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18 THE ( XMATIA DAILY 1VBE : SITXDAY , FEHIUTA11Y 1J ) , 1800 ,
Tim OMAHA SUNDAY BEE , E. IIOHK WATER. Editor. PUUUSIIKD BVKRY MORNING. TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION. Dally Hoc ( without Sunday ) , Ona Ycar.6.00 } Dally Hcc nnd Sunday , One Year 8.00 Blx Month * .W Ihrta Months 2.00 Bunclny IJee , One Year ' 2.00 Saturday I3cc , One Year. . . . . > < " > Weekly Hoe , Ono Year w OKFICKS. Omaha.- The Bee Hulldlne. . . . South Omaha : City Jfall building , Twenty-fifth nnd N streets. Council Uluft * ; 10 1'cnrl Street. Chicago : Stock Exchange IJulldlng. Nexv York ! Tumults Court. Washlncton : 501 Fourteenth Street. rORUBSPONDKNCB. Communications relating to news ami edltorlnl matter chould bo addressed : Edi torial Department , The Omaha IJec. UU31NI23S LETTERS. Hunlncss letters nnd remittances should bo addressed to The Uco Publishing Com pany , Omnhn. Drafts , checks , express ami poslomco money orders to be made payable- to the order of the comnany , THK HBB PUHL.1S11INU COMPANY. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. State of Nebraska , Douglas County , ss. : Gnorco U. Tzschuck , secretary of Ihe Heo Publishing company being duly sworn. Bavfl thnt the actual number of full nnu complttc copies of The Dally. MornlnB. Evening nnd Sunday Uoo. printed during the month of January , ISM , was ns fol lows : 1 . . . . 21,005 57 2.1,8(10 ( 2 . 2,200 : 18 3 . 2i : , Uil 19 4 . 2 , 20 20 C 6 . . . . 211,710 2iln80 ! " ! ! ! ! ! > ( / " 7 . 211,710 23 2I.U7U 8 . 21,050 24 2IIBO ! o . 2a.ioo : 10 . 2.1,140 2G 21,715 11 . 2:1,770 : 27 ai.isr.o 12 . 2.VMO ss ai.ir.o 29 2la.-,0 13 . 211,710 14 . 21,010 30 21,200 15 . 21.410 31 21,100 Total . . . . * . . * * ' " Less unsold and returned copies. . . . iQisa Net total sales . "lil'iiili ! Net dally avcraBO . : " ; , , , , . GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK. Subscribed nnd sworn to before mo this Slst day of January , 1S39. ( Seal. ) II. I. PLUMB. Notary Public. ElRht more Nebraska mun killed or vroumlod at Manila. And still tlio elauslitcr goes on hi the naim of 1m- mnnlty. _ From the anxiety 'displayed by Chill to flby a shell or two Into the UollvJan revolution the Inference Is that elections in the southern republic are becoming cllstrctislngly scarce. From prosecuting attorney to the peni tentiary Is not a desirable transition , but the Oklahoma attorney who turned train robber seems to have taken the most expeditious wny of making the trip. It would seem advisable that the bcof Investigating commission should con clude Its labors before the advent of warm weather. The aroma which arises from the affair is strong enough. The North Atlantic squadron Is soon to sail on Its winter cruise to the south. This will not canso such a commotion as It did one year ago , for there are no Bupersensitlve neighbors Ln the West Indies at present. The Filipinos display a decidedly thrifty spirit in sending their women and children Inside the American lines to be fed and protected without expense to themselves while the men are using American soldiers as targets. The German vlvlsectlonlst who hits discovered that cutting up or baking cats and trogs does not pain them has done -much to ease the mind of the humanitarian , but at the same time he has struck a cruel blow to the small boy. A New York woman of 105 has solved the servant problem by doing her own work , but as the young women of this day have a horror of patterning after anything ancient , the solution is not likely to prove of great practical benefit. Agonclllo hastens to deny that he ad vised Agulnaldo to attack the Americans at Manila. The pair is just now much In the predicament of the twain which killed the calf. Had it proven a deer they would be squabbling to settle the ownemhlp of the prize. That the lessons of the war with Spain wore lost on Statesman Agonclllo In proved by his departure In search of European aid. When lie finishes the Quest the only thing he will have se cured will bo a very poor opinion of the enthusiasm of the powers In the cause of the Filipino. The Ibwncps of the port of Havana under American administration are approaching preaching a healthy condition , the total receipts being over $7,000,000. What a snnp those Spanish oillclals must have enjoyed with such an Income and nol- dlers and underlings given nothing but promises for pay. French presidential elections have one merit at least. They nre conducted without unnecessary loss of time , and the country Is not disturbed by a long campaign. The time elapsing between the death of the late president and the election of his successor Is not HO great as Is occupied by one of our national nominating conventions. Who will now deny that the Indian is becoming civilized ? The members of the Omaha tribe not only demand pay for land used by a railroad which pro poses to speed through tholr reservation but also annual passes over the line when it Is built. Should the demand lie compiled with there Is no question as to the road doing an extensive passen ger business , though the proilts might be recorded in red Ink , Gradually the amputated sections of the Union 1'aclflc arc coming back to the parent company. The Julesburg branch has again become an Integral part of the ystem. When these various branches wcro lopped off during Iho receivership It throw out of employ ment or caused the removal of many Omaha men. Their