Newspaper Page Text
6 TI13J ) GRATIA DATLT 13RE : WEDNESDAY , FI3mUTAttY 8 , 1800 ,
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE. EH. Editor. PUDLI8IIKD EVEUY MOHNINO. OF SUUSGHII'TION. Dally Uce ( without Sunday ) , Ons Ycar.KQ Dally lies and Sunday , One Venr 8.0 Six Months 4.0 inrew Months 2.0 Sunday Ue . Onu Year ' -.0 Saturday I3eo. One Year Iff Weekly Btc. Ona Year OFF1CKS. Om.iha : The lieu Ilulldlnt : . South Omaha : City ifall building Twenty-fifth ami N ptrcet . Council Hint ! * : 10 Pcnrl Street , Chicago : Stock Exchange Building. Now York : Tetnuln Court. Waihlncton : COl Fourteenth Street. UOHRBBPONDCNCE. Communlcntlong relating to news fuu editorial matter should 1)0 addressed : liul torlnl Department , The Omntm Heo. 11U8INKSS 1.BTTKH8. I5uslnc B letters ami remittances shnulc be addressed In The Uce PubllflhlnB Com' tinny , Omaha. Drafts , checks , express anc poBloffico money orders to l > a made payable to the order of the conumny. THE BB1J PUUUSIUNG COMPANY. STATEMENT OF' CIRCULATION. State of Nebraska. Douglas County. as. : GcorRQ U. Tzschuck , seereury of The Hc ( I'ubllshlnu company , belns duly sworn , nays that the uctunl number ot full am : complete copies of The Dally , Mornlnir EvenlnB nnd Sundny Hoc. prlntca durlnp the month or January , 189U , was us fol lows : l SI.OO.T 17 2Jisrn : aiaon : is i.n ( ] SJII.WKI 19 SJTBII : i ai. : ao so SIHKI : s UI.IHO : ( 21 siiui : t 2.-I.710 22 Sl.lWn 7 2:1.710 23 SI , 7 < 1 it ui.or.o 21 siifHi : 9 si.ina : : ss 21,1111 19 SM-IO 20 ai,7in 11 l : t.770 27 21,25(1 ( 12 at.U-40 : 2S 21,150 13 2:1.730 : so 21,25(1 ( H a-I.H-lO 30 21,20(1 ( 15 U-I.I10 31 24.100 IS 211,8(17 Total T.IB.4HB Lets unsold nnd returned copies. . . . ll ) > _ ll'ii ! Net total sales ' ' "P' ' ' : ! ? 2l ! , 2a Net dally average QEOHOE 13. TZSCHUCK. Subscribed nnd sworn to before mo this Slut dny of January , 1839. ( Seal. ) II. I. PLUMB , Notary Public. Indications arc tliat the nmny curative measures Introduced In the legislature nrc proving too large n dose for tlie leg islative stomach. Conundrum When must a little Kill- . , . pliio bo born to he first eligible to the prcfililcncy us a ntilive-boni citizen of the United States ? The ratlliciitlon of the peace treaty Is another occasion on which Nebraska's two senators seem to have gotten to- Kcther , notwithstanding tlio divergence In party nlllliutloiis. I ; The flourishing condition of the | 'v Young Men's Clirlstliui nssoclntlou In Omaha , la another sign of the commu nity's ficlviinccincnt nicntnlly and uior- ally , ns well iw couuncrclully. The American people approve the rat- incatlon of the treaty oC peace , but that must not he taken to mean that the American people approve any plan for the permanent annexation of. the 1'liil- Jppiucs. _ It will rcqulro no peace commission to arrange the terms of settlement with the Insurgents under Agulualdo. Dewey l ! nnd Otis will be able to act as war coin- ji mlsslouers and peace commissioners at ; ; one and the same time. Nebraska mourns for its dead , but It has every reason to he proud of its sons. From tlret to last they have been In the hottest of the lighting and have proved themselves good ground gainers - whenever ever the occasion demanded. A staff correspondent oC one of the Chicago papers visiting In this city writes that the Chicago police could get pointers from the Omaha police on the enforcement of Sunday closing. 'J'lils is certainly complimentary to the Omaha police. Following hard on the hat , prune and buggy whip trust comes the news of a candy combine. The necktie , huckle berry and watermelon trusts have not been heralded yet , hut doubtless they will get Into the procession a little later. , The letters oC the soldier boyn at Manila all exhibit anxiety to get out of the country and back to their homes on American soil. It Is safe to say a vote of the troops now there would be at- moat unaulmous against holding the islands us an American possession. Ily getting congress to make the ap propriation for Immediate completion of Omaha'a new federal building Dave Mercer will dimply be enlarging the monument to his etllclent public service nnd at the same time enlarging the claim ho holds upon the gratitude of Omaha people. The United States treasury now con tains the snug sum oC § 038,000,000 In gold , which Is a gain of $1:00,000,000 : over lust year. Thcro is little doubt but that It will be augmented to the f 1,000,000,000 notch before the year IH cone , which will glvo us one quarter of the gold of the world. Illsmarck once said , when speaking on acquisition of certain territory , that it wus "not worth the boncn of a single Pomeranian grenadier. " The like can bo said of the Philippines , they are not worth the bones of a single American soldier , yet they have cost too many al ready and are not yet securely ours , If any one has a doubt of the bravery of the Filipino * the affair at Manila should remove it. The spectacle of a duel between a battery of rilled Held pieces on one side and bows nnd arrows on the other Is ludicrous yet pathetic n picture of heroism such as the old Illrslrklrs used to present , with aJl of the judgment left out. It Is tof ) bad the house should have killed so unceremoniously the bill Intro- duccd by Representative Pollard making default in tux payments a bar to eligi bility to otllce , etnto and local , In No- braska. If such n law were on the statute book , what an Intlow of hack taxes there would bo each year Just about the time the people were prepar ing to select candidates to nm upon the different party tickets. itiK