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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : WEDNESDAY , JANUARY 11 , 1890.
TIIE OMAHA DAILY BEE. 13. ItOStJWATEU. PUDMSHKD EVISIIY M011NING- . THUMB OF SUBSCRIPTION. THUMB OP SUBSCUII'TION. Dally Bee ( without Sunday ) , Ono Year.JC.OO Dally Bee. and Sunday , Ono Year 8.00 PIx Months 4.00 Three Months 2.W Bunday lice. Ono Year 2-00 Batunfay Dee , One Year ' . l.W Weekly Bee , One Year t Co OFFICES. Omaha : The lieu Building. South Omaha : City Hall building , Twenty-fifth and N streets. Council Bluffs : 10 Pearl Street. Chicago : Block Exchange Building. New York : Temple Court. Washington : 601 Fourteenth Street. COUUESPON1JENCE. Communications relating to news and editorial matter should bo addressed : To the Editor. Editor.BUSINESS LETTEK8. Business letters antl remlltancCB should bo addressed to The Bee Publishing Cotn- liany. Omaha. Drafts , checks , express and postnfllco money orders to bo madu payable to the order of the company. THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CinCUbATlON. State of Nebraska , Douglas County , ss. : Qeorgo B. Tzschuck. secretary of The Bee Publishing company , being duly sworn , says that the actual number of full and ccmplcto copies of The Dally , Morning , Evening and Sunday Bee , printed during the month of December. 1608 , was as fol lows : 1 24,077 17 2:1,7.17 2 21,1.11 18 , . .24,700 3 24,081 19 2.1r.84 4 21,1170 20 2.'l,80i : C 24,223 6 21,840 22 2iOll : , 7 21,825 23 2i-t70 : 8 2. > ,172 21 2l,7.1K ! 25 21,200 10 SlillKI 26 2tt20 : , : 11 2I.S.80 27. . ' . 2i,72i : 12 2I.1BO 28 13 2iii2 : : 29 14 21,20.1 30 15 24.12n , 31. . , 2:1,700 : is 2t,8ni : Total 740.OOO Less unsold aid returned copies. . . . intO7 Net total sales 7.10,00:1 : Net dally average 2tB71 : GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK. Sworn to before mo nnd subscribed In my prescenco this 31st day of December , 1S93. ( Seal. ) N. P. FEIL , Notary Public. The legislative mill hns turned out a fnlr grist of bills for the tlrst two days of the week. IJow much longer will U take railroad men to find out that two trains running in opposite directions on the same track cannot pass each other without a col lision ? It will require considerable evidence to convince people that a Chicago real estate man ever had poetry enough In his soul to have written "Cyrano de IJcrgerac. " > Kansas City's still huut for army headquarters of the Department of the Missouri may bo all right from the viewpoint of Mlssourians , but Omaha must yet be reckoned with. At tula Btnse there Is no need of a sifting committee In the lower house of the legislature. There may a time come when It will be In order to expedite busi ness by appointing a choking committee. From the report of the committee or the Montana legislature U appears that votes for senator are valued at $10,000. At that rate a scat In the upper house of congress would certainly bo too rich for a poor man. Somebody Introduced a bill In the Ne braska legislature to prohibit the act of plowing on a public holiday. The bill may have been introduced "by request" by a member who has no personal in terest in the corn crop. It Is a very dull day when there are not two or three uow trusts formed. The very latest Is the wire trust , which is to be capitalized at $00,000,000 , with about $00,000,000 of water to be con verted Into steel spelled with an a. Bills to regulate the practice of medi cine , surgery and obstetrics will not Lave to be referred to the committee on internal improvements this year. There are men in both houses who write M. i ) . In front of their names when they sign a prescription. The large amount of time In congress occupied in discussion of measures re lating to Alaska and Hawaii Is but a faint Indication of what will occur in the future should the Philippines , 1'orto Rico and Cuba also become United States territory. In the short time that the Americans have been In control at Santiago they have constructed 1,000 miles of public roads. If the work has been done after the manner of the average road super visor the province must bo well nigh 1m- passable by this time. A year ngo there were many men In Omaha who did not hesitate to express doubts that Omaha could produce an exposition worth seeing. In view or that fact It Is not surprising there arc still a few citizens who feel called upon to berate the projected exposition. But these men will bo brushed aside and must give way to a progressive , public- spirited citizenship. Next to the United States England Is the greatest consumer of sugar and Its Importation of beet sugar from Austria , Germany , Holland and France is far in excess of the Importation of beet sugar by the United States. If the British government can bring sutliclcut pressure upon the beet sugar importing countries of Europe to abolish the export bounties the future of beet sugar In this country will be much brighter than it has been since the annexation of Hawaii. One of the judges of the district bench asserts It to be the prerogative of the court to appoint a bailiff. On the con trary a court house otllcial contends that the Board of County Commissioners should appoint the bailiffs of the county court. The sheriff has not yet entered the controversy , but wo believe It to bo a true principle to hold that no baliur ought to bo appointed without the con currence of the sheriff. The duty of a bailiff Is that of an uudcr-shcrlu . AMEKDISO TllR CONSTITUTION. Ono of the planks In the last repub lican state platform reads : "We pledge the necessary steps toward a revision of the state constitution. " Both the message of Hie outgoing executive , Gov ernor Holcomb , and the inaugural of the now executive , Governor 1'oyuter , emphasize the necessity for calling a constitutional convention and nsk the legislature to submit the question to the voters at the next election of state oltl- ccrs In 1000. That the constitution culls for revision la admitted by all parties. Attempts have been made time and again to secure Its amendment , but un der the decision of the supreme court holding necessary for ratification ti ma jority of nil votes cast for senators and representatives no amendment has ever secured a constitutional majority and the constitution Is practically unchanged from what It was at the time of Us adoption In 1875. Yet In the face of these facts It Is a question whether a constitutional convention offers a prac tical solution to the problem. Under the constitution of Nebraska there are two methods by which that Instrument may be amended or revised , and two methods only. The first Is by separate amendments submitted by the legisla ture. The second Is by a complete re vision through a constitutional conven tion. The procedure In these two meth ods Is different. By the llrst the amendment Is Initiated and framed by the legislature , either branch of which may take the llrst step. If the amend ment Is agreed to by three-fifths of the whole number of members elected to each house the vote must be spread upon the Journal with the ayes and nays and the amendment published at least once each week In at least one newspa per In each county where a newspaper Is printed for three months preceding the next election of senators nnd rep resentatives at which It is submitted to the electors for approval or rejection. The amendment becomes a part of the constitution only in case a majority ot all the electors voting at such election favors Its adoption , and when more than one amendment Is submitted they must be so submitted as to enable the voters to vote on each separately. The procedure for calling a constitu tional convention (3 ( briefly this : When three-fifths of the whole number of members elected to each branch of the legislature deem it necessary they may submit to the electors at the next elec tion of members of the legislature the question whether a constitutional con vention shall bo held. If a majority voting at that election answers this question In the nflirma'tlvc the next fol lowing legislature Is bound to provide by law for calling a convention which shall consist of as many members as the house of representatives and shall bo ch'osen In the same manner , to meet within three months. After the con vention has completed Its work the re vised constitution must bo submitted to the people and only goes Into ell'eqt after it has been ratified by a majority voting for or against the same. At the earliest , even if the present legislature should favor the calling of a constitu tional convention , the question could not be submitted to the people before the election of 1000. If favorably re ceived at the polls the legislature of 1001 might provide for the calling of a convention , which could not , however , be elected untU the summer of 1001 nor complete Its work of revision until the fall of that year , In all probability too late to submit It to the voters at the regular election of 1001. The new con stitution therefore would require a spe. clal election or have It held over until the election of 1002. It could not possibly go Into effect before the year 1002 and more likely not be fore the year 1003 , and all would rest upon the contingency of securing not only a three-fifths vote of the present legislature , but also the assent of the majority of all voters at the election of 1000. The question of calling a constitu tional convention would meet the same obstacles as a constitutional amend ment namely , that every vote not cast upon the proposition would be equiva lent to a vote against It. A more effective way of securing the necessary revision of the constitution may bo found in any amendment to the amending clause which will make It possible to submit a constitutional amendment to the voters ut any gen eral' election and to secure their ratifi cation by a two-thirds majority of only those who are Interested enough to vote upon the proposition submitted. The draft of such an amendment would be as' follows : "A'joint resolution proposing to amend section 1 of article xvll of the constitu tion of the state of Nebraska , relating to amendments to the constitution. "Bo It resolved and enacted by the legislature of the state of Nebraska : "Section 1. That section 1 of article xvll of the constitution of the state of Nebraska be amended so as to read as follows : "Section 1. Either branch of the leg islature may propose amendments to this constitution , and If the same be agreed tp by a three-fifths majority ol the members elected to each house such proposed amendments shall be entered on the journal with the ayes and nuys , and published at least once a week in one newspaper In each county where a newspaper is published for three mouths Immediately preceding the next general state election , at which election the same shall bo submitted to the electors for approval or rejection. If a two- thirds majority