ot the present time , but guano gatherers have temporarily lived on the Island. The Bennlngton Is now at Honolulu and the orders to It go out by steamer. After hoisting the flag on Wako Island the Ben nlngton will proceed to Guam and make the survey of 'the ' Island which was ordered some tlmo ago. It has already completed a survey of Pearl Harbor , seven miles from Honolulu , which will form the foundation of the government plans for the enlarge ment of tbo harbor there and the straight ening of the channel connecting tbo Inner htrbor with the ocean. SCHOONER BdRDA JH FORT Illotvn One Thorimuid Mile * Ont ot Co time an Atlantic CoaxtlnK Trlii Crew'n Ilnril Experience. PHILADELPHIA. Dec. 23. The missing four-masted Philadelphia schooner , Ma'tlMa D. Borda , Captain Norton , which balled from' Portsmouth , N. II. , November 23 , for this port , the day before the terrific gale which caused such sacrifice of llfo and property along tbo coast , and which was blown over 1,000 miles out of Its course , ar rived hero tonight in tow of the tug Aga Hughes. The homecoming of this , vessel and Its crow , which had for some tlmo been given up as lost , was one that will be long remembered by their relatives who have passed through weeks of anxiety. The experience of Captain Nor ton and bis men waa a thrilling one , as the vessel scudded off shore with seas leapIng - Ing high over It. It was provisioned only for a short run and for days the men have been subsisting on short rations. The British ship Trinidad supplied them with some food , otherwise It Is not unlikely they would hava perished from hunger. Captain Nor ton , upon learning of the fearful havoc \ wrought by the storm , said their safe ar rival was duo to an Interposition of Provi dence. TRIES TO DEFEND HERSELF Sir * , notklii Admit * She WHU nt Ferr > Depot the Dny the Poloned Cnndy Wn Mailed. SAN FRANCISCO , Dec. 23. The trial of Mrs. Cordelia Botkln Is nearlng an end. The defense concluded Its case today , with the testimony of the accused woman. Mrs. liotklu made specific denials ot almost all the charges brought against her. She con tradicted the testimony of almost every witness that baa appeared for the prosecu tton and her denials generally were on the most important points in the case. She ewore that she did not buy the candy sent Mri. Dunning or the handkerchief which was enclosed for Mrs. Dunnlng's little girl. She admitted Intimacy with John P. Dun ning and stated to the Jury that she had tried to prevail upon him many times to return to his family. Cross-examination brought out at least one very Important fact against the accused. She admitted be Ing at the feriy depot on the very day that the poisoned candy was mailed at the ferry postoffice. Three other unimportant witnesses were Introduced by the defense. The court then adjourned until Tuesday , when the prosecution will present testi mony in rebuttal. RELEASES FRENCH STEAMER Prlie of War Court Decide * Caiinoi II Held IleciiiiNe Illoeknde Wn * Not on at Time of Taklnig. CHARLESTON' , S. C. , Dec. 23. In the Unltcd'states district court hero today Judge Brnwley handed down n decision dlscharg Ing the Ollndo Roderlguer , the French steamship made a prlzp ot war by the cruiser New Orleans July 17. The ship be longed to the Transatlantic line and at one , tlmo It seemed as though International com plications might grow out ot Its retention and the fight In the United States courts over it has been long and bitter. Judge Urnwley releases the ship on the ground that the hlockado of Sf.n Juan was not effective on July S In the sense of which that term is accepted by the nations. Wholemile- Hook Thief. NEW HAVEN. Conn. , Dec. 23. James P Miller , a Yale divinity student and a three years' graduate , has been arrested for shop lifting. Ho was found by the detectives to have purloined three books In a bookstore and hy tracking the man they discovered that be waa evidently n professional shop lifter. Five thousand volumes were dls- t 'overed ' nt his rooms and at his home. The looks ranged from editions do luxe to pocket dltlons. Two dealers have already denuded 2.000 volumes. Miller wore a coat fitted with pockets , such as profes sional thieves wear. THEY BURN UP THEIR BOOKS Standard OH Company Employed ConfcH * to DentroylnR Ilvldenee. CLEVELAND , 0. , Dec. 23. Evidence was secured from additional witnesses today to show that books and papers belonging to the Standard Oil company had been destroyed on S'ovcmbcr 19 and 21. The first witness examined before Notary Mason -today was George Fields , who was claimed to have sent employes of the com- inny to the general offices after the books ; hat were alleged to have been destroyed , fields testified that he was an employe In : he car shops of the Standard Oil company , [ lo said he was Instructed by telephone to send two men to the general offices. He sent William Moran and McNIerny In the morning , and In the afternoon Gabellno and Schaaf went to help them. The next witness was William Moran , a car repairer. Moran said he was sent ay Fields to the general ofllccs on November 19 after the boxes ot books and papers. Ea- ward Ohcam and McNIerny went with him and Harry Gabellno and Henry Schaaf came In the afternoon. 