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TTTT3 OMATTA DATLT BEE : SrXDAY. 12. 181) ) ! ) . If )
STEAD'S DEUROOF FRANCE' Britain's Yellow Writer Pounces Upon the Neighboring Republic. SEVERAL WARM EPITHETS TURNED LOOSE Attitude of rrntici'lonnr.l . Vim-rlcn ( irrinanj ninl ln ! < _ ! ' of li < - Ami ) ninl | | ( , n | ( | | H , Sapm-il ( he .NiiUon'N | , irc. ° r w T Stead's "f Uurop- , ' Jimt re- IoubLednir ? & Minn"1 . Cluro y e 1)oultleaay " ! Me- The shrinkage of the world has suddenly Drought the nations face to face in the oh colonies nnd on the high seas the 0 ! < l \Vorld \ Is beginning to realize that per haps there maj no longer ho enough to go round , that somebod ) is going to get left and that somebody Is not going to bo thb Now World. The convinion Is coming home moro slnnl ) to the Frenchmen ttnn to tlio Helglaiis , but they nro learning It al the same. The result Is nn Immediate Increase of the ilefcrenco pall to the United States by the French. Nothing succeeds like success , am the difference In the attitude of the Prcnc ! to the Americana since Manila and Santiago IS moro marvelous than edlfjlng. French men of nil classes who twelve months ago sneered nt the "dollar-hunting Yankees" as their forefathers scoffed at "the nation o Bhopkcc-pcrs ' across the channel nro run nlng over each other In n hr-lter-skelle : race , vicing with each other as to which can first fall on Undo Sam's neck nnd cm brnco him. The wa ) the Fourth of July wa celebrated In Paris last ) car , as comparei with Its predecessors , was an object lessoi in the worship of the rising mm. If by nn posslblllt ) any space could bo dlscovcrc any way In the exposition of lr)00. ) It was of course , to bo made over to the slste tpptibllc , rather than to tlio ( icmian or t the Hrlton. Was not the commissioner general oral ready to elect a stnt'ie of Lafaotto litho the grounds If only he could get the spac 6nwhich to set It up" The minister o commerce and the minister of foreign affair vied with each other In pajlng cxceptlonn compliments to the commissioners of th United States Xnj. It was oven hinted tha In 1S9 ! ) American goods would be admitted t Prance under the minimum tariff , reclproca concession being of course anticipated 01 the other side. f I ) M\CJ'N Work a ll < > \ elation. The war was a revelation to the average Frenchman. When Dewey Hlostrojed the Spanish licet at Manila the ccalcs began to fall from their ejcs , nnd they "siw men as trees walking' When Ccrvera's flee hbired the same fate off Sintlngo the ) realized that n now naval power had beei iborn Into the world , Inheriting from the Destinies , as uno of them put It , the gooc fortune that has alwajs attended the Un - llsh on the seas 1'arly In the war u repori that the American fleet had been destrojei : nnd Admiral Sampson killed threw the Parisian populace into a proxjsm of delight In thoeu dajs no ono flisgulsed their sjm- pathles with Spain Hut nowada)3 they al agree to forget all that , and they arc al ready convinced that there were never surf friends of the Amei leans as the French , aui never hid been since the world began. The proposed czar's peace conference may vcbtpono the Immediate outbreak of a war of revenge for the revindication of the lost provinces of Alsace nnd Lorraine , but It certainly does not do so moro decislvcl ) than the I"Yeneh Ind done already by their great exhibition of 1000. That exhibition Is Usclf a kind of peace conference. When Prance Invited Gernnny to exhibit her goods in the great sho.v of the now country , she ncqulwced in the status quo Of course she did not gmranteo Germany the uninter rupted possession forever of her lost prov inces. Xclthcr will she do 1,0 by accepting the czar's Invitation Hut she did give Ger many the very best and most substantial t-ccurlty agnlnst a sudden French attack that any ono could drslro These nnd other considerations have had their weight , and the momenta ! y Irrit-Ulon against their Ilus- Blan ally has already abited The question as to whether the Frencn people aio longing for revenge and the re vindication of tlielr lost provinces Is ono on which the most vvldel ) dlvor o opinions are expressed There Is , however , substan tial agreement among men of all shades of opinion that whllo Franco vigilantly main tains nil her reserves and Is resolved to take advantage of all the opportunities whlcli fortune may send her to regain her old piovlnces , she will never of her own motion or on her own Initiative make war on Ger many. A leading French statesman wit whom I was discussing this question ex pressed In tlio very strongest terms lila conviction that no French ministry will ever take the Initiative in attacking Germany "Tlio risk would be too great , the sacri fices too Immense If Germany were In volved In war elsewhere ah , then , that would bo nnothci matter Hut ns long ns Germany Is at pence wo blmll not lift n nn- Ecr to dispossess her " This helps to cn- nblo us to understand what a powerful socurlt ) for pence the Ineradicable yearn ing for the lobt provinces has become In Iluropo today I'oimlar War IVrlln r. A flirowd and oxperlemed observer In 1'arls , on