of electors voting at such election for or against the same adopt such amendments the same shall become a part of the constitution. When more than one amendment Is submitted at the same election they shall be so submitted as to enable the electors to vote on each amendment separately. " By passing this joint resolution by the necessary three-fifths majority of each house of the legislature it would be submitted to the voters at the election of 1000. If adopted the legislature of 1001 would be In a position to undertake a revision of the constitution by sub mitting separate amendments to the people to be voted upon at the follow ing election , which would take place in the year 1001 , and the amendment when ratified would go Into effect not Kitcr than January 1,1002. This , then , would be a quicker and equally certain method of constitutional revision. It may be said that It Is Impossible to secure the adop tion of any such amendment. To this It U answered that It Is no more Impos. Bible to secure the adoption of such an amendment than It Is to secure popular approval to a call for a constitutional convention. It Is true that no constitu tional amendments submitted In recent years have received the required ma jority to make them a part of the consti tution , but an examination of the re turns will show that this Is due only to the fact that they encountered notice able opposition. In every case had all the votes cast for or against the amend ment gone In Us favor the necessary majority would have been secured. In 1800 , for example , four amendments were submitted. The prohibition amendment secured 82,202 votes for It and 111,728 against It , making a total of 104,020. The amendment receiving the smallest vote was that relating to judicial salaries , on which 00,102 votes were cast for the amendment and 01,010 against It , making a total of iU,711. : ) As the total vote at the election was not much over 200,000 , all of these amendments would have carried had all those voting on the ameudmeuts voted for them. In 1S02 two amendments were sub mitted , one relating to executive otllces and the other to the Investment of the permanent school fund. On these amendmeuts the total votes were 04,217 and 95,074 for ami against respectively , or more than a constitutional majority had there been no opposition. In 1800 twelve amendments were sub mitted and the total vote at tlio elec tion was something over 200,000. The amendment which came nearest adop tion was that relating to the number of supreme Judges. On this 84,510 were recorded for It- and 37,800 against it , making an aggregate of 122,475. The amendment which received the least vote was that limiting the number of executive state ollices , on which the re turns aggregated 104,300. All of these amendments would have carried had the entire vote been in their favor and most of them would have carried had only two-thirds of the votes cast been necessary to adoption. An amendment such as Is proposed , simply amending the amending clause of the constitution , ought not to encoun ter much opposition. It ought not to encounter even the opposition which a constitutional convention would arouse. It ought thcrefore to stand a much bet ter chance of securing the necessary majority of all votes than any other proposition which has been submitted or could be submitted. By making the necessary majority for a constitutional revision two > -thlrds of all votes cast on the proposition It would safeguard the constitution over frequent and radical amendments. In a word It offers the only solution to the problem of consti tutional revision. WHO IS TO DE THE OAINER1 Recently the Boston Central Labor union has added Its voice to that of organized labor elsewhere against the policy of Imperialism. Referring to this In the characteristic denunciatory fashion of the expansionist orguns , the New York Sun observes : "The farmers and laborers In farms , the workers In mills and manufactories and in all the countless industries that will be stimu lated by the growth of American Inter ests in the east , arc not protesting against the annexation of the Philip pines. " They are not and for the ob vious reason that they have not the op portunity to discuss the subject and ex press their collective opinion upon it as organized labor has. But It Is not to be doubted that a very large proportion of the Intelligent unorganized labor of the country Is opposed to the annexation of the Philippines and the proposal to try assimilating the natives of those Islands. As to the farmers of the United States , we believe that If an expression of their views In the matter could bo had.It . would be found that they are overwhelmingly against a policy of Im perialism , both on the score of principle and for the reason that expansion will not be of any advantage to American agricultural producers , but may be in jurious to their Interests. It would be Interesting to have the Suu or any other organ of expansion point out the countless Industries that will be stimulated by that policy. As sertion of this kind is abundant among the champions of Imperialism , but 'they do not go into details. The fact Is there Is not an American Industry to which expansion will bring any advantage not to be gained without It. A LESSON FHOM SANTIAVO. When It was proposed to send the customs receipts nt Santiago to Havana , In pursuance of a policy of concentrat ing the revenue from this source at the scat of