'Moran said the boxes were about three feet square and weighed nbout 200 pounds. They took part of them down to the first floor from the sixth floor , but tbo hallway was narrow and they car ried them back to the second floor and lowered them to the ground with a block and tackle through n window. Moran said the boxes were loaded upon a wagon and tnkfn to a store house on Independence street. On the following Monday morning , he said , the Droadway office telephoned to the car shops for some men. McNIerny and himself were sent. On that morning they took BO mo boxes from the store house lethe the river pump house. Ho did not know whether they were the same boxes that they had got Saturday. They took the boxes to the furnaces , opened them and burned the contents. On cross-examination by Attorney Tolres , Moran said that he knew that a lot of books and papers were burned a year ago , but he did not help burn them , The books were burned Saturday In the car shop and on Monday In the- pump house. Nobody said anything to him about keeping the matter secret. Several other witnesses appeared today , but their depositions were not taken. Con stable McMabon was sent to subpocnac sev eral bookkeepers and clerks employed at the Euclid avenue offices , but came back with the report that ho had been unable to find any of the men he had been reeking for. Another effort was also made today to sub- poenao Secretary Squire of the Standard company and Frank Rockefeller , but neither could bo found. The taking of depositions was continued until tomorrow morning at 9 o'clock. CHANGES IN PERU'S TREATY Xew Document AV1II Provide for Private Claim * Aitnliut the Government. NEW YORK , Dec. 23.aptaln J. H. Htokey , military attache of the'r'Unlted States legation In Peru , arrived today on the Panama liner Alllanca. He Is on his way to Washington. Speaking of the no tification , of the abrogation of the commer cial treaty between the United States and Peru , which expires by limitation next Octo ber , Captain Hickey said It would be fol lowed by a new treaty , one of the principal features of which will provide for arbitra tion of claims of citizens of one country against the other , which will do away with the friction attending the McCord and Frey claims. About the secret mission of the commander of the Peruvian navy to France and Spain , Captain Hickey said that the report that he was going to purchase war ships was laughed at In Lima , and that It was there said that If ho made such a statement at the Isthmus he was simply romancing. Captain Hickey said Peru la far too poor at present to Indulge in luxur ies llko war ships. Another passenger on the Alllanca was Victor Frldlan , who claims to be an Amer ican citizen , and says that the Peruvian government confiscated all of his property and that ho was compelled to fly to save his life. Frldlan uald he made his way on a sailing ship to San Francisco , and there found spies awaiting him. Next he fled to the Isthmus and there became a steerage passenger on the Alllanca for New York. Frldlan did not go Into tbo details of his trouble In Peru. Captain Hickey eald he had heard nothing about Frldlan before boarding the Al llanca. PECK PREPARED FOR PARIS CoininlMKloncr General Snyn American ArtH and IndimtrleM Will Ite Creditably Set Forth. CHICAGO. Dec. 23. Commissioner Gen eral Ferdinand W. Peck of the Paris ex position has arrived In Chicago after a ten days' visit In Washington and New York City In the Interests of the exposition. Ho was accompanied by F. J. V. Skiff , director- ln-chlef of the exhibit department. Mr. Peck expressed satisfaction over the interest shown in the exposition and prom ises of support by members of congress , as well as that shown In New York and throughout the cast In general by leading manufacturers , the majority of whom as sured him they would put forth every effort to make a creditable showing for American Industries. John B. Caldwell of New York City has been chosen by Mr , Peck for director of the Department of Fine Arts. Thu heads of the Department of Agricul ture and the Textile department will be announced soon. The Lafayette Memorial commission has named an expert committee on designs , consisting of J. Q. A. Ward , president ot the National Sculptors' ' society ; John LaFarge - Farge , president of the Society of Amer ican Artists , and George B. Post , president of the Institution of American Architects , all of New York. Assistant Commissioner General Wood ward Is expected In Chicago next week direct from Paris , with complete plats of the space allotted for American exhibits. CHILDREN HONOR LAFAYETTE Ohio School * Make Contribution * Toward Krcctlon of Monument for the ColonlnU' Friend. COLUMBUS , O. , Dec. 23. The report of State School Commissioner Bonebrake of the collection ot funds from the school pupils of Ohio for < the Lafayette monouroent fund has been filed with the governor. U shows that there were contributions from S49 school * In the state , the total contributed being $4,397.41. , He sent out 4.750 letters calling attention to the movement and tnc total expenses -In thla work were $121.83. He has now In bank subject to the order of t&e treasurer of the fund the sum of $4,275.53. EVILS OF STANDING ARMIES Minority Eepoit on Hull Bill Pointa Out Enormous Tax Burden , YEARLY COST HUNDRED AND FIFTY MILLION No Hope of 1'conomolcnl