6 TI13J ) GRATIA DATLT 13RE : WEDNESDAY , FI3mUTAttY 8 , 1800 ,
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE.
PUDLI8IIKD EVEUY MOHNINO.
Dally Uce ( without Sunday ) , Ons Ycar.KQ
Dally lies and Sunday , One Venr 8.0
Six Months 4.0
inrew Months 2.0
Sunday Ue . Onu Year ' -.0
Saturday I3eo. One Year Iff
Weekly Btc. Ona Year
Om.iha : The lieu Ilulldlnt : .
South Omaha : City ifall building
Twenty-fifth ami N ptrcet .
Council Hint ! * : 10 Pcnrl Street ,
Chicago : Stock Exchange Building.
Now York : Tetnuln Court.
Waihlncton : COl Fourteenth Street.
Communlcntlong relating to news fuu
editorial matter should 1)0 addressed : liul
torlnl Department , The Omntm Heo.
I5uslnc B letters ami remittances shnulc
be addressed In The Uce PubllflhlnB Com'
tinny , Omaha. Drafts , checks , express anc
poBloffico money orders to l > a made payable
to the order of the conumny.
THE BB1J PUUUSIUNG COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF' CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska. Douglas County. as. :
GcorRQ U. Tzschuck , seereury of The Hc (
I'ubllshlnu company , belns duly sworn ,
nays that the uctunl number ot full am :
complete copies of The Dally , Mornlnir
EvenlnB nnd Sundny Hoc. prlntca durlnp
the month or January , 189U , was us fol
l SI.OO.T 17 2Jisrn
: aiaon : is i.n ( ]
SJII.WKI 19 SJTBII :
i ai. : ao so SIHKI :
s UI.IHO : ( 21 siiui :
t 2.-I.710 22 Sl.lWn
7 2:1.710 23 SI , 7 < 1
it ui.or.o 21 siifHi :
9 si.ina : : ss 21,1111
19 SM-IO 20 ai,7in
11 l : t.770 27 21,25(1 (
12 at.U-40 : 2S 21,150
13 2:1.730 : so 21,25(1 (
H a-I.H-lO 30 21,20(1 (
15 U-I.I10 31 24.100
Lets unsold nnd returned copies. . . . ll ) > _ ll'ii !
Net total sales ' ' "P' ' ' : ! ?
2l ! , 2a
Net dally average
QEOHOE 13. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed nnd sworn to before mo this
Slut dny of January , 1839.
( Seal. ) II. I. PLUMB , Notary Public.
Indications arc tliat the nmny curative
measures Introduced In the legislature
nrc proving too large n dose for tlie leg
Conundrum When must a little Kill-
. , . pliio bo born to he first eligible to the
prcfililcncy us a ntilive-boni citizen of
the United States ?
The ratlliciitlon of the peace treaty Is
another occasion on which Nebraska's
two senators seem to have gotten to-
Kcther , notwithstanding tlio divergence
In party nlllliutloiis.
I ; The flourishing condition of the
| 'v Young Men's Clirlstliui nssoclntlou In
Omaha , la another sign of the commu
nity's ficlviinccincnt nicntnlly and uior-
ally , ns well iw couuncrclully.
The American people approve the rat-
incatlon of the treaty oC peace , but that
must not he taken to mean that the
American people approve any plan for
the permanent annexation of. the 1'liil-
It will rcqulro no peace commission to
arrange the terms of settlement with the
Insurgents under Agulualdo. Dewey
l ! nnd Otis will be able to act as war coin-
ji mlsslouers and peace commissioners at
; ; one and the same time.
Nebraska mourns for its dead , but It
has every reason to he proud of its sons.
From tlret to last they have been In the
hottest of the lighting and have proved
themselves good ground gainers - whenever
ever the occasion demanded.
A staff correspondent oC one of the
Chicago papers visiting In this city
writes that the Chicago police could get
pointers from the Omaha police on the
enforcement of Sunday closing. 'J'lils is
certainly complimentary to the Omaha
Following hard on the hat , prune and
buggy whip trust comes the news of a
candy combine. The necktie , huckle
berry and watermelon trusts have not
been heralded yet , hut doubtless they
will get Into the procession a little later. ,
The letters oC the soldier boyn at
Manila all exhibit anxiety to get out of
the country and back to their homes on
American soil. It Is safe to say a vote
of the troops now there would be at-
moat unaulmous against holding the
islands us an American possession.
Ily getting congress to make the ap
propriation for Immediate completion of
Omaha'a new federal building Dave
Mercer will dimply be enlarging the
monument to his etllclent public service
nnd at the same time enlarging the
claim ho holds upon the gratitude of
The United States treasury now con
tains the snug sum oC § 038,000,000 In
gold , which Is a gain of $1:00,000,000 :
over lust year. Thcro is little doubt
but that It will be augmented to the
f 1,000,000,000 notch before the year IH
cone , which will glvo us one quarter
of the gold of the world.
Illsmarck once said , when speaking on
acquisition of certain territory , that it
wus "not worth the boncn of a single
Pomeranian grenadier. " The like can
bo said of the Philippines , they are not
worth the bones of a single American
soldier , yet they have cost too many al
ready and are not yet securely ours ,
If any one has a doubt of the bravery
of the Filipino * the affair at Manila
should remove it. The spectacle of a
duel between a battery of rilled Held
pieces on one side and bows nnd arrows
on the other Is ludicrous yet pathetic
n picture of heroism such as the old
Illrslrklrs used to present , with aJl of
the judgment left out.