WAV rn nxsToiiK IWDKH. The opinion csprtvxsed by pome sctin tors that the rntlllcntlon of llic pi-an Irmly will restore order In the 1'hllip plnos fiH-nis to us to bo unsound , " \Yt \ think tlnlt on the contrary Hie ell'ec : will be to aggravate the situation am slrciictlu'ii thu purpose of the l-'lllplnot - to continue the struggle for ludiv pcudotiro. It Is to hu presumed thai tlit'tv IH no ono now who doubts th' ' : onrni'sttirsfl of that purpose. Those wht assumed that the Filipinos , in establish Ing a government with a written rnmUl tutlon , organizing and equipping an army and cloclarlng their Intention nni to submit to a foreign so\ crolRiityvm only shamming , must have been con vlnced by the events oC the last three days that the assumption was t'nllncl OUH. The Filipinos iiro allowing thai they are determined to .secure imlu- pendeuco , If possible , nt whatever cosl or Kacrlllcc. They will light for liberty , If It Is dvnlcd them , as long as thi\v are able to and they are sulllclontly nu merous to maintain a conlllcl for a long time , perhaps for several years. \Vu believe that if congress hail adopted , before ratifying the treaty , some one of the several resolutions thai wore introduced In the Btuialo giving assurance to the Filipinos that they would ultimately be permitted to es tablish their own government , there would bu no lighting now at Manila , We have no doubt that the passage of any of these resolutions would have averted hostilities. Hut while tin senate failed to take this conciliators course , which would have reassured and Butlslled the Filipinos , the government was engaged In hurrying to Manila military and naval reinforcements , thereby stimulating Filipino apprehen sion and distrust. Hostilities resulted uid while the Filipinos begun them , truthful and Impartial history will not ncqult us of all responsibility , The action which we believe would have averted hostilities we think would now put a top to them. Let congress declare , In explicit terms , that It is not the Intention of the United States t permanently hold the Philippines or to force its authority upon the people of those Islands , but that It proi > oses lo allow the Filipinos , whenever condi tions make such a proceeding hopeful of success , establish their own gov ernment , and we have to doubt these people would accept such assurance in good fnlth. . "We can see no valid objec tion to taking this course , while there are sound reasons in favor of it. There would be no surrender oC any right and no aacrllloi of honor In adopting It , while If It should have the desired effect we would avoid an expenditure or money and u lews of lira which If hos tilities are prolonged may be very great > 'o spirit of pride or selC-conll- dence should be allowed to influence us lu this matter. The world knows that we have the power and the re sources to subjugate the Filipinos. Why , therefore , make the sacrifices that would be Involved in demonstrat ing this ? There could be no disci-edit to this great republic la pacifying nnd making friends of the natives of the Philippines by recognizing their right to Independence nnd assuring them of our aid and protection in establishing ! or themselves a stable government. We can win no glory or honor by forc- ng them to submit to our authority and rule. rule.The The way to put a stop to bloodshed n the Philippines and establish friendly relations between the natives and Americans Is , it seems to us , perfectly plain and Its adoption wo believe to bean an Imperative duty. TJIR ENEMY'S 11BA\'Y \ LOSS. The latest report from General Otis places the loss of the Filipinos in killed , wounded and prisoners at probably i.OOO , of which 3,500 are killed and wounded. This is a heavy loss , when the cli-cumstaugcs are considered , much of the fighting having been done at night , when the shooting by the Ameri can soldiers was more or less nt random. It Is nn indication that our troop * * fought with their usual steadiness , while the relatively small loss they suffered marks the difference betweea thoroughly dis ciplined soldiers nnd untrained troops. The Filipino soldiers do not give very much attention to training and there fore however courageous they may bo they are nt a great disadvantage In lighting such disciplined troops as Gen eral Otia commands. The war vessels did severe execution ana a considerable [ iart of the cuemj's killed and wounded is to be credited to their deadly work. It was a severe lesson for the Fill- plnos , but It must not be assumed that It will discourage or demoralize them , for they are described ns both bravo aud persistent. It Is not probable that they will make many such attacks on 1he Americans as that at Manila , but will resort to guerrilla warfare and make the malaria of the swamps and jungles their ally , It Is reported from Wash- Ingtou to be the Intention of the administration - ministration to push hostilities with all possible vigor nnd It is said General Otis AVill bo directed to disperse the Filipino government. If such Is the plan n long conflict is probably certain. ir.is/j/.wro.vs jvt'ir SKN.ITOH , The prolonged and somewhat bitter contest In the legislature of the state of Washington over the United States riou- atorshlp terminated In the election of Mr , Addisou fl. Foster to succeed Sen ator John n. Wilson , The light was ono of locality and Tacoma , the home of Mr. Foster , is extremely proud of his selec tion , Judging from the way lu which the Ledger of that city speaks of It , It appears that the republicans of the Washington legislature