return will In all probability mean a considerable In crease to the Industrial farce of the city as well us better facilities for Omaha as a trade and buslui' center , Lonn HniiF.sFontri The Rflf-nppolnlcd mission of l.or-1 Clmrlos Hotwford for he disclaims he- Ing either the representative of his onii- try or of any ollldal power appears to bo to strengthen the policy of the open door In trade and to promote an alliance or undorslandlng In support of that pi I- Icy between the nations most interested In maintaining It In China , of which the United States is one. In regard to the open door Lord IJerosford frankly ad- mils thnt Hrltlsh advocacy of it \a \ prompted wholly by considerations of Hrltlsh Interest. Having found advan tage In It Great Itrltaln desires not only that It .shall he maintained but extended. He would not express an opinion as to whether or not tliM policy would bo best for the fulled states In the 1'hllip- pines , but he Implied that Inasmuch as England had found It beneficial in China and elsewhere there was reason to In1- llove that this country would also find It so. It Is perhaps quite unnecessary to discuss this question , because If the I'nltcd States retains possession of the I'hllippiiies the open door policy will have to be observed there In ortlor to give us any right to IIHK it elsewhere In the Orient. There Is no controversy In respect to this. If this country Is to enjoy equality of trade opportunity In China , as at present , It must accord the same privilege In the Philippine trade to other nations. We may thus have to sec the larger part of this trade re main In the ImmlH of European coun tries , but It Is a position that we can not avoid without running the risk of having our privileges In the Chinese market restricted , which we could hardly afford to do. In regard to an alliance Iord Ueres- ford said : "Let the four nations which arc most Interested in the trade of China Join together ; let them come to an understanding that the treaties are to remain n they are , that no country or nation Is to claim territory in China or put on tariffs. " The countries re ferred to are England , America , Ger many and .Tapan and Lord I5eresford said that an understanding between them wotlld make for peace. Perhaps he Is correct In this view , though if he contemplates anything in the nature of u formal alliance It does not appear to be at all necessary , at least at present. To all intents and purposes there now exists an understanding between these nations thnt existing treaties shall be maintained and there is nothing in ev- istlng conditions which requires any thing more than this. Great Britain's policy In regard to China is fully and clearly defined and there Is no doubt that the United States , Germany and Japan approve it. Unquestionably this country docs. It Is contain , also , that wo ! shall Insist upon whatever treaty rights we have in China. Hut there Is well- founded objection to anything In the na ture of a formal alliance or understand ing for the reason that lids country should not be placed In a position that might involve it In tlte entanglements of European powers in Asia. Suck a contingency might , indeed , be very re mote , but It Is possible and there Is no necessity at this time for the United ' States running any such risk. European 1 nations having designs on China fully understand our attitude and there is very little danger of. any attempt to In terfere with our rights In that empire. VUIIITAXISM M LITKHATVHE. In a recent address Miss Lillian ISell , [ lie clever young western novelist , made a statement that must challenge the ittentlon of everyone Interested in Ainer- lean literature or art. In brief , Miss I ! Hell's statement is to the effect that j American civilization Is so lllled with j. Puritanical Ideals and public sentiment so hopelessly swayed by prudish false modesty , that It Is no longer possible to 'lvc to literature or art that full and ideqnate expression necessary to do them justice. She leaves no doubt as to what she means by adequate expres sion , when she declares that It is neces sary to paint the darker problems and phases of existence without the soften ing touches of cuphulstlc verbiage. In other words , Miss Hell believes that In order to subserve the cause of higher art there should be no hesitancy in raking bare the foul recesses of nature and exhibiting to the public RUSH * the lllthy nnd abnormal manifestations of degeneracy all labeled and catalogued so that no wayfaring man can mistake their meaning or fall to catch the dirtier shades of the hideous picture. In order to arrive at the truth of this contention we must inquire more ex actly the province of art , as embodied In literature and sculpture. M. Talne declares that the purpose of the novel Is to cateh those subtle phases of the manners and customs of a people tlmt are missed by the historian and to cast them upon a canvas as true pictures of life. This conjoined with thu Idea or I'rof. Welsh that the object of every true novel must bo from | .fs very nature didactic will serve to give a fairly Rood definition of what this branch of litera ture should be. The writer who seeks to do that must portray the abnormal as well as the normal side of life , but in doing BO what lemons can bo taught , what great truths revealed by delving Into the foul kennels of human deprnvlfy with the literary spade of revolting real ism ? Truth dwells not in