It Is tof ) bad the house should have
killed so unceremoniously the bill Intro-
duccd by Representative Pollard making
default in tux payments a bar to eligi
bility to otllce , etnto and local , In No-
braska. If such n law were on the
statute book , what an Intlow of hack
taxes there would bo each year Just
about the time the people were prepar
ing to select candidates to nm upon the
different party tickets.
itiK WAV rn nxsToiiK IWDKH.
The opinion csprtvxsed by pome sctin
tors that the rntlllcntlon of llic pi-an
Irmly will restore order In the 1'hllip
plnos fiH-nis to us to bo unsound , " \Yt \
think tlnlt on the contrary Hie ell'ec :
will be to aggravate the situation am
slrciictlu'ii thu purpose of the l-'lllplnot -
to continue the struggle for ludiv
pcudotiro. It Is to hu presumed thai
tlit'tv IH no ono now who doubts th' ' :
onrni'sttirsfl of that purpose. Those wht
assumed that the Filipinos , in establish
Ing a government with a written rnmUl
tutlon , organizing and equipping an
army and cloclarlng their Intention nni
to submit to a foreign so\ crolRiityvm
only shamming , must have been con
vlnced by the events oC the last three
days that the assumption was t'nllncl
OUH. The Filipinos iiro allowing thai
they are determined to .secure imlu-
pendeuco , If possible , nt whatever cosl
or Kacrlllcc. They will light for liberty ,
If It Is dvnlcd them , as long as thi\v
are able to and they are sulllclontly nu
merous to maintain a conlllcl for a long
time , perhaps for several years.
\Vu believe that if congress hail
adopted , before ratifying the treaty ,
some one of the several resolutions thai
wore introduced In the Btuialo giving
assurance to the Filipinos that they
would ultimately be permitted to es
tablish their own government , there
would bu no lighting now at Manila ,
We have no doubt that the passage of
any of these resolutions would have
averted hostilities. Hut while tin
senate failed to take this conciliators
course , which would have reassured and
Butlslled the Filipinos , the government
was engaged In hurrying to Manila
military and naval reinforcements ,
thereby stimulating Filipino apprehen
sion and distrust. Hostilities resulted
uid while the Filipinos begun them ,
truthful and Impartial history will not
ncqult us of all responsibility ,
The action which we believe would
have averted hostilities we think would
now put a top to them. Let congress
declare , In explicit terms , that It is not
the Intention of the United States t
permanently hold the Philippines or to
force its authority upon the people of
those Islands , but that It proi > oses lo
allow the Filipinos , whenever condi
tions make such a proceeding hopeful
of success , establish their own gov
ernment , and we have to doubt these
people would accept such assurance in
good fnlth. . "We can see no valid objec
tion to taking this course , while there
are sound reasons in favor of it. There
would be no surrender oC any right and
no aacrllloi of honor In adopting It ,
while If It should have the desired effect
we would avoid an expenditure or
money and u lews of lira which If hos
tilities are prolonged may be very
great > 'o spirit of pride or selC-conll-
dence should be allowed to influence
us lu this matter. The world knows
that we have the power and the re
sources to subjugate the Filipinos.
Why , therefore , make the sacrifices
that would be Involved in demonstrat
ing this ? There could be no disci-edit
to this great republic la pacifying nnd
making friends of the natives of the
Philippines by recognizing their right
to Independence nnd assuring them of
our aid and protection in establishing
! or themselves a stable government.
We can win no glory or honor by forc-
ng them to submit to our authority and
The way to put a stop to bloodshed
n the Philippines and establish friendly
relations between the natives and
Americans Is , it seems to us , perfectly
plain and Its adoption wo believe to bean
an Imperative duty.
TJIR ENEMY'S 11BA\'Y \ LOSS.
The latest report from General Otis
places the loss of the Filipinos in killed ,
wounded and prisoners at probably
i.OOO , of which 3,500 are killed and
wounded. This is a heavy loss , when
the cli-cumstaugcs are considered , much
of the fighting having been done at
night , when the shooting by the Ameri
can soldiers was more or less nt random.
It Is nn indication that our troop * * fought
with their usual steadiness , while the
relatively small loss they suffered marks
the difference betweea thoroughly dis
ciplined soldiers nnd untrained troops.
The Filipino soldiers do not give very
much attention to training and there
fore however courageous they may bo
they are nt a great disadvantage In
lighting such disciplined troops as Gen
eral Otia commands. The war vessels
did severe execution ana a considerable
[ iart of the cuemj's killed and wounded
is to be credited to their deadly work.
It was a severe lesson for the Fill-
plnos , but It must not be assumed that
It will discourage or demoralize them ,
for they are described ns both bravo aud
persistent. It Is not probable that they
will make many such attacks on 1he
Americans as that at Manila , but will
resort to guerrilla warfare and make
the malaria of the swamps and jungles
their ally , It Is reported from Wash-
Ingtou to be the Intention of the administration -
ministration to push hostilities with all
possible vigor nnd It is said General
Otis AVill bo directed to disperse the
Filipino government. If such Is the
plan n long conflict is probably certain.
ir.is/j/.wro.vs jvt'ir SKN.ITOH ,
The prolonged and somewhat bitter
contest In the legislature of the state of
Washington over the United States riou-
atorshlp terminated In the election of
Mr , Addisou fl. Foster to succeed Sen
ator John n. Wilson , The light was ono
of locality and Tacoma , the home of Mr.