made no mis take In chooslni : Mr , Foster , who Is a very successful business man and has never taken a conspicuously active part iu politics. The Seattle Post-Intolll- gencer aays "ho l known as a broad- ; nugo man and an able one , " while the J'aconm Ledger Fays he Is a man of un questioned ability and integrity , who will not bo one of the talkers of the senate , but will bo found among the con structive statesmen whose Judgment Is rolled upon. More of such men In the senate would .inprovo that Iwdy. There Is never Ikely to bo any luck ot talkers there md the need Is for more men in the senate who will give their time to the ( practical work of legislation ami whos < experience will bo valuable. In the Khap Ing of practical legislation , Thorofor * the republicans of the Htato ofVnsu Ington are to bo congratulated on linviti ; nhost-n a business man whoso sut'oossfu career attests his ability , Mr. Foster's republicanism Is of sterling quality ailil It Is needless to say that ho Is n souiul money man. Congressman Maxwell's postal tele graph bill Is a measure that should commend itself to favorable consider tlon nt the hands of congress. The tilll embodies the fundamental Idea that the agencies of communication should bi taken out of the control of private cor porations nnd made part < > l thu postal service. In this respect the telograplis of the United States nro nt variance with those of every Important nation ot the world. In the main Congressman Maxwell's postal telegraph bill Is sound , Instead of following the plan of the late Gardi ner llubbard to create a partnership be tween the government and a so-called postal telegraph company that would enjoy the use of postal facilities , in cluding buildings , clerical force , aud letter carrions the Maxwell bill con templates the outright purchase oC all existing telogr.iph lines except such as are onurated within the private use or their owners. It also Includes the pur chase and operation of long distance telephone * Hues. In the matter of rates the bill is some what crude , being drawn with the < ie- sigu to establish one uniform rate , irre spective of distance , for all parts of the United States. The question of rates is , however , a minor matter , the main point being the acquisition of the tele graph systems of the country and their exclusive control and operation by the government In connection with its post- olllce system. The greatest obstacle to enactment of such u bill is now , ns it has always been , the Inflated capitalization of the existing companies , which makes It dlltlcull to arrive at a fair valuation at which the government should buy In the property. Congressman Maxwell's estimate of ? 50,000,000 Is much below what other advocates of the postal tele graph have conceded to bo a reasonable price. price.While While It is doubtful that the present congress will give the bill the consid eration it deserves , the subject is one iu which the people of the whole United States nrc vitally interested and upon which congress will sooner or later be compelled to take decisive action. EX-VUANCKLLOK ftW OAl'RIVl. The death of Count von Oaprlvl ie- moves from Europe one of its most unique figures and deprives Germany of perhaps Its ablest statesman surviving Bismarck. Entering the German army as a subaltern In 1840 Caprivi rose by slow degrees and when the war with Austria eime on he entered it as a cap. tain on the general staff. lie partici pated in many battles of that war and bore a prominent part nt the final battle of Koculggratz. During the Franco- Prussian war he rendered valuable scrv- ices to his country , the most prominent of which was the famous reconnaissance of the valley of the Moselle , wJiicu en abled the Hanoverian troops to appear on time and turn the tide of battle at Mnrs-la-Tour. After the war he continued in com mand of a division until ISS'J , when the emperor dumfounded Europe by ap pointing him as chief of the admiralty. However , 'he ' justified the faith of his sovereign and soon succeeded In Intro ducing into the German navy the same idmirable discipline that he had always maintained in the army. In fact Ger many owes many of trie best features now characteristic of its navy to the efforts of Caprivi. About seven years ; ago , when His- innrck was dismissed from the chancel lorship of Germany , Caprivi was chosen to fill the place , and , although this was his first experience In statesmanship , he delighted the Reichstag with his affable manners and wise policies. In politics he was a conservative , but advocated free trade , removed restrictions against socialists nnd propitiated the friendship of Great Ihitaln. Hut ( inferences soon broke out between htm aud Count Eulenberg , the president of the Prussian ministry , and it wan owing to this cause that he resigned the chancellorship In 1801. Since that time he had been living In retirement. Whenever the railroad * want to side track some objectionable measure they try to divert public attention from it by setting up an agitation for Home counter scheme to neutralize the forces. That fitioms to bo the only explana tion oC the renewed agitation for a viaduct over Twenty-fourth street be fore the clamor for u new viaduct to replace the Sixteenth street ramshackle wooden bridge has been satlslled. Omaha certainly needs several new via ducts to accommodate growing trallle across railway tracks , but It can only hope to get them by pushing for one at n time. The Sixteenth street structure should have right of way ( Irst. The reduction of the rate of discount by the Hank of