gutter slime. The author who strains the lllthy percola tions of the cesspools of depravity finds not the truth but the nauseating lies In separable from perverted nature. No such quest etui realize the purposes of literature nor teach the world any les son that It would bo better for know ing. It does not hold the glass up lo nature , but to a perverted phase there of and by seeking to impress the do. llrlum of disease for the manifestations of sanity U belles Its mission and con veys a wrong idea of life. That the world may be taught any lesson of truth by digesting thu distorted Ideas of Bin- crazed depravity is too monstrous a proposition for serious reflection of in telligent human beings. No ono of sane mind would contend that Trilby , "J'ess of the IVUrbervllles or Judo the Ob scure teach bettor lessons , portray truer pictures of life , or exert the whole some 'Jntlueijces of Little Dorrltt , Dorn- bey & Sou or Vanity Kalp , ami yet this Is exactly the proposition for which 'Miss ' Hell contends , Xoln and Alphonse Dnudi't. Hnrdy and Oscar Wilde , no- , cording to her Ideas , are the true exponents ' nents of. correct and healthy literature ' while good old Dr. Holmes , Nathaniel Hawthorne and Liwcll have been too , much the slaves of American purltnu- j ' Ism to give us any adequately correct , , Impressions of life. Such a view as to j the purpose. * nnd objects of art Is too i preposterous to bo seriously entertained. j On the contrary. America may bo thank- \ 1 ftd that there Is a imrltanlsm of senti ment sufllclontly strong In this country to hold In chock the crazy erratlclsm of sensual novelists and which yet demands that art and literature shall bo at least clothed with the form of decency. Ftunxua .is An American olllcer at Manila says tlmt the Filipino soldiers are fearless lighters and a foe not to be despised. A contemporary notes that It cost more American liven lo boat back the first as sault of the Filipinos and follow up the advantage then gained than It did to take Manila and hold the lines In front of ( he city during the period between the landing of the first American soldiers who wont ashore last summer and the final attack upon the Spanish positions. With the exception of the battle In front of Santiago , the first light with the Filipinos pines cost more American lives than any engagement of the war with Spain. There Is abundant evidence tlmt the people with whom wo are nt war are not lacking in courage , whatever they may want In skill and discipline. . They are of course greatly Inferior In fightIng - Ing qualities to American soldiers , being apparently easily thrown into disorder when vigorously attacked , but It is certainly a fact that they are not cowards and lo subjugate such a people , earnestly believing , as they unquestion ably do , that they have a right to lib erty nnd Independence , will be no cany task. If hostilities are continued it ap pears probable that it will be the plan of the Filipinos to carry on a guerrilla warfare , harassing the American forces at all possible points and drawing them Into the Interior , where disease will do more to decimate their ranks than the bullets and arrows of the enemy. There are some who still talk of the Filipinos as savages who will be easily subdued , who only need another lesson or two such as 1ms been given them In order to bring them to terms , but the men who are lighting thorn have not ex pressed any such opinion. TIIK siur sunsior HILL. It Is hardly possible that there will be legislation by this congress looking to the building up of the merchant marine. The ship subsidy bill introduced in both the senate and the house may be passed by the latter body , though this is by no means assured , but the opposition to it In the senate is undoubtedly suf ficiently strong to prevent action. Early in the session the friends of the meas ure expressed confidence in their ability to have It enacted Into law by this con gress , but there is evidently no longer such an expectation and the question of providing a policy for creating an Amerl- can merchant marine commensurate to the commerce of the country and which will promote the extension of our trade must be left to the determination of the next congress. Itepresentatlve Payne of Now York , who introduced the ship subsidy bill In the house , says : "We have reached the period of a new development In Ameri can Industries. The beginning of the next century , will see this nation making giant strides , toward capturing the markets of j the world. The conditions nre nil fnvor- lable to this. We have reached tlmt stage Jof , perfection iji manufacture whore our goods recommend themselves. Hut we must provide the means of transporta tion tinder the American flag. When we do this , our commercial victory Is won and there can bo no limit to our commer cial achievement. " An adequate mer chant marine Is essential to the attain ment of commercial supremacy and the United States cannot secure nnd main tain supremacy In the commerce of the world without It. Only when we shall bo Independent of foreign ship owners shall we be sure of that ascendancy In tlie world's trade to which we aspire. A'o ciiAxan ix FISCAL POLICY. A statement recently came from Lon don to the effect tlmt President McKln- loy , in a conversation with .some one , presumably a British member of the joint high commission , had intimated a change of vjow regarding the fiscal policy of the United