Foster , is extremely proud of his selec
tion , Judging from the way lu which the
Ledger of that city speaks of It ,
It appears that the republicans of the
Washington legislature made no mis
take In chooslni : Mr , Foster , who Is a
very successful business man and has
never taken a conspicuously active part
iu politics. The Seattle Post-Intolll-
gencer aays "ho l known as a broad-
; nugo man and an able one , " while the
J'aconm Ledger Fays he Is a man of un
questioned ability and integrity , who
will not bo one of the talkers of the
senate , but will bo found among the con
structive statesmen whose Judgment Is
More of such men In the senate would
.inprovo that Iwdy. There Is never
Ikely to bo any luck ot talkers there
md the need Is for more men in the
senate who will give their time to the
( practical work of legislation ami whos <
experience will bo valuable. In the Khap
Ing of practical legislation , Thorofor *
the republicans of the Htato ofVnsu
Ington are to bo congratulated on linviti ;
nhost-n a business man whoso sut'oossfu
career attests his ability , Mr. Foster's
republicanism Is of sterling quality ailil
It Is needless to say that ho Is n souiul
Congressman Maxwell's postal tele
graph bill Is a measure that should
commend itself to favorable consider
tlon nt the hands of congress. The tilll
embodies the fundamental Idea that the
agencies of communication should bi
taken out of the control of private cor
porations nnd made part < > l thu postal
service. In this respect the telograplis
of the United States nro nt variance
with those of every Important nation ot
In the main Congressman Maxwell's
postal telegraph bill Is sound , Instead
of following the plan of the late Gardi
ner llubbard to create a partnership be
tween the government and a so-called
postal telegraph company that would
enjoy the use of postal facilities , in
cluding buildings , clerical force , aud
letter carrions the Maxwell bill con
templates the outright purchase oC all
existing telogr.iph lines except such as
are onurated within the private use or
their owners. It also Includes the pur
chase and operation of long distance
telephone * Hues.
In the matter of rates the bill is some
what crude , being drawn with the < ie-
sigu to establish one uniform rate , irre
spective of distance , for all parts of the
United States. The question of rates
is , however , a minor matter , the main
point being the acquisition of the tele
graph systems of the country and their
exclusive control and operation by the
government In connection with its post-
The greatest obstacle to enactment
of such u bill is now , ns it has always
been , the Inflated capitalization of the
existing companies , which makes It
dlltlcull to arrive at a fair valuation at
which the government should buy In
the property. Congressman Maxwell's
estimate of ? 50,000,000 Is much below
what other advocates of the postal tele
graph have conceded to bo a reasonable
While It is doubtful that the present
congress will give the bill the consid
eration it deserves , the subject is one
iu which the people of the whole United
States nrc vitally interested and upon
which congress will sooner or later be
compelled to take decisive action.
EX-VUANCKLLOK ftW OAl'RIVl.
The death of Count von Oaprlvl ie-
moves from Europe one of its most
unique figures and deprives Germany of
perhaps Its ablest statesman surviving
Bismarck. Entering the German army
as a subaltern In 1840 Caprivi rose by
slow degrees and when the war with
Austria eime on he entered it as a cap.
tain on the general staff. lie partici
pated in many battles of that war and
bore a prominent part nt the final battle
of Koculggratz. During the Franco-
Prussian war he rendered valuable scrv-
ices to his country , the most prominent
of which was the famous reconnaissance
of the valley of the Moselle , wJiicu en
abled the Hanoverian troops to appear
on time and turn the tide of battle at
After the war he continued in com
mand of a division until ISS'J , when the
emperor dumfounded Europe by ap
pointing him as chief of the admiralty.
However , 'he ' justified the faith of his
sovereign and soon succeeded In Intro
ducing into the German navy the same
idmirable discipline that he had always
maintained in the army. In fact Ger
many owes many of trie best features
now characteristic of its navy to the
efforts of Caprivi.
About seven years ; ago , when His-
innrck was dismissed from the chancel
lorship of Germany , Caprivi was chosen
to fill the place , and , although this was
his first experience In statesmanship , he
delighted the Reichstag with his affable
manners and wise policies. In politics
he was a conservative , but advocated
free trade , removed restrictions against
socialists nnd propitiated the friendship
of Great Ihitaln. Hut ( inferences soon
broke out between htm aud Count
Eulenberg , the president of the Prussian
ministry , and it wan owing to this cause
that he resigned the chancellorship In
1801. Since that time he had been living
Whenever the railroad * want to side
track some objectionable measure they
try to divert public attention from it
by setting up an agitation for Home
counter scheme to neutralize the forces.
That fitioms to bo the only explana
tion oC the renewed agitation for a
viaduct over Twenty-fourth street be
fore the clamor for u new viaduct to
replace the Sixteenth street ramshackle
wooden bridge has been satlslled.
Omaha certainly needs several new via
ducts to accommodate growing trallle
across railway tracks , but It can only
hope to get them by pushing for one at
n time. The Sixteenth street structure
should have right of way ( Irst.