England Iu a good guar anty that little , If any , gold will be withdrawn from this country In tiny near future and UH the Imlanco of trade I bound to continue In our favor the process of accumulating the yellow metal will go right along at a rate most unfavorable to the silver currency In- llatlonlsts. The embalming bill has been laid on the senatorial shelf. It has been resur rected from Bossioii lo session In a fairly good state of preservation and If the men pushing It were as adept In the practice of their art on cadavers IM they are on legislative bills there could bo no question as to their right lo practice the profession. A Spanish paper thinks our trouble at Manila is a judgment visited upon us for despoiling Spain of the Philippines and is convinced that an tno Filipinos have 60,000 men , of whom 17,000 are armed with rltlcs , we must bo driven out If the struggle continues , luas- much as the Filipinos have been nttor Spanish senlps for the ln t in < ) the loacluslona to be drawn sire that w < have acquired the judgment nlmig wltl the territory and that Mils p-iriU-ulai paper , at least , seems to have leari.u nothing of our resources from the latt unpleasantness. Phaplniti Turner of the Delaware leg Mature has preached a sermon on tin burning question , "Can Churches Purlfj Politics1' Thu text was undoubtedly t timely one and It Is iTot stmmo that tin members of the legislature did not staj to tliu conclusion. That they walked oul In a body Just as the reverend gentle man was warming up to the evils ol bulling the vote market probably had nothing to do with their own contscluiice , but was superinduced wholly by the not unreasonable belief that the church nor anything else could purify politic * as now practiced lu Delaware. There would seem no reason why the pope should not send n delegation to the caur's disarmament conference. 'While he no longer exercises temporal power ill' Italy lie wields an mllucnce In the civilized countries of the world Incom parable with that which he. oxorclseM over the old papal states and as ho has been the one stanch and unyielding ad vocate of peace on earth and good will to men , the. conference will lose some thing , at least In Its moral weight , 1C the Vatican Is not represented. General Gomez Insists that Cuba Is the house of the Cubans and should ho turned over to them. At present thu taxes are In arrears ana some repairs are sadly needed. Gome/ should not con.plaln if the United States Is gcner- ousenough to foot the bill even if it in sists on being allowed to smierlntcnd the work. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Kicking on a Good TliliiK. Chlcaro nccord. The Filipino doesn't seem to appreciate the advantages of compulsory civilization. Ilotli MortKnge nnd Deed. Phlluiloliihln Times. In assuming the "Whlto Man's Burden , " according to the poet the Caucasian blndfl himself to carry It by taking real estate security from tlio other fellow , SiiiilNMiiK the Ill-cord. Baltimore American. Beyond all precedent. That Is Uio record ot business for the year up lo date , nnd tlio promise la tliat It will keep on going further beyond all precedent all thu year through. It la going to 'he a great year In business , as well as In many oilier things. Could IVot K iunl tilt ! Moil. Globe-Dem'ocrat , There wns 110 necessity for the Chicago Board of Trade to turn down the applica tion of -\vonian to membership in that or ganization , slnco the proceedings of the board could not possibly bo made more hysterical than they arc under the present masculine monopoly. Put mill Krt < le. New Yorlc Tribune. The -ruction' between Poly du Clam and Estcrhazy the other day was one of those things at which the gods grin with utter glee. Vi'o should not dignify It with n com parison of it with the row between Satan and Death at the gate of hell , so must let it go without a parallel , since there Is no historic Instance of < a fight between a hyena and a jackal. . . > . Iloom lor Ilctallntlnn , Indianapolis Journal. A recent chemical analysis of imported toys of German manufacture showed that eight different Idnds were colored or coated with poisonous paints. As the toys nro ot thp kind made for Infants or very young children , and apt to 'he put In their mouths , they may easily become a source of dan- Ber. It Germany continues to discriminate against American meats , here is a chance for retaliation. Eflli-iicy fit .Mllltnry llule , Philadelphia. Ledger. Let some other American cities thank their stars that they nre not under such military rule ns General Henry Is exercising in I'orto Ulcan communities. lie has summarily de posed the mayors and councllraen of two cities , and threatens the saino treatment tea a number ot others , merely because of "in cessant political quarrels and gross olllcial corruption. " And all this of his own motion , without the judicial Investigation to which cities older In Americanism would devote two or three years. ? the SiiKiir TrilNt. Philadelphia Record. The footings of the sugar business done In the United States for 1898 show that the sugar trust In Its battle for control of tbo trade lias lost ground. In 1S97 it refined 1,387,040 tons of sugar , which amounted to 71.38 per cent of the total business.1 In 1S9S It refined 1,260,218 tons , or 67.2 per cent. The profit in the business was re duced by the competition of the Independent refineries from .910 ot a cent per pound In 1897 to .73 ot a cent In 1S98. To a large extent -ivhnt the trust Io3t the consumers of sugar galncrt and for this we may all bo duly thankful. llcN of I'jilrlotlMin. IJosfon