States and the re port was said to have caused much sat isfaction In England. Wo gave the statement no credence nnd there Is now the highest authority tlmt it was en titled to none. In his speech to the Iloslon Commer cial club President McKlnley made it perfectly clear that ho is entirely satis fied with the existing liscal policy , under which the country has realized almost unprecedented prosperity. The presi dent said : "Wo have quit discussing the tariff and have turned our atten tion to getting trade wherever It can be found. It will bo a long time before any change can bo had or any change desired In the present fiscal policy ex cept to strengthen It. The differences on this question which existed have dis appeared. Wo have turned from academic theories to trade conditions and arc seeking our wlmre of the world's markets. " The president pointed out some of the conditions of prosperity that have been realized In the last year or two and which have placed tills country far on the road to becoming a creditor instead of a debtor nation. Whoever will study those conditions Intelligently and without prejudice must find In them a very complete vindication of the present tariff law , It put now Hfo Into our industries , it lias helped domestic trade and it 1ms been no bar rier or obstacle to the export trade , as the unprecedented totals of that trade most amply attest. At the same time it has restricted Imports , thereby keeping at home many millions of dollars tlmt have been turned over to the American producer and manufacturer and paid out to American labor. Under the preced ing tariff Imports were increased to the benefit of European manufacturers. A single year's business with this country of the nmnufar'tuHng district of Urad - Jfurd , England , In the days of the Wilson tariff , made that community rich , where as now those profits nre going to Ameri cans nnd arc an addition to the wealth of thin country and a boncllt to the American workltigmau. The opponents of the existing tariff predicted tlmt Its Inevitable effect would bo to obstruct exports of manufactured products , which the preceding tariff was Intended to promote. On the contrary the experts - ports of manufacturers have boon steadily growing since the IMngley law went Into effect , tholr value last yo'ir being nearly double what It was In IStM and they ore still Increasing. The theory tlmt protection Is a barrier to the expert - port trade has been utterly demolished by the experience of the last two years. The agricultural producers have shared the benefits of this liscal policy with the manufacturers , in having a better home market for tholr products. This policy Is certainly sucur > against any material change during the present administration nnd should the next ad ministration bo of difCorent politics it may well be doubted whether it would propose any radical departure. U Is charged tlmt the tariff Is responsible for trusts nnd combinations , but it Is to be remembered tlmt there nre industrial combinations In free trade England nnd that there k a growing tendency there to form them. Hesldos there Is a rem edy without abandoning the principle of protection. President McKlnley Is right. The present liscal policy of the United States 1ms been vindicated by results , i'ho promise of those who framed It has been fulfilled and the policy should not be changed except to strengthen it. EFFECl OF TIIK AVTOTHL'CK. The question now under discussion whether the success of the automobiles and autotrucks does not mean the even tual displacement of thousands of work men earning a living with the horse is the same that has forged to the front with every useful Invention of the last century. When the railroad made its advent In Pennsylvania the opposition from canal men and freighters was so bitter tlmt riots wore narrowly avoided and the tracks of the road had to be protected by armed men to prevent a general demolition. Similar opposition was aroused in Now York and other states by men who imagined tlmt to them this new invention meant starvation. The actual result , of course , was that for every man who had employment on a canal boat ten found more remunerative work on the railroads. As In the case of the railroads so every other great in vention , and so it will be of the cases under discussion. The invention that proves so superior : o old methods as to supersede or abolish ish them invariably creates a demander or a new class of labor , better paid and furnishing moro opportunities to a argor number of employes than did the old. From tiio very nature of things this must be so. To supersede the old the new must bo capable of giving de cidedly more and better results. AVhcn this Is accomplished the field of activity is so broadened that in order to develop It properly more skilled labor Is required than was ever needed under the old regime. The automobiles will prove no excep tion , aud once they are demonstrated to be superior to the old methods of hacks and drays an illimitable field will be opened up , affording employment not only to those who lose their business through the Invention , but to the arti- san , the carpenter , the minor and a host of others required to gather the mate rials , fashion and shape them Into the new vehicle , sell it nnd operate Jt , and altogether the result will bo that Instead of contracting the field of labor it will broaden it and thereby prove another blessing to society as a