The reduction of the rate of discount
by the Hank of England Iu a good guar
anty that little , If any , gold will be
withdrawn from this country In tiny
near future and UH the Imlanco of trade
I bound to continue In our favor the
process of accumulating the yellow
metal will go right along at a rate most
unfavorable to the silver currency In-
The embalming bill has been laid on
the senatorial shelf. It has been resur
rected from Bossioii lo session In a fairly
good state of preservation and If the
men pushing It were as adept In the
practice of their art on cadavers IM they
are on legislative bills there could bo
no question as to their right lo practice
A Spanish paper thinks our trouble at
Manila is a judgment visited upon us
for despoiling Spain of the Philippines
and is convinced that an tno Filipinos
have 60,000 men , of whom 17,000 are
armed with rltlcs , we must bo driven
out If the struggle continues , luas-
much as the Filipinos have been nttor
Spanish senlps for the ln t in < )
the loacluslona to be drawn sire that w <
have acquired the judgment nlmig wltl
the territory and that Mils p-iriU-ulai
paper , at least , seems to have leari.u
nothing of our resources from the latt
Phaplniti Turner of the Delaware leg
Mature has preached a sermon on tin
burning question , "Can Churches Purlfj
Politics1' Thu text was undoubtedly t
timely one and It Is iTot stmmo that tin
members of the legislature did not staj
to tliu conclusion. That they walked oul
In a body Just as the reverend gentle
man was warming up to the evils ol
bulling the vote market probably had
nothing to do with their own contscluiice ,
but was superinduced wholly by the not
unreasonable belief that the church nor
anything else could purify politic * as
now practiced lu Delaware.
There would seem no reason why the
pope should not send n delegation to the
caur's disarmament conference. 'While
he no longer exercises temporal power
ill' Italy lie wields an mllucnce In the
civilized countries of the world Incom
parable with that which he. oxorclseM
over the old papal states and as ho has
been the one stanch and unyielding ad
vocate of peace on earth and good will
to men , the. conference will lose some
thing , at least In Its moral weight , 1C
the Vatican Is not represented.
General Gomez Insists that Cuba Is the
house of the Cubans and should ho
turned over to them. At present thu
taxes are In arrears ana some repairs
are sadly needed. Gome/ should not
con.plaln if the United States Is gcner-
ousenough to foot the bill even if it in
sists on being allowed to smierlntcnd the
work. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Kicking on a Good TliliiK.
The Filipino doesn't seem to appreciate the
advantages of compulsory civilization.
Ilotli MortKnge nnd Deed.
In assuming the "Whlto Man's Burden , "
according to the poet the Caucasian blndfl
himself to carry It by taking real estate
security from tlio other fellow ,
SiiiilNMiiK the Ill-cord.
Beyond all precedent. That Is Uio record
ot business for the year up lo date , nnd tlio
promise la tliat It will keep on going further
beyond all precedent all thu year through.
It la going to 'he a great year In business ,
as well as In many oilier things.
Could IVot K iunl tilt ! Moil.
There wns 110 necessity for the Chicago
Board of Trade to turn down the applica
tion of -\vonian to membership in that or
ganization , slnco the proceedings of the
board could not possibly bo made more
hysterical than they arc under the present
Put mill Krt < le.
New Yorlc Tribune.
The -ruction' between Poly du Clam and
Estcrhazy the other day was one of those
things at which the gods grin with utter
glee. Vi'o should not dignify It with n com
parison of it with the row between Satan
and Death at the gate of hell , so must let
it go without a parallel , since there Is no
historic Instance of < a fight between a hyena
and a jackal. . . > .
Iloom lor Ilctallntlnn ,
A recent chemical analysis of imported
toys of German manufacture showed that
eight different Idnds were colored or coated
with poisonous paints. As the toys nro ot
thp kind made for Infants or very young
children , and apt to 'he put In their mouths ,
they may easily become a source of dan-
Ber. It Germany continues to discriminate
against American meats , here is a chance
Eflli-iicy fit .Mllltnry llule ,
Let some other American cities thank their
stars that they nre not under such military
rule ns General Henry Is exercising in I'orto
Ulcan communities. lie has summarily de
posed the mayors and councllraen of two
cities , and threatens the saino treatment tea
a number ot others , merely because of "in
cessant political quarrels and gross olllcial
corruption. " And all this of his own motion ,
without the judicial Investigation to which
cities older In Americanism would devote
two or three years.
? the SiiKiir TrilNt.
The footings of the sugar business done
In the United States for 1898 show that the
sugar trust In Its battle for control of tbo
trade lias lost ground. In 1S97 it refined
1,387,040 tons of sugar , which amounted to
71.38 per cent of the total business.1 In
1S9S It refined 1,260,218 tons , or 67.2 per
cent. The profit in the business was re
duced by the competition of the Independent
refineries from .910 ot a cent per pound In
1897 to .73 ot a cent In 1S98. To a large
extent -ivhnt the trust Io3t the consumers
of sugar galncrt and for this we may all
bo duly thankful.
llcN of I'jilrlotlMin.
The eccentrickles of patriotism , aa ex
pressed by the New Yorltcr , would , If It
were worth while , furnish another count In
the long indictment rolling up against the
yellow Journalism and 'ltd hysterical , ca
pricious teatJilngs to the mob of the me
tropolis. A tow days ago the Sixty-ninth
Now York volunteers arrived home , after
several months In camp , nnd received such
an ovation that the echoes nrc utlll rlnglns
around the facades of the sky-ocrapcrs and
along the Palisades. Wednesday the Second -
end battalion of the Seventeenth United
States Infantry arrived nnd went aboard
the transport Sherman on their way to Ma
nila , They amo to the city uivhoralded
and unnoticed , and quietly 'hoarded ' their
ship , without an Invitation to pnrade. nnd
only a bare .notlca In the papers that lliey
were here. And yet this same battalion
took part In seven lights In the Cuban cam
paign nnd added glory to the records ot the
army of which they are a part.