Transcript. The eccentrickles of patriotism , aa ex pressed by the New Yorltcr , would , If It were worth while , furnish another count In the long indictment rolling up against the yellow Journalism and 'ltd hysterical , ca pricious teatJilngs to the mob of the me tropolis. A tow days ago the Sixty-ninth Now York volunteers arrived home , after several months In camp , nnd received such an ovation that the echoes nrc utlll rlnglns around the facades of the sky-ocrapcrs and along the Palisades. Wednesday the Second - end battalion of the Seventeenth United States Infantry arrived nnd went aboard the transport Sherman on their way to Ma nila , They amo to the city uivhoralded and unnoticed , and quietly 'hoarded ' their ship , without an Invitation to pnrade. nnd only a bare .notlca In the papers that lliey were here. And yet this same battalion took part In seven lights In the Cuban cam paign nnd added glory to the records ot the army of which they are a part. G'JiiMiilMtry mid Army Href , Chicago Tribune. Persons wlio are as Ignorant of chemistry as n Filipino is of the Australian ballot have been ransacking itho dictionary for adjectives In which tv > denounce * the alleged use of boric and unllcyllc acid in army beef. They might read 'with profit ilio following state ment inado by Dr. Oswald , surgeon of the Slxty-nlnih Ne\y York , which returned home recently : "If you ask my opinion of the 'em balmed tii'C'f ] should My that If we got any of It it was a good 'thing. The ap- pcoranco of iho men speaks for It. Salicylic acid is mido from wlntcigreen , and Loth it end borlo ncld will prevent putrefaction. Both are germicides , and frequently In our profession they nro given for dyspepsia. If meat ; supplied lo 'the army has been bad- putrid as claimed , 1hen those chemicals wcro not In It. It was my province to pass upon the fooJ supplied , and I found no occa- BIon * to condemn any meat whatever , but only a few lots of potatoes and toma > to s. " Another officer of the Sixty-ninth says that the men who stuck to the army ration as * steady diet kept their health. uATKn i Ai'iii TnrsT. AVrtinir friini HIP l'n > | > lc 111 < SprlnRllelil I.MA * . > llppubllcnn. The pub paper trust Is hedged behind tariff which ml mils pulp woods fron of iltitj ( ind rules out pulp nnd paper miller heav ; taxes for the protection ot iho monopoly This concern nnd Its tariff for ninno'iol ; profit constitute toilny ono of the chief obslu clcs to nn nBreemcnt between the Oanndlm ami Vnllcd Stales Joint commissioners fo better trndo with our nelRhbore on the nortl ami n bettor understanding generally In nl matters nt Issue between them. It Is further more standing In the wny of change * whlcl will check Iho destruction of the forests , thi stripping of the hill nnd mountain sides am the consequent Injury to the walor-powe of manufaelurlng New England nnd othe sections , nnd the proper distribution o molBturo through the seasons , Among nil Iho I minted trusts of the daj this la ono of the most inflated. Its lota nominal capital Is $33.000,000 $20,000,000 o common stork , f2.\000,000 of preferred sloe ! which must bo paid fi per cent annually bo foio the common gets anything , nnd $10,000 , 000 C per cent gold bonds , It Is not pretended tended , we undemtnml. that the commoi slock represents anything hut a bonus to tin original subscribers. Nevertheless It Is nov being offered to the tlenr public at n curren quoted prlco of about ? 65 n share of $100 But after excluding the common stock tin trust is still very generously capitalized This will nppenr from the fact , to which tin New York Journal of Commerce calls atteii' tlon , that n paper mill of sixty toim dull ; " capacity is to be built In Wisconsin at n cos" ot $100,000. An honest capitalization o $35,000,000 ( still excluding the common etocl ot the paper trust ) would on this baals repre sent mills having a dally capacity ot nt leas 5,000 tons dally , and yet the paper trust ha : n daily output of hardly 1,500 tons ot nn. Ishcd paper. Presumably the actual capaclt : ot nil the mills In the trust Is consldcrabl : larger than this ngure , because one of th'c objects of the trust was to restrict produc tlon which Is effected by closing up or glvlnj light employment to the mills of older ma chlnory and less advantageous locations. In any event it would appear that tin preferred stock and bonds of the trust represent - resent twice aa largo nn amount as th < mills could bo duplicated for with up-to date machinery , and with the common stocl the Inflation becomes enormous. JHlls wen thrown Into the pool at practically tliclr owi valuation. Mills which had Jiot earned : dividend In years went In at swollen figures along with .mills that had paid well. Mllli with antiquated and worn-out machinery joined hands iu the broad currents ot UK trust with mills of modern equipment ; nntl one mill having machinery which ex-Senatoi Warner Miller tended when bo was a boj Heats like a , corlc on the tide of nn attempl to make it pay 100 per cent sldo by side wltl mills of the most improved equipment. Why should the- government at Washing. ton undertake to glvo such a combhiatlor assistance- through tariff laws -In extortlnf large dividends on a grossly Inflated capital from the consumers of paper ? Why shoulO it coddle a monopoly which stands likei block In the way of forestry preservatlor and better trade and political relations will Canada ? The tariff on pulp should bo abolished ished and a tariff on pulp paper which we export but do not Import is a clear and iu. defensible trust