whole. Whether or not the czar was afraid tlmt Ids peace conference might come to an untimely end through a revolu tion if it were hold In Paris , the selec tion of The Hague Is In admirable ac cordance with the objects .sought to bo accomplished by it. If there is a coun try on earth that Is a living monument to the beuolicence and prosperity of pence tlmt country Is Holland. Since the days when gallant old Van Tromp amused himself with sailing around the German ocean with a broom attached to the masthead of his flagship as a symbol of his ability to swoop the sens of all enemies which by the way England - land a little later proved to be a de lusion the naval power of Holland has steadily declined until It has long since ceased to be regarded as a factor in war. Of Its army It may bo said tlmt it is equally Immersed In Innocuous desue tude , and probably has about as many terrors for the great armed powers ns were felt by Harry Hotspur for the non descript forces of Sir .lohn Falslaff. Hut notwithstanding this , wherever the wind blows It fills the sails of Dutch vessels nnd tins bosom of every ocean Is whit ened by Its peaceful wings of commerce. Whether at home or abroad Us policy Is distinctively one of peace , and wherever the Dutch flag wiiv.es It Is over a contented - tented people , energetic , hopeful , frugal and happy. Peace alone has purchased those admirable conditions , and If Us lessons mean anything they would af ford in The Hague not only the most appropriate place In the world to hold the conference , but Holland an Illustri ous example well worthy of Imitation , The Alabama legislature In Increasing the appropriation for public schools from $ . ' 150,000 , to $1:00,000 : per annum offers another evidence of Urn rapid strides southern states are making in the direction of bettor educational fa cilities. This sum will not worn large lo the northern and some of the western states , but when population and wealth are taken into consideration this appro priation indicates a spirit of liberality most promising for the future of frco education. Another evidence that Ala bama Is thoroughly awake to the Impor tance of this subject Is that the average yearly attendance at public schools-JIIIH Increased fully 00 per cent during the past ten years. When It Is understood that the free school fund of Alabama It ) used more largely for villages and com. munltles too small to ralso special school tax or to supp. rl schools by paid tul tlons , It will betJi-oii tlmt the Increased this fund means bettor opportunities foi children of the country districts for ob talnlng an education. Heretofore the bulk of Illiteracy In the oouth has heel confined to the country districts for tin , reason tlmt slate appropriations have been too small to afford more limn two or three months of free schooling In the year. Any policy with the object of curing those defects means not only bet tor , but more universal education for the masses , which lias been the great need of the south In the past. It Is unfortunate Iho so-called race problem should have boon raised by ai American In Havana at Ibis time. General oral Duoasso , the mulatto refused re freshmcnts by an American restaurant keeper. Is a man of considerable ability , eminently respectable and certainly en titled to all of the rights and privileges acqoided by laws now In force to nnj Cuban. Those laws do not discriminate on account of color and the effort of nny American to override them and sot up In opposition thereto arbitrary distinc tions cannot be too severely condemned. The punishment meted out by General lirooke In closing the place Is just and should serve as a wholesome lesson In the future to that prejudiced class to which this American belongs. The first fruits of the American occu patlon of Cuba tire the reduction of the cost of the civil administration nearly $ y,000,000 nnd the cutting off of an an nual debt chatge of . I'.OOO.CDO. The fact that the Americans have been able to make these beneficent changes In so short a time and under conditions that have hampered nnd circumscribed tholr policy should be the best ami most promising guaranty to the Cubans that our intentions are honorable and that we mean to lift from their shoulders the load of Injustice and oppression placed there by four centuries of Spanish tyranny. The executive committee of the Asso ciatlou of Agricultural Colleges Is ar ranging for appropriate ceremonies to be observed throughout the country April 1-1 , in commemoration of the birthday of the late Justin S. Merrill of Vermont. Senator Merrill conceived the Idea , and in 1S02 succeeded In getting It embodied Into law that made these colleges pos sible , and their action In celebrating his birthday is a lit and timely tribute to the memory of a great man , who had lie done nothing else but secure the es tablishment of these schools would have deserved well of his country. Machinery and modern methods have revolutionized many industries nnd hu man labor has been kept constantly on the qul vivo to adapt Itself to new con ditions. It is now announced that the occupation of the silk worm Is In danger ind that he must submit to a reduction in wages or go out of business because i scientist has invented an artillclal product which is just as good ns the genuine and which can be put on the market much cheaper. The telegram from Congressman Stark should serve to dispel any lingering doubts as to the necessity of