G'JiiMiilMtry mid Army Href ,
Persons wlio are as Ignorant of chemistry
as n Filipino is of the Australian ballot have
been ransacking itho dictionary for adjectives
In which tv > denounce * the alleged use of
boric and unllcyllc acid in army beef. They
might read 'with profit ilio following state
ment inado by Dr. Oswald , surgeon of the
Slxty-nlnih Ne\y York , which returned home
"If you ask my opinion of the 'em
balmed tii'C'f ] should My that If we
got any of It it was a good 'thing. The ap-
pcoranco of iho men speaks for It. Salicylic
acid is mido from wlntcigreen , and Loth it
end borlo ncld will prevent putrefaction.
Both are germicides , and frequently In our
profession they nro given for dyspepsia. If
meat ; supplied lo 'the army has been bad-
putrid as claimed , 1hen those chemicals
wcro not In It. It was my province to pass
upon the fooJ supplied , and I found no occa-
BIon * to condemn any meat whatever , but
only a few lots of potatoes and toma > to s. "
Another officer of the Sixty-ninth says
that the men who stuck to the army ration
as * steady diet kept their health.
uATKn i Ai'iii TnrsT.
AVrtinir friini HIP l'n > | > lc 111
SprlnRllelil I.MA * . > llppubllcnn.
The pub paper trust Is hedged behind
tariff which ml mils pulp woods fron of iltitj
( ind rules out pulp nnd paper miller heav ;
taxes for the protection ot iho monopoly
This concern nnd Its tariff for ninno'iol ;
profit constitute toilny ono of the chief obslu
clcs to nn nBreemcnt between the Oanndlm
ami Vnllcd Stales Joint commissioners fo
better trndo with our nelRhbore on the nortl
ami n bettor understanding generally In nl
matters nt Issue between them. It Is further
more standing In the wny of change * whlcl
will check Iho destruction of the forests , thi
stripping of the hill nnd mountain sides am
the consequent Injury to the walor-powe
of manufaelurlng New England nnd othe
sections , nnd the proper distribution o
molBturo through the seasons ,
Among nil Iho I minted trusts of the daj
this la ono of the most inflated. Its lota
nominal capital Is $33.000,000 $20,000,000 o
common stork , f2.\000,000 of preferred sloe !
which must bo paid fi per cent annually bo
foio the common gets anything , nnd $10,000 ,
000 C per cent gold bonds , It Is not pretended
tended , we undemtnml. that the commoi
slock represents anything hut a bonus to tin
original subscribers. Nevertheless It Is nov
being offered to the tlenr public at n curren
quoted prlco of about ? 65 n share of $100
But after excluding the common stock tin
trust is still very generously capitalized
This will nppenr from the fact , to which tin
New York Journal of Commerce calls atteii'
tlon , that n paper mill of sixty toim dull ;
capacity is to be built In Wisconsin at n cos"
ot $100,000. An honest capitalization o
$35,000,000 ( still excluding the common etocl
ot the paper trust ) would on this baals repre
sent mills having a dally capacity ot nt leas
5,000 tons dally , and yet the paper trust ha :
n daily output of hardly 1,500 tons ot nn.
Ishcd paper. Presumably the actual capaclt :
ot nil the mills In the trust Is consldcrabl :
larger than this ngure , because one of th'c
objects of the trust was to restrict produc
tlon which Is effected by closing up or glvlnj
light employment to the mills of older ma
chlnory and less advantageous locations.
In any event it would appear that tin
preferred stock and bonds of the trust represent -
resent twice aa largo nn amount as th <
mills could bo duplicated for with up-to
date machinery , and with the common stocl
the Inflation becomes enormous. JHlls wen
thrown Into the pool at practically tliclr owi
valuation. Mills which had Jiot earned :
dividend In years went In at swollen figures
along with .mills that had paid well. Mllli
with antiquated and worn-out machinery
joined hands iu the broad currents ot UK
trust with mills of modern equipment ; nntl
one mill having machinery which ex-Senatoi
Warner Miller tended when bo was a boj
Heats like a , corlc on the tide of nn attempl
to make it pay 100 per cent sldo by side wltl
mills of the most improved equipment.
Why should the- government at Washing.
ton undertake to glvo such a combhiatlor
assistance- through tariff laws -In extortlnf
large dividends on a grossly Inflated capital
from the consumers of paper ? Why shoulO
it coddle a monopoly which stands likei
block In the way of forestry preservatlor
and better trade and political relations will
Canada ? The tariff on pulp should bo abolished
ished and a tariff on pulp paper which we
export but do not Import is a clear and iu.
defensible trust gratuity.
I'KUSO.VAL , AMI OTIIISllWISE.
Eighteen cadets who were graduated onlj
last week from the naval academy are or
the Solace Iwund for Manila.
General John M. Palmer Is suffering froir
a severe attack of ithe grip , which , at his
ago , Is considered a decided danger.
For forty yeans Jules Verne has averagec
two stories annually. All have had fair
sale and many have met with tremendous
Dr. Lyman Abbott suggests that Hlchan :
Croker nnd Matthew Stanley Quay ought tc
bo sent to the Philippines to show the na
tives the errors of their -way.
With the NIle dammed for the purpose ol
irrigation and with trolley cars whizzing oul
to .tho pyramids. It raay bo said that Egypl
ts booming after the most approved Ameri
John V. Quarlea , the new senator frojr
Wisconsin , is a graduate oftho University
of Michigan , and , being a Toot hall enthu
siast , attends nearly every gnmo played b >
the eleven of .tht college ,
Joseph H. Choato once said he- did not
have much faith in letters of introduction ,
"When I first came lo Now York , " ho said ,
"I had but ono such letter ; hut 'then It was
from Kufus Choato to William M. Evarts. "
Though Congressman Galusho. A. Grow ,
cx-spcakcr of the house. Is now a very old
man , ho Is wonderfully active. Ju dress ,
manner and hnbit he Is old-fashioned , and
is ono ot the characters of .the- lower house ,
The late Dr. Henry Harris of Ashtabula ,
O. , was 'tho ' oldest living underground rail
road man Inthe countryHo waa the asso
ciate of Joshua Glddlugs , Senator Ben Wade
and other free Eollurs , nnd personally as
sisted In the esirapo of hundreds of negroes.