government , there was a storm of popular protest raised which threat ened to culminate In a revolt against American authority. It was urged that if the customs receipts at Santiago were transferred to Havana a great deal of the work of Improvement which Is going on at the former place would have to be abandoned , throwing a large number of Cubans out of employment , and It was threatened that la that event many of these people would betake themselves to the Interior and resort to pl.lage. The price of their obedience to American authority was made a continuance of their employment , for which most of them arc undoubtedly receiving better compensation than they have ever be fore had for their labor. There is a good deal of significance In this experience. It suggests that the Cuban people , or n. largo portion of them , are looking to this government for an amount of paternal care which the American people may not bo dis posed to extend , but which can bo de nied only at the risk of causing serious trouble. It will not bo questioned that it is good policy to give the Cubans em ployment , but this cannot go on indefi nitely. In time the Improvements that are being made at Santiago and arc to bo made elsewhere will In ? com pleted and those employed on them will return to Idleness. Then the Sautiago experience may bo repeated. These people will say that If the Amerlcat authorities do uot provide work foi them they will become outlaws am help themselves to the property of othei people which they may find unpro tectcd. This Is manifestly one of the dim culttes that confronts our governmem in Cuba and It Is not unlikely to de velop In the Philippine.1 * also.Ve slml be expected by our new wards to can for them In the most paternalistic wnj and If we decline to meet their expec tatlons we shall be threatened wltl revolt against our authority. Before w < shall have taught these alien pcopto that It is not the business of govern ment to support them they may cause t very great amount of trouble. The South Dakota legislature hat adopted an expedient In the Hue ol economy which will seriously Interfere with the Incidental business of commit tee clerks. The order has been Issuec that while not otherwise engaged com mltteo clerks shall assist In engrossing and enrolling bills. The great objection to the plan Is that It deprives clerks ol the time-honored privilege of lobbying and fixing up political slates. Fortu uatcly for the clerks there Is very llttli to engross or enroll during the lirsl mouth of the session. There Is a good deal of sense In the proposition to substitute high license foi prohibition In Alaska. There were altO' gether too many jugs of whisky antl bottles of beer on trial In the Alaska courts to keep the judges and court of' tlccrs In a healthy and sober condition , and the importation of fusel oil smug gled Insldo of watermelons had become so extensive during melon season as to make the bootleggers' trade more lucra tive than mining in the Klondike. Senor Castro , the former Spanish civil governor of Havana. Who was continued in office , has had a forcible reminder ot the djffcrencc between American and Spanish methods of government He arbitrarily closed one of the hospitals and when the fact was called to Gen eral Ludlow's attention the order was promptly revoked. Under American rule the public has some rights which of ficials are bound to respect. Captain II. E. Palmer is returning from Europe. He will get home about the time the postmastcrshlp lightning Is expected to strike. There Is but one man In the whole United States who knows the name of Omaha's next post master , but that man has the grip and Isn't saying a word. The republicans cannot be accused ot partisanship In the criticisms of the bond given by State Treasurer Mesorve. Some of the leading populist members of the legislature are publicly quoted as ques tioning the sufficiency of the protection accorded the state under it. A More Profitable Job. Detroit Free Press. Ex-President Cleveland , repeats his unal terable objections to Astatic annexation. He would rather kill ducks'khan natives. Information. AVliUout Junkets. > Brooklyn 'Eagle. Congress Is not slbwT'Tt knows a good thing , It Is appointing committees of Itself to investigate Cuba and Porto Rico and see what they need. Ask tbo soldiers. They know better than the congressmen. A lUvUtfoua Pardon. New York Tribune. Everybody will agree In the wisdom of the president In pardoning ; the Minnesota In dians. It was necessary to teach them the supremacy ot the law , but It Is right to recognize the fact that they had provocation. the Country. Buffalo Express. This report from Shanghai of a secret treaty between the United States and Great Britain to prevent further alienations ot Chinese territory Is amusing to Americans , who know that the senate must ratify all treaties and that the senate cannot keep a secret. Wliut Figured Will Do. Philadelphia Record. In response to an Inquiry from the house the War department has submitted estimates showing that whereas an army of 100,500 would cost $24,000,000 for pay of officers and men , a force of 80.000 , as proposed In the Hay substitute for the' Hull bill , would cost $28,000,000. By extending this method ot figuring the department experts might coolly arrive at the conclusion that an army o ( COO.OOO or so wouldn't cost the country a red cent. Permanent CoiiMUlnhlnB. Now York Herald. With adequate compensation and