state aid to return the bodies of fallen Nebraska soldiers to their friends and relatives. In spite of all the sentimental outcry ho fact remains tlmt no nation on earth provides so liberally for its soldiers , living or dead , as the United States. This Is just and proper , and the generous policy of the past will unquestionably be pursued in the future as well. And Itt-cii Uvi-rliiMtliiKl- It. Somervlllo Journal. "Hope on ! Hope over ! " is a good motto , but "Work on ! Work ever ! " Is a good deal moro llkaly to bring success. ExiuuiNloii of the HlKlit Kind. Chicago Record. Mnchinery exports from the United Stntcs to Mexico for the last six months amounted to $2,720,000 , showing n large gain over the saino tlmo last year. This is expansion of the right kind. Of Courne. Chlcaco Tribune. Each of the ten or n. dozen American cities with exposition schemes on hand Is situated In Iho exact geographical spot that nature , the rallroudb , nnd overpowering destiny in tended lor just this purpose. llcrorniN SiniKlit ! > " Crook * . Kansas City Times. It Is suggested thnt whcro changes of venue nro granted In capital cases because the newspapers of the locality hnvo given accounts of the alleged murder , strict Jus tice to the accused requires that the cases bo talien to counties which have no news papers , .and tried before Jurors who never < read newspapers nnd who would bo Incapable - capable of forming an opinion from their contents If they did rend them. A \atloiinl Allllutlon. Spring-Held Republican. It IK tlmo to sny again that the postal cards sold to the people these days are so thin and poor as to disgrace thu govern ment of thu United States. Somebody in the Postofllco department has permitted the old standard to 'ho ' lost sight of and cards nro being accepted nnd sent out that nro nn abomination , This Is a matter well deserving the personal attention of Post master General Smith. Who Is profiting by this Inlllction upon the patient and longsuffering - suffering people ? VI ell in of Culture. ' The Critic. Learning , like religion , has in all ngcs Its martyrs , its Qalilcos , Its Ouirdano Drunps. Visiting In Nebraska a few years ngo , 1 was told the following story : A brakeman from Uostou was employed on the line of railroad running from NohrnHhn City to lleatrlce. When It becaino his duty to call out the narno of this la&l station , he pronounced 11 In the most approved Tuscan , "Uay-uh-treo- chay ! " The passengers , slmplo souls , wore nt a loss what to do. They rose from tholr peals nnd hesitated. Some snt down again , an < l sa wera curried past their destination. This tori of thing continued , the brnkeman > was complained of , and ho lost his placo. An Innovation In "Siiloonit , " JiufTuU ) Kxarcvu. Illshop Potter's Idea of a church saloon Is going lo bo realized In Now York. It Is to bo called Squirrel Inn. It has been located near tbo lower end of tbo How- cry , where saloons are "thicker than leaves in Valotnbrosa. " No lltjuors will bo sold In this church saloon , but all the other features of tbo regular saloon will bo adopted , and no religious fads or suggestions of a relig ious nature will bo allowed to obtrude. In other words , Jilsliop Potter's idea Is that the club and nodal feature * of the regular sa loon are powerful enough to draw and bold people , asldo from alcohol , and tbo object of his experiment Is to reproduce these features , excluding alcohol. iiiAST. rnoM HAM'S iioitx. U will not pay to bo always asklnp , will It pay ? infidelity plucks the flowers nnd scoff * at the gnrdrner , It Is only the coward who finds It neces sary to be cruel. U is not opposition without , but apathy within , that hinders. Competition may bo the life of business , but It Is the death of the church. The safely vaults of your heavenly treas ures may bo the hands of the needy. To turn a new lent is not enough ; there must bo n new lifeto make 'the record. Many [ V man will slam the door In the devil's face nntl open a window to let him In. Circumstances may make you poor In pocket , but you nlono nre to blame If you nro not rich In thought. H la hard for the preacher lo keep people from the opera In the week when ho runs as near to It as ho can on Sundays. 1M3IISOXAI , AXI ) OTIII3UWISI5. The proposed soap truat Is regarded ns n scrub affair. > Now Jersey Is energetically engaged In combining the trusts It has. The Filipinos are footing It Just now but later on your Uncle Sam will foot the bill. U Is nn 111 ditch thnt brings nobody good. Chicago warrants Its drnlnngo cannl to purify the water supply of St. Louis. Spontaneous combustion was the cnuso of the destructive book toro lire In Chicago. Shrewd publishers are beginning to rcallz the necessity for a told storage annex fo modern novels. The flfty members of the Kourtu Unite States infantry who jumped ship at 1'or Said did not desert , ns reported. The ; merely painted a section of the town am returned with , largo cargoes of cmbalrnln ; Iluld. The experience of a New York hoarding house keeper Illustrates the folly of re quiring proof of hoarders' assertions. Till particular 'boarder ' said the beef was tough The landlady denied It. The boarde handed the landlady a chunk of It. 1 caught her on the head and she Is now litho the hospital nursing n sovcro scalp wound General Hragg of Wisconsin shot off his mouth at the Filipinos the other day , ex claiming : "Movo to the front and kill every Filipino who has dared to