gratuity. I'KUSO.VAL , AMI OTIIISllWISE. Eighteen cadets who were graduated onlj last week from the naval academy are or the Solace Iwund for Manila. General John M. Palmer Is suffering froir a severe attack of ithe grip , which , at his ago , Is considered a decided danger. For forty yeans Jules Verne has averagec two stories annually. All have had fair sale and many have met with tremendous success. Dr. Lyman Abbott suggests that Hlchan : Croker nnd Matthew Stanley Quay ought tc bo sent to the Philippines to show the na tives the errors of their -way. With the NIle dammed for the purpose ol irrigation and with trolley cars whizzing oul to .tho pyramids. It raay bo said that Egypl ts booming after the most approved Ameri can fnehicn. John V. Quarlea , the new senator frojr Wisconsin , is a graduate oftho University of Michigan , and , being a Toot hall enthu siast , attends nearly every gnmo played b > the eleven of .tht college , Joseph H. Choato once said he- did not have much faith in letters of introduction , "When I first came lo Now York , " ho said , "I had but ono such letter ; hut 'then It was from Kufus Choato to William M. Evarts. " Though Congressman Galusho. A. Grow , cx-spcakcr of the house. Is now a very old man , ho Is wonderfully active. Ju dress , manner and hnbit he Is old-fashioned , and is ono ot the characters of .the- lower house , The late Dr. Henry Harris of Ashtabula , O. , was 'tho ' oldest living underground rail road man Inthe countryHo waa the asso ciate of Joshua Glddlugs , Senator Ben Wade and other free Eollurs , nnd personally as sisted In the esirapo of hundreds of negroes. A tablet has Just been unveiled In the louse in Liverpool in which Mrs. Felicia Dorothea Hemnns was born. It bears this Inscription : "Krected by Iho Historic So ciety of Lancashire ami Cheshire. Felicia I ) . Hcnians , Poetess , Horn In this House , September 25 , 1793. " In an artlclo about newspapers In Iho current number of the Independent Itev. Dr. 1'arkhurst suggests as a remedy for some of itho abuses of the freedom of 1ho press that newspapers shall bo required presum ably by stntuto to publish under each nrtl- clo or news item the unmo of the writer thereof. The movement for the formation of Pee ple's clubs in JCew York Is now well under way nnd the first club Is to bo established somewhere In the neighborhood of Cooper Union. The object Is the study of probloma of the day and social Intercourse. All per sons of good character over 10 years of ago and of both sexes arc eligible for member ship. Whispered comment Is being Indulged In > y republicans nt the national capital over lie fact that the red , . green nnd blue par- ors nt the White house are now closed to visitors. It Is remembered that when the ate Mrs. Harrison was mistress thcro t > ho ctoed a proposition to close these rooms , declaring that "nobody has a better right o wear out the carpets there than the pco- > le who pay for them. " Sir Henry Illnho. tbo now governor of Hong Kong , recently announced that at his evco3 mon would bo expected to put In an appearance In trp liata and frock coats , nnd hero was great consternrtlon In the little colony In consequence. The ta'JH ' were the rouble. Thuro wcro only aleut half a dozen "nnll krss" In iho place , and It was not oxpectCNl . .thatthe. lojal hatter had any n stok. To the Joy of all , however , he rosu to the occasion , nuJ was Junt ublo to supply the iHtnanil. Amrrlro-Ci-riiiiui Iti'liilliiim , BERLIN. Feb. 7. An Interrogation Intro- duccd In the Reichstag by Count von Kanltz nd Hcrrcn Lleberand llassomann , supported iy 100 conservatives , centrists and national IbcraU , asking the chancellor for Informa- .Ion as ( o tbo actual position of the political-commercial relations with the Jnltcd States , will bo discussed on Thurs day. noiii win ou NR\V YORK , Feb. 7. U la stated in nanclal circles that ithe government in re mitting $20,000,000 Indemnity t > Spain for ho 1'hlllppino Islands will do so by shipping ho gold direct from the treasury opd will not deal with , tbo exchange market in any way. unions or TIM : AVAIL The eliarnctcrlMics of th yellow lint tnllnns plttoj against the American troops li ninl about Mnnlla arc entertainingly skctche * ' by a soldier of the Tourlh cavalry * tiitlonoi nt the sent of war. Ho accidentally strnypi among them before the Americans nni Filipinos ramc togeitier In battle nrrny , bu friction existed between the outponts of tin two nrmles. "I found a big crowd ot nn lives from the city , " writes the soldier I "whji were watching some kind of n pro I cession. This , ns It nenral , proved to bi 1 200 or 300 of Agulnnldo's army 'parnillns | under arms. My fooling : ! were Ri > me\vhn \ mlxrd ns I discovered myself In such n sur ' prising minority. 