assured permanency In the ( service men of talent would be Induced to specially train them selves for consular work and devote their lives to It. Where we now have consuls who regard their places as mere sinecures given them as a reward for political service ot through the mediation of somebody with "pull" at Washington , wo should have men giving all their energies to the work with as much enthusiasm as If It were their chosen profession as , Indeed , U would be under a proper'system. Call an Clamor for Money. ' Chlcuso Record , Exactly why the Irregular Cuban troops should clamor for pay from the federal treasury does not appear In any state ment of their claims. The Impression down there seems to be that It Is the American ihaiblt to alienee clamor with cash , as alms are thrown at over-noisy mendicants. This Is an error which can not be too soon corrected. If the Cuban troops , so called , would only go lustily to work to support themselves their chances of American donations , public and private , would be Instantly and largely Increased. Co t of au IiuperlalUtlu Army. Spring-Held Republican. The coat of the American standing army on the 100,000 basis , and with at least ball of the number serrlng In tropical regions , li actually far beyond what the War depart ment calculators Just now concede. Pay master General Btanton , In Ills estimates , la free to aay that he makes no allowance lot th 25 per cent extra pay which It \ * pro- poied to give to soldiers who may serve in hot countries. At the same time It U even proposed in some quarters to raise the ordinary pay of the enlisted soldiers In orders to encourage enlistments. As the American regular already receives more wages that the soldiers of European armies , an Increase of bis pay would augment the mllltarj burdens of the American people even be. yond the surprising estimates that have ap peared In these columns. Senator Perkins Ir his Boston speech said U would cost $60,000- 000 a year to maintain a garrison In tbi Philippines. If be was anywhere near cor rect , where Is the country coming out ! TAIiKlXU TO TUB FIMIMNOS. Baltimore American : The tone of the proclamation Is excellent and designed to win the good will of the Filipinos by 11. reasonable concessions , but there Is also warning that opposition will be met with firmncsc. This ought to bo sufficient. If the natives have good sens ? they will see where their true Interests He , but It they persist In provoking a conlllct , It will t > o ot short duration , and it may prove to be a wholesome lesson. Philadelphia Times : The flrst thing the administration should do Is to raaVe Admiral Dewey military governor of the Philippines and ho will do the rest himself. Ho may need additional military force , but whatever ho calls for should be promptly given him. He Is as discreet as ho Is brave , and when ever peaceful measures' shall have been exhausted and lie Is ready for aggressive movements , he wlll defeat and scatter Agulnaldo'9 military forces and 'bo likely to give Agulnaldo himself protracted leave of absence from the country in which he Is now the chief disturber. Now York Mall and Express : Those who afreet to despair of the republic because of the bogy Imperialism may take heart of grace when they read the president's declaration as to the Philippines that "wo come , not as Invaders or conquerors , but as friends to protect the people In their homes , In their employments and In their personal and religious rights. " It Is to be observed , also , that the local tnd municipal laws as to property and the suppression of crime are to continue In force. The native courts are to administer these laws , so far as practlca- bfe. Private property Is to be respected and If taken for military use la to bo paid for. Taxes are to bo adjusted to meet the actual needs of government- Philadelphia Record : Perhaps the proc lamation ot the president to the Filipinos would be more convincing to the aboriginal mind If It contained fewer controvertlble allegations. How can the natives bo ex pected to believe that "we come not as In vaders or conquerors , " when In tlio same breath the proclamation gives the Filipinos the choice between "honest submission" and forcible suppression ? To the promise "to protect the natives In their homes , In their employments and In their personal and religious rights" the Filipinos might truthfully reply that none of the Institu tions mentioned are threatened with attack , and that the protection offered would be superfluous. The question which they are at present supremely anxious to have an swered Is : What Is to become of their po litical rights ? And on this subject the proclamation proclaims as little as possible. It would have derogated not a particle from tbo dignity ot the United States If the people ple to whom we propose to extend our pro tection had been Informed that as soon as practicable after the completion of our oc cupation their chosen representatives would bo consulted In the establishment of a gov ernment , under which the Islanders would be permitted to control their local affairs to the utmost limit compatible with American suzerainty. CHOKER VI2HSUS 11UYAN. Chicago Post : Of course Croker U a poli tician rather than a statesman , while Bryan does not seem to toe either. That Is why Croker knows enough to drop the 16-to-l Idea. A statesman never would have taken It up and a politician knows enough to let go. Under these circum