the other hand , told nm that fho popular feeling In favor of war was stronger "VouOwclttolfer. " If > on arc the mother of a joiing girl who is approaching preaching the tune when girl hood merges into womanhood do not hesitate to speak freely and fianUy with her about the things which most closely con cern her future happiness If t > he it sub ject to an > weakness of the delicate , spe cial organism of wounnhood , makeit > our business to see that tins is properly cor rected , and that she starts upon woman hood's career with full vvominly strength and capacity She vv ill bless j ou for it all her life- There is no need of "examinations " and "local applications " Sound professional adv ice may be obtimcd free of charge , by writing to Ir H V Pierce , chief consulting physician to the Invalids' Hotel and Surg ical Institute , of Ilultalo , N Y , whose thirty jears1 occupancy of this portion has made him recognized among- the most eminent of living1 specialists in the treat ment of woman's diseases , Every case submitted to him by mail re- ceiv ea careful consideration Efficient and inexpensive home treatment is prescribed when-by delicate , feminine complaints may be promptly alleviated and cured Or Plercc's Vnvorite I'rescnption is the onlv proprietarjmedicine In the world designed for this special purpose by a regular pitsi- ciau an educated experienced expert Miss Cora I , Kutscl ofl.ccmoiit AccomacCo , Va , iu a letter to Ir Pierce sajs "Iroiu April , IB.uutil the- follow jut ; October I Milkjre.l sr- vcrcl ) from painful mriumiatiou Tor about tucheliourufwforc tlit ( appearance of til ? incuses uould fed yUM ) lu\r i e\erc heaiUrhe , pain ? n my bacL , in fact 1 fell as If every bone in ruy body n brcaUui ; Notliitis' did me onv KOOU I wrote to Ur I'icrce and lie recommended hU 'M'ttvoritr I'rrtiriptlon , ' and after uilutr three IwUlca uf it I uui glad to say I atu cured " tiov thi i n had r\cr born fill P l . * i The Ir ons uf tbi.t terrible vnr havi been to - Rotipn Pan * IK now In the hnmln of voting rnn to whom the Iwimrmrdmont of Purls Is eMy n muttrr of hlnttoj and of tralltlon Hum * ! TV IR Ronp. All llio grent generals who conquered Prance are de d The Prench array wn never stronger or better oqulppe-d Ihiin now. If the Preneti saw their chance the > would not heMtnto for a moment If , for Instance , the Russian emperor but held up his little finger' Hut the Rii8 lan emperor Is holding hU llfle finger down * Kiero In another sldo to this alleged eagerness of France for war. It Is the Prcnrh of the I'.irtelun boulevards ( hat tail' KO light ! ) of so dire n catastrophe. Twice of the provinces laborious , thrifty , cautious Prance I * of another opinion. A brilliant and distinguished frenchman diplomatist , journalist and patriot assured tno that the Prench peasant was very far from sharkig the views of the- boulevards "If jott wore to KO today , " he raid , "to the average Prench pcas-snt nnd tell him that the circumstances wire BO propitious that he could certainly reconquer Ahace-Lorrnlno by an expenditure of only 10,000 men nnd 10- 000,000 ho would reply unhesitating ! ) , 'No , I will not send [ either the men or the money' " H may be BO. Hut the worst of It Is that the war Is made before th" pcaoiiu has any opportunllj of luvlnp his pay. It U not his to deeldo It Is only his to pate suffer nnd to die. Alliance vtltli Huntln. Tdo que 'lon of the peace conference I found excited llttlo attention In Paris ex- coptlnK on account of the bearlnp which It might have on the Pratico-Russian alliance When that alflanco was formed those who rnlalun evf a mtrn p nlmli'rlly ' 111. iil. ; dnfcndrl by fvllrn P Imlttcllv foracil' Rnd the opponents of revision whisper with while llp thtu rorlslon would Inevitably brliiK About WAT' To avoid the risk of so terrible n Alternative , better let a thotmnd Innocent men perish In the Devil's Isle ! Thus It appears thAt Prance , < le plte all Its arnnments nay , is It not because of them ? has become so coward of heart and craven of spirit that It dnro not even do Justice to ono of Its own officers for fear of the for eigner ! Such abject poltroonery would dis grace the pettiest of states without a gun in Its arsenal or a fort on Its frontiers. Hut to this pies has oomo todttj this distraught republic. ' nrrllH'o to I Inrm > . The delirium will pnsi Revision is al ready virtually secured nnd the light Is already - ready beginning to break through the dense darkncst In which Prance 1ms lain BO long. Hut for the present the country Is mill In the throes of n fever , which springs as di rectly from the atmosphere of the barrack room ns ague results from the malaria of the marsh. Nations create armies that they may be strong and Independent , able to do Justice within their own frontier , none dar ing to make them afraid. Hut Prance , hav ing nacilflccd everj thing to the creation of her army , Hie army no longer n means to nn end , having become nn end In Itself , thus tends to defeat the very aim nnd ob ject of Its being The nation , or at least such pen lions of the nation as IIml articulate expression In the press , has been In n very ague of fear It cowered