Ailmlnlntrn- tlon In Puhllc Attaint Can He * Kx- pevteil If Thin Hxpciiillture ! Maintained. WASHINGTON , Dec. 23. The minority ot the house committee on military affairs today filed with the clerk Its report In op position to the Hull bill for the Increase of the regular army to 100,000 men. It Is as follows : "Tho minority of the committee dissents from the views of the majority of the com mittee , because the bill represented makes a permanent standing army of the United States of over 100,000. Such an army Is not necessary to be maintained In this country now , neither because of our rela tions to the Islands of tbo sea , nor be cause of any necessity , which In the past year has arisen In this country Itself. "The evils of standing armies are too well known to be dilated upon here. Such a standing army as the one proposed would In time of peace be a menace to the liberty of citizens and In time ot war would not be suillclent to meet successfully the arm ies ot the first-class powers of the world. Happily we are so situated that /a large standing army Is not a necessity and would only be a luxury to bo supported by the taxes of the people. It Is estimated that the Hull bill will cost the people annually the sum of $150,000,000. This would bo a permanent charge upon the people ; $145- 000,000 Is being paid annually to the soldiers of the civil war and the war with Spain , thus placing a permanent charge ot $295,000,000 upon the people of the United States and this to maintain the military establishment alone , to say nothing of the navy. "Tho passing of this bill means the prac tical destruction of the National guard and the volunteer troops of the states. With such a largo standing army the citizen soldiery of the country would feel that It was not necessary to prepare for war In tlmo of peace , nor to go to war In time of war. The taxes which are now so burdensome - some to the people will continue to be collected and will rather be Increased than otherwise. No hope of economical adminis tration can bo Indulged In while such per manent and lavish expenditure Is provided for. "It la well understood that the great corporate Interests of the country are de manding -this largo standing army. The reasons for such a demand are too obvi ous to be pointed out. These Interests want largo forces to enforce their demands and a president dominated by such Interests would have , with euch a standing army , the means at his hand to Invade the lib erties ot the people , to suppress freedom of speech and to desecrate the ballot box It self. self."It "It Is needless , however , to continue to point out the many evils of the bill ; suffice It to say that bothMn form and substR r it overturns "the'pollcy which has been pur sued eo successfully by this government for so many years and launches the country upon a course which can only terminate In the destruction of the liberties of the pee ple. " Ileeonimended In Substitute Illll. "The minority holding the views above expressed have thought they owed It to the country to present to the bouse of repre sentatives a substitute for the bill reported by the majority. They herewith report said substitute , as embodying every need ot the government in Its present condition and et the same time preserving with scrupulous care the liberty of the citizens and avoiding the evils of a great standIng - Ing army. "The substitute provides for a permanent standing army of 30,000 enlisted men , about the number in the army before the war with Spain. The reorganization provided for In the substitute conforms to what It has been with some few important changes. A larger number ot men Is provided for ar tillery than usual by reason of the neces sity of manning our coast defenses upon which large sums have been spent. The tubstltute also provides for 50,000 volunteers to be taken from the states and territories and the District of Columbia , In proportion to population ; thece volunteers to bo mus tered out of service of the United States within two years from the date of passing ot the net unless their service Is sooner terminated. Their organization Is to be the same as that of the regular army. "Volunteer organizations now In service are to bo given preference as to re-enlist ment. All volunteers now in the service of the United States are to be mustered out within sixty days from the passing of this act. The substitute Is not to operate to discharge any commissioned officer who was In the army of the United States prior to the war with Spain. The necessity for this body of volunteer troops arises from the relations which the United States gov ernment now bears to Porto Rico , Cuba , the Philippine Islands , the Hawaiian Is lands and the Ladrono islands. Fifty thousand men are very near the mark which the general of the army said would be necessary In these Islands In his testimony before the commission on military affairs. " Representative Hay of Virginia , who pre pared the minority report , estimates that the regular army establishment provided tor In the minority substitute would entail on annual expenditure of $30,000,000 , or nboul $1,000 per man , and that the volunteer force of 50,000 men by the same calculation would cost $30,000.000 , or a total during the ex istcnce of the volunteer army of $ SO,000- 000. 