stances we. hardly know how to class Byan , unless It Is simply as a Bryanlte. Buffalo Express : Richard Croker says : "I believe In holding whatever possessions are gained by annexation , purchase or war. " If the statesmen of the republic had been of Mr. Croker's mind we would now be holding a portion ot Tripoli , In northern Africa , not to speak of miscellaneous re gions In Mexico , China and elsewhere. All of which would have been to the advantage ot this republic ! "We spend millions an nually for missionary work In foreign coun tries , " says Mr. Croker. "Now we have a chance to spend money In our own pos sessions. " There Is nothing like thrift. Here Is the Greater Now York , right here at home , which Is a nobla field lor mis sionary enterprise. Why hunt up posses sions on the other tide ot the ocean to spend money on ? Washington Star : It Is not difficult to sco far Into the future of the democratic party In 'the light of this rupture. Mr. Croker has chosen well the time for Ills deliverance. He has likewise chosen his arguments eagely. The statement , falling upon tbo heels of Mr. Bryan's speeches , shows how wide Is the gulf between the factions. It was doubtless Mr , Croker's Intention to emphasize this breach. He has cut out a largo task for himself as the new leader of the reorganized democracy. Ho runs a grave risk of re organizing it by splitting on a slice which will long remain in the minority. But bis doctrine , compared with that of the Bryan- Ites , Is wholesome and acceptable. If it were not smeared with the trade mark of Tammany It might be welcomed more heartily by the people of all parties aa patriotic. It Is assuredly more constructive and progressive than the Bryan program. I'EIISO.VAL , AND OTHERWISE. The Keely motor has caused one woman to dlo of a broken heart. This Is Its first conspicuous achievement. Benjamin Blssell , who lives near Ballston Spa , N. Y. , says be has voted for eighteen presidential candidates , not one of whom was elected. The Paris Figaro telli of a French Judge who granted 294 divorces In four hours a few ciaya ago , which Is at the rate of more than one a minute. Itwas on a day when divorces are granted free for the benefit of people too poor to pay. The only colored congressman Is Mr. White of the Second North Carolina dis trict. He Is * graduate ot Howard univer sity , a lawyer by profession , well educated and a man of modest , unobtrusive demeanor. His skin Is of a tan color. Congressman "Champ" Clark of Missouri the other day sold for $125 to Frank L. Hanvey of Washington a first edition ot Eugene Field's "Model Primer , " of which but seven copies are extant. Mr. Clark acted for the owner , Mrs. Robert White of Mexico , Mo. Queen Victoria baa appointed the duke of Marlborough , who married Miss Vander- bllt , paymaster general , In succession to the carl of Hopetoun , who has been made Lord Chamberlain. The position li largely hon orary , but gives high rank and U a most desirable post. Although totally 'blind , Chaplain Mllburn ot the seuate knows every senator and can recognize him by his voice. After tbo morning prayer he passes around among the senators , shaking their bands , and oc casionally he stops to chat wltb men whom he has long known. .Governor-elect Stone of Pennsylvania , who stands 6 feet 4 Inches in bis stockings , never wears a silk hat , for the reason that such A covering would accentuate bis al ready great height. He also refuses to ride a horse , holding that such a noble animal was not Intended for such usage. Somebody recently published a statement that Mr. Jones of Nevada was the wealthiest man In the United States senate. Since then be bas been overwhelmed with beg ging letters of all torts. He declares that since the publication referred to be has been asked for sums aggregating over $1,000,000 , adding his belief that bo at present holds worthless promissory notes for something like half that sum , mostly given la sums of $1,000 or less. KCIIOHS OP TUB AVAIL The sword of honor for Admiral Dowcy , ordered by congress , has bceti completed and Is now on exhibition at Tiffany's , Now York , U Is as liiindtomo as the deed U Is designed to commemorate. With the exception of thf steel blade and the body metal of the scab bard , It Is entirely of 22-carat gold. On the pommel arc carved the name of the cruiser Olympla and the zodiacal sign for December , the month of Admiral Dewey's birth. Cir cling these there Is n closely woven wreath of oak leaves. Continuing down the metal work , giving the proper form , Is a gold collar , on the front of which are the nrms of the United States with the blue field ot the shield In enamel , and below them are the arms of Vermont , the admiral's natlv * state , with the motto "Freedom and Unity" and the colors ot the shield In enamel. Stars decorate the plain part of the collar , and this part of the hilt terminates In a narrow band of oak leaves. The grip Is covered with fine sharkskin bound with gold wire- cm ! Inlaid with gold stars. The guard Is composed of a conventional eagle , terminating In a claw clasping ths top , the outspread wings forming the guard proper. The eagle holds In Its beak a laurel wreath which serves as a protection , coverIng - Ing the point of the beak , and at the same time preserves the proper outlines of the guard. The scabbard Is of thin steel , damascened In gold with sprays of a delicate sea plant Interlaced in the form of a scries of car