before Its own shadow H trembled nt the thought of the wrath of the foreigner H shrleUcd In panic dread nt the mere suggestions that even of- W. T. STEAD ( Prom Most Recent Photograph ) did not know the tsar Imagined that Itwas a menace to the peace of Europe Those who know the tsar Knew otherwise. The object of Alexande- In thus restoring the equili brium of Curope and In satlsfjlng the wounded armour propro of Pranc'o was tfae natural culmination of the policy which won for him the title of the peace keeper of the continent In his ojes Prauco Isolated , France nervous , Prance desperate , was a constant menace to the peace of the world At any moment It might make n plunge , by which It mlgh * hurl not only Usclf but all other nations into-llio hell of a g-ene.al war. To prevent this It was necessary to offer It inducements sufficient to lead It to acquiesce In Uio status quo There \\ero two perils of war before Europe , both .threatened by Prance. It had never accepted cither the German possession of Alsace-Larralne or the Hrltlsh occupation of Hgypt To at tempt to re-establish her position either In Metz or in Cairo meant war To inlnhnl ? * the risk of any such peace-shattering pollcj Alexander III , without asking for nn ) ex press disclaimer by his ally of hostile de signs , directed cither against Germany or Britain , vlrtuallj secured the practical ac ceptance of the status quo by offering Prance an alliance which was guaranteed to fill to pieces If she undertook an aggiesslve war Russia Hung over the Prench republic the Immense aegis of her alliance , delivering Prance from all dread of attack from with out and restoring her at once to the position In Europe which she had lost In 1S70 Hut nil theBo.odvantages were forfeited If Prance drew the nword against tbo existing order , the status quo do facto on the Rhino and the Nile He'iico the Pranco-Prusalan al- llanco became , ns It was Intended It should become , n solid security for European peace and , therefore , llttlo as the Preuch llko It , n virtual consecration of the treaty of Prnnkfort. It was acclaimed , no doubt , bj the Chauvinists of the boulevards as If It were the first btep to the Revanche It was exactly the opposite Hut Huron Mohrenheim appears to have fooled the bclf- deludcd Pieiichincn to the top of their bent , while the tsar , conscious that he"had made the limitation of thu alllanco abso lutely clear to the rulers of the lepubllc , felt under no obligation to make public declarations which might have annulled the whole object of his policy of peace The tsar knew also thnt although the boule vards of Paris might ravel In the delirium of anticipated war , the Prench nation , pacific and Industrious , hailed with tninicnso relief an alliance which delivered It at once from all rUik of foreign attack or from the still greater peril of such n hcaaiong rush to ruin as that which culminated on the battlo- fleld of Sedan. 'I lit * Dri'j fun CIINI * . Prance Is preoccupied with the Drejfus case And the Drejfus caeo U militarism como to Judgment , militarism made manifest before the world. The tree Is known by Its fruits nnd the Impeachment of militarism on economic grounds contained In the Muravlcff circular Is supplemented and made | I complete by the revelation of the outcome of militarism in the moral field. " .MJiltar- sm , " sajs the tsar , "emptlea the pockets of the nation * " And Prance , responding across the continent , as deep answers unto deep , answers , "and destros their soul * ! " Prance preoccupied , absorbed , possessed by the Drefus cate , Is the drunken helot of nilltnrlsm todaj. It Is as ono bewitched , | I ho prcj of some fowl , obsessing demon , j I vhlch takes a perverse delight In compelling t to swallow in all manner of defilements , i rom which Ideal Prance , the deathless , the | I dhlne , would have recoiled with angry ! ! corn It la the nemoils of the sjstoui ] gainst which the tsar has taken the field Vaiuo never had a more numerous or bot- j or equipped army than It pos ewes at i irusent. Hut Prance never was weaker , more timorous , more under the terror of I hose nightmares which disturb the Bleep ! if nations It ls not nn exaggeration to say ' hat the net rwult up to date of all the sacI I Illees which Franco has mjdo over Itu arm- ' menu is to make It a prey to pjiilc to an | xtont almoat Inconceivable to aiionu out. ido of 1'arU You ask In amazement. 'Wh > all this tremendous hubbub over tlio fleers of the general staff should be com pelled to obey tlio laws. There Is no crime which its moro demented spokesmen do not commit , cither In Imagination or In fact. They glorlfj forger ) ' , applaud suicide and openly exult In the prospective massacre of thousands of their fellow countrj men. Everj thing that Is base , everything this la dishonorable , ever ) thing that Is covvardlj- , overthing that Is false , abject and criminal forms the constant meditation of French men today Whichever side they belong to , ttaeso are things the ) Impute to each other , and If thej are the partj In power , these are the things thej cinploj without hesi tation in their panic-stricken warfare against a nightmare To such n pass has militarism dominant brought our once noble Prance Prance of the revolution , Franco of Jeanne d'Arc. 