fire on the Amerl can. ling kill nil of them if necessary claim a small Island as a coaling station am then leave them to themselves. " What clso could the troops do but "leavo them to them selves" after "killing all of them ? " Ho- movnl under the circumstances would bo a stiff proposition. Between the editors ami readers of the native press -of India exists a bond of con fidence and rare simplicity , to which dis tance lends enchantment. When the na tive editor wants a holiday he suspends publication until it Is convenient for him to resume , but Invariably takes his readers into his confidence with nn announcemcni llko this : "With the consent of our read ers , wo now propose to take our nnnua ! holiday. Wo are sure none of them will begrudge us our relaxation. " What n de > llghtful state of things ? I1BTT13II JMUMvl.VG IIAIIITS. DrcrenNO In Xiiinlior of SnIooiiH , tn DruukcniiOHN nnd lit CoiiNiiiiiptlon. Uoston Transcript. Persons having opportunities Tor judg ment have for some time maintained that Lhero is a gradual but certain Improvement In the drinking Jiablts of the people of the United States , Itmt as they had no data to prove to otlhers what was so evident to themselves they wcro often unable to make lead against the wild assertions of the prohibitionist , thnt the license sj-otcm Is a 'atluro and that there is moro drinking and moro drunkenness than ever. Fortunately , there ra now nt hand ofllclnl returns , both state and national , which show that'thoro are fewer arrests relatively to the -whole population for drunkenness than was Jtho case twenty , or oven ten , years ago , that the consumption of spirits has perceptibly declined , and that while there has been an n crease in the consumption per capita of nil liquors , It hns not 'been ' large enough to offset the decreased per capita In distilled jeverages. Tills tendency of our people to substitute Ight wines and malt liquors * for distilled [ leverages naturally Increases the quantity of all liquors < lrunk per capita , a drink of beer or wlno 'being bigger than a drink of rum or whisky , so that Uio fact that there 'ias ' really 'been an Increase per capita In ill liquors drank , does not militate ngnlnst Iho claim thnt our people are mending In Lhelr drinking habits. This fact is evident lii Its effect upon the number of saloons In the country. Under the enumeration of 1892 , the first year following the promulga tion of the last federal census , there were 40,259 saloons in New York ( saloons , ho- tois , taverns , restaurants , 'beer ' gardens and picnic resorts ) , 12,700 in Pennsylvania , 18- 400 In Illinois , 1G.200 In Ohio , 8.COO In Michi gan and 0,100 In JIassachusetts. At that lorlod the average nunabor of saloons In Lho United States was 1 to each 278 of the lopulotlon. In Illinois the ratio was 1 to ! 03 , in Ohio 1 to 226 , in Michigan 1 to 213 , In Pennsylvania 1 to 421 , in JIassachusetts 1 to 436 and In Now York 1 to ISO. Notwithstanding the steady increase of population , In 1895 the number of saloons in Dhlo had been reduced from 10,000 to 15,000 , , but in Pennsylvania the number had boon ncrcased from 12,000 to 14,000 and In Now York from 40,000 to 41,000. At that tlmo the total number of retail licensed saloons In the whole United States was 208,388. The present number of licensed saloons , as re ported on rtho first of July last , was only 193,904 , a reduction of 13,000 In nix years. By the official treasury report Just issued .ho number of retail saloons In New York Is 12,738 , a reduction of nearly 9,000 from what It was a year ngo , In Pennsylvania the lotal number of saloons is 14,900 , n small ncrense. In Illinois there wcro 1,000 sa- eons fewer on July 1 , 1898 , than elx years before. In Ohio the number was down to 14,730 , or nearly 2,000 less than six years ago , whllo in Massachusetts itho number had lecrcased from C.100 to 4,200 , In Michigan from 8,400 to 0,000 , and In Indiana from 7,900 to 7,200 , The latest treasury figures show that the number of treasury licenses In 'orcu In South Carolina , the dispensary state , Is only 025 , whllo In the territory of s'cw Mexico they number C77. In Oklahoma hero are 3GC and In Alaska 373 , whllo In ha territory of Arizona there are SCI , ns ngalnst 442 only In the stnto of Florida. Whllo the number of saloons in the United States Is apparently 195,000 , the actual lumber Is nearer 175,000 , for the rea son fiat for the sale of liquors for however irlef a period In a year ono government tax s issued , and when for nny reason It Is surrendered or returned or revoked or lout or cancelled or made Inoperative the Is suance of a new one , cither to the same lace or to the same party , counts as an ad ditional saloon for that year. Whllo the decrease In the number of sa- eons is no doubt duo In part to prohibitive egUlatlon nnd to heavy license fees , the irlnclpal reason , wo arc convinced , Is to bo ound In the voluntary change In public entlment , which has been rapidly growing n the last twenty years. The total ah- talner Is as common now as ho oni'o was rare1 , and a public dinner without winela 10 longer regarded as an anomaly. Wo are uruly headed in the right direction nnd vo are making good progress. The prln- Ipal danger Is that the over-earnest reform- rs may obstruct the way by the Intorpo- itfon of laws that are calculated to arouse pposltlon In men who do not mean to bo riven oven along the path In which their ect arc already