000.The The War department Is preparing official estimates which will be ready In a few days. \ew for the Army. WASHINGTON. Dec. 23. ( Special Tele gram. ) Instructions directing the discharge of Private L. D. Morehead , Company K , Forty-ninth low.i Milunlcers , have been con- f.rmed. F'rst Lieutenant Richard P. Strong , is- slstant surgeon , Second United States ar- tllery , has been ordered to proceed to For Crook and report to the commanding of ficer of the Twenty-second Infantry , to ac- rompuuy that regiment to Manila. Mercer and 111 * JSVir .loh. WASHINGTON , Dec. 23. ( Special Tele gram. ) Captain Mercer leaves for the Omaha and Winnebago agency tomorrow to settle up accounts prior to taking charge al Leech Lake. The Indian commissioner has decided to recommend an appropriation of $3COO for the erection of a residence at Lake for Captain Mercer. Oinnhu National Iliinki. WASHINGTON , Dec. 23. ( Special Tele- grain. ) A report of the condition of the National banks of Omaha at the cloao o business on December 1 was today made public. Compared with the previous state ment in September tha banks have mate rially strengthened their loans and dU I counts and Individual deposits , while a slight shrinkage Is shown in the average reserve. Loans and discounts In the cur rent ilatemsnl aggregate $11-SO,700 , against tXICC.fj-U in September. .Individual deposits linvo increased from $6,150,692 , In Septem ber , to $9,713,905 , while the average re serve has dropped from 38.64 per cent to 33.39 per cent. Present holdings of gold coin aggregate $949,680 , a decline of more than $73,000 since September. ADMIRAL SAMPSUN RETURNS Culm He Snyn In nt Prenent Ino Con dition lo Govern Iticlf Military fiovernnient'i Work. NEW YORK , Dec. 23. The United States cruiser New York , from Havana , has ar rived here. Admiral Sampson Is on boarJ with Mrs. Sampacn. Admiral Sampson said bo had come home to attend his daughter's wedding on January 4 , nt Glenridgc , N. J. He will spend Christmas at home with his family In Glen- rldg ? . iVdmlral Sampson said that the perfecting ot the custom house service and the ofll- clal police In the Island.were the most Im portant features In connection with Cuba. When General Greene and Chief McCul lagh had established their police force he thought there would be Httlo disorder. The admiral said the material benefit from the reduction of 1Mb Cuban custom receipts could not be Judged at present and reirarked that there had always been so much fraud In connection with Cuban customs that It was Impossible to change everything right away. . In answer to the question , "Do you think the people of the island 'will prove amena ble to the American gbyernment ? " Ad miral Sampson said : $ "It does not make any "difference It they do or do not. We are down there and our government will go on an soon as neces sary. General De Castro , civil governor of Cuba , Is doing the best that -can be done , and by the first of January all of Cuba will be officially evacuated except Matanzas or one or two other points. " Regarding the suffering throughout Cuba , which Mrs. Sampson has | been working hard to alleviate , Admiral Sampson said : "The government Is Usulng rations regu larly , but the reconcentrado * are now scat tered and there Is the [ 'difficulty. Many of them havodied , and many moro will die. They lack tools to work their farms and tha only crop they could raise now la sweet po tatoes. It Is too late to raise sugar. " Of the future of Cuba Admiral Sampson said : , The wealthiest and most Influential pee ple. In Cuba want the Hand annexed to the United States , whether as a state or as a territory , they don't much care. Hut there are many Cubans who think that they are able to govern themselves. Cuba at present certainly la In no condition to govern Itself. The question of what shall become of Cuba will not be seated for a year tit least and possibly not for two or three years. In the meanwhile the military government by the United States will go pn. " LATEST MOVE OF ARBUCKLES Another Cut In SuRar Announced and a Merry War Impend * tvlth the Trudt. \ > ' - " i V.ICAaQ. . Iec. Al'-CI ? * : ' .jf tern headquarters - . quarters of Arbuckle lUottiers announced to day another cut in the price of refined sugar. Quotations of 5.14 cents per pound were made to retail dealers direct , Jobbers being Ignored. The reduction In prices made by the Arbuckles has not been met by the trust. When asked today the reason for selling to retailers direct Instead of dealing with Jobbers , Arbucklo company representa tives said that their prices had not been rec ognized In the trust combination. There was a strong feeling as far as Jobbers were concerned , but whether the practice of deal ing with retailers will bo continued had not been decided. Charles Slack , the grocer , says : "It Is rather difficult for rae to understand the ac tlon of Arbucklo Brothers. It may result In a merry war , and It may not. The trust and the Arbuckles have been nagging at each other for a considerable time , end It may work up to the consolidation ot the two concerns or to the dissolution of the combine. The Arbuckles are very wealthy , and they are In a position to do much before - fore being whipped Into line. " DAKOTA RATE CASES DECIDED Declnlnn In Content In thnt Capital HUH ItlKht