'IVri Ililt * 1'iiNM of Prtiiii'c. It Is easy to sec the direct bearing of this I upon the proposal of the czar. In the mid dle ages the knights progressively Increased the thickness of their armor until the fightIng - Ing man became a mere Iron-cased mummy. Ho had not sufficient strength to move be neath Its defenses In Prance wo sco the same phenomenon In the moral field Her moral vitality is no longer sufficient to move under the superincumbent mass of her armaments The old Ideas , bo distinctively French , of chivalry. liberty , Justice , law all the sublime Ideals which made Prance for centuries the knight-errant of hu manity appear to have perished beneath the weight of her Immenoo military system The amour propro of the army , tlio prestige of a staff , have superseded the nobler ideala of national life. Matters are much worse now- than In the middle ages For the Iron and btccl cuirasses of the overloaded knights were at least Inert matter But the armature - turo beneath which the nation is perishing today has a horrible vitality of its own. II Is , as It were , nllvo , and believes that the body o\6ts ' for It , and that brain , heart , conscience and the Idenl , which are collec tively the soul of the nation , Is a minus quantity compared with the prestige , the authority and the convenlencu of the arm ) They , If not the ultimate , must at least bo very near the ultimate , stage In the selr- destructive evolution of modern militarism Nonhero In Europe could tlu czar find so terrible an object Ic-ison of the results of the baneful ej-stcm upon whU-h ho Is making war Prance Is a pulsannt al.y , Indeed , In the great argument for dlsaimaraent. A I > nnuniiiii ( . The danger spot In Europe Is , no doubt , Alsace-Lorraine The people of Alsace see with aimzcmcnt and Indignation the denial of Justice to Alsatians. Albert Drejfus In the lie dti Diablo Is an Alsatian So Is Colonel Plcquait. It Is enough to bear nn Alsatian name to bo hounded as a German To bo a Protestant Is almost as heinous n crime as to be a Jew The honest Alsatians _ do not understand all this. Their patrlo , to i whoso fortunes they have clung with a 'touching ' fidelity , was a different France from this So the ) nro ruthlessly being I driven from their allegiance and every day they are moro and moro strongly tempted to become moro reconciled to the German I'ONillillH ) of Smlilfii OiitlirrnU. There Is , of course , a possibility that the ver ) madness cf the hour maj lead to some sudden outbreak As Count Arnlm wrote in 1S71 : "The French cannot bo Judged bj the eamo standard ns other nations. They have no sense of proportion and attach Importance - tance to matters that In realltj have no slg- nlficancc. in a madhouse the merest trifles ma ) lead to a revolt and oven If It bo sup pressed it may first cost the lives of many honest people " There Is a danger here , no doubt. Hut. as Bismarck wrote abcut the 1.31110 time "Two peoples dwell in Franco the French and the Parisians The former love peace , the latter writes the newspa pers and seeks to pick a quarrel which the other then Ins to fight out Uoth , however , should cloarl ) remember how near the Ger man army Is at Chateau Thierry. " The Ger man army U no longer at Chateau Thlerr ) Hut the solid argument of force la quite as Irresistible toda ) as It waa In 1871 , peihaps even moro so. And now there U added to that ultima ratio roglin the fact that the tsar , the ally and the friend of Franco , has summoned all nations to a parliament of peace. THE WORLD'S ' OCEAN CABLE ! They Number 1,500 and llavo a Tola Length of 170,000 , Miles , INFLUENCE IN DEVELOPING COMMERCE lloncnth i\orj llornn IX < < i < | i < tlir I'n c-lllc Man 'lnlUi to Illx fclliMX In I In * ItHliiinlpi ln- MtitNllci. The submarine telegraphs of the world nnil especially the practicability cf rt sub marine telegraph across the 1'calftc , nro ilia cusseil at considerable length In the Januar , number of the "Summary of Commerce nm Finance , " Just Issued by the Treasury Ilu roau of Statistics Tlio statement Ghows writes'a correspondent of the Xow Yor Sun , that the submarine telegraphs of th world number 1,500 Their aggregate Icngl Is 170,000 miles , their total cost la estimate at | 2JO 000,000 , nnd the number of message annually transmitted over them 6,000.000 All the grand divisions of the earth lire no\ connootcd by their wires , nnd from countr to country and Island to Island the thought nnd words of mankind are Instantaneous ! ; transmitted. Uenoath nil oceans save th Pacific tlui universal language which till sjstein has created flows uninterrupted ! ) nnd man talks as face to face with his fel low man nt the antipodes Darkest Afrlc , now coin ensos with enlightened Kuropc o America , nnd the great events of the morn Ing nro known In the evening throughou the Inhabited world. Adding to the Htibmnrluo lines the Inni telegraph s > stems , by which they nro con ucctoil nnd through which thov bring in tcrlor points of the various continents Inti Instantaneous communication , the totn