1 wn.i amung nn odd 2,001 Malays , but the whlte-shlrlpd rascal : crowded about me , nnd grinning , nalil 'Americano Filipino nmlgo ? ' nntl laid thefi two forefingers sldo by side In token of 0111 fast friendship. I thought It wise to ngrci with them. The marching Holdlers were t slfclit. The only uniform thing about then wns Ihelr guns 45-callber Hcmlngioni. Foi the rest , they were all manner ot liata , [ run oM ycllow-pllli lioltnols lo broad-brlmmec slraw nnd ragged felt lints. Their roats niu shirts and trousers werens different as couhl bo. They wcro nllko ngaln In theli spreading , bare black feel. The nolso thcj made ns they stamped the ground mnrkltif time wns quite like a booted regiment They were , wltlml , n very ecrloiu-lookltu crowd mostly all boys , marching to th < monotonous squeak of a halt-breed flfo Tlicy paraded In column of fours up nut down thn road three times , nnd then wem out again to Iho bush where 'they cann from. " Ho had served unilpr the flag In a regl meiit of infantry nnd blow into n rostauran with a friend for lunch. Long counter stretched along each side of the room , will n third curved In front In the center. Guest were seated at each of the counters busll disposing of food. The two friends moved down to tlie counter tor to the onst , fronted by the piano etoo nc'compnnlment. They worn nbout to tak senls when a sound smote their cars whlcl caused the soldier to perform like n trlcl monkey. Ono of the wallers shouted ou Instructions lo the cook In the renr. Th v.'ori's Jumbled and this Is what they soundei to the soldier : "Guides posts ! " Hearing this the soldier 'backed from ll > counter , faced to the right nnd walked rnp idly to the end nearest the door. Hero li took position and carefully gazed along th line of feeders , His friend , renllzlng that at instinctive military sense had moved th man , went after him , "What the dlckons nro you doing , nlll ? ' nskcd the friend. "This Is no barracks no parade ; It's a hash foundry. Don't make i spectacle of yourself. Back with you , " "Didn't that fellow yell , 'Guides posts ? ' ' queried Uio man , in n dnzcd manner. "Queer how you soldiers think everything is for you , " wns the reply. "He yelled 'Drj ionst , ' if you must know. " Joseph L. Stlckney relates in Harper's Magazine the eccentric movements ot the only Spanish sJiell that hit the- American Heot In the battle of Ma.nlla bay. H wns a sixty-pound armor-vlcrclnK Bhcll and the Baltimore was the target. The shell "en tered the Baltimore about two feet above the upper dcok on the starboard side , be tween the after six-Inch gun nnd .the . threo- poundcr mounted on the rail. This shell after piercing two thizknesses ot steel one- quarter of nn Inch thick , struck the deck and penetrated until It reached ono of the heavy deck beams , which It cracked clear through. It wns then deflected upward coming oul of ths wooden deck , and tearing Its way through the steel combing of the engine-room skylight , again passing through two quarter-inch plates. As It had turned sideways on rising from the deck , 'the holes It made1 through these plates wcro about eighteen Inches long by six Inches wide ragged , lorn spots , very unlike tho.clean- cut punctures anado'by such a ehcli when entering point foremost. Leaving the skylight , 'the shell , ranging sllglitly forward , slruck the recoil cylinder ot the port six-Inch gun on the quarter deck , disabling the carriage. At last It met. nn object strong .enough lo resist Its attack the Bleed shield , which curved in front ot the gun In a complete semi-circle. Following this curve , the shell came out on the forward side of the ship again , when it struck a steel venlllator. and was finally stopped. In other words , this shell passed llirough ono Inch of steel , ripped up a. < lcck , broke a deck beam , and bulged a shield about an inch out of Its original shape. It crossed the Baltimore from starboard side to port nnd back to the starboard side , nnd yet iiad hit none of tbo many men engaged at the Rune near by. It Is true , It was tfte cause of wounding two odiccrs and six men , for in Its course It exploded two three- pounder shells which wcro lying on the deck ready for use In the small gun on the Balti more's rail ; but directly It Injured no one , and It la regarded as holding the record for eccentric action. S. Nicholson Kane , who hid his Identity on the St. Paul during the war under the name of Samuel N. Kane , entertain * . ! n se lect party In the ward room of the Now \ork Yacht club with tales from t'jo ' flont. He was ono of Slgsbeo's trusted nontenants , nnd was in the cabin of the St. Paul when Cap- tnln Clark nf the Oregon wns asked to trll what ho Intended doing when tha Temnrarlo and the rest of the supposed torncJo fleet nnd a cruiser or two attacked Mm. "Run nwny ns fast as possible , " was the reply of the gallant Vermoiuor ; "string out the /loot / and tackle the Colon first , the only ship wo know could steam ns fast as the Onvjon. After sinking the Colon wo intended send ing the torpedo boats nnd destroyers to thn bottom , ono aftur the other. " "Cuptuln , weren't you n little nervous over the pros pect ? " nn otllcor asked. "No , not nervous , but nnxloiifi , " said Clark , "Wo were In the dark ns to the enemy's whcrcibnuts mid movemciilH , hut ns to the outcome wo novcr had the slightest doubt. " Theodore P.oosovolt writing In vScrlbncr' tells how the Rough Riders gave each other nicknames , generally in n spirit of contra diction nnd derision. A huge ml-hcadcd Irishman wns named "Sheeny Solomon. " A young -low , who developed into ono of th lent fighters In the regiment , accepted with entire equanimity the name of "Pork Chop. " Wo had quite- number of profttialoual gam- > ] crs , who , I am bound to fay , usually made good eoldlcrs. One , who was almost abnor mally uuiet nnd gentle , was called "Hell lloarer , " while unother , who In point of lan guage nnd deportment was lila exact untl- ; hcsls , was christened "Prayerful James. " The youngest captain In the United States army. . regular or volunteer , Is Walter Leo 'helps of Arkansas , whu will be 21 on .March 23. Ho was prominent In organizing com pany C , Second Arkansas Infantry , and i now under orders to proceed to Santiago , Jubort F. Panlicn , chief bugler of the Tenth Ohio volunteer Infantry , now In camp at Augusta , Oa. , will only reach his sixteenth ilrthdny Juno 12 next. lllKlit Ill-milllnm Iliiulrlnr. lioHton Transcript. Senator Spooncr of WUconsIn uttcrol the Eound republican and American middle west opinion on Thursday when ho said that he shrank frcm the policy of making a part of our land tropical Islands , thoutianda ot mllea 'roin our shores , a land who&o people wore alien , not of our blood , who were foreign to our Institutions , cf a climate in which the whlto man cannot work. He was no anncx- atlouUt " 1 am not , " ho Bald , "thrilled by the jingle about not hauling down thu flag when it has once been raised. H has been hauled down In former times. It will be down nsnln. Wo will not krcp It nH < In Puld , but wo will takeH down there. UdvltlK behind It liberty nnd an In- ilepriHtont govcrnitivnt. 