A tablet has Just been unveiled In the
louse in Liverpool in which Mrs. Felicia
Dorothea Hemnns was born. It bears this
Inscription : "Krected by Iho Historic So
ciety of Lancashire ami Cheshire. Felicia
I ) . Hcnians , Poetess , Horn In this House ,
September 25 , 1793. "
In an artlclo about newspapers In Iho
current number of the Independent Itev. Dr.
1'arkhurst suggests as a remedy for some
of itho abuses of the freedom of 1ho press
that newspapers shall bo required presum
ably by stntuto to publish under each nrtl-
clo or news item the unmo of the writer
The movement for the formation of Pee
ple's clubs in JCew York Is now well under
way nnd the first club Is to bo established
somewhere In the neighborhood of Cooper
Union. The object Is the study of probloma
of the day and social Intercourse. All per
sons of good character over 10 years of ago
and of both sexes arc eligible for member
Whispered comment Is being Indulged In
> y republicans nt the national capital over
lie fact that the red , . green nnd blue par-
ors nt the White house are now closed to
visitors. It Is remembered that when the
ate Mrs. Harrison was mistress thcro t > ho
ctoed a proposition to close these rooms ,
declaring that "nobody has a better right
o wear out the carpets there than the pco-
> le who pay for them. "
Sir Henry Illnho. tbo now governor of
Hong Kong , recently announced that at his
evco3 mon would bo expected to put In an
appearance In trp liata and frock coats , nnd
hero was great consternrtlon In the little
colony In consequence. The ta'JH ' were the
rouble. Thuro wcro only aleut half a
dozen "nnll krss" In iho place , and It was
not oxpectCNl . .thatthe. lojal hatter had any
n stok. To the Joy of all , however , he
rosu to the occasion , nuJ was Junt ublo to
supply the iHtnanil.
Amrrlro-Ci-riiiiui Iti'liilliiim ,
BERLIN. Feb. 7. An Interrogation Intro-
duccd In the Reichstag by Count von Kanltz
nd Hcrrcn Lleberand llassomann , supported
iy 100 conservatives , centrists and national
IbcraU , asking the chancellor for Informa-
.Ion as ( o tbo actual position of the
political-commercial relations with the
Jnltcd States , will bo discussed on Thurs
noiii win ou
NR\V YORK , Feb. 7. U la stated in
nanclal circles that ithe government in re
mitting $20,000,000 Indemnity t > Spain for
ho 1'hlllppino Islands will do so by shipping
ho gold direct from the treasury opd will
not deal with , tbo exchange market in any
unions or TIM : AVAIL
The eliarnctcrlMics of th yellow lint
tnllnns plttoj against the American troops li
ninl about Mnnlla arc entertainingly skctche *
' by a soldier of the Tourlh cavalry * tiitlonoi
nt the sent of war. Ho accidentally strnypi
among them before the Americans nni
Filipinos ramc togeitier In battle nrrny , bu
friction existed between the outponts of tin
two nrmles. "I found a big crowd ot nn
lives from the city , " writes the soldier
I "whji were watching some kind of n pro
I cession. This , ns It nenral , proved to bi
1 200 or 300 of Agulnnldo's army 'parnillns
| under arms. My fooling : ! were Ri > me\vhn \
mlxrd ns I discovered myself In such n sur
' prising minority. 1 wn.i amung nn odd 2,001
Malays , but the whlte-shlrlpd rascal :
crowded about me , nnd grinning , nalil
'Americano Filipino nmlgo ? ' nntl laid thefi
two forefingers sldo by side In token of 0111
fast friendship. I thought It wise to ngrci
with them. The marching Holdlers were t
slfclit. The only uniform thing about then
wns Ihelr guns 45-callber Hcmlngioni. Foi
the rest , they were all manner ot liata , [ run
oM ycllow-pllli lioltnols lo broad-brlmmec
slraw nnd ragged felt lints. Their roats niu
shirts and trousers werens different as
couhl bo. They wcro nllko ngaln In theli
spreading , bare black feel. The nolso thcj
made ns they stamped the ground mnrkltif
time wns quite like a booted regiment
They were , wltlml , n very ecrloiu-lookltu
crowd mostly all boys , marching to th <
monotonous squeak of a halt-breed flfo
Tlicy paraded In column of fours up nut
down thn road three times , nnd then wem
out again to Iho bush where 'they cann
Ho had served unilpr the flag In a regl
meiit of infantry nnd blow into n rostauran
with a friend for lunch. Long counter
stretched along each side of the room , will
n third curved In front In the center. Guest
were seated at each of the counters busll
disposing of food.
The two friends moved down to tlie counter
tor to the onst , fronted by the piano etoo
nc'compnnlment. They worn nbout to tak
senls when a sound smote their cars whlcl
caused the soldier to perform like n trlcl
monkey. Ono of the wallers shouted ou
Instructions lo the cook In the renr. Th
v.'ori's Jumbled and this Is what they soundei
to the soldier :
"Guides posts ! "
Hearing this the soldier 'backed from ll >
counter , faced to the right nnd walked rnp
idly to the end nearest the door. Hero li
took position and carefully gazed along th
line of feeders , His friend , renllzlng that at
instinctive military sense had moved th
man , went after him ,
"What the dlckons nro you doing , nlll ? '
nskcd the friend. "This Is no barracks no
parade ; It's a hash foundry. Don't make i
spectacle of yourself. Back with you , "
"Didn't that fellow yell , 'Guides posts ? ' '
queried Uio man , in n dnzcd manner.