length of telegraph lines of the world I 535,000 miles , the length of their single wire or conductors 3,500,000 miles , and the lota number of messages nnuunllj sent over then 303,000,000 , or nn average of 1,000,000 each diy. Of the 170 000 miles of biibnuulne tele graphs , about 130,000 belong to thlrtfli companies operating the commercial cables which number about 320 The rcm'n'lnde are mostly short lines controlled by gov ernments and connecting forts , batteries signal stations , lighthouses , etc , the nggre gate of government lines being about 1,150 and their total length about 20,000 miles In addition to this , the governments of th world hold about 80,000 miles , of cable ii stock for war purposes , road ) to bo laid a a moment's notice IiMiulIni ; tin * Oi-ciuin. In the short hnlf centurj since the prac ticability of submarine telegraphy was dem onstrated the electric wires ha\e Invadci ever ) ocean except the I'aclflc Nearly a score of wires have been laid across the Atlantic , of which no less than thirteen iio successfully operate between the Unlte States and Europe , while three others span the comparatively short distance between South America nnd the African and soutl European coast lines Throughout the In dlan ocean lines connect the far east will Europe and America by way of the Red sea , the Medlteiranean , the western coast o Europe and the great transatlantic lines The Mediterranean Is crossed nnd recrossed In Its entire length nnd breadth by numer ous cable lines nnd the " .Mediterranean o America , " the Gulf of Mexico and UK Caribbean sea , Ib traversed In all directions b > lines which bring Its Islands nnd colonies Into speaking relations with each other an with South America , Central America , the United States and thence Europe , Africa Asia the whole world. Along the eastern coast of Asia cable lines loop from port to port and Island to island receiving messages overland from eastern Europe by way of the lluesla-Slberlan land lines and forwarding them to Japan , China Australia , New Zealand , the Straits Settlements monts , Hong Kong and the Philippines , am sending others In return. South America Is skirted with cable lines along Its entire border save the extreme south , where the ) are brought Into Intercommunication by land lines. Along the entire coast of Afrlci cables loop from place to place and colony to colony , stretching along the entire circum ference and penetrating the Interior by land lines at various points Every body of water Ijlng between the In habited portions of the earth , with the single exception of the Pacific ocean , has been crossed and rccrossed by submarine tele graph lines. Even that vast expanse of water has been Invaded alon , ; Its margin submarine wires stretching along Its western border fiom Siberia to Australia , while Its eastern borders are skirted with lines which stretch along the western coasts of the twc Americas Several adventurous pioneers In Pacific telegraphy have vcutuied to con siderable distances and depths in that great ocean , one cable Hue running from Aus tralia to Now Zealand , a distance of over 1,000 miles , and another extending fron- Australia to the Trench colony of New Caledonia , SOO miles seawnid 1'lUllllDl ( Ill-Ill tlN. . The chief obstacle In the past to the con struction of n grand transpacific cable was found In the fact that mldoccan resting places could not bo satisfactorily obtalnei or arranged for , no single government con trolling a sufficient number of suitable landIng - Ing places to make this seem practicable , In view of the belief that the distances from which messages could be sent and cables controlled were limited. With landing places nt Hawaii , Wake Island , Guam and the Philippines , however , no section of n cable stretching from the United States to Asia nnd touching nt these points would have a length equal to that now In dally operation between Franco and the United States. The length of the rrench cable from Brest , Fiance , to Capo Cod , Mass , Is 3,250 miles , while the greatest distance from land tc land on the proposed Pacific ronto would bo that from San I'rnnclsco to Hawaii , 2,059 miles , that from Hawaii to Wako Island being 2,010 miles , from Wake Island to Guam 1.290 miles , from Guam to Manila 1,520 miles nnd from Manila to the Asiatic coast C30 miles. Whllo the depth of the Pacific Is some what greater than that at which any cable has been laid , the difference between Its depth nnd the greatest reached by cables In the Atlantic would bo very slight , the cable recently laid from Ha > tl to the Windward Islands being In 18.000 feet of water , while the greatest depth between San Francisco nnd Hawaii Is 18300 feet , and the greatest depth between Hawaii and Manila Is esti mated at 19,600 feet , though this estimate Is > et to bo verified by detailed soundings Otto Krummel , who was the first to discuss the batbymetrlc data an 1 calculate the area and volume of the various oceanic basins , puts the mean depth of the Pacific at 2,160 rathoms , against 2,010 for the Atlantic , In which cuolos have already been so suc cessfully laid , and later researches an 1 actual soundings , while they have developed extreme depths at certain points In the Pacific , have not , In the opinion of ex perts , been such as to warrant the belief : hat the depths along the proposed line would be considerably greater than tlioso n which cables have been already suc cessfully laid and operated. InipriM I'll Mftlioil * . The developments in construction , la ) ing and operating of submarine cables nnd Ju heir availability for general public use lave kept pace with their extension hroughout the civilized world. From a mere guttaporcha-ccatwl wlro the sub marine conductor of electricity has de- CARPET Ingrain Carpets. Tlio brightness of the line will attract you novt'r before hive : such bright colors been Uo\vn In cnrpcU they nro tlio tight thing * Why not bo ui to-date nnd lm\o the "right thing. " .hist now you Can see hoio every thing Unit is now for the coining season the stock it coiupliMo In til ) dottuK Our PIIOI mom purchases of cnrpots for whole-ale unil rotivil enables us to toll carpet * nt prices that oannot bo duplloatoi ) . Our very special offering for this vvooKvill bo 200 pieces of Ingrain Carpets ranging from ton to twenty-live yards almost any of thorn tire large.onough for a good < i/eil room carpet somes pieces are lightly soiled front show ing. These carpets will bo closed out at . " > 0ea yard which li a g > od deal U-SH than the wholesale- prices. These ate strictly nil wool , high class ingrain carpets to close out patterns , Wo ; irc selling a good quality of genuine cork and oil Linoleum guaranteed not to cinek at 45c a yard. Two carlrm Is just un'lvoil , nil now patterns In Mosaic's Inlaid Woods , A pag Tllolngs. Whv not have the ripht things. Wo curry all grades , including thei Inlaid patterns < ! H' C which cannot wcur oil moro lasting than tile a ' V&K Iron beds9 springs , ' JL C5 ' Selling Iron Beds that are good , \voll finished and nrtiitli * . doMgiib that are exclusive , some \ory l.aiiusomo one * thut are so dlfk'iont from the ordinary kind , in stjlu , construction and lluUh. and the pi ices make them \ery desirable and popular. If it's a cheap bed you want or medium or better grade wo have them. Iron hods like cut , f > 0 Inches high , 1 feet 0 inches wide , ( i feet ( ! incho1" long , well made and llnUhud , brass knobs. Not hotter - tor than the other man's < 4.00 bed , but absolutely the best bed value olToiod and worth all vv o ii'- Woven Who Bed Tempered Stool Coil 1 Mattes- ' , wool I'Mlowi , per Spring Springs top pair. . . . We have others and bettor than the above at a little more money. It' you want Iron 13oda with some character , gotten up by painstaking manufacturers. Beds that nro artistic , beds that are guaiautced , beds that are designed with some degree of lollnoment in style , beds that are reasonable style , come to us We are offering this week a very choice assortment of lace curtains , portieres and curtain goods by the jard , consistiiiK' of the following : Plain Swiss Utitlled Curtains 2 jds Nottingham Lice Curtains nindo of Saddlebag and oriental patterns uO- long , good quality nnd /"y / j' the best Eg > ptian jams and fin Inch daninsk for straight ( III ! made , pair ished with button-hole cdgo hanging , jnrd kf ) JL pair , 75c to . i Colored Grenadine Ruffled Curtains Ottoman Stools ( fancj ) upholstered very pretty for dining and fil-d U The most complete line of Irish Point holstered top , round bed rooms , pair lJ I 4 Uiussels , Swiss , Tambour , Renais sance , Arabian and Boblnet Ottoman Stools fine ( ) ) upholstered New stjles nnd patterns of Swiss Ruffled Curtains ever shown , $3 50 to \ holstered top , square fled Curtains Just received pair $225 nnd Uagdad effects In damask for portieres l"anc > figured velours for pillow cov Three panel screens filled rt 4 3 new stjles and colors 301 ering nnd upholstering , | with sllknllno or crepe kj3 11 Inches wide , jard . . . . ! 65c cholco selection , jnrd :90c : v eloped In a half century Into a great cab e , having a central copper core surrounded by numerous la ) era of nonconducting material and protected by steel wlro wouud spirally about It , and In turn further protected by wrapping- . waterproof and Insect-proof ed barge the open rroui a steamer-tow have developed to a lleot fatillties for la ) Ing of nearly flftl steam vessels , with even facility for lajlng , picking up , splicing and repairing the cable lines From a speed ra e which was ma.le minute , of three words per on the first transatlantic cables , the speed of transmission has been accclerate-a to flUy nnd even more than that words per minute , transmitters now coming with the automatic ing into use with catle lines , while by the duplexing of the cables their cam ing capacity Is doubled. From a cost to the sender of $100 per message , which was originally charged on the Hrst traiuatlaiuic from New York to London cables , the rate nnd tiio great cities on the continent of Europe has fallen to 25 cents per word rrom several hours required for the trniu- of a response and iccelpt mlbslon of a message sponse , the time has been so reduced that messages from the executive mansion to the battlefield at Santiago