set- , ? r.rt I.AII .SHOTS AT Tim iM'M'ir. ' liullnnnpolls Jotirnnl : The orthodox min isters who have noted no IncMnntlon to re pentance on the pnrt of the members of their congregations should romrnrber that the theory of n llternl hell holds no terrors for the mnn who hns been loft In the lurch with Klondike weather , gas steve nnd no can. Chicago Tribune : Precept nnd practice do not 'K < > linnd In hand always nnd the Injunc tion to forglva the penitent sinner la some times forgotten. An cxnmjilo to the con trary hns been set by the congregation of the First Ilaptlst church of Knston , 1'n. Th young rnstor of the church confessed thai ho had sinned grievously nnd offered hli resignation. U wns vntrd unanimously nnl to nccppt the resignation. This Is practical Christianity , stilllclcntly rnro to bo remarka ble. Chicago News : The Kov. Thomns C , Washington , the Chicago colored preacher who hns been sent to the llrldawoll for im personating nn olllcer. Is n philosopher , 11 ho docs sometimes UFC poor judgment. Aftot , rcrclviiis his sentence jcstordny he snia : "Tho Lord .wnntn mo to go there. If He hadn't wanted mo to co Ho would have paid my fine. " lies' . Mr. Washington li apparently fitted out with nil the mental Uiinllficntlons necessary for making the best of a bad thine. Chicago Chrmilclc : It Is distressing ncwi Indeed which comes from ( ho Virginia const , where thnt meek nnd lowly follower of the lamb , Hov. Thomas Dlxon , Is frozen up wltb Ills stcnm yacht In the middle of nn extensive Ice floe. There Is , it is true , no Immediate Onngur of Thomns being compelled .to cnt his boots or resort to other devices familiar to arctic explorers In order to prolong life. Hut whllo ho Is In the leu pack who Is to look out for the morals of Now York City ? Hov , IJr. Charles II. Parkhurst is n host In himself , but Dr. Pnrkhurst can't stem the tide of wickedness single-handed , nnd , besides , ho Is about duo to mnko his nnntuil trip to the lllvern stcnm yachts nnd Euro- penn tours being necessary lo tbo satisfac tory dissemination of the gospel these daya , There remain only Uov. Madison C. Pctere nnd the Now York Kvenlni : Post to stand between the metropolis nnd the powers of evil. They may do tbo trick , but Wo doubt it. Mr. Ulxon cannot bo spared. The gov ernment must send n relief expedition nnd chop him out of the Ice if Manhattan Is nol to shnro the fnto of Sodom nnd Gomorrah. IJOMI3STIC PI.KASAXTIUES. Chicago iRccord : "Our now boarder cama hero just for a temporary homo , " ( "Well ? " "Now ho wants to marry my daughter. " Richmond Despatch : "Hnvo you noticed , pa , how often ma says , "and so on , and ' " so on ? "Yes , my son ; but it never applies to buttons. " Jtidpo : Ethel Shall you glvo him tin marble heart , Louise ? Louise Why , really , I don't love him enough for that ; but I shall try to plva him a very fair plaster-of-parla imitation. Philadelphia North American " " : "Wesley , said his wife , sleepily , ns the plaintive wnll V of itho infant broke * the. stillness of the mld- nlRht hour ; "Wesley. Iicea the advlco of Kipling- . " "What Is that ? " ho grunted from beneath the coverlet. | "Tnko up the white man's burden ) " Chicago Trlbuno : "Mr. Spoonnmorewill you please tell mo what you came to ma for ? " "I will. Miss McCurdy. I came to ask you to mnrry me. " "Well , I certainly won'r. Jyet us now enJoy - Joy the eveningDo you play chees , Mr. Spoonnmore ? " Detroit Journal : An instant later , he burst Into the room , breathless. "lict mo smell your breath ! " his wife nt once commanded , nevertheless. Woman is Indeed unreasonable. But what would the world be without woman ? Ah , too beautiful to last , perhaps ! Chicago Post : "Oh , Gcorgo ! you look agitated ! " so exclaimed after his first Inter view with her father. "What kind of nn Impression did papa make on you ? " "I don't know yet , " ho answered. "I haven't hud a chance * to make a personal investigation. " Indianapolis Journal : "Herbert la Just a plain , cvery-day youjig man , " said Mabel to her father. "There's prccl.ioly the objection , " was the prompt reply. "I ml ht stand him every other day , but this thingof calling seven times a week becomes 'tiresome. ' " ' I.I3.VT. Robert Horrlclc. Is this a fast to k ur > Tbo larder lean and cl an From fat of veals and sheep ? Is It to quit the dish Of llesb , yet Btill to fill The platter high with fish ? IH It to fast an hour , Or ragged to go or show A downcast look , and sour ? No ! 'Tis a fast to dele Thy sheaf of wheat nnd meat Unto the hungry soul. It Is to fast from strife , From old debate and hats , To clrcumclso thy life. To show a heart erlcf-ront ; To starve thy sin , not bin And that's to keep thy lent. House J Cleaning1 with us always provides spe cial advantages to buy some lines of clothing at figures that are really very moderate. We don't carry over old stock , It loses in value whenever it is packed or stored away , and we prefer to sell it the season it is made for , and are willing to stand considerable loss to do so. There are several lines we want to close at once to make room before the win ter goods are replaced by the spring goods. There are plain blue and black cheviots and fancy cheviots , in round and straight cut , sack suits , that have sold all season at $8.50 and $ JO , and to sell them now and not be obliged to carry them over , we make a very low price. Your choice for $5.00 , This sale commences tomorrow.