to Proper nemuneratlon. FARGO , N. D. , Dec. 23. After many months' work and thousands of dollars ex pended In securing expert testimony , the famout North Dakota ralTroad rate cases were decided by United Statea Judge Amldon today In favor of the railroads. The de cision Is concurred in by United States Judge Thayer. Pursuant to a law enacted by the last legislature , the railroad commissioners made a slightly reduced freight tariff. The rail roads obtained an Injunction In the United States court preventing the enforcement of t the rates. Judge Amldon then appointed At torney Lovell of Casselton special master to take testimony in the case. Attorney General - oral Cowan and he devoted practically an entlro year to the case , assisted by a number of experts. The decision Is to the effect that capital has a right to proper remuneration and North Dakota failed to show that the rail road rates do moro than yield a proper In come on the capital Invested. Air the roads In the state had Joined In the con test. BADLY BURNED IN EXPLOSIONS rive Injured nt Indiana Iron Work * and One Will File \nliirnl ( ina llloivfi Up. MUNCIE , Ind. , Dec. 23. This evening an explosion of natural gas wrecked Henry Krull's grocery store. William Dragoo , Mr. Krnll and two boys. Arch Breeze and Abel Mitchell , were badly burned. An explosion of red hot cinder at the In diana Iron works this evening dangerously burned five. Albert Porter , colored , will die. Arthur Steves was burned In the back and hurt In the face. William Ensfty was burned In the head and face. His clothing was all burned off. Frank Chambers was burned In the face and body above the waist. Edward Hefferllug was struck In the sldo of the bead and a large gash cut. Sunny Slope I'arm SelU for 1JIIOO(0. ( ( EMPORIA. Has. , Dec. 23. Sunny Plopo farm , famous as a breeding establishment for Hereford cattle , was sold todiy for $10.000 , the purchaser being C ; A. Srannard of Hope , Kas. The rale was effected by the executors of the estate of C. S. Cross , nho recently committed suicide when the First National bank , of which he was president , was closed by the comptroller of the cur rency as a result of the heavy defalcations ot Cross. ( ir a nt eil n lltMilte. DANVILLE , 111. , Dec. 23. John Johnson , who was to hang fcero next Tuesday , was granted a ret'plte today until February 24. A petition with 2,000 signers has been pre sented to the governor asking for life 1m- prlaonrauit. MACLAREN MAY BE CALLED Bminent Scotchman Spoken Of for Pastor of Plymouth Church , PARTIES INTERESTED ARE ALL RETICENT Amoiiir the Pnlhllltlc * that the Well Known Author May Vrt Kilt Henry Ward llccchcr's Old 1'ulplt. ( Copyright , 1S9S , by Presg Publishing Co. ) LONDON , Dec. 23. ( New York World Cablegram Special Telegram. ) In reply to an Inquiry of the Hev. Dr. John Watson ( "Ian Maclaren" ) If he would accept the pastorate of Plymouth church , Brooklyn , as the tuccessor of Rev. Dr. Lyman Ab bott , the noted preacher and author wired this message today : "I have received no communication from Now York. I can therefore say nothing. "JOHN WATSON. " NEW YORK , Dec. 23. ( Special Tele gram. ) Henry L. Pratt , chairman of the advisory committee of Plymouth ohurch , appointed after the resignation of Dr. Ab bott , said tonight : 'No name has yet been officially consid ered. After the holidays the committee will consider the names that have been sug gested In communications from members of Plymouth church and also from persons living outdldb the city and state. Ian Mac laren would be very acceptable to Plym outh church If he could be obtained. I understand , however , that ho has recently declined an Invitation from an Influential London church. The Rev. Dr. .Charles Ab bott Berry of Wolvcrhampton , Eng. , and Dr. Akcd of Liverpool have also been sug gested. I think we should turn all our ef- fords toward finding an American to fill the pulpit. " PRELATES HONOR THE POPE Leo PnlntN Gloomy Outlook for Co ill- inn Year and HeKretit Pant Occurrence * . ROME , Dec. 23. The pope today at the reception of Christmas greetings from cardi nals and other prelates appeared to be In excellent health. Replying to their con gratulations , he referred to the "Sinister events of 1898 , " and said It was high time tha governments of Europe united to stop unheard of outrages and savage extermina tions. " But , the pontiff added , this could not bo stopped until "tho fear of God , the basin of all morality , Is revived In the con- sclonco of the people and becomes the guiding principle of the organization ot states. " In regard to tbo present position of the church In Italy , the pope pointed out that the symptoms were not reassuring for the new year. He added that the conditions Im posed upon the head of the church In viola tion of his dignity and' rights "wero not enough , for now it was sought to cast odium upon the press which openly espoused too defense of his interests and the Interests ot religion and morality. " Continuing , the pontiff remarked : "Fur ther .rigors threaten the clergy , although they are tha class the f'.irLherestremoved from seditious designs , The obedience of the clergy to the apostolic see , whoso rlghta they defended and whose Intentions tney seconded , Is now being construed as a politi cal offense. Nevertheless , Imbued with the sense of their high mission and duty they will not yield cither to flatterers or men aces and their firmness is finding response in numerous laymen deeply imbued with love for the papacy. It 'Is ' thus , by the co-operation of the clergy and laity , that the salvation of coming generations is as sured. " NEBRASKAN DIES AT MANILA Private Tyler , Company I , , Snconmhn to Typhoid Fever InnurKcntn May Cnnne Trotthle. MANILA , Dec. 23. The United States cruiser Boston and the gunboat Petrel have arrived here from Chinese ports. The steamer Union , which has returned here from Hello with United States soldiers , has been refused a landing here. Private Tyler of Company L , First Ne braska , who has been suffering from typhoid fever , is dead. The steamer St. Paul has arrived herewith with the Christmas mall. The first American flag was raised over the Maleato school house yesterday. It was sent by the University of Pennsylvania. The honor or raising the flag was accorded to Father McKlnnon of California , In recogni tion of his services In reopening tbo schools The native troops encamped in the sub urbs are again causing anxiety. The atti tude of an Insurgent detachment at the Pan duchan bridge on Wednesday was such that the California , Idaho and Washington regi ments were concentrated In light marching order nt short notice at Pacoa , but trouble was avoided. The name of Tyler does not appear on the muster roll of Company L , the Thurston Rifles. Captain Wallace Taylor , command- Ing the company , and Privates Herbert L Taylor of Omaha and Cuyler of Danforth la. , are tbo nearest approaches to the name of Tyler. Cadet Taylor has no news of the Illness of either of his sons. Telegrams have been sent to Washington and else where to secure verification or correction ol the report. TO ARBITRATE GRIEVANCES Grand Trunk Teleifrnpher * and Itall- \Miy KiuploycH Accept llay'a StiKKcNtlon. MONTREAL , Dec. 23. General Manager Hays of the Grand Trunk In reply to the ultimatum of Chief Powell of the telegraph operators' organization last night suggested that the complaint of the operators bo sub mltted to arbitration and proposed elthe : the railway committee of the Canadian privy council or three arbitrators , ono each to bo appointed by the railway company an ; the operators and a third by these two. The operators , through their committee accepted Mr. Hays' suggestion of arbttra tlon and sent him a message to that cffec and giving their vlwes as to how arbitra tion should be conducted. Von Ilollchen Thlnk We Will Yield. BERLIN , Dec. 23. At the annual con vention of the conservative party In east Prussia today Count Kllnkowstroeln , refer ring to the meat Inspection law , said that when Dr. Von Holleben , German ambassa dor to the United States , was asked how the United States would receive tbo bill , replied that the Americans were very sensitive with regard to "petty vexations , " but that If a strong law were adopted they would "qui etly yield. " Commander of Ilrltlnh Siinadron , ST. JOHNS , N. F. . Dec. 23. Captain Henry D. Barry , assistant director of the naval Intelligence offlco of the British ad miralty , has been appointed to tbo com mand of the British squadron in New Foundlrid waters with the rank of com- CONDITION OF THE WEATHER "orocnst for Nebraska Fnlr ; Colder ; Northwest Wlnili. Yrnlcrdnj'it Temperature nt Oiitnlinl Hour. Heir. Hour. Den. tt n. m ! IS 1 p. in I'll < l M. ni 1S U p. in - ! > 7 u. m -7 : t p. 111 : iu H n. in. * . . . . 1M -I p , in. . . . . . ! 10 i ) n. m at n p. m at 10 n. in UT ( I p. 111 till 11 n. in US 7 p. in US 1U in Ug H p. in Ull U p. in JJ5 modoro and tlio cruiser Connia Is his flag ship. FORCED TO CHEER FOR CUBA Ohnoxlonn Word * Put In Spaniard' * Mouth by a Iliinil of llntluiiil- untlc Ciibiliin. HAVANA , Deo. 23. Some Cubans entered : lo : residence of the Marquis do I'lnar Bel iUo , In the Ccrro suburb of Havana , ycster- lay. and compelled him to cry "Viva Cuba Ibrc. " The marquis , who Is ouo of the rich est men In the Island , and of a noted family , compralned to Captain General Castcllanos , ind a note on the subject wan sent to the \merlc.in evacuation commission. Tlie Mar quis do I'lnar dul lllo and other prominent Spaniards are determined to leave Cuba , their friends say , "unless the United States establishes a strong government and they are assured ample protection. " The United States transport Florida ar rived at Matanzas yesterday. The United StatCB Hag was formalry Hoisted at Cardenas yesterday by Lieutenant 0 , R. Slburn of the Eighth regulars. SPAMSII SOMHKHS < iOI\ri HOME. Trniinportn Leave llnvnun Thin Week with H.OOO Soldier * . HAVANA , Dec. 23. The Spanish trrns- port Darmstadt sailed today for Cadiz with 2,770 officers and men. About 8,000 Spanish troops have embarked this week for Spain and some 8.000 others are left In Havana. It Is estimated that there are 15,000 Spanish soldiers at Matanzas and there are about 30,000 Spanish troops In Clenfuegos. The Spanish troops hero will withdraw to Matanzas and Clenfuegos after January 1. The widow and daughter of General Callxto Garcia have been left In poverty and patri otic societies are contrlbutlne to their re lief. Preparations for processions , dinners and speeches on New Year's day are being made all over Cuba. FlKhtlUK