were sent and a re sponse received within twelve minutes , while a message sent from the house of representatives in Washington to the House of Parliament In London In the chess match of 1S9S was transmitted and the reply re ceived In thirteen and one-half seconds. The elfect of this ready nnd Inexpensive method of transmitting thoughts and words from continent to continent throughout the civilized world Is shown In the rapid devel opment of International commerce since It began The first successful cnblo lines be tween the United Stntcs nnd Europe were put Into operation in 1SG5 In tint jear our commerce with Europe amounted to $052- ° 3' > 0S9I in 1876 , to $728,959,053 , In 1886 , to $596,911,504 $ ; in 1890 , to $1.091.682,874 , and In 1898 to $1,279,739,930 , while our commerce with the whole world , which In 1860 amounted to $783,671,588 , had by 1898 reached the enormous sum of $ l,847,53r,9Sl , 1/MUM ill tilt ! ttl'lir. With this evidence of the advantage of prompt communication between commercial centers desiring an Interchange of their products It may not bo Impropci to call at tention to the fact that the United States now- obtains but a small proportion of the commerce of AsU , which It la nt present only nblo to reach through the long and devious submarlno nnd land telegraph lines across the Atlantic , the continent of Curope , the Mediterranean , the Red sea or the Persian gulf , the Indian ocean , land lines across India , cable lines again bv way of the Straits Settlements and thence along the Asiatic const and among the Islands of 3eeanlca. The commerce of the countries of Asia and Occanlca Ijlng commercially adjacent to the Philippine Islands amounts to more than $2,000,000,000 $ annually , their reports alone averaging $100,000,000 a month , or $1,200,000 000 per annum. Of this enor mous market the United States nt present obtains less than 6 per cent , dcsplto tlio , fact that the Imports Into the countries In i question are largely composed of the classes of articles produced In the Unlte\l States nnd offcre-d for sale by Its manufacturers and merchants With direct cable communi cation acrohs the Pacific , direct water com munication through a Nlcaraguan canal and an Increase in the number and capadty of I Vmerlcan steamships , It seems not Improper o suppose that a material addition might ie made to the bharo obtained by the United States In the trade of that part of the world Detroit Journal She was an Impulsive Irl , accordingly she Invested all her for- uno In wheat and threw vitriol lu her ace. i'LooX ! " she cried , with a happy little augh. "I am no longer either rich or eautlful1" "Vain , vain1" explained the villain 'Tor shall nevertheless continue to machinate or tbrea more acts' Motlvo Is not FO Im- ortant In my business ns It used to be1" With that the play proceeded , 0.3 it auth- ig had happened FERTILITY OF ALASKAN SOIL Official Tests Made to Ascertain Its Agri cultural Capabilities. SATISFACTORY RESULTS ON A SMALL PATCH ilH In Gr Cm In nnd \ < 'K > ' < nlilN I.lnilleil AroilN Viilltilil for Cnltlr.llon. . WASHINGTON , March 9 ( Correspond ence of The Bee ) More than thlrtj-ono jears ago the flag of our countrj was raided on Alaska soil , and It became our terrl- toij Duiing all these years , or until 1SS7 , no efforts wuro made to ascertain its agri cultural capabilities. Efforts in this direc tion were confined to garden patches for the growingof hardj vegetables , chiefly potatoes and turnips Agriculture , In the sense used In the states , has never been practiced miwhere In Alaska In 1897 $5,000 which had been appropriated by con gress , was expended In making preliminary Burvejs nnd Investigations. In 1893 the approprlntlon was Increased to $10,000 , and Prof , C. C Georgcson of Kansas , a gentle man well known throughout the country for his attainments In the line of scientific agriculture , was appointed special agent of Alaska Investigations by- the secretary of agriculture , and his report Is about to ap pear In a bulletin from the department. The experiments wore carried on prin cipally at Sltka , Thcso were veiy much handicapped on Ing to the lack of broken land. Arrangements were made with Gov ernor Urady for his garden patch , nnd the priests of tbo Russian church and the Pies- livturlan mission school made similar prof fers The total area thus secured amounted to about two acres. The planting of these plants was done during the ten days between May IS and 2S The garden seeds and grains used In these tests were collected from many sources Much of it came from Norway , Sweden and elsewhere In Uurope , where the climatic conditions- approximate those found In Alaska Some were also taken from the experiment stations of Minnesota , Wyo ming and Montana , Itl'NIlllH Of ( III * 'IVxlM. Tbo all-Important question to bo deter mined In these tests was whether the grains could bo matured there No country can claim to bo agricultural which cannot pro duce the grains necessary to feed man nnd beast. It demonstrated during last season that oats and barley will mature In south eastern Alaska , whether wheat and rye will also mature cannot yet bo atated , as they must