1 liope this nl o may soon bo true In the Philippines. llll Kill ! ' AM ) IIUMK/V. InillannpollK Journal ; Tommy PAW , what Is a war hor.e-7 Mr. risK One tlmt Is fit only for army Truth : "Am 1 descended from a monkey , inn ? " "I dnro say , Mil I'm not suro. fo 1 met any of your father's people. " 1 ( " "hirupo Tribune : Instructor ( of philology class ) What Is tlie derivation of tlio word "nlmnlino ? " Smart Young Man It comes from "nil man neh" . " sir. That's why It nhvays has PO much to do wltli patent medicines. Philadelphia. North .American ! Intlcnt I feel ( leprt's i > il , doctor. 1 li.ivo a constant ilread of some dire hniipenlnjr , Doctor I'm ' ! Well Here. Irt my bill. I'll look In tomorrow nntl fee how you fed. Cleveland Plain Denier : She looked up fnnnlho newspaper with n Rlgli. "Mourning ROodH were never before so cheap as they nre now. " she said. Hut some men lire so Inconsiderate. \Vnslilnston Star ; "Is that ttnn n brave solilli < r ? " "Well , " replied the cnulloiM thlnlirr , "ho wnuldn't Illneh In uny battlu. Hut 1 don't know how h ? would carry himself In lha imul-throwliiK after the return of peace. " Indianapolis .lottninl : The Thin One I hnvo made up my mini ! to wear l > loomcrn next summer. I think they will Just bu Im- inctise ! The Plump One Xot nccissavlly , Ninlon nioho : "Pretty Polly. " mid the visitor , alnminchnir the TOKO. "What a " .My mime , " Intrrruiited iho parrot , spuiklnij tdiiwly and distinctly , "in Alary , not Polly and 1 riMpiIre nothing , sir. 1 um m oil Hal I nj ? . How dare you adUreas me without nn introduction ? " Uetrolt Free Press : Vlsdllntr Uncle There IH no lioiist that has a roar as terrifying na him tinlion. . Small Niece Did you ever hoar papa when dinner wasn't ready on time ? Philadelphia Hccord : AVhllo other men nro striving lu reach the Itcnd of tliclr professions the chiropodist evidently bc- llcvi in sticking at th ? foot. Detroll Free Press : "Why do you cull Ihls ( lie court room ? " nsited the man who wns lookliiR over the house ot the man. who was trying to sell It. "Did 1 any court room ? Jloro force ol hnblt , 1 have seven unmarried daughters. " Chlcnro Tribune : Mabel I seldom sec the handsome youiifr Mr , Illcherly. He doesn't appear to care much for noclety. lithel Oh , I don't know. Ho seems to want my society nbout six evenings In the WCCK , Mttslmnr Chronicle : "U'liat amobllo countenance Miss IJcllcHcld has , " remarked Jlr. Gnswcll. Her father 1ias < ordered n homeless car- added Mr. Duknne. "U'olir "U'ell , soon she will have an automobile countenance. " Chicago Poft "They say she Is a clever conversationalist. " "Clover ? Conversationalist ? Why , : .he's brilliant. She doesn't oven need to converse. Sli2 can bliiHt u reputation Just by ihe way slm Hhrugs her Hlioulders. " Chicago Tribune : " \Vhnt are you going to do with that tdlven-ninunled revolver of mine ? " asked the languid hu'haml. "I am KoIiiR tn tine It to drive. Iho wolf from the door ! " replied the energetic w'fe. Whereupon .she took it lo the nearest pawnshop and got $2 on It. Detroit Journal : "We havu found our burslar alarm to bo thoroughly unreliable- . " "Yes ? " "Yes. the other night It rang. Imlic.itinR the cellar window , and when my husband hastened down there , he came right upon the fellow ! " "How dreadful ! " TUB IIL.ACIC MAX'S IIUUIIO.\ . . . . Chlcoeo Chronicle . , , , , Takeup the sword and rllle. , Bend forth your ships with npecd , To Join the * nations' scramble And vlo with them in greed ; Go llnd your goods a market Beyond the western Hood , The heathen who wllQistand you Shall answer it In blood. Take up the sword and rllle , For so does all the world ; There's none shall dnro upbraid j-nu When once your Hag's unfurled The race Is to the snvlftest. The- battle to the strong ; Success is ( he criterion , Mono caret ) to count the wrong1. Take up the sword and rifle And Know no fenr or pause. What though your hands , lie bloody. Who calls ye to tlio laws ? The ports yo wish to enter The road.s yo wish to tread. Make them with lieatht'ii living- , ilnrk them with heathen dead. Take up the sword and rifle , Roll every savnco race. Annex their Innds and harbors. For this Is Christian grace , E'en though ye Hlnughter thousands , Yo Rtlll hall count it gain ; If ye extend your commerce , Who dreads tlie cur * > of Cain ? t Take up the sword nnd rifle Sllll keep your conscience whole So soon la found nn unction To soollio a guilty soul. Go with It to your Maker , Kind what cxcuso ye can- Hob for the snlto of justice , JC111 for Iho love of mail , Styles of SPRING HATS are arriving every day now , Both Fedora and Derby While the prevailing shape seems nclined to run to small dimensions , we have plenty of large and medium blocks , and our prices on these hats , $1.50 , $2 , $2,50 , $3 are right.