in the Philippines. MADRID , Dec. 23. According to tt dis patch received hero from Hello , Island of Panay , severcl engagements have taken place betwen the Spaniards and the Insur gents and many of the latter have been killed or wounded. It Is asserted that Agulnoldo has cabled to the government , saying he will shortly rclcaso the Spanish prisoners In the hands of the Insurgents. This statement , however , has not been confirmed. There Is much comment upon the confer ence that has Just taken place between Mar shals Martinez de Campos , Prlma do Rivera , Blanco and Imlngulz. The minister of tue colonljs , Senor Glron , announces that the payment'coupons of the mortgage bonds bavo boon Issued. Steal n larcli oh" American Connnl. LONDON , Dec. 24. The Washington gov ernment , according to a dispatch from Auck land , has Instructed the United States consul At Samoa to act with great vigilance and not to entrust his duties to his British and German colleagues. It appears the Ger man agent has taken advantage of his col league's confidence to land munitions ol war , etc. , so gaining Important advantages for German firms. Leave * for Iand of Free Speech. BERLIN , Dec. 23. Frank Knaak , who was recently tried by the provincial court on the charge of lese majeste , In referring to Emperor William as a "sheepshead" and who was acquitted on the ground that he was IntoxlcateJ at the time , will leave for the United States next week. Montenegrin * PerUh 111 Snowdrift * . LONDON , Dec. 24. The Vienna corre spondent of the Dally Telegraph eoys : "Sev eral hundred Montenegrin soldiers were frozen to death In a snow storm. The ex pedition sent to their relief found the snow drifts so heavy that It was Impossible to save them. " AWAKENS FROJMLONG TRANCE SiiKKCMtlvc Therapeutic * Snecenufnllj lined In ItefitorlniE ChlcoKO Sleep ing Woman to Normal CHICAGO , Dec. 23. Tony Broshelt , young woman 23 years of age , who has been In a trance for the past flvo months at her homeIn this city , waa brought to her normal condition through the Influence of hypnotism. Miss Broshelt retired as usual In her apartments on July 23 last. On the follow ing morning when It wee tlmo to awaken ehe kept on sleeping and though at times she would open h-er eyes , she seemed un conscious to her surroundings. The case has baffled many physicians. At last an application of "suggestive theroupetlcs , " a form of hypnotism , was tried and the pa tient today was successfully brought out o her long trance. Though very weak , she Is able lo say a few words to these nroiinc her. She has been kept allvo with liquid food. Kdltor Sentenced for Contempt. DEDHAM , Mass. . Dec. 23. Torrey E Wordner , editor of the Boston Traveler , was sentenced to serve thirty days In Dedlmm Jail today for contempt of court In permit ting the publication In his paper of com ments and editorials on the Gctchcll casi which , In the court's opinion , would have In fluenccd the minds of the Jury had the pape ; containing the matter reached the cour house before the case was submitted to ; final consideration. Engineer Getchc-11 o the New York , New Haven & Hartford roll road was charged with manslaughter in cm nectlon with a railroad collision lost August To nNtnhllHh Xetv 1'renldlo Honpltal SAN FRANCISCO , Dec. 23. Colonel Mar shall , chief quartermaster of this depart mcnt , received authority from secretary D war , through Quartermaster General Ludlng ton today , to expend $113,339.50 on the m > w pavilion hospital to be erected at th Presidio. This It about double the orlglna appropriation and provides for a much laige and better built hospital 'than was at firs contemplated , although the number of bed remains fixed at 400. Fireman Killed While Anleep. NEW YORK. Dec. 23. Ono man was In stantly killed and another ferlously , if no fatally , Injured In a collision which PC curred off Liberty Island today between ih freight steamer Idaho of the Wilson lln and the tramp eteamer Flower Gate. Th dead man was William Smith and the In Jured John Birch. Both wereflrcmen on th Idaho and were asleep at the tlmo of th accident. llrooke IeHven for Havana. SAVANNAH. Ga. , Dec. 23. General John R. Hrooko and the members of his eta ! left this afternoon for Miami , where the. will take a Keumer for Havana. Genera Urooke has been in Savannah several day rcoTvtrlng from an Illnrsa which began soon after hU return from Porto Rico. j 11 Details Are Arranged for the Spanish Exit from Ouba , ) CCU RS AT NOON FIRST DAY OF JANUARY President of Spanish Commission to Formally Surrender Sovereignty. BELLOW FLAG WILL THEN BE HAULED DOWN General Wade to Accept Surrender in Behalf of United States , bTARS AND STRIPES WILL THEN BE RUN UP Vmerlcnn War Ship * Will Thunder Forth n Salute to Spain ntid Spa n lull FliiKhlp Will lie- turn the Compliment. Copyright , 1S9S , by Prew Publishing Co. ) HAVANA , Dec. 23. ( New York World Ca- jlcgrom Special Telegram. ) The cere monies for the formal surrender of Spanish ioverelgnty over Cuba January 1 were ar- j.nged today by the Joint commission of evacuation at their final meeting. There Is no record of any alinlllar pro ceeding In history. The American deputa- lon , consisting of Generals Wade , Butler and Clous , Mujor Butler , Captain Hart , Icutenaut Wade and Cuban Attache Vlilal , arrived