"Queer how you soldiers think everything
is for you , " wns the reply. "He yelled 'Drj
ionst , ' if you must know. "
Joseph L. Stlckney relates in Harper's
Magazine the eccentric movements ot the
only Spanish sJiell that hit the- American
Heot In the battle of Ma.nlla bay. H wns
a sixty-pound armor-vlcrclnK Bhcll and the
Baltimore was the target. The shell "en
tered the Baltimore about two feet above
the upper dcok on the starboard side , be
tween the after six-Inch gun nnd .the . threo-
poundcr mounted on the rail. This shell
after piercing two thizknesses ot steel one-
quarter of nn Inch thick , struck the deck
and penetrated until It reached ono of the
heavy deck beams , which It cracked clear
through. It wns then deflected upward
coming oul of ths wooden deck , and tearing
Its way through the steel combing of the
engine-room skylight , again passing through
two quarter-inch plates. As It had turned
sideways on rising from the deck , 'the holes
It made1 through these plates wcro about
eighteen Inches long by six Inches wide
ragged , lorn spots , very unlike tho.clean-
cut punctures anado'by such a ehcli when
entering point foremost.
Leaving the skylight , 'the shell , ranging
sllglitly forward , slruck the recoil cylinder
ot the port six-Inch gun on the quarter
deck , disabling the carriage. At last It
met. nn object strong .enough lo resist Its
attack the Bleed shield , which curved in
front ot the gun In a complete semi-circle.
Following this curve , the shell came out
on the forward side of the ship again , when
it struck a steel venlllator. and was finally
stopped. In other words , this shell passed
llirough ono Inch of steel , ripped up a. < lcck ,
broke a deck beam , and bulged a shield
about an inch out of Its original shape. It
crossed the Baltimore from starboard side
to port nnd back to the starboard side , nnd
yet iiad hit none of tbo many men engaged
at the Rune near by. It Is true , It was tfte
cause of wounding two odiccrs and six men ,
for in Its course It exploded two three-
pounder shells which wcro lying on the deck
ready for use In the small gun on the Balti
more's rail ; but directly It Injured no one ,
and It la regarded as holding the record for
S. Nicholson Kane , who hid his Identity
on the St. Paul during the war under the
name of Samuel N. Kane , entertain * . ! n se
lect party In the ward room of the Now \ork
Yacht club with tales from t'jo ' flont. He
was ono of Slgsbeo's trusted nontenants , nnd
was in the cabin of the St. Paul when Cap-
tnln Clark nf the Oregon wns asked to trll
what ho Intended doing when tha Temnrarlo
and the rest of the supposed torncJo fleet
nnd a cruiser or two attacked Mm. "Run
nwny ns fast as possible , " was the reply of
the gallant Vermoiuor ; "string out the /loot /
and tackle the Colon first , the only ship wo
know could steam ns fast as the Onvjon.
After sinking the Colon wo intended send
ing the torpedo boats nnd destroyers to thn
bottom , ono aftur the other. " "Cuptuln ,
weren't you n little nervous over the pros
pect ? " nn otllcor asked. "No , not nervous ,
but nnxloiifi , " said Clark , "Wo were In the
dark ns to the enemy's whcrcibnuts mid
movemciilH , hut ns to the outcome wo novcr
had the slightest doubt. "
Theodore P.oosovolt writing In vScrlbncr'
tells how the Rough Riders gave each other
nicknames , generally in n spirit of contra
diction nnd derision. A huge ml-hcadcd
Irishman wns named "Sheeny Solomon. " A
young -low , who developed into ono of th
lent fighters In the regiment , accepted with
entire equanimity the name of "Pork Chop. "
Wo had quite- number of profttialoual gam-
> ] crs , who , I am bound to fay , usually made
good eoldlcrs. One , who was almost abnor
mally uuiet nnd gentle , was called "Hell
lloarer , " while unother , who In point of lan
guage nnd deportment was lila exact untl-
; hcsls , was christened "Prayerful James. "
The youngest captain In the United States
army. . regular or volunteer , Is Walter Leo
'helps of Arkansas , whu will be 21 on .March
23. Ho was prominent In organizing com
pany C , Second Arkansas Infantry , and i
now under orders to proceed to Santiago ,
Jubort F. Panlicn , chief bugler of the Tenth
Ohio volunteer Infantry , now In camp at
Augusta , Oa. , will only reach his sixteenth
ilrthdny Juno 12 next.
lllKlit Ill-milllnm Iliiulrlnr.
Senator Spooncr of WUconsIn uttcrol the
Eound republican and American middle west
opinion on Thursday when ho said that he
shrank frcm the policy of making a part of
our land tropical Islands , thoutianda ot mllea
'roin our shores , a land who&o people wore
alien , not of our blood , who were foreign to
our Institutions , cf a climate in which the
whlto man cannot work. He was no anncx-
atlouUt " 1 am not , " ho Bald , "thrilled by
the jingle about not hauling down thu flag
when it has once been raised. H has been
hauled down In former times. It will be
down nsnln. Wo will not krcp It
nH < In Puld , but wo will takeH down
there. UdvltlK behind It liberty nnd an In-
ilepriHtont govcrnitivnt. 1 liope this nl o
may soon bo true In the Philippines.
llll Kill ! ' AM ) IIUMK/V.