bo tested a fall-sccdcrs. This test Is being made for the coining season riax for fiber grow surprisingly well Oats , bar- ley , tlmoth ) , hay grass , clover and potatoes all did well , but were not equally success ful In all places , for Instance , nothing ap peared to do well on new ground , owing to Its being sour and Its need of drainage. The soil thnt Is iaw and waterlogged Is too acid for the growth of most cultivated plants and Is unproductive until sweetened by the air and drainage. Some cf the oatb willed matured large , heavy panicles of plump seed grow five feet high Uarley matured plump nnd heavy grains at three and one-half feet high. Tlax grow over three feet high and recoivc'd favorable commentti from the fiber expert of the department There Is n possi " bility"of a good Industry being developed there In this fiber plant. Seven varieties of clover were tested , all doing well , and some grovvlrg to a height of two and one- half feet. Tfjeffe Is no question about cloven on properly aerated soil VcuHnl'IfN ( iron n. The vegetables tested covered almott the whole list used in the ttaten and were Mi folluws Atjmrygus , wax beiuis , beets , cablnge , cauliflower , carrots , cross , kale. kohl-.rabl , lettuce , mustard , onions parsKy. parsnip , peas ( Including Canadian filed peas ) , radishes , rutabagas , rhubard , spin ach , sage , thjme , turnip nnd Windsor bean All these did exceptionally well e-\upt spinach and wax beans The soli appears to bo especially adapted to the- growth of vegetables , nnd probablj' no brunch of ng- rlculturo can bo of more Importance to thnt teirltory , In view of the extent of Its min ing operations The potato Is one of the crops that may bo depended upon In all parts of Alaska nnd Is quite extensively < ul- tlvated by tdo Indians Prof Georgeson conducted similar experi ments at Skagwny with equally good ao- sults If the latne&s of planting nnd the now soli are taken Into conplderatlon The se'cd was not planted owing to delay In reaching the place until the first week In June -ml the l.nd ! used had to bo cleared of about ten Inches of rotten wood During the coming season expeilment sta tions will be opened at Kndlak Island and Kenni , In Conk Inlet The land suitable for cultivation Is In the small vnllejB between the mountains 1 ut there Is much more of this than ono Is opt to conclude from a sea view In the neigh borhood of Ynkutat are thousand * of a.ies . that would make farm land , while In the Cook Inlet region there are thousands of square milrs thnt can be used for ngrl ul- turul purposes In many const EC-I lions there Is so much grnss that cnttlo feed upon It all through the winter , the snowfnll be ing light and the tcmperutuio not low It Is Interesting to know that the lowest tem- roraturo recorded at Sltka In fort } five jears Is 4 degrees below zero , rahroiliolt , while the maximum for the ramo period is 86 degrees. anOROH T THOMPSON AVur ] ) . ' | inr < Hl.-nl Wi-ll Plrnm-il it Mil ItcMiillH of l.iinu Ti MilNlVr. WASHINGTON , March 11 The report of the Grant's sife arrival at Manila with a part of the Seventeenth and rourtcenth In fantry Is a source of considerable congrnm- Intlon to the War department , which Is now looking forward to the nnlval of the Shei- man nt the same port March IS 1 Mo War department Is taking great Interest In thn performance of tin- transports on tlilH long run , nnd If the Sherman nnd the Shi il- dan equal the Grant's ncord for spec 1 anJ for the health nnd safety of the troops thi depirtniPiit will feel that this govi inmtnt has a transport hervlco better In qiulnv If not In quantity than that of Great Ilrltam itself The government no A has thlrt-ont > es- sols In the service which It OVUM , and four teen others under charter. \PlinlllllllflltN ( if I'l I'Nllll'lll. WASHINGTON , March 11 The president toda > made the following appointments To bu chief Justice of court of private land claims , Joseph R Reid of lo\va , to bo a - soclalo justices of tourt nt ptlvntu land claims , Wilbur P Htono of C'olorndo , Henry C Slush of Kansas , William W Murray of Tennessee Thomas P Knllcr of North faro- Una Krastua R. Harper of Akron , 0 to be Hpcclal agent to allot lands In severally to Indians e > n I rill I'ni'llli ! | 'II > N NnlcM. WASHINGTON' , March 11 The first four of the twenty Heml-unnuat iiote-s reuntly given by the Central Pacific Railroad com pany In settlement of the government g , claim agaalnst the road , amounting to nearly $12.000,000 , weio anticipate 1 an 1 paid Into the United States sub-tr < aaury at Now York yesterday by Sppycr & r < > up- icsentlns the officers of the Central Paviiio companj The avtillaalo cash balan e m the tre-asury Is Imrcased by thU amount SiiltorN fur SiiiiiilNli ( iiinliiiiilN. CHICAGO , March 11 A special to tlia Dally News from Washington H.IJB A draft of sovcntj-Jhe fullorx under com mand of Lieutenant Hood left the navy jnrd for San Tranelbto by rail Trom there ( hey will nail for Manila and on arrival will bo assigned la thu captured Spanluh gunbouU At the navy jard today ItAas ald thut In two vu ks the YoBomUo will bull for Manila with men , and ammunition tor Dowuy a Uctt.