at the governor general's palace at 0 n. m. They were received by Secretary Glranta and Assistant Secretary Deultcs ot he commission and ushered Into the Salon lo Scsslones , where Governor General Cos- cllanos , Admiral Mauterola and the uiar- qnla of Montcro and their aides awaited horn. The session lasted until 2 p. m. ami ho proceedings were of the most cordial character. It was decided that at precisely noon on January 1 the American evacuation commis sion shall wait upon General Cntitellnnos at ho palace. Ho as governor and captain gen eral and as president of the Spanish com mission shall formally surrender Spanish sovereignty over the Island of Cuba. In behalf of the United States General Wade will accept the surrender. This ceremony will take place In the Salon do Sesslones and will bo brief. Representatives of the American army and navy and visitors will t > o present. Immediately after sovereignty s given up the Hag of Spain will bo hauled down , while the American war ships In the harbor will thunder out a salute of twenty- one Runs. The stars and stripes will then bo run up over the palace , receiving a elm- liar salute from the Spanish flagship. All the fortifications still at that date111 Spanish possession will be 'turned over to American officers detailed to receive them and the American flag will be raised over each. Morro Castle and Cabanas fortresses have been almost evacuated by the Spanish troops. In Morro there la only a guard of thirteen men of the Leon battalion and 'tnreo or four nrtUleryimi to 'polvaftor the guns. ln'Oahanaa-i . ' * - ftX-otnpanj.'W the same tat ) tnllon. Spanish troops remaining In Cuba after the surrender will be regarded OB troops of n friendly foreign nation and places will be designated In which they may remain until they can be sent to Spain. After the ceremony of surrender General Castellanos will go cither to Matanzas or Cienfuegos , there to embark for Spalu. Danfrcr of Trouble. Both Spanish and American officials hert are much concerned over what to do with the Spanish troops while the Cubans an having their flvo days' celebration of liber ation from Spanish tryanny. The sight ol a Spanish uniform during these days , Jt It feared , would bo the signal for trouble. The Spaniards are to keep their arms until they sail and In cose of a clash with 'hi Cubans the American troops would have great difficulty in restoring order. Th small part of the great army Spain baa In Havana three months ago which will bo left after New Year's day would have difficulty in holding its own it the ex cited populace should by some unexpected incident bo moved to attack It. The In- glaterra hotel riot and the recent sklrmlshct at Corro show that the most trivial In cident is likely lo bring immediate blood shed. Everything will bo to some extent dis organized Immediately after January 1. The Spanish regulars who kept the peace at the point of the bayonet only because Aero was a company of soldiers at every corner and a battalion at every block -will bo re duced by that time to a Tew regiments whose authority absolutely ceases and in stead of being defenders they must bo de fended , The municipal police Colonel Moulton and ex-Chief McCullagh ot Now York ore organizing and which will assume authority that day Is made up of hostile elements , Spaniards and Cubans , entirely untrained to act as officers , ununlformed and unused to tbo new conditions which will prevail upon evacuation. Their power to maintain law and order In the first few weeks is problematical. It Is rumored that many candidates for the police force who were members of the old police ( Ordcn Publlco ) that escaped being sent homo when Spain ordered the corps sent back to be punished for mutiny , have been con spiring to kill the Spaniard working to organize the Spanish clement In the now municipal police. The plotters are said to have charged this man with secretly workIng - Ing to discover who of them were deserters from the Orden Publlco In order to have them sent to Spain , Provlnlnn * Arc Illiili. The prospects for a Chrlrtmas dinner an not bright for American soldiers not ro- mcmbered by friends nt homo or for Amer icans In Havana who live outside hotels un less they are blessed with gold mines. Tur keys cost 16 apiece In town , $18 In tha suburbs and are ecarco at that. Chickens bring $17 a dozen , Eggn cell at C cents apiece. Bread IB 9 cents a pound ; slrfoln steak , C5 cents a pound ; cabbages , CO cents'a ' head , and , lettuce 30 cents a bunch. Iloer Is 40 cents a pint and Ice $30 a ton. Americans * are doing without as many necessaries as pos sible until after January 1 , hoping that high prices will come down with the Spanish flag. IIACAIinO'S COMPMMKNTH TO WOOD , Military Governor Preentcd with a SpniilHhMednl of Honor. SANTIAGO , Dee. 23. Senor Bacardo. the mayor of Santiago , accompanied by the city council , visited General Wood , the military governor , today to present htm with an old Spanish medal of honor of embossed gold , with a chain and a parchment scroll con taining tbo words ; "To muko one's self beloved of the people Is thl ) best of victories. " The deputation requested General Wood to forward a similar medal to President Me- Klnley with a scroll containing the declara- tlon : "A people never forgets Hi beno' factors. "