touches with a star In the center of each , while dolphins fill the outer spaces. Sprays of oak leaves and ncorns eccuro the rings and trappings of the scabbard ; above thcso on the front of the scabbard Is a raised monogram In diamonds entwining the lettera "G. D. " and Immediately under them are the loiters "U. S. N. " surrounded by sprays of the sea plant. The ferrule or lower end of the scabbard terminates In entwined gold dolphins. The sword blade Is damascened with the Inscription : The plft of the nation to Henr Ad- mlrnl George Dewey , U. 8. N. , in memory of the victory at Manila bay , May 1 , A Phoenician gallery representing the flrst craft of the navies of the world sup plies the rest of 'the ' ornament on this side of the blade. On the other side is shown the flight of the eagles of victory bearing festoons of laurel to the four quarters of the earth. The mountings of the belt and the trap pings ore the regulation buckres , pierced slide rings and swivels , all of 11-carat gold and ornamented with the oak leaves and acorns. The bullion tassel and embroidered belting arc specially made and will bo much superior to those usually employed. The steel'blade of the sword Is from the government arsenal at Springfield and the entire weapon Is so made as to be of practical value should an enemy ever get within reachIng - Ing distance of Admiral Dowey. The sword box Is of white oak Inlaid with black vel vet and at 'the center ot the cover has a gold shield surmounted by an eagle and in scribed with a slnglo star and the words "Rear Admiral George Dewey , U. S ; N. " General Marcus F. Miller , commander ot the expedition at Hello , Is a regular army man , a fighter trained In the civil war and on the western frontier. He Is a West Pointer of the class of ' 08. General Miller distinguished himself in the civil war. Ho was brevettcd captain , major and lieutenant colonel for hta services at Malvorn Hill In the Winchester campaign and In the bat tle of Dlnwlddle court bouse For his skill ful and courageous conduct In the Indian wars of Idaho and California he was given brevet of colonel. Ever since ho left the military academy forty years ago General Miller has been in the service of his coun try and his record baa 'been ' capital. As a colonel of the regular army before his pro motion ho had full cbargo of the defenses of San Francisco and at that tlmo be was In command of the Third United States In fantry ; ' A story about General Miles ia going Uie rounds , credited to ft member of the gen eral's staff. A day after the general landed in Porto Rico one of bis orderlies was taken sick and a new man was called for. A man from a Wisconsin regiment was detailed for the duty. This recruit was both green and self-important. Along with , his early schooling be must bave read the clause in the Declaration ot Independence that all men are free and equal and be bore him self accordingly. The morning after he was detailed General Miles was holding a con sultation at headquarters with some of the officers of bis command. The general called for an orderly and the gentleman from Wis consin sauntered In , made a pass at his hat with bis left band for a salute and ejacu lated : "Well , Miles , what Is It ? " If the Spaniards had dropped a shell In tbe room It would not have surprised us more. At first General Miles' face grew black and then bis scowl changed to a quiz zical , smile. "Don't call me Miles. Call mo Nelse. Miles Is so formal , you know. " The gentleman from Wisconsin realized from the expressions on Ihe faces around him what ho had done and with General Miles' answer became the most confused man In the party. Some one else was de tailed In his place and tbe Wisconsin man was not seen at headquarters again. PASSING OK PULLMAN TOWN. A Fendallitlc Ideal Shattered for Decree of Court. Chicago Record. The town of Pullman , as organized and es tablished by its founder , whose name it bears , U soon to give up Its distinctive char acter and become in fact aa well as in name a part of tbe municipality of Chicago. Unr dor the supreme court decision the company U reported to bo preparing to give up Its holdings other than those used strictly for the purposes of cor bulldlnlg , which means that it must give up its control over the town of Pullman. There was much that was good In the con ception of Mr. Pullman when ho planned the "model" village aa a residence place for the many workmen In his employ. It cannot bo doubted , either , that Mr. Pullman was actuated In part by philanthropic motives In his undertaking and that bo believed be was doing something which would win for him the permanent gratitude of the families de pendent upon him for support. In his later days and previous to tbo strike of 1S94 ha seems to have prided himself on having con tributed to tbe solution of the Industrial problem one successful experiment which en titled him to tbo appreciative consideration of mankind. Tbe Idea ot establishing an Industrial plant where land is abundant and cheap , where the air la pure and where the workmen may make for themselves pleasant homes In close proximity to their work Is a good one. The attempt to realize in practice the idea that an Industrial community should be made a pleasant place in which to live was commend able. The construction of suitable houses equipped with the modern conveniences , the founding ot good school buildings and churches , tbe setting apart of vacant spaces for