InillannpollK Journal ; Tommy PAW , what
Is a war hor.e-7
Mr. risK One tlmt Is fit only for army
Truth : "Am 1 descended from a monkey ,
inn ? "
"I dnro say , Mil I'm not suro. fo
1 met any of your father's people. "
1 ( " "hirupo Tribune : Instructor ( of philology
class ) What Is tlie derivation of tlio word
"nlmnlino ? "
Smart Young Man It comes from "nil man
neh" . " sir. That's why It nhvays has PO
much to do wltli patent medicines.
Philadelphia. North .American ! Intlcnt I
feel ( leprt's i > il , doctor. 1 li.ivo a constant
ilread of some dire hniipenlnjr ,
Doctor I'm ' ! Well Here. Irt my bill. I'll
look In tomorrow nntl fee how you fed.
Cleveland Plain Denier : She looked up
fnnnlho newspaper with n Rlgli.
"Mourning ROodH were never before so
cheap as they nre now. " she said.
Hut some men lire so Inconsiderate.
\Vnslilnston Star ; "Is that ttnn n brave
solilli < r ? "
"Well , " replied the cnulloiM thlnlirr , "ho
wnuldn't Illneh In uny battlu. Hut 1 don't
know how h ? would carry himself In lha
imul-throwliiK after the return of peace. "
Indianapolis .lottninl : The Thin One I
hnvo made up my mini ! to wear l > loomcrn
next summer. I think they will Just bu Im-
The Plump One Xot nccissavlly ,
Ninlon nioho : "Pretty Polly. " mid the
visitor , alnminchnir the TOKO. "What a "
.My mime , " Intrrruiited iho parrot ,
spuiklnij tdiiwly and distinctly , "in Alary ,
not Polly and 1 riMpiIre nothing , sir. 1 um
m oil Hal I nj ? . How dare you adUreas me
without nn introduction ? "
Uetrolt Free Press : Vlsdllntr Uncle There
IH no lioiist that has a roar as terrifying na
him tinlion. .
Small Niece Did you ever hoar papa
when dinner wasn't ready on time ?
Philadelphia Hccord : AVhllo other men
nro striving lu reach the Itcnd of tliclr
professions the chiropodist evidently bc-
llcvi in sticking at th ? foot.
Detroll Free Press : "Why do you cull
Ihls ( lie court room ? " nsited the man who
wns lookliiR over the house ot the man. who
was trying to sell It.
"Did 1 any court room ? Jloro force ol
hnblt , 1 have seven unmarried daughters. "
Chlcnro Tribune : Mabel I seldom sec the
handsome youiifr Mr , Illcherly. He doesn't
appear to care much for noclety.
lithel Oh , I don't know. Ho seems to
want my society nbout six evenings In the
Mttslmnr Chronicle : "U'liat amobllo
countenance Miss IJcllcHcld has , " remarked
Her father 1ias < ordered n homeless car-
added Mr. Duknne.
"U'ell , soon she will have an automobile
Chicago Poft "They say she Is a clever
"Clover ? Conversationalist ? Why , : .he's
brilliant. She doesn't oven need to converse.
Sli2 can bliiHt u reputation Just by ihe way
slm Hhrugs her Hlioulders. "
Chicago Tribune : " \Vhnt are you going to
do with that tdlven-ninunled revolver of
mine ? " asked the languid hu'haml.
"I am KoIiiR tn tine It to drive. Iho wolf
from the door ! " replied the energetic w'fe.
Whereupon .she took it lo the nearest
pawnshop and got $2 on It.
Detroit Journal : "We havu found our
burslar alarm to bo thoroughly unreliable- . "
"Yes ? "
"Yes. the other night It rang. Imlic.itinR
the cellar window , and when my husband
hastened down there , he came right upon
the fellow ! "
"How dreadful ! "
TUB IIL.ACIC MAX'S IIUUIIO.\ .
. . . Chlcoeo Chronicle . , , , ,
Takeup the sword and rllle. ,
Bend forth your ships with npecd ,
To Join the * nations' scramble
And vlo with them in greed ;
Go llnd your goods a market
Beyond the western Hood ,
The heathen who wllQistand you
Shall answer it In blood.
Take up the sword and rllle ,
For so does all the world ;
There's none shall dnro upbraid j-nu
When once your Hag's unfurled
The race Is to the snvlftest.
The- battle to the strong ;
Success is ( he criterion ,
Mono caret ) to count the wrong1.
Take up the sword and rifle
And Know no fenr or pause.
What though your hands , lie bloody.
Who calls ye to tlio laws ?
The ports yo wish to enter
The road.s yo wish to tread.
Make them with lieatht'ii living- ,
ilnrk them with heathen dead.
Take up the sword and rifle ,
Roll every savnco race.
Annex their Innds and harbors.
For this Is Christian grace ,
E'en though ye Hlnughter thousands ,
Yo Rtlll hall count it gain ;
If ye extend your commerce ,
Who dreads tlie cur * > of Cain ?
Take up the sword nnd rifle
Sllll keep your conscience whole
So soon la found nn unction
To soollio a guilty soul.
Go with It to your Maker ,
Kind what cxcuso ye can-
Hob for the snlto of justice ,
JC111 for Iho love of mail ,
are arriving every
day now ,
Fedora and Derby
the prevailing shape
nclined to run to small
we have plenty of
large and medium
and our prices on
these hats ,
$1.50 , $2 , $2,50 , $3
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