parks and playgrounds , all were things worthy of Imitation. In these and some other respects the town of Pullman In Us best days might well bave been termed "model. " It possessed features that might with great benefit bo acted upon In other In dustrial communities. Despite the good things that may be said of It , however , the passing of the town of Pullman will not occasion regret. Both the general public and the residents ot the place will accept the change with approval. The reason Is not far to seek. In conception and organization the town of Pullman waa not In accord wltb American ideas and Institutions. rit wan patrrnnlUtlo nml feudatlsUc. The residents of the place sudUlnrd toward Mr. Pullman a relation much akin to that of the retainers toward the feudal lord of the middle ages. Mr. Pullman was to those who lived In his town not only employer and landlord , but through his unique position as landlord he exorcised arbitrary authority In many Important mattes of government. H controlled the streets and the parka , nnd through them the water and lighting service. Ho said who should and who should not en gage in trade In the \llligp end upon what terms. Ho controlled the schools and the churches , and If ho chose was able to dlctato what should bo taught and preached. Mr. Pullman may have meant to be kind find generous , but It was the patronizing kind ness of the feudal lord who expected the dwellers on his estate to render service to him according to hla will. There wan no place In the scheme for democracy , and In the long run the residents of the place must have became Incapable of self-government through ncqulescsnce to government by an autocrat , The passing of Pullman gives evidence of1 the vitality of American Institutions and Ideas of government In the atmosphere ot which feudal Institutions cannot thrive. UltUUZY TIUFLKS. Cleveland Plain Dealer : "Wot do you think o1 the new one-dollnr bills , Wenry ? " "They're out o' Bight , I-lmpy.1' IndlanapollH Journal : "What do you think of that new French fa hlon of ac quiring coal oil Jags ? " asked the shoe- clerk boarder. "It certainly nets a now Standard , " said the Cheerful Idiot. Puck : Newcomer ( at winter health re sort ) Is this a restful place ? Native Wnl , it used to be until people began comln' hero for to rest. Boston Journal : "This la the parlor , eh ? " tentatively remarked the agent , who was looking over the house. "You , " replied old man Klddar. "but I usually cnll It the court room I've got seven daughters , you know. " Chicago News : "What makes you say Mabel'H husband 19 weak-minded1' "Well , they"ve been married two year * and ho would rather stay at home with her In the evening than do anything else on earth. " Cleveland Plain Dealer : "They say that the very fat man. over there Is Immensely wealthy. " "Yea , and would you believe it he scarcity knows his n , b , C'B ? " "Well , a man as fat ns that certain ! ) can't help knowing" his o-b-c-t's. " Chicago Post : "Ah ! funeral , I see , " said the tourist. "Yaos , " assented Rubberneck Bill. "PJzen Ike. " "nr leinmc sec ; wasn't there somethlni peculiar about his death ? " "Wall , yaas. It happened a durn sltrhl later than -tiny one who had knowcd him thought it would. " THE HOYS ALL IIIGI1T. Denver Post. "Where Is my wanderlnc boy tonight ? " Where does my loved ono roam ? Do his younp thoughts turn With a yearnful yearn To the dear ones ho left at home ? " A homelike nnd cozy half-darkened room , But a glowinggrata to dispel the gloom , Tha flowing gas In the Jet turned low As an economical move , you know. A neat divan In the corner there , Just built to accommodate one nmall pair , A handsome youth nnd aa lovely maid As over from Jieaven's portals strayed. Soft whisper * fall from his manly lips As ho toys with her shapely finger tips. And a lovellght plays in tier eyes while sh * Rests her head on his shoulder lovingly. Just to punctuate the sweet tale ot bliss Anon on her lips lie presses a kiss , And those lips respond to the sweet saluttt Till they blush with the tlnttnir of ripened fruit. He pictures a future no vrondrous fair , So love-enveloped and free from care. So near to the raptures of life above That she thrills with ontlclpatlvo love. The old folks sleep In their downy bed In the still of the chamber overhead , And they drcra of the day , that good p * and ma , When they'll welcomn a worthy aon-In- law. , "Where ia 'my wandering1 boy tonlg/ht ? " Don't you worry , good mother ; he's ml } rUrht. A Sudden Drop. This is the time of year to look for a sudden change in the price of clothing. It isn't because we have charg ed too much heretofore , but because we are willing to let the remainder of our winter goods go for less than they are really worth. The rea son for this is a very simple business reason. These are the remaining garments after a busy holiday tracle. We don't want to carry them over to another season and this season is pretty well along. Take them now we are willing to share the loss with our customers. Suits are down overcoats are down and pants are down. i We have two special lines of suits , one at $7 and the other at $10. They are the * regular $10 and $15 vI es Then we are offering black clay worsted pants at $3.75 regular price $5. And odds and ends left from suits , in fancy mixtures at$2 , $2.50 $3 and $